Sunteți pe pagina 1din 651

INSTITUTUL NAIONAL DE STATISTIC

Coordonator al ediiei:
Prof. Univ. Dr. Vergil VOINEAGU - Preedinte

Colectivul de coordonare a lucrrii:


Florin CIURARIU, Gabriel JIFCU, Ilie DUMITRESCU,
Adriana CIUCHEA, Gheorghe VAIDA-MUNTEAN, Doina BADEA.

Colectivul de elaborare a capitolelor Anuarului: Colectivul de design i editare:


Adriana CIUCHEA, Silvia PISIC, Ion FLORESCU, Ilie DUMITRESCU, Doina BADEA, Lavinia POPESCU,
Daniela TEFNESCU, Andoria Cristina IONI, Vitty-Cristian CHIRAN, Rodica-Elena SOLOVSTRU,
Lavinia BLTEANU, Andreea CAMBIR, Gabriela Melania PODBERECHI, Minodora RDULESCU,
Georgeta Marinela ISTRATE, Mihai GHEORGHE, Elena TUDOR, Genia MIHOC, Andreia MESTEACN,
Liliana PINTILIA, Nina ALEXEVICI, Maria Ioana NICOLA, Cristina BABOI, Mihaela Elena TEFAN, Gabriela ZAGALCA,
Constantin MNDRICELU, Floria CRSTEA, Valentina MUNTEANU, Daniela POPESCU, Lenua POPESCU,
Lucia Cecilia SINIGAGLIA, Florentina GHEORGHE. Daniela BUCUR, Laura ENACHE.

Responsabil de publicaie:
Doina BADEA

Fotografie:
Vitty-Cristian CHIRAN

Editare CD:
Rodica SOLOVSTRU, Daniela POPESCU, Valentina MUNTEANU,
Mihaela TEFAN, Gabriela ZAGALCA, Lenua POPESCU

Coperta:
Alexandru POPESCU
INSTITUTUL NAIONAL DE STATISTIC
B-dul Libertii 16, sector 5, Bucureti
Telefon: 318.18.71; 317.77.70
Fax: 312.48.75
e-mail: romstat@insse.ro
http://www.insse.ro

Reproducerea coninutului acestei publicaii, integral sau parial,


n forma original sau modificat, precum i stocarea ntr-un sistem
de regsire sau transmiterea sub orice form i prin orice mijloace
sunt interzise fr autorizarea scris a Institutului Naional de Statistic.
Utilizarea coninutului acestei publicaii, cu titlu explicativ sau
justificativ, n articole, studii, cri este autorizat numai cu
indicarea clar i precis a sursei.

Abonamente la publicaiile editate de I.N.S se pot contracta prin:


Activitatea Diseminarea Informaiilor Statisticii Romneti
Telefon/Fax: +40 021 317 11 10 i Fax: +40 021 318 18 74
e-mail: rrs@insse.ro

Publicaiile editate de Institutul Naional de Statistic se pot procura de la sediul I.N.S. prin:
Librria Ion Ionescu de la Brad
tel. 318 18 42 int. 2254, 1073, 2479
e-mail: rrs@insse.ro
Punctele de vnzare de la sediile Direciilor Judeene de Statistic
INS 2012
Caracteristica esenial a anului trecut a fost, n plan general, persistena dificultilor
CUVNT NAINTE economice, a constrngerilor i elementelor de austeritate, fapte ale realitii care
trebuiau i au i fost reflectate, ca atare, n datele statistice.
Statisticienii au cuantificat, obiectiv i onest, prin metode specifice statisticii, rezultatele
vieii economice i sociale, i au realizat acest deziderat cu exigena necesar, de
profesionalism marcat prin cunoaterea metodelor i tehnicilor moderne aplicate n
statistica noastr naional, n consens cu cele recomandate n plan european. Alinierea
statisticii romneti la standardele internaionale n domeniu este, n plan metodologic,
nu numai un fapt mplinit ci, n planul fluxului de informaii la nivel internaional, o
condiie indispensabil care a fost asigurat pentru a altura datele noastre celor ale
altor ri din Uniunea European, n special, i de pe ntreg mapamondul, n general.
Aa cum v-a obinuit n ultimii ani, respectndu-i obligaia fa de utilizatorii de date n acest fel, informaiile statistice sunt de natur s serveasc celor implicai n procesul
statistice, Institutul Naional de Statistic pune la dispoziia utilizatorilor o nou ediie a elaborrii programelor de dezvoltare naionale cu valene conforme cerinelor n plan
Anuarului Statistic al Romniei, naintea sfritului de an. internaional. Aceast afirmaie se bazeaz pe faptul c, dac n trecut se putea vorbi
Aceast realizare a INS trebuie privit, deopotriv, ca un angajament al statisticienilor de despre statistica naional i cea internaional, astzi o disjuncie ntre cele dou
a servi ntreaga societate cu rezultatul muncii lor, concretizate n cel mai sintetic aspecte ale procesului statistic nu mai este posibil.
instrument cu care se msoar evoluia fenomenelor i a proceselor economice i sociale Sunt ncredinat c utilizatorii datelor noastre statistice, cei care vor accede la
ce au avut loc n timpul anului trecut i n perioada care s-a scurs nainte de acesta. informaiile Anuarului Statistic, vor aprecia nu numai calitatea informaiilor,
Dac cineva m-ar pune n situaia de a exprima printr-un singur cuvnt sau printr-o ci i eforturile de inteligen, de gndire i demers conceptual (virtui pe care le-am
sintagm ce reprezint ntr-adevr Anuarul Statistic, mi-ar fi dificil s rspund. ntr-o aezat la fundamentul acestei noi ediii a Anuarului), i le vor evalua cum se cuvine.
exprimare sintetic, reprezint lucrarea de referin n sistemul publicaiilor statistice ale Ca i n ediiile anterioare, informaiile referitoare la statisticile n profil teritorial se gsesc
Institutului Naional de Statistic, o ampl i laborioas sintez a informaiilor privitoare exclusiv pe CD-ROM-ul publicaiei.
la starea economico-social a rii, un autentic instrument de lucru, indispensabil
Firete, nimic nu e perfect i, mai ales, nimeni nu e perfect, astfel nct, contieni de
elaborrii programelor de dezvoltare, att pentru organismele administraiei publice,
acest lucru, vom fi recunosctori tuturor celor care, dincolo de aprecieri, vor gsi timpul
centrale i locale, ct i pentru operatorii economici i ali vectori sociali. De asemenea,
s ne transmit opiniile, sugestiile i, de ce nu, i eventualele insatisfacii fa de ceea ce
este rezultatul efortului conjugat al tuturor celor care, ca furnizori sau utilizatori de date,
s-au ateptat s gseasc n paginile acestei ediii. Este i scopul pentru care am inserat
ne sunt colaboratori.
la finalul ediiei un Chestionar la care v rugm s raspundei.
Anuarul Statistic, stimai cititori, constituie o sum de proiecte reunind lucrri de o
Cu acest gnd, nchei aceste rnduri cu sentimentul c, i prin aceast ediie a Anuarului,
mare varietate, din diverse domenii, ncepnd cu anchetele de statistic social,
statistica oficial romneasc i demonstreaz pe deplin rolul i utilitatea, ca serviciu
anchetele statistice din domeniul economic, al mediului nconjurtor, practic, un
public n slujba societii romneti.
sumum de demersuri statistice capabile s caracterizeze comprehensiv toate sferele
economice i sociale.
Complexitatea cercetrilor statistice, diversitatea lor i, mai ales, exigenele pe care Prof. univ. dr. Vergil VOINEAGU,
momentul actual ni le impune cu privire la calitatea informaiei statistice au fcut din Preedintele Institutului Naional de Statistic
Anuarul Statistic un barometru al strii economiei naionale i, a zice,
al capacitii profesionale a tuturor celor implicai, ntr-o form sau alta, n constituirea
seriilor de date statistice inserate n paginile Anuarului.
Reiternd informaiile de baz n succesiunea lor de-a lungul anilor, noua ediie a
Anuarului aduce n prim plan elementele specifice ultimului an al seriei, n acest
caz, anul 2011.
SINTEZA CUPRINSULUI Pagina CONTENTS
Page

Not metodologic general ......................................... VII General methodological note

Prescurtri folosite pentru unitile de msur ........... XVII Abbreviations used for units of measurement

Simboluri folosite ........................................................ XVII Symbols used

1. Geografie, meteorologie i mediu nconjurtor ........ 1 Geography, meteorology and environment

2. Populaie ................................................................. 35 Population

3. Piaa forei de munc .............................................. 79 Labour market

4. Veniturile, cheltuielile i consumul populaiei ........ 131 Population income, expenditure and consumption

5. Locuine i utiliti publice ..................................... 179 Dwellings and public utilities

6. Securitate i asisten social .............................. 193 Social protection and assistance

7. Sntate ................................................................ 225 Health

8. Educaie ................................................................ 241 Education

9. Cultur i sport ...................................................... 275 Culture and sport

10. Preuri .................................................................... 297 Prices

11. Conturi naionale ................................................... 313 National accounts

12. Investiii i imobilizri corporale ............................ 349 Investments and tangible fixed assets

13. tiin, tehnologie i inovare ................................. 363 Science, technology and innovation

14. Agricultur i silvicultur ....................................... 411 Agriculture and forestry

15. Activitatea ntreprinderii ........................................ 449 Enterprise activity

16. Industrie i construcii ........................................... 481 Industry and construction

17. Transporturi, pot i telecomunicaii .................... 503 Transport, post and telecommunications

18. Comer internaional .............................................. 527 International trade

19. Comer interior i servicii de pia ........................ 569 Domestic trade and market services

20. Turism .................................................................... 577 Tourism

21. Finane .................................................................. 601 Finances

22. Justiie ................................................................. 621 Justice

23. Statistic internaional ......................................... 631 International statistics

V
NOT METODOLOGIC GENERAL GENERAL METHODOLOGICAL NOTE

1. Cadrul legal privind activitatea statistic este statuat 1. The legal framework concerning the statistical
prin Legea nr. 226 / 2009 a organizrii i funcionrii activity is represented by Law no. 226 / 2009 on the
statisticii oficiale n Romnia. n lege se regsesc organisation and functioning of official statistics in
contextul i prevederile care definesc elementele Romania. The Law includes the context and the
constitutive ale procesului statistic, respectiv, provisions defining the constitutive elements of the
colectarea, procesarea, analiza, diseminarea datelor statistical process, namely: statistical data collection,
statistice, dezvoltarea culturii statistice, constituirea i processing, analysis and dissemination, the statistical
administrarea seriilor de date statistice oficiale, cu culture development, the official statistical data series
caracter demografic, social, economic, financiar i building up and management, of demographic, social,
juridic, precum i principiile fundamentale care stau la economic, financial and juridical nature, as well as the
baza funcionrii statisticii oficiale n Romnia. fundamental principles on which the functioning of
official statistics in Romania is defined.
Statistica oficial n Romnia este organizat i In Romania, the official statistics is organised and
coordonat de Institutul Naional de Statistic, organ de coordinated by the National Institute of Statistics,
specialitate al Administraiei Publice Centrale, n specialised body of central public administration,
subordinea Guvernului, finanat de la bugetul de stat. subordinated to Government and financed from the state
budget.
Institutul Naional de Statistic este autorizat s The National Institute of Statistics is entrusted to ask
solicite i s obin cu titlu gratuit datele i informaiile for and to obtain, free of charge, statistical data and
statistice de la toate persoanele, fizice sau juridice, care information from all natural and legal persons, owing any
dein capital sub orice form sau desfoar activitate de type of capital or developing any kind of activity on
orice fel pe teritoriul Romniei. Romanias territory.
Principiile pe care se ntemeiaz activitatea statistic, The principles on which statistical activity are based,
n deplin concordan cu principiile fundamentale fully compliant with the fundamental principles related to
privind funcionarea statisticii ntr-o societate statistics functioning in a democratic society, adopted al
democratic, adoptate pe plan internaional, constau n: international level, consists in: professional
independen profesional; autoritate n materie de independence; empowerment related to data
culegere a datelor; adecvarea resurselor; collection; resources adequacy; commitment on
angajamentul privind calitatea n statistici; statistics quality; statistical confidentiality,
confidenialitatea n statistic; imparialitate i impartiality and objectiveness; solid methodology;
obiectivitate; metodologie solid; proceduri adequate statistical procedures; adequate burden of
statistice adecvate; sarcin de rspuns adecvat respondents; cost-effectiveness; relevance,
pentru repondeni; eficien sub raportul costurilor; accuracy and reliability; promptness and timelyness;
relevan, precizie i fiabilitate (credibilitate); coherence and comparability; accesibility and
promptitudine i punctualitate; coeren i clearness.
comparabilitate; accesibilitate i claritate.
Att contextul general, ct i principiile de funcionare Both the general context and the principles of
a statisticii, precum i producerea de date statistice de statistics functioning, as well as the production of
calitate, armonizate cu normele i standardele Uniunii statistical data of high quality, compliant with the
Europene, confer rezultatelor activitii statistice European Unions norms and standards confer the
garania satisfacerii cerinelor utilizatorilor de date statistical activity results the guarantee of meeting the
statistice. statistical data users requirements.

2. Sursele de date statistice. Datele prezentate n 2. Statistical data sources. The data presented within
Anuarul statistic sunt rezultatul a dou categorii de the Statistical Yearbook result from two data sources
surse: categories:
 cercetrile statistice exhaustive sau prin sondaj  exhaustive or sample statistical surveys, included
cuprinse n Programul Statistic Anual (PSA); in the Annual Statistical Programme (ASP);
 surse administrative.  administrative sources.

3. Programul Statistic Naional Anual (PSNA) 3. The Yearly National Statistical Programme
reprezint instrumentul de baz prin care Institutul (YNSP) represents the basic tool by means of which the
Naional de Statistic i ceilali productori de statistici National Institute of Statistics and the other producers of
oficiale sunt autorizai s realizeze colectarea, stocarea, official statistics are authorized to carry out the
procesarea, analiza i diseminarea datelor statistice collection, storage, processing, analysis and
oficiale, n vederea asigurrii informaiilor necesare dissemination of official statistical data, in order to
utilizatorilor interni, precum i a celor ce decurg din provide the information necessary to domestic users, as
legislaia Uniunii Europene i din recomandrile altor well as those resulting from the legislation of European
organizaii internaionale. Union and from the recommendations of other
international organisations.
VII
Programul Statistic Naional Anual cuprinde The Yearly National Statistical Programme includes
informaii, responsabiliti, resurse i termene de information, responsibilities, resources and deadlines,
realizare, cu privire la: cercetri statistice; lucrri de regarding: statistical surveys, synthesis papers,
sintez, studii i analize statistice; publicaii statistice. statistical studies and analyses, statistical publications.
Programul Statistic Naional Anual se avizeaz de The Yearly National Statistical Programme is
Consiliul Statistic Naional i se aprob prin hotrre a endorsed by the National Statistical Council and it is
Guvernului. approved by Government decision.
4. Cercetarea statistic reprezint o lucrare complex 4. The statistical survey is a complex activity of
de culegere, prelucrare, analiz i diseminare a datelor collection, processing, analysis and dissemination of
cu privire la starea i evoluia fenomenelor i proceselor data related to the economic and social phenomena
economice i sociale. Cercetarea statistic se realizeaz situation and dynamics. The statistical survey is carried
pe baz de proiecte n care sunt definite concepte out based on projects, where the general concepts, the
generale, scopul cercetrii i instrumentarul statistic ce survey purpose and the statistical tools on which it is
st la baza acesteia (modul de organizare a cercetrii; based are defined (survey organisation: questionnaire,
chestionarul, clasificrile, nomenclatoarele, normele, classifications, nomenclatures, norms, guidelines a.s.o.).
instruciunile etc.). Potrivit criteriului sferei de cuprindere, According to the coverage criterion, the data included in
datele din Anuarul statistic au fost determinate pe baza the Statistical Yearbook were determined based on two
a dou tipuri de cercetri statistice: statistical surveys types:
 Cercetare statistic exhaustiv (total). n cadrul  Exhaustive (total) statistical survey. Under this
acestui tip de cercetare datele sunt nregistrate de la type of survey, data are recorded from all statistical
toate unitile populaiei statistice, denumit i population units, called statistical collectivity, which is
colectivitate statistic, bine delimitat. Populaia well defined. The statistical population represents all
statistic desemneaz totalitatea elementelor the elements subject to statistical observation, of the
supuse observrii statistice, de aceeai natur, same nature, similar or homogenous from certain
asemntoare sau omogene din punctul de vedere criteria standpoint. Based on such exhaustive
al anumitor criterii. Prin astfel de cercetri statistice statistical surveys, detailed results are obtained in
exhaustive se obin rezultate detaliate n diferite various administrative and geographical structures,
structuri administrative, geografice, grupri pe by group of activities according to the Classification of
activiti potrivit Clasificrii Activitilor din Economia Activities of National Economy (CANE) a.s.o.
Naional (CAEN) etc.
Cele mai cunoscute cercetri exhaustive sunt The most well-known exhaustive surveys are
recensmintele populaiei i locuinelor, population and housing censuses, industrial products
recensmntul produselor i serviciilor industriale, and services census, general agricultural census.
recensmntul general agricol.
 Cercetare statistic prin sondaj. n cadrul acestui  Sample statistical survey. Under this type of survey,
tip de cercetare, datele sunt nregistrate doar de la o data are recorded only from part of the statistical
parte a populaiei statistice, numit eantion. population, called sample. The sample is determined
Eantionul este determinat pe baza criteriilor de based on representativeness criteria, by using
reprezentativitate, prin utilizarea unor metode probabilistic methods, whose results are further
probabiliste, ale cror rezultate sunt extinse la extended to the whole statistical population.
ntreaga populaie statistic.

5. Sursele administrative reprezint sursele de 5. Administrative sources means the evidence


eviden organizate i deinute de organisme ale sources organised and managed by public
administraiei publice sau non-guvernamentale pentru administration or non-governmental bodies, for other
alte scopuri dect cele statistice. Sunt utilizate numai purposes than the statistical ones. Only the sources with
acele surse care au un potenial adecvat cerinelor an appropriate potential for statistical requirements and
statistice i corespund rigorilor tiinifice de sfer de scientific rigour concerning coverage, quality and
cuprindere, calitate i completitudine care le fac completeness making them also usable for statistical
utilizabile i n scopuri statistice. Folosirea acestor surse purposes are used. The use of these data and
de date i informaii n scopuri statistice se realizeaz fie information sources for statistical purposes is achieved
direct, ca date de baz (asimilate datelor statistice), fie either directly, as basic data (assimilated to statistical
prin prelucrri i adaptri corespunztoare pentru a data), or after appropriate processing and adaptation, in
satisface cerinele de calitate, comparabilitate i view to meet quality, comparability and coherence
coeren, fie pentru reconciliere i validarea datelor requirements, or for reconciliation and validation of
statistice obinute n urma cercetrilor statistice. statistical data obtained from statistical surveys.

6. Sfera de cuprindere a datelor. Datele prezentate n 6. Coverage. The data presented within the Statistical
Anuar caracterizeaz ansamblul economiei naionale, cu Yearbook characterise the whole national economy,
excepia cazurilor cnd, prin notele specifice care except cases where specific notes that preface each
prefaeaz fiecare capitol al Anuarului, se precizeaz chapter of the Yearbook stipulates otherwise.
altfel.

VIII
7. Mrimile statistice folosite: 7. Statistical measures used:
n Anuar sunt prezentate, cu precdere, date The Yearbook mainly presents absolute and relative
absolute i date relative (indici, ponderi, indicatori de data (indices, weights, propensity indicators a.s.o.).
intensitate etc.).
 Indicatorul statistic este expresia numeric a unor  The statistical indicator is the numerical expression
fenomene, procese, activiti sau categorii of certain phenomena, processes, activities or
economice sau sociale, manifestate n timp, spaiu i economic and social categories, manifested over
structuri. time, area and structures.
 Indicele este un raport ntre valori ale aceleiai  The index is a ratio between values of the same
variabile nregistrate n uniti de timp sau teritoriale variables recorded in various time or territorial units.
diferite.
Indicii statistici utilizai n Anuar sunt: The statistical indices used within the Yearbook are:
 Indicele Laspeyres este o medie aritmetic  Laspeyres index - weighted arithmetic mean of
ponderat a indicilor individuali ai aceleiai variabile; individual indices of the same variable; the used
ponderile utilizate sunt cele din perioada de baz; weights refer to the base period;
 Indicele Paasche este o medie aritmetic  Paasche index - weighted arithmetic mean of
ponderat a indicilor individuali ai aceleiai variabile, individual indices of the same variable; the used
ponderile utilizate fiind din perioada curent. weights refer to current period.
 Unitatea statistic este un obiect al cercetrii i  The statistical unit is subject to the survey and
purttor al caracteristicilor statistice urmrite prin bearer of the statistical characteristics observed
program. through the programme.
 Unitatea de observare este acea entitate de la  The observation unit is the entity from/for which
care/pentru care sunt colectate date i informaii primary data and information are collected, based on
primare, pe baza creia se construiesc statistici. which statistics are compiled.
 Unitatea de raportare este entitatea care furnizeaz  The reporting unit is the entity supplying primary
datele i informaiile primare n cadrul unei cercetri data and information under a statistical survey.
statistice.
 Unitatea cu personalitate juridic reprezint  The unit with legal status in the entity (enterprise,
entitatea (ntreprinderea, societatea comercial, commercial company, association, budgetary
asociaia, instituia bugetar, organizaia fr scop institution, non-profit organisation a.s.o.) carrying out
patrimonial etc.) care desfoar o activitate an economic activity, with own bookkeeping and
economic, are contabilitate proprie i ia decizii n taking decisions when exercising its main function.
exercitarea funciei principale.
 Unitatea fr personalitate juridic reprezint o  The unit without legal status is a natural person, a
persoan, o gospodrie, o familie, o asociaie sau household, a family, an association or any other entity
orice alt entitate ce nu dispune de autonomie de without decisional autonomy when exercising its main
decizie n exercitarea funciei principale. function.

8. Datele n preuri curente se refer la volumul 8. Data expressed in current prices refer to the
produciei, veniturilor, cheltuielilor sau valoarea volume of production, income or expenses or to the
produselor, serviciilor etc. exprimate n preurile anului value of products, services a.s.o., expressed in the
curent. Valorile din diferite perioade n preuri curente current year prices. The values expressed in current
nu sunt direct comparabile i, n consecin, nu pot fi prices corresponding to various periods are not directly
utilizate la calculul indicilor fr a fi, n prealabil, comparable and, as consequence, cannot be used for
deflatate cu indicii de preuri corespunztori. indices compilation without being previously deflated
with the corresponding price indices.
9. Formele de proprietate sunt: 9. Ownership types:
 proprietate majoritar de stat - cuprinde capitalul  state majority ownership - comprises integral state,
integral de stat, public, de interes naional i local i public, national and local interest and mixed capital,
mixt, unde statul deine 50% i peste din capitalul where the states own 50% or more of the social
social; capital;
 proprietate majoritar privat - cuprinde capitalul  private majority ownership - comprises integral
integral privat, mixt, n care peste 50% din capitalul private or mixed capital, where over 50% of the social
social este privat, capital integral strin, cooperatist i capital is private, integral foreign or co-operative and
obtesc. Tot aici sunt cuprinse i activitile community capital. The activities carried out by
desfurate de ctre persoanele fizice i/sau natural persons and/or population households are
gospodriile populaiei. also included here.

IX
10. Clasificri i nomenclatoare. Sunt principalele 10. Classifications and nomenclatures. These are
instrumente care fac posibil structurarea dup criterii the main tools allowing for the structuring of observed
obiective i corecte a unitilor statistice, a proceselor i processes and phenomena according to objective and
fenomenelor observate. Clasificrile utilizate n Anuar, accurate criteria related to statistical units. The
potrivit diferitelor scopuri sau diferitelor domenii de classifications used within the Yearbook, according to
activitate, sunt: various purposes or fields of activity are:
 Clasificarea Activitilor din Economia Naional  The Classification of Activities of National
(CAEN) reprezint un sistem coordonat i coerent de Economy (CANE) is a coordinated and coherent
grupare, dup criterii tiinifice de omogenitate, a system for grouping, according to scientific criteria
datelor referitoare la unitile statistice. related to homogeneity, the data referring to
statistical units.
 n Anuar este utilizat versiunea actualizat a CAEN,  The updated version of CANE is used in the
respectiv CAEN Rev. 2, implementat prin Ordinul Yearbook, respectively CANE Rev. 2, implemented
nr. 337 / 2007 al Preedintelui Institutului Naional de through the Order no. 337/2007 of the National
Statistic, publicat n Monitorul Oficial nr. 293 / 2007 i Institute of Statistics President, published in the
revizuit n Monitorul Oficial nr. 403/2008. CAEN Rev. 2 Official Journal no. 293/2007 and revised in the
respect standardele europene, fiind total armonizat Official Journal no. 403/2008. CANE Rev. 2 observes
cu Nomenclatorul Activitilor din Comunitatea the European standards, being fully compliant with
European NACE Rev. 2. the Nomenclature of Activities from the European
Community NACE Rev. 2.
Structura CAEN Rev. 2 este urmtoarea: The CANE Rev. 2 structure is the following:
 Seciuni - codificate printr-o liter;  Sections - coded at one letter level;
 Diviziuni - codificate prin dou cifre;  Divisions - coded at two digits level;
 Grupe - codificare prin trei cifre;  Groups - coded at three digits level;
 Clase - codificate prin patru cifre.  Classes - coded at four digits level.
Pentru interpretarea corect a structurii datelor In view to reach an accurate interpretation of data
potrivit CAEN Rev. 2, n Anexa nr. 1 a Notei structure according to CANE Rev. 2, the Annex no. 1 to
metodologice generale se prezint clasificarea la nivelul the General methodological note includes the
seciunilor i diviziunilor. classification at section and division level.
 Gruparea dup mrime a ntreprinderilor;  Enterprises grouping by size;
 Clasificarea produselor asociate activitilor  Classification of products associated to activities
utilizat de Uniunea European - CPA; used by the European Union - CPA;
 Clasificarea produselor i serviciilor asociate  Classification of products and services
activitilor - CPSA 2002; associated to activities - CPSA 2002;
 Clasificarea produselor i serviciilor asociate  Classification of products and services
activitilor - CPSA 2008, aprobat prin Hotrrea associated to activities - CPSA 2008, adopted by
de Guvern nr. 53/1999 i revizuit prin the Government Decision no. 53/1999 and revised by
Ordinul Preedintelui Institutului Naional de Statistic the National Institute of Statistics President Order
nr. 605 / 15.X.2008. no. 605 / 15.10.2008)
CPSA 2008 reprezint o detaliere a CAEN Rev. 2, prin CPSA 2008 represents a detailed version of CANE
ordonarea dup principiul omogenitii a tuturor familiilor Rev. 2, whose organisation relies on the principle of
de produse i servicii pe niveluri ierarhice succesive. homogeneity of all families of products and services by
successive hierarchical levels.
CPSA 2008 asigur informaii pentru: CPSA 2008 classification provides information in order to:
satisfacerea cerinelor de agregare i detaliere a respond to the requirements of aggregation and
datelor referitoare la producia de bunuri i servicii; detailed data regarding the production of goods and
services;
identificarea sistematizat a produselor i serviciilor identify the products and services from our national
din economia naional; economy;
compararea i interpretarea unitar a datelor ensure the comparability of statistical data.
statistice. CSPA 2008 classification is fully harmonised with
CPSA 2008 este total armonizat cu Clasificarea Classification of Products Associated to Activities (CPA
Produselor Asociate Activitilor (CPA 2008) utilizat n 2008) used in EU. The classification contains
cadrul UE. Clasificarea conine explicaii la nivelul explanatory notes for various classification entities
diverselor entiti de clasificare n funcie de necesiti. according to the necessities.
 PRODROM - Nomenclatorul de produse i  PRODROM - the Nomenclature of industrial
servicii industriale elaborat de Institutul Naional products and services drawn up by the National
de Statistic (INS) i utilizat pentru cercetri Institute of Statistics and used for statistical surveys
statistice privind producia industrial. on industrial production. The PRODROM
Nomenclatorul PRODROM este total armonizat cu nomenclature is fully harmonised with the
lista PRODCOM utilizat n cadrul Uniunii Europene. PRODCOM list used within the European Union.

X
Legtura CAEN Rev. 2 cu PRODROM este asigurat The link of CANE Rev. 2 with PRODROM is ensured
la nivel de patru cifre (clas), ntruct poziiile din at four digits level (class), since the positions from
cadrul nomenclatorului PRODROM sunt rezultatul PRODROM nomenclature are the result of CPSA
detalierii subclaselor elementare CPSA 2008. 2008 detailing elementary sub-classes.

11. Definirea activitilor. n practic, majoritatea 11. Activities definition. In practice, most of the
unitilor de producie efectueaz activiti cu caracter production units carry out activities of mixed nature,
mixt, respectiv activitate principal, activiti namely main activity, secondary and ancillary activities.
secundare i activiti auxiliare. Identificarea activitii The identification of secondary activity is needed in view
secundare este necesar pentru a ncadra o unitate to frame a unit under a certain heading of CANE Rev. 2.
ntr-o anumit poziie din CAEN Rev. 2.
 Activitatea principal, n sensul clasificrii, este  The main activity, in the sense of classification, is
identificat prin metoda ordinii descresctoare (de sus identified by top-down method. This is the activity
n jos). Ea reprezint acea activitate care contribuie n contributing to the largest extent to the total value
cea mai mare msur la valoarea adugat total a added of the concerned unit.
unitii luate n considerare.
 Activitatea secundar este orice alt activitate  The secondary activity is any other kind of activity
din cadrul unitii productoare de bunuri sau servicii. carried out within the unit producing goods or
services.
 Activitatea auxiliar este o activitate conex,  The ancillary activity is an auxiliary activity,
indispensabil funcionrii unei entiti, precum: indispensable for the functioning of an entity, such
contabilitate, transport, depozitare, achiziionare as: bookkeeping, transport, storage, purchase,
promovare, ntreinere i reparaie etc. promotion, maintenance and repair a.s.o.

12. mprirea teritorial. Din punct de vedere al 12. Territorial breakdown. From territorial structure
structurii teritoriale, datele din Anuar sunt prezentate standpoint, the data included in the Yearbook are
la nivel naional (pe ntreaga ar), precum i pe presented at national level (for the whole country), as
diferite uniti teritoriale, n funcie de specificul well as by various territorial unit, depending on
indicatorilor. Unitile teritoriale, dup statutul lor, indicators specific. According to their status, territorial
sunt administrative (comun, ora, ora-municipiu, units are either administrative (commune, town, town-
jude) i non-administrative (macroregiune i regiune municipality, county) or non-administrative
de dezvoltare). (macroregion and development region).
Pn n anul 1998, prin lucrrile i publicaiile Till 1998, within the statistical works and publications,
statistice, s-au prelucrat i diseminat, de regul, doar only data at county, municipality, town and commune
date la nivel de jude, municipii, orae i comune. level were, as a rule, processed and disseminated.
ncepnd din anul 1998, n structura teritorial i, ca Beginning with 1998, according to the territorial
urmare, n publicaiile statistice, au fost prezentate date structure, the statistical publications also included data at
i la nivelul regiunilor de dezvoltare. development regions level.
ncepnd cu ediia 2008, potrivit Legii nr. 315/2004 Starting with 2008 edition, according to the Law no.
privind dezvoltarea regional n Romnia, n structura 315/2004 on regional development in Romania, territorial
teritorial sunt prezentate date i la nivelul structure also presents data at macroregional level,
macroregiunilor, constituite conform Legii privind constituted according to the Law on setting up the
stabilirea nomenclatorului unitilor teritoriale statistice nomenclature of statistical territorial units in Romania
din Romnia i cerinelor Regulamentului and to requirements of the EC Regulation no. 1059/2003
CE nr. 1059/2003 al Parlamentului i al Consiliului of the European Parliament and of the Council regarding
European privind stabilirea unui nomenclator comun al the setting up of a common nomenclature of statistical
unitilor teritoriale de statistic NUTS, publicat n territorial units NUTS, published in Official Journal of
Jurnalul Oficial al Uniunii Europene nr. L 154/2003. European Union no. L 154/2003.

13. Conform Legii nr. 348/14 iulie 2004 privind 13. According to the Law no. 348/ July 14, 2004 on the
denominarea monedei naionale a Romniei (ncepnd process of national currency of Romania denomination
cu data de 1 iulie 2005), seriile de date exprimate n valori (beginning with July 1, 2005), data series expressed in
absolute au fost recalculate n lei (RON). absolute values were recalculated in lei (RON).
Un leu nou (RON) este egal cu 10000 lei vechi (ROL). One leu (RON) is equivalent with 10000 former
lei (ROL).
Seriile de indici nu sunt afectate de denominare. Statistical indices series are not affected by
denomination.

XI
GRUPAREA JUDEELOR, PE MACROREGIUNI I REGIUNI DE DEZVOLTARE
COUNTIES GROUPING, BY MACROREGION AND DEVELOPMENT REGION

Macroregiunea Regiunea de dezvoltare Judeul


Macroregion Development region County

MACROREGIUNEA UNU Nord - Vest Bihor


MACROREGION ONE North - West Bistria-Nsud
Cluj
Maramure
Satu Mare
Slaj
Centru Alba
Center Braov
Covasna
Harghita
Mure
Sibiu
MACROREGIUNEA DOI Nord - Est Bacu
MACROREGION TWO North - East Botoani
Iai
Neam
Suceava
Vaslui
Sud - Est Brila
South - East Buzu
Constana
Galai
Tulcea
Vrancea
MACROREGIUNEA TREI Sud - Muntenia Arge
MACROREGION THREE South - Muntenia Clrai
Dmbovia
Giurgiu
Ialomia
Prahova
Teleorman
Bucureti - Ilfov Ilfov
Bucharest - Ilfov Municipiul Bucureti
Bucharest Municipality
MACROREGIUNEA PATRU Sud - Vest Oltenia Dolj
MACROREGION FOUR South - West Oltenia Gorj
Mehedini
Olt
Vlcea
Vest Arad
West Cara-Severin
Hunedoara
Timi

Not: Datele statistice n profil teritorial sunt prezentate pe judee, conform Decretului - Lege nr. 2/1968 cu modificrile ulterioare, iar judeele
au fost grupate pe regiuni de dezvoltare.
Prin rectificarea aprut n Legea nr. 315/28.06.2004 privind dezvoltarea regional n Romnia, au fost redenumite trei regiuni,
dup cum urmeaz:
- Regiunea de dezvoltare Sud este redenumit Sud - Muntenia,
- Regiunea de dezvoltare Sud - Vest este redenumit Sud - Vest Oltenia,
- Regiunea de dezvoltare Bucureti este redenumit Bucureti - Ilfov.
S-au constituit patru macroregiuni, conform Legii privind stabilirea nomenclatorului unitilor teritoriale statistice din Romnia i
cerinelor Regulamentului CE nr. 1059/2003 al Parlamentului i al Consiliului European privind stabilirea unui nomenclator comun al
unitilor teritoriale de statistic NUTS, publicat n Jurnalul Oficial al Uniunii Europene nr. L 154/2003.
Denumirile oficiale ale macroregiunilor sunt prezentate n tabele, n mod convenional, n expresie numeric.
Note: Statistical data at territorial level are presented by county, according to the Decree - Law no. 2/1968 further amended, while
the counties were grouped by development region.
Through the rectification introduced in Law no. 315/28.06.2004 on regional development in Romania, three regions were renamed,
as follows:
- The development region South is renamed South - Muntenia,
- The development region South - West is renamed South - West Oltenia,
- The development region Bucharest is renamed Bucharest - Ilfov.
Four macroregions were constituted, according to the Law on setting up the nomenclature of statistical territorial units in Romania
and to the requirements of the EC Regulation no. 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council regarding the setting up
of a common nomenclature of statistical territorial units NSTU, published in Official Journal of European Union no. L 154/2003.
The official names of the macroregions are presented in the tables, conventionaly, by numerical expression.

XII
GRUPAREA JUDEELOR, PE MACROREGIUNI I REGIUNI DE DEZVOLTARE
COUNTIES GROUPING, BY MACROREGION AND DEVELOPMENT REGION
Nord - Est
North - East
Nord - Vest
North - West
MACROREGIUNEA UNU / MACROREGION ONE

MACROREGIUNEA DOI / MACROREGION TWO


Centru
Center
MACROREGIUNEA TREI / MACROREGION THREE

MACROREGIUNEA PATRU / MACROREGION FOUR

Vest
West

Legend / Legend :
Orae / Towns
Municipii / Municipalities Bucureti Sud - Est
Reedine de jude / County residence South - East
Judee / Counties
Regiuni de dezvoltare / Development regions

Sud - Vest Oltenia


South - West Oltenia
Bucureti - Ilfov
Sud - Muntenia Bucharest - Ilfov
South - Muntenia
XIII
Anexa nr. 1
Annex no. 1

CLASIFICAREA ACTIVITILOR DIN ECONOMIA NAIONAL CAEN Rev. 2


(aprobat prin Ordinul nr. 337/20. IV. 2007 privind actualizarea Clasificrii activitilor din economia naional - CAEN,
publicat n M.O. nr. 293/03. V.2007 i revizuit n M.O. nr. 403/29. V.2008)
THE CLASSIFICATION OF ACTIVITIES IN THE NATIONAL ECONOMY CANE Rev. 2
(approved through Order no. 337/20. IV. 2007 on the classification of activities in the national economy - CANE updating,
published in the Official Journal no. 293/03. V. 2007 and revised in the Official Journal no. 403/29. V. 2008)

Seciune Diviziune Denumire Description


Section Division

A AGRICULTUR, SILVICULTUR I PESCUIT AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND FISHING


01 Agricultur, vntoare i servicii anexe Crop and animal production, hunting and related
service activities
02 Silvicultur i exploatare forestier Forestry and logging
03 Pescuitul i acvacultura Fishing and aquaculture

B INDUSTRIA EXTRACTIV MINING AND QUARRYING


05 Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior Mining of coal and lignite
06 Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas
07 Extracia minereurilor metalifere Mining of metal ores
08 Alte activiti extractive Other mining and quarrying
09 Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei Mining support service activities

C INDUSTRIA PRELUCRTOARE MANUFACTURING


10 Industria alimentar Manufacture of food products
11 Fabricarea buturilor Manufacture of beverages
12 Fabricarea produselor din tutun Manufacture of tobacco products
13 Fabricarea produselor textile Manufacture of textiles
14 Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte Manufacture of wearing apparel
15 Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture
de voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i of travel and leather goods, harness and footwear;
nclmintei; prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor preparation and dyeing of furs
16 Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn Manufacture of wood and of products of wood
i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles
paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite of straw and plaiting materials
17 Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie Manufacture of paper and paper products
18 Tiprire i reproducerea pe supori Printing and reproduction of recorded media
a nregistrrilor
19 Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum
obinute din prelucrarea ieiului products
20 Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products
21 Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and
preparatelor farmaceutice pharmaceutical preparations
22 Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice Manufacture of rubber and plastic products
23 Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral
products
24 Industria metalurgic Manufacture of basic metals
25 Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor Manufacture of fabricated metal products,
din metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii except machinery and equipment
26 Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor Manufacture of computer, electronic and
electronice i optice optical products
27 Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice Manufacture of electrical equipment
28 Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.
29 Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier, Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and
a remorcilor i semiremorcilor semi-trailers
30 Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport Manufacture of other transport equipment
31 Fabricarea de mobil Manufacture of furniture
32 Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
33 Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea mainilor Repair, maintenance and installation of machinery
i echipamentelor and equipment
D PRODUCIA I FURNIZAREA DE ENERGIE ELECTRICITY, GAS, STEAM AND
ELECTRIC I TERMIC, GAZE, AP AIR CONDITIONING PRODUCTION AND SUPPLY
CALD I AER CONDIIONAT
35 Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning
termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat production and supply

XIV
Anexa nr. 1 - continuare
Annex no. 1 - continued

Seciune Diviziune Denumire Description


Section Division

E DISTRIBUIA APEI; SALUBRITATE, WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE, WASTE


GESTIONAREA DEEURILOR, MANAGEMENT AND DECONTAMINATION
ACTIVITI DE DECONTAMINARE ACTIVITIES
36 Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei Water catchment, treatment and distribution
37 Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate Used water collection and purification
38 Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea deeurilor; Waste collection, purification and disposal;
activiti de recuperare a materialelor reciclabile activities of recycling materials recovery
39 Activiti i servicii de decontaminare Activities and services of decontamination

F CONSTRUCII CONSTRUCTION
41 Construcii de cldiri Construction of buildings
42 Lucrri de geniu civil Civil engineering
43 Lucrri speciale de construcii Specialised construction activities

G COMER CU RIDICATA I CU AMNUNTUL; WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE; REPAIR OF


REPARAREA AUTOVEHICULELOR I MOTOR VEHICLES AND MOTORCYCLES
MOTOCICLETELOR
45 Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul, ntreinerea i Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor
repararea autovehiculelor i a motocicletelor vehicles and motorcycles
46 Comer cu ridicata cu excepia comerului cu Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and
autovehicule i motociclete motorcycles
47 Comer cu amnuntul, cu excepia Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor motorcycles

H TRANSPORT I DEPOZITARE TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGE


49 Transporturi terestre i transporturi prin conducte Land transport and transport via pipelines
50 Transporturi pe ap Water transport
51 Transporturi aeriene Air transport
52 Depozitare i activiti auxiliare pentru transporturi Warehousing and support activities for transportation
53 Activiti de pot i de curier Postal and courier activities

I HOTELURI I RESTAURANTE HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS


55 Hoteluri i alte faciliti de cazare Hotels and other accommodation facilities
56 Restaurante i alte activiti de servicii de alimentaie Restaurants and other catering services

J INFORMAII I COMUNICAII INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION


58 Activiti de editare Publishing activities
59 Activiti de producie cinematografic, video i de Motion picture, video and television programme
programe de televiziune; nregistrri audio i production, sound recording and music publishing
activiti de editare muzical activities
60 Activiti de difuzare i transmitere de programe Programming and broadcasting activities
61 Telecomunicaii Telecommunications
62 Activiti de servicii n tehnologia informaiei Computer programming, consultancy and
related activities
63 Activiti de servicii informatice Information service activities

K INTERMEDIERI FINANCIARE I ASIGURRI FINANCIAL AND INSURANCE INTERMEDIATION


64 Intermedieri financiare, cu excepia activitilor Financial intermediation, except insurance and
de asigurri i ale fondurilor de pensii pension funding
65 Activiti de asigurri, reasigurri i ale fondurilor Insurance, reinsurance and pension funding
de pensii (cu excepia celor din sistemul public (except compulsory social security)
de asigurri sociale)
66 Activiti auxiliare intermedierilor financiare, Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation,
activiti de asigurare i fonduri de pensii insurance activities and pension funds

L TRANZACII IMOBILIARE REAL ESTATE ACTIVITIES


68 Tranzacii imobiliare Real estate activities

M ACTIVITI PROFESIONALE, TIINIFICE PROFESSIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND


I TEHNICE TECHNICAL ACTIVITIES
69 Activiti juridice i de contabilitate Legal and accounting activities

XV
Anexa nr. 1 - continuare
Annex no. 1 - continued

Seciune Diviziune Denumire Description


Section Division

70 Activiti ale direciilor (centralelor), birourilor Activities of head offices; management consultancy
administrative centralizate; activiti de management activities
i de consultan n management
71 Activiti de arhitectur i inginerie; activiti de Architectural and engineering activities; technical
testri i analiz tehnic testing and analysis
72 Cercetare-dezvoltare Scientific research and development
73 Publicitate i activiti de studiere a pieei Advertising and market research
74 Alte activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice Other professional, scientific and technical activities
75 Activiti veterinare Veterinary activities

N ACTIVITI DE SERVICII ADMINISTRATIVE I ADMINISTRATIVE AND SUPPORT SERVICE


ACTIVITI DE SERVICII SUPORT ACTIVITIES
77 Activiti de nchiriere i leasing Rental and leasing activities
78 Activiti de servicii privind fora de munc Employment activities
79 Activiti ale ageniilor turistice i a tur-operatorilor; Travel agency, tour operator reservation service and
alte servicii de rezervare i asisten turistic related activities
80 Activiti de investigaii i protecie Security and investigation activities
81 Activiti de peisagistic i servicii pentru cldiri Services to buildings and landscape activities
82 Activiti de secretariat, servicii suport i alte activiti Office administrative, office support and other
de servicii prestate n principal ntreprinderilor business support activities

O ADMINISTRAIE PUBLIC I APRARE; PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND DEFENCE;


ASIGURRI SOCIALE DIN SISTEMUL PUBLIC COMPULSORY SOCIAL SECURITY
84 Administraie public i aprare; asigurri sociale din Public administration and defence; compulsory
sistemul public social security

P NVMNT EDUCATION
85 nvmnt Education

Q SNTATE I ASISTEN SOCIAL HUMAN HEALTH AND SOCIAL WORK ACTIVITIES


86 Activiti referitoare la sntatea uman Human health activities
87 Servicii combinate de ngrijire medical i asisten Residential care activities
social, cu cazare
88 Activiti de asisten social, fr cazare Social work activities without accommodation

R ACTIVITI DE SPECTACOLE, CULTURALE I ARTS, ENTERTAINMENT AND RECREATION


RECREATIVE
90 Activiti de creaie i interpretare artistic Creative, arts and entertainment activities
91 Activiti ale bibliotecilor, arhivelor, muzeelor Libraries, archives, museums and other cultural
i alte activiti culturale activities
92 Activiti de jocuri de noroc i pariuri Gambling and betting activities
93 Activiti sportive, recreative i distractive Sports activities and amusement and recreation
activities

S ALTE ACTIVITI DE SERVICII OTHER SERVICE ACTIVITIES


94 Activiti asociative diverse Activities of membership organisations
95 Reparaii de calculatoare, de articole personale Repair of computers and personal and household
i de uz gospodresc goods
96 Alte activiti de servicii Other personal service activities

T ACTIVITI ALE GOSPODRIILOR PRIVATE ACTIVITIES OF HOUSEHOLDS AS EMPLOYERS;


N CALITATE DE ANGAJATOR DE PERSONAL UNDIFFERENTIATED GOODS AND SERVICES-
CASNIC; ACTIVITI ALE GOSPODRIILOR PRODUCING ACTIVITIES OF
PRIVATE DE PRODUCERE DE BUNURI I HOUSEHOLDS FOR OWN USE
SERVICII DESTINATE CONSUMULUI PROPRIU
97 Activiti ale gospodriilor private n calitate de Activities of households as employers of domestic
angajator de personal casnic personnel
98 Activiti ale gospodriilor private de producere Undifferentiated goods and services producing
de bunuri i servicii destinate consumului propriu activities of private households for own use

U ACTIVITI ALE ORGANIZAIILOR I ACTIVITIES OF EXTRATERRITORIAL


ORGANISMELOR EXTRATERITORIALE ORGANISATIONS AND BODIES
99 Activiti ale organizaiilor i organismelor Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies
extrateritoriale

XVI
PRESCURTRI FOLOSITE PENTRU UNITILE DE MSUR
ABBREVIATIONS USED FOR UNITS OF MEASUREMENT

U.M. = unitate de msur MVA = megavoltamper


M.U. = measurement unit = megavoltamper
mm = milimetru CP = cal putere
= millimetre HP = horse power
m = metru kcal = kilocalorie
= metre = kilocalorie
m2 = metru ptrat Gcal = gigacalorie
= square metre = gigacalorie
m3 = metru cub kO = kilooctet
= cubic metre = kilooctet
ha (10000 m2) = hectar
'' = secund
= hectare
= second
km = kilometru
= kilometre ' = minut
= minute
km2 = kilometru ptrat
= square kilometre h = or
= hour
microgr. = microgram
= microgram 0 = grad
mg = miligram = degree
= miligram nr. = numr
g = gram no. = number
= gram % = procent
kg = kilogram = percentage
= kilogram mii = mii
t = ton thou = thousands (thou)
= tonne mil. = milion
tdw = ton deadweight mill. = million
= tonne deadweight
mild. = miliard
l = litru bn = billion
= litre
echiv. = echivalent
dal = decalitru equiv. = equivalent
= decalitre
S.A. = substan activ
hl = hectolitru A.S. = active substance
= hectolitre
buc. = bucat
W = watt
pcs. = pieces
= watt
kW = kilowatt per. = pereche
= kilowatt = pair
kWh = kilowatt - or garnit. = garnitur
= kilowatt - hour = set
kVA = kilovoltamper n.c.a. = neclasificate altundeva
= kilovoltamper n.e.c. = not elsewhere classified

SIMBOLURI FOLOSITE
SYMBOLS USED

- = nu este cazul G = grafic


= data not applicable = graph
... = lips date *) = date mai mici dect 0,5
= data not available = magnitude less than 0.5

~ = date nensumabile **) = date mai mici dect 0,05


= nontotalized data = magnitude less than 0.05

c = date confideniale ***) = date mai mici dect 0,005


= confidential data = magnitude less than 0.005

= tabele ce apar numai pe CD-ROM.


= tables included only on the CD-ROM.

