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H

m 7$.,

Im 3

igh-scoring

IELTS

(based

on

past papers)

Writing

Chu bien

Chuyen ngOf phan chu giai

Fang Ting ~ Wang De Fu

Le Huy Lam

'imi

 

;

K/'Z

V

V"

'JS'.

s

MIA XUAT BAN TONG HdP THANH PHO HO CHI MINH

Cong ty TNHH

Nhan TnViet

High-scoring

Model

(based

on

Chu bien

Chuyen ngtf phan chu giai

NHA XUXT BAN TdNG HdP THANH PHd H6 CHI MINH

IELTS

Writing

Answers

past papers)

Fang Ting - Wang De Fu

Le

Huy Lam

NTV

Cong ty TNHH

Nhan Tn Viet

About the

Book

High-scoring IELTS Writing Model Answers (based on past papers) has the follow-

ing important features:

1.

Selected IELTS

actual tests

This

book

has

79

test

questions

in

total,

carefully

selected

from

nearly

100

actual

test questions to represent test trends and the accurate level of difficulty in recent years.

The

selected

questions

cover all topic areas

of the

IELTS

Writing Module.

In

respect

of argumentative essays, for instance, this book includes a wide variety of topics such as

culture, education, science and technology, social issues, and environment. As for Academic

graph essays, samples of each type are provided with full guidance of graph reading and

language use. For General Training letters, readers can find a wide range of samples, from

formal letters of complaint/suggestion to informal letters of friendship.

2. Model essays from

All

model

essays

in

experienced teachers

this

book were written

by

our most experienced

teachers,

who

have been teaching and researching IELTS for years. For the benefits of students, all these

essays employ simple

language and

familiar structures so

that they could really serve as

models for the common candidates. However, most of these essays - varying between 200

and 300 words in length - are compendious and meet the highest requirements of the test

in terms ol both language and

meet the highest band scores.

idea development. Considering rating standards, they all

3.

Strategy transfer

The appendices list all IELTS Writing test questions from

2007

to

2009

according

to

topic areas. The

IELTS Writing

task strategies are largely determined

by the topics;

once you

have

a good

grasp

of a certain

type

of topic and know

how

to

develop your

arguments, you can

tackle similar questions of the same topic.

It is recommended that

students pick

up

additional

test questions

and

try

to

apply what

they find

useful

and

interesting from the 79 model essays. In this way, they can actively apply the vocabulary,

structures

and

the development of ideas shown

in

them become part of their language competency.

4.

Practical sentence structures

those model essays and firmly make

Following each model essay, there is an explanation of selected vocabulary and struc-

tures. The items chosen to be explained are not necessarily "new' 1 or "difficult"; instead,

these are considered to be practical and most effective in tackling specific IELTS Writing

tasks. Many candidates blame their poor vocabulary for difficulty in improving their writ-

ing results. However, that is only part of the problem: what the IELTS Writing test aims

to

test you

is

not

"how

many words you know" but "how well you can

use the words

you already know". Therefore, in this section, there are some words that look simple, yet

we recommend that you study the explanation carefully and read examples to thoroughly

understand their usage. You will find that knowing how to use words effectively in context

is one of the best ways

particular.

to enhance your writing ability in general and

IELTS Writing in

It is our hope that High-scoring IELTS Writing Model Answers (based on past papers)

will be your great help to achieve your objective score in the shortest time possible.

4

i

www.nhantriviet.com

Contents

Part I

Argumentative Essays

Unit l

Environment and Pollution

• Academic

Task 2 Question,

September 2007

* General Training

Task 2 Question,

March 2006

• Academic

Task 2 Question,

May 2009

• Academic

Task 2 Question,

October 2009

Unit 2

Computers and the Internet

General Training

Academic

Academic

Academic

Task 2 Question, Task 2 Question,

May 2007

November 2005

Task 2 Question,

April 2004

Task 2 Question,

April 2009

Unit 3

Languages and Cultures

• Academic Task 2 Question,

August 2007

* Academic

Task 2 Question,

December 2006

Academic Task 2 Question,

August 2006

Academic

Task 2 Question,

October 2005

• General Training Task 2 Question, May 2009

• Academic Task 2 Question, June 2009

Unit 4

Media and Advertising

Academic Task 2 Question, April 2007 General Training Task 2 Question, April 2005 Academic Task 2 Question, April 2004 General Training Task 2 Question, February 2004 Academic Task 2 Question, May 2009

Unit 5

Travel and Tourism

• Academic

Task 2 Question,

May 2006

• Academic

Task 2 Question,

April 2004

• Academic

Task 2 Question,

March 2005

• General Training

Task 2 Question,

May 2009

Unit 6

Work and Life

iO

• General Training

Task 2 Question,

June 2006

12

• General Training

Task 2 Question,

September 2005

15

• General Training

Task 2 Question,

September 2004

17

* General Training

Task 2 Question,

June 2009

Unit 7

Education and Learning

22

• Academic Task 2 Question, July 2007

24

* Academic

Task 2 Question,

April 2006

27

Academic

Task 2 Question,

January 2005

30

* Academic Task 2 Question,

April 2009

• General Training Task 2 Question, June 2009

36

Unit 8

Technology and Inventions

38

Academic

Task 2 Question,

July 2006

40

• Academic

Task 2 Question,

January 2006

43

* Academic

Task 2 Question,

February 2005

46

Academic

Task 2 Question,

February 2009

49

 

Unit 9

Government and Society

* Academic

Task 2 Question,

August 2007

54

• Academic

Task 2 Question,

September 2007

56

• General Training

Task 2 Question,

August 2006

59

Academic

Task 2 Question,

May 2006

62

Academic

Task 2 Question,

March 2009

65

 

Unit to

Others

* Academic

Task 2 Question,

March 2009

70

* Academic

Task 2 Question,

May 2009

72

Academic

Task 2 Question,

July 2009

75

• Academic

Task 2 Question,

August 2009

78

www.nhantriviet.com

1

Part II

Chart Essays

Unit l

Line Chart

• Task

Academic

1 Question,

October 2009

146

• Academic

Task 1 Question,

June 2007

148

• Academic

Task 1 Question,

August 2006

150

* Academic

Task 1 Question,

July 2006

153

Unit 2

Bar Chart

 

• Academic

Task

1 Question,

August 2009

158

• Academic

Task

1 Question,

December 2007

160

• Task I Question,

Academic

December 2006

162

Task

Academic

1 Question,

March 2006

165

Unit 3

Pie Chart

 

• Academic

Task 1 Question,

June 2009

170

* Academic

Task 1 Question,

September 2007

172

• Academic

Task 1 Question,

April 2006

174

* Academic

Task 1 Question,

December 2005

177

• Academic

Task 1 Question,

April 2006

180

Part III

Unit 1

Letter of Complaint / Suggestion

Task 1 Question,

General Training Task 1 Question, General Training Task 1 Question, General Training Task 1 Question,

General Training

Unit 2

Letter of Friendship

General Training

Task

1 Question,

General Training

Task

1 Question,

General

Training

Task

1 Question,

Genera!

