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Organizaia pentru Cooperare i Dezvoltare

Economic

Organizaia pentru Cooperare i Dezvoltare Econo- OCDE face eforturi pentru a nelege i a ajuta guverne-
mic (OCDE) este o organizaie internaional a acelor le s rspund la noi dezvoltri i preocupri. Acestea
naiuni dezvoltate care accept principiile democraiei re- cuprind comerul i ajustarea structural, securitatea on-
prezentative i a economiei de pia libere. Organizaia line i provocrile legate de reducerea srciei n lumea
i are originile n anul 1948, sub numele de Organisa- dezvoltat. De mai mult de 40 de ani, OCDE este una
tion for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC), Or- dintre cele mai mari i mai de ncredere surse de statis-
ganizaia pentru Cooperare Economic European, tic comparat, statistic economic i date sociale. Ba-
pentru a ajuta la administrarea planului Marshall pen- zele de date OCDE cuprind o arie larg i divers, cum
tru reconstrucia Europei dup Cel de-al Doilea Rzboi ar conturile naionale, indicatorii economici, fora de
Mondial. Mai trziu calitatea de membru a fost extins munc, comerul, ocupaia, migraia, educaia, energia,
pentru statele din afara Europei, iar n 1961 s-a reformat sntatea, industria, taxele i impozitele, i mediul. Cea
lund numele de Organisation for Economic Co-operation mai mare parte a studiilor i analizelor sunt publicate.
and Development (OECD), franceza: Organisation de co- De-a lungul ultimei decade, OCDE a rezolvat o se-
opration et de dveloppement conomiques. rie de probleme sociale, economice i legate de mediu,
adncindu-i legatura cu afacerile, uniunile comerciale i
ali reprezentani ai societii civile. Negocierile de la
1 Obiective i aciuni OCDE n privina taxelor i a preurilor de transfer au
deschis drumul tratatelor bilaterale n jurul lumii.

Organizaia pentru Cooperare i Dezvoltare Econo- Sediul OCDE se a la Chteau de la Muette n Paris.
mic este un forum unic unde guvernele a 34 de demo-
craii conlucreaz pentru a rspunde provocrilor econo-
mice, sociale, a celor ce in de globalizare i de exploatare 2 Secretarul general
a oportunitilor globalizrii.
Organizaia ofer un cadru n care guvernele pot s i ntre 1996 i 2006 secretar general al OCDE a fost
compare experienele politice, s caute rspunsuri la pro- Donald J. Johnston din Canada. Din 1 iunie 2006 Se-
blemele comune, s identice practicile bune i s-i co- cretarul General este mexicanul Jos ngel Gurra.
ordoneze politicile interne i internaionale. Aceasta este
un forum, unde presiunea egal poate aciona ca un stimu-
lent puternic pentru mbuntirea politicii i pentru im- 3 Membri
plementarea instrumentelor independente care, ocazio-
nal, pot conduce la semnarea unor tratate.
Schimburile de informaii i analize dintre guvernele OC-
DE sunt puse la dispoziie de un secretariat din Paris. Se-
cretariatul culege date, monitorizeaz trenduri i analize
i prognozeaz dezvoltrile economice. Acesta cercetea-
z i schimbrile sociale sau modelele comerciale dezvol-
tate, mediul, agricultura, tehnologia, taxele i alte dome-
nii.
OCDE ajut guvernele n direcia creterii prosperit-
ii i a luptei mpotriva srciei prin cretere economi-
c, stabilitate economic, comer i investiii, tehnologie, rile membre OCDE (n albastru nchis rile care au nin-
inovaie, anteprenoriat i cooperare n scopul dezvolt- at organizaia iar n albastru deschis rile care au aderat mai
rii. Trebuie s existe asigurarea c creterea economic, trziu.
dezvoltarea social i protecia mediului sunt obinute m-
preun. Alte scopuri includ crearea de locuri de munc Exist n mod curent 35 de membri cu putere deplin;
pentru toi, echitate social, guvernare curat i efectiv. dintre acetia 33 sunt, n descrierea din 2016 a Bncii

