0 Voturi pozitive0 Voturi negative

504 (de) vizualizări12 paginiMar 22, 2017

© © All Rights Reserved

PDF, TXT sau citiți online pe Scribd

© All Rights Reserved

504 (de) vizualizări

© All Rights Reserved

- Nscp Design Loads
- NSCP 2015 Seismic Analysis Static Force Procedure Vertical Distribution of Forcces
- Sample Structural Analysis and Design Criteria
- Selection for a Civil Engineer Edited
- STAADFAQ7
- ASEP NSCP SECTION 207 WIND LOADS part 1.pdf
- NSCP Seismic Provisions SMRSF Horizontal Forces
- Structural Analysis and Design Report using SAP2000.pdf
- Instability zero stiffness.docx
- Ring Wall .xls
- Structural Theory 2 - Structural Analysis of a Two Storey House
- Design of RC Rectangular Section-NSCP(ACI-318)
- Design of Wall Footing
- NSCP 2010 Seismic Provisions
- NSCP_design Response Spectra
- Design Analysis
- MSCE Thesis Final Draft (Baylon as of 02 04 2016).pdf
- Pp06_ Asep_ Nscp 2015 Update on Ch4 Structural Concrete Part 1
- Lesson 2 - Simple Continuous Beam Analysis
- Residential Building Design Using Excel Program - Final

Sunteți pe pagina 1din 12

. General

1. Architectural Design

2. Method of structural design

3. Materials properties

4. Structural design plan

1) Frame system

2) Stiffness of slab (rigid floor)

3) Foundation beam

4) Drawings of framing plan and framing elevation

. Preparation

1. Load calculation

1) Dead load

2) Live load

3) Seismic load

4) Others

5) Load combination

2. Preparation of calculation

1) Axial force of Column

2) C, M, Q of beams

3) Seismic load calculation

4) Assumption of column and beam sections

. Structural calculation

1. Frame and Stress analysis by computer software GRASP and GEAR

1) Stiffness reduction factor (NSCP 2010)

2) Member stress by vertical load

3) Member stress by seismic load

4) Earthquake resistant wall

5) Check maximum stress

Strength reduction factor (NSCP 2010)

6) Check irregularity

(1) Lateral stiffness ratio

(2) Eccentricity ratio

7) Check maximum lateral deformation (story drift angle) by earthquake

1

1. Seismic design concept in Philippine

According to the reference 1, the following concept is introduced for the structural

design of buildings.

Most of building structures would typically be designed for lateral wind loads in

the range of 1% to 3% of their weight. Earthquake loads may reach 30%-40% of

the weight of the structure, applied horizontally. If concepts of elastic design

normally employed for primary loads are used for earthquake loads, the result

will be in the form of extremely heavy and expensive structures. Therefore,

seismic design uses the concepts of controlled damage and collapse prevention.

In earthquake engineering, the aim is to have a control on the type, location and

extent of the damage along with detailing process. This is illustrated in Figure 3-

1, where the elastic and inelastic responses are depicted, and the concept of

equal energy is employed to reduce the design force from Ve to Vd (denoting

elastic and design force levels).

earthquake ground motion without collapse, but with some damage. Consistent

with this philosophy, the structure is designed for much less base shear forces

than would be required if the building is to remain elastic during severe shaking

at a site. Such large reductions are mainly due to two factors: (1) the ductility

reduction factor (R ), which reduces the elastic demand force to the level of the

maximum yield strength of the structure, and (2) the overstrength factor, (),

which accounts for the overstrength introduced in code-designed structures.

2

Thus, the response reduction factor (R) is simply times R. See Figure 3-2.

R = R x (1)

The ductility reduction factor (R) is a factor which reduces the elastic force

demand to the level of idealized yield strength of the structure and, hence, it may

be represented as the following equation:

R = Ve / Vy (2)

Ve is the max base shear coefficient if the structure remains elastic. The ductility

reduction factor (R) takes advantage of the energy dissipating capacity of

properly designed and well-detailed structures and, hence, primarily depends on

the global ductility demand, , of the structure ( is the ratio between the

maximum roof displacement and yield roof displacement . Newmark and Hall

(1973, 1982) made the first attempt to relate R with for a single-degree-of-

freedom (SDOF) system with elastic-perfectly plastic (EPP) resistance curve.

