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NAME

DATE

PERIOD

Study Guide and Intervention

Division Properties of Exponents

Divide Monomials To divide two powers with the same base, subtract the exponents.

   

Quotient of Powers

For all integers m and n and any nonzero number a,

=

.

 

For any integer m and any real numbers a and b, b 0, ( ) =

Power of a Quotient

.

Example1: Simplify

. Assume that no

denominator equals zero.

4 7 2

=

( 4 ) ( 7

2

)

Group powers with the same base.

= ( 4 1 )( 7 2 )

Quotient of Powers

= a 3 b 5

Simplify.

The quotient is 3 5

Example 2: Simplify (

denominator equals zero.

( 2 3 5 ) 3 3 2

= (2 3 5 ) 3 (3 2 ) 3

=

2 3 ( 3) 3 (

5) 3

(3) 3 (

2) 3

=

=

8 9

15

27

6

8 9 9

27

The quotient is 8 9 9

27

.

) . Assume that no

Power of a Quotient

Power of a Product

Power of a Power

Quotient of Powers

Exercises

Simplify each expression. Assume that no denominator equals zero.

1. 5 5

5

2

4.

6

4

2. 5 4

2

5. ( 2 2

) 3

11

3. −2y 7

14y

5

6. ( 4 4 4 ) 3

3 2 2

NAME

DATE

PERIOD

Study Guide and Intervention (continued)

Division Properties of Exponents

Negative Exponents Any nonzero number raised to the zero power is 1; for example, (−0.5) 0 = 1. Any nonzero number raised to a negative power is equal to the reciprocal of the number raised to the opposite power; for example,

6 3 =

1

3 . These definitions can be used to simplify expressions that have negative exponents

6

Zero Exponent

For any nonzero number a, 0 = 1.

Negative Exponent Property

For any nonzero number a and any integer n, =

1

n and

1 = .

The simplified form of an expression containing negative exponents must contain only positive exponents.

Example: Simplify

. Assume that no denominator equals zero.

4 3 6 16 2 6

−5 = (

16 ) ( −3

4

2

) ( 6 ) (

5 )

1

6

=

=

=

1

4

1

4

1

4

( 3 2 )( 6 6 )( 5 )

5 0 5

5 )(1) 5

(

1

=

5

4 5

The solution is

5

4 5 .

Group powers with the same base.

Quotient of Powers and Negative Exponent Properties

Simplify.

Negative Exponent and Zero Exponent Properties

Simplify.

Exercises

Simplify each expression. Assume that no denominator equals zero.

1.

2

2

2

−3

4. 4 0

−2

2. −4

−5

5.

(6 1 ) 2

( 2 ) 4

12

3.

6.

(− 1 ) 0 4 1 2

−3 −3

( 2 3 ) −1