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BBTDIFG LISTwoV 1 1923

A

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O F T H E ^^ ? , i

Church of England^ Loyalty :

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;

Whiggifh Loyalty i

,

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AND

:

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Church Loyalty

COMPAR D.

"

Printed in the Year 1702.

o

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a

ANEW

E

OF THE

Church of Englands Loyalty.

all the unhappy Contentionsamong

Parties and Factions in this brangling Mark oftheir Hierarchy, that it is her Pra-

IN

Nation, the Champions of the Church

mud

have themfelves

diftinguifhing

ofEngland^ as they

calld, have laid it down as the

Members Hce, and Principles has be^n derivdfrom of unfhaken herveryCon- Loyalty to

ftitution, as well as Doftrine, to fix in allher

her Prince, entire and undifputed Obedience

to all herCommands, and an Abhorrence of

the very Thoughts of thole Hellifh Princi

ples, That itcan beia^fu/cn any Account whatfoever

to rejift the eftablffid Power oftheir Kings.

B

Twoud

C

>

Twoud be endlefs to quote the Reverend

Dr. Bge, whofrom the Text in the

Rejifl not the Powers, &c. for whatjoever

Powers are, be ordained ofGod; whofoever therefore

rejifteth the Power, rejifteth the Ordinance of God ;

tells

c That if the King fhoud by his

us,

* Royal Command execute the greateft Vio-

our 4 ble Entreaty to beg his MajefHes Grace and

Vicegerentfrom His Servant* an^ by hum-?,

to GodAlmighty, to turn the Wrath ofHis

Duywas to fubmitbyPrayersandTears firft

c

c Pardon ; but to lift

<

lence upon

either our Perfon or Eilate,

the Hand againft the

up

c Lord s Anointed,

or refift

<

went

he

thought fit

to

the Evil of

infli$<>

tiiis

PuniJ]}-

Wre a

< Crime unpardonable either before God or

< Man,and a Crime, (fays the Reverend Dr.)

< which we.bleik Godr the very Principles of

< ^oiifcwr Loyal Mother, the Church of Eng-

4 land, abhors and detefts.

VLetJncendiaries, Phanaticks, andBloody

4 Peace-breakingWhigs (faysanotherLearned

4

4

4

4

*

Divine) nourii-hi the Viprous Principles of

TreafonandRebellion,and let themmeet-the

due.Reward of th/eir FactiousDoings in the

Refentmentsof a Righteous, but Provok d,

Nation : B^t Godbepraifed5our Mother-the

* Church t)f

b ? ov

England

has

always

brought

up

4 her

.

her Sons in an unfpottedLoyalty andObedi-

; ence; none havebeen found lifting up their

c Hands againfl their Soveraign, or poflefiing

1 the RightsoftheAnointed as the of Immediate God, &c. Su-

4 The very Beingand Life,the Originaland

c < Principles and Fidelity ofthe to Church ofEngland, (fays a-

*

nother }othofJanuary Sermon) is Loyalty

God

c

*

c

pream, and to the King as the lively Image ofthe Writings ofour late Modern Authors

produce Ten Thoufand fair Quotations out becenfured which I hold if to I be take lutficient, it for granted. I think I cannot

the ChurchofEngland ; and upon this Foot,

ofDivine Authority, wholePower is imme-

diatelyderivdfrom, holds of, and is accoun-

c table to nonebut to God Himfelf.

To avoid Prolixity of Quotation, theRea

der is defir d to accept of thefe as fufficient

Proofsof what I lay down upon this Conditi

on ; nevertheless^ that befides thegeneral

Ap

peal which I might make to the Memoryof

moft Men, I oblige my felf upon Demand to

fmce the Reftauration ; wherein the Do-

trines ofNon-reliftance ofPrinces, PaffiveO-

bedience, and the Divine Authority of the

KinglyPower, is owndand declard to be an

EflentialPart oftheProfeffion andPradice of

1-4?.

No.w,asthis toomuch

dividedNationhasal

waysbeencomposdoftwocontendingParties,

thofeParties have been diftinguiihd, as in like

Cafes* byNames of Contempt ; and tho they

haveoften changd them on either fide, as Ca

valier andRoundhead, Royalifis and Rebels,

Malignants and Phanaticks , Tories and

Whigs, yet the Divifion has always been

barely the Church and the Dijfenter, and there

it continues to thisDay.