They concluded that for a structure of a natural period less than 0.2 second

(short period structures), the ductility does not help in reducing the response of

the structure. Hence, for such structures, no ductility reduction factor should be

used. For moderate period structures, corresponding to the acceleration region

of elastic response spectrum T = 0.2 to 0.5 sec the energy that can be stored by

the elastic system at maximum displacement is the same as that stored by an

3

inelastic system. For relatively long-period structures of the elastic response

spectrum, Newmark and Hall (1973, 1982) concluded that inertia force obtained

from an elastic system and the reduced inertia force obtained from an inelastic

system cause the same maximum displacement. This gives the value of ductility

reduction factor in a mathematical representation as:-

R = (3)

Structural overstrength plays an important role in collapse prevention of the

buildings. The overstrength factor () may be defined as the ratio of actual to the

design lateral strength:

= Vy / Vd (4)

Where Vy is the base shear coefficient corresponding to the actual yielding of the

structure; Vd is the code-prescribed un-factored design base shear coefficient.

The inertia force due to earthquake motion, at which the first significant yield in a

reinforced concrete structure starts, may be much higher than the prescribed un-

factored base shear force because of many factors such as (1) the load factor

applied to the code-prescribed design seismic force; (2) the lower gravity load

applied at the time of the seismic event than the factored gravity loads used in

design; (3) the strength reduction factors on material properties used in design;

(4) a higher actual strength of materials than the specified strength; (5) a greater

member sizes than required from strength considerations; (6) more reinforcement

than required for the strength; and (7) special ductility requirements, such as the

strong column-weak beam provision. Even following the first significant yield in

the structure, after which the stiffness of the structure decreases, the structure

can take further loads. This is the structural overstrength which results from

internal forces distribution, higher material strength, strain hardening, member

oversize, reinforcement detailing, effect of nonstructural elements, strain rate

effects.

Reference 1:

[RESPONSE MODIFICATION FACTOR OF REINFORCED CONCRETE

MOMENT-RESISTING FRAMES IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES BY ADEEL

ZAFAR THESIS]

Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of

Science in Civil Engineering in the Graduate College of the University of

4

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2009 Urbana, Illinois Adviser: Professor

Bassem Andrawes

The following Table 208-11A shows the force reduction factor R and overstrength

factor for earthquake-force-resisting structural system of concrete building in

NSCP 2010.

5

2. Seismic structural design method in Japan

The basic concept of New Earthquake Regulation in July 1980 in Japan is to

ensure the safety of buildings against earthquakes by the following two

procedures. These are Level-1 design for 50 years return period of earthquake

and level-2 design for 500 years return period of earthquake.

Level-1 design is allowable stress design and base shear coefficient (C0) is equal

to 0.2. Level-2 design is corresponding to actual strength capacity envelope in

Figure 3-2 and the example is shown in the following Figure 10.

kN

Figure 10 Example of actual capacity envelope of 4 story school building

of CITU (By Dr. Yashima)

6

3. Linier (elastic) dynamic response of building by earthquake

Base shear V is calculated by the following formula.

(NSCP 2010: Figure 208-3)

Eq-1

Cv I

V= W Eq-2

RT

Ca, Cv: Seismic coefficient

I: Important factor

R: Numerical coefficient of global ductility capacity

T: Period of vibration of structure

W: Total seismic dead load + Live load

7

4. The vertical distribution of base shear over the height of building

When the natural period of vibration of building (T) is 0.7 second or less, the

remaining portion of base shear shall be distributed over the height of building

as shown in the equation of 208-17 (NSCP 2010)

This equation is derived from the first mode of dynamic response vibration of

building. If this building is 4 story building, there are 4 modes of vibration as shown

in the following figure 11. However the participation factor () of the first mode

8

of vibration will be the biggest number and this mode will govern the behavior of

dynamic motion of building during the earthquake.

Mode Mode Mode Mode

5 5 5

5

4 4

4 4

3

3 3 3

Story

Story

Story

Story

2

2 2 2

1

1 1 1

0

0 5 0 0 0

-2.000 0.000 2.000 -2.000 0.000 2.000 -2.000 0.000 2.000

Figure 11 Modes of vibration of 4 story building

9

5. Limitation of story drift by seismic lateral load (NSCP 2010)

Maximum story drift of building during earthquake event is limited by the

following equation of NSCP 2010.

