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PRE-HISTORIC ART

Stone Age
Paleolithic
Mesolithic
Neolithic
Metal Age
Bronze Age
Iron Age

Sunday, July 4, 2010


PRE-HISTORIC ART IN EUROPE
• Stone Age
• Paleolithic Period Old stone Age
• Upper, Middle & Lower

• Mesolithic
• Neolithic Period New Stone Age
• The Rise of Farming
• Neolithic Social Change

• The Bronze Age


• The Iron Age

Sunday, July 4, 2010


TOOLS

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Handaxe

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010
MESOAMERICAN PALEO-INDIANS KILLING A MASTODON
NATIONAL MUSEUM OF ANTHROPOLOGY, MEXICO CITY

Sunday, July 4, 2010


FIRST MADE FROM MAMMOTH BONES

Sunday, July 4, 2010


UPPER PALEOLITHIC ART

• Mobile

Small, can be moved from place to place or traded

• Parietal

Paintings on cave walls


Large carvings

Sunday, July 4, 2010


BISON
Sunday, July 4, 2010
LION-HUMAN
HOHLENSTEIN-STADEL, GERMANY
MAMMOTH IVORY, 29.6CM
ULMER MUSEUM, ULM, GERMANY

probably male with a feline


head

Sunday, July 4, 2010


HORSES

Sunday, July 4, 2010


baton or staff, found
at Mas-d'Azil,
France

Sunday, July 4, 2010


VENUS OF
WILLENDORF
from Willendorf, Austria
c. 25,000-21,000 B.C.
Limestone, 11.5 cm high

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Mother Goddess
Tarxien, Malta before 2500 bc
large bulbous legs covered by a pleated
skirt, colossal figure surrounded by
smaller obese female figures
The 18“ Venus figure
(France, 22,000 to 30,000 years ago)
holds what may be an incised bison horn

Sunday, July 4, 2010


VARIATIONS OF FEMALE FIGURES
Sunday, July 4, 2010
The Paleolithic Cave Paintings of
Lascaux, France
(ca. 17,000 BP)

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010
GREAT HALL OF BULLS

Sunday, July 4, 2010


BACK TO BACK BISON
Sunday, July 4, 2010
PANEL OF THE SWIMMING STAGS

Sunday, July 4, 2010


STAG AT THE BISON TOWARDS
ENTRANCE THE BACK

Sunday, July 4, 2010


CHINESE HORSE

Sunday, July 4, 2010


SHAFT OF THE DEAD MAN
Sunday, July 4, 2010
IBEXES - AXIAL GALLERY
Sunday, July 4, 2010
SMALL HORSES PAINTED WITH RED AND
YELLOW OCHRES

Sunday, July 4, 2010


ALTAMIRA, SPAIN
Sunday, July 4, 2010
BOAR

Sunday, July 4, 2010


CHAUVEX CAVE, FRANCE

Sunday, July 4, 2010


HYAENA AND PANTHER

Sunday, July 4, 2010


BEAR SKULL ON ROCK

Sunday, July 4, 2010


PANEL OF LIONS OWL IN MUD
Sunday, July 4, 2010
WALKING HORSE

Sunday, July 4, 2010


RHINOS

Sunday, July 4, 2010


PEOPLE AND ANIMALS
DETAIL OF ROCK-SHELTER PAINTING, COGUL LERIDA, SPAIN, C.4000-2000BC

Sunday, July 4, 2010


ANGONO PETROGLYPHS
Sunday, July 4, 2010
PIGMENTS
Sunday, July 4, 2010
In the Round In Relief
high and low ‘bas relief ’

SCULPTURE
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Bison, Tuc d’Audoubert, 13,000-18,000 bc
unbaked clay, each 61cm long
Sunday, July 4, 2010
CERAMIC
Sunday, July 4, 2010
SHAMANISM
Original cave Painting
Shaman, Trois-Freres cave
Dordogne, France 13,000-11,000 bc

