Sunteți pe pagina 1din 17

Order this document by MC34067/D




  
   
The MC34067/MC33067 are high performance zero voltage switch HIGH PERFORMANCE
resonant mode controllers designed for offline and dctodc converter
ZERO VOLTAGE SWITCH
applications that utilize frequency modulated constant offtime or constant
deadtime control. These integrated circuits feature a variable frequency RESONANT MODE
oscillator, a precise retriggerable oneshot timer, temperature compensated CONTROLLERS
reference, high gain wide bandwidth error amplifier, steering flipflop, and
dual high current totem pole outputs ideally suited for driving power SEMICONDUCTOR
MOSFETs. TECHNICAL DATA
Also included are protective features consisting of a high speed fault
comparator and latch, programmable softstart circuitry, input undervoltage
lockout with selectable thresholds, and reference undervoltage lockout.
These devices are available in dualinline and surface mount packages.
Zero Voltage Switch Resonant Mode Operation
Variable Frequency Oscillator with a Control Range Exceeding 1000:1 P SUFFIX
PLASTIC PACKAGE
Precision OneShot Timer for Controlled OffTime CASE 648 16

Internally Trimmed Bandgap Reference 1

4.0 MHz Error Amplifier


Dual High Current Totem Pole Outputs
Selectable Undervoltage Lockout Thresholds with Hysteresis
Enable Input DW SUFFIX
Programmable SoftStart Circuitry PLASTIC PACKAGE
CASE 751G
16

Low Startup Current for OffLine Operation (SO16L) 1

PIN CONNECTIONS

Osc Charge 1 16 OneShot RC


Osc RC 2 15 VCC
Simplified Block Diagram Osc Control Current 3 14 Drive Output A
Gnd 4 13 Power Gnd
15
VCC Vref 5 12 Drive Output B
Enable / 9 VCC UVLO / 5.0 V 5 Error Amp Out 6 11 CSoftStart
UVLO Adjust Enable Vref
Reference
1 Inverting Input 7 10 Fault Input
Osc Charge
Variable Vref UVLO Enable/UVLO
2 Noninverting Input 8 9
Osc RC Frequency Adjust
Oscillator 3 Oscillator
Control Current 14 (Top View)
Output A
16
OneShot OneShot Steering
FlipFlop 12
Error Amp 6 Output B
2.5 V
Output Clamp 13
Noninverting 8 Pwr Gnd
Input
Inverting Input 7 ORDERING INFORMATION
Error
11 Amp
Operating
SoftStart SoftStart Fault Detector / 10
Fault Input Device Temperature Range Package
Latch
MC34067DW SO16L
TA = 0 to + 70C
MC34067P Plastic DIP
4 Ground
MC33067DW TA = 40 to + 85C SO16L
MC33067P Plastic DIP
Motorola, Inc. 1996 Rev 0
MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA 1
MC34067 MC33067
MAXIMUM RATINGS
Rating Symbol Value Unit
Power Supply Voltage VCC 20 V
Drive Output Current, Source or Sink (Note 1) A
Continuous IO 0.3
Pulsed (0.5 s, 25% Duty Cycle 1.5
Error Amplifier, Fault, OneShot, Oscillator and Vin 1.0 to + 6.0 V
SoftStart Inputs

UVLO Adjust Input Vin(UVLO) 1.0 to VCC V


Power Dissipation and Thermal Characteristics
DW Suffix, Plastic Package, Case 751G
TA = 25C PD 862 mW
Thermal Resistance, JunctiontoAir RJA 145 C/W
P Suffix, Plastic Package, Case 648
TA = 25C PD 1.25 W
Thermal Resistance, JunctiontoAir RJA 100 C/W
Operating Junction Temperature TJ + 150 C
Operating Ambient Temperature TA C
MC34067 0 to + 70
MC33067 40 to + 85
Storage Temperature Tstg 55 to + 150 C

