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channel @ 0/750 Km

OF TWO VENT BOX BARREL FOR SYPHON AQUEDUCT

channel @ 0/750 Km

Note on site conditions

As per the record the hydraulic particulars of Chilla minor drain&Field channel

at proposed site are as given below:-

drain

From the above hydraulic particulars,it can be observed that the MFL of Chilla minor drain is above

the bed level of field channel.It is proposed to construct Syphon Aqeduct with depressed floor

and 1V-RCC barrel of size 2.50mx1.50m for a length of 6m to accommodate the

existing village road after the field channel.

Further fluming of field channel is not proposed, hence existing width of the channel is not altered.

The floor of the aqeduct is proposed to be lowered to a level of +0.485 with vertical drop on upstream side

and raising of floor on down stream side in 1V to 5H to ensure clearing of sediments.

Wing walls are proposed both upstream&down stream sides of drain along with revetment for

slopes and bed protection.Cisterns are also proposed both U/S and D/S as per the requirement.Cut-off

walls are proposed both U/S and D/S sides of drain.

Similarly,wing walls along with bed and slope protections are proposed for field channel also

both U/S and D/S sides.

The hydraulic design of syphon aqueduct is carried out as per the guide lines stipulated in

IS 7784:Part1--1993.The structural design of the box barrel along with load combinations is carried out as

per the guide lines stipulated in IS 7784:Part2--5--1993.

In view of the above facts,the box barrel is designed as free flowing vented structure with all

possible combinations of loads.Further,the stability of the stucture is also ensured by providing

appropriate factors of safety against overturning and sliding.

As,it is not possible propose foundation of box culvert below Max.scour depth,protective

works are proposed for the bed of the minor drain as per the guidelines.

3.425

minor drain is above -2.1

1.325

2.065

-1.325

op on upstream side

h revetment for

quirement.Cut-off

channel also

Design of 1V Box Barrel

I)Design Parameters:-

Clear vent (b) = 2.50m

Clear depth (d) = 1.50m

Thickness of top slab (t1) = 0.30m

Thickness of side wall (t2) = 0.30m

Thickness of raft (t3) = 0.30m

Outer span (B) = 3.10m

Outer Depth (D) = 2.10m

Haunch width = 0.15

Haunch depth = 0.15

Thickness of wearing coat (t4) = 0.075m

Density of back fill soil behind side walls of Box (y) = 18KN/Cum

degrees)(in clock wise direction)(a)

Slope of back fill (b) = 0

Depressed floor level of barrel = 0.785m

Channel bed level(CBL) = 2.585m

Channel top level(CTL) = 3.510m

Road top level (RTL) = 4.130m

Safe Bearing Capacity of the soil (SBC) = 7.50t/sqm

Compressive strength of concrete for Box (fck) = 20.00N/sqmm

Cover to reinforcement = 50.00mm

SECTION

300

PLAN 300 300

450

1545

CANAL PORTION

300 ROAD PORTION 3100

2500

2100 1500

4500

300

6000

600

barrel in road portion:-

1.Dead load

2.Live load

3.Impact load

4.Wind load

5.Water current

6.Tractive,braking effort of vehicles&frictional resistance of bearings

7.Buoyancy

8.Earth pressure

9.Seismic force

10.Water pressure force

11.Static water pressure due to water in canal

As per clause 202.3,the increase in permissible stresses is not permissible for the

above loading combination.

Further as per IS 7784-Part 1---1993,the structure should be designed for the following forces :-

13.Uplift pressure due to subsurface flow

III)Loading on the box culvert :-

1.Dead Load:-

(3.1*6*0.3*25) =

(3.1*6*0.3*25) =

(2*1.5*6*0.3*25) =

(4*0.5*0.15*0.15*6*25) =

v)Self weight of wearing coat = 34.88KN

(3.1*6*0.075*25) =

vi)Self weight of U/S side brest wall = 35.92KN

(1*3.1*0.3*1.545*25) =

vii)Self weight of D/S side brest wall = 46.38KN

(1*3.1*0.3*1.995*25) =

viii)Self weight of middle brest wall = 35.92KN

(1*3.1*0.3*1.545*25) =

ix)Weight of earth on barrel in Road portion = 387.95KN

(18*3.1*4.5*1.545) =

961.80KN

centroid about

from U/S upstream

end end in KN-m

8 Mid. brest wall 35.92KN 0.75 26.94

961.80KN 2892.58

X 6000

3100

2.Live Load:-

are to be designed for IRC Class A loading.

6.8t

6.8t

6.8t

11.4t

6.8t

2.7t

2.7t

11.4t

1.80

The IRC Class A loading as per the drawing is severe for bearing stresses on soil and the same is to be

considered as per clauses 207.1.3&207.4

Max.Soil pressure

X

3100

live load of 5KN/sqm 1750

4500

1200 1525

11.4t

11.4t

1800 2750

u

0.45

Y

375

The ground contact area of wheels for the above placement,each axle wise is

given below:-

(Tonnes) B(mm) W(mm)