XVII
GEOGRAFIE, METEOROLOGIE
I MEDIU NCONJURTOR

GEOGRAPHY, METEOROLOGY
AND ENVIRONMENT
1
CUPRINS TABELE Pagina TABLES CONTENTS
Page

GEOGRAFIE I ORGANIZARE GEOGRAPHY AND ADMINISTRATIVE-


ADMINISTRATIV-TERITORIAL TERRITORIAL ORGANISATION

1.1 Poziia geografic a Romniei ..................................... 10 Geographical position of Romania


1.2 Lungimea frontierelor Romniei .................................. 11 Length of Romanias borders
1.3 Principalele altitudini muntoase ................................... 11 Major mountain peaks
1.4 Lungimea principalelor cursuri de ap de pe
teritoriul Romniei ....................................................... 13 Length of major rivers on Romanian territory
1.5 Principalele lacuri naturale .......................................... 14 Major natural lakes
1.6 Principalele lacuri antropice ........................................ 15 Major anthropic lakes
1.7 Altitudinea medie a principalelor orae din Romnia .. 16 Average height of major towns in Romania
1.8 Organizarea administrativ a teritoriului Romniei, Administrative organisation of Romanian territory,
la 31 decembrie 2011 ................................................. 17 on December 31, 2011

METEOROLOGIE METEOROLOGY

1.9 Temperatura aerului (media lunar i anual) ............ 18 Air temperature (monthly and yearly average)
1.10 Temperatura aerului (maxima absolut i Air temperature (monthly and yearly absolute
minima absolut lunar i anual) .............................. 20 maximum and absolute minimum)
1.11 Precipitaii atmosferice (cantitatea lunar i anual) .. 28 Precipitations (monthly and yearly quantity)

MEDIU NCONJURTOR ENVIRONMENT

Resurse naturale Natural resources


1.12 Ariile protejate, n anul 2011 ........................................ 30 Protected areas, in 2011
1.13 Rezervaii ale biosferei, n anul 2011 .......................... 30 Biosphere reservations, in 2011
1.14 Parcurile naionale i parcurile naturale, National and natural parks,
n anul 2011 ................................................................ 31 in 2011
1.15 Resursele de ap asigurate, potrivit Water resources assured, according to the
gradului de amenajare, n anul 2011 .......................... 32 arrangement level, in 2011
Calitatea factorilor de mediu Environment factors quality
1.16 Calitatea apelor de suprafa, n anul 2011 ................. 32 Superficial water quality, in 2011
Msuri de protecie a mediului Environment protection measures
1.17 Investiii pentru protecia mediului, n anul 2011 ......... 33 Investments for environment protection, in 2011
1.18 Cheltuieli curente interne pentru protecia mediului, Internal current expenditure for environment
n anul 2011 ................................................................ 34 protection, in 2011

SURSA DATELOR DATA SOURCE

Cercetri statistice: Statistical surveys:


Cercetarea statistic privind cheltuielile pentru Statistical survey on environment protection
protecia mediului, completat de operatori expenditure, filled in by economic operators and
economici i unitile administraiei publice. public administration units.

2
Surse administrative: Administrative sources:
Institutul de Geografie Bucureti; Institute of Geography Bucharest;
Inspectoratul General al Poliiei de Frontier din General Inspectorate of Border Police within the
cadrul Ministerului Administraiei i Internelor; Ministry of Administration and Interior;
Administraia Naional de Meteorologie; National Administration of Meteorology;
Ministerul Mediului i Pdurilor; Ministry of Environment and Forests;
Ministerul Finanelor Publice; Ministry of Public Finances;
Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului; National Agency for Environment Protection;
Regia Naional a Pdurilor; National Company of Forests;
Administraia Naional Apele Romne. National Administration Romanian Waters.

GEOGRAFIE I ORGANIZARE GEOGRAPHY AND ADMINISTRATIVE-


ADMINISTRATIV-TERITORIAL TERRITORIAL ORGANISATION

Prezentare Description

Romnia este situat n centrul geografic al Europei Romania is situated in the geographical centre of
(sud-estul Europei Centrale), la nord de Peninsula Europe (south-east of Central Europe) at the north of the
Balcanic, la jumtatea distanei dintre Coasta Balkan Peninsula, at half the distance between Atlantic
Atlanticului i Munii Ural, n interiorul i exteriorul arcului Coast and The Urals, inside and outside the Carpathians
Munilor Carpai, pe cursul inferior al Dunrii (1075 km) Arch, on the Danube lower course (1075 km) and has
i cu ieire la Marea Neagr. exit to the Black Sea.
De altfel, paralela 45N cu meridianul 25E se Otherwise, the 45N parallel with the 25E meridian
intersecteaz n apropiere de centrul geometric al rii, la intersects near the geometrical centre of the country,
100 km N-V de capitala rii, Bucureti. 100 km N-V of the country capital, Bucharest.
Cu o suprafa de 238391 km2, Romnia este Romania is the twelfth country of Europe, having an
a 12-a ar ca mrime a Europei. area of 238391 km2.
Ieirea la mare nlesnete legturile cu rile din The exit to the sea enables the connections with the
bazinul Mrii Negre, bazinul Mrii Mediterane i, prin countries in the Black Sea basin, in the Mediterranean
intermediul acesteia, cu restul lumii. Sea basin and, by means of this, rest of the world.
Litoralul romnesc al Mrii Negre se desfoar pe Romanian seaside of the Black Sea is lying on
245 km, ntre grla Musura (grania cu Ucraina) i 245 km, between Musura stream (at the border with Ukraine)
localitatea Vama Veche (grania cu Bulgaria). and Vama Veche locality (at the border with Bulgaria).
Relieful Romniei se compune din trei trepte Romania's relief consists of three major levels: the
majore: cea nalt a Munilor Carpai (cel mai nalt vrf highest one in the Carpathians (the highest peak
Moldoveanu 2544 m), cea medie care corespunde Moldoveanu 2544 m), the middle one which corresponds
Subcarpailor, dealurilor i podiurilor i cea joas, a to the Sub-Carpathians, to the hills and to the plateaus
cmpiilor, luncilor i Deltei Dunrii. Delta Dunrii, cea and the lowest one in plains, meadows and Danube
mai tnr unitate de relief, n continu formare, are Delta. The Danube Delta, the youngest relief unit under
altitudinea medie de 0,52 m. permanent formation, has the average height of 0.52 m.
Caracteristicile principale ale unitilor de relief sunt Main features of relief units are proportionality
proporionalitatea (31% muni, 36% dealuri i podiuri, (31% mountains, 36% hills and plateaus, 33% plains and
33% cmpii i lunci) i dispunerea concentric a treptelor meadows) and concentric display of the relief major
majore ale reliefului. levels.
Clima Romniei este temperat-continental de Romanias climate is temperate-continental of
tranziie, cu influene oceanice dinspre vest, transition, with oceanic influences from the West,
mediteraneene dinspre sud-vest i continental-excesive Mediterranean ones from South-West and continental-
din est. Temperatura medie multianual este difereniat excessive ones from the East. Multiannual average
latitudinal, respectiv 8C n nord i peste 11C n sud, i temperature is latitudinally different, 8C in the North and
altitudinal, cu valori de -2,5C n etajul montan over 11C in the South, and altitudinally, with values of
(Vrfu Omu - masivul Bucegi) i 11,6C n cmpie -2.5C in the mountain floor (Omu peak - Bucegi massif)
(oraul Zimnicea - judeul Teleorman). and 11.6C in the plain (Zimnicea town - Teleorman county).
Precipitaiile anuale scad n intensitate de la vest la Yearly precipitations decrease in intensity from west
est, respectiv de la peste 600 mm la mai puin de 500 mm to east, from over 600 mm to less 500 mm in the East

3
n Cmpia Romn de Est, sub 450 mm n Dobrogea i Romanian Plain, under 450 mm in Dobrogea and about
circa 350 mm pe litoral, pentru ca n regiunile muntoase 350 mm by seaside, in the mountainous areas they
s ajung la 1000-1500 mm. reach 1000-1500 mm.
Apele curgtoare ale Romniei sunt dispuse radial, Romanian running waters are radially displayed,
marea majoritate avnd izvoarele n Carpai. Principalul most of them having the springs in the Carpathians. Their
colector al acestora este fluviul Dunrea, care strbate main collector is the Danube river, which crosses the
ara n partea sudic pe o lungime de 1075 km i se country in the south on 1075 km length and flows into the
vars n Marea Neagr. Black Sea.
Lacurile sunt reprezentate prin lacuri naturale The lakes are represented by natural lakes
(numeroase tipuri genetice) rspndite n toate unitile (numerous genetic types) spread in all major units of
majore de relief, de la cele glaciare n etajul alpin (Lacul relief, from glacial ones in the alpine floor (Mioarelor
Mioarelor - Fgra la 2282 m) la limanele Lake - Fgra 2282 m) to river-maritime banks
fluvio-maritime (Lacul Techirghiol la 1,5 m) i prin lacuri (Techirghiol Lake at 1.5 m) and anthropic lakes, as well
antropice, de asemenea n toate unitile de relief. in all relief units.
Vegetaia este condiionat de relief i de The vegetation is determined by the relief and by
elementele pedo-climatice, ntlnindu-se o dispunere pedo-climatic elements, being displayed in floors.
etajat a acesteia. Regiunile montane sunt acoperite de Mountainous regions are covered by coniferous forests
pduri de conifere (ndeosebi molid), pduri de amestec (especially spruce fir), mixture forests (beech, fir-tree,
(fag, brad i molid) i pduri de fag. Pe culmile mai nalte spruce fir) and beech forests. Higher peaks are covered
se afl pajiti alpine i tufriuri de jneapn, ienupr, by alpine lawns and bushes of dwarf pine, juniper,
afin, merior i altele. bilberry, red bilberry a.s.o.
n regiunile de deal i de podi se ntlnesc pduri In the hills and plateaus regions there are broad-
de foioase n care predomin fagul, gorunul sau stejarul; leaved forests, prevailing beech, common oak or durmast
pe dealurile joase i cmpiile nalte, adesea, principalele oak; the main forest species often met on low hills and
specii care alctuiesc pdurile sunt cerul i grnia. high plains are Quercus cerris and Quercus frainetto.
Vegetaia de step i de silvostep, care ocupa ariile The steppe and silvosteppe vegetation, which
cu deficit de umiditate din Podiul Dobrogei, Cmpia covered the areas of low humidity in Dobrogea Plateau,
Romn, Podiul Moldovei, Cmpia Banatului i Romanian Plain, Moldova Plateau, Banat and Criana
Crianei, a fost, n cea mai mare parte, nlocuit prin Plain has been mostly replaced by agricultural crops.
culturi agricole.
Fauna Romniei este grupat pe areale difereniate Romania's fauna is grouped by different areals
n funcie de biotopul fiecrei specii. n etajul alpin apar according to each species biotype. Relict elements as
elemente relicte precum capra neagr i vulturul de black goat (chamois) and mountain vulture live in the
munte. n pdurile carpatine triesc diferite mamifere: alpine area. In the Carpathian forests live various
urs, cerb, rs, lup, mistre, cprior, veveri i un numr animals: bear, buck, lynx, wolf, wild boar, roebuck,
mare de specii de psri. n cteva regiuni muntoase se squirrel and several species of birds. In a few
mai pstreaz cocoul de munte i cocoul de mountainous areas both mountain cock and birch cock
mesteacn; n regiunile de deal i cmpie sunt are still met. In the hill and field areas there are hares,
rspndite: iepurele, crtia, ariciul, diferite psri, moles, hedgehogs, various birds, lizards, batrachia
oprle, batracieni .a.; pentru zonele de step sunt a.s.o.; rodent animals as gopher and hamster are
caracteristice roztoarele (popndul i hrciogul). characteristic for the steppe areas. Water fauna is
Fauna acvatic este reprezentat ndeosebi prin pstrv represented especially by trout in the mountainous
n apele de munte (lostria, mai rspndit n trecut, a waters (huck which was mostly spread in the past has
devenit destul de rar); clean i mrean n regiunile de become quite rare); dace and barbel in the hill region;
deal; crap, biban, tiuc, somn, caras n cele de cmpie carp, perch, pike, sheat fish, crucian in the field region
i Delta Dunrii; n apele marine teritoriale i pe Dunrea and Danube Delta; sturgeon species are also met in the
inferioar se ntlnesc i specii de sturioni. marine territorial waters and on the downstream Danube.
Resursele minerale utile ale Romniei sunt variate. Romania's useful minerals resources are various.
Printre principalele resurse minerale utile pot fi Among the main useful minerals resources we can
menionate: petrolul, cu vechi tradiii de exploatare; mention: crude oil, with old exploitation traditions; natural
gazele naturale; crbunii, n special huila cocsificabil, gas; coal, especially coking pitcoal, brown coal and
crbunele brun i lignitul; minereuri feroase i neferoase, lignite; ferrous and non-ferrous ores, gold, silver and
zcminte de aur, argint i de bauxit; rezerve mari de bauxite ore deposits; vast reserves of salt as well as

4
sare, precum i o serie de resurse nemetalifere. numerous non-metalliferrous resources. A special category
O categorie aparte a bogiilor de subsol o constituie of subsoil riches is constituted by over 2000 mineral
cele peste 2000 de izvoare de ape minerale, cu valene water springs, with consumption and medical treatments
pentru consum i tratamente medicale. valences.
Teritoriul Romniei este mprit din punct de Romanian territory is divided from administrative
vedere administrativ n: sate, comune, orae, municipii viewpoint into: villages, communes, towns, municipalities
i judee. and counties.
Conform Legii privind stabilirea nomenclatorului According to the Law on setting up the nomenclature
unitilor teritoriale statistice din Romnia s-au constituit of statistical territorial units in Romania, four
patru macroregiuni (n concordan cu prevederile macroregions were constituted (according to the Law
Legii nr. 315/2004 privind dezvoltarea regional n no. 315/2004 on regional development in Romania and
Romnia i armonizarea cu cerinele Regulamentului harmonisation to the requirements of the EC Regulation
CE nr. 1059/2003 al Parlamentului i al Consiliului no. 1059/2003 of the European Parliament and of the
European privind stabilirea unui nomenclator comun al Council regarding the setting up of a common
unitilor teritoriale de statistic NUTS, publicat n nomenclature of statistical territorial units NUTS,
Jurnalul Oficial al Uniunii Europene nr. L 154/2003. published in Official Journal of European Union
no. L 154/2003.
Macroregiunile nu sunt uniti administrativ-teritoriale Macroregions are not administrative territorial units
i nu au personalitate juridic; sunt constituite pentru a and have no legal entity, they are constituted to assure
asigura colectarea, elaborarea i difuzarea statisticilor the collection, compilation and transmission of
regionale armonizate la nivelul Uniunii Europene. harmonised regional statistics at European Union level.
Ca uniti teritoriale (non-administrative) au fost As territorial (non-administrative) units, 8 regions of
create 8 regiuni de dezvoltare, constituite prin reuniunea development were created, gathering several counties.
mai multor judee.
Judeul reprezint unitatea administrativ-teritorial County represents traditional administrative-
tradiional n Romnia, alctuit din orae i comune, n territorial unit in Romania, including towns and
funcie de condiiile geografice, economice, social- communes, depending on geographical, economical and
politice i de legturile culturale i tradiionale ale social-political conditions and population cultural and
populaiei. Teritoriul Romniei este organizat n 42 de traditional relations. Romanian territory is organized into
judee (inclusiv Municipiul Bucureti). 42 counties (including Bucharest Municipality).
Municipiul este un ora cu un rol economic, social, Municipality is a town, with an important economic,
politic i cultural nsemnat avnd, de regul, funcie social, political and cultural role, usually having
administrativ. administrative function.
Oraul reprezint o concentrare uman cu o funcie Town represents a human concentration with
administrativ i un mod de via specific ariilor urbane administrative function and a life specific to urban areas
i o structur profesional a populaiei n care predomin and with a population professional structure where the
cea ocupat n ramurile neagricole. population employed in non-agricultural branches prevails.
Comuna este unitatea administrativ-teritorial care Commune is a territorial-administrative unit which
cuprinde populaia rural unit prin comunitate de comprises rural population united by interest and
interese i tradiii, fiind alctuit din unul sau mai multe traditional community, including one or several villages
sate (din care unul este reedin de comun). (from which one is commune residence).
Satul este cea mai mic unitate teritorial, avnd Village is the smallest territorial unit, having
caracteristicile aezrilor de tip rural. characteristics of rural settlements.
Oraele principale: Bucureti, Timioara, Iai, Main cities: Bucharest, Timioara, Iai, Cluj-Napoca,
Cluj-Napoca, Constana, Craiova, Galai, Braov, Constana, Craiova, Galai, Braov, Ploieti, Brila,
Ploieti, Brila, Oradea, Bacu, Piteti, Arad, Sibiu. Oradea, Bacu, Piteti, Arad, Sibiu.
Porturile principale: Main harbours:
la Marea Neagr: Constana, Mangalia; at the Black Sea: Constana, Mangalia;
la Dunre: Moldova Nou, Orova, Drobeta-Turnu at the Danube: Moldova Nou, Orova, Drobeta-Turnu
Severin, Calafat, Corabia, Turnu Mgurele, Zimnicea, Severin, Calafat, Corabia, Turnu Mgurele,
Giurgiu, Oltenia, Clrai, Cernavod, Hrova, Zimnicea, Giurgiu, Oltenia, Clrai, Cernavod,
Mcin, Brila, Galai, Tulcea, Sulina. Hrova, Mcin, Brila, Galai, Tulcea, Sulina.

5
Aeroporturile principale: Bucureti (Henri Coand - Main airports: Bucharest (Henri Coand -
Otopeni i Aurel Vlaicu - Bneasa), Constana (Mihail Otopeni and Aurel Vlaicu - Bneasa), Constana
Koglniceanu), Timioara (Traian Vuia), Cluj-Napoca, (Mihail Koglniceanu), Timioara (Traian Vuia),
Iai, Craiova, Arad, Bacu, Baia Mare, Oradea, Satu Mare, Cluj-Napoca, Iai, Craiova, Arad, Bacu, Baia Mare,
Sibiu, Suceava, Trgu Mure, Tulcea. Oradea, Satu Mare, Sibiu, Suceava, Trgu Mure, Tulcea.
Capitala: Municipiul Bucureti (1919352 locuitori, The capital: Bucharest Municipality (1919352
la 1 iulie 2011 - date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate inhabitants on July 1, 2011 - provisional data to be
dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului rectified after the publication of final results of 2011,
Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011), mprit n ase Population and Housing Census), organised into six
sectoare administrative. Prima menionare documentar administrative sectors. The first documentary mention
dateaz din 20.IX.1459, ca reedin a lui Vlad epe. was on 20.IX.1459, as residence of Vlad epe. Capital
Capital a rii Romneti ncepnd din a doua jumtate of ara Romneasc since the second half of the XVIIth
a secolului al XVII-lea i Capitala Romniei, din anul century and Capital of Romania since 1862, Bucharest
1862, municipiul Bucureti este cel mai important centru Municipality is the most important political, economic and
politic, economic i cultural-tiinific al rii. cultural-scientific center of the country.
Limba oficial: limba romn. Official language: Romanian.
Drapelul Romniei este tricolor; culorile sunt Flag of Romania: is three - coloured; the colours
aezate vertical n ordinea urmtoare, ncepnd de la are placed vertically in the following order from the
lance: albastru, galben, rou. lance: blue, yellow, red.
Ziua naional a Romniei: 1 Decembrie. National day of Romania: December, 1.
Imnul naional al Romniei este Deteapt-te National anthem of Romania is Wake up,
romne. Romanian.
Forma de guvernmnt a Romniei este republica: Government form in Romania is the republic:
Republic, conform Constituiei adoptate n 1991 i Republic, according to the Constitution adopted in
modificat n 2003; 1991 and modified in 2003;
Puterea legislativ este reprezentat de un Legislative power is represented by two chamber
parlament bicameral (Camera Deputailor i Parliament (Chamber of Deputies and Senate), and
Senatul), iar puterea executiv este exercitat de executive power is carried out by Government led
Guvern, condus de un prim-ministru desemnat de by Prime Minister appointed by the countrys
preedintele rii; President;
Preedintele rii este ales n baza rezultatelor President of the country is elected based on
alegerilor generale prin scrutin universal pentru un general elections results by universal vote for a
mandat de 5 ani. 5 years mandate.
Moneda naional: Leu, cu subdiviziunea ban. National currency: Leu, with ban as subdivision.
Cursul monedei naionale este stabilit zilnic pe piaa The exchange rate is set on the interbank currency
valutar interbancar, moneda de referin fiind euro. market on a daily basis, reference currency being euro.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE METHODOLOGICAL NOTES

METEOROLOGIE METEOROLOGY

Cercetarea proceselor i fenomenelor fizice din The research on physical processes and phenomena
atmosfera terestr, care determin starea timpului i in the terrestrial atmosphere, which determine the weather
clima, are la baz msurtorile i observaiile and the climate, relies on the meteorological measurements
meteorologice ce se efectueaz permanent sau periodic and observations, permanently or periodically carried out in
n diferite puncte de pe suprafaa globului terestru i la different points on the terrestrial globe surface and at
diferite nlimi n atmosfera liber. Programul unitar al various altitudes in the free atmosphere. The unitary
msurtorilor i observaiilor, precum i alte activiti programme of measurements and observations, as well as
meteorologice se asigur prin colaborare other meteorological activities are assured by international
internaional, n cadrul Administraiei Naionale de co-operation within National Administration of Meteorology,
Meteorologie, cu Organizaia Meteorologic Mondial. with the World Meteorology Organisation.
Staia meteorologic reprezint punctul de pe The meteorological station represents the point
suprafaa terestr unde se efectueaz observaii i from the terrestrial surface, where measurements and

6
msurtori asupra tuturor elementelor i fenomenelor observations on all meteorological elements and
meteorologice, conform programului stabilit. Majoritatea phenomena are carried out in keeping with the
observaiilor, msurtorilor i determinrilor programme. Most of meteorological observations,
meteorologice de la staii se efectueaz pe platforma measurements and determinations from the stations are
meteorologic situat pe un teren deschis, tipic pentru performed on the meteorological area situated on an
regiunea respectiv, cu dimensionarea standard de open land, typical for the respective region, with the
26 m x 26 m. standard dimension of 26 m x 26 m.
Pentru cercetarea proceselor i fenomenelor In order to observe the atmospheric processes and
atmosferice i pentru calculul diferiilor parametri phenomena and to compute various meteorological and
meteorologici i climatici, este necesar raportarea climatic parameters, it is necessary to report
observaiilor i msurtorilor, care se realizeaz att n observations and measurements, carried out both in
spaiu, ct i n timp. space and over time.
Programul climatologic reprezint complexul The climatic programme represents the complex of
observaiilor i msurtorilor meteorologice ce se meteorological observations and measurements
execut la staii, dup timpul solar mediu local, att la performed at stations, according to the local average solar
termenele fixe, ct i continuu n 24 de ore. Permanent, time, both at fixed deadlines and continuously during
la termenele climatologice (1, 7, 13, 19 timp solar mediu 24 hours. Permanently, at the climatic deadlines (1, 7, 13,
local) se efectueaz observaii i msurtori asupra: 19 local average solar time), the observations and
presiunii atmosferice, vntului, temperaturii i umezelii measurements are done for: atmospheric pressure, wind,
aerului, temperaturii suprafeei solului, nebulozitii, air temperature and humidity, ground surface temperature,
precipitaiilor, vizibilitii orizontale. Continuu, n tot cursul cloudiness, precipitations, horizontal visibility.
zilei i nopii se determin caracteristicile tuturor Continuously, during all day and night, the characteristics
fenomenelor meteorologice (hidrometeori, litometeori, of all meteorological phenomena (hydrometeors,
electrometeori etc.). litometeors, electrometeors a.s.o.) are determined.
Observaiile asupra temperaturii aerului constau Air temperature observations consist of air
n msurarea temperaturii aerului la termenele stabilite i temperature measurement at the observation deadlines
n determinarea valorilor maxime i minime ale acesteia and of determining its maximum and minimum values,
n intervalele de timp dintre aceste termene. during the intervals between the climatic observation
deadlines.
Temperatura aerului se msoar cu instrumente cu Air temperature is measured with direct reading
citire direct, psihrometrul cu ventilaie artificial, instruments, the psychrometer with artificial ventilation,
termometrul de maxim cu mercur i termometrul de the thermometer of maximum with mercury and the
minim cu alcool i cu aparate nregistratoare thermometer of minimum with alcohol and with recording
(termografe). Pentru ca instrumentele cu care se apparatus (thermographs). In view to ensure that the
msoar temperatura i umezeala aerului s nu fie instruments for measuring air temperature and humidity
influenate direct de radiaia solar, de radiaia terestr, are not directly influenced by the solar, terrestrial
de precipitaii i de rafalele vntului, ele se instaleaz n radiation, by precipitations and by wind gusts, they
adpostul meteorologic situat la 2 m nlime deasupra should be placed in the meteorological shelter situated at
solului. 2 meters high above the ground.
Msurarea cantitilor de ap ce provin din The measurement of water quantities coming
precipitaii atmosferice sau care se depun din ali from atmospheric precipitations or deposited by other
hidrometeori se efectueaz cu ajutorul pluviometrului, iar hydrometeors is carried out by means of pluviometer and
nregistrarea continu a precipitaiilor (lichide) se face cu the continuous recording of precipitations (liquids) is
pluviograful. Cantitile de ap se msoar zilnic la performed with the pluviograph. Water quantities are
termenele climatologice (1, 7, 13, 19) i se exprim prin daily measured at climatic deadlines (1, 7, 13, 19) and
grosimea stratului de ap czut, n mm (1mm=1l / m2). they are expressed by the thickness of the fallen water
layer, in mm (1mm=1l / m 2).

MEDIU NCONJURTOR ENVIRONMENT

Resursele de ap reprezint potenialul hidrologic Water resources represent the hydrological


format din apele de suprafa i subterane n regim potential consisting of the superficial and underground
natural i amenajat, inventariate la nceputul anului, din waters, under natural and arranged conditions, registered
care se asigur alimentarea diverselor folosine. at the beginning of the year, of which the utilities are fed.

7
Ariile naturale protejate, conform O.U.G. Natural protected areas, according to G.P.O.
nr. 57/2007, reprezint zone terestre, acvatice i/sau no. 57/2007, represents terrestrial, aquatic and/or
subterane, cu perimetrul legal stabilit i avnd un regim underground areas, with legally settled perimeter and
special de ocrotire i conservare, n care exist specii de with a special protection and preservation regime, where
plante i animale slbatice, elemente i formaiuni wild plants and animal species, bio-geographic elements
biogeografice sau de alt natur, cu valoare ecologic, and formations or of other nature, with special ecological,
tiinific sau cultural deosebit i cuprind: scientific or cultural value exist and include:
rezervaii ale biosferei - arii naturale protejate al reservations of biosphere - protected natural areas
cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor zone whose purpose is the protection and preservation of a
de habitat natural i a diversitii biologice specifice; natural habitat areas and of specific biologic diversity;
parcuri naionale - arii naturale protejate al cror national parks - natural protected areas whose
scop este protecia i conservarea unor eantioane purpose is the protection and preservation of
reprezentative pentru spaiul biogeografic naional; representative samples for the national bio-geographic
space;
parcuri naturale - arii naturale protejate al cror natural parks - natural protected areas whose
scop este protecia i conservarea unor ansambluri purpose is the protection and preservation of
peisagistice n care interaciunea activitilor umane landscape piles in which human activities
cu natura de-a lungul timpului a creat o zon interactions in time created a distinct area, with
distinct, cu valoare semnificativ peisagistic i/sau landscape and/or cultural significant value, often
cultural, deseori cu o mare diversitate biologic; with a great biological diversity;
rezervaii tiinifice - arii naturale protejate al cror scientific reservations - natural protected areas
scop este protecia i conservarea unor habitate whose purpose is the protection and preservation of
naturale terestre i/sau acvatice, cuprinznd terrestrial and/or aquatic natural habitats, including
elemente reprezentative de interes tiinific; representative elements of scientific interest;
rezervaii naturale - arii naturale protejate al cror natural reservations - natural protected areas
scop este protecia i conservarea unor habitate i whose purpose is the protection and preservation of
specii naturale importante sub aspect floristic, important natural habitats and species from flora,
faunistic, forestier, hidrologic, geologic, speologic, fauna, forestry, hydrological, geological, speological,
paleontologic, pedologic; paleontological, pedological point of view;
monumente ale naturii - arii naturale protejate al natural monuments - natural protected areas
cror scop este protecia i conservarea unor whose purpose is the protection and preservation of
elemente naturale cu valoare i semnificaie natural elements and of ecological, scientific,
ecologic, tiinific, peisagistic deosebite; landscape special significance;
zone umede de importan internaional sunt wetlands of international importance are those
acele arii naturale protejate al cror scop este protected natural areas whose purpose is to ensure
asigurarea proteciei i conservrii siturilor naturale the protection and preservation of the natural sites
cu diversitate biologic specific zonelor umede; with a wetland-specific biological diversity;
arii de protecie special avifaunistic sunt acele arii special avifaunistic protection areas are those
naturale protejate ale cror scopuri sunt conservarea, protected natural areas whose purpose is the
meninerea, i acolo unde este cazul, readucerea preservation, maintenance and where necessary
ntr-o stare de conservare favorabil a speciilor de the conservative rehabilitation of the bird species
psri i a habitatelor specifice, desemnate pentru and specific habitats designated for wild migratory
protecia speciilor de psri migratoare slbatice; bird species protection;
situri de importan comunitar reprezint acele arii sites of community interest reprezent areas
care, n regiunile biogeografice n care exist, located in biogeographical regions, contributing
contribuie semnificativ la meninerea sau restaurarea la significantly to the maintenance or restoration to a
o stare de conservare favorabil a habitatelor naturale. favourable preservation state of the natural habitats.
Evaluarea calitii apelor de suprafa const n The evaluation of the superficial waters
monitorizarea parametrilor biologici hidromorfologici, quality is carried out by monitoring the biological
fizico-chimici, a poluanilor prioritari sau a altor poluani hidro - morfological parameters, physico - chemical,
evacuai n cantiti importante. the prioritary pollution agents or other pollution
agents evacuated in important quantities.

8
Potrivit Legii nr. 310/2004, anexa 11, se disting According to Law no. 310/2004, annex 11, 5 quality
5 clase de calitate, definite astfel: classes are distinguished, defined as follows:
clasa de calitate I - stare foarte bun - nu exist the first quality class - very good state - no
alterri (sau sunt foarte mici) ale valorilor alterations (or very few) of physico-chemical and
elementelor fizico-chimice i hidromorfologice de hydro-morfological quality elements value exist for
calitate pentru tipul de corpuri de ap de suprafa the type of superficial waters bodies as against
fa de cele asociate n mod normal cu acel tip n those normally associated with specific type in
condiii nemodificate; unchanged conditions;
clasa de calitate II - stare bun - valorile the second quality class - good state - biological
elementelor biologice de calitate pentru tipul de corp quality elements values for superficial water body
de ap de suprafa prezint nivele sczute de type presents low levels of change because of
schimbare datorit activitilor umane, dar deviaz human activity, but it slightly deviate as against those
uor fa de acele valori normale asociate cu tipul de normal values associated with superficial water
corpuri de ap de suprafa n condiii nemodificate; bodies type in unchanged conditions;
clasa de calitate III - stare moderat - valorile the third quality class - moderate state - biological
elementelor biologice de calitate pentru tipul de corp quality elements values for superficial water body
de ap de suprafa deviaz moderat fa de acelea type moderately deviates as against those which are
care sunt n mod normal asociate cu tipul de corp de normally associated with superficial water body type
ap de suprafa n condiii nemodificate. Valorile in unchanged conditions. These values presents
prezint semne moderate de perturbare ca urmare a moderate perturbation signs because of human
activitilor umane i sunt esenial perturbate fa de activities and are essentially perturbated as against
valorile din condiiile de stare bun; the good state conditions values;
clasa de calitate IV - slab - prezint dovezi de the fourth quality class - poor - presents major
alterri majore ale valorilor elementelor biologice de alteration proofs of the biological quality elements
calitate pentru tipul de corpuri de ape de suprafa i values for superficial water bodies type in which
n care comunitile biologice importante deviaz important biological communities significantly
semnificativ de la valorile normale asociate cu tipul deviates from the normal values associated with
de corpuri de ap de suprafa n condiii superficial water bodies type in unchanged
nemodificate; conditions;
clasa de calitate V - proast - prezint dovezi de the fifth quality class - bad - presents major
alterri majore ale valorilor elementelor biologice de alteration proofs of the biological quality elements
calitate pentru tipul de corpuri de ape de suprafa i values for superficials water bodies type and in
n care pri mari din comunitile biologice which big parts from important biological
importante care sunt n mod normal asociate cu tipul communities which are normally associated with
de corpuri de ap de suprafa n condiii superficial water bodies type in unchanged
nemodificate, sunt absente. conditions are absent.
Cheltuielile pentru protecia mediului includ Environment protection expenditure include
investiiile i cheltuielile curente interne pentru investments and internal current expenditure for carrying
desfurarea activitilor de supraveghere i protecie a out the activities of environment observation and
mediului, i care se refer la prevenirea sau repararea protection and refer to environment damages prevention
pagubelor aduse acestuia. or repair.
Investiiile pentru protecia mediului includ Investments for environment protection include
cheltuielile efectuate pentru lucrri de construcii, de the expenditure made for construction, installations and
instalaii i de montaj, pentru achiziionarea de utilaje, building works, for equipment, transport means
mijloace de transport, alte cheltuieli destinate crerii de purchasing, other expenditure meant to create new fixed
noi mijloace fixe pentru dezvoltarea, modernizarea, assets for the development, modernization,
reconstrucia celor existente, cu scopul de protecie a reconstruction of the already existent ones, having the
mediului. Ele includ, de asemenea, valoarea serviciilor purpose of environment protection. They also include the
legate de transferul de proprieti al mijloacelor fixe value of services related to existent fixed assets and land
existente i al terenurilor (taxe, materiale, comisioane, ownership transfer (taxes, materials, commissions,
cheltuieli de transport de ncrcare - descrcare). loading-unloading transport expenditure).
Cheltuieli curente interne pentru protecia mediului Current internal expenditure for environment
nsumeaz cheltuielile efectuate pentru operarea, protection are made of the expenditure for operating,
repararea i ntreinerea instalaiilor i utilajelor pentru repairs and maintenance of installations and equipment

9
protecia mediului de ctre personalul ntreprinderii. Ele for environment protection by enterprise staff. They
includ salariile i impozitele aferente i cheltuielile include salaries and taxes and material expenditure (raw
materiale (materii prime, materiale, combustibili, energie, materials, materials, fuels, energy, water a.s.o.). The
ap etc.). Cheltuielile curente interne nu includ cheltuielile current internal expenditure do not include
pentru achiziionarea de servicii de mediu de la teri. environmental services purchased from thirds.
Categoriile de productori de servicii pentru Categories of service producers for environment
protecia mediului sunt: protection are:
productorii nespecializai - uniti care execut o non-specialised producers - units carrying out an
activitate de protecia mediului ca activitate secundar activity of environment protection as their
sau auxiliar la o activitate principal. Activitatea secondary or auxiliary activity. Their main activity is
principal nu este una de protecia mediului. Aceste not the environment protection. These units are
uniti se regsesc n sectorul producie (CAEN Rev.2, found in the sector of production (CANE Rev. 2,
diviziunile: 02; 05-35; 41; 42; 43; 49; 50; 51); divisions: 02; 05-35; 41; 42; 43; 49; 50; 51);
productorii specializai - uniti care execut specialised producers - units carrying out an activity
activiti de protecia mediului ca activitate principal, of environment protection as their main activity,
conform CAEN Rev.2, diviziunile: 36; 37; 38; 39 i according to CANE Rev.2, divisions: 36; 37; 38 ; 39
clasa 4677; and 4677 class;
administraia public - toate unitile administraiei public administration - local and central units of
publice locale i centrale a cror producie de public administration whose non-market production
servicii de protecia mediului non-pia este of environment protection services is meant for
destinat consumului individual i colectiv individual and collective consumption (CANE Rev.2,
(CAEN Rev.2, clasa 8411). 8411 class).
Activitile specifice de protecia mediului sunt Specific activities of environment protection are
grupate dup domeniile de mediu, astfel: grouped by environmental domains, as follows:
prevenirea i combaterea polurii (protecia pollution prevention and reduction (air protection,
aerului, protecia apei, managementul deeurilor, water protection, wastes management, soil and
protecia solului i a apelor subterane); underground waters protection);
protecia resurselor naturale i conservarea natural resources protection and biodiversity
biodiversitii (protecia speciilor, arii protejate, preservation (species protection, protected areas,
remediere i reconstrucie ecologic, refacerea ecological remedy and reconstruction, aquatic
mediului acvatic, prevenirea fenomenelor naturale environment restoration, prevention of dangerous
periculoase); natural phenomena);
alte domenii (cercetare-dezvoltare, administrare other domains (research-development,
general a mediului, reducerea zgomotului i a environment general administration, noise and
vibraiilor, protecia mpotriva radiaiilor, educaie, vibrations reduction, protection against radiation,
instruire, informare). education, training, looking for information).

Poziia geografic a Romniei


1.1 Geographical position of Romania

Punctul extrem (localitatea) Judeul Longitudinea estic1) Latitudinea nordic


Extreme point (locality) County Longitude east1) Latitude north
Nord Satul Horoditea Botoani 26o4205 48o1506
North Horoditea village
Sud Oraul Zimnicea Teleorman 25o2332 43o3707
South Zimnicea town
Est Oraul Sulina Tulcea 29o4124 45o0936
East Sulina town
Vest Comuna Beba Veche Timi 20o1544 46o0727
West Beba Veche commune

1) Dup Greenwich. / According to Greenwich.

10
Lungimea frontierelor Romniei
1.2 Length of Romanias borders
km
Lungimea frontierelor / Border length

Total Terestr Fluvial Maritim


Total Land River Sea

Total granie 3149,9 1085,6 1816,9 247,4 Total borders

Bulgaria 631,3 139,1 470,0 22,2 Bulgaria


Republica Moldova 681,3 - 681,3 - Republic of Moldova
Serbia 546,4 256,8 289,6 - Serbia
Ucraina 649,4 273,8 343,9 31,7 Ukraine
Ungaria 448,0 415,9 32,1 - Hungary
Marea Neagr 193,5 - - 193,5 Black Sea

Not: Lungimile frontierelor sunt oficializate numai cu Serbia i Ungaria, celelalte frontiere fiind calculate unilateral.
Note: Lengths of borders are official only with Serbia and Hungary, the other borders being unilaterally calculated.

Principalele altitudini muntoase


1.3 Major mountain peaks

Denumirea vrfului muntos Denumirea masivului muntos Judeul Altitudinea vrfului (m)
Name of peak Name of massif County Height (m)

Moldoveanu Fgra Arge 2544


Negoiu Fgra Arge, Braov, Sibiu 2535
Parngu Mare Parng Gorj, Hunedoara 2519
Peleaga Retezat Hunedoara 2509
Omu Bucegi Prahova, Braov, Dmbovia 2505
Retezat Retezat Hunedoara 2482
Iezerul Mare Iezer Arge 2462
Ppua Iezer Arge 2391
Pietrosu Rodna Maramure 2303
Gugu Godeanu Cara-Severin, Hunedoara 2291
Suru Fgra Sibiu, Vlcea 2283
Ineu Rodna Bistria-Nsud 2279
Cindrel Cindrel Sibiu 2244
tefleti Lotru Sibiu, Vlcea 2242
La Om (Piscul Baciului) Piatra Craiului Braov 2238
Godeanu Godeanu Cara-Severin, Gorj 2229
Cleanu arcu Cara-Severin 2190
arcu arcu Cara-Severin 2190
Leaota Leaota Dmbovia, Arge 2133
Vrful lui Ptru ureanu Hunedoara 2130
Ursu Cpna Vlcea 2124
Pietrosu Climan Suceava, Mure 2100
ureanu ureanu Hunedoara 2059
Farcu Maramure Maramure 1956
Ciuca Ciuca Braov, Prahova 1954
Toroiaga Maramure Maramure 1930

11
Principalele altitudini muntoase - continuare
1.3 Major mountain peaks - continued

Denumirea vrfului muntos Denumirea masivului muntos Judeul Altitudinea vrfului (m)
Name of peak Name of massif County Height (m)

Ocolau Mare Ceahlu Neam 1907


Toaca Ceahlu Neam 1900
Straja Vlcan Gorj, Hunedoara 1868
Budacu Bistria Neam, Suceava 1859
Giumalu Raru Suceava 1856
Cucurbta Mare Bihor Bihor, Alba 1849
ible ible Maramure, Bistria-Nsud 1837
Vldeasa Vldeasa Cluj 1836
Muntele Mare Muntele Mare Alba, Cluj 1826
Harghita Mdra Harghita Harghita 1800
Hmau Mare Hma Harghita, Neam 1792
Pietrosu Bistria Suceava 1791
Goru Vrancea Buzu, Vrancea 1784
Lcu Vrancea Covasna, Vrancea 1777
Saca Gurghiu Mure 1776
Penteleu Penteleu Buzu 1772
Vlacu Mic Munii Cernei Cara-Severin 1733
Cozia Cozia Vlcea 1668
Grindu Tarcu Bacu 1664
Raru Raru Suceava 1650
Nemira Nemira Bacu 1649
Lucina Obcina Mestecni Suceava 1588
Cucu Harghita Harghita, Covasna 1558
Bivolu Stnioara Neam 1530
Pacani Obcina Feredeu Suceava 1495
Vrful lui Stan Mehedini Mehedini 1466
Piatra Goznei Semenic Cara-Severin 1447
Guti Guti Maramure 1443
Poienia Munii Metaliferi Alba 1437
Pade Poiana Rusc Timi, Cara-Severin 1374
Dmbu Trascu Alba 1369
Igni Guti Maramure 1307
Ciomatu Bodoc Harghita 1301
Detunata Munii Metaliferi Alba 1258
Svinecea Mare Almj Cara-Severin 1224
Leordi Munii Aninei Cara-Severin 1160
Pleu Codru Moma Arad, Bihor 1112
Vrful Cetii Perani Braov 1104
Mgura Priei Mese Slaj 996
Drocea Zarand Arad 836
uuiatu Mcin Tulcea 467

12
Lungimea principalelor cursuri de ap de pe teritoriul Romniei
1.4 Length of major rivers on Romanian territory

Denumirea cursului de ap Lungimea cursului de ap (km) Suprafaa bazinului (km2)


River name Length of the river (km) Basin area (km2)

Dunre 1075 332501)


Mure 761 27890
Prut 742 10990
Olt 615 24050
Siret 559 42890
Ialomia 417 10350
Some 376 15740
Arge 350 12550
Jiu 339 10080
Buzu 302 5264
Dmbovia 286 2824
Bistria 283 7039
Jijia 275 5757
Trnava Mare 246 6253
Timi 244 5673
Criul Alb 234 4240
Vedea 224 5430
Moldova 213 4299
Brlad 207 7220
Trnava Mic 196 2071
Prahova 193 3738
Neajlov 186 3720
Olte 185 2663
Someul Mic 178 3773
Suceava 173 2298
Bega 170 2362
Arie 166 3005
Trotu 162 4456

1) Fr afluenii care formeaz bazine de ordinul 1. / Excluding the tributaries which form the first degree basins.

13
1.5 Principalele lacuri naturale
Major natural lakes

Denumirea lacului natural Judeul Suprafaa (ha) Volum (mil. m3)


Natural lake name County Area (ha) Volume (mill. m3)

Lacuri n circuri glaciare / Lakes of glacial circuses


Bucura Hunedoara 10,5 0,5
Znoaga Mare Hunedoara 9,0 1,0
Blea Sibiu 4,7 0,2
Clcescu Gorj 3,0 0,1
Lacuri n cratere vulcanice / Lakes of volcanic crater
Sfnta Ana Harghita 22,0 0,6
Lacuri n depresiuni carstice / Lakes of karstic depressions
Zton Mehedini 20,0 1,0
Iezerul Ighiu Alba 5,3 0,2
Vintileasca Vrancea 4,7 0,1
Lacuri de baraj natural / Lakes of natural barrage
Lacul Rou Harghita 12,6 0,7
Bltu Bacu 6,0 0,1
Lacuri n crovuri (depresiuni de tasare) / Clasto-karstic lakes
Ianca Brila 322,0 1,6
Movila Miresii Brila 180,0 4,5
Lacul Srat-Brila Brila 39,0 0,2
Limane fluviatile / River banks
Oltina Constana 2509,0 60,0
Iezerul Mostitei Clrai 1860,0 160,01)
Balta Alb Buzu, Brila 1012,0 5,1
Jirlu Brila 890,0 5,6
Amara-Buzu Buzu 600,0 3,6
Snagov Ilfov 575,0 17,3
Cldruani Ilfov 224,0 4,5
Hazarlc Constana 168,0 0,8
Amara-Ialomia Ialomia 132,0 2,6
Limane fluvio-maritime / River - maritime banks
Taaul Constana 2335,0 57,0
Techirghiol Constana 1161,0 41,8
Mangalia Constana 261,0 15,7
Tatlageac Constana 178,0 14,0
Lagune marine / Maritime lagoons
Razim Tulcea 41500,0 909,0
Sinoie Constana 17150,0 210,7
Zmeica Tulcea 5460,0 45,6
Siutghiol Constana 1900,0 88,7
Lacuri de lunc / River meadow lakes
Brate Galai 2111,0 30,0
Bistre Dolj 1867,0 28,0
Suhaia Teleorman 1094,0 18,0
Lacul Rotund Tulcea 219,0 2,0
Lacuri din Delta Dunrii / Danube Delta lakes
Dranov Tulcea 2170,0 21,7
Lacul Rou Tulcea 1445,0 21,7
Gorgova Tulcea 1377,5 13,8
Lumina Tulcea 1367,5 20,5
Merhei Tulcea 1057,5 15,9
Furtuna Tulcea 977,5 9,8
Matia Tulcea 652,5 9,8

1) Volum rezultat din lucrrile de amenajare pentru irigaii. / Volume resulted from planning works for irrigations.

14
Principalele lacuri antropice
1.6 Major anthropic lakes

Denumirea Suprafaa la nivel Volumul la nivel normal


lacului antropic Judeul normal de retenie (ha) de retenie (mil. m3) Categoria de folosin
Anthropic lake name County Area at normal level Volume at normal level Category of use
of afflux (ha) of afflux (mill. m3)

Porile de Fier Mehedini 70000,01) 2400,0 energie / energy


Ostrovu Mare Mehedini 7920,0 800,0 energie / energy
Stnca-Costeti Botoani 5900,0 735,0 complex / complex
Izvorul Muntelui-Bicaz Neam 3100,0 1130,0 energie / energy
Strejeti Olt 2204,0 202,7 energie / energy
Ipoteti Olt 1692,0 110,0 energie / energy
Frunzaru Olt 1280,0 96,0 energie / energy
Izbiceni Olt 1095,0 74,0 energie / energy
Drgneti Olt 1080,0 76,0 energie / energy
Mihileti Ilfov 1013,0 76,3 complex / complex
Vidra Vlcea 950,0 340,0 energie / energy
Fntnele Cluj 884,0 212,9 energie / energy
Vidraru Arge 870,0 469,0 complex / complex
Drcani Botoani 500,0 6,1 piscicultur / fish breeding
Soleti Vaslui 452,0 15,8 complex / complex
Oaa Alba 447,0 131,0 energie / energy
Gura Apelor Hunedoara 420,0 210,0 energie / energy
Clineti Satu Mare 380,0 8,6 complex / complex
Siriu Buzu 360,0 126,0 complex / complex
Iovanu Gorj 290,0 120,0 complex / complex
Colibia Bistria Nsud 270,0 65,0 complex / complex
Lacul Morii Municipiul Bucureti 256,0 14,2 complex / complex
Vcreti Dmbovia 234,0 14,1 complex / complex
Brdior Vlcea 230,0 38,0 complex / complex
Pucai Vaslui 230,0 8,0 complex / complex
Tarnia Cluj 215,0 70,3 energie / energy
Pecineagu Dmbovia 182,0 63,0 complex / complex

1) ntre confluena Nera-Dunre i baraj (dup datele celor dou hidrocentrale). / Nera-Danube and dam confluence (according to the data
of the two hydro-power stations).

15
Altitudinea medie a principalelor orae din Romnia
1.7 Average height of major towns in Romania

Oraul Judeul Altitudinea medie (m)


Town County Average height (m)

Alba lulia Alba 235


Alexandria Teleorman 45
Arad Arad 107
Bacu Bacu 165
Baia Mare Maramure 225
Bistria Bistria-Nsud 360
Brlad Vaslui 90
Botoani Botoani 130
Braov Braov 625
Brila Brila 20
Bucureti / Bucharest - 85
Buzu Buzu 95
Clrai Clrai 13
Cluj - Napoca Cluj 360
Constana Constana 25
Craiova Dolj 100
Dej Cluj 285
Deva Hunedoara 220
Drobeta-Turnu Severin Mehedini 65
Fgra Braov 430
Focani Vrancea 55
Galai Galai 35
Giurgiu Giurgiu 23
Hunedoara Hunedoara 245
Iai Iai 95
Lugoj Timi 70
Media Sibiu 300
Miercurea Ciuc Harghita 665
Odorheiu Secuiesc Harghita 385
Oneti Bacu 210
Oradea Bihor 150
Petroani Hunedoara 650
Piatra Neam Neam 345
Piteti Arge 287
Ploieti Prahova 150
Reia Cara-Severin 245
Rmnicu Vlcea Vlcea 250
Roman Neam 195
Satu Mare Satu Mare 123
Sfntu Gheorghe Covasna 555
Sibiu Sibiu 415
Sighetu Marmaiei Maramure 270
Sighioara Mure 375
Slatina Olt 135
Slobozia Ialomia 35
Suceava Suceava 325
Tecuci Galai 50
Timioara Timi 90
Trgovite Dmbovia 280
Trgu Jiu Gorj 205
Trgu Mure Mure 330
Tulcea Tulcea 30
Turda Cluj 330
Turnu Mgurele Teleorman 23
Vaslui Vaslui 110
Zalu Slaj 275

Not: Oraul situat la cea mai mare altitudine medie este Predeal (judeul Braov) - 1060 m.
Oraul situat la cea mai mic altitudine medie este Sulina (judeul Tulcea) - 4 m.
Note: The town situated at the highest average height is Predeal (Braov county) - 1060 m.
The town situated at the lowest average height is Sulina (Tulcea county) - 4 m.