Training

Task 1 Question,

May 2007

214

April 2007

216

September 2007

218

June 2009

221

March 2007

224

January 2006

226

July 2005

228

January 2009

230

Unit 4

Table

Academic

Task

1 Question,

October 2009

• Academic

Task

1 Question,

August 2007

• Academic

Task 1 Question,

August 2006

• Academic

Task 1 Question,

November 2005

• Academic

Task 1 Question,

November 2005

 

Units

Diagram

• Academic

Task

1 Question,

September 2009

• Academic

Task

1 Question,

February 2007

* Academic

Task 1 Question,

February 2006

• Academic

Task

1 Question,

September 2006

Letters

Unit 3

Letter of Application/Invitation/

Thanks/Enquiry

• General Training

Task 1 Question,

March 2006

Genera! Training

Task 1 Question,

October 2005

General Training

Task 1 Question,

September 2004

• General

Training

Task

1 Question,

July 2009

 

>

Appendix 1

Appendix 2

Collection of Academic Argumentative Essay Questions from 2007 to 2009

Collection of General Training Argumentative Essay/Letter Questions

 

{

s

(

184

187

190

193

195

200

203

205

208

234

237

239

241

243

z57

 

I

i

6

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Part

I

Argumentative

Essays

Unit

1

Environment and

Pollution

Unit

2

Computers

and

the

Internet

Unit

3

Languages

and

Cultures

Unit

4

Media

and

Advertising

Unit

5

Travel

and

Tourism

Unit

6

Work

and

Life

Unit

7

Education

and

Learning

Unit

8

Technology

and

Inventions

Unit

9

Government

and

Society

Unit 10

Others

www.nhantrivtet.com

Environment

and

Pollution

• Academic Task 2 Question, September 2007

• General Training Task 2 Question, March 2006

• Academic Task 2 Question,

May 2009

-

' Academic Task 2 Question, October 2009

www.nhantriviet.com

mm

WRITING TASK 2

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write abom the following topic:

The unlimited use of cars may cause many problems. What are those problems?

In order to reduce the problems, should

we discourage people to use cars?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Model

Essay

Having a car has become an essential part of many people's lives. It offers flexibility

to their life and work, and also provides ready access to a variety of services and leisure

options. However, a range of problems have been identified and need to be addressed.

The problems associated with frequent car use are becoming increasingly familiar to

the

general public. The widespread use of cars

has

real environmental costs.

Vehicles

are major sources

of urban air pollution

and greenhouse gas emissions.

It is reported

that road traffic is the source of one third of all harmful air pollution in the world. Car

exhaust contributes to add rain, carbon dioxide and lead, which cause global warming

and damage human health. Traffic jam

is another problem. As more and

more people

drive to

work rather

than walk,

cycle or take public

transport,

there are heavy traffic

jams almost every day at rush hours. The most serious problem, however, is safety. Car

accidents cause huge numbers of casualties every year.

To solve these problems, some people suggest that the government should impose a

strict restriction on the use of cars, but I do not think this is the best option, because this

would lead to reduced mobility for people and a decline in the car industry. I think a

better solution would be for car manufacturers to design more environmentally friendly

cars, which run on solar power or hydrogen. Also, traffic problems can be alleviated by

building more underground tunnels and

parking garages, and safety problems can be

avoided by educating drivers as well as pedestrians to use greater caution on the road.

So,

in conclusion, I

think

that while discouraging the car use might seem

a quick

solution to many problems currently facing the society, it is most unlikely to be a per-

manent cure.

Key Vocabulary

flexibility

tinh linh boat

- 303 words -

An overdraft provides increased flexibility but at a higher cost.

access

phuong tien dl den nol nao do; ca hoi /quyen sir dung cai gi; each tiep can

Students must have access to good resources.

address

de cap

Your essay does not address the real issues,

emission

khi thai

The government has pledged to clean up industrial emissions,

exhaust '>> khi thai

The exhaust of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere heavily influenced the surroundings.

casualty

:

thmmg vong

Both sides had suffered heavy casualties (= many people had been killed),

impose

ap dat

This system imposes additional financial burdens on many people.

mobility

tinh co dong/di dpng

An electric wheelchair has given her greater mobility.

alleviate

lam nhe bot. lam giam hot

A number of measures were taken to alleviate the problem.

i

General Training

Tcisk

2

WRITING TASK 2

QlIGStion

March

2006

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

People generally know that the environment is important. However, most

individuals still don't take responsibility to protect the environment. Why is

this? What should be done to encourage people to protect the environment?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own

knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

 

.,J-I

''

1

_

_

,

.

,

.

.

.

.

_

.

.

_

_

_

_

i

--- >

_

.

^

Model Essay

Humans have been damaging the environment ever since we realised our powers

to harness nature. Global warming and air pollution are now frequent headlines on TV

and in the newspapers all over the world, which keep reminding us of our obligation

to

protect

the

environment.

However,

few

actions

are

actually

being

taken

at

the

individual

level,

and

I

think

there

are

two

major

reasons

why

people

are

being

so

indifferent.

 

The first reason is that many people consider the environmental problems as a fu-

ture concern. Environmental reports often warn us of the dire consequences of climate

change or energy crisis 100 or 200 years later. As a result, many people feel that money

and time are better spent on solving more immediate problems such as housing shortage

and traffic congestion than on preventing a disaster that is only predicted to happen

in the future. Also, people feel that the environmental problems are too complex for

individual people to cope with. Indeed, a combination of factors causes environmental

problems, many of which are impossible to be controlled through individual actions.

The above attitudes are understandable but are obviously mistaken, so the govern-

ment needs to take proactive measures to make people more environmentally responsible.