6.8 200 380

2.7 150 200

Assuming 0.3m allowance for guide posts and the clear distance of vehicle from

the edge of guide post being 0.15m as per clause 207.1,the value of 'f' shown in the figure will

be 0.45m

Hence,the width of area to be loaded with 5KN/m2 on left side is (f) = 0.45m

2.20m

The total live load on the top slab composes the following components:-

(114+114)=

(0.45*3.1*5)=

4.Live load in remaing portion(Right side)----UDL

(1.75*3.1*5)=

Load/UDL in

KN

1 57 (0.3+0.45 1.00m

+0.5/2)=

2 57 (0.3+0.45 1.00m

+0.5/2)

3 57 (0.3+0.45 2.80m

+0.5/2+1.8)

4 57 (0.3+0.45 2.80m

+0.5/2+1.8)

5 6.975 (0.3+0.45/2)= 0.525m

+1.75) =

262.100

(498.57/262.1) =

= 1.902m

Eccentricity = 1.098m

(1.902-6/2)=

Eccentricity of live load w.r.t x-direction(At right angle to the travel of vehicles)

1 57 (3.1-0.38) 2.72m

2 57 (3.1-0.38) 2.72m

3 57 [3.1- 1.52m

(0.38+1.2)]

=

4 57 [3.1- 1.52m

(0.38+1.2)]

=

7 6.98KN (3.1/2)= 1.55m

262.1

(536.22/262.1) =

= 2.046m

Eccentricity = 0.496m

(2.046-3.1/2)=

Location of the resultant of live load is as shown in the figure given below:-

X 6000

3100

496

1098

The eccentricty of the line of action of live load wrt centroid in y-direction = 0.496m

The eccentricty of the line of action of live load wrt centroid in x-direction = 1.098m

3.Impact of vehicles:-

[4.5/(6+3.1)]=

Further as per clause 211.7 of IRC:6--2000,the above impact factor shall be only

50% for calculation of pressure on piers and abutments just below the level of bed block.There

(0.495/2)=

4.Wind load:-

[4.58-(1.20)]=

The Wind pressure acting on deck system located at that height is considered for design.

As per clause 212.3 and from Table .4 of IRC:6---2000,the wind pressure at that

height is (52+1.38*(63-52)/2)=

59.59 Kg/m2.

(Taking 50% perforations) (0.5*59.59*10.478*10/1000)=

Further as per clause 212.4 of IRC:6---2000 ,300 Kg/m wind force is considered to be

(300*6.0*10/1000)=

The location of the wind force from the top of Raft slab of box culvert =

(1.5+0.3+1.5+0.075) =

IRC:6---2000 is

(52*1.5*0.692)=

(where the value of 'K' is 1.5 for square endedside walls)

For the purpose of calculation of exposed area to water current force,only 1.0m

[37.14*1.0*(2.585-(1.20)*10/1000] =

Point of action of water current force from the top of RCC raft slab = [3.13-(1.20)]/3 =

The breaking effect of vehicles shall be 20% of live load acting in longitudinal

direction at 1.2m above road surface as per the clause 214.2 of IRC:6--2000.

force can be assumed to be transmitted to the supports of simply supported spans resting on

(262.1*0.1)= 26.21KN

The location of the tractive force from the top of RCC raft slab =

(1.2+0.075+0.3+1.50) =

7.Buoyancy :-

dead weight of the box culvert shall be reduced by wieght of equal volume of water upto HFL.

The above reduction in self wieght will be considered assuming that the back fill

behind the box is scoured.

(186.0/25) =

(180/25) =

(9/25) =

11.120Cum

(11.12*10)=

8.Earth pressure :-

The coefficient of active earth pressure exerted by the cohesion less back fill on

'2

Ka = Sin(a+Q)

sina sin(a-q) sin(Q+q)sin(Q-b)

sin(a+b)

Sin(a-q) = SIN[3.14*(90-15)/180] = 0.966

Sina = SIN[3.14*(90)/180] = 1

Sin(Q+q) = SIN[3.14*(30+15)/180] = 0.707

Sin(Q-b) = SIN[3.14*(30-0)/180] = 0.5

Sin(a+b) = SIN[3.14*(90+0)/180] = 1

Ka = 0.3

The hieght of box above GL,as per the preliminary section assumed =

(0.3*1800*1.80)*10/1000 =

The pressure distribution along the height of the wall is as given below:-

(0.3*1800*1.2)*10/1000=

6.48

1.800

9.72 6.48

Area of the triangular portion = 0.5*9.72*1.8 = 8.75

20.41

Taking moments of the areas about the toe of the wall

2 Triangular 8.75 0.6 5.25

20.41 15.744

(15.744/20.41)

The active Earth pressure acts on the box culvert is as shown below:-

3100

Pv

P

15 1500

Ph

770

force with horizontal

(6.48*1.8+0.5*9.72*1.8)*8 =

(PCos150 )

(PSin150 )

9.Siesmic force :-

As per clause 222.1 of IRC:6---2000,the bridges in siesmic zones I and II need not be

designed for siesmic forces.The location of the slab culvert is in Zone-I.Hence,there is no need to

HFL 3.130m

1.93

LBL 1.200m

19.30kn/sqm

MFL of the drain = +3.130m

Afflux = 0.160m

top slab of box barrel = 1.005m

Total head causing uplift on the top slab of box barrel = 1.045m

Afflux = 0.160m

and the bottom of floor just at entry section

when the water is held up.

a)Load Envelope-I:-(The drain is dry,back fill intact with live load on span)