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (VCC = 12 V [Note 2], ROSC= 18.2 k, RVFO = 2940, COSC = 300 pF, RT = 2370 k, CT = 300 pF,
CL = 1.0 nF. For typical values TA = 25C, for min/max values TA is the operating ambient temperature range that applies [Note 3], unless
otherwise noted.)
Characteristic Symbol Min Typ Max Unit
REFERENCE SECTION
Reference Output Voltage (IO = 0 mA, TJ = 25C) Vref 5.0 5.1 5.2 V
Line Regulation (VCC = 10 TO 18 V) Regline 1.0 20 mV
Load Regulation (IO = 0 mA to 10 mA) Regload 1.0 20 mV
Total Output Variation Over Line, Load, and Temperature Vref 4.9 5.3 V
Output Short Circuit Current IO 25 100 190 mA
Reference Undervoltage Lockout Threshold Vth 3.8 4.3 4.8 V
ERROR AMPLIFIER
Input Offset Voltage (VCM = 1.5 V) VIO 1.0 10 mV
Input Bias Current (VCM = 1.5 V) IIB 0.2 1.0 A
Input Offset Current (VCM = 1.5 V) IIO 0 0.5 A
Open Loop Voltage Gain (VCM = 1.5 V, VO = 2.0 V) AVOL 70 100 dB
Gain Bandwidth Product (f = 100 kHz) GBW 3.0 5.0 MHz
Input Common Mode Rejection Ratio (VCM = 1.5 to 5.0 V) CMR 70 95 dB
Power Supply Rejection Ratio (VCC = 10 to 18 V, f = 120 Hz) PSR 80 100 dB
Output Voltage Swing V
High State VOH 2.8 3.2
Low State VOL 0.6 0.8
NOTES: 1. Maximum package power dissipation limits must be observed.
2. Adjust VCC above the Startup threshold before setting to 12 V.
3. Low duty cycle pulse techniques are used during test to maintain junction temperature as close to ambient as possible.
Tlow = 0C for the MC34067 Thigh = + 70C for MC34067
= 40C for the MC33067 Thigh = + 85C for MC33067

2 MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA


MC34067 MC33067
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (VCC = 12 V [Note 2], ROSC= 18.2 k, RVFO = 2940, COSC = 300 pF, RT = 2370 k, CT = 300 pF,
CL = 1.0 nF. For typical values TA = 25C, for min/max values TA is the operating ambient temperature range that applies [Note 3], unless
otherwise noted.)
Characteristic Symbol Min Typ Max Unit
OSCILLATOR
Frequency (Error Amp Output Low) kHz
TA = 25C fOSC(low) 500 525 540
Total Variation (VCC = 10 to 18 V, TA = TLow to THigh 490 550
Frequency (Error Amp Output High) kHz
TA = 25C fOSC(high) 1900 2050 2150
Total Variation (VCC = 10 to 18 V, TA = TLow to THigh 1850 2200
Oscillator Control Input Voltage, Pin 3 @ 25C Vin 2.5 V
ONESHOT
Drive Output OffTime ns
TA = 25C tBlank 235 250 270
Total Variation (VCC = 10 to 18 V, TA = TLow to THigh 225 280

DRIVE OUTPUTS
Output Voltage V
Low State (ISink = 20 mA) VOL 0.8 1.2
Low State (ISink = 200 mA) 1.5 2.0
High State (ISource = 20 mA) VOH 9.5 10.3
High State (ISource = 200 mA) 9.0 9.7
Output Voltage with UVLO Activated (VCC = 6.0 V, ISink = 1.0 mA) VOL(UVLO) 0.8 1.2 V
Output Voltage Rise Time (CL = 1.0 nF) tr 20 50 ns
Output Voltage Fall Time (CL = 1.0 nF) tf 15 50 ns
FAULT COMPARATOR
Input Threshold Vth 0.93 1.0 1.07 V
Input Bias Current (VPin 10 = 0 V) IIB 2.0 10 A
Propagation Delay to Drive Outputs (100 mV Overdrive) tPLH(In/Out) 60 100 ns
SOFTSTART
Capacitor Charge Current (VPin 11 = 2.5 V) Ichg 4.5 9.0 14 A
Capacitor Discharge Current (VPin 11 = 2.5 V) Idischg 3.0 8.0 mA
UNDERVOLTAGE LOCKOUT
Startup Threshold, VCC Increasing V
Enable/UVLO Adjust Pin Open Vth(UVLO) 14.8 16 17.2
Enable/UVLO Adjust Pin Connected to VCC 8.0 9.0 10
Minimum Operating Voltage After TurnOn V
Enable/UVLO Adjust Pin Open VCC(min) 8.0 9.0 10
Enable/UVLO Adjust Pin Connected to VCC 7.6 8.6 9.6
Enable/UVLO Adjust Shutdown Threshold Voltage Vth(Enable) 6.0 7.0 V
Enable/UVLO Adjust Input Current (Pin 9 = 0 V) Iin(Enable) 0.2 1.0 mA
TOTAL DEVICE
Power Supply Current (Enable/UVLO Adjust Pin Open) mA
Startup (VCC = 13.5 V) ICC 0.5 0.8
Operating (fOSC = 500 kHz) (Note 2) 27 35
NOTES: 1. Maximum package power dissipation limits must be observed.
2. Adjust VCC above the Startup threshold before setting to 12 V.
3. Low duty cycle pulse techniques are used during test to maintain junction temperature as close to ambient as possible.
Tlow = 0C for the MC34067 Thigh = + 70C for MC34067
= 40C for the MC33067 Thigh = + 85C for MC33067

MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA 3


MC34067 MC33067

Figure 1. Oscillator Timing Resistor Figure 2. Oscillator Frequency versus


ROSC, OSCILLATOR TIMING RESISTOR (k )
versus Discharge Time Oscillator Control Current
500 3500
COSC = 300 pF VCC = 12 V

f OSC , OSCILLATOR FREQUENCY (kHz)


COSC = 200 pF 3000 TA = 25C
400 ROSC = 18.2 k
2500
COSC = 500 pF
300 2000
COSC = 300 pF
VCC = 12 V 1500
200 RVFO =
RT = 1000
CT = 500 pF
100 TA = 25C 500
Oscillator Discharge Time is Measured at the Drive Outputs.
0 0
0 20 40 60 80 100 0 400 800 1200 1600 2000
tdischg, OSCILLATOR DISCHARGE TIME (s) IOSC, OSCILLATOR CONTROL CURRENT (mA)

Figure 3. Error Amp Output Saturation Figure 4. OneShot Timing Resistor


Voltage versus Oscillator Control Current versus Period
0.35 60
Vsat, OUTPUT SATURATION VOLTAGE (V)

VCC = 12 V
0.30 COSC = 500 pF CT = 200 pF
RT, TIMING RESISTOR (k )

30 ROSC = 100 k
TA = 25C
0.25
20

0.20 CT = 300 pF CT = 500 pF


10
0.15
400
0.10
OneShot Period is Measured
at the Drive Outputs.
0.05 3.0
0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 0.1 0.3 0.6 1.0 3.0 6.0 10
IOSC, OSCILLATOR CONTROL CURRENT (mA) tOS, ONESHOT PERIOD (s)

Figure 5. Open Loop Voltage Gain and Phase Figure 6. Reference Output Voltage Change
V ref , REFERENCE OUTPUT VOLTAGE CHANGE (mV)

versus Frequency versus Temperature


50 50
A VOL, OPEN LOOP VOLTAGE GAIN (dB)

VCC = 12 V 0 *Vref = 5.0 V


40 VO = 2.0 V 60
0, EXCESS PHASE (DEGREES)

Gain RL = 100 k
70 10
30 TA = 25C

20 80 20
*Vref = 5.0 V VCC = 12 V
10 90 30 RL =
*Vref at TA = 25C
Phase Phase
0 Margin 100
40
= 64
10 110
50 *Vref = 5.0 V
20 120
10 k 100 k 1.0M 10M 55 25 0 25 50 75 100 125

f, FREQUENCY (Hz) TA, AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (C)

4 MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA


MC34067 MC33067

Figure 7. Reference Voltage Change Figure 8. Drive Output Saturation Voltage


V ref , REFERENCE OUTPUT VOLTAGE CHANGE (mV) versus Source Current versus Load Current
0 0

V sat , OUTPUT SATURATION VOLTAGE (V)


VCC Source Saturation VCC = 12 V
TA = 40C
1.0 (Load to Ground) 80 s Pulsed Load
10 120 Hz Rate
TA = 20C TA = 25C
2.0
20 3.0 TA = 40C
TA = 125C
3.0
30
2.0 TA = 40C

40 VCC = 12 V TA = 25C
1.0 Gnd
Source Saturation
(Load to VCC)
50 0
0 20 40 60 80 100 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0
Iref, REFERENCE SOURCE CURRENT (mA) IO, OUTPUT LOAD CURRENT (A)

Figure 10. SoftStart Saturation Voltage


Figure 9. Drive Output Waveform versus Capacitor Discharge Current
V OL , SOFTSTART SATURATION VOLTAGE (V) 3.2
CL = 1.0 nF
90% TA = 25 C
2.4

1.6

0.8 VCC = 12 V
Pin 10 = Vref
10% TA = 25 C
0
0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10
20 ns/DIV
Idchg, CAPACITOR DISCHARGE CURRENT (mA)

Figure 11. Operating Frequency


versus Supply Current Figure 12. Supply Current versus Supply Voltage
2000 24
TA = 25 C
VCC = 12 V
CL = 1.0 nF
20
1600 TA = 25 C
I CC, SUPPLY CURRENT (mA)

Enable/UVLO
f, FREQUENCY (kHz)

16 Adjust Pin
1200
Open
12
800
8.0
Enable/UVLO
400 Adjust Pin
4.0 to VCC

0 0
30 40 50 60 70 80 90 0 4.0 8.0 12 16 20
ICC, INPUT SUPPLY CURRENT (mA) VCC, SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)

MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA 5


MC34067 MC33067

Figure 13. MC34067 Representative Block Diagram

VCC
15

50k 7.0k
Enable / 7.0k Vref
UVLO Adjust 5.1V Vref
9 Reference 5
VCC UVLO
50k 8.0V Vref UVLO

