Sunteți pe pagina 1din 49
Signal security systems ATS and ATC November 2015 NIPPON SIGNAL CO., LTD. 1

Signal security systems

ATS and ATC

November 2015 NIPPON SIGNAL CO., LTD.
November 2015
NIPPON SIGNAL CO., LTD.

1

Contents

Contents 1. What is signal security equipment? 2. Individual ATS methods 3. Individual ATC methods 4.

1.

What is signal security equipment?

2.

Individual ATS methods

3.

Individual ATC methods

4.

Recent system adoption examples

Contents

Contents 1. What is signal security equipment? 2. Individual ATS methods 3. Individual ATC systems 4.

1.

What is signal security equipment?

2.

Individual ATS methods

3.

Individual ATC systems

4.

Recent system adoption case examples

What is signal security equipment?

What is signal security equipment? Train operation support system Interlocking device Point-switch machine Train Detection

Train operation support systemWhat is signal security equipment? Interlocking device Point-switch machine Train Detection (TD) device Automatic Train

Interlocking deviceis signal security equipment? Train operation support system Point-switch machine Train Detection (TD) device Automatic

Point-switch machineTrain operation support system Interlocking device Train Detection (TD) device Automatic Train Stop (ATS)

Train Detection (TD) devicesupport system Interlocking device Point-switch machine Automatic Train Stop (ATS) device Automatic Train Control

Automatic Train Stop (ATS) devicedevice Point-switch machine Train Detection (TD) device Automatic Train Control (ATC) device The systems and devices

Automatic Train Control (ATC) deviceDetection (TD) device Automatic Train Stop (ATS) device The systems and devices mentioned above are collectively

The systems and devices mentioned above are collectively called “signal security equipment” which is designed for preventing train collisions, derailment accidents, etc. and supporting the trains securely and

efficiently.

Safety systemOther

Configuration of the signal security equipment system (Device group tiers)

of the signal security equipment system (Device group tiers) Train operation support system One system on
Train operation support system One system on a route (i.e. in the train operation direction
Train operation
support
system
One system on a
route (i.e. in the train
operation direction
center)

Integrated Train Control (ITC)

Programmed Route Control (PRC)

Centralized Train Control (CTC)

than the safety system
than the safety system
In principle, one system at a station Interlocked Rail Signal 踏切 信号(機) crossing 踏切
In principle, one
system at a
station
Interlocked
Rail
Signal
踏切
信号(機)
crossing
踏切
信号(機)
Track circuit
Train Detection (TD) device
ATS/ATC
Point-switch
ATS
転てつ
ATS
転てつ
信号(機) Track circuit Train Detection (TD) device ATS/ATC Point-switch ATS 転てつ ATS 転てつ 5

Configuration of the signal security equipment system

Configuration of the signal security equipment system T r a i n c o n t

Train control system

Train operation support system (Station)

Functional reinforcement

ATO (Automatic Train Operation) (Automatic Train Operation) device (Unmanned) * Yurikamoke, Seaside Line, etc. ATC
ATO
(Automatic Train Operation)
(Automatic Train Operation) device (Unmanned)
* Yurikamoke,
Seaside Line, etc.
ATC
Stop at XX cm.
Much weight is
given to the ride
quality.
(Automatic Train Control)
Automatic Train Control device
Please drive at
XX km/h.
ATS
(Automatic Train Stop)
Automatic Train Stop device
* Backing up the driver.
ITC (Integrated Traffic Control) Integrated Traffic Control device Creating the train operation system in itself.
ITC
(Integrated Traffic Control)
Integrated Traffic Control device
Creating the train
operation system in itself.
PRC
Managing the
crewmen and
the vehicles
(Programmed Route Control)
Programmed Route Control device
Controlling the
route operation.
CTC
(Centralized
Traffic Control) device
* Controlling a plural number
of stations intensively from
one place.
Controlling a
plural number of
routes. (PRC)

* Controlling the interlocked devices (e.g. signals, point-switch machines, etc.)

6

Arranging for the personnel and the vehicles Responding to the failures Creating the train operation system

Route level Creating and managing the routes

Multiple-station level Communication + panel

Configuration of the signal security equipment system

Configuration of the signal security equipment system Direction center Train operation support equipment Equipment
Direction center Train operation support equipment Equipment Train operation support device compartment Station
Direction center
Train operation
support equipment
Equipment
Train operation support device
compartment
Station device
ATC device
Interlocking
device
ATC/TD device
On-side device
Electric
power
TD device
TD装置
Power supply unit
Signal aspect device
power TD device TD装置 Power supply unit Signal aspect device Interlocked control board Point-switch machine 7

Interlocked control board

Point-switch machine

Types and roles of the signal security equipment

Types and roles of the signal security equipment Train operation support system Used for controlling the

Train operation support systemTypes and roles of the signal security equipment Used for controlling the signals, point-switch machines, etc.