Vertical load acting on the Box barrel (P) composes of the following components

KN axis(m)

[262.1*(1+0.495)] =

3 Vertical component of Active Earth pressure 31.68KN 1.550

1385.32KN

Horizontal load acting/transferred on the box (H) composes of the following components

S.No Type of load Intensity in Direction x or y

KN

162.51KN

Check for stability against over turning(Assuming that the earth fill on toe side is scoured):-

Taking moments of all the overturning forces about toe of the box wrt x-axis,

(26.21*3.38)=

(118.3*0.77)=

Taking moments of all the restoring forces about toe of the box wrt x-axis,,

[961.8*(3.1/2+0.0)]=

[391.84*(3.1/2-0.496)]=

[31.68*(3.1/2+1.55)]=

(2002/171.98)= (As per clause 706.3.4 of IRC:78-2000)

(0.8*1385.32/162.51)= (As per clause 706.3.4 of IRC:78-2000)

b)Load Envelope-II:-(The Canal is running upto HFL with no live load on span)

The following co-ordinates are assumed:-

Vertical load acting on the box (P) composes of the following components

KN axis(m)

Horizontal load acting/transferred on the box (H) composes of the following components

KN

Taking moments of all the overturning forces about toe of the box wrt x-axis,

(118.3*0.77)=

Taking moments of all the restoring forces about toe of the box wrt x-axis,

Moment due to self weight of box =

[850.6*(3.1/2+0.0)]=

Force due to static water pressure need not be considered,as it acts on both side walls in opposite directions

[31.68*(3.1/2+1.55)]=

(As per clause 706.3.4 of IRC:78-2000)

(850.6+31.68) =

(0.8*882.28/118.3)= (As per clause 706.3.4 of IRC:78-2000)

a)Load Envelope-I:-(The Canal is dry, back fill intact with live load on span)

Vertical load acting on the Box (P) composes of the following components

KN axis(m)

=(3.7*6*0.30*24)

3 Live load with impact factor---(Wheel loads+UDL) 391.84KN -0.496

[262.1*(1+0.495)] =

4 Vertical component of earth pressure 31.68KN 1.550

Horizontal load acting/transferred on the abutment (H) composes of the following components

KN

About x-axis:-

about x-axis --Zx =

KN (P) arm

1 Self wieght of Box 961.80KN 0.00

2 Self weight of levelling concrete 159.84KN 0.00

3 Live load with impact factor---(Wheel loads+UDL) 391.84KN -0.496

[262.1*(1+0.495)] =

4 Vertical component of Earth pressure 31.68KN 1.55

Horizontal loads:- (Stress = M/Z)

1 Wind load 18.00KN 0.00

2 Tractive,Braking&Frictional resistance of bearings 26.21KN 3.08

3 Horizontal load due to earth pressure 118.30KN 1.07

KN (P)

1 Self wieght of Box 961.80KN 0.00

2 Self weight of levelling concrete 159.84KN 0.00

3 Live load with impact factor---(Wheel loads+UDL) 391.84KN 0.496

[262.1*(1+0.495)] =

4 Vertical component of Earth pressure 31.68KN -1.55

Horizontal loads:- (Stress = M/Z)

1 Wind load 18.00KN 0.00

2 Tractive,Braking&Frictional resistance of bearings 26.21KN 3.08

3 Horizontal load due to earth pressure 118.30KN 1.07

Hence safe.

Hence safe.

About y-axis:-

Depth of footing d = 6.00m

Area of the footing = A = 18.6 m2

about y-axis --Zy =

KN (P) arm

1 Self wieght of Box 961.80KN 0.007

2 Self weight of levelling concrete 159.84KN 0.00

3 Live load with impact factor---(Wheel loads+UDL) 391.84KN -1.098

[262.1*(1+0.495)] =

4 Vertical component of Earth pressure 31.68KN 0.00

Horizontal loads:- (Stress = M/Z)

1 Wind load 18.00KN 3.38

2 Tractive,Braking&Frictional resistance of bearings 26.21KN 0.00

3 Horizontal load due to earth pressure 118.30KN 0.00

KN (P)

Vertical loads:-(Stress = P/A(1+6e/b)

1 Self wieght of Box 961.80KN -0.007

2 Self weight of levelling concrete 159.84KN 0.00

3 Live load with impact factor---(Wheel loads+UDL) 391.84KN 1.098

[262.1*(1+0.495)] =

4 Vertical component of Earth pressure 31.68KN 0.00

Horizontal loads:- (Stress = M/Z)

1 Wind load 18.00KN 3.38

2 Tractive,Braking&Frictional resistance of bearings 26.21KN 0.00

3 Horizontal load due to earth pressure 118.30KN 0.00

edge of abutment = P/A(1+6e/b)+M/Z = 35.73 KN/Sqm>0

Hence safe.

Stress at down stream side

edge of abutment = P/A(1+6e/b)+M/Z = 108.77 KN/Sqm<113KN/sqm

Hence safe.