16
Organizarea administrativ a teritoriului Romniei, la 31 decembrie 2011
1.8 Administrative organisation of Romanian territory, on December 31, 2011

Macroregiunea Numrul
Regiunea de dezvoltare Suprafaa oraelor i din care: Numrul Numrul
Judeul total municipiilor municipii comunelor satelor
Macroregion Total area Number of which: Number of Number of
Development region (km2) of towns and municipalities communes villages
County municipalities

Total 238391 320 103 2861 12957


MACROREGIUNEA 1 68259 100 35 760 3588
MACROREGION 1
Nord - Vest / North - West 34159 43 15 403 1800
Bihor 7544 10 4 91 430
Bistria-Nsud 5355 4 1 58 235
Cluj 6674 6 5 75 420
Maramure 6304 13 2 63 214
Satu Mare 4418 6 2 59 220
Slaj 3864 4 1 57 281
Centru / Center 34100 57 20 357 1788
Alba 6242 11 4 67 656
Braov 5363 10 4 48 149
Covasna 3710 5 2 40 122
Harghita 6639 9 4 58 235
Mure 6714 11 4 91 464
Sibiu 5432 11 2 53 162
MACROREGIUNEA 2 72612 81 28 861 3862
MACROREGION 2
Nord - Est / North - East 36850 46 17 506 2414
Bacu 6621 8 3 85 491
Botoani 4986 7 2 71 333
Iai 5476 5 2 93 418
Neam 5896 5 2 78 344
Suceava 8553 16 5 98 379
Vaslui 5318 5 3 81 449
Sud - Est / South - East 35762 35 11 355 1448
Brila 4766 4 1 40 140
Buzu 6103 5 2 82 475
Constana 7071 12 3 58 189
Galai 4466 4 2 61 180
Tulcea 8499 5 1 46 133
Vrancea 4857 5 2 68 331
MACROREGIUNEA 3 36274 57 17 551 2110
MACROREGION 3
Sud - Muntenia / South - Muntenia 34453 48 16 519 2019
Arge 6826 7 3 95 576
Clrai 5088 5 2 50 160
Dmbovia 4054 7 2 82 353
Giurgiu 3526 3 1 51 167
Ialomia 4453 7 3 59 127
Prahova 4716 14 2 90 405
Teleorman 5790 5 3 92 231
Bucureti - Ilfov / Bucharest - Ilfov 1821 9 1 32 91
Ilfov 1583 8 - 32 91
Municipiul Bucureti 238 1 1 - -
Bucharest Municipality
MACROREGIUNEA 4 61246 82 23 689 3397
MACROREGION 4
Sud - Vest Oltenia 29212 40 11 408 2070
South - West Oltenia
Dolj 7414 7 3 104 378
Gorj 5602 9 2 61 411
Mehedini 4933 5 2 61 344
Olt 5498 8 2 104 377
Vlcea 5765 11 2 78 560
Vest / West 32034 42 12 281 1327
Arad 7754 10 1 68 270
Cara-Severin 8520 8 2 69 287
Hunedoara 7063 14 7 55 457
Timi 8697 10 2 89 313

17
1.9 Temperatura aerului (media lunar i anual)
Air temperature (monthly and yearly average)
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees
Staia Media lunar Monthly average Media Amplitudinea Meteorological
meteorologic Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie anual anual station
i anii January February March April May June July August September October November December Yearly Yearly and observation
de observaie average amplitude years

Satu Mare Satu Mare


1901 - 2000 -2,8 -0,6 4,5 10,4 15,7 18,8 20,4 19,8 15,5 10,1 4,9 0,1 9,7 23,2 1901 - 2000
2011 -0,7 -2,1 4,9 11,4 16,2 20,6 20,8 21,1 17,6 8,0 0,3 2,7 10,1 23,2 2011
Suceava Suceava
1901 - 2000 -4,8 -3,2 1,4 7,9 13,4 16,9 18,6 17,8 13,6 7,9 2,7 -2,2 7,5 23,4 1901 - 2000
2011 -2,7 -3,0 1,7 9,0 15,1 18,5 19,9 19,0 16,3 7,4 1,9 1,5 8,7 22,9 2011
Oradea Oradea
1901 - 2000 -1,9 0,3 5,2 10,8 15,9 19,0 20,9 20,4 16,3 10,9 5,3 0,8 10,3 22,8 1901 - 2000
2011 0,0 -1,2 6,0 12,4 16,8 21,1 21,8 22,6 19,4 9,8 1,9 3,1 11,1 23,8 2011
Iai Iai
1901 - 2000 -3,5 -1,8 3,1 10,2 16,0 19,5 21,2 20,5 15,9 10,0 4,1 -0,8 9,5 24,7 1901 - 2000
2011 -2,4 -2,3 3,5 10,3 16,7 20,7 22,9 21,6 18,1 8,8 2,7 2,6 10,3 25,3 2011
Cluj - Napoca Cluj - Napoca
1901 - 2000 -4,2 -2,1 3,6 9,2 14,4 17,4 19,1 18,4 14,2 8,8 3,3 -1,4 8,4 23,3 1901 - 2000
2011 -3,6 -3,5 4,6 10,1 14,6 18,7 19,8 19,9 17,3 7,6 -0,4 0,9 8,8 23,5 2011
Trgu Mure Trgu Mure
1901 - 2000 -4,0 -1,8 4,0 9,7 14,8 17,7 19,4 18,8 14,6 9,2 3,7 -1,3 8,7 23,4 1901 - 2000
2011 -3,1 -2,2 4,8 10,2 15,5 19,0 20,2 20,1 17,3 7,4 -0,7 1,0 9,1 23,3 2011
Bacu Bacu
1901 - 2000 -3,6 -2,1 2,9 9,7 15,2 18,9 20,6 19,8 15,3 9,5 3,7 -0,9 9,1 24,2 1901 - 2000
2011 -2,9 -2,1 2,5 9,9 15,8 20,2 22,0 20,6 17,6 8,1 2,1 1,3 9,6 24,9 2011
Timioara Timioara
1901 - 2000 -1,5 0,6 5,7 11,1 16,3 19,6 21,5 20,9 16,8 11,2 5,7 1,2 10,7 23,0 1901 - 2000
2011 -0,7 -1,0 6,3 12,7 16,6 21,3 22,6 22,9 20,3 10,1 2,5 3,5 11,4 23,9 2011
Deva Deva
1901 - 2000 -2,5 0,0 5,3 10,7 15,6 18,6 20,4 19,8 15,7 10,2 4,7 0,3 9,9 22,9 1901 - 2000
2011 -1,9 -1,3 5,7 11,8 15,7 19,5 20,8 21,4 19,1 9,1 0,7 1,8 10,2 23,3 2011
Sibiu Sibiu
1901 - 2000 -3,6 -1,4 3,9 9,5 14,4 17,5 19,2 18,6 14,5 9,2 3,8 -1,1 8,7 22,8 1901 - 2000
2011 -3,0 -2,6 4,6 10,1 14,8 18,6 20,3 20,6 18,2 8,2 -0,5 0,6 9,2 23,6 2011
Vrfu Omu Vrfu Omu
1901 - 2000 -10,6 -10,8 -8,5 -4,4 0,3 3,5 5,5 5,7 2,8 -0,8 -4,8 -8,4 -2,6 16,5 1901 - 2000
2011 -10,3 -9,2 -7,2 -5,2 0,6 4,3 7,0 7,8 5,8 -1,9 -3,9 -7,6 -1,7 18,1 2011
Galai Galai
1901 - 2000 -2,6 -0,9 4,0 10,8 16,5 20,4 22,5 21,9 17,3 11,3 5,2 0,1 10,5 25,1 1901 - 2000
2011 -2,4 -3,0 4,6 10,2 17,2 21,3 24,2 22,9 20,3 10,3 3,3 3,0 11,0 27,2 2011
Trgu Jiu Trgu Jiu
1901 - 2000 -2,4 -0,3 4,8 10,9 15,9 19,4 21,4 20,8 16,5 10,5 4,8 0,0 10,2 23,8 1901 - 2000
2011 -1,2 -1,0 4,9 11,9 16,7 20,8 22,2 22,2 20,1 9,8 1,7 1,7 10,8 23,4 2011
Buzu Buzu
1901 - 2000 -2,2 -0,2 4,4 10,9 16,6 20,3 22,3 21,9 17,4 11,2 5,1 0,4 10,7 24,5 1901 - 2000
2011 -2,4 -1,7 5,3 11,1 17,0 21,2 23,7 23,0 21,0 10,6 3,6 3,1 11,3 26,1 2011
Calafat Calafat
1901 - 2000 -1,4 0,6 5,7 11,9 17,4 21,0 23,3 22,8 18,2 11,9 5,7 1,0 11,5 24,7 1901 - 2000
2011 -0,4 0,2 4,7 12,4 17,5 22,4 24,0 24,4 22,4 11,7 2,9 3,5 12,1 24,8 2011
Turnu Mgurele Turnu Mgurele
1901 - 2000 -2,3 0,3 5,6 12,2 17,6 21,3 23,3 22,5 18,1 11,8 5,7 0,5 11,4 25,6 1901 - 2000
2011 -1,9 -0,7 5,4 11,5 17,1 21,8 23,9 23,3 21,1 10,5 2,5 2,3 11,4 25,8 2011
Bucureti - Filaret Bucharest - Filaret
1901 - 2000 -2,2 -0,2 5,3 11,6 16,9 20,7 22,9 22,4 17,7 11,8 5,5 0,4 11,0 25,1 1901 - 2000
2011 -1,5 -1,4 6,0 11,4 16,6 21,3 23,9 23,3 21,3 10,9 4,1 3,3 11,6 25,4 2011
Constana Constana
1901 - 2000 0,1 1,2 4,5 9,6 15,2 19,7 22,2 22,0 18,2 13,2 7,6 2,8 11,4 22,1 1901 - 2000
2011 1,0 0,5 4,6 9,2 16,2 21,5 24,1 23,6 21,2 12,0 5,1 5,1 12,0 23,6 2011

Sursa: Administraia Naional de Meteorologie.


Source: National Administration of Meteorology.

18 19
1.10 Temperatura aerului (maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual)
Air temperature (monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum)
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees
Maxima absolut Minima absolut
Staia anual i data anual i data Meteorological
meteorologic Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie nregistrrii nregistrrii station
i anii January February March April May June July August September October November December Yearly absolute Yearly absolute and observation
de observaie maximum and minimum and years
its date its date

Satu Mare Satu Mare


1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 14,7 17,9 26,0 30,7 32,4 36,3 37,2 39,4 37,3 28,3 24,2 18,0 39,4 monthly maximum
anul 1990 1989 1974 1950 1937 2000 1939; 1987 1952 1946 1943 1968 1989 16 august 1952 year
minima lunar -29,3 -27,6 -20,6 -6,4 -2,6 0,6 4,9 3,5 -4,7 -9,3 -19,6 -30,4 -30,4 monthly minimum
anul 1982 1940 1940 1954 1976 1977 1961 1980 1970 1971 1989 1961 24 decembrie/December 1961 year
2011 2011
maxima lunar 10,8 11,4 21,1 23,7 30,3 33,8 36,0 36,1 32,4 26,5 19,7 12,5 36,1 monthly maximum
ziua 10 8 16 22 28 23 10 25 5 5 6 5 25 august date
minima lunar -11,8 -13,1 -7,9 -0,3 -2,4 6,6 9,1 7,8 2,1 -8,6 -11,1 -7,9 -13,1 monthly minimum
ziua 31 27 1 11; 14 6 26 3 11 25 18 30 1 27 februarie/February date
Suceava Suceava
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 15,0 20,4 26,6 28,4 34,5 34,0 35,2 38,6 32,9 32,0 24,0 18,0 38,6 monthly maximum
anul 1984 1990 1952 1943 1958 1972 1988 1952 1986 1952 1994 1989 17 august 1952 year
minima lunar -29,6 -31,0 -21,9 -9,2 -2,2 1,5 5,5 4,2 -3,5 -8,0 -21,2 -29,8 -31,0 monthly minimum
anul 1954 1954 1955 1963 1999 1958 1989 1993 1953; 1977 1951; 1979 1942 1996 20 februarie/February 1954 year
2011 2011
maxima lunar 9,5 16,3 18,1 21,9 28,3 33,5 31,3 29,4 29,7 26,8 12,5 15,5 33,5 monthly maximum
ziua 15; 17 8 14 27 23 23 11 8 12 5 9 5 23 iunie/June date
minima lunar -17,1 -13,6 -14,5 -0,2 2,6 9,7 6,8 9,0 5,7 -4,7 -7,6 -11,4 -17,1 monthly minimum
ziua 6 16 3 21 6 21 3 29 26; 27 30 22 25 6 ianuarie/January date
Oradea Oradea
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 17,1 19,2 26,4 32,6 33,4 37,8 39,5 40,0 37,0 32,7 26,0 19,2 40,0 monthly maximum
anul 1939 1958 1974 1934 1968 2000 1936 2000 1942 1932 1997 1957 21 august 2000 year
minima lunar -29,2 -24,5 -18,6 -10,0 -4,0 1,0 5,0 4,2 -1,9 -10,5 -16,4 -26,2 -29,2 monthly minimum
anul 1942 1935 1932 1944 1943 1918 1943 1942; 1943 1970 1943 1915 1902 24 ianuarie/January 1942 year
2011 2011
maxima lunar 12,4 11,7 21,4 24,4 30,8 34,3 37,9 36,9 33,8 26,5 21,6 13,5 37,9 monthly maximum
ziua 10 18 16 27 31 23 10 25 5 1 5 12 10 iulie/July date
minima lunar -13,9 -9,8 -7,1 -0,2 0,6 7,9 10,0 10,9 4,0 -4,2 -9,9 -5,2 -13,9 monthly minimum
ziua 30 1 9 14 5 26 2 12 29 18 24 26 30 ianuarie/January date
Iai Iai
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 16,7 22,5 27,0 31,5 36,4 38,0 40,0 39,7 38,0 33,9 29,0 19,5 40,0 monthly maximum
anul 1921 1990 1926 1909 1950 1927 1909 1905 1946 1952 1926 1989 27 iulie/July 1909 year
minima lunar -30,6 -36,3 -22,7 -9,4 -3,0 3,5 6,3 4,6 -3,5 -9,6 -21,1 -29,5 -36,3 monthly minimum
anul 1963 1937 1952 1963 1935 1934 1929 1914 1921; 1931 1912 1993 1946 1 februarie/February 1937 year
2011 2011
maxima lunar 10,3 15,3 21,6 24,7 31,6 34,6 35,5 33,1 31,9 28,5 14,3 15,6 35,5 monthly maximum
ziua 18 7 15 29 30 24 20 23 12; 14 5 4 4 20 iulie/July date
minima lunar -16,6 -13,1 -15,7 1,5 3,8 10,7 10,4 10,2 4,9 -3,7 -7,9 -10,2 -16,6 monthly minimum
ziua 5 16 3 12 6 15 4 30 26 19; 27 30 25 5 ianuarie/January date
Cluj - Napoca Cluj - Napoca
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 14,0 19,3 26,6 30,2 32,5 36,0 37,0 38,0 33,7 32,6 26,0 18,7 38,0 monthly maximum
anul 1903 1966 1975 1926; 1950 1924 1935 1936 1952 1927 1952 1926 1982 16 august 1952 year
minima lunar -34,2 -32,5 -22,0 -8,4 -3,5 0,4 5,2 3,5 -3,0 -8,8 -22,3 -27,9 -34,2 monthly minimum
anul 1963 1929 1932 1923 1935 1955 1980 1933 1939 1997 1948 1927 23 ianuarie/January 1963 year
2011 2011
maxima lunar 9,1 8,2 19,6 21,8 28,4 32,5 33,1 33,7 30,7 25,4 16,0 13,5 33,7 monthly maximum
ziua 16 18 13 30 24 23 9 24 12 7 9 5 24 august date
minima lunar -18,6 -18,3 -10,9 -0,8 0,5 8,2 7,0 9,0 6,0 -6,0 -10,2 -9,9 -18,6 monthly minimum
ziua 30 2 8; 9 17 6 26 3 12 25 18 26 1 30 iauarie/January date

20 21
Temperatura aerului
(maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) - continuare

1.10 Air temperature


(monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum) - continued
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees
Maxima absolut Minima absolut
Staia anual i data anual i data Meteorological
meteorologic Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie nregistrrii nregistrrii station
i anii January February March April May June July August September October November December Yearly absolute Yearly absolute and observation
de observaie maximum and minimum and years
its date its date

Trgu Mure Trgu Mure


1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 14,0 19,0 27,0 32,5 34,4 35,3 39,0 38,5 38,2 31,5 26,5 18,3 39,0 monthly maximum
anul 1936 1994 1975 1934 1950 1963 1936 1946 1946 1952 1926 1960 29 iulie/July 1936 year
minima lunar -32,8 -32,0 -27,3 -7,5 -1,6 0,3 4,6 2,7 -3,3 -8,4 -19,6 -25,9 -32,8 monthly minimum
anul 1942; 1963 1929 1932 1929 1976 1928 1996 1958 1970 1988 1989 1927 25 ianuarie/January 1942; year
23 ianuarie/January 1963
2011 2011
maxima lunar 9,1 10,9 21,9 22,7 29,4 32,0 34,0 33,9 31,8 26,0 19,1 15,3 34,0 monthly maximum
ziua 16 7 16 24; 25; 27 24 23 20 25 12 7 6 13 20 iulie/July date
minima lunar -16,4 -11,4 -9,4 -2,9 0,4 8,7 9,1 7,8 5,7 -7,9 -9,8 -11,6 -16,4 monthly minimum
ziua 6 1; 3 9 11 6 26 3 30 25 18 24; 28 2 6 ianuarie/January date
Bacu Bacu
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 18,2 22,4 29,6 30,9 35,6 36,5 39,6 38,8 35,8 34,6 26,6 19,0 39,6 monthly maximum
anul 1984 1977 1952 1943 1908 1908 1988 1952 1946 1952 1990 1903 6 iulie/July 1988 year
minima lunar -30,8 -32,5 -21,5 -11,3 -3,0 2,7 6,0 3,0 -4,5 -10,0 -21,4 -27,8 -32,5 monthly minimum
anul 1963 1954 1986 1963 1912 1939 1904; 1954 1940 1977 1912 1993 1946 20 februarie/February 1954 year
2011 2011
maxima lunar 8,5 17,0 21,9 23,0 28,9 35,9 35,7 32,4 34,4 28,8 14,7 13,6 35,9 monthly maximum
ziua 18 8 15 27; 30 22; 24 24 9 8 14 1 9 5 24 iunie/June date
minima lunar -16,9 -12,2 -15,9 0,1 2,8 8,9 9,5 8,9 4,8 -4,0 -8,5 -10,1 -16,9 monthly minimum
ziua 5 1 3 17 7 21 3 29 27 19; 31 30 25 5 ianuarie/January date
Timioara Timioara
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 17,4 20,5 28,2 32,0 34,5 38,4 39,6 41,0 39,7 33,8 27,1 20,2 41,0 monthly maximum
anul 1979 1994 1952 1950 1950 1938 1939 1952 1946 1935 1926 1957 16 august 1952 year
minima lunar -35,3 -29,2 -20,0 -5,2 -5,0 2,2 5,9 5,0 -1,9 -6,8 -15,4 -24,8 -35,3 monthly minimum
anul 1963 1935 1932 1931 1935 1962 1962 1949 1970 1971 1922 1927 24 ianuarie/January 1963 year
2011 2011
maxima lunar 14,3 10,5 20,4 24,7 30,2 34,3 37,7 37,3 34,2 27,6 19,7 15,3 37,7 monthly maximum
ziua 9 8 15; 16 30 31 23 10 24 11 1 5 5 10 iulie/July date
minima lunar -15,3 -10,8 -7,0 2,2 1,7 10,2 8,8 10,8 8,9 -4,1 -7,7 -4,3 -15,3 monthly minimum
ziua 25 27 9 14 6 21 3 12 25 18 25 2 25 ianuarie/January date
Deva Deva
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 15,3 20,8 28,5 32,3 34,6 35,6 39,4 39,7 38,2 32,7 27,4 19,8 39,7 monthly maximum
anul 1939 1977 1952 1956 1950 1952; 1963 1931; 1936 1952 1946 1932 1926 1957 16 august 1952 year
minima lunar -31,6 -28,1 -21,7 -6,0 -2,4 2,2 3,7 4,4 -4,2 -8,0 -16,6 -24,1 -31,6 monthly minimum
anul 1963 1929 1987 1926 1953 1933 1962 1961 1970 1997 1922 1927 24 ianuarie/January 1963 year
2011 2011
maxima lunar 12,0 12,9 21,1 24,3 30,7 34,5 35,4 36,7 34,1 27,5 16,8 16,7 36,7 monthly maximum
ziua 9 7; 8 13; 15 22 28 23 15; 19 25 12 1 6 5 25 august date
minima lunar -16,8 -19,1 -8,9 0,8 -1,1 7,0 9,0 8,8 7,2 -6,1 -9,6 -9,8 -19,1 monthly minimum
ziua 31 2 8; 9 18 6 27 3 12 30 18 24 2 2 februarie/February date
Sibiu Sibiu
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 15,6 21,3 30,6 30,2 32,1 35,4 37,5 38,4 39,5 32,5 27,0 19,3 39,5 monthly maximum
anul 1903 1966 1952 1934 1973 1963 1987 1946 1946 1932 1926 1957 7 septembrie/September 1946 year
minima lunar -31,8 -31,0 -24,5 -12,0 -3,6 1,0 4,2 1,0 -3,6 -9,4 -21,3 -29,8 -31,8 monthly minimum
anul 1963 1929 1932 1942 1963 1934 1996 1981 1970; 1977 1997 1948 1927 23 ianuarie/January 1963 year
2011 2011
maxima lunar 11,6 10,5 20,3 21,9 26,8 31,3 33,1 33,8 32,2 25,4 19,9 15,8 33,8 monthly maximum
ziua 9; 15 8 16 21 23;24;25;30 23 9 24 12 7 6 5 24 august date
minima lunar -21,4 -20,3 -9,3 -2,9 -0,6 8,9 8,2 9,2 6,9 -5,9 -13,2 -11,5 -21,4 monthly minimum
ziua 31 1 9 17 6 16 3 30 29 18 30 1; 22 31 ianuarie/January date

22 23
Temperatura aerului
(maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) - continuare

1.10 Air temperature


(monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum) - continued
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees
Maxima absolut Minima absolut
Staia anual i data anual i data Meteorological
meteorologic Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie nregistrrii nregistrrii station
i anii January February March April May June July August September October November December Yearly absolute Yearly absolute and observation
de observaie maximum and minimum and years
its date its date

Vrfu Omu Vrfu Omu


1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 5,6 6,0 12,2 12,8 16,6 22,0 22,1 20,8 19,2 20,0 13,6 8,2 22,1 monthly maximum
anul 1949 1950 1974 1986 1986 1939 1984 1956; 1957 1993 1935 1945 1972 14 iulie/July 1984 year
minima lunar -32,3 -38,0 -29,6 -26,0 -16,0 -12,0 -8,0 -7,0 -15,0 -19,0 -30,8 -32,4 -38,0 monthly minimum
anul 1964 1929 1987 1940 1940 1939 1933 1949 1935 1946 1957 1957 10 februarie/February 1929 year
2011 2011
maxima lunar -1,8 1,3 3,5 1,8 11,2 14,9 15,5 16,6 14,1 10,3 7,7 -0,4 16,6 monthly maximum
ziua 11 8 15 5 28 24 19 24 14 5 4 2 24 august date
minima lunar -20,9 -20,9 -22,9 -14,2 -12,6 -4,1 -2,1 0,1 -1,1 -14,6 -12,5 -17,3 -22,9 monthly minimum
ziua 25 13 8 10 6 27 3 12 10 17 11 22 8 Martie/March date
Galai Galai
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 17,3 22,4 27,8 31,8 36,2 35,8 40,2 39,0 35,7 33,5 25,6 20,0 40,2 monthly maximum
anul 1993 1990 1952 1998 1950 1908 2000 1904 1968 1952 1926 1947 5 iulie/July 2000 year
minima lunar -26,5 -28,6 -17,2 -5,2 -0,1 3,8 7,3 6,2 -1,5 -6,8 -17,4 -20,7 -28,6 monthly minimum
anul 1929 1929 1985 1904 1935 1973 1976 1980 1977 1973 1933 1996 10 februarie/February 1929 year
2011 2011
maxima lunar 7,4 7,5 22,7 22,7 30,5 34,2 36,0 33,6 34,4 27,8 17,5 15,5 36,0 monthly maximum
ziua 15 9 26 30 25 24 9 20 14 7 9 5 9 iulie/July date
minima lunar -16,2 -14,1 -8,3 1,7 5,3 12,6 12,1 13,2 9,4 -1,9 -6,2 -6,7 -16,2 monthly minimum
ziua 31 3 3 11 6 26 4 28 28 27 19 25 31 ianuarie/January date
Trgu Jiu Trgu Jiu
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 18,3 21,7 26,4 31,8 37,5 36,6 40,6 39,0 40,6 31,5 26,4 20,0 40,6 monthly maximum
anul 1983 1990 1957 1926 1950 1947; 1963 2000 1922; 1946; 1946 1935 1926 1986 8 septembrie/September 1946 year
1952 4 iulie/July 2000
minima lunar -31,0 -28,3 -24,7 -4,6 -1,2 2,2 5,0 2,6 -4,0 -9,0 -15,1 -26,9 -31,0 monthly minimum
anul 1942 1954 1987 1968 1938 1918; 1990 1993 1939 1906 1918 1904 1940 24 ianuarie/January 1942 year
2011 2011
maxima lunar 13,4 16,8 22,0 22,6 29,4 32,7 35,9 35,4 35,3 29,7 16,3 14,8 35,9 monthly maximum
ziua 14 8 25 30 24 24 9 24 13 1 9 4 9 iulie/July date
minima lunar -15,1 -13,7 -9,7 0,2 1,5 8,8 11,1 9,2 7,7 -5,6 -8,1 -8,9 -15,1 monthly minimum
ziua 31 1 9 15 7 21 23 30 29 18 27 24 31 ianuarie/January date
Buzu Buzu
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 18,4 22,2 27,9 31,5 37,3 38,5 39,8 39,6 37,0 35,3 25,0 21,6 39,8 monthly maximum
anul 1936 1990 1947 1909; 1947 1950 1908 2000 1951 1946 1952 1963 1989 5 iulie/July 2000 year
minima lunar -29,6 -25,0 -17,0 -5,3 -2,0 4,6 7,5 5,4 -2,0 -8,0 -17,6 -23,0 -29,6 monthly minimum
anul 1942 1929 1901 1944 1915 1973 1902 1939 1977 1988 1975 1902 24 ianuarie/January 1942 year
2011 2011
maxima lunar 13,5 14,2 22,9 22,9 28,9 34,4 35,3 34,7 34,1 28,0 16,5 15,7 35,3 monthly maximum
ziua 15 12 14 26 25 24 9 20 13;14 7 9 4 9 iulie/July date
minima lunar -20,9 -17,2 -7,1 1,1 3,1 10,8 10,8 13,2 10,2 -3,9 -6,9 -5,8 -20,9 monthly minimum
ziua 26 3 2 11 6 26 4 12 10 31 18 1 26 ianuarie/January date
Calafat Calafat
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 20,5 22,4 27,6 34,5 36,6 39,5 43,2 41,3 39,8 31,6 25,9 21,2 43,2 monthly maximum
anul 1993 1990 1952; 1994 1985 1969 1908 2000 1945 1946 1991 1970 1989 4 iulie/July 2000 year
minima lunar -29,2 -24,6 -15,7 -3,0 1,6 6,2 9,0 7,3 -1,3 -6,2 -16,2 -21,8 -29,2 monthly minimum
anul 1947 1950 1963 1912 1952 1962 1913 1904 1977 1988 1988 1948 8 ianuarie/January 1947 year
2011 2011
maxima lunar 15,5 16,9 23,0 23,5 30,2 35,7 37,5 38,3 36,8 30,4 21,7 19,8 38,3 monthly maximum
ziua 14 7 25 7 30 23 11 24 14 1 9 4 24 august date
minima lunar -12,8 -13,1 -13,2 2,5 4,2 12,9 11,6 10,3 8,5 -4,6 -9,6 -6,2 -13,2 monthly minimum
ziua 31 1 10 24 9 27 4 30 28 31 30 2 10 martie/March date

24 25
Temperatura aerului
(maxima absolut i minima absolut lunar i anual) - continuare

1.10 Air temperature


(monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum) - continued
grade Celsius / Celsius degrees
Maxima absolut Minima absolut
Staia anual i data anual i data Meteorological
meteorologic Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie nregistrrii nregistrrii station
i anii January February March April May June July August September October November December Yearly absolute Yearly absolute and observation
de observaie maximum and minimum and years
its date its date

Turnu Mgurele Turnu Mgurele


1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 18,0 24,1 29,6 34,2 38,8 38,2 43,2 41,4 40,0 36,4 26,7 22,0 43,2 monthly maximum
anul 1983 1995 1951 1985 1950 1957 1987 1952 1946 1952 1963 1903 25 iulie/July 1987 year
minima lunar -30,0 -26,0 -22,2 -4,6 0,5 5,0 9,0 6,6 -2,5 -5,8 -18,2 -25,0 -30,0 monthly minimum
anul 1942 1950 1929 1923 1938 1911 1974 1981 1977 1988 1993 1933 25 ianuarie/January 1942 year
2011 2011
maxima lunar 14,5 15,2 23,5 23,0 29,2 35,6 36,5 35,5 34,6 29,0 16,2 20,0 36,5 monthly maximum
ziua 15 12 15; 16 8 16; 24; 25 24 20 24 14; 15 7 28 5 20 iulie/July date
minima lunar -13,5 -12,2 -7,2 -0,3 3,4 9,5 9,4 11,2 6,5 -2,3 -7,2 -10,6 -13,5 monthly minimum
ziua 30 4 5 12 7 26 4 30 28 30 19 25 30 ianuarie/January date
Bucureti - Filaret Bucharest - Filaret
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 16,8 23,0 28,8 34,4 36,6 40,3 42,4 41,1 39,6 35,5 29,4 20,8 42,4 monthly maximum
anul 1983 1995 1947 1934 1950 1918 2000 1945 1946 1952 1926 1903 5 iulie/July 2000 year
minima lunar -30,0 -24,2 -13,6 -5,5 -0,2 4,2 8,6 6,6 -1,6 -10,7 -17,8 -26,4 -30,0 monthly minimum
anul 1942 1929 1929 1923 1915 1918 1933 1981 1906 1920 1904 1927 25 ianuarie/January 1942 year
2011 2011
maxima lunar 12,1 14,5 22,9 23,7 29,6 34,9 36,9 36,2 35,7 29,0 17,2 16,9 36,9 monthly maximum
ziua 16 12 15 26 16 24 20 9 14 7 9 5 20 iulie/July date
minima lunar -12,8 -14,1 -4,9 2,9 4,9 11,7 10,9 12,9 10,0 -0,2 -4,4 -5,3 -14,1 monthly minimum
ziua 26; 27 1 5 17 8 27 4 12 28 31 27 25 1 februarie/February date
Constana Constana
1901 - 2000 1901 - 2000
maxima lunar 18,0 24,5 30,8 31,9 36,9 36,9 38,5 36,8 34,8 31,0 26,5 21,0 38,5 monthly maximum
anul 1988 1995 1952 1985 1969 1982 1927 1902 1987 1928 1990 1903 10 iulie/July 1927 year
minima lunar -24,7 -25,0 -12,8 -4,5 1,8 6,4 7,6 8,0 1,0 -12,4 -11,7 -18,6 -25,0 monthly minimum
anul 1942 1929 1929 1923 1915 1913 1944 1936; 1949 1931 1920 1953 1948 10 februarie/February 1929 year
2011 2011
maxima lunar 9,6 16,2 23,1 18,4 27,4 30,1 33,9 33,0 30,6 27,5 15,8 17,8 33,9 monthly maximum
ziua 15 8 26 7 25 22 18 14 13 6 9 5 18 iulie/July date
minima lunar -10,4 -8,0 -6,0 2,9 7,2 12,9 14,2 16,3 12,3 2,4 -4,3 -2,7 -10,4 monthly minimum
ziua 5 3 1 12 6 29 4 30 28 19 20 25 5 ianuarie/January date

Sursa: Administraia Naional de Meteorologie.


Source: National Administration of Meteorology.

26 27
1.11 Precipitaii atmosferice (cantitatea lunar i anual)
Precipitations (monthly and yearly quantity)
mm
Staia meteorologic Ianuarie Februarie Martie Aprilie Mai Iunie Iulie August Septembrie Octombrie Noiembrie Decembrie Anual Meteorological station
i anii de observaie January February March April May June July August September October November December Yearly and observation years

Satu Mare Satu Mare


1901 - 2000 39,8 35,9 35,0 44,8 63,1 81,4 69,4 62,2 45,6 46,0 47,3 53,3 598,8 1901 - 2000
2011 32,0 33,7 34,0 32,4 32,6 52,2 112,4 17,0 18,2 18,8 0,1 72,0 455,4 2011
Suceava Suceava
1901 - 2000 24,2 24,4 24,4 47,5 74,7 92,0 89,9 67,6 44,6 30,3 34,1 25,2 562,9 1901 - 2000
2011 10,3 17,6 13,4 40,8 27,0 119,2 91,2 27,1 26,8 17,4 0,9 16,5 408,2 2011
Oradea Oradea
1901 - 2000 36,3 32,1 35,5 48,1 65,5 83,3 64,3 56,2 47,1 44,0 48,6 52,2 588,9 1901 - 2000
2011 25,5 19,4 28,9 19,0 55,5 35,2 125,3 8,9 30,8 15,6 - 54,0 418,1 2011
Iai Iai
1901 - 2000 29,7 26,9 28,4 43,9 55,9 82,6 69,3 56,0 45,3 32,5 37,0 29,7 517,8 1901 - 2000
2011 13,2 13,7 8,4 82,2 32,3 84,1 37,8 32,1 18,7 40,2 0,6 8,7 372,0 2011
Cluj - Napoca Cluj - Napoca
1901 - 2000 26,3 26,4 25,4 46,4 74,4 90,0 79,0 72,7 42,7 37,5 31,6 30,6 564,7 1901 - 2000
2011 24,8 23,8 22,3 43,8 69,4 76,8 127,8 58,4 21,6 14,6 0,2 26,3 509,8 2011
Trgu Mure Trgu Mure
1901 - 2000 28,4 28,7 26,3 49,0 73,8 90,0 80,0 69,7 43,7 41,7 36,7 32,5 583,5 1901 - 2000
2011 24,1 11,5 18,2 30,8 40,2 153,6 98,4 35,2 2,8 15,4 0,8 27,3 458,3 2011
Bacu Bacu
1901 - 2000 25,0 25,6 26,3 38,6 66,6 86,8 81,0 62,5 48,9 35,9 34,0 30,0 543,5 1901 - 2000
2011 21,1 30,8 4,8 50,0 82,0 88,0 91,4 37,6 10,4 41,2 2,8 12,4 472,5 2011
Timioara Timioara
1901 - 2000 39,1 37,5 36,5 48,2 63,4 81,0 58,3 51,5 43,9 49,7 48,7 49,4 583,9 1901 - 2000
2011 23,3 28,9 30,9 21,9 67,3 28,7 107,9 1,3 11,7 33,0 0,2 34,7 389,8 2011
Deva Deva
1901 - 2000 32,1 29,7 28,7 47,4 64,7 78,8 69,4 58,5 44,4 41,2 36,9 38,3 551,1 1901 - 2000
2011 16,9 23,3 16,2 29,2 27,8 64,6 102,6 9,6 2,0 14,8 - 25,1 332,1 2011
Sibiu Sibiu
1901 - 2000 28,6 26,6 31,2 53,8 78,3 106,4 87,6 71,0 54,6 43,9 33,9 29,2 626,2 1901 - 2000
2011 28,1 34,8 21,9 38,9 38,3 156,5 116,2 5,6 1,0 23,3 1,4 16,6 482,6 2011
Vrfu Omu Vrfu Omu
1901 - 2000 71,6 79,5 76,6 86,0 106,9 140,1 135,5 105,7 65,8 59,6 55,5 68,5 1023,7 1901 - 2000
2011 36,4 52,3 62,2 67,0 80,7 128,8 81,6 45,7 16,6 59,0 3,1 55,9 689,3 2011
Galai Galai
1901 - 2000 30,0 26,0 24,0 38,1 50,5 66,3 47,9 40,3 39,5 34,4 34,3 32,6 445,6 1901 - 2000
2011 50,9 26,1 2,0 53,4 34,4 85,8 10,4 24,6 1,0 18,6 0,6 16,3 324,1 2011
Trgu Jiu Trgu Jiu
1901 - 2000 52,4 50,0 45,4 63,6 83,3 92,0 64,4 57,6 53,5 64,5 62,6 63,0 726,3 1901 - 2000
2011 43,0 63,7 32,9 4,4 69,6 73,0 168,6 4,4 0,8 22,8 4,3 25,5 513,0 2011
Buzu Buzu
1901 - 2000 26,5 25,6 22,9 40,1 63,9 80,3 62,1 50,1 38,7 35,2 39,2 32,8 501,5 1901 - 2000
2011 21,0 15,2 0,6 44,8 46,8 114,6 106,4 24,6 0,4 38,6 1,0 23,0 437,0 2011
Calafat Calafat
1901 - 2000 39,0 36,1 37,0 47,8 60,0 63,2 46,4 36,0 39,3 47,1 52,0 48,9 532,8 1901 - 2000
2011 33,5 65,8 42,0 14,8 22,2 42,4 58,6 2,6 2,2 23,4 0,3 24,8 332,6 2011
Turnu Mgurele Turnu Mgurele
1901 - 2000 35,8 32,3 34,4 42,0 56,7 64,7 52,6 38,6 37,6 41,2 45,4 40,3 502,7 1901 - 2000
2011 37,4 31,5 15,9 31,3 70,9 33,1 90,7 80,6 0,1 45,7 0,1 19,8 457,1 2011
Bucureti - Filaret Bucharest - Filaret
1901 - 2000 39,5 33,3 38,1 46,0 68,1 85,5 59,2 50,0 40,6 42,9 47,8 41,4 567,7 1901 - 2000
2011 47,5 17,9 4,0 26,9 129,6 66,0 48,6 48,6 11,5 30,2 1,3 41,9 474,0 2011
Constana Constana
1901 - 2000 28,8 26,3 24,9 28,7 36,6 42,2 33,7 29,8 29,7 33,7 39,6 34,3 368,1 1901 - 2000
2011 37,2 19,2 19,1 39,2 39,8 12,6 37,1 0,8 6,5 41,8 0,5 53,2 307,0 2011

Sursa: Administraia Naional de Meteorologie.


Source: National Administration of Meteorology.

28 29
Ariile protejate, n anul 2011
1.12 Protected areas, in 2011

Categorii de arii Numr Suprafaa (ha) Categories of protected


protejate Number Area (ha) areas
Rezervaii tiinifice 64 2181451) Scientific reserves

Parcuri naionale 13 3168721) National parks

Monumente ale naturii 206 154061) Natural monuments

Rezervaii naturale 699 3469331) Natural reserves

Parcuri naturale 15 7728101) Natural parks

Rezervaii ale biosferei 3 664446 Biosphere reserves

Zone umede de importan internaional 8 680859 Wetlands of international importance

Arii de protecie special avifaunistic 148 3694394 Special avifaunistic protection areas

Situri de importan comunitar 383 4152153 Sites of community interest

Not: Suprafeele ariilor protejate au fost calculate conform Legii nr. 5/2000 privind Planul de amenajare a teritoriului naional - Seciunea a III-a
- zone protejate i H.G.-urilor nr.: 2151/2004; 1581/2005; 1143/2007 privind instituirea regimului de arie natural protejat pentru noi
zone; 1284/2007 privind declararea ariilor de protecie special avifaunistic ca parte integrant a reelei ecologice europene Natura
2000 n Romnia; 1964/2007 privind instituirea regimului de arie natural protejat a siturilor de importan comunitar, ca parte
integrant a reelei ecologice europene Natura 2000 n Romnia i 1066/2010 privind instituirea regimului de arie natural protejat
asupra unor zone din Rezervaia biosferei "Delta Dunrii".
Note: Areas of protected zones were calculated according to the Law no.5/2000 regarding the national territory arrangement plan - Section III
- protected areas and G.D. no. 2151/2004; 1581/2005; 1143/2007 regarding regime of natural protected area for new zones; 1284/2007
regarding declaration of special protection avifauna areas as integral part of European ecological network NATURE 2000 in Romania;
1964/2007 on creation of protected natural area regime of community importance, as integrated part of European ecological network
NATURE 2000 in Romania and 1066/2010 regarding regime of natural protected area over some zones from the reservation of
"Danube Delta" biosphere.
1) Suprafee reevaluate prin msurtori realizate cu tehnologii GIS. / Areas reassessed by measurements with GIS technologies.
Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului. / Source: National Agency for Environment Protection.

Rezervaii ale biosferei, n anul 2011


1.13 Biosphere reservations, in 2011

Denumirea rezervaiei Judeul Suprafaa1) (ha)


Name of reserve County Area1) (ha)

Total 664446

Delta Dunrii / Danube Delta Tulcea, Constana 580000


Retezat Hunedoara 38047
Rodna Maramure, Bistria-Nsud, Suceava 46399

1) Conform Legii nr. 5/2000 privind Planul de amenajare a teritoriului naional - Seciunea a III-a - zone protejate.

According to the Law no.5/2000 on the national territory arrangement plan - Section III - Protected areas.
Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului. / Source: National Agency for Environment Protection.

30
Parcurile naionale i parcurile naturale, n anul 2011
1.14 National and natural parks, in 2011

Suprafaa Suprafaa
Denumirea parcului Judeul legislaie (ha) GIS (ha)1)
Name of park County Area Area
legislation (ha) GIS (ha)1)

Parcuri naionale - total


National parks - total 316335 316872

Domogled-Valea Cernei Cara-Severin, Mehedini, Gorj 60100 61190


Rodna Bistria-Nsud, Maramure, Suceava 46399 47207
Retezat Hunedoara 38047 38115
Cheile Nerei-Beunia Cara-Severin 37100 36707
Semenic-Cheile Caraului Cara-Severin 36665 36219
Climani Bistria-Nsud, Harghita, Suceava, Mure 24519 24519
Cozia Vlcea 17100 16721
Piatra Craiului Arge, Braov 14800 14781
Munii Mcinului Tulcea 11321 11114
Defileul Jiului Gorj, Hunedoara 11127 11136
Ceahlu Neam 8396 7739
Cheile Bicazului-Hma Neam, Harghita 6575 6933
Buila-Vnturria Vlcea 4186 4491

Parcuri naturale - total


Natural parks - total 749137 772810

Munii Maramureului Maramure 148850 133419


Porile de Fier Cara-Severin, Mehedini 115656 128196
Geoparcul Platoul Mehedini Mehedini 106000 106492
Geoparcul Dinozaurilor - ara Haegului Hunedoara 102392 100487
Munii Apuseni Alba, Bihor, Cluj 75784 76022
Putna - Vrancea Vrancea 38204 38190
Bucegi Arge, Braov, Dmbovia, Prahova 32497 32497
Vntori Neam Neam 30818 30841
Comana Giurgiu 24963 24963
Balta Mica a Brilei Brila 24400 24400
Lunca Mureului Arad, Timi 17166 17428
Grditea Muncelului - Cioclovina Hunedoara 10000 38116
Defileul Mureului Superior Mure 9156 9494
Lunca Joas a Prutului Inferior Galai 8247 7261
Cefa Bihor 5004 5004

Not: Suprafeele ariilor protejate au fost calculate conform Legii nr. 5/2000 privind Planul de amenajare a teritoriului naional - Seciunea a III-a
- zone protejate i H.G.-urilor nr.: 2151/2004; 1581/2005; 1143/2007, privind instituirea regimului de arie natural protejat pentru noi zone.
Note: Protected areas were calculated according to the Law no.5/2000 on The Plan of natural territory arrangement - Section III -
protected areas and G.D. no.:2151/2004; 1581/2005; 1143/2007, on the setting up of protected natural area regime for new zones.
1) Suprafee reevaluate prin msurtori realizate cu tehnologii GIS conform limitelor publicate pe site-ul Ministerului Mediului i Pdurilor.
Areas reassessed by measurements with GIS technologies according to limits issued on the site of Ministry of Environment and Forests.
Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Protecia Mediului. / Source: National Agency for Environment Protection.

31
Resursele de ap asigurate, potrivit gradului de amenajare, n anul 2011
1.15 Water resources assured, according to the arrangement level, in 2011

Surse de ap / Water sources milioane m3 / an


Bazine hidrografice / Hydrographic basins million m3 / year

Total 39270
Ape de suprafa / Superficial waters 33859
Ruri interioare / Inland rivers 13859
Tisa 256
Some 715
Criuri 395
Mure 1044
Spaiul Banat1) / Banat Space1) 608
Jiu 2109
Olt 1682
Vedea 40
Arge 1672
Ialomia 430
Siret 1956
Prut 726
Alte bazine2) / Other basins2) 2226
Dunrea / The Danube 20000
Ape subterane / Underground waters 5411

1) Spaiul Banat / Banat Space = Bega, Cara, Brzava, Timi, Cerna, Nera.
2) Alte bazine / Other basins = Clmui - Olt, Clmui - Buzu.
Sursa: Administraia Naional Apele Romne. / Source: National Administration Romanian Waters.

Calitatea apelor de suprafa, n anul 2011


1.16 Superficial water quality, in 2011
km
din care: / of which:
Total lungimi Clasa I Clasa II Clasa III Clasa IV Clasa V
pe corp de ap Stare Stare Stare Stare Stare
Bazine hidrografice monitorizat foarte bun bun moderat slab proast
Hydrographic basins Total length of The first The second The third The fourth The fifth
monitored class class class class class
water body Very-good Good Moderate Poor Bad
status status status status status

Total 21161 14148 6887 82 44

Tisa 945 - 921 24 - -


Some 2406 - 1620 786 - -
Criuri 1297 - 872 425 - -
Mure-Aranca 1699 - 1571 128 - -
Spaiul Banat 1) / Banat Space1) 1418 - 1142 276 - -
Jiu 1279 - 1118 161 - -
Olt 2145 - 1209 923 13 -
Vedea 847 - 83 764 - -
Arge 1679 - 1045 634 - -
Buzu 590 - 474 116 - -
Ialomia 1053 - 391 662 - -
Siret 4295 - 3280 946 69 -
Prut 498 - 218 236 - 44
Dunrea / The Danube 756 - 188 568 - -
Litoral / Seaside 254 - 16 238 - -

1) Spaiul Banat / Banat Space = Bega, Cara, Brzava, Timi, Cerna, Nera.
Sursa: Administraia Naional Apele Romne". / Source: National Administration "Romanian Waters".