Used for controlling the signals, point-switch machines, etc. by monitoringthe signal security equipment Train operation support system the train operation in the section intensively from

the train operation in the section intensively from one place

Integrated Traffic Control: ITCtrain operation in the section intensively from one place Programmed Route Control: PRC Centralized Traffic Control:

Programmed Route Control: PRCintensively from one place Integrated Traffic Control: ITC Centralized Traffic Control: CTC Interlocking device Used

Centralized Traffic Control: CTCTraffic Control: ITC Programmed Route Control: PRC Interlocking device Used for arranging for the safe routes

Interlocking deviceRoute Control: PRC Centralized Traffic Control: CTC Used for arranging for the safe routes by establishing

Used for arranging for the safe routes by establishing mutual relationships between signals, point-switch machines, etc.PRC Centralized Traffic Control: CTC Interlocking device Point-switch machine Used for changing the directions of

Point-switch machinerelationships between signals, point-switch machines, etc. Used for changing the directions of trains by controlling

Used for changing the directions of trains by controlling the turnout.signals, point-switch machines, etc. Point-switch machine Truck circuit (TD device) Used for accurately detecting the

Truck circuit (TD device)for changing the directions of trains by controlling the turnout. Used for accurately detecting the locations

Used for accurately detecting the locations of trainsPoint-switch machine Used for changing the directions of trains by controlling the turnout. Truck circuit (TD

Types and roles of the signal security equipment

ATS: Automatic Train StopTypes and roles of the signal security equipment ATC: Automatic Train Control ATS ATC ATP Protection

ATC: Automatic Train Controlof the signal security equipment ATS: Automatic Train Stop ATS ATC ATP Protection In Japan, the

ATS: Automatic Train Stop ATC: Automatic Train Control ATS ATC ATP Protection In Japan, the ATS
ATS ATC ATP
ATS
ATC
ATP
ATC: Automatic Train Control ATS ATC ATP Protection In Japan, the ATS and the ATC are

Protection

Train Control ATS ATC ATP Protection In Japan, the ATS and the ATC are distinguished from
Train Control ATS ATC ATP Protection In Japan, the ATS and the ATC are distinguished from
Train Control ATS ATC ATP Protection In Japan, the ATS and the ATC are distinguished from

In Japan, the ATS and the ATC are distinguished from each other. However, inTrain Control ATS ATC ATP Protection overseas countries, they are collectively called

overseas countries, they are collectively called “Automatic Train Protection (ATP)”, which refers to the equipment used for protecting the train if the driver fails to drive it correctly.

9

Connections between systems and devices

(Outline of the entry system)

between systems and devices (Outline of the entry system) Other then the safety system Integrated Train
Other then the safety system
Other then the safety system

Integrated Train Control (ITC)

Programmed Route Control (PRC)

Centralized Train Control (CTC)

Interlocking

Safety system
Safety system
Rail crossing Track circuit
Rail crossing
Track circuit
Centralized Train Control (CTC) Interlocking Safety system Rail crossing Track circuit Signal ATS/ATC Point-switch 10

Signal

ATS/ATC

Point-switch

Interface between systems and

devices (Outline of the entry system)

between systems and devices (Outline of the entry system) Other than the safety system Integrated Train
Other than the safety system
Other than the safety system

Integrated Train Control (ITC)

Current state notice

Timetable data

Programmed Route Control (PRC)

Current state notice

Route reservation instruction

Centralized Train Control (CTC)

Result notice

Route instruction

Safety system
Safety system

Interlocking

↓Sounding time control Rail crossing Track circuit
↓Sounding
time control
Rail crossing
Track circuit
↑Completion notice
↑Completion notice

On-rail notice

Point-switch notice

Signal

On-rail notice

On-rail notice

Signal aspect

notice

Switch instruction

ATS/ATC

Point-switch

Differences between the ATS and

the ATC

Differences between the ATS and the ATC ATS: Automatic Train Stop Used for automatically stopping the

ATS: Automatic Train Stop Used for automatically stopping the train when it approaches the stop signal

In principle, the brake is not released until the train stops.stopping the train when it approaches the stop signal The driver takes precedence. ⇒ Back-up device

The driver takes precedence. ⇒ Back-up device against human errors Back-up device against human errors

Widely adopted by the conventional railway lines of JR, and public and private railways.takes precedence. ⇒ Back-up device against human errors ATC: Automatic Train Control Used for automatically reducing

ATC: Automatic Train Control

Used for automatically reducing the train speed under the speed limit

Continuously sending the information on the speed and other factorsautomatically reducing the train speed under the speed limit If the train speed exceeds the instructed

If the train speed exceeds the instructed speed, the brake is applied automatically. The brakesending the information on the speed and other factors is released when the train speed is

is released when the train speed is under the instructed speed.

The equipment takes precedence.released when the train speed is under the instructed speed. Further enhanced version of the ATS

Further enhanced version of the ATSunder the instructed speed. The equipment takes precedence. Adopted by the Shinkansen lines, some conventional railway

Adopted by the Shinkansen lines, some conventional railway lines, subways, etc.when the train speed is under the instructed speed. The equipment takes precedence. Further enhanced version

12

ATS/ATC development process

ATS/ATC development process Digital ATC Multi-speed information 1-stage ATC ATS-P ATC ATS for private
Digital ATC Multi-speed information 1-stage ATC ATS-P ATC ATS for private railways ATS-Dx
Digital ATC
Multi-speed information
1-stage ATC
ATS-P
ATC
ATS for private
railways
ATS-Dx
ATS-Ps
ATS-Sx
ATS-S
Electronic ATS
ATS
ATS-A
ATS-B
Cab alarm device
Mechanical ATS
Trip arm ATS
Time

Contents

Contents 1. What is signal security equipment? 2. Individual ATS methods 3. Individual ATC methods 4.

