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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport

Platform
V100R001C01

Product Overview

Issue 01
Date 2013-08-10

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved.
No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written
consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

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and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective holders.

Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and the
customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be within the
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The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the
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recommendations in this document do not constitute a warranty of any kind, express or implied.

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


Address: Huawei Industrial Base
Bantian, Longgang
Shenzhen 518129
People's Republic of China

Website: http://www.huawei.com
Email: support@huawei.com

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Product Overview Contents

Contents

1 Introduction....................................................................................................................................1
1.1 Product Highlights and Specifications...........................................................................................................................2
1.1.1 Product Highlights.......................................................................................................................................................2
1.1.2 Product Specifications.................................................................................................................................................3
1.2 Product Networking........................................................................................................................................................6
1.3 Product Features.............................................................................................................................................................8
1.3.1 Line Rate......................................................................................................................................................................8
1.3.2 OTN Application.........................................................................................................................................................9
1.3.3 ROADM Application..................................................................................................................................................9
1.3.4 OTN + ROADM Application......................................................................................................................................9
1.3.5 Packet Application.....................................................................................................................................................10
1.3.6 Redundancy and Protection.......................................................................................................................................11
1.3.7 Automatic Optical Power Management....................................................................................................................13
1.3.8 Synchronization.........................................................................................................................................................14
1.3.9 ASON Feature...........................................................................................................................................................15
1.4 Supported Services Types............................................................................................................................................17

2 Product Architecture...................................................................................................................20
2.1 System Architecture.....................................................................................................................................................21
2.2 Hardware Architecture..................................................................................................................................................22
2.2.1 Cabinet Introduction..................................................................................................................................................22
2.2.2 OptiX OSN 9800 U64 Subrack.................................................................................................................................23
2.2.3 OptiX OSN 9800 U32 Subrack.................................................................................................................................26
2.2.4 OptiX OSN 9800 Universal Platform Subrack..........................................................................................................29
2.2.5 Board.........................................................................................................................................................................31
2.2.6 Pluggable Optical Modules.......................................................................................................................................40

3 Network Management................................................................................................................41
4 Operation and Maintenance......................................................................................................44
5 Power Saving and Environment Protection...........................................................................46
5.1 Power Saving................................................................................................................................................................47
5.1.1 Static Power Saving...................................................................................................................................................47
5.1.2 Dynamic Power Saving.............................................................................................................................................47
5.1.3 Control and Monitoring of Power Saving Status.......................................................................................................48

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Product Overview Contents

5.2 Environment Protection................................................................................................................................................48

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Product Overview 1 Introduction

1 Introduction

About This Chapter

1.1 Product Highlights and Specifications


1.2 Product Networking
1.3 Product Features
1.4 Supported Services Types

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Product Overview 1 Introduction

1.1 Product Highlights and Specifications

1.1.1 Product Highlights


The OptiX OSN 9800 supports 40 Gbit/s and 100 Gbit/s line rates, a cross-connect capacity
greater than 10 Tbit/s and MPLS-TP features. It features power saving, and high reliability and
maintainability.

Highest Cross-Connect Capacity with Flexible LargeCapacity Service Grooming


l Features high cross-connect capacity. A single subrack supports a maximum of 12.8 Tbit/
s cross-connect capacity, implementing large-capacity service grooming. Only one subrack
is required for the large-capacity service grooming and, therefore, lowers power
consumption and reduces the floor space. In addition, the cross-connect capacity can be
increased to 20 Tbit/s or higher in the future.
l Supports multi-granularity OTN cross-connection, that is, ODUk cross-connection, where
k can be 0, 1, 2, 2e, 3, 4, or flex.
l Supports unified switching capabilities of VC, ODUk, and PKT services, which converges
service grooming planes, and supports flexible bandwidth allocation.

Huge bandwidth provisioning with flexible High-Density Architecture


l Supports hybrid transmission of 10 Gbit/s, 40 Gbit/s, and 100 Gbit/s signals, and supports
a smooth upgrade from a low-rate network to a high-rate network.
l Supports ePDM-QPSK modulation for 100 Gbit/s signals, requiring no dispersion
compensation modules (DCMs) and simplifying network configurations. The advanced
return to zero (RZ), forward error correction (FEC), and digital signal processing (DSP)
algorithms implement ultra long-haul transmission of 100 Gbit/s signals, which increases
the optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) tolerance and transmission distance.
l Satisfies requirements on large-bandwidth transmission using 40 Gbit/s and 100 Gbit/s line
rates. The line rates can be upgraded to 400 Gbit/s and 1 Tbit/s in the future.
l Provides the highest integration in the industry and supports 200 Gbit/s capacity (which
can be upgraded to 400 Gbit/s in the future) per slot.

Integrates MPLS-TP Features, Greatly Improve IP Traffic Transmission Efficiency


l Integrates MPLS-TP features Suited for Ethernet Port Aggregation, IP Offloading,
Integrated Layer 0/1/2 leased line transport platform, Cloud-IDC interconnection.
l High-density Ethernet Card and Hybrid Line card Efficiently transmit IP and OTN traffic.

Tier 1 Reliability and Mass Data Transmission with Optimal Architecture


l Provides multiple network-level protection schemes and intelligent network management
based on automatically switched optical network (ASON)/generalized multiprotocol label
switching (GMPLS) technologies to protect all fibers and services.
l Provides protection for power supply devices, fans, communication control and clock
processing unit (CTU) boards, and the cross-connection resource pool.

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Product Overview 1 Introduction

Advanced Power Saving Technology with Low Power Consumption and High
Maintainability, Providing the Best Operation Experience and Minimizing OPEX
l Uses advanced power saving technologies with intelligent fans, -shape air ducts, optimal
chips, and excellent system design. This feature improves power and power consumption
efficiency, and minimizes energy consumption.
l Uses an intelligent power supply pool and implements visual power consumption
management. You can configure power terminals based on the number of boards and view
power consumption data of subracks in real time.
l Features high maintainability by integrating the OptiX OSN 9800 U64 into a cabinet. The
cabinet is also integrated with fiber management frames, ensuring easy installation and
operation.
l Provides the highest configuration, loading, and startup efficiency in the industry.
l Newly supports 19-inch subracks and can be installed in various types of cabinets, such as
19-inch cabinet or ETSI cabinet.
l Implements advanced visual management on bandwidth resources and OSNR
monitoring.
l Supports seamless interconnection with OptiX OSN 8800/6800/3800/1800 and achieves
end-to-end network management.

1.1.2 Product Specifications


To address ultra-large cross-connect capacity and bandwidth requirements, Huawei presents the
OptiX OSN 9800 product series. The OptiX OSN 9800 product series include the OptiX OSN
9800 U64, OptiX OSN 9800 U32 and OptiX OSN 9800 universal platform subrack. Applied at
the electrical layer, the OptiX OSN 9800 U64 and OptiX OSN 9800 U32 share boards by using
unified software and hardware platforms and can work with the OptiX OSN 9800 universal
platform subrack, OptiX OSN 8800 T16 and OptiX OSN 6800 optical subracks in WDM and
OTN systems.
The following table lists the detailed specifications of the OptiX OSN 9800 product series.

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Product Overview 1 Introduction

Specifications OptiX OSN 9800 U64 OptiX OSN 9800 U32

Product appearance

Subrack Dimensions 2200 (H) x 600 (W) x 600 (D) (the 1900 (H) x 498 (W) x 295 (D) (without
(mm) subrack is integrated into a cabinet) cabinet)

Cabinet N/A N63B, N66B

Number of slots for 64 32


service boards

Switchi Opticala 1 to 9-degree reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer (ROADM)


ng
capabili Electrical 12.8 Tbit/s ODUk (k = 0, 1, 2, 2e, 3, 4, l 6.4 Tbit/s ODUk (k = 0, 1, 2, 2e, 3, 4, flex)
ty flex) l 3.2 Tbit/s packet services

Max. number of DWDM system: 80


wavelengths

Wavelength range DWDM system: 1529.16 nm to 1560.61 nm (C Band, ITU-T G.694.1)

Max. rate per channel 100 Gbit/s (OTU4)

Service type Synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH), synchronous optical network (SONET),
Ethernet, storage area network (SAN), optical transport network (OTN), and video

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Product Overview 1 Introduction

