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Chapter 09 Homework Solutions

P: 1, 5, 6, 7, 12, 18, 22, 25*, 27*, 31*, 35*, 36, 39, 50*, 53*, 55*

Problem 1. Three forces are applied to a tree sapling, as shown in Fig.9-41, to stabilize it.
If N and N, find in magnitude and direction.

Solution:

cos
cos N

sin
sin N

N N
tan

Problem 5. Two cords support a chandelier in the manner shown in Fig.9-4 except that
the upper wire makes an angle of 45 with the ceiling. If the cords can sustain a force of
1550 N without breaking, what is the maximum chandelier weight that can be supported?

Solution:
cos
cos
! N "# $ % %& # ' %%

sin '

' sin N sin N

Problem 6. Calculate the forces F and F that the supports exert on the diving board of
Fig.9-42 when a 58-kg person stands at its tip
(a) Ignore the weight of the board.
(b) Take into account the boards' mass of 35 kg. Assume the boards' CG is at its center.

Solution:

(")
"!&* + #$ &+ !&",$
m m kg m/s m
kg m/s m
N

-'
-' N

!
"!&* + #$ &+ !&",$
m m kg m/s m
kg m/s m
. N
' -'
- ' N

Problem 7. A uniform steel beam has a mass of 940 kg. On it is resting half of an
identical beam, as shown in Fig.9-44. What is the vertical support force at each end?

Solution:

"!&* + #$

m -' -'
-' N

-' -'
-' N

Problem 12. Find the tension in the two wires supporting the traffic light shown in Fig.
9-46.

Solution:
'

cos cos
sin sin '

cos
cos
cos
sin cos sin '

N
N

Problem 18. Calculate (a) the tension F in the wire that supports the 27-kg beam shown
in Fig. 9-52 and (b) the force F/ exerted by the wall on the beam (give magnitude and
direction).

Solution:
"
"!&* + #$ &+ ! "

/ m '
'
sin
N

/
/ N

/ '
/ ' N

/ / / N
tan /
/

Problem 22. The 72-kg man's hands in Fig 9-56 are 36 cm apart. His CG is located 75%
of the distance from his right hand toward his left. Find the force on each hand due to the
ground.

Solution:
"!&* %, ' ",

0 ,' m ' m 0 +
m
0 + N

0 ,' 0 + '
0 ,' ' 0 + N
Problem 31. Approximately what magnitude force, F- , must the extensor muscle in the
upper arm exert on the lower arm to hold a 7-3 kg shot put. Assume the lower arm has a
mass of 2.8 kg and its CG is 12 cm from the elbow-joint pivot.

Solution:

"!&* !& 1& #

- $ 4 m '2 -' 3
'2 3
- $ N
Problem 35. Redo Example 9-9 assuming now that the person is less bent over so that
the 30 degree in Fig. 9-14b is instead 45. What will be the magnitude of F5 on the
vertebra?

Solution:

/
/6
/

"!&* !"% &+ %7 #

-8 m /68 m / 8 m / 8 m

- sin m /6 sin m
/ sin m / sin m

5 - / /6 /

5 - sin
5

5 -
5

5
Problem 39. A marble column of cross-sectional area 1.2 m supports a mass of 25 000
kg. (a) What is the stress within the column? (b) What is the strain?

Solution:
' kg m/s N
" 9 , %% m . m
N
9 , %% . m
! 9 ," # : &*# '; % - &$* *% . N
m