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Submitted by: Pongpisit Iamsonboonkorn

The first passage

Genes are the blueprints of life. Genes control everything from hair color to blood
sugar by telling cells which proteins to make, how much, when, and where. Genes exist in
most cells. Inside a cell is a long strand of the chemical DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid). A DNA
sequence is a specific lineup of chemical base pairs along its strand. The part of DNA that
Line 5 what protein to produce and when, is called a gene.

First established in 1985 by Sir Alec Jeffreys, DNA testing has become an increasingly
popular method of identification and research. The applications of DNA testing, or DNA
fingerprinting within forensic science is often what most people think of when they hear the
phrase. Popularized by television and cinema, using DNA to match blood, hair or saliva to
Line 10 is one purpose of testing DNA. It is also frequently used for other benefits, like
wildlife studies, paternity testing, body identification, and in studies pertaining to human
dispersion. While most aspects of DNA are identical in samples from all human beings,
concentrating on identifying patterns called microsatellites reveals qualities specific and
unique to the individual. During the early stages of this science, a DNA test was performed
using15an analysis called restriction fragment length polymorphism. Because this process was
extremely time consuming and required a great deal of DNA, new methods like polymerase
chain reaction and amplified fragment length polymorphism have been employed. The
benefits of DNA testing are ample. In 1987, Colin Pitchfork became the first criminal to be
caught as a result of DNA testing. The information provided with DNA tests has also helped
Line 20 incarcerated people like Gary Dotson and Dennis Halstead reclaim their freedom.


1. The phrase blueprint of life" in line 1 refers to

A. blue ink
B. DNA sequence
C. genes
D. cell unit

2. The word they in line 8 refer to

A. DNA sequences
B. the Scientist
C. people who hear the phrase
D. the researchers
3. The word testing in line 6 is closest in meaning to
A. taking exams
B. checking for something
C. redoes the work
D. demonstration

4. Who was the first to establish the method of testing DNA?

A. Sir Alec Jeffreys
B. Dennis Halstead
C. Colin Pitchfork
D. Gary Dotson

5. What is DNA sequence?

A. sequences of cells
B. things that produce genes
C. long strand of chemical
D. a specific lineup of chemical base pairs along its strand

6. Which is NOT the purpose of DNA testing?

A. criminal cases
B. body check up
C. help in education
D. for healing

7. What is the first stage form of DNA test called?

A. amplified fragment length polymorphism
B. DNA testing form
C. microsatellites reveal qualities
D. restriction fragment length polymorphism

8. When was DNA testing first used to catch a criminal?

A. 1985
B. 1986
C. 1987
D. 1988

9. What does the first paragraph talk about?

A. Meaning of DNA sequence
B. How DNA sequence link to genes
C. Protein that made by genes
D. How genes do their function

10. What do you think is the best title of this passage?

A. advantage of DNA testing
B. recovers of the DNA
C. DNA and genes
D. the famous Scientist

Reading Comprehension Test

Submitted by: Pongpisit Iamsomboonkorn

The second passage

Air Quality and Climate Change Research

Air quality can be impacted by climate change and, conversely, climate change can impact
air quality. Continued reductions in air pollution and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are
essential, as they pose serious threats to both peoples health and the environment across
the world. Air quality and climate

Line 5 can provide mutual benefits: climate change mitigation actions can help reduce air
pollution, and clean air measures can help reduce GHG emissions leading to reductions in
global warming

Emissions of pollutants into the air can result in changes to the climate. Ozone in the
Line 10 warms the climate, while different components of particulate matter (PM) can
have either warming or cooling effects on the climate. For example, black carbon, a
particulate pollutant from combustion, contributes to the warming of the Earth, while
particulate sulfates cool the earth's atmosphere.

Climate changes can result in impacts to air quality. Atmospheric warming associated with
Line 15change has the potential to increase ground-level ozone in many regions, which may
present challenges for compliance with the ozone standards in the future. The impact of
climate change on other air pollutants, such as particulate matter, is less certain, but
research is underway to address these uncertainties.

1. The word pollutant in line 7 is closest in meaning to
A. harmfulness to the environment
B. harmfulness to humans
C. treating the environment
D. harmfulness to Animals

2. The word emission in line 7 is closest in meaning to

A. releasing
B. passing out
C. gives away
D. advantage

3. The word they in line 3 refers to

A. people who were affected
B. air pollution and Greenhouse gas emissions
C. the climate
D. the environment

4. Which of the following method that the author mentioned for helping reduce GHG
A. growing trees
B. reduce using pollutant things
C. create association to look after about this problem
D. clean air measure

5. Which of the following is the main cause of climate change?

A. global warming
B. CO2 from the factory
C. emission of pollutant
D. lack of taking care of the environment

6. Which of the following is a function of ozone?

A. cool down temperature
B. heat up the climate
C. change earths temperature
D. warms the climate

7. Which of the following is the function of particulate sulfates?

A. change earths atmosphere
B. heat up earths atmosphere
C. cool down earths atmosphere
D. fills up ozone in the atmosphere

8. What is getting affected by greenhouse effect?

A. environment
B. animal
C. environment and human
D. animal and their habitat

9. What does the last paragraph talk about?

A. research of climate change
B. effect of the climate changes
C. climate change cause pollution
D. quality of air

10. What can be concluded from this passage?

A. climate change was a big problem
B. ozone in atmosphere could help to reduce pollution
C. ways to reduce the pollution
D. air quality and climate change lead to emission of pollutant