1.

What is signal security equipment?

2.

Individual ATS methods

3.

Individual ATC methods

4.

Recent system adoption case examples

Types of the ATS

Types of the ATS Point control Trip arm type (Mechanical) Track circuit type Commercial frequencies (Intermittent)
Point control Trip arm type (Mechanical) Track circuit type Commercial frequencies (Intermittent) Combined with loop
Point control
Trip arm type
(Mechanical)
Track circuit type
Commercial frequencies
(Intermittent)
Combined with loop coils
Permanent magnet +
Track circuit type
Combined with coils/rails
Frequency shift type
Single frequency shift
(Ground coil)
Multiple frequency shift
(Ground coil)
Transponder type
Transponder

Nishitetsu

JR, Meitesu,

Keihan and

Nankai

JR and Sotetsu

Continuous Track circuit type AF signal control AF signal + modulation
Continuous
Track circuit type
AF signal
control
AF signal + modulation

Seibu

Hankyu, Hanshin

and Sanyo

15

What are point control and continuous

control?

Point control:

What are point control and continuous control? Point control: The information is transmitted to the vehicle

The information is transmitted to the vehicle by using groundWhat are point control and continuous control? Point control: coils. Unable to receive the information if

coils.

Unable to receive the information if no ground coils are installed. ⇒ The capability to follow the signal aspects is inferior. The capability to follow the signal aspects is inferior.

Continuous control:

The information is constantly transmitted to the vehicle by constantly transmitted to the vehicle by

allowing the current with a certain frequency to flow into the rails.

The trackability to the signal aspect is superior.is constantly transmitted to the vehicle by allowing the current with a certain frequency to flow

Ground coil and on-board antenna

Ground coil and on-board antenna On-board Ground coil antenna The information is detected by using the
On-board Ground coil antenna
On-board
Ground coil
antenna
The information is detected by using the frequency shift effect when the train is passing
The information is detected by
using the frequency shift effect
when the train is passing above
the ground coil.

17

Frequency shift ATS

Frequency shift type:

Frequency shift ATS Frequency shift type: The frequency signals are constantly fed back from the on-board

The frequency signals are constantly fed back from the on-boardFrequency shift ATS Frequency shift type: antenna. The ground coil constitutes an LC resonance circuit. When

antenna.

The ground coil constitutes an LC resonance circuit.signals are constantly fed back from the on-board antenna. When the on-board antenna passes above the

When the on-board antenna passes above the ground coil, theThe ground coil constitutes an LC resonance circuit. waves emitted from the on-board antenna are drawn

waves emitted from the on-board antenna are drawn into the

resonance frequency of the ground coil and fed back.

Frequency shift effect

Due to the frequency shift effect, the resonance frequency of theinto the resonance frequency of the ground coil and fed back. ⇒ Frequency shift effect ground

ground coil is detected.

Detection of the ground coil by using the frequency shift effect

of the ground coil by using the frequency shift effect On-board equipment Level Detection 検出! circuit
On-board equipment Level Detection 検出! circuit 変周 Amplifier Frequency [kHz] 103 130 Constant
On-board equipment
Level
Detection
検出!
circuit
変周
Amplifier
Frequency
[kHz]
103
130
Constant oscillation
常時発振
Resonance frequency
On-board
antenna
The closed circuit configured by
the waves fed back.
The signals detected through the
use of the frequency shift effect.

Ground coil

ATS-S method

ATS-S method Traveling direction ATS on-board antenna No interference of the driver 5 seconds Alarm activation
Traveling direction ATS on-board antenna No interference of the driver 5 seconds Alarm activation point
Traveling direction
ATS on-board
antenna
No
interference
of the driver
5 seconds
Alarm activation
point
Braked automatically
Stop instruction
ATS ground
coil
Track
Ground coil
Stopped before the signal
ground coil Track Ground coil Stopped before the signal The alarm is activated in the cab

The alarm is activated in

the cab if the train passes

above the ground coil indicating the stop signal aspect.

If the driver does not press the confirmation button within 5 seconds, theabove the ground coil indicating the stop signal aspect. emergency brake is applied to stop the

emergency brake is applied to stop the train before the signal.

Functionally enhanced version of the ATS-S method

Issues of the ATS-S model

version of the ATS-S method Issues of the ATS-S model The brake control is ineffective after

The brake control is ineffective after the driver’s confirmation.version of the ATS-S method Issues of the ATS-S model No speed check N o t

No speed check N o t e 1 function is available. ⇒ Functional enhancement: ATS-Sx method and Ps Note 1 function is available. Functional enhancement: ATS-Sx method and Ps method

(Note 1) Speed check:

By checking whether the train speed is within the permissible range, the

brake is automatically applied to

decelerate or stop the train if the train exceeds or is about to exceed the speed limit.