They can make more public service advertisements to encourage people to consume

more green products instead of disposable goods that are harmful to the environment.

They can also offer more incentives to people who have been active in cleaning up the

neighbourhood or severely punish those who have been unfriendly to the environment.

There is always a dilemma between environment and development, but as an indi-

vidual, we can do something to reduce the negative impact of human activities on the

environment. Certainly, we do not want to see the Earth turn

planet.

Key Vocabulary

into

an uninhabitable

- 297 words -

harness;.;) khai thac de san xuat nang Imrng; che' ngu

There is a great deal of interest in harnessing wind and waves as new sources of power.

obligation

mghiavu

You have a legal obligation to (= the law says you must) ensure your child receives a proper education.

indifferent (adj) thb a, lanh dam

He found it very hard teaching a class full of indifferent teenagers.

t

proactive

chu dong hanh dpng

Companies are going to have to be more proactive about environmental management.

disposable

dung mot lan

He bought a disposable camera to take pictures while travelling to Europe.

G

incentive

n

dpng co' (dieu thoi thuc ai lam viec gi)

There is little incentive for people to leave their cars at home vriien public transport remains so expensive.

dilemma

tinh the Men thoai lirong nan

i

She faces the dilemma of disobeying her father or losing the man she loves.

uninhabitable

dj

khong the a dupe

If there is no roof, then the house is uninhabitable.

Practical Sentence Patterns

Cach dien dat "h^nh dpng de lam viec gi do": take

Lull y cau sau trong bai van miu:

—»r -^i

measures to

The above attitudes are understandable but are obviously mistaken, so the govern- ment needs to take proactive measures to make people more environmentally responsible.

Khi viet van

nghi luan doi h6i su phan

tfch dong thdi dua ra cac bien phap

de giai

quyet mot van de thi ta can dung mot so each dien dat nhat dinh. Take

to

measures

la each dien dat rat thuefng dtfoc sir dung. Measure 6' day co nghia la hien phap

hay hanh dong.

Co the thay tif measure blng tur action.

Co the

them

vao trudc action, measure mot so tinh tuf nhu 1 proactive, immediate,

strong, reasonable, the following, the above

Co the sir dung edeh dien dat trgn b thd bi dpng. Vi du:

The following measures / actions must be taken mental problems.

in order to solve the environ-

Immediate actions should be taken to ensure the safety of the residents.

Academic

Task

2

Question

May 2009

uuuuui

WRITING TASK 2

You should spend about 40 niimnes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

is

Fossil fuels, such as coal, oil and natural gas. are used in many countries.

The use of alternative sources of energy, including wind and solar power,

is encouraged. Is this trend a positive or negative development?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your owi knowledge or experience.

I

Write at least 250 words.

think that the

Model Essay

use

of alternative

sources

of energy

'VT'T'TT'* T , T"T'T%

(also

known

in

" ,r T" r I-T > T ,r I*T w ^

some

cases

as

'green' energy) is a positive trend of development, and indeed their use should be encour-

aged further. As the demand for energy worldwide is increasing, especially in developing

countries, the strains on the existing and already limited resources also increase. To solve

this problem, we must consider two issues: how to better use the existing, limited fossil

fuel resources and how we can encourage the use of alternative energy sources.

It is universally acknowledged that there is a limitation on the use of fossil fuels, es-

pecially coal and oil. Some countries are rich in oil deposits like OPEC, whereas China

is rich in coal deposits and Russia in natural gas. Others, such as Japan and Germany, are

completely dependent on the import of resources. For all countries - resource rich versus

resource poor, alternative energy should be encouraged and utilised to reduce the depend-

ence on fossil fuels as well as to keep the global environment in balance and 'healthy'.

The only way is to turn to other sources to get energy supply. Wind power and solar

power are at present feasible alternatives. France is one country which has the advanced

technology needed to produce extremely efficient solar panels to store energy from

the

sun. Both kinds of power can reduce a country's dependence on fossil fuels. Furthermore,

they do not pollute the environment and in turn help keep the ecosystem stable.

While fossil fuel resources are diminishing, the demand for energy continues to in-

crease year on year. It is a positive trend to develop other alternatives to replace these trad-

itional energy resources. Experiences should be shared and promoted, technology shared

and exchanged to limit or even reduce the greenhouse effect. If this switch to alternative

energy is encouraged early enough, then we may yet avoid the pending energy crisis.

Key Vocabulary

alternative (adjj khac

(ti

su lua chon

Please find alternative means of transport. We have no alternative hut to do it.

strain

sii cang tMng, sire ep

ftv lam cang thang

- 314 words -

You will strain your eyes by reading in such poor light.

universally adr; pho bien, khdp

His actions made faim universally respected.

deposit

u: trdm tich

fa) tich tu, lang xuong

The Nile floods the fields and deposits mud on them.

feasible (adj

kha thi

The plan is feasible in reason but impractical

solar panel

tam nang liromg mat trbl

Solar panels are largely used in energy-friendly buildings.

diminish it

lam suy glam

His illness diminished his health.

year on year

so vdl nam truoc

Vietnam's CPI in May is rising nearly 20% year on year.

pending

.//

chua giai quyet; sip xay ra

A decision on this matter is pending.

i

Academic

Task

2

WRITING TASK 2

Question

October 2009

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

The environment problems facing today's world are so great that there is little ordinary people can do to improve the situation. Governments and large companies should be responsible for reducing the amount of damage being done to the environment.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Model Essay

In modern society, more often than not, environment-related issues have confronted

ecological scientists, government agencies, and the general public. While they are making

co-ordinated efforts to curb the global environmental deterioration, the downward spiral

can hardly be reversed. In my opinion, environmental protection can only be achieved

by promoting people's environmental awareness.

To begin with, individual awareness of the natural law of cause and effect must be

nurtured. All levels of education, especially primary and

secondary schools, can

be

a

good starting point to develop the realisation that whatever we do to the environment,

it will return to ourselves. Moreover, the mass media are also responsible for raising the

public's ecological consciousness. Instead of persuading people to buy those new products

that only serve to fuel the existing environmental problems, one of their unavoidable

obligations is to instil the urgent need of taking care of our natural environment into

the psyche of each and every member of our planet.

It is undeniable that serious actions are being taken. In fact, restrictions are being

placed on emissions of pollutants, and new environmentally friendly sources of energy

for

motor vehicles

are

being

for wildlife

conservation, and

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developed.

Moreover,

vast

tracts

of land

are

allocated

many endangered

species have

been

spared the

fate

of

 

17

extinction.

Nevertheless,

it

is

also

a

well-known

fact that the

pace

of damage

to

the

environment far outstrips our conservation efforts. Unless all citizens of the world are

fully aware of the gravity of the situation, ecological degradation, which is happening

in their countries, can never be halted. All too often, we tend to expect our scientists,

engineers and governments to solve the environmental problems while, in the meantime,

factories and households are dumping millions of litres of toxic wastes into rivers, lakes

and oceans. Similarly, fancy private vehicles are being crazily purchased, emitting billions

of tons of car exhaust into the atmosphere and aggravating the greenhouse effect.

Given this argument, it is reasonable to conclude that if every member of the society

is aware of the relationship between

humans and the nature and stops their destructive

behaviour, the ecological strain on earth can be relieved and the benefits to all nations

are enormous.

Key Vocabulary

confront

duong dau

- 365 words -

The government found itself confronted by massive opposition.

agency

dai ly; so, cue

You can book al your local travel agency.

co-ordinated

hop tac, cpng tac

Our efforts need to be further co-ordinated for higher efficiency,

curb

kiem che

A range of policies have been introduced aimed at curbing inflation,

spiral

7) duong xodn dc

The birds circled in a slow spiral above the house,

awareness

y Ihirc, su nhan thuc

It is important that students develop an awareness of how the Internet can be used,

nurture

.

i

nuoi duong; khuyen khfch, ting ho

Her teacher recognised and nurtured her musical talent from an early age.

realisation

su nhan thuc

There is a growing realisation that changes must be made.

ecological

> (thuoci

siah thai

hoc

We risk upsetting the ecological balance of the area.

persuade

thuyet phuc

I allowed myself to be persuaded

into entering the competition.

fuel

cung cap chat dot. tiep nhSen lieu; lam tang them

Higher salaries helped to fuel inflation.

unavoidable

khong the tranh khoi, tat yea

Recession at the lime seemed unavoidable.

instil

lam tham nhudn

Fear of the father is instilled into some children from their infancy.

undeniable

.

khong the phti nhan

It is an undeniable fact that crime is increasing.

restriction

gim hart

There are no restrictions on the amount of money you can withdraw,

tract

wng, mien

They bought a 40-acre tract of land for development,

allocate

cap, phan phat

They intend to allocate more places to mature students this year,

species

loai

Some species of animals have become extinct because they could not adapt to changing environment.

spare

tranh (cho ai) (dieu gi do.)

You could have spared yourself an unnecessary trip by phoning in advance.

pace

nhip do, tien do

The work progressed at a slow pace,

outstrip

bo xa. vutrt qua

Their latest computer outstrips all its rivals.

gravity

muc do nghiera trpng

Punishment varies according to the gravity of the offence.

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degradation

;

su mat pham gia; su thoai hoa

Being sent to prison was the final degradation.

dump

i vut bo;

neni

phich xuong

The dead body was just dumped by the roadside.

fancy

dep; ngon

He was the fanciest dresser in the room,

purchase

mua. tau

Please ensure that you purchase your ticket in advance.

exhaust

khi thai

The exhaust pipe shot sparks.

aggravate

lam tram trpng them

Military intervention will only aggravate the conflict even further.

destructive

'

co tinh tan pha / buy diet

Opencast coal mining is among the most environmentally destructive activities carried out in Wales.

strain

ap luc, su c^ng thang

These repayments are putting a strain on our finances.

enormous

ac;

khdnglo

The problems facing the President are enormous.

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Computers

and

the

Internet

Academic Task 2 Question, May 2007

Academic

Task 2 Question, November 2005

General Training Task 2 Question, April 2004

Academic Task 2 Question, April 2009

www.nhanrriviet.corri

21

Academic

Task

2

WRITING TASK 2

Question

May 2007

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Computers are increasingly used in education. In which areas do you think

are computers more important and in which areas are teachers more

important?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Computers are now

Model Essay

essential in

many areas of life -

modern

banking,

retail,

and

information exchange among others. However, this is not true for education. At a simple

level,

some subjects

may be better taught

using computers, but to

explain

concepts, a human teacher is still indispensable.

There

are

some

subjects

in

which

a

computer

can

be

used

successfully

important

to

teach.

Elementary mathematics, elementary language learning and any area which requires a

student to memorise basic facts through repetition are well suited to computer learning.

The computer can be programmed to provide an endless number of simple questions,

and as the student answers these questions, the facts are learned and reinforced.

However, in the

learning and practice of more complex ideas, the computer is not

adequate. A computer can evaluate an answer as right or wrong, but it cannot determine

why. It cannot find out why a student is making mistakes and then represent important

concepts in a different way so the student will understand. It cannot determine at what

stage in a mathematics problem

the student has made an error; it can only indicate that

the final answer is wrong. Tasks involving reasoning cannot be taught by computers, as

there are too many variables for a computer to deal with successfully. In all these cases,

a human teacher seems indispensable in class.

Thus, while computers may be useful as a tool for practising simple skills, they are

not an essential feature of modern education, because they cannot monitor a student's

I

grasp

of concepts

nor

evaluate

a

student's

reasoning.

Until

further developments

in

computers are made, the human teacher will remain indispensable.

 

- 272 words -

Key Vocabulary

-m.

essential

thief yen

The museum is closed while essential repairs are being carried out.

indispensable it?.:; j khong the thieu

A good dictionary is indispensable for learning a foreign language,

reinforce cf cung co

Success in the talks will reinforce his reputation as an international statesman.

evaluate

MS

danh gla

"

^

mm i

Our research attempts to evaluate the effectiveness of the different drugs,

indicate

: ) bleu

thi

The article claims that an increase in crime indicates a decline in moral standards,

variable (n bien so

With so many variables, it is difficult to calculate the cost.

Academic

Task

2

WRITING TASK 2

Question

November 2005

You should spend aboul 40 minutes on this task

Write about the following topic:

The main purpose of public libraries is to provide books, and they shouldn't

waste their limited resources and space on providing expensive hi-tech media such as computer software, videos and DVDs.

To what extent do you

agree

or disagree with this statement?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

^jaV

:,

Model Essay

•XSiL '

In a traditional sense, libraries are places with a large collection of books. However,

the digital age has given today's libraries new means of storing and retrieving infor-

mation

on

media

other

than

the

printed

pages.