Specifications OptiX OSN 9800 U64 OptiX OSN 9800 U32

Packet service capacity N/A l Support E-Line (MEF) and VPWS (IETF)
l Support MPLS-TP
l Number of MPLS tunnel: 64x1024
(Bidirectional)
l Number of PW: 64x1024
l Number of E-Line: 32x1024

Line rate 10 Gbit/s, 40 Gbit/s, and 100 Gbit/s

Topology Point-to-point, chain, star, ring, ring-with-chain, tangent ring, intersecting ring, and
mesh

Redund Equipment Power redundancy, fan redundancy, cross-connect board redundancy, system control
ancy level board redundancy
and protection
protecti
on Network Optical line protectiona, client 1+1 protectiona, ODUk subnetwork connection
level protection (SNCP), tributary SNCP, intra-board 1+1 protectiona, LPT
protection
(OTN)

Network LAG, PW APS, Tunnel APS


Level
Protection
(Ethernet
and Packet)

Optical power ALS, AGCa, ALCa, APEa, IPAa


management

Synchronizationb l IEEE 1588v2


l 2 Mbit/s or 2 MHz (with the SSM function), ITU-T G.703-compliant external clock
source
l External time source (1PPS+TOD)

ASON Electrical-layer ASON

Operation Environment Subrack temperature:


l Long-term operation: 5C (41 F) to 40C (104 F)
l Short-term operation: -5C (23 F) to 45C (113 F)
Relative humidity:
l Long-term operation: 5% to 85%
l Short-term operation: 5% to 90%

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Product Overview 1 Introduction

Specifications OptiX OSN 9800 U64 OptiX OSN 9800 U32

a: These features are available only when the OptiX OSN 9800 U64/U32 subrack works with the OptiX OSN
9800 universal platform subrack, OptiX OSN 8800 T16, or OptiX OSN 6800 subrack. This document describes
these features by considering that the OptiX OSN 9800 U64/U32 subrack works with the OptiX OSN 9800
universal platform subrack.
b: The feature is available only when the OptiX OSN 9800 U64/U32 subrack works with an OptiX OSN 8800
T16 subrack. For details about the feature, see the corresponding manual for the product that the OptiX OSN
9800 works with.

1.2 Product Networking


The OptiX OSN 9800 is targeted for use at the backbone or metropolitan core layer. It can work
with OptiX OSN 8800, OptiX OSN 6800, OptiX OSN 3800, and OptiX OSN 1800 to form a
complete OTN-based end-to-end network for unified network management, as shown in Figure
1-1. The OptiX OSN 9800 U32 supports unified switching and control based on ODUk and
packets, achieving unified switching and transmission for multiple services on a single multi-
service optical transport network (MS-OTN), as shown in Figure 1-2.

Figure 1-1 Role of the OptiX OSN 9800 in a network-wide solution (Typical OTN networking)

OptiX OSN
9800 U32 OptiX OSN
9800 U32
ODUk ODUk
switching switching
OptiX OSN OptiX OSN
8800 T64 9800 U64
OptiX OSN OptiX OSN Backbone
9800 U32 9800 U32 core layer

OptiX OSN
OptiX OSN 6800 OptiX OSN
8800 T32 OptiX OSN
3800
8800 T32

ODUk ODUk ODUk


switching switching switching
OptiX OSN
OptiX OSN 9800 U32 OptiX OSN Convergence
8800 T16 OptiX OSN 8800 T32 OptiX OSN layer
6800 8800 T16

ODUk
OptiX OSN OptiX OSN
1800 switching
1800
OptiX OSN
1800
ODUk OptiX OSN ODUk
switching 1800 switching
OptiX OSN OptiX OSN
1800 3800
Access
OptiX OSN OptiX OSN layer
1800 1800

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Product Overview 1 Introduction

Figure 1-2 Role of the OptiX OSN 9800 in a network-wide solution (Typical MS-OTN
networking)

OptiX OSN
9800 U32 OptiX OSN
9800 U32
ODUk/Packet ODUk/Packet
switching switching
OptiX OSN OptiX OSN
8800 T32 9800 U32
OptiX OSN OptiX OSN Backbone
9800 U32 9800 U32 core layer

OptiX OSN OptiX OSN OptiX OSN


8800 T32 8800 T16 OptiX OSN 8800 T16
8800 T32

ODUk/Packet ODUk/Packet ODUk/Packet


switching switching switching
OptiX OSN
OptiX OSN 9800 U32 OptiX OSN Convergence
8800 T16 OptiX OSN 8800 T32 OptiX OSN layer
8800 T16 8800 T16

ODUk/Packet
OptiX OSN switching OptiX OSN
1800 1800
OptiX OSN
1800
ODUk/Packet OptiX OSN ODUk/Packet
switching 1800 switching
OptiX OSN
OptiX OSN 3800
1800
Access
OptiX OSN OptiX OSN layer
1800 1800

For a new network, the OptiX OSN 9800 are usually used as electrical subrack and optical
subrack. For a capacity expansion network, the 9800 supports multiple expansion modes. As
shown in Figure 1-3, the following are the three main expansion modes:
l Node expansion: At a node, add OptiX OSN 9800 as electrical subrack and optical subrack,
and interconnect the node with the OptiX OSN 8800 node on the network.
l Capacity expansion: At a node, add an electrical OptiX OSN 9800 subrack to work with
existing electrical and optical OptiX OSN 8800 subracks to expand the electrical-layer
capacity of the node.
l Grooming capability enhancement for optical line amplifier (OLA) sites: At an OLA site,
an electrical OptiX OSN 9800 subrack is added to work with an existing optical OptiX
OSN 8800 or 6800 subrack to enhance the electrical grooming capability of the OLA site.

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Product Overview 1 Introduction

Figure 1-3 Hybrid networking with OptiX OSN 9800 and OptiX OSN 8800/6800
NE2

NE3
NE1 Before expansion

NE4

NE2 NE3

NE5 NE1 After expansion NE7 NE8

NE4 Node
expansion

Capacity
expansion NE6 wss wss

Grooming
capability enhancement NE7(9800-O)
wss wss
for OLA sites N

NE1(8800-O)

N N T
NE4(8800/6800-O) NE8(9800-E)

T T N
NE1(8800-E) NE5(9800-E) Service flow N: Line board

T Expansion NE T: Tributary board


NE6(9800-E)

1.3 Product Features

1.3.1 Line Rate


The OptiX OSN 9800 provides large-capacity transmission channels and multiple transmission
solutions for line rates of 100 Gbit/s, 40 Gbit/s, and 10 Gbit/s. It provides a maximum
transmission capacity of 80 x 100 Gbit/s and supports hybrid transmission of 100 Gbit/s, 40
Gbit/s, and 10 Gbit/s signals. The OptiX OSN 9800 satisfies the increasing bandwidth demands
while protecting carriers' investments.
The OptiX OSN 9800 uses dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) technologies to
multiplex a maximum of 80 service channels in a single fiber (it can transmit 80 carrier signals
at different wavelengths), achieving large-capacity transparent transmission of multiple services.
The OptiX OSN 9800 provides the following transmission solutions:

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Product Overview 1 Introduction

l 40/80 x 100 Gbit/s transmission solution


l 40/80 x 40 Gbit/s transmission solution
l 40/80 x 10 Gbit/s transmission solution
l 100 Gbit/s, 40 Gbit/s, and 10 Gbit/s hybrid transmission

1.3.2 OTN Application


The optical transport network (OTN) technology ensures flexible end-to-end service grooming,
and enables services of different types to share bandwidth. The abundant OTN overheads and
simplified NMS operations enable users to easily maintain networks and locate faults.
l OTN cross-connection
Services at any granularity can be aggregated into any ODUk pipe, and different types of
services from multiple sites can be mixed in one ODUk pipe. OTN cross-connection enables
flexible service grooming and improves bandwidth utilization.
l GE E2E transmission based on ODU0
End-to-end service cross-connections require cross-connections only on the line sides of
intermediate sites. Physical fiber connections are not required between back-to-back
installed equipment. GE E2E transmission helps save time, which enables quick service
provisioning and reduces fault potentials and maintenance workloads.
l Flexible bandwidth utilization based on ODUflex
The OptiX OSN 9800 supports the optical data unit flexible (ODUflex) feature. This feature
enables the OptiX OSN 9800 to adapt to various services, such as video, storage, and data
services, as well as future IP services.
l E2E service management based on OTN overhead
The abundant OTN overheads (defined in ITU-T G.708) and simple NMS operations enable
users to manage and monitor services in an end-to-end manner. OTN overheads enable an
OTN network to transparently transmit client services and provide powerful forward error
correction (FEC) capabilities. The OTN overheads and NMS enable end-to-end service
monitoring and management, and facilitate fault location.
l Channel monitoring over different operators' networks
When different operators' networks are interconnected, the OTN overheads at the tandem
connection monitoring (TCM) layer can be used to monitor the quality of the channels that
the different operators provide. The ODUk TCM function facilitates fault location.

