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MINISTRE DE LA DFENSE

COLE DTAT-MAJOR

Direction des Etudes

Cours langues

MEMENTO DANGLAIS
Edition 2e semestre 2009 - 1er semestre 2010

Le gnral J-L FRIEDLING


commandant lcole dtat-major
par ordre
le colonel de GUILLEBON
colonel adjoint
et directeur des tudes

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DUCI ET MILITI Quartier Bourcier Cours Guynemer BP n10011 6 0209 COMPIGNE Cedex
Tl. : 03 44 36 22 10 - Fax : 03 44 36 20 22
INTENTIONALLY

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SOMMAIRE

anglais gnral
1. USEFUL WORDS AND LINK WORDS_________________________________________ 7
2. PHRASAL VERBS _______________________________________________________ 10
3. IRREGULAR VERBS _____________________________________________________ 11
4. COUNTRIES AND STATES LIST ___________________________________________ 14

anglais militaire
1. GRADES / RANKS _______________________________________________________ 17
2. TERMES DE MISSIONS / MISSION TERMS___________________________________ 22
3. OPERATIONS DE SOUTIEN DE LA PAIX /PEACE SUPPORT OPERATIONS ________ 26
4. LES ORDRES GRAPHIQUES / OVERLAY ORDERS ____________________________ 28
5. LES CADRES DORDRES / ORDERS ________________________________________ 29
6. TERRAIN : CARTE ET GENIE GROUND : MAP AND ENGINEERS _________________ 30
7. BRIEFING ON AN OPORD part 1 ___________________________________________ 32
7. BRIEFING ON AN OPORD part 2 ___________________________________________ 33
7. BRIEFING ON AN OPORD part 3 ___________________________________________ 34
8. STAFF ESTIMATE _______________________________________________________ 36
9. USEFUL EXPRESSIONS__________________________________________________ 37
10. PC ET TRANSMISSIONS / COMMAND AND SIGNALS _________________________ 42
11. UNIT TERMINOLOGY part 1 ______________________________________________ 44
11. UNIT TERMINOLOGY part 2 ______________________________________________ 45
12. INFANTERIE / INFANTRY ________________________________________________ 46
13. ARTILLERIE / ARTILLERY________________________________________________ 48
14. EQUIPEMENT / EQUIPMENT _____________________________________________ 50
15. LOGISTIQUE / LOGISTICS _______________________________________________ 51
16. ALAT / ARMY AVIATION, ARMY AIR CORPS_________________________________ 53
17. LET ME INTRODUCE MYSELF ! ___________________________________________ 54
18. DEFINITIONS__________________________________________________________ 56
19. ADDENDA ____________________________________________________________ 66
20. GLOSSAIRE / GLOSSARY _______________________________________________ 74

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anglais gnral

1. Useful words and link words.


2. Phrasal verbs.
3. Irregular verbs.
4. Countries and states list.

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1. USEFUL WORDS AND LINK WORDS

INTRODUCTION
firstly dabord
first of all tout dabord
at first en premier lieu
in the first place tout dabord
above all avant tout
at first sight premire vue
initially lorigine
for a start
to start (with) pour commencer
to begin (with)
in / at the beginning au dbut
What is it all about?
What is the main point? de quoi sagit-il ?
What is the main question?
it is a matter of il sagit de
it is a question of
the point at issue is that .... le point controvers est
the question at issue is that .... la question qui pose problme
Id like to point out jaimerais insister sur le fait que
stress
Id like to turn your attention to jaimerais attirer votre attention sur
May I begin by saying en premier lieu, jaimerais prciser que

DEVELOPMENT
secondly en second lieu
in the second place
then puis
afterwards ensuite
last but not least le dernier mais non le moindre
similarly de la mme faon
in the same way
after that aprs cela
next
besides
in addition de plus
moreover
indeed en effet
also aussi
too
equally de mme
in fact
actually en fait
as a matter of fact
of course bien sr
naturally videmment
it seems obvious that il est vident que
it seems clear that il est clair que
furthermore en outre, par ailleurs
Let us now consider considrons maintenant
now lets move on to passons maintenant

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OPPOSITION
but mais
nevertheless cependant, nanmoins
however toutefois
yet pourtant
conversely loppos
on the other hand en revanche
on the one hand ...... on the other hand dune part ........ dautre part
in spite of malgr
although ; though bien que
despite en dpit de
whereas tandis que
while alors que
neither ...... nor ni ....... ni

CONDITION
if si
provided that condition que
on condition that
supposing supposer que
in case au cas o
even if mme si
except if sauf si ; moins que
unless moins que

TIME
when quand
whenever chaque fois que
while pendant que
as comme ; tandis que
before avant que
after aprs que
since depuis que
until jusqu ce que
till
as soon as ds que
as long as tant que
meanwhile pendant ce temps
in the meantime pendant ce temps l, dans lintervalle
currently actuellement
At present la situation actuelle est
the current situation is that ...

PURPOSE
in order to pour, en vue de
so as to
in order that afin que
so that de sorte que

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CAUSE
because parce que
as comme
since puisque
for car
because of cause de
owing to
on the grounds of en raison de
due to
thanks to grce
why ? pourquoi ?
what for ? pourquoi (donc) / ( faire) ?
this is (the reason) why voil pourquoi

CONSEQUENCE
so donc
thus ainsi
therefore
consequently par consquent
accordingly
hence do
thereby de ce fait
so ...... that si ....... que
such ...... that tellement ..... que

CONCLUSION
in short en un mot
in brief
in a word en rsum
to conclude en conclusion
eventually la fin
last of all
lastly enfin
finally en dernier lieu
in the end
to round off this presentation pour clore cette prsentation

EQUIVALENTS POSSIBLES POUR LE VERBE FAIRE


to achieve arriver faire to reach or attain by effort
accomplir to accomplish or carry out a task
to be successful
to act agir to operate effectively
to carry out raliser un plan to put into practice
excuter un ordre
faire (son devoir)
to complete achever, finir to finish
complter to make whole or perfect
to conduct mener to direct, to guide
to perform excuter, accomplir une tche to carry into effect
remplir, sacquitter dun devoir to go through, to execute

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2. PHRASAL VERBS
VERB EXAMPLE MEANING
bring up children are brought up by their parents educate in the family
call back Could you call back tomorrow, please? telephone again
call for I ll call for you at 7 oclock collect
call off theyve called off the strike cancel
carry on Are you going to carry on studying Law? continue
catch up you set off - Ill catch you up hurry after and join
come from he comes from Bangladesh to be born in
drop in Why not drop in on your way home? visit casually
find out I hope nobody finds out discover the truth
get back we got back from France last night return
get off you get off at the end of East Street leave the bus, the train....
get on How are the children getting on at school? succeed
get on with I get on very well with him agree, be friends with
get out of I cant get out of it avoid
get over I had an operation but Im getting over it now recover
get round to I havent got round to writing to him yet find time to do
get through Did you get through? make a successful call
get up I got up at 7 this morning rise from bed
give up I know its difficult but dont give up! stop trying
grow up children grow up more quickly nowadays mature
look after Whos looking after the children? take care of
look at What are you looking at? examine carefully
look for theyre looking for 20 new staff seek
look out for Ill look out for you at the station try to meet
look up you can look it up in the dictionary seek information
look forward to Im really looking forward to my holiday anticipate with pleasure
pack up Its time to pack up and go home stop
put off Shall we put it off until next week? delay, postpone
put off I hope Im not putting you off distract
put on Dont forget to put your coat on wear
put through Could you put me through to Mr Wilson? connect on the telephone
put up Can I put you up for the weekend? accommodate
put up with Im afraid youll just have to put up with it tolerate
run out of weve run out of sugar (theres no ....... left)
set off What time shall we set off? start a journey
show off stop showing off look for compliments
sort out these files need sorting out arrange systematically
stand up for you have to stand up for what you believe defend
think about What are you thinking about? consider
think of you should have thought of that earlier pay attention to
think over Id like to think it over for a while consider carefully
turn down his application has been turned down refuse, reject
turn off Would you turn the tape recorder off, please? stop
turn on Would you turn the TV on, please? switch on
turn up I cant hear it. Can you turn it up, please? make louder
turn up He didnt turn up at the meeting. appear

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3. IRREGULAR VERBS

INFINITIF PRETERIT PARTICIPE PASSE


A
arise slever arose arisen
B
be tre was been
beat battre beat beaten
become devenir became become
begin commencer began begun
bet parier bet bet
bite mordre bit bitten
bleed saigner bled bled
blow souffler blew blown
break casser broke broken
bring amener, apporter brought brought
build construire built built
burn brler burnt burnt
burst clater burst burst
buy acheter bought bought
C
cast jeter, lancer cast cast
catch attraper caught caught
choose choisir chose chosen
cling saccrocher clang clung
come venir came come
cost coter cost cost
creep ramper, se glisser crept crept
cut couper cut cut
D
deal soccuper de dealt dealt
dig creuser dug dug
do faire did done
draw dessiner drew drawn
dream rver dreamt dreamt
drink boire drank drunk
drive conduire drove driven
E
eat manger ate eaten
F
fall tomber fell fallen
feed (se) nourrir fed fed
feel sentir, prouver felt felt
fight se battre fought fought
find trouver found found
fly voler flew flown
forbid interdire forbade forbidden
forget oublier forgot forgotten
forgive pardonner forgave forgiven
freeze geler froze frozen

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INFINITIF PRETERIT PARTICIPE PASSE
G
get obtenir, devenir got got
give donner gave given
go aller went gone
grow (up) grandir grew grown
H
hang accrocher, pendre hung hung
have avoir had had
hear entendre heard heard
hide cacher hid hidden
hit frapper hit hit
hold tenir held held
hurt faire mal hurt hurt
K
keep garder kept kept
kneel sagenouiller knelt knelt
know savoir knew known
L
lay mettre (la table) laid laid
lead mener led led
learn apprendre learnt learnt
leave quitter left left
lend prter lent lent
let laisser, permettre let let
lie tre couch, tendu lay lain
light allumer lit lit
lose perdre lost lost
M
make faire, fabriquer made made
mean signifier, vouloir dire meant meant
meet rencontrer met met
P
pay payer paid paid
put mettre, poser put put
R
read lire read read
ride faire du vlo, du cheval rode ridden
ring sonner rang rung
rise se lever, slever rose risen
run courir ran run
S
say dire said said
see voir saw seen
sell vendre sold sold
send envoyer sent sent
set poser, fixer set set
sew coudre sewed sewn
shake secouer shook shaken
shine briller shone shone
shoot tirer shot shot
show montrer showed shown
shrink se rtrecir shrank shrunk
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INFINITIF PRETERIT PARTICIPE PASSE
shut fermer shut shut
sing chanter sang sung
sink couler, sombrer sank sunk
sit tre assis sat sat
sleep dormir slept slept
slide glisser slid slid
smell sentir smelt smelt
speak parler spoke spoken
spell peler spelt spelt
spend dpenser (argent), spent spent
passer (temps)
spill renverser (liquide) spilt spilt
spin tourner rapidement spun spun
spit cracher spat spat
split fendre, sparer split split
spread rpandre spread spread
spring bondir sprang sprung
stand tre debout stood stood
steal voler, drober stole stolen
stick coller stuck stuck
strike frapper struck struck
swear jurer swore sworn
sweep balayer swept swept
swim nager swam swum
swing (se) balancer swung swung
T
take prendre took taken
teach enseigner taught taught
tear dchirer tore torn
tell dire, raconter told told
think penser, croire thought thought
throw lancer, jeter threw thrown
tread marcher (sur les pieds trod trodden
de quelquun)
U
undergo subir underwent undergone
understand comprendre understood understood
W
wake (up) (se) rveiller woke woken
wear porter (vtements) wore worn
win gagner won won
wind serpenter wound wound
withdraw retirer withdrew withdrawn
wring tordre wrung wrung
write crire wrote written

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4. COUNTRIES AND STATES LIST
COUNTRY INHABITANTS ADJECTIVE LANGUAGE EU1 NATO2 PfP3 OSCE4
Albania Albanian Albanian Albanian X X
Austria Austrian Austrian German X X X
Belarus Belarus Belarus Russian X X
French (Walloon)
Belgium Belgian Belgian X X X X
Dutch (Flemish)
Bosnia -
Bosnian Bosnian Serbo-Croatian X
Herzegovina
Bulgaria Bulgarian Bulgarian Bulgarian X X X X
Canada Canadian Canadian English/-French X X X
Croatia Croatian Croatian Croatian X X
Cyprus Cypriot Cypriot Greek X X X
Czech Republic Czech Czech Czech X X X X
Denmark Danes Danish Danish X X X X
Estonia Estonian Estonian Estonian X X X
Federal Republic
Yugoslavian Yugoslavian Yugoslavian X
of Yugoslavia
Finland Finn Finnish Finnish X X X
France French French French X X X X
Germany German German German X X X X
Greece Greek Greek Greek X X X X
Hungary Hungarian Hungarian Hungarian X X X X
Iceland Icelander Icelandic Icelandic X X X
Ireland Irishman Irish Irish English X X X
Italy Italian Italian Italian X X X X
Latvia Latvia Latvia Latvia X X X X
Liechtenstein Native of German X X
Lithuania Lithuania Lithuania Lithuania X X X X
German/French/
Luxemburg Luxemburger Luxemburger X X X X
Luxemburgish
Macedonia Macedonian Macedonian Serbo-croatian X X
Netherlands Dutchman Dutch Dutch X X X X
Norway Norwegian Norwegian Norwegian X X X
Poland Pole Polish Polish X X X X
Portugal Portuguese Portuguese Portuguese X X X X
Romania Romanian Romanian Romanian X X X X
Russia Russian Russian Russian X X
Slovakia Slovak (ian) Slovak (ian) Slovak (ian) X X X X
Slovenia Slovene (ian) Slovene (ian) Slovene (ian) X X X X
Spain Spaniard Spanish Spanish X X X X
Sweden Swedes Swedish Swedish X X X
Swiss French
Switzerland Swiss Swiss X X
Swiss German
Turkey Turk Turkish Turkish X X X
Ukraine Ukrainian Ukrainian Ukrainian X X
United Kingdom British British English X X X X
United States of American
American American X X X
America English

1
European Union (EU) 2 North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) 3 Partnership for Peace (PfP)
4
Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)
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anglais militaire /military english

1. Grades / Ranks.
2. Termes de mission /Mission terms.
3. Oprations de soutien de la paix / Peace Support Operations.
4. Ordres graphiques / Overlay orders.
5. Cadres dordre / Orders.
6. Terrain : carte & Gnie / Ground: map & Engineers.
7. Briefing on an OPORD.
8. Staff estimate.
9. Useful expressions.
10. PC et transmissions / Command and Signals.
11. Terminologie des units / Units terminology.
12. Infanterie / Infantry.
13. Artillerie / Artillery.
14. Equipement / Equipment.
15. Logistique / Logistics.
16. ALAT / Army Aviation Army Air Corps.
17. Let me introduce myself.
18. Definitions.
19. Addenda.
20. Glossaire / Glossary.