Drawing by Henry Breuil

Sunday, July 4, 2010


ARCHITECTURE
Post and Lintel

Sunday, July 4, 2010


MENHIR

Sunday, July 4, 2010


DOLMEN IN FRANCE
DOLMEN AT JORDAN

DOLMEN IN PORTUGAL
DOLMEN IN INDIA

Sunday, July 4, 2010


STONEHENGE
NEAR SALISBURY, ENGLAND

Sunday, July 4, 2010


METAL AGE
Trundholm Sun Charriot
(Denmark)
Sunday, July 4, 2010
ART OF
ANCIENT
NEAR EAST
MESOPOTAMIA

Sunday, July 4, 2010


✤ Neolithic Era (9000-4500/4000bc)- Jericho
✤ Mesopotamia (modern Iraq)
✤ Uruk Period - 4500-3100 bc
✤ Sumer - 2800-2300 bc
✤ Akkad - 23400-2180 bc
✤ Babylon - 1830-539 bc
✤ Assyrian Empire - 1100-612 bc
✤ Anatolia - (modern Turkey) 1450-1200 bc
✤ Ancient Iran - 5000-331 bc
✤ The Scythians -(modern Russia & Ukraine) 8th-4th cent bc

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010
Jericho Wall
c. 8000-7000 bc - Mud Brick Rubble and Stone

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Neolithic Skull
from Jericho

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Composite Reconstruction of Drawing of Chatal Huyuk, Turkey, c. 6500-5500 bc

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Human Figure
Jordan, c, 7000-6000 bc
fired lime plaster with cowrie shell,
bitumen,and paint, 90 cm (35in)
National Museum, Amman, Jordan

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Warka Head
Face of a Woman

c. 3300-3000 bc
marble, 20.3cm (8in), Irag Museum,
Baghdad

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Nanna Ziggurat
Muqaiyir, Iraq, c. 2100-1050 bc

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Ziggurat at Ur
Built for the moon god, Nanna, the
ziggurat dates from the 2100s bc and
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Carved Vase known a the Uruk Vase
Uruk,Iraq, c 3300-3000 bc, Alabaster, 91cm (36in), Iraq Museum, Baghdad

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Votive Figures
c. 2900-2600 bc, limestone, alabaster and gypsum, The Square temple, Tell Asmar, Iraq, 76.3cm (30”)

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Figures from Tell
Asmar

Sunday, July 4, 2010


The Great Lyre with the Front Panel, the sound box of
Bull’s Head the Great Lyre
Royal Tomb, Ur, Iraq, c. 2550-2400 bc, Wood with gold, silver, lapis lazuli, bitumen and ashell reassembled in
modern wood support, height of head 35.6cm (14”), Museum ofArcheology, Philadelphia

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Head of the
Akkadian King
c. 2300 bc

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Votive Statue of Gudea
(present day Telloh, Iraq)

c. 2090 bc, Diorite, 73.7cm (29”)


Musee du Louvre, Paris

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Stele of Hammurabi
Susa (present-day Shush, Iran)

c. 1792-1750 bc, 2.13cm (7ft.) Diorite


Musee du Louvre, Paris

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Daric
A coin minted under Darius I of Persia
4th century bc, Gold
Ashmolean Museum, Oxford

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Lamassu
Human-Headed Winged Lion, 883-859 bc
Alabaster, 3.11cm
Colossal Gatewat figure, the palace of Assurnasirpal II,
Mesopotamia, (present day Nimrud, Iraq)

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Assurnasirpal in Killing Lions
Palace complex of Assurnasir[al II, Iraq, c. 850 bc, Alabaster, 99.1cm (39”) British Museum, London

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Air view of the ceremonial complex, Persepolis
518-460 bc, Iran

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Darius and Xerxes Receiving Tribute
c. 491-486 bc, limestone, 2.54m) (8‘4”) detail of a relief from the stairway leading to the
Apadana (ceremonial complex) Persepolis, Iran

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Reconstruction Drawing Ishtar Gate and Throne Room Wall
of Babylon
Reconstructed in a Berlin museum, originally from Babylon (today Iraq), c. 575 bc ;
Glazed brick, height of gate originally 12.2m with towers rising 30.5m
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Art of Ancient Egypt