As the Church ofEnglandPartyhave boaft-

ed oftheir own Loyalty, fo they have brand

ed the Diffenter with Rebellion and Faction,

not only

in their Nature, but in their ve

ry Principles; they have laid it down in their own Nature r

Writings and Sermons, and Multitudes of

their ignorant Hearers believe it, that the

very

Doffrine

of the

Principles ConfuftQn and Rebellion ;

in

their

Dijfenter is made

up of

tending to

they wont be con

tent that

we

(houd own

there may be

Men among all Parties ofbad Defigns, and

who wou d on all Occafious embroil their

NativeCountry, but it muft bewoven with

the very Articles ofFaith, and that tis the

Religion of a Diffenter to difturb Govern

ment, kill Kings, and oppofe Laws.

f

ThePhanatical Enemies of our

Learned Dr. P

King and

n) drink

6 Church (lays the ter (fays the worthy Sir Roger in oneof his

famous Obfervators ) contributes juft fb much

as- the Profits of that Groat amounts to in

Trade towards the Subverfion ofthe Monar

chy, and erecting;a Commonwealth; for the

very Nature and Tendencyoftheirfrofeffion

in Rebellion as Water ;

tis the very Sub-

* ftanceoftheirSchifmaticalDo&rinetoover-

whelm and deftroy ; and Commonwealths

*

and Confufions are the Dodrines they

preacho r ;j

He thatlays out oneGroat with a DiiTen-

is-d^ftru&iye ofKingly iPdwer, and the Go and of" theDiffenters on the . other Hand.

vernment oftlie Nation; -d <

This bas been the Opinion of the Church

Q%England, bothofthemfelves on one

Hand,

I

fhoudbe gladifIcoud only

iayr

<

/i . has

been,

for we find tis ftiil too much their

Opinion.

Let no Man lay that .the Author of thefe

Sheets i* ekherwideningor

unheaid northe Contempt of their Neighbours, as to

keeping

the Breaches ofthis Nation ; for if Tcan make

it appear that there is really no Occaiion of

iuch unnatural Divifions ; and thit neither

the extraordinary Opinion of " themielves,

the

C

6 ];

the Matter f Loyalty, is a becoming Princi

ple; no, nor .a rational one neither:

For

that as to Loyalty, Paffive Obedience* Non- has any juft Caufe to contend.

refiftaace, Jyc. there is really no great Diffe-

rence betweenone fide Qr other. I go as far

towards healing theBreach as anyMan ; for

there can beno better way to end the Strife

ORboth Sides, thantoprove that neithef Side

To examine the Matter on both Sides

%ms very ujfeful at this time, in order to

reconcile Parties, and to fettle the Univer-

fal CharacteroftheNation. Conftitution in all their Powers, Limitati

The Government of England is a limited

Monarchy, compofed of King, Lords and

Commons. Eachhavetheirfeveral, theirfe-

parate,and their conjundlive Powers; which

acting in Concert* make the Harmony of

the Conftitution. I fhall not invade the Pro

vince ofthofe learnedGentlemen, who have

undertaken to fet forth the Branches of the

ons and Prerogatives : Tisenough to fay the

Conftitution is known, the Government is

confind by Laws, theCrown limited by Sta

tutes, and the PeoplesRightconfirmed by the

Conceffion of Ages.

To

To this

.

1 7

Government, all Diftincirion of

j

,

Names let apart, I am of the Opinion all

Parties have in their Tunis been equally Affirming without demonftrating* is a&

fpeaking.

Times, it woud be a very proper way of

And if I were to ufe the Language of late

Loyal : I was going to fay, equally Dill03?alt

abfurd way ofarguing, and therefore it will

be needful to come toParticulars, and to es&-

mine thefeveral A<5ts

and Deeds~ofboth Jlr-

ties when the Kingly Prerogative has ihockd the firft, becaufe twas under him that tlie-

wholeNation and the Government embraced

the Days ofKing Edward thevVI. I call it:

or clafli d with the People.

Inorder to this tis needful to examine the

Dateof the Difference, and ib to enter a lit

tle into Hiftory.

