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Folosirea timpurilor n limba englez

Present Simple Past Simple Future Simple


- Aciuni obinuite care se ntmpl n - Exprim aciuni terminate legate de un - Indic o aciune obinuit sau regulat
prezent sau in mod regulat, dar nu moment trecut, fr nici o legtur din viitor: They will buy a house
neaprat n momentul exact al cu prezentul: ex. They visited their next month.
vorbirii: ex. Mike plays tennis every moter in the hospital yesterday. - Se folosete cu adverbele de timp:
weekend. - Se folose te cu urmtoarele adverbe de next week/year/month, tomorrow,
- Adevruri sau realiti general timp: yesterday/ last the day after tomorrow.
acceptate: ex. Vegetarians dont eat week/year/month, two - Nu se foloseste viitorul ci prezentul
meat. days/minutes/weeks/ years ago, the simplu dup: if, when, as soon as,
- Expresia opiniilor i preferinelor: ex. other day, last week/year/month, in till, until, before. (Se folosete
I think Spain is beautiful. 1892. viitorul doar cnd aceste
- Se folosete pentru a exprima asa subordonate ndeplinesc funcia
numitul prezent istoric, fcnd astfel sintactic de compliment direct) She
referile la aciuni care s-au ntamplat is asking when her mother will
de fapt n trecut: ex. Monika tells come.
me that she took her brother to the
dentist.
- Poate avea valen de viitor mai ales
cu verbe ca: arrive, come, leave care
sugereaz evenimente planificate sau
programate: The train from Boston
arrives this afternoon at two
oclock.
- Expresii care semnaleaz frecvent
aciuni obinuite exprimate prin
prezentul simplu: all the time,
always, every hour/day/week/year,
most of the time, never, often,
rarely, sometimes, seldom, usually.

Present Continuous Past Continuous Future Continuous


- O aciune care se afl n deplin - Indic o aciune care se desfoar la - Exprim o aciune n desfurare la un
desfurare n momentul vorbirii: It un moment dat din trecut care nu are moment dat din viitor: Tomorrow I
is raining so they have to stop the nici o legtur cu prezentul. will be working all the day.
game. Aciunea continu a avut loc in - Unele expresii folosite cu acest timp:
- O aciune care se afl n desfurare n trecut i a fost deja terminat la un at this time tomorrow, at 7 oclock
perioada prezent, dar poate nu se punct nainte de momentul vorbirii: tomorrow, when mother came
ntmpl concomitent cu momentul The cat was walking along the home, from 6 till 7 tomorrow, the
vorbirii: They are writing a new three branches. whole day tomorrow.
book. - Unele expresii folosite cu acest timp:
- Descrie o tendin sau o aciune care a at this time yesterday, at 7 oclock
debutat recent: More and more yesterday, when mother came
people are starting to play golf in home, from 6 till 7 yesterday, the
Malaysia. whole evening yesterday.
- Pentru a desemna o aciune planificat
pentru viitor: Meg is leaving for
London next week.
- Pentru descrierea tablourilor: In the
picture Mary is dancing.
- Verbele care nu au forma de continuu:
to think, to know, to hear, to
recognize, to feel, to be, to
understand, to have (se folosete la
continuu doar cnd intr n
componena unor expresii cum ar fi
to have dinner, to have a smoke...)

Present Perfect Past Perfect Future Perfect


- Exprim o aciune ncheiat sau - Indic faptul c o aciune s-a ncheiat - Indic o aciune care va fi fost
perfectat n trecut i care se pefectat la un moment din trecut ncheiat la un moment dat din
extinde pn n momentul prezent: I nainte ca un alt eveniment s se viitor: I will have spent all my
have walked two miles (dar produc: I had walked two miles money by this time next year. By
continuu s merg). before I had lunch. this time next week, I will have
- Aciuni sau evenimente din trecut, dar - Adverbe de timp: before, after. worked on this this project for
care conduc pn la momentul twenty days.
prezent. n acest caz folosirea - Adverbe de timp: by this time next
timpului Present Perfect arat c wee/month/year, by June, before,
rezultatul evenimentului sau aciunii after.
care aparine momentului prezent
este doar cel care conteaz i nu
momentul n care a avut loc
aciunea: He has bought a new car.
(i acum au o main nou)
- Obiceiuri sau evenimente i aciuni
frecvente n decursul unei perioade
de timp care conduc la momentul
prezentului: She has studied
English for four years. (i nc mai
nva)
- Se folosete de obicei cu adverbele de
timp: never, ever, just, already, yet,
since, for.

Present Perfect Continuos Past Perfect Continuous Future perfect Continuous


- Se folosete pentru a descrie stri sau - Indic o aciune care s-a ncheiat la un - Indic o aciune continu (aciune de
evenimente care au debutat n trecut moment dat din trecut: She had durat) care va fi ncheiat la un
i au continuat de-a lungul unei been reading for hours before she moment dat din viitor: By the time
perioade de timp i snt nc preyente left the library. he finishes the semester, Mark will
pn n momentul vorbirii. It has - Poate exprima o ac iune sau o stare din have been studying birds for four
been raining for two days. (and it is trecut nceput nainte unei altei years.
still raining). ac iuni din trecut, dar continund i - Adverbe de timp: by this time next
- Diferena dintre forma prezentului n clipa svririi ei: Monica had wee/month/year, by June, before,
perfect i cea a prezentului perfect been watching TV for two hours after.
continuu este c forma continu when her mother came home fro
accentuiaz durata aciunii sau work.
strrii.