CD-ROMs,

videos

and

DVDs

are

widely used in public libraries, and they serve both the libraries and the readers.

Opponents of a high-tech library would argue that multimedia facilities are expen-

sive. This may be true to some extent because a DVD

player is often more expensive

than a bookshelf. However, with immense storage capacity, these new high-tech media

can actually save the most valuable resource - space. A computer disc 12cm in diameter

can store a whole Encyclopaedia Britannica which, in printed volumes, would occupy

a complete shelf section.

Furthermore, magnetic and digital media can store information much longer than

traditional means. It takes great care to protect books from moisture, fire or human

damage, and a book in a library serves readers for only a few hundred years. But digital

files, easily duplicated and restored, can perhaps last forever.

Finally, visiting a library with multiple media access is much more interesting. Multi-

media resources offer readers a dynamic combination of images, sounds and videos.

A reader can actually hear Martin Luther King crying out "I have a dream", or roam

about the world with an interactive atlas.

t

In conclusion, modern technology has turned a public library from a place of lending

and

borrowing books into an interactive centre for the spread of human knowledge

and experience. The investment in multimedia facilities by a public library is justified

and should be encouraged.

t ti i

p

Key Vocabulary

digital

ky thuat so

as*

* 265 words

-

A digital watch shows the time by electronically lit-up numbers, e.g. 10:21.

retrieve u

lay, troy xuat (dii lieu.)

Computers are used to store and retrieve information efficiently,

opponent

doi thii; nguni phan ddi dieu gi do

Leading opponents of the proposed cuts in defence spending will meet later today,

storage

viec cat giu; kho tru

We have had to build some cupboards to give us more storage space.

magnetic

.

co site hut; cd tu tinh

He is a person who has a magnetic personality.

combination

sir ket hop

A combination of tiredness and boredom caused me to fall asleep.

V;

^

duplicate (t

sao chep

Parenthood is an experience nothing else can duplicate.

interactive

raang tinh tuong tac

This is an interactive museum where children can actively manipulate the exhibits.

v.

investment

su dau tu

Stocks are regarded as good long-term investments.

www.nhantiiviet.com

iV4

I

25

Practical Sentence Patterns

Cach dien dat su' nhuWng bd: This may be true to some extent.,. However

Ban c6 the sd dung each

diin dat ndi tren de trinh

bay

lap luan trong bai van nghi

luan, nghja la trirdc tien ban thira nhan mot quan diem nao do va sau do difa ra quan

diem cua rieng mtnh de phan bac. Thu:a nhan quan diem dang xem xet 6 chifng mite

nhat dinh la mot each rat hieu qua giup ban trinh bay suy nghT mot each toan dien

va co sdc thuylt phuc hon. Hay xem each dien dat su nhirpng b6 trong bai van mau:

Opponents of

would argue that

This may be true to some extent

However

Trong dd, phan duoc trinh bay tardc This may be true to some extent la phan thufa

nhan quan diem ma ban dang xem xet, phan sau td however la phan dita ra quan diem

cua ban than de phan bdc. Dudi dSy 1& doan van sd dung each dien dat ndi tren;

It is sometimes said that multinational companies and globalisation are making

argue

that as a result the human race is losing its cultural diversity.

societies more open. This may be true to some extent. However, I would

26

v

www.nhantriviet.com

General Training

Task

2

WRITING TASK 2

QUBStiOIl

April 2004

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Many parents complain that computer games have no value to their children's

studies. On the contra 17, those online games have produced a lot of negative effects on their mental and physical development. What is your opinion?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Model Essay

Playing computer games as a hobby is enjoying an upsurge of popularity among

young teenagers worldwide.

It appears to be a favourite pastime of kids that tran-

scends both cultural barriers and national boundaries. However, in my opinion, these

games have little value to them and produce a lot of harmful effects on their physical

and mental development.

To

begin

with, one of the

most obvious

disadvantages

is

that these

games are

highly addictive, compelling children to sit in front of the computer for many straight

hours. As a result, they have little

time for sports

activities

and

many of them

start

developing health problems. According to a recent survey, the obesity rate

among

adolescents aged between

13 and

19 is soaring in industrialised nations as well as in

less developed

countries, and one of the contributing factors is the lack of physical

exercises. Also, intense radiation produced by an operating computer not only causes

failing eyesight but also poses untold hidden health hazards in those young children.

In a similar way, the indulgence in computer games is detrimental to their mental-

ity in various aspects. For one thing, an increasing amount of time spent in playing

games means less and less time is devoted to their studies. No wonder that teenagers

having

this

undesirable

habit are finding

it difficult to

meet the deadlines of their

school assignments. For another, being accustomed to the fast changing images that

are

inherent in every computer game, they can

hardly concentrate on

any

serious

subjects and their attention

span is found to be increasingly short. Moreover, teen-

agers are exposed to sexual and violent scenes featured in many computer games.

In summary, from

both physiological and psychological points of view, computer

games are

indeed

valueless and may exert negative impacts on

the development of

young children. Therefore, it is high time that parents and schools should be alert to

the problem, and restrict children's access to those computer games.

Key Vocabulary

upsurge

1 su bung no

- 323 words -

They noted with satisfaction the upsurge of the nationai liberation movement.

transcend

vupt qua, vugt trpi

This is a moment in history for Asian thinkers and decision-makers to summon the courage to think long-term and transcend the old paradigm.

addictive

gay nghien

Alcohol and tobacco are both highly addictive substances,

compel

bat buoc; khien cho

The government may take steps to compel compliance with the law.

straight

lien tiep, lien tuc

The team has had five straight wins.

survey

cube khao sat

A recent survey showed 75% of those questioned were in favour of the plan.

obesity

su beo phi

Lack of exercise contributes to obesity and health problems.

radiation

su phdng xa. biic xa

Lead aprons shield people from radiation.

failing

;

,

suyyeu

After years of failing health, the father eventually died.

untold

-1

khong ke xlet

These gases cause untold damage to the environment.

indulgence

subuongtha: sudamme

Just as rust eats away iron, indulgence in bourgeois ways ofliie may eat away one's

f revolutionary will.

mentality (>

tarn tinh; th lire

It is very difficult to understand the mentality of people who say such things.

undesirable

khong mong doi; dang che trach

It would be highly undesirable to increase class sizes further.