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010
Egypt and Nubia

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Rosetta Stone
196 bc, Basalt, 1.14m (3’9”), British Museum, London

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Architecture and Sculptures

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Pyramids

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Mastaba

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Imhotep’s Step Pyramid

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Giza Pyramids
largest is the pyramid of Khufu with 2,300,000 stones weighing 6.5m tons

Sunday, July 4, 2010


The Great Sphinx
the colossal statue at Khafre, Giza, sndstone, 66ft x 240ft
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Temple at Luxor
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Temple at Al Karmak

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Egyptian god Ptah

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Aton

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Death Mask of
Tutankamun
133-1323 bc
Gold inlaid enamel with
semi=precious stones
54 cm (21 in) high

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Thutmose IV and Mother Cat Goddess
Carved from a single rectangular stone block, this This bronze figure with inlaid blue-glass eyes dates
idealized, geometric sculpture represents the ancient from Egyptʼs Late Period (712-332 bc). It shows the
Egyptian king Thutmose IV and his mother. ancient goddess Bast in the form of a cat.

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Menkaure & Queen
Seated statue of Khafre Khamerernebty
c. 2500 bc, diorite, 1.68cm (5’6”) high c. 2548-2530 bc, Slate, 1.39cm (4‘6.5”) high

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Goddess Selket

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Bed Carriage resembling a cow
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Interior of Tombs

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Tomb of Queen Amonherkhepsef
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Prince Rahotep
and his wife,
Nofret
painted limestone, 1.2m high
Egyptian Museum, Cairo,Egypt

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Seated Scribe
found near the tomb of Kai, c. 2450-2325 bc
painted limestone with inlaid eyes of rock crystal, calcite, magnesium mounted on
copper, 53cm (21in), Musee du Louvre

Sunday, July 4, 2010


part of the Egyptian Book of the Dead
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Hypostyle Hall, Temple of Amon at Karnak
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Tutankhamons’
Sarcophagus

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Painting from Temple of Ramses III

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Wall Paintings,
Frescoes and Reliefs

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Egyptian Canon of
Proportions
Contributing to the sustainability of
Egyptian style for over 2000 years, this
system contributed to a conventional
easily recognizable image.

The characteristic way of depicting the


human figure:

shoulders and one eye are frontal


head, arms and legs are in profile
waist is nearly in profile but is turned
enough to show the navel

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Palette of Narmer
c. 3000 bc, slate, 63.5cm (25 in) Egyptian Museum, Cairo,Egypt

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Nebamun hunting birds, from the tomb,
Thebes, Egypt
Sunday, July 4, 2010
relief in tombs

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Anubis and the Mummy
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Amon-Ra, Father of the Gods
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Egyptian
Amulets
Djed Pillar
Wedjat Eye
Appyrus Bud
Crocodile
Falcon god Horus
Stone heart
Bes, god of music and dance

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Ancient Egyptian Jewelries
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Egyptian Concepts:

• Kingship
• Death and Afterlife
• Religion

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Amarna Period
c. 1349-1336 bc

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Akhenaten Nefertiti
Amarna Period, Sandstone, 3.96m (13ft) Amarna Period, painted Limestone, 48cm (19in)
Staatliche Museum, Berlin, Germany Staatliche Museum, Berlin, Germany
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Akhenaten and Nefertiti and their children
Amarna period, Limestone relief, 33x38cm (13x15in), Staatliche Museen, Berlin

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Egypt and Nubia

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Temple of Ramse II
Abu Simbel, Nubia, 1237 bc

Sunday, July 4, 2010


a bit of political history
Egypt was conquered by:

Assyrians c. 673-657 bc
Persians 525 bc
Alexander the great 332 bc
Romans in 58 bc and annexed it in 30bc
6th-12th century = christianity
12th to 14th century = infiltrated by various
groups then it became muslim

Sunday, July 4, 2010


The Aegean

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010
CYCLADIC
CIVILAZATION
c. 3000 - 1200 b.c.

