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CLCULO DE LA DEMANDA DE AGUA

Mtodo de Hargreaves

Informacin Requerida
Proyecto: Sistema de Riego Santa Rosa
Ubicacin
Departamento: Latitud: 14 12' 0.0'' S 14.20
Provincia: Altitud: 3,300.00 msnm
Distrito: Eficiencia de Riego: 50%
Localidad:

Descripcin Unidad E F M A M J J A S O N D
Temperatura Media
Mensual C 22.8 24.2 23.8 20.0 19.8 16.7 16.6 15.7 15.9 16.1 17.8 19.2
Precip. Efectiva
Mensual al 75% mm 38.0 74.0 48.0 11.0 - - - - - 5.0 13.0 34.0
(HS) Para calcular en funcin a Porcentajes de Horas de Sol Posibles, Radiacin Extraterrestre y Temperatura
Horas Diarias de
Sol medidas H 6.2 7.2 6.5 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.7 5.8 6.0
(HR) Para el calcular en funcin a Humedad Relativa y Temperatura
Humedad Relativa % 66.0 70.0 72.0 71.0 64.0 59.0 59.0 59.0 58.0 52.0 53.0 61.0
Datos Referenciales
Precipitacin Total
Mensual mm 108.1 159.1 122.6 45.2 20.7 5.6 14.2 20.5 28.9 22.8 33.3 76.9
Precip. Efectiva
Promedio Mensual mm 85.0 100.0 90.0 35.0 10.0 - 8.0 10.0 20.0 16.0 25.0 64.0
Precipitacin Total
Mensual al 75% mm 48.1 91.3 57.6 15.6 - - - 2.7 5.2 10.3 17.7 42.8

Ingrese la Cdula De Cultivo:


Para los Cultivos Base, su rea y marque el mes con "B"
Para los Cultivos de Rotacin,su rea y marque el mes con "R"
CULTIVO BASE REA MESES CULTIVO REA
H E F M A M J J A S O N D ROTACIN H
Papa 208.0 B B B B B R R R R R R Maz choclo 100.0
Maz g/s 150.0 B B B B B R R R R R R Papa 80.0
Maz choclo 100.0 B B B B B R R R R R R R Trigo 60.0
Frijol 50.0 B B B B B R R R R R R Arveja g/v 30.0
Ajo 30.0 B B B B B B R R R R R R Arveja g/v 20.0
Hortaliza 20.0 B B B B B B R R R R R R Arveja g/v 10.0
Trigo 190.0 B B B B B B R R R R R R Papa 125.0
Cebada 187.0 B B B B B B R R R R R R Haba g/v 125.0
Alfalfa 200.0 B B B B B B B B B B B B

Mpo/2002
CDULA DE CULTIVO
Sistema de Riego Santa Rosa

CULTIVO REA MESES CULTIVO REA


BASE H E F M A M J J A S O N D ROTACIN H

Papa 208.0 18.3% ==== ==== ==== ==== ==== ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ - - - - - - Maz choclo 100.0

Maz g/s 150.0 13.2% ==== ==== ==== ==== ==== ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ - - - - - - Papa 80.0

Maz choclo 100.0 8.8% ==== ==== ==== ==== ==== ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ - - - - - - Trigo 60.0

Frijol 50.0 4.4% ==== ==== ==== ==== ==== ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ - - - - - - Arveja g/v 30.0

Ajo 30.0 2.6% ==== ==== ==== ==== ==== ==== ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ - - - - - - Arveja g/v 20.0

Hortaliza 20.0 1.8% ==== ==== ==== ==== ==== ==== ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ - - - - - - Arveja g/v 10.0

Trigo 190.0 16.7% ==== ==== ==== ==== ==== ==== ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ - - - - - - Papa 125.0

Cebada 187.0 16.5% ==== ==== ==== ==== ==== ==== ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ - - - - - - Haba g/v 125.0

Alfalfa 200.0 17.6% ==== ==== ==== ==== ==== ==== ==== ==== ==== ==== ==== ==== -

