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Putu Denny Mahardika

Poems and Poetry

The Speaker

A poem is a single piece of poetry, complete in itself. Poetry is the

collective term used to describe a group of poems, which may or may not
be related by theme, author, or style. This very basic observation suggests
that one of the first questions to ask about a poem is who speaking or
writing these Words, and to whom they are addressed. We have to remind
ourselves that every utterance implies a speaker or a writer in a situation,
and that we cannot go on to more complicated matters between until we
quite clear about the basic circumstances

The Meaning of Word

Poem is made up of word. It is hard to answer what precisely does

every word means. Since poetry is a very concentrated and economical
way of expression, every word carries more weight than usual and must be
fully understood. Sometimes the problem has to do not only with the basic
meaning, the denotation of a word, but also with its overtones or
associations, the connotation. For information about a possible change in
the meaning of a word such as resemble, an indispensable source is the
Oxford English Dictionary (OED). This monumental work in many volumes
gives the history of each word and illustrates it by quotations from various
periods. In giving such an interpretation of the words, we are taking care,
by the use of suggests and seems and perhaps, not to impose a rigid
meaning but to show our awareness of uncertain, haunting quality that
word may have in kinds of poetry.

The Order Of Words

The words of a poem have to be understood not only singly, for their
denotation and connotation, but also as a group. We should bear in mind
that words, in order to have meaning, must be read and understood as
sentences. Even though poems are written in rhythmic lines which may
end in rhyme, as are all three of the poems we are considering here, the
sense need not end with each line. The first four lines or the first stanza of
sense need Barbara Allan," for example, consists of an orderly sentence
such as one might find in prose. It was at a certain time of the year, the
sentence states that Sir John Graham fell in love with Barbara Allan. The
four lines that make up the second stanza also present one sentence of
more or less ordinary prose. But since poetry is a very concentrated and
very rhythmic form of expression, its word order may also differ from the

One further point which we might notice as we read a poem is that

the sentences are arranged according to some definite progression or logic
In other words, the poem as a whole has a shape or structure which we
should try to recognize. In "Barbara Allan, the general progression is a
simple chronological one, having time sequence. It follows the first-to- last
order of events in which a story is usually told.

Theme : The Whole Meaning

Ultimately we pay attention to the words, the sentences, the

structure and the many other aspects of a poem in order to understand
both what it says and how it says it. The what it says or total meaning is
known in poems no less than in stories or novels or plays as the theme.

The four works we have been considering (Bonny Barbara Allan,

Edmund Wallers, William Blakes, Dylan Thomass) each one dealing with
and man, time and love, living and dying are in many ways different. One
is a narrative, one a disguised love poem, one a symbolic statement, and
one a very intense and deeply felt exploration of an idea. All of them use
carefully chosen language and all are structured so that they move to a
climax on such words as die, destroy, and tomb. More than that, each of
these works is recognizably a poem. Each, that is belongs within a general
category we call poetry.

What Poetry is

When the people use the word poetry in conversation, they may not
have a clear definition in mind but they are likely to assume that the term
implies certain qualities. An ice-skater is said to achieve poetry in
motion. An apt comment is praised for containing more truth that
poetry. Which stress poetrys being beautiful and arousing an
imaginative, emotional response. Then poetry present considered feeling
in highly structured language and the phrase considered feeling means
that poetry includes not only emotion but also thought and evaluation.
As for the phrase highly structured language it suggests all the
formal qualities of verse: repetitions of sound and words, the rhythm or
meter and perhaps rhyme. It also suggests the omissions, inversions,
unusual combination of words and coinages that may be found in poems.
The point is poetry is a form of literature that uses aesthetic and rhythmic
qualities of language such as phonaesthetics, sound symbolism, and metre
to evoke meanings in addition to, or in place of, the prosaic ostensible