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Midos Type MCVG 61

Voltage Dependent
Overcurrent Relay


Site selection of characteristics for

voltage restrained or voltage
controlled overcurrent
Wide setting range
Green led start indicators to
facilitate testing
Low ac burden
DC power supply operates over a
wide input range
Separate test mode with trip test
Non volatile memory for led trip

Figure 1: Type MCVG 61 relay withdrawn from case.

Models available are required to be a function of Description

voltage and current. There are two
MCVG 61 versions are available for types of relay that are customarily Type MCVG 61 relays consist of a
phase-neutral and phase-phase used for these applications, namely microcontroller based overcurrent
connection. voltage restrained and voltage element (identical to MCGG relays,
controlled overcurrent relays. see R6054) with one element
available for each phase. The current
Application With voltage restrained overcurrent
relays, when the voltage falls below a measurement is performed by an
set value, the operating time of the analogue to digital converter (ADC)
For backup overcurrent protection of
overcurrent characteristic is which forms an integral part of the
generators, ordinary overcurrent
continuously reduced with declining microcontroller, the program in the
relays are sometimes difficult to apply,
voltage. In voltage controlled microcontroller constantly samples the
due to the decaying characteristic of
overcurrent relays, the operating time output of the ADC and compares the
the fault current. The value of the fault
characteristic is changed from the value with a predetermined reference.
current will be progressively reduced
load characteristic to the fault If the output of the ADC remains
due to armature reaction, to a value
characteristic when the voltage falls above the reference value, then the
less than full load current. Therefore,
below a set level. microcontroller will give a trip signal
normal overcurrent relays, set above
after a time delay, which is
the load current or maximum The MCVG 61 is a three phase determined by the algorithm for the
permissible overload, cannot be voltage dependent overcurrent relay selected time delay characteristic.
applied to provide time delayed with both voltage restrained and
backup protection as they will not voltage controlled characteristic When a trip signal is given, the trip
operate for these fault conditions. available from the same relay. led is set to on and the state
For successful application of The desired mode is selected by a remembered in the non volatile
generator backup protection, the EEPROM. This ensures that, if the
switch on the front of the relay.
operating characteristics of the relay power to the relay is lost, the trip

indication will revert to the last state Power for the relay is supplied by a Selection of time characteristics
on re-applying the auxiliary power. dc to dc converter which is designed The time/current characteristic
Voltage controlled and voltage to work over a large voltage range. selection is carried out by means of
restrained overcurrent is achieved by This allows one relay to cover several three switches identified by the ( )
controlling the amount of current seen battery voltages. The dc to dc symbol on the nameplate.
by the overcurrent detectors. converter gives totally isolated outputs
giving a high degree of noise Table 1 gives the basic operating
Voltage Controlled Overcurrent Mode immunity to the relay. characteristics and the settings of
In this mode the MCVG 61 operates these switches.
Relay Settings
with the load characteristic above a The time given by each of the
set voltage level. Below this voltage Separate setting switches are operating time characteristics must be
the relay operates with the fault provided for each phase on the relay multiplied by the time multiplier to
characteristic. front plate. These are used to select give the actual operating time of the
the required time/current relay. This control is marked xt =
Voltage controlled overcurrent is characteristic, voltage restrained or
achieved by the use of voltage level where is the sum of all the switch
voltage controlled operation, overload positions.
detectors. The principle of operation is and fault setting current, voltage
that, if the instantaneous amplitude of controlled voltage setting and time The range of multiplication is 0.05 to
the input voltage exceeds a preset multiplier settings. 1.0 in steps of 0.025. This acts as a
threshold setting during any half convenient time multiplier on the
cycle, a timer t1 is started. If t1 times current dependent characteristics and
out before the signal has fallen below gives the following ranges for the
the reference voltage, the output of definite time characteristics:
the latch is set high. This latch turns
the analogue switch on, which diverts Operating characteristics (seconds) Time range (seconds)
current from the overcurrent 2 0.1 to 2.0 in 0.05 second steps
measuring circuit to give the overload 4 0.2 to 4.0 in 0.1 second steps
characteristic. 8 0.4 to 8.0 in 0.2 second steps
When the input voltage falls below
the preset threshold setting during any Switch position Operating characteristic
half cycle, a timer t2 is started. If t2 (0) (1)
times out before the signal has
exceeded the preset reference
voltage, the output of the latch is set Trip test
low. Resetting the latch causes the
analogue switch to turn off resulting in
the measuring circuit giving the fault
Standard inverse sec SI