Alarm

5 seconds Failure after the Emergency brake confirmation is established Confirmation Emergency brake Normal drive
5 seconds
Failure after the
Emergency brake
confirmation is
established
Confirmation
Emergency brake
Normal drive
Wrong departure
Confirmation failure

For long ground coil = existing one

(130kHz)

For directly underneath (SS) = Newly installed one

(123kHz)

21

Issues of the conventional ATS-S

method

Issues of the conventional ATS-S method Accurate speed check in response to the signal aspect (1)

Accurate speed check in response to the signal aspectIssues of the conventional ATS-S method (1) New signal aspect conditions are added for the on-board

(1) New signal aspect conditions are added for the on-board transmission (2) The amount of information to be transmitted on-board needs to be significantly increased.

Sophistication of the on-board equipment (pattern control, etc.)amount of information to be transmitted on-board needs to be significantly increased. ⇒ Adoption of the

Adoption of the ATS-P method

ATS-P method (Transponder type)

ATS-P method (Transponder type) The automatic train stop equipment with the digital bidirectional transmission pattern,
The automatic train stop equipment with the digital bidirectional transmission pattern, using the transponder Speed
The automatic train stop equipment with
the digital bidirectional transmission
pattern, using the transponder
Speed check pattern
Normal drive pattern
15km/h
R
T-600 T-180 T-85 T-30 Signal instrument box The information on the distance from each ground
T-600
T-180
T-85
T-30
Signal instrument box
The information on the
distance from each ground coil
to the stop signal is transmitted.
Signal aspect conditions
ATS
code processor
Repeater
Repeater
Repeater
Repeater

Ground control

The ATS encoding processor transmits the aspect conditions of the signal instrument box and the preset ground coil information to each repeater.Repeater Repeater Repeater Repeater Ground control Each repeater transmits the information on the distance to

Each repeater transmits the information on the distance to the stop signal to the vehicle via the transponder ground coil. (Digital information)box and the preset ground coil information to each repeater. On-board control The information is received

On-board control

The information is received from the transponder ground coil to create the speed check pattern and compare it with the train speed.ground coil. (Digital information) On-board control If the speed check pattern is exceeded, the service brake

If the speed check pattern is exceeded, the service brake is applied to stop the train. After the train is stopped, the brake is released as recovery.the speed check pattern and compare it with the train speed. A variety of speed check

A variety of speed check patterns are available for diverse purposes.the service brake is applied to stop the train. After the train is stopped, the brake

ATS-P method (Transponder type)

ATS-P method (Transponder type) System configuration and control method Signal Indicator switches Transmitter- Control
ATS-P method (Transponder type) System configuration and control method Signal Indicator switches Transmitter- Control

System configuration and control method

Signal Indicator switches Transmitter- Control device receiver Ground coil On-board antenna Tachometer Signal Code
Signal
Indicator switches
Transmitter- Control device
receiver
Ground coil
On-board antenna
Tachometer
Signal
Code processor
Repeater
generator
instrument box

Brake instruction

To the next ground coil

The brake is applied if the train speed exceeds the brake check pattern.

Check pattern Normal drive If the driver does not handle the brake 10km/h
Check pattern
Normal drive
If the driver does not
handle the brake
10km/h
check pattern. Check pattern Normal drive If the driver does not handle the brake 10km/h 15km/h

15km/h

check pattern. Check pattern Normal drive If the driver does not handle the brake 10km/h 15km/h
check pattern. Check pattern Normal drive If the driver does not handle the brake 10km/h 15km/h
check pattern. Check pattern Normal drive If the driver does not handle the brake 10km/h 15km/h
check pattern. Check pattern Normal drive If the driver does not handle the brake 10km/h 15km/h
check pattern. Check pattern Normal drive If the driver does not handle the brake 10km/h 15km/h
check pattern. Check pattern Normal drive If the driver does not handle the brake 10km/h 15km/h
check pattern. Check pattern Normal drive If the driver does not handle the brake 10km/h 15km/h
check pattern. Check pattern Normal drive If the driver does not handle the brake 10km/h 15km/h
check pattern. Check pattern Normal drive If the driver does not handle the brake 10km/h 15km/h
check pattern. Check pattern Normal drive If the driver does not handle the brake 10km/h 15km/h

Ground coil

check pattern. Check pattern Normal drive If the driver does not handle the brake 10km/h 15km/h

Signal

ATS-P method (Transponder type)

ATS-P method (Transponder type) By using the transponder for the communication with the ground side, a
ATS-P method (Transponder type) By using the transponder for the communication with the ground side, a

By using the transponder for the communication with the ground side, a large amount of information may be transmitted bidirectionally.

On-board equipment Train information (Train number, vehicle performance, etc.) Information on the distance to the
On-board equipment
Train information
(Train number, vehicle
performance, etc.)
Information on the distance to the
stop signal and
operation of the brake check pattern
On-board antenna
Information wave
Information wave
Ground coil
Aspect enhancement of the
distant signal
Train number verification
Signal aspect
information,
distance information, etc.
Ground equipment

25

ATS for private railways

ATS for private railways AF (Audio Frequency) Track circuit continuous control type The ATS signals are
ATS for private railways AF (Audio Frequency) Track circuit continuous control type The ATS signals are

AF (Audio Frequency)

Track circuit continuous control type

The ATS signals are transmitted to the vehicle via the rails or loop coils.AF (Audio Frequency) Track circuit continuous control type The emergency brake is automatically applied if the

The emergency brake is automatically applied if the train speed exceeds or isare transmitted to the vehicle via the rails or loop coils. about to exceed the speed

about to exceed the speed pattern

created by the ATS signal.