(72.97-(8+8.08))=

b)Load Envelope-III:-(The Canal is running upto HFL with live load on span)

b)y-Direction-----In the direction of movement of vehicles

Vertical load acting on the Box (P) composes of the following components

KN axis(m)

=(5.5*12*0.30*24)

3 Live load with impact factor---(Wheel loads+UDL) 391.84KN -0.496

[301.5*(1+0.413)] =

6 Static water force due to water in drain 388.74KN 0.000

Horizontal load acting/transferred on the abutment (H) composes of the following components

KN

About x-axis:-

Depth of footing d = 3.10m

Area of the footing = A = 18.6 m2

about x-axis --Zx =

KN (P) arm

1 Self wieght of Box 850.60KN 0.00

=(5.5*12*0.30*24)

3 Live load with impact factor---(Wheel loads+UDL) 391.84KN -0.496

[301.5*(1+0.413)] =

4 Uplift force due to flowing water -156.75KN 0.000

7 Static water force due to water in channel 13.49KN 0.000

Horizontal loads:- (Stress = M/Z)

1 Wind load 18.00KN 0.00

KN (P)

1 Self wieght of Box 850.60KN 0.00

=(5.5*12*0.30*24)

3 Live load with impact factor---(Wheel loads+UDL) 391.84KN 0.496

[301.5*(1+0.413)] =

1 Wind load 18.00KN 0.00

Hence safe.

Hence safe.

About y-axis:-

Depth of footing d = 6.00m

Area of the footing = A = 18.6 m2

about y-axis --Zy =

KN (P) arm

1 Self wieght of Box 850.60KN 0.01

=(5.5*12*0.30*24)

3 Live load with impact factor---(Wheel loads+UDL) 391.84KN -1.098

[301.5*(1+0.413)] =

4 Uplift force due to flowing water -156.75KN 0.00

1 Wind load 18.00KN 3.38

KN (P)

=(5.5*12*0.30*24)

3 Live load with impact factor---(Wheel loads+UDL) 391.84KN 1.098

[301.5*(1+0.413)] =

4 Uplift force due to flowing water -156.75KN 0.000

7 Static water force due to water in channel 13.49KN -2.400

edge of abutment = P/A(1+6e/b)+M/Z = 46.17 KN/Sqm>0

Hence safe.

Stress at down stream side

edge of abutment = P/A(1+6e/b)+M/Z = 98.4 KN/Sqm<113KN/sqm

Hence safe.

(112.47-(8.59))=

a)Calculation of equivalent Uniformly Distributed Load(UDL) for IRC live load for Road portion:-

The position of IRC class A live load for maximum bending moment in top slab in road portion is as given

below:-

Position of Live load for

Max.Bending moment in

each span

X

2800

Portion to be loaded

1750

with live load

of 5KN/sqm

4500

.4t

.4t

Portion to be loaded

1750

with live load

of 5KN/sqm

4500

11.4t

11.4t

1800 2750

500 u

Y 0.45

b

that direction = [0.25+2(0.075+0.30)]=

The effective width be = kx[1-x/l]+bw

L = Effective span

x = Distance of centre of gravity of load from nearer support

bw = Breadth of concentration area of load

k = A constant depending on the ratio (B/L),where B is the width of the slab

(From Table 14 of IS 456:2000)

L = 2.80m

x = 0.80m

bw = 0.50m

B/L = 1.89

k = 2.6

Hence be = 1.99m

Dispersion of Loads

450

500 745 500 745

450

From the above figure net effective width of dispersion of loads = 3.495m

(1.0*3.495)=

[11.4(1+0.495)]

Add the UDL due to overlapping at certain area = 5.00 KN/sqm

53.76 KN/sqm

1.545

0.45

300 300

CANAL PORTION

3100

600

owing forces :-

3100

00 3.00

6.8t

6.8t

il and the same is to be

50

50

4500

-2750

-375

-1200

5300

-4250

228.00KN

6.98KN

27.13KN

262.10KN

Moment

57.00KNm

57.00KNm

159.60KNm

159.60KNm

3.66KNm

61.71KNm

498.57KNm

Moment

155.04KNm

155.04KNm

86.64KNm

86.64KNm

10.81KNm

42.04KNm

536.22KN

3100

Y

0.2475

3.12KN

18.00KN

3.38m

0.64m

3.08m

1.800m

9.72KN/sqm

lvert

1500

770

118.30KN

31.68KN

1.55m

Eccentricty about y-

axis(m)

0.007

1.098

0.00

Location(Ht.from the

section considered).

(m)

3.38

3.08

0.77

ide is scoured):-

80.73Kn-m

91.26Kn-m

171.98Kn-m

1490.79Kn-m

413.00Kn-m

98.21Kn-m

2002.00Kn-m

of IRC:78-2000)

1385.32KN

162.51KN

0.80

of IRC:78-2000)

Eccentricty about y-

axis(m)

0.007

0.000

0.000

0.000

2.400

0.00

Location(Ht.from the

section considered).

(m)

3.38

0.00

0.77

0.64

0.00Kn-m

91.26Kn-m

91.26Kn-m

1318.43Kn-m

98.21Kn-m

1416.64Kn-m

of IRC:78-2000)

882.28KN

118.30KN

0.80

of IRC:78-2000)

Eccentricty about y-

axis(m)

0.007

0.00

1.098

0.000

g components

Location(Ht.from the

section considered).

