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The values are not linked with anywhere..

4
R= 40 m

7
6

5
10 m 500 m

CONVEYOR PROFILE
1
9
8
20 m
CONVEYOR DESIGN by IS - 11592 : 2000

Material : Bottom Ash


Lump Type
Lump Size Type
Flowability / Material Characteristic
Maximum Lump Size : 300 mm
Capacity C : 960 TPH
3
Bulk Density of Material : 0.800 t/m

Input Data & Calculation:

Width of Belt B : 1200 mm As per IS 11592, Table 3


Lump Size Factor KL : 4
Air Bone Factor KAB : 0
Abrasiveness Factor KAS : 2
Speed Factor KV : 6
Where, KV = ( KL + KAB + KAS )
Belt Speed V : 3 m/s As per IS 11592, Table 6
Angle of Inclination : 14 As per IS 8730, Table 3
Angle of Surcharge : 25 As per IS 8730, Table1
Over 35

: and up to
Angle of Repose
40
Slope Factor K : 0.91 As per IS 11592, Table 9
Maximum Capacity of a Belt C : 439.56 t/h
(for =1.0 t/m3, V=1.0 m/s, K=1.00)
Corresponding Values:
Maximum Belt Capacity C : 464 t/h
Trough Angle : 20 As per IS 11592, Table 10
Belt Width B : 1200 mm
Cross Sectional Area A : 0.129 m2 As per IS 11592, Table 7

Selected Belt Width B : 1.2 meter


Actual Belt Speeds V : 2.84 m/s
Belt Type :
CONVEYOR DESIGN by IS - 11592 : 2000

Peripheral Force on the Drive Pulley TE : 17822 N


TE = (R + RS + RSP1 + RSP2 + RSL)

Main Resistance R : 2717 N


R = f . L . g. [ mc + mr + (2 mB + mG). Cos]
Artificial friction coefficient f : 0.02
Conveyor length (distance between centers) L : 100 m
Mass of revolving idler parts along the carrying mc : 15 kg/m
side of the conveyor per meter
Mass of revolving idler parts along the return mr : 15 kg/m
side of the conveyor per meter
Mass of belt per meter mB : 7.729 kg/m
Mass of handled material on conveyor mG : 93.91 kg/m
per meter
mG = 1000..Q / V
Slope angle of conveyor from horizontal line in : 14
the moving direction
Secondary Resistance RS : 2164 N
RS = Ra + Rska + Rw + Rb
Inertial and frictional resistance at the loading Ra : 757.2 N
point and in the acceleration area between the
Handled material and the belt
Ra = Q . 1000 . . ( V - V0 )
3
Volumetric Capacity Q : 0.333 m /s
Q= A.V.K
Handled material conveying speed V0 : 0 m/s
component in the direction of belt motion
Frictional resistance between handled material Rska : 258.4 N
and the skirt plates in the acceleration area

Rska = 2.Q .1000.g.l a


2

(V+V0) 2
.b12
2
Interskirt Plate Width b1 : 0.8 m
Acceleration length in loading area la : 0.765 m
2 2
V - V0
la=
2.g.1
Coefficient of friction between material 1 : 0.6
and belt
Coefficient of friction between material 2 : 0.5
and skirt plate
Wrap Resistance between belt and pulley Rw : 610.5 N not to be calculated for drive pulley

Tav t for fabric carcass belt


Rw = 9B 140+0.01.
B D

Tav t for steel cord belt


Rw = 12B 200+0.01.
B D

Average Belt Tension in the Pulley Tav : 17115 N 3E-05


Belt thickness t : 0.1 m
Pulley Bearing Resistance Rb : 537.5 N not to be calculated for driving pulley
d
Rb=0.005 Rv
D
Shaft diameter inside diameter d : 0.15 m
Pulley diameter D : 0.5 m
Vectorial sum of the two belt tensions Rv : 35835 N 1E-10
acting on the pulley and of the forces
due to the mass of the revolving parts of the pulley
Special Resitance Rsp : 1886 N
Rsp = (Rsp1+Rsp2) = (Ri + Rsk + Rbc + Rp )
Resistance due to idler tilting Ri : 1.51 N
Ri = g.Ci.0.Li (mB+mG) cos . sin i In case of carrying idlers equipped with three equal length ro
A constant Ci : 0.5
coefficient of friction between carrying 0 : 0.35
idlers and belts
Angle of tilt of the idler axis with respect i : 2
to a plane perpendicular to the
longitudinal axis of the belt
Length of installation equipped with Li : 0.5 m
tilted idler
Resistance due to friction between Handled Rsk : 84.49 N
material and skirt plates
2.Q .1000.g.l sk
2
Rsk =
V2 b12
Length of installation equipped with l sk : 1 m
skirt plates excluding
Frictional resistance due to belt cleaners Rbc : 0.048 N
Rbc = Al . . 3
2
Area of contact between belt and belt Al : 0.1 m
cleaner
Coefficient of friction between belt and 3 : 0.6
belt cleaner
Resistance due to friction at the discharge plough Rp : 1800 N
Rp = B . Ka
Scraping factor Ka : 1500 N/m
Slope Resistance RSL : 11055 N
RSL = mG.H.g
Lift of conveyor between loading end and H : 12 m
dicharge end
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CONVEYOR DESIGN by IS - 11592 : 2000