Vref 4.2/4.0V

OSC Charge D1
Q1
Q2
1 Output A
Oscillator Steering 14
ROSC OSC RC FlipFlop Power Ground
COSC Q 13
2
IOSC T
4.9V/3.6V RQ
OneShot RC

CT RT Oscillator 16 OneShot Output B


Control Current 4.9V/3.6V 12
3.1V
3
IOSO RVFO
Error Amp R
Clamp Q Fault Input
Error Amp Output 6 S 10
8
Noninverting Input Fault 1.0V
9.0A Latch
Inverting Input
7 Error Amp
SoftStart
11

4 Ground

Timing Diagram
5.1 V

COSC

3. 6 V

5.1 V
OneShot
3.6 V

Output A

Output B

tOS tOS tOS tOS tOS tOS

Error Amp output high, minimum IOSC current Error Amp output low, maximum IOSC current
occurring at minimum input voltage, maximum load. occurring at maximum input voltage, minimum load.

6 MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA


MC34067 MC33067
OPERATING DESCRIPTION
Introduction The functional diagram of the Oscillator and OneShot
As power supply designers have strived to increase power timer is shown in Figure 14. The oscillator capacitor (COSC) is
conversion efficiency and reduce passive component size, initially charged by transistor Q1. When COSC exceeds the
high frequency resonant mode power converters have 4.9 V upper threshold of the oscillator comparator, the base
emerged as attractive alternatives to conventional of Q1 is pulled low allowing COSC to discharge through the
pulsewidth modulated control. When compared to external resistor, (ROSC), and the oscillator control current,
pulsewidth modulated converters, resonant mode control (IOSC). When the voltage on COSC falls below the
offers several benefits including lower switching losses, comparators 3.6 V lower threshold, Q1 turns on and again
higher efficiency, lower EMI emission, and smaller size. A charges COSC.
new integrated circuit has been developed to support this COSC charges from 3.6 V to 5.1 V in less than 50 ns. The
trend in power supply design. The MC34067 Resonant Mode high slew rate of COSC and the propagation delay of the
Controller is a high performance bipolar IC dedicated to comparator make it difficult to control the peak voltage. This
variable frequency power control at frequencies exceeding accuracy issue is overcome by clamping the base of Q1
1.0 MHz. This integrated circuit provides the features and through a diode to a voltage reference. The peak voltage of
performance specifically for zero voltage switching resonant the oscillator waveform is thereby precisely set at 5.1 V.
mode power supply applications.
The primary purpose of the control chip is to provide a Figure 14. Oscillator and OneShot Timer
fixed offtime to the gates of external power MOSFETs at a + VOE + VOE
Vref
repetition rate regulated by a feedback control loop.
Additional features of the IC ensure that system startup and OSC Charge Q1
fault conditions are administered in a safe, controlled manner. D1
1
A simplified block diagram of the IC is shown on the front
ROSC OSC RC
page, which identifies the main functional blocks and the Oscillator
COSC 2
blocktoblock interconnects. Figure 13 is a detailed IOSC
4.9V/3.6V
functional diagram which accurately represents the internal OneShot RC
circuitry. The various functions can be divided into two OneShot
CT RT Oscillator 10
sections. The first section includes the primary control path Control Current 4.9V/3.6V
which produces precise output pulses at the desired 3 3.1V
IOSO RVFO
frequency. Included in this section are a variable frequency 6 Error Amp
Oscillator, a OneShot, a pulse Steering FlipFlop, a pair of Error Amp Output
Charge
power MOSFET Drivers, and a wide bandwidth Error
Amplifier. The second section provides several peripheral
support functions including a voltage reference, undervoltage The frequency of the Oscillator is modulated by varying
lockout, SoftStart circuit, and a fault detector. the current flowing out of the Oscillator Control Current (IOSC)
pin. The IOSC pin is the output of a voltage regulator. The
Primary Control Path input of the voltage regulator is tied to the variable frequency
The output pulse width and repetition rate are regulated oscillator. The discharge current of the Oscillator increases
through the interaction of the variable frequency Oscillator, by increasing the current out of the IOSC pin. Resistor RVFO is
OneShot timer and Error Amplifier. The Oscillator triggers used in conjunction with the Error Amp output to change the
the OneShot which generates a pulse that is alternately IOSC current. Maximum frequency occurs when the Error
steered to a pair of totem pole output drivers by a toggle Amplifier output is at its low state with a saturation voltage of
FlipFlop. The Error Amplifier monitors the output of the 0.1 V at 1.0 mA.
regulator and modulates the frequency of the Oscillator. High The minimum oscillator frequency will result when the
speed Schottky logic is used throughout the primary IOSC current is zero, and COSC is discharged through the
control channel to minimize delays and enhance high external resistor (ROSC). This occurs when the Error
frequency characteristics. Amplifier output is at its high state of 2.5 V. The minimum and
maximum oscillator frequencies are programmed by the
Oscillator proper selection of resistor ROSC and RVFO. The minimum
The characteristics of the variable frequency Oscillator are frequency is programmed by ROSC using Equation 1:
crucial for precise controller performance at high operating 1
frequencies. In addition to triggering the OneShot timer and t PD
(min) t (max) 70 ns
initiating the output deadtime, the oscillator also determines R OSC = = (1)
the initial voltage for the oneshot capacitor. The Oscillator is C OSC n 5.1 0.348 C OSC
designed to operate at frequencies exceeding 1.0 MHz. The 3.6
Error Amplifier can control the oscillator frequency over a where tPD is the internal propagation delay.
1000:1 frequency range, and both the minimum and
maximum frequencies are easily and accurately
programmed by the proper selection of external components.

MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA 7


MC34067 MC33067
The maximum oscillator frequency is set by the current Figure 15. Error Amplifier and Clamp
through resistor RVFO. The current required to discharge
COSC at the maximum oscillator frequency can be calculated
by Equation 2:
Oscillator
5.1 3.6
I (max) = C OSC = 1.5COSC (max) Control Current
1 (2) 3.1V
3
(max) IOSC RVFO
6 Error Amp
The discharge current through ROSC must also be known Charge
and can be calculated by Equation 3: Error Amp Output
1
8
(min)
Noninverting Input
Inverting Input
R OSC COSC 7
5.1 3.6 Error
IR =
OSC ROSC (3) Amp
1

(min) R OSC COSC
1.5
= When the Error Amplifier output is coupled to the IOSC pin
R OSC
by RVFO, as illustrated in Figure 15, it provides the Oscillator
Resistor RVFO can now be calculated by Equation 4: Control Current, IOSC. The output swing of the Error Amplifier
2.5 V EAsat is restricted by a clamp circuit to improve its transient
RVFO = (4) recovery time.
I(max) I R
OSC
Output Section
OneShot Timer The pulse(tOS), generated by the Oscillator and OneShot
The OneShot is designed to disable both outputs timer is gated to dual totempole output drives by the
simultaneously providing a deadtime before either output is Steering FlipFlop shown in Figure 16. Positive transitions of
enabled. The OneShot capacitor (C T ) is charged tOS toggle the FlipFlop, which causes the pulses to alternate
concurrently with the oscillator capacitor by transistor Q1, as between Output A and Output B. The flipflop is reset by the
shown in Figure 14. The oneshot period begins when the undervoltage lockout circuit during startup to guarantee that
oscillator comparator turns off Q1, allowing CT to discharge. the first pulse appears at Output A.
The period ends when resistor RT discharges CT to the
threshold of the OneShot comparator. The lower threshold Figure 16. Steering FlipFlop and Output Drivers
of the OneShot is 3.6 V. By choosing CT, RT can by solved
by Equation 5:
VOE
t OS t OS
RT = =
(5)
C T n 5.1 0.348 C T
3.6
Output A
Errors in the threshold voltage and propagation delays Steering 14
through the output drivers will affect the OneShot period. To FlipFlop Power Ground
Pwr 13
guarantee accuracy, the output pulse of the control chip is Q Gnd
trimmed to within 5% of 250 ns with nominal values of RT and T VOE
CT. RQ
The outputs of the Oscillator and OneShot comparators
are ORd together to produce the pulse tOS, which drives the
Output B
FlipFlop and output drivers. The output pulse (tOS) is 12
initiated by the Oscillator and terminated by the OneShot
comparator. With zerovoltage resonant mode converters, Pwr
the oscillator discharge time should never be set less than Gnd
the oneshot period.

Error Amplifier The totempole output drivers are ideally suited for driving
A fully accessible high performance Error Amplifier is power MOSFETs and are capable of sourcing and sinking
provided for feedback control of the power supply system. 1.5 A. Rise and fall times are typically 20 ns when driving a
The Error Amplifier is internally compensated and features dc 1.0 nF load. High source/sink capability in a totempole
open loop gain greater than 70 dB, input offset voltage of less driver normally increases the risk of high cross conduction
than 10 mV and a guaranteed minimum gainbandwidth current during output transitions. The MC34067 utilizes a
product of 2.5 MHz. The input common mode range extends unique design that virtually eliminates cross conduction, thus
from 1.5 V to 5.1 V, which includes the reference voltage. controlling the chip power dissipation at high frequencies. A
separate power ground pin is provided to isolate the sensitive
analog circuitry from large transient currents.