(m)

3.38

3.08

1.07

Stress at heel

P/A(1+6e/b)

51.71

8.59

10.62

4.34

0

-8.40

-13.19

53.67

Stress at toe

P/A(1+6e/b)

51.71

8.59

31.52

-0.94

0

8.4

13.19

112.47

m>113KN/sqm

P/A(1+6e/b)

52.41

8.59

-23.7

1.7

-3.27

0.0

0.0

35.73

P/A(1+6e/b)

51.01

8.59

44.2

1.7

3.27

0

0

108.77

m<113KN/sqm

Eccentricty about y-

axis(m)

0.007

0.00

1.098

0.000

0.000

0.000

2.400

0.000

g components

Location(Ht.from the

section considered).

(m)

3.38

3.08

1.07

0.64

Stress at heel

P/A(1+6e/b)

45.73

8.59

10.62

-8.43

-10.45

20.9

0.73

4.34

-8.40

-13.19

50.44

Stress at toe

P/A(1+6e/b)

45.73

8.59

31.52

-8.43

-10.45

20.9

0.73

-0.94

8.4

13.19

109.24

m>113KN/sqm

Stress at U/S edge

P/A(1+6e/b)

46.35

8.59

-23.7

-8.43

-10.45

20.9

4.09

1.7

3.27

0.0

0.0

3.9

46.17

P/A(1+6e/b)

45.11

8.59

44.2

-8.43

-10.45

20.9

-2.64

1.7

3.27

-3.85

98.4

m<113KN/sqm

1.00m

450

500

1300

500

745

1990

-500

1490 745

b)Loading on the Box culvert:-

Effective height of the culvert = 1.80m

Case-I---Drain is running full,with live load on span and approaches are intact

Self weight of top slab = 7.50 KN/m

Self weight of wearing coat = 1.88 KN/m

Weight of earth filling in Road portion = 27.81 KN/m

Average intensity of load due to IRC Class-A live load = 53.76 KN/m

90.95 KN/m

Upward bearing pressure on raft = 103.88 KN/m

Upward bearing pressure due to weight of water = 19.30 KN/m

Downward static pressure due static water pressure = -19.30 KN/m

Add uplift pressure due to water in Channel = 20.90

124.78 KN/m

At top:-

Earth pressure on side wall = 6.48 KN/m

At bottom:-

Earth pressure on side wall = 16.20 KN/m

At top:-

Hydro static pressure from inside wall = 0.00 KN/m

At bottom:-

Hydro static pressure from inside wall = 19.30 KN/m

The loading on slab culvert is shown below for the above case of loading

2800

90.95 KN/sqm

6.48 KN/sqm 6.48 KN/sqm

A B

1800

19.3 KN/sqm

1800

19.3 KN/sqm

C D

16.20 KN/sqm 16.20 KN/sqm

Span AB:-

MFBA = -wl2/12 = -59.42 KN-m

Span BD:-

For UDL part

MFBD = wl2/12 = 1.75 KN-m

MFDB = -wl2/12 = -1.75 KN-m

MFBD = wl2/20 = 1.57 KN-m

MFDB = -wl2/30 = -1.05 KN-m

MFDB = wl /30 =

2

2.08 KN-m

Total :-

MFBD = 0.19 KN-m

MFDB = -0.72 KN-m

Span CD:-

MFDC = wl2/12 = 81.52 KN-m

Span AC:-

For UDL part

MFAC = wl2/12 = -1.75 KN-m

MFCA = -wl2/12 = 1.75 KN-m

MFAC = wl2/20 = -1.57 KN-m

MFCA = -wl /30 =

2

1.05 KN-m

MFCA = -2.08 KN-m

Total :-

MFAC = -0.19 KN-m

MFCA = 0.72 KN-m

A B C D

AC AB BA BD CA CD DC DB

2.084 3.246 -3.246 -2.084 -2.084 -1.338 1.338 2.084

Span AB:-

Span BD:-

For UDL:-

Max.moment for simply supported condition = wl2/8 = 2.62 KN-m

Max.moment for simply supported condition = wl2/(9*30.5) = 2.02 KN-m

Max.moment for simply supported condition = -2.08 KN-m

(Assuming that the max.moments occur at mid span(On safe side)

Span CD:-

Span AC:-

For UDL:-

Max.moment for simply supported condition = wl2/8 = 2.62 KN-m

Max.moment for simply supported condition = wl2/(9*30.5) = 2.02 KN-m

Max.moment for simply supported condition = -2.08 KN-m

(Assuming that the max.moments occur at mid span(On safe side)