deadline if

ban chdt

The approaching deadline gave impetus to the investigation,

accustomed

quen thuoc

The young man soon became accustomed to hard work.

inherent,

vdnco. cdhuu

The desire for freedom is inherent in us all.

concentrate

tap trung

Nothing concentrates the mind better than the knowledge that you could die tomorrow.

span

khoang thoi gian

The project must be completed within a specific time span,

expose

;

phoi bay, hoc 16

He did not want to expose his fears and insecurity to anyone.

exert

ap dung, su dung

He exerted all his authority to make them accept the plan.

alert

:

canh giac

We must be alert to the possibility of danger.

i

Academic

Task

2

WRITING TASK 2

Question

April 2009

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Some people think computers and the Internet are important in children's

study, but others think students can

with teachers.

learn more effectively in schools and

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words-

Model Essay

The ways in which children today study, both at home and at school, are radically

different from any previous generation, and the increased availability and relatively low

price of modern technology have been

instrumental in this change. However, I feel

that while

modem

technologies, such as computers

and the

Internet, are important

in

assisting

a

child's

learning,

this

learning

should

be

guided

and

directed

by

the

experience of teachers.

 
 

There is no denying the

fact that computers and

the

Internet are popularly used

in

the

field

of education;

they

can

present

knowledge

in

a

vivid

and

novel

way.

The

computer and

the

Internet can also enable students in

enhancing their general

understanding of how to solve difficulties in study as well as giving them

vital skills

in readiness for later life. However, the problems are: the information that the com-

puter can show has to be pre-programmed and needs constant updating, for example

Encyclopaedia's on DVD-ROM; and contrary to popular belief, the Internet may not be

a reliable source

for knowledge, since there

when taken from different sources.

is often conflicting information

available

A traditional and

long-established

practice is for children to study and gain know-

ledge at school, learning skills in various ways taught by traditional methods. A school

is a place where students gather to be educated and

learn from

each other as well as

formal educators. At school, students' development is orchestrated stage by stage, step

by step by experienced teachers, and their acquisition of knowledge is guided and

backed up in a systematic way.

I

do

manner

not believe that

it will help students to

learn effectively and in a long-term

to

overemphasising

the

use

of computers

and

the

Internet.

Rather,

I

feel

that

modern

technologies

can

complement

more

traditional

teaching

and

learning

methods, without being used as a replacement for these traditions.

- 305 words -

^3 *

r

i 1

yx *1 *

'

- r \.

i'

*

Key Vocabulary

radically

ve ccr ban; hoan toan

V JU

k

There is only a formal resemblance between the two systems; they are in fact

radically different.

instrumental

dong vai trb quan trong; la phucmg tien de dem lai cai gi

I was instrumental in catching the criminal.

direct

J chi

dao, hmmg dan

She directed the planning of the festival.

y novel

mdi la. la thuong

Cl We are supposed to dress up as movie characters for the party; what a novel idea!

enable

lam cho fat do) cb kha nang 'lam viec gi do)

I gave him full directions to enable him to find the house.

ci

enhance

u

nang cao

He made many efforts to enhance his reputation.

y 1

readiness

su sdn sang

She shows great readiness to learn.

pre-programmed

duoc lap trinh sin

The neighbourhood is monitored by a pre-programmed surveillance system.

constant

lien mien, khbngdut, lien tuc

She feels upset by the constant noise.

A,:

j' •

conflicting

ddi lap

My husband and I hold conflicting opinions on this matter.

i

i

orchestrate

sSp dat

The demonstration was carefully orchestrated to attract maximum publicity.

acquisition

sir co dupe, su tiep thu

Next to acquiring good friends, the best acquisition is that of good books,

back up

ho trp

He brought along a file of document to back up his claim.

systematic

ca

cd hp thong

Science means systematic knowledge possessed as a result of practice and study.

overemphasise

nhan manh qua rnirc, qua xem trpng

Academic qualifications should not be overemphasised during the process of recruitment.

complement

) ho sung

'n) phan bo sung

A wine is a complement to a good meal.

replacement

: ngum/vat thai

the

My secretary leaves us next week, so we are advertising for a replacement.

(

|

f

 

C^ch dien dat sif nhircfng bo: There is no denying the fact that

\

§

.

^

I

f

Co the

dung nhieu

cau true de dien dat su nhuong bp. Ngoai cau true dupe gicfi thieu

trong bai van miu cua dl thi thang 11 nSm 2005, nguPi ta cung thudng dung cau bale

 

xuat hien trong bai van miu nay:

I

There is no denying the fact that

:

Cau true vua neu thuPng xuat hien trong cau trong tam cua doan van va dupe dung de

md

dau doan van, tiep theo, ngudi viet se trlnh bay quan diem cua ban than de phan

bac

quan diem da neu truPc do. DuPi day la doan van su' dung cau triic tren de diln dat

i

su nhupng bp:

 

There is no denying the fact that even individuals should take the responsibility

f

to help solve the environmental problems. The government, however, is more

likely to take the leading position in directing the whole society to care about

ijl

theme environment.cir

i

Languages

and

Cultures

Academic Task 2 Question, August 2007

Academic Task 2 Question, December 2006

Academic Task 2 Question, August 2006

Academic Task 2 Question, October 2003

General Training Task 2 Question, May 2009

Academic Task 2 Question, June 2009

Academic

Task

2

WRITING TASK 2

Question

August 2007

You should spend aboui 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic-

Some people think that we shoutd invent a new language for international

communication. Do the benefits of this outweigh the problems?

Ciive reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Model Essay

That the globalisation is gaining increasing momentum starts to exert a subtle impact

on the world languages. Evidently, the growing transnational business communication

and

cultural

exchange

demands

a

new

language

to

be

created.

Though

efforts

to

promote an international language had been severely thwarted previously — in the case of

Esperanto, the emergence of a new language for global communication is still staunchly

supported by the majority.

Linguistic scientists and experts have already publicly conceded the seemingly insurmount-

able obstacles in either human or machine translation. This could largely be attributed

to the intrinsic cultural aspects rooted in each language, which are, more often than not,

"conveniently" overlooked or neglected in the translation process, frequently amounting

to

eventual

communication

breakdown.

Besides,

the

tones

and

stresses

with

which

sentences are expressed are crucial verbal elements in delivery of meanings intended by

the speaker as well. Sometimes, a particular sentence could be interpreted in different

ways if the elements constituting the speech are varied even slightly. Therefore, we could

tentatively conclude that translation from one language to another might not appear to

be the best solution to resolve the problems arising from

international communication.