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Two Figures of Women
Cyclades c. 2500-2200, Marble
33cm & 63.4cm (13in & 25in)
Museum of Cyclade Art, Athens

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Venus of Willendorf

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Male Cyclidic flute
player
from Keros, c. 2500-2200 bc, Marble
National Archaeological Museum, Athens

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Seated Harp
Keros, Cyclades, c. 2700-2500 bc,
Marble, height 29.2m (11.5in),
Museum of Cycladic Art, Athens

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Discoveries at Thera

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Landscape (spring fresco)
Akrotiri, Thera Cyclades, before 1630 bc

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Young Girl Gathering Saffron
Crocus Flowers
Detail of wall painting, before 1630 bc
Thera Foundation, Greece

Sunday, July 4, 2010


MINOAN
CIVILAZATION
c. 3000 - 1500 b.c.

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Knossos, aerial photograph of the site
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Reconstuction of the Palace Complex
Knossos, Crete, c 2000 - 1375 bc, as would have appeared during a New Palace Period

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Bull Leaping
Wall painting with areas of modern reconstruction from the palace complex
Knossos, Crete, c. 1550-1450 bc, 62.3cm (24in)
Archeological Museum, Iraklion, Crete

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Snake Goddess
from Knossos, c. 1600 bc, Faience

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Octopus Flask
Palaikastro, Crete, c. 1500-1450 bc
Marine style ceramic 28cm (11in)
Archeological Museum, Iraklion, Crete

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Kamares Ware Jug
Phaistos, Crete, Old Palace Period, c.
2000-1900 bc, Archeological Museum
Iraklion, Crete

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Harvester Vase
Hagia Triada, Crete, c. 1650-1450 bc
Steatite, diameter 11.3cm (4.5in)
lower part of vase reconstructed
Archeological Museum, Iraklion, Crete

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Pendant of Gold Bees
Chryssolakkos, near Mallia, Crete, c. 1700-1550 bc
Gold height approx 4.6cm (more than 1in)
Archeological Museum, Iraklion, Crete
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Bull’s Head Rhyton
Palace complex, Knossos, Crete
c. 1550-1450 bc
Steatite with shell, rock crystal and jasper and

Sunday, July 4, 2010


MYCENEAN
CIVILAZATION
c. 1600 - 1200 b.c.

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Citadel at Mycenae
aerial view, site occupied c. 1600-1200 bc
walls built c. 1340, 1250, 1200 bc

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Reconstruction of Citadel at Mycenae
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Lion’s Gate
at Mycenae
c. 1250 bc, historic photo

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010
Reconstruction Drawing of the Megaron
in the Palace at Pylos,
Sunday, July 4, 2010
“Goddess” from the citadel of Mycenae, c. 1200 bc
National Archaelogical Museum, Athens, Greece

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Tholos, the so-called Treasury of Atreus
Mycenae, Greece, c. 1300-1200 bc

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Cut-away Drawing of Tholos

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Corbelled Vault,
Interior of Tholos
Limestone vault
height 14.48cm (47ft6in)

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Mask of Agamemnon
Funerary mask, from the royal tombs, Grave Circle A
Mycenae, Greece, c. 1600-1550 bc, Gold height approx 35cm (12in)
National Archeological Museum, Athens

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Vapheio Cup
Found near Sparta, Greece, c. 1650-1450 bc
Gold, height 3.9cm (3.5in)

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Golden Lion’s Head
Rhyton
Shaft grave IV, wouth of Lions Gate, Mycenae
16th century bc
National Archaeological Museum, Athens

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Flotilla Fresco, c.1650 bc, National Archiological Museum, Athens
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Dagger Blade with Lion Hunt
Shaft Grave IV, Grave Circle A, Mycenae, Greece, c. 1550-1500 bc
Bronze inlaid with gold, silver and niello, length 23.8cm (9.5in)
National Archeological Museum, Athens

Sunday, July 4, 2010


The Women with a Child
Found in the palace at Mycenae, Greece, c. 1400-1200 bc
Ivory, heoght 7.5cm (more than 2in)
National Archaeological Museum, Athens
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Warrior Vase
Mycenae, Greece, c. 1300-1100 bc, Ceramic, height 41cm (16in)
National Archaeological Museum, Athens