T1

T2 30

TE

Peripheral Force on the Drive Pulley TE : 17822 N

Minimum Slack Side Tensile T2min : 8204.12 N

T2 min TE max 1
e - 1
Maximum Peripheral Force TE max : 21386.4 N
TE max= . TE
Drive Coefficient : 1.2 See IS-11592, Table 15
Coefficient of friction between drive pulley and belt : 0.35 See IS-11592, Table 16
Angle of Wrap : 3.67 radian 210

Minimum Tensile force to limit the Belt Sag(Carrying Side) Tmin : 5191.08 N
Pc (mB+mG) g
Tmin
8S
Pitch of carrier idler or idler spacing on carrying Pc : 1 m
side of the conveyor
Minimum Tensile force to limit the Belt Sag(Return Side) Tmin : 592.076 N
Pr.mB.g
Tmin
8S
Pitch of return idler or idler spacing on return Pr : 1.5 m
side of conveyor
Maximum Allowable Belt Sag S : 0.024
h
S=
a adm
Minimum Force required in slack side T2 : 8204.12 N
Tension of Tight Side T1 : 26026.11 N
Average Belt Tension at the pulley Tavg : 17115.1 N
Vectorial sum of the two belt tensions acting on the Rv : 35835 N
pulley and of the force due to the mass of the
revolving parts of the pulley
={ (T1 * cos() + T2 * Cos () )2 +(T1 * sin() + T2 * sin () + W p )2 }1/2

: 14
: 30
Weight of Pulley Wp : 5000 N

Maximum Operating Belt Tension Tmax : -9617.87 N

Tmax = T1 = TE -1
e - 1
:
Table 3: Maximum Lumps Sizes in relation
to Belt Width

Maximum Lump Size


Belt Width
Uniform Size Unsized
300 75 100 1
400 75 100 2
450 75 125 3
500 100 150 4
600 125 200 5
650 125 230 6
750 180 300 7
800 180 330 8
900 200 380 9
1000 260 430 10
1050 280 460 11
1200 360 530 12
1350 380 660 13
1400 380 680 14
1500 410 750 15
1600 410 800 16
1800 460 900 17
2000 500 1020 18

Table 4: Lump Size Factor


6 4 0

Lump Size Air Bone


Material Lump Size
Factor Factor
Fine Grain
<10 mm 0 4
to dust 1
Granular <25mm 1 0 2
<20 percent
Sized and of maximum
2 0
Unsized permissible
lump size 3
Quantity of
Sized, largest Lump
<60% in is <60 percent
3 0
permissible of maximum
Range permissible
lump size
4
Largest lump
does not
exceed
Unsized 4 0
maximum
permissible
lump size 5
Largest lump
does not
Sized, in
exceed
permissible 4 0
maximum
Range
permissible
lump size 6

Table 5: Abrasiveness Factor


16 2

Abrassiven Type of Abrasivenes


ess Material s Factor
Cereal 1
Grains 2
Wood 3
Chips 4
Wood Pulp 5
Fullers Earth 6
Non Abrasive Flue Dust 1 7
Soda Lime 8
Char 9
Loam 10
Sand 11
Ground 12
Gravel 13
Run of bank
sand and
gravel 14
Mildly
Slate 2 15
Abrasive
Coal 16
Salt 17
Sand stone 18
Slag 19
Spar 20
Abrasive Limestone 3
Concentrates 21
Pellet 22
Iron Ores 23
Tacontie 24
Jaspar 25
Heavey
Mineral 26
Very Flint Rock 27
4
Abrasive Glass cullet 28
Granite 29
Traprock 30
Pyrites 31
Sinter 32
Abrasive