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1. GRADES / RANKS

Gnral de Gnral de Gnral de Marchal de


Gnral d'arme
brigade division corps d'arme France

Lieutenant
General
Brigadier Major General General
Brig Maj Gen Field Marshal
Lt Gen Gen

Major General Lieutenant General General General


Brigadier General of the
Army

com- lieutenant-
S/ Lieut lieutenant capitaine colonel
mandant colonel

2nd Lieutenant-
Lieutenant Captain Major Colonel
Lieutenant Colonel
Lt Capt Maj Col
2 Lt Lt Col

2nd 1st Lieutenant-


Captain Major
Lieutenant Lieutenant Colonel Colonel
CPT MAJ
2 LT 1 LT LTC

soldat caporal sergent sergent


soldat caporal
1ere classe chef chef

Lance
Private Private Corporal Sergeant
Corporal
Pte Pte Cpl Sgt
L Cpl

Private Staff
Basic Private Private Corporal Sergeant
1st Class Sergeant
PVT PVT CPL SGT
PFC SSGT

DL / LANGUES / Tous les grades

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OFFICERS AND ENLISTED RANKS

FRENCH ARMY BRITISH ARMY US ARMY


FULL TITLE ABBREV FULL TITLE ABBREV FULL TITLE ABBREV
GENERAL OF
MARECHAL DE FRANCE FIELD MARSHAL
THE ARMY
GENERAL DARMEE GA GENERAL GEN GENERAL GEN
LIEUTENANT LIEUTENANT
GENERAL DE CORPS DARMEE GCA LT GEN Lt Gen
GENERAL GENERAL
MAJOR
GENERAL DE DIVISION GD MAJOR GENERAL MAJ GEN MAJ GEN
GENERAL
BRIGADIER
GENERAL DE BRIGADE GB BRIGADIER BRIG BG
GENERAL
COLONEL COL COLONEL COL COLONEL COL
LIEUTENANT- LIEUTENANT-
LIEUTENANT-COLONEL LCL LT COL LTC
COLONEL COLONEL
COMMANDANT/CHEF DE
CDT/CBA/CE
BATAILLON/CHEF MAJOR MAJ MAJOR MAJ
S/CEN
DESCADRON(S)
CAPITAINE CNE CAPTAIN CAPT CAPTAIN CPT
FIRST
LIEUTENANT LTN LIEUTENANT LT 1LT
LIEUTENANT
SECOND SECOND
SOUS-LIEUTENANT SLT 2LT 2LT
LIEUTENANT LIEUTENANT

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FRENCH ARMY BRITISH ARMY US ARMY
FULL TITLE ABBREV FULL TITLE ABBREV FULL TITLE ABBREV
SERGEANT MAJOR OF THE
ARMY SMA
WARRANT OFFICER
MAJOR MAJ WO1 COMMAND SERGEANT CSM
1ST CLASS
MAJOR SMG
SERGEANT MAJOR
WARRANT OFFICER FIRST SERGEANT 1SG
ADJUDANT-CHEF ADC WO2
2ND CLASS MASTER SERGEANT MSG
ADJUDANT ADJ STAFF SERGEANT SSGT SERGEANT FIRST CLASS SFC
SERGENT-CHEF / MARECHAL DES
SCH/MCH SERGEANT SGT STAFF SERGEANT SSG
LOGIS CHEF
SERGENT / MARECHAL DES LOGIS SGT/MDL SERGEANT SGT
CORPORAL CPL
CAPORAL-CHEF / BRIGADIER-CHEF CCH/BCH CORPORAL CPL
SPECIALIST 4TH CLASS SP4
CAPORAL/BRIGADIER CPL/BRG LANCE-CORPORAL LCPL PRIVATE PFC
SOLDAT DE 1 CLASSE 1CL PRIVATE PTE PRIVATE PVT
SOLDAT DE 2 CLASSE 2CL PRIVATE PTE PRIVATE PVT

US WARRANT OFICERS
RANKS ABBREVIATION
CHIEF WARRANT OFFICER 5 CW-5
CHIEF WARRANT OFFICER 4 CW-4
CHIEF WARRANT OFFICER 3 CW-3
CHIEF WARRANT OFFICER 2 CW-2
WARRANT OFFICER 1 W-1

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STATUS IN THE BRITISH AND US FORCES

UK US
ACTIVE ACTIVE
RESERVE NATIONAL GUARD
(INCLUDES THE RESERVE
TERRITORIAL ARMY)

UK
NON
COMMISSIONED OFFICERS COMMISSIONED ENLISTED
OFFICERS
GENERAL SENIOR JUNIOR SENIOR JUNIOR OTHER
OFFICERS OFFICERS OFFICERS NCOS* NCOS** RANKS

US
COMMISSIONED OFFICERS ENLISTED
FIELD COMPANY WARRANT
GENERAL RANK
GRADE GRADE OFFICERS NCOS
OFFICERS & FILE
OFFICERS OFFICERS

*the senior NCOs include the following ranks: from Warrant Officer
1st Class to Sergeant
**the junior NCOs include the following ranks: Lance-Corporal,
Corporal

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2. TERMES DE MISSIONS / MISSION TERMS

Reconnaissance et sret Reconnaissance and security operations


accalmie dans la bataille lull in the battle
avant garde advance guard (US), vanguard (UK)
contrler une zone to control an area
corps corps hand to hand fighting
couvrir to cover
dtachement detachment
clairer to scout
effort principal main effort
embuscade ambush
emplacement, position (arme collective) emplacement
tre affect to be assigned to
flanc-garder to flankguard
forces de 2e chelon follow-on forces
imbrication intermingling
ligne de front front line
mener une reconnaissance offensive to recce in force (RIF)
oprations au contact (rapproches) close operations
oprations dans la profondeur deep operations
oprations de sret security operations
oprations sur les arrires rear operations
patrouille de reconnaissance profonde Long Range Recce Patrol (LRRP)
position dfilement dobservation defilade observation position
position dattente waiting position
position de rechange alternate position
position de tir fire position
potentiel, aptitude efficacit au combat combat effectiveness
pravis, prt partir en Notice To Move (NTM)
recevoir la mission de to be tasked to
reconnaissance de zone area reconnaissance
reconnatre to recon (US), to recce (UK)
recouvrement overlapping
renforcement attachment
renseigner to collect information
reprer to spot out
reprer, identifier to identify
rythme de la manuvre maneuver tempo (US), manoeuvre momentum (UK)
sonnette look out
surveiller, jalonner, clairer to screen
temps (de la manuvre) phase
zone dintrt Area Of Interest (AOI)
zone doprations Area of Operations (AO or AOO)
zone de regroupement, prparatifs.. assembly area
zone de responsabilit area of responsibility

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Oprations offensives Offensive operations
appuyer, soutenir to support
attaque revers envelopment attack, turning movement (US)
attaque dans la foule, partir du contact hasty attack (US)
attaque en force attack in force, deliberate attack
attaque en souplesse infiltration attack
attaque frontale frontal attack
attaque prpare deliberate attack
attaque prventive spoiling attack
attaque principale main attack
attaque secondaire supporting attack, shaping attack
attaquer to attack
axe deffort axis of effort
axe de progression axis of advance
base dassaut, position dattente. Forming Up Position (FUP)
clouer au sol to pin down
combat de rencontre meeting engagement
contre-attaquer to counter attack
dborder to outflank
dboucher to cross the line of departure
dboucher, relever par dpassement to conduct a forward passage of lines
dpasser to bypass
dsorganiser to disrupt
donner lassaut to assault
effectuer un raid to raid
engager une unit, un moyen to commit
exploiter to exploit
fixer to fix
harceler to harass
itinraire de progression (ennemi) avenue of approach
lancer une attaque to deliver an attack, to launch an attack
marche lennemi advance to contact, movement to contact
mener une attaque to conduct an attack
nettoyer to clear
neutraliser (+ de 2/3), dtruire. to destroy
neutraliser (de 1/3 2/3) un systme darme to suppress
neutraliser (jusqu 1/3) to neutralize
percer to break through
percer et exploiter to break out
percer un dispositif ennemi to breach a defensive position
percer, ouvrir une brche to breach
prendre parti to engage
prendre contact to gain contact
raid attack in depth, raid
rduire une rsistance to clear a resistance, to force a resistance, to
reduce a resistance
relancer lattaque to resume an attack
relve par dpassement forward passage of lines
relever sur place to relieve in place
semparer de to seize
sinfiltrer to infiltrate into
scuriser, sassurer de, semparer de et tenir to secure = to seize + to hold
surpasser en nombre to outnumber

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Oprations dfensives Defensive operations
arrter, barrer. to block
canaliser to canalise
combat dusure attrition combat
contenir to contain
coup de main raid and run action, hit and run action
dcrocher to disengage from
dfense1 defense (US), defence (UK)
dfense dusure attrition defense, attrition combat
dfense de zone defense in depth, sector defense, area defense
(US)
dfense ferme positional defense
dfense mobile mobile defense
dfense prpare / sans prparation deliberate defense, hasty defense
dfense tous azimuts all round defense
donner un coup darrt to conduct a blocking action
empcher de () to prevent from (+ing)
encerclement encirclement
escarmouche skirmish
tre recueilli to conduct a rearward passage of lines
tre relev par dpassement to assist a forward passage of lines
freiner to delay
harclement harassing action, harassment
interdire (une ligne) to deny
interdire un axe to block an axis
niveau de protection NBC (Nuclaire Mission Oriented Protective Posture (MOPP)
Bactriologique Chimique)
oprations rtrogrades retrograde operations
point dappui (Compagnie), secteur de rsistance strong point
(Rgiment)
point de coordination coordination point
point de liaison liaison point
position darrt blocking position
position de combat battle position
position dfensive defensive position
poste dobservation et dcoute Observation Point Listening Post (OPLP)
recueil (par autre unit) rearward passage of lines
recueillir to assist a rearward passage of lines
renforcer, rorganiser une position to consolidate a position
rompre le contact to break contact
rompre un encerclement to break out
rupture du contact, repli disengagement
saccrocher au terrain to cling to the ground
sesquiver to take evasive action
sexfiltrer to exfiltrate
se replier to withdraw
se replier sans contact avec lennemi to retire
tenir to hold
tte de pont bridgehead
user, diminuer to wear down

1
Pour toutes les traductions ou il y a le mot dfense, par exemple defense ferme on pourra le
traduire par positional defense (US), positional defence (UK). Par dfaut dans le mmento, on ne
laissera que la version US soit defense avec un s .
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3. OPERATIONS DE SOUTIEN DE LA PAIX /
PEACE SUPPORT OPERATIONS
accord de paix peace agreement
accord sur le statut des forces Status Of Force Agreement (SOFA)
action psychologique Psychological Operations (PSYOPS)
affaires civiles Civil Affairs (CA)
allguer, prtendre to allege
application de sanctions enforcement of sanctions
autodfense self-defence
base de patrouille et dobservation Patrol and Observation Base (POB)
belligrant belligerent
blocus blockade
campagne dinformation information campaign
conformit compliance
consentement, accord consent
consolidation de la paix peace building
contestation, conflit dispute
contraindre to compel
contrle de foule crowd control
dmonstration de force, gesticulation militaire show of force
dploiement prventif preventive deployment
diplomatie prventive preventive diplomacy
dissuader to deter
division cadre (commandement confi une nation framework division
cadre et units fournies par plusieurs nations)
division multinationale (units de plusieurs nations et Multinational Division (MND)
commandement confi un EM multinational)
dommages collatraux collateral damage
carter, liminer to rule out
enclave enclave
enquter to investigate
escorter to escort
tre le tmoin de violation to witness a violation
factions belligrantes warring factions, feuding parties
force ltale / force non ltale lethal force / non-lethal force
forces spciales Special Forces (SF)
foule mob, crowd
frappe chirurgicale precision strike
Haut Reprsentant (du secrtaire gnral des Nations High Representative (HR)
Unis)
Haut Commissariat au Rfugis (HCR) High Commissioner for Refugees (HCR)
impartial even-handed
impartialit impartiality
imposer, faire appliquer la loi to enforce
imposition de la paix Peace Enforcement
la charte des Nations Unis the United Nation Charter
la foule, population (US) populace
libert de circulation Freedom Of Movement (FOM)
ligne de cessez-le-feu Cease-Fire Line (CFL)
maintien de lordre (rpression dmeute) riot control
matrise des armements arms control
mandat mandate
mettre en uvre to implement
26 / 97
mode daction course of action
nation ayant un rle spcifique Role Specialist Nation (RSN)
nation cadre framework nation
nation contributrice en troupes Troop Contributing Nation (TCN)
nation hte host nation
nation pilote lead nation
ngociation negotiation
Observateur Militaire des Nations Unis United Nation Military Observer (UNMO)
ONG Non-Governmental Organization (NGO)
oprations autres que la guerre Operations Other Than War (OOTW)
oprations civilo-militaires Civil-military operations
oprations de gestion de crises crisis management operations
oprations de maintien de la paix Peace Keeping Operations (PKO)
oprations de soutien la diplomatie support to diplomacy
oprations de soutien de la paix Peace Support Operations (PSO)
oprations de surveillance de la trve truce supervisory operations
oprations place sous le chapitre VI de la charte des chapter VI operations
Nations Unis
Organisation pour la Scurit et la Coopration en Organisation for Security and Cooperation in
Europe (OSCE) Europe (OSCE)
par la force forcibly
personnes dplaces displaced persons (DPs)
plainte complaint
Partenariat Pour la Paix (PPP) Partnership for Peace (PfP)
prescriptions provisions
prisonniers de guerre prisoners of war
procdures de sommation challenge procedures
protection de lassistance humanitaire protection of humanitarian assistance
protocole daccord Memorandum Of Understanding (MOU)
recensement census
rglement (dun conflit) settlement
rgles dengagement Rules Of Engagement (ROEs)
rinstallation resettlement
Rsolution du Conseil de Scurit Security Council Resolution (SCR)
rsolution, volont, dtermination resolve, resolution
restauration de la paix peacemaking
restaurer to restore
sinterposer to interpose
se conformer (accords, rgles) to comply with / to abide by (plus fort)
sparation separation
soins mdicaux medical care
surveiller (mission ONU) to monitor
surveiller, chapeauter to oversee
tirs de sommation warning shots
trve truce
Union Europenne (UE) European Union (EU)
zone dmilitarise Demilitarised Zone (DMZ)
zone tampon buffer zone
zones accs limit restricted areas
zones protges protected areas

