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Length Volume 1 ft 5 12 in 5 0.3048 m 1 ft 3 5 0.028317
Length Volume 1 ft 5 12 in 5 0.3048 m 1 ft 3 5 0.028317

Length

Volume

1 ft 5 12 in 5 0.3048 m

1 ft 3 5 0.028317 m 3

1 mi 5 5280 ft 5 1609.344 m

1 U.S. gal 5 231 in 3 5 0.0037854 m 3

1 nautical mile (nmi) 5 6076 ft 5 1852 m

1 L 5 0.001 m 3 5 0.035315 ft 3

1 yd 5 3 ft 5 0.9144 m

1 U.S. fluid ounce 5 2.9574 E25 m 3

1 angstrom (Å) 5 1.0 E210 m

1 U.S. quart (qt) 5 9.4635 E24 m 3

1 barrel 5 42 U.S. gal 5 0.15899 m 3

Mass

Area

1 slug 5 32.174 lbm 5 14.594 kg

1 ft 2 5 0.092903 m 2

1 lbm 5 0.4536 kg

1 mi 2 5 2.78784 E7 ft 2 5 2.59 E6 m 2

1 short ton 5 2000 lbm 5 907.185 kg

1 acre 5 43,560 ft 2 5 4046.9 m 2

1 tonne 5 1000 kg

1 hectare (ha) 5 10,000 m 2

1 U.S. ounce 5 0.02835 kg

Velocity

Acceleration

1 ft/s 5 0.3048 m/s

1 ft/s 2 5 0.3048 m/s 2

1 mi/h 5 1.466666 ft/s 5 0.44704 m/s

1 kn 5 1 nmi/h 5 1.6878 ft/s 5 0.5144 m/s

1 kn 5 1.1508 mi/h

Mass flow

Volume flow

1 slug/s 5 14.594 kg/s

1 gal/min 5 0.002228 ft 3 /s 5 0.06309 L/s

1 lbm/s 5 0.4536 kg/s

1 3 10 6 gal/day 5 1.5472 ft 3 /s 5 0.04381 m 3 /s

1 ft 3 /s 5 0.028317 m 3 /s

820

Conversion Factors

821

Pressure

Force

1 lbf/ft 2 5 47.88 Pa

1 lbf 5 4.448222 N 5 16 oz

1 lbf/in 2 5 144 lbf/ft 2 5 6895 Pa

1 kgf 5 2.2046 lbf 5 9.80665 N

1 atm 5 2116.2 lbf/ft 2 5 14.696 lbf/in 2 5 101,325 Pa

1 U.S. (short) ton 5 2000 lbf

1 dyne 5 1.0 E25 N

1 inHg (at 208C) 5 3375 Pa

1 ounce (avoirdupois) (oz) 5 0.27801 N

1 bar 5 1.0 E5 Pa

1 poundal 5 0.13826 N

1 torr 5 (1/760)atm 5 133.32 Pa 5 2.7845 lbf/ft 2

1 lb f = 32.174 lbm.pies/s 2

Energy

Power

1 ft ? lbf 5 1.35582 J

1 hp 5 550 ft ? lbf/s 5 745.7 W

1 Btu 5 252 cal 5 1055.056 J 5 778.17 ft ? lbf

1 ft ? lbf/s 5 1.3558 W

1 kilowatt hour (kWh) 5 3.6 E6 J

1 calorie 5 4.1868 J

1 therm 5 1 E5 Btu 5 1.0551 E8 J

Specific weight

Density

1 lbf/ft 3 5 157.09 N/m 3

1 slug/ft 3 5 515.38 kg/m 3

1 lbm/ft 3 5 16.0185 kg/m 3

1 g/cm 3 5 1000 kg/m 3

Viscosity

Kinematic viscosity

1 slug/(ft ? s) 5 47.88 kg/(m ? s)

1 ft 2 /h 5 0.000025806 m 2 /s

1 poise (P) 5 1 g/(cm ? s) 5 0.1 kg/(m ? s)

1 stokes (St) 5 1 cm 2 /s 5 0.0001 m 2 /s

Temperature scale readings

T F 5 9

5

C 1 32

T

5

T C 5 9 (T F 2 32)

T R 5 T F 1 459.69

T K 5 T C 1 273.16

where subscripts F, C, K, and R refer to readings on the Fahrenheit, Celsius, Kelvin, and Rankine scales,

respectively.