- -

- -

- -

TOTAL 1,135.0 100.0% 1,135.0 1,135.0 1,135.0 1,135.0 1,135.0 687.0 750.0 750.0 750.0 750.0 750.0 750.0 550.0

CULTIVO BASE ==== CULTIVO ROTACIN ------

MPO/2002
COEFICIENTE DE USO CONSUNTIVO PARA LA CDULA DE CULTIVO (Kc)
Sistema de Riego Santa Rosa

CULTIVO MESES CULTIVO


BASE E F M A M J J A S O N D ROTACIN

Papa 0.45 0.68 1.05 1.08 0.88 0.60 0.64 0.92 1.10 1.08 0.96 Maz Choclo

Maz g/s 0.46 0.55 0.88 1.10 1.08 0.55 0.60 0.92 1.10 1.02 0.78 Papa

Maz Choclo 0.46 0.70 1.05 1.10 1.02 0.56 0.70 1.00 1.10 1.05 0.72 0.34 Trigo

Frijol 0.46 0.78 1.08 1.10 0.66 0.53 0.58 0.80 0.98 0.98 0.88 Arveja g/v

Ajo-Hortaliza 0.60 0.80 1.00 1.04 0.98 0.82 0.53 0.58 0.80 0.98 0.98 0.88 Arveja g/v

Ajo-Hortaliza 0.60 0.80 1.00 1.04 0.98 0.82 0.53 0.58 0.80 0.98 0.98 0.88 Arveja g/v

Trigo 0.50 0.85 1.08 1.08 0.80 0.50 0.55 0.60 0.92 1.10 1.02 0.78 Papa

Cebada 0.50 0.85 1.08 1.08 0.80 0.50 0.53 0.58 0.80 0.98 0.98 0.88 Haba g/v

Alfalfa 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00

MPO/2002
EVAPOTRANSPIRACIN POTENCIAL
Sistema de Riego Santa Rosa

* Mtodo de Hargreaves, en funcin a Porcentajes de Horas de Sol Posibles, Radiacin Extraterrestre y Temperatura

Latitud: S 14.20 Altitud: 3,300.00


PARMETRO DE CLCULO UNIDAD MESES
E F M A M J J A S O N

Temperatura Media Mensual C 22.8 24.2 23.8 20.0 19.8 16.7 16.6 15.7 15.9 16.1 17.8
TF - Temperatura Media
F 73.04 75.56 74.84 68.00 67.64 62.06 61.88 60.26 60.62 60.98 64.04
Mensual
RMM - Radiacin E Terrestre,
mm/mes 523.3 459.2 471.5 405.6 363.9 325.2 348.4 391.5 429.6 489.8 500.4
equivalente de evaporacin
S - Porcentaje de Horas de Sol % 48.24 57.29 53.35 51.69 53.36 53.34 52.87 49.86 46.67 45.72 45.43
RSM - Radiacin Equivalente
mm/mes 272.6 260.7 258.3 218.7 199.4 178.1 190.0 207.4 220.1 248.4 252.9
Mensual
ETo - Evapotranspiracin
mm 149.3 147.7 145.0 111.5 101.1 82.9 88.2 93.7 100.1 113.6 121.5
Potencial

Radiacin Extraterrestre,
equivalente de evap. mensual RMM = RMD * Das del mes
Porcentaje de Horas de Sol S = 100 * ( n / N )
Radiacin Extraterrestre,
equivalente de evap. Diaria RDM => Tabla N 03

Radiacin Equivalente Mensual RSM = 0.075* RMM * S0.5


Horas de sol mxima media
diaria, segn latitud N => Tabla N 02
Horas Diarias de Sol promedio
mensual n => Dato
Temperatura media mensual C
Temperatura F TF = 1.8 * C + 32
Evapotranspiracin Potencial ETo = 0.0075 * RSM * TF

MPO/2002
RANSPIRACIN POTENCIAL
ma de Riego Santa Rosa

msnm
MESES
D

19.2

66.56

520.2

46.32

265.5

132.6

MPO/2002
DEMANDA DE AGUA CON PRECIPITACIN EFECTIVA AL 75%
( En miles de m 3)