M / h 1/40 ( T < 0.7 sec)

M / h 1/50 ( T 0.7 sec)

M = 0.7 Rs

h: height

R: the response reduction factor

s: horizontal displacement at design seismic load

T: natural period of vibration of building

Shear force at each story

Story drift

NSCP 2010 column beam wall slab

SRF 0.7 0.35 0.7 0.25

SRF: Stiffness reduction factor

Moment of inertia of the above member of concrete section will be multiplied by

the stiffness reduction factor.

10

6. Strength reduction factor (NSCP 2010)

11

End

12

- Nscp Design LoadsÎncărcat deShem Barro
- NSCP 2015 Seismic Analysis Static Force Procedure Vertical Distribution of ForccesÎncărcat deKevin Saluague
- Sample Structural Analysis and Design CriteriaÎncărcat deJoseph Cloyd Lamberte
- Selection for a Civil Engineer EditedÎncărcat deSarah Jane Gonzales
- STAADFAQ7Încărcat dewtstreetglow
- ASEP NSCP SECTION 207 WIND LOADS part 1.pdfÎncărcat deRoda Cadiz
- NSCP Seismic Provisions SMRSF Horizontal ForcesÎncărcat deAlvinSanDiego
- Structural Analysis and Design Report using SAP2000.pdfÎncărcat desayedali
- Instability zero stiffness.docxÎncărcat deAnonymous IwqK1Nl
- Ring Wall .xlsÎncărcat deanandam
- Structural Theory 2 - Structural Analysis of a Two Storey HouseÎncărcat deEmmanuel Lazo
- Design of RC Rectangular Section-NSCP(ACI-318)Încărcat deBong-Bong Rodriguez Bianzon
- Design of Wall FootingÎncărcat deMayolites
- NSCP 2010 Seismic ProvisionsÎncărcat deBart Lucena Jr.
- NSCP_design Response SpectraÎncărcat deCQ
- Design AnalysisÎncărcat dejoverevocal
- MSCE Thesis Final Draft (Baylon as of 02 04 2016).pdfÎncărcat deMichael Bautista Baylon
- Pp06_ Asep_ Nscp 2015 Update on Ch4 Structural Concrete Part 1Încărcat deCarlo Joseph
- Lesson 2 - Simple Continuous Beam AnalysisÎncărcat deGunabalasingam Jeneevan
- Residential Building Design Using Excel Program - FinalÎncărcat deGeneva Latorre
- Column DesignÎncărcat deArnel Dodong
- Simplified Reinforced Concrete Design 2010 NSCPÎncărcat deArjay Corral
- NSCP Earthquake, Soil, Rain CodeÎncărcat deRache Cordero
- NSCP-2001.pdfÎncărcat derhon
- RCDC V3.2 Release NotesÎncărcat dealenrider
- 02 Column Nscp 2010Încărcat deMar Martillano
- Rcdc Plinth BeamsÎncărcat deSuresh Kumar
- Dynamics Sample problemÎncărcat deAly Arquillano Jr
- Column design using NSCP 2001Încărcat deMar Martillano
- Column Design Subjected to Axial and BendingÎncărcat deArnel Dodong