Coke 33

IS 8730 : 1997
Table 1: Class based on Flowability, Angle of Sucharge and angle of repose
22 4 25 Over 35 and up to 40

Angle of
Surchage
Class Repose Flowability Material Characteristic
Angle
(degree)
Very Free Flowing
-uniform size
-Very small round particle
Over 0 and Very free -very wet
1 5
up to 20 flowing -or very dry
-like silica sand
-cement
-wet concrete, etc.
Free Flowing
-rounded
Over 20 and Free -dry polished
2 10
up to 30 Flowing -medium wight
-like whole grain
-beans
Average Flowing
-irregular
-granular or lumpy
Over 30 and Average
3 20 -medium weight
up to 35 Flowing
-anthracite coal
-cotton-seed meal
-clay, etc.
Average Flowing
Over 35 and Average -bituminous coal
4 25
up to 40 Flowing -stone
-most ores, etc
Sluggish
-irregular
-stringy
-fibrous
5 30 Over 40 Sluggish
-interlocking
-like, wood chips
-bagasse
-tempered foundry sand, etc.
.
Table 6: Maximum Recommended Belt Speed (m/s)

Speed
Belt Width in mm
Factor
up to 500 600 to 650 750 to 800 950 to 1050 1200 to 2000
1 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5
2 2.3 2.75 3.2 3.65 4.12
3 2 2.38 2.75 3.15 3.55
4 2 2.38 2.75 3.15 3.55
5 1.65 2 2.35 2.65 3
6 1.65 2 2.35 2.65 3
7 1.45 1.75 2.05 2.35 2.62
8 1.45 1.75 2.05 2.35 2.62

Lump Size
Lump Type 300 280 0.93
11 1050 1200
Uniform Size 1 300 300 1.0
Unsized 7 750 800

Belt Width 1200


Speed Factor: 6
Velocity 3 For belt size above 2000mm 2.5m/s
velocity has been considered.

Belt Type
Fabric Carcass Belt 1
Steel Cord Belt
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
.
Table 7: Maximum Section of the Handled Maaterial in M2 for Triple Roller Troughed Belt
1200 25 20 0.129

Belt Width Surcharge Trough Angle in Degree


(in mm) Angle
20 25 30 35 40 45
500 0 0.009 0.012 0.013 0.015 0.017 0.018
10 0.014 0.016 0.18 0.019 0.021 0.022
20 0.018 0.02 0.022 0.023 0.024 0.025
30 0.023 0.025 0.026 0.027 0.028 0.029
650 0 0.018 0.022 0.026 0.029 0.032 0.034
10 0.026 0.029 0.033 0.036 0.038 0.04
20 0.034 0.037 0.04 0.043 0.045 0.046
30 0.042 0.045 0.048 0.05 0.052 0.053
800 0 0.027 0.034 0.04 0.045 0.05 0.054
10 0.04 0.046 0.051 0.056 0.06 0.063
20 0.053 0.059 0.063 0.067 0.071 0.073
30 0.067 0.072 0.076 0.079 0.082 0.084
1000 0 0.047 0.058 0.067 0.076 0.083 0.089
10 0.067 0.077 0.085 0.093 0.099 0.105
20 0.087 0.096 0.104 0.111 0.116 0.12
30 0.109 0.117 0.134 0.129 0.134 0.136
1200 0 0.07 0.085 0.099 0.112 0.123 0.132
10 0.098 0.113 0.126 0.137 0.146 0.154
20 0.129 0.142 0.153 0.163 0.171 0.176
30 0.16 0.172 0.182 0.19 0.196 0.2
1400 0 0.098 0.12 0.139 0.157 0.171 0.184
10 0.138 0.158 0.175 0.191 0.204 0.214
20 0.179 0.197 0.213 0.22 0.237 0.245
30 0.221 0.238 0.253 0.264 0.272 0.277
1600 0 0.13 0.159 0.185 0.208 0.228 0.244

10 0.182 0.209 0.233 0.253 0.27 0.283


20 0.236 0.261 0.282 0.3 0.314 0.324

30 0.293 0.315 0.334 0.349 0.36 0.366

1800 0 0.167 0.203 0.237 0.266 0.292 0.313


10 0.233 0.268 0.298 0.324 0.346 0.363

20 0.302 0.334 0.361 0.384 0.401 0.414


30 0.374 0.403 0.427 0.446 0.46 0.468
2000 0 0.207 0.253 0.294 0.331 0.362 0.388
10 0.29 0.332 0.37 0.403 0.429 0.45
20 0.376 0.415 0.448 0.476 0.49 0.514
30 0.465 0.501 0.53 0.554 0.571 0.581