95km/h G 1 parallel pattern Y pattern 60km/h R pattern fG 1 fG 1 fG
95km/h
G 1 parallel
pattern
Y pattern
60km/h
R pattern
fG 1
fG 1
fG 1
fY
fY
fR
0km/h
Point B
Point B
Point B
G 1
Y
G 1
R

115km/h

95km/h G 2 parallel pattern G 1 pattern Y pattern 60km/h R pattern fG 2
95km/h
G 2 parallel
pattern
G 1 pattern
Y pattern
60km/h
R pattern
fG 2
fG 1
fG 1
fY
fY
fR
0km/h
Point B
Point B
Point B
G 1
R
G 2
Y
230m
or
230m
230m

YG

or 230m 230m 230m YG 115km/h G 2 parallel pattern G 1 pattern 95km/h Y
or
230m
230m
230m
YG
115km/h
G 2 parallel
pattern
G 1 pattern
95km/h
Y pattern
60km/h
R pattern
fG 2
fG 1
fY
fY
fR
0km/h
Point B2
Point B
Point B
G 2
230m
R
Y 230m
440m

Contents

Contents 1. What is signal security equipment? 2. Individual ATS methods 3. Individual ATC methods 4.

1.

What is signal security equipment?

2.

Individual ATS methods

3.

Individual ATC methods

4.

Recent system adoption case examples

ATC (Automatic Train Control)

ATC (Automatic Train Control) Automatic Train Control: The equipment designed to implement the automatic deceleration

Automatic Train Control: The equipment designed to implement the automatic

deceleration control of the train

Speed aspect method Multi-step brake control method The train speed is controlled by sending the
Speed aspect method
Multi-step brake control
method
The train speed is controlled by
sending the speed information.
ATC method
1-step brake control
method
1-step brake control
Control information
method
method

The brake is controlled in a step-by-step manner in accordance with the speed information.

The speed information is followed. However, this method is appropriate for the high-density operation through the 1-step brake control.

The train is controlled in accordance with the information on the train intervals, routes, etc. transmitted from the ground and the on- board database.

The 1-step brake control method is appropriate for the high-density operation.

Mechanism for receiving ATC signals

Mechanism for receiving ATC signals Wheels Power receiver Rail ATC signal Return current 29
Wheels Power receiver
Wheels
Power receiver
Mechanism for receiving ATC signals Wheels Power receiver Rail ATC signal Return current 29
Mechanism for receiving ATC signals Wheels Power receiver Rail ATC signal Return current 29
Mechanism for receiving ATC signals Wheels Power receiver Rail ATC signal Return current 29
Mechanism for receiving ATC signals Wheels Power receiver Rail ATC signal Return current 29
Mechanism for receiving ATC signals Wheels Power receiver Rail ATC signal Return current 29
Mechanism for receiving ATC signals Wheels Power receiver Rail ATC signal Return current 29
Mechanism for receiving ATC signals Wheels Power receiver Rail ATC signal Return current 29
Mechanism for receiving ATC signals Wheels Power receiver Rail ATC signal Return current 29

Rail

ATC signal Return current

ATC signal Return current
ATC signal Return current
ATC signal Return current

Types of ATC signals

Types of ATC signals Analog ATC: AM modulation wave Modulation wave (fm) C a r r

Analog ATC: AM modulation waveTypes of ATC signals Modulation wave (fm) C a r r i e r w a

Modulation wave (fm)

Carrier wave (fc)

wave (fm) C a r r i e r w a v e ( f c

The information changes as fm is changed.

Digital ATC: MSK modulation wavev e ( f c ) The information changes as fm is changed. Dense Sparse Dense

Dense Sparse Dense Sparse
Dense
Sparse
Dense
Sparse

Carrier wave (fc)

Sparse: fcαHz→1 logic

Dense: fc+αHz→0 logic

Configuration of the ATC equipment

ATC on-board equipment

Configuration of the ATC equipment ATC on-board equipment Cab Vehicle performance data Creating on-board signal

Cab

Vehicle performance data Creating on-board signal information Creating brake pattern Speed check Brake equipment
Vehicle performance data
Creating on-board
signal information
Creating brake pattern
Speed check
Brake equipment
Signal aspect
Train speed
information
TG
(Signal aspect information)
ATC signal
ATC
TD
device
device

31

Control patterns of the multi-aspect ATC

Control patterns of the multi-aspect ATC The speed instructed by the on-board signal is indicated in
The speed instructed by the on-board signal is indicated in the cab. The brake is
The speed instructed by the on-board signal is indicated in the
cab. The brake is automatically applied if the train speed
exceeds the speed limit and released if the it becomes lower
than the instructed limit.
Operation method primarily depending on the mechanical
system.
75
45
25
ATC signal
75
45
25
01
02E