32
Investiii pentru protecia mediului, n anul 2011
1.17 Investments for environment protection, in 2011
mii lei preuri curente / lei thou current prices
Prevenirea i combaterea polurii, Protecia
pe domenii de mediu: resurselor
Prevention and control of pollution, naturale i
by environmental field: conservarea Alte
Sectoare de activitate Total sol i ape biodiversitii domenii
Activity sectors subterane Natural resources Other
aer ap deeuri soil and protection and fields
air water waste underground biodiversity
waters preservation

Total 5414279 731255 3019253 949787 192899 189692 331393

Productori nespecializai / Non-specialised producers

Total 1400480 535915 194957 173645 159997 186952 149014

Silvicultur i exploatare forestier 170905 - 418 - 1362 167750 1375


Foresty and logging

Industrie extractiv 522570 241304 96598 45144 51790 6860 80874


Mining and quarrying

Industrie prelucrtoare 414141 168395 72757 94015 17985 10949 50040


Manufacturing

Producia i furnizarea
de energie electric i termic,
gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat 190502 76675 10903 28990 65515 1100 7319
Electricity, gas, steam and air
conditioning production and supply

Construcii 14462 3385 708 5477 1115 149 3628


Construction

Transporturi 87900 46156 13573 19 22230 144 5778


Transport

Productori specializai / Specialised producers

Total 1491591 137116 780893 517198 27879 118 28387

Distribuia apei i salubritate 995279 136046 761148 83612 12807 118 1548
Water supply and sewerage

Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea


deeurilor; activiti de recuperare
a materialelor reciclabile 442420 1039 8942 402598 3555 - 26286
Waste collection, purification
and disposal; activities of
recycling materials recovery

Activiti i servicii
de decontaminare 24333 28 10803 1473 11517 - 512
Activities and services
of decontamination

Comer cu ridicata
al deeurilor i resturilor 29559 3 - 29515 - - 41
Wholesale of waste and remains

Administraie public / Public administration

Total 2522208 58224 2043403 258944 5023 2622 153992

Administraie public central 1191493 47246 1002029 - 2020 - 140198


Central public adminstration

Administraie public local 1330715 10978 1041374 258944 3003 2622 13794
Local public adminstration

33
Cheltuieli curente interne pentru protecia mediului, n anul 2011
1.18 Internal current expenditure for environment protection, in 2011
mii lei preuri curente / lei thou current prices
Prevenirea i combaterea polurii, Protecia
pe domenii de mediu: resurselor
Prevention and control of pollution, naturale i
by environmental field: conservarea Alte
Sectoare de activitate Total sol i ape biodiversitii domenii
Activity sectors subterane Natural resources Other
aer ap deeuri soil and protection and fields
air water waste underground biodiversity
waters preservation

Total 12095325 365122 1019645 8656674 159410 182419 1712055

Productori nespecializai / Non-specialised producers

Total 2413346 192051 224415 198643 82126 163903 1552208


Silvicultur
i exploatare forestier 25734 2 - 2 - 24512 1218
Foresty and logging

Industrie extractiv 143625 15016 31687 8174 3336 57242 28170


Mining and quarrying

Industrie prelucrtoare 1947192 143241 144335 145385 18849 70226 1425156


Manufacturing

Producia i furnizarea
de energie electric
i termic, gaze, ap cald
i aer condiionat 214031 30727 32905 31826 30164 3006 85403
Electricity, gas, steam and air
conditioning production and supply

Construcii 75717 2158 14798 13052 28724 8520 8465


Construction

Transporturi 7047 907 690 204 1053 397 3796


Transport

Productori specializai / Specialised producers

Total 8899850 60481 624472 8037217 65259 1040 111381

Distribuia apei i salubritate 668269 13340 575220 61092 17332 817 468
Water supply and sewerage
Colectarea, tratarea i
eliminarea deeurilor; activiti
de recuperare a materialelor
reciclabile 5604801 4746 32827 5447580 21027 203 98418
Waste collection, purification
and disposal; activities of
recycling materials recovery
Activiti i servicii
de decontaminare 62505 - 16141 11555 24435 - 10374
Activities and services
of decontamination
Comer cu ridicata
al deeurilor i resturilor 2564275 42395 284 2516990 2465 20 2121
Wholesale of waste and remains

Administraie public / Public administration

Total 782129 112590 170758 420814 12025 17476 48466

Administraie public central 225203 110181 22090 22856 10604 16868 42604
Central public adminstration

Administraie public local 556926 2409 148668 397958 1421 608 5862
Local public adminstration

34
POPULAIE

POPULATION
2
CUPRINS TABELE Pagina TABLES CONTENTS
Page

2.1 Populaia pe sexe i medii ....................................... 44 Population by sex and area


2.2 Populaia pe grupe de vrst i sexe, la 1 iulie ...... 46 Population by age group and sex, on July 1
2.3 Populaia pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 2011 ... 47 Population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 2011
2.4 Populaia judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor, Population of counties, municipalities and towns,
la 1 iulie 2011 ........................................................... 49 on July 1, 2011
2.5 Gruparea judeelor i localitilor dup numrul Classification of counties and localities
locuitorilor, la 1 iulie 2011 ........................................ 53 by inhabitants number, on July 1, 2011
2.6 Micarea natural a populaiei ................................. 54 Vital statistics
2.7 Micarea natural a populaiei, pe medii ................. 56 Vital statistics, by area
2.8 Nscuii-vii dup grupa de vrst a prinilor .......... 58 Live-births by age group of parents
2.9 Nscuii-vii dup rangul nscutului-viu i grupa Live-births by live-birth order and age
de vrst a mamei ................................................... 60 group of mother
2.10 Vrsta medie a mamei la natere, pe medii ............ 62 Average age of mother at birth, by area
2.11 ntreruperi de sarcin, pe grupe de vrst .............. 62 Abortions, by age group
2.12 Ratele de fertilitate, pe grupe de vrst Fertility rates, by age group
i indicele conjunctural al fertilitii .......................... 63 and total fertility rate
2.13 Decesele, pe grupe de vrst i sexe ..................... 64 Deaths, by age group and sex
2.14 Decesele sub 1 an, dup grupa de vrst ................65 Infant deaths, by age group
2.15 Decese, pe cauze de deces .................................... 66 Deaths, by death causes
2.16 Decese sub 1 an, pe cauze de deces ..................... 68 Deaths under 1 year of age, by cause of death
2.17 Durata medie a vieii, pe sexe i medii .................... 69 Life expectancy, by sex and area
2.18 Cstoriile dup grupa de vrst a soilor ............... 70 Marriages by age group of spouses
2.19 Cstoriile dup starea civil a soilor Marriages by previous marital status
nainte de cstorie ................................................. 71 of spouses
2.20 Vrsta medie la cstorie i vrsta Average age at marriage and average
medie la prima cstorie, pe medii .......................... 72 age at first marriage, by area
2.21 Divorurile dup grupa de vrst a soilor ................ 72 Divorces by age group of spouses
2.22 Divorurile dup numrul copiilor minori Divorces by number of under age children
rmai prin desfacerea cstoriei ............................ 74 remained through marriage dissolution
2.23 Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea Internal migration determined by permanent
domiciliului, pe medii i sexe ................................... 74 residence changing, by area and sex
2.24 Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea Internal migration determined by permanent
domiciliului, pe grupe de vrst i medii .................. 75 residence changing, by age group and area
2.25 Structura fluxurilor migraiei interne urbane i Structure of urban and rural internal migration flows
rurale, determinate de schimbarea domiciliului ........ 76 determined by permanent residence changing
2.26 Emigranii, pe sexe i grupe de vrst ..................... 77 Emigrants, by sex and age group
2.27 Emigranii, dup ara de destinaie .......................... 77 Emigrants, by country of destination
2.28 Imigranii, pe sexe i grupe de vrst ...................... 78 Immigrants, by sex and age group
2.29 Imigranii, dup ara de provenien ........................ 78 Immigrants, by origin country
2.30 Migraia internaional determinat de International migration determined by change
schimbarea domiciliului, pe sexe ............................. 78 of permanent residence, by sex

Teritorial Territorial

2.31 Populaia i densitatea populaiei, n profil ......... Population and population density, at territorial
teritorial, la recensminte ........................................... level, on censuses
2.32 Populaia, n profil teritorial, pe sexe i medii, Population, at territorial level, by sex and area,
la 1 iulie 2011 ............................................................. on July 1, 2011
2.33 Populaia, n profil teritorial i pe grupe de vrst, Population, at territorial level and by age group,
la 1 iulie 2011 ............................................................. on July 1, 2011

36
2.34 Micarea natural a populaiei, n profil teritorial i Vital statistics, at territorial level and by area,
pe medii, n anul 2011 ................................................ in 2011
2.35 Ratele de fertilitate, n profil teritorial i pe grupe Age - specific fertility rates, at territorial level
de vrst, n anul 2011 .............................................. and by age group, in 2011
2.36 Durata medie a vieii, n profil teritorial, pe sexe Life expectancy, at territorial level, by sex and
i medii, n anul 2011 ................................................. area, in 2011
2.37 Decesele, pe cauze de deces, n profil teritorial, Deaths, by death causes, at territorial level,
n anul 2011 ............................................................... in 2011
2.38 Vrsta medie a soilor la data ncheierii cstoriei, Average age of spouses at marriage date, at
n profil teritorial i pe medii, n anul 2011 ................. territorial level and by area, in 2011
2.39 Divorurile, dup numrul copiilor minori rmai Divorces, by number of under age children
prin desfacerea cstoriei, n profil teritorial, remained through marriage dissolution,at
n anul 2011 ............................................................... territorial level, in 2011
2.40 Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea Internal migration determined by change of
domiciliului, n profil teritorial i pe medii, permanent residence, at territorial level and by
n anul 2011 ............................................................... area, in 2011
2.41 Emigranii, n profil teritorial i pe grupe de vrst, Emigrants, at territorial level and by age group,
n anul 2011 ............................................................... in 2011
2.42 Imigranii, n profil teritorial i pe grupe de vrst, Immigrants, at territorial level and by age group,
n anul 2011 ............................................................... in 2011
2.43 Migraia internaional determinat de schimbarea International migration determined by change of
domiciliului, n profil teritorial i pe sexe, permanent residence, at territorial level and by
n anul 2011 ............................................................... sex, in 2011

SURSA DATELOR DATA SOURCE

Cercetri statistice: Statistical surveys:


 Recensmintele populaiei;  Population censuses;
 Statistici din evidena curent a populaiei, pentru  Statistics from current evidence of population, for
datele referitoare la numrul i structura demografic data referring to population number and
a populaiei; demographic structure;
 nregistrri din evidena strii civile:  Registrations from civil register evidence:
Buletine statistice demografice completate de oficiile Statistical demographic reports filled in by civil
de stare civil cu date referitoare la nateri, decese, register offices with data on births, deaths, marriages
cstorii i divoruri, respectiv, de judectorii pentru and divorces, respectively, by the law Courts for
divoruri. divorces.

Surse administrative: Administrative sources:


 Baza de date a Ministerului Administraiei i  Database of Ministry of Administration and Interior,
Internelor, privind evidena persoanelor, pentru for persons evidence, for internal and international
migraia intern i internaional, determinat de migration, determined by domicile change.
schimbarea domiciliului.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE METHODOLOGICAL NOTES

Numrul populaiei stabile n perioadele For intercensus years, the stable population
intercensitare s-a determinat pe baza datelor de la number has been determined based on data from
recensminte i a celor din evidena curent referitoare la censuses and those from current evidence referring on
micarea natural i migratorie. vital and migration statistics.
Numrul populaiei stabile n perioada 2002-2011 The stable population number during 2002-2011
s-a calculat pornind de la datele Recensmntului was calculated from data of the Population and Housing
Populaiei i al Locuinelor, 18 martie 2002, cu privire la Census, March 18, 2002, regarding the population with
populaia cu domiciliul/reedina n Romnia, la care s-a permanent residence in Romania, plus natural increase

37
adugat sporul natural al populaiei i soldul migraiei and balance of internal and international migration
internaionale determinat de schimbrile de determined by permanent residence changes for
domiciliu/reedin, pentru populaia la nivel naional; population at national level; for population at locality level
pentru populaia la nivel de localitate s-a adugat soldul the balance of internal migration determined by
migraiei interne determinat de schimbrile de domiciliu permanent residence changes and number of persons
i numrul persoanelor cu reedina n localitate. with temporary residence in locality was added.
Pn n anul 2011 (inclusiv), populaia la 1 iulie a Until 2011 (included), the population on July 1
fost calculat prin metoda componentelor folosind was calculated by the method of components using
surse de date administrative pentru migraia extern. sources of administrative data for external
Aceste surse nu acoper ntregul fenomen migration. These sources cover the whole migratory
migratoriu, mai ales la nivelul emigraiei. n phenomenon, especially at level of emigration.
consecin, exist o subevaluare sever a acestui Consequently, there is a severe under evaluation of
fenomen care duce la o supraevaluare a populaiei this phenomenon which leads to an overevaluation
Romniei. Dup definitivarea rezultatelor of the population in Romania. After finalizing the
Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011, n results of the Population and Housing Census, 2011,
trimestrul IV 2013, se vor recalcula seriile pentru in the fourth quarter of 2013, the series for
indicatorii de populaie i, pe baza acestora, se vor population indicators will be recalculated and on this
revizui seriile de date pentru indicatorii demografici basis, data series for demographic indicator
(rate de mortalitate, fertilitate etc.), pentru perioada (mortality rates, fertility rates etc.), during 2002-2011
2002-2011. Din acest motiv, datele prezentate au un will be revised. For this reason, the indicated data
caracter provizoriu. have a provisional nature.
Datele aferente anului 2011 provin din statistica The data for 2011 are coming from current
curent, nu din cele colectate la Recensmntul statistics and not from those collected on the
Populaiei i Locuinelor din anul 2011. Population and Housing Census 2011.
Repartizarea populaiei pe medii s-a realizat astfel: Population breakdown by area was as follows:
pentru anul 1960, pn n anul 1966, n mediul for 1960, until 1966, urban area included
urban sunt cuprinse municipiile, oraele i cele 183 municipalities, towns and the 183 localities
localiti asimilate mediului urban; assimilated to the urban area;
pentru anii 1966 i 1967, n mediul urban sunt for 1966 and 1967, urban area included
incluse datele referitoare la municipii, orae i 238 municipalities, towns and 238 communes
comune asimilate urbanului; assimilated to the urban area;
ncepnd cu anul 1968, n mediul urban sunt starting with 1968, urban area includes only
cuprinse numai municipiile i oraele. municipalities and towns.
Vrsta este exprimat n ani mplinii (de exemplu, o Age is expressed in the years reached during the
persoan care are vrsta de 24 ani i 11 luni la 1 iulie, year (for instance, a person of 24 years old and 11
este cuprins la vrsta de 24 ani). months at July 1, is considered to be of 24 years old).
Definiiile evenimentelor demografice sunt n The definitions of vital events are in compliance
concordan cu principiile i recomandrile Comisiei de with the principles and recommendations of the United
Statistic a Organizaiei Naiunilor Unite: Nations Statistical Commission:
nscut-viu este produsul concepiei, expulzat sau live-birth is a product of conception completely
extras complet din corpul mamei, independent de ejected or extracted from the mother's body,
durata sarcinii i care, dup aceast separare, regardless of the pregnancy duration, who after this
prezint un semn de via (respiraie, activitate separation gives a sign of life (respiration, heart
cardiac, pulsaii ale cordonului ombilical sau activity, beats of umbilical cord or muscular
contracii musculare dependente de voin); contractions dependent of will);
nscut-mort este produsul concepiei, expulzat sau dead-born child is a product of conception completely
extras complet din corpul mamei dup o durat a ejected or extracted from the mother's body after a
sarcinii de cel puin 28 sptmni i care, dup pregnancy duration of at least 28 weeks who, after this
aceast separare, nu prezint nici un semn de via; separation, gives no sign of life;
decedat este persoana creia i-au ncetat definitiv funciile deceased is the person whose vital functions definitively
vitale dup trecerea unui timp oarecare de la natere; ceased after a certain time passed from his birth;
cstoria reprezint uniunea dintre un brbat i o marriage represents an union between a man and a
femeie, ncheiat n concordan cu legislaia rii, n woman concluded according to the countrys

38
scopul ntemeierii unei familii i din care rezult legislation, in order to set up a family, where
drepturi i obligaii ntre cei doi soi, precum i ale husband and wife have rights and obligations
acestora fa de copii; against one another as well as against their children;
divorul reprezint desfacerea unei cstorii divorce represents the dissolution of a legally
ncheiate legal, printr-o hotrre definitiv a concluded marriage, according to a final decision of
organelor judectoreti, a ofierului de stare civil judicial bodies, of civil status office or of public
sau a unui notar public. Datele se refer la aciunile notary. Data refer to divorce actions for which
de divor pentru care desfacerea cstoriei a fost marriage dissolution was admitted.
admis.
Sporul natural reprezint diferena dintre numrul Natural increase represents the balance between
nscuilor-vii i numrul persoanelor decedate, n anul the number of live-births and the number of deceased
de referin. persons during the reference year.
Durata medie a vieii reprezint numrul mediu de Life expectancy represents the average number of
ani pe care i are de trit un nou-nscut, dac ar tri tot years an infant would live, if he / she lived all his / her life,
restul vieii n condiiile mortalitii pe vrste din perioada under the conditions of mortality by age corresponding to
de referin. the reference period.
Rata de natalitate reprezint numrul de nscui-vii Birth rate represents the ratio between the number
dintr-un an raportat la populaia de la 1 iulie din anul of live-births on July 1 of respective year and is
respectiv i se exprim n numr de nscui-vii la 1000 expressed by the number of live-births per 1000
locuitori. inhabitants.
Rata de mortalitate reprezint numrul persoanelor Mortality rate represents the ratio between the
decedate dintr-un an raportat la populaia de la 1 iulie din number of deceased persons on July 1 of respective
anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de decese la 1000 year and is expressed by the number of deaths per 1000
locuitori. inhabitants.
Rata mortalitii infantile reprezint numrul de Infant mortality rate represents the number of
decedai n vrst de sub 1 an la 1000 nscui-vii din deaths for infants under one year of age per 1000 live
anul respectiv. births in a given year.
Rata de mortinatalitate reprezint numrul anual Late foetal-deaths rate is the ratio between the
de nscui-mori dintr-un an, raportat la numrul de number of late foetal-deaths in a year and the total
nscui-vii i mori din acelai an i se exprim n number of live births and late foetal deaths in the same
numrul de nscui-mori la 1000 nscui-vii i mori din year, and is expressed by the number of deaths per 1000
anul respectiv. live births and late foetal deaths.
Rata de nupialitate reprezint numrul Marriages rate represents the ratio between the
cstoriilor dintr-un an raportat la populaia de la 1 iulie number of marriages on July 1 of respective year and is
din anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de cstorii la expressed by the number of marriages per 1000
1000 locuitori. inhabitants.
Rata de divorialitate reprezint numrul Divortiality rate represents the ratio between the
divorurilor dintr-un an raportat la populaia de la 1 iulie number of divorces on July 1 of respective year and is
din anul respectiv i se exprim n numr de divoruri la expressed by the number of divorces per 1000
1000 locuitori. inhabitants.
Repartizarea evenimentelor demografice n profil Demographic events breakdown at territorial
teritorial (pe macroregiuni, regiuni de dezvoltare i level (by macroregion, development region and county)
judee) s-a fcut dup urmtoarele criterii: was done according to the following criteria:
pentru nscui-vii i nscui-mori, dup domiciliul for live-births and dead-born children, by mother's
mamei; residence;
pentru decese, dup domiciliul persoanei decedate; for deaths, by residence of the deceased person;
pentru cstorii, dup locul nregistrrii cstoriei; for marriage, by place of marriage registration ;
pentru divoruri, dup ultimul domiciliu comun al for divorces, by last common residence of the
soilor. spouses.
Migraia intern reprezint schimbrile de domiciliu Internal migration represents changes of
i stabilirile temporare de reedin n alt localitate permanent residence and temporary settling of
dect cea de domiciliu, n interiorul granielor rii. residence in another locality, different from that of
permanent residence, inside the borders of the country.

39
Schimbarea domiciliului s-a nregistrat n cazul Change of permanent residence was registered in
persoanelor pentru care organele de poliie au nscris case of persons for whom police wrote down the new
noul domiciliu n cartea de identitate i n fia de eviden permanent residence in the identity card and in persons
a persoanei. ncepnd cu anul 1992, sunt cuprinse i evidence file. Starting with 1992, data also include
schimbrile de domiciliu dintr-un sector n altul al changes of permanent residence from one sector to
Municipiului Bucureti. Nu sunt incluse schimbrile de another within Bucharest Municipality. There are not
domiciliu n interiorul aceleiai localiti sau n acelai included permanent residence changes inside the same
sector, i nici dintr-un sat n altul, n cadrul aceleiai locality or sector, or from one village to another, in the
comune. same commune.
Migraia internaional reprezint schimbarea International migration represents the change of
domiciliului n alt ar i respectiv, din alt ar n permanent residence to another country and
Romnia. respectively from other country to Romania.
Datele cu privire la emigrani se refer la cetenii Data on emigrants refer to Romanian citizens who
romni care i-au stabilit domiciliul n strintate. Aceste settled their permanent residence abroad. These data
date au provenit exclusiv din surse administrative. were exclusively taken over from administrative sources.
Fenomenul de emigrare din Romnia este subevaluat, Emigration phenomenon in Romania is under evaluated,
din cauza inexistenei unei surse de date care s ofere because of lack of other data source providing
informaii despre totalitatea persoanelor care prsesc information about all the persons leaving Romania for at
Romnia pentru o perioad de cel puin 12 luni, cu sau least 12 months period, with or without domicile change.
fr schimbarea domiciliului.
Datele cu privire la imigrani se refer la cetenii Data on immigrants refer to citizens from another
din alt ar care i-au stabilit domiciliul n Romnia. country who settled their permanent residence in
Romania.
Soldul migraiei internaionale reprezint diferena Net international migration represents the
dintre numrul imigranilor i cel al emigranilor, n anul difference between the number of immigrants and the
de referin. number of emigrants during the reference year.

1)
Populaia pe sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 2011
2.G1 Population by sex and area, on July 1, 2011
1)

51,3% 52,3% 50,1%

48,7% 47,7% 49,9%

Total Urban Rural


Masculin / Male Feminin / Female

45,1% 46,2% 44,0%

54,9% 53,8% 56,0%

Total Masculin / Male Feminin / Female

Urban Rural

1)
Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011.
Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

40
Populaia pe medii, la 1 iulie
2.G2 Population by area, on July 1

100

80
45,7 45,4 45,4 46,7 46,6 45,1 45,1 44,8 44,9 45,0 44,9 44,9 45,1
54,2
63,1
60 67,9

40

45,8 54,3 54,6 54,6 53,3 53,4 54,9 54,9 55,2 55,1 55,0 55,1 55,1 54,9
20 36,9
32,1

0
1)
1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Urban Rural

1)
Populaia pe vrste i sexe, la 1 iulie 2011
2.G3 Population by age and sex, on July 1, 2011
1)

Vrsta
Age

100
95
90
85
80
Masculin Feminin
75
Male Female
70
65
60
55
50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
250 200 150 100 50 0 0 50 100 150 200 250

Mii persoane Mii persoane


Thou persons Thou persons

1)
Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011.
Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

41
Natalitatea, mortalitatea i sporul natural al populaiei
2.G4 Birth rate, mortality and natural increase

Rate (la 1000 locuitori) / Rates (per 1000 inhabitants)

30

25

20

15

10

0
1)
1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2011

Natalitate / Birth rate Mortalitate / Mortality rate

Sporul natural pozitiv Sporul natural negativ


Positive natural increase Negative natural increase

1)
Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011.
Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

Rate de fertilitate, pe grupe de vrst


2.G5 Fertility rates, by age group

Nscui-vii la 1000 femei / Live-births per 1000 women

100

82,7
80
69,8 72,6

59,7
60 54,0 55,5

40 35,0 35,2
23,4
20 19,0

3,5 4,2
0,2 0,2
0
1)
2006 2011

15 19 ani / years 35 39 ani / years

20 24 ani / years 40 44 ani / years

25 29 ani / years 45 49 ani / years

30 34 ani / years

1)
Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011.
Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

42
Durata medie a vieii, pe sexe (ani)
2.G6 Life expectancy, by sex (years)

68,7
2006
75,8
69,2
2007 76,1
69,5
2008 76,7
69,7
2009
77,1
69,8
2010
77,3
1) 70,1
2011
77,5
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80

Masculin Feminin
Male Female

1)
Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011.
Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

Evoluia cstoriilor i divorurilor


2.G7 Evolution of marriages and divorces

mii / thou

200 189,2

146,6 149,4
150
134,3
115,8
105,6
100

50 36,3 35,7 35,8


32,7 32,3 32,6

0
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Cstorii Divoruri
Marriages Divorces

43
2.1 Populaia pe sexe i medii
Population by sex and area

Numrul locuitorilor n procente fa de total Numrul locuitorilor n procente fa de total


Inhabitants number As percentage of total Inhabitants number As percentage of total

Total Masculin Feminin Masculin Feminin Urban Rural Urban Rural


Male Female Male Female

1 iulie 1960 18403414 8981804 9421610 48,8 51,2 5912011 12491403 32,1 67,9 July 1, 1960
1 iulie 1961 18566932 9069012 9497920 48,8 51,2 6029978 12536954 32,5 67,5 July 1, 1961
1 iulie 1962 18680721 9130631 9550090 48,9 51,1 6109909 12570812 32,7 67,3 July 1, 1962
1 iulie 1963 18813131 9200997 9612134 48,9 51,1 6234043 12579088 33,1 66,9 July 1, 1963
1 iulie 1964 18927081 9261698 9665383 48,9 51,1 6317027 12610054 33,4 66,6 July 1, 1964
1 iulie 1965 19027367 9315510 9711857 49,0 51,0 6417124 12610243 33,7 66,3 July 1, 1965
15 martie 1966 1) 19103163 9351075 9752088 49,0 51,0 7305714 11797449 38,2 61,8 March 15, 1966 1)
1 iulie 1966 19140783 9371316 9769467 49,0 51,0 7343917 11796866 38,4 61,6 July 1, 1966
1 iulie 1967 19284814 9447715 9837099 49,0 51,0 7467928 11816886 38,7 61,3 July 1, 1967
1 iulie 1968 19720984 9670757 10050227 49,0 51,0 7144994 12575990 36,2 63,8 July 1, 1968
1 iulie 1969 20010178 9820125 10190053 49,1 50,9 7316065 12694113 36,6 63,4 July 1, 1969
1 iulie 1970 20252541 9945027 10307514 49,1 50,9 7464811 12787730 36,9 63,1 July 1, 1970
1 iulie 1971 20469658 10056431 10413227 49,1 50,9 7619873 12849785 37,2 62,8 July 1, 1971
1 iulie 1972 20662648 10156420 10506228 49,2 50,8 7776868 12885780 37,6 62,4 July 1, 1972
1 iulie 1973 20827525 10243280 10584245 49,2 50,8 7938819 12888706 38,1 61,9 July 1, 1973
1 iulie 1974 21028841 10347995 10680846 49,2 50,8 8142938 12885903 38,7 61,3 July 1, 1974
1 iulie 1975 21245103 10460119 10784984 49,2 50,8 8339229 12905874 39,3 60,7 July 1, 1975
1 iulie 1976 21445698 10564943 10880755 49,3 50,7 8555880 12889818 39,9 60,1 July 1, 1976
5 ianuarie 1977 1) 21559910 10626055 10933855 49,3 50,7 9395729 12164181 43,6 56,4 January 5, 1977 1)
1 iulie 1977 21657569 10677731 10979838 49,3 50,7 9517811 12139758 43,9 56,1 July 1, 1977
1 iulie 1978 21854622 10777854 11076768 49,3 50,7 9778831 12075791 44,7 55,3 July 1, 1978
1 iulie 1979 22048305 10875027 11173278 49,3 50,7 9886137 12162168 44,8 55,2 July 1, 1979
1 iulie 1980 22201387 10953637 11247750 49,3 50,7 10171618 12029769 45,8 54,2 July 1, 1980
1 iulie 1981 22352635 11029625 11323010 49,3 50,7 10484896 11867739 46,9 53,1 July 1, 1981
1 iulie 1982 22477703 11091465 11386238 49,3 50,7 10872275 11605428 48,4 51,6 July 1, 1982
1 iulie 1983 22553074 11128723 11424351 49,3 50,7 11054179 11498895 49,0 51,0 July 1, 1983
1 iulie 1984 22624505 11165086 11459419 49,3 50,7 11141775 11482730 49,2 50,8 July 1, 1984
1 iulie 1985 22724836 11214313 11510523 49,3 50,7 11370092 11354744 50,0 50,0 July 1, 1985
1 iulie 1986 22823479 11261467 11562012 49,3 50,7 11540494 11282985 50,6 49,4 July 1, 1986
1 iulie 1987 22940430 11319082 11621348 49,3 50,7 11770927 11169503 51,3 48,7 July 1, 1987
1 iulie 1988 23053552 11374681 11678871 49,3 50,7 11961847 11091705 51,9 48,1 July 1, 1988
1 iulie 1989 23151564 11422472 11729092 49,3 50,7 12311803 10839761 53,2 46,8 July 1, 1989
1 iulie 1990 23206720 11449147 11757573 49,3 50,7 12608844 10597876 54,3 45,7 July 1, 1990
1 iulie 1991 23185084 11435286 11749798 49,3 50,7 12552407 10632677 54,1 45,9 July 1, 1991
7 ianuarie 1992 1) 22810035 11213763 11596272 49,2 50,8 12391819 10418216 54,3 45,7 January 7, 1992 1)
1 iulie 1992 22788969 11200695 11588274 49,1 50,9 12367358 10421611 54,3 45,7 July 1, 1992
1 iulie 1993 22755260 11176390 11578870 49,1 50,9 12406204 10349056 54,5 45,5 July 1, 1993
1 iulie 1994 22730622 11156807 11573815 49,1 50,9 12427612 10303010 54,7 45,3 July 1, 1994
1 iulie 1995 22680951 11123977 11556974 49,0 51,0 12457195 10223756 54,9 45,1 July 1, 1995
1 iulie 1996 22607620 11080933 11526687 49,0 51,0 12411174 10196446 54,9 45,1 July 1, 1996
1 iulie 1997 22545925 11041414 11504511 49,0 51,0 12404690 10141235 55,0 45,0 July 1, 1997
1 iulie 1998 22502803 11012110 11490693 48,9 51,1 12347886 10154917 54,9 45,1 July 1, 1998
1 iulie 1999 22458022 10984529 11473493 48,9 51,1 12302729 10155293 54,8 45,2 July 1, 1999
1 iulie 2000 22435205 10968854 11466351 48,9 51,1 12244598 10190607 54,6 45,4 July 1, 2000
1 iulie 2001 22408393 10949490 11458903 48,9 51,1 12243748 10164645 54,6 45,4 July 1, 2001
18 martie 2002 1) 21680974 10568741 11112233 48,7 51,3 11435080 10245894 52,7 47,3 March 18, 2002 1)
1 iulie 2002 21794793 10642538 11152255 48,8 51,2 11608735 10186058 53,3 46,7 July 1, 2002
1 iulie 2003 21733556 10606245 11127311 48,8 51,2 11600157 10133399 53,4 46,6 July 1, 2003
1 iulie 2004 21673328 10571606 11101722 48,8 51,2 11895598 9777730 54,9 45,1 July 1, 2004
1 iulie 2005 21623849 10543518 11080331 48,8 51,2 11879897 9743952 54,9 45,1 July 1, 2005
1 iulie 2006 21584365 10521189 11063176 48,7 51,3 11913938 9670427 55,2 44,8 July 1, 2006
1 iulie 2007 21537563 10496720 11040843 48,7 51,3 11877659 9659904 55,1 44,9 July 1, 2007
1 iulie 2008 21504442 10477611 11026831 48,7 51,3 11835328 9669114 55,0 45,0 July 1, 2008
1 iulie 2009 21469959 10457219 11012740 48,7 51,3 11823516 9646443 55,1 44,9 July 1, 2009
1 iulie 2010 21431298 10434143 10997155 48,7 51,3 11798735 9632563 55,1 44,9 July 1, 2010
1 iulie 2011 2) 21354396 10392537 10961859 48,7 51,3 11727153 9627243 54,9 45,1 July 1, 2011 2)

1) Recensmnt. / Census.
2) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate (inclusiv seria intercensitar precedent) dup publicarea rezultatelor finale
ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011. (Vezi Precizri metodologice - pagina 38).
Provisional data to be rectified (including previous intercensus series) after the publication of final results of 2011,
Population and Housing Census. (See The methodological notes - page 38).

44 45
Populaia pe grupe de vrst i sexe, la 1 iulie
2.2 Population by age group and sex, on July 1
numr persoane / number of persons
Grupa de vrst (ani)
1)
Age group (years) 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Total
Total 21584365 21537563 21504442 21469959 21431298 21354396
0-4 1057804 1062537 1070639 1079077 1082649 1062695
5-9 1098663 1090284 1073733 1060158 1051871 1055229
10-14 1177605 1135618 1121104 1106540 1106775 1095415
15-19 1653027 1541828 1428324 1325569 1207215 1172977
20-24 1599535 1640127 1692108 1722804 1721709 1644400
25-29 1778735 1740686 1679885 1627924 1611264 1590275
30-34 1689369 1715518 1752955 1775260 1773161 1764339
35-39 1869153 1929137 1746994 1678096 1663454 1672212
40-44 1192648 1200174 1455383 1611779 1738891 1844332
45-49 1463532 1392744 1316506 1258455 1212937 1168162
50-54 1528720 1544281 1545262 1538167 1473751 1414241
55-59 1310266 1360523 1416872 1411490 1435134 1453901
60-64 977303 984384 1006459 1070415 1157613 1221207
65-69 1041631 1004068 958358 923844 877712 882256
70-74 913325 918177 923364 929212 932912 893635
75-79 675967 690768 699363 704995 708422 717377
80-84 391080 403440 417111 428578 441175 451974
85 i peste / and over 166002 183269 200022 217596 234653 249769
Masculin / Male
Total 10521189 10496720 10477611 10457219 10434143 10392537
0-4 544111 545866 550074 554333 556628 545917
5-9 563176 559856 551180 544930 540650 542633
10-14 602816 581356 574527 566897 567200 561371
15-19 842934 786763 728731 677428 617804 600267
20-24 818547 839745 865349 879022 877288 837756
25-29 911059 890529 859946 833631 824511 814169
30-34 863241 878737 898493 910647 910379 904958
35-39 944770 975816 886521 852829 847519 854430
40-44 596863 602225 731189 811426 876209 929580
45-49 720761 687380 650955 623476 601357 580336
50-54 739441 746431 746614 743586 713468 686116
55-59 621161 644226 669904 666790 677935 686604
60-64 447270 451848 462521 492427 532277 560775
65-69 453301 436752 417662 403762 384057 386399
70-74 383397 383369 383361 383565 383617 366556
75-79 269993 275630 278196 279022 278785 281185
80-84 143476 149339 155547 159915 164601 167793
85 i peste / and over 54872 60852 66841 73533 79858 85692
Feminin / Female
Total 11063176 11040843 11026831 11012740 10997155 10961859
0-4 513693 516671 520565 524744 526021 516778
5-9 535487 530428 522553 515228 511221 512596
10-14 574789 554262 546577 539643 539575 534044
15-19 810093 755065 699593 648141 589411 572710
20-24 780988 800382 826759 843782 844421 806644
25-29 867676 850157 819939 794293 786753 776106
30-34 826128 836781 854462 864613 862782 859381
35-39 924383 953321 860473 825267 815935 817782
40-44 595785 597949 724194 800353 862682 914752
45-49 742771 705364 665551 634979 611580 587826
50-54 789279 797850 798648 794581 760283 728125
55-59 689105 716297 746968 744700 757199 767297
60-64 530033 532536 543938 577988 625336 660432
65-69 588330 567316 540696 520082 493655 495857
70-74 529928 534808 540003 545647 549295 527079
75-79 405974 415138 421167 425973 429637 436192
80-84 247604 254101 261564 268663 276574 284181
85 i peste / and over 111130 122417 133181 144063 154795 164077

1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate (inclusiv seria intercensitar precedent) dup publicarea rezultatelor finale
ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011. (Vezi Precizri metodologice - pagina 38).
Provisional data to be rectified (including previous intercensus series) after the publication of final results of 2011,
Population and Housing Census. (See The methodological notes - page 38).

46
Populaia pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 2011 1)
2.3 Population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 2011 1)

Total Urban Rural


Ambele din care: Ambele din care: Ambele din care:
Vrsta (ani) sexe Feminin sexe Feminin sexe Feminin
Age (years) Both of which: Both of which: Both of which:
sexes Female sexes Female sexes Female

Total 21354396 10961859 11727153 6136966 9627243 4824893

0-4 1062695 516778 579584 281267 483111 235511


0 199626 97358 109800 53362 89826 43996
1 218277 105773 120360 58180 97917 47593
2 217682 105639 118726 57368 98956 48271
3 214953 104701 116643 56854 98310 47847
4 212157 103307 114055 55503 98102 47804

5-9 1055229 512596 531650 258242 523579 254354


5 217752 105738 117249 56813 100503 48925
6 214524 104409 112284 54591 102240 49818
7 209162 101482 104249 50647 104913 50835
8 206802 100799 100168 48919 106634 51880
9 206989 100168 97700 47272 109289 52896

10-14 1095415 534044 502130 245033 593285 289011


10 213098 103807 98481 47951 114617 55856
11 222490 108247 101681 49458 120809 58789
12 222195 108594 100854 49326 121341 59268
13 222929 108484 101966 49749 120963 58735
14 214703 104912 99148 48549 115555 56363

15-19 1172977 572710 571644 281447 601333 291263


15 222858 108566 103738 50531 119120 58035
16 221683 108080 103725 51248 117958 56832
17 236047 115219 112653 55315 123394 59904
18 236706 115822 117292 57843 119414 57979
19 255683 125023 134236 66510 121447 58513

20-24 1644400 806644 939900 471852 704500 334792


20 254495 124033 139113 69284 115382 54749
21 338919 166423 192343 96438 146576 69985
22 337233 166099 195336 97907 141897 68192
23 348789 170796 203421 102110 145368 68686
24 364964 179293 209687 106113 155277 73180

25-29 1590275 776106 957301 479836 632974 296270


25 327421 159802 194815 97822 132606 61980
26 338743 165228 203663 101846 135080 63382
27 305698 148593 183451 91758 122247 56835
28 295886 143867 178603 89245 117283 54622
29 322527 158616 196769 99165 125758 59451

30-34 1764339 859381 1051660 525729 712679 333652


30 344055 168227 209387 105169 134668 63058
31 353881 171867 213083 106304 140798 65563
32 355736 173051 211650 105752 144086 67299
33 354681 172925 208737 104339 145944 68586
34 355986 173311 208803 104165 147183 69146

35-39 1672212 817782 933480 471717 738732 346065


35 348360 169403 199405 99584 148955 69819
36 353328 172492 199976 100296 153352 72196
37 330289 161351 184493 93199 145796 68152
38 314962 154356 170806 86826 144156 67530
39 325273 160180 178800 91812 146473 68368

40-44 1844332 914752 1072233 561590 772099 353162


40 334961 165544 186072 96381 148889 69163
41 364267 180515 206261 107705 158006 72810
42 394872 195072 230743 120188 164129 74884
43 491193 245138 299730 158232 191463 86906
44 259039 128483 149427 79084 109612 49399

1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011.
Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

47
Populaia pe vrste, sexe i medii, la 1 iulie 2011 1) - continuare
2.3 Population by age, sex and area, on July 1, 2011 1) - continued

Total Urban Rural


Ambele din care: Ambele din care: Ambele din care:
Vrsta (ani) sexe Feminin sexe Feminin sexe Feminin
Age (years) Both of which: Both of which: Both of which:
sexes Female sexes Female sexes Female

45-49 1168162 587826 699197 375853 468965 211973


45 223450 111283 130085 69123 93365 42160
46 231892 116442 137038 73754 94854 42688
47 234148 117630 140855 75525 93293 42105
48 233516 118209 142087 76733 91429 41476
49 245156 124262 149132 80718 96024 43544

50-54 1414241 728125 880436 476241 533805 251884


50 260877 132625 160089 86706 100788 45919
51 269539 137570 166252 89608 103287 47962
52 282863 145486 174994 94607 107869 50879
53 298534 154872 187831 102176 110703 52696
54 302428 157572 191270 103144 111158 54428

55-59 1453901 767297 900136 481069 553765 286228


55 307271 160814 194052 104446 113219 56368
56 319145 167668 200981 107472 118164 60196
57 274962 145350 171609 91902 103353 53448
58 282005 149572 172161 91662 109844 57910
59 270518 143893 161333 85587 109185 58306

60-64 1221207 660432 676102 363945 545105 296487


60 270927 145311 157564 84088 113363 61223
61 277235 149576 157283 84482 119952 65094
62 260697 141416 143983 77490 116714 63926
63 208918 113191 112536 60791 96382 52400
64 203430 110938 104736 57094 98694 53844

65-69 882256 495857 428645 241653 453611 254204


65 187617 103533 94126 51829 93491 51704
66 172129 96237 84531 47658 87598 48579
67 179460 100925 86456 48913 93004 52012
68 168170 94917 80647 45697 87523 49220
69 174880 100245 82885 47556 91995 52689

70-74 893635 527079 403582 239195 490053 287884


70 161472 92966 74897 43255 86575 49711
71 192298 112479 87135 50903 105163 61576
72 185066 109653 84328 50321 100738 59332
73 180152 107233 80804 48416 99348 58817
74 174647 104748 76418 46300 98229 58448

75-79 717377 436192 302858 187216 414519 248976


75 165717 99505 71213 43213 94504 56292
76 150780 91383 63634 38859 87146 52524
77 140243 85507 59403 37078 80840 48429
78 133871 81931 56050 35110 77821 46821
79 126766 77866 52558 32956 74208 44910

80-84 451974 284181 189915 121910 262059 162271


80 113504 70742 47806 30366 65698 40376
81 102597 64018 43247 27626 59350 36392
82 89395 56274 37436 24044 51959 32230
83 79045 49981 33438 21564 45607 28417
84 67433 43166 27988 18310 39445 24856

85 i peste / and over 249769 164077 106700 73171 143069 90906

1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011.
Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.

48
Populaia judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor, la 1 iulie 2011 1)
2.4 Population of counties, municipalities and towns, on July 1, 2011 1)

Judee Numrul Judee Numrul


Municipii / Orae locuitorilor Municipii / Orae locuitorilor
Counties Inhabitants Counties Inhabitants
Municipalities / Towns number Municipalities / Towns number

ALBA 370816 BISTRIA-NSUD 316834

Alba Iulia 2) 2)
68763 Bistria 85375
Aiud 2) 25782 Beclean 11710
Blaj 2) 20586 Nsud 10940
Sebe 2) 29764 Sngeorz-Bi 10977
Abrud 5695
Baia de Arie 4171 BOTOANI 444804
Cmpeni 7562
Cugir 25587 Botoani 2) 114799
2)
Ocna Mure 14910 Dorohoi 29384
Teiu 7404 Bucecea 5217
Zlatna 8106 Drbani 11579
Flmnzi 11843
ARAD 454073 Sveni 7943
tefneti 5610
2)
Arad 164208
Chiineu-Cri 8238 BRAOV 598941
Curtici 8137
Ineu 9479 Braov 2) 275901
Lipova 10885 Codlea 2) 24656
Ndlac 7990 Fgra 2) 37360
2)
Pncota 7577 Scele 33624
Pecica 13942 Ghimbav 5558
Sntana 13321 Predeal 5186
Sebi 6214 Rnov 16525
Rupea 5537
ARGE 636643 Victoria 8528
Zrneti 25632
Piteti 2) 165733
Cmpulung 2) 35698 BRILA 355173
Curtea de Arge 2) 32421
Costeti 10441 Brila 2) 208464
Mioveni 33698 Furei 3995
tefneti 14553 Ianca 11070
Topoloveni 10423 nsurei 7007

BACU 712304 BUZU 477215


2) 2)
Bacu 174182 Buzu 130320
Moineti 2) 23347 Rmnicu Srat 2) 38995
Oneti 2) 48578 Nehoiu 11201
Buhui 19498 Ptrlagele 7762
Comneti 23223 Pogoanele 7494
Drmneti 14380
Slnic-Moldova 4871 CARA-SEVERIN 318616
Trgu Ocna 12770
2)
Reia 81807
BIHOR 592242 Caransebe 2) 28195
Anina 8513
Oradea 2) 204358 Bile Herculane 5904
Beiu 2) 11096 Boca 16931
Marghita 2) 16919 Moldova Nou 12895
Salonta 2) 18146 Oravia 12617
Aled 10684 Oelu Rou 11664
Nucet 2478
Scueni 11786
tei 8129
Valea lui Mihai 10436
Vacu 2614

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences.
1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011.
Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.
2) Municipii. / Municipalities.

49
Populaia judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor, la 1 iulie 2011 1) - continuare
2.4 Population of counties, municipalities and towns, on July 1, 2011 1) - continued

Judee Numrul Judee Numrul


Municipii / Orae locuitorilor Municipii / Orae locuitorilor
Counties Inhabitants Counties Inhabitants
Municipalities / Towns number Municipalities / Towns number

CLRAI 310477 GALAI 604627

Clrai 2) 72754 Galai 2) 287046


Oltenia 2) 26923 Tecuci 2) 42175
Budeti 7175 Bereti 3195
Fundulea 6698 Trgu Bujor 7516
Lehliu Gar 6347

CLUJ 689517 GIURGIU 279172

Cluj-Napoca 2) 301913 Giurgiu 2) 66949


Cmpia Turzii 2) 26194 Bolintin-Vale 12630
Dej 2) 38065 Mihileti 7475
Gherla 2) 22080
Turda 2) 56701 GORJ 375147
Huedin 9734
Trgu Jiu 2) 96737
CONSTANA 724276 Motru 2) 22134
Bumbeti-Jiu 10360
Constana 2) 299824 Novaci 5943
Mangalia 2) 39598 Rovinari 13384
Medgidia 2) 43727 Trgu Crbuneti 8856
Bneasa 5531 Tismana 7699
Cernavod 18319 Turceni 8142
Eforie 10513 icleni 5148
Hrova 10455
Murfatlar (Basarabi) 10782 HARGHITA 323952
Nvodari 36497
Negru Vod 5522 Miercurea Ciuc 2) 41166
Ovidiu 14402 Gheorgheni 2) 19601
2)
Techirghiol 7665 Odorheiu Secuiesc 36277
Toplia 2) 15330
COVASNA 221765 Bile Tunad 1580
Blan 7284
Sfntu Gheorghe 2) 61074 Borsec 2735
Trgu Secuiesc 2) 19824 Cristuru Secuiesc 10223
Baraolt 9348 Vlhia 7138
Covasna 11144
ntorsura Buzului 8993 HUNEDOARA 457932

Deva 2) 65998
2)
DMBOVIA 528955 Brad 15506
Hunedoara 2) 68852
2)
Trgovite 87484 Lupeni 2) 28401
Moreni 2) 20061 Ortie 2) 21191
Fieni 7584 Petroani 2) 41947
Geti 14896 Vulcan 2) 27998
Pucioasa 15200 Aninoasa 4615
Rcari 6565 Clan 12723
Titu 10058 Geoagiu 5616
Haeg 10830
DOLJ 697813 Petrila 24480
Simeria 13329
Craiova 2) 297510 Uricani 9181
Bileti 2) 19413
Calafat 2) 17382
Bechet 3850
Dbuleni 12485
Filiai 18463
Segarcea 8080

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences.
1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011.
Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.
2) Municipii. / Municipalities.

50
Populaia judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor, la 1 iulie 2011 1) - continuare
2.4 Population of counties, municipalities and towns, on July 1, 2011 1) - continued

Judee Numrul Judee Numrul


Municipii / Orae locuitorilor Municipii / Orae locuitorilor
Counties Inhabitants Counties Inhabitants
Municipalities / Towns number Municipalities / Towns number

IALOMIA 285733 MURE 578945

Slobozia 2) 51541 Trgu Mure 2) 143221


Feteti 2) 34032 Reghin 2) 36353
2)
Urziceni 17068 Sighioara 2) 31803
Amara 8067 Trnveni 2) 25221
Czneti 3493 Iernut 9555
Fierbini - Trg 4581 Ludu 17479
ndrei 13060 Miercurea Nirajului 6193
Sarmau 7424
IAI 821311 Sngeorgiu de Pdure 5540
Sovata 9437
Iai 2) 302971 Ungheni 6992
Pacani 2) 42072
Hrlu 11856 NEAM 560755
Trgu Frumos 13455
Podul Iloaiei 10624 Piatra Neam 2) 105892
Roman 2) 66012
ILFOV 334475 Bicaz 8386
Roznov 9722
Bragadiru 11659 Trgu Neam 20618
Buftea 21732
Chitila 13394 OLT 458380
Mgurele 8998
Otopeni 12248 Slatina 2) 76736
Pantelimon 22296 Caracal 2) 34431
Popeti-Leordeni 18102 Bal 20632
Voluntari 36454 Corabia 18956
Drgneti-Olt 12027
MARAMURE 509163 Piatra-Olt 6109
Potcoava 5862
Baia Mare 2) 137455 Scorniceti 12228
2)
Sighetu Marmaiei 40823
Baia Sprie 16463 PRAHOVA 809124
Bora 28333
Cavnic 5134 Ploieti 2) 225636
Dragomireti 3173 Cmpina 2) 36356
Slitea de Sus 5033 Azuga 4877
Seini 10308 Bicoi 19465
Somcua Mare 8055 Boldeti-Sceni 11358
Tuii-Mgheru 7837 Breaza 17277
Trgu Lpu 12897 Buteni 9952
Ulmeni 7537 Comarnic 12914
Vieu de Sus 16267 Mizil 15964
Plopeni 9353
MEHEDINI 288775 Sinaia 11459
Slnic 6430
2)
Drobeta-Turnu Severin 105232 Urlai 11363
Orova 2) 12373 Vlenii de Munte 13411
Baia de Aram 5701
Strehaia 11438
Vnju Mare 6145

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences.
1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011.
Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.
2) Municipii. / Municipalities.

51
Populaia judeelor, municipiilor i oraelor, la 1 iulie 2011 1) - continuare
2.4 Population of counties, municipalities and towns, on July 1, 2011 1) - continued

Judee Numrul Judee Numrul


Municipii / Orae locuitorilor Municipii / Orae locuitorilor
Counties Inhabitants Counties Inhabitants
Municipalities / Towns number Municipalities / Towns number

SATU MARE 363040 TIMI 679848

Satu Mare 2) 110930 Timioara 2) 307561


Carei 2) 21877 Lugoj 2) 44434
Ardud 7250 Buzia 7496
Livada 7040 Ciacova 5113
Negreti-Oa 14944 Deta 6580
Tnad 9271 Fget 7221
Gtaia 6207
SLAJ 240220 Jimbolia 11826
Reca 8822
Zalu 2) 63980 Snnicolau Mare 13152
Cehu Silvaniei 7767
Jibou 11278 TULCEA 244103
imleu Silvaniei 16190
Tulcea 2) 89993
SIBIU 426121 Babadag 10140
Isaccea 5304
Sibiu 2) 154224 Mcin 10766
Media 2) 52048 Sulina 4258
Agnita 10990
Avrig 14473 VASLUI 447724
Cisndie 16214
Copa Mic 5606 Vaslui 2) 69992
Dumbrveni 8249 Brlad 2) 68585
Miercurea Sibiului 4274 Hui 2) 29113
Ocna Sibiului 4208 Murgeni 7842
Slite 5867 Negreti 10103
Tlmaciu 7644
VLCEA 404993
SUCEAVA 708933
Rmnicu Vlcea 2) 110697
Suceava 2) 106682 Drgani 2) 19988
Cmpulung Moldovenesc 2) 19343 Bbeni 9877
Flticeni 2) 29562 Bile Govora 2882
Rdui 2) 29523 Bile Olneti 4553
Vatra Dornei 2) 16353 Blceti 5503
Broteni 6283 Berbeti 5548
Cajvana 8714 Brezoi 6907
Dolhasca 11361 Climneti 8704
Frasin 6521 Horezu 6661
Gura Humorului 15836 Ocnele Mari 3505
Liteni 10254
Miliui 5403 VRANCEA 388943
Salcea 10064
Siret 9216 Focani 2) 97714
Solca 2626 Adjud 2) 18453
Vicovu de Sus 14995 Mreti 12696
Odobeti 9076
TELEORMAN 393164 Panciu 8582
2)
Alexandria 48754 BUCURETI 2) 1919352
Roiori de Vede 2) 29681 BUCHAREST 2)
Turnu Mgurele 2) 27872
Videle 11553
Zimnicea 14752

Not: Municipiile subliniate sunt reedin de jude. / Note: Underlined municipalities are county residences.
1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011.
Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.
2) Municipii. / Municipalities.

52
Gruparea judeelor i localitilor dup numrul locuitorilor, la 1 iulie 2011 1)
2.5 Classification of counties and localities by inhabitants number, on July 1, 2011 1)

Grupe de judee, municipii, Numrul judeelor, municipiilor,


orae i comune, oraelor i comunelor Numrul locuitorilor
dup numrul locuitorilor Number of counties, municipalities, Inhabitants number
Groups of counties, towns and communes
municipalities, towns n procente n procente
and communes, Date absolute fa de total Date absolute fa de total
by inhabitants number Absolute data Percentage of total Absolute data Percentage of total

2) 2)
Judee / Counties

Total 42 100,0 21354396 100,0

Sub / under 300000 6 14,3 1559768 7,3


300000 - 399999 11 26,2 3850637 18,0
400000 - 499999 8 19,1 3571242 16,7
500000 - 599999 6 14,3 3369001 15,8
600000 - 699999 5 11,9 3308448 15,5
700000 - 799999 3 7,1 2145513 10,1
800000 i peste / and over 3 7,1 3549787 16,6

Municipii i orae / Municipalities and towns

3)
Total 320 100,0 11727153 100,0

Sub / under 3000 6 1,9 14915 0,1


3000 - 4999 15 4,7 61619 0,5
5000 - 9999 97 30,3 707766 6,0
10000 - 19999 102 31,9 1392231 11,9
20000 - 49999 56 17,5 1747416 14,9
50000 - 99999 20 6,2 1449095 12,4
100000 - 199999 13 4,1 1723575 14,7
200000 - 999999 10 3,1 2711184 23,1
1000000 i peste / and over 1 0,3 1919352 16,4

Comune / Communes

3)
Total 2861 100,0 9627243 100,0

Sub / under 1000 81 2,8 59416 0,6


1000 - 1999 609 21,3 959619 10,0
2000 - 4999 1708 59,7 5491459 57,1
5000 - 9999 434 15,2 2786437 28,9
10000 i peste / and over 29 1,0 330312 3,4

1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate dup publicarea rezultatelor finale ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011.
Provisional data to be rectified after the publication of final results of 2011, Population and Housing Census.
2) Inclusiv Municipiul Bucureti. / Including Bucharest Municipality.
3) Conform organizrii administrative a teritoriului existent la 1 iulie 2011.
According to administrative territorial organization existing July 1, 2011.