1.3.3 ROADM Application


With ROADM technology, the OptiX OSN 9800 supports flexible optical-layer grooming in
one to nine degrees. The ROADM feature reconfigures wavelengths by blocking or cross-
connecting the wavelengths. This feature changes the static allocation of the resource to flexible
and dynamic allocation. ROADM technology and the U2000 enable remote and dynamic status
adjustment (add, drop, or pass-through) for a maximum of 80 wavelength.

1.3.4 OTN + ROADM Application


The OTN + ROADM feature cross-connects a client service in any optical direction while
ensuring high bandwidth utilization.
Figure 1-4 illustrates how OTN and ROADM effectively transmit client services.

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Product Overview 1 Introduction

l A tributary board receives client services at any bit rate. After OTN mapping and ODUk
cross-connection are complete, the client signals are flexibly cross-connected on the
electrical layer and share bandwidth. A line board then outputs the signals over different
wavelengths.
l Along the optical cross-connections on the ROADM board, the signals over different
wavelengths can be transmitted in any optical direction.
l If the signals in an optical direction do not need to be locally terminated, they can be directly
transmitted to another optical direction through the optical cross-connections on the
ROADM board.

Figure 1-4 OTN + ROADM application

1.3.5 Packet Application


The OptiX OSN 9800 supports various Ethernet services and provide packet transport solution
to carry them.
The OptiX OSN 9800 supports all the following service models defined by MEF and IETF:
l MEF: E-Line
l IETF: VPWS
In addition to transparently transmitting traditional Ethernet services, the OptiX OSN 9800
supports Layer 2 switching of Ethernet data packets, provides protection for Ethernet services,
and performs QoS and OAM functions for the Ethernet services. It also provides packet transport
solutions.

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Product Overview 1 Introduction

1.3.6 Redundancy and Protection


This topic describes network- and equipment-level protection supported by the OptiX OSN
9800.

Network-Level Protection (OTN)


The product supports a series of OTN-based network-level service protection schemes, such as
optical channel protection (including client 1+1 protection and intra-board 1+1 protection),
subnetwork connection protection (SNCP, including ODUk SNCP, tributary SNCP).
Table 1-1 lists the network-level protection (OTN) schemes supported by the OptiX OSN
9800.

Table 1-1 Network-level protection schemes (OTN)


Protection Description
Scheme

Client 1+1 Protects services against faults on optical transponder units (OTUs) and
protection OCh fiber disconnections using the dual feeding and selective receiving
function of the OLP/DCP board.

Intra-board 1 Protects OCh fibers using diverse routing and the dual feeding and selective
+1 protection receiving function of OLP/DCP boards.

LPT Detects and reports faults at the service access points and on intermediate
networks. It also helps data communication equipment, such as routers,
switch to the backup network in a timely manner. By doing so, normal
transmission of important services can be remained even when the link is
faulty.

Optical Line It uses the dual fed and selective receiving function of the OLP board to
Protection protect line fibers between adjacent stations by using diverse routing.

ODUk SNCP Protects services against line board faults and OCh fiber disconnections
using the dual feeding and selective receiving function of electrical-layer
cross-connections. The OptiX OSN 9800 supports ODUk SNCP protection.

Tributary Protects SDH/SONET or OTN services that a tributary board receives using
SNCP the dual feeding and selective receiving function of electrical-layer cross-
connections. The OptiX OSN 9800 supports ODUk SNCP protection.

Network Level Protection (Packet)

The OptiX OSN 9800 provides various types of network level protection (Packet), as listed in
Table 1-2.

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Product Overview 1 Introduction

Table 1-2 Network Level Protection (Packet)

Protection Description

LAG The LAG aggregates multiple physical links to form a logical link that is at
a higher rate. Link aggregation functions between adjacent equipment.
Hence, link aggregation is not related to the architecture of the entire
network. Link aggregation is also called port aggregation because each link
corresponds to a port on an Ethernet.

PW APS As network-level protection, PW APS uses a protection PW to protect the


working PW, and helps prevent service interruptions resulting from the
working PW failure. PW APS is available in one type: PW APS 1:1.

Tunnel APS As a network protection scheme, tunnel APS uses a protection tunnel to
protect the working tunnel and prevent service interruptions in case of the
working tunnel failures. Tunnel APS is available in one type: Tunnel APS
1:1.

OptiX OSN 9800 U64/U32 Equipment-Level Redundancy


Equipment-level redundancy includes power redundancy, fan redundancy, cross-connect board
redundancy, and system control board redundancy.
Table 1-3 lists the equipment-level redundancy supported by the OptiX OSN 9800.

Table 1-3 Equipment-level redundancy

Protection Scheme Description

Power redundancy Two PIU boards in hot backup mode supply power at the same time
to one subrack. If one PIU board fails, the other board will continue
to supply power to ensure that the subrack remains fully functional.

Fan redundancy If a fan in a fan tray assembly fails, the system can remain operational
for 96 consecutive hours in environments where temperatures range
between 0C to 40C (32F to 104F).

XCS Board The cross-connect board uses the M:N backup policy. The working
Redundancy and protection cross-connect boards in a subrack connect to all other
boards through the backplane bus to protect cross-connection
services.

Communication Two system control boards (CTUs) can be configured for 1+1
Control and Clock backup. The active and standby CTU boards in a subrack connect to
Processing Unit all other boards through the backplane bus to provide the following
Redundancy functions:
l NE database management
l Inter-board communication
l Inter-subrack communication
l Overhead management

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Product Overview 1 Introduction

OptiX OSN 9800 Universal Platform Subrack Equipment-Level Redundancy


Equipment-level redundancy includes power redundancy, fan redundancy and system control
and communication board redundancy.

Table 1-4 lists the equipment-level redundancy protection provided by the OptiX OSN 9800
universal platform subrack.

Table 1-4 Equipment-level redundancy

Protection Scheme Description

Power redundancy Two PIU boards in hot backup mode supply power at the same
time to one subrack. If one PIU board fails, the other board will
continue to supply power to ensure that the subrack remains
fully functional.

Fan redundancy If a fan in a fan tray assembly fails, the system can remain
operational for 96 consecutive hours in environments where
temperatures range between 0C to 40C (32F to 104F).

System control board Two system control boards (SCCs) can be configured for 1+1
redundancy backup. The active and standby SCC boards in a subrack
connect to all other boards through the backplane bus to provide
the following functions:
l NE database management
l Inter-board communication
l Inter-subrack communication
l Overhead management

1.3.7 Automatic Optical Power Management

The OptiX OSN 9800 provides multiple automatic optical power management functions, as
listed in Table 1-5.

Table 1-5 Automatic optical power management functions

Functi Description
on

ALS After the automatic laser shutdown (ALS) function is enabled on a tributary or line
board, the board shuts down the laser in the transmit direction when it receives no
optical signals from the upstream board. The board re-enables the laser when it
receives optical signals. This function prevents injuries associated with lasers and
prolongs the life of a laser by decreasing the working time of the laser.

AGC The automatic gain control (AGC) function ensures that channel gain is not
affected when wavelengths are added or dropped or when there is optical power
fluctuation in the WDM system. This function guarantees normal service running
in the WDM system.

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Functi Description
on

ALC Optical fiber aging, optical connector aging, multiple wavelengths added or
dropped simultaneously or other power changes are factors that may lead to
abnormal loss on the line. When this happens, line loss is changed, the optical
signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) of the system is degraded. To minimize such
influence, the automatic level control (ALC) function automatically adjusts the
output power of the amplifiers in the link according to the line loss change. When
the line loss changes, the output power of it will remain unchanged.

APE The automatic power equilibrium (APE) function automatically detects and adjusts
the optical power along channels on WDM-side ports to ensure the required
channel optical power flatness. If the channel optical power varies and flatness is
not maintained to a specified requirement, the OSNR of the optical transmission
line will deteriorate, which will degrade and possibly interrupt the communication.