A new language designed to fulfil similar purposes is required.

Some professionals are looking for alternative solutions and set their sight on English.

Unsurprisingly,

English

has

risen

to

predominance

and

been

widely accepted

by

the

general population as the main language medium for occasions like business conference,

36

www.nhantriviet.com

chatting, owing much to the unsuccessful endeavour to popularise Esperanto. However,

one of the direct ethical issues that need to be addressed would have been the elimination

of a plethora of minority languages, as people from around the globe rushed to pick up a

foreign language. In addition, the job of translators and interpreters would also be much

simplified as the availability of a new international language could save the troubles of

learning many different languages.

Despite

of the

challenges

involved

in

learning

an

entirely

novel

absolutely a viable and effective approach in modern communication

language,

it

is

in

the long run.

What is in store for us in the near future, if universal acceptance of a standard language

could be achieved, would be a world of seamless communication transcending barriers

of all sorts.

Key Vocabulary

:

I

*

exert

su dung, ap dung

-371 words -

He exerted all his authority to make them accept the plan.

thwart it''=^=; - —

can trd

J|

She was thwarted in her attempt to take control of the party.

staunchly 1 . (rapt each) kien quyet / trung thanh

She staunchly defended the new policy-

concede

thuca nhan

It must be conceded that different judges have different approaches to these cases

insurmountable , : khong the vupt qua

He admitted (that) there might be insurmountable difficulties.

i

overlook khong nhan thay; lo df bo qua

We could not afford to overlook such a serious offence.

tentatively rapt each) ngap ngung khong qua quyet

They have tentatively agreed to our proposal.

elimination

su loai bo

the elimination of disease/poverty/crime

There were three eliminations in the first round of the competition.

plethora

tinh trang qua thua thai; so luong Itm

The report contained a plethora of detail.

 

vupt qua

3d

This question is so difficult that it totally transcends the students* comprehension

www.nhantriviet.com

37

Academic

Task

2

WRITING TASK 2

Question

December 2006

Vbu should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Modern buildings change the character and appearance of towns and cities. The government should insist that new buildings be buitt in traditional styles to protect cultural identity.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Model

Essay

Every country, every group of people has a unique culture which people often feel a

strong need to protect, to prevent it from changing or being damaged. However, that seems

to be a very boring idea of culture; culture is not like an endangered animal we need to

keep in zoos, but rather like a wild animal that we cannot control.

Culture is not dead but something alive and changing, and as we move forward and

as our culture changes, it is also good to look back to see where we have come from, and

it would

be good

if all society, not just the government, took an interest in preserving

parts

of our history and culture. But does preserving mean we should stop doing new

things? No, it does not; new culture, new ways of doing things are important to have in

a society. New buildings should not be built in the old styles, but built using new designs

to match the new technology, new functions and new locations of buildings. What type

of Vietnamese traditional style should be used to build a stadium

that can

seat 40,000

people? Good architecture is a product of thinking about the function, the location and

the technology available.

We also need to question whether the things that were done in the past are the best that

we can do. Why were the buildings in the past seen as the best examples of Vietnamese

ideas, design

and

architecture?

Why do we

have

to

stop

our own

38

creativity while

the

www.nhantriviet.com

creativity of past builders is to be boringly followed? It sounds like a way to kill culture, to

kill ideas, to kill the talent of new people working in a new time.

Of course it is good to keep some things from the past, to protect some buildings, to

remember our history, but not at the expense of our future.

Key Vocabulary

unique

) dou

nhat,

duy

nhat

- 316 words -

The deal will put the company in a unique position to export goods to Eastern Europe.

endangered

;

/

co nguy co 1 tuyet cluing

The sea turtle is an endangered species (= it may soon no longer exist),

preserve

bao ton; duy tri

She managed to preserve her sense of humour under very trying circumstances.

available

.

rohcdsin

Every available doctor was called to the scene.

creativity

tinh sang tao

His poems and paints show his great creativity.

expense

1 chi phi

No expense was spared (= they spent as much money as was needed) to make the party a success.

Academic

Task 2

Question

August 2006

f

WRITING

TASK 2

,

You shouid spend about 40 minutes on this task.

N

i

| Write about the following topic:

Multicultural societies, in which there is a mixture of different ethnic peoples, bring more benefits than drawbacks to a country.

To what extent do you

agree or disagree?

jl

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own ( knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

IJ*

Kw

Model Essay

Countries like the USA and Australia are modem multicultural societies; they have

been

created

by

successive

waves

of immigration

of peoples

from

other continents

and countries, as well as by the original inhabitants: Europe, Africa, Asia, and Central

and South America over several hundreds of years. The result is an exciting and rich

blend of people, cultures and lifestyles. However, these countries are not without their

problems as can be seen if you look at their history.

Countries and communities have probably always been multicultural; no two people

are

the

same; even

friends have

different preferences

in

clothes,

sports teams, food

and even in beliefs, yet they manage to live and work together, to support each other,

and to be tolerant of their respective differences. Their friendship is probably richer,

more interesting and more rewarding as a result. Yet it is not always so; Genghis Khan

fought bitterly with his "blood brother" even though they had so much in common.

Life in a multicultural society is richer, the range of experiences available is more

diverse, yet it is only if each individual is able to accept difference that they can enjoy

it.

It is easy

to

eat the grilled lamb kebabs of the people from Turkey on the streets,

but it is harder to accept their values, their culture or their religion.

{

We all live in multicultural societies; sometimes the going is easy, but sometimes we

need to listen to, to understand and to really empathise with the other people from the

other culture. Unfortunately, we are not always able to do it.

Key Vocabulary

successive {ad

lien tiep

- 263 words -

He won the World Championship for the third successive year.

be tolerant of chin dung; khoan dung

The present government is even less tolerant of dissent.

a blend of su pha trpn, su ket hop

Their music is a blend of jazz and African rhythms.

grilled

id>

hwrng

After a day's walk, the grilled sausage smelled so inviting to us.

kebab (= kabob)

n thit nurdng

At this weekend, we are going to have a kebab party in the near suburban area.

bitterly adi

mot each cay d&ng

He was bitterly disappointed not to get the job.

empathise (v

ddng cam

It's very easy to empathise with the characters in her books.