Control patterns of the multi-aspect ATC

Control patterns of the multi-aspect ATC 75 45 25 01 02E 75 75 75 75 75
75 45 25 01 02E 75 75 75 75 75
75
45
25
01
02E
75
75
75
75
75
75 45 25 45 25 01 02E 75 75 75
75
45
25
45 25
01
02E
75
75
75
75 45 25 25 01 02E 75 75 75 75
75
45
25
25
01
02E
75
75
75
75
75 45 25 75 45 25 01 02E 75 75
75
45
25
75
45
25
01
02E
75
75
75 75 75 45 25 75 45 25 01 02E 75 75 75 75 45 45
75 75 75 45 25 75 45 25 01 02E 75 75 75 75 45 45

75

75

45

45

25

25

75 75

45

25

01

02E

75

75

75

75

45

25

01

02E

ATC aspect decision logic

ATC aspect decision logic 65 1TR 2TR 3TR 4TR 4TR 5TR 3TR 2TR Track relay 65
65 1TR 2TR 3TR 4TR 4TR 5TR 3TR 2TR Track relay 65 (Train detection relay)
65
1TR
2TR
3TR
4TR
4TR
5TR
3TR
2TR
Track relay
65
(Train detection relay)
1T transmission circuit
45
01
Legend:
Amplifier
Oscillator

The aspects are shown by way of example.

Speed

[km/h]

1-step brake control method ATC

Speed [km/h] 1-step brake control method ATC Because the idle running occurs again 180m A B
Because the idle running occurs again 180m A B 103m 90 <90> 86m starting from
Because the idle running occurs again
180m
103m
90
<90>
86m
starting from the ATC permissible speed
+2km/h once the brake is released, signal
75 is placed so that the train may be
stopped well before signal 01. Then,
signals 55, 40 and 20 are placed according
75
to the same criteria.
<75>
64m
ATC signal
55
<55>
47m
40
<40>
The worst train design performance curve
25m
20
The example of the actual train performance
curve calculated when the train passes
signal 75 at 83km/h
<20>
0
<01>
Preceding train
60m
9T
8T
7T
6T
5T
4T
3T
2T
1T

1-step brake control method ATC

1-step brake control method ATC km/h km/h 92 92 90 90 80 77 80 77 600m
km/h km/h 92 92 90 90 80 77 80 77 600m 780m 70 70 57
km/h
km/h
92
92
90
90
80
77
80
77
600m
780m
70
70
57
57
60
60
50
50
42
Idle driving: 4 seconds
Idle driving: 4 seconds
40
β 3.0km/h/s
40
β 3.0km/h/s
30
30
22
20
20
10
10
0
0
90
75
55
01
02
90
75
55 40
20
01 02
ATC signal
ATC signal
Train speed
Train speed

(a) Multi-step brake control method

(b) 1-step brake control method

36

ATC through D-ATC adopted by

conventional railway lines

ATC through D-ATC adopted by conventional railway lines In 1971, the Joban local line and the

In 1971, the Joban local line and the Chiyoda subway line were reciprocally extended.ATC through D-ATC adopted by conventional railway lines In 1972, the Sobu rapid line was connected

In 1972, the Sobu rapid line was connected to Tokyo Station underground.line and the Chiyoda subway line were reciprocally extended. Adoption of the ATC with specifications for

Adoption of the ATC with specifications for

conventional railway lines

the ATC with specifications for conventional railway lines In 1981, the Yamanote line and the Keihin-Tohoku

In 1981, the Yamanote line and the Keihin-Tohoku line adopted the ATC.the ATC with specifications for conventional railway lines In 1985, the Saikyo line adopted the ATC.

In 1985, the Saikyo line adopted the ATC.Yamanote line and the Keihin-Tohoku line adopted the ATC. Development of the digital ATC In 2003,

Development of the digital ATC

the Saikyo line adopted the ATC. Development of the digital ATC In 2003, the Keihin-Tohoku line

In 2003, the Keihin-Tohoku line adopted the D-ATC.and the Keihin-Tohoku line adopted the ATC. In 1985, the Saikyo line adopted the ATC. Development

37

Outline of the digital ATC (D-ATC)

ATC system using digital codesOutline of the digital ATC (D-ATC) On the ground: The name of the track circuit at

On the ground:of the digital ATC (D-ATC) ATC system using digital codes The name of the track circuit

ATC (D-ATC) ATC system using digital codes On the ground: The name of the track circuit

The name of the track circuit at the stop position or the number of

clear sections are transmitted based on the train’s current position.

On-board: The route database is installed.are transmitted based on the train’s current position. The brake may be controlled according to the

The brake may be controlled according to the vehicle performance.position. On-board: The route database is installed. As the database is referred to, the train’s current

As the database is referred to, the train’s current position needs tomay be controlled according to the vehicle performance. be recognized. ⇒ The train’s position is corrected

be recognized.

The train’s position is corrected by using the transponder ground coil.

Configuration of the digital ATC (D-ATC) equipment

Ground equipment:Configuration of the digital ATC (D-ATC) equipment The Ground equipment detects the position of the preceding

of the digital ATC (D-ATC) equipment Ground equipment: The Ground equipment detects the position of the

The Ground equipment detects the position of the preceding train.of the digital ATC (D-ATC) equipment Ground equipment: After adding the information on the stop position

After adding the information on the stop position of the following train, etc. to the information on the position of the preceding train, the ground equipment sends it to the rails as ATC signals.equipment detects the position of the preceding train. On-board equipment: Base on the on-board database, the

On-board equipment:the ground equipment sends it to the rails as ATC signals. Base on the on-board database,

Base on the on-board database, the on-board equipment creates the speed check pattern corresponding to the stop point information from the demodulated ATCsends it to the rails as ATC signals. On-board equipment: signal. The on- board equipment recognizes

signal.