IPA Optical amplifiers (OAs) output high optical power. If a fiber connecting to an OA
is cut, the OA keeps emitting light with high optical power if the laser on the
amplifier is not shut down. The intense light at the open fiber may cause injuries
to maintenance personnel during fiber maintenance. To prevent personal injuries,
the intelligent power adjustment (IPA) function shuts down lasers on the affected
OAs when a fiber cut occurs.

IPA of The LINE optical port on the CRPC board outputs high-power pump light. To
Raman prevent injuries associated with lasers, especially eye damage caused by laser
system radiation, the IPA function shuts down lasers on Raman amplifiers when a line
fault occurs.

1.3.8 Synchronization
When the OptiX OSN 9800 interconnects with MSTP or PTN equipment, the OptiX OSN 8800
T16 can be used as an optical NE of the OptiX OSN 9800 to achieve end-to-end transmission
of the IEEE 1588v2, synchronous Ethernet, or 2 MHz/2 Mbit/s external clock.

Physical Clock
Currently the OptiX OSN 8800 T16 supports extracting the physical clock from the 2M timing
signal received through the external clock port.

l The OptiX OSN 8800 T16 supports two 120-ohm or 75-ohm external clock inputs and
outputs.
l The OptiX OSN 8800 T16 supports three clock modes: trace, holdover.
l The OptiX OSN 8800 T16 supports the line and 2 Mbit/s clocks. It can process and transmit
synchronization status messages (SSMs).

IEEE 1588v2
The IEEE 1588v2 clock complies with the IEEE 1588v2 protocol. It is also called IEEE 1588v2
clock and used for time synchronization.

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Product Overview 1 Introduction

The IEEE 1588v2 protocol is a synchronization protocol. Time synchronization is achieved by


exchanging the IEEE 1588v2 protocol packets. The protocol supports synchronization accuracy
in the microsecond range, which meets the time synchronization requirement of 3G base stations.

NOTE

To achieve IEEE 1588v2 clock synchronization, all NEs on the clock link must support the IEEE 1588v2
protocol.

1.3.9 ASON Feature

In a legacy transmission network, the WDM transmission equipment functions as fibers to carry
services and must meet high requirements regarding operability. Generally the legacy
transmission network is facing the following challenges:
l Service configurations are complex, and it is time-consuming to expand system capacity
and provision services.
l Bandwidth utilization is low and inefficient. For example, on a ring network, half of the
bandwidth is always vacant.
l Limited protection schemes are applicable, among which the self-healing protection has
poor performance.

Huawei developed ASON to help carriers to meet these challenges. ASON enhances the network
connection management and recovery capabilities by introducing signaling to the legacy
transmission network and providing a control plane. It supports end-to-end service
configurations and different service level agreement (SLA) levels.

Service Configuration
Legacy WDM networks are generally chains and rings. The trails and timeslots of their services
are manually configured ring by ring and node by node, which is time- and labor-consuming.
As networks are growing and becoming more complex, this service configuration mode hardly
addresses the rapidly increasing user demands.

ASON solves this problem by enabling end-to-end service configurations. Specifically, to


configure a service, the user only needs to specify the source node, sink node, bandwidth demand,
and protection type, and the system will do the rest.

Bandwidth Utilization
Legacy WDM transmission networks have a high proportion of resources reserved and lack
advanced service protection, restoration and routing functions. In contrast, with the routing
function, ASON-empowered WDM transmission networks provide protection by reserving
fewer resources, increasing network resource utilization.

Reliability Mechanisms
Legacy WDM transmission networks use chains and rings as network topologies and optical
line protection and board-level protection as the service protection schemes. In contrast, ASON-
empowered WDM transmission networks generally use the mesh topology. In addition to
sufficient protection, ASON provides the dynamic restoration function to restore services.
Specifically, if there are multiple failures on a network, the services can be restored whenever
possible.

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Product Overview 1 Introduction

According to the variation in service restoration time, different levels of services are defined in
ASON to meet diverse requirements of customers.

SLA
An ASON network provides different levels of services to meet varied customer demands. The
WDM electrical-layer ASON supports diamond, silver, and copper SLA services at the ODUk
level (k = 0, 1, 2, 2e, 3, and 4).

ASON feature
Automatically switched optical network (ASON) is a new generation of the optical transmission
network. The ASON software developed by Huawei can be applied to the OptiX OSN 9800 to
enable the evolution from a legacy transmission network to an ASON network. Such evolution
complies with the ITU and IETF ASON/GMPLS-related standards.
ASON enhances the network connection management and recovery capabilities by introducing
signaling to the transmission network and providing a control plane. It enables the system to
provide ODUk level ASON services at the electrical layer, and also achieves end-to-end service
configuration and service level agreement (SLA). As shown in the Figure 1-5, in a mesh
network, a service from the source node A to the sink node G can be transmitted along three
paths: D1 (A-B-F-G), D2 (A-D-G), and D3 (A-E-H-G). If a fault occurs between nodes A and
B, or if the D1 path is unavailable, the service can be sent to the sink node along path D2 or D3
using ASON techniques.

Figure 1-5 Example of service protection in an ASON network

ASON features include:

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Product Overview 1 Introduction

l Automatic end-to-end service configuration


l Automatic topology discovery
l Enhanced network survivability thanks to mesh networking
l Service protection based on service level
l Optimal arrangement of network resources thanks to traffic engineering and dynamic
adjustment of logical network topologies in real time, based on service demands on the
client layer
l Various route selection strategies, making the network controllable and reliable

1.4 Supported Services Types


Table 1-6 lists the service types, service rates, and corresponding service boards supported by
the OptiX OSN 9800.

Table 1-6 Service types, service rates, and corresponding service boards supported by the OptiX
OSN 9800
Service Service Type Service Rate Board Standard
Catego Compliance
ry

SDH STM-1 155.52 Mbit/s T130, LOA ITU-T G.707

STM-4 622.08 Mbit/s T130, LOA ITU-T G.691


ITU-T G.957
STM-16 2.5 Gbit/s T130, LOA
ITU-T G.693
STM-64 9.95 Gbit/s T216, LSX ITU-T G.783
STM-256 39.81 Gbit/s T302, LSQ ITU-T G.825

SONET OC-3 155.52 Mbit/s T130, LOA GR-253-CORE


GR-1377-CORE
OC-12 622.08 Mbit/s T130, LOA
ANSI T1.105
OC-48 2.5 Gbit/s T130, LOA

OC-192 9.95 Gbit/s T216, LSX

OC-768 39.81 Gbit/s T302, LSQ

Ethernet FE (optical Interface rate: T130, LOA IEEE 802.3u


service signal) 125 Mbit/s
Service rate:
100 Mbit/s

GE (optical Interface rate: T130, DP212, LOA, IEEE 802.3z


signal) 1.25 Gbit/s LOM
Service rate: 1
Gbit/s

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Product Overview 1 Introduction

Service Service Type Service Rate Board Standard


Catego Compliance
ry

GE (electrical Interface rate: T130, DP212, LOA,


signal) 1.25 Gbit/s LOM
Service rate: 1
Gbit/s

10GE WAN 9.95 Gbit/s T216, DP212, LSX IEEE 802.3ae

10GE LAN 10.31 Gbit/s T216, DP212, LOA,


LSX

40GE 41.25 Gbit/s T302 IEEE 802.3ba

100GE 103.125 Gbit/s T401, T402, DP401,


LSC

SAN FDDI 125 Mbit/s T130, LOA ISO 9314


service
ESCON 200 Mbit/s T130, LOA ANSI X3.296
ANSI X3.230
FICON 1.06 Gbit/s T130, LOA, LOM
ANSI X3.303
FICON Express 2.12 Gbit/s T130, LOA, LOM

FC100 1.06 Gbit/s T130, LOA, LOM

FC200 2.12 Gbit/s T130, LOA, LOM

FC400 4.25 Gbit/s T130, LOA, LOM

FC800 8.5 Gbit/s T216, LOA

FC1200 10.51 Gbit/s T216, LOA, LSX

FICON4G 4.25 Gbit/s T130, LOA, LOM

FICON8G 8.5 Gbit/s T216, LOA

FICON10G 10.51 Gbit/s LOA

InfiniBand 2.5 Gbit/s LOA InfiniBand TM


2.5G Architecture
Release 1.2.1
InfiniBand 5G 5 Gbit/s LOA

ISC 1G 1.06 Gbit/s LOM IBM GDPS


( Geographically
ISC 2G 2.12 Gbit/s LOM Dispersed Parallel
Sysplex) Protocol

OTN OTU1 2.67 Gbit/s T130, LOA ITU-T G.709


service ITU-T G.959.1
OTU2 10.71 Gbit/s T216, LSX
GR-2918-CORE
OTU2e 11.10 Gbit/s T216, LSX