0 Practical Sentence Patterns

aacr 0 * 1

 

1

 

Cach dien dat "Chi co

mdi cd the

"

It is only if

that

can

I

 

It is only if

that

can

la mot trong nhuhg cau true dupe str dung de diln dat y

 

Cht co

nidi cd the

Xem can

sau trong bai van mlu;

 

It is only if each individual is able to accept difference that they can enjoy it.

 

^

Cung co the thay can bang may, vf du:

 

It is only if negotiation fails that we may resort to military force.

 

www.nhantriviet.com

 

41

 

De di§n dat y tren, ban cung c6 the dung cau true Only

can

Vf du:

J

_

Only when students understand and master the basic study, can they know how

2

to apply it in practice.

Only by doing it yourself, can you learn and remember the advantages and

 

'f

disadvantages of the process.

a

Do only dufOc dat dau cau nen ban can dao vi trf cua can v& chu ngu 1 trong menh de chlnh.

 
 

-T-

-t.

-T.

42

www.nhantriviet.com

Academic

Task

2

Question

-MA.

-.XlA-

-X»A_

-X»/

WRITING TASK 2

October 2005

-X»A.

. xty

X*A_

. V»A.

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

. xly_

. xly

£

Some people think the increasing business and cultural contact between countries brings many positive effects. Others say it causes the loss of national identities.

Discuss both sides and give your opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

-yjv

Model Essay

A|V

Afx

W y^r

The world today is characterised by the free flow of information and commodity. The

frequent interaction and growing interdependence among countries have ended the days

of regional

isolation

and

absolute

national sovereignty, but they have also sparked

off

heated controversies over the positive and negative impacts that a global culture can bring

into our life.

Some people say that the widening international exchanges, both in the field of busi-

ness and

culture, have exerted positive

influences to

a nation

as well

as its people. To

begin with, they promote business co-operation among nations. For example, large multi-

national companies spread the latest technologies and experience around the world, and

international trade has helped so many less developed economies grow. Also, they enrich

people's lives because people of one nation are given opportunities through international

tourism, exhibitions and fairs, TV programmes and films, etc. to enjoy the achievements

of other cultures across the globe.

However, other people argue that these conditions also create the possible danger of

undermining a country's national identity. In the first place, traditional cultures might

fall victim to a global media and entertainment force. This is most evident in some parts

of the world where "Americanisation" is threatening the preservation of their indigenous

culture. In Vietnam, for instance, few youngsters like or understand "Hue Court Music",

the quintessence of Vietnamese culture; they go for Hollywood movies and rock music

instead. Moreover, in the process of globalisation, the world is getting less linguistically

diverse, as a growing number of people give up their native language for the dominant

language in the world - English.

From my point of view, both arguments are the true reflections of the possible conse-

quence

of an

increasing

economic

and

cultural

interaction

among

nations.

It

boosts

economic integration and speeds up modernisation but also creates tensions between a

global culture and a country's national identity. Therefore, we should take the initiative

in

fighting to protect our distinct culture and

cultural or economic influences.

identity from

being submerged by other

- 332 words -

c

v. v

Key Vocabulary

be characterised by

c6 dac diem la; dmrc khac boa/mo ta bang

His early paintings were characterised by bright colours and bold strokes.

| • spark off

khuay dpng; gdy ra

The visit of the all-white rugby team sparked off mass demonstrations,

I

*

controversy

:

sir

tranh

luan; cupc tranh

cai

The policy has caused fierce controversy ever since it was introduced,

exchange

su trao doi

She proposes an exchange of contracts at two o'clock,

%

V

enrich

lam phong phti htm

My life was greatly enriched by knowing her.

achievement (n

thanh tfch; thanh tuu

It gives you a sense of achievement if you actually make it to the end of a very-

long book.

undermine

pha hoai ngdm; due khoet, bao mon

1 he

President

lias accused two cabinet ministers of working secretly

Ik undermine his position.

Ml o

tl fall victim to

bi lam ton hai; chin thua. khong chdng n6i

to

The company has fallen victim to increased competition.

44

www.nhantriviet.com

globalisation

su loan cau hoa

We must take advantage of the increased globalisation of the commodity trading business.

integration

su hoa nhap; su hoi nhap

Integration into another culture is often a long process of self-adjustment,

modernisation

su hien dai hoa

^fhe modernisation of the 100-year-old sewage and water systems will cost millions of pounds.

Practical Sentence Patterns

heated controversy over,

1. Rat nhieu de thi viet trong IELTS yeu cau thf sinh trinh bay quan diem ve

mot van

de xa hoi d thdi diem hien tai. Moi ngudi deu co suy nght va y kien rieng ve van de

nay nen khong cd dap an mlu. Tham chf mot so van de con gay tranJi cai. Vi vay,

ngirdi ta thifdng dung cum

heated controversy over

viet, Xem cau sau trong bai van mau;

trong doan van md dau bai

The frequent interaction and growing interdependence among countries have

ended the days of regional isolation and absolute national sovereignty, but

they have also sparked off heated controversies over the positive and negative

impacts that a global culture can bring into our life.

2. Sau heated controversy (over), ban

whether hoSc as to. Vi du:

cd the

dung mot menh de bat dau blng

There is a heated controversy over whether intelligent students should be

taught separately.

A heated controversy has arisen as to who should be responsible for looking

after the old people in our society.

i

General Training

TclSk

2

WRITING TASK 2

QllGStiOIl

May 2009

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Nowadays, the traditions and customs relating to the food we eat and the way

we eat are changing. Why Is it happening? Do you think this kind of change is positive or negative?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Model Essay

The way we eat is indeed changing, and some of the traditions and customs that are

associated with food from the past are being lost. This change, as a consequence of the

society we are in, has both positive and negative impacts.

Our lives, unlike before, are becoming increasingly fast-paced, and we, try to value

the little free time we have, rather than squandering it on time-consuming tasks such as

the preparing and the cooking of the family meal. In addition, people are increasingly

aware of the need to have a nutritious and healthy diet in order to stave off disease and

illness as well as to promote a longer and

fuller life. Modern

agribusiness has brought

about a fundamental change in the raising of dairy animals, poultry and crops, as well

as the customs, traditions and beliefs associated with agriculture. We no longer practise

rituals for bumper harvest, nor do we observe customs for the food we consume in such

a serious manner as before, except on some special occasions.

The positive side of this change is that we now eat much better than our ancestors;

we

all have

more

access

to

more

food

and

more

kinds

of food