53
2.6 Micarea natural a populaiei
Vital statistics

Date absolute (numr) / Absolute data (number) Rate (la 1000 locuitori) / Rates (per 1000 inhabitants) Nscui-mori Decese la
Decese la o la 1000 nscui o vrst sub
Sporul Nscui vrst sub Nscui- vii Decese Sporul Cstorii Divoruri (vii+mori) 1 an la 1000
Anii Nscui-vii Decese natural Cstorii Divoruri mori 1 an Live-births Deaths natural Marriages Divorces Dead-born nscui-vii Years
Live-births Deaths Natural Marriages Divorces Dead-born Infant Natural children per 1000 Infant deaths
increase children deaths increase births (live-births per 1000
and dead-born) live-births

1960 352241 160720 191521 197654 36947 5690 26680 19,1 8,7 10,4 10,7 2,01 15,9 74,6 1960
1961 324859 161936 162923 180465 33373 5251 23190 17,5 8,7 8,8 9,7 1,80 15,9 69,4 1961
1962 301985 172429 129556 184676 38095 4812 18196 16,2 9,2 7,0 9,9 2,04 15,7 58,8 1962
1963 294886 155767 139119 174931 36129 4601 16270 15,7 8,3 7,4 9,3 1,92 15,4 55,2 1963
1964 287383 152476 134907 169520 35145 4367 13975 15,2 8,1 7,1 9,0 1,86 15,0 48,6 1964
1965 278362 163393 114969 164229 36914 4048 12264 14,6 8,6 6,0 8,6 1,94 14,3 44,1 1965
1966 273678 157445 116233 171243 25804 4072 12746 14,3 8,2 6,1 8,9 1,35 14,7 46,6 1966
1967 527764 179129 348635 154105 481) 9644 24590 27,4 9,3 18,1 8,0 *) 17,9 46,6 1967
1968 526091 188509 337582 146988 4023 8625 31317 26,7 9,6 17,1 7,5 0,20 16,1 59,5 1968
1969 465764 201225 264539 140011 6991 6984 25584 23,3 10,1 13,2 7,0 0,35 14,8 54,9 1969
1970 427034 193255 233779 145531 7865 5728 21110 21,1 9,5 11,6 7,2 0,39 13,2 49,4 1970
1971 400146 194306 205840 150215 9570 4822 16964 19,5 9,5 10,0 7,3 0,47 11,9 42,4 1971
1972 389153 189793 199360 157142 11254 4288 15566 18,8 9,2 9,6 7,6 0,54 10,9 40,0 1972
1973 378696 203559 175137 170130 14472 4194 14444 18,2 9,8 8,4 8,2 0,69 11,0 38,1 1973
1974 427732 191286 236446 175496 17951 4801 14958 20,3 9,1 11,2 8,3 0,85 11,1 35,0 1974
1975 418185 197538 220647 188139 34479 4288 14498 19,7 9,3 10,4 8,9 1,62 10,1 34,7 1975
1976 417353 204873 212480 195874 35945 4186 13089 19,5 9,6 9,9 9,1 1,68 9,9 31,4 1976
1977 423958 208685 215273 199794 25726 4144 13207 19,6 9,6 10,0 9,2 1,19 9,7 31,2 1977
1978 416598 211846 204752 201103 33190 3919 12610 19,1 9,7 9,4 9,2 1,52 9,3 30,3 1978
1979 410603 217509 193094 198139 35855 3754 12995 18,6 9,9 8,7 9,0 1,63 9,1 31,6 1979
1980 398904 231876 167028 182671 34130 3518 11691 18,0 10,4 7,6 8,2 1,54 8,7 29,3 1980
1981 381101 224635 156466 182973 33635 3257 10886 17,0 10,0 7,0 8,2 1,50 8,5 28,6 1981
1982 344369 224120 120249 174448 33164 2904 9653 15,3 10,0 5,3 7,8 1,48 8,4 28,0 1982
1983 321498 233892 87606 163826 34534 2605 7676 14,3 10,4 3,9 7,3 1,53 8,0 23,9 1983
1984 350741 233699 117042 164110 32853 2988 8211 15,5 10,3 5,2 7,3 1,45 8,4 23,4 1984
1985 358797 246670 112127 161094 32587 2824 9191 15,8 10,9 4,9 7,1 1,43 7,8 25,6 1985
1986 376896 242330 134566 167254 34562 3053 8746 16,5 10,6 5,9 7,3 1,51 8,0 23,2 1986
1987 383199 254286 128913 168079 34110 3053 11077 16,7 11,1 5,6 7,3 1,49 7,9 28,9 1987
1988 380043 253370 126673 172527 36775 2926 9643 16,5 11,0 5,5 7,5 1,60 7,6 25,4 1988
1989 369544 247306 122238 177943 36008 2821 9940 16,0 10,7 5,3 7,7 1,56 7,6 26,9 1989
1990 314746 247086 67660 192652 32966 2231 8471 13,6 10,6 3,0 8,3 1,42 7,0 26,9 1990
1991 275275 251760 23515 183388 37031 1910 6258 11,9 10,9 1,0 7,9 1,60 6,9 22,7 1991
1992 260393 263855 -3462 174593 29290 1700 6080 11,4 11,6 -0,2 7,7 1,29 6,5 23,3 1992
1993 249994 263323 -13329 161595 31193 1582 5822 11,0 11,6 -0,6 7,1 1,37 6,3 23,3 1993
1994 246736 266101 -19365 154221 39663 1623 5894 10,9 11,7 -0,8 6,8 1,74 6,5 23,9 1994
1995 236640 271672 -35032 153943 34906 1472 5027 10,4 12,0 -1,6 6,8 1,54 6,2 21,2 1995
1996 231348 286158 -54810 150388 35586 1428 5158 10,2 12,7 -2,5 6,7 1,57 6,1 22,3 1996
1997 236891 279315 -42424 147105 34752 1483 5209 10,5 12,4 -1,9 6,5 1,54 6,2 22,0 1997
1998 237297 269166 -31869 145303 39985 1514 4868 10,5 12,0 -1,5 6,5 1,78 6,3 20,5 1998
1999 234600 265194 -30594 140014 34408 1459 4360 10,4 11,8 -1,4 6,2 1,53 6,2 18,6 1999
2000 234521 255820 -21299 135808 30725 1393 4370 10,5 11,4 -0,9 6,1 1,37 5,9 18,6 2000
2001 220368 259603 -39235 129930 31135 1282 4057 9,8 11,6 -1,8 5,8 1,39 5,8 18,4 2001
2002 210529 269666 -59137 129018 31790 1319 3648 9,7 12,4 -2,7 5,9 1,46 6,2 17,3 2002
2003 212459 266575 -54116 133953 33073 1290 3546 9,8 12,3 -2,5 6,2 1,52 6,0 16,7 2003
2004 216261 258890 -42629 143304 35225 1314 3641 10,0 11,9 -1,9 6,6 1,63 6,0 16,8 2004
2005 221020 262101 -41081 141832 33193 1262 3310 10,2 12,1 -1,9 6,6 1,54 5,7 15,0 2005
2006 219483 258094 -38611 146637 32672 1143 3052 10,2 12,0 -1,8 6,8 1,51 5,2 13,9 2006
2007 214728 251965 -37237 189240 36308 1009 2574 10,0 11,7 -1,7 8,8 1,69 4,7 12,0 2007
2008 221900 253202 -31302 149439 35685 993 2434 10,3 11,8 -1,5 6,9 1,66 4,5 11,0 2008
2009 222388 257213 -34825 134275 32341 969 2250 10,4 12,0 -1,6 6,3 1,51 4,3 10,1 2009
2010 212199 259723 -47524 115778 32632 856 2078 9,9 12,1 -2,2 5,4 1,52 4,0 9,8 2010
2011 196242 251439 -55197 105599 35780 811 1850 9,2 2) 11,8 2) -2,6 2)
4,9 2)
1,68 2) 4,1 9,4 2011

1) Au fost modificate unele dispoziii legale referitoare la divor (n octombrie 1966).


Some legal acts referring to divorces were modified (in October 1966).
2) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate (inclusiv seria intercensitar precedent) dup publicarea rezultatelor finale
ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011. (Vezi Precizri metodologice - pagina 38).
Provisional data to be rectified (including previous intercensus series) after the publication of final results of 2011,
Population and Housing Census. (See The methodological notes - page 38).

54 55
2.7 Micarea natural a populaiei, pe medii
Vital statistics, by area

Date absolute (numr) / Absolute data (number) Rate (la 1000 locuitori) / Rates (per 1000 inhabitants) Nscui-mori Decese la
Decese la o la 1000 nscui o vrst sub
Sporul Nscui vrst sub Nscui- vii Decese Sporul Cstorii Divoruri (vii+mori) 1 an la 1000
Anii Nscui-vii Decese natural Cstorii Divoruri mori 1 an Live-births Deaths natural Marriages Divorces Dead-born nscui-vii Years
Live-births Deaths Natural Marriages Divorces Dead-born Infant Natural children per 1000 Infant deaths
increase children deaths increase births (live-births per 1000
and dead-born) live-births

URBAN URBAN

1990 156950 99331 57619 110382 25553 1217 3778 12,9 8,2 4,7 9,1 2,10 7,7 24,1 1990
1991 135417 101460 33957 101993 28098 974 2654 11,0 8,2 2,8 8,3 2,27 7,1 19,6 1991
1992 124016 106784 17232 92663 22443 830 2575 10,2 8,7 1,5 7,6 1,84 6,6 20,8 1992
1993 117298 107482 9816 85505 23629 747 2315 9,6 8,8 0,8 7,0 1,93 6,3 19,7 1993
1994 114422 108771 5651 82263 29767 768 2295 9,3 8,8 0,5 6,7 2,42 6,7 20,1 1994
1995 109722 112205 -2483 83381 26023 693 1996 8,9 9,1 -0,2 6,8 2,11 6,3 18,2 1995
1996 108226 116450 -8224 84864 26389 691 2006 8,8 9,5 -0,7 6,9 2,14 6,3 18,5 1996
1997 110009 115997 -5988 82522 25044 689 2036 8,9 9,4 -0,5 6,7 2,04 6,2 18,5 1997
1998 110186 112733 -2547 82912 28702 714 1907 9,0 9,2 -0,2 6,8 2,34 6,4 17,3 1998
1999 108542 111159 -2617 81015 25035 670 1650 8,9 9,1 -0,2 6,6 2,05 6,1 15,2 1999
2000 108254 108436 -182 79128 22486 612 1744 8,9 8,9 - 6,5 1,84 5,6 16,1 2000
2001 102432 110063 -7631 77231 22362 567 1594 8,4 9,0 -0,6 6,3 1,83 5,5 15,6 2001
2002 98190 113225 -15035 76547 22675 602 1426 8,5 9,8 -1,3 6,6 1,96 6,1 14,5 2002
2003 100915 112283 -11368 81483 23542 569 1381 8,7 9,7 -1,0 7,0 2,04 5,6 13,7 2003
2004 111348 114316 -2968 90179 25134 633 1555 9,4 9,6 -0,2 7,6 2,12 5,7 14,0 2004
2005 117780 116809 971 92651 23709 589 1458 9,9 9,9 - 7,8 2,00 5,0 12,4 2005
2006 119477 116384 3093 96605 23338 538 1341 10,1 9,8 0,3 8,1 1,96 4,5 11,2 2006
2007 116367 114562 1805 104445 26066 498 1186 9,8 9,7 0,1 8,8 2,20 4,3 10,2 2007
2008 121518 114352 7166 96963 24806 468 1030 10,3 9,7 0,6 8,2 2,10 3,8 8,5 2008
2009 121864 116168 5696 86363 22308 474 982 10,3 9,9 0,4 7,3 1,89 3,9 8,1 2009
2010 117851 117632 219 74787 22144 420 913 10,0 10,0 - 6,4 1,88 3,6 7,7 2010
2011 106667 114648 -7981 67962 25152 363 797 9,1 1) 9,8 1) -0,7 1)
5,8 1) 2,15 1) 3,4 7,5 2011

RURAL RURAL

1990 157796 147755 10041 82270 7413 1014 4693 14,3 13,4 0,9 7,5 0,67 6,4 29,7 1990
1991 139858 150300 -10442 81395 8933 936 3604 12,9 13,9 -1,0 7,5 0,82 6,6 25,8 1991
1992 136377 157071 -20694 81930 6847 870 3505 12,9 14,8 -1,9 7,7 0,65 6,3 25,7 1992
1993 132696 155841 -23145 76090 7564 835 3507 12,7 14,9 -2,2 7,3 0,72 6,3 26,4 1993
1994 132314 157330 -25016 71958 9896 855 3599 12,7 15,1 -2,4 6,9 0,95 6,4 27,2 1994
1995 126918 159467 -32549 70562 8883 779 3031 12,3 15,4 -3,1 6,8 0,86 6,1 23,9 1995
1996 123122 169708 -46586 65524 9197 737 3152 12,0 16,5 -4,5 6,4 0,89 6,0 25,6 1996
1997 126882 163318 -36436 64583 9708 794 3173 12,4 15,9 -3,5 6,3 0,95 6,2 25,0 1997
1998 127111 156433 -29322 62391 11283 800 2961 12,4 15,3 -2,9 6,1 1,10 6,3 23,3 1998
1999 126058 154035 -27977 58999 9373 789 2710 12,3 15,1 -2,8 5,8 0,92 6,2 21,5 1999
2000 126267 147384 -21117 56680 8239 781 2626 12,3 14,4 -2,1 5,5 0,80 6,1 20,8 2000
2001 117936 149540 -31604 52699 8773 715 2463 11,5 14,6 -3,1 5,2 0,86 6,0 20,9 2001
2002 112339 156441 -44102 52471 9115 717 2222 11,0 15,3 -4,3 5,1 0,89 6,3 19,8 2002
2003 111544 154292 -42748 52470 9531 721 2165 11,0 15,2 -4,2 5,2 0,94 6,4 19,4 2003
2004 104913 144574 -39661 53125 10091 681 2086 10,7 14,7 -4,0 5,4 1,03 6,4 19,9 2004
2005 103240 145292 -42052 49181 9484 673 1852 10,6 14,9 -4,3 5,0 0,97 6,5 17,9 2005
2006 100006 141710 -41704 50032 9334 605 1711 10,3 14,6 -4,3 5,2 0,96 6,0 17,1 2006
2007 98361 137403 -39042 84795 10242 511 1388 10,2 14,2 -4,0 8,8 1,06 5,2 14,1 2007
2008 100382 138850 -38468 52476 10879 525 1404 10,4 14,3 -3,9 5,4 1,12 5,2 14,0 2008
2009 100524 141045 -40521 47912 10033 495 1268 10,4 14,6 -4,2 4,9 1,04 4,9 12,6 2009
2010 94348 142091 -47743 40991 10488 436 1165 9,8 14,7 -4,9 4,2 1,09 4,6 12,3 2010
2011 89575 136791 -47216 37637 10628 448 1053 9,3 1) 14,2 1) -4,9 1) 3,9 1) 1,10 1) 5,0 11,8 2011

1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate (inclusiv seria intercensitar precedent) dup publicarea rezultatelor finale
ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011. (Vezi Precizri metodologice - pagina 38).
Provisional data to be rectified (including previous intercensus series) after the publication of final results of 2011,
Population and Housing Census. (See The methodological notes - page 38).

56 57
2.8 Nscuii-vii dup grupa de vrst a prinilor
Live-births by age group of parents

Grupa de vrst a tatlui (ani) Age group of father (years)


Grupa de vrst a mamei
Total 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste Nedeclarat Age group of mother
(ani)
and over Not stated (years)

2006 2006
Total 219483 4067 24129 67300 61493 32096 8224 3359 1395 17420 Total
Sub 15 551 181 109 24 13 1 - 1 - 222 Under 15
15-19 28329 3173 9652 6901 1882 459 71 47 24 6120 15-19
20-24 54533 617 11169 25249 9901 2103 325 100 80 4989 20-24
25-29 71721 78 2705 29242 27105 7590 1178 358 200 3265 25-29
30-34 44580 13 414 5185 19780 13777 2525 808 362 1716 30-34
35-39 17537 4 74 664 2684 7835 3473 1367 500 936 35-39
40-44 2104 - 6 35 120 325 641 619 199 159 40-44
45-49 127 1 - - 8 6 11 59 30 12 45-49
50 i peste 1 - - - - - - - - 1 50 and over
2007 2007
Total 214728 4040 24154 63157 62301 31946 8568 3207 1426 15929 Total
Sub 15 562 192 116 30 5 2 - - - 217 Under 15
15-19 26607 3088 9667 6065 1972 426 83 28 22 5256 15-19
20-24 53250 648 11397 23827 10069 2151 366 98 59 4635 20-24
25-29 68851 91 2498 27362 27064 7191 1177 343 187 2938 25-29
30-34 45512 16 407 5168 20379 14037 2623 764 373 1745 30-34
35-39 17473 5 61 646 2680 7683 3609 1325 513 951 35-39
40-44 2345 - 8 58 127 448 698 595 241 170 40-44
45-49 120 - - 1 5 7 12 52 29 14 45-49
50 i peste 8 - - - - 1 - 2 2 3 50 and over
2008 2008
Total 221900 4372 26399 62003 66448 31908 10700 3287 1599 15184 Total
Sub 15 707 230 151 45 13 2 - 2 - 264 Under 15
15-19 26949 3247 10504 5779 1906 435 85 23 23 4947 15-19
20-24 56121 796 12924 23912 11005 2341 493 124 99 4427 20-24
25-29 68119 84 2324 26016 27776 7099 1518 360 219 2723 25-29
30-34 49067 14 420 5548 22611 13988 3469 843 410 1764 30-34
35-39 17600 1 62 638 2886 7416 4043 1204 501 849 35-39
40-44 3204 - 14 63 244 620 1076 684 306 197 40-44
45-49 132 - - 2 7 7 16 47 41 12 45-49
50 i peste 1 - - - - - - - - 1 50 and over
2009 2009
Total 222388 4242 27414 58839 68253 32299 12112 3115 1573 14541 Total
Sub 15 758 273 185 38 9 1 1 - 1 250 Under 15
15-19 25456 3153 10336 4987 1812 378 102 19 12 4657 15-19
20-24 56985 725 13839 23501 11480 2320 545 118 96 4361 20-24
25-29 65684 76 2478 24164 27522 6999 1589 311 178 2367 25-29
30-34 51371 12 484 5443 24018 14615 3937 787 386 1689 30-34
35-39 18262 3 84 642 3102 7298 4575 1129 503 926 35-39
40-44 3746 - 8 63 303 679 1345 711 362 275 40-44
45-49 126 - - 1 7 9 18 40 35 16 45-49
50 i peste - - - - - - - - - - 50 and over
2010 2010
Total 212199 3347 25165 53239 66337 33278 12675 3069 1536 13553 Total
Sub 15 733 237 179 40 9 5 1 2 - 260 Under 15
15-19 21775 2481 9158 4115 1367 381 100 19 12 4142 15-19
20-24 52649 557 12948 20946 10787 2518 600 119 93 4081 20-24
25-29 62843 52 2327 22425 26629 7172 1530 294 158 2256 25-29
30-34 51069 15 453 5045 24007 14740 4026 752 386 1645 30-34
35-39 19051 5 82 578 3261 7791 4848 1074 501 911 35-39
40-44 3965 - 18 90 273 664 1549 769 351 251 40-44
45-49 111 - - - 4 6 20 39 35 7 45-49
50 i peste 3 - - - - 1 1 1 - - 50 and over
2011 2011
Total 196242 3065 22763 47079 60405 32259 12566 2837 1524 13744 Total
Sub 15 748 264 175 38 8 7 1 - 1 254 Under 15
15-19 20150 2279 8375 3630 1257 386 84 16 11 4112 15-19
20-24 48171 452 11607 18910 10013 2465 496 92 64 4072 20-24
25-29 56343 50 2073 19515 23680 6813 1467 260 138 2347 25-29
30-34 47715 12 441 4360 21983 14217 3929 677 345 1751 30-34
35-39 19171 6 83 567 3226 7741 5074 1033 526 915 35-39
40-44 3803 1 9 56 230 621 1501 712 390 283 40-44
45-49 134 1 - 3 8 9 14 45 47 7 45-49
50 i peste 7 - - - - - - 2 2 3 50 and over

58 59
2.9 Nscuii-vii dup rangul nscutului-viu i grupa de vrst a mamei
Live-births by live-birth order and age group of mother

Grupa de vrst a mamei (ani) Age group of father (years)


Rangul nscutului-viu Nscui-vii Sub 15 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50 i peste Live-birth order
Live-births Under and over

2006 2006
Total 219483 551 28329 54533 71721 44580 17537 2104 127 1 Total
Primul 117003 530 22901 34225 37636 16539 4741 400 30 1 First
Al doilea 65731 21 4774 14649 22827 17332 5760 356 12 - Second
Al treilea 18831 - 597 4019 6218 5029 2662 294 12 - Third
Al patrulea 7979 - 52 1250 2693 2296 1439 231 18 - Fourth
Al cincilea 4157 - 4 305 1342 1364 931 200 11 - Fifth
Al aselea 2357 - 1 77 640 848 633 146 12 - Sixth
Al aptelea 1363 - - 8 239 560 431 119 6 - Seventh
Al optulea i peste 2062 - - - 126 612 940 358 26 - Eighth and over
2007 2007
Total 214728 562 26607 53250 68851 45512 17473 2345 120 8 Total
Primul 112579 543 21394 33131 35885 16569 4582 447 27 1 First
Al doilea 65296 19 4533 14463 21763 18079 5965 455 17 2 Second
Al treilea 18866 - 620 4006 6122 5059 2694 349 14 2 Third
Al patrulea 8071 - 56 1256 2753 2369 1382 242 11 2 Fourth
Al cincilea 4093 - 4 319 1291 1380 887 201 11 - Fifth
Al aselea 2366 - - 62 608 905 622 161 8 - Sixth
Al aptelea 1389 - - 13 286 559 406 120 5 - Seventh
Al optulea i peste 2068 - - - 143 592 935 370 27 - Eighth and over
2008 2008
Total 221900 707 26949 56121 68119 49067 17600 3204 132 1 Total
Primul 118439 688 21354 34736 36600 19279 4989 769 23 1 First
Al doilea 66011 19 4795 15234 20609 18625 6017 696 16 - Second
Al treilea 19098 - 734 4356 5832 5148 2543 465 20 - Third
Al patrulea 8094 - 63 1363 2679 2431 1237 305 16 - Fourth
Al cincilea 4266 - 3 341 1413 1438 843 219 9 - Fifth
Al aselea 2416 - - 72 609 922 611 194 8 - Sixth
Al aptelea 1454 - - 14 237 588 464 139 12 - Seventh
Al optulea i peste 2122 - - 5 140 636 896 417 28 - Eighth and over
2009 2009
Total 222388 758 25456 56985 65684 51371 18262 3746 126 - Total
Primul 117763 735 20227 35096 35554 20141 5044 937 29 - First
Al doilea 67452 23 4472 15524 20058 19940 6519 904 12 - Second
Al treilea 18996 - 688 4501 5405 5227 2612 543 20 - Third
Al patrulea 8193 - 65 1416 2496 2567 1310 331 8 - Fourth
Al cincilea 4107 - 4 350 1209 1416 880 237 11 - Fifth
Al aselea 2458 - - 84 587 916 635 224 12 - Sixth
Al aptelea 1375 - - 12 239 567 425 126 6 - Seventh
Al optulea i peste 2044 - - - 136 597 837 444 28 - Eighth and over
2010 2010
Total 212199 733 21775 52649 62843 51069 19051 3965 111 3 Total
Primul 111139 714 16773 31825 34691 20569 5514 1029 23 1 First
Al doilea 65009 19 4324 14475 18574 19749 6859 996 13 - Second
Al treilea 18385 - 622 4441 5109 5000 2578 621 12 2 Third
Al patrulea 7881 - 52 1439 2367 2335 1344 332 12 - Fourth
Al cincilea 4122 - 4 377 1214 1388 881 244 14 - Fifth
Al aselea 2274 - - 75 549 877 568 200 5 - Sixth
Al aptelea 1356 - - 13 227 535 458 117 6 - Seventh
Al optulea i peste 2033 - - 4 112 616 849 426 26 - Eighth and over
2011 2011
Total 196242 748 20150 48171 56343 47715 19171 3803 134 7 Total
Primul 101909 718 15412 28539 31027 19438 5802 933 37 3 First
Al doilea 58593 30 4031 13290 16009 17805 6527 882 18 1 Second
Al treilea 17996 - 642 4367 4831 4807 2721 606 22 - Third
Al patrulea 7917 - 63 1467 2340 2282 1388 368 9 - Fourth
Al cincilea 4133 - 2 392 1210 1353 916 256 3 1 Fifth
Al aselea 2362 - - 98 582 893 597 182 10 - Sixth
Al aptelea 1386 - - 14 227 548 416 173 8 - Seventh
Al optulea i peste 1946 - - 4 117 589 804 403 27 2 Eighth and over

60 61
Vrsta medie a mamei la natere, pe medii
2.10 Average age of mother at birth, by area
ani / years
Vrsta medie a mamei la prima natere Vrsta medie a mamei la orice natere
Anii Average age of mother at first birth Average age of mother at any birth
Years Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural

2000 23,7 24,9 22,3 25,5 26,3 24,9


2001 23,9 25,2 22,4 25,8 26,6 25,1
2002 24,2 25,5 22,5 26,0 26,9 25,3
2003 24,3 25,7 22,5 26,2 27,1 25,4
2004 24,6 26,0 22,6 26,4 27,3 25,5
2005 24,9 26,3 22,7 26,7 27,6 25,7
2006 25,2 26,6 22,9 26,9 27,8 25,8
2007 25,3 26,7 22,9 27,0 28,0 25,9
2008 25,5 27,0 23,1 27,1 28,1 25,9
2009 25,6 27,1 23,1 27,3 28,3 26,0
2010 26,0 27,5 23,4 27,6 28,6 26,2
2011 26,2 27,7 23,6 27,7 28,8 26,3

ntreruperi de sarcin, pe grupe de vrst


2.11 Abortions, by age group

Grupa de vrst (ani) la care a avut loc ntreruperea de sarcin


Anii
Total Age group (years) when the abortion took place
Years
15 - 19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45 - 49

Numr / Number

2006 149598 16656 30732 37085 32951 25260 6319 595


2007 136647 15012 28290 33035 30582 22611 6488 629
2008 127410 13833 27010 28952 28796 21016 7314 489
2009 115457 11982 25442 25794 26220 18468 7167 384
2010 101271 9731 22931 22351 23238 16223 6366 431
2011 102896 9589 22812 23005 23241 16893 6875 481

Rate la 1000 femei / Rates per 1000 women

2006 27,0 20,6 39,4 42,7 39,9 27,3 10,6 0,8


2007 24,8 19,9 35,3 38,9 36,5 23,7 10,9 0,9
2008 23,5 19,8 32,7 35,3 33,7 24,4 10,1 0,7
2009 21,3 18,5 30,2 32,5 30,3 22,4 9,0 0,6
2010 18,8 16,5 27,2 28,4 26,9 19,9 7,4 0,7
2011 19,3 16,7 28,3 29,6 27,0 20,7 7,5 0,8

Rate la 1000 nscui-vii / Rates per 1000 live-births

2006 683,5 587,9 563,5 517,1 739,1 1440,4 3003,3 4685,0


2007 638,1 564,2 531,3 479,8 672,0 1294,1 2766,7 5241,7
2008 578,3 513,3 481,3 425,0 586,9 1194,1 2282,8 3704,5
2009 520,9 470,7 446,5 392,7 510,4 1011,3 1913,2 3047,6
2010 478,9 446,9 435,5 355,7 455,0 851,6 1605,5 3882,9
2011 526,8 475,9 473,6 408,3 487,1 881,2 1807,8 3589,6

62
1) 2)
Ratele de fertilitate , pe grupe de vrst i indicele conjunctural al fertlitii
2.12 1)
Fertility rates , by age group and total fertlity rate
2)

ani / years
Rata general Grupa de vrst (ani) / Age group (years) Indicele conjunctural
Anii de fertilitate al fertilitii
Years General fertility rate 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 Total fertility rate

1960 73,9 59,1 164,1 121,2 67,6 39,0 14,5 1,4 2,3
1961 68,4 62,6 155,4 110,1 60,1 32,4 13,2 0,9 2,2
1962 63,5 58,4 147,4 105,0 54,9 29,5 11,4 0,8 2,0
1963 61,9 61,5 144,0 102,9 53,1 28,2 10,7 0,7 2,0
1964 59,9 56,8 144,0 102,6 52,2 26,2 9,5 0,8 2,0
1965 57,3 52,4 140,7 99,8 53,5 25,1 8,9 0,8 1,9
1966 55,7 51,7 143,0 98,2 53,4 25,1 8,3 0,9 1,9
1967 105,5 79,8 251,8 198,1 124,1 59,7 16,6 1,2 3,7
1968 102,9 82,4 241,4 193,9 126,5 63,9 17,3 1,2 3,6
1969 89,6 72,6 215,7 171,7 108,0 54,7 15,0 1,0 3,2
1970 81,2 65,7 201,4 151,6 94,9 48,8 13,8 0,9 2,9
1971 75,3 62,1 190,9 138,1 82,7 44,3 13,1 0,8 2,7
1972 72,7 61,3 185,9 131,6 76,9 40,7 12,0 0,8 2,5
1973 70,4 60,6 182,4 124,2 71,6 37,6 10,3 0,6 2,4
1974 79,3 69,3 202,3 142,9 78,3 40,2 10,7 0,7 2,7
1975 77,5 69,2 197,8 138,5 71,4 36,7 10,0 0,7 2,6
1976 77,3 70,0 196,9 136,7 69,4 33,4 9,0 0,7 2,6
1977 78,8 71,2 200,9 138,1 67,6 32,3 8,6 0,7 2,6
1978 77,7 72,8 198,5 132,7 64,4 30,3 8,2 0,7 2,5
1979 76,6 72,5 200,2 128,8 61,0 28,4 7,6 0,7 2,5
1980 74,8 72,3 200,4 126,8 58,3 25,0 6,5 0,5 2,4
1981 71,9 71,1 194,3 121,6 56,4 23,4 6,3 0,6 2,4
1982 65,1 68,9 184,4 107,2 47,5 19,6 5,2 0,4 2,2
1983 59,5 57,5 178,4 99,9 42,5 17,4 4,5 0,4 2,0
1984 64,2 56,1 191,9 114,7 50,5 20,1 4,6 0,3 2,2
1985 65,1 57,3 191,4 121,1 55,2 21,4 5,1 0,4 2,3
1986 68,2 62,9 191,3 126,7 63,3 26,1 6,4 0,4 2,4
1987 69,1 65,3 189,7 126,4 65,7 28,7 8,1 0,4 2,4
1988 68,4 62,7 176,7 123,8 63,0 27,3 7,3 0,4 2,3
1989 66,3 59,3 169,1 118,0 58,8 25,6 7,1 0,4 2,2
1990 56,2 51,5 145,2 97,8 46,4 19,4 5,5 0,4 1,8
1991 48,7 49,8 131,1 78,6 34,2 13,9 4,0 0,3 1,6
1992 46,6 47,4 127,1 77,1 31,1 12,9 3,7 0,2 1,5
1993 44,3 47,0 124,6 74,2 28,3 11,4 3,2 0,3 1,4
1994 43,3 45,0 119,3 75,8 28,7 11,3 3,2 0,2 1,4
1995 41,1 42,0 109,5 73,4 29,4 11,0 3,1 0,2 1,3
1996 39,9 40,0 102,2 72,4 30,1 10,9 2,9 0,2 1,3
1997 40,6 40,8 100,7 72,6 33,9 11,2 2,9 0,2 1,3
1998 40,6 40,3 96,9 77,6 36,3 11,7 2,8 0,2 1,3
1999 40,2 40,0 93,3 77,6 37,3 12,4 2,8 0,2 1,3
2000 40,3 39,0 90,2 78,5 38,7 13,4 3,1 0,2 1,3
2001 37,8 35,8 82,2 73,8 37,4 13,7 3,0 0,2 1,2
2002 37,5 32,7 81,5 77,6 38,3 15,0 3,0 0,2 1,3
2003 37,8 33,4 79,7 79,0 41,7 16,1 3,1 0,2 1,3
2004 38,4 33,8 77,2 80,7 46,2 17,6 3,4 0,2 1,3
2005 39,4 33,5 73,3 83,9 51,8 18,7 3,6 0,2 1,3
2006 39,5 35,0 69,8 82,7 54,0 19,0 3,5 0,2 1,3
2007 38,9 35,2 66,5 81,0 54,4 18,3 3,9 0,2 1,3
2008 40,6 38,5 67,9 83,1 57,4 20,5 4,4 0,2 1,3
2009 41,0 39,3 67,5 82,7 59,4 22,1 4,7 0,2 1,4
2010 39,4 36,9 62,3 79,9 59,2 23,3 4,6 0,2 1,3
2011 3) 36,6 35,2 59,7 72,6 55,5 23,4 4,2 0,2 1,3

1) Nscui-vii la 1000 femei. / Live-births per 1000 women.


2) Numrul de copii nscui de o femeie n cursul vieii sale fertile. / Number of children born by a woman during her fertile life.
3) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate (inclusiv seria intercensitar precedent) dup publicarea rezultatelor finale
ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011. (Vezi Precizri metodologice - pagina 38).
Provisional data to be rectified (including previous intercensus series) after the publication of final results of 2011,
Population and Housing Census. (See The methodological notes - page 38).

63
Decesele, pe grupe de vrst i sexe
2.13 Deaths, by age group and sex

Grupa de vrst (ani) 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011


Age group (years)

Total

Total 258094 251965 253202 257213 259723 251439

0-4 3600 3046 2865 2660 2502 2264


5-9 334 327 325 266 282 206
10-14 365 343 315 301 287 259
15-19 941 906 888 721 591 547
20-24 1020 1029 1162 1210 1112 999
25-29 1421 1243 1201 1171 1132 976
30-34 1839 1832 1901 1841 1795 1607
35-39 3348 3295 3055 2841 2781 2390
40-44 3841 3841 4294 4766 4924 4464
45-49 8146 7602 7136 6862 6149 5349
50-54 13063 12866 13280 13021 12246 10631
55-59 15686 15958 17144 17319 17135 16034
60-64 16893 16745 16953 18187 19233 19470
65-69 26951 25386 23538 22852 21542 20149
70-74 36656 35322 35243 35049 34716 32043
75-79 44769 43293 42702 42645 42823 41509
80-84 43883 42793 42821 43893 45172 44918
85-89 20653 22821 26597 29709 31991 33575
90-94 11643 10185 8432 8284 9428 10489
95-99 2788 2843 3068 3294 3505 3145
100 i peste / and over 254 289 282 321 377 415

Masculin / Male

Total 136264 133405 135410 137550 137957 132180

0-4 2006 1748 1660 1517 1422 1303


5-9 198 193 193 159 166 134
10-14 231 214 193 189 171 164
15-19 628 609 599 501 394 394
20-24 744 785 895 878 830 746
25-29 1036 915 887 886 825 689
30-34 1311 1319 1363 1365 1331 1136
35-39 2357 2363 2252 2063 1997 1714
40-44 2729 2769 3084 3446 3534 3211
45-49 5831 5395 5141 4926 4435 3844
50-54 9179 9163 9614 9355 8897 7604
55-59 10776 10971 11895 12065 12070 11256
60-64 11113 11030 11131 12208 12858 13061
65-69 16518 15475 14539 14207 13373 12463
70-74 19875 19387 19795 19580 19396 17909
75-79 21657 20839 20844 21017 20972 20519
80-84 18042 17886 18100 18816 19333 19171
85-89 7173 7951 9458 10514 11734 12406
90-94 3879 3353 2723 2669 3019 3334
95-99 902 951 963 1080 1061 986
100 i peste / and over 79 89 81 109 139 136

64
Decesele, pe grupe de vrst i sexe - continuare
2.13 Deaths, by age group and sex - continued

Grupa de vrst (ani) 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011


Age group (years)

Feminin / Female

Total 121830 118560 117792 119663 121766 119259

0-4 1594 1298 1205 1143 1080 961


5-9 136 134 132 107 116 72
10-14 134 129 122 112 116 95
15-19 313 297 289 220 197 153
20-24 276 244 267 332 282 253
25-29 385 328 314 285 307 287
30-34 528 513 538 476 464 471
35-39 991 932 803 778 784 676
40-44 1112 1072 1210 1320 1390 1253
45-49 2315 2207 1995 1936 1714 1505
50-54 3884 3703 3666 3666 3349 3027
55-59 4910 4987 5249 5254 5065 4778
60-64 5780 5715 5822 5979 6375 6409
65-69 10433 9911 8999 8645 8169 7686
70-74 16781 15935 15448 15469 15320 14134
75-79 23112 22454 21858 21628 21851 20990
80-84 25841 24907 24721 25077 25839 25747
85-89 13480 14870 17139 19195 20257 21169
90-94 7764 6832 5709 5615 6409 7155
95-99 1886 1892 2105 2214 2444 2159
100 i peste / and over 175 200 201 212 238 279

Decesele sub 1 an, dup grupa de vrst


2.14 Infant deaths, by age group

Grupa de vrst 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Age group

Total 3052 2574 2434 2250 2078 1850 Total

Neonatale 1723 1501 1397 1289 1183 1063 Neonatal

Sub 7 zile 1190 1023 919 824 782 695 Under 7 days
7-13 zile 254 241 234 224 181 173 7-13 days
14-29 zile 279 237 244 241 220 195 14-29 days

Postneonatale 1329 1073 1037 961 895 787 Postneonatal

1 lun 367 296 299 264 254 245 1 month


2 luni 273 201 183 180 159 138 2 months
3-4 luni 303 236 244 237 204 163 3-4 months
5-6 luni 177 138 131 130 125 102 5-6 months
7-8 luni 95 91 90 80 60 68 7-8 months
9-11 luni 114 111 90 70 93 71 9-11 months

65
2.15 Decese, pe cauze de deces
Deaths, by death causes
numr / number
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Masculin Feminin Masculin Feminin Masculin Feminin Masculin Feminin Masculin Feminin Masculin Feminin
Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female Male Female

Total 136264 121830 133405 118560 135410 117792 137550 119663 137957 121766 132180 119259 Total

Boli infecioase i parazitare 1902 610 1746 629 1832 653 1750 608 1780 694 1575 658 Infectious and parasitic diseases
din care: of which:
Tuberculoz 1398 306 1331 275 1341 298 1278 245 1249 233 1052 231 Tuberculosis

Tumori 26597 18854 26753 18630 27705 18781 28110 19279 28259 19243 28718 19638 Neoplasm

Boli endocrine, de nutriie i Endocrine, nutritional and


metabolism 1020 1203 1076 1306 1048 1230 1131 1267 1155 1419 1074 1283 metabolic diseases
din care: of which:
Diabet zaharat 975 1144 1033 1256 1015 1191 1068 1206 1095 1355 1024 1199 Diabete mellitus

Tulburri mentale i de comportament 437 126 481 107 455 138 457 161 465 153 315 112 Mental and behavioural disorders

Boli ale sistemului nervos 977 882 1061 957 1024 1008 1083 990 1219 1345 1384 1394 Diseases of the nervous system

Boli ale aparatului circulator 75982 84344 73263 81253 72949 80188 73559 80982 73993 82366 70845 80693 Diseases of the circulatory system
din care: of which:
Boala ischemic a inimii 28030 26587 27279 25676 27069 25465 26687 25588 27021 26276 25796 25069 Ischaemic heart disease
Boli cerebro-vasculare 24585 29956 22982 28041 22060 26522 22273 26534 22490 26815 21278 26295 Cerebrovascular diseases

Boli ale aparatului respirator 7840 4833 7927 4730 7898 4412 8223 4669 8062 4671 7923 4537 Diseases of the respiratory system

Boli ale aparatului digestiv 8658 5547 8723 5845 9325 6129 10112 6345 10174 6430 8684 5815 Diseases of the digestive system

Boli ale aparatului genito-urinar 1343 1023 1329 965 1370 1055 1343 1122 1402 1142 1437 1219 Diseases of the genitourinary system

Sarcin, natere i luzie - 34 - 33 - 30 - 47 - 51 - 50 Pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium

Unele afeciuni a cror origine se Certain diseases originating


situeaz n perioada perinatal 671 483 565 393 551 319 466 336 436 279 380 277 in the perinatal period

Malformaii congenitale, deformaii i Congenital malformations, deformations


anomalii cromozomiale 456 401 430 327 340 309 382 294 351 274 329 239 and chromosomal abnormalities

Leziuni traumatice, otrviri i alte Injury, poisoning and other


consecine ale cauzelor externe 9732 3037 9343 2914 9908 2892 9510 2675 9280 2752 8156 2378 consequences of external causes
Alte cauze 649 453 708 471 1005 648 1424 888 1381 947 1360 966 Other causes

Not: Serie actualizat dup Clasificarea Internaional a Maladiilor - Revizia a X-a 1994.
Note: Updated series according to the International Classification of Diseases - Revision X, 1994.

66 67
Decese sub 1 an, pe cauze de deces
2.16 Deaths under 1 year of age, by cause of death
numr / number

2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Total 3052 2574 2434 2250 2078 1850

Boli infecioase i parazitare 95 55 61 46 45 50


Infectious and parasitic diseases
din care: / of which:
Diareea i gastroenterita de natur infecioas 52 22 34 20 24 20
Diarrhoea and gastro-enteritis of infectious nature
Infecia cu meningococi 8 6 3 5 4 3
Meningococcus infection

Boli ale sistemului nervos 66 52 49 42 30 35


Diseases of the nervous system
din care: / of which:
Meningita 23 26 15 18 9 10
Meningitis
Encefalita, mielita i encefalomielita 15 6 10 6 8 6
Encephalitis, myelitis and encephalo-myelitis

Boli ale aparatului respirator 838 733 729 633 602 514
Diseases of the respiratory system
din care: / of which:
Pneumonia 819 695 708 617 572 492
Pneumonia

Boli ale aparatului digestiv 35 36 32 37 30 35


Diseases of the digestive system
din care: / of which:
Gastrita, enterita i colita neinfecioas 15 22 22 25 18 17
Non-infective gastroenteritis and colitis

Unele afeciuni a cror origine se situeaz n


perioada perinatal 1154 958 870 802 715 657
Certain diseases originating in the perinatal period
din care: / of which:
Traumatisme obstetricale 19 14 8 5 8 7
Obstetrics traumatisms
Hemoragii fetale i neonatale 464 375 296 265 228 199
Fetal and neo-natal hemorrhages

Malformaii congenitale, deformaii i anomalii cromozomiale 671 585 526 526 515 437
Congenital malformations, deformations and
chromosomal abnormalities
din care: / of which:
Malformaii congenitale ale aparatului circulator 320 301 280 239 240 221
Congenital malformations of the circulatory system

Leziuni traumatice, otrviri i alte consecine ale


cauzelor externe 123 93 105 90 83 66
Injury, poisoning and other consequences of
external causes

Alte cauze 70 62 62 74 58 56
Other causes

Not: Serie actualizat dup Clasificarea Internaional a Maladiilor - Revizia a X-a 1994.
Note: Updated series according to the International Classification of Diseases - Revision X, 1994.

68
Durata medie a vieii, pe sexe i medii
2.17 Life expectancy, by sex and area
ani / years
Pe sexe / By sex Pe medii / By area

Anii Masculin Feminin Urban / Urban Rural / Rural Years

Total Male Female Total Masculin Feminin Total Masculin Feminin


Male Female Male Female

1970 67,33 65,07 69,51 68,27 65,79 70,67 66,63 64,40 68,83 1970
1971 68,00 65,70 70,26 68,84 66,29 71,32 67,41 65,17 69,61 1971
1972 68,58 66,27 70,85 69,38 66,79 71,89 68,01 65,78 70,20 1972
1973 68,55 66,28 70,77 69,50 66,98 71,96 67,87 65,67 70,02 1973
1974 69,08 66,83 71,29 69,93 67,44 72,36 68,46 65,27 70,60 1974
1975 69,58 67,29 71,82 70,29 67,84 72,69 68,99 66,74 71,18 1975
1976 69,69 67,37 71,97 70,72 68,23 73,15 68,79 66,47 71,04 1976
1977 69,76 67,45 72,06 70,56 68,06 73,00 69,03 66,71 71,28 1977
1978 69,82 67,42 72,18 70,52 67,96 73,03 69,08 66,62 71,46 1978
1979 69,54 67,10 71,98 70,14 67,41 72,83 68,94 66,67 71,24 1979
1980 69,21 66,68 71,75 69,82 67,02 72,59 68,59 66,21 71,03 1980
1981 69,14 66,53 71,78 69,77 66,88 72,64 68,53 66,05 71,07 1981
1982 69,42 66,70 72,17 69,94 66,90 72,95 68,89 66,31 71,53 1982
1983 69,60 66,83 72,40 70,23 67,15 73,28 68,94 66,30 71,65 1983
1984 69,77 66,98 72,61 70,46 67,40 73,49 69,04 66,34 71,82 1984
1985 69,70 66,81 72,65 70,37 67,20 73,54 68,95 66,14 71,85 1985
1986 69,74 66,78 72,78 70,36 67,10 73,61 68,99 66,14 71,98 1986
1987 69,53 66,55 72,59 70,06 66,88 73,26 68,81 65,89 71,86 1987
1988 69,27 66,30 72,32 69,84 66,69 73,03 68,52 65,60 71,58 1988
1989 69,42 66,51 72,41 70,17 67,08 73,28 68,55 65,65 71,60 1989
1990 69,56 66,56 72,65 70,25 67,06 73,46 68,70 65,70 71,80 1990
1991 69,76 66,59 73,05 70,39 67,02 73,83 68,88 65,71 72,25 1991
1992 69,78 66,56 73,17 70,54 67,16 74,02 68,75 65,45 72,29 1992
1993 69,52 66,06 73,17 70,01 66,45 73,71 68,76 65,32 72,52 1993
1994 69,48 65,88 73,32 70,02 66,36 73,83 68,67 65,04 72,68 1994
1995 69,40 65,70 73,36 70,05 66,33 73,95 68,46 64,70 72,66 1995
1996 69,05 65,30 73,09 69,84 66,12 73,77 67,99 64,13 72,33 1996
1997 68,95 65,19 73,00 69,82 66,16 73,66 67,80 63,86 72,26 1997
1998 69,24 65,46 73,32 70,09 66,39 73,97 68,11 64,16 72,58 1998
1999 69,74 66,05 73,67 70,58 66,92 74,38 68,66 64,85 72,91 1999
2000 70,53 67,03 74,20 71,31 67,84 74,86 69,53 65,93 73,49 2000
2001 71,19 67,69 74,84 71,94 68,50 75,42 70,20 66,57 74,17 2001
2002 71,18 67,61 74,90 72,02 68,55 75,51 70,08 66,35 74,20 2002
2003 71,01 67,42 74,78 71,81 68,24 75,42 70,08 66,41 74,14 2003
2004 71,32 67,74 75,06 72,15 68,62 75,70 70,34 66,67 74,41 2004
2005 71,76 68,19 75,47 72,53 69,04 76,01 70,78 67,12 74,83 2005
2006 72,22 68,74 75,80 72,98 69,56 76,34 71,23 67,69 75,13 2006
2007 72,61 69,17 76,14 73,34 69,96 76,64 71,64 68,13 75,50 2007
2008 73,03 69,49 76,68 73,76 70,29 77,16 72,05 68,42 76,05 2008
2009 73,33 69,68 77,09 74,16 70,58 77,67 72,23 68,51 76,36 2009
2010 73,47 69,76 77,30 74,38 70,78 77,91 72,26 68,45 76,54 2010
2011 1) 1)
73,77 70,11 77,53 74,62 71,07 78,08 72,63 68,88 76,81 2011

Not: Durata medie a vieii n anul de referin s-a calculat pe baza numrului populaiei i al deceselor pentru o perioad de trei ani.
Note: Life expectancy in the reference year was computed based on population number and on number of deaths during a three years period.
1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate (inclusiv seria intercensitar precedent) dup publicarea rezultatelor finale
ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011. (Vezi Precizri metodologice - pagina 38).
Provisional data to be rectified (including previous intercensus series) after the publication of final results of 2011,
Population and Housing Census. (See The methodological notes - page 38).