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Man is the Measure of all
Things
• emphasis on the individual
• view of death
• gods had human like qualities
• artists signed their works, both men and
women

Sunday, July 4, 2010


view of the Acropolis, Athens
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Geometric Style
in Pottery

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Geometric Amphora
8th cent bc, terracotta
1.55m (5ft1in)

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Orientalizing Style

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Polyphemuos Painter, Amphora
Sunday, July 4, 2010
The Northampton
Vase

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Archaic Style

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sculpture

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Kouros
Marble, Archaic Period

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Peplos Kore
Parian marble, 530 bc, 1.21m (11 2/3in)

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Early Classical

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Poseidon, with his trident
or
Zeus, hurling his thunderbolt
National Archaeological Museum in Athens, Greece

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Kritos Boy
Parian Marble, 86cm (33 7/8in)

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Diskobolos, Myron
(discuss thrower)
460-450 bc, marble copy of a
bronze original, 1.53m (5ft)

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Charioteer of Delphi
bronze

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Classical

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010
Reconstruction of the Parthenon, Athens
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Plan of the Parthenon
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Golden Statue of Athena
Sunday, July 4, 2010
East end of the Parthenon, Athens
447-438 bc, Pentelic Marble, 33.8x72.2m (111x237 ft)

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Orders of Greek
Architecture

• Doric
• Ionic
• Corinthian

Sunday, July 4, 2010


1. Doric Columns
at the the Parthenon

Sunday, July 4, 2010


2. Ionic Columns
at Propylaea

Sunday, July 4, 2010


ionic column details

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Parthenon Ionic Frieze
Sunday, July 4, 2010
3. Corinthian Columns

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010
Sculptures from the east pediment of the Parthenon

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Parthenon Metopes
Sunday, July 4, 2010
others Temples

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Agora, Athens
6th century bc

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Temple of Hera I, Paestum
and Hera II, Italy (in the foreground)
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Temple of Poseidon
Paestrum, Italy
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Caryatids
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Battle of Lapiths and Centaurs
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Doryphorus
spear thrower

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Late Classical Style

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Theater at Epidaurus

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010
Praxiteles,
Aphrodite of Knidos
c. 350 bc, Marble, 2.05m
Musei Vaticani, Rome

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Hellenistic

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Boxer
Bronze, 1.28m (4ft 2in)
c. 1st cent bc
Museo delle Terme, Rome

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Laocoön and
his two sons
Marble 7ft, Musei Vaticani,
Rome

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Nike (Victory) of
Samothrace
Sanctuary of the Great Gods, Samothrace,
c. 180 bc, Marble, 2.45m (8ft1in)
Musee du Louvre, Paris, France

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Venus de Milo
Musee du Louvre

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Veiled and Masked
Dancer
3rd-2nd century bc
bronze, height 20.7cm (8 1/8in)

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Altar of Zeus, from Pergamon
c. 175 bc, marble

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Athena battling with Akyoneus
from the great frieze of Pergamon Altar
c. 180 bc, Marble 2.29cm (7ft 6in)
Sunday, July 4, 2010
LATE HELLENISTIC

Temple of Apollo
Didyma, Turkey

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Estruscan Art

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010
ARCHITECTURE

Reconstruction drawing of 3 temples on


the Arx of Cosa, c.100bc
Sunday, July 4, 2010
SCULPTURE

Capitoline Wolf
c. 500 bc, Bronze, 85.1cm high, Museo Capitolino, Rome

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Wounded Chimera
Bronze, 80cm high, from Arezzo, 2nd quarter of 4th century bc

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Apollo of Veii
Painted terracotta, approx 1.78m (5ft10in) high
Museo Nazionale di Villa Giulia, Rome

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Mars of Todi
4th cent bc, Bronze, 1.4m high
Musei Vaticani, Rome