- ASD vs LRFDÎncărcat deadnan
- vacant_positions_as_of_10182019Încărcat deJohnson Sambrano
- Drift-in-ETABS.docxÎncărcat deJohnson Sambrano
- 45th NCTC - Program^^.with academe track^.^.FINAL^.with fellowship ^0 com.ext^.17102019Încărcat deJohnson Sambrano
- SMART SENSING TECHNOLOGY FOR STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORINGÎncărcat deStefanvnv
- Guidelines FOR WRITING THESIS, PRACTICUM RE RESEARCH REPORT.pdfÎncărcat deJeffrey Fabian Santos
- DAY 1Încărcat deJohnson Sambrano
- Request LetterÎncărcat deJohnson Sambrano
- 13_1791Încărcat deJohnson Sambrano
- Drift in ETABSÎncărcat detrabajosic
- Invitation Card Seminar Makati 2018Încărcat deJohnson Sambrano
- Invitation Card Seminar Makati 2018Încărcat deJohnson Sambrano
- Equipments and MaterialsÎncărcat deJohnson Sambrano
- Link Beam Schedule-modelÎncărcat deJohnson Sambrano
- research presentation earthquakeÎncărcat deJohnson Sambrano
- Board of Environmental Planning-SyllabusÎncărcat deChristian Santamaria
- 5.3Types of FoundationÎncărcat deJohnson Sambrano
- ReadMeÎncărcat deJohnson Sambrano
- Pump CurvesÎncărcat dedheerajdorlikar
- ReadMe.txtÎncărcat deJericFuentes
- CE 5963 Topics 2015-2016Încărcat deJohnson Sambrano
- FormulasÎncărcat deTiea Maryze Villanueva
- Soil Stabilization in SubgradeÎncărcat deengrirfan
- Apex_Masonry_e-book_Fence_Design_Guide_CMAA.pdfÎncărcat deJohnson Sambrano
- RAM&PROSTRUCTURES.txtÎncărcat deJohnson Sambrano
- Guide to the Selling Process of Real Estate Properties in the PhilippinesÎncărcat deJohnson Sambrano
- module 2.6.pdfÎncărcat deJohnson Sambrano
- HowtocritiqueajournalarticleÎncărcat deJane Centro
- Example 2Încărcat deMohamad Tarmimie Bin Ali
- Ground ShakingÎncărcat deJohnson Sambrano

- Civil EnggÎncărcat deSiddharthan Ramiah
- Approach Slab DesignÎncărcat deMar Martillano
- A Study On Compressive Strength of Concrete Brick Masonry for Different Mortar ProportionsÎncărcat deInternational Journal for Scientific Research and Development - IJSRD
- Shear Keys for Basement Walls_ Pros and ConsÎncărcat deshadabg04
- Tank Foundation Rev 01Încărcat deAnbalaganV
- The Concrete Producer Article PDF- Troubleshooting Precast Cracks in Hollow-Core SlabsÎncărcat demahmoodgulam
- Tutorial 05 Bridge ModellingÎncărcat deShishir Kumar Nayak
- Plates Inspections SummaryÎncărcat deGabriel Onyeuka
- Glass Fin Calculation in LTBÎncărcat deAmro Ahmad Ali
- Experiment Shearing ForcesÎncărcat deAnushaBheenuck
- Pingpdf.com Irc Sp 76 PDF Documents PdfstonecomÎncărcat deShubham Rai
- Post Tension IngÎncărcat deMmuthu Karthikeyan
- Hexacube @ Changi Singapore Floorplans - Level 1,2,3Încărcat deDave Teu
- We Bring Forth High Quality Galvanized Corrugated SheetsÎncărcat deCHRISTIAN F. MAYUGA
- Civil CsiÎncărcat deAbhisekLovenutsNun
- Bridge Across RmcÎncărcat deSingaram Velu
- 63804908-Production-Rate.docxÎncărcat deFührer Magdi Badran
- High Rise Structures Design IntroductionÎncărcat deApril Ingram
- RefsÎncărcat deSeenha Dewan
- Assignment 7Încărcat demahak
- Tilt Up ConstructionÎncărcat deAnatolie Cuaresma Amper
- Shear and Moment DiagramÎncărcat deDon Matias
- RA for CopingÎncărcat dekunal
- Loading Pattern and Spatial Distribution of Dynamic Wind Load and Comparison of Wind and Earthquake Effects Along the Height of Tall BuildingsÎncărcat deHamed Nikbakht
- slip form construction of civil engineering.pdfÎncărcat de94738183
- For CriticÎncărcat deAnonymous hR9tKcAo98
- Manual 1Încărcat deCarlos Mario Lopez
- Basic-Cement-Technology.pdfÎncărcat deYunus Ahmed
- Chapter 5 concrete structuresÎncărcat derizwan
- Model BOQÎncărcat deYasar Athif

## Mult mai mult decât documente.

Descoperiți tot ce are Scribd de oferit, inclusiv cărți și cărți audio de la editori majori.

Anulați oricând.