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NB-IOT

Improved indoor coverage, support for massive number of low throughput devices,
NB-IOT should support 3 different modes of operation
Stand-alone operation utilizing for example the spectrum currently being used by GER
AN

Guard band operation utilizing the unused resource blocks within a LTE carriers guard
band
In-band operation utilizing resource blocks within a normal LTE carrier

180kHz UE RF bandwidth for both downlink and uplink


15kHz3.75kHzsubcarrier spacing15kHz sub-carrier
3.75kHz single-ToneCPtiming

type-B half-duplex FDD operation(type-B3GPP 36.211 R13 chapter6.2.5)


NB-IOT vs eMTC vs legacy LTE
LTE R9 NB-IoT
1.4M/3M/5M/10M/15M/20M 200kHz
full duplex FDD/TDD half-duplex FDD
DL/UL: < 200kbps
LTE
(MCL)
164dB
DL/UL: 15kHz DL: 15kHz, UL: 15kHz or 3.75kHz
TM1-TM9 TM1/TM2 ()
NPSS/NSSSR9 PSS/SSS
NPRACH/NPDSCH
DL: CRS UL: DMRS DL: NRS UL: NDMRS
CSISRS CSISRS
PDSCH NPDSCH QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAMP QPSK 1/3 turbo coding 1/3 Tail biting convolut
ional coding
PDCCH NPDCCH PDSCHOS EPDCCH DCI Format
PUSCH NPUSCH 15kHz sub-carrier spacing 15kHz or 3.75kHz sub-carrier spacing 1/3
turbo coding 1/3 turbo coding Resource Unit()
DRX PSM, eDRX

eMTC can only be deployed within LTE system, while NB-IoT has more flexibility a
s it
NB-IoT can support up to 200k devices per cell per 200kHz
The NB-IoT uplink transmission (3.75kHz, 15kHz) is much more efficient than eMTC

NB-IoT has about 6.3dB better coverage than eMTC



Symbols and abbreviations
N Number of consecutive slots in an UL resource unit for NB-IoT

36.211-d20

Narrowband Physical Uplink Shared Channel, NPUSCH


Narrowband Physical Random Access Channel, NPRACH
Narrowband demodulation reference signal
NPUSCHNPRACHNDMRS
Uplink slot structure and physical resources(10.1.2.1)
UL
N, and the slot duration
T are given in Table 10.1.2.1-

ULscN slotT
75.3f
61440T
15f

15360T

p is used for all uplink transmissions.


15kHzlegacy LTE
3.75kHzRB48legacy
42mslegacy LTE45Slots
10ms
p=0

UL
ULsymbNN consecutive SC-FDMA symbols in the time domain and RUscNconsecutive
RU
N and ULsymbN are given by Table 10.1.2.3-1.
RU
N, ULslotsN, and ULsymbN.
f
RU
N ULslotsN ULsymbN
3.75 kHz 1 16
15 kHz 1 16 3 8 6 4
2
3.75 kHz 1 4
1 4
Resource UnitResource Unit
L
ULsymbNNSC-FDMA symbolsRUscN
Narrowband physical uplink shared channel(10.1.3)
NPUSCH format 1, used to carry the UL-SCH
NPUSCH format 2, used to carry uplink control information
formatFormat 1UL-SCHFormat 2UCI
UL-SCHUCINPUSCH

Ncell
9s1314RNTIinit2222mod2Nnnncf where sn is the first slot of the transmission
NPUSCH
M transmissions of the codeword with with sn and fn set to the first
NPUSCH
M is
legacy PUSCHNPUSCH
16SlotsSlot indexNPUSCH
NPUSCH
M
NPUSCH
M
4.4

RU
N Modulation scheme
1 BPSK, QPSK
QPSK
1 BPSK

N, as given by clause 16.5.1.2 of


NPUSCH
M times.
Nslots, the slotsN slots shall be repeated 1NPUSCHidenticalM additional times, b
efore
)(z to the following slot, where
114,2/minRU
RUscNPUSCHrepNPUSCHidenticalNNMM
152kHz 75.31slotsffN
1(),...,0(ap
Mzz is then repeated until ULslotsRUNPUSCHrepNNM slots have been
30720256T time units, a gap of s3072040T time unitsshall be

NResource unit
UL
NUL SlotsULslotsNNPUSCH formatRUscN
2/4/8/16
NDCI format N0
NPUSCH
MRepN(16.5 of 3GPP36.213)1/2/4/8/16/32/64/128
)(nr
for 1RUscN is defined by
0,16mod211
1)(RUULslotsNPUSCHrepNNNnnwncjnru
rnr
u
,1,0,)(3mnrmwmnr
u
)(nr
for 1RUscNis defined by a cyclic shift of a base sequence
0,)(RU
4)(Nneenrnjnju,
ID : Ncell
N1RUscNDMRS
NPUSCHUL
slotsRUNNNNPUSCHslot
1RU
NDMRSRU
N
),(lk shall be in increasing order of first
, then l, and finally the slot
l in a slot are given in Table 10.1.4.2-1.
Values forl
75.3f
kHz 15f
4 3
0,1,2 2,3,4
NPUSCH formatsymbolsymbol
subcarriers

