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# Linear Circuit Analysis (ELEN-1100)

## Engr. Dr. Hadeed Ahmed Sher

Assistant Professor, EED
KFUEIT, Pakistan

## https://twitter.com/EEDKFUEIT Learning Management System 10.1.0.6

Slide credits

Cite as: Hadeed Sher, course materials for ELEN-1100 Linear Circuit Analysis, Spring 2017. (http://pveducator.blogspot.com), Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering
2
Contents
Special cases of mesh current method
Supermesh
Examples
Node voltage vs mesh current
Source transformations
Example

Cite as: Hadeed Sher, course materials for ELEN-1100 Linear Circuit Analysis, Spring 2017. (http://pveducator.blogspot.com), Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering
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Special cases of mesh current method
If a current source is common in two mesh currents
the overall solution becomes simple.
The difference in mesh currents in that case is the value
of the source.

Cite as: Hadeed Sher, course materials for ELEN-1100 Linear Circuit Analysis, Spring 2017. (http://pveducator.blogspot.com), Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering
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Supermesh
A supermesh is one mesh created from two meshes
that have a current source in common.
At supermesh
-10+1(i1-i3)+3(i2-i3)+2i2=0
At mesh 3
2i3+3(i3-i2)+1(i3-i1)=0
Also i1-i2=5A
Solving them
i2=2.5A,
i1=7.5A
i3=2.5A
Cite as: Hadeed Sher, course materials for ELEN-1100 Linear Circuit Analysis, Spring 2017. (http://pveducator.blogspot.com), Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering
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Example 4.6-2 [Dorf]
Method # 1
9i1+v-12=0
3i2+6i2-v=0
9i1+9i2=12
Method # 2
9i1+3i2+6i3-12=0
9i1+9i2=12
Using supermesh eliminates
Labeling current source voltage as v.
Applying KVL to both meshes
v from the KVL equations
Cite as: Hadeed Sher, course materials for ELEN-1100 Linear Circuit Analysis, Spring 2017. (http://pveducator.blogspot.com), Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering
6
Node voltage vs Mesh current
Both methods reduce the number of simultaneous
equations required to solve a circuit.
For a given circuit the method that generates least
equations is preferred.
If there is a possibility of a super node then nodal is
preferred and if a super mesh is possible then mesh
current method is the obvious choice.
Students are advised to go through example 4.6 and
4.7

Cite as: Hadeed Sher, course materials for ELEN-1100 Linear Circuit Analysis, Spring 2017. (http://pveducator.blogspot.com), Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering
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Source transformations
A source transformation is a circuit simplification
method that allow us to transform
Voltage source+ series resistance Current source
+shunt resistance
Apply ohms law to get il.
il=Vs/(R+RL)
il=Ris/(R+RL)
If these circuits are equal they must have same
Cite as: Hadeed Sher, course materials for ELEN-1100 Linear Circuit Analysis, Spring 2017. (http://pveducator.blogspot.com), Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering
8
Source transformations
Equating these equations
is=vs/R
If the current in RL is same for both circuits, then the
voltage drop across R is the same and hence, the
circuits are equivalent at output nodes

Cite as: Hadeed Sher, course materials for ELEN-1100 Linear Circuit Analysis, Spring 2017. (http://pveducator.blogspot.com), Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering
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Example 4.8 [8th ed.]
Find power in 6V source
Circuit has 4 essential nodes
and 6 essential branches.
Either 3 mesh or three node equations are required.
Since we need to measure the power in 6V source
therefore, we will apply source transformation at
40V source.
Step 1 :
Convert 40V

Cite as: Hadeed Sher, course materials for ELEN-1100 Linear Circuit Analysis, Spring 2017. (http://pveducator.blogspot.com), Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering
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Example 4.8 [8th ed.]
Step 2
Converting back to voltage

Step 3
Converting to current source

Step 4
Converting to voltage source

## Power is 4.95 W. (absorbing)

Cite as: Hadeed Sher, course materials for ELEN-1100 Linear Circuit Analysis, Spring 2017. (http://pveducator.blogspot.com), Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering