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Hydraulic Shock Absorber

Introduction

Pneumatic and hydraulic shock absorbers are used in conjunction with


cushions and springs. An automobile shock absorber contains spring-
loaded check valves and orifices to control the flow of oil through an
internal piston .

One design consideration, when designing or choosing a shock absorber,


is where that energy will go. In most shock absorbers, energy is converted
to heat inside the viscous fluid. In hydraulic cylinders, the hydraulic
fluid heats up, while in air cylinders, the hot air is usually exhausted to the
atmosphere. In other types of shock absorbers, such
as electromagnetic types, the dissipated energy can be stored and used
later. In general terms, shock absorbers help cushion vehicles on uneven
roads.
Working Principle

A shock absorber works much the same way. Inside the shock absorber
theres a piston that moves inside a tube that is filled with oil. As the piston
moves, the oil is forced through tiny holes and valves within the piston,
precisely controlling the amount of resistance to movement. This resistance
to the motion converts the energy into heat. (Yes, a shock absorber that
has been doing its job over a rough road does get warm!)

Although there have been many different designs for shock absorbers over
the course of automotive history, today there are four basic types available:

Twin-tube
Mono-tube
Gas-filled mono-tube
External reservoir
Sometimes these types of shock absorbers are incorporated into a strut-
type suspension that uses the shock absorber as part of the spring support,
but the basic principles still apply.

General Feature Of Shock Absorber


DOUBLE ENERGY ABSORPTION FEATURES:
SMOOTH DAMPING Metering piston with helical groove
RESERVE OIL Storage chamber / oil reserve
storage
These features are obtained by: Guide
Energy absorption: Up to three times as much as
Housing
conventional shock absorbers. This is achieved by
the size of the piston and the large volume of oil. Spring I
Service life: Substantially longer and more reliable Check Valve
as a result of reserve oil storage. Seal
Damping action: Constant over the entire stroke Spring II
due to the spiral groove design.
Seal
Cycle time: Minimal due to the large nominal size
of the check valve. Piston Rod
Adjustability: Fast and simple due to the
adjustment by means of rotation of the threaded
housing.
Quality: Made to meet the highest requirements:
steel, hardened and ground, nickel-plated. Made in
Germany.
Types Of Shock absorber

Air Shock Absorber


Coil-Over Shock Absorber
Damper Shock Absorber
Dashpots
Mono Tube Shock Absorber
Spring Shock Absorber