0 evaluări0% au considerat acest document util (0 voturi)

217 vizualizări10 paginiFeb 17, 2017

© © All Rights Reserved

PDF, TXT sau citiți online pe Scribd

© All Rights Reserved

0 evaluări0% au considerat acest document util (0 voturi)

217 vizualizări10 pagini© All Rights Reserved

Sunteți pe pagina 1din 10

Voltage Dependent

Overcurrent Relay

Features

voltage restrained or voltage

controlled overcurrent

Wide setting range

Green led start indicators to

facilitate testing

Low ac burden

DC power supply operates over a

wide input range

Separate test mode with trip test

feature

Non volatile memory for led trip

indication

voltage and current. There are two

MCVG 61 versions are available for types of relay that are customarily Type MCVG 61 relays consist of a

phase-neutral and phase-phase used for these applications, namely microcontroller based overcurrent

connection. voltage restrained and voltage element (identical to MCGG relays,

controlled overcurrent relays. see R6054) with one element

available for each phase. The current

Application With voltage restrained overcurrent

relays, when the voltage falls below a measurement is performed by an

set value, the operating time of the analogue to digital converter (ADC)

For backup overcurrent protection of

overcurrent characteristic is which forms an integral part of the

generators, ordinary overcurrent

continuously reduced with declining microcontroller, the program in the

relays are sometimes difficult to apply,

voltage. In voltage controlled microcontroller constantly samples the

due to the decaying characteristic of

overcurrent relays, the operating time output of the ADC and compares the

the fault current. The value of the fault

characteristic is changed from the value with a predetermined reference.

current will be progressively reduced

load characteristic to the fault If the output of the ADC remains

due to armature reaction, to a value

characteristic when the voltage falls above the reference value, then the

less than full load current. Therefore,

below a set level. microcontroller will give a trip signal

normal overcurrent relays, set above

after a time delay, which is

the load current or maximum The MCVG 61 is a three phase determined by the algorithm for the

permissible overload, cannot be voltage dependent overcurrent relay selected time delay characteristic.

applied to provide time delayed with both voltage restrained and

backup protection as they will not voltage controlled characteristic When a trip signal is given, the trip

operate for these fault conditions. available from the same relay. led is set to on and the state

For successful application of The desired mode is selected by a remembered in the non volatile

generator backup protection, the EEPROM. This ensures that, if the

switch on the front of the relay.

operating characteristics of the relay power to the relay is lost, the trip

2

indication will revert to the last state Power for the relay is supplied by a Selection of time characteristics

on re-applying the auxiliary power. dc to dc converter which is designed The time/current characteristic

Voltage controlled and voltage to work over a large voltage range. selection is carried out by means of

restrained overcurrent is achieved by This allows one relay to cover several three switches identified by the ( )

controlling the amount of current seen battery voltages. The dc to dc symbol on the nameplate.

by the overcurrent detectors. converter gives totally isolated outputs

giving a high degree of noise Table 1 gives the basic operating

Voltage Controlled Overcurrent Mode immunity to the relay. characteristics and the settings of

In this mode the MCVG 61 operates these switches.

Relay Settings

with the load characteristic above a The time given by each of the

set voltage level. Below this voltage Separate setting switches are operating time characteristics must be

the relay operates with the fault provided for each phase on the relay multiplied by the time multiplier to

characteristic. front plate. These are used to select give the actual operating time of the

the required time/current relay. This control is marked xt =

Voltage controlled overcurrent is characteristic, voltage restrained or

achieved by the use of voltage level where is the sum of all the switch

voltage controlled operation, overload positions.