2200 0 0.257 0.311 0.363 0.408 0.446 0.478


10 0.357 0.408 0.455 0.494 0.527 0.552
20 0.461 0.508 0.549 0.584 0.61 0.629
30 0.569 0.613 0.649 0.677 0.697 0.71
2400 0 0.303 0.368 0.428 0.482 0.528 0.566
10 0.423 0.484 0.539 0.586 0.625 0.656
20 0.547 0.604 0.653 0.694 0.725 0.748
30 0.677 0.729 0.772 0.806 0.83 0.845
2600 0 0.36 0.439 0.51 0.573 0.628 0.672
10 0.502 0.575 0.64 0.695 0.741 0.777
20 0.648 0.716 0.774 0.822 0.859 0.885
30 0.801 0.863 0.914 0.953 0.982 0.999
2800 0 0.413 0.505 0.585 0.66 0.721 0.774
10 0.578 0.663 0.727 0.803 0.885 0.897

20 0.749 0.827 0.894 0.95 0.993 1.025


30 0.928 0.998 1.063 1.104 1.137 1.158

500 0.018
650 0.034

800 0.053
1000 0.087
1200 0.129
1400 0.179
1600 0.236

1800 0.302
2000 0.376
2200 0.461
2400 0.547
2600 0.648
2800 0.749
Table 8: Maximum Section B of the Handled Material in m2 fro Two Equal
Idler Troughed Belts and for the Flat Belts
..

Belt Width Surchage Two Idler Troughed Belts Trough Angle


Flat Belt
(mm) Angle
15 20 25
300 0
10 0.001
20 0.002
30 0.004
400 0 0.005 0.007 0.009
10 0.008 0.01 0.011 0.002
20 0.01 0.012 0.013 0.005
30 0.014 0.015 0.016 0.008
500 0 0.01 0.012 0.015
10 0.014 0.017 0.019 0.004
20 0.018 0.021 0.023 0.009
30 0.023 0.025 0.027 0.014
650 0 0.017 0.023 0.027
10 0.025 0.03 0.037 0.008
20 0.033 0.038 0.041 0.016
30 0.042 0.045 0.048 0.025
800 0 0.027 0.036 0.042
10 0.039 0.047 0.053 0.013
20 0.052 0.059 0.064 0.026
30 0.065 0.071 0.076 0.04
1000 0 0.044 0.057 0.069
10 0.064 0.076 0.86 0.021
20 0.084 0.095 0.104 0.042
30 0.106 0.116 0.123 0.065
1200 0 0.066 0.085 0.102
10 0.095 0.112 0.127 0.03
20 0.125 0.14 0.153 0.062

30 0.156 0.17 0.181 0.095

1400 0
10 0.042

20 0.086

30 0.132
1600 0
10 0.56
20 0.114
30 0.175
Table 9: Slope Factor K Table 10: Maximum Capacity of a Belt Conveyor in tonnes/hour
14 0.91 25 439.56 1200

Conveyor Slope
Belt Width Surcharge Trough Angle in Degree
Inclination Factor K
(in mm) Angle
2 1 20 25
4 0.99 500 0 35 43
6 0.98 10 51 58
8 0.97 20 67 74
10 0.95 30 84 90
12 0.93 650 0 56 80
14 0.91 10 94 107
16 0.89 20 123 135
18 0.85 30 153 165
20 0.81 800 0 100 123
21 0.78 10 145 168
22 0.76 20 192 212
23 0.73 30 241 260
24 0.71 1000 0 172 209
25 0.68 10 242 277
26 0.66 20 315 348
27 0.64 30 392 421
28 0.61 1200 0 252 307
29 0.59 10 355 407
30 0.56 20 464 511
30 576 619
1400 0 352 432
10 497 569
20 644 709
30 795 857
1600 0 468 572

10 655 752
20 849 939

30 1054 1134

1800 601 731

0
839 965

10

1087 1202

20
30 1346 1451
2000 0 745 911
10 1044 1195
20 1359 1494
30 1674 1803

1 2
500 0 67 74
650 0 123 135
800 0 192 212
1000 0 315 348
1200 1 464 511
1400 1 644 709
1600 1 849 939
1800 1 1087 1202
2000 1 1359 1494
Belt Conveyor in tonnes/hour Table 11: Mximum Capacity of a Belt Conveyor in to
1 20 464