1
2 7 LEGTURI EXTERNE

Mondiale, ri cu venituri mari[1] . Mexic i Turcia sunt 7 Legturi externe


clasicate ri cu venit mediu-nalt. rile devenite mem-
bre OECD n 1961 nu au anii dup nume. Alte naiuni OCDE - Prezentare general
sunt listate n funcie de anul de admisie.
i http://www.oecd.org/infobycountry pentru situri-
Comisia european a Uniunii Europene particip la mun-
le rilor membre OECD
ca OCDE, alturi de statele membre ale UE. n mai 2007,
Consiliul ministerial al OCDE a nceput s analizeze i Convenia OECD Anti-Bribery
s discute despre ntrirea cooperativitii cu: Brazilia,
China, India, Indonezia i Africa de Sud. Posibili can- OECD despre OEEC
didai cu drepturi depline sunt statele lips din Uniunea
Oshore Finance USA
Europeana: Bulgaria, Cipru, Croaia, Lituania, Malta i
Romnia.[2][3][4] Oshore Finance Canada
Cele 34 de state membre OCDE dein mpreun aproxi-
mativ 60 la sut din economia mondial, 70 la sut din
comerul mondial i 20 la sut din populaia lumii[5] .

4 Istoric
La 11 mai 2010, Estonia, Slovenia i Israelul au fost in-
vitate s devin membre.[6]
La data de 22 August 2010, guvernul israelian a aprobat
intrarea rii n OECD[7] .

5 Note
[1] Country and Lending Groups. World Bank. Accessed on
July 1, 2016.

[2] Romanias candidacy for OECD membership, MAE, ac-


cesat la 17 octombrie 2014

[3] Romnia vrea s adere la un club select: OCDE. Ce stan-


darde trebuie s ndeplinim i care vor avantajele, 15
octombrie 2014, Dan Stru, Adevrul, accesat la 17 oc-
tombrie 2014

[4] Geoan: MAE s nceap procedurile de aderare a Ro-


mniei la Convenia AntiMit, 11 iulie 2014, Mdlina
Mihalache, Adevrul, accesat la 17 octombrie 2014

[5] OCDE: 2,7 milioane de emigrani romni n UE, 12 Iulie


2010, agerpres.ro, accesat la 22 august 2010

[6] tiri

[7] Israelul intr n clubul rilor cu economie dezvoltat, 23


August 2010, capital.ro, accesat la 23 august 2010

6 Vezi i

Frascati Manual

Trade bloc
3

8 Text and image sources, contributors, and licenses


8.1 Text
Organizaia pentru Cooperare i Dezvoltare Economic Surs: https://ro.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organiza%C8%9Bia_pentru_
Cooperare_%C8%99i_Dezvoltare_Economic%C4%83?oldid=10687292 Contribuitori: Robbot, MihaitzaBot, YurikBot, Arado, Robo-
tQuistnix, Emily, Raresel, Databyte~rowiki, FlaBot, Strainubot, Parvus7, Escarbot, Rsocol, Thijs!bot, JAnDbot, Rei-bot, Mycomp, Vol-
kovBot, TXiKiBoT, SieBot, Loveless, RadufanBot, PipepBot, Ark25, OKBot, Alexbot, CarsracBot, Luckas-bot, ArkBot, Rubinbot, An-
drebot, ArthurBot, DSisyphBot, Xqbot, GhalyBot, Ionutzmovie, TobeBot, EmausBot, JackieBot, Mjbmrbot, FoxBot, AvocatoBot, Addbot,
BreakBot, KasparBot i Anonim: 10