27 / 97
4. LES ORDRES GRAPHIQUES / OVERLAY ORDERS
action principale Main Effort (ME)
action retardatrice, freinage delaying operation
actions de sret security operations
actions dfensives defensive operations
actions offensives offensive operations
actions rtrogrades retrograde operations
apprcier, estimer, valuer To assess
articulation task organisation
attaque secondaire ou de diversion supporting attack
au plus tard pour No Later Than (NLT)
calque, transparent overlay
carte de situation situation map
contre-attaque counter attack
chelle scale
valuation de la situation par le chef commanders assessment / commanders estimate
feuilles adjacentes adjoining sheets, attachments
ide de manuvre concept of operations, scheme of maneuver
instructions de coordination coordinating instructions
itinraire route
ligne de coordination Phase Line (PL)
ligne de coordination des feux dappui Fire Support Coordination Line (FSCL)
ligne de dbouch line of departure
ligne des contacts line of contact
limite boundary
limite avant des troupes amies Forward Line of Own Troops (FLOT)
limite de lavance limit of advance
limite de la zone avant Forward Edge of the Battle Area (FEBA)
missions aux subordonns tasks, sub-units missions (UK)
mode daction Course Of Action (COA)
nord de la carte / de la grille grid North
objectif objective
pntrante main supply road (US), axial road (UK)
point dappui strong point
potentiel de combat Combat Effectiveness (CE)
prenant effet , compter de With Effect From (WEF)
priorit priority
rapport de force strength ratio
recevoir la mission de to be tasked to
rocade lateral road
un cartouche a box
zone de dploiement et dattente (ZDA) Waiting Area
zone de dploiement et dattente extension (ZDAE) Extended Waiting Area
zone de dploiement initial (ZDI) Initial Dispersal Area
zone de dploiement oprationnel (ZDO) Tactical Assembly Area
zone arrire Rear Area (RA)
zone avant Main Battle Area (MBA)
zone contamine contaminated area
zone daction zone of action
zone dintrt Area Of Interest (AOI)
zone doprations Area of Operations (AO or AOO)
zone doprations de larrire Rear Combat Zone (RCZ)
zone de dfense battle position
zone de responsabilit Area Of Responsibility (AOR)
28 / 97
5. LES CADRES DORDRES / ORDERS
partir de... from ...
action densemble et renforcement par unit General Support Reinforcing (GSR)
(artillerie)
action principale Main Effort (ME)
appui dans la profondeur deep fires
avoir la mission de to be tasked to, to be asked for
bascule step up (procedures)
classification scurit security classification
comparaison des modes daction AMI (MA) course of action comparison
confrontation MA / ME (mode daction ENNEMI) course of action wargaming
conserv aux ordres (gnie), action densemble General Support (GS)
(artillerie)
contre batterie counter-battery
dans lordre in order
dans la rgion de vic., In the Vicinity Of (IVO)
degr durgence (dun message) precedence
dtach (gnie), appui direct (artillerie) Direct Support (DS)
effectif partir de... as of, a/o
effet majeur decisive point, essential task
lments de tte lead elements
en mesure de (EMD) Be Prepared To (BPT)
en 2e chelon in 2nd echelon
valuation de la situation par le chef commanders assessment / commanders estimate
groupe date heure (GDH) Date Time Group (DTG)
horaire deffet Effective Date Time (EFDT)
ide de manuvre Scheme of maneuver (US) / concept of
operations (UK)
il est probable que lennemi.... the enemy is likely to....
missions tasks
mode daction Course Of Action (COA)
mode daction ennemi Enemy Course Of Action (ECOA)
moyens rservs alternate command post
objectif feu target
objectif manuvre objective
on sattend ce que lennemi.... the enemy is expected to....
ordre dopration operation order (OPORD [US] Opo [UK])
ordre de conduite, ordre simplifi Fragmentary Order (FRAGO)
ordre prparatoire Warning Order (WARNO [US], WingO [UK])
prcis ultrieurement To Be Notified (TBN)
prt faire mouvement en.... Notice To Move (NTM)
relve, quipe (de relve) borde shift
situation souhaite en fin dopration. end state (US)
soit ....soit.... either ....or....
sur ordre on order, o/o

29 / 97
6. TERRAIN : CARTE ET GENIE
GROUND: MAP AND ENGINEERS
abattis abattis
abri shelter
aide au dploiement engineering support
bande mine mine strip
barbel barbed wire
barrage dobstacles barrier
brchage breaching
bunker, abri enterr bunker, dug-out
camouflage camouflage
carreau grid square
carroyage, quadrillage grid
champ de mines minefield
col pass, saddle
contre mobilit counter mobility
coordonnes grid reference
coordonnes hectomtriques hectometric coordinates, 6-digit coordinates
coordonnes kilomtriques kilometric coordinates, 4-digit coordinates
cote (niveau) spot level
cote 238 hill 238
cote dun point, point cot spot elevation
couloir (amnag dans un obstacle) gap
courbe de niveau contour line
dception deception
dgager, liminer, neutraliser des obstacles to clear obstacles
dmolition demolition
destruction de munition non explose Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD)
dviation diversionary route
dissimulation concealment
engin explosif improvis Improvised Explosive Device (IED)
pingler to pin down
fortifications de campagne field fortifications
foss antichar antitank ditch
gu ford
Inclinaison gradient
leurre dummy, decoy
ligne de crte crest-line, ridge
ligne de mines mine row
ligne lectrique power line
maintien en tat dun itinraire maintenance of routes
masque, protection (US) cover
mines dispersables scatterable mines
missions dappui la contre mobilit countermobility tasks
missions dappui la mobilit mobility tasks
missions dappui la survivabilit survivability tasks
mobilit mobility
munition non explose Unexploded Ordnance (UXO)
nord de la carte grid north
obstacle de manuvre prepared obstacle
obstacle mis en uvre executed obstacle
obstacle prpar completed obstacle
obstacles artificiels man-made obstacles
30 / 97
obstacles naturels natural obstacles
oprations de contre minage countermine operations
ordre de pose de mines minefield laying orders
ouverture dun itinraire route opening
pente slope
pige booby-trap
placer avec prcision to pinpoint
plan dobstacles obstacle barrier, obstacle plan
position simule dummy position
praticable trafficable
reconnaissance ditinraire route reconnaissance
rfrences de la carte map references
sentier path, track, trail
terrain ouvert open terrain (US), open ground (UK)
thalweg valley
un transparent a viewfoil, a slide
une carte grande chelle large scale map
voie ferre railroad (US), railway (UK)
zone de franchissement crossing area
zone urbanise urban terrain (US), built-up area (UK)

31 / 97
7. BRIEFING ON AN OPORD part 1

Good morning / afternoon, Sir/Madam. I am Captain . of the


.. French . Brigade. I have been asked (I am here) to brief you on
(the situation in our brigade / divisional area) (our part in the operation).

If I could start by (quickly) orientating you to the map. The important features
are... The key terrain feature is.

The brigade is involved in a defensive / offensive operation in an area centred on


(around) .. with the units in the following positions.
Neighbouring units are the .. on the left and the .. on the right.

The brigade is facing elements of the .. that are advancing / withdrawing


along the axis -.- . with units in contact, left ..
, centre .. , right . Its objectives could be and it might
either or .. .

Our brigade mission is to In order to achieve this, the


Commander intends to .. This will be achieved by
(scheme of manoeuvre) Main Effort is
. .

Sir / Madam, that concludes my briefing. Do you have any questions?

32 / 97
7. BRIEFING ON AN OPORD part 2
Good morning/ afternoon sir, I am CAP. x, SO3 S3 of the .Brigade. I'll be
briefing you on / I'm here to brief you on the situation in our Brigade area.

I will start by presenting the enemy and friendly forces, then I will go on to the
Brigade's mission and the concept of operations, and in conclusion, I'll show you the
missions given to the subordinate units.

I would like to orientate you to the map (US) / let me brief you quickly about our
AO.
The Brigade is conducting a defensive / offensive operation in the area located in the
vicinity of . It is a . km wide and .km deep area. Its key features / key terrain
are/is the X river / this main road / this built-up area/ this main crossroads / these
wooded areas.

EN forces:
The Brigade is facing 1, 2, 3 Mechanised Battalion / a Mechanised Brigade strong en.
advancing towards/ set up in a positional defence/ deployed as follows.
Its objective could be to./ It's intentions are assessed as being
To do that it might either(COA1), or.(COA2)

Friendly forces:
Neighbouring units are / The Brigade is flanked by: to the N the ..Brigade, which is
tasked to., to the S..to the E to the W.

The mission
The Brigade has been tasked to / the Brigade's mission is.( reprise intgrale de
la m. )

Concept of operations:
The commander's intent is to.
To do that the scheme of manoeuvre is the following: phase 1, ph. 2, ph. 3
The main effort will be born in this area / the x bn. will be in charge of the ME

Tasks to sub units / finally a few words on the tasks given to our sub units
Ahead of the AO, the Recce is to screen/ gather information.between and
PL.
1st echelon: after having assisted the in its RWD POL, X bat. will have to attack,
estb. blocking pos., recce., delay, defend, screen between Phase Line and Y river /
nlt (no later than) the 3rd at 1200Z (twelve hundred ) / Be Prepared To.
2nd echelon: support, attk..idem

Well, sir, this concludes my briefing, do you have any questions?

33 / 97
7. BRIEFING ON AN OPORD part 3

I/ INTRO

Intro one

Good morning / afternoon / evening Sir. Im Captain serving


at/from
Reporting to you

Intro two

Good morning/afternoon/evening Sir (depending on the DTG of the OVO)


Welcome to our CP of ........................./ Im pleased to welcome you to our CP of.....................
Im Captain ............SO3S3/ from the operations cell
Ive been tasked/I was asked to brief you on the situation in our AOO
It is the (date) and currently it is (time) and the operation will start.......................................
We will be committed in an offensive/defensive operation in an area located IVO.....................

II/TERRAIN

Our AOO is delineated in the north


the south by limits/boundaries
the east
the west

The area is ........................kms deep and.................kms wide.


The main terrain features are/the most important features in our area are (ne pas oublier de
justifier tout lment de terrain nonc.)
.........................................................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................

III/ ENEMY AND FRIENDLY SITUATION

A/ Enemy situation

1) Division level 2) Brigade level

Who?................................................. Who?.......................................................
Where?.............................................. Where?....................................................
What?................................................ What?......................................................
When?............................................... When?.....................................................

COA1......................................................
.................................................................
COA2......................................................
.................................................................
(if other details)..........................................................................................................................

34 / 97
B/ Friendly situation

Who?........................................................................
What?.......................................................................
Where?.....................................................................
When?......................................................................
Attachments?...........................................................

IV/ MISSION

Our mission is to............................................................................................


In order to.......................................................................................................
BPT................................................................................................................

V/ COMMANDERS INTENT AND SCHEME OF MANOEUVRE

A/ Commanders intent:

My commander intends to/ my commanders intent is to (main


objective)........................................................................................... the main effort will be
borne in the east/west/south/north.

B/ Concept of operations

To carry this out we will conduct a ............. phase operation

Phase 1: from..................... to.......................


What?..............................................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................................................

Phase 2: from...................... to....................................


What?..............................................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................................................

Phase 3: from....................... to.........................


What?............................................................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................................................................

Sir/Maam this concludes my briefing. Im now ready to answer your questions

Remarques : tout au long de votre prsentation vitez de lire. Pensez bien montrer sur lcran
ce dont vous parlez. Lors du dtail de lide de manuvre expliquez le rle des units de votre
brigade de manire claire et prcise mais succinctement.

35 / 97
8. STAFF ESTIMATE

This a US translation for a French point de situation . This is not the typical format of a US
Staff Estimate. This a SITREP.

General, it is (time). Your intent was to (concept of operations, phases). Phase (number) is on-
going. The division is currently conducting (task).
In comparison with the original OPORD, the situation could evolve in the following way:
(possible evolution).
In order to issue a new (staff work type), I intend to brief you on the current situation, and then
to provide you with the staff estimate, and eventually to recommend a new COA.

The divisions subordinate units have reached the line (from left to right, 1st echelon, reserve).
Their current situation is (disposition, CE, availability for the mission).
The division reserve could be committed within (time) with the following constraints: .....

(strength) of the div arty. The target priority is (types of target in priority order). (Artillery
units) are not committed and should be available within (time).
The ADA units are deployed in (areas) and they are tasked to (mission).

The DSA is set up in (area). The stock levels are the following: (levels).

The situation of the neighboring units is the following:


Obstacles have been laid down according to the obstacle plan:
NBC strikes took place at (time) in (location). (Area) is currently contaminated and (units)
should be considered for decontamination operations as soon as possible. (Other units) are on
MOPP (NBC posture).

The enemy units in contact are (dispositions, composition, strength, capabilities, COAs). In
depth, (units, dispositions, composition, strength) could (capabilities, COAs) within (time) in
(area). In order to determine the actual enemy course of action, recommended essentials
element of informations (EEIs) are the following:

In order to facilitate our action, we will be provided offensive EW support as of (time). The
next CP shift will take place at (time), the future location will be at (location). The tactical CP
will be set up for (operation or phase).

Taking into account the enemys assets on the one hand, and our strength and the expected
reinforcements on the other hand, the strength ratio is:
presently:
in the next future:
our COAs are:

I recommend the following: .....