Voltage Restrained Overcurrent Mode

In the voltage restrained mode the
Very inverse sec VI
MCVG 61 operates on the load
characteristic above 90%Vn. Below
that voltage the relay pick up is
reduced, depending on the magnitude Extremely inverse sec EI
of the reduction in the relay voltage.
Thus the relay has a load character-

istic during healthy conditions and a
family of characteristics during fault Long time earth fault sec LT
conditions, when the voltage is less
than 90%Vn.
Voltage restrained overcurrent is Definite time 2 seconds D2
achieved by taking the TRMS value of
the input voltage. If this voltage is

between the limits of
0.9Vn>V>0.55Vn, a voltage Definite time 4 seconds D4
proportional to the input voltage is
applied to the analogue switch.
This diverts a proportion of the input
Definite time 8 seconds D8
current from the measuring circuit
resulting in a gradual transition from
fault characteristic to overload
Table 1: Operating time characteristics with corresponding switch positions,
characteristic with increasing voltage.
where I is the current applied to the relay.


Definite 8 seconds

Definite 4 seconds
Operating time t (seconds)

Longtime standby earth fault

t= 120
Definite 2 seconds Is

Standard inverse
t= 0.14
I KIs 0.02

Very inverse
t= 13.5

Extremely inverse
t= 80
I KIs 2

1.0 10 100

Figure 2: Time delayed overcurrent, operation time characteristic.

P2 P1
S2 S1
B Vs Is
C B A B C Trip I>Is
>V Mode t Curve
N selection selection
n 21
Case earth
IA Is C Output
1 29 30 circuits
a b c 22 PhA 2

33 34
35 36 Vs Is
37 38
Trip I>Is
13 14 41 42
>V Mode t Curve
selection selection
45 46
23 RL1-1 35
47 48
IB Is C 33
21 22 49 50
24 34
23 24 PhA Trip
RL1-2 output
25 26 contacts
Vs Is
27 28
Trip I>Is
Module terminal block
>V Mode t Curve
viewed from rear
selection selection
(with integral case earth strap) 46
Notes: See Note 1 26
1 Earthing connections are typical only. 13 Reset
+VE Power
(a) CT shorting links make Vx 14 supply
before (b) and (c) disconnect. VE
1 circuits
(b) Short terminals break before (c).
(c) Long terminals.
Case earth connection
2 CT connections are typical only.

Figure 3: Application diagram 10 MCVG 61 02 sheet 1 issue D. (Diagrams 10 MCVG 61 02 sheets 2 and 3 show variations).
Technical Data

AC current (In) 1A or 5A
AC voltage (Vn) 110V or 63.5V
Rated frequency 50Hz or 60Hz
DC Auxiliary voltage (Vx) 24/54V or 110/250V

AC current Less than 0.25V for 1A relays and
less than 0.5VA for 5A relays at unity
power factor and at rated current on
any setting.
The impedance of the relays over the
whole of the setting range is less than
0.25 for 1A relays and less than
0.2 for 5A relays and is
independent of current.
AC voltage Less than 0.1VA at rated voltage
DC voltage Relay rating Burden
24/54V 8.5W
110/250V 11.5W
The figures above are maxima under
quiescent conditions. With output
element operated they are increased
by up to a maximum of 3W.