8.2 Images
Fiier:Flag_of_Australia.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b9/Flag_of_Australia.svg Licen: Public do-
main Contribuitori: Oper proprie Artist original: Ian Fieggen
Fiier:Flag_of_Austria.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/41/Flag_of_Austria.svg Licen: Public domain
Contribuitori: Oper proprie, http://www.bmlv.gv.at/abzeichen/dekorationen.shtml Artist original: User:SKopp
Fiier:Flag_of_Belgium_(civil).svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/92/Flag_of_Belgium_%28civil%29.
svg Licen: Public domain Contribuitori: ? Artist original: ?
Fiier:Flag_of_Canada.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cf/Flag_of_Canada.svg Licen: Public domain
Contribuitori: See below Artist original: Created by E Pluribus Anthony / User:Mzajac
Fiier:Flag_of_Chile.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/78/Flag_of_Chile.svg Licen: Public domain Con-
tribuitori: Oper proprie Artist original: SKopp
Fiier:Flag_of_Denmark.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9c/Flag_of_Denmark.svg Licen: Public do-
main Contribuitori: Oper proprie Artist original: User:Madden
Fiier:Flag_of_Estonia.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8f/Flag_of_Estonia.svg Licen: Public domain
Contribuitori: http://www.riigikantselei.ee/?id=73847 Artist original: Originally drawn by User:SKopp. Blue colour changed by User:PeepP
to match the image at [1].
Fiier:Flag_of_Finland.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bc/Flag_of_Finland.svg Licen: Public domain
Contribuitori: http://www.finlex.fi/fi/laki/ajantasa/1978/19780380 Artist original: Drawn by User:SKopp
Fiier:Flag_of_France.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c3/Flag_of_France.svg Licen: Public
domain Contribuitori: http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/de/frankreich_3/frankreich-entdecken_244/
portrat-frankreichs_247/die-symbole-der-franzosischen-republik_260/trikolore-die-nationalfahne_114.html Artist original: This
graphic was drawn by SKopp.
Fiier:Flag_of_Germany.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/ba/Flag_of_Germany.svg Licen: Public do-
main Contribuitori: ? Artist original: ?
Fiier:Flag_of_Greece.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5c/Flag_of_Greece.svg Licen: Public domain
Contribuitori: own code Artist original: (of code) cs:User:-xfi- (talk)
Fiier:Flag_of_Hungary.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c1/Flag_of_Hungary.svg Licen: Public do-
main Contribuitori:
Flags of the World Hungary Artist original: SKopp
Fiier:Flag_of_Iceland.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/ce/Flag_of_Iceland.svg Licen: Public domain
Contribuitori: Islandic National Flag Artist original: var Arnfjr Bjarmason, Zscout370 and others
Fiier:Flag_of_Ireland.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/45/Flag_of_Ireland.svg Licen: Public domain
Contribuitori: Drawn by User:SKopp Artist original: ?
Fiier:Flag_of_Israel.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d4/Flag_of_Israel.svg Licen: Public domain
Contribuitori: http://mfa.gov.il/MFA/AboutIsrael/IsraelAt50/Pages/The%20Flag%20and%20the%20Emblem.aspx Artist original: The
Provisional Council of State Proclamation of the Flag of the State of Israel of 25 Tishrei 5709 (28 October 1948) provides the ocial
specication for the design of the Israeli ag.
Fiier:Flag_of_Italy.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/03/Flag_of_Italy.svg Licen: Public domain Con-
tribuitori: There has been a long discussion on the colors of this ag. Please read the talk page before editing or reverting this image. Pantone
to RGB performed by http://www.pantone.com/pages/pantone/colorfinder.aspx Artist original: see below
Fiier:Flag_of_Japan.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9e/Flag_of_Japan.svg Licen: Public domain
Contribuitori: Law Concerning the National Flag and Anthem (1999) URL link in English, actual law (Japanese; colors from http:
//www.mod.go.jp/j/info/nds/siyousyo/dsp_list_j.htm#Z8701 Artist original: Various
Fiier:Flag_of_Latvia.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/84/Flag_of_Latvia.svg Licen: Public domain
Contribuitori: Oper proprie Artist original: SKopp
Fiier:Flag_of_Luxembourg.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/da/Flag_of_Luxembourg.svg Licen: Pu-
blic domain Contribuitori: Oper proprie http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1972/0051/a051.pdf#page=2, colors from http://
www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1993/0731609/0731609.pdf Artist original: Drawn by User:SKopp
Fiier:Flag_of_Mexico.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fc/Flag_of_Mexico.svg Licen: Public domain
Contribuitori: Aceast imagine vectorial a fost creat cu Inkscape. Artist original: Alex Covarrubias, 9 April 2006
4 8 TEXT AND IMAGE SOURCES, CONTRIBUTORS, AND LICENSES

Fiier:Flag_of_New_Zealand.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/3e/Flag_of_New_Zealand.svg Licen:


Public domain Contribuitori: http://www.mch.govt.nz/files/NZ%20Flag%20-%20proportions.JPG Artist original: Zscout370, Hugh Ja-
ss and many others
Fiier:Flag_of_Norway.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d9/Flag_of_Norway.svg Licen: Public domain
Contribuitori: Oper proprie Artist original: Dbenbenn
Fiier:Flag_of_Poland.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/12/Flag_of_Poland.svg Licen: Public domain
Contribuitori: Own work, modied color values by text substitution in the existing le Artist original: Mareklug, Wanted
Fiier:Flag_of_Portugal.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5c/Flag_of_Portugal.svg Licen: Public do-
main Contribuitori: http://jorgesampaio.arquivo.presidencia.pt/pt/republica/simbolos/bandeiras/index.html#imgs Artist original: Colum-
bano Bordalo Pinheiro (1910; generic design); Vtor Lus Rodrigues; Antnio Martins-Tuvlkin (2004; this specic vector set: see sources)
Fiier:Flag_of_Slovakia.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e6/Flag_of_Slovakia.svg Licen: Public do-
main Contribuitori: Oper proprie; here, colors Artist original: SKopp
Fiier:Flag_of_Slovenia.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f0/Flag_of_Slovenia.svg Licen: Public do-
main Contribuitori: Oper proprie construction sheet from http://flagspot.net/flags/si%27.html#coa Artist original: User:Achim1999
Fiier:Flag_of_South_Korea.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/09/Flag_of_South_Korea.svg Licen:
Public domain Contribuitori: Ordinance Act of the Law concerning the National Flag of the Republic of Korea, Construction and co-
lor guidelines (Russian/English) Artist original: Various
Fiier:Flag_of_Spain.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9a/Flag_of_Spain.svg Licen: CC0 Contribuitori:
["Sodipodi.com Clipart Gallery. Original link no longer available ] Artist original: Pedro A. Gracia Fajardo, escudo de Manual de Imagen
Institucional de la Administracin General del Estado
Fiier:Flag_of_Sweden.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Flag_of_Sweden.svg Licen: Public domain
Contribuitori: This ag is regulated by Swedish Law, Act 1970:498, which states that in commercial activities, the coats of arms, the ag
or other ocial insignia of Sweden may not be used in a trademark or other insignia for products or services without proper authorization.
This includes any mark or text referring to the Swedish government which thus can give the commercial mark a sign of ocial endorsement.
This includes municipal coats of arms which are registered. http://www.notisum.se/rnp/sls/lag/19700498.HTM] Artist original: Jon Harald
Sby and others. All authors are listed in the File versions section below.
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domain Contribuitori: PDF Colors Construction sheet Artist original: User:Marc Mongenet

Credits:
Fiier:Flag_of_Turkey.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b4/Flag_of_Turkey.svg Licen: Public domain
Contribuitori: Turkish Flag Law (Trk Bayra Kanunu), Law nr. 2893 of 22 September 1983. Text (in Turkish) at the website of the
Turkish Historical Society (Trk Tarih Kurumu) Artist original: David Benbennick (original author)
Fiier:Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cb/Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic.
svg Licen: Public domain Contribuitori:
-x-'s le
-x-'s code
Zirlands codes of colors
Artist original:
(of code): SVG version by cs:-x-.
Fiier:Flag_of_the_Netherlands.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/20/Flag_of_the_Netherlands.svg Li-
cen: Public domain Contribuitori: Oper proprie Artist original: Zscout370
Fiier:Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ae/Flag_of_the_United_
Kingdom.svg Licen: Public domain Contribuitori: Oper proprie per data at http://flagspot.net/flags/gb.html Artist original: Original ag
by Acts of Union 1800

Fiier:Flag_of_the_United_States.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a4/Flag_of_the_United_States.svg


Licen: Public domain Contribuitori: SVG implementation of U. S. Code: Title 4, Chapter 1, Section 1 [1] (the United States Federal
Flag Law). Artist original: Dbenbenn, Zscout370, Jacobolus, Indolences, Technion.
Fiier:OECD_member_states_map.svg Surs: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/OECD_member_states_map.
svg Licen: CC BY-SA 2.0 Contribuitori:
Derived from <a href='//commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:OECD-memberstates.png' class='image'><img alt='OECD-
memberstates.png' src='https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/24/OECD-memberstates.png/
45px-OECD-memberstates.png' width='45' height='21' srcset='https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/24/
OECD-memberstates.png/68px-OECD-memberstates.png 1.5x, https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/24/
OECD-memberstates.png/90px-OECD-memberstates.png 2x' data-le-width='1357' data-le-height='628' /></a>by Emuzesto, released
under CC-BY-SA-2.0. Artist original: Cm001 (Discuie)
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tribuitori: Oper proprie Artist original: User:Planemad

8.3 Content license


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