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Product Overview 1 Introduction

Service Service Type Service Rate Board Standard


Catego Compliance
ry

OTU3 43.02 Gbit/s T302, LSQ

OTU4 111.81 Gbit/s T401, T402

Video DVB-ASI 270 Mbit/s T130, LOA EN 50083-9


service
SDI 270 Mbit/s T130, LOA SMPTE 259M

HD-SDI 1.485 Gbit/s T130, LOA SMPTE 292M

HD-SDIRBR 1.49/1.001 T130, LOA


Gbit/s

3G-SDI 2.97 Gbit/s T130, LOA SMPTE 424M

3G-SDIRBR 2.97/1.001 T130, LOA


Gbit/s

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Product Overview 2 Product Architecture

2 Product Architecture

About This Chapter

2.1 System Architecture


2.2 Hardware Architecture

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Product Overview 2 Product Architecture

2.1 System Architecture


The OptiX OSN 9800 uses the L0 + L1 + L2 architecture. Wavelength multiplexing/
demultiplexing and add/drop is implemented at Layer 0, ODUk service grooming is
implemented at Layer 1 and ethernet/MPLS-TP switching is implemented at Layer 2.

Figure 2-1 System architecture of the OptiX OSN 9800


To line fiber

L0 Optical-layer board
Client-side optical module

WDM-side optical module


Signal processing module
ODUk L1
OTN tributary board
Signal processing module
L1 ODUk
Cross- Cross-
connect connect
board board
Signal processing module (active) (standby)
L2 Packets

Universal line board


(OTN/Packet) Client-side optical module
M:N
Signal processing module
Packets L2
WDM-side optical module
Packet service board

Signal processing module


ODUk
OTN line board

Fans External alarm


Auxiliary
interface External clock/
-48 V/-60 V DC Power (active) board external time
NMS
Power (standby)

System control and communication


DCN board (active)
System control and communication
board (standby) Backplane

Control and communication bus & Clock bus Electrical signal

Electrical cross-connect bus(ODUk/ODUflex) Optical-layer service

Electrical cross-connect bus(packets)

Functions of the modules in the figure above are as follows:


l Optical-layer boards are classified into optical multiplexer and demultiplexer boards,
optical add/drop multiplexer (OADM) boards, optical amplifier (OA) boards, optical
spectrum analysis boards, variable optical attenuator boards, and optical power and

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Product Overview 2 Product Architecture

dispersion equalization boards. These boards process optical-layer services, for example,
to cross-connect wavelengths at the optical layer.
l OTN tributary and OTN line boards process electrical-layer signals and perform O-E-O
conversions. The OptiX OSN 9800 uses a tributary-line-separate architecture and a
centralized cross-connect unit to flexibly groom electrical-layer signals at different
granularities.
l Universal line board is used to process electrical-layer signals and perform conversion
between optical and electrical signals. In addition, the board can work with a centralized
cross-connect board to achieve universal transmission and fine-grained grooming of OTN
and packet services.
l Packet service board has L2 processing capabilities. They can add, strip, and exchange
MPLS tags, learn MAC addresses, and forward packets.
l As the control center of the entire system, the CTU board cooperates with the network
management system (NMS) to manage boards in the OptiX OSN 9800 and implement inter-
subrack communication.
l The power supply and fan systems have a redundancy protection design and ensure highly-
reliable equipment operation.
l The auxiliary interface board provides functional ports such as clock/time input/output
ports (reserved), alarm output and cascading ports, and alarm input/output ports.
l Inter-board communication and service cross-connections, clock synchronization, and
power supplies are implemented using backplane buses. Backplane buses include control
and communication buses, clock buses, and power supply buses.

2.2 Hardware Architecture

2.2.1 Cabinet Introduction


Huawei provides two types of ETS 300-119-compliant cabinets: N66B and N63B.

Parameter N66B (ETSI 600 mm Cabinet) N63B (ETSI 300 mm Cabinet)

Appearance

Height
extension
frame
(optional)a

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Product Overview 2 Product Architecture

Parameter N66B (ETSI 600 mm Cabinet) N63B (ETSI 300 mm Cabinet)

Doors/ Front and rear doors: They can be Front door: The door can be
Panels disassembled. A key is provided for disassembled. A key is provided for
unlocking each of the doors. unlocking the door.
Side panels: They are secured with Rear door and side panels: They are
screws and can be disassembled. secured with screws. Only the side
panels can be disassembled.

Door keys The door keys for all N66B cabinets and N63B cabinets are the same.

Dimensions l Not equipped with a height l Not equipped with a height


(H x W x D) extension frame: 2200 mm (86.6 extension frame: 2200 mm (86.6
in.) x 600 mm (23.6 in.) x 600 mm in.) x 600 mm (23.6 in.) x 300 mm
Height

(23.6 in.) (11.8 in.)


De
pth dth l Equipped with a height extension l Equipped with a height extension
Wi
frame: 2600 mm (102.4 in.) x 600 frame: 2600 mm (102.4 in.) x 600
mm (23.6 in.) x 600 mm (23.6 in.) mm (23.6 in.) x 300 mm (11.8 in.)

Weight l Not equipped with a height l Not equipped with a height


extension frame: 120 kg (264.6 extension frame: 60 kg (132.3 lb.)
lb.) l Equipped with a height extension
l Equipped with a height extension frame: 66 kg (145.5 lb.)
frame: 130 kg (286.6 lb.)

Standard -48 V DC or -60 V DC


working
voltage

Working -48 V DC power source: -40 V to -57.6 V


voltage -60 V DC power source: -48 V to -72 V
range

a: A 400 mm height extension frame can be placed at the top of the cabinet, which increases
the height of the cabinet to 2600 mm.

2.2.2 OptiX OSN 9800 U64 Subrack

Subrack Areas and Slots


The OptiX OSN 9800 U64 equipment has integrated the OptiX OSN 9800 U64 subrack in a
cabinet and provides board slots on both the front and rear sides. Boards need to be installed in
the designated slots. The equipment runs on -48 V DC or -60 V DC and is divided into different
areas in which boards are powered by designated PIU boards in different slots.

Figure 2-2 shows the slots inside the equipment and the areas divided in the equipment. The
equipment includes the following areas: indicator area, power and interface area, fan area, fiber-
routing area, service board area, and system control and cross-connect board area. Table 2-1
describes the areas and slots in each area.

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Product Overview 2 Product Architecture

PIU boards are located in the power and interface area. In Figure 2-2, if an area has the same
background color as a PIU board, then the PIU board powers the boards located in this area.

Figure 2-2 Schematic diagram of the areas and slots in the OptiX OSN 9800 U64 subrack
Front side Rear side
Indicator area
PIU EFI PIU PIU Reserved PIU
IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU Power and IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU
100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 interface area 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121

IU93 FAN IU97 FAN


Fan area
IU92 FAN IU96 FAN
Fiber-routing
area

IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU Service board IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU
17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 area 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64

IU78 CTU
IU77 XCS IU85 XCS
IU76 XCS IU84 XCS
System control
IU75 XCS and cross- IU83 XCS
IU74 XCS connect board IU82 XCS
IU73 XCS area IU81 XCS
IU72 XCS IU80 XCS
IU71 XCS IU79 XCS
IU70 CTU

IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU Service board IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 area 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48

Fiber-routing
area
IU91 FAN IU95 FAN
Fan area
IU90 FAN IU94 FAN

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Product Overview 2 Product Architecture

Table 2-1 Descriptions of the areas and slots in the OptiX OSN 9800 U64 subrack
Are Include(s) ... (Both Function Slot
a on the Front and
Rear Sides)

Pow 1 EFI board and 10 l The PIU boards on the front l On the front side:
er PIU boards to and rear sides are in mutual PIU: IU100-IU104,
and distribute power to backup. Therefore, the IU107-IU110
inter the equipment failure of any power input to EFI: IU105
face NOTE the equipment does not
area affect the normal operation l On the rear side:
The EFI board is
located only on the of the equipment. PIU: IU111-IU115,
front side of the IU117-IU121
NOTE
equipment. IU116: reserved
The PIU boards installed back-
to-back are in mutual backup,
for example, the PIU boards in
slots IU100 and IU121, the PIU
boards in slots IU101 and
IU120, and so on.
l The EFI board provides
maintenance and
management interfaces.