detectors. The principle of operation is and fault setting current, voltage

that, if the instantaneous amplitude of controlled voltage setting and time The range of multiplication is 0.05 to

the input voltage exceeds a preset multiplier settings. 1.0 in steps of 0.025. This acts as a

threshold setting during any half convenient time multiplier on the

cycle, a timer t1 is started. If t1 times current dependent characteristics and

out before the signal has fallen below gives the following ranges for the

the reference voltage, the output of definite time characteristics:

the latch is set high. This latch turns

the analogue switch on, which diverts Operating characteristics (seconds) Time range (seconds)

current from the overcurrent 2 0.1 to 2.0 in 0.05 second steps

measuring circuit to give the overload 4 0.2 to 4.0 in 0.1 second steps

characteristic. 8 0.4 to 8.0 in 0.2 second steps

When the input voltage falls below

the preset threshold setting during any Switch position Operating characteristic

half cycle, a timer t2 is started. If t2 (0) (1)

times out before the signal has

exceeded the preset reference

voltage, the output of the latch is set Trip test

low. Resetting the latch causes the

analogue switch to turn off resulting in

the measuring circuit giving the fault

Standard inverse sec SI

characteristics.

Voltage Restrained Overcurrent Mode

In the voltage restrained mode the

Very inverse sec VI

MCVG 61 operates on the load

characteristic above 90%Vn. Below

that voltage the relay pick up is

reduced, depending on the magnitude Extremely inverse sec EI

of the reduction in the relay voltage.

Thus the relay has a load character-

istic during healthy conditions and a

family of characteristics during fault Long time earth fault sec LT

conditions, when the voltage is less

than 90%Vn.

Voltage restrained overcurrent is Definite time 2 seconds D2

achieved by taking the TRMS value of

the input voltage. If this voltage is

between the limits of

0.9Vn>V>0.55Vn, a voltage Definite time 4 seconds D4

proportional to the input voltage is

applied to the analogue switch.

This diverts a proportion of the input

Definite time 8 seconds D8

current from the measuring circuit

resulting in a gradual transition from

fault characteristic to overload

Table 1: Operating time characteristics with corresponding switch positions,

characteristic with increasing voltage.

where I is the current applied to the relay.

3

100

10

Definite 8 seconds

Definite 4 seconds

Operating time t (seconds)

t= 120

I KIs

1

Definite 2 seconds Is

Standard inverse

t= 0.14

I KIs 0.02

1

Is

1.0

Very inverse

t= 13.5

I KIs

1

Is

Extremely inverse

t= 80

I KIs 2

1

Is

0.1

1.0 10 100

I KIs

Is

4

P2 P1

A A

S2 S1

B Vs Is

C

C B A B C Trip I>Is

37

>V Mode t Curve

N selection selection

38

n 21

Case earth

IA Is C Output

RL1

1 29 30 circuits

a b c 22 PhA 2

Ph

33 34

35 36 Vs Is

37 38

Trip I>Is

41

13 14 41 42

>V Mode t Curve

selection selection

42

45 46

23 RL1-1 35

47 48

IB Is C 33

21 22 49 50

24 34

23 24 PhA Trip

RL1-2 output

25 26 contacts

29

Vs Is

27 28

30

Trip I>Is

45

Module terminal block

>V Mode t Curve

viewed from rear

selection selection

(with integral case earth strap) 46

25

IC Is C

Notes: See Note 1 26

PhA

1 Earthing connections are typical only. 13 Reset

+VE Power

(a) CT shorting links make Vx 14 supply

before (b) and (c) disconnect. VE

1 circuits

(b) Short terminals break before (c).

(c) Long terminals.

Case earth connection

2 CT connections are typical only.

5

Figure 3: Application diagram 10 MCVG 61 02 sheet 1 issue D. (Diagrams 10 MCVG 61 02 sheets 2 and 3 show variations).

Technical Data

Ratings

AC current (In) 1A or 5A

AC voltage (Vn) 110V or 63.5V

Rated frequency 50Hz or 60Hz

DC Auxiliary voltage (Vx) 24/54V or 110/250V

Burdens

AC current Less than 0.25V for 1A relays and

less than 0.5VA for 5A relays at unity

power factor and at rated current on

any setting.

The impedance of the relays over the

whole of the setting range is less than

0.25 for 1A relays and less than

0.2 for 5A relays and is

independent of current.

AC voltage Less than 0.1VA at rated voltage

DC voltage Relay rating Burden

24/54V 8.5W

110/250V 11.5W

The figures above are maxima under

quiescent conditions. With output

element operated they are increased

by up to a maximum of 3W.

