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Name : Moreen Daryl Justine

Matric No : 124958

Date of visit : 19.10.2016



On the 19th of October 2016, I had the opportunity to go to Kuala Lumpur to visit the newly
opened Pantai 2 Sewage Treatment Plant (STP) as part of the wastewater engineering class site visit.
The Pantai 2 STP is a mechanized underground sewage treatment plant that carries out Advanced
A2O process together with sludge treatment and dewatering facilities which replaces the previously
aerated lagoons which carries out anaerobic digestion with solid dewatering. The Advanced A2O is a
treatment process which is built as a smart inflow system and a flexible recirculation system to
improve the distribution and utilization of carbon source and also improves removal of carbon,
nitrogen and phosphorus.

The upper surface (ground level) of the Pantai 2 STP is developed as a leisure park that has
sports and community facilities for the local residents. The new STP has an ultimate capacity of
1.423 million PE which is an upgrade from the previously overloaded STP which had a capacity for
only 877000 PE. The sludge management facility not only treats and manages biological sludge
waste but it also has the provision as a biogas power generation facility.

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Initially, the raw wastewater from the catchment area enters the pre-treatment area and flows
through the rotary drum fine screen, vortex grit chamber, grease removal chamber etc for the
removal of large floating materials, suspended solids, grit and grease. The rotary drum fine screen
removes rubbish such as plastic bag. Then the sewage will flow into a round chamber named the
vortex grit chamber where heavier particles will settle and while a pump will push the sand out. In
grease removal chamber, oil and grease will be removed with incoming water tube and the remains
will be transferred.

Following that, the sludge undergoes bio treatment where the incoming flow and returning
sludge from clarifier undergoes treatment in the AAO-OXIC tank. Under aerobic condition,
microorganisms which absorbs large numbers of dissolved organic matter will degrade the
pollutants. Nitrifying bacteria oxidize the ammonia in the sewage into nitrate and nitrite as part of the
nitrogen removal process. The important parameter that needs to be kept constant in the bio
treatment is dissolved oxygen level at 2 mg/l and sludge concentration at 3000 mg/l. Air blowers
continuously blow air into the tank to mix the sludge and sewage together to protect the equipment.

After biological treatment, the mixed liquor will enter secondary clarifier for settlement of
microorganisms. The inlet channel is from the AAO tank and the colour of water is brown due to the
presence of sludge. Clear supernatant overflows to the effluent tank which is then discharged to the
Klang River after UV disinfection. A portion of the settled microorganisms is returned to the
biological treatment system to maintain the mixed liquor concentration while excess microorganism
is transferred to the sludge treatment facility.

Partially some sludge moves to the solid line where wasted sludge will come to the anaerobic
sludge digester. 3 important parameters that has to be kept constant is the pH which is kept at 6.5-7.5,
the digester temperature (37C) and the biogas pressure. The biogas holder is made a special plastic
which consist of 2 layer. The inner dome is for biogas storage while the outer dome is fluid air which
has a pressure of 1.2kPa. Biogas then enters the desulfuriser tower where the biogas comes from the
top and is mixed with water and flows down the tower. The mix is then added with bacteria. Biogas
flows out from the bottom to the biogas pre-treatment room then to the gensat room where biogas
will be converted to electricity. This electricity is used to supply the administration building in the
Pantai 2 STP. This is part of the Malaysian governments low energy consumption, low pollution and
low emission approach.

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I would like to thank all the lectures of EAP 315 that were involved in organizing this
educational trip to Pantai 2 STP. This was an opportunity to see how the theories learnt in
environmental engineering (EAP 215) and wastewater engineering (EAP 315) are applied in the
sewage treatment plant. I was also able to gain a clearer picture and understanding on the overall
sewage treatment process in Malaysia. My favourite concept in the Pantai 2 STP is how engineers
can both carry out the treatment process and also pursue a green policy towards a sustainable
environment. This is mainly because the Pantai 2 STP has many technologies that strives for a
sustainable environment which includes, rainwater harvesting that is used for the fountain, plant
watering and road cleaning, biogas and solar panels that are used to generate electricity for the usage
in the STP and wastewater source heat pump that is used for the air conditioning in the
administration building. Lastly, this trip also gave me an opportunity to create a closer bond with my
course mates since we could travel and learn about the process involved in the Pantai 2 STP.

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Picture 1: Clarrifier at Pantai 2 STP Picture 2: Biogas Holder at Pantai 2 STP

Picture 3: Rotary Drum Fine Screen at Pantai 2 STP Picture 4: Waste product (Sand) after passing RDFS

Picture 5: My course mates and I after our tour at Pantai 2 STP

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