36 / 97
9. USEFUL EXPRESSIONS

Introduction Introduction
la brigade fait partie d'une division blinde the Brigade is part of a French-led
multinationale sous commandement FR multinational armoured division
face notre brigade, our Brigade faces, confronts
l'ennemi de la brigade est the enemy of the Brigade consists of
face , oppos facing
nous sommes actuellement we are currently located at
l'orientation gnrale de notre zone d'action our zone of action runs generally SW to NE
est SO-NE
une zone de responsabilit de 10 km de large a ten km-wide and 20 km-deep AOR
sur 20 km de profondeur
cela correspond aux normes d'engagement de it matches the brigade standards
la brigade
terrain dcouvert, difficile, escarp open terrain, restricted, steep
horaires essentiels key timings
cette action durera plus de 3 jours this action will last over 3 days
cette opration commencera au crpuscule the operation will start at dusk at 1800
18h00
cela devrait se terminer aprs demain vers it is due to end the day after tomorrow by noon
midi
les units encadrantes sont sur la gauche the neighbouring units are on the left side
Situation ennemie Enemy forces
60 % de son potentiel at 60% CE (combat effectiveness)
l'ennemi pourrait the enemy could, the enemy is likely to .
on s'attend ce que l'ennemi the enemy is expected to .
les lments de tte the lead elements
le gros the main body, the bulk
la compagnie d'avant-garde the Forward Security Element
le gros d'avant garde (marche l'ennemi) the Advance Guard Main Body
le 2e chelon the second echelon
soit , soit either ., or
menace guerre lectronique (GE) avre electronic warfare (EW) threat identified
Lennemi est estim tre 90% the enemy has been assessed as 90% effective
Mission - but Mission
cette unit doit this unit is to
cette unit a pour mission de . this unit is tasked to
cette unit doit this unit has to
Excution Execution
Articulation Task organisation
groupement tactique du Royal Tank Royal Tank Regiment battle group (RTR BG)
Rgiment (RTR)
le RTR moins un escadron, plus une the RTR less one squadron, together with one
compagnie de gnie, plus une compagnie engineers squadron and one armoured infantry
mcanise forme le groupement tactique RTR company forms up the RTR BG
groupement tactique 135 task force 135
en renforcement de attached to, chopped to (US)
dtach de detached from
en appui de , en renfort de direct support (DS)
37 / 97
conserv aux ordres, appui d'ensemble general support (GS)
units de tte, de deuxime chelon forward units, rear units
Ide de manuvre Concept of operation
intention du chef commander's intent
plan de manuvre scheme of manoeuvre
le commandant veut faire effort sur telle the commander will put the emphasis on doing
action
the commanders intent is to; main effort...
le commandant veut the commander intends to
en vue de in order to
partir de 0900 as of 0900
partir de 0900 et au del from 0900 on
0900 at 0900
aux environs de 0900 by 0900
au plus tard pour no later than (NLT)
pas avant 0900 not before 0900
210900 Z twenty one-o nine-hundred Zulu
210900 Z on the 21st at zero nine hundred
dans la rgion de Trifouilly les Oies in the vicinity of Trifouilly the Geese
louest de ( lintrieur dune zone) in he west of , to the west of
louest de ( lextrieur dune zone) west of
vers louest (ide de mouvement) westwards
attaquer louest to attack west
partir de louest from the west
un axe nord-sud a north-south axis
les hauteurs the high grounds
1re phase, 1er temps phase one
effort principal main effort (ME)
Rpartition des missions Task allocation
en mesure de be prepared to .
priorit with priority to .
espace de manuvre room for manoeuvre
tre recueilli to conduct a rearward passage of lines
dboucher, relever par dpassement to conduct a forward passage of lines
recueillir to assist a rearward passage of lines
tre relev par dpassement to assist a forward passage of lines
relancer l'attaque to resume an attack
sur ordre on order
dans l'ordre 1, 2, 3 in order 1, 2, 3
instructions de coordination coordinating instructions
conduite tenir vis vis de l'ennemi by-passing policy
rencontr
bascule du Poste de Commandement 0530Z Command Post moves at 0530Z

38 / 97
Ordres graphiques : lexique des termes rcurrents
Overlay orders: lexicon of recurring terms
A
Appui la mobilit : mobility support
Appuyer la manuvre darrt : to fire in support of the blocking action
Appuyer le dbouch : to support the jumping of, to back up the jumping off, the crossing of
the line of departure
Axe principal : main axis [is] (pl: axes [i:z])

C
Carrefour : crossroads (toujours avec un s)
Conqute dune tte de pont : to secure a bridgehead
Conqurir : to seize and secure
Conqurir des objectifs successifs : to seize one by one et on montre les lieux sur la carte
Contenir : contain
Coup darrt : blocking action
Couvrir : to cover
Se couvrir face au S/N/E/O : to cover oneself facing S/N/E/W
Couvrir par le feu : to cover by fire

D
Dbordement : outflanking
Dfendre ferme : to conduct positional defence

E
Effort lest : effort in the east
Espace de manuvre : maneuver space, manoeuvre space
Emparer (s) : to seize(and secure)
Engagement (troupe) : commitment
Elargir une tte de pont : to expand a bridgehead
En mesure de (EMD) : be prepared to (BPT)

F
Freiner : to delay/to trade space for time/to slow the enemy down
Faire effort sur la vitesse : as fast, quickly, as possible

G
Gagner des dlais : gain time
Groupement de force interarmes multinational (GFIM) : Combined Joint Task Force (CJTF)
Groupement tactique interarmes (GTIA) : Task force

I
Interdire le franchissement de : to deny the crossing of

L
Livrer une ligne de dbouch : to hand over a line of departure/jump off line

M
Mener : (to) conduct (exemple : mener une action retardatrice : to conduct a delaying
operation)

39 / 97
P
Permettre (dploiement / contre attaque) : to facilitate
Participer : to participate in/to take part in

R
Recueillir : to assist a rearward passage of lines
Rduire les rsistances dpasses : to clear/mop up bypassed resistance/defences
Relancer lattaque : to resume the attack
Rtablir la continuit du dispositif : re-establish the layout in conjunction with (the green
forces) / to link up with the allied units

S
Soutenir le dbouch : to support/back up the crossing of the line of departure/jumping off

T
Tenir une position : to hold a position
Tout en prparant : whilst/while preparing ( grammar : whilst / while +verb + ing)
Triangle : semparer dun : comme pour quadrilatre, ces termes se traduisent par area.
Example : to seize and secure an area

U
Ultrieurement : subsequently

V
Valoriser (terrain) : to make best of use, to improve (US), to reinforce (US)
Valoriser (matriel) : to upgrade

Own vocabulary needed


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40 / 97
Analyse terrain / Terrain analysis
Terrain feature Advantages Drawbacks
Wooded areas -Possibility to set up ambushes (If held by the enemy)
-Can provide cover and concealment -Possible surprise attacks
-If numerous possibility to canalize the -The enemy might have set up booby
enemy traps
-If upgraded can be used to slow down -Might hinder our advance by slowing our
the enemy momentum down

Rivers and canals - can be used to delay the enemy - the brigade might need mobility
support with crossing capabilities
on the part of the engineers
- manoeuvre tempo might be
slowed down
Open terrain If conducting offensive operation: If conducting an offensive operation
Facilitates the advance and momentum None!
If conducting an offensive operation If conducting a defensive operation
Offers good firing possibilities This type of terrain cannot be
upgraded except with minefields or
traps. It is hence difficult to delay the
enemy.
Broken terrain If conducting defensive operation: Depending on the type of equipment:
High grounds can be used as again the momentum can be slowed
observation or firing positions. down
If many: possibility to canalize the We can be canalized and fired at by
enemy the enemy.
Good observation point for the enemy
who can observe our advance

Bien sr ce tableau nest pas exhaustif mais il comporte suffisamment de vocabulaire et de conclusions
pour dfendre votre partie terrain.

41 / 97
10. PC ET TRANSMISSIONS / COMMAND AND SIGNALS
adjoint spcialis Assistant Division Commander (ADC)
analyse de la situation situation analysis
brouillage jamming
capitaine rdacteur SO3 (UK)
commandant rdacteur SO2 (UK)
cellule 3e dimension Air Management Element (AME)
cellule appui feux Fire Support Element (FSE)
cellule conduite current operations cell
cellule manuvre future plans cell G5
chef dtat-major (CEM) Chief Of Staff (COS)
chefs de bureaux coordinating staff group (US)
civilo-militaire (niveau division et +) G9
Centre Oprations (CO) Tactical Operation Center (TOC)
commandement & conduite Command and control (C)
cryptage encryption
dveloppement des MA COA developing
disponibilit availability
disponibilit oprationnelle readiness
tat-major particulier Personal staff group (US)
estafette messenger, estafette
tude du terrain terrain analysis, survey
valuation assessment
gabarit de doctrine doctrinal template
LCL rdacteur SO1 (UK)
les procdures dEM staff procedures
logistique (niveau Bde et Bon) S4
logistique (niveau div et +) G4
manuvrabilit maneuverability, manoeuvrability,
mthode dlaboration dune dcision Military Decision Making Process (US), estimate
oprationnelle (MEDO) process (UK)
missions aux subordonns tasks
mode daction course of action (COA)
moyens rservs bascule (UK) step-up CP (UK)
ordre administratif et logistique (OAL) Administrative order (UK), admin O
officier de liaison Liaison Officer (LO)
officier de site headquarters commandant
contrleur arien avanc Forward Air Controller (FAC)
officier de liaison de forces ariennes (OLFA) Air Force Liaison Officer (AFLO)
Air Liaison Officer (ALO)
oprations (niveau Bde et Bon) S3
oprations (niveau div et +) G3
ordre logistique Logistic order (LOGO )
ordre prparatoire Warning order, WingO (UK), WARNO (US)
poste de commandement (PC) Command Post (CP)
PC arrire rear CP
PC avant forward CP
PC de rechange / moyens rservs alternate CP
PC principal main CP
PC tactique tactical CP
personnel (niveau Bde et Bon) S1
personnel (niveau division et +) G1
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rdacteurs spcialiss special staff group (US)
rdiger to write
renseignement et scurit (niveau Bde et Bon) S2
renseignement et scurit (niveau div et +) G2
systme dinformation et de communication (SIC) Communication and Information systems (CIS)
systme dinformation et de communication (SIC) G6
(niveau div et +)
situation souhaite en fin dopration end state
Sous chef tat-major Assistant Chief Of Staff (ACOS)
transmissions protges secure communications
un projet, un brouillon a draft
zone arrire Rear Combat Zone (RCZ)

G : niveau Division et suprieur

Personnel G1 Personnel
Renseignement et scurit G2 Intelligence
Oprations G3 Operation
Logistique G4 Logistics
Manuvre future (MANFUT) G5 Plan cell
Systme dinformation et de communication (SIC) G6 Communication and Information systems
Entrainement et doctrine G7 Training and Doctrine
Finance G8 Finance

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11. UNIT TERMINOLOGY part 1
franais US UK
les armes the Armed Forces
une arme a Service
un service a service
interallis combined, allied combined (OTAN)
interarmes joint tri-service, inter-services
interarmes combined arms all arms
larme de terre the US Army the Army
la marine the US Navy the Royal Navy
laronavale the US Naval Aviation the Fleet Air Arm
larme de lair the US Air Force the Royal Air Force
les Marines the Marine Corps (Navy) the Royal Marines (Navy)
les Troupes de Marine (Adt) Overseas Troops*, Former Colonial Troops*
les armes branch branches, arms
armes de mle combat arms (include Infantry + combat arms, teeth arms
Armor)
units au contact, de maneuver units (Infantry + Armor + combat units (include AAC)
manuvre Special forces +Atk helicopters)
units dappui combat support units (FA+ADA + Engineers)
units de soutien combat service support units
units units, troops, forces
grande unit major unit formation
ABC Armor Royal Armoured Corps
infanterie Infantry
artillerie Artillery Royal Artillery
gnie Engineer Corps of Royal Engineers
CLB scouting units armoured recce
infanterie alpine mountain infantry (Rangers+ mountain infantry (belongs to the
mountain capable Infantry) Royal Marines)
ALAT Army Aviation (AA) (US) Army Air Corps (AAC) (UK)
artillerie SS Field Artillery (FA)
artillerie SA Air Defense Artillery (ADA) Air Defence (Artillery)
police militaire Military Police Royal Military Provost/Police
troupes NBC Chemical Corps NBC troops
corps du renseignement Military Intelligence Intelligence Corps
transmissions Signal Corps Royal Corps of Signals
train Transportation Corps Royal Corps of Transport **
commissariat Quartermaster (Class1 (food), and Royal Army Catering Corps **
Class2(clothing] supplies)
matriel Ordnance (includes support for Royal Electrical and Mechanical
ordnance, ammunition and the Engineers
equivalent of STAT) Royal Army Ordnance Corps **
service de sant Army Medical Department Royal Army Medical Corps
chancellerie Adjutant Generals Corps Adjutant Generals Corps AGC
trsorerie Finance Corps Royal Army Pay Corps AGC
justice militaire Judge Advocate Generals Corps Army Legal Corps
aumnerie aux armes Chaplain Corps Royal Army Chaplains Department
service du gnie Engineers corps Pioneer Corps**, Pioneers**
poste aux armes Army post office Postal Corps
forces de dfense du territoire National Guard (quivalent) Territorial Army (quivalent)
**No longer exist, now integrated in the Royal Logistic Corps

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11. UNIT TERMINOLOGY part 2

franais US UK
grandes units major units Formations
arme Army Army
corps darme Army Corps Army Corps
EOCA Corps troops Corps troops
division Division Division
EOD Division(al) base Divison(al) troops
brigade Brigade Brigade
groupement Task Force (TF) Battle Group (BG)
Regiment (all
Battalion
branches except
rgiment Squadron
Inf.+REME)
bataillon (ACR, Army
Battalion
Aviation)
(Inf.+REME)
sous-groupement Company Team Squadron(coy) group
Company
(Inf.+REME)
compagnie Company
Squadron
escadron Troop
(all branches except
batterie Battery
Inf.+REME)
Battery (artillery)
Platoon
(Inf.+REME)
Section
Platoon Troop
peloton
(all branches except
Inf.+REME)
Detachment
groupe Squad
Section
quipe Team Team

La terminologie commune interarmes apparat en gras.

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12. INFANTERIE / INFANTRY
team (US)
quipe
brick or half-section (UK)
groupe squad (US), section (UK)
section platoon
compagnie company (Co [US] and Coy [UK])
compagnie dclairage et dappui fire company, support company
(CEA)
compagnie antichar Anti-Armor Company
infanterie scout Platoon (US)
section dclairage
reconnaissance Platoon (UK)
section mortiers mortar platoon
Anti-Armor Platoon (US)
section antichar
Anti-Tank Platoon (UK)
compagnie de commandement et de HHC (HQ and HQ Co)
logistique (CCL)
compagnie de base et dinstruction training company
(CBI)
rgiment battalion (Bn)
brigade brigade (Bde)
sous-groupement company team (US), combat team (UK)
groupement Task Force (US), Battle Group (UK)
corps darme army corps
arme army
base divisionnaire Division Support Area
interarmes lments organiques divisionnaires divisional base
(EOD)
lments organiques de corps darme corps troops
(EOCA)
lments organiques darme (EOA) army troops
Brigade logistique (CA) logistic brigade
brigade logistique (div) Divisional Support Command (DISCOM)

adjoint de compagnie company executive officer (XO) (US), company 2IC


(UK)
chef de section platoon commander, platoon leader (US)
commandant de compagnie company commander
chef de corps commanding officer (CO)
chef de groupe squad leader (US)
commandant en second 2IC, second in command
infanterie aroporte airborne infantry (US)
parachute infantry (UK)
infanterie alpine mountain infantry
infanterie lgre light infantry
infanterie mcanise mechanized infantry (US)
armoured infantry (UK)
infanterie motorise light armored infantry, motorized infantry(US)
mechanised infantry (UK)
Lgion Etrangre French Foreign Legion
officier suprieur adjoint (OSA) deputy CO, Adjutant (UK)
prsident des sous-officier (PSO) Sergeant Major (SGM) [US]
Regimental Sergeant Major (RSM) [UK]
sous-officier dactive (SOA) platoon sergeant
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aromobile airmobile
aroport airborne
arotransportable airportable
amphibie amphibious
autonomie (en carburant, en km) road range, cruising range
baonnette bayonet
bi(tr)pied Bi(tri)pod
cadence de tir pratique sustained rate of fire
cadence de tir rapide rapid rate of fire
cadence de tir thorique cyclic rate of fire
camra thermique (UK), imageur thermique thermal imager (TI)
canon mitrailleur automatic cannon
chenill tracked
combat en localit (COLOC) Military Operations on Urban Terrain (MOUT) [US]
Fighting in Built-Up Areas (FIBUA) [UK]
conteneur container
dbarqu dismounted
embarqu mounted
fusil rifle
hliport heliborne
intensificateur de lumire image intensifier (II)
lance-grenade grenade launcher
lance-roquettes antichar light anti-tank weapon (LAW) [UK]), Rocket
Propelled Grenade (RPG)
lunette de vise grossissante telescopic sight
mitrailleuse machine-gun
mortier (lger, moyen, lourd) mortar (light, medium, heavy)
porte maximum maximum range
porte pratique combat range, effective range
poste de tir firing post
systme sol-air portable Man Portable Air Defence system (MANPAD)
tte militaire charge en tandem tandem warhead
tire et oublie fire and forget
une rafale de trois coups a 3-round burst
vhicule blind de combat de linfanterie (VBCI) Armored Infantry Fighting Vehicle (AIFV)
vhicule de Combat dInfanterie (VCI) Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV)
vhicule de reconnaissance scout car (US), reconnaissance vehicle (UK)
vhicule de Transport de Troupe (VTT) Armoured Personnel Carrier (APC)

