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(No Model.) 6 Sheets sheet 1.


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(No Model.) 6 Sheets Sheet 2.
No. 475,061. Patented May 17, 1892.

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(No Model.) 6 SheetsSheet 3.
Patented May 17, 1892.




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No. 475,061. Patented May 17, 1892,

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No. 475,061, Patented May 17, 1892,
(No Model.) 6 SheetsSheet 6.
No. 475,061.

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SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 475,061, dated May 17, 1892.
Application filed March 31, 1890, Serial No. 346,126, (No model.) - -
?o a// ?h??? ?? ???? co???er??: the front end of which is slotted to allow of
Be it known that I, KARL IXRNKA, residing removal for cleaning.
at London, England, have invented certain In order that my invention may be the better
new and useful Improvements in Repeating understood, Inow proceed to describe the same
5 cation.
Firearms, of which the following
is a specifi in relation to the drawings hereunto annexed, 55
reference being had to the letters marked-
This invention is designed, first, to reduce ||thereon.
as much as possible the weight of the breech Like letters refer to like parts in the various
bolt while retaining sufficient strength to in figures.
Io sure absolute security. To effect this, the Figure 1 is a side elevation of the rifle with 60
breech-bolt, which may be elsewhere of slight the breech closed but uncocked. Fig. 2 is a
dimensions, has at its front end a strength plan of the same. Fig. 3 is a longitudinal
ened head, on which are situated three radial section of the rifle with the breech-bolt pulled
breech-bolt ribs at angles of one hundred and back. Fig. 4 is a transverse section according
15 twenty degrees to one another, which take to the linea'a. Fig. 5 is a plan of the receiver. 65
the force of the recoil from the explosion. Fig. 6 is a side elevation of the same. Fig. 7
To these three breech-bolt ribs correspond shows the receiver, seen from below. Fig. 8 is
guiding-grooves in the receiver, which run arear end view of the receiver. Fig.9 is a front
into a circular groove behind the barrel end, view of the same. Fig. 10 is a longitudinal
20 so that by pushing the breech-bolt forward section of the breech-bolt closed and uncocked. 70
and turning it through sixty degrees the Fig. 11 is a transverse section according to the
breech is closed. In consequence of the ar- linea'a'. Fig. 12 is a front view of the breech
rangement of the three breech-bolt ribs on the bolt in the same position as Fig. 10. Fig. 13
periphery of the breech-bolt head, the force is a plan of the breech-bolt cocked and before
25 of recoil, acting on the latter when the rifle is total closure. Figs. 14 and 15 are rear end and 75
fired, will always lie between the three sup- front end views according to Fig. 13. Figs.
porting-points. 16 and 17 are a longitudinal section and side
A further peculiarity of the breech-bolt con- elevation, respectively, of the breech-bolt ac
sists in the cartridge-extractor being situated | cording to Fig. 13. Fig. 18 is a transverse
30 on a ring loosely surrounding the breech-bolt. section according to the line a a??, and Fig. 19 8o
This extractor is guided in a groove of the re- is a front end view, both corresponding to
ceiver and is freely elastic when the breech- || Fig. 17. Fig. 20 shows the breech-bolt, as seen
bolt is pushed forward, while its front end, from below, in the same position as Fig. 13.
when the breech-boltis drawn back, is engaged Fig. 21 is a front end view according to Fig.
35 under the neck of the breech-bolt, and thus 20. Fig. 22 is a longitudinal section of the 85
stiffened. This is effected by means of a pro- breech-bolt cocked, closed, and with the fir
jection on the cartridge-extractor entering ing-pin secured. Fig. 23 is a transverse sec
into a correspondingly-wider circular groove, |tion according to the line a? a ". Fig. 24 is a
the front half of which is dovetailed or un- front end view corresponding to Fig. 23. Fig.
4o dercut, so that the said projection of the ex- 25 is a plan of the trigger-guard. Fig. 26 is a 90
tractor engages under the dovetail when the side view of the same. Fig.27 is a front end
breech-bolt is pulled backward. Further, as view of Fig. 26. Fig. 28 shows the trigger
regards the breech-bolt, the locking of the guard, as seen from below. Figs. 29 and 30
same when the firing-pin is cocked is effected are views of the trigger-bar. Figs. 31 and 32
45 by the sear entering a groove of the breech- } are views of the trigger-springs. Figs. 33 and 95
bolt cylinder. 34 are views of the sear. Figs. 35, 36, and 37
The improvements in the magazine consist are views of the magazine-catch. Fig. 38 is
in the catch securing the magazine in a raised a plan of the magazine filled. Fig. 39 is a .
or lowered position, in a longitudinal slot of longitudinal Section of the same. Fig. 40 is a
50 the trigger-guard, and in a cartridge-carrier, I transverse section of the empty magazine ac- too
2 475,061
cording to the line a'a". Figs. 41 and 42 are against the left wall of the receiver, and thus
prevents further rotation in the opposite di
views of the cartridge-follower.
The breech-bolt head A is so formed that rection; thirdly, the projection b% is also in 7?
on its end are situated three breech-ribs a of tended to loosen the jammed cartridge-case
equal size, extending exactly radially from after firing and when the breech is opened,
the body of the breech-bolt head and at equal so that the empty case cannot offer any re
distances. During firing the flattened shoul sistance to the backward movement of the
breech - bolt. During the rotation of the 75
ders of these three breech-ribs rest against breeeh-bolt
the collar-like steps f" in the receiver F, Fig. jection b% comes to the left (see Fig. 2) this pro
9, in which is formed the cylindrical cham against the oblique face f*
and slides