1RU
N, the time-continuous signal tsl in SC-FDMA symbol l in a slot is defined by cl
ause 5.6
RB
ULRBNN replaced by ULscN.
1RU
NIFFTPUSCHIFFT
1RU
N, the time-continuous signal tslk, for sub-carrier index kin SC-FDMA symbol l
in an
RB
)(212,,s,CP,)(NkkeeatsTNtfkjjlklkllk
,CP0TNNtl where parameters for kHz 15f and kHz 75.3f are given in Table 10.1.5-
ka,)( is the modulation value of symbol l and the phase rotation lk, is defined
by
ULsymbULslotsRUNPUSCHreps,,mod~1,...,1,0~0~2/121~?0~0~?QPSKfor 4BPSKfor 2~?2mod~
NllNNNMllTNNkfllllllCPkkklk
l~ is a symbol counter that is reset at the start of a transmission and incremen
ted for each symbol
1RU
Nsymbol
symbollegacy PUSCH
N,CPCP,s212ljkftNTes,CP0TNNtl
k
IFFTk
1RU
N
kHz 75.3f kHz 15f
8192 2048
N,CP 256 0for 160l
,...,2,1for 144l
k -24,-23,,23 -6,-5,,5
l, starting with 0l, where
0lstarts at time 1
s,CP)(lllTNN within the slot. For kHz 75.3f, the
2304T in slotT are not transmitted and used for guard period.
15 kHzfsymbol
,CP0TNNtlslot
7symbolSlot153600.5ms
75.3fTssymobl
,CP0TNNtl
slot 7symbol(8192+256)*7=59136
75.3fNPUSCH Slot2ms15360*4=614402304

T and a
T. The parameter values are listed in Table 10.1.6.1-1.

T SEQT
2048T s81925T
8192T s81925T
NPRACH
N times.
symbol groupssymbol groupCP5
preamble formatCPpreamble
1.xPreamble4symbol group
gapsymbol groupsNPRACH
N
1. Symbol groupGAPsymbol groupTTI2. Symbol groups
GAPsymbol groupTTI

NPRACH resource periodicityNPRACH


N (nprach-Periodicity),
frequency location of the first sub-carrier allocated to NPRACH NPRACH
N (nprach-
),
number of sub-carriers allocated to NPRACH NPRACH
scN (nprach-NumSubcarriers),
number of NPRACH repetitions per attempt NPRACH
N(nprach-NumRepetitions),
NPRACH starting time NPRACH
N (nprach-StartTime),
Fraction for calculating starting subcarrier index for the range of NPRACH subca
rriers reserved for
NPRACH
N (nprach-
).
NPRACH-ConfigSIB-NB (RadioResourceConfigCommonSIB-NB<-

NPRACHstart30720TN time units after the start of a radio frame


010/modNPRACH
fNn. After transmissions of SEQCP644TT time units, a gap of
3072040T time unitsshall be inserted.
Preamble
CP644TT40msGAPpreamblesymbol
symbol groups(4group)GAPpreamble
preamble

UL
NPRACHscNPRACHscoffsetNNN are invalid.
1,...,1,0NPRACH
SG3NPRACH scNN and
,...,NPRACH
scNPRACHMSG3NPRACH scNNN, where the second set, if present, indicate UE support
for multi-tone
12RA
N sub-carriers.
ith symbol
)(~RA
startRAscinnin where RAscNNnNnRAscinitNPRACHscoffsetstart and
1mod11mod216)1(~ and 24mod6)1(~6)1(~ and 24mod6)1(~12mod)1(~ and 3,14mod1)1(~02m
od)1(~ and 3,14mod1)1(~4/ and 0 and 04modmod)()0(~)(~RAscRAsc910110)110(RAscRAsc
RAscRAscRAscRAscRAscRAscRAscRAscRAscfNNnctftfiniininiininiininiinitiiNtfninttntn
RA
Nnnmod)0(~initRASC with initn being the subcarrier selected by the MAC layer fro
m
1,...,1,0{NPRACH
scN, and the pseudo random sequence )(ncis given by clause 7.2. The pseudo rando
m
Ncell
initNc.
preamble4symbol grouppreambleNPRACH
N
symbol groupsubcarrier(preamble subcarrier)
symbol groupsubcarriersymbol group index i
4NPRACH
Nsymbol group

)(ts is defined by
0RASC2/12
PRACHTtfKknjRAets
is an amplitude scaling factor in order to conform to the transmit power NPRACH
P
2UL
0Nk,
ffK, kHz 15f accounts
RA
n is derived from clause 10.1.6.1.
f is given by Table 10.1.6.2-1.