Span AB:-

Span BD:-

Span AC:-

Span CD:-

The bending moment diagram for the box culvert is as shown below:-

15.42

15.42 15.42

A B

15.42

73.71

32.66 32.66

87.06

C D

55.02 55.02

55.02 55.02

87.06

C D

55.02 55.02

55.02 55.02

Span AB:-

Span BD:-

Span CD:-

Span AC:-

The Shear force diagram for the box culvert is as shown below:-

127.33

30.75 30.75

127.33

127.33

174.69

33.67 33.67

174.69

Top slab:-

Axial force in top slab = Shear force at A or B for the spans BD&AC = 30.75

Bottom slab:-

Axial force in bottom slab = Shear force at C or D for the spans BD&AC = 33.67

Side walls:-

Axial force in side walls = Shear force at A or C for the spans AB&CD = 174.69

b)Loading on the Box culvert:-

Effective height of the culvert = 1.80m

Case-I---Drain is running full,with live load on span and approaches are intact

Self weight of top slab = 7.50 KN/m

Self weight of wearing coat = 1.88 KN/m

Weight of earth filling in Road portion = 27.81 KN/m

Average intensity of load due to IRC Class-A live load = 53.76 KN/m

90.95 KN/m

Upward bearing pressure on raft = 103.88 KN/m

Upward bearing pressure due to weight of water = 0.00 KN/m

Downward static pressure due static water pressure = 0.00 KN/m

Add uplift pressure due to water in Channel = 20.90

124.78 KN/m

At top:-

Earth pressure on side wall = 6.48 KN/m

At bottom:-

Earth pressure on side wall = 16.20 KN/m

At top:-

Hydro static pressure from inside wall = 0.00 KN/m

At bottom:-

Hydro static pressure from inside wall = 0.00 KN/m

The loading on slab culvert is shown below for the above case of loading

2800

90.95 KN/sqm

6.48 KN/sqm 6.48 KN/sqm

A B

1800

C D

16.20 KN/sqm 16.20 KN/sqm

124.78 KN/sqm

Span AB:-

MFBA = -wl2/12 = -59.42 KN-m

Span BD:-

For UDL part

MFBD = wl2/12 = 1.75 KN-m

MFDB = -wl2/12 = -1.75 KN-m

MFBD = wl2/20 = 1.57 KN-m

MFDB = -wl2/30 = -1.05 KN-m

MFDB = wl2/30 = 0.00 KN-m

Total :-

MFBD = 3.32 KN-m

MFDB = -2.80 KN-m

Span CD:-

MFDC = wl2/12 = 81.52 KN-m

Span AC:-

For UDL part

MFAC = wl2/12 = -1.75 KN-m

MFCA = -wl /12 =

2

1.75 KN-m

MFAC = wl2/20 = -1.57 KN-m

MFCA = -wl2/30 = 1.05 KN-m

MFCA = 0.00 KN-m

Total :-

MFAC = -3.32 KN-m

MFCA = 2.80 KN-m

A B C D

AC AB BA BD CA CD DC DB

-3.320 59.420 -59.420 3.320 2.800 -81.520 81.520 -2.800

Span AB:-

Span BD:-

For UDL:-

Max.moment for simply supported condition = wl2/8 = 2.62 KN-m

Max.moment for simply supported condition = wl2/(9*30.5) = 2.02 KN-m

Max.moment for simply supported condition = 0.00 KN-m

(Assuming that the max.moments occur at mid span(On safe side)

Span CD:-

Span AC:-

For UDL:-

Max.moment for simply supported condition = wl2/8 = 2.62 KN-m

Max.moment for simply supported condition = wl2/(9*30.5) = 2.02 KN-m

Max.moment for simply supported condition = 0 KN-m

(Assuming that the max.moments occur at mid span(On safe side)

Span AB:-

Span BD:-

Span AC:-

Span CD:-

The bending moment diagram for the box culvert is as shown below:-

17.34

17.34 17.34

A B

17.34

71.79

31.94 31.94

A B

17.34

71.79

31.94 31.94

85.70

C D

55.02 55.83

55.83 55.83

Span AB:-

Span BD:-

Span CD:-

Span AC:-

The Shear force diagram for the box culvert is as shown below:-

127.33

30.13 30.13

127.33

174.69

33.05 33.05

174.69

Top slab:-

Axial force in top slab = Shear force at A or B for the spans BD&AC = 30.13

Bottom slab:-

Axial force in bottom slab = Shear force at C or D for the spans BD&AC = 33.05

Side walls:-

Axial force in side walls = Shear force at A or C for the spans AB&CD = 174.69

f)Design of Members:-

Compressive strength of concrete for Box (fck) =

Yield strength of steel (fy) =

Cover to reinforcement =

Limiting stress in steel for axial tension =

(1.5*73.71)

Factored critical bending moment(Hogging) 23.13KN-m

(1.5*15.42)

Factored axial force = 46.13KN

(1.5*30.75)

Factored shear force = 191.00KN

(1.5*127.33)

[110.57x10 /(0.138*20*1000)]

6 0.5

[200.15+50+8] =

[300-50-8]=

Bottom steel:-

Mu/bd2 = 1.888

[0.641*242*1000/100]=

(46.13*1000/2*150) =

Hence provide 16mm dia bars at 110mm c/c at bottom,the area of reinforcement comes to

=(1000/110)*(3.14/4)*162 = 1826.9sqmm

Top steel:-

Mu/bd2 = 0.395

(Minimum steel as per IS 456-2000 = 0.15

Area of steel required for bending tension = 363.0sqmm

[0.15*242*1000/100]=

(46.13*1000/2*150) =

Hence provide 10mm dia bars at 125mm c/c at top,the area of reinforcement comes to

=(1000/125)*(3.14/4)*102 = 628.0sqmm

Distribution steel:-

1000/[450/(3.14/4)*102]=

However provide 10mm dia bars at 150mm c/c spacing,as distribution reinforcement

The critical section for beam shear is at distance of 'd' from the face of the support

at a distance D from the face of the support

[191-(191/1400)*(150+242)] =

[137.52x1000/(1000*242)] = (As per Table 20 of 1S 456)

[100*1826.9/(1000*242)] =

The design shear strength of concrete for the above steel percentage from

Table 19 of IS 456 is

0.56 Hence Vuc = 135.52KN

Considering the enhanced shear strength at supports as 1.5 times the shear strength,