Fan 4 fan tray The fan tray assemblies are used l On the front side:
areas assemblies, two in to ventilate the equipment. Lower portion: IU90,
each of the fan areas IU91
Upper portion: IU92,
IU93
l On the rear side:
Lower portion: IU94,
IU95
Upper portion: IU96,
IU97

Fiber 2 fiber troughs, one Fiber patch cords connecting to N/A


- in each of the fiber- boards are routed to the left or
routi routing areas right side of the equipment
ng through the upper- and lower-
areas side fiber troughs.

Servi 64 service boards Service boards need to be l On the front side:


ce configured based on the service Lower portion: IU1-
boar plan and all of them are installed IU16
d in the two service board areas. Upper portion: IU17-
areas NOTE IU32
Service boards installed in slots
IU1-IU16 and IU33-IU48 have l On the rear side:
their ejector levers on the right Lower portion: IU33-
sides of the board front panels. IU48
Service boards installed in
remaining slots in the two areas
Upper portion: IU49-
have their ejector levers on the left IU64
sides of the board front panels.

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Product Overview 2 Product Architecture

Are Include(s) ... (Both Function Slot


a on the Front and
Rear Sides)

Syst 2 CTU system l Cross-connect boards are l On the front side:


em control boards (on configured in M:N backup XCS: IU71-IU77
contr the front side only) mode to implement cross- CTU: IU70, IU78
ol and 7 XCS cross- connections for services
and connect boards boards on the front and rear l On the rear side:
cross sides. XCS: IU79-IU85
- l The system control boards
conn are configured in 1+1 backup
ect mode. The active system
boar control board manages and
d provides a clock to all other
area boards in the equipment. It
also provides for inter-NE
communication.

PIU, CTU, and XCS boards and fan tray assemblies must be fully configured in each subrack.

Mechanical Specifications

Table 2-2 lists the mechanical specifications of the OptiX OSN 9800 U64 equipment.

Table 2-2 Mechanical specifications of the OptiX OSN 9800 U64 equipment
Parameter Specifications

Dimensions (H x W x D) 2200 mm (86.6 in.) x 600 mm (23.6 in.) x 600


mm (23.6 in.)

Weighta 180 kg (396.8 lb.)

a: The weight is measured when the equipment has no boards or fan tray assemblies installed.

2.2.3 OptiX OSN 9800 U32 Subrack

Subrack Areas and Slots


Boards need to be installed in the designated slots in the subrack. The subrack runs on -48 V
DC or -60 V DC and is divided into different areas in which boards are powered by designated
PIU boards in different slots.
Figure 2-3 shows the slots inside the subrack and the areas divided in the subrack. The subrack
includes the following areas: indicator area, power and interface area, fan area, fiber-routing
area, service board area, and system control and cross-connect board area. Table 2-3 describes
the areas and slots in each area.

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Product Overview 2 Product Architecture

PIU boards are located in the power and interface area. In Figure 2-3, if an area has the same
background color as a PIU board, then the PIU board powers the boards located in this area.

Figure 2-3 Schematic diagram of the areas and slots in the 9800 U32 subrack
PIU EFI PIU

IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU Power and
100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 interface area

IU93 FAN
Fan area
IU92 FAN
Fiber-routing
area

IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU Service
17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 board area

IU78 CTU
IU77 XCS
IU76 XCS
IU75 XCS
System control
IU74 XCS
and cross-connect
IU73 XCS board area
IU72 XCS
IU71 XCS
IU70 CTU

IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU IU Service
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 board area

Fiber-routing
area
IU91 FAN
Fan area
IU90 FAN

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Product Overview 2 Product Architecture

Table 2-3 Descriptions of the areas and slots in the OptiX OSN 9800 U32 subrack
A Include(s) ... Function Slot
re
a

P 1 EFI board and 10 l The PIU boards are in mutual l PIU: IU100-IU104,
o PIU boards to backup. Therefore, the failure IU107-IU110
w distribute power to of any power input to the l EFI: IU105
er the equipment equipment does not affect the
an normal operation of the
d equipment.
in NOTE
te The PIU boards on the left and
rf right sides of the EFI board are
ac in mutual backup, for example,
the PIU boards in slots IU100
e
and IU106, the PIU boards in
ar slots IU101 and IU107, and so
ea on.
l The EFI board provides
maintenance and
management interfaces.

Fa 4 fan tray assemblies, The fan tray assemblies are used l Lower portion: IU90,
n two in each of the fan to ventilate the equipment. IU91
ar areas l Upper portion: IU92,
ea IU93
s

Fi 2 fiber troughs, one in Fiber patch cords connecting to N/A


be each of the fiber- boards are routed to the left or
r- routing areas right side of the subrack through
ro the upper- and lower-side fiber
ut troughs.
in
g
ar
ea
s

Se 32 service boards Service boards need to be l Lower portion: IU1-


rv configured based on the service IU16
ic plan and all of them are installed l Upper portion: IU17-
e in the two service board areas. IU32
bo NOTE
ar Service boards installed in slots IU1-
d IU16 have their ejector levers on the
ar right sides of the board front panels.
Service boards installed in
ea
remaining slots in the two areas have
s their ejector levers on the left sides
of the board front panels.

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Product Overview 2 Product Architecture

A Include(s) ... Function Slot


re
a

S 2 CTU system l Cross-connect boards are l XCS: IU71-IU77


ys control boards and 7 configured in M:N backup l CTU: IU70, IU78
te XCS cross-connect mode. The cross-connect
m boards boards provide cross-
co connections for service
nt boards.
ro l The system control boards are
l configured in 1+1 backup
an mode. The active system
d control board manages and
cr provides a clock to all other
os boards in the equipment. It
s- also provides for inter-NE
co communication.
nn
ec
t
bo
ar
d
ar
ea

PIU, CTU, and XCS boards and fan tray assemblies must be fully configured in each subrack.

Mechanical Specifications

Table 2-4 lists the mechanical specifications of the OptiX OSN 9800 U32 subrack.

Table 2-4 Mechanical specifications of the OptiX OSN 9800 U32 subrack
Parameter Specifications

Dimensions (H x W x D) 1900 mm (74.8 in.) x 498 mm (19.6 in.) x 295


mm (11.6 in.)

Weighta 68 kg (149.9 lb.)

a: The weight is measured when the subrack has no boards or fan tray assemblies installed.

2.2.4 OptiX OSN 9800 Universal Platform Subrack

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Product Overview 2 Product Architecture

Subrack Areas and Slots


Boards need to be installed in the designated slots in the subrack. The subrack includes the
following areas: interface area, board area, fiber-routing area, and fan area.

Slots of OptiX OSN 9800 universal platform subrack are shown in Figure 2-4.

Figure 2-4 Slots of OptiX OSN 9800 universal platform subrack

Interface
IU21 EFI PWR CRI MAJ MIN STAT PROG area

IU17
SCC or service board

SCC or service board

PIU

Board
IU3 IU4 IU5 IU6 IU7 IU8 IU9 IU10 IU11 IU12 IU13 IU14 IU15 IU16
Area

IU18
IU1 IU2 PIU

Fiber-routing area

IU19 Fan Fan


Air filter

Mutual backup

Interface area: The EFI board provides maintenance and management interfaces.

Board area: IU1 to IU16 are reserved for the service boards.
l When the OptiX OSN 9800 universal platform subrack functions as a master subrack, two
SCC boards must be inserted in slots IU1 and IU2 for backup. When the subrack is equipped
with only one SCC board, slot IU1 cannot be used to hold any service board but slot IU2
can.
l When the OptiX OSN 9800 universal platform subrack functions as a slave subrack, the
SCC board is not required. In this case, slots IU1 and IU2 can be used to house service
boards.

Fiber-routing area: Fiber jumpers from the ports on the front panel of each board are routed to
the fiber cabling area before being routed on a side of the cabinet.

Mechanical Specifications

Table 2-5 lists the mechanical specifications of the OptiX OSN 9800 universal platform subrack.

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Product Overview 2 Product Architecture

Table 2-5 Mechanical specifications of the OptiX OSN 9800 universal platform subrack
Parameter Specifications

Dimensions (W x D x H) 442 mm (17.4 in.) 291 mm (11.5 in.)


397mm (15.6 in.)

Weighta 8 kg (17.6 lb.)

a: The weight is measured when the subrack has no boards or fan tray assemblies installed.