Specific heat or gas constant*

 

Thermal conductivity*

1 ft ? lbf/(slug ? 8R) 5 0.16723 N ? m/(kg ? K)

1

Btu/(h ? ft ? 8R) 5 1.7307 W/(m ? K)

1 Btu/(lbm ? 8R) 5 4186.8 J/(kg ? K)

 

*Although the absolute (Kelvin) and Celsius temperature scales have different starting points, the intervals are the same size: 1 kelvin 5 1 Celsius degree. The same holds true for the nonmetric absolute (Rankine) and Fahrenheit scales:

1 Rankine degree 5 1 Fahrenheit degree. It is customary to express temperature differences in absolute temperature units.

Fig. A.1 Absolute viscosity of common fluids at 1 atm.

808

Appendix A Physical Properties of Fluids

at 1 atm. 808 Appendix A Physical Properties of Fluids 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 Castor oil
0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 Castor oil SAE 10 oil 0.1 0.06 Glycerin 0.04 0.03 SAE
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
Castor oil
SAE 10 oil
0.1
0.06
Glycerin
0.04
0.03
SAE 30 oil
Crude oil (SG 0.86)
0.02
0.01
Carbon tetrachloride
6
4
Kerosene
3
Aniline
2
Mercury
1 ×
10 – 3
6
Ethyl
alcohol
4
Benzene
3
Water
2
Gasoline (SG 0.68)
1 ×
10 – 4
6
4
3
Helium
2
Carbon dioxide
Air
1 × 10 –5
Hydrogen
5
– 20
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Absolute viscosity μ, N · s/m 2

Temperature, °C

Fig. A.2 Kinematic viscosity of common fluids at 1 atm.

Physical Properties of Fluids

809

1 × 10 –3 8 6 4 Glycerin 3 Helium 2 SAE 10 oil Hydrogen
1 ×
10 –3
8
6
4
Glycerin
3
Helium
2
SAE 10 oil
Hydrogen
1 ×
10 – 4
8
6
SAE 30 oil
4
3
Air and
oxygen
2
Carbon
dioxide
1 ×
10 –5
8
6
Crude oil (SG 0.86)
4
3
2
Kerosene
Benzene
1 ×
10 –6
8
Ethyl alcohol
6
4
Water
3
Gasoline (SG 0.68)
Carbon
2
tetrachloride
Mercury
1 × 10 –7
–20
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Kinematic viscosity ν, m 2 /s

Temperature, °C

810 Appendix A

Table A.1 Viscosity and Density of Water at 1 atm

Table A.2 Viscosity and Density of Air at 1 atm

T, 8C

ρ, kg/m 3

μ, N ? s/m 2

ν, m 2 /s

T, 8F

ρ, slug/ft 3

μ, lb ? s/ft 2

ν, ft 2 /s

0

1000

1.788 E23

1.788 E26

32

1.940

3.73

E25

1.925 E25

10

1000

1.307 E23

1.307 E26

50

1.940

2.73

E25

1.407 E25

20

998

1.003 E23

1.005 E26

68

1.937

2.09

E25

1.082 E25

30

996

0.799 E23

0.802 E26

86

1.932

1.67

E25

0.864 E25

40

992

0.657 E23

0.662 E26

104

1.925

1.37

E25

0.713 E25

50

988

0.548 E23

0.555 E26

122

1.917

1.14

E25

0.597 E25

60

983

0.467 E23

0.475 E26

140

1.908

0.975 E25

0.511 E25

70

978

0.405 E23

0.414 E26

158

1.897

0.846 E25

0.446 E25

80

972

0.355 E23

0.365 E26

176

1.886

0.741 E25

0.393 E25

90

965

0.316 E23

0.327 E26

194

1.873

0.660 E25

0.352 E25

100

958

0.283 E23

0.295 E26

212

1.859

0.591 E25

0.318 E25

Suggested curve fits for water in the range 0 # T # 1008C:

 
 

ρ(kg/m 3 ) < 1000 2 0.0178 0 T °C 2 4°C 0 1.7 6 0.2%

 
 

ln

μ

< 21.704 2 5.306z 1 7.003z 2

 

μ

0

z 5 273 K T K

μ 0 5 1.788 E23 kg/(m # s)

 

T, 8C

ρ, kg/m 3

μ, N ? s/m 2

ν, m 2 /s

T, 8F

ρ, slug/ft 3

μ, lb ? s/ft 2

ν, ft 2 /s

240

1.52

1.51 E25

0.99 E25

240

2.94 E23

3.16 E27

1.07 E24

0

1.29

1.71 E25

1.33 E25

32

2.51 E23

3.58 E27

1.43 E24

20

1.20

1.80 E25

1.50 E25

68

2.34 E23

3.76 E27

1.61 E24

50

1.09

1.95 E25

1.79 E25

122

2.12 E23

4.08 E27

1.93 E24

100

0.946

2.17 E25

2.30 E25

212

1.84 E23

4.54 E27

2.47 E24

150

0.835

2.38 E25

2.85 E25

302

1.62 E23

4.97 E27

3.07 E24

200

0.746

2.57 E25

3.45 E25

392

1.45 E23

5.37 E27

3.71 E24

250

0.675

2.75 E25

4.08 E25

482

1.31 E23

5.75 E27

4.39 E24

300

0.616

2.93 E25

4.75 E25

572

1.20 E23

6.11 E27

5.12 E24

400

0.525

3.25 E25

6.20 E25

752

1.02 E23

6.79 E27

6.67 E24

500

0.457

3.55 E25

7.77 E25

932

0.89 E23

7.41 E27

8.37 E24

Suggested curve fits for air:

Power law:

Sutherland law:

ρ 5

p

RT

μ 0 < a

μ

T 0 b 0.7

T

R air < 287 J/(kg # K)

μ 0 < a

μ

T 0 b 3/2 a T 0 1 S

T

T 1 S

b S air < 110.4 K

with T 0 5 273 K, μ 0 5 1.71 E25 kg/(m ? s), and T in kelvins.

Table A.3 Properties of Common Liquids at 1 atm and 208C (688F)

Physical Properties of Fluids

811

 

Bulk modulus K, N/m 2

Viscosity

Liquid

ρ, kg/m 3 μ, kg/(m ? s)

Y, N/m*

p y , N/m 2

parameter C

Ammonia Benzene Carbon tetrachloride Ethanol Ethylene glycol Freon 12 Gasoline Glycerin Kerosene Mercury Methanol SAE 10W oil SAE 10W30 oil SAE 30W oil SAE 50W oil Water Seawater (30‰)