Sistema de Riego Santa Rosa


MESES
E F M A M J J A S O N D
Precip. Efectiva
Mensual al 75% 38.0 74.0 48.0 11.0 - - - - - 5.0 13.0 34.0 mm
CULTIVO
CULTIVO BASE ROTACIN
Papa 121.5 110.0 433.6 455.4 370.3 105.8 120.0 184.1 239.9 236.4 186.5 Maz Choclo
Maz g/s 92.1 21.7 238.7 335.1 327.7 77.6 90.0 147.3 191.9 177.5 111.0 Papa
Maz Choclo 61.4 58.8 208.5 223.4 206.3 55.7 74.1 112.5 132.1 137.1 89.4 13.3 Trigo
Frijol 30.7 41.2 108.6 111.7 66.8 28.0 32.6 48.0 63.8 63.6 49.6 Arveja g/v
Ajo 31.0 26.5 58.2 63.0 59.5 40.8 18.7 21.7 32.0 42.5 42.4 33.1 Arveja g/v
Hortaliza 20.6 17.7 38.8 42.0 39.7 27.2 9.3 10.9 16.0 21.3 21.2 16.5 Arveja g/v
Trigo 139.3 195.9 412.6 416.0 307.5 157.5 121.3 140.6 230.2 299.9 277.3 173.5 Papa
Cebada 137.1 192.9 406.1 409.4 302.6 155.0 116.9 135.9 200.1 265.8 265.2 206.6 Haba g/v
Alfalfa 445.3 294.9 387.9 402.2 404.6 331.7 352.8 374.9 400.3 434.4 434.0 394.2

DMA - TOTAL 1,078.9 959.7 2,293.0 2,458.2 2,085.0 767.9 904.5 1,038.9 1,390.2 1,696.7 1,607.0 1,184.3

Q(m3/s) 24h 0.403 0.358 0.856 0.918 0.778 0.287 0.338 0.388 0.519 0.633 0.600 0.442

Mdulo de Riego 0.373 0.332 0.793 0.851 0.722 0.266 0.313 0.360 0.481 0.587 0.556 0.410

Demanda de Agua DMA (m3/h)


Donde: DMAi = Ai ( ETom Kci - PEm )
rea de cultivo: A (h) DMAi = Ai ( ETom Kci - PEm )
Evapotranspiracin Potencial: ETo (mm)
100
100Er
Er
Coeficiente de Cultivo: Kc
Precip. Mensual Efectiva al 75%: PE (mm) Mr = Q
Mr = Q
DMA Total
DMA Total
MPO/2002
Mr = Q
Eficiencia de riego: Er (%) Mr = Q
DMA Total
Mdulo de riego: Mr (l/s/h) DMA Total

MPO/2002
EVAPOTRANSPIRACIN POTENCIAL
Sistema de Riego Santa Rosa

* Mtodo de Hargreaves, en funcin a Humedad Relativa y Temperatura

Latitud: S 14.20 Altitud: 3,300.00


PARMETRO DE CLCULO UNIDAD MESES
E F M A M J J A S O N

Temperatura Media Mensual C 22.8 24.2 23.8 20.0 19.8 16.7 16.6 15.7 15.9 16.1 17.8
TF - Temperatura Media
F 73.0 75.6 74.8 68.0 67.6 62.1 61.9 60.3 60.6 61.0 64.0
Mensual
HR - Humedad Relativa % 66.0 70.0 72.0 71.0 64.0 59.0 59.0 59.0 58.0 52.0 53.0
CH - Factor de Correcin
0.968 0.909 0.878 0.894 0.996 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000
Humedad
CE - Factor de Correcin
1.066 1.066 1.066 1.066 1.066 1.066 1.066 1.066 1.066 1.066 1.066
Altitud
MF: Factor Mensual de
2.685 2.301 2.339 1.955 1.726 1.529 1.641 1.889 2.141 2.291 2.570
Evapotranspiracin
ETo - Evapotranspiracin
mm 202.4 168.5 163.9 126.7 124.0 101.1 108.2 121.4 138.4 148.9 175.5
Potencial