f
3.75 kHz
subcarrier
f = 3.75kHz

Narrowband Physical Downlink Shared Channel, NPDSCH


Narrowband Physical Broadcast Channel, NPBCH
Narrowband Physical Downlink Control Channel, NPDCCH
Narrowband reference signal, NRS
Narrowband synchronization signal
NPDSCH, NPBCH, NPDCCHNRSNSS

legacy LTE

Ncell
9s1314RNTIinit2222mod2Nnnncfwheresnis the first slot of the transmission of

,minNPDSCH
M transmission of the codeword withsnandfn set to the first slot and the frame,
legacy LTEPDSCHnRNTI, nf,
NPDSCHblock
block4block

Modulation schemes
QPSK
QPSK

N, as given by clause 16.4.1.5 of


NPDSCH
Mtimes.
(
N)SFN1/2/3/4/5/6/8/10
DCI format N1/N2
NNPDSCHNPDSCHrepM
M1/2/4//2048NPDSCHSIB1-NB4/8/16

)1(),...,0(ap
)()(Myypp shall be mapped to resource elements lk, which meet all of the
the subframe is not used for transmission of NPBCH, NPSS, or NSSS, and
they are assumed by the UE not to be used for NRS, and
they are not overlapping with resource elements used for CRS as defined in claus
e 6 (if any), and
the index l in the first slot in a subframe fulfils
ll where DataStartlis given by clause
NPDSCHNPBCH/NPSS/NSSSNRS
Inband modeCRSOSPDCCH
)1(),...,0(ap
)()(Myypp in sequence starting with )0()(py to resource elements lk,
p meeting the criteria above shall be in increasing order of first the index kan
d then the
l, starting with the first slot and ending with the second slot in a subframe. F
or NPDSCH not
14,minNPDSCH
M
)()(py to the following subframe. The mapping of
1(),...,0(ap
)()(Myypp is then repeated until SFNPDSCHrepNM subframes have been transmitted.
For
)1(),...,0(ap
)()(Myyppis mapped to SFN subframes in sequence and
NPDSCHrepNM subframes have been transmitted.
BCCHNPDSCH
BCCHNPDSCH(NPDSCH)
NPDSCH
NPDSCHrepNMBCCHNPDSCHNPDSCH
NNPDSCH
MSFNPDSCHrepNM
thresholdgap,maxNRwhere
gap,N
maxR is given by [4]. The gap
0mod210periodgap,sNnnf where the gap periodicity,
gap,N
periodgap,coeff gap,durationgap,NNN, where coeff gap,N is given by the higher l
ayer
GAPmaxR
npdcch-NumRepetitions-r13(For NPDCCH UE-specific search
npdcch-NumRepetitionPaging-r13(For Type1-NPDCCH common search space)/npdcch-

R
dl-GapThreshold-r13DL-GapConfig-NB
32/64/128/256thresholdgap,maxNR
NPDSCHGAPGAP
GAPDL-GapConfig-NB
NPDSCH GAP
i if it is not a NB-IoT downlinksubframe, except for

M denoting the number of bits to be transmitted


Ncell
initNc in radio frames fulfilling
64mod
n.
PBCH
4mod
nNPBCH
64mod
n

Modulation schemes
QPSK
QPSK
2,1P. The UE shall assume
1000R and 1001R are used for the transmission of the narrowband physical broadca
st channel.

)1(),...,0(symb)()(Myypp for each antenna port is transmitted in


064modfn and
)0(y to resource elements lk,. The mapping to resource
lk, not reserved for transmission of reference signals shall be in increasing or
der of first the
k, then the index l. After mapping to a subframe, the subframe shall be repeated
in subframe 0 in the
)()(py to subframe 0 in the following radio
Nwith NcellIDN in the calculation of shiftvin clause 6.10.1.2.
064mod
n0NPBCHNRS
700
0NPBCH640

Number of NCCEs
1
2
formataggregation level1 or 2
NCCENCCE 0subcarrier 0~5 NCCE 1subcarrier 6~11
12NPDCCH
NcellID9sinit22Nnc where snis the
4NPDCCH

Modulation schemes
QPSK
QPSK

)1(),...,0(symbMyy shall be mapped in sequence starting with


0(y
lk, on the associated antenna port which meet all of the following criteria:
they are part of the NCCE assigned for the NPDCCH transmission, and
they are not used for transmission of NPBCH, NPSS, or NSSS , and
they are assumed by the UE not to be used for NRS, and
they are not overlapping with resource elements used for PBCH, PSS, SSS, or CRS
as defined in
the index l in the first slot in a subframe fulfils tNPDCCHStarll where tNPDCCHS
tarlis given by
lk, on antenna port p meeting the criteria above shall be in
kand then the indexl, starting with the first slot and ending with the

i if it is not a NB-IoT downlinksubframe. In case of


NCCENPBCH/NPSS/NSSS
InbandPBCH/PSS/SSS/CRSOS
PDCCH
NPDCCHStarll
NPDCCHGAPGAP
GAP

NPDSCHNRSNPBCHSIB1-
PDSCH(NB-IoT)NRSNB-IoT
0/4NSSS9NRS

R is used to denote a resource element used for reference signal


p.
ne antenna port
wo antenna portsResource element (k,l)Not used for transmission on this antenna
port
odd-numbered slots
even-numbered slotsodd-numbered slotsAntenna port 1

indicates 00)