Two Idler Troughed Bel


Trough Angle in Degree Belt Width Surchage
Trough Angle
(mm) Angle
30 35 40 45 15
50 56 62 67 300 0
65 70 75 79 10
80 85 89 92 20
96 100 103 105 30
93 106 116 125 400 0 21
119 130 139 146 10 30
146 156 163 169 20 40
174 182 188 192 30 50
144 163 180 194 500 0 36
186 203 217 229 10 53
229 244 255 265 20 67
274 287 296 302 30 84
243 274 301 323 650 0 64
308 336 359 378 10 96
374 339 417 432 20 121
446 464 482 489 30 151
357 403 443 475 800 0 99
453 493 525 554 10 143
551 587 615 633 20 188
655 684 705 720 30 236
500 565 615 662 1000 0 161
630 687 734 770 10 232
767 792 853 882 20 304
911 950 979 997 30 381
666 749 820 878 1200 0 238
10 342
839 911 972 1019
1015 1080 1130 1166 20 450

1202 1256 1296 1317 30 561

853 957 1051 1127 1400 0


1073 1166 1245 1307 10

1299 1382 1443 1490 20

1537 1605 1656 1685 30


1058 1191 1303 1397 1600 0
1332 1451 1544 1620 10
1613 1713 1793 1850 20
1908 1994 2055 2091 30

3 4 5 6
80 85 89 92
146 156 163 169
229 244 255 265
374 339 417 432
551 587 615 633
767 792 853 882
1015 1080 1130 1166
1299 1382 1443 1490
1613 1713 1793 1850
city of a Belt Conveyor in tonnes/hours

Two Idler Troughed Belts


Trough Angle Flat Belt
20 25

5
10.5
15.8
27 33
36 41 10
45 49 20.5
55 58 31
46 55
61 69 17
76 83 34
92 98 52
83 98
109 123 30
137 148 60
165 175 93
129 154
171 193 47
214 233 95
258 274 146
208 248
275 310 75
344 374 154
417 443 235
306 367
403 457 111
504 551 225

612 651 345


153

311

475

201
410
630

CONVEYOR DESIGN by IS - 11592 : 2000

Peripheral Force TE : 17822 N

Operating Power Requirement on Drive Pulley PDP : 50.606 kW


TE . V
PDP =
1000
Absorbed Power PA : 53.866 kW
T .V ( Rwd + Rbd )V
PA = E +
1000 1000

Wrap resistance between belt and pulley for drive pulley Rwd : 610.5 N

Pulley bearing resistance for drive pulley Rbd : 537.5 N

Motor Output Power (shaft) PM : 56.7 kW


PA
PM =
1
Efficiency of various trasmission element 1 : 0.95 See IS-11592 table 12

Additional power required due to tripper Pa : 79.17 kW


T .V ( Rwd + Rbd )V
Pa = E (1+nt) +
1000 1000

Number of trippers nt : 5
Factor for extra power for each tripper : 0.1 See IS-11592 table 13or14
CONVEYOR DESIGN by IS - 11592 : 2000

Idler Spacing (Normal Circumstances) : 1200 mm See IS:11592, Table 17


For Carrying Side
Belt Sag for Considered Idler Spacing S : 0
Pc (mB+mG) g
S=
8.Tmin
For Return Side
Belt Sag for Considered Idler Spacing S : 0
Pr . mB .g
S=
8.Tmin
Minimum Tensile force on Belt between Spacing Tmin : N
Selected Idler Spacing is Safe

Transition Distance x : m
E 1/2
x = 0.707y
T

Vertical Distance Between Belt Rise or y : m


lowers during transition
B sin When pulley is in line with
y=
3 top centre idler roller
B sin
y=
3 When pulley is elevated
Belt Modulus E : 500 N/mm
Induced Belt Edge Stress in the Transition T : N/mm See IS:11592, Table 18
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CONVEYOR DESIGN by IS - 11592 : 2000

Selection Of Belt
Factor of Safety Factor of Safety: : 10
Full Thickness Tensile Strength of Belt : -96178.663 N
*Select the Belt Type