OurfirftReformation from Popery was in

theProteflantRefovmdReligion

ftant Religion was

\ this-Pi-ote-

e(tabliflrd^by Jl^r 4 ZhT&^

King, and by his Parliament, backed withthe

ForceofLaws, and coniihrrcl by all theSan-

tionof Authority it was capable of, and here

i?t began to be call d the etiBTch of Etibl

Sdtrte 1 enquiringChriltianswere for^iakii%

farther Steps, and caiTyni^ u oiri:htrllVfbrn^

toii

tiontoahigher

forming King

[8]

Degree; and if that good re

had liv d, his Zeal and Inte

grity was fuch, that there was no doubt he

woud havegone on to perfect every thing he

had was not for fubjefting the Reformation to

any Amendment. Not that ftie-.believ d.it

{he was a Zealous Proteftant Queen, yet (lie

Queen Elizabeth reftord it again ; but as

tion.

begun,

as newLight or moreKnowledge

had encreafed; but the ReturnofPopery un

der Queen Mary put a Stop to the Work in

and went very tar towards over

general,

turning thewhole Structureofthe Reforma

; but Ihe was a Politick Princefs, fur-

perfed

rounded with Enemies that were not to be

d with,,and (lie was loth to fuppofefuch

as

were ak

dally

Defeats in the Reformation

ledgd,

of it,

becauie twas to leflen the Reputation

and confequently her Intereft in the

World.

Tholewhoinfifted upon thefurtherRefor

mation were thencalld Puritans, becauiethey

fet up for a greater Purity of Worihip, and

they ieparatedthemfelvcsfrom

Churcij, becaufe, as they

ences

faid,

the^jkblilhxi

their Conlci-

informd them they coud ferve God

moreagreeable tohis Will.

TTT

I fliallnotmeddlewiththeArgumentsmade

Sides, either to defend or ex-

ufeofonboth

pofethis Principle ; tis TheProteftantsunder theTitles ofLollards,

eftablifhd National Church.

Wickliffians, Huflites, &c. whatdid theydo ? Did

fufficienttoacquaint

Original of

my Reader that this is the true

theDiflenters : We are now toexaminea lit

tle further back, Before this Reformation

there wasnofuchthing as Church

ofEngland-,

itwasthen theChurch ofRome that was the

they, as our Modern People fay

every Body Jkoud,

conform to what the Governmentcomman

dedwere? theNo,theprefentChurchofEnglandParty

Diffenters,theSchifmaticksandPha-

naticks, put intheDaysofKing toDeath,and alwaystreatedwith Henry VIII. were

ofperfecutedthem

fornotcoming to Church ; many

Scornand Contempt, as Enemies to the Go and

vernment, Broachers ofnew

Opinions,

ContemnersofAuthority ; as in the Cafe of

that famousProto-Martyr ofChrift s Church,

John Lambert, and others.

In the next Ages thefe come to have the

Power in their Hands, and

Godthey

hadAf6und

to obey

forgetting that

the they Sight treat of

to diiTent

it righteous in

than Man,

God rather

thofewholeConfciencesobligethem

from

them, with the fame

Contempt which

themlelves had receiv d from the Rowan Go

io j

Thus farthey are upon even Terms, as to

Obedience TheDiffentershave to their Superiors. the firft Occafion after

this to (how their Submiffioii under extraor

dinary Prefiures.

Qpeen Elizabeth dilcounte-

nancd them

continually ;

and as good a

Queenas (hewas, put fome ofthem toDeath.

KingJames I. hunted them quite out of the

Kingdom, made Thoulands of them fly

into Holland and Germany, and at laft to New-

England*

DuringthelongReign oftheft two Princes

we find no Charge of Treafon or Rebellion

dience upon them; $ they bore the Difpleaiure of

Phrafe their Princes ; being with perfecuted Patience in and one Paffive City, Obe they

be allowed that Ridiculous

ons, and things if I way contrary to their Right, as

fled to another \ they bore illegal Prolecuti-

Engtijb Men, but never took up Armsagainfl

their Prince.

Under theReignofKing Charles I. theCafe

alter d, theKing and Parliament fell out a-

bout Matters of Civil Right, and Invalionof

theLiberty and B operties ofthe People, the

Puritans or Diffenters, call them what we

pleafe, fell in unaniraouily with the Parlia

ment.

And here tis worthy Remark, that the

firft Difference between the King and the

Englifi

L

ll J

Englifh Parliament did not refpet Religion,

but Civil Property ; nor were the Majority

of the Houie Puritans^ but true Church Fro-

teftants, and Engli/h Men; who flood upon ferers for the King.