Altitud (msnm) E
Factor de Correcin Altitud CE= 1.0 + 0.04 (E/2000)
Temperatura Media Mensual C
Temperatura F TF = 1.8 * C + 32
Factor de Correcin Humedad CH= 0.166 * ( 100 - HR ) 0.5 ; S, HR < 64% CH = 1.0
Factor Mensual de Evapotranspiracin MF => Tabla N 1
Evapotranspiracin Potencial ETo = TF * CH * MF * CE

MPO/2002
ANSPIRACIN POTENCIAL
ma de Riego Santa Rosa

msnm
MESES
D

19.2

66.6

61.0

1.000

1.066

2.712

192.5

MPO/2002
DEMANDA DE AGUA CON PRECIPITACIN EFECTIVA AL 75%
( En miles de m 3)

Sistema de Riego Santa Rosa


MESES
E F M A M J J A S O N D
Precip. Efectiva
Mensual al 75% 38.0 74.0 48.0 11.0 - - - - - 5.0 13.0 34.0 mm
CULTIVO
CULTIVO BASE ROTACIN
Papa 220.8 168.9 516.2 523.3 453.9 129.9 155.4 254.6 317.7 353.0 301.5 Maz Choclo
Maz g/s 165.3 56.1 288.7 385.0 401.7 95.2 116.5 203.7 254.1 265.6 185.8 Papa
Maz Choclo 110.2 87.9 248.2 256.6 252.9 68.0 90.9 145.6 182.7 181.7 136.0 37.7 Trigo
Frijol 55.1 57.5 129.0 128.3 81.8 34.4 42.2 66.4 84.6 95.4 81.2 Arveja g/v
Ajo 50.1 36.5 69.5 72.4 72.9 49.8 22.9 28.2 44.3 56.4 63.6 54.1 Arveja g/v
Hortaliza 33.4 24.3 46.4 48.3 48.6 33.2 11.5 14.1 22.1 28.2 31.8 27.1 Arveja g/v
Trigo 240.1 263.1 490.2 478.0 376.9 192.2 148.8 182.1 318.3 397.1 415.0 290.3 Papa
Cebada 236.3 259.0 482.5 470.5 371.0 189.1 143.4 176.0 276.8 352.4 397.4 338.4 Haba g/v
Alfalfa 657.5 378.1 463.6 462.6 495.9 404.6 432.9 485.5 553.5 575.8 649.9 633.8

DMA - TOTAL 1,768.8 1,331.4 2,734.3 2,825.0 2,555.6 936.8 1,110.0 1,345.5 1,922.4 2,247.8 2,407.6 1,949.9

Q(m3/s) 24h 0.660 0.497 1.021 1.055 0.954 0.350 0.414 0.502 0.718 0.839 0.899 0.728
Mr - Mdulo de
Riego
0.373 0.281 0.577 0.596 0.539 0.198 0.234 0.284 0.406 0.474 0.508 0.412

Demanda de Agua DMA (m3/h)


Donde: DMAi = Ai ( ETom Kci - PEm )
DMAi = Ai ( ETom Kci - PEm )
rea de cultivo: 100
100Er
A (h)
Evapotranspiracin Potencial: ETo (mm)
Er
Coeficiente de Cultivo: Kc
Precipitacin Efectiva al 75%: PE (mm) Mr = Q
Mr = Q
DMA Total
DMA Total
MPO/2002
Mr = Q
Mr = Q
Eficiencia de riego: Er (%) DMA Total
DMA Total
Mdulo de riego: Mr (l/s/h)

MPO/2002
Tabla N 01

COEFICIENTE MENSUAL DE EVAPOTRANSPIRACIN (MF)


(FACTOR DE LATITUD MENSUAL)