608

2.20 E24

2.13 E22

9.10 E15

1.82 E19

1.05

881

6.51 E24

2.88 E22

1.01 E14

1.47 E19

4.34

1590

9.67 E24

2.70 E22

1.20 E14

1.32 E19

4.45

789

1.20 E23

2.28 E22

5.7

E13

1.09 E19

5.72

1117

2.14 E22

4.84 E22

1.2

E11

3.05 E19

11.7

1327

2.62 E24

7.95 E18

1.76

680

2.92 E24

2.16 E22

5.51 E14

1.3

E19

3.68

1260

1.49

6.33 E22

1.4

E22

4.35 E19

28.0

804

1.92 E23 1.56 E23 5.98 E24 1.04 E21 1.7 E21 2.9 E21 8.6 E21 1.00 E23 1.07 E23

2.8

E22

3.11 E13

1.41 E19

5.56

13,550

4.84 E21

1.1

E23

2.85 E110

1.07

791

2.25 E22

1.34 E14

1.03 E19

4.63

870

3.6

E22

1.31 E19

15.7

876

14.0

891

3.5

E22

1.38 E19

18.3

902

20.2

998

7.28 E22

2.34 E13

2.19 E19

Table A.1

1025

7.28 E22

2.34 E13

2.33 E19

7.28

*In contact with air. The viscosity–temperature variation of these liquids may be fitted to the empirical expression

μ 20°C < exp c C a 293 K

μ

T K

2 1 b d

with accuracy of 66 percent in the range 0 # T # 1008C. ‡Representative values. The SAE oil classifications allow a viscosity variation of up to 650 percent, especially at lower temperatures.

Table A.4 Properties of Common Gases at 1 atm and 208C (688F)

 

Molecular

Specific-heat

Power-law

Gas

weight

R, m 2 /(s 2 ? K)

ρg, N/m 3 μ, N ? s/m 2

ν, m 2 /s

ratio

exponent n*

H 2 He H 2 O Ar Dry air CO 2 CO N 2 O NO N 2 O Cl 2 CH 4

2

2.016

4124

0.822

9.05 E26

l.08 E204

1.41

0.68

4.003

2077

1.63

1.97 E25

l.18 E204

1.66

0.67

18.02

461

7.35

1.02 E25

l.36 E205

1.33

1.15

39.944

208

16.3

2.24 E25

l.35 E205

1.67

0.72

28.96

287

11.8

1.80 E25

l.49 E205

1.40

0.67

44.01

189

17.9

1.48 E25

8.09 E206

1.30

0.79

28.01

297

11.4

1.82 E25

l.56 E205

1.40

0.71

28.02

297

11.4

1.76 E25

l.51 E205

1.40

0.67

32.00

260

13.1

2.00 E25

l.50 E205

1.40

0.69

30.01

277

12.1

1.90 E25

l.52 E205

1.40

0.78

44.02

189

17.9

1.45 E25

7.93 E206

1.31

0.89

70.91

117

28.9

1.03 E25

3.49 E206

1.34

1.00

16.04

518

6.54

1.34 E25

2.01 E205

1.32

0.87

*The power-law curve fit, Eq. (1.27), μ/μ 293K < (T/293) n , fits these gases to within 64 percent in the range 250 # T # 1000 K. The temperature must be in kelvins.

904 Tablas de propiedades , figuras

TABLA A-1

-

-

y diagramas (unidades SI)

-

-

-

-

Masa molar, const ante de

as

ro iedades

del

unt o crít ico

 
   

Propiedades del punto crítico

 

Constante de gas, R kJ / kg · K*

 

-

-- -

 

Masa molar, M kg/kmo l

Tempe rat ura,

Presió n,

Volumen,

Sust ancia

 

Fórmula

K

MPa

m 3 /kmol

Agua

 

H 2 0

18.015

0.46 15

 

647.1

22.06

 

0.0560

Ai

re

28.97

0 .2870

132.5

 

3.77

0.0883

Alcohol

etíl ico

 

C2H 5 0H CH 3 0H

NH 3 Ar

 

46.07

0.1805

516

 

6.38

 

0.1673

Alcohol

met íl i co

32.042

0.2595

513.2

 

7.95

0.1180

Amon iaco

 

17.03

0.4882

405.5

11.28

0.0724

Argón

 

39.948

0.2081

151

 

4.86

 

0.0749

Benceno

 

C5H5

78 .115

0. 1064

562

4.92

0.2603

Bromo

 

Br 2

159.808

0.0520

584

10.34

0.1355

n-Butano

 

C4H¡o

58. 124

0.1430

425.2

 

3.80

0.2547

Cloro

 