But the Parliament finding the Puritan

worth, and frach as were afterwards deep Suf

putes than the Lord Digby, Sir Thomas Went-

and noneweremore Zealous in the firft Dif-

Partyftuck clofetotheirCaufe,theyalfocame

over to themwhenthingscameto a Rupture,

and fo the War begun 011 the Score of Right,

Invailon ofLiberty, Breachofthe Laws, Pri

vate Leagues, and Male Adminiftration - a

the Rights of the People,

as Englijh Men ;

Gamewe havefeen playd England over again by the

very fame Church of

that have ex- fought his Way totheLiberty he demanded. didor did notdo it, but to

clairnd fo much againft it ; fo damnd it, and

fo damnd themfelves, by Oaths, Declarati

ons, Tefts, andGodknows what, againftit.

Tis allow d here the Puritan broke thro

his Loyalty, and his former Obedience, and

Well, theWar ended to his Advantage, he

fubdued his Soveraign, and brought him to

the Block, totheAftonifliment of the whole

World.

I wont dilpute here which give or which Party

C 2

the

Enemy

all

L

J

alljuft Advantage, I am willing to grani it of the Lord s Anointed, put to Death that

blefled Martyr, King Charles the L whom a andboldly runson in the Blaiphemous ParaL

ple by whom, to our Saviour and the Jews, Nor (hall I return to a Repetitionofthe ill

in the largeft Sence that the DifFenters, or

Phanaticks, or Whigs,

call them as you

pleafe, did embrue their Hands in the Blood

January learned Divine, before the in Parliament,comparesboth a Sermon on the joth of

inthe manner ofhis Sufferings, and the Peo

lei, to (hew that the Indignities and Suffer

ings of King Charles exceed thofe of Jefus

Chiift.

I think I have granted as largely as a fair

Adverfary can deiire ; for I have yeilded for

Peace-fake to feveral things which I coud

fairly difprove.

Ufage the Diffenters have received from the their

contrary Party on this Account for above go

Years; the conftant Reproaches they and

their Children after them have met with

from thole Gentlemen, whoon all Occafions

have ( as 1 hinted before) particularly taken

care to extol their own unfhaken Fidelity to

their Prince, till at laft an Occafion prefenjrs

to touch them in the fame moft feniiblePart,

their

^jgkt and Property ;

and

al<u

!

Loyalty, whatbecame ofit ? TrulytheFaith

ful,

L M J

r. ^ may thank himfelffor that ; for my part I

think the Difference only lyes here ; the

Whigs in 41. to48.tookup Armsagairift their

No, that s true* but the Lord s Anointed

c hurt the Lord s Anointed.

.;

ly ObedientJUnJkakenly toytilChurch, re-

turnd to the OriginalNature oftheir Neigh

bours, anddid the famething exactly which

theWhigs, the. Factious Rebellious Whigs*

ddne before.

had

No, that s falfe, (fays a Difciple of Dr.

Sherlock s) we did not kill our King,

we did

* not dip our Hands in Royal Blood,

nor

King ; andhaving conquerd him, and taken

him

Prifoner, cut off his Head, because they

hadhim : TheChurch ofEngland took Ariiis Tis

We did

him :

againft their King in 88. and did not cut off

his Head, becaufe theyhadhim not. K.ingCharles

loft his Life, becaujehe did not runaway^ and his

Son, KingJames* lavd his Life* btcaufe^he did

run away.

fuch a Jeft, fuch a^Banter, to fay,

takeupArms,

but we drd

not kill

Blefs UA, kill our King, we iPQud rtof have : c fbidibnB fr-

you

hurt aHair ofhis Head! Why,everyBullet (hot

at the Battelof the Eoyne was.a,killing the

King ; for if you did not, twas becaufe

coudnot hit him.

If a Highwayman fires at you

upon the

wheo-he isrtaken, and brought upon

Road>

his

L L TvJ

his Trial, our learned Recorder, before he

pronounces Sentence of Death,

him in this manner:

harangues

And be/ides allthi : s, Siry

you are plainly guilty of Murther \ foryou not only af-

faulted Money, this butyou hontft endeavoured Man, in order to murther to take him away for you his

Jhot at him, in order to killhim ; and the Intention of

Murther is equally Criminalin the Eyes ofGod with

the Aft it felf.