2.2.5 Board

OptiX OSN 9800 U64/U32 Board Category


OptiX OSN 9800 U64/U32 boards are described by type. Before boards are described in details,
a board list for each type is provided for quick reference.

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Product Overview 2 Product Architecture
Universal Line Boards

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Product Overview 2 Product Architecture

Cross-Connect Boards

System Control Boards

Interface Boards

Power Supply Boards

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Product Overview 2 Product Architecture

Fan

OptiX OSN 9800 Universal Platform Subrack


OptiX OSN 9800 universal platform subrack boards are described by type. Before boards are
described in details, a board list for each type is provided for quick reference.

OTU Boards

Table 2-15 Regeneration boards that the OptiX OSN 9800 universal platform subrack supports

Board Board Description


Name

TN11LO 8 x any-rate MUX OTU2 wavelength conversion board


A

TN12LO 8x multi-service multiplexing & optical wavelength conversion board


M

TN12LSC 100Gbit/s wavelength conversion board


/
TN13LSC

TN11LSQ 40 Gbit/s wavelength conversion board

TN14LSX 10 Gbit/s wavelength conversion board

Regeneration Boards

Table 2-16 Regeneration boards that the OptiX OSN 9800 universal platform subrack supports

Board Board Description


Name

TN52ND 2 x 10G line service processing board


2

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Product Overview 2 Product Architecture

Board Board Description


Name

TN55NO 8 x 10G line service processing board


2

TN53NQ 4 x 10G line service processing board


2

TN54NS3 1 x 40G line service processing board


/
TN56NS3

TN54NS4 1 x 100G line service processing board


/
TN56NS4

Optical Multiplexer and Demultiplexer Boards

Table 2-17 Optical multiplexer and demultiplexer boards that the OptiX OSN 9800 universal
platform subrack supports

Board Board Description


Name

TN11D40 40-port demultiplexer board


/
TN12D40

TN11M4 40-port multiplexer board


0/
TN12M4
0

TN11M4 40-port multiplexer board with VOA


0V/
TN12M4
0V/
TN13M4
0V

TN11ITL Interleaver board

TN12FIU Fiber interface unit


/
TN13FIU
/
TN14FIU

TN11SFI Fiber interface unit for synchronous timing


U

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Product Overview 2 Product Architecture

Reconfigurable Optical Add/Drop Multiplexer Boards

Table 2-18 Reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer boards that the OptiX OSN 9800
universal platform subrack supports
Board Board Description
Name

TN11RD 9-port ROADM demultiplexer board


U9

TN12TD2 20-port tunable demultiplexer board


0

TN11TM 20-port tunable multiplexer board


20

TN12WS 9-port wavelength selective switching demultiplexer board


D9/
TN13WS
D9

TN12WS 9-port wavelength selective switching multiplexer board


M9/
TN13WS
M9

TN11WS 4-port wavelength selective switching multiplexer and demultiplexer board


MD4/
TN12WS
MD4

TN11WS 9-port wavelength selective switching multiplexer and demultiplexer board


MD9

Optical Amplifier Boards

Table 2-19 Optical amplifier boards that the OptiX OSN 9800 universal platform subrack
supports
Board Board Description
Name

TN11CRP Case-shape Raman pump amplifier unit for C-band


C

TN11DA Double optical amplifier unit with the OSC


S1

TN11HB High-power booster amplifier board


A

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Product Overview 2 Product Architecture

Board Board Description


Name

TN12OA Optical amplifier unit


U1/
TN13OA
U1

TN12OB Optical amplifier unit


U1

TN12OB Optical amplifier unit


U2

TN11RA Backward Raman and erbium doped fiber hybrid optical amplifier unit
U1

TN11RA Backward Raman and erbium doped fiber hybrid optical amplifier unit
U2

System Control and Communication Boards

Table 2-20 System control and communication boards that the OptiX OSN 9800 universal
platform subrack supports
Board Board Description
Name

TN52SCC System control and communication board

Optical Supervisory Channel (OSC) Boards

Table 2-21 Optical supervisory channel boards that the OptiX OSN 9800 universal platform
subrack supports
Board Board Description
Name

TN11HS High power unidirectional OSC board


C1

TN12SC1 Unidirectional OSC board

TN12SC2 Bidirectional OSC board

TN11ST2 Bidirectional OSC and timing transmission board

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Product Overview 2 Product Architecture

Optical Protection Boards

Table 2-22 Optical Protection board that the OptiX OSN 9800 universal platform subrack
supports
Board Board Description
Name

TN11DC 2-channel optical path protection unit


P/
TN12DC
P

TN12OLP Optical line protection unit

Spectrum Analyzer Boards

Table 2-23 Spectrum analyzer boards that the OptiX OSN 9800 universal platform subrack
supports
Board Board Description
Name

TN11MC 4-port spectrum analyzer board


A4

TN11MC 8-port spectrum analyzer board


A8

TN11OP 8-port optical power monitoring board


M8/
TN12OP
M8

TN11WM Wavelength monitoring unit


U

Variable Optical Attenuator Boards

Table 2-24 Variable optical attenuator boards that the OptiX OSN 9800 universal platform
subrack supports
Board Board Description
Name

TN12VA 1-port variable optical attenuator unit


1

TN12VA 4-port variable optical attenuator unit


4

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Product Overview 2 Product Architecture

Dispersion Compensation Boards

Table 2-25 Dispersion compensation boards that the OptiX OSN 9800 universal platform
subrack supports
Board Board Description
Name

TN11DC Dispersion compensation unit


U

TN11TD Single-wavelength tunable-dispersion compensation board


C

Interface Boards

Table 2-26 Interface board that the OptiX OSN 9800 universal platform subrack supports
Board Board Description
Name

TN18EFI EMI filter interface board

Power Supply Boards

Table 2-27 Power supply board that the OptiX OSN 9800 universal platform subrack supports
Board Board Description
Name

TN18PIU DC power interface unit

Fan

Table 2-28 Fan tray assembly that the OptiX OSN 9800 universal platform subrack supports
Board Board Description
Name

TN18FA Fan tray assembly


N

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Product Overview 2 Product Architecture

ROPA Subsystem Units

Table 2-29 ROPA subsystem units that the OptiX OSN 9800 universal platform subrack
supports
Board Board Description
Name

TN11GF Gain flatness unit


U

TN11RG ROPA gain unit


U

TN11RO ROPA pumping unit


P

2.2.6 Pluggable Optical Modules


The OptiX OSN 9800 supports five types of pluggable optical modules: enhanced small form-
factor pluggable (eSFP) modules, small form-factor pluggable plus (SFP+) modules, 10 Gbit/s
small form-factor pluggable (XFP) modules, 100 Gb/s form-factor pluggable (CFP) modules,
second-generation of 100 Gb/s form-factor Pluggable (CFP2) modules and 120 Gb/s eXtended-
capability form-factor pluggable (CXP) modules. When pluggable optical modules are used,
you only need to replace an optical module when it becomes faulty or when another service type
is required.

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OptiX OSN 9800 Intelligent Optical Transport Platform
Product Overview 3 Network Management

3 Network Management

This topic describes the network management system (NMS), as well as inter- and intra-NE
communication management.

Figure 3-1 shows an example of a network management structure with Huawei equipment
deployed.

Figure 3-1 Network management structure

Primary Secondary
U2000 U2000

External DCN

Site D Site E

Site A
Site C
Master
Site F
U2000
Site B Web LCT
Slave Slave

GNE Non-GNE Switch Router

Subrack Fiber Network cable

Network management involves the following:

l NMS: U2000 and U2000 Web LCT


l Inter-NE communication:

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Product Overview 3 Network Management

NEs between sites A and F are interconnected with fibers and exchange information
over ESC/OSC channels using the HWECC or IP over DCC protocol.
Some NEs at certain site (such as, NEs at site B) are interconnected with network cables
(usually when optical and electrical NEs are separate), and exchange information over
Ethernet channels (provided by NM ports on the CTU boards) using the HWECC or IP
over DCC protocol.
NEs at sites A and C are designated as gateway NEs (GNEs) and are connected to an
external data communication network (DCN) through a switch or router to achieve
communication with the NMS. All the other NEs are designated as non-GNEs and
communicate with the NMS through a GNE.
l Intra-NE communication: On each NE at sites A to F, the master and slave subracks
implement intra-NE communication. The NE at site A has three subracks (one master
connected to two slaves).