Setting ranges

Voltage setting 55% to 90% Vn in steps of 5% Vn

Voltage control mode

Current pick up level Is + KIs K = 0 when V<Vs

K = 1 when V>Vs

Is 5% to 240% In in steps of 5% In

Is 50% to 200% In in steps of 10% In

Where V is the applied ac voltage

Drop off to pick up ratio of under

voltage detector >107%

Voltage Restrain mode

Current pick up level Is + KIs

K=1 when V>90% Vn

(V/Vn 0.55)

K=

( 0.35 )

when 55% Vn <V<90% Vn

K=0 when V<55% Vn

Is 5% to 240% In in steps of 5% In

Is 50% to 200% In in steps of 10% In

Where V is the applied ac voltage

Operating time

Time delayed element See Figure 2

6

Operating characteristics

IDMT Characteristics Standard inverse

Very inverse

Extremely inverse

Long time earth fault

Definite time delays 2, 4, 8 seconds

Time multiplier 0.05 to 1.0 in 0.025 steps

(applicable to all characteristics)

indicator. The trip indication is non

volatile. If the auxiliary power supply

is lost the trip indicator will be in the

last state when the power supply is

reinstated.

The green indicator illuminates when

the input current for the appropriate

phase exceeds the current pick-up

level of Is + KIs, and resets when

the phase current falls below the

resetting current.

Current setting (Is) 0.05 In to 2.4 In

Is setting 0.5 In to 2.0 In

Vs setting 0.55 Vn to 0.9 Vn

K value 0 to 1 for voltage restrain mode

0 or 1 for voltage control mode

Ratio of Is: Is less than 5 : 1

Input current Time characteristic: Reference range:

Standard inverse

Very inverse KIs + (2 x Is to 31 x Is)

Long time inverse

Extremely inverse KIs + (2 x Is to 20 x Is)

Definite time KIs + (1.3 x Is to 31 x Is)

Ambient temperature 20C

Frequency 50Hz or 60Hz

Time multiplier setting 1x

DC auxiliary voltage Reference range:

24V to 54V 110V to 250V

Time multiplier On settings 0.05 to 1.0:

5% or 50ms whichever is the greater

Ambient temperature Operative range: 25C to +55C

Variations over this range:

Is setting: 5%

Is setting: 5%

K value: 0.05

(in voltage restrain mode only)

Vs setting: 1%

7

Time characteristic Time variation

Standard inverse

Very inverse 5%

Long time inverse

Extremely inverse 7.5%

Definite time 5%

to 52Hz or 57Hz to 62Hz

Is setting: 1% over the range 47Hz

to 52Hz or 57Hz to 62Hz

K value 0.05 over the range 47Hz

to 52Hz or 57Hz to 62Hz (in voltage

restrain mode only)

Vs setting: 7.5% over the range

47Hz to 52Hz or 57Hz to 62Hz

Operating time: 7% or 50ms

whichever is the greater over the

range 47Hz to 52Hz or 57Hz to

62Hz

DC auxiliary voltage Vx Operative range

(V) (V)

24/54 19 to 65

110/250 87.5 to 300

Variations over these ranges:

Is setting: 5%

Is setting: 5%

K value: 0.05

(in voltage restrain mode only)

Vs setting: 1%

Operating time: 7.5% or 50ms

whichever is the greater

Accuracy general

Is setting: 1.0 x Is to 1.1 x Is

Is setting: 5% for Is:Is<2:1

Is setting: 10% for 2:1<Is:Is<3:1

Is setting: 10% +20% for

3:1<Is:Is<5:1

K value: 0.05 (in voltage restrain

mode only)

Vs setting: 5%

Operating time Time characteristic Accuracy

Standard inverse

Very inverse 5%

Long time inverse

Extremely inverse 7.5%

Definite time 5%

Repeatability (within basic accuracy claim)

Pick up current Is + KIs better than 2%

Operating time better than 3% or 30ms

whichever is greater

8

Overshoot time less than 50ms (When the input

current is reduced from any value

within the operative range to zero)

Resetting current Not less than 95% of time delayed

current setting

Resetting and disengaging Less than 70ms (when the input time

current is reduced from any value

within the operative range to zero)

