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Forced Convection Heat Transfer Coefficient Correlations (S.I.

units)

3. Turbulent Flow in an Annulus (NOTE: This is very similar to the


spreadsheet for turbulent flow in a pipe. The only difference is that
Dh = Do - Di repalces D in Re, Nu and in any of the correlations.

Inputs 0.39624 Calculations

Fluid = water Reynolds Number, Re = 12,675

Ave. Fluid Temp, Tb = 30 o


C Prandtl Number, Pr = 5.7

Inside Diam., Di = 50 mm Correlation #1, the Dittus Boelter Correlation

Outside Diam., Do = 75 mm Twall > Tfluid: Nuo = 88

Hydr. Diam., Dh = 0.025 m ho = 7368 kJ/hr-m2-K

(calculated)
Twall > Tfluid: Nuo = 84

Ave. Velocity, V = 0.4 m/s


ho = 7002 kJ/hr-m2-K
Fluid Density, = 995 kg/m3
f= 0.02949
Fluid viscosity, = 0.000785 N-s/m 2

Correlation #2:
Fluid Sp. Heat, Cp = 4.19 kJ/kg-K
Nuo = 91
Fluid Thermal
Conductivity, k = 0.58 W/m-K ho = 7603 kJ/hr-m2-K

Fluid Thermal Correlation #3:


Conductivity, k = 0.00058 kJ/s-m-K
Nuo = 91
Fluid Thermal

Conductivity, k = 2.088 kJ/hr-m-K ho = 7603 kJ/hr-m2-K


Pipe Length, L = 5 m

Correction for Temperature Variation: ( h = h o(b/w)0.14

Inputs Calculations

Ave. Fluid Temp, Tb = 30 C


o
Correlation #1, the Dittus Boelter Correlation

Fluid Visc. at Tb, b = 0.000785 N-s/m2 Twall > Tfluid: h= 7706 kJ/hr-m2-K

Ave. Wall Temp, Tw = 50 C


o Twall > Tfluid: h= 7323 kJ/hr-m2-K

Fluid Visc. at Tw, w = 0.00057 N-s/m2 Correlation #2:

h= 7951 kJ/hr-m2-K

Correlation #3:

h= 7951 kJ/hr-m2-K
Equations for Forced Convection Flow inside Pipes
(or an Annulus)

Correlation #1, the Dittus Boelter Correlation

Correlation #2, Convection H.T., Turb. Pipe Flow

Correlation #3, Convection H.T., Turb. Pipe Flow


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