Network Management System


The OptiX equipment series is uniformly managed by the network management system (NMS).
The NMS maintains all NE equipment in a network. In compliance with ITU-T
Recommendations, it integrates a standard management information model as well as an object-
oriented management technology.

The NMS manages equipment performance, communication, security, and topology, as well as
all configurations and alarms for the entire optical transmission system. It also provides end-to-
end management based on user-defined requirements. The NMS improves network quality,
lowers maintenance costs, and ensures reasonable utilization of network resources.

The NMS uses two different pieces of network management software: iManager U2000 (U2000)
and iManager U2000 Web LCT (Web LCT). In most cases, users can install the U2000 at a
network management center (NMC) for remote equipment management. The Web LCT provides
the ability to configure and maintain individual NEs. In most cases, users can install the Web
LCT on a PC for onsite equipment management.

Inter-NE Communication Management


Inter-NE communication management is implemented through a DCN. A DCN consists of
NMSs, GNEs, non-GNEs, and the connections between them. NMSs, GNEs, and NEs are nodes
of the DCN. The portion between an NMS and GNEs is the external DCN, and the portion
between the NEs is the internal DCN.

l An external DCN is a local area network (LAN) or a wide area network (WAN) and uses
the TCP/IP protocol for communication. It provides communication between NMSs and
between the NMS server and GNEs.
l An internal DCN provides communication between NEs using the HCP/IP protocol. The
protocol packets are transmitted over optical supervisory channels (OSCs), electric
supervisory channels (ESCs), or Ethernet channels channels.

Intra-NE Communication Management


Intra-NE communication management is implemented through a master-slave subrack
configuration. The OptiX OSN 9800 supports master-slave subrack management. When a single
NE requires multiple subracks, the master-slave subrack mode is used to unify the management
of these subracks. This mode saves IP resources and displays multiple subracks as a single NE

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Product Overview 3 Network Management

on the U2000. The OptiX OSN 9800 can be configured as the master or a slave subrack on this
NE.

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Product Overview 4 Operation and Maintenance

4 Operation and Maintenance

Table 4-1 describes the operation and maintenance functions supported by the OptiX OSN
9800.

Table 4-1 Operation and maintenance functions


Item Description

End-to-end The OptiX OSN 9800 supports end-to-end OTN service configurations
service management, which simplifies the configuration process, shortens
configuration network deployment time, and implements automatic management of a
network.

Alarms and The OptiX OSN 9800 provides various alarms and performance events,
performance which enables the user to implement administration and maintenance.
monitoring

Loopback Loopbacks verify a service on a segment-by-segment basis, providing an


effective means of troubleshooting a network.

ETH-OAM ETH-OAM provides various operation, administration, and maintenance


(OAM) approaches for Ethernet services and links on WDM and OTN
networks, achieving convenient and efficient deployment commissioning
and routine OAM.

MPLS-TP OAM MPLS-TP operation, administration and maintenance (OAM) can


effectively detect, identify, and locate faults on packet switched networks
and notify related NEs of the faults, so the NEs perform immediate
protection switching. MPLS-TP OAM functionality helps improve
network reliability. MPLS-TP is the acronym for multiprotocol label
switching transport profile.

PRBS test A board that supports the pseudo random binary sequence (PRBS) test
function is equivalent to a simple tester that transmits data to itself. The
user can perform a PRBS test during deployment or fault location to
determine if a service channel is faulty without using a tester.

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Product Overview 4 Operation and Maintenance

Item Description

Test frame A test frame is a data packet that is used to test connectivity of a network
that bears Ethernet services. If a test instrument is unavailable on site, test
frames help users to check network connectivity.

Tunable The OptiX OSN 9800 provides wavelength-tunable line boards that carry
wavelengths 10 Gbit/s, 40 Gbit/s, or 100 Gbit/s signals.

Jitter The OptiX OSN 9800 maximizes jitter suppression by placing a jitter
suppression suppression unit between the optical receive module and the optical
function transmit module on its optical transponder units (OTUs).

Hot patch Hot patches fix a known defect or apply a new requirement without
shutting down and restarting the OptiX OSN 9800. After a hot patch is
loaded, the old codes are replaced with new codes.

Software The OptiX OSN 9800 supports software package loading, simplifying
package loading software upgrade operations. The user can load, activate, and manage NE-
level software in a centralized manner.

Orderwire The orderwire provides voice communication for the operation engineers
Function or maintenance engineers at different stations.

One-click data The user can use the one-click data collection function to collect fault and
collection performance data of faulty equipment at one time.

Bandwidth The network management system (NMS) provides visual bandwidth


management management. It monitors bandwidth and generates a warning when
detecting resource insufficiency. Upon receiving the warning, the user can
deploy resources and build a bandwidth pool to speed up service
provisioning.

Power Supply The OptiX OSN 9800 uses an intelligent power supply pool and supports
Management visualized power consumption management, enabling on-demand power
capacity expansion.

OSNR detection The system supports online OSNR monitoring for a wavelength
carrying10 Gbit/s, 40 Gbit/s, or 100 Gbit/s signals. This feature helps
achieve quick deployment commissioning, device maintenance, and fault
diagnosis.

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Product Overview 5 Power Saving and Environment Protection

5 Power Saving and Environment Protection

About This Chapter

5.1 Power Saving


5.2 Environment Protection
The OptiX OSN 9800 is designed to ensure sustainable development. All parts and packaging
comply with related standards and can be recycled and reused.

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Product Overview 5 Power Saving and Environment Protection

5.1 Power Saving

5.1.1 Static Power Saving


The following power saving measures are taken when designing the OptiX OSN 9800:

l Reduced power consumption thanks to the improved chip manufacturing process


l Use of efficient secondary power modules
l Normalization of 10G optical modules to XFP modules

5.1.2 Dynamic Power Saving


Users can perform power saving configurations on the NMS to precisely manage power
consumption. The NMS provides three power saving modes: normal mode, power-saving mode,
and enhanced power-saving mode. Table 5-1 describes the power saving measures of these three
modes.

Table 5-1 Power saving measures

Power Saving Power Saving Measure


Mode
Idle Cross- Idle Boards Idle Portsa
Connect Bus

Normal mode Y N N

Power-saving Y Y N
mode

Enhanced Y Y Y
power-saving
mode

a: This mode is supported only by the T216 board.

Power saving measures are detailed as follows:

l Idle cross-connect bus: Before a service board is added, the cross-connect bus designated
for the service board is shut down. In other words, the cross-connect bus designated for a
service board is available only after the service board is added.
l Idle boards: Before logical boards are added, service boards automatically enter the power
saving state, and no power is applied to the boards.
l Idle ports:
This measure applies to idle pluggable optical modules. When a port holding such a
module is unused, the laser on this port is turned off automatically.
Power saving for ports depends on whether the ports are provisioned with services.

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Product Overview 5 Power Saving and Environment Protection

Heat dissipation is also an effective way for the OptiX OSN 9800 to save power. The OptiX
OSN 9800 provides an adjustable fan speed mode and an auto fan speed mode. In auto mode,
the NE implements separate and stepless fan speed adjustment automatically based on the board
temperature. For example, the speed of the fans in the low-temperature partition is automatically
adjusted to a low level for power saving. In adjustable mode, the fan speed can be manually set
to three levels: low speed, medium speed, and high speed.

5.1.3 Control and Monitoring of Power Saving Status


The U2000 enables users to control and monitor the power saving status of NEs.
l Users can query the nominal power consumption of an NE, current power consumption of
an NE, nominal power consumption of a subrack, current power consumption of a subrack,
nominal power consumption of a board, and current power consumption of a board.
l The U2000 provides a report of networkwide NE power information, such as the nominal
power consumption, current power consumption, mean power saved, and annual power
saved of each NE.

5.2 Environment Protection


The OptiX OSN 9800 is designed to ensure sustainable development. All parts and packaging
comply with related standards and can be recycled and reused.
l Huawei guarantees that the volume of the package containing the OptiX OSN 9800 and
accessories is no more than three times that of the equipment.
l The OptiX OSN 9800 is designed for easy disassembling.
l All mechanical plastic parts of over 25 g are labeled according to the standards of ISO
11469 and ISO 1043-1 to ISO 1043-4. All components and packaging are provided with
standard labels to facilitate recycling and reuse.
l Plugs and connectors are included with the equipment. Users can operate them with
ordinary tools.
l Labels on the equipment can be easily removed. Some identification information like
silkscreen is printed directly onto the front panels or subracks.

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