504Cell IDCellIDNSSS

d
used for the narrowband primary synchronization signal is generated from a freq
uency-
,...,1,0,111nelSndnunj
5u and lSfor different symbol indices l is given by Table
)(lS.
13,...,3SS
1 1 1 1 -1 -1 1 1 1 -1 1
ZCCell IDNPSS

ndl shall be mapped to resource elements lk, in increasing order of first the in
dex
,...,1,0RB
Nk and then the index 1,...,4,3DLsymbNl in subframe 5 in every radio frame. For
resource
lk, overlapping with resource elements where cell-specific reference signals acc
ording to
nd is not used for the NPSS but counted
NPSSUENPSS

NPSSNPSS
5313

NPSSRECRSRENPSSNPSS
11ZC

d used for the narrowband secondary synchronization signal is generated from a


12nnujnj
eembndf
3126mod128mod131mod131,...,1,0NcellIDNcellIDNqNunmnnn
mb
is given by Table 10.2.7.2.1-1. The cyclic shift
in frame number fn is
mod2/
33ffn.
mb
.
127,...,0
qbb
[1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
[1 -1 -1 1 -1 1 1 -1 -1 1 1 -1 1 -1 -1 1 -1 1 1 -1 1 -1 -1
1 1 -1 -1 1 -1 1 1 -1 1 -1 -1 1 -1 1 1 -1 -1 1 1 -1 1 -1
-1 1 -1 1 1 -1 1 -1 -1 1 1 -1 -1 1 -1 1 1 -1 1 -1 -1 1

[1 -1 -1 1 -1 1 1 -1 -1 1 1 -1 1 -1 -1 1 -1 1 1 -1 1 -1 -1
1 1 -1 -1 1 -1 1 1 -1 -1 1 1 -1 1 -1 -1 1 1 -1 -1 1 -1 1
1 -1 1 -1 -1 1 -1 1 1 -1 -1 1 1 -1 1 -1 -1 1 1 -1 -1 1

[1 -1 -1 1 -1 1 1 -1 -1 1 1 -1 1 -1 -1 1 -1 1 1 -1 1 -1 -1
1 1 -1 -1 1 -1 1 1 -1 -1 1 1 -1 1 -1 -1 1 1 -1 -1 1 -1 1
1 -1 1 -1 -1 1 -1 1 1 -1 -1 1 1 -1 1 -1 -1 1 -1 1 1 -1

Cell ID132
nd shall be mapped to resource elements lk, in sequence starting with )0(d in
k over the 12 assigned subcarriers and then the indexl over the assigned
NSSSsymbN symbols of subframe 9 in radio frames fulfilling 02modfn, where NSSSsy
mbN is given by

NSSS
N
11
lk, overlapping with resource elements where cell-specific reference signals
nd is not used for the
NSSSUENSSS

NSSSNSSS
91112
132.
CRSNSSSNSSS

tspl)( on antenna port p in OFDM symbol l in a downlink slot is defined by


2/
/)2/1(2)(,)(RBscRB
s,CP)(NNkTNtfkjplkplleats
s,CP0TNNtl where 2)(RBscNkk, 2048N, kHz 15f and )(,plka is the content of
lk, on antenna port p.
OFDMlegacy LTEOFDM
DCNB-IoTnormal CP
36.212-d20

Physical Channel
NPUSCH (format 1)
NPRACH
Physical Channel
NPDSCH
NPBCH
NPDSCH
Physical Channel
NPUSCH (format 2)
NPDCCH

Coding scheme Coding rate


Turbo coding 1/3

1/3 DL-SCH

Coding scheme Coding rate


Tail biting convolutional
1/3
Block code 1/16

In section 5.1.4.1.2 in the calculation of G , Q


is 1 for /2-BPSK and 2 for /4-QPSK, and rvidx =

L
ULsymb1NNCmux is the number of SC-FDMA symbols for NPUSCH in a UL resource unit
as given
CRC, channel coding, rate matchingPUSCHRM
Q
rvidxrate matchingchannel interleaver
PUSCHinteleaver
NPUSCHresource unitslots

Flag for format N0/format N1 differentiation C 1 bit, where value 0 indicates for
mat N0 and value 1
Subcarrier indication C 6 bits as defined in section 16.5.1.1 of [3]
15f.
I) Set of Allocated subcarriers (
n)
C 11
I
2,1,0123
I
5,4,3,2,1,0166
I
11,10,9,8,7,6,5,4,3,2,1,0
Reserved
136
12
Resource assignment C 3bits as defined in section 16.5.1.2 of [3]
N) for NPUSCH.
I RUN
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
10