The on-board equipment recognizes the train’s position through the use of the pulse board equipment recognizes the train’s position through the use of the pulse

count of the tachometer generator and controls the brake along the speed check pattern.

The on-board equipment uses the position information sent from the transponderand controls the brake along the speed check pattern. ground coil for calibrating the error accumulation

ground coil for calibrating the error accumulation of the tachometer generator and

confirming the position when the system is started.

The amount of information to be transmitted was increased in comparison with the conventional ATC system by adopting the AF-band Minimum Shift Keying (MSK) code modulation.calibrating the error accumulation of the tachometer generator and confirming the position when the system is

39

Digital ATC (D-ATC)

Forward block information (Ground) Route clear information (Ground) Distance correction information (Ground) Vehicle performance DB (On-board) Route information DB (On-board) Block length DB (On-board) Pattern control ATC based on the information mentioned above

control ATC based on the information mentioned above The instructed speed of the brake pattern and
control ATC based on the information mentioned above The instructed speed of the brake pattern and
control ATC based on the information mentioned above The instructed speed of the brake pattern and
control ATC based on the information mentioned above The instructed speed of the brake pattern and
control ATC based on the information mentioned above The instructed speed of the brake pattern and
control ATC based on the information mentioned above The instructed speed of the brake pattern and

The instructed speed of the brake pattern and the on-board signals (G and R) are displayed in the

cab.

The equipment takes precedence by automatically following the pattern.

takes precedence by automatically following the pattern. The brake pattern is created on-board according the

The brake pattern is created on-board

according the information sent from the on-board DB and the ground equipment. G -> R
according the information sent from
the on-board DB and the ground
equipment.
G -> R 1-step brake control method
G
G
G
R
02
Distance
correction
information
Forward block information
(The number of blocks present over the
distance from the preceding train)
Information on the route clear for the
interlocked station

40

Comparison between the D-ATC and the

conventional systems

Comparison between the D-ATC and the conventional systems Conventional ATC 1-step brake control ATC D-ATC Train
Conventional ATC 1-step brake control ATC D-ATC Train speed Red Permissible speed Green 90 65
Conventional ATC
1-step brake control ATC
D-ATC
Train speed
Red
Permissible
speed
Green
90
65
65
45
0
Green
・・・・・
Green
Red
Control information
Permissible speed
Permissible speed
Stop route
Train position
Ground: Track circuit
Ground: Track circuit
recognition
On-board: Tachometer generator
partially
Ground: Track circuit
On-board: Tachometer
generator
Preceding train
indication
Not available
Not available
Available
Ground equipment
layout
Large-scale and centralized
Large-scale and centralized
For each station
Types of the
information
Analog
Analog
Digital
41
Train speed

Contents

Contents 1. What is signal security equipment? 2. Individual ATS methods 3. Individual ATC methods 4.

1.

What is signal security equipment?

2.

Individual ATS methods

3.

Individual ATC methods

4.

Recent system adoption case examples

Recent system adoption case example: JR

Recent system adoption case example: JR West Japan Railway Shikoku Railway Company Company Urban sections: ATS-P

West Japan Railway

Shikoku Railway

Company

Company

Urban sections: ATS-PWest Japan Railway Shikoku Railway Company Company Local sections: ATS-SW ATS-SS East Japan Railway Company

Local sections: ATS-SWShikoku Railway Company Company Urban sections: ATS-P ATS-SS East Japan Railway Company Central Japan Railway

ATS-SSCompany Urban sections: ATS-P Local sections: ATS-SW East Japan Railway Company Central Japan Railway Company

East Japan Railway Company

Central Japan Railway Company

Major metropolitan sections: ATS-PEast Japan Railway Company Central Japan Railway Company Local sections: ATS-P s Yamanote line and Keihin-Tohoku

Local sections: ATS-Ps

Yamanote line and Keihin-Tohoku line: D-ATCMajor metropolitan sections: ATS-P Local sections: ATS-P s Senseki line: Advanced Train Administration and

Senseki line: Advanced Train Administration and Communications System (ATACS)ATS-P s Yamanote line and Keihin-Tohoku line: D-ATC ATS-PT Hokkaido Railway Company Kyushu Railway Company

ATS-PTTrain Administration and Communications System (ATACS) Hokkaido Railway Company Kyushu Railway Company Major

Hokkaido Railway

Company

Kyushu Railway Company

Major sections: ATS-DN/DK, combined with the on-board databaseand Communications System (ATACS) ATS-PT Hokkaido Railway Company Kyushu Railway Company Local sections: ATS-SN/SK 43

Local sections: ATS-SN/SKATS-PT Hokkaido Railway Company Kyushu Railway Company Major sections: ATS-DN/DK, combined with the on-board database 43

Recent system adoption case example: Public and private railways in Kanto region

case example: Public and private railways in Kanto region Tokyu Tokyo Metro Corporation Bureau of

Tokyu

Tokyo Metro

Corporation

Tokyu Tokyo Metro Corporation Bureau of Transportation, Tokyo Keio Corporation Metropolitan Government Odakyu