Latitud MESES
S E F M A M J J A S O N

1 2.788 2.177 2.354 2.197 2.137 1.900 2.091 2.216 2.256 2.358 2.234

2 2.371 2.136 2.357 2.182 2.108 1.956 2.050 2.194 2.251 2.372 2.263

3 2.393 2.154 2.360 2.167 2.079 1.922 2.026 2.172 2.246 2.386 2.290

4 2.385 2.172 2.362 2.151 2.050 1.888 1.993 2.150 2.240 2.398 2.318

5 2.416 2.189 2.363 2.134 2.020 1.854 1.960 2.126 2.234 2.411 2.345

6 2.447 2.205 2.363 2.117 1.980 1.820 1.976 2.103 2.226 2.422 2.371

7 2.478 2.221 2.363 2.099 1.959 1.785 1.893 2.078 2.218 2.433 2.397

8 2.508 2.237 2.362 2.081 1.927 1.750 1.858 2.054 2.210 2.443 2.423

9 2.538 2.251 2.360 2.062 1.896 1.715 1.824 2.028 2.201 2.453 2.448

10 2.567 2.266 2.357 2.043 1.864 1.679 1.789 2.003 2.191 2.462 2.473

11 2.596 2.279 2.354 2.023 1.832 1.644 1.754 1.976 2.180 2.470 2.497

12 2.625 2.292 2.350 2.002 1.799 1.608 1.719 1.950 2.169 2.477 2.520

13 2.652 2.305 2.345 1.981 1.767 1.572 1.684 1.922 2.157 2.484 2.543

14 2.680 2.317 2.340 1.959 1.733 1.536 1.648 1.895 2.144 2.490 2.566

15 2.707 2.238 2.334 1.937 1.700 1.500 1.612 1.867 2.131 1.496 2.588

16 2.734 2.339 2.327 1.914 1.666 1.464 1.576 1.838 2.117 2.500 2.610

17 2.760 2.349 2.319 1.891 1.632 1.427 1.540 1.809 2.103 2.504 2.631

18 2.785 2.359 2.314 1.867 1.598 1.391 1.504 1.780 2.088 2.508 2.651

19 2.811 2.368 2.302 1.843 1.564 1.354 1.467 1.750 2.072 2.510 2.671

Tabla N 02

HORAS DE SOL MXIMA MEDIA DIARIA (N)

Latitud MESES
S E F M A M J J A S O N

0 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1 12.1

5 12.3 12.3 12.1 12.0 11.9 11.8 11.8 11.9 12.0 12.2 12.3

10 12.6 12.4 12.1 11.8 11.6 11.5 11.6 11.8 12.0 12.3 12.6

15 12.9 12.6 12.2 11.8 11.4 11.2 11.3 11.6 12.0 12.5 12.8

20 13.2 12.8 12.3 11.7 11.2 10.9 11.0 11.5 12.0 12.6 13.1

25 13.5 13.0 12.3 11.6 10.9 10.6 10.7 11.3 12.0 12.7 13.3

30 13.9 13.2 12.4 11.5 10.6 10.2 10.4 11.1 12.0 12.9 13.6

35 14.3 13.5 12.4 11.3 10.3 9.8 10.1 11.0 11.9 13.1 14.0

40 14.7 13.7 12.5 11.2 10.2 9.3 9.6 10.7 11.9 13.3 14.4

42 14.9 13.9 12.9 11.1 9.8 9.1 9.4 10.6 11.9 13.4 14.6

44 15.2 14.0 12.6 11.0 9.7 8.9 9.3 10.5 11.9 13.4 14.7

MPO/2002
46 15.4 12.6 12.6 10.9 9.5 8.7 9.1 10.4 11.9 13.5 14.9

48 15.6 14.3 12.6 10.9 9.3 8.3 8.8 10.2 11.8 13.6 15.2

MPO/2002
Tabla N 03

RADIACIN EXTRATERRESTRE (Ra)


EXPRESADA EN EQUIVALENTE DE EVAPORACIN EN mm/LIA

HEMISFERIO SUR

Latitud MESES
S E F M A M J J A S O N

0 15.0 15.5 15.7 15.3 14.4 13.9 14.1 14.8 15.3 15.4 15.1

2 15.3 15.7 15.7 15.1 14.1 13.5 13.7 14.5 15.2 15.5 15.3

4 15.5 15.8 15.6 14.9 13.8 13.2 13.4 14.3 15.1 15.6 15.5

6 15.8 16.0 15.6 14.7 13.4 12.8 13.1 14.0 15.0 15.7 15.8

8 16.1 16.1 15.6 14.4 13.1 12.4 12.7 13.7 14.9 15.8 16.0

10 16.4 16.3 15.5 14.2 12.8 12.0 12.4 13.5 14.8 15.9 16.2

12 16.6 16.3 15.4 14.0 12.5 11.6 12.0 13.2 14.7 15.8 16.4

14 16.7 16.4 15.3 13.7 12.1 11.2 11.6 12.9 14.5 15.8 16.5

16 16.9 16.4 15.2 13.5 11.7 10.8 11.2 12.6 14.3 15.8 16.7

18 17.1 16.5 15.1 13.2 11.4 10.4 10.8 12.3 14.1 15.8 16.8

20 17.3 16.5 15.0 13.0 11.0 10.0 10.4 12.0 13.9 15.8 17.0

22 17.4 16.5 14.8 12.6 10.6 9.6 10.0 11.6 13.7 15.7 17.0

24 17.5 16.5 14.6 12.3 10.2 9.1 9.5 11.2 13.4 15.6 17.1

26 17.6 16.4 14.4 12.0 9.7 8.7 9.1 10.9 13.2 15.5 17.2

28 17.7 16.4 14.3 11.6 9.3 8.2 8.6 10.4 13.0 15.4 17.2

30 17.8 16.4 14.0 11.3 8.9 7.8 8.1 10.1 12.7 15.3 17.3

32 17.8 16.2 13.8 10.9 8.5 7.3 7.7 9.6 12.4 15.1 17.2

34 17.8 16.1 13.5 10.5 8.0 6.8 7.2 9.2 12.0 14.9 17.1

36 17.9 16.0 13.2 10.1 7.5 6.3 6.8 8.8 11.7 14.6 17.0

38 17.9 15.8 12.8 9.6 7.1 5.8 6.3 8.3 11.4 14.4 17.0

40 17.9 15.7 12.5 9.2 6.6 5.3 5.9 7.9 11.0 14.2 16.9

42 17.8 15.5 12.2 8.8 6.1 4.9 5.4 7.4 10.6 14.0 16.8

44 17.8 15.3 11.9 8.4 5.7 4.4 4.9 6.9 10.2 13.7 16.7

46 17.7 15.1 11.5 7.9 5.2 4.0 4.4 6.5 9.7 13.4 16.7

48 17.6 14.9 11.2 7.5 4.7 3.5 4.0 6.0 9.3 13.2 16.6

50 17.5 14.7 10.9 7.0 4.2 3.1 3.5 5.5 8.9 12.9 16.5

Fuente: FAO Boletn de Riego y Drenaje N 24

MPO/2002
Tabla N 01

SUAL DE EVAPOTRANSPIRACIN (MF)


CTOR DE LATITUD MENSUAL)

MESES
D

2.265

2.301

2.337

2.372

2.407

2.442

2.476

2.510

2.544

2.577

2.610

2.643

2.675

2.706

2.738

2.678

2.799

2.830

2.859

Tabla N 02

SOL MXIMA MEDIA DIARIA (N)

MESES
D

12.1

12.4

12.7

13.0

13.3

13.7

14.0

14.5

15.0

15.2

15.4

MPO/2002
15.7

16.0

MPO/2002
Tabla N 03

N EXTRATERRESTRE (Ra)
EQUIVALENTE DE EVAPORACIN EN mm/LIA

HEMISFERIO SUR

MESES
D

14.8

15.1

15.4

15.7

16.0

16.2

16.5

16.6

16.8

17.1

17.4

17.5

17.7

17.8

17.9

18.1

18.1

18.2

18.2

18.3

18.3

18.3

18.3

18.3

18.2

18.2

MPO/2002