Setting ranges
Voltage setting 55% to 90% Vn in steps of 5% Vn
Voltage control mode
Current pick up level Is + KIs K = 0 when V<Vs
K = 1 when V>Vs
Is 5% to 240% In in steps of 5% In
Is 50% to 200% In in steps of 10% In
Where V is the applied ac voltage
Drop off to pick up ratio of under
voltage detector >107%
Voltage Restrain mode
Current pick up level Is + KIs
K=1 when V>90% Vn
(V/Vn 0.55)
( 0.35 )
when 55% Vn <V<90% Vn
K=0 when V<55% Vn
Is 5% to 240% In in steps of 5% In
Is 50% to 200% In in steps of 10% In
Where V is the applied ac voltage

Operating time
Time delayed element See Figure 2

Operating characteristics
IDMT Characteristics Standard inverse
Very inverse
Extremely inverse
Long time earth fault
Definite time delays 2, 4, 8 seconds
Time multiplier 0.05 to 1.0 in 0.025 steps
(applicable to all characteristics)

Operation indicators Each phase is provided with a red led

indicator. The trip indication is non
volatile. If the auxiliary power supply
is lost the trip indicator will be in the
last state when the power supply is
The green indicator illuminates when
the input current for the appropriate
phase exceeds the current pick-up
level of Is + KIs, and resets when
the phase current falls below the
resetting current.

Accuracy Reference conditions: Reference range:

Current setting (Is) 0.05 In to 2.4 In
Is setting 0.5 In to 2.0 In
Vs setting 0.55 Vn to 0.9 Vn
K value 0 to 1 for voltage restrain mode
0 or 1 for voltage control mode
Ratio of Is: Is less than 5 : 1
Input current Time characteristic: Reference range:
Standard inverse
Very inverse KIs + (2 x Is to 31 x Is)
Long time inverse
Extremely inverse KIs + (2 x Is to 20 x Is)
Definite time KIs + (1.3 x Is to 31 x Is)
Ambient temperature 20C
Frequency 50Hz or 60Hz
Time multiplier setting 1x
DC auxiliary voltage Reference range:
24V to 54V 110V to 250V

Accuracy influencing quantities

Time multiplier On settings 0.05 to 1.0:
5% or 50ms whichever is the greater
Ambient temperature Operative range: 25C to +55C
Variations over this range:
Is setting: 5%
Is setting: 5%
K value: 0.05
(in voltage restrain mode only)
Vs setting: 1%

Time characteristic Time variation
Standard inverse
Very inverse 5%
Long time inverse
Extremely inverse 7.5%
Definite time 5%

Frequency Is setting: 1% over the range 47Hz

to 52Hz or 57Hz to 62Hz
Is setting: 1% over the range 47Hz
to 52Hz or 57Hz to 62Hz
K value 0.05 over the range 47Hz
to 52Hz or 57Hz to 62Hz (in voltage
restrain mode only)
Vs setting: 7.5% over the range
47Hz to 52Hz or 57Hz to 62Hz
Operating time: 7% or 50ms
whichever is the greater over the
range 47Hz to 52Hz or 57Hz to
DC auxiliary voltage Vx Operative range
(V) (V)
24/54 19 to 65
110/250 87.5 to 300
Variations over these ranges:
Is setting: 5%
Is setting: 5%
K value: 0.05
(in voltage restrain mode only)
Vs setting: 1%
Operating time: 7.5% or 50ms
whichever is the greater

Accuracy general
Is setting: 1.0 x Is to 1.1 x Is
Is setting: 5% for Is:Is<2:1
Is setting: 10% for 2:1<Is:Is<3:1
Is setting: 10% +20% for
K value: 0.05 (in voltage restrain
mode only)
Vs setting: 5%
Operating time Time characteristic Accuracy
Standard inverse
Very inverse 5%
Long time inverse
Extremely inverse 7.5%
Definite time 5%
Repeatability (within basic accuracy claim)
Pick up current Is + KIs better than 2%
Operating time better than 3% or 30ms
whichever is greater