NNPUSCHULslotsNNPUSCH
(rate matching)
N* ULslotsNUL slotsscn
Scheduling delay C 2 bits as defined in section 16.5.1 of [3]
kfor DCI format N0.
I
k
8
16
32
64
DCI N0
kNPUSCH
Modulation and coding schemeC 4bits as defined in section 16.5.1.2 of [3]
1RU
N.
CSI Modulation Order mQ TBS Index TBSI
1 0
1 2
1
2 3
2 4
5
6
2 7
2 8
9
2 10
1RU
NUEQPSK
Redundancy version C 1 bit as defined in section 16.5.1.2 of [3]
Repetition numberC 3bits as defined in section 16.5.1.2 of [3]
New data indicator C 1 bit
DCI subframe repetition number C 2 bits as defined in section 16.6 in [3]

36.213-d20
Synchronization procedures(16.1)

operationModeInfo indicates 00 for a cell, the UE may assume that the


operationModeInfo00(Inband-SamePCI :indicates an in-band deployment and
NB Cell IDlegacy Cell ID
Random access procedure(16.3)

the UE determines that the subframe does not contain NPSS/NSSS/NPBCH/NB-SIB1 tra
nsmission,
the subframe is indicated as NB-IoT DL subframe by the higher layer parameter do
wnlinkBitmapNB,
downlinkBitmapNB.
NPSS/NSSS/NPBCH/NB-SIB1SIB1-NB

n intended for the UE, decode, starting in n+5 DL subframe, the corresponding NP
DSCH
N consecutive NB-IoT DL subframe(s) k
with i = 0, 1, , N-1 according to the NPDCCH
subframe n is the last subframe in which the NPDCCH is transmitted and is determ
ined from the

subframe(s) k
with i=0,1,,N-1 are N consecutive NB-IoT DL subframe(s) excluding subframes
0<k
<k1<,kN-1 ,
RepNNN, where the value of RepNis determined by the repetition number field in t
he
Nis determined by the resource
the value of k
is determined by the scheduling delay field (
I) for DCI format N1 according to
5k for DCI format N2. The value of maxRis according to subclause 16.6 for

kfor DCI format N1.


I 0k
R 128maxR
0 0
4 16
8 32
12 64
16 128
32 256
64 512
128 1024

UENPDCCH DCI format N1/N25NPDSCH


NNPDSCH
RepNNNRepNSFNDCI N1/N2
N1/2/4//1536/2048SFN1/2/3/4/5/6/8/10

l in the first slot in a subframe k and is


if subframe k is a subframe used for receiving SIB1-NB
3
lif the value of the higher layer parameter operationModeInfo is set to 00 or 01
0
lotherwise
else
lis given by the higher layer parameter eutraControlRegionSize if the value of t
he higher
operationModeInfo is set to 00 or 01
0
lotherwise
00 or 01in-Band modeOS
legacy LTE PDCCH(guardband, standalone)
l

n intended for the UE, adjust, at the end ofn+k


DL subframe, the corresponding NPUSCH
N consecutive NB-IoT UL slots n
with i = 0, 1, , N-1 according
subframe n is the last subframe in which the NPDCCH is transmitted and is determ
ined from the

RUslotsULNNNN, where the value of RepNis determined by the repetition numberfiel


d in the
Nis determined by the resource
ULN is the

value of k
is determined by the scheduling delayfield (
I) in the corresponding DCI according

kfor DCI format N0.


I
k
8
16
32
64
NPDCCHDCI format N0k0NPUSCH
NNB-IoT UL slots
RUslotsULNNNNRepNRUNDCI format N0
N1~10
N1/2/4/8/16/32/64/128k0DCI
Ik08/16/32/64
N consecutive NB-IoT UL slots, n
,i=0,1,,N-1. The redundancy version
(
jrv of the NPUSCH transmission in jth block of B consecutive NB-IoT UL slots ni
,
1,,1,0,1,,1,0,Rep
NjBbbjBiRUslotsULBLNN is determined by,
,mod2)(
CI
jrvjrv, where 1L if 1RUscN,
min4,/2LN otherwise. Portion of
)(
jrv as defined in clause 6.3.2 in [4] mapped to slot
b of allocated RUN
n
1,,1,0,Lll
bLjBi. for 3.75fkHz
22mod(,2),0,1,...1
bbijBLllLLLfor 15fkHz

RUslotsULNNNNRUslotsULNNNPUSCH
NPUSCH
NNPUSCHRepN
LblockblockrvIdx

a Type1-NPDCCH common search space,


a Type2-NPDCCH common search space, and
a NPDCCH UE-specific search space.

36.331-d20
MasterInformationBlock-NBincludes the system information transmitted on BCH.