Sunday, July 4, 2010


scene from the back of a mirror
from Volterra, showing Uni (Hera) nursing
Bronze engraves, c.300bc, Museo Archeologico, Florence
Sunday, July 4, 2010
FUNERARY ART

Cinerary Urn
from Chiusi, 7th cent bc, Hammered Bronze and
terracotta, 83.8cm high, Museo Etrusco, Chiusi

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Mater Matuta
from Chianciano, near Chiusi
460-440 bc
Limestone, lifesize, Florence

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Urn in the
shape of a hut
from Tarquinia
9th-8th cent bc
Tarquinia

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Cinerary Urn in the form of a house
from Chiusi, c. 650-700bc, Museo archeologico, Florence

Sunday, July 4, 2010


interior of Tomb of Shields
Cerveteri, c. 600bc, approx 9x3.5m

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sarcophagus from
Cerveteri, c.520bc
Painted Terracotta, 2m long, Rome

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Mourners at the Door of the Outer World
tomb of Augurs, c.500bc

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Tomb of the Leopards
Tarquina, 480-470bc, Fresco

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sarcophagus of Ramtha
Visnai
from Vulci, c.300-280 bc
Limestone, 2.18x0.78m

Sunday, July 4, 2010


ART OF ANCIENT ROME

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010
CAPITOLINE WOLF
c. 500 bc, Bronze, 85.1cm high, Museo Capitolino, Rome

Sunday, July 4, 2010


REPUBLIC &
TRANSITION TO EMPIRE
• Rules by Senate and patrician citizens

• Julius Ceasar

• Augustus/Octavian

Sunday, July 4, 2010


EMPIRE
• Julio-Claudian Dynasty - Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, Nero
• Flavian Dynastry - Vespasian, Titus, Domitian
• The so-Called Good Emperors” - Neva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus
Pius, Marcus Aurelius
• Perios of political stability and econonic prosperity
• Beginning of Decline
• The Severan Dynasty - Septimus Severus, Caracalla, Severus
Alexander
• Anarchy
• Period of Tetrarchs
• Last Empire

Sunday, July 4, 2010


BUILDING MATERIALS
AND METHODS

Sunday, July 4, 2010


ROMAN CORINTHIAN
COLUMNS

IONIC

TUSCAN (DORIC)
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Plan of the vault from
above showing resultant
outward thrust.

Groin Vault from above.

A groin vault viewed from the


underside,
showing the arris or 'groin'.
Sunday, July 4, 2010
ARCHITECTURAL TYPES

•Domestic Homes
•Public Buildings

Sunday, July 4, 2010


DOMESTIC

•Homes

•Villas

Sunday, July 4, 2010


HOUSE OF SILVER
WEDDING
Atrium and peristyle

PLAN OF THE HOUSE OF FAUN

Sunday, July 4, 2010


INSULA, OSTIA
RECONSTRUCTION

Sunday, July 4, 2010


ROMAN INSULAE

Sunday, July 4, 2010


HADRIAN’S VILLA
TIVOLI, ITALY

Sunday, July 4, 2010


PLAN OF HADRIAN’S VILLA
Sunday, July 4, 2010
THE VILLA AND THE PALACE

Canopus at Hadrian's Villa


Sunday, July 4, 2010
PUBLIC BUILDINGS
• Forum • Aqueducts

• Basilica • Religious Temples

• Markets • Commemorative
Architecture
• Public Baths
• Triumphal Arch
• Colosseum
• Tombs
• Circus
Sunday, July 4, 2010
ROMAN AND IMPERIAL FORUMS, ROME

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Imperial Forum, Rome

Sunday, July 4, 2010


BASILICA ULPIA

Sunday, July 4, 2010


ROMAN CITY PLANNING

Basilica of Maxentius
Sunday, July 4, 2010
TRAJAN’S MARKETS

Sunday, July 4, 2010


MAIN HALL OF TRAJAN’S MARKET
Sunday, July 4, 2010
RUINS, BATHS AT CARACALLA, ROME

Sunday, July 4, 2010


PLAN & RESTORATION
DRAWING OF BATHS
OF CARACALLA

Sunday, July 4, 2010


THEATERS AND AMPHITHEATERS

The Colosseum in Rome (70-82)