Overshoot time less than 50ms (When the input
current is reduced from any value
within the operative range to zero)
Resetting current Not less than 95% of time delayed
current setting
Resetting and disengaging Less than 70ms (when the input time
current is reduced from any value
within the operative range to zero)
Transient overreach System time constant up to 30ms: 5%
Contacts 1 changeover self reset
1 normally open self-reset

Contact ratings
Make and carry continuously ac 1250VA with maxima of
5A and 660V
dc 1250W with maxima of
5A and 300V
Make and carry for 0.2s ac 7500VA with maxima of
30A and 300V
dc 7500W with maxima of
30A and 300V
Break ac 1250VA with maxima of
5A and 300V
dc 50W resistive
25W inductive with L/R = 40ms
subject to maxima of
5A and 300V
Loaded contact 10,000 operations minimum
Unloaded contact 100,000 operations minimum

Current transformer requirements

Relay and CT secondary rating 1A 5A
Nominal output 2.5VA 7.5VA
Accuracy class 10P 10P
Accuracy limit (x rated current) 20 20
Limiting lead resistance one way 1 0.15

Thermal withstand
Continuous withstand 2 x Is or 2.6 x In whichever is lower,
with a minimum of 1 x In
Voltage 1.2 x Vn
Short time withstand
Current For 1 second: 100 x In with
400A maximum.
For 3 seconds: 57 x In with
230A maximum.
Voltage 2 x Vn for 30 seconds

High voltage withstand
Dielectric withstand
IEC 255-5: 1977 2kV rms for 1 minute between all
terminals and case earth.
2kV rms for 1 minute between
terminals of independent circuits
including contact circuits, with
terminals on each independent circuit
connected together.
1kV rms for 1 minute across open
contacts of output relays.
High voltage impulse
IEC 255-5: 1977 Three positive and three negative
impulses of 5kV peak, 1.2/50s, 0.5J
between all terminals and case earth

Electrical environment
DC supply interruption
IEC 255-11: 1979 The unit will withstand a 10ms
interruption in the auxiliary supply,
under normal operating conditions,
without de-energising.
AC ripple on dc supply
IEC255-11: 1979 The unit will withstand 12% ac ripple
on the dc supply.
High frequency disturbance
IEC 255-22-1: 1988 Class III 2.5kV peak between independent
circuits and case.
1.0kV peak across terminals of the
same circuit.
Electrostatic discharge
IEC255-22-2: 1989 Class II 4.0kV discharge in air with cover
in place.
IEC801-2: 1991 Level 2 4.0kV point contact discharge with
cover removed.
Fast transient disturbance
IEC255-22-4: 1992 Class III 2.5kV, 5kHz applied directly to
auxiliary supply.
IEC801-4: 1988 Level 3 2.5kV, 5kHz applied directly to
all inputs.
EMC compliance
EN50081-2: 1994 Compliance with the European
EN50082-2: 1995 Community Directive on EMC is
claimed via the Technical Construction
File route. Generic standards were
used to establish conformity.

Atmospheric environment
IEC255-6: 1988 Storage and transit 25C to +70C
Operating 25C to +55C
IEC68-2-1: 1990 Cold
IEC68-2-2: 1974 Dry heat
IEC68-2-3: 1969 56 days at 93% RH and 40C
Enclosure protection
IEC529: 1989 IP50 (dust protected)
IEC1010-1: 1990/A2: 1995
Polution degree 2 Equipment designed for environments
where only non-conducting pollution
Occasionally light condensation may
be expected.
EN 61010-1: 1993/A2: 1995
Pollution degree 2

Mechanical environment
IEC255-21-1: 1988 Response Class 1
Endurance Class 1

Case information
Type MCVG 61 relays are housed in 200 4 holes 4.4
size 8 cases. See Figure 4 for 24

Information required with order 168 159

Relay type
Rated current
Push button
Rated voltage 203
projection 10 max.
Frequency Panel cut-out:
Flush mounting fixing details.
Rated auxiliary voltage
32 212
25 min.

177 157 max.

206 11
Flush mounting.
All dimensions in mm.

Figure 4: Case outline size 8.