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DESIGNED PAVEMENT CHECK

The verification below is pased on the "Flexible Pavement Design Manual", published by
FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, in january 2005.
Evaluation of the "Equivalent Single Axle Loads" (ESAL D)

x
ESALD =
AADTiT24DfLfE18365
y1

ESALD = Number of accumulated 18-kip(80-kilonewton) Equivalent Single Axle


Loads in the design lane for the design period

y = The year that the calculation is made for.When y=1, all the variables
apply to year 1

x = The Design Year.

AADT = Average Annual Daily Traffic.

T24 = Percent Heavy Trucks during a 24 hour period. Trucks with 6 tires or
more are considered in the calculations.

DF = Directional Distribution Factor - 1.0 if one way traffic is counted or 0.5


for two way traffic.

LF = Lane Factor converts directional trucks to


the design lane trucks

E18 = Equivalency factor which is the damage


caused by one average heavy truck measured in 18
kip(80-kilonewtons) Equivalent Single Axle Loads.

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Table from wich the acumulated ESAL results:

Heavy Annual Acumulated


Year AADT LF T24 DF E18
trucks ESAL* ESAL
2010 3903 0.940 287 7.35 43900 43900
2011 4257 0.936 321 7.54 48800 92700
2012 4612 0.931 355 7.69 53700 146400
2013 4966 0.926 388 7.82 58400 204800
2014 5321 0.920 422 7.94 63100 267900
2015 5675 0.915 456 8.04 67800 335700
2016 6086 0.909 483 7.94 71400 407100
2017 6496 0.903 510 7.86 74900 482000
2018 6907 0.896 538 7.78 78300 560300
2019 7317 0.890 565 7.72 81700 642000
2020 7728 0.884 592 7.66 0.50 0.89 85100 727100
2021 8093 0.879 610 7.54 87200 814300
2022 8458 0.877 629 7.43 89600 903900
2023 8824 0.874 647 7.33 91900 995800
2024 9189 0.871 666 7.24 94200 1090000
2025 9554 0.868 684 7.16 96500 1186500
2026 9704 0.867 694 7.15 97700 1284200
2027 9855 0.866 703 7.14 99000 1383200
2028 10005 0.865 713 7.12 100200 1483400
2029 10156 0.864 722 7.11 101400 1584800
2030 10306 0.863 732 7.10 102600 1687400

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The lane factor (Lf) was obtained from the table below via interpolation.

Evaluation of the Requierd Structural Number - SN R


SNR = f ESALD %R MR
Reliability (%R) ESALD 1687400

%R 99%

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The Resilient Modulus (MR) is a measurement of the stiffness of the roadbed soil.

Variant I
MR
80MPa
psi MR 11603.019 psi (for earth type "P5" and "P4")

SNR_I 3.82
obtained from the table above via interpolation

Variant II

MR 70MPa MR 10152.642 psi


(for earth type "P3"

SNR_II 4.02
obtained from the table above via interpolation

Evaluation of the total calculated strength of the


pavement layers
SNC = (a1 x D1) + (a2 x D2) + (a3 x D3) + ...+ (aN x DN)

SNC = The total calculated strength of the pavement layers and has units of inches.

a1 = Layer coefficient of the 1st layer.


Di = Layer thickness in inches

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D D
Denumirea materialelor din strat
(cm) (inches)
Strat de forma din balast / Ballast capping layer 20 7.874
Fundatie din balast / Balast foundation 25 9.843
Balast stabilizat / Stabilized ballast layer with 6% cement 23 9.055
Mixtura asfaltica / Base course made of asphalt mixture with bitumen D60/80 8 3.150
Binder / Binder course with chipping and aggregates 5 1.969
Uzura/ Wearing course made of asphalt concrete 4 1.575
Total h = 85 33.46

The layer coefficients , "ai" are obtained from the "Flexible Pavement Design Manual", published by
FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, in january 2005.

aN = Layer coefficient of the Nth layer.

DN = Layer thickness in inches (millimeters) of the Nth layer.

D1 1.575 in D2 1.969 in D3 3.15 in D4 9.055 in D5 17.717 in

a1 0.44 a2 0.44 a3 0.34 a4 0.2 a5 0.14

SNc a1 D1 a2 D2 a3 D3 a4 D4 a5 D5

SNc 6.921 in

SNc SNR_I
---> design is sufficient
SNc SNR_II

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