0.84>0.6

ii) Design of bottom slab:-

(1.5*87.06)

Factored critical bending moment(Hogging) 83.75KN-m

(1.5*55.83)

Factored axial force = 50.51KN

(1.5*33.67)

Factored shear force = 262.04KN

(1.5*174.69)

[130.59x10 /(0.138*20*1000)]

6 0.5

[217.52+50+8] =

[300-50-8]=

Top steel:-

Mu/bd2 = 2.23

[0.707*242*1000/100]=

(50.51*1000/2*150) =

Hence provide 16mm dia bars at 100mm c/c at TOP,the area of reinforcement comes to

=(1000/100)*(3.14/4)*162 = 2009.6sqmm

Bottom steel:-

Mu/bd2 = 1.43

[0.457*242*1000/100]=

(50.51*1000/2*150) =

Hence provide 16mm dia bars at 150mm c/c at BOTTOM ,the area of reinforcement comes to

=(1000/150)*(3.14/4)*162 = 1339.7sqmm

Distribution steel:-

1000/[450/(3.14/4)*102]=

However provide 10mm dia bars at 150mm c/c spacing,as distribution reinforcement

The critical section for beam shear is at distance of 'd' from the face of the support

at a distance D from the face of the support

262.04-(262.04/1400)*(150+242)] =

[188.67x1000/(1000*242)] = (As per Table 20 of 1S 456)

[100*2009.6/(1000*242)] =

The design shear strength of concrete for the above steel percentage from

Table 19 of IS 456 is

[0.56+{0.08*(0.62-0.56}/0.25] = 0.579 Hence Vuc = 140.12KN

Considering the enhanced shear strength at supports as 1.5 times the shear strength,

0.87>0.80

iii) Design of side walls:-

(1.5*55.83)

Factored axial force = 262.04KN

(1.5*174.69)

Factored shear force = 50.51KN

(1.5*33.67)

[83.75x10 /(0.138*20*1000)]

6 0.5

[174.19+50+8] =

[300-50-8]=

Mu/bd2 = 1.43

[0.457*242*1000/100]=

(262.04*1000/2*150) =

Hence provide 16mm dia bars at 100mm c/c on outer face,the area of reinforcement comes to

=(1000/100)*(3.14/4)*162 = 2009.6sqmm

(262.04*1000/2*150) =

Total area of steel required = 873.5sqmm

Hence provide 12mm dia bars at 125mm c/c on inner face,the area of reinforcement comes to

=(1000/125)*(3.14/4)*122 = 904.3sqmm

Distribution steel:-

1000/[450/(3.14/4)*102]=

However provide 10mm dia bars at 150mm c/c spacing,as distribution reinforcement

The critical section for beam shear is at distance of 'd' from the face of the support

at a distance 'd' from the face of the support

50.51-(50.51/1400)*(150+242)] =

[36.36x1000/(1000*242)] = (As per Table 20 of 1S 456)

[100*2009.6/(1000*242)] =

The design shear strength of concrete for the above steel percentage from

Table 19 of IS 456 is

[0.56+{0.08*(0.62-0.56}/0.25] = 0.579 Hence Vuc = 140.12KN

0.579>0.2

6.48 KN/sqm

1800

1800

16.20 KN/sqm

0.3571 0.555556 0.912698 0.391304

-1

Joint

Member

Distribution Factor

Distribution

Carry over

Distribution

Carry over

Distribution

Carry over

Distribution

Carry over

Distribution

Carry over

Distribution

Final moments

15.42

55.02

2

55.02

KN

KN

KN

KN

KN

KN

KN

KN

KN

KN

KN

6.48 KN/sqm

1800

16.20 KN/sqm

Joint

Member

Distribution Factor

Fixed end moment

Distribution

Carry over

Distribution

Carry over

Distribution

Carry over

Distribution

Carry over

Distribution

Carry over

Distribution

Final moments

7.34

4

4

5.83

KN

KN

KN

KN

KN

KN

KN

KN

KN

KN

KN

20N/sqmm

415N/sqmm

50.00mm

150N/sqmm

nt comes to

ent comes to

ent comes to

DESIGN OF CANTILEVER BREST WALL

Data:-

Height of wall above G.L=

Height of wall below G.L=

Density of back fill soil&material in toe portion(y) =

Grade of concrete =

Grade of steel =

Ground water Table level =

Angle of shearing resistance of back fill material&material at toe portion(Q) =

Angle of face of wall supporting earth with horizontal(a)(In degrees)

(in clock wise direction)

Slope of back fill(b) =

Angle of wall friction (q) =

Undrained Cohesion ( c) =

Safe bearing capacity(SBC) =

Surcharge over the back fill(s) =

(Assumed)

Characteristic compressive strength =

Tensile strength of steel =

Unit weight of RCC =

Unit weight of PCC =

Ka = Sin(a+Q)

sina sin(a-q) sin(Q+q)sin(Q-b)

sin(a+b)