Selectecd Belt : Belt Type


Belt Thickness t : m

Grade of Cover Thickness : N17


Conveyor Carrying Side Thickness : 2.5 mm
See IS-1891 (Part-
Belting Pulley Side Thickness : 1.0 mm
1) Annex A
Elevator Carrying Side Thickness : 1.5 mm
Belting Pulley Side Thickness : 2.5 mm
:
Diameter of Pulley D :
Driving Pulley and Pulley Exposed to high tension : mm See IS-1891(Part-1)
Snub Pulley in the return run under lower tension : mm Table 8 and IS
Bend Pulley for a change of Direction of the belt : mm 3181 for PVC Belt
of less then 30
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Factor of Safety:
Textile Belt Textile Belt: 9 to 12.5, Generally 10
Steel Cord Belt Steel Cord Belt: 7 to 10, Generally 7

Belt Type
Textile Rubber Belt Textile Rubber: 1.0 to 3.0 mm M24
PVC Belt PVC belt: 0.8 to 1.2 mm N17
Steel Cord Belt Steel cord Belts: Min. 4.0mm N17 Synthetic
DETERMINATION OF CONVEYOR SECTIONAL AREA AS PER C.E.M.A
l1

F B G
A C a

b
c
m
f l r
j
a a

D
TYPICAL CONVEYOR CROSS-SECTION

a = angle of surcharge , degrees


= angle which the surface of the material
assumes with the horizontal while the
material is at rest on a moving conveyor belt
O
= 25 for bituminous coal or lignite
b = angle of the idler roll , degrees
b = width of belt , inches
Standard edge distance , c =0.055b + 0.9 , inches
b = l + 2m + 2c m = 0.2595 x b -1.025
l = 0.371 x b + 0.25
Cross-sectional area of material on conveyor , sq. in
A = [ 0.371b + 0.25 + (0.2595b - 1.025) cos b ] x
[ ( 0.2595
[ ( 0.2595b
b -1.025
- 1.025)
) sin bsin
] b]
2
+ ( a/180 - sin 2a / 2 ) X [ { 0.1855 b + 0.125 + (0.2595 b - 1.025 ) cos b}/ sin a ]

BELT WIDTH a b A A Belt Bulk. Dnst. Capacity l l


3
mm in deg. deg. sq. ft sq.m Speed m/s Kg/m Te/Hr. in mm
800 32 25 20 0.673 0.063 0.84 800 151.2151 12.12 307.90
450 18 25 20 0.188 0.017 2 800 100.6383 6.93 175.97
500 20 25 20 0.239 0.022 1.2 800 76.7525 7.67 194.82
600 24 25 20 0.359 0.033 2 800 192.2602 9.15 232.51
750 30 25 20 0.585 0.054 2 800 313.2048 11.38 289.05
900 36 25 20 0.866 0.08 2 800 463.4721 13.61 345.59
1000 40 25 20 1.084 0.101 1.83 800 530.6457 15.09 383.29
1050 42 25 20 1.202 0.112 2 800 643.0621 15.83 402.13
1200 48 25 20 1.592 0.148 1.25 800 532.4842 18.06 458.67
1350 54 25 20 2.037 0.189 2 800 1090.21 20.28 515.21
1500 60 25 20 2.537 0.236 2 800 1357.768 22.51 571.75
1800 72 25 20 3.702 0.344 2 800 1980.852 26.96 684.83
2100 84 25 20 5.085 0.472 2 800 2721.226 31.41 797.92
2400 96 25 20 6.688 0.621 2 800 3578.892 35.87 911.00

NB : Results are verified against CEMA's Publication


Detail Proof

As = area of surcharge , sq. in ( area ABC )


Ab = base trapezoidal area , sq. in (area AFGC)
l = length , smaller edge of trapezoidal area , inch
l 1 = length , larger edge of trapezoidal area , inch
j = height of trapezoidal area , inch
m = slant length of trapezoidal area , inch
r = radius of surcharge angle, inch
f = horizontal projection of slant side of trapezoid , inch
c = edge distance , edge of material to edge of belt ,inch
b = width of belt , inch

Standard edge distance c = 0.055 b + 0.9 inch


Ab = 0.5 (l + l 1 ) x j
b =l +2xm +2Xc
l1 = l + 2 x f
f = m x cos b
l = 0.371 x b +0.25
c = 0.055 x b + 0.9
Solving , m = 0.2595 x b -1.025
j = m x sin b
2
Area of whole sector (ABCD) = x r x 2 x a /360
2
Area of triangle (AECD) = r x 0.5 x sin ( 2 a)
2
Surcharge area , As = r x { x a / 180 - 0.5 x sin ( 2 a) }
r = 0.5 x l 1 / sin a
Total area in sq. ft. , At = ( Ab + As ) / 144