-NB

SEQUENCE {
systemFrameNumber-MSB-r13 BIT STRING (SIZE (4)),
hyperSFN-LSB-r13 BIT STRING (SIZE (2)),
schedulingInfoSIB1-r13 INTEGER (0..15),
systemInfoValueTag-r13 INTEGER (0..31),
ab-Enabled-r13 BOOLEAN,
operationModeInfo-r13 CHOICE {
inband-SamePCI-r13 Inband-SamePCI-NB-r13,
inband-DifferentPCI-r13 Inband-DifferentPCI-NB-r13,
guardband-r13 Guardband-NB-r13,
standalone-r13 Standalone-NB-r13
},
spare BIT STRING (SIZE (11))

SEQUENCE {
rasterOffset-r13 ChannelRasterOffset-NB-r13,
spare BIT STRING (SIZE (3))

SEQUENCE {
eutra-CRS-SequenceInfo-r13 INTEGER (0..31)

SEQUENCE {
eutra-NumCRS-Ports-r13 ENUMERATED {same, four},
rasterOffset-r13 ChannelRasterOffset-NB-r13,
spare BIT STRING (SIZE (2))

SEQUENCE {
spare BIT STRING (SIZE (5))

field descriptions
SystemInformationBlockType14-
before initiating RRC connection establishment or resume.
SystemInformationBlockType1-

indicates an in-band deployment and that the NB-IoT and LTE cell share the same
physical cell id
indicates an in-band deployment and that the NB-IoT and LTE cell have different
physical cell id.
indicatesa guard-band deployment.
indicates a standalone deployment.

scheduling information.

DL-GapConfig-NB is used to specify the downlink gap configuration for NPDCCH and
NPDSCH.
information element

SEQUENCE {
dl-GapThreshold-r13 ENUMERATED {n32, n64, n128, n256},
dl-GapPeriodicity-r13 ENUMERATED {sf64, sf128, sf256, sf512},
dl-GapDurationCoeff-r13 ENUMERATED {oneEighth, oneFourth, threeEighth, oneHalf}

field descriptions

NPUSCH-ConfigCommon-NB is used to specify the common NPUSCH configuration. The I


E NPUSCH-
is used to specify the UE specific NPUSCH configuration.
information element
SEQUENCE {
ack-NACK-NumRepetitions-Msg4-r13 SEQUENCE (SIZE(1..maxNPRACH-Resources-NB-r13))
OF
ACK-NACK-NumRepetitions-NB-r13,
srs-SubframeConfig-r13 ENUMERATED {
sc0, sc1, sc2, sc3, sc4, sc5, sc6, sc7,
sc8, sc9, sc10, sc11, sc12, sc13, sc14, sc15
} OPTIONAL, --
dmrs-Config-r13 SEQUENCE {
threeTone-BaseSequence-r13 INTEGER (0..12) OPTIONAL, --
threeTone-CyclicShift-r13 INTEGER (0..2),
sixTone-BaseSequence-r13 INTEGER (0..14) OPTIONAL, --
sixTone-CyclicShift-r13 INTEGER (0..3),
twelveTone-BaseSequence-r13 INTEGER (0..30) OPTIONAL --
} OPTIONAL, -- Need OR
ul-ReferenceSignalsNPUSCH-r13 UL-ReferenceSignalsNPUSCH-NB-r13

SEQUENCE {
groupHoppingEnabled-r13 BOOLEAN,
groupAssignmentNPUSCH-r13 INTEGER (0..29)

SEQUENCE {
ack-NACK-NumRepetitions-r13 ACK-NACK-NumRepetitions-NB-r13 OPTIONAL, --
npusch-AllSymbols-r13 BOOLEAN OPTIONAL, --
groupHoppingDisabled-r13 ENUMERATED {true} OPTIONAL --

::= ENUMERATED {r1, r2, r4, r8, r16, r32, r64, r128}

field descriptions

ack-NACK-NumRepetitions-Msg4 signalled in SIB2 is used.

SS See TS 36.211 [21, 5.5.1.3].


Explanation
This field is optionally present, need OP,if srs-SubframeConfig is broadcasted.

NPRACH-ConfigSIB-NB is used to specify the NPRACH configuration in the system in


formation.
information elements

SEQUENCE {
nprach-CP-Length-r13
ENUMERATED {us66dot7, us266dot7},
rsrp-ThresholdsPrachInfoList-r13 RSRP-ThresholdsNPRACH-InfoList-NB-r13 OPTIONAL,
-- needOR
nprach-ParametersList-r13 NPRACH-ParametersList-NB-r13

SEQUENCE (SIZE (1..maxNPRACH-Resources-NB-r13)) OF

SEQUENCE {
nprach-Periodicity-r13 ENUMERATED {ms40,ms80, ms160, ms240,
ms320, ms640, ms1280, ms2560},
nprach-StartTime-r13 ENUMERATED {ms8,ms16, ms32, ms64,
ms128, ms256, ms512, ms1024},
nprach-SubcarrierOffset-r13 ENUMERATED {n0, n12, n24, n36, n2, n18, n34,
nprach-NumSubcarriers-r13 ENUMERATED {n12, n24, n36, n48},
nprach-SubcarrierMSG3-RangeStart-r13 ENUMERATED {zero, oneThird, twoThird, one},
maxNumPreambleAttemptCE-r13 ENUMERATED {n3, n4, n5, n6, n7, n8, n10,
numRepetitionsPerPreambleAttempt-r13 ENUMERATED {n1, n2, n4, n8, n16, n32, n64,
npdcch-NumRepetitions-RA-r13 ENUMERATED {r1, r2, r4, r8, r16, r32, r64,
r256, r512, r1024, r2048,
spare4, spare3, spare2, spare1},
npdcch-StartSF-CSS-RA-r13 ENUMERATED {v1dot5, v2, v4, v8, v16, v32, v48,
npdcch-Offset-RA-r13 ENUMERATED {zero, oneEighth, oneFourth,
field descriptions

nprach-SubcarrierMSG3-RangeStartshould be less than 1.