Cl 2 CHCl 3 CH 3 CI Kr

 

70.906

0.1173

417

7.71

0.1242

Cloroformo

 

119.38

0.06964

536.6

 

5.47

0.2403

Cloruro metílico

 

50 .488

0. 1647 0 .099 21 0 .06876 0 .08078

416.3

6.68

0.1430

Criptón

 

83

.80

209.4

5.50

0.0924

Di

c lorod i fl uo rometa no (R - 12)

CC l 2 F 2

120.91

384

.7

4.01

0.2 179

Di

clorotluo rometano (R -21)

CHCl 2 F C0 2 S0 2

 

102 .92

451

.7

5.1 7

0.1973

Dióxido

de

carb ono sul f uro

 

44.01

0.1889

304.2

 

7.39

0.0943

Dióxido

de

64.063

0.1298

430.7

7.88

0.12 17

Etano

 

C2H5

30.070

0.2765

305.5

4.48

0.1480

Etileno

C2H4

28.054

0.2964

282.4

5.12

·0.1242

Helio

He

4.003

2.0769

5.3

0.23

0.0578

n-Hexano

 

C5H14

86.179

0.09647

507.9

3.03

0.3677

Hidrógeno (normal)

 

H2

2.016

4.1240

33.3

1.30

0.0649

Meta no Monóxido de c ar bo no Neón Nitrógeno

CH 4

16.043

0.5182

19 1. 1

4 .64

0.0993

co

28.011

0 . 2968 0 .4119

133

3.50

0.0930

Ne

 

20.183

44.5

 

2.73

 

0 .0417

N2

28.013

0.2968

126.2

3.39

0.0899

Óx

ido nitros o

N 2 0

44.013

0.1889

309

.7

7.27

0.0961

Oxígeno Pro pa no Propileno Tetracloru ro de carbono Tetrafluo roetano (R- 134a) Triclorof l uorometa no (R-11) Xenó n

02

31.999

0.2598

154.8

 

5.08

0.0780

C3Ha

44 .097

0. 1885

370

4.26

0.1998

C3H6

42.081

0.1 976

365

4.62

0.1810

CC l 4 CF 3 CH 2 F CC1 3 F Xe

 

153.82

0. 05405

556.

4

4.56

0.2759

102.03

0.08 149

374.2

 

4.059

0.1993

137.37

0.06052

471.

2

4.38

0.2478

131.30

0.06 3 32

289.8

 

5.88

0.1186

* La un idad en kJ/ kg . K es equivale nte a kPa · mo l ar.

Fuente : K . A . K o be y R .

de I ngen ieros de Calefac ci ón, Ref ri geració n y Acon di cionam ien t o de Aire, /ne ., 1993), pp . 16.4 y 36.1.

m 3 / kg .

K.

La cons ante d e gas se c a lc ul a d e R =

R,,!M, don de R.=

8 .3144 7 kJ/kmo l · K y M es

la masa

Lynn, Jr ., Ch emic al Rev1ew 52 (l 9 5 3 ), pp. 117-236 : y A SHR AE. Handboo k of Fundamentals (Al/an t a , GA: Soci ed ad Ame rica n a

Apéndice 1

905

TABLA A-2

Calores eseecíficos de iªs ideal de varios gases com unes

a) A 300

K

Constante de gas, R kJ/kg · K

cP

Cv

Gas

Fórmula

kJ/kg · K

kJ / kg · K

k

Aire Argón Butano Dióxido de carbono Etano Eti leno Hel io Hidrógeno Metano Mo nóxi do de ca r bono Neón Nitrógeno Octano Oxígeno Propano Vapor

 