Transient overreach System time constant up to 30ms: 5%

Contacts 1 changeover self reset

1 normally open self-reset

Contact ratings

Make and carry continuously ac 1250VA with maxima of

5A and 660V

dc 1250W with maxima of

5A and 300V

Make and carry for 0.2s ac 7500VA with maxima of

30A and 300V

dc 7500W with maxima of

30A and 300V

Break ac 1250VA with maxima of

5A and 300V

dc 50W resistive

25W inductive with L/R = 40ms

subject to maxima of

5A and 300V

Durability

Loaded contact 10,000 operations minimum

Unloaded contact 100,000 operations minimum

Relay and CT secondary rating 1A 5A

Nominal output 2.5VA 7.5VA

Accuracy class 10P 10P

Accuracy limit (x rated current) 20 20

Limiting lead resistance one way 1 0.15

Thermal withstand

Continuous withstand 2 x Is or 2.6 x In whichever is lower,

with a minimum of 1 x In

Voltage 1.2 x Vn

Short time withstand

Current For 1 second: 100 x In with

400A maximum.

For 3 seconds: 57 x In with

230A maximum.

Voltage 2 x Vn for 30 seconds

9

High voltage withstand

Dielectric withstand

IEC 255-5: 1977 2kV rms for 1 minute between all

terminals and case earth.

2kV rms for 1 minute between

terminals of independent circuits

including contact circuits, with

terminals on each independent circuit

connected together.

1kV rms for 1 minute across open

contacts of output relays.

High voltage impulse

IEC 255-5: 1977 Three positive and three negative

impulses of 5kV peak, 1.2/50s, 0.5J

between all terminals and case earth

Electrical environment

DC supply interruption

IEC 255-11: 1979 The unit will withstand a 10ms

interruption in the auxiliary supply,

under normal operating conditions,

without de-energising.

AC ripple on dc supply

IEC255-11: 1979 The unit will withstand 12% ac ripple

on the dc supply.

High frequency disturbance

IEC 255-22-1: 1988 Class III 2.5kV peak between independent

circuits and case.

1.0kV peak across terminals of the

same circuit.

Electrostatic discharge

IEC255-22-2: 1989 Class II 4.0kV discharge in air with cover

in place.

IEC801-2: 1991 Level 2 4.0kV point contact discharge with

cover removed.

Fast transient disturbance

IEC255-22-4: 1992 Class III 2.5kV, 5kHz applied directly to

auxiliary supply.

IEC801-4: 1988 Level 3 2.5kV, 5kHz applied directly to

all inputs.

EMC compliance

89/336/EEC

EN50081-2: 1994 Compliance with the European

EN50082-2: 1995 Community Directive on EMC is

claimed via the Technical Construction

File route. Generic standards were

used to establish conformity.

10

Atmospheric environment

Temperature

IEC255-6: 1988 Storage and transit 25C to +70C

Operating 25C to +55C

IEC68-2-1: 1990 Cold

IEC68-2-2: 1974 Dry heat

Humidity

IEC68-2-3: 1969 56 days at 93% RH and 40C

Enclosure protection

IEC529: 1989 IP50 (dust protected)

IEC1010-1: 1990/A2: 1995

Polution degree 2 Equipment designed for environments

where only non-conducting pollution

occurs.

Occasionally light condensation may

be expected.

EN 61010-1: 1993/A2: 1995

Pollution degree 2

Mechanical environment

Vibration

IEC255-21-1: 1988 Response Class 1

Endurance Class 1

Case information

155.4

Type MCVG 61 relays are housed in 200 4 holes 4.4

size 8 cases. See Figure 4 for 24

dimensions.

Relay type

Rated current

Push button

Rated voltage 203

projection 10 max.

Frequency Panel cut-out:

Flush mounting fixing details.

Rated auxiliary voltage

32 212

25 min.

Reset

206 11

Flush mounting.

All dimensions in mm.

11

## Mult mai mult decât documente.

Descoperiți tot ce are Scribd de oferit, inclusiv cărți și cărți audio de la editori majori.

Anulați oricând.