NPUSCH(Narrowband Physical Uplink Shared Channel):
15kHz3.75kHzsubcarrier spacing 3.75kHzSlot15kHz
4

Resource unit Subcarrier spacing ULscN slotT kHz 75.3f 48 s61440T kHz 15f 12 s15
360T
UL
ULsymbNN consecutive SC-FDMA symbols in the time domain
RU
Nconsecutive subcarriers in the frequency domain, where RUscN and ULsymbN are gi
ven
RU
N, ULslotsN, and ULsymbN.
f
RU
N ULslotsN ULsymbN
3.75 kHz 1 16
15 kHz 1 16 3 8 6 4
2
3.75 kHz 1 4
1 4
NPUSCH format:

1/3 Turbo Coding UCI1/16 Block code;


rate matchingResource Unit
NPUSCHmapping:
RUN(1 to 10), each of which
NPUSCHrepM(1 to 128)times.
RepRUslotsULNNNNslot

NPUSCH256ms256ms40ms
NPRACH(Narrowband Physical Random Access Channel):
Time and frequency structure

A NPRACH configuration provided by higher layers contains the following:


NPRACH resource periodicityNPRACH
N (nprach-Periodicity),
frequency location of the first sub-carrier allocated to NPRACH NPRACH
N (nprach-
), Preamble format CPT SEQT 0 s2048T s81925T 1 s8192T s81925T
number of sub-carriers allocated to NPRACH NPRACH
scN (nprach-NumSubcarriers),
number of NPRACH repetitions per attempt NPRACH
N(nprach-NumRepetitions),
NPRACH starting time NPRACH
N (nprach-StartTime),
Fraction for calculating starting subcarrier index for the range of NPRACH subca
rriers
NPRACH
N (nprach-
).
NPRACHstart30720TN time units after the start of a radio
010/modNPRACH
fNn. After transmissions of SEQCP644TT time units, a
3072040T time unitsshall be inserted.
NPDSCH(Narrowband Physical Downlink Shared Channel)
NPDSCH can be mapped to one or more than one subframes,
N, as given by clause 16.4.1.5 of
NPDSCHrepMtimes
Resource allocation
N) for NPDSCH.
I SFN
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
10
N) for NPDSCH.
I RepN
1
2
4
8
16
32
64
128
192
256
384
512
768
1024
1536
2048
NPDSCH start position
l in the first slot in a
k and is determined as follows
if subframe k is a subframe used for receiving SIB1-NB
3
lif the value of the higher layer parameter operationModeInfo is set
0
lotherwise
else
lis given by the higher layer parameter eutraControlRegionSize if the
operationModeInfo is set to 00 or 01
0
lotherwise
MCSTBSize
QPSK1/3 Tail biting convolutional coding
UECQI/RI/PMI
RV(
RM)
NPDCCH(Narrowband Physical Downlink Control Channel)
A UE shall monitor a set of NPDCCH candidates as configured by higher layer sign
alling for

A narrowband physical control channel is transmitted on an aggregation of one or


two consecutive
Number of NCCEs
1
2
NPDCCH NPBCH, NPSS, NSSS
DCI Format N0 is used for the scheduling of NPUSCH in one UL cell. The following
information
C 1 bit, where value 0 indicates format N0 and

- Repetition number- New data indicator - DCI


DCI format N1 is used for the scheduling of one NPDSCH codeword in one celland r
andom

C 1 bit, where value 0 indicates format N0 and


C 1 bit
format N1 CRC is scrambled with C-RNTI, and all the
- Subcarrier indication of NPRACH- All the

- Repetition
- HARQ-ACK resource- DCI subframe repetition number

- HARQ-ACK resource

DCI format N2 is used for for paging and direct indication.The following informa
tion is
C 1 bit, with value 0 for direct indication and

C 8 bits provide direct indication of system information

- Modulation and coding scheme; - Repetition number ; - DCI


1/3 tail biting convolutional coding

NPBCH
PBCHTTI8frame64frame80
80
PBCH64 frame()SFN6bit
MIBpayload
CRS(4 ports)NRS(2 ports)CRS
NRSRsShift
SIB1-NB(NPDSCH)
The number of repetitions for the NPDSCH carrying SystemInformationBlockType1-NB
is

.
Number of NPDSCH repetitions
4
8
16
4
8
16
4
8
16
4
8
16
Reserved
The starting radio frame for the first transmission of the NPDSCH carrying