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13. ARTILLERIE / ARTILLERY

appui arien dans la profondeur Battlefield Air Interdiction (BAI)


appui arien rapproch Close Air Support (CAS)
appui au contact (mission) close support (task)
appui densemble (mission ou articulation) general support (task or task organisation)
appui densemble avec renforcement par une autre unit general support reinforcing + unit (GSR) [US]
dartillerie)
appui direct + unit (articulation) direct support + unit (task organisation)
appui feux fire support
artillerie sol-air Air defense Artillery (ADA) [US],
Air defence (AD) [UK]
artillerie sol-sol field artillery
automoteur Self-Propelled (SP)
batterie dacquisition Target Acquisition Battery (TAB) [US]
locating battery (UK)
canon gun
consignes de tir weapons control status
couvrir des obstacles, intervalles to cover barriers, gaps
dfense antiarienne basse altitude Low Level Air Defence (LLAD)
dfense antiarienne courte porte Short Range Air Defence (SHORAD)
dfense antiarienne de zone Area Air Defence (AAD)
dfense antiarienne particulire, dfense ponctuelle point defense (US)
vital point defence (UK)
dfense ditinraire, dfense antiarienne route defence
daccompagnement
demander des tirs to request fires, to call for fires
dsorganiser la prparation ennemie pour des attaques to disrupt the enemy preparation for attack
Fire Support Element (FSE) [US]
dtachement de liaison (DL)
Tactical Group (Tac Gp) [UK]
FIre Support Team (FIST) [US]
dtachement de liaison et dobservation (DLO)
Forward Observation Officer (FOO) [UK]
clairer le champ de bataille to illuminate the battlefield
Long Range Surveillance Detachment (LRSD),
lment dobservation dans la profondeur (EOP)
Special Observation Party (SOP) [UK]
feux dans la profondeur deep fires, depth fires
Groupe de tir Fire Unit (US), gun group (Gun Gp) [UK]
illuminateur laser laser illuminating system
isoler les units au contact to isolate the close battle
lance roquettes multiple (LRM) Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS)
lever les tirs to lift fires
masquer / aveugler lobservation ennemie to mask enemy observation
neutraliser lartillerie sol-air ennemie to suppress enemy air defence
neutraliser les menaces de flanc to neutralize the threats from flanks
neutraliser les moyens feux ennemis to neutralize enemy artillery
objectif feux target
obus de mortier mortar bomb, mortar round
obusier howitzer
participer la surveillance du champ de bataille et to assist in battlefield surveillance and target acquisition
lacquisition dobjectifs
plan de feux fire plan
prendre partie les forces ennemies de contre attaque to engage enemy counter attack forces
ralentir le mouvement des forces ennemies to impede the movement of enemy forces
reconnaissance arienne tactique Tactical Air Reconnaissance (TAR)
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rgler un tir to adjust fire
reporter les tirs to shift fires
rideau de fume smoke screen
roquette rocket
sous-munition submunition
systme de positionnement terrestre Global Positioning System (GPS)
tlmtre laser laser range finder
tir dappui support fire
tir darrt Final Protective Fire (FPF)
tir demble predicted fire, fire for effect (US)
tir de contre-batterie counter-battery fire
tir de couverture covering fire
tir de neutralisation neutralization fire
tir de neutralisation (armes) suppressive fire
tir de neutralisation (manuvre dinterdiction) interdiction fire
tir de prparation preparation fire, preparatory fire
tir dfensif defence fire
tir clairant illuminating fire
tir interdit (artillerie sol-air) weapons hold
tir libre (artillerie sol-air) weapons free
tir restreint (artillerie sol-air) weapons tight
tirs croiss overlapping fires
tract towed

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14. EQUIPEMENT / EQUIPMENT

chenilles tracked
roues wheeled
arodyne lger tlpilot (ALT) Remote(ly) Piloted Vehicle (RPV)
amlior improved
arme collective crew served weapon, squad weapon
arme individuelle (fusil dassaut) personal weapon (US)
Individual Weapon (IW) [UK]
automoteur Self-Propelled (SP)
autonomie cruising range, road range
blindage protective armor
blindage ractif reactive armor
cadence de tir maximum cyclic rate of fire
camra de vise thermique thermal sight
capacit de franchissement de foss gap-crossing capability
capacit de franchissement de gu wading capability, fording capability
char de bataille Main Battle Tank (MBT)
char poseur de pont Armored Vehicle Launch Bridge (AVLB)
charge creuse shaped charge
charge militaire ou charge(ment) de combat combat load(ing)
coaxial coaxial
Dfense Rapproche Engin Blind, lance-pot smoke discharger, generator
fumigne (DREB)
drone drone, Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)
en mouvement on the move
quipements combat gear
fusil dassaut assault rifle
jetable disposable
lunette de vise nocturne night sight
lunettes de vision nocturne (sans grossissement) night vision goggles (NVG)
mitrailleuse approvisionnement par bande chain gun
convoyeuse
obusier howitzer
protg nuclaire bactriologique et chimique NBC proof
(NBC)
stabilis stabilized
systme de missile antichar Anti Tank Guided Weapon (ATGW)
trappes, sabords de tir firing ports
valoris upgraded
Vhicule dObservation de lArtillerie (VOA) Fire Support Team Vehicle (FIST-V) [US]
Artillery Observation Vehicle (AOV) [UK]

50 / 97
15. LOGISTIQUE / LOGISTICS
antenne chirurgicale avance Mobile Army Surgery Hospital (MASH) [US]
approvisionnement supply
approvisionnements de combat combat supplies
atelier workshop
base de soutien de lavant Forward Support Base (US)
base logistique divisionnaire Division Support Area (DSA) [US]
Divisional Administrative Area (DAA) [UK]
chirurgien surgeon
circulation routire traffic control
conditionn packaged
base logistique divisionnaire avance Forward Repair Group (FRG), Forward Area Support
Team (FAST) [US], Forward Support Group [UK]
dotation initiale basic load
Evacuation sanitaire (EVASAN) [US] MEDical EVACuation (MEDEVAC)
EVASAN secondaire (UK)
EVASAN primaire (UK) CASualty EVACuation (CASEVAC) [UK]
gestion des mouvements movement control
(terre, air, mer)
hpital de campagne field hospital (UK)
hors service unserviceable
itinraire route
itinraires logistiques MSR, Main Supply Routes
jour de combat Day Of Supply (DOS)
les malades et blesss the sick and wounded
maintenance maintenance
maintien en condition equipment support
mdecin-chef de la division divisional surgeon
mouvement movement
munitions ammunition, Class V supplies
munitions munitions
perte casualty
pices de rechange spare parts
point de dislocation release point
point de distribution supply point
point de regroupement, de rassemblement rendezvous, rally point (US)
point initial start point
poste de contrle check point
poste de secours dressing station (UK), aid station (US)
poste de tri triage station (US), sorting station (UK)
premiers secours first aid
produits Service des Essences des Armes Petrol, Oil and Lubricants (POL), Class III supplies
Meals Ready to Eat (MREs) [US], combat meals (US),
rations
rations (UK)
ravitaillement resupply
ranimer to resuscitate
recompltement replenishment
rgiment de soutien avanc Forward Support Battalion (FSB) [US]
rparer to repair
rocade lateral road
soutien Combat Service Support (CSS)

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soutien sant medical support, treatment and evacuation
vhicule dvacuation recovery vehicle
vhicule dtruit au combat battle damaged vehicle
vrac bulk
zone dtape staging area

52 / 97
16. ALAT / ARMY AVIATION, ARMY AIR CORPS
1 mission 1 hlicoptre sortie
aromobile airmobile
aronef voilure fixe / tournante fixed-wing aircraft / rotary wing aircraft
autonomie en temps endurance
brigade ALAT Aviation brigade (US)
chargement sous lingue underslung load
crochet cargo hook
division dassaut par air air assault division (US)
lingue sling
tre en vol stationnaire to hover
fret et/ou passagers payload
hlicoptre antichar anti-tank helicopter
hlicoptre arm armed helicopter
hlicoptre dassaut assault helicopter (US)
hlicoptre dattaque Attack Helicopter (AH)
hlicoptre dobservation Observation Helicopter (OH) [US]
hlicoptre de manuvre / polyvalent Utility Helicopter (UH) [US],
general purpose helicopter (UK)
hlicoptre de transport lourd Cargo Helicopter (CH) [US],
transport helicopter (UK)
hlicoptre guerre lectronique ou poste de Electronic Helicopter (EH)
commandement
hliport heliborne
hliporter des troupes to lift troops
mauvais temps poor weather
nacelle, point demport pod
pale blade
patins skids
poste de commandement volant Airborne Command Post
plafond maximum service ceiling
raid raid
rampe de chargement loading ramp
rayon daction combat radius
rcupration et sauvetage au combat (RESCO) Combat Search And Rescue (CSAR)
rotor de queue tail rotor
train datterrissage landing gear
treuil hoist, winch
vitesse de croisire cruising speed
vitesse maximum top speed
vol tactique terrain flight
vol tactique, de combat nap-of-the-earth flight (NOE)
zone de largage dropping zone
zone de poser landing zone

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17. LET ME INTRODUCE MYSELF!
Words and expressions
INTRODUCTION SCHEME
(General), (Sir),
I am (Major) ............ .[ name].
I was appointed to ................. [unit] (last summer).
My unit is part of the ................ [formation].
Its main mission is to ............... .
I took the position of (SO2 G3 ops, G2, XO).
My job is to ................... .

I was promoted (Major) (last year; two years ago).


I am confident I will be promoted (LTC) in the close future.
I was commissioned (12) years ago.
I studied at (St Cyr, EMIA) for (3; 2) years.
Afterwards, I joined the (Armour, Infantry ....) school in (Saumur, Montpellier...)

I was a (troop leader) for (3) years.


Then I became a (squadron 2IC) in (94).
I commanded a squadron within the (12e Rgiment de Cuirassiers) ({an Armoured
Regiment}).
As a troop leader, I went to (Lebanon) in (90).
Then as a squadron commander, I participated in (Operation Restore Confidence) in (Former
Yugoslavia) in (96).
My intent is to go further in Higher Military Education by attending the ({CSEM} {Defence
Staff College} {BT} {sciences degree}).
Finally, I hope Ill reach the stars soon.

IDENTIFICATION
- What's your name? - My name is.........
- I am.........
- What's your rank, title? My rank is.......

JOB
- What is your position? - Since last august I have been working in the
Military intelligence directorate in Paris

MILITARY BACKGROUND
- When were you promoted? I was promoted captain last year.
- When were you commissioned? I was commissioned 12 years ago, in 1986.
- Have you seen action abroad? - Yes, I went to the RCA twice on Operation
Almandin, during 1996.
- Have you already served under the blue Yes, Ive served in Lebanon and in Former
helmet? Yugoslavia.
- Have you attended any foreign course? - Yes, I spent 2 months at Sandhurst.
- No, Ive never left France.
- At which military academy did you I studied in the Military Academy of St Cyr
study? at Cotquidan.

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MARITAL STATUS
- Are you married? - No, I'm not: I'm single.
- Yes, I am.
- Does your family live on post? - Yes, my family followed me.
- No, since I may be appointed somewhere
else in the next few months, they will follow
afterwards.
- Does your spouse work? - Yes, she is a nurse.
- She usually does, but shes currently
pregnant.
- No, she takes care of our children.

CHILDREN
- How many children have you got? - I've got 2 children, and were expecting one
in two months time.
- How old are they? - One's 12, the other is 4- The elder is 12, the
younger is 4.
- The eldest is 8, the youngest is 4.
- What are their names? - The elder is called..., the younger is called...
- The eldest is called..., the second one is
called..., the youngest is called...

SCHOOL
- Which school do they go to? - They go to...
- One goes to..., the other goes to...
Pre-prep / kindergarten
primary school
private school
public school
state school
boarding school
engineering school
military academy
university

ENGLISH BACKGROUND
- Did you study English at school? - Yes, up to A-level {Bac}
- No, I studied German and Spanish.
- Have you ever visited any English- - Yes, I spent a year in Kent when I was
speaking country? younger.
- No.
- Do you have any military language - Yes, I passed my 2nd military degree.
qualification? - No, I was never interested in having
something of the kind.
- Do you have the opportunity to speak - Yes, because I am posted to SHAPE at
English in your job, at your office? Mons.
- No.

55 / 97
18. DEFINITIONS

Dfinitions sur loffensive


Rfrence chapitre 2 du mmento : termes de mission, oprations offensives

Avenue of approach
An air or ground route of an attacking force of a given size leading to its objective or to key terrain in
its path.

Axis of advance
A general route of advance assigned for purpose of control extending in the direction of the enemy.

Frontal attack
An offensive maneuver in which the main action is directed against the front of the enemy forces and
over the most direct approaches.

Forward passage of lines


Passing one unit through the position of another, when an exploiting force moves through the elements
of the force that conducted the initial attack.

Hasty attack
An offensive operation for which a unit has not made extensive preparations. It is conducted with the
resources immediately available in order to maintain momentum or to take advantage of the enemy
situation.

Main attack
The principal attack or effort into which the commander places the bulk of the offensive capability at
his disposal. An attack directed against the chief objective of the battle.

To clear
To destroy or force the withdrawal of all enemy forces and reduce any obstacles that may interfere
with subsequent operations.

To destroy
To physically disable or capture an enemy force.

To exploit
To conduct an offensive operation that usually follows a successful attack and is designed to
disorganize the enemy in depth.

To seize
To clear a designated area and obtain control of it or physically occupy it.

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Dfinitions sur dfensive et scurit.
Rfrence chapitre 2 du mmento : oprations dfensives, reconnaissance et
sret

Alternate position
Position given to a weapon, unit or individual to be occupied when the primary position becomes
untenable or unsuitable for carrying out its task.

Defense in depth
The siting of mutually supporting defense positions designed to absorb and progressively weaken
attack, prevent initial observation of the whole position by the enemy, and to allow the commander to
maneuver his reserve.

Mobile defense
The type of defense in which maneuver is combined with fire and the use of ground to defeat or
destroy the enemy.

Positional defense
The type of defense in which the bulk of the defending force is disposed in selected tactical positions
where the decisive battle is to be fought. Principal reliance is placed on the ability of the forces to
maintain their positions and to control the terrain between them.