69
Cstoriile dup grupa de vrst a soilor
2.18 Marriages by age group of spouses

Grupa de vrst Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years)
a soului (ani) 60 i
Age group of husband Total Sub 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 peste
(years) under and over

2006
Total 146637 19966 47912 42322 17361 9299 3309 2707 1806 1014 941
Sub / under 20 2249 1439 583 138 49 27 8 3 2 - -
20-24 28747 9296 14770 3914 577 129 34 17 5 2 3
25-29 58111 7083 24234 22156 3766 738 86 27 17 2 2
30-34 27924 1690 6493 11116 6427 1790 296 76 23 8 5
35-39 13516 337 1342 3619 4319 3089 578 171 40 15 6
40-44 5173 71 283 785 1197 1702 709 301 98 25 2
45-49 4014 27 112 342 611 1009 827 751 251 74 10
50-54 2887 14 52 161 252 494 462 739 512 156 45
55-59 1801 4 28 58 108 195 202 388 464 269 85
60 i peste / and over 2215 5 15 33 55 126 107 234 394 463 783

2007
Total 189240 25143 60296 52241 24013 12356 4708 3692 3051 1904 1836
Sub / under 20 3168 2376 703 72 12 4 - - - - 1
20-24 36301 12722 18881 4048 521 110 11 7 1 - -
25-29 69336 7806 29924 26356 4425 735 75 8 - 4 3
30-34 38548 1865 8771 15889 9451 2166 314 71 13 6 2
35-39 18664 314 1608 4535 6698 4396 803 229 68 11 2
40-44 7327 47 262 866 1800 2668 1155 401 101 22 5
45-49 5432 9 86 284 687 1434 1370 1059 384 92 27
50-54 4090 3 38 113 282 574 672 1170 927 255 56
55-59 2942 - 12 56 91 180 209 526 1019 696 153
60 i peste / and over 3432 1 11 22 46 89 99 221 538 818 1587

2008
Total 149439 15671 51201 42153 19749 9244 4680 2603 2041 1161 936
Sub / under 20 1786 1162 559 52 7 5 1 - - - -
20-24 28192 7930 16378 3302 487 72 21 - 1 - 1
25-29 55749 4990 24696 21414 3894 617 116 17 5 - -
30-34 32071 1330 7801 12662 7928 1884 374 75 13 3 1
35-39 13532 205 1353 3333 4611 2917 897 171 29 10 6
40-44 6717 36 290 921 1770 2018 1202 350 107 19 4
45-49 3960 6 68 290 612 982 1001 646 282 62 11
50-54 3138 8 34 125 264 461 669 749 629 156 43
55-59 2038 2 17 29 122 194 261 380 566 375 92
60 i peste / and over 2256 2 5 25 54 94 138 215 409 536 778

2009
Total 134275 13230 48181 37720 17933 7667 4267 1973 1591 897 816
Sub / under 20 1486 988 457 30 7 3 1 - - - -
20-24 26426 7008 15824 3050 445 85 11 3 - - -
25-29 49752 3932 22694 18946 3554 509 98 12 6 1 -
30-34 29976 1089 7521 11666 7614 1632 384 54 11 4 1
35-39 11776 169 1323 2885 4011 2426 793 130 28 7 4
40-44 6024 35 262 815 1504 1827 1220 254 87 13 7
45-49 3031 4 52 197 476 679 902 468 192 45 16
50-54 2412 1 29 76 209 307 537 577 497 136 43
55-59 1581 2 9 32 64 130 211 317 421 307 88
60 i peste / and over 1811 2 10 23 49 69 110 158 349 384 657

2010
Total 115778 9748 41034 34120 16122 6890 3813 1552 1155 737 607
Sub / under 20 872 571 267 27 5 1 - 1 - - -
20-24 21266 5195 13058 2590 342 68 7 5 1 - -
25-29 43390 3003 19492 17208 3128 455 86 12 4 1 1
30-34 27094 832 6622 10651 7069 1551 324 33 10 1 1
35-39 10664 117 1264 2677 3594 2196 671 111 23 9 2
40-44 5583 22 247 697 1401 1665 1226 239 70 15 1
45-49 2336 1 52 152 340 520 728 370 138 27 8
50-54 1790 5 11 68 156 256 428 394 347 95 30
55-59 1309 - 16 32 52 115 237 248 319 235 55
60 i peste / and over 1474 2 5 18 35 63 106 139 243 354 509

70
Cstoriile dup grupa de vrst a soilor - continuare
2.18 Marriages by age group of spouses - continued

Grupa de vrst Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years)
a soului (ani) 60 i
Age group of husband Total Sub 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 peste
(years) under and over

2011
Total 105599 7909 36214 31770 15016 6679 3855 1608 1111 773 664
Sub / under 20 599 384 185 22 7 - - - - 1 -
20-24 18236 4219 11282 2324 334 61 14 2 - - -
25-29 38670 2451 17206 15832 2669 406 90 9 5 2 -
30-34 25303 710 6099 10134 6519 1462 323 42 12 1 1
35-39 10304 114 1117 2514 3567 2200 657 107 22 4 2
40-44 5571 21 253 689 1332 1635 1258 290 73 16 4
45-49 2247 5 41 146 355 485 708 366 103 31 7
50-54 1781 5 15 68 135 253 448 409 299 112 37
55-59 1336 - 7 27 63 109 222 242 346 242 78
60 i peste / and over 1552 - 9 14 35 68 135 141 251 364 535

2.19 Cstoriile dup starea civil a soilor nainte de cstorie


Marriages by previous marital status of spouses

Starea civil a soiei / Marital status of wife


Starea civil Total Necstorit Divorat Vduv Marital status
a soului Unmarried Divorced Widow of husband

2006 2006
Total 146637 124680 19420 2537 Total
Necstorit 123635 114573 8306 756 Unmarried
Divorat 21053 9701 10293 1059 Divorced
Vduv 1949 406 821 722 Widower

2007 2007
Total 189240 168132 18510 2598 Total
Necstorit 167286 158237 8212 837 Unmarried
Divorat 20047 9448 9538 1061 Divorced
Vduv 1907 447 760 700 Widower

2008 2008
Total 149439 128578 18395 2466 Total
Necstorit 127286 118600 7917 769 Unmarried
Divorat 20407 9616 9728 1063 Divorced
Vduv 1746 362 750 634 Widower

2009 2009
Total 134275 116824 15582 1869 Total
Necstorit 116162 108298 7247 617 Unmarried
Divorat 16863 8205 7821 837 Divorced
Vduv 1250 321 514 415 Widower

2010 2010
Total 115778 100409 13809 1560 Total
Necstorit 99887 92843 6546 498 Unmarried
Divorat 14801 7298 6793 710 Divorced
Vduv 1090 268 470 352 Widower

2011 2011
Total 105599 90421 13639 1539 Total
Necstorit 90095 83278 6352 465 Unmarried
Divorat 14379 6879 6802 698 Divorced
Vduv 1125 264 485 376 Widower

71
Vrsta medie la cstorie i vrsta medie la prima cstorie, pe medii
2.20 Average age at marriage and average age at first marriage, by area
ani / years
Anul i mediul Vrsta medie la cstorie Vrsta medie la prima cstorie
Year and area Average age at marriage Average age at first marriage

So Soie So Soie
Husband Wife Husband Wife

2006
Total 30,8 27,2 28,6 25,3
Urban 31,2 28,1 28,9 26,2
Rural 29,9 25,6 28,1 23,7

2007
Total 31,3 27,7 29,8 26,3
Urban 31,2 28,1 29,2 26,4
Rural 31,4 27,3 30,4 26,2

2008
Total 31,2 27,7 29,1 25,9
Urban 31,5 28,4 29,3 26,6
Rural 30,5 26,4 28,7 24,5

2009
Total 30,9 27,5 29,1 25,8
Urban 31,2 28,2 29,4 26,6
Rural 30,2 26,2 28,5 24,4

2010
Total 30,9 27,6 29,1 26,0
Urban 31,4 28,4 29,6 26,9
Rural 30,1 26,1 28,4 24,3

2011
Total 31,4 28,8 29,3 26,2
Urban 31,8 28,8 29,7 27,1
Rural 30,6 26,6 28,7 24,6

Divorurile dup grupa de vrst a soilor


2.21 Divorces by age group of spouses

Grupa de vrst Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years)
a soului (ani)
Age group Total Sub 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste
of husband (years) and over and over

2006
Total 32672 524 3267 6833 7003 6505 3009 2617 1632 740 542
Sub / Under 20 47 20 16 4 6 1 - - - - -
20-24 1016 183 560 199 43 21 4 4 1 - 1
25-29 4893 231 1686 2306 538 103 10 12 4 2 1
30-34 7015 67 750 3022 2558 508 71 24 10 3 2
35-39 7324 13 186 1021 2957 2803 274 53 13 2 2
40-44 3900 6 36 176 596 1971 902 154 43 14 2
45-49 3691 1 16 63 216 805 1261 1061 229 34 5
50-54 2518 3 9 25 63 213 377 1020 674 109 25
55-59 1212 - 7 13 13 53 82 219 487 294 44
60 i peste / and over 1056 - 1 4 13 27 28 70 171 282 460

72
Divorurile dup grupa de vrst a soilor - continuare
2.21 Divorces by age group of spouses - continued

Grupa de vrst Grupa de vrst a soiei (ani) / Age group of wife (years)
a soului (ani)
Age group Total Sub 20 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60 i peste
of husband (years) and over and over

2007
Total 36308 526 3381 7158 7856 7300 3696 2826 1967 967 631
Sub / Under 20 41 16 13 9 3 - - - - - -
20-24 910 188 481 173 40 23 - 3 2 - -
25-29 4836 216 1725 2265 510 91 17 8 2 2 -
30-34 7707 76 887 3201 2897 526 82 27 8 3 -
35-39 8487 23 200 1180 3344 3226 410 74 22 8 -
40-44 4455 6 50 221 709 2115 1123 190 37 3 1
45-49 4057 1 14 65 236 936 1490 1058 214 33 10
50-54 2994 - 6 22 77 263 476 1131 845 146 28
55-59 1591 - 4 15 29 81 77 267 642 407 69
60 i peste / and over 1230 - 1 7 11 39 21 68 195 365 523
2008
Total 35685 442 3462 6537 7572 6741 4571 2747 1964 958 691
Sub / Under 20 19 11 4 2 2 - - - - - -
20-24 944 180 556 134 53 13 6 - 2 - -
25-29 4429 164 1636 2010 499 82 23 10 5 - -
30-34 7497 62 961 2989 2848 509 97 18 8 5 -
35-39 7428 21 227 1028 2956 2653 469 56 13 4 1
40-44 5506 2 47 265 915 2381 1661 173 43 15 4
45-49 3991 1 16 63 177 786 1625 1044 230 43 6
50-54 2971 - 8 26 73 222 551 1098 821 147 25
55-59 1599 - 2 10 35 66 108 278 646 392 62
60 i peste / and over 1301 1 5 10 14 29 31 70 196 352 593
2009
Total 32341 278 3235 5820 6860 5782 4620 2411 1807 923 605
Sub / Under 20 15 6 9 - - - - - - - -
20-24 873 119 566 126 40 15 3 4 - - -
25-29 3829 93 1455 1741 433 69 25 4 5 2 2
30-34 6820 48 931 2669 2590 467 84 22 7 2 -
35-39 6342 10 200 931 2587 2091 434 62 17 6 4
40-44 5594 2 53 258 908 2314 1807 176 62 10 4
45-49 3444 - 11 61 201 559 1543 840 183 36 10
50-54 2738 - 4 18 66 190 572 982 751 129 26
55-59 1521 - 2 11 25 55 117 261 601 384 65
60 i peste / and over 1165 - 4 5 10 22 35 60 181 354 494
2010
Total 32632 202 3298 5618 7069 5805 5015 2349 1673 956 647
Sub / Under 20 9 5 4 - - - - - - - -
20-24 851 78 589 132 33 12 6 - - 1 -
25-29 3604 80 1460 1568 383 75 20 15 2 1 -
30-34 6891 29 947 2636 2607 539 106 17 5 3 2
35-39 6599 8 243 981 2790 2056 455 48 14 4 -
40-44 6051 2 39 238 1012 2345 2134 223 47 10 1
45-49 3207 - 10 37 168 531 1520 751 148 35 7
50-54 2645 - 4 14 51 173 575 953 709 140 26
55-59 1572 - 2 8 11 52 157 272 569 420 81
60 i peste / and over 1203 - - 4 14 22 42 70 179 342 530
2011
Total 35780 171 3632 6212 7537 6387 5709 2417 1852 1036 827
Sub / Under 20 10 3 5 1 - 1 - - - - -
20-24 879 73 628 148 23 3 2 1 1 - -
25-29 3984 60 1613 1807 394 86 17 4 3 - -
30-34 7542 32 1032 2841 2897 618 97 16 5 4 -
35-39 7009 3 279 1048 2842 2261 509 51 11 5 -
40-44 6842 - 56 277 1094 2617 2472 247 60 16 3
45-49 3441 - 10 58 169 543 1662 808 156 28 7
50-54 2842 - 5 15 69 171 703 966 728 150 35
55-59 1764 - 1 11 26 54 181 253 684 455 99
60 i peste / and over 1467 - 3 6 23 33 66 71 204 378 683

73
Divorurile dup numrul copiilor minori rmai prin desfacerea cstoriei
Divorces by number of under age children remained through
2.22 marriage dissolution

Cu 5 copii
Fr copii Cu Cu Cu Cu i peste
Anii Total Without 1 copil 2 copii 3 copii 4 copii With 5
Years children With 1 With 2 With 3 With 4 children
child children children children and over

2006 32672 16558 11878 3544 481 146 65


2007 36308 18929 12825 3851 524 122 57
2008 35685 18910 12166 3881 539 124 65
2009 32341 17410 10616 3653 473 120 69
2010 32632 16922 11299 3727 496 123 65
2011 35780 19626 11591 3865 500 129 69

Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, pe medii i sexe


Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing,
2.23 by area and sex
numr persoane / number of persons
Sosii / In-migrants Plecai / Out-migrants

Anii Total n urban n rural Total Din urban Din rural


Years In urban area In rural area From urban area From rural area
Total

2006 334025 176100 157925 334025 194749 139276


2007 374156 175666 198490 374156 213668 160488
2008 389254 185948 203306 389254 232105 157149
2009 330672 166853 163819 330672 193120 137552
2010 458995 236502 222493 458995 273353 185642
2011 324626 164019 160607 324626 194248 130378

Masculin / Male

2006 149980 77747 72233 149980 90605 59375


2007 171118 80190 90928 171118 102448 68670
2008 179569 84227 95342 179569 111512 68057
2009 147712 73752 73960 147712 90274 57438
2010 206919 105139 101780 206919 128979 77940
2011 146080 72246 73834 146080 91758 54322

Feminin / Female

2006 184045 98353 85692 184045 104144 79901


2007 203038 95476 107562 203038 111220 91818
2008 209685 101721 107964 209685 120593 89092
2009 182960 93101 89859 182960 102846 80114
2010 252076 131363 120713 252076 144374 107702
2011 178546 91773 86773 178546 102490 76056

74
Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului,
pe grupe de vrst i medii
Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing,
2.24 by age group and area
numr persoane / number of persons
Sosii / In-migrants Plecai / Out-migrants

Grupa de vrst (ani) Total n urban n rural Total Din urban Din rural
Age group (years) In urban area In rural area From urban area From rural area

2006
Total 334025 176100 157925 334025 194749 139276
pn la / under 15 56037 25461 30576 56037 26494 29543
15-19 25075 11643 13432 25075 11628 13447
20-24 48966 28060 20906 48966 25341 23625
25-29 53245 34533 18712 53245 31535 21710
30-34 41300 24524 16776 41300 23165 18135
35-39 28956 16127 12829 28956 17614 11342
40-44 15761 7455 8306 15761 10269 5492
45-49 16673 6898 9775 16673 12169 4504
50-54 16182 6398 9784 16182 12659 3523
55-59 11401 4486 6915 11401 9089 2312
60 i peste / and over 20429 10515 9914 20429 14786 5643

2007
Total 374156 175666 198490 374156 213668 160488
pn la / under 15 62465 25787 36678 62465 28329 34136
15-19 27147 11179 15968 27147 11861 15286
20-24 53799 27965 25834 53799 26608 27191
25-29 56207 33648 22559 56207 32613 23594
30-34 45282 25175 20107 45282 25258 20024
35-39 31334 15946 15388 31334 18378 12956
40-44 18033 7857 10176 18033 11569 6464
45-49 17325 6237 11088 17325 12416 4909
50-54 18508 6019 12489 18508 14357 4151
55-59 15105 4699 10406 15105 11956 3149
60 i peste / and over 28951 11154 17797 28951 20323 8628

2008
Total 389254 185948 203306 389254 232105 157149
pn la / under 15 67366 29033 38333 67366 32902 34464
15-19 25678 10939 14739 25678 11656 14022
20-24 55310 29730 25580 55310 28588 26722
25-29 56420 34331 22089 56420 34637 21783
30-34 48096 26678 21418 48096 29480 18616
35-39 31303 15803 15500 31303 19232 12071
40-44 21667 9871 11796 21667 14369 7298
45-49 16904 6423 10481 16904 12177 4727
50-54 19651 6510 13141 19651 15241 4410
55-59 16546 5192 11354 16546 13087 3459
60 i peste / and over 30313 11438 18875 30313 20736 9577

2009
Total 330672 166853 163819 330672 193120 137552
pn la / under 15 66116 28895 37221 66116 32586 33530
15-19 22618 9725 12893 22618 9700 12918
20-24 52262 28983 23279 52262 26749 25513
25-29 47459 29757 17702 47459 29535 17924
30-34 41186 23765 17421 41186 25554 15632
35-39 24594 12803 11791 24594 15141 9453
40-44 18631 9071 9560 18631 12359 6272
45-49 11897 4983 6914 11897 8478 3419
50-54 14257 5504 8753 14257 10903 3354
55-59 11545 4459 7086 11545 8865 2680
60 i peste / and over 20107 8908 11199 20107 13250 6857

75
Migraia intern determinat de schimbarea domiciliului,
pe grupe de vrst i medii - continuare
Internal migration determined by permanent residence changing,
2.24 by age group and area - continued
numr persoane / number of persons
Sosii / In-migrants Plecai / Out-migrants
Grupa de vrst (ani) Total n urban n rural Total Din urban Din rural
Age group (years) In urban area In rural area From urban area From rural area

2010
Total 458995 236502 222493 458995 273353 185642
pn la / under 15 92863 40674 52189 92863 46342 46521
15-19 33694 15018 18676 33694 14730 18964
20-24 69711 38630 31081 69711 36159 33552
25-29 65961 41835 24126 65961 42406 23555
30-34 57466 34091 23375 57466 36681 20785
35-39 35302 18985 16317 35302 22485 12817
40-44 27992 14113 13879 27992 18813 9179
45-49 15770 6945 8825 15770 11400 4370
50-54 18217 7467 10750 18217 14028 4189
55-59 15960 6537 9423 15960 12528 3432
60 i peste / and over 26059 12207 13852 26059 17781 8278

2011
Total 324626 164019 160607 324626 194248 130378
pn la / under 15 67399 28862 38537 67399 34262 33137
15-19 22727 10029 12698 22727 10050 12677
20-24 48212 26082 22130 48212 24450 23762
25-29 45897 28399 17498 45897 29029 16868
30-34 39913 23242 16671 39913 25873 14040
35-39 25346 13505 11841 25346 16351 8995
40-44 21422 10817 10605 21422 14452 6970
45-49 10846 4735 6111 10846 7828 3018
50-54 12503 5132 7371 12503 9532 2971
55-59 11474 4487 6987 11474 9099 2375
60 i peste / and over 18887 8729 10158 18887 13322 5565

Structura fluxurilor migraiei interne urbane i rurale,


determinate de schimbarea domiciliului
Structure of urban and rural internal migration flows
2.25 determined by permanent residence changing

2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Numr persoane / Number of persons


Total 334025 374156 389254 330672 458995 324626
Din rural n urban 75275 80235 78671 70246 96201 66784
From rural to urban
Din urban n urban 100825 95431 107277 96607 140301 97235
From urban to urban
Din rural n rural 64001 80253 78478 67306 89441 63594
From rural to rural
Din urban n rural 93924 118237 124828 96513 133052 97013
From urban to rural
Rate la 1000 locuitori / Rates per 1000 inhabitants
Total 15,5 17,4 18,1 15,4 21,4 15,2 1)
1)
Din rural n urban 6,3 6,8 6,7 6,0 8,2 5,7
From rural to urban
1)
Din urban n urban 8,5 8,1 9,1 8,2 11,9 8,3
From urban to urban
1)
Din rural n rural 6,6 8,3 8,1 7,0 9,3 6,6
From rural to rural
1)
Din urban n rural 9,7 12,2 12,9 10,0 13,8 10,1
From urban to rural

1) Date provizorii ce urmeaz a fi rectificate (inclusiv seria intercensitar precedent) dup publicarea rezultatelor finale
ale Recensmntului Populaiei i Locuinelor - 2011. (Vezi Precizri metodologice - pagina 38).
Provisional data to be rectified (including previous intercensus series) after the publication of final results of 2011,
Population and Housing Census. (See The methodological notes - page 38).

76
Emigranii, pe sexe i grupe de vrst
(cetenii romni care i-au stabilit domiciliul n strintate)
Emigrants, by sex and age group
2.26 (Romanian citizens who settled their permanent residence abroad)
numr persoane / number of persons

1)
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Total 14197 8830 8739 10211 7906 18307 Total


Masculin 5341 3088 3069 3768 2917 8527 Male
Feminin 8856 5742 5670 6443 4989 9780 Female

Pe grupe de vrst / By age group

Sub 18 ani 963 1003 1214 1316 1062 4746 Under 18 years
18-25 ani 1726 1062 1107 1270 1074 3417 18-25 years
26-40 ani 8198 4979 4722 5351 3955 6155 26-40 years
41-50 ani 1782 982 974 1393 1156 2003 41-50 years
51-60 ani 839 460 445 522 406 1188 51-60 years
61 ani i peste 689 344 277 359 253 798 61 years and over

1) Datele sunt estimri. / The data are estimate.

Emigranii, dup ara de destinaie


(cetenii romni care i-au stabilit domiciliul n strintate)
Emigrants, by country of destination
2.27 (Romanian citizens who settled their permanent residence abroad)
numr persoane / number of persons
1)
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Total 14197 8830 8739 10211 7906 18307 Total

Dup ara de destinaie / By country of destination


Australia 125 83 82 128 81 112 Australia
Austria 581 313 345 421 569 1089 Austria
Belgia 59 34 35 70 46 129 Belgium
Canada 1655 1787 1738 2045 858 967 Canada
Frana 529 372 431 576 405 663 France
Germania 3110 1902 1788 1938 1399 2014 Germany
Grecia 134 72 85 124 133 160 Greece
Iordania 26 21 23 21 16 139 Jordan
Israel 128 57 50 111 62 2857 Israel
Italia 3393 1401 1098 984 844 1906 Italy
Marea Britanie 227 71 130 211 264 251 United Kingdom
Republica Moldova 112 149 189 217 349 254 Republic of Moldova
Spania 330 138 238 547 882 3352 Spain
S.U.A. 1982 1535 1591 1793 1086 1350 U.S.A.
Ungaria 900 266 354 331 266 514 Hungary
Alte ri 906 629 562 694 646 2550 Other countries

1) Datele sunt estimri. / The data are estimate.

77
Imigranii, pe sexe i grupe de vrst
(cetenii strini care i-au stabilit domiciliul n Romnia)
Immigrants, by sex and age group
2.28 (foreign citizens who settled their permanent residence in Romania)
numr persoane / number of persons

1)
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Total 7714 9575 10030 8606 7059 15538 Total


Masculin 4762 5871 6041 5177 4242 9505 Male
Feminin 2952 3704 3989 3429 2817 6033 Female

Pe grupe de vrst / By age group


Sub 18 ani 1083 1434 1451 1266 951 1396 Under 18 years
18-25 ani 868 1002 1309 1266 975 3405 18-25 years
26-40 ani 3265 3755 3878 3104 2382 6322 26-40 years
41-50 ani 1469 1880 1687 1399 1264 2320 41-50 years
51-60 ani 729 1004 1142 977 878 1332 51-60 years
61 ani i peste 300 500 563 594 609 763 61 years and over

1) Datele sunt estimri. / The data are estimate.

Imigranii, dup ara de provenien


(cetenii strini care i-au stabilit domiciliul n Romnia)
Immigrants, by origin country
2.29 (foreign citizens who settled their permanent residence in Romania)
numr persoane / number of persons
1)
ara de provenien 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Origin country

Total 7714 9575 10030 8606 7059 15538 Total


Austria 75 126 126 145 111 80 Austria
Canada 187 271 334 296 230 224 Canada
R.P. Chinez 362 375 580 462 321 319 China, Peoples Rep. of
Frana 125 184 153 169 149 143 France
Germania 252 423 526 496 438 357 Germany
Irak 121 129 136 111 58 140 Iraq
Iran-Republica Islamica 120 139 88 63 45 75 Iran
Israel 156 239 204 162 108 130 Israel
Italia 313 844 1290 1233 1274 692 Italy
Liban 104 162 143 94 72 85 Lebanon
Republica Moldova 4349 4019 3476 2847 1973 8919 Republic of Moldova
Spania 37 76 98 46 77 117 Spain
Siria 151 228 224 174 135 158 Syrian Arabian Republic
S.U.A 292 466 581 539 434 479 U.S.A.
Turcia 273 522 566 402 398 339 Turkey
Ungaria 103 249 368 335 294 248 Hungary
Alte ri 694 1123 1137 1032 942 3033 Other countries

1) Datele sunt estimri. / The data are estimate.

Migraia internaional determinat de schimbarea domiciliului, pe sexe


2.30 International migration determined by change of permanent residence, by sex
numr persoane / number of persons
Imigrani Emigrani Soldul migraiei internaionale
Anii Immigrants Emigrants Net international migration
Years Total Masculin Feminin Total Masculin Feminin Total Masculin Feminin
Male Female Male Female Male Female

2006 7714 4762 2952 14197 5341 8856 -6483 -579 -5904
2007 9575 5871 3704 8830 3088 5742 745 2783 -2038
2008 10030 6041 3989 8739 3069 5670 1291 2972 -1681
2009 8606 5177 3429 10211 3768 6443 -1605 1409 -3014
2010 7059 4242 2817 7906 2917 4989 -847 1325 -2172
1)
2011 15538 9505 6033 18307 8527 9780 -2769 978 -3747

1) Datele sunt estimri. / The data are estimate.

78
PIAA FOREI DE MUNC

LABOUR MARKET
3
CUPRINS TABELE Pagina TABLES CONTENTS
Page

FORA DE MUNC LABOUR FORCE

3.1 Populaia dup participarea la activitatea economic, Population by participation in economic activity,
pe sexe i medii .......................................................... 94 by sex and area
3.2 Ratele de activitate, ocupare i omaj, Activity, employment and unemployment
dup nivelul de educaie, pe sexe i medii .................. 95 rates, by educational level, sex and area
3.3 Structura populaiei ocupate, pe activiti ale Employment structure, by activity of
economiei naionale i pe grupe de vrst, national economy and by age group,
n anul 2011 ................................................................ 96 in 2011
3.4 Structura populaiei ocupate, pe activiti ale Employment structure, by activity of national
economiei naionale i dup statutul profesional, economy and by status in employment,
n anul 2011 ................................................................ 96 in 2011
3.5 Structura populaiei, dup participarea Population structure, by participation
la activitatea economic, pe grupe de vrst, in economic activity, by age group,
sexe i medii, n anul 2011 ......................................... 98 sex and area, in 2011
3.6 Structura populaiei ocupate, dup nivelul Employment structure, by educational
de educaie, pe grupe de vrst, level, by age group, sex and area,
sexe i medii, n anul 2011 ......................................... 99 in 2011
3.7 Structura populaiei ocupate, pe grupe de ocupaii, Employment structure, by occupation
grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2011 ............ 100 group, age group, sex and area, in 2011
3.8 Structura populaiei ocupate, dup statutul Employment structure, by status in
profesional, pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, employment, by age group, sex and area,
n anul 2011 .............................................................. 104 in 2011
3.9 Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei Civil employment, by activity of national
naionale ................................................................... 105 economy
3.10 Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei Civil employment, by activity of national
naionale i pe forme de proprietate, n anul 2011 ....... 105 economy and by type of ownership, in 2011
3.11 Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale Average number of employees, by activity
economiei naionale i pe sexe ................................ 106 of national economy and by sex
3.12 Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe forme Average number of employees,
de proprietate, clase de mrime ale by ownership type, enterprises size class
ntreprinderilor i pe sexe ......................................... 107 and by sex
3.13 Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale Average number of employees, by activity of
industriei i pe sexe .................................................. 107 industry and by sex
3.14 Salariaii, pe activiti ale economiei naionale Employees, by activity of national economy
i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2011 ............................. 109 and by sex, on December 31, 2011
3.15 Salariaii, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe, Employees , by activity of industry and by sex,
la 31 decembrie 2011 ............................................... 110 on December 31, 2011
3.16 omerii nregistrai i rata omajului ........................ 112 Registered unemployed and unemployment rate
3.17 Persoanele cuprinse n cursuri de Persons who attend vocational
formare profesional ................................................. 112 training courses
3.18 omerii nregistrai, dup nivelul Registered unemployed, by educational
de educaie i pe grupe de vrst, level and by age group,
la 31 decembrie 2011 ............................................... 114 on December 31, 2011
3.19 omerii nregistrai, beneficiari de indemnizaii Registered unemployed, receiving unemployment
de omaj, pe grupe de vrst i dup durata indemnities, by age group and by unemployment
omajului, la 31 decembrie 2011 .............................. 114 duration, on December 31, 2011
3.20 omajul de lung durat, pe sexe i medii ............... 116 Long term unemployed, by sex and area

80
Pagina
Page

CONDIII DE MUNC WORKING CONDITIONS

3.21 Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale Number of injured at work, by activity of
economiei naionale, n anul 2011 ............................ 117 national economy, in 2011
3.22 Revendicrile care au declanat conflicte Claims which caused
de interese . ............................................................... 121 conflicts of interest
3.23 Conflictele de interese i frecvena lor lunar .......... 122 Conflicts of interest and their monthly frequency
3.24 Greve declanate, cu respectarea procedurii Strikes initiated by observing the procedure
prevzute n Legea nr. 168 / 1999 ............................ 122 provided by Law no. 168 / 1999
3.25 Conflictele de interese, pe activiti ale economiei Conflicts of interest, by activity of
naionale ................................................................... 124 national economy
3.26 Rata locurilor de munc vacante, Rate of vacancies, by activity of
pe activiti ale economiei naionale.......................... 128 national economy
3.27 Rata locurilor de munc vacante, Rate of vacancies,
pe grupe majore de ocupaii ...................................... 129 by major occupation groups

Teritorial Territorial

3.28 Populaia dup participarea la activitatea Population by participation in economic activity,


economic, n profil teritorial, pe sexe i medii ................ at territorial level, by sex and area
3.29 Ratele de activitate, ocupare i omaj, Activity, employment and unemployment rates, at
n profil teritorial, dup nivelul de educaie, territorial level, by educational level,
pe sexe i medii, n anul 2011 ......................................... by sex and area, in 2011
3.30 Structura populaiei, dup participarea la activitatea Population structure, by participation in economic
economic, n profil teritorial, pe grupe de vrst, activity, at territorial level, by age group,
sexe i medii, n anul 2011 .............................................. sex and area, in 2011
3.31 Structura populaiei ocupate, n profil teritorial, Employment structure, at territorial level,
dup nivelul de educaie, pe grupe de vrst, by educational level, by age group,
sexe i medii, n anul 2011 .............................................. sex and area, in 2011
3.32 Structura populaiei ocupate, n profil teritorial, Employment structure, at territorial level,
dup statutul profesional, pe grupe de vrst, by status in employment, by age group,
sexe i medii, n anul 2011 .............................................. sex and area, in 2011
3.33 Structura populaiei ocupate, n profil teritorial, Employment structure, at territorial level,
pe activiti ale economiei naionale i by activity of national economy and
pe grupe de vrst, n anul 2011 ..................................... by age group, in 2011
3.34 Populaia ocupat civil, n profil teritorial i Civil employment, at territorial level and
pe activiti ale economiei naionale, by activity of national economy,
n anul 2011 ..................................................................... in 2011
3.35 Numrul mediu al salariailor, n profil teritorial ................ Average number of employees, at territorial level
3.36 Numrul mediu al salariailor, n profil teritorial Average number of employees, at territorial level
i pe sexe ......................................................................... and by sex
3.37 Numrul mediu al salariailor, n profil teritorial Average number of employees, at territorial level
i pe activiti ale economiei naionale, and by activity of national economy,
n anul 2011 ..................................................................... in 2011
3.38 omerii nregistrai i rata omajului, Registered unemployed and unemployment rate,
n profil teritorial, la 31 decembrie 2011 ........................... at territorial level, on December 31, 2011
3.39 omerii nregistrai, n profil teritorial, Registered unemployed, at territorial level,
pe categorii de personal i nivel de educaie, by category of personnel and educational level,
la 31 decembrie 2011 ....................................................... on December 31, 2011
3.40 omajul de lung durat, n profil teritorial, Long term unemployed, at territorial level,
pe sexe i medii ................................................................ by sex and area

81
3.41 Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe activiti Rate of vacancies, by activity of national
ale economiei naionale, n profil teritorial, economy, at territorial level,
n anul 2011 ...................................................................... in 2011
3.42 Rata locurilor de munc vacante, pe grupe majore Rate of vacancies, by major occupation groups,
de ocupaii, n profil teritorial, n anul 2011 ..................... at territorial level, in 2011
3.43 Numrul accidentailor n munc, n profil teritorial, Number of injured at work, at territorial level,
n anul 2011 ..................................................................... in 2011
3.44 Conflictele de interese, n profil teritorial, Conflicts of interest,
n anul 2011 ..................................................................... at territorial level, in 2011

SURSA DATELOR DATA SOURCE

Cercetri statistice: Statistical surveys:


 Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n  Household labour force statistical survey, for data
gospodrii, pentru datele privind populaia ocupat on employment and unemployment ;
i omajul;
 Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc n  Labour cost survey carried out in economic and
unitile economico-sociale, pentru datele referitoare social units, for data regarding the number of
la numrul salariailor (conform Regulamentului employees (according to the Regulation of the
Consiliului i Parlamentului European nr. 530/1999 European Parliament and of the Council
privind statisticile structurii ctigurilor salariale i no.530/1999 regarding statistics of earnings and
costului forei de munc); labour cost structures);
 Cercetarea statistic trimestrial asupra locurilor de  Quarterly job vacancy survey, for data related to rate
munc vacante, pentru datele referitoare la rata locurilor of vacancies (according to the Regulation of the
de munc vacante (conform Regulamentului Consiliului European Parliament and of the Council
i Parlamentului European nr. 453/2008 privind no.453/2008 regarding statistics of vacancies);
statisticile referitoare la locurile de munc vacante);
 Balana forei de munc, pentru datele privind  Labour force balance, for data on civil employment
populaia ocupat civil pe activiti ale economiei by activity of national economy, by type of ownership
naionale, pe forme de proprietate i pe judee. and by county.

Surse administrative: Administrative sources:


 Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de  National Agency for Employment, for data on the
Munc, pentru datele privind omajul nregistrat i number of registered unemployment and the number
numrul persoanelor cuprinse n cursuri de calificare of persons who attend qualification and
i recalificare; requalification courses;
 Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale,  Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection, for
pentru datele privind condiiile de munc. data on working conditions.

PRECIZRI METODOLOGICE METHODOLOGICAL NOTES

FORA DE MUNC LABOUR FORCE

Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) is
gospodrii (AMIGO) este conceput ca o surs conceived as an important source of inter-census
important de informaii intercenzitare asupra forei de information about labour force; the survey provides, in a
munc; ancheta furnizeaz, ntr-o manier coerent, date coherent way, essential data about main population
eseniale asupra principalelor segmente de populaie (activ segments (economically active - employed and
- ocupat i n omaj - inactiv), cu numeroase posibiliti de unemployed - non-economically active), with numerous
corelare i structurare dup caracteristici demo - socio - possibilities of correlation and structuring by demo-socio-
economice diverse, n condiii de comparabilitate economical features, under international comparability
internaional. ncepnd cu anul 1996, ancheta forei de conditions. Beginning with 1996, household labour force
munc n gospodrii se realizeaz trimestrial, ca o cercetare survey is quarterly carried out, as a continuous survey,

82
continu, permind astfel obinerea de date conjuncturale resulting in short-term data on the labour force size and
asupra mrimii i structurii ofertei de for de munc i structure and pointing out seasonal phenomena taking
evidenierea fenomenelor cu caracter sezonier care se place on the labour market. Since 2004, the sample
manifest pe piaa forei de munc. Din anul 2004, volumul volume is of 28080 dwellings/quarter. The yearly data are
eantionului pe care se realizeaz ancheta este de calculated as quartely data arithmetic means.
28080 locuine/trimestru. Datele anuale se calculeaz ca
medii aritmetice ale datelor trimestriale.
Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de Labour cost survey is a complex yearly statistical
munc este o cercetare statistic anual complex care survey which provides the necessary elements for the
furnizeaz elementele necesare efecturii unor analize analysis on the evolution of various components of
privind evoluia diferitelor componente ale costului forei de labour cost and correlations among them, offering, as
munc i corelaiile dintre ele, oferind, totodat, elementele well, the necessary elements for the calculation of net
necesare calculului mrimii brute i nete, lunare i orare, a and gross size, monthly and hourly, of the earnings
ctigului salarial structurat pe activiti ale economiei structured by national economy activity, ownership type,
naionale, forme de proprietate, forme juridice, categorii de legal form, employees category, sex, development region
salariai, sexe, regiuni de dezvoltare i judee. Se and county. It is achieved on a sample of about
realizeaz pe un eantion de circa 25000 de operatori 25000 economic and social operators, from all enterprise
economici i sociali, aparinnd tuturor claselor de mrime size classes, irrespective of employees number. There
a ntreprinderii, indiferent de numrul de salariai. Sunt are excluded armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of
excluse forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., National Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior,
M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).
Cercetarea statistic asupra locurilor de munc Job vacancy survey is a quarterly statistical
vacante este o cercetare statistic selectiv trimestrial, sample survey, having as reference period the quarter
avnd ca perioad de referin luna de mijloc a middle month; it provides the necessary elements for
trimestrului, furnizeaz elementele necesare calculrii the calculation of vacancies quarterly rate. It is carried
ratei trimestriale a locurilor de munc vacante. Cercetarea out on a sample of about 25000 enterprises / local
statistic se realizeaz pe un eantion de circa 25000 de units. There are excluded armed forces and similar staff
ntreprinderi/uniti locale. Sunt excluse forele armate i (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of Administration
personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.)
Balana forei de munc este o lucrare care se Labour force balance is a paper drawn up based
realizeaz pe baza informaiilor din mai multe surse de on the information from several data sources:
date: statistica demografic; cercetarea statistic privind demographic statistics, labour cost survey; household
costul forei de munc; cercetarea statistic asupra forei labour force survey (HLFS); administrative sources.
de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO); surse administrative.
Populaia ocupat civil cuprinde, potrivit Civil employment includes, according to the
metodologiei balanei forei de munc, toate persoanele methodology used for the labour force balance, all
care, n anul de referin, au desfurat o activitate persons who, during the reference year, carried out a
economico-social aductoare de venit, cu excepia socio-economic lucrative activity, excepting military staff
cadrelor militare i a persoanelor asimilate acestora and similar (Ministry of National Defence, Ministry of
(personalul din Ministerul Aprrii Naionale, Ministerul Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence
Administraiei i Internelor, Serviciul Romn de Informaii), Service staff), political and community organisations
a salariailor organizaiilor politice, obteti i a deinuilor. employees and the convicts.
Populaia activ (persoanele active) - din punct de Economically active population (active persons)
vedere economic - cuprinde toate persoanele de 15 ani comprises all persons aged 15 years and over, providing
i peste, care furnizeaz fora de munc disponibil available labour force for the production of goods
pentru producia de bunuri i servicii; include populaia and services; it includes employed population and
ocupat i omerii. unemployed.
Populaia ocupat cuprinde, conform metodologiei Employment includes, according to the
Cercetrii statistice asupra forei de munc n methodology of Household labour force survey all
gospodrii, toate persoanele de 15 ani i peste, care au persons aged 15 years and over, who carried out an
desfurat o activitate economic productoare de economic activity producing goods or services of at least
1) 1)
bunuri sau servicii de cel puin o or n perioada de one hour during the reference period (one week) in
referin (o sptmn), n scopul obinerii unor venituri order to get income as salaries, payment in kind or other
sub form de salarii, plat n natur sau alte beneficii. benefits.
1)
Cel puin 15 ore pentru lucrtorii pe cont propriu i lucrtorii familiali neremunerai din agricultur - anterior anului 2011.
At least 15 hours for self employed and agriculture contributing family workers - prior to 2011.
83
ncepnd din anul 2011, lucrtorii pe cont propriu i Since 2011, self employed and contributing family
lucrtorii familiali neremunerai care lucreaz n workers who work in agriculture are considered
agricultur sunt considerai persoane ocupate doar employed persons only if they own agricultural
dac sunt proprietarii produciei agricole (nu neaprat i production (not necessarily of land) obtained and fulfill
ai pmntului) obinute i ndeplinesc una dintre one of the main conditions:
urmtoarele condiii:
a) producia agricol este destinat, fie i mcar n a) agricultural production is meant at least partly to
parte, vnzrii sau schimbului n natur (troc); sale or change in kind;
b) producia agricol este destinat exclusiv b) agricultural production is meant exclusively to own
2)
consumului propriu dac aceasta reprezint o parte consumption if it represents a substantial part of
2)
substanial a consumului total al gospodriei. household total consumption.
Sunt excluse din populaia ocupat persoanele care: The following persons are excluded from employment:
desfoar activiti agricole minore3), n scop de they carry out minor agricultural activities3), for
recreere, hobby sau pentru a obine, suplimentar, recreation, hobby or to get, supplementary, food
produse alimentare fr ca acestea s constituie o products without being an important part of
parte important a consumului total al gospodriei; household total consumption;
desfoar activiti agricole (cu o durat de peste they develop agricultural activities (over 10 hours per
10 ore/spmn), producia agricol fiind destinat week), being exclusively meant for own
exclusiv consumului propriu, dar aceasta consumption, but not representing a substantial part
nereprezentnd o parte substanial a consumului of household total consumption.
total al gospodriei.
n afara persoanelor care au un loc de munc i au lucrat Besides persons with a job and who worked during the
n cursul sptmnii de referin, indiferent de statutul reference week, no matter of professional status, there
profesional, se consider persoane ocupate i cele care are considered employed persons those who belong to
fac parte din urmtoarele categorii: the following categories:
persoanele care n cursul sptmnii de referin au persons who during the reference week carried out
desfurat o munc oarecare, pltit sau a certain paid or bringing income work, even if they
aductoare de venit, chiar dac erau n curs de had compulsory school training, were retired or
pregtire colar obligatorie, erau la pensie sau benefited of pension, were registered at National
beneficiau de pensie, erau nscrise la Agenia Employment Agency (NEA) receiving or not
Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc unemployment benefit;
(ANOFM), primind sau nu indemnizaie de omaj;
ucenicii i stagiarii remunerai, care lucreaz cu remunerated apprentices and trainees, who work
program de lucru complet sau parial; with full or part time;
membrii forelor armate. members of armed forces.

omerii conform definiiei internaionale a Biroului Unemployed according to the international definition of
Internaional al Muncii (BIM), sunt persoanele de International Labour Office (ILO) criteria, are persons
15-74 ani, care n perioada de referin ndeplinesc aged 15-74 years who, during the reference period,
simultan urmtoarele condiii: simultaneously meet the following conditions:
nu au loc de munc i nu desfoar o activitate n have no job and are not carrying out any activity in
scopul obinerii unor venituri; order to get income;
sunt n cutarea unui loc de munc, utiliznd n are looking for a job, undertaking certain actions
ultimele patru sptmni diferite metode active during the last four weeks (registering at
pentru a-l gsi (nscrierea la agenii de ocupare a employment agencies, or private agencies for
forei de munc sau la agenii particulare de plasare, placement, attempts for starting an activity on own
aciuni pentru nceperea unei activiti pe cont account, publishing notices, asking for a job among
propriu, publicarea de anunuri, apel la prieteni, friends, relatives, mates, trade unions a.s.o.);
rude, colegi, sindicate etc.);
sunt disponibile s nceap lucrul n urmtoarele are available to start work within the next two weeks,
dou sptmni, dac s-ar gsi imediat un loc de munc. if they immediately find a job.

2)
Cel puin 50% din consumul total al gospodriei. / At least 50% of household total consumption.
3)
A cror durat n sptmna de referin nu depete 10 ore. / Whose duration in the reference week exceeds 10 hours.

84
Rata de activitate reprezint raportul dintre Activity rate represents the ratio between active
populaia activ i populaia total n vrst de 15-64 ani, population and total population aged 15-64 years
exprimat procentual. expressed as percentage.
Rata de ocupare reprezint raportul dintre Employment rate represents the ratio between
populaia ocupat i populaia total n vrst de employed population and total population aged
15-64 ani, exprimat procentual. 15-64 years expressed as percentage.
Rata omajului reprezint raportul dintre numrul Unemployment rate represents the ratio between
omerilor i populaia activ, exprimat procentual. the number of unemployed and active population
expressed as percentage.
Rata omajului de lung durat reprezint Long term unemployment rate represents the
ponderea omerilor aflai n omaj de 12 luni i peste n weight of unemployed for 12 months and over in active
populaia activ. population.
Rata omajului de lung durat pentru tineri Long term unemployment rate for young people
(15-24 ani) reprezint ponderea omerilor tineri aflai n (aged 15-24 years) represents the weight of young
omaj de 6 luni i peste n populaia activ tnr. unemployed for 6 months and over in young active population.
Incidena omajului de lung durat reprezint Incidence of long term unemployment represents
ponderea omerilor aflai n omaj de 12 luni i peste n the weight of unemployed for 12 months and over in total
total omeri. unemployed.
Incidena omajului de lung durat pentru tineri Incidence of long term unemployment for young
(15-24 ani) reprezint ponderea omerilor tineri aflai n people (aged 15-24 years) represents the weight of
omaj de 6 luni i peste n total omeri tineri. young unemployed for six months and over in total young
unemployed.
Statutul profesional reprezint situaia unei Status in employment represents the situation of
persoane ocupate, n funcie de modul de obinere a an employed person, depending on the way of achieving
veniturilor prin exercitarea unei activiti i anume: income from his activity, namely:
salariat, persoana care-i exercit activitatea pe employee, a person who carries out his activity
baza unui contract de munc ntr-o unitate based on an employment contract into an economic
economic sau social - indiferent de forma ei de or social unit - no matter of its ownership type - or for
proprietate - sau la persoane particulare, n private persons, for a remuneration as salary, in
schimbul unei remuneraii sub form de salariu, cash or in kind, as commission a.s.o.;
pltit n bani sau natur, sub form de comision etc.;
patron, persoana care-i exercit ocupaia (meseria) employer, a person who carries out his occupation
n propria sa unitate (ntreprindere, agenie, atelier, (trade) in his own unit (enterprise, agency,
magazin, birou, ferm etc.), pentru a crei activitate are workshop, shop, office, farm a.s.o.) for whose activity
angajai unul sau mai muli salariai; he has one or several employees;
lucrtor pe cont propriu, persoana care-i exercit self-employed, a person who carries out his activity
activitatea n unitatea proprie sau ntr-o afacere in his own unit or in an individual business, without
individual, fr a angaja nici un salariat, fiind ajutat, hiring any employee, being helped, or not, by
sau nu, de membrii familiei, neremunerai; contributing family workers;
lucrtor familial neremunerat, persoana care-i contributing family worker, a person who carries
exercit activitatea ntr-o unitate economic familial out his activity into a family economic unit, run by a
condus de un membru al familiei sau o rud, pentru member of the family or a relative, for which he gets
care nu primete remuneraie sub form de salariu no remuneration as salary or payment in kind;
sau plat n natur; gospodria rneasc peasant (agricultural) household is considered such
(agricol) este considerat o astfel de unitate; a unit;
membru al unei societi agricole sau al unei member of an agricultural holding or of a
cooperative neagricole, persoana care a lucrat fie non-agricultural co-operative, a person who
ca proprietar de teren agricol ntr-o societate worked either as owner of agricultural land into an
agricol constituit conform legii, fie ca membru al agricultural holding set up according to legal
unei cooperative meteugreti, de consum sau de provisions, or as a member of a craftsmen,
credit. consumption or credit co-operative.

85
Numrul mediu al salariailor reprezint o medie Average number of employees represents a
aritmetic simpl rezultat din suma efectivelor zilnice simple arithmetic mean resulted from the sum of daily
ale salariailor, inclusiv din zilele de repaus sptmnal, employees number, including from the weekly rest days,
srbtori legale i alte zile nelucrtoare mprit la legal holidays and other non-working days divided to the
numrul total al zilelor calendaristice (365 zile). n total calendar days of the year (365 days). In daily
efectivul zilnic al salariailor luat n calculul numrului number of employees taken into calculation for average
mediu, nu se cuprind: salariaii aflai n concedii fr number, there are not included: employees under
plat, n grev, detaai la lucru n strintate. n zilele de unpaid leave, on strike, detached to work abroad. In
repaus sptmnal, srbtori legale i alte zile weekends, legal holidays, other days off it is taken into
nelucrtoare se ia n calcul ca efectiv zilnic numrul calculation as daily number the number of employees
salariailor din ziua precedent, mai puin cei al cror from previous day, less that of those whose labour
contract/raport a ncetat n aceast zi. Salariaii care nu au contract ceased the same day. Employees who were not
fost angajai cu norm ntreag s-au inclus n numrul employed in full time are included in average number of
mediu proporional cu timpul de lucru prevzut n employees, proportionally with the working time from the
contractul de munc. n efectivul de salariai luat n calculul labour contract. Only persons paid are included in the
numrului mediu se includ numai persoanele care au fost number of employees taken into the calculation of
pltite. average number.
ncepnd cu anul 2003 din efectivele zilnice luate n Beginning with 2003 out of the daily total number
calculul numrului mediu au fost exclui salariaii al taken into account when computing the average number
cror contract de munc/raport de serviciu a fost excluded the employees whose labour
suspendat, conform Legii nr.53/2003 (republicat) contract/agreement was suspended according to the
Codul muncii, art. 49-54, privind Suspendarea Law no. 53/2003 (republished) - Labour Code, art. 49-54,
contractului individual de munc i Legii nr.161/2003 regarding the Suspension of the individual labour
(cu completrile i modificrile ulterioare) referitor la contract and the Law no. 161/2003 (with subsequent
suspendarea raportului de serviciu (exemple: concediu amendments) regarding suspension of the work
de maternitate, concediu pentru incapacitate temporar agreement (examples: maternity leave, temporarily
de munc, exercitarea unei funcii n cadrul unei labour disability leave, exercising a function within an
autoriti executive, legislative ori judectoreti pe toat executive, legislative or judiciary authority during
durata mandatului .a.m.d.). duration of the mandate a.s.o.).
Numrul salariailor la 31 decembrie (efectivul Number of employees on December 31 (number
salariailor) reprezint numrul de salariai angajai cu of employees) represents the number of employees
contract individual de munc pe durat determinat sau employed with individual labour contract with definite or
nedeterminat, n program complet sau parial (inclusiv non-definite duration, with full or part-time (including
cei cu contract de munc/raport de serviciu suspendat) those with suspended labour contract/agreement)
existeni n evidenele ntreprinderii la sfritul anului. Nu existent in the enterprise records at the end of the year.
sunt cuprini salariaii detaai la lucru n strintate i The employees detached abroad and those who hold
cei care cumuleaz mai multe funcii i nu au funcia de more than one position and are not having the main
baz la unitatea raportoare. position at the reporting unit are not included.
Repartizarea salariailor pe activiti ale economiei The breakdown of employees by activity of the
naionale s-a realizat dup activitatea omogen a national economy was carried out according to
ntreprinderii, iar pe judee n funcie de localitatea n homogeneous activity of the enterprise and by county
care acetia i desfoar activitatea. according to the locality where they work.
omerii nregistrai reprezint persoanele care Registered unemployed represent persons who
ndeplinesc cumulativ condiiile prevzute de fulfill the cumulative conditions stipulated by the
Legea nr. 76/2002 privind sistemul asigurrilor pentru Law no.76/2002 regarding the system of unemployment
omaj i stimularea ocuprii forei de munc i care se insurance and employment incentives and who register
nregistreaz la agenia pentru ocuparea forei de munc to the employment agency in the territorial zone they
n a crei raz teritorial i au domiciliul sau, dup caz, have domicile or, by case, residence, or to another
reedina, ori alt furnizor de servicii de ocupare, care provider of employment services, functioning according
funcioneaz n condiiile prevzute de lege, n vederea to the law, in order to get a job.
obinerii unui loc de munc.