0.2870

1.005

0.718

1.400

Ar

0.2081

0.5203

0.3122

1.667

C4H10

0.1433

1.7164

1.5734

1.091

C0 2

0.1889

0.846

0.657

1.289

C2He

0.2765

1.7662

1.4897

1.186

C2H4

0.2964

1.5482

1.2518

1.237

He

2.0769

5.1926

3.1156

1.667

H2

4 .1 240 0. 5182

14.307

10.183

1.405

CH 4

2.2537

l. 7354

1.299

co

0.2968

1.040

0.7 44

1.4 0 0

Ne

0.4119

1.0299

0.6179

1.667

N2

0.2968

1.039

0.743

1.400

CaH1s

0.0729

1.7113

1.6385

1.044

02

0.2598

0.918

0.658

1.395

C 3 H 8 H 2 0

0.1885

1.6794

1.4909

1.126

0.4615

1.8723

1.4108

1.327

Nota: La unidad kJ/k g - K es equivalente a kJ/ kg · ºC.

Fuente: Chem1ca/ and Process Thermodynamics 3a. ed Nueva Jersey.

por Kyle. B.G ., © 2000. Adaptado con perm iso de Pearson Education, lnc., Upper Saddle River,

3a. ed Nueva Jersey. por Kyle. B.G ., © 2000. Adaptado con perm iso de Pearson

954

Tab las de propiedades , figuras

y diagramas (unidades inglesas )

TABLA A-1E

Masa mo lar, co nsta nt e de gas y propiedades

del pu nto cr ít ico

---

 

Masa

Constante de gas, R

Propiedades del punto crítico

 

Btu/ l bm · R*

psia · ft 3 /

Tem peratu ra,

Presió n,

Vo l ume n,

 

Sustanc ia

Fórm ula

molar, M l bmi lb mol

lbm

· R*

R

ps ia

ft 3 /l bmol

Ag ua Aire Alco hol etíli co Alcohol metíl ico Amoniaco Argón Benceno Bromo n-Butano Cloro Cloroformo

H 2 0

18.015

0 .1102 0 .06855 0 .043 11

0.5956

1164.8

3200

0.90

 
 

28 .9 7 46 .07

0 .3704

238.5

547

1.41

C2H 5 0 H CH 3 0H NH 3 Ar

0.2329

929.0

926

2.68

32.042

0.06198

0.3349

923.7

1154

1.89

17 .03

0.1166

0 .630 1 0 .2686

729.8

1636

1.16

39.948

0.04971

272

705

1.20

C5H5

78.115

0.02542

0.1374

1012

714

4.17

Br 2

159.808

0.01243

0.06714

1052

1500

2.17

C.: H10

58 . 124

0.03417

765 .2

55 1

4 .08

0 .1 846 0. 15 17 0 .08988 0 . 2 1 25 0 . 1280 0. 08874 0 .1043

Cl 2

70.906

0.02801

751

11 20

1.99

CHCl 3

119.38

0 .01664 0 . 03934 0 .02370

965.8

794

3.85

Cl

or u ro met íl i co

CH3CI

50.488

749.3

968

2.29

Cri pt ón Dic lorod ifluorometano (R- 12)

83.80

376.9

798

1.48

Kr CC1 2 F 2

120.91

 

0

.01643

692.4

582

3.49

Di

c lorof luorometano (R-21)

CH

Cl 2 F

102.92

0.0 1930

813.0

749

3.16

Dióxido de Dióxi do de

carbono

C0 2

44.01

0.04513

0.2438

547.5

1071

1.51

sulfuro

S0 2

64.063

0. 03 100

1.1 67 5

77 5.2

1143

1.95

Etano Eti leno He l io n-Hexano Hid rógeno (norma l)

C2H6

30.020

0.066 16

0.3574

549.8

708

2.37

C2H4

28.054

0.07079

0.3825

508.3

742

1.99

He

4.003

0.4961

2.6809

9.5

33 .2

0.926

C6H1 4

86 .178

0.02305

0. 1245

9 14.2

439

5.89

H2

2.016

0.9851

5.3224

59.9

188.l

1.04

Metano Monóxido de carbo no

CH 4

16.043

0 .1238

0.6688

343.9

673

1. 59

co

28.011

0 .07090

0 .3831 0 . 53 16

240

507

1.49

Neón Nitrógeno

 

