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Types of network

• physical form as the hardware is connected Mesh: • The computers were intercon
nected with each other point-to-point • To reach a destination there are several
ways
• • •
It is used in very large networks, WAN, such as the Internet. Advantages: If a s
ection is blocked by another message follows, increasing the chance of success D
isadvantages: There are a lot more equipment linking the nodes, which increases
the price of network
Ring: • Used in local networks LAN • Founded by a coaxial cable that forms a rin
g • The signals are sent out by going through all the computers in sequence.

Advantages: The signs follow in sequence after each other through all of the com
puters which precludes the existence of collisions between the signals. It works
at the 100Mbps.
Prof. Santos Nuno
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Disadvantages: If a cable breaks or a plug is badly scarred the whole network st
ops working
Bus: • It was used in local area networks LAN • It used to be a thin coaxial cab
le
• • •

The cable was extended and stopped on each computer where it was connected to th
is network card via a BNC plug-T. Existed at the ends of the cable terminators (
small resistances that hold the signs on the network stable) Advantages: The Lit
tle Low cost equipment for easy connection to the cable only needs to have the l
ength of the distance between all computers. It's easy to add a new computer on
the network Disadvantages: If a cable breaks or a plug is badly scarred the whol
e network stops working. Cape fine - the maximum speed of 10Mbps and maximum dis
tance is 185metros Cape thick - the maximum speed of 10Mbps and maximum distance
is 500m
Star: • The most widely used in local area networks LAN
• •

Each computer leaves a twisted cable to a switch or hub Advantages: Low cost of
materials If the cable is having problems just that the pc may have problems ach
ieving 1Gbps Disadvantages: It takes a lot more cable than on the type of bus We
have the ring or to buy a device for interconnection to the number of computers
on the network is limited to the number of ports of the device for linking the
maximum distance is 100meters
Prof. Nuno Santos
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Backbone: • A thick coaxial cable connects multiple servers and these are then c
onnected to local networks
• Logical Form as the signals circulating in the computer network • Data Bus cir
culate diffusion (broadcast), or a PC and sends data across the network is busy
with these signals, but only the receiver collects. • Problems: If when sending
data from one computer to the network, another pc sends data also gives himself
a crash and the whole process has to be restarted. Ring • • • The data will move
through the network all the pc to the proper collecting If anyone collect them
when you turn around and go back to the computer that sent it sends them again.
There are no collisions because only one computer is allowed to send data at a t
ime.
Star • Data is sent from a PC and "filtered" by a switch that sends only the pc
to recipient.
Prof. Nuno Santos
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