86
Conform legislaiei n vigoare, calitatea de omer According to the legislation in force, unemployed
o are persoana care ndeplinete cumulativ urmtoarele position is held by person who fulfills the following
condiii: cumulative conditions:
a) este n cutarea unui loc de munc de la vrsta a) he/she is looking for a job from 16 years old at
de minimum 16 ani i pn la ndeplinirea condiiilor de least to pension age;
pensionare;
b) starea de sntate i capacitile fizice i psihice b) his/her health, his/her physical and psychical
o fac apt pentru prestarea unei munci; capacities make him able to work;
c) nu are loc de munc, nu realizeaz venituri sau c) he/she has no job, he/she gets no income or, from
realizeaz din activiti autorizate potrivit legii, venituri legal activities, he/she gets an income lower than the
mai mici dect valoarea indicatorului social de referin value of reference social indicator of unemployment
al asigurrilor pentru omaj i stimulrii ocuprii forei de insurance and stimulation of employment in force;
munc, n vigoare;
Indicatorul social de referin al asigurrilor pentru Social reference indicator of insurance
omaj i stimulrii ocuprii forei de munc, denumit n unemployment and stimulation of employment, further
continuare indicator social de referin, reprezint called social reference indicator represents the unit
unitatea exprimat n lei la nivelul creia se raporteaz expressed in lei at the level of which there are reported
prestaiile bneti, suportate din bugetul asigurrilor money provisions, supported from unemployment
pentru omaj, acordate att n vederea asigurrii insurance budget, granted both to ensure persons
proteciei persoanelor n cadrul sistemului asigurrilor protection within unemployment insurance system and to
pentru omaj, ct i n vederea stimulrii anumitor stimulate certain categories of persons to get a job, as
categorii de persoane pentru a se ncadra n munc, well as employers in view to employ persons looking for
precum i a angajatorilor pentru a ncadra n munc a job. The social indicator value for 2011 is lei 500;
persoane n cutarea unui loc de munc. Valoarea
indicatorului social pentru anul 2011 este de 500 lei;
d) este disponibil s nceap lucrul n perioada d) he/she is available to start work in the next period
imediat urmtoare dac s-ar gsi un loc de munc. if he/she finds a job.
Asimilai omerilor sunt persoanele n cutarea Unemployed assimilated are persons looking for a
unui loc de munc i care nu au putut ocupa loc de job who could not occupy a job after graduation of
munc dup absolvirea unei instituii de nvmnt i education institution fulfilling the following conditions:
care ndeplinesc urmtoarele condiii:
sunt absolveni ai instituiilor de nvmnt, n graduates of an education institution, aged minimum
vrst de minimum 16 ani, care ntr-o perioad de 16 years, who during 60 days period since
60 de zile de la absolvire nu au reuit s se graduation did not succeed to be employed
ncadreze n munc potrivit pregtirii profesionale; according to vocational training;
sunt absolveni ai colilor speciale pentru graduates of special schools for disabled persons
persoanele cu handicap n vrst de minim 16 ani aged minimum 16 years, who did not succeed to be
care nu au reuit s se ncadreze n munc potrivit employed according to their vocational training.
pregtirii profesionale.
Rata omajului nregistrat reprezint raportul Registered unemployment rate represents the ratio
dintre numrul omerilor (nregistrai la ageniile pentru between the number of unemployed (registered at the
ocuparea forei de munc) i populaia activ civil agencies for employment) and civil economically active
(omeri + populaie ocupat civil, definit conform population (unemployed + civil employment, defined
metodologiei balanei forei de munc). according to the methodology of labour force balance).

Locuri de munc vacante Job vacancies

Rata locurilor de munc vacante reprezint Vacancies rate represents the ratio between the
raportul dintre numrul locurilor de munc vacante i numbers of vacancies and total number of jobs
numrul total al locurilor de munc (ocupate i vacante, (occupied and vacant, excluding the blocked ones or
exclusiv cele blocate sau destinate numai promovrii meant for promotion inside the enterprise or
n interiorul ntreprinderii sau instituiei), exprimat institution), expressed as percentage.
procentual.

87
Datele medii anuale privind numrul locurilor de Yearly average data on the number of vacancies and
munc vacante i numrul total de locuri de munc se total number of jobs are calculated as simple arithmetic
calculeaz ca medii aritmetice simple ale datelor means of quarterly data corresponding to each of the
trimestriale corespunztoare fiecruia dintre cei doi two indicators.
indicatori.
Numrul locurilor de munc vacante include Number of vacancies includes the number of paid,
numrul posturilor pltite, nou create, neocupate, sau newly created jobs, unoccupied or becoming vacancies,
care vor deveni vacante, pentru care: for which:
angajatorul ntreprinde aciuni concrete spre a gsi employer takes concrete actions to find an adequate
un candidat potrivit pentru ocuparea postului candidate for that job (examples of concrete actions
respectiv (exemple de aciuni concrete ntreprise de taken by employer: announce of vacancy existence
angajator: anunarea existenei locului vacant prin through employment services, advertising in the
serviciile de ocupare a forei de munc, publicitate newspapers, mass media, internet, direct contact
prin ziare, media, Internet, contactare direct a with possible candidates;
posibililor candidai etc.);
angajatorul dorete ocuparea imediat sau ntr-o employer whishes to occupy at once or in specific
perioad specific de timp. Perioada maxim period of time. Maximum period needed to occupy
necesar ocuprii locului de munc vacant poate fi the vacancy can be unlimited.
nelimitat.
Sunt considerate locuri de munc vacante posturile There are considered vacancies those jobs for
destinate persoanelor din afara ntreprinderii (dar pe persons outside the enterprise (for which can also
care pot concura i persoane din interiorul ntreprinderii), compete those from inside the enterprise) no matter if
indiferent dac sunt posturi pe durat determinat sau they are jobs for definite or indefinite period, full time or
nedeterminat, n program de lucru normal sau parial. part time.
Nu se consider vacante, posturile neocupate: There are not considered vacancies the
unoccupied jobs:
destinate exclusiv promovrii persoanelor din exclusively meant to promote persons from inside
interiorul ntreprinderii sau instituiei; the enterprise;
din unitile administraiei publice, blocate printr-un from units of public, local administration blocked by
act normativ. normative documents.
Posturile ocupate de persoanele care absenteaz o Jobs occupied by persons who are absent a certain
anumit perioad de timp (concedii de maternitate, pentru period of time (maternity leaves, child care, sick leaves,
ngrijirea copilului, concedii medicale, concedii fr plat, unpaid ones, others) are considered vacancies if the
alte absene), se consider vacante, dac angajatorul employer wishes substitution during definite or
dorete substituirea pe perioad determinat (temporar) temporary period and if he looks for candidates.
i dac ntreprinde aciuni de gsire a candidailor.
Numrul total al locurilor de munc (ocupate i Total number of jobs (occupied and vacant)
vacante) include efectivul salariailor la sfritul lunii includes the number of employees at the end of the
(exclusiv cei cu contract de munc/raport de serviciu month (except those with suspended labour contract /
suspendat) i numrul locurilor de munc vacante. agreement) and number of vacant jobs.

CONDIII DE MUNC WORKING CONDITIONS

Accident de munc reprezint vtmarea violent Accident at work represents the violent body injury
a organismului, precum i intoxicaia acut profesional, as well as the acute professional intoxication, taking
care s-au produs n timpul procesului de munc, n place during labour process or when accomplishing
ndeplinirea ndatoririlor de serviciu, indiferent de natura duties at work, irrespective of the legal nature of contract
juridic a contractului n baza cruia se desfoar on which the activity is based and which causes the
activitatea i care provoac incapacitatea temporar de temporary incapacity of work for at least three days,
munc de cel puin trei zile, invaliditate sau deces. invalidity or death.

88
n raport cu urmrile produse i cu numrul According to consequences and to the number of
persoanelor accidentate, accidentul de munc se persons injured, accidents at work are classified as
clasific n: follows:
accident care produce incapacitate temporar de accident causing temporary incapacity of work for at
munc de cel puin 3 zile; least 3 days;
accident care produce invaliditate; accident causing invalidity;
accident mortal; fatal accident at work;
accident colectiv, respectiv cel n care sunt collective accident, when at least 3 persons are
accidentate n acelai timp i din aceeai cauz cel injured at the same time and due to the same
puin trei persoane. cause.
Rata accidentelor de munc reprezint frecvena Rate of accidents at work represents accidents
de accidentare sau numrul accidentailor ce revin la frequency or number of injured persons per
1000 salariai. 1000 employees.
Conflictele de interese se refer la ntreruperile Conflicts of interest refer to work temporary
temporare ale lucrului declanate, n general, n scopuri interruptions, generally for claiming purposes or in view
revendicative sau pentru normalizarea raporturilor de to normalize the labour relationships between the unit,
munc dintre unitate, pe de o parte, i salariaii acesteia, on the one side, and its employees, on the other side
pe de alt parte conform Legii nr.168/1999 privind according to the Law no.168/1999.
soluionarea conflictelor de munc.
Greva constituie o ncetare colectiv i voluntar a Strike represents a collective and voluntary ceasing
lucrului ntr-o unitate, conform Legii nr. 168/1999. of work within a unit, according to the
Law no. 168/1999.

Conform CAEN Rev.2 According to CANE Rev.2


Industria include activitile de: industrie extractiv, Industry includes: mining and quarrying,
industrie prelucrtoare, producia i furnizarea de manufacturing, electricity, gas, steam and air
energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer conditioning production and supply, water supply,
condiionat, distribuia apei, salubritate, gestionarea sewerage, waste management and decontamination
deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare. activities.
Serviciile comerciale includ activitile de: comer, Trade services include: trade, transport and
transport i depozitare, hoteluri i restaurante, informaii storage, hotels and restaurants, information and
i comunicaii, intermedieri financiare i asigurri, communication, financial intermediation and insurance,
tranzacii imobiliare, activiti profesionale, tiinifice i real estate activities, professional, scientific and
tehnice, activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de technical activities, activities of administrative services
servicii suport. and of support services.
Serviciile sociale includ activitile de: administraie Social services include: public administration and
public i aprare, asigurri sociale din sistemul public, defence, social insurance of public sector, education,
nvmnt, sntate i asisten social, activiti de health and social assistance, shows, culture and
spectacole culturale i recreeative i celelalte activiti recreation activities, other activities of national economy.
ale economiei naionale.

89
Populaia ocupat civil, pe principalele activiti ale economiei naionale
3.G1 Civil employment, by main activities of national economy
CAEN Rev. 2 / CANE Rev. 2

2010 2011
29,1%
29,2%
42,7% 42,5%

7,5% 20,7% 21,0%


7,3%

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit Construcii


Agriculture, forestry and fishing Construction
Industrie1) Servicii
Industry1) Services

1) Inclusiv producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat i distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea
deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare. / Including electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply and water supply;
sewerage, waste management and decontamination activities.

Structura populaiei ocupate, dup statutul profesional, pe sexe i medii,


n anul 2011
3.G2 Employment structure, by status in employment, by sex and area, in 2011

%
100 1,0
12,7 7,1 6,1
90 19,6 1,6
27,3
80 18,8 24,1
12,3
70 1,2 1,5 0,7
60
34,6
50
40 0,6
30 67,3 67,3 67,4 91,3
20 37,5
10
0
Total Masculin Feminin Urban Rural
Male Female
Lucrtor pe cont propriu i membru al unei societi agricole
Salariat sau al unei cooperative
Employee Self employed and member of an agricultural holding or
of a co-operative
Patron Lucrtor familial neremunerat
Employer Contributing family worker

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2011.


Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2011.

90
Structura populaiei ocupate n activiti neagricole, pe sexe, n anul 2011
3.G3 Employment structure in non-agricultural activities, by sex, in 2011

CAEN Rev.2 / CANE Rev.2

Total

22,9% 29,9%

10,4%

36,8%
Masculin / Male Feminin / Female

15,5% 32,3% 32,2% 26,8%

2,1%

35,2% 17,0% 38,9%

Industrie Servicii comerciale


Industry Trade services
Construcii Servicii sociale
Construction Social services

Not: Industria include activitile de: industrie extractiv, industrie prelucrtoare, producia i furnizarea de energie electric i termic, gaze, ap cald i
aer condiionat, distribuia apei, salubritate, gestionarea deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare.
Serviciile comerciale includ activitile de: comer, transport i depozitare, hoteluri i restaurante, informaii i comunicaii, intermedieri financiare i
asigurri, tranzacii imobiliare, activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice, activiti de servicii administrative i activiti de servicii suport.
Serviciile sociale includ activitile de: administraie public i aprare, asigurri sociale din sistemul public, nvmnt, sntate i asisten
social, activiti de spectacole culturale i recreeative i celelalte activiti ale economiei naionale.
Note: Industry includes: mining and quarrying, manufacturing, electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning production and supply, water supply, sewerage,
waste management and decontamination activities.
Trade services include: trade, transport and storage, hotels and restaurants, information and communication, financial intermediation and
insurance, real estate activities, professional, scientific and technical activities, activities of administrative services and of support services.
Social services include: public administration and defence, social insurance of public sector, education, health and social assistance, shows, culture
and recreation activities, other activities of national economy.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2011. / Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2011.

91
Evoluia numrului mediu al salariailor
3.G4 Evolution of average number of employees

mii persoane / thou persons


5500
4885 5046
5000 4667 4774
4500 4376 4349
4000
3500 3339
3148 3085
3000 2948 2793 2880
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Numrul mediu al salariailor - total


Average number of employees - total

Numrul mediu al salariailor din sectorul integral privat1)


Average number of employees from integral private sector1)

1) Include: proprietate integral privat, proprietate integral strin. / Including: private integral ownership, foreign integral ownership.

Numrul omerilor nregistrai i rata omajului nregistrat


3.G5 Number of registered unemployed and unemployment rate

mii persoane / thou persons %


800 7,8 8
7,0

600 7,1 6
5,2 6,3 5,2
4,4
4,0
400 4,6 4,9 4
4,4
3,9

200 460 368 403 709 627 461 2


191 167 187 302 264 204
0 0
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Numrul omerilor nregistrai - total Rata omajului - total


Number of registered unemployed - total Unemployment rate - total

Numrul omerilor nregistrai - femei Rata omajului - femei


Number of registered unemployed - women Unemployment rate - women

92
Rata omajului1), pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2011
3.G6 Unemployment rate1), by age group, sex and area, in 2011

%
25 23,8

23,7
20

15

10 8,5
6,0 5,8
5 4,2
7,0
5,6 4,8
1,0
0 ani / years
15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55 i peste
and over

Masculin Feminin
Male Female

%
35 32,4
30
25
20
15
16,7
10 8,7
6,4 6,3 5,6
5
6,5
4,8 3,8 1,1
0 ani / years
15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55 i peste
and over

Urban Rural

1) Conform definiiei internaionale (BIM= Biroul Internaional al Muncii). / According to the international definition (ILO= International Labour Office).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2011.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2011.

93
Populaia dup participarea la activitatea economic, pe sexe i medii
3.1 Population by participation in economic activity, by sex and area

2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

mii persoane / thou persons


Populaia activ Economically active population
Total 10041 9994 9944 9924 9965 9868 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 5526 5515 5526 5524 5549 5457 Male
Feminin 4515 4479 4418 4400 4416 4411 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 5595 5494 5471 5475 5538 5563 Urban
Rural 4446 4500 4473 4449 4427 4305 Rural
Populaia ocupat Employment
Total 9313 9353 9369 9243 9240 9138 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 5074 5116 5157 5100 5112 5026 Male
Feminin 4239 4237 4212 4143 4128 4112 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 5115 5072 5101 5032 5032 5072 Urban
Rural 4198 4281 4268 4211 4208 4066 Rural
omeri1) Unemployed1)
Total 728 641 575 681 725 730 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 452 399 369 424 437 431 Male
Feminin 276 242 206 257 288 299 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 480 422 370 443 506 491 Urban
Rural 248 219 205 238 219 239 Rural
procente / percentage
Rata de activitate2) Activity rate2)
Total 63,7 63,0 62,9 63,1 63,6 63,3 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 70,8 70,1 70,6 70,9 71,5 70,7 Male
Feminin 56,6 56,0 55,2 55,4 55,8 56,0 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 62,6 61,6 61,7 62,1 63,1 63,9 Urban
Rural 65,2 65,1 64,5 64,6 64,4 62,6 Rural
Rata de ocupare2) Employment rate2)
Total 58,8 58,8 59,0 58,6 58,8 58,5 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 64,7 64,8 65,7 65,2 65,7 65,0 Male
Feminin 53,0 52,8 52,5 52,0 52,0 52,0 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 57,2 56,8 57,5 57,1 57,3 58,2 Urban
Rural 61,1 61,5 61,2 60,7 60,9 58,8 Rural
Rata omajului1) Unemployment rate1)
Total 7,3 6,4 5,8 6,9 7,3 7,4 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 8,2 7,2 6,7 7,7 7,9 7,9 Male
Feminin 6,1 5,4 4,7 5,8 6,5 6,8 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 8,6 7,7 6,8 8,1 9,1 8,8 Urban
Rural 5,6 4,9 4,6 5,4 5,0 5,5 Rural

1) Conform definiiei internaionale (BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii). / According to the international definition (ILO = International Labour Office).
2) Calculate pentru populaia n vrst de munc (15 - 64 ani). / Calculated for working age population (15 - 64 years).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO).
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS).

94
Ratele de activitate, ocupare i omaj1), dup nivelul de educaie,
pe sexe i medii
Activity, employment and unemployment1) rates, by educational level,
3.2 sex and area
procente / percentage
2010 2011
Nivelul de educaie Nivelul de educaie
Educational level Educational level
Total Superior Mediu Sczut Total Superior Mediu Sczut
Tertiary Medium Low Tertiary Medium Low

Rata de activitate2) Activity rate2)

Total 63,6 87,1 67,9 46,3 63,3 86,6 67,8 44,3 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 71,5 88,3 75,5 55,5 70,7 88,1 75,3 52,0 Male
Feminin 55,8 85,9 59,4 38,8 56,0 85,2 59,5 37,9 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 63,1 87,7 65,4 28,6 63,9 87,4 65,9 28,1 Urban
Rural 64,4 81,4 72,4 55,2 62,6 80,4 71,2 52,2 Rural

Rata de ocupare2) Employment rate2)

Total 58,8 82,4 62,2 43,0 58,5 82,1 62,3 40,5 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 65,7 83,6 69,1 50,5 65,0 84,0 69,2 46,3 Male
Feminin 52,0 81,2 54,6 36,9 52,0 80,4 54,6 35,7 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 57,3 83,1 59,1 23,7 58,2 83,1 59,8 22,7 Urban
Rural 60,9 76,6 68,0 52,7 58,8 74,7 66,8 49,2 Rural

Rata omajului1) Unemployment rate1)

Total 7,3 5,4 8,3 6,1 7,4 5,1 8,1 7,3 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 7,9 5,3 8,4 8,0 7,9 4,7 8,1 9,7 Male
Feminin 6,5 5,4 8,1 4,1 6,8 5,6 8,1 4,7 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 9,1 5,3 9,7 16,7 8,8 4,9 9,3 18,8 Urban
Rural 5,0 5,9 6,0 3,8 5,5 7,0 6,1 4,7 Rural

1) Conform definiiei internaionale (BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii). / According to the international definition (ILO = International Labour Office).
2) Calculate pentru populaia n vrst de munc (15 - 64 ani). / Calculated for working age population (15 - 64 years).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO).
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS).

95
Structura populaiei ocupate, pe activiti ale economiei naionale
i pe grupe de vrst, n anul 2011

3.3 Employment structure, by activity of national economy and by


age group, in 2011

Total din care, n vrst de munc (%): din care, n vrst de munc (%):
populaie of which, at working age (%): 65 ani i Din total of which, at working age (%): 65 ani i
ocupat grupe de vrst (ani) peste (%) femei: grupe de vrst (ani) peste (%)
Activitatea (mii persoane) Total age groups (years) 65 years (%) Total age groups (years) 65 years Activity
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2) Total 15-64 ani and over Of total, 15-64 ani and over (CANE Rev.2 sections)
employment years 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 (%) women: years 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 (%)
(thou persons) (%)
Total 9138 95,8 7,4 26,7 30,0 20,1 11,6 4,2 45,0 42,7 3,1 12,0 13,4 9,2 5,0 2,3 Total
Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 2612 85,5 9,9 18,1 21,9 16,6 19,0 14,5 47,6 39,6 4,1 8,1 10,0 7,5 9,9 8,0 Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industrie extractiv 85 99,9 1,9 16,7 49,4 28,2 3,7 0,1 13,6 13,6 0,2 1,9 7,7 3,8 - - Mining and quarrying
Industrie prelucrtoare 1672 99,9 5,7 26,5 34,8 24,8 8,1 0,1 42,5 42,4 2,3 11,8 15,5 10,8 2,0 0,1 Manufacturing
Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning
termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat 115 99,9 1,1 16,0 33,4 35,0 14,4 0,1 21,3 21,3 0,1 2,5 8,1 8,0 2,6 - production and supply
Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea Water supply; sewerage, waste management
deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare 79 99,9 3,3 18,2 35,4 32,8 10,2 0,1 28,0 28,0 0,7 4,9 10,8 8,9 2,7 - and decontamination activities
Construcii 681 99,8 8,4 30,4 31,7 20,3 9,0 0,2 8,7 8,7 0,3 2,8 2,8 2,1 0,7 - Construction
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 1165 99,9 9,6 35,4 31,5 17,7 5,7 0,1 54,9 54,8 5,0 18,7 18,2 10,5 2,4 0,1 and motorcycles
Transport i depozitare 434 99,8 4,0 24,2 37,8 23,6 10,2 0,2 17,1 17,1 0,6 4,4 6,5 4,0 1,6 - Transport and storage
Hoteluri i restaurante 185 99,9 16,5 34,1 26,4 15,8 7,1 0,1 60,3 60,2 8,8 19,0 17,4 11,2 3,8 0,1 Hotels and restaurants
Informaii i comunicaii 128 99,9 7,8 46,5 27,8 12,7 5,1 0,1 35,1 35,0 3,0 16,7 9,2 4,8 1,3 0,1 Information and communication
Intermedieri financiare i asigurri 145 100,0 5,3 45,4 29,0 15,3 5,0 - 64,6 64,6 3,6 28,2 19,6 10,6 2,6 - Financial intermediation and insurance
Tranzacii imobiliare 18 100,0 3,8 43,9 26,2 19,3 6,8 - 59,3 59,3 1,8 25,6 14,0 13,4 4,5 - Real estate activities
Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice 170 99,8 4,5 41,3 27,5 17,4 9,1 0,2 55,1 55,0 2,7 23,9 15,0 10,3 3,1 0,1 Professional, scientific and technical activities
Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti Activities of administrative services and
de servicii suport 157 100,0 9,0 28,8 33,6 20,3 8,3 - 30,6 30,6 2,8 7,0 11,2 7,4 2,2 - of support services
Administraie public i aprare; asigurri Public administration and defence; social
sociale din sistemul public 466 100,0 3,0 31,3 37,2 20,1 8,4 - 38,6 38,6 0,8 10,9 13,7 9,8 3,4 - insurance of public sector
nvmnt 392 99,7 3,0 28,9 28,6 23,3 15,9 0,3 74,6 74,5 2,7 22,1 22,4 17,9 9,4 0,1 Education
Sntate i asisten social 402 99,5 2,2 27,5 35,7 22,0 12,1 0,5 78,3 78,0 1,8 22,1 27,7 17,5 8,9 0,3 Health and social assistance
Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative 56 99,1 10,7 32,5 27,5 16,9 11,5 0,9 48,7 48,2 5,4 14,8 13,1 10,2 4,7 0,5 Shows, culture and recreation activities
Alte activiti ale economiei naionale 176 99,5 11,0 29,0 30,2 19,2 10,1 0,5 63,3 63,2 8,5 17,5 19,7 12,3 5,2 0,1 Other activities of national economy
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2011. / Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2011.

Structura populaiei ocupate, pe activiti ale economiei naionale


i dup statutul profesional, n anul 2011

3.4 Employment structure, by activity of national economy


and by status in employment, in 2011
Total din care, dup statutul profesional (%): din care, dup statutul profesional (%):
populaie of which, by status in employment (%): Din total of which, by status in employment (%):
ocupat Lucrtor femei: Lucrtor
Activitatea (mii persoane) Lucrtor familial (%) Lucrtor familial Activity
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2) Total Salariat Patron pe cont neremunerat Of total, Salariat Patron pe cont neremunerat (CANE Rev.2 sections)
employment Employee Employer propriu Contributing women: Employee Employer propriu Contributing
(thou persons) Self-employed family worker (%) Self-employed family worker
Total 9138 67,3 1,2 18,8 12,7 45,0 30,3 0,3 5,6 8,8 Total
Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 2612 6,3 0,2 49,6 43,9 47,6 1,3 - 15,7 30,6 Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industrie extractiv 85 99,4 0,4 0,2 - 13,6 13,6 - - - Mining and quarrying
Industrie prelucrtoare 1672 97,2 1,0 1,7 0,1 42,5 42,0 0,2 0,2 0,1 Manufacturing
Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning
termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat 115 99,5 0,4 0,1 - 21,3 21,1 0,2 - - production and supply
Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea Water supply; sewerage, waste management
deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare 79 96,4 0,3 2,4 0,9 28,0 27,5 - - 0,5 and decontamination activities
Construcii 681 73,5 1,7 24,4 0,4 8,7 8,3 0,1 0,3 - Construction
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 1165 88,9 4,0 6,6 0,5 54,9 51,4 1,3 2,0 0,2 and motorcycles
Transport i depozitare 434 89,7 0,9 9,3 0,1 17,1 17,0 - 0,1 - Transport and storage
Hoteluri i restaurante 185 96,3 3,0 0,7 - 60,3 58,9 1,0 0,4 - Hotels and restaurants
Informaii i comunicaii 128 95,8 0,9 3,1 0,2 35,1 34,2 0,1 0,7 0,1 Information and communication
Intermedieri financiare i asigurri 145 98,4 0,1 1,5 - 64,6 63,6 - 1,0 - Financial intermediation and insurance
Tranzacii imobiliare 18 91,3 5,3 3,4 - 59,3 57,1 1,4 0,8 - Real estate activities
Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice 170 83,6 3,5 12,9 - 55,1 48,3 1,1 5,7 - Professional, scientific and technical activities
Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti Activities of administrative services and
de servicii suport 157 97,4 0,9 1,7 - 30,6 28,9 0,2 1,5 - of support services
Administraie public i aprare; asigurri Public administration and defence; social
sociale din sistemul public 466 100,0 - - - 38,6 38,6 - - - insurance of public sector
nvmnt 392 99,3 0,2 0,5 - 74,6 74,4 0,1 0,1 - Education
Sntate i asisten social 402 97,0 0,9 2,0 0,1 78,3 76,1 0,6 1,5 0,1 Health and social assistance
Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative 56 95,3 1,4 3,3 - 48,7 48,2 0,3 0,2 - Shows, culture and recreation activities
Alte activiti ale economiei naionale 176 62,1 1,9 35,5 0,5 63,3 36,3 0,8 25,9 0,3 Other activities of national economy
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2011. / Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2011.

96 97
Structura populaiei, dup participarea la activitatea economic,
pe grupe de vrst, sexe i medii, n anul 2011
Population structure, by participation in economic activity,
3.5 by age group, sex and area, in 2011
procente / percentage
Total Persoane active Persoane
Grupe de vrst populaie Economically active persons inactive Age groups
Total Total Ocupate omeri1) Non-economically
population Employed Unemployed1) active persons

Total
Total 100,0 46,1 42,7 3,4 53,9 Total
Sub 15 ani 100,0 - - - 100,0 Under 15 years
15 - 64 ani 100,0 63,3 58,4 4,9 36,7 15 - 64 years
din care: of which:
15 - 24 ani 100,0 31,1 23,7 7,4 68,9 15 - 24 years
25 - 34 ani 100,0 78,7 72,5 6,2 21,3 25 - 34 years
35 - 44 ani 100,0 83,2 78,4 4,8 16,8 35 - 44 years
45 - 54 ani 100,0 74,3 70,3 4,0 25,7 45 - 54 years
55 - 64 ani 100,0 41,5 40,0 1,5 58,5 55 - 64 years
65 ani i peste 100,0 12,2 12,2 - 87,8 65 years and over
Masculin / Male
Total 100,0 52,4 48,3 4,1 47,6 Total
Sub 15 ani 100,0 - - - 100,0 Under 15 years
15 - 64 ani 100,0 70,7 64,9 5,8 29,3 15 - 64 years
din care: of which:
15 - 24 ani 100,0 35,4 27,0 8,4 64,6 15 - 24 years
25 - 34 ani 100,0 85,2 77,9 7,3 14,8 25 - 34 years
35 - 44 ani 100,0 90,3 85,3 5,0 9,7 35 - 44 years
45 - 54 ani 100,0 82,9 78,1 4,8 17,1 45 - 54 years
55 - 64 ani 100,0 51,6 48,9 2,7 48,4 55 - 64 years
65 ani i peste 100,0 13,8 13,8 - 86,2 65 years and over
Feminin / Female
Total 100,0 40,2 37,5 2,7 59,8 Total
Sub 15 ani 100,0 - - - 100,0 Under 15 years
15 - 64 ani 100,0 56,0 52,0 4,0 44,0 15 - 64 years
din care: of which:
15 - 24 ani 100,0 26,7 20,4 6,3 73,3 15 - 24 years
25 - 34 ani 100,0 71,8 66,8 5,0 28,2 25 - 34 years
35 - 44 ani 100,0 76,0 71,4 4,6 24,0 35 - 44 years
45 - 54 ani 100,0 66,1 62,9 3,2 33,9 45 - 54 years
55 - 64 ani 100,0 32,7 32,2 0,5 67,3 55 - 64 years
65 ani i peste 100,0 11,1 11,1 - 88,9 65 years and over
Urban
Total 100,0 47,5 43,3 4,2 52,5 Total
Sub 15 ani 100,0 - - - 100,0 Under 15 years
15 - 64 ani 100,0 63,9 58,2 5,7 36,1 15 - 64 years
din care: of which:
15 - 24 ani 100,0 26,3 17,8 8,5 73,7 15 - 24 years
25 - 34 ani 100,0 83,4 76,2 7,2 16,6 25 - 34 years
35 - 44 ani 100,0 87,4 81,8 5,6 12,6 35 - 44 years
45 - 54 ani 100,0 75,6 70,8 4,8 24,4 45 - 54 years
55 - 64 ani 100,0 33,1 31,2 1,9 66,9 55 - 64 years
65 ani i peste 100,0 1,3 1,3 - 98,7 65 years and over
Rural
Total 100,0 44,6 42,1 2,5 55,4 Total
Sub 15 ani 100,0 - - - 100,0 Under 15 years
15 - 64 ani 100,0 62,6 58,8 3,8 37,4 15 - 64 years
din care: of which:
15 - 24 ani 100,0 36,7 30,6 6,1 63,3 15 - 24 years
25 - 34 ani 100,0 71,6 66,9 4,7 28,4 25 - 34 years
35 - 44 ani 100,0 77,6 73,9 3,7 22,4 35 - 44 years
45 - 54 ani 100,0 72,3 69,5 2,8 27,7 45 - 54 years
55 - 64 ani 100,0 53,6 52,6 1,0 46,4 55 - 64 years
65 ani i peste 100,0 20,9 20,9 - 79,1 65 years and over

1) Conform definiiei internaionale (BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii). / According to the international definition (ILO = International Labour Office).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2011.
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2011.

98
Structura populaiei ocupate, dup nivelul de educaie, pe grupe de vrst,
sexe i medii, n anul 2011
Employment structure, by educational level, by age group,
3.6 sex and area, in 2011

Total populaie din care, n vrst de munc (%): 65 ani


ocupat of which, at working age (%): i peste
(mii persoane) grupe de vrst (ani) (%)
Nivel de educaie Total Total age groups (years) 65 years Educational level
employment 15-64 ani and over
(thou persons) years 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 (%)
Total
Total 9138 95,8 7,4 26,7 30,0 20,1 11,6 4,2 Total
Superior 1606 99,5 3,8 40,9 29,7 16,4 8,7 0,5 Tertiary
Mediu 5406 99,3 7,3 24,7 34,8 23,1 9,4 0,7 Medium
Postliceal de specialitate Speciality post high school
sau tehnic de maitri 370 99,0 2,8 31,3 30,2 19,8 14,9 1,0 or technical foremen education
Liceal 3064 99,7 8,3 25,4 37,1 22,7 6,2 0,3 High school
Profesional 1972 98,8 6,5 22,4 32,2 24,4 13,3 1,2 Vocational
Sczut 2126 83,9 10,5 20,9 17,7 15,2 19,6 16,1 Low
Gimnazial 1721 91,0 11,3 22,9 20,2 16,7 19,9 9,0 Secondary school
Primar sau fr Primary or
coal absolvit 405 53,6 7,1 12,2 7,1 8,5 18,7 46,4 no education
Masculin / Male
Total 5026 96,5 7,8 26,7 30,0 19,9 12,1 3,5 Total
Superior 794 99,3 3,3 39,4 29,0 16,7 10,9 0,7 Tertiary
Mediu 3172 99,0 7,3 24,5 33,8 22,5 10,9 1,0 Medium
Postliceal de specialitate Speciality post high school
sau tehnic de maitri 180 98,5 2,6 23,9 29,0 24,2 18,8 1,5 or technical foremen education
Liceal 1622 99,6 8,5 26,6 36,6 21,5 6,4 0,4 High school
Profesional 1370 98,4 6,5 22,2 31,1 23,4 15,2 1,6 Vocational
Sczut 1060 86,7 12,7 23,9 19,4 14,4 16,3 13,3 Low
Gimnazial 878 91,3 13,3 25,0 21,3 15,4 16,3 8,7 Secondary school
Primar sau fr Primary or
coal absolvit 182 64,7 10,0 18,5 10,2 10,1 15,9 35,3 no education
Feminin / Female
Total 4112 94,9 6,9 26,6 29,9 20,4 11,1 5,1 Total
Superior 812 99,8 4,3 42,4 30,5 16,1 6,5 0,2 Tertiary
Mediu 2234 99,7 7,2 25,1 36,3 24,0 7,1 0,3 Medium
Postliceal de specialitate Speciality post high school
sau tehnic de maitri 190 99,6 3,1 38,4 31,3 15,6 11,2 0,4 or technical foremen education
Liceal 1442 99,7 8,1 24,2 37,6 24,0 5,8 0,3 High school
Profesional 602 99,6 6,5 23,0 34,7 26,5 8,9 0,4 Vocational
Sczut 1066 81,1 8,2 18,0 16,0 15,9 23,0 18,9 Low
Gimnazial 843 90,7 9,1 20,8 19,0 18,2 23,6 9,3 Secondary school
Primar sau fr Primary or
coal absolvit 223 44,5 4,6 7,0 4,6 7,3 21,0 55,5 no education
Urban
Total 5072 99,6 5,3 30,2 32,1 22,4 9,6 0,4 Total
Superior 1433 99,7 3,4 40,8 30,7 16,5 8,3 0,3 Tertiary
Mediu 3300 99,9 5,7 25,9 33,8 25,1 9,4 0,1 Medium
Postliceal de specialitate Speciality post high school
sau tehnic de maitri 304 99,8 2,1 31,2 31,7 20,2 14,6 0,2 or technical foremen education
Liceal 2062 99,9 6,7 27,2 35,4 24,1 6,5 0,1 High school
Profesional 934 99,8 4,6 21,4 31,0 28,7 14,1 0,2 Vocational
Sczut 339 97,0 9,9 26,8 22,0 21,1 17,2 3,0 Low
Gimnazial 294 98,1 9,6 25,8 23,1 21,9 17,7 1,9 Secondary school
Primar sau fr Primary or
coal absolvit 45 89,6 11,6 33,2 14,6 16,4 13,8 10,4 no education
Rural
Total 4066 90,9 10,0 22,3 27,2 17,2 14,2 9,1 Total
Superior 173 98,3 7,5 41,9 21,9 15,2 11,8 1,7 Tertiary
Mediu 2106 98,4 9,7 22,9 36,4 20,1 9,3 1,6 Medium
Postliceal de specialitate Speciality post high school
sau tehnic de maitri 66 95,4 6,3 31,8 22,9 18,0 16,4 4,6 or technical foremen education
Liceal 1002 99,2 11,5 21,8 40,7 19,8 5,4 0,8 High school
Profesional 1038 97,8 8,2 23,4 33,2 20,4 12,6 2,2 Vocational
Sczut 1787 81,4 10,6 19,8 16,9 14,0 20,1 18,6 Low
Gimnazial 1427 89,5 11,6 22,3 19,6 15,7 20,3 10,5 Secondary school
Primar sau fr Primary or
coal absolvit 360 49,1 6,5 9,6 6,2 7,5 19,3 50,9 no education
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2011. / Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2011.

99
Structura populaiei ocupate, pe grupe de ocupaii, grupe de vrst,
sexe i medii, n anul 2011

3.7 Employment structure, by occupation group, age group,


sex and area, in 2011

Total populaie din care, n vrst de munc (%):


ocupat of which, at working age (%): 65 ani
(mii persoane) grupe de vrst (ani) i peste (%)
Grupe de ocupaii Total Total age groups (years) 65 years Occupation groups
employment 15-64 ani and over (%)
(thou persons) years 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64

Total Total

Total 9138 95,8 7,4 26,7 30,0 20,1 11,6 4,2 Total
Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului,
nali conductori ai administraiei publice,
conductori i funcionari superiori 192 99,5 1,9 23,4 40,1 23,4 10,7 0,5 Managers
Specialiti n diverse domenii de activitate 1276 99,7 2,6 38,7 29,4 18,5 10,5 0,3 Professionals
Tehnicieni i ali specialiti din domeniul tehnic 622 99,8 5,7 33,1 29,7 21,2 10,1 0,2 Technicians and associate professionals
Funcionari administrativi 383 100,0 7,3 31,6 33,8 20,3 7,0 - Clerical support workers
Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor 1168 99,9 9,4 29,9 33,2 20,4 7,0 0,1 Service and sales workers
Lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 2107 84,5 9,7 17,6 21,1 16,4 19,7 15,5 Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers
Muncitori calificai i asimilai 1423 99,9 6,0 24,2 34,6 25,8 9,3 0,1 Craft and related trades workers
Alte categorii de ocupaii 1967 97,3 8,9 25,9 32,9 20,0 9,6 2,7 Other categories of occupations
din care: of which:
Muncitori necalificai 960 94,5 12,3 23,3 27,7 19,0 12,2 5,5 Unskilled workers

Masculin Male

Total 5026 96,5 7,8 26,7 30,0 19,9 12,1 3,5 Total
Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului,
nali conductori ai administraiei publice,
conductori i funcionari superiori 132 99,4 1,8 22,2 38,2 24,9 12,3 0,6 Managers
Specialiti n diverse domenii de activitate 537 99,5 2,2 37,8 28,0 18,4 13,1 0,5 Professionals
Tehnicieni i ali specialiti din domeniul tehnic 300 99,7 6,1 33,3 29,6 19,4 11,3 0,3 Technicians and associate professionals
Funcionari administrativi 122 100,0 7,1 34,0 30,6 19,5 8,8 - Clerical support workers
Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor 452 100,0 9,8 32,0 31,6 17,8 8,8 - Service and sales workers
Lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 1073 86,4 11,2 18,4 21,9 17,0 17,9 13,6 Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers
Muncitori calificai i asimilai 1112 99,9 5,7 24,3 33,6 25,6 10,7 0,1 Craft and related trades workers
Alte categorii de ocupaii 1298 98,0 9,5 27,5 33,1 18,3 9,6 2,0 Other categories of occupations
din care: of which:
Muncitori necalificai 516 95,2 15,4 27,2 25,8 15,0 11,8 4,8 Unskilled workers

Feminin Female

Total 4112 94,9 6,9 26,6 29,9 20,4 11,1 5,1 Total
Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului,
nali conductori ai administraiei publice,
conductori i funcionari superiori 60 99,6 2,2 26,0 44,1 20,0 7,3 0,4 Managers
Specialiti n diverse domenii de activitate 739 99,9 2,9 39,4 30,4 18,5 8,7 0,1 Professionals
Tehnicieni i ali specialiti din domeniul tehnic 322 99,8 5,3 32,9 29,8 22,9 8,9 0,2 Technicians and associate professionals
Funcionari administrativi 261 100,0 7,3 30,5 35,3 20,7 6,2 - Clerical support workers
Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor 716 99,8 9,1 28,5 34,3 22,1 5,8 0,2 Service and sales workers
Lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 1034 82,6 8,3 16,7 20,2 15,8 21,6 17,4 Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers
Muncitori calificai i asimilai 311 99,9 6,8 23,9 38,1 26,7 4,4 0,1 Craft and related trades workers
Alte categorii de ocupaii 669 95,8 7,8 22,7 32,3 23,3 9,7 4,2 Other categories of occupations
din care: of which:
Muncitori necalificai 444 93,7 8,7 18,8 29,9 23,7 12,6 6,3 Unskilled workers

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2011.


Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2011.

100 101
Structura populaiei ocupate, pe grupe de ocupaii, grupe de vrst,
sexe i medii, n anul 2011 - continuare

3.7 Employment structure, by occupation group, age group,


sex and area, in 2011 - continued

Total populaie din care, n vrst de munc (%):


ocupat of which, at working age (%): 65 ani
(mii persoane) grupe de vrst (ani) i peste (%)
Grupe de ocupaii Total Total age groups (years) 65 years Occupation groups
employment 15-64 ani and over (%)
(thou persons) years 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64

Urban Urban

Total 5072 99,6 5,3 30,2 32,1 22,4 9,6 0,4 Total
Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului,
nali conductori ai administraiei publice,
conductori i funcionari superiori 159 99,5 2,0 24,5 40,7 21,9 10,4 0,5 Managers
Specialiti n diverse domenii de activitate 1131 99,7 2,0 38,7 30,0 18,8 10,2 0,3 Professionals
Tehnicieni i ali specialiti din domeniul tehnic 530 99,8 5,4 33,8 29,3 21,0 10,3 0,2 Technicians and associate professionals
Funcionari administrativi 320 100,0 6,6 32,7 33,4 20,6 6,7 - Clerical support workers
Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor 855 99,9 8,7 30,8 32,0 21,0 7,4 0,1 Service and sales workers
Lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 93 88,9 7,4 20,0 19,5 19,2 22,8 11,1 Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers
Muncitori calificai i asimilai 963 100,0 4,7 23,1 33,2 28,4 10,6 - Craft and related trades workers
Alte categorii de ocupaii 1021 99,8 6,7 26,1 34,4 23,5 9,1 0,2 Other categories of occupations
din care: of which:
Muncitori necalificai 339 99,6 11,4 22,7 29,0 25,6 10,9 0,4 Unskilled workers

Rural Rural

Total 4066 90,9 10,0 22,3 27,2 17,2 14,2 9,1 Total
Membri ai corpului legislativ, ai executivului,
nali conductori ai administraiei publice,
conductori i funcionari superiori 33 99,5 1,6 18,5 36,7 30,4 12,3 0,5 Managers
Specialiti n diverse domenii de activitate 145 99,8 7,0 38,5 24,3 16,5 13,5 0,2 Professionals
Tehnicieni i ali specialiti din domeniul tehnic 92 100,0 7,8 29,1 31,9 22,4 8,8 - Technicians and associate professionals
Funcionari administrativi 63 99,9 10,6 26,1 35,8 18,6 8,8 0,1 Clerical support workers
Lucrtori n domeniul serviciilor 313 99,8 11,2 27,4 36,6 18,7 5,9 0,2 Service and sales workers
Lucrtori calificai n agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 2014 84,3 9,9 17,5 21,1 16,3 19,5 15,7 Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers
Muncitori calificai i asimilai 460 99,9 8,7 26,6 37,5 20,5 6,6 0,1 Craft and related trades workers
Alte categorii de ocupaii 946 94,5 11,4 25,6 31,1 16,2 10,2 5,5 Other categories of occupations
din care: of which:
Muncitori necalificai 621 91,7 12,8 23,7 27,0 15,4 12,8 8,3 Unskilled workers

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2011.


Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2011.

102 103
Structura populaiei ocupate, dup statutul profesional, pe grupe de vrst,
sexe i medii, n anul 2011
Employment structure, by status in employment, by age group,
3.8 sex and area, in 2011

Total populaie din care, n vrst de munc (%): 65 ani


ocupat of which, at working age (%): i peste
(mii persoane) grupe de vrst (ani) (%)
Statutul Total Total age groups (years) 65 years Status
profesional employment 15-64 ani and over in employment
(thou persons) years 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 (%)

Total
Total 9138 95,8 7,4 26,7 30,0 20,1 11,6 4,2 Total
din care: of which:
Salariat 6153 99,9 6,1 30,2 33,3 21,6 8,7 0,1 Employee
Patron 107 99,1 1,8 20,6 34,9 29,4 12,4 0,9 Employer
Lucrtor pe cont propriu 1717 85,0 4,1 16,2 25,8 19,1 19,8 15,0 Self-employed
Lucrtor familial Contributing
neremunerat 1161 89,5 19,5 24,3 18,0 12,4 15,3 10,5 family worker
Masculin / Male
Total 5026 96,5 7,8 26,7 30,0 19,9 12,1 3,5 Total
din care: of which:
Salariat 3381 99,9 6,2 29,5 32,9 21,2 10,1 0,1 Employee
Patron 79 99,3 1,7 19,3 35,1 29,0 14,2 0,7 Employer
Lucrtor pe cont propriu 1210 87,0 4,4 17,1 26,4 19,5 19,6 13,0 Self-employed
Lucrtor familial Contributing
neremunerat 356 95,7 35,9 35,4 14,0 6,4 4,0 4,3 family worker
Feminin / Female
Total 4112 94,9 6,9 26,6 29,9 20,4 11,1 5,1 Total
din care: of which:
Salariat 2772 99,9 6,0 31,0 33,8 22,2 6,9 0,1 Employee
Patron 28 98,4 2,1 24,0 34,5 30,7 7,1 1,6 Employer
Lucrtor pe cont propriu 507 80,0 3,5 14,0 24,4 18,1 20,0 20,0 Self-employed
Lucrtor familial Contributing
neremunerat 805 86,7 12,3 19,4 19,8 15,0 20,2 13,3 family worker
Urban
Total 5072 99,6 5,3 30,2 32,1 22,4 9,6 0,4 Total
din care: of which:
Salariat 4630 99,9 5,1 30,8 32,4 22,4 9,2 0,1 Employee
Patron 82 98,9 1,7 20,6 33,9 30,0 12,7 1,1 Employer
Lucrtor pe cont propriu 311 97,5 7,7 23,7 31,5 20,8 13,8 2,5 Self-employed
Lucrtor familial Contributing
neremunerat 49 90,2 20,4 29,4 11,6 13,2 15,6 9,8 family worker
Rural
Total 4066 90,9 10,0 22,3 27,2 17,2 14,2 9,1 Total
din care: of which:
Salariat 1523 99,9 9,4 28,2 36,0 19,2 7,1 0,1 Employee
Patron 25 99,7 2,3 20,5 38,3 27,3 11,3 0,3 Employer
Lucrtor pe cont propriu 1406 82,2 3,3 14,5 24,6 18,7 21,1 17,8 Self-employed
Lucrtor familial Contributing
neremunerat 1112 89,5 19,5 24,1 18,3 12,4 15,2 10,5 family worker

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO) - 2011.


Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) - 2011.

104
Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei naionale (la sfritul anului)
3.9 Civil employment, by activity of national economy (end of year)
mii persoane / thou persons
Activitatea 2009 2010 2011 Activity
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2) (CANE Rev.2 sections)

Total 8411 8371 8366 Total


Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 2411 2440 2442 Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industrie 1774 1733 1754 Industry
Industrie extractiv 73 65 65 Mining and quarrying
Industrie prelucrtoare 1491 1472 1495 Manufacturing
Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning
termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat 75 73 71 production and supply
Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea Water supply; sewerage, waste management
deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare 135 123 123 and decontamination activities
Construcii 626 628 611 Construction
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 1138 1140 1157 and motorcycles
Transport i depozitare 419 426 434 Transport and storage
Hoteluri i restaurante 125 133 138 Hotels and restaurants
Informaii i comunicaii 125 134 136 Information and communication
Intermedieri financiare i asigurri 114 133 130 Financial intermediation and insurance
Tranzacii imobiliare 49 31 30 Real estate activities
Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice 164 156 161 Professional, scientific and technical activities
Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti Activities of administrative services and
de servicii suport 207 204 228 of support services
Administraie public i aprare; asigurri Public administration and defence; social
sociale din sistemul public 230 204 197 insurance of public sector
nvmnt 413 390 385 Education
Sntate i asisten social 408 406 374 Health and social assistance
Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative 67 63 59 Shows, culture and recreation activities
Alte activiti de servicii 141 150 130 Other service activities

Sursa: Balana forei de munc - la sfritul anului. / Source: Labour force balance - end of year.