ber f, which is of such a diameter that the direct manipulation along the same, so that without
breech-ribs can rotate in the same around the by the hand in this di
axis of the bolt. The collar or shoulder f rection the breech-bolt is pushed back five
millimeters before the rifleman commences
thus formed is recessed at three places, serv the direct pulling back of the breech-bolt.
5 ing to receive the breech-bolt and coincid In order to prevent the hooked head of the
ing with three grooves f, corresponding to cartridge-extractor E, Fig.14, which is attached
the three before - mentioned breech - ribs Cl.
These three grooves f run through the whole center by means of its ring e to the rear of the breech
length of the receiver and into the cylindrical rim in piece B, from sliding off the cartridge
chamber f. These grooves are best shown in ticity ofconsequence the
of the longitudinal elas
extractor, the following arrange
Figs. 8 and 9 and are designed to allow the
forward and backward movement of the ment has been designed: The breech-bolt
breech-bolt and the three breech-ribs a, re head cylinder A is surrounded directly be 90
spectively. As soon as the three breech-ribs a, hind the breech-bolt by the groove a', which
is undercut, so that its upper edge hangs over.
5 Fig. 19, have been pushed into the chamber (See Fig. 16.) The cartridge - extractor (see
f they are turned sixty degrees around the Fig. 13) is provided with a projection e', cor
axis of the breech-bolt by means of the han responding to the groove a'. (See Fig. 13.) 95
dle b, whereby the perfect symmetrical clos
This projection is a little smaller than the
ure of the breech is effected, because the rest groove,
ing-points of this locking mechanism are ar move a little so that the cartridge-extractor E can
ranged on the periphery of the breech-bolt at forward or backward, as required.
equal distances, and because the three bear When the cartridge is pushed into the bar I oc
rel, the cartridge-extractor is thrown back, a
ing points or surfaces distribute well the little distance at the closure of the breech in
pressure and at the same time permit a small consequence
rotation of the breech-bolt to complete the and as in thisofcase its striking the cartridge-rim,
its elasticity is not con
locking. The breech-bolt head A is hollowed fined the hook of the
longitudinally for the reception of the firing allowed to slide over thecartridge-extractor is
pin and is screw-threaded to enable the breech closing of the breech. Acartridge-rim at the
cartridge from the
bolt head to be screwed to the center piece magazine is pushed forward by the cartridge
B. The rigid connection of these two parts extractor as soon as the former leaves the
(see Fig. 16) is effected by means of the screw magazine and also as soon as a cartridge is
b in such a manner that both parts make thrown into the loading-recess of the receiver
their rotary movements simultaneously. The for single-firing. When the breech is opened, II C,
loreech eenter piece I3 is also hollowed longi
45 tudinally to receive the firing-spring d and the breech-bolt recedes by itself at first,
the longitudinal part of the firing-pin D. whereby the projection e' is brought under
From the upper surface of the center piece B the overhanging side wall of the groove a',
protrudes the handle b, by means of which thus taking away the elasticity of the car I I5
the breech is closed or opened. To close the tridge-extractor. The more resistance the
cartridge-case offers the less becomes the
breech, the handle b is pushed forward and elasticity of the cartridge-extractor and the
then rotated toward the right. In order to . stronger
open the breech, the handle is turned toward By the the grip of the latter on the rim.
continued and complete withdrawal I 2 O
the left and then pulled back. It is intended of the breech-bolt
that this symmetrical breech-bolt head may the receiver in thethefollowing case is extracted from
manner: The
55 be used for a straight-pull breech-bolt, in
which case the rotation of the breech-ribs is . space between the hook of the cartridge-ex
effected automatically at the end of the for tractor and the left wall of the receiver is
much smaller than the rear diameter of the I 25
ward movement of the handle without it cartridge-case, and therefore pushes elasti
being necessary to first turn the handle. It
?? may be used in this manner, for instance, in cally upon the base of the cartridge. As the
a straight-pull breech-bolt system. From the cartridge-extractor at the withdrawal of the
|breech eenter piece B projects farther a pro breech-bolt protrudes forward, the cartridge
jection b, which serves, first, as a boss for the cannot be thrown out when its bottom is per
screw b', and, Secondly, in combination with pendicular to the longitudinal axis of the
a socket-handle b, to limit the rotation of the shoe, but its front end endeavors to find room
breech-bolt to the proper angle, and when the toward the right, and as soon as the breech
breech is opened the projection b% comes bolt has been sufficiently withdrawn to satisfy
breech-bolt A, sear h, provided with undercut breech-bolt A, cartridge-magazine, and a car 15
top edges and provided at the back edge with tridge-carrying plate K, located therein, the
a second oblique face hof opposite direction, front end of which is split to produce two
in combination with the recessed cupped edge elastic arms, which can be pressed together
of the firing-pin cylinder c and the groove b when it is desired to remove the cartridge-car
of the breech-bolt, so that in the securing of Plei.
the lock by the withdrawal and rotation of In testimony whereof I have signed my
the firing-pin and the action of the trigger name to this specification in the presence of
Spring the sear enters the groove b% of the two subscribing witnesses. -
handle B to lock the breech-bolt, while by the
pressure of the readvanced firing-pin on the KARL KRNIKA.
oblique face h the sear is again automatically Witnesses:
pressed down from the groove b%. RICHARD A. HOFFMANN,
2. In a repeating rifle with a cylindrical JOHN C. FELL.