Sin(a-q) = SIN[3.14*(87.17-15)/180] = 0.952

Sina = SIN[3.14*(87.17)/180] = 0.999

Sin(Q+q) = SIN[3.14*(30+15)/180] = 0.707

Sin(Q-b) = SIN[3.14*(30-0)/180] = 0.5

Sin(a+b) = SIN[3.14*(87.17+0)/180] = 0.999

Ka = 0.32

Thickness of stem at top =

1995

300

(0.32*1800*0.6) =

[0.32*1800*(1.995+0.6)] =

345.6

1.995m

1149.1 345.6

Area of the triangular portion = 0.5*1149.1*1.995= 1146.25

1835.72

2 Triangular 1146.25 0.665 762.256

1835.72 1450

(1450/1835.72)

0.20

17.83

1.995m

0.79m

87.17

0.30m

0.04

Total earth pressure acting on the wall per 1m length P = 2180.46Kg

(345.6*1.995+0.5*1149.1*1.995)*1 =

(PCos20.150 )

(PSin20.150 )

It acts at a hieght of

from the base

(1.5*1639.67) =

Mu/bd2 = 0.42

From table 2 of SP 16,percentage of steel required = 0.129

(Minimum percentage of steel as per IS 456:2000) = 0.15

The critical section for beam shear is at distance of 'd' from the face of the support

at a distance 'd' from the face of the support

[11.11x1000/(1000*242)] = (As per Table 20 of 1S 456)

[100*523.33/(1000*242)] =

The design shear strength of concrete for the above steel percentage from

Table 19 of IS 456 is

[0.28+0.07*(0.36-0.28)/0.10] = 0.336

0.336>0.02

T WALL

1.995m

1.995m

0.00m

1800Kg/Cum

M20

Fe415

30

87.17

0

15

0Kg/sqm

7500Kg/sqm

0.60m

20N/sqmm

415N/sqmm

2500Kg/Cum

2400Kg/Cum

0.30m

0.20m

345.6Kg/sqm

1494.7Kg/sqm

2075.84Kg

667.32Kg

0.11m

2180.5Kg/m

0.79m

1639.67Kg/m

Hydraulic design

(Calculated from the profile of drain)

(As per table 5 of IRC:SP 13)

(Calculated from the profile of drain)

(As per table 5 of IRC:SP 13)

(Bed level of the field channel)

Discharge Calculations:-

b+2h

MFL

Cross section of minor drain

b+2h

MFL

LBL

b

(MFL-LBL)

1.93*(1.4+5.26)/2

1.4+2*[(1.4)2+(1.4)2]0.5

Assuming the minor drain to be truly alluvial,the regime width is equal to linear waterway required for the drain.

Hence,as per Lacey's silt theory,the regime width W = 4.8Q 1/2 = 4.8*2.960.5 = 8.26m

But the actual top width is much less than the above regime width.Hence,the stream is no truly alluvial in nature.

It is quasi-alluvial.As per IRC:SP--13,the ventway calculations for quasi-alluvial streams are as given below:-

The linear water way required = Actual width of the drain at HFL (W) = 5.260m

As per the clause 8.1.2.2 of IS 7784-Part1--1993,for the works with rigid floors,the waterway can be further flumed

within the permissible limits of velocity for the particular type of floor.

The limiting velocity for the floor with concrete below M30 is = 4.00m/s

of cross-section provided = 3.75sqm

Hence,the flow velocity in the box barrel will be within the limits.

h = afflux in m

e = factor accounting for recovery of some velocity head as = 1

potential head

v = average velocity in approach section

h+0.102v2 = 0.2233730292

we get 0.56-0.87v+0.102v3 = 0

Hence,afflux h = 0.160m

As per the clause 101.1.2 of IRC:5--1985,the design discharge should be increased by 30% to ensure adequate

margin of safety for foundations and protection works

Hence,the discharge for design of foundations = 1.30XDesign Discharge = Qdf =

(1.3*2.96)

Lacey's Silt factor for standard silt ' f ' = 1.76Xm1/2= = (Value taken from table 4 of SP13) =

(3.94/2.5)

[1.34*(1.5762/1.0)0.33]

For quasi-alluvial streams,linear water way required is natural width of the channel at HFL . =

As per clause 12.1 of IRC SP:13,Increased scour depth due to contraction of linear water way D' = D(W/L) 0.61 =

1.81(5.26/2.5)0.61 =

(For design of foundations,as per clause 110.1.4.2 of IRC:5--1985)

(1.5*2.85)

(4.28+1.2)

The Minimum Safe Bearing capacity of the soil is considered as 7.5 KN/m2

Hence,cut-off walls and aprons are required to protect the foundation&floor bed

It is sufficient to take the D/S side cut-off upto 1.27 times the normal scour depth as per

caluse 703.2.3.2 of IRC 78-1983 considering that the reach is straight.

(1.27*2.85) =

(3.13-3.62)=

[1.2-(-0.49)]=

According to Khosla's theory for two dimensional flow,the exit gradient GE = (H/d) x 1

(0.92/4.893) =

2

Say 0.23m

Say 20Kg

0.06*(3.48) 1/3

=

Say 0.30m

Say 0.60m

Hence provide a thickness of 0.30m at near end and 0.6m at the outer end

MFL

MFL

LBL

ly alluvial in nature.

er flumed

0.003385

-0.006792

o ensure adequate

3.94Cumecs

1.00

1.576

1.81m

5.26m

2.50m

2.85m

4.28m

5.48m

-2.35m

3.55m

0.485m

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