To block
To deny the enemy access to a given area or prevent enemy advance in a given direction. It may be for
a specified time. Units may have to retain terrain and accept decisive engagement.

To canalize
To restrict operations to a narrow zone by use of existing or reinforcing obstacles, which may interfere
with subsequent operations.

To contain
To stop, hold or surround the force of the enemy or to cause the enemy to center the activity on a
given front and to prevent his withdrawing any part of his forces for use elsewhere.

To delay
To trade space for time by slowing down the enemys momentum and inflicting maximum damage on
the enemy without, in principle becoming decisively engaged.

To screen
Action conducted by a security element whose primary task is to observe, identify and report
information, and which only fights in self-protection.

Harassment
Repeated, deliberate and intimidating activities intended to discourage, impede and disrupt.

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Dfinitions sur les OPO n1
Rfrence chapitre 4 du mmento : Les ordres graphiques

Area of responsibility
The geographical area associated with a combatant command within which a combatant commander
has authority to plan and conduct operations.

Assembly area
An area in which a force prepares or regroups for further action.

Battle position
A defensive location oriented on the most likely enemy avenue of approach from which a unit ( as
large as battalion and as small as platoon) may defend or attack.

Boundary
A line which delineates surface areas for the purpose of facilitating coordination and deconfliction of
operations between adjacent units, formations or areas.

Line of departure
A line designated to coordinate the departure of attack elements.

Phase line
A line utilized for control and coordination of military operations, usually a terrain feature extending
across the zone of action.

Overlay
A printing or drawing on a transparent or semi-transparent medium at the same scale as a map, a chart,
etc, to show details not appearing or requiring special emphasis on the original.

Situation map
A map showing the tactical or the administrative situation at a particular time.

Strong point
A key point in a defensive position usually strongly fortified and heavily armed with automatic
weapons, around which positions are grouped for its protection.

Supporting attack
An attack designed to hold the enemy in position, to deceive him as to where the main attack is being
made, to prevent him from reinforcing the elements opposing the main effort, and/or to cause him to
commit his reserves prematurely at an indecisive position.

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Dfinitions sur les OPO n2
Rfrence chapitre 5 du mmento : Les cadres dordre

Concept of operations
A verbal or graphic statement, in a broad outline, of a commanders assumptions or intent in regard to
an operation.

Course of action
1. The scheme adopted to accomplish a task or a mission.
2. A plan that would accomplish, or is related to, the accomplishment of the mission.

End state
What the commander wants the situation to be when operations conclude.

Fragmentary order
An abbreviated form of an operation order, usually issued on a day-to-day basis, that eliminates the
need for restating information contained in a basic operation order.

Objective
The physical object of the action taken, e.g., a definite tactical feature, the seizure and/or holding of
which is essential to the commanders plan or the destruction of an enemy force without regard to
terrain features.

Operation order OPORD


A directive issued by a commander to subordinate commanders for the purpose of effecting the
coordinated execution of an operation.

Target
1 A geographical area or installation planned for capture or destruction by military forces.
2 In intelligence usage, a country, area, installation, agency, or person against which intelligence
operations are directed.
3 An area designated and numbered for future firing.

Artillery
Direct support
Artillery whose primary task is to provide fire requested by the supported unit.

General support
Artillery which executes the fire directed by the commander of the unit to which it organically belongs
or is attached. It fires in support of the operation as a whole rather than in support of a specific unit.

General support reinforcing


It has the mission of supporting the force as a whole and of providing reinforcing fires for another
artillery unit.

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Dfinitions sur le terrain
Rfrence chapitre 6 du mmento

Bearing
The horizontal angle at a given point measured clockwise from a specific datum point to a second
point.

Contour line
A line on a map or chart connecting points of equal elevation.

Coordination point
A specific location for the coordination of fires and maneuver between adjacent units.

Demolition
The destruction of structures, facilities, or material by the use of fire, water, explosives, mechanical or
other means.

Ford
A place in a river where the water is not very deep, and where it can be crossed on foot, in a vehicle,
etc without using a bridge.

Grid north
The northerly or zero direction indicates by the grid datum of directional reference.

Observation post
A position from which military observations are made, or fire directed and adjusted, and which
possessed appropriate communications.

Obstacle
Any obstruction designed or employed to disrupt, fix, turn, or block the movement of an opposing
force, and to impose additional losses in personnel, time, and equipment on the opposing force.

Minefield
An area or ground containing mines laid with or without a pattern.

Spot elevation
A point on a map or chart whose elevation is noted.

60 / 97
Dfinitions sur le point de situation
Rfrence chapitre 10 du mmento : PC et transmission

Administrative order
An order covering traffic, supplies, maintenance, evacuation, personnel, and other administrative
details.

Alternate CP
Any location designed by a commander to assume command post functions in the event the command
post become inoperative. It may be partially or fully equipped and manned or it may be the command
post of a subordinate.

Area of interest
An area of concern to the commander, including the area of influence, areas adjacent thereto, and
extending into enemy territory to the objectives of current or planned operation. It also includes areas
occupied by enemy forces who could jeopardize the accomplishment of the mission.

Assessment
Analysis of the security, effectiveness, and potential of an existing or planned action.

Command and control


The exercise of authority and direction by a properly designated commander over assigned and
attached forces in the accomplishment of the mission.

Commanders estimate
A logical process of reasoning by which a commander considers all the circumstances affecting the
military situation and arrives at a decision to the course of action to be taken to accomplish the
mission.

Priority
With references to operation plans and the tasks derived therefrom, an indication of relative
importance rather than an exclusive and final designation of the order of accomplishment.

Readiness
The ability to provide capabilities required by the combatant commanders to execute theirs assigned
missions.

Tactical operation center


A physical groupment of those elements of an army general and special staff concerned with the
current tactical operations and the tactical support thereof.

Terrain analysis
The collection, analysis, evaluation, and interpretation of geographic information on the terrain,
combined with other relevant factors to predict the effect of the terrain on military operations.

61 / 97
Dfinitions sur lartillerie.
Rfrence chapitre 13 du mmento.

Counter-battery fire
Fire delivered for the purpose of destroying or neutralizing indirect fire weapon systems.

Final protective fire


An immediately available prearranged barrier of fire designed to impede enemy movement across
defensive lines or areas.

Fire plan
A tactical plan for using the weapons of a unit or formation so that their fires will be coordinated.

Fire support team


In fire support operations, a team comprised of a team chief (field artillery lieutenant) and the
necessary additional personnel and equipment required to plan, request, coordinate and direct fire
support efforts for company-sized units.

Laser range finder


A device which uses laser energy for determining the distance from the device to a place or object.

Neutralization fire
Fire which is delivered to render the target ineffective or unusable.

Scatterable mine
A mine laid without regard to classical pattern that is designed to be delivered by aircraft, artillery,
missile, ground dispenser or hand thrown.

Submunition
Any munition that, to perform its task, separates from a parent munition.

Suppressive fire
Fires on or about a weapons systems or a unit to degrade its performance below the level needed to
fulfil its mission objectives during the conduct of the fire mission.

Weapons tight
Means do not open fire on any aircraft unless target is identified to be hostile

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Dfinitions sur la logistique.
Rfrence chapitre 15 du mmento

Basic load
The quantity of supplies required to be on hand within, and which can be moved by, a unit or
formation.

Casualty
Any person who is lost to the organization by having been declared dead, duty status- medical; ill,
injured (and also missing or whereabouts unknown).

Combat service support


The essential capabilities, functions, activities, and tasks necessary to sustain all elements of operating
forces in theatre in all levels of war. It encompasses those activities that produce sustainment to all
operating forces on the battlefield.

Movement control
The planning, routing, scheduling, and control of personnel and cargo movements over lines of
communication.

POL petroleum, oil and lubricants


A broad term which includes all petroleum and associated products used by the Armed Forces.

Staging area
A general locality established for the concentration of troop units and transient personnel between
movements over the lines of communication.

Supply
The phase which extends from receipt of finished supplies by the military services through issue for
use or consumption.

Supply point
Any point where supplies are issued in detail.

To repair
To restore an item to serviceable condition through correction of a specific failure or unserviceable
condition.

Triage (sorting) station


Station for evaluation and classification of casualties for purposes of treatment and evacuation. It
consists of the immediate sorting of patients according to type and seriousness of injury and likelihood
of survival and the establishment of priority for treatment and evacuation.

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Dfinitions sur lALAT
Rfrence chapitre 16 du mmento

Airborne command post


A suitably equipped aircraft used by the commander for the control of his forces.

Armed helicopter
A helicopter fitted with weapons or weapons system.

CSAR combat search and rescue


A specific task performed by rescue forces to effect the recovery of distressed personnel during
wartime or contingency operations.

Endurance
The time an aircraft can continue flying, or a ground vehicle or ship can continue operating, under
specified conditions, e.g., without refuelling.

Landing zone
Any specified zone used for the landing of aircraft.

Nap-of-the-earth flight
Flight close to the earths surface during which airspeed, height and/or altitude are adapted to the
contours and cover of the ground in order to avoid enemy detection and fire.

Observation helicopter
Helicopter used primarily for observation and reconnaissance, but which may be used for other roles.

Payload
The sum of the weight of passengers and cargo that an aircraft can carry.

Sortie
In air operations, an operational flight by one aircraft.

Utility helicopter
Multi-purpose helicopter capable of lifting troops but may be used in a command and control,
logistics, casualty evacuation or armed helicopter role.

64 / 97
Dfinitions synthse

Air portable
Material which is suitable for transport by an aircraft loaded internally or externally with no more than
minor dismantling and reassembling within the capabilities of user units.

Attachment
The placement of units or personnel in an organization where such placement is relatively temporary.

Bridgehead
An area or ground held or to be gained on the enemys side of an obstacle.

Camouflage
The use of natural or artificial material on personnel objects, or tactical positions with the aim of
confusing, misleading, or evading the enemy.

Damage assessment
The determination of the effects of attacks on targets.

Displaced person
A civilian who is involuntarily outside the national boundary of his or her country.

Encryption
Converting plain text into unintelligible forms by means of a cryptosystem.

Preventive diplomacy
Diplomatic actions taken in advance of a predictable crisis to prevent or limit violence.

Rules of engagement
Directives issued by competent military authorities which delineate the circumstances under which
forces will initiate and/or continue combat engagement with other forces encountered.

Task organization
A grouping of forces designed to accomplish a particular mission. It involves the distribution of
available assets to subordinate control headquarters by attachment or by placing assets in direct
support or under the operational control of the subordinate.

65 / 97
19. ADDENDA
Termes de missions Mission terms
dfilement de tir hull down, hull defilade (US)
dfilement dobservation turret down, turret defilade (US)
char volets ferms closed down tank, buttoned-up
position dfilement de tir, defilade fire position (ABC),
position de dfilement pop-up position (ALAT)

Oprations de soutien de la paix Peace Support Operations


au large offshore
groupement interarmes amphibie joint amphibious task force

Ordre Graphique Overlay Order


croquis sketch map
ligne double double line
ligne en traits discontinus broken line
ligne en traits pleins solid line
ligne pointille dotted line
modle, gabarit template
tracer un itinraire, placer un point to plot a route, a point

Cadres dordres Orders


Ordre Administratif et Logistique (OAL) Combat Service Support (CSSO)
message format formatted message
message structur structured message

Terrain : carte & gnie Ground: map & engineers


abscisse abscissa
abscisse, lorigine un mridien easting
azimut azimuth
banquette, talus berm
boussole compass
cap, relvement, gisement bearing
compas pair of compasses
dclinaison magntique magnetic declination, variation
durcissement de btiments hardening of buildings
querre de report de point coordinate scale
quidistance des courbes contour interval
gisement (grid) bearing
nivellement levelling
nord gographique geographic north, true north
nord magntique magnetic north
ordonne ordinate
ordonne, un parallle northing
planimtrie planimetry
points de rfrence reference points
rapporteur protractor
rgle ruler
tranche de communication connecting trench
un feutre permanent pointe fine a permanent small tipped marker

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PC & transmissions Command & Signals
centre nodal trunk node (UK)
journaux de marche et doprations Journals operation, operation log (US)
rseau maill area trunk system (UK)
rseau intgr des transmissions automatis Mobile Subscriber Equipment (MSE) [US]
(RITA) PTARMIGAN (UK)
SIC renseignement OTAN Linked Operational Intelligence for Centre Europe
(LOCE)
SIC Maneuver Control System (MCS) [US]
WAVELL (UK)
systme de transmission rseau maill trunk communications system

Infanterie Infantry
afft cradle
attaque par le dessus top attack
guidage semi-automatique Semi-Automatic Command to Line Of Sight
(SACLOS)
missile guid antichar anti-tank guided missile
plaque de base base-plate
progresser en perroquet leapfrogging, travelling overwatch
systme antichar guid anti-tank guided weapon system

Artillerie Artillery
neutraliser lennemi dans la zone de perce to neutralize the enemy at the point of breaking-in
obus propulsion additionnelle rocket assisted projectile (RAP)
obus sous-munition canister shell, submunition
obus explosif shrapnel shell, bursting or HE (High Explosive)
round
obus fumigne smoke shell
obus incendiaire au phosphore White Phosphorus (WP) shell
system de navigation automatis automated navigation system
systme automatis de pointage de pice automatic gun laying system

Equipement Equipment
canon me lisse smooth bore cannon
canon ray rifled cannon
charge en tandem tandem charge
conduite de tir automatise computerized fire control system
filoguid suivi optique lanc par tube Tube launched, Optically tracked, Wire-guided
(TOW)
obus tte dcrasement High Explosive Squash Head (HESH)
obus flche, obus sous-calibr anti char stabilis Armor Piercing Fin Stabilized Discarding Sabot
par ailettes
obus charge creuse (OCC) High Explosive Anti Tank (HEAT)
panier de roquettes rocket pod container
probabilit de destruction au premier coup Single Shot to Kill (SSK) probability

67 / 97
Logistique Logistics
bless assis sitting case
bless couch stretcher case (UK)
consommation autorise (logistique) Controlled Supply Rate (CSR)
fiche mdicale de l'avant medical warning key

ALAT AA / AAC
2 heures sur zone 2-hour loiter
patrouille de reconnaissance (HLR) Aviation Recce Patrol (ARP) [UK]
dplacement par bonds bounding overwatch
plot de ravitaillement Forward Arming and Refueling Point (FARP)
terrain de soutien avanc Forward Operating Base (FOB)
groupement interarmes dattaque Joint Air Attack Team (JAAT)
radar mont sur le mt mast mounted radar

Les oprations en montagne Mountainous operations


combat en montagne mountain warfare
chemin de montagne mountain pathway
contre pente counter slope, reverse slope
cble tlphrique lift carrying cable, lift cableway
cloisonnement du terrain partitioning
aguerrissement montagne mountain practice
par les hauts through high grounds
les bas low grounds
oprations dans la dure lasting operations
point haut high point
portage dos dhomme man carrier
raquettes snowplows
stationnement stationing
sinstaller to settle down
tirs dencadrement boxing barrage fires
Vhicule Articul Chenill (VAC) Articulated and tracked vehicle
Vhicule Blind de Montagne (VBM) Armored Mountain Vehicle