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010
Sunday, July 4, 2010
PRESENT DAY RUINS OF THE COLOSSEUM

Sunday, July 4, 2010


The ancient theater at Orange, France
Sunday, July 4, 2010
CIRCUS
400 - 600 M (1300-1970 FT)

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Sunday, July 4, 2010
AQUEDUCT AT PONT DU GARD, FRANCE
Sunday, July 4, 2010
TEMPLE OF PORTUNUS, ROME
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Maison Carrée, Nîmes
Sunday, July 4, 2010
ROMAN TEMPLES

The Pantheon in Rome


Sunday, July 4, 2010
Sunday, July 4, 2010
COMMEMORATIVE ARCHITECTURE

WEST SIDE, ARA PACIS


13-9 bc
Sunday, July 4, 2010
SOUTH SIDE, ARA PACIS
Marble relief, approx 1.6m (5ft x 3in) high
Sunday, July 4, 2010
TRAJAN’S COLUMN
Marble, 4 lowest bands, 91.4cm
(36in) high each
Sunday, July 4, 2010
Triumphal Arch

The Arch of Constantine


,

Sunday, July 4, 2010


MEDALLIONS, (HADRIANIC, AD117-138)
AND FRIEZE (CONSTANTINE, EARLY 4TH CENT)
Sunday, July 4, 2010
SCULPTURAL TYPES
•Sarcophagi

•Portraits/Bust

•Equestrian Statue
•Mosaic and Mural Painting

Sunday, July 4, 2010


PROMETHEUS SARCOPHAGUS, AD C. 110
Marble, Museo Capitolino, Rome

Sunday, July 4, 2010


BUST OF JULIUS PATRIARCH WITH TWO
CEASAR ANCESTOR BUSTS
Marble, Musei di Antichita, Turin
Marble, Musei Capitolino, Rome

BUST OF TRAJAN
Marble, Musei Vaticani, Rome

Sunday, July 4, 2010


BUST OF CARACALLA CONSTANTINE
Marble, 36.2cm (1ft2.25in) Marble, 2.59cm (8ft 6in)
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York Palazzo dei Conservatori
Rome
Sunday, July 4, 2010
PORTRAITS OF FLAVIAN WOMEN

Sunday, July 4, 2010


AUGUSTUS OF
PRIMA PORTA
Marble, 2.03m (6ft 8in) high
Musei Vaticani, Rome

ANTINOUS
Marble, 180cm (70in) high
Archeological Museum
Delphi

Sunday, July 4, 2010


EQUESTRIAN
STATUE OF
MARCUS AURELIUS
Bronze, 3.hgh5m ( 11ft 6in) high
Piazza del Campidoglio, Rome

Sunday, July 4, 2010


ROMAN
DOMUS

Sunday, July 4, 2010


MOSAICS

Roman Mosaic Floor


Sunday, July 4, 2010
The Grand Hunt

Roman Mosaic, Piazza Armerina

Sunday, July 4, 2010


THE BATTLE OF ISSOS
THE “ALEXANDER MOSAIC”
FROM THE HOUSE OF AUN, POMPEII, 2ND CENT BC
Sunday, July 4, 2010
FORESHORTENING OF THE HORSE
Sunday, July 4, 2010
YOUNG WOMAN WITH A STYLUS
RESCO, 28.9CM (11 3/8IN), POMPOEII

Sunday, July 4, 2010


PORTRAIT PAINTING

Sunday, July 4, 2010


Narcissus by the Pool
Wall Painting, Pompeii, Italy
Sunday, July 4, 2010
FIRST AND SECOND STYLE

The Citharist from Stabia


Sunday, July 4, 2010
THIRD STYLE

Landscape with Boats, Pompeii


Sunday, July 4, 2010
FOURTH STYLE

STILL LIFE FROM HERCULANEUM


Sunday, July 4, 2010
GEMS, CAMEOS,
METAL WORK AND
GLASS

gems

Metal work

Portland Vase
glass
Sunday, July 4, 2010