Ne

0.09840

80.1

395

0.668

N2

 

0 .07090

0.3830

227.1

492

1.44

 

20 . 183 28.0 13

ó

xi do n itroso Oxíge no Propano Prop il eno

N 2 0

44.0

13

0.0451 2

0.2438

557.4

1054

1.54

02

31.999

0.06206

0.3353

278.6

736

1.25

C3Hs

44.097

0.04504

0.2433

665.9

617

3.20

C3H6

42 .081

0.047 19

0.2550

656.9

670

2.90

Tet

Tet

raclor uro de carbono rafluoroe t ano (R -1 34a)

CC l 4

153 .82

0.01291

0 .06976

1001.5

661

4.42

CF 3 CH 2 F 102.03

0.01946

0.1052

673.6

588.7

3.19

Tric loro fl uoro metano (R- 11)

CCl 3 F Xe

137.37

13 1. 30

0.01446

0.07811

848.1

635

3.97

Xenón

 

0.01513

0 .08172

521.55

852

1. 90

* Cal cu lada de R = RJM, donde R. = 1. 98 588 Btu/l bmol · R = 10.7 31 6 ps ia · pi e 3 / lbmo l · R y Mes la masa molar.

Fuente : K. A. Kobe y R. E. Ly n. Jr., Chem ical Revíew 52. 1953, pp. 117-236 ; y AS HRAE (Soci edad Ameri cana de Ingenieros de Ca lefac ción . Refr igeración y Acondic ion ami ento de Aire), Handbook of Fundamentals, Allan ta , Georgi a, Amer ic an Soc iety of Heat 1ng, Re f rigerat ion and A1r-Condition i ng Eng i neers. ln c., 1993. pp. 16.4 y 36.1.

Apéndice 2

955

TABLA A- 2E

Calores específicos de gas ideal de varios gases comunes a) A 80ºF

Gas

Fórmula

Aire Argón Bu ta no Dióx ido de carbono Etano

Et1leno

He lio Hidrógeno Me ta no Monóxido d e ca r bo no Neón Nitrógeno Octano Oxígeno Propano Vapor

Ar C 4 H 1 C0 2 C 2 H 6

C7H4

He

H2

CH 4

co

Ne

Nz

CRH 1s

02

C3Ha

H?O

Constante de gas, R

Btu/ lbm

· R

c.

·"

Btu/l bm

· R

-

c

Btu / l bm · R

-- --

--···----

k

0.06855

0 .240

0 .171

1.400

0.04971

0.1253

0 .0756

1 .667

0.03424

0.415

0.381

1.09

0 .04513

0.203

0. 158

1.285

0.06616

0.427

0.361

1.183

0.07079

0.411

0.340

1.208

0.4961

1.25

0 .753

1 .667

0.9851

3.43

2.44

1.404

0.1238

0.532

0.403

1.32

0.07090

0. 249

0.178

1.399

0 .09840

0. 246

0.1477

1.667

0.07090

0.248

0.177

1.400

0.01742

0.409

0.392

1.044

0.06206

0.219

0.157

1.395

0.04504

0.407

0 .362

1. 124

0.1102

0.445

0.335

1.329

Fuente : Gord o n J. Van W yl en y R ich ard E . S o nn ag. Fu nd a men t al s o f C l assical Ther mo dy o am i cs, versión in gl~Si S I. 3a . ed ., Nu ev a Y o rk . Joh n W i ley &

So ns, 1986 . p.

687 . Tab la A.SE .

812 Appendix A

Table A.5 Surface Tension, Vapor Pressure, and Sound Speed of Water

T, 8C

Y, N/m

p y , kPa

a, m/s

0

0.0756

0.611

1402

10

0.0742

1.227

1447

20

0.0728

2.337

1482

30

0.0712

4.242

1509

40

0.0696