68 / 97
Les oprations amphibies Amphibious operations
ATP 8B Publication OTAN : Doctrine sur les ATF 8B NATO : Doctrine for amphibious
oprations amphibies, non ratifi operations, not ratified
base de transit maritime Maritime Transhipment Base (MTD)
bateaux-rivage ship to shore
chaland de dbarquement landing craft utility
Commission Interarmes des tudes amphibies
Joint Commission for Amphibious Studies
(CIEA)
commandant de la force amphibie Commander Amphibious Task Force (CATF)
commandant de la Force de dbarquement Commander Landing Force (CLF)
contre mesures pour les mines (marine) Mine Counter Measures (MCM)
dbarquement (en force sur une cte hostile) Amphibious Assault
Doctrine de manuvre expditionnaire du Corps Expeditionary Maneuver Warfare (EMW)
des Marines (US) [USMC]
Doctrine nationale des oprations amphibies
national doctrine for amphibious operations
(DNOA)
lment de soutien logistique rapproch Forward Support Element (FSE)
engin de dbarquement dinfanterie et de chars landing craft for vehicles & personnel
engin de transbordement logistique LARC 15 LARC 15 Light Amphibious Resupply Cargo
tat-major embarqu on-board HQ
flotte de dbarquement disembarkation fleet
force amphibie Amphibious Task Force (ATF)
force daction Navale (FAN) Navy Action Force
force de raction embarque (FRE) Embarked Reaction Force
groupement aroterrestre des US Marines Marine Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF)
Initiative Europenne Amphibie (IEA) regroupant
European Amphibious Initiative
FR.UK.NL.IT.SP
manuvre bateaux-objectifs Ship to Objective Maneuver (STOM)
manuvre de dception amphibious demonstration
navire hpital de rception des vacuations
PCRS (Primary Casualty Receiving Ship)
primaires
PC de la force amphibie ATF / CP
plateforme de dbarquement Landing Platform Dock (LPD)
plateforme hlicoptres Landing Platform Helicopters (LPH)
processus EMPRA (Embarquement, Mouvement, EMPRA Process (Embarkation, Movement,
Planification, Rptition, Action) Planning, Rehearsal, Action)
processus PERMA (Planification, Embarquement, FERMA Process (Planning, Embarkation,
Rptition, Mouvement, Action) Rehearsal, Movement, Action)
raid amphibie (va-et-vient) amphibious raid
rembarquement dune force dploye sur une cte
amphibious withdrawal
hostile
tte de pont bridgehead
transport de chalands de dbarquement (TCD) Landing Ship Logistics (LSL)
vhicule porte conteneurs maritime (VPCM) Container maritime transport vehicle
zone dobjectif amphibie Amphibious Objective Area (AOA)

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Les oprations aroportes Airborne operations
aroportage airlanding
arotransport airlift
arolargable airdroppable
assaut vertical air assault
actions dans la profondeur deep operations
base oprationnelle aroporte (BOMAP) air equipment support battalion
charge offerte allowable load
conditionnement packaging
contrleur air avance Forward air controller (FAC)
chef largueur jumpmaster
chuteur oprationnel high altitude low opening parachutist
quipe dobservation dans la profondeur Long Range Observation Team
quipe de renseignement et daction dans la Long Range Reconnaissance Patrol (LRRP)
profondeur
faire la jonction avec to link up with
groupement aroport airborne task force
largage airdrop
largage lourd platform drop
largage par gravite gravity extraction
livraison par air air delivery
message dallocation de moyens ariens air alloc
opration arienne de soutien logistique air logistic operation
oprations spciales special operations
orienteur marqueur baliseur pathfinder
plate-forme de largage airdrop platform
planeur glider
pc volant airborne command post
palette daronef aircraft flat pallet
parachute extracteur extraction chute
point de rcupration recovering point
rotation turn-round
supriorit arienne air supremacy
transport arien tactique tactical air transport
voilure canopy
zone de defense arienne air defence area
zone de saut Dropping Zone (DZ)

70 / 97
Le dploiement des forces Deployment of forces
(se) rassembler to assemble
dplacer des troupes de / dplacer des troupes to shift forces from / to shift forces to
vers
disposer des troupes to draw up troops
disposer, dployer des troupes to deploy troops
chelonner to place in echelons
lchelon (m) echelon
lchelon arrire rear echelon
lchelon avance forward echelon
lchelon dassaut assault echelon
lchelonnement disposing in echelon
ltalement des troupes spreading of troops
lunit remplaante, de relve incoming unit
la co-implantation collocation
la mise en place de forces en formation de positioning of forces in a formation for battle
combat
la relve sur place relief in place
la remise en condition rehabilitation
la rpartition des lments distribution of elements
la zone de dploiement et dattente (ZDA) staging area
la zone de desserrement de garnison (ZDG) garrison dispersal area
la zone de diffrenciation de manuvre (ZDM) Area of Differentiation of Manoeuvre (AODM)
la zone de rassemblement assembly area
le dplacement par chelons echeloned displacement
le dploiement chelonn des forces Time-Phased Force Deployment (TPFD)
le dploiement, la mise en place deployment
le dispositif de dploiement en profondeur deployment in depth
le dispositif des troupes layout of troops (UK), disposition of troops
le rassemblement la disposition en ordre, le marshalling
regroupement
le repli withdrawal
poster des troupes to station troops
ranger des troupes to marshal troops
se ranger en ligne, s'aligner to form up

71 / 97
Les positions Positions
en position de combat in a fighting position
larrire (m) rear
larrire-garde (f) rear guard
lavant-garde (f) advance guard, vanguard
lemplacement cl key location
loccupation dune position occupation of a position
la flanc-garde flank guard
la ligne avant des forces amies Forward Line of Own Troops (FLOT)
la ligne dobjectifs intermdiaires phase line
la ligne de compte rendu report lime
la ligne de coordination des feux dappui Fire Support Co-ordination Line (FSCL)
la ligne de recueil hand-over line
la ligne de scurit no-fire line
la limite boundary
la limite avant de la zone de bataille Forward Edge of the Battle Area (FEBA)
la limite de tte de pont bridgehead line
la position camoufle concealed position
la position cl key terrain
la position darrt blocking position
la position de defense defensive position
la position de repli fall-back position
le flanc flank
le gros de 1'arme main body of the army
le point didentification et daccueil (PIA) recognition and recce point
le point de recueil hand-over point
le point de regroupement rally point
le rideau de troupes screen of troops
les positions avances, les avant-postes forward defence location, forward defence post
les troupes de couverture covering troops
occuper un poste de combat to occupy a battle post

72 / 97
Le campement Camp
bivouaquer to bivouac, to lay up point, to set up a LUP
camper to camp out
cantonner to quarter
coucher sous la tente to sleep out, to camp
creuser une tranche to dig a trench
dmonter, plier une tente to take down a tent, to dismantle a tent
dresser des tentes to erect tents
dresser, tablir le camp to lay out the camp, to pitch the camp
former les faisceaux to pile arms
laire de stationnement parking area
la tente tent
la tente cuisine et rfectoire mess tent
la tente de commandement command tent
la tente infirmerie ambulance tent
le bivouac bivouac, Laying Up Point (LUP)
le camp retranche entrenched camp
le cantonnement quarters
le couvre-feu curfew
le faisceau darmes pile of arms
les latrines latrine
lever le camp to strike the camp, to break up the camp
monter, dresser une tente to pitch a tent, to put up a tent
prendre ses quartiers dhiver to take up winter quarters
rompre les faisceaux to unpile arms

73 / 97
20. GLOSSAIRE / GLOSSARY
Le glossaire reprend tous les mots du mmento, classs par ordre alphabtique en franais.

franais anglais
1 mission 1 hlicoptre sortie
1re phase, 1er temps phase one
2 heures sur zone 2-hour loiter
twenty one-o nine-hundred Zulu
210900 Z on the 21st at zero nine hundred
0900 at 0900
60 % de son potentiel at 60% CE (combat effectiveness)
chenilles tracked
dfilement dobservation turret down, turret defilade (US)
dfilement de tir hull down, hull defilade (US)
louest de ( lextrieur dune zone) west of
louest de ( lintrieur dune zone) in he west of , to the west of
partir de 0900 as of 0900
partir de 0900 et au del from 0900 on
partir de louest from the west
partir de... from ...
roues wheeled
abattis abattis
abri shelter
abscisse abscissa
abscisse, lorigine un mridien easting
accalmie dans la bataille lull in the battle
accord de paix peace agreement
accord sur le statut des forces Status Of Force Agreement (SOFA)
action densemble et renforcement par unit
(artillerie) General Support Reinforcing (GSR)
action principale Main Effort (ME)
action psychologique Psychological Operations (PSYOPS)
action retardatrice, freinage delaying operation
actions dans la profondeur deep operations
actions de sret security operations
actions dfensives defensive operations
actions offensives offensive operations
actions rtrogrades retrograde operations
company executive officer (XO) (US), company 2IC
adjoint de compagnie (UK)
adjoint spcialis Assistant Division Commander (ADC)
arodyne lger tlpilot (ALT) Remote(ly) Piloted Vehicle (RPV)
arolargable airdroppable
aromobile airmobile
aronef voilure fixe / tournante fixed-wing aircraft / rotary wing aircraft
aroportage airlanding

74 / 97
franais anglais
aroport airborne
arotransport airlift
arotransportable airportable
affaires civiles Civil Affairs (CA)
afft cradle
aguerrissement montagne mountain practice
aide au dploiement engineering support
ALAT AA / AAC
allguer, prtendre to allege
amlior improved
amphibie amphibious
analyse de la situation situation analysis
antenne chirurgicale avance Mobile Army Surgery Hospital (MASH) [US]
application de sanctions enforcement of sanctions
apprcier, estimer, valuer To assess
approvisionnement supply
approvisionnements de combat combat supplies
appui arien dans la profondeur Battlefield Air Interdiction (BAI)
appui arien rapproch Close Air Support (CAS)
appui au contact (mission) close support (task)
appui densemble (mission ou articulation) general support (task or task organisation)
appui densemble avec renforcement par une autre
unit dartillerie) general support reinforcing + unit (GSR) [US]
appui dans la profondeur deep fires
appui direct + unit (articulation) direct support + unit (task organisation)
appui feux fire support
appuyer, soutenir to support
arme collective crew served weapon, squad weapon
personal weapon (US)
arme individuelle (fusil dassaut) Individual Weapon (IW) [UK]
arrter, barrer. to block
articulation task organisation
artillerie artillery
Air defense Artillery (ADA) [US],
artillerie sol-air Air defence (AD) [UK]
artillerie sol-sol field artillery
assaut vertical air assault
atelier workshop
ATP 8B Publication OTAN : Doctrine sur les ATF 8B NATO : Doctrine for amphibious operations,
oprations amphibies, non ratifi not ratified
attaque revers envelopment attack, turning movement (US)
attaque dans la foule, partir du contact hasty attack (US)
attaque en force attack in force, deliberate attack
attaque en souplesse infiltration attack
attaque frontale frontal attack
attaque par le dessus top attack

75 / 97
franais anglais
attaque prpare deliberate attack
attaque prventive spoiling attack
attaque principale main attack
attaque secondaire supporting attack, shaping attack
attaque secondaire ou de diversion supporting attack
attaquer to attack
attaquer louest to attack west
au large offshore
au plus tard pour No Later Than (NLT)
autodfense self-defence
automoteur Self-Propelled (SP)
autonomie cruising range, road range
autonomie (en carburant, en km) road range, cruising range
autonomie en temps endurance
aux environs de 0900 by 0900
avant garde advance guard (US), vanguard (UK)
avoir la mission de to be tasked to, to be asked for
axe deffort axis of effort
axe de progression axis of advance
azimut azimuth
baonnette bayonet
bande mine mine strip
banquette, talus berm
barbel barbed wire
barrage dobstacles barrier
bascule step up (procedures)
bascule du Poste de Commandement 0530Z Command Post moves at 0530Z
base dassaut, position dattente. Forming Up Position (FUP)
base de patrouille et dobservation Patrol and Observation Base (POB)
base de soutien de lavant Forward Support Base (US)
base de transit maritime Maritime Transhipment Base (MTD)
Division Support Area (DSA) [US]
base logistique divisionnaire Divisional Administrative Area (DAA) [UK]

Forward Repair Group (FRG), Forward Area Support


base logistique divisionnaire avance Team (FAST) [US], Forward Support Group [UK]
base oprationnelle aroporte (BOMAP) air equipment support battalion
bateaux-rivage ship to shore
Target Acquisition Battery (TAB) [US]
batterie dacquisition locating battery (UK)
belligrant belligerent
bi(tr)pied Bi(tri)pod
bivouaquer to bivouac, to lay up point, to set up a LUP
bless assis sitting case
bless couch stretcher case (UK)
blindage protective armor

76 / 97
franais anglais
blindage ractif reactive armor
blocus blockade
boussole compass
brchage breaching
brigade ALAT Aviation brigade (US)
brouillage jamming
bunker, abri enterr bunker, dug-out
cble tlphrique lift carrying cable, lift cableway
cadence de tir maximum cyclic rate of fire
cadence de tir pratique sustained rate of fire
cadence de tir rapide rapid rate of fire
cadence de tir thorique cyclic rate of fire
Cadres dordres Orders
calque, transparent overlay
camra de vise thermique thermal sight
camra thermique (UK), imageur thermique thermal imager (TI)
camouflage camouflage
campagne dinformation information campaign
camper to camp out
canaliser to canalise
canon gun
canon me lisse smooth bore cannon
canon mitrailleur automatic cannon
canon ray rifled cannon
cantonner to quarter
cap, relvement, gisement bearing
capacit de franchissement de foss gap-crossing capability
capacit de franchissement de gu wading capability, fording capability
capitaine rdacteur SO3 (UK)
carreau grid square
carroyage, quadrillage grid
carte de situation situation map
cela correspond aux normes d'engagement de la
brigade it matches the brigade standards
cela devrait se terminer aprs demain vers midi it is due to end the day after tomorrow by noon
cellule 3e dimension Air Management Element (AME)
cellule appui feux Fire Support Element (FSE)
cellule conduite current operations cell
cellule manuvre future plans cell G5
centre nodal trunk node (UK)
Centre Oprations (CO) Tactical Operation Center (TOC)
cette action durera plus de 3 jours this action will last over 3 days

cette opration commencera au crpuscule 18h00 the operation will start at dusk at 1800
cette unit a pour mission de . this unit is tasked to
cette unit doit this unit has to

