Sunteți pe pagina 1din 4

Name: ________________________

Topic 5 Energetics Date: _______________

A measure of the disorder of a system.


Average Things causing entropy to increase: 1)
increase of number of moles of
1 bond - - gaseous molecules; 2) change of state
A
enthalpy: from solid to liquid or liquid to gas; 3)
increase of temperature
Born-Haber The energy change when one mole of a
2 - - specific bond is broken or created B
cycle under standard conditions.
Electron The energy required to produce one
3 - - mole of gaseous atoms from an C
affinity element in its standard state.

4 Enthalpy - - A reaction that has a natural tendency


to occur.
D

Energy cycles for the formation of


ionic compounds. If there is little
agreement between the theoretical
5 Entropy - - and experimental values, this could
E
indicate a degree of covalent
character.
A reaction in which energy is evolved.
6 Exothermic - - H is . Products more stable than F
reactants.
Gibbs free
7 - - 298 K and 1 atm. G
energy
The endothermic process of converting
a crystalline solid into its gaseous ions,
or the reverse exothermic process.
8 Hess law - - The lattice enthalpy increases with
H
decreasing size of the ions and
increasing charge.
Lattice
- The
energy required to vaporise one
9 - mole of a liquid.
I
enthalpy
A measure of the average kinetic
10 Spontaneous - - J
energy.
Enthalpy change for a reaction
Standard depends only on difference between
11 - - enthalpy of products and enthalpy of K
conditions reactants. It is independent of
pathway.
The energy change when one mole of a
compound is formed under standard
12 Temperature - - conditions from its constituent
L
elements in their standard states.

Created at Quickworksheets.net Page 1


Standard The energy change when one mole of a
substance is dissolved in an infinite
13 enthalpy of - - amount of water under standard
M
vaporisation: conditions.
The average enthalpy change of
Enthalpy of breaking one mole of a bond in a
14 - - gaseous atom into its constituent
N
atomisation
gaseous atoms.
Bond A reaction in which energy is absorbed.
15 dissociation - - H is +. Reactants more stable than O
enthalpy products.

Enthalpy of The energy released when one mole of


16 - - a compound is burned in excess P
Combustion oxygen.
Standard
- Must
be for reaction to be
17 enthalpy of - spontaneous. G = H TS
Q
formation
Standard The internal energy stored in the
18 enthalpy of - - reactants. Only changes in enthalpy R
solution can be measured.
Enthalpy change when an electron is
19 Endothermic - - added to an isolated atom in the S
gaseous state.

Created at Quickworksheets.net Page 2


TEACHER ANSWER SHEET

Topic 5 Energetics

Average
1 The average enthalpy change of breaking one mole of a bond in a gaseous
N bond
atom into its constituent gaseous atoms.
enthalpy:
Energy cycles for the formation of ionic compounds. If there is little
2 Born-Haber
E agreement between the theoretical and experimental values, this could
cycle
indicate a degree of covalent character.

3 Electron Enthalpy change when an electron is added to an isolated atom in the


S
affinity gaseous state.

4 The internal energy stored in the reactants. Only changes in enthalpy can be
R Enthalpy
measured.
A measure of the disorder of a system. Things causing entropy to increase:
5 A Entropy 1) increase of number of moles of gaseous molecules; 2) change of state
from solid to liquid or liquid to gas; 3) increase of temperature

6 A reaction in which energy is evolved. H is . Products more stable than


F Exothermic
reactants.

7 Gibbs free
Q Must be for reaction to be spontaneous. G = H TS
energy

8 Enthalpy change for a reaction depends only on difference between enthalpy


K Hess law
of products and enthalpy of reactants. It is independent of pathway.
The endothermic process of converting a crystalline solid into its gaseous
9 Lattice
H ions, or the reverse exothermic process. The lattice enthalpy increases with
enthalpy
decreasing size of the ions and increasing charge.

10 D Spontaneous A reaction that has a natural tendency to occur.

11 Standard
G 298 K and 1 atm.
conditions

12 J Temperature A measure of the average kinetic energy.

Standard
13 I enthalpy of The energy required to vaporise one mole of a liquid.
vaporisation:

14 Enthalpy of The energy required to produce one mole of gaseous atoms from an
C
atomisation element in its standard state.
Bond
15 The energy change when one mole of a specific bond is broken or created
B dissociation
under standard conditions.
enthalpy

16 Enthalpy of The energy released when one mole of a compound is burned in excess
P
Combustion oxygen.
Standard
17 The energy change when one mole of a compound is formed under standard
L enthalpy of
conditions from its constituent elements in their standard states.
formation
Standard
18 The energy change when one mole of a substance is dissolved in an infinite
M enthalpy of
amount of water under standard conditions.
solution

Created at Quickworksheets.net Page 3


O A reaction in which energy is absorbed. H is +. Reactants more stable than
19 Endothermic
products.

Created at Quickworksheets.net Page 4