NcellIDN Starting radio frame number for NB-SIB1 repetitions (n


mod 256)
NcellIDNmod 4 = 0 0 NcellIDNmod 4 = 1 16
Nmod 4 = 2 32
Nmod 4 = 3 48
NcellIDNmod 2 = 0 0
Nmod 2 = 1 16
NcellIDNmod 2 = 0 0
Nmod 2 = 1 1
SIB1-NB 256 MCS
NB-IoTSI-RNTI
SIBx-NB
SIBxSI-RNTISIBxSIB1-NB


UL NDMRS(Narrowband demodulation reference signal):
The set of sub-carriers used in the mapping process shall be identical to the co
rresponding
The mapping to resource elements ),(lk shall be in increasing order of firstk, t
hen l, and finally
l in a slot are given in Table 10.1.4.2-1.
Values forl
75.3f
kHz 15f
4 3
0,1,2 2,3,4
NRS(Narrowband reference signal):
UE NRSNPDSCHNB-IoT
UE0,4NSSS9NRS
NPSS/NSSSNRS
NRS
ne antenna port
wo antenna portsResource element (k,l)Not used for transmission on this antenna
port
odd-numbered slots
even-numbered slotsodd-numbered slotsAntenna port 1
NPSS(Narrowband primary synchronization signal):
10,...,1,0,111nelSndnunj

The sequence nd
shall be mapped to resource elements lk, in increasing order of first the
2,...,1,0RBscNk and then the index 1,...,4,3DLsymbNl in subframe 5 in every radi
o
lk, overlapping with resource elements where cell-specific
d
5
OS3OS13OS011)
11ZC
IDNPSS10ms
NSSS(Narrowband secondary synchronization signal): Cyclic prefix length 13,..
.,3SS Normal 1 1 1 1 -1 -1 1 1 1 -1 1
13112nnujnjqeembndf
1263126mod128mod131mod131,...,1,0NcellIDNcellIDNqNunmnnn
The sequence nd shall be mapped to resource elements lk, in sequence starting wi
th )0(d in
k over the 12 assigned subcarriers and then the indexl over the
NSSSsymbN symbols of subframe 9 in radio frames fulfilling 02modfn, where
SSS
N
911OS
132RE)
NSSS
N
11
IDNSSSID
UL HARQ
NB-IoT UL Harq Process(36.321 5.4.2.1)
NB-IoTHARQ(NB-IoT
UL Grant)
nNPDCCH DCI Format N0UEn+k
s
NNPUSCH
RUslotsULNNNNDCI N0
Table 16.5.1-1:
kfor DCI format N0.
I
k
8
16
32
64
n-4UENPUSCHUEnACK/NACK
ACK/NACKNPDCCHNPDSCH?)
DL HARQ
NB-IoTDL Harq Process(36.321 5.3.2.1)
nNPDCCH DCI Format N1/N2UEn+5
NNPDSCHSFRepNNNDCI N1/N2
nUENPDSCHUE
1nk
ACK/NACKNNB-Iot UL Slots; ULAN
NN
Rep
kfor NPUSCH with subcarrier spacing
75.3f.

ACK/NACK subcarrier 0k
38 13
39 13
40 13
41 13
42 13
43 13
44 13
45 13
38 21
39 21
40 21
41 21
42 21
43 21
44 21
45 21

kfor NPUSCH with subcarrier spacing


15f.

ACK/NACK subcarrier 0k
0 13
1 13
2 13
3 13
0 15
1 15
2 15
3 15
0 17
1 17
2 17
3 17
0 18
1 18
2 18
3 18

NPRACH, NPUSCH Format 1 format 2
NPSSNSSS NPBCHNPDCCH, NPDSCH
SIB1-NB, SIBx-NB, NPCH DL-SCH
NPSS5
NSSS9
NB-IoT downlink subframe configurationUE0/4
9NRS(3GPP 36.211 --- 10.2.6)
nNPDCCH format N1/N2n+5

nNPDSCHUEn+k0-1NPUSCH format
ACK/NACKK0DCI format N1/N2{13,15,17,18} for 15kHz
{13, 21} for 3.75kHz
nNPDCCH format N0n+k0
k0DCI format N0{8,16,32,64}
nNPUSCHUEn+4ACK/NACKNPDSCH
nNPDCCH DCI Format N0NPUSCH
NPDCCH
nNPDCCH DCI Format N1/N2NPDSCH
NPDCCH
NPDSCHNPUSCH(ACK/NACK)UENPDCCH
NPDCCH DCI Format N1NPDCCH orderNPRACH
NPDCCH
NPUSCH3UENPDCCH

PSM:
eDRX:
TAR/RAU


23dBmLTE R91RB
180kHzNB-IoT3.75kHz subcarrier spacingR9
17dB ( 10*log(180/3.75) = 16.8)GSM33dBm
GSM7dB
+ 6~16dB

180kHz
Flash/RAM
23dBmSoCPA
FLASH/RAM