8 MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA


MC34067 MC33067

Figure 17. Undervoltage Lockout and Reference

VCC
15

50k 7.0k

Enable / 7.0k Vref


UVLO Adjust 5.1V Vref
9 Reference
50k 5
8.0V VCC UVLO Vref UVLO

UVLO 4.2/4.0V

PERIPHERAL SUPPORT FUNCTIONS


The MC34067 Resonant Controller provides a number of Latch output is ORd with the UVLO output from the Vref
support and protection functions including a precision voltage UVLO comparator to produce the logic output labeled
reference, undervoltage lockout comparators, softstart UVLO+Fault. This signal disables the Oscillator and
circuitry, and a fault detector. These peripheral circuits OneShot by forcing both the COSC and CT capacitors to be
ensure that the power supply can be turned on and off in a continually charged.
controlled manner and that the system will be quickly Figure 18. Fault Detector and SoftStart
disabled when a fault condition occurs.
UVLO Fault
Undervoltage Lockout and Voltage Reference UVLO + Fault
Separate undervoltage lockout comparators sense the
Fault Fault
input VCC voltage and the regulated reference voltage as R Comparator Input
illustrated in Figure 17. When VCC increases to the upper Q
threshold voltage, the VCC UVLO comparator enables the S
10
Reference Regulator. After the Vref output of the Reference 9.0A Fault
Regulator rises to 4.2 V, the Vref UVLO comparator switches Latch 1.0V
Ea Clamp
the UVLO signal to a logic zero state enabling the primary
control path. Reducing VCC to the lower threshold voltage
causes the VCC UVLO comparator to disable the Reference SoftStart
Regulator. The Vref UVLO comparator then switches the CSoftStart Buffer
UVLO output to a logic one state disabling the controller.
11
The Enable/UVLO Adjust pin allows the power supply
6 Ground
designer to select the VCC UVLO threshold voltages. When
this pin is open, the comparator switches the controller on at
16 V and off at 9.0 V. If this pin is connected to the VCC The Fault Latch is reset during startup by a logic 1 at the
terminal, the upper and lower thresholds are reduced to UVLO output of the Vref UVLO comparator. The latch can
9.0 V and 8.6 V, respectively. Forcing the Enable/UVLO also be reset after startup by pulling the Enable/UVLO Adjust
Adjust pin low will pull the VCC UVLO comparator input low pin momentarily low to disable the Reference Regulator.
(through an internal diode) turning off the controller.
The Reference Regulator provides a precise 5.1 V SoftStart Circuit
reference to internal circuitry and can deliver up to 10 mA to The SoftStart circuit shown in Figure 18 forces the
external loads. The reference is trimmed to better than 2% variable frequency Oscillator to start at the maximum
initial accuracy and includes active short circuit protection. frequency and ramp downward until regulated by the
Fault Detector feedback control loop. The external capacitor at the
The high speed Fault Comparator and Latch illustrated in CSoftStart terminal is initially discharged by the UVLO+Fault
Figure 18 can protect a power supply from destruction under signal. The low voltage on the capacitor passes through the
fault conditions. The Fault Input pin connects to the input of SoftStart Buffer to hold the Error Amplifier output low. After
the Fault Comparator. If this input exceeds the 1.0 V UVLO+Fault switches to a logic zero, the softstart
threshold of the comparator, the Fault Latch is set and two capacitor is charged by a 9.0 A current source. The buffer
logic signals simultaneously disable the primary control path. allows the Error Amplifier output to follow the softstart
The signal labeled Fault at the output of the Fault capacitor until it is regulated by the Error Amplifier inputs. The
Comparator is connected directly to the output drivers. This softstart function is generally applicable to controllers
direct path reduces the propagation delay from the Fault operating below resonance and can be disabled by simply
Input to the A and B outputs to typically 70 ns. The Fault opening the CSoftStart terminal.

MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA 9


MC34067 MC33067
APPLICATIONS INFORMATION
The MC34067 is specifically designed for zero voltage In the application circuit, the operating voltage is low and
switching (ZVS) quasiresonant converter (QRC) the value of COSS versus Drain Voltage is known. Because
applications. The IC is optimized for doubleended pushpull the COSS of a MOSFET changes with drain voltage, the value
or bridge type converters operating in continuous conduction of the CR is approximated as the average COSS of the
mode. Operation of this type of ZVS with resonant properties MOSFET. For the application circuit the average COSS can be
is similar to standard pushpull or bridge circuits in that the calculated by Equation 7:
energy is transferred during the transistor ontime. The 1
CR = 2 * C OSS measured at V (7)
difference is that a series resonant tank is usually introduced 2 in
to shape the voltage across the power transistor prior to
turnon. The resonant tank in this topology is not used to The MOSFET chosen fixes CR and that LL is adjusted to
deliver energy to the output as is the case with zero current achieve the desired resonant frequency.
switch topologies. When the power transistor is enabled the However, the desired resonant frequency is less critical
voltage across it should already be zero, yielding minimal than the leakage inductance. Figure 19 shows the primary
switching loss. Figure 19 shows a timing diagram for a current ramping toward its peak value during the resonant
halfbridge ZVS QRC. An application circuit is shown in transition. During this time, there is circulating current
Figure 20. The circuit built is a dc to dc halfbridge converter flowing through the secondary inductance, which effectively
delivering 75 W to the output from a 48 V source. makes the primary inductance appear shorted. Therefore,
When building a zero voltage switch (ZVS) circuit, the the current through the primary will ramp to its peak value at
objective is to waveshape the power transistors voltage a rate controlled by the leakage inductance and the applied
waveform so that the voltage across the transistor is zero voltage. Energy is not transferred to the secondary during
when the device is turned on. The purpose of the control IC is this stage, because the primary current has not overcome the
to allow a resonant tank to waveshape the voltage across the circulating current in the secondary. The larger the leakage
power transistor while still maintaining regulation. This is inductance, the longer it takes for the primary current to slew.
accomplished by maintaining a fixed deadtime and by The practical effect of this is to lower the duty cycle, thus
varying the frequency; thus the effective duty cycle is reducing the operating range.
changed. The maximum duty cycle is controlled by the leakage
Primary side resonance can be used with ZVS circuits. In inductance, not by the MC34067. The OneShot in the
the application circuit, the elements that make the resonant MC34067 only assures that the power switch is turned on
tank are the primary leakage inductance of the transformer under a zero voltage condition. Adjust the oneshot period so
(LL) and the average output capacitance (COSS) of a power that the output switch is activated while the primary current is
MOSFET (CR). The desired resonant frequency for the slewing but before the current changes polarity. The resonant
application circuit is calculated by Equation 6: stage should then be designed to be as long as the time for
the primary current to go to zero amps.
1
r = (6)
2 L L 2C R

10 MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA


MC34067 MC33067

Figure 19. Application Timing Diagram

5.1 V

COSC

3.6 V

5.1 V
OneShot
3.6 V

Output A

Output B

Vin

1/2 Vin

0V

+ Iprimary

0A

Iprimary
Vin/Turns Ratio

Output Diode
Voltage

MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA 11


Figure 20. Application Circuit

12
VCC

10 15
Vin = 36 56V

Reference
9 Regulator 5 500pF 51, 0.5W
100 1.0
VFB
L1 = L2 =
1.8 100ns
MTP33N10E MBR2535
1 1.0 Vout = 5.0V
CTL
1N5819 T2 30 2
330pF 18k 1.0k T3
14
2
13
10 1.0k 100 1N5819 x 4

100pF 2.7k 3 12

1.1k
10k 6 10 3.9k
VFB
1.6k 330pF
1500pF 220pF 470pF 470
8
16k
7

0.01 11

T1 = Primary: 12 turns #48 AWG (1300 strands litz wire)


MC34067 MC33067

Secondary: 6 turns center tapped #48 AWG (1300 strands litz wire)
Core: Philips 3F3 4312 020 4124
Bobbin: Philips 4322 021 3525
Primary Leakage Inductance = 1.0 H
T2 = All windings: 8 turns #36 AWG
Test Conditions Results Core: Philips 3F3 EP73F3
Bobbin: Philips EP7PCB16
Line Regulation V in = 40 V to 56 V, IO =15 A 20 mV = 0.198%
T3 = Coilcraft D1870 (100 turns)
Load Regulation V in = 48 V, IO = 10 A to 15 A 4.0 mV = 0.039%
L1 = 2 turns #48 AWG (1300 strands litz wire)
Output Ripple V in = 48 V, I O = 15 A, fswitch = 1.0 MHz 25 mVpp Core: Philips 3F3 EP103F3
Bobbin: Philips EP10PCB18
Efficiency V in = 48 V, I O = 10 A, fswitch = 1.7 MHz 83.5% Inductance = 1.8 H
V in = 48 V, I O = 15 A, fswitch = 1.0 MHz 84.2%
L2 = 5 turns #48 AWG (1300 strands litz wire)
Core: 0.5 diameter air code
Inductance = 100 nH

Heatsinks = AAVID Engineering Inc. 533402B02552 with clip


MC340675803
Insulators = Berquist SilPad 1500

MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA


MC34067 MC33067

Figure 21. Printed Circuit Board and Component Layout

3.875

5.0
(Bottom View)

(Top View)

MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA 13


MC34067 MC33067
OUTLINE DIMENSIONS
P SUFFIX
PLASTIC PACKAGE
CASE 64808
ISSUE R NOTES:
A 1. DIMENSIONING AND TOLERANCING PER ANSI
Y14.5M, 1982.
2. CONTROLLING DIMENSION: INCH.
16 9 3. DIMENSION L TO CENTER OF LEADS WHEN
FORMED PARALLEL.
B 4. DIMENSION B DOES NOT INCLUDE MOLD FLASH.
1 8 5. ROUNDED CORNERS OPTIONAL.
INCHES MILLIMETERS
DIM MIN MAX MIN MAX
F C L A 0.740 0.770 18.80 19.55
B 0.250 0.270 6.35 6.85
S C 0.145 0.175 3.69 4.44
D 0.015 0.021 0.39 0.53
SEATING F 0.040 0.70 1.02 1.77
T PLANE G 0.100 BSC 2.54 BSC
H 0.050 BSC 1.27 BSC
H K M J 0.008 0.015 0.21 0.38
J K 0.110 0.130 2.80 3.30
G L 0.295 0.305 7.50 7.74
D 16 PL
M 0_ 10 _ 0_ 10 _
0.25 (0.010) M T A M S 0.020 0.040 0.51 1.01

DW SUFFIX
PLASTIC PACKAGE
A CASE 751G02
NOTES:
(SO16L) 1. DIMENSIONING AND TOLERANCING PER ANSI
16 9
ISSUE A Y14.5M, 1982.
2. CONTROLLING DIMENSION: MILLIMETER.
3. DIMENSIONS A AND B DO NOT INCLUDE MOLD
PROTRUSION.
B 8X P 4. MAXIMUM MOLD PROTRUSION 0.15 (0.006) PER
SIDE.
0.010 (0.25) M B M
5. DIMENSION D DOES NOT INCLUDE DAMBAR
1 8 PROTRUSION. ALLOWABLE DAMBAR
PROTRUSION SHALL BE 0.13 (0.005) TOTAL IN
EXCESS OF D DIMENSION AT MAXIMUM
J MATERIAL CONDITION.
16X D
MILLIMETERS INCHES
0.010 (0.25) M T A S B S DIM MIN MAX MIN MAX
A 10.15 10.45 0.400 0.411
F B 7.40 7.60 0.292 0.299
C 2.35 2.65 0.093 0.104
D 0.35 0.49 0.014 0.019
R X 45 _ F 0.50 0.90 0.020 0.035
G 1.27 BSC 0.050 BSC
J 0.25 0.32 0.010 0.012
C K 0.10 0.25 0.004 0.009
T M 0_ 7_ 0_ 7_
SEATING M P 10.05 10.55 0.395 0.415
14X G K PLANE R 0.25 0.75 0.010 0.029

14 MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA


MC34067 MC33067

Motorola reserves the right to make changes without further notice to any products herein. Motorola makes no warranty, representation or guarantee regarding
the suitability of its products for any particular purpose, nor does Motorola assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any product or circuit, and
specifically disclaims any and all liability, including without limitation consequential or incidental damages. Typical parameters which may be provided in Motorola
data sheets and/or specifications can and do vary in different applications and actual performance may vary over time. All operating parameters, including Typicals
must be validated for each customer application by customers technical experts. Motorola does not convey any license under its patent rights nor the rights of
others. Motorola products are not designed, intended, or authorized for use as components in systems intended for surgical implant into the body, or other
applications intended to support or sustain life, or for any other application in which the failure of the Motorola product could create a situation where personal injury
or death may occur. Should Buyer purchase or use Motorola products for any such unintended or unauthorized application, Buyer shall indemnify and hold Motorola
and its officers, employees, subsidiaries, affiliates, and distributors harmless against all claims, costs, damages, and expenses, and reasonable attorney fees
arising out of, directly or indirectly, any claim of personal injury or death associated with such unintended or unauthorized use, even if such claim alleges that
Motorola was negligent regarding the design or manufacture of the part. Motorola and are registered trademarks of Motorola, Inc. Motorola, Inc. is an Equal
Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer.

MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA 15


MC34067 MC33067

Mfax is a trademark of Motorola, Inc.


How to reach us:
USA / EUROPE / Locations Not Listed: Motorola Literature Distribution; JAPAN: Nippon Motorola Ltd.: SPD, Strategic Planning Office, 4321,
P.O. Box 5405, Denver, Colorado 80217. 3036752140 or 18004412447 NishiGotanda, Shinagawaku, Tokyo 141, Japan. 81354878488

Mfax: RMFAX0@email.sps.mot.com TOUCHTONE 6022446609 ASIA/PACIFIC: Motorola Semiconductors H.K. Ltd.; 8B Tai Ping Industrial Park,
US & Canada ONLY 18007741848 51 Ting Kok Road, Tai Po, N.T., Hong Kong. 85226629298
INTERNET: http://motorola.com/sps

16 MC34067/D
MOTOROLA ANALOG IC DEVICE DATA
This datasheet has been download from:

www.datasheetcatalog.com

Datasheets for electronics components.