Now who did we (hoot at at not againft the King o/Ifrael? HadyourBul

Orders tofight againft both fmall and great, and

lets Gommiffion to (hew their Loyalty, and

not to touch the Lord s Anointed ? Ifhehad

chargd in the firft Squadrons of his Horfe,

had you not killd him ifyou coud ? I think

thisneeds no further Proof. Governed, that the People havean Original

the Boyne ?

ofthe way,

7/j

true<>

KingJamesgenerallyflood out

did we fhoot at ?

butwho

What ! was our

Nay,

if Arguments may be allowd to

have equal Weight on both Sides, the Whigs

have

been the honefter of the two ; for

they never profelir aay fuch blind, ablb-

lute and undifputed Obedience to Princes as

the others have done.

Ithasalwaysbeentheir Opinion, ThatGo

vernmentwasoriginallycontrivedbytheCon-

fent, andforthemutual Benefitofthe Parties

NativeRighttotheirProperty,theLibertyof

their

L .

5

J

their Perfons and Pofleffions, unlefs forefaulted ytypjfolg they govern them according

to the Laws>ihzt theycannotbedivertedofthis

Right but by their own Confent, and that

all Invafion of this Right is deftrudtive of

the Conititution, and diflblves the Compact

ofGovernmentandObedience.

They have always declared, That they un-

derfland their Allegiance to their Governor*

to be ,

to >the

Laws of the Land;

and that ifPrinces

break this Bond ofGovernment, the Nature

of it is inverted, and the Comflitutioa ceafes

of courie.

i&y*

Buchanan in Scotland* Mgernmn Sidney in:

England? have let their Names, and the latter

his Blood, to this Doctrine, and the Author o

the True-born Englijhman is worth quoting in

the Cafe,

~fi., r iiA -

;

TheGovernments mgirtwhenJuftice dies?

And Conftitutions are Non-Entities 9

.

The Nations all a Mob, theres nofuchthing

As Lordsor Commons, Parliament or

King:

A Titi great Laws promiscuous revive, and Crowd mutualContract the Hydra tiesi lyes^

A Chaosfree to chufe for their own Share^

What Cafe of Government they pieafe to wear.

If to a Kmg they do the Reins C3ntm<tr

AllMen cuebound in Conference tojubmif,

t

But

L l6 J

But then that King muft by his Oath affent

To Ptiftdata s of the

Whichtfhe breaks, hecuts offthe Entail,

And;Power retreats-to its Original,

the ConfHtution True-born it felf; Englifhman, purfuant to P. this 74,

f)

.sbft^tbsdi ) bruj r 3.mfrovoxi-15

This has been the avowd Doftrine of the

Diffenters, and is indeed the true Sence of

Doftrine they thought they had a Right to

oppofe Violence withForce ; believing that

whea Kings break Goronation Oaths, the

Soumn Compact with their People, and

encroach upon their Civil Rights ,

trary

which

to

the Laws of the Land,

they

are fworii

to Rule ,

con

by

they

ceafe to be the Lord s Anointedany longer,

the Sanction of their Office is vanifhd, and

they becomeTyrants and Enemies of Man

kind, and may

betreated accordingly.

Now tis nowonder to find People ofthele

Principlesvigoroufly withftanding their Go

vernors, when they tread upon the tender

fore Places of the ConfHtution ; tis nothing

but what they all along pretended to, and

declared tobe their Opinion.

But to find the Church of-.England-Men*

JwhofeLoyaltyhasbeenthe"Subje6t ofa Thou*

fendLearnedAuthors, and numberlefs Ser

mons,

L

1 7

J

rnons, whofe Character and Mark of Diftin-

tion has been chofen more for her fteddy

Adherence and Fidelity to her Prince than

to GodAlmighty ; whofe Obedience to her

Monarchhasbeen declaredtobe Inviolateand thority, asfoon as he did but begin to call her nem\ O Mores \

Prince, O

Immovable ; and who pretends to be Famous

thro the whole World forherFaithfulnefs to

Kings ; for her, as foon asevertheKingdid but,

as it were, feemto aim at crulhingher Au

Clergy to anAccount, and clap up her Gol

den Candlefticks for Difobedience ; for her to

winchand kick, fly to foreign Princes for

Protection, and rife in Arms

againft her

Pelinl O Brady ! OSberlockl O Homi-

Where s the worthy Dr. 6

ges Loyal

ty now ? His immovable Loyalty, that after

all his AbibluteSubmiffioii is fo far from be

ing a Martyr to his own Dodbrine, that he

Bo&riiie coud notlofe of Paffive a fmall Obedience,