Bureau of Transportation, Tokyo

Keio Corporation

Metropolitan Government

Metro Corporation Bureau of Transportation, Tokyo Keio Corporation Metropolitan Government Odakyu Electric Railway

Odakyu Electric Railway

Tokyu Den-en-toshi line, Tokyu Toyoko line, Tokyo Metro Hanzomon line: 1-step brake control system, CS-ATC

Toei Shinjuku line, Keio main line, etc.: Digital ATC

CS-ATC Toei Shinjuku line, Keio main line, etc.: Digital ATC ATS (D-ATS-P) based on the digital

ATS (D-ATS-P) based on the digital rail transmission and the tranponder

Sagami Railway

digital rail transmission and the tranponder Sagami Railway ATS-P Keikyu Corporation C-ATS Keisei Electric Railway 44

ATS-P

Keikyu

Corporation

digital rail transmission and the tranponder Sagami Railway ATS-P Keikyu Corporation C-ATS Keisei Electric Railway 44

C-ATS

Keisei Electric

Railway

Case examples of the ATS improvement

for public and private railways

of the ATS improvement for public and private railways The railway operators such as Keikyu, Keisei,

The railway operators such as Keikyu, Keisei, Keio and Odakyu are planning to improve the conventional ATS as a sophisticated operation signal system for the next generation.of the ATS improvement for public and private railways The D-ATS-P method Odakyu is specifically planning

The D-ATS-P method Odakyu is specifically planning to adopt is as briefly described below.operation signal system for the next generation. The D-ATS-P method is the on-board pattern control method

The D-ATS-P method is the on-board pattern control method based on the point control method and the successive controlplanning to adopt is as briefly described below. method. The concepts of the conventional ATS and

method. The concepts of the conventional ATS and ATC are

integrated in it.

Features of the D-ATS-P

Features of the D-ATS-P On-board pattern successive speed check method The on-board equipment does not have

On-board pattern successive speed check methodFeatures of the D-ATS-P The on-board equipment does not have the route database. The information required

The on-board equipment does not have the route database.the D-ATS-P On-board pattern successive speed check method The information required for creating the pattern on

The information required for creating the pattern on the on-board equipment is transmitted from the ground equipment.The on-board equipment does not have the route database. Both of the transponder equipment (for point

Both of the transponder equipment (for point control) and the railon-board equipment is transmitted from the ground equipment. transmission equipment (for successive control) are used as

transmission equipment (for successive control) are used as

transmission methods.

For implementing the accurate ATS pattern control and improving the trackability at the time of the aspect UP base on the information transmitted through the rails.(for successive control) are used as transmission methods. Even if the point-control information may not be

Even if the point-control information may not be received, the operationUP base on the information transmitted through the rails. is feasible by using the information transmitted

is feasible by using the information transmitted through the rails.

A variety of extended functionsby using the information transmitted through the rails. Prevention of erroneous station skipping Speed limitations

Prevention of erroneous station skippingthrough the rails. A variety of extended functions Speed limitations Abnormal stop at railway crossings

Speed limitationsextended functions Prevention of erroneous station skipping Abnormal stop at railway crossings Emergency stop at

Abnormal stop at railway crossingsA variety of extended functions Prevention of erroneous station skipping Speed limitations Emergency stop at platforms

Emergency stop at platformsof extended functions Prevention of erroneous station skipping Speed limitations Abnormal stop at railway crossings 46

General configuration of the D-ATS-P

General configuration of the D-ATS-P Cab ATS Signal on-board display equipment Signal Transponder ground coil
Cab ATS Signal on-board display equipment Signal Transponder ground coil (With or without power supply)
Cab
ATS
Signal
on-board
display
equipment
Signal
Transponder ground coil
(With or without power supply)
Brake
Tachometer
generator
Transponder
ATS power
on-board
receiving device
antenna
Track
Tr
Relay interlocking
device
relay
Signal lamp
circuit
ATS transmitter
device relay Signal lamp circuit ATS transmitter Signal instrument box Figure: General configuration of the

Signal instrument box

Figure: General configuration of the D-ATS-P (Ground and on-board)

D-ATS-P: Information transmission

D-ATS-P: Information transmission Creating the pattern for stopping before the signal based on the transponder and

Creating the pattern for stopping before the

signal based on the transponder and the information transmitted through the rails Speedometer Cab display
signal based on the transponder and the
information transmitted through the rails
Speedometer
Cab
display
ATS on-
board
Brake
SW-related items
equipment
Alarm buzzer
Tachometer
generator
The signal aspect
information is transmitted to
the rails.
The information on the distance
The signal aspect and the
erroneous station skipping
prevention information are
transmitted.
Encoding
ATS
Commercial
from this point to the stop signal
is transmitted.
processor
transmitter
track circuit
HR conditions or
KR conditions
Interlocking device or
HR conditions or
automatic block unit
TR conditions
Transponder ground coil without power supply

Transponder ground coil with power supplyTR conditions Transponder ground coil without power supply Figure: General configuration of the D-ATS-P (Information

Figure: General configuration of the D-ATS-P (Information flow between the vehicle and the ground)

Thank you for your kind attention. 49

Thank you for your kind

attention.