Populaia ocupat civil, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe forme


de proprietate, n anul 2011 (la sfritul anului)
Civil employment, by activity of national economy and by type
3.10 of ownership, in 2011 (end of year)
mii persoane / thou persons
din total, pe forme
de proprietate:
din care: of total, by type
femei of ownership:
Activitatea Total of which: Majoritar Majoritar Activity
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2) women de stat privat (CANE Rev.2 sections)
State Private
majority majority
Total 8366 1320 7046 Total
din care: femei 3977 767 3210 of which: women
Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 2442 1352 28 2414 Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industrie 1754 704 155 1599 Industry
Industrie extractiv 65 11 29 36 Mining and quarrying
Industrie prelucrtoare 1495 645 26 1469 Manufacturing
Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning
termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat 71 17 51 20 production and supply
Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea Water supply; sewerage, waste management
deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare 123 31 49 74 and decontamination activities
Construcii 611 98 22 589 Construction
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea Wholesale and retail; repair of motor vehicles
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 1157 571 2 1155 and motorcycles
Transport i depozitare 434 73 131 303 Transport and storage
Hoteluri i restaurante 138 81 3 135 Hotels and restaurants
Informaii i comunicaii 136 55 10 126 Information and communication
Intermedieri financiare i asigurri 130 97 10 120 Financial intermediation and insurance
Tranzacii imobiliare 30 14 6 24 Real estate activities
Activiti profesionale, tiinifice i tehnice 161 83 36 125 Professional, scientific and technical activities
Activiti de servicii administrative i activiti Activities of administrative services and
de servicii suport 228 75 16 212 of support services
Administraie public i aprare; asigurri Public administration and defence; social
sociale din sistemul public 197 112 197 - insurance of public sector
nvmnt 385 263 358 27 Education
Sntate i asisten social 374 295 313 61 Health and social assistance
Activiti de spectacole, culturale i recreative 59 33 32 27 Shows, culture and recreation activities
Alte activiti de servicii 130 71 1 129 Other service activities
Sursa: Balana forei de munc - la sfritul anului. / Source: Labour force balance - end of year.
105
Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe
3.11 Average number of employees, by activity of national economy and by sex
mii persoane / thou persons
Activitatea Total Brbai Femei Activity
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2) Men Women (CANE Rev.2 sections)
2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011
Total 4376 4349 2291 2301 2085 2048 Total

Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 95 98 72 76 23 22 Agriculture, forestry and fishing


Industrie 1237 1259 712 717 525 542 Industry
Industrie extractiv 67 64 56 54 11 10 Mining and quarrying
Industrie prelucrtoare 999 1028 528 539 471 489 Manufacturing
Producia i furnizarea de energie Electricity, gas, steam and
electric i termic, gaze, air conditioning
ap cald i aer condiionat 73 70 56 53 17 17 production and supply
Distribuia apei; salubritate, Water supply; sewerage,
gestionarea deeurilor, activiti waste management
de decontaminare 98 97 72 71 26 26 and decontamination activities
Construcii 337 334 290 288 47 46 Construction
Comer cu ridicata i cu Wholesale and retail;
amnuntul; repararea repair of motor vehicles
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 752 753 355 369 397 384 and motorcycles
Transport i depozitare 258 256 189 188 69 68 Transport and storage
Hoteluri i restaurante 108 108 39 42 69 66 Hotels and restaurants
Informaii i comunicaii 106 110 64 65 42 45 Information and communication
Intermedieri financiare i Financial intermediation
asigurri 101 99 32 31 69 68 and insurance
Tranzacii imobiliare 27 27 15 16 12 11 Real estate activities
Activiti profesionale, Professional, scientific and
tiinifice i tehnice 126 127 65 66 61 61 technical activities
Activiti de servicii Activities of administrative
administrative i activiti services and
de servicii suport 181 198 125 136 56 62 of support services
Administraie public i aprare; Public administration and
asigurri sociale defence; social insurance
din sistemul public1) 210 193 95 84 115 109 of public sector1)
nvmnt 380 364 122 115 258 249 Education
Sntate i asisten social 366 333 74 69 292 264 Health and social assistance
Activiti de spectacole, Shows, culture and
culturale i recreative 53 51 24 22 29 29 recreation activities
Alte activiti de servicii 39 39 18 17 21 22 Other service activities

1) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National
Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc.
Source: Labour cost survey.

106
Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe forme de proprietate, clase de mrime ale
ntreprinderilor i pe sexe
Average number of emolyees, by ownership type, enterprises size class
3.12 and by sex
mii persoane / thou persons
Forma de proprietate Total Brbai / Male Femei / Female
Ownership type
Clase de mrime ale ntreprinderilor 2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011
Enterprises size class
Total 4376 4349 2291 2301 2085 2048
Sub 50 salariai 1298 1208 710 665 588 543
Under 50 employees
50 - 249 salariai 988 1051 553 599 435 452
50 - 249 employees
250 salariai i peste 2090 2090 1028 1037 1062 1053
250 employees and over
Proprietate public1) 1389 1296 591 549 798 747
Public ownership1)
Sub 50 salariai 113 114 50 51 63 63
Under 50 employees
50 - 249 salariai 218 187 97 81 121 106
50 - 249 employees
250 salariai i peste 1058 995 444 417 614 578
250 employees and over
Proprietate privat2) 2987 3053 1700 1752 1287 1301
Private ownership2)
Sub 50 salariai 1185 1094 660 614 525 480
Under 50 employees
50 - 249 salariai 770 864 456 518 314 346
50 - 249 employees
250 salariai i peste 1032 1095 584 620 448 475
250 employees and over
1) Include: proprietate integral de stat, proprietate majoritar de stat, proprietate public de interes naional i local.
Including: state integral ownership, state majority ownership, public ownership of national and local interest.
2) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral strin.
Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, cooperative ownership, community ownership, foreign integral ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe


3.13 Average number of employees, by activity of industry and by sex
mii persoane / thou persons
Activitatea Total Brbai Femei Activity
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Men Women (CANE Rev.2 divisions)
2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011
Industrie - total 1237 1259 712 717 525 542 Industry - total
Industrie extractiv 67 64 56 54 11 10 Mining and quarrying
Extracia crbunelui Mining of coal
superior i inferior 23 22 20 19 3 3 and lignite
Extracia petrolului brut i Extraction of crude petroleum
a gazelor naturale 25 23 20 19 5 4 and natural gas
Extracia minereurilor metalifere 3 3 2 2 1 1 Mining of metal ores
Alte activiti extractive 9 9 8 8 1 1 Other mining and quarrying
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei 7 7 6 6 1 1 Mining support service activities
Industrie prelucrtoare 999 1028 528 539 471 489 Manufacturing
Industria alimentar 137 137 64 63 73 74 Manufacture of food products
Fabricarea buturilor 21 19 14 13 7 6 Manufacture of beverages
Fabricarea produselor din tutun 1 1 1 1 *) *) Manufacture of tobacco products
Fabricarea produselor textile 25 28 7 8 18 20 Manufacture of textiles
Fabricarea articolelor Manufacture of
de mbrcminte 138 144 18 20 120 124 wearing apparel
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; Tanning and dressing of leather;
fabricarea articolelor de manufacture of travel
voiaj i marochinrie, and leather goods, harness and
harnaamentelor i nclmintei; footwear; preparation
prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor 58 61 15 16 43 45 and dyeing of furs

107
Numrul mediu al salariailor, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe - continuare
3.13 Average number of employees, by activity of industry and by sex - continued
mii persoane / thou persons
Activitatea Total Brbai Femei Activity
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Men Women (CANE Rev.2 divisions)
2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011

Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea Manufacture of wood and of


produselor din lemn i plut, products of wood and
cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea cork, except furniture;
articolelor din paie i din alte manufacture of articles
materiale vegetale mpletite 47 49 36 37 11 12 of straw and plaiting materials
Fabricarea hrtiei i a Manufacture of paper and
produselor din hrtie 9 9 5 5 4 4 paper products
Tiprirea i reproducerea pe Printing and reproduction of
supori a nregistrrilor 14 13 7 6 7 7 recorded media
Fabricarea produselor de cocserie Manufacture of coke
i a produselor obinute din and refined
prelucrarea ieiului 6 6 4 4 2 2 petroleum products
Fabricarea substanelor Manufacture of chemicals and
i a produselor chimice 28 28 19 19 9 9 chemical products
Fabricarea produselor Manufacture of basic
farmaceutice de baz i a pharmaceutical products
preparatelor farmaceutice 8 9 3 4 5 5 and pharmaceutical preparations
Fabricarea produselor din Manufacture of rubber
cauciuc i mase plastice 37 40 24 25 13 15 and plastic products
Fabricarea altor produse Manufacture of other
din minerale nemetalice 38 38 28 27 10 11 non-metallic mineral products
Industria metalurgic 34 34 27 27 7 7 Manufacture of basic metals
Industria construciilor metalice Manufacture of fabricated
i a produselor din metal, exclusiv metal products,
maini, utilaje i instalaii 73 70 57 54 16 16 except machinery and equipment
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a Manufacture of computers,
produselor electronice i optice 20 23 9 11 11 12 electronic and optical products
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice 32 34 17 18 15 16 Manufacture of electrical equipment
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i Manufacture of machinery
echipamente n.c.a. 49 50 38 39 11 11 and equipment n.e.c.
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport Manufacture of motor vehicles,
rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor 107 120 51 60 56 60 trailers and semi-trailers
Fabricarea altor mijloace Manufacture of other
de transport 29 27 24 22 5 5 transport equipment
Fabricarea de mobil 54 54 34 35 20 19 Manufacture of furniture
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. 9 10 4 4 5 6 Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea Repair, maintenance and installation
mainilor i echipamentelor 25 24 22 21 3 3 of machinery and equipment

Producia i furnizarea de Electricity, gas, steam and


energie electric i termic, gaze, air conditioning
ap cald i aer condiionat 73 70 56 53 17 17 production and supply

Distribuia apei; salubritate, Water supply; sewerage,


gestionarea deeurilor, waste management
activiti de decontaminare 98 97 72 71 26 26 and decontamination activities

Captarea, tratarea i Water catchment, treatment


distribuia apei 40 40 29 28 11 12 and distribution
Colectarea i epurarea Used water collection
apelor uzate 6 6 5 5 1 1 and purification
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea Waste collection, purification
deeurilor; activiti de recuperare and disposal; activities of recycling
a materialelor reciclabile; activiti materials recovery; activities
i servicii de decontaminare 52 51 38 38 14 13 and services of decontamination

Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc. / Source: Labour cost survey.

108
Salariaii, pe activiti ale economiei naionale i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2011
3.14 Employees, by activity of national economy and by sex, on December 31, 2011
mii persoane / thou persons
Total salariai
Total employees
din care:
proprietate Din total:
majoritar Of total:
Activitatea Total privat1) Activity
(seciuni CAEN Rev.2) of which: (CANE Rev.2 sections)
private Brbai Femei
majority Men Women
ownership1)

Total 4660 3340 2444 2216 Total


Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 98 70 76 22 Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Industrie 1344 1188 756 588 Industry
Industrie extractiv 65 35 54 11 Mining and quarrying
Industrie prelucrtoare 1106 1080 574 532 Manufacturing
Producia i furnizarea de energie Electricity, gas, steam and
electric i termic, gaze, ap cald air conditioning
i aer condiionat 71 20 54 17 production and supply
Distribuia apei; salubritate, Water supply; sewerage,
gestionarea deeurilor, waste management
activiti de decontaminare 102 53 74 28 and decontamination activities
Construcii 358 337 307 51 Construction
Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; Wholesales and retail; repair of
repararea autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 832 830 401 431 motor vehiclesand motorcycles
Transport i depozitare 274 143 201 73 Transport and storage
Hoteluri i restaurante 119 116 46 73 Hotels and restaurants
Informaii i comunicaii 120 110 70 50 Information and communication
Intermedieri financiare i asigurri 109 99 34 75 Financial intermediation and insurance
Tranzacii imobiliare 28 22 16 12 Real estate activities
Activiti profesionale, tiinifice Professional, scientific and
i tehnice 140 104 72 68 technical activities
Activiti de servicii administrative i Activities of administrative services
activiti de servicii suport 220 204 149 71 and of support services
Administraie public i aprare; Public administration and defence;
asigurri sociale din sistemul public2) 197 - 85 112 social insurance of public sector2)
nvmnt 374 16 116 258 Education
Sntate i asisten social 346 33 72 274 Health and social assistance
Activiti de spectacole, culturale i Shows, culture and
recreative 57 26 24 33 recreation activities
Alte activiti de servicii 44 42 19 25 Other service activities

1) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral
strin. / Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, foreign integral ownership.
2) Exclusiv forele armate i personalul asimilat (M.Ap.N., M.A.I., S.R.I. etc.). / Excluding armed forces and similar staff (Ministry of National
Defence, Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romanian Intelligence Service etc.).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2011.
Source: Labour cost survey - 2011.

109
Salariaii, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2011
3.15 Employees, by activity of industry and by sex, on December 31, 2011
mii persoane / thou persons
Total salariai
Total employees
din care:
proprietate Din total:
majoritar Of total:
Activitatea Total privat1)
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) of which:
Activity private Brbai Femei
(CANE Rev.2 divisions) majority Men Women
ownership1)

Total 1344 1188 756 588


Industrie extractiv / Mining and quarrying 65 35 54 11
Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior 21 1 18 3
Mining of coal and lignite
Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale 24 20 19 5
Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas
Extracia minereurilor metalifere 3 *) 3 *)
Mining of metal ores
Alte activiti extractive 9 7 7 2
Other mining and quarrying
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei 8 7 7 1
Mining support service activities
Industrie prelucrtoare / Manufacturing 1106 1080 574 532
Industria alimentar / Manufacture of food products 148 148 68 80
Fabricarea buturilor / Manufacture of beverages 19 19 13 6
Fabricarea produselor din tutun 2 2 2 -
Manufacture of tobacco products
Fabricarea produselor textile / Manufacture of textiles 31 31 8 23
Fabricarea articolelor de mbrcminte 159 158 23 136
Manufacture of wearing apparel
Tbcirea i finisarea pieilor; fabricarea articolelor de
voiaj i marochinrie, harnaamentelor i nclmintei;
prepararea i vopsirea blnurilor 66 66 18 48
Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of travel
and leather goods, harness and footwear; preparation
and dyeing of furs
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor din lemn
i plut, cu excepia mobilei; fabricarea articolelor din
paie i din alte materiale vegetale mpletite 54 54 40 14
Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and
cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles
of straw and plaiting materials
Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie 10 10 6 4
Manufacture of paper and paper products
Tiprirea i reproducerea pe supori a nregistrrilor 14 11 7 7
Printing and reproduction of recorded media
Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor
obinute din prelucrarea ieiului 6 6 4 2
Manufacture of coke and refined
petroleum products
Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice 29 27 20 9
Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products
Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz
i a preparatelor farmaceutice 9 8 3 6
Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products
and pharmaceutical preparations
Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice 42 42 26 16
Manufacture of rubber and plastic products
1) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral
strin. / Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, foreign integral ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2011. / Source: Labour cost survey - 2011.

110
Salariaii, pe activiti ale industriei i pe sexe, la 31 decembrie 2011 - continuare
3.15 Employees, by activity of industry and by sex, on December 31, 2011 - continued
mii persoane / thou persons
Total salariai
Total employees
din care:
proprietate Din total:
majoritar Of total:
Activitatea Total privat1)
(diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) of which:
Activity private Brbai Femei
(CANE Rev.2 divisions) majority Men Women
ownership1)

Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice 38 38 27 11


Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products
Industria metalurgic 35 34 28 7
Manufacture of basic metals
Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor din
metal, exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii 74 69 57 17
Manufacture of fabricated metal products,
except machinery and equipment
Fabricarea calculatoarelor i a produselor
electronice i optice 25 24 12 13
Manufacture of computers, electronic
and optical products
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice 35 35 18 17
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i echipamente n.c.a. 51 51 40 11
Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier,
a remorcilor i semiremorcilor 134 134 66 68
Manufacture of motor vehicles,
trailers and semi-trailers
Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport 28 26 23 5
Manufacture of other transport equipment
Fabricarea de mobil 60 59 38 22
Manufacture of furniture
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. 11 10 5 6
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea
mainilor i echipamentelor 26 18 22 4
Repair, maintenance and installation
of machinery and equipment
Producia i furnizarea de energie electric
i termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat 71 20 54 17
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning
production and supply
Distribuia apei; salubritate, gestionarea
deeurilor, activiti de decontaminare 102 53 74 28
Water supply; sewerage, waste management
and decontamination activities
Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei 41 8 29 12
Water catchment, treatment and distribution
Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate 7 2 6 1
Used water collection and purification
Colectarea, tratarea si eliminarea deeurilor; activiti de
recuperare a materialelor reciclabile; activiti
i servicii de decontaminare 54 43 39 15
Waste collection, purification and disposal;
activities of recycling materials recovery;
activities and services of decontamination
1) Include: proprietate majoritar privat, proprietate integral privat, proprietate cooperatist, proprietate obteasc, proprietate integral
strin. / Including: private majority ownership, private integral ownership, co-operative ownership, foreign integral ownership.
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic privind costul forei de munc - 2011. / Source: Labour cost survey - 2011.

111
3.16 omerii nregistrai1) i rata omajului (la sfritul anului)
Registered unemployed1) and unemployment rate (end of year)
persoane / persons
Total omeri / Total unemployed Din care: femei / Of which: women
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Total 460495 367838 403441 709383 626960 461013 191449 166626 187228 302124 264401 203677 Total
Beneficiari de indemnizaie de omaj 166657 121389 143549 435497 329639 182538 74997 60513 73039 188457 142429 89604 Recipients of unemployment benefit
Primar, gimnazial, profesional 106112 74249 86056 262026 178728 83576 40821 31588 37599 93100 60638 33101 Primary, secondary, vocational
Liceal i postliceal 49359 37781 44650 131855 110052 71017 27714 23210 27213 71697 57710 38622 High school and post high school
Universitar 11186 9359 12843 41616 40859 27945 6462 5715 8227 23660 24081 17881 University
Beneficiari de alocaie de sprijin - - - - - - - - - - - - Recipients of support allowance
Primar, gimnazial, profesional - - - - - - - - - - - - Primary, secondary, vocational
Liceal i postliceal - - - - - - - - - - - - High school and post high school
Universitar - - - - - - - - - - - - University
Beneficiari de pli compensatorii Beneficiaries of compensatory payments
potrivit O.U.G.nr.98/1999 176 121 - - 1 - 51 32 - - - - according to G.P.O. no. 98/1999
Primar, gimnazial, profesional 83 64 - - 1 - 17 8 - - - - Primary, secondary, vocational
Liceal i postliceal 79 48 - - - - 30 21 - - - - High school and post high school
Universitar 14 9 - - - - 4 3 - - - - University
omeri neindemnizai 293662 246328 259892 273886 297320 278475 116401 106081 114189 113667 121972 114073 Unpaid unemployed
Primar, gimnazial, profesional 263613 216027 225848 240969 262874 237689 100505 89325 94153 97407 103748 93817 Primary, secondary, vocational
Liceal i postliceal 23759 23884 26169 24497 25536 30011 12289 12987 15087 11282 12891 13964 High school and post high school
Universitar 6290 6417 7875 8420 8910 10775 3607 3769 4949 4978 5333 6292 University
Rata omajului (%) 5,2 4,0 4,4 7,8 7,0 5,2 4,6 3,9 4,4 7,1 6,3 4,9 Unemployment rate (%)

1) La ageniile pentru ocuparea forei de munc. / At the agencies for employment.


Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. / Source: National Agency for Employment.

3.17 Persoanele cuprinse n cursuri de formare profesional


Persons who attend vocational training courses persoane / persons
Persoane cuprinse n pregtire din care: s-au ncadrat n activitate
Persons attending training courses of which: employed in activity
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Total 65031 64093 59703 44347 39987 54751 Total


din care: of which:
omeri 55931 53651 50622 41306 37979 52788 Unemployed
Persoane care beneficiaz de servicii Persons who benefit of free
gratuite de formare profesional 5452 6007 5307 1346 825 1014 vocational training services
Persoane care nu beneficiaz de servicii Persons who do not benefit of free
gratuite de formare profesional 3648 4435 3774 1695 1183 949 vocational training services
Au ncheiat pregtirea n cursuri organizate: 54906 45731 44490 36586 30692 50906 24819 21891 8924 5894 6713 6713 Accomplished their training in organized courses:
omeri care au urmat cursuri finanate Unemployed who attended courses financed
din bugetul asigurrilor pentru omaj 33215 26601 25241 24910 23480 33713 10567 6387 4818 3369 5008 5008 from unemployment insurance budget
omeri care au urmat cursuri organizate Unemployed who attended courses
din alte fonduri 1630 1432 2258 911 1702 10210 277 244 236 74 141 141 organized from other funds
Persoane care beneficiaz de servicii Persons who benefit of free
gratuite de formare profesional finanate vocational training services financed
din bugetul asigurrilor pentru omaj 3359 3531 3504 659 413 608 - - - - - - from unemployment insurance budget
Persoane care au nceput cursurile Persons beginning the training
n anul anterior 13169 11942 11643 9035 4297 5776 13975 15260 3870 2451 1564 1564 in the previous year
La cererea persoanelor fizice interesate 3280 2016 1513 960 601 506 At the request of interested natural persons
La cererea operatorilor economici 253 209 331 111 199 93 At the request of the economic operators
n pregtire (cursuri n derulare) 3508 12910 9912 4533 6391 9848 Under training (on going courses)
Au ntrerupt cursurile1) 5150 3508 3681 2301 1406 2180 Interrupted the training1)
1) Datele se refer numai la numrul omerilor nregistrai conform Legii nr. 76/2002 privind sistemul asigurrilor pentru omaj i
stimularea ocuprii forei de munc cu modificrile i completrile ulterioare. / Data refer only to the number of registered unemployed
according to the Law no. 76/2002 with subsequent amendments.
Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. / Source: National Agency for Employment.

112 113
omerii nregistrai, dup nivelul de educaie i pe grupe de vrst,
la 31 decembrie 2011

3.18 Registered unemployed, by educational level and by age group,


on December 31, 2011
persoane / persons
omeri nregistrai / Registered unemployed din care: beneficiari de indemnizaie de omaj1) / of which: beneficiaries of unemployment indemnity1)
Grupe de vrst / Age groups Grupe de vrst / Age groups
Total sub 25 ani 25 - 29 ani 30 - 39 ani 40 - 49 ani 50 - 55 ani peste 55 ani Total sub 25 ani 25 - 29 ani 30 - 39 ani 40 - 49 ani 50 - 55 ani peste 55 ani
under 25 years 25 - 29 years 30 - 39 years 40 - 49 years 50 - 55 years over 55 years under 25 years 25 - 29 years 30 - 39 years 40 - 49 years 50 - 55 years over 55 years

Total 461013 81911 35494 108536 119909 58564 56599 182538 38523 13423 38372 50591 23459 18170 Total
din care: of which:
Femei 203677 36029 15532 50027 55738 26855 19496 89604 19309 7884 21017 25325 10909 5160 Women
Primar, gimnazial, Primary, secondary,
profesional 321265 29429 21625 82945 91138 47064 49064 83576 3957 4286 19649 28502 14634 12548 vocational
din care: of which:
Femei 126918 9035 7190 33868 38681 20759 17385 33101 1509 1897 8404 11697 6067 3527 Women
Liceal i High school and
postliceal 101028 40255 5895 17457 22908 8994 5519 71017 26300 3712 12566 17466 6871 4102 post high school
din care: of which:
Femei 52586 18701 3247 10732 13386 4829 1691 38622 12142 2384 8294 10666 3836 1300 Women
Universitar 38720 12227 7974 8134 5863 2506 2016 27945 8266 5425 6157 4623 1954 1520 University
din care: of which:
Femei 24173 8293 5095 5427 3671 1267 420 17881 5658 3603 4319 2962 1006 333 Women
1) Inclusiv beneficiarii de drepturi conform O.U.G. nr. 98/1999. / Including recipients of rights according to G.P.O. no. 98/1999.
Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. / Source: National Agency for Employment.

omerii nregistrai, beneficiari de indemnizaii de omaj1), pe grupe de vrst i


dup durata omajului, la 31 decembrie 2011

3.19 Registered unemployed, receiving unemployment indemnities1), by age group


and by unemployment duration, on December 31, 2011
persoane / persons
Durata omajului cuprins ntre: Duration of unemployment:
Total 1 zi - 3 luni 3 - 6 luni 6 - 9 luni 9 - 12 luni 12 - 15 luni 15 - 18 luni 18 - 21 luni 21 - 27 luni
1 day - 3 months 3 - 6 months 6 - 9 months 9 - 12 months 12 - 15 months 15 - 18 months 18 - 21 months 21 - 27 months

Total 182538 70679 70034 23926 15757 1016 139 64 923 Total
Brbai 92934 39217 32007 11546 8772 732 82 49 529 Men
Femei 89604 31462 38027 12380 6985 284 57 15 394 Women
Sub 25 ani 38523 7659 30368 302 49 40 46 2 57 Under 25 years
Brbai 19214 4080 14881 145 22 26 26 1 33 Men
Femei 19309 3579 15487 157 27 14 20 1 24 Women
25 - 29 ani 13423 7319 5219 704 67 8 9 2 95 25 - 29 years
Brbai 5539 3236 1903 315 35 4 2 - 44 Men
Femei 7884 4083 3316 389 32 4 7 2 51 Women
30 - 39 ani 38372 18876 11355 5510 2321 94 33 14 169 30 - 39 years
Brbai 17355 9708 4050 2252 1166 63 22 10 84 Men
Femei 21017 9168 7305 3258 1155 31 11 4 85 Women
40 - 49 ani 50591 20769 13144 9144 6913 314 33 20 254 40 - 49 years
Brbai 25266 11644 5606 4120 3512 201 21 14 148 Men
Femei 25325 9125 7538 5024 3401 113 12 6 106 Women
50 - 55 ani 23459 9200 5692 4536 3594 265 13 15 144 50 - 55 years
Brbai 12550 5396 2732 2155 1971 186 8 14 88 Men
Femei 10909 3804 2960 2381 1623 79 5 1 56 Women
Peste 55 ani 18170 6856 4256 3730 2813 295 5 11 204 Over 55 years
Brbai 13010 5153 2835 2559 2066 252 3 10 132 Men
Femei 5160 1703 1421 1171 747 43 2 1 72 Women
1) Inclusiv beneficiarii de drepturi conform O.U.G. nr. 98/1999. / Including recipients of rights according to G.P.O. no. 98/1999.
Sursa: Agenia Naional pentru Ocuparea Forei de Munc. / Source: National Agency for Employment.

114 115
omajul1) de lung durat, pe sexe i medii
3.20 Long term unemployed1), by sex and area
procente / percentage

2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Rata omajului1) Long term


de lung durat unemployment rate1)
(12 luni i peste) (12 months and over)
Total 4,1 3,2 2,4 2,1 2,5 3,1 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 4,7 3,6 2,9 2,4 2,9 3,4 Male
Feminin 3,3 2,7 1,8 1,7 2,1 2,8 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 4,7 3,9 2,9 2,6 3,2 3,9 Urban
Rural 3,2 2,4 1,7 1,5 1,7 2,1 Rural

Rata omajului1) Long term unemployment


de lung durat pentru rate1) for youth
tineri (6 luni i peste) (6 months and over)
Total 14,2 13,3 10,5 10,3 13,0 15,0 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 14,9 13,5 10,5 10,9 13,8 15,3 Male
Feminin 13,1 13,0 10,5 9,3 11,8 14,6 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 18,0 15,9 12,7 13,5 17,8 20,8 Urban
Rural 10,9 11,1 8,6 7,6 9,1 10,3 Rural

Incidena omajului1) Incidence of long term


de lung durat unemployment1)
(12 luni i peste) (12 months and over)
Total 56,0 50,0 41,3 30,9 34,9 41,9 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 57,4 49,9 42,9 31,6 36,9 42,6 Male
Feminin 53,8 50,1 38,4 29,8 32,0 40,9 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 55,3 50,3 43,4 32,2 35,2 44,3 Urban
Rural 57,5 49,4 37,5 28,7 34,2 37,1 Rural

Incidena omajului1) Incidence of long term


de lung durat pentru unemployment1) for youth
tineri (6 luni i peste) (6 months and over)
Total 67,4 66,1 56,3 49,5 58,8 63,4 Total
Pe sexe By sex
Masculin 69,2 64,2 55,6 51,6 62,0 64,8 Male
Feminin 64,7 69,5 57,4 46,3 54,1 61,5 Female
Pe medii By area
Urban 65,9 64,3 54,6 49,8 58,4 64,2 Urban
Rural 69,8 68,5 58,6 49,0 59,6 62,0 Rural

1) Conform definiiei internaionale (BIM = Biroul Internaional al Muncii). / According to the international definition (ILO = International Labour Office).
Sursa: Cercetarea statistic asupra forei de munc n gospodrii (AMIGO).
Source: Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS).

116
Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale,
n anul 2011
Number of injured at work, by activity of national economy,
3.21 in 2011

Numr accidentai Accidente colective


Number of injured Collective accidents at work Rata
Activitatea din care: Numr Numr accidentai accidentelor
(seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) of which: accidente Number of injured de munc
Activity Total Incapacitate n munc din care: Rate of
(CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions) Mortal temporar Number Total mortal accidents
Fatal de munc of accidents of which: at work
Temporary at work fatal ()
incapacity of work

Total 3908 295 3613 37 159 30 0,81


Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit 145 29 116 1 3 - 0,54
Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Agricultur, vntoare i servicii anexe 52 7 45 - - - 0,26
Agriculture, hunting and ancillary services
Pescuit i acvacultur 1 - 1 - - - 0,11
Fishing and acvaculture
Silvicultur, exploatare forestier i
servicii anexe 92 22 70 1 3 - 1,58
Forestry and logging and
ancillary services
Industrie extractiv 249 12 237 2 11 7 2,98
Mining and quarrying
Extracia crbunelui 192 7 185 1 5 5 9,71
Coal mining
Extracia petrolului brut i a
gazelor naturale 23 1 22 - - - 0,74
Extraction of crude petroleum
and natural gas
Extracia minereurilor metalifere 1 - 1 - - - 0,20
Metalliferrous ores quarrying
Activiti de servicii anexe extraciei 7 - 7 - - - 0,77
Mining support service activities
Alte activiti extractive 26 4 22 1 6 2 1,40
Other extractive activities
Industrie prelucrtoare 1478 76 1402 15 59 15 1,06
Manufacturing
Produse alimentare 171 12 159 2 6 4 1,08
Food products
Buturi 29 2 27 1 4 - 0,61
Beverages
Produse din tutun 4 - 4 - - - 1,79
Tobacco products
Produse textile 44 - 44 1 4 - 0,49
Textile products
Articole de mbrcminte 33 - 33 - - - 0,17
Clothing articles
Articole de nclminte si pielarie 25 1 24 - - - 0,52
Leather goods and footwear
Prelucrarea lemnului i a produselor
din lemn (exclusiv mobil) 170 8 162 1 5 2 2,31
Wood and wooden products manufacturing
(excluding furniture)
Celuloz, hrtie i produse din hrtie 18 2 16 - - - 1,18
Pulp, paper and paper products

117
Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale,
n anul 2011 - continuare
Number of injured at work, by activity of national economy,
3.21 in 2011 - continued

Numr accidentai Accidente colective


Number of injured Collective accidents at work Rata
Activitatea din care: Numr Numr accidentai accidentelor
(seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) of which: accidente Number of injured de munc
Activity Total Incapacitate n munc din care: Rate of
(CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions) Mortal temporar Number Total mortal accidents
Fatal de munc of accidents of which: at work
Temporary at work fatal ()
incapacity of work

Edituri, poligrafie i reproducerea pe


supori a nregistrrilor 9 - 9 - - - 0,40
Publishing houses, poligraphy and
recording reproducible registrations
Prelucrarea ieiului, cocsificarea crbunelui
i tratarea combustibililor nucleari 4 - 4 - - - 0,27
Crude oil processing, coal coking
and nuclear fuel treatment
Substane i produse chimice 62 5 57 - - - 1,50
Chemical substances and products
Produse farmaceutice 6 1 5 - - - 0,47
Pharmaceutical products
Produse din cauciuc i mase plastice 72 4 68 1 3 2 1,66
Rubber and plastic products
Fabricarea produselor din
minerale nemetalice 74 5 69 1 3 - 1,49
Manufacturing of products of
non metallic minerals
Metalurgie / Metallurgy 107 2 105 - - - 1,75
Construcii metalice i produse din metal 137 8 129 2 6 2 1,45
Metallic structures and metal products
Fabricarea calculatoarelor si a
produselor electronice si optice 20 - 20 1 6 - 0,80
Manufacture of computer, electronic
and optical products
Fabricarea de maini, utilaje i
echipamente n.c.a. 88 5 83 1 4 1 1,09
Manufacture of machinery and
equipment n.e.c.
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice 43 2 41 - - - 0,81
Manufacture of electrical equipment
Fabricarea mijloacelor de transport
rutier, a remorcilor i semiremorcilor 157 9 148 3 14 4 2,85
Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers
and semi-trailers
Fabricarea altor mijloace de transport 77 4 73 - - - 1,44
Manufacture of other transport equipment
Fabricarea de mobil 88 2 86 1 4 - 0,81
Manufacture of furniture
Repararea, ntreinerea i instalarea
mainilor i echipamentelor 33 4 29 - - - 1,08
Repair and installation of machinery
and equipment
Alte activiti industriale n.c.a. 7 - 7 - - - 0,33
Other manufacturing activities n.e.c.
Producia i furnizarea de energie
electric i termic, gaze i ap 83 4 79 - - - 0,95
Electric and thermal energy, gas
and water production and supply

118
Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale,
n anul 2011 - continuare
Number of injured at work, by activity of national economy,
3.21 in 2011 - continued

Numr accidentai Accidente colective


Number of injured Collective accidents at work Rata
Activitatea din care: Numr Numr accidentai accidentelor
(seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) of which: accidente Number of injured de munc
Activity Total Incapacitate n munc din care: Rate of
(CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions) Mortal temporar Number Total mortal accidents
Fatal de munc of accidents of which: at work
Temporary at work fatal ()
incapacity of work

Producia i furnizarea de energie


electric i termic, gaze, ap cald
i aer condiionat 83 4 79 - - - 0,95
Electricity, gas, steam and air
conditioning production and supply
Distribuia apei; salubritate;
gestionarea deeurilor;
activiti de decontaminare 138 13 125 1 6 - 1,45
Water supply; sewerage, waste
management and
decontamination activities
Captarea, tratarea i distribuia apei 42 3 39 - - - 1,07
Water catchment, treatment
and distribution
Colectarea i epurarea apelor uzate 1 - 1 - - - 0,07
Used water collection and purification
Colectarea, tratarea i eliminarea
deeurilor, activiti de recuperare a
materialelor reciclabile 92 10 82 1 6 - 2,43
Waste collection, purification and
disposal; activities of recycling
materials recovery
Activiti i servicii de decontaminare 3 - 3 - - - 0,92
Decontamination activities and services
Construcii 522 57 465 4 18 1 1,48
Construction
Comerul cu ridicata i cu amnuntul,
repararea i ntreinerea
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 358 33 325 1 3 1 0,54
Wholesale and retail, repair and
maintenance of motor vehicles and
motorcycles
Comerul cu ridicata i cu amnuntul
ntreinerea i repararea autovehiculelor
i a motocicletelor 38 6 32 1 3 1 0,33
Wholesale and retail trade and repair
of motor vehicles and motorcycles
Comerul cu ridicata - cu excepia
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 159 17 142 - - - 0,76
Wholesale - excepting
motor vehicles and motorcycles
Comerul cu amnuntul - cu excepia
autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 161 10 151 - - - 0,48
Retail - excepting motor vehicles
and motorcycles
Hoteluri i restaurante 62 3 59 1 4 1 0,26
Hotels and restaurants
Transport i depozitare 285 34 251 4 15 5 1,11
Transport and storage
Transporturi terestre, transporturi
prin conducte 191 26 165 3 11 5 1,18
Land transport, pipe-line transport

119
Numrul accidentailor n munc, pe activiti ale economiei naionale,
n anul 2011 - continuare
Number of injured at work, by activity of national economy,
3.21 in 2011 - continued

Numr accidentai Accidente colective


Number of injured Collective accidents at work Rata
Activitatea din care: Numr Numr accidentai accidentelor
(seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) of which: accidente Number of injured de munc
Activity Total Incapacitate n munc din care: Rate of
(CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions) Mortal temporar Number Total mortal accidents
Fatal de munc of accidents of which: at work
Temporary at work fatal ()
incapacity of work

Transporturi pe ap 6 1 5 - - - 0,79
Water transport
Transporturi aeriene 1 - 1 - - - 0,09
Air transport
Depozitare i activiti auxiliare pentru
transporturi 55 5 50 - - - 1,33
Warehousing and support activities
for transportation
Activiti de pot i de curier 32 2 30 1 4 - 0,90
Postal and courier activities
Intermedieri financiare i asigurri 57 2 55 1 3 - 0,66
Financial intermediation and insurance
Intermedieri financiare, cu excepia activitilor
de asigurri i ale fondurilor de pensii 49 2 47 - - - 1,14
Financial service activities, except
insurance and pension funding
Activiti de asigurri, reasigurri i ale
fondurilor de pensii (cu excepia celor din
sistemul public de asigurri sociale) 3 - 3 - - - 0,11
Insurance activities, reinsurance and
pension funding (except social
insurance public system)
Activiti auxiliare pentru intermedieri
financiare, activiti de asigurare i
fonduri de pensii 5 - 5 1 3 - 0,32
Activities auxiliary to financial services
and insurance activities
Tranzacii imobiliare 13 - 13 - - - 0,44
Real estate
Informaii i comunicaii 49 4 45 1 4 - 0,45
Informatics and communications
Activiti profesionale, tiinifice
i tehnice 63 4 59 1 5 - 0,42
Professional, scientific and
technical activities
Activiti de servicii administrative
i activiti de servicii suport 163 9 154 2 16 - 1,07
Administrative and support
service activities
Administraie public i aprare;
asigurri sociale din sistemul public 82 5 77 2 6 - 0,6
Public administration and defence;
public system social insurance
nvmnt / Education 50 4 46 1 6 - 0,15
Sntate i asisten social 88 2 86 - - - 0,31
Health and social assistance
Activiti de spectacole, culturale
i recreative 14 4 10 - - - 0,28
Leisure, culture and sport activities
Alte activiti de servicii 9 - 9 - - - 0,12
Other services

120
Revendicrile care au declanat conflicte de interese
3.22 Claims which caused conflicts of interest

Revendicri Pondere n total / Weight in total


Claims 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Total 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0 100,0

Salariale (neacordarea compensrilor, indexrilor, neplata


salariilor la termen, neacordarea unor prime de vacan etc.) 57,7 68,6 78,4 73,9 40,3
For salary reasons (non-payment of compensations,
of indexations, of wages in time, of holidays bonuses a.s.o.)

Organizarea muncii (revizuirea normelor de munc, organizarea


timpului de lucru, programul de munc, lipsa fiei postului) 0,9 - - - -
Labour organisation (revision of labour norms, organisation
of working time, schedule, lack of position file)

Condiii de munc (neasigurarea condiiilor normale de munc


i a condiiilor sociale, acordarea grupelor de munc etc.) 5,4 2,3 0,9 - -
Working conditions (lack of normal labour and social conditions,
promotion in higher wage classes a.s.o.)

Timp de munc (neacordarea zilelor libere, orelor suplimentare,


concediilor suplimentare, lucrul n schimburi etc.) 6,3 - - - -
Working time (lack of days-off, additional hours and leaves,
shifts a.s.o.)

Drepturi sociale (lipsa unor msuri de protecie social la nivelul


agenilor economici, sisteme proprii de asigurri sociale,
acordare de locuine, bilete de tratament, fonduri pentru aciuni
sociale etc.) - - 0,9 - -
Social rights (lack of some social security measures
at economic units level, own systems of social insurance,
dwellings, treatment tickets, funds for social actions a.s.o.)

Viaa sindical (asigurarea condiiilor pentru desfurarea activitii


sindicale, amestecul patronatului n activitatea sindical, msuri
de sancionare a liderilor, lipsa de transparen, prezena liderilor
la negocieri etc.) 1,8 - - - -
Trade-union life (conditions for union activity, employers
involvement in the union activity, measures of leaders sanction,
lack of transparency, presence of leaders at negotiations a.s.o.)

Alte revendicri (modificri n structurile organizatorice,


negocierea contractelor colective etc.) 27,9 29,1 19,8 26,1 59,7
Other claims (changes in organisational structures,
negotiation of collective contracts a.s.o.)

Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale.


Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

121
3.23 Conflictele de interese i frecvena lor lunar
Conflicts of interest and their monthly frequency

Numr conflicte Numr salariai Number of employees


Number of conflicts Total1) Total1) din care: participani la conflicte / of which: involved in conflicts
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Total 95 86 116 92 73 35 109969 103552 268732 161532 114408 120546 79736 72767 204798 104701 61682 55647 Total
Ianuarie 10 9 14 12 3 5 39076 6477 24484 16980 541 12396 31492 5480 15047 11702 329 5927 January
Februarie 12 11 32 8 9 10 11682 33595 158556 5067 34079 63644 10279 27665 138006 3604 20491 22822 February
Martie 9 6 11 7 4 9 8579 3947 38841 15878 1819 30425 6385 3181 29903 12411 1668 15920 March
Aprilie 6 7 10 8 7 7 3835 5893 10506 14444 6548 12558 2579 4415 3092 4834 4321 9956 April
Mai 13 15 11 15 7 - 10690 23975 5911 53193 25427 - 8071 11628 2776 41001 13690 - May
Iunie 7 6 10 11 6 1 3876 4077 9057 30608 2892 218 2155 3578 2330 15072 1423 215 June
Iulie 7 8 8 4 8 3 2612 5676 1915 898 18338 1305 1893 4258 1428 477 7320 807 July
August 8 5 4 3 9 - 2559 1292 6083 1539 14439 - 1781 908 2890 892 4646 - August
Septembrie 4 3 7 7 4 - 1816 1769 7775 4884 2998 - 1347 1285 6086 1715 2268 - September
Octombrie 6 3 2 3 3 - 11582 1696 1695 1465 2128 - 7610 1285 1230 1096 1472 - October
Noiembrie 6 7 5 9 9 - 4744 6880 3202 14840 4418 - 1128 4835 1389 11455 3408 - November
Decembrie 7 6 2 5 4 - 8918 8275 707 1736 781 - 5016 4249 621 442 646 - December
1)
Aferent unitilor n care au avut loc conflicte de interese. / For the units where conflicts of interest took place.
Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale.
Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

3.24 Greve declanate, cu respectarea procedurii prevzute n Legea nr. 168 / 1999
Strikes initiated by observing the procedure provided by Law no. 168 / 1999

Numr greve Numr salariai Number of employees


Felul grevei Number of strikes Total1) Total1) din care: participani la greve / of which: involved in strikes Type of strike
20062) 20072) 2008 2009 2010 2011 20062) 20072) 2008 2009 2010 2011 20062) 20072) 2008 2009 2010 2011

Total 2 12 8 1 - - 1493 27725 43677 400 - - 1254 8081 16730 360 - - Total

Grev de avertisment 1 4 3 1 - - 1205 6251 2405 400 - - 979 3340 1350 360 - - Warning strike
Grev de avertisment Warning strike
urmat de grev followed by
propriu-zis 1 2 3 - - - 1205 4306 13822 - - - 979 2140 8980 - - - proper strike
Grev propriu-zis 1 8 2 - - - 288 21474 27450 - - - 275 4741 6400 - - - Proper strike

1) Aferent unitilor n care au avut loc greve. / For the units where strikes took place.
2) Datele aferente grevei de avertisment urmate de grev propriu - zis reprezint parte component a datelor aferente grevei de avertisment.
The data on the warning strike followed by proper strike represent a component of data on warning strike.
Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale. / Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

122 123
3.25 Conflictele de interese, pe activiti ale economiei naionale
Conflicts of interest, by activity of national economy

2010 2011
Numr Numr salariai Numr Numr salariai
Activitatea conflicte Number of employees conflicte Number of employees Activity
(seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Number Total1) din care: participani la conflicte Number Total1) din care: participani la conflicte (CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)
of conflicts of which: involved in conflicts of conflicts of which: involved in conflicts

Total 73 114408 61682 35 120546 55647 Total


Agricultur, silvicultur i pescuit - - - - - - Agriculture, forestry and fishing
Agricultur, vntoare i servicii anexe - - - - - - Agriculture, hunting and annex services
Industrie extractiv - - - - - - Mining and quarrying
Extracia crbunelui superior i inferior - - - - - - Mining of coal and lignite
Extracia petrolului brut i a gazelor naturale - - - - - - Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas
Produse ale industriei prelucrtoare 37 51427 28938 12 16513 9299 Manufacturing
Industria alimentar 3 748 511 - - - Manufacture of food products
Fabricarea produselor din tutun Manufacture of tobacco products
Fabricarea produselor textile 3 1231 596 1 73 28 Manufacture of textiles
Industria pielriei i a produselor din piele - - - - - - Manufacture of leather goods and footwear
Prelucrarea lemnului, fabricarea produselor Manufacture of wood and of products
din lemn i plut, cu excepia mobilei; of wood and cork, except furniture;
fabricarea articolelor din paie i din alte manufacture of articles of straw
materiale vegetale mpletite - - - - - - and plaiting materials
Fabricarea hrtiei i a produselor din hrtie - - - - - - Manufacture of paper and paper products
Fabricarea substanelor i a produselor chimice 5 4140 1603 2 2133 2070 Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products
Fabricarea produselor farmaceutice de baz i a Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical
preparatelor farmaceutice 1 666 450 - - - products and pharmaceutical preparations
Fabricarea produselor de cocserie i a produselor Manufacture of coke and refined
obinute din prelucrarea ieiului 1 331 320 - - - petroleum products
Fabricarea articolelor din beton, ciment i ipsos - - - - - - Manufacture of cement, concrete and gypsum articles
Fabricarea altor maini i Manufacture of other machinery and
utilaje cu destinaie specific - - - - - - equipment with specific destination
Fabricarea produselor din cauciuc i mase plastice - - - - - - Manufacture of rubber and plastic products
Fabricarea altor produse din minerale nemetalice 3 654 395 - - - Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products
Industria metalurgic 7 13696 4911 4 11459 5044 Manufacture of basic metals
Industria construciilor metalice i a produselor din metal Manufacture of fabricated metal structures
exclusiv maini, utilaje i instalaii - - - 1 56 47 and products, except machinery and equiment
Fabricarea echipamentelor electrice 3 7470 4430 - - - Manufacture of electrical equipment
Industria de maini i echipamente - - - - - - Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.
Fabricarea autovehiculelor de transport rutier, Manufacture of motor vehicles,
a remorcilor si semiremorcilor 8 21670 15192 3 2222 1935 trailers and semi-trailers
Producia de piese i accesorii pentru autovehicule Production of parts and accessories for motor
i pentru motoare de autovehicule - - - - - - vehicles and engines of motor vehicles
Fabricarea articolelor pentru sport 1 430 220 1 570 175 Manufacture of sport articles
Fabricarea de mobil 1 186 168 - - - Manufacture of furniture
Repararea i ntreinerea aeronavelor i navelor spaiale - - - - - - Repair and maintenance aircrafts and space ships
Alte activiti industriale 1 205 142 - - - Other manufacturing
Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i Electricity, gas, steam and air
termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat 4 6830 6426 1 570 560 conditioning production and supply
Producia i furnizarea de energie electric i Electricity, gas, steam and air
termic, gaze, ap cald i aer condiionat 4 6830 6426 1 570 560 conditioning production and supply
Construcii 2 600 295 - - - Construction
Lucrri de geniu civil 2 600 295 - - - Civil engineering
Tranzacii imobiliare, nchirieri i activiti de Real estate transactions, rentings and services
servicii prestate n principal ntreprinderilor - - - - - - activities mainly rendered to enterprises

1) Aferent unitilor n care au avut loc conflicte de interese. / For the units where conflicts of interest took place.
Sursa: Ministerul Muncii, Familiei i Proteciei Sociale.
Source: Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection.

124 125
3.25 Conflictele de interese, pe activiti ale economiei naionale - continuare
Conflicts of interest, by activity of national economy - continued

2010 2011
Numr Numr salariai Numr Numr salariai
Activitatea conflicte Number of employees conflicte Number of employees Activity
(seciuni/diviziuni CAEN Rev.2) Number Total1) din care: participani la conflicte Number Total1) din care: participani la conflicte (CANE Rev.2 sections/divisions)
of conflicts of which: involved in conflicts of conflicts of which: involved in conflicts

Comer cu ridicata i cu amnuntul; repararea Wholesale and retail; repair of motor


autovehiculelor i motocicletelor 1 8074 3049 1 28 28 vehicles and motorcycles
Comer cu ridicata cu excepia comerului cu Wholesale except of motor vehicles and
autovehicule i motociclete 1 8074 3049 1 28 28 motorcycles
Transport i depozitare 4 3468 1087 14 90476 35624 Transport and storage
Transporturi terestre i transporturi prin conducte 1 650 244 12 88159 34716 Land transport and transport via pipelines
Transporturi pe ap 2 2300 720 1 757 419 Water transport
Transporturi aeriene - - - 1 1560 489 Air transport
Transporturi pe cale ferat 1 518 123 - - - Railway transport
Hoteluri i alte faciliti de cazare 1 250 200 - - - Hotels and similar accommodation
Hoteluri i alte faciliti de cazare 1 250 200 - - - Hotels and similar accommodation
Informaii i comunicare 3 11517 3325 1 820 9 Information and communication
Telecomunicaii 2 11467 3300 - - - Telecommunication
Activiti de editare 1 50 25 1 820 9 Publishing activities
Intermedieri financiare i asigurri - - - 2 11196 9596 Financial intermediation and insurance
Intermedieri financiare cu excepia activitilor de Financial service activities, except insurance and
asigurri i ale fondurilor de pensii - - - 2 11196 9596 pension funding
Asigurri profesionale tiinifice i tehnice 1 127 90 - - - Professional, scientific and technical activities
Cercetare dezvoltare 1 127 90 - - - Research development
Activiti de servicii administra