77 / 97
franais anglais
chaland de dbarquement landing craft utility
champ de mines minefield
char de bataille Main Battle Tank (MBT)
char poseur de pont Armored Vehicle Launch Bridge (AVLB)
char volets ferms closed down tank, buttoned-up
charge creuse shaped charge
charge en tandem tandem charge
charge militaire ou charge(ment) de combat combat load(ing)
charge offerte allowable load
chargement sous lingue underslung load
chef dtat-major (CEM) Chief Of Staff (COS)
chef de corps commanding officer (CO)
chef de groupe squad leader (US)
chef de section platoon commander, platoon leader (US)
chef largueur jumpmaster
chefs de bureaux coordinating staff group (US)
chemin de montagne mountain pathway
chenill tracked
chirurgien surgeon
chuteur oprationnel high altitude low opening parachutist
circulation routire traffic control
civilo-militaire (niveau division et +) G9
classification scurit security classification
cloisonnement du terrain partitioning
clouer au sol to pin down
coaxial coaxial
col pass, saddle
combat dusure attrition combat
combat de rencontre meeting engagement

Military Operations on Urban Terrain (MOUT) [US]


combat en localit (COLOC) Fighting in Built-Up Areas (FIBUA) [UK]
combat en montagne mountain warfare
commandant de compagnie company commander
commandant de la force amphibie Commander Amphibious Task Force (CATF)
commandant de la Force de dbarquement Commander Landing Force (CLF)
commandant en second 2IC, second in command
commandant rdacteur SO2 (UK)
commandement & conduite Command and control (C)
Commission Interarmes des tudes amphibies
(CIEA) Joint Commission for Amphibious Studies
comparaison des modes daction AMI (MA) course of action comparison
compas pair of compasses
conditionn packaged
conditionnement packaging
conduite tenir vis vis de l'ennemi rencontr by-passing policy

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conduite de tir automatise computerized fire control system
conformit compliance
confrontation MA / ME (mode daction ENNEMI) course of action, wargaming
consentement, accord consent
conserv aux ordres (gnie), action densemble
(artillerie) General Support (GS)
conserv aux ordres, appui d'ensemble general support (GS)
consignes de tir weapons control status
consolidation de la paix peace building
consommation autorise (logistique) Controlled Supply Rate (CSR)
conteneur container
contenir to contain
contestation, conflit dispute
contraindre to compel
contre batterie counter-battery
contre mesures pour les mines (marine) Mine Counter Measures (MCM)
contre mobilit counter mobility
contre pente counter slope, reverse slope
contre-attaque counter attack
contre-attaquer to counter attack
contrle de foule crowd control
contrler une zone to control an area
contrleur arien avanc Forward Air Controller (FAC)
coordonnes grid reference
coordonnes hectomtriques hectometric coordinates, 6-digit coordinates
coordonnes kilomtriques kilometric coordinates, 4-digit coordinates
corps corps hand to hand fighting
cote (niveau) spot level
cote 238 hill 238
cote dun point, point cot spot elevation
coucher sous la tente to sleep out, to camp
couloir (amnag dans un obstacle) gap
coup de main raid and run action, hit and run action
courbe de niveau contour line
couvrir to cover
couvrir des obstacles, intervalles to cover barriers, gaps
creuser une tranche to dig a trench
crochet cargo hook
croquis sketch map
cryptage encryption
dans lordre in order
dans la rgion de vic., In the Vicinity Of (IVO)
dans l'ordre 1, 2, 3 in order 1, 2, 3
dbarqu dismounted
dbarquement (en force sur une cte hostile) Amphibious Assault

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dborder to outflank
dboucher to cross the line of departure
dboucher, relever par dpassement to conduct a forward passage of lines
dception deception
dclinaison magntique magnetic declination, variation
dcrocher to disengage from
defense defense (US), defence (UK)
dfense antiarienne basse altitude Low Level Air Defence (LLAD)
dfense antiarienne courte porte Short Range Air Defence (SHORAD)
dfense antiarienne de zone Area Air Defence (AAD)
dfense antiarienne particulire, dfense ponctuelle point defense (US), vital point defence (UK)
dfense ditinraire, dfense antiarienne
daccompagnement route defence
dfense dusure attrition defense, attrition combat
dfense de zone defense in depth, sector defense, area defense (US)
dfense ferme positional defense
dfense mobile mobile defense
dfense prpare / sans prparation deliberate defense, hasty defense
Dfense Rapproche Engin Blind, lance-pot
fumigne (DREB) smoke discharger, generator
dfense tous azimuts all round defense
dgager, liminer, neutraliser des obstacles to clear obstacles
degr durgence (dun message) precedence
demander des tirs to request fires, to call for fires
dmolition demolition
dmonstration de force, gesticulation militaire show of force
dmonter, plier une tente to take down a tent, to dismantle a tent
dpasser to bypass
dplacement par bonds bounding overwatch

dplacer des troupes de / dplacer des troupes vers to shift forces from / to shift forces to
dploiement prventif preventive deployment
dsorganiser to disrupt
dsorganiser la prparation ennemie pour des attaques to disrupt the enemy preparation for attack
destruction de munition non explose Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD)
dtach (gnie), appui direct (artillerie) Direct Support (DS)
dtach de detached from
dtachement detachment
Fire Support Element (FSE) [US]
dtachement de liaison (DL) Tactical Group (Tac Gp) [UK]
FIre Support Team (FIST) [US]
dtachement de liaison et dobservation (DLO) Forward Observation Officer (FOO) [UK]
dveloppement des MA COA developing
dviation diversionary route
diplomatie prventive preventive diplomacy
disponibilit availability

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disponibilit oprationnelle readiness
disposer des troupes to draw up troops
disposer, dployer des troupes to deploy troops
dissimulation concealment
dissuader to deter

division cadre (commandement confi une nation


cadre et units fournies par plusieurs nations) framework division
division dassaut par air air assault division (US)
division multinationale (units de plusieurs nations et
commandement confi un EM multinational) Multinational Division (MND)
Doctrine de manuvre expditionnaire du Corps des
Marines (US) Expeditionary Maneuver Warfare (EMW) [USMC]

Doctrine nationale des oprations amphibies (DNOA) national doctrine for amphibious operations
dommages collatraux collateral damage
donner lassaut to assault
donner un coup darrt to conduct a blocking action
dotation initiale basic load
dresser des tentes to erect tents
dresser, tablir le camp to lay out the camp, to pitch the camp
drone Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), drone
durcissement de btiments hardening of buildings
carter, liminer to rule out
chelle scale
chelonner to place in echelons
clairer to scout
clairer le champ de bataille to illuminate the battlefield
effectif partir de... as of, a/o
effectuer un raid to raid
effet majeur decisive point, essential task
effort principal main effort (ME)
Long Range Surveillance Detachment (LRSD),
lment dobservation dans la profondeur (EOP) Special Observation Party (SOP) [UK]
lment de soutien logistique rapproch Forward Support Element (FSE)
lments de tte lead elements
lingue sling
embarqu mounted
embuscade ambush
empcher de () to prevent from (+ing)
emplacement, position (arme collective) emplacement
en 2e chelon in 2nd echelon
en appui de , en renfort de direct support (DS)
en mesure de (EMD) Be Prepared To (BPT)
en mouvement on the move
en position de combat in a fighting position

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en renforcement de attached to, chopped to (US)
en vue de in order to
encerclement encirclement
enclave enclave
engager une unit, un moyen to commit
engin de dbarquement dinfanterie et de chars landing craft for vehicles & personnel
engin de transbordement logistique LARC 15 LARC 15 Light Amphibious Resupply Cargo
engin explosif improvis Improvised Explosive Device (IED)
enquter to investigate
Entrainement et doctrine G7 Training and Doctrine
pingler to pin down
querre de report de point coordinate scale
quidistance des courbes contour interval
quipe dobservation dans la profondeur Long Range Observation Team
quipe de renseignement et daction dans la
profondeur Long Range Reconnaissance Patrol (LRRP)
Equipement Equipment
quipements combat gear
escarmouche skirmish
escorter to escort
espace de manuvre room for manoeuvre
estafette messenger, estafette
tat-major embarqu on-board HQ
tat-major particulier Personal staff group (US)
tre affect to be assigned to
tre en vol stationnaire to hover
tre le tmoin de violation to witness a violation
tre recueilli to conduct a rearward passage of lines
tre relev par dpassement to assist a forward passage of lines
tude du terrain terrain analysis, survey
Evacuation sanitaire (EVASAN) [US] MEDical EVACuation (MEDEVAC)
valuation assessment

valuation de la situation par le chef commanders assessment / commanders estimate


EVASAN primaire (UK) CASualty EVACuation (CASEVAC) [UK]
EVASAN secondaire (UK) MEDical EVACuation (MEDEVAC)
excution Execution
exploiter to exploit
face notre brigade, our Brigade faces, confronts
face , oppos facing
factions belligrantes warring factions, feuding parties
faire la jonction avec to link up with
feuilles adjacentes adjoining sheets, attachments
feux dans la profondeur deep fires, depth fires
fiche mdicale de l'avant medical warning key

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Tube launched, Optically tracked, Wire-guided
filoguid suivi optique lanc par tube (TOW)
Finance G8 Finance
fixer to fix
flanc-garder to flankguard
flotte de dbarquement disembarkation fleet
force amphibie Amphibious Task Force (ATF)
force daction Navale (FAN) Navy Action Force
force de raction embarque (FRE) Embarked Reaction Force
force ltale / force non ltale lethal force / non-lethal force
forces de 2e chelon follow-on forces
forces spciales Special Forces (SF)
former les faisceaux to pile arms
fortifications de campagne field fortifications
foss antichar antitank ditch
foule mob, crowd
frappe chirurgicale precision strike
freiner to delay
fret et/ou passagers payload
fusil rifle
fusil dassaut assault rifle
gabarit de doctrine doctrinal template
gestion des mouvements movement control
gisement (grid) bearing
groupe date heure (GDH) Date Time Group (DTG)
Groupe de tir Fire Unit (US), gun group (Gun Gp) [UK]
groupement aroport airborne task force
groupement aroterrestre des US Marines Marine Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF)
groupement interarmes amphibie joint amphibious task force
groupement interarmes dattaque Joint Air Attack Team (JAAT)
groupement tactique 135 task force 135
groupement tactique du Royal Tank Rgiment (RTR) Royal Tank Regiment battle group (RTR BG)
gu ford
Semi-Automatic Command to Line Of Sight
guidage semi-automatique (SACLOS)
harclement harassing action, harassment
harceler to harass
Haut Commissariat au Rfugis (HCR) High Commissioner for Refugees (HCR)
Haut Reprsentant (du secrtaire gnral des Nations
Unis) High Representative (HR)
hlicoptre antichar anti-tank helicopter
hlicoptre arm armed helicopter
hlicoptre dassaut assault helicopter (US)
hlicoptre dattaque Attack Helicopter (AH)
hlicoptre dobservation Observation Helicopter (OH) [US]

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hlicoptre de manuvre / polyvalent Utility Helicopter (UH) [US],


general purpose helicopter (UK)
hlicoptre de transport lourd Cargo Helicopter (CH) [US],
transport helicopter (UK)
hlicoptre guerre lectronique ou poste de
commandement Electronic Helicopter (EH)
hliport heliborne
hliporter des troupes to lift troops
hpital de campagne field hospital (UK)
horaire deffet Effective Date Time (EFDT)
horaires essentiels key timings
hors service unserviceable
ide de manuvre Scheme of maneuver (US) / concept of operations
(UK)
il est probable que lennemi.... the enemy is likely to ....
illuminateur laser laser illuminating system
imbrication intermingling
impartial even-handed
impartialit impartiality
imposer, faire appliquer la loi to enforce
imposition de la paix Peace Enforcement
Inclinaison gradient
Infanterie Infantry
infanterie aroporte airborne infantry( US)
parachute infantry (UK)
infanterie alpine mountain infantry
infanterie lgre light infantry
infanterie mcanise mechanized infantry (US)
armoured infantry (UK)
infanterie motorise light armored infantry, motorized infantry(US)
mechanised infantry (UK)
Initiative Europenne Amphibie (IEA) regroupant
FR.UK.NL.IT.SP European Amphibious Initiative
instructions de coordination coordinating instructions
intensificateur de lumire image intensifier (II)
intention du chef commander's intent
interdire (une ligne) to deny
interdire un axe to block an axis
Introduction Introduction
isoler les units au contact to isolate the close battle
itinraire route
itinraire de progression (ennemi) avenue of approach
itinraires logistiques MSR, Main Supply Routes
jetable disposable
jour de combat Day Of Supply (DOS)
journaux de marche et doprations Journals operation, operation log (US)

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laire de stationnement parking area
larrire (m) rear
larrire-garde (f) rear guard
lavant-garde (f) advance guard, vanguard
lchelon (m) echelon
lchelon arrire rear echelon
lchelon avance forward echelon
lchelon dassaut assault echelon
lchelonnement disposing in echelon
lemplacement cl key location
lennemi est estim tre 90% the enemy has been assessed as 90% effective
ltalement des troupes spreading of troops
loccupation dune position occupation of a position
lunit remplaante, de relve incoming unit
la brigade fait partie d'une division blinde the Brigade is part of a French-led multinational
multinationale sous commandement FR armoured division
la charte des Nations Unis the United Nation Charter
la co-implantation collocation
la compagnie d'avant-garde the Forward Security Element
la flanc-garde flank guard
la foule, population (US) populace
la ligne avant des forces amies Forward Line of Own Troops (FLOT)
la ligne dobjectifs intermdiaires phase line
la ligne de compte rendu report lime
la ligne de coordination des feux dappui Fire Support Co-ordination Line (FSCL)
la ligne de recueil hand-over line
la ligne de scurit no-fire line
la limite boundary
la limite avant de la zone de bataille Forward Edge of the Battle Area (FEBA)
la limite de tte de pont bridgehead line
la mise en place de forces en formation de combat positioning of forces in a formation for battle
la position camoufle concealed position
la position cl key terrain
la position darrt blocking position
la position de defense defensive position
la position de repli fall-back position
la relve sur place relief in place
la remise en condition rehabilitation
la rpartition des lments distribution of elements
la tente tent
la tente cuisine et rfectoire mess tent
la tente de commandement command tent
la tente infirmerie ambulance tent
la zone de dplacement et dattente (ZDA) staging area
la zone de dploiement initial (ZLA) marshalling area
la zone de desserrement de garnison (ZDG) garrison dispersal area
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la zone de diffrenciation de manuvre (ZDM) Area of Differentiation of Manoeuvre (AODM)
la zone de rassemblement assembly area
lance roquettes multiple (LRM) Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS)
lance-grenade grenade launcher
lancer une attaque to deliver an attack, to launch an attack
lance-roquettes antichar light anti-tank weapon (LAW) [UK]), Rocket
Propelled Grenade (RPG)
largage airdrop
largage lourd platform drop
largage par gravite gravity extraction
LCL rdacteur SO1 (UK)
le 2e chelon the second echelon
le bivouac bivouac, Laying Up Point (LUP)
le camp retranche entrenched camp
Le campement Camp
le cantonnement quarters
le commandant veut the commander intends to
the commander will put the emphasis on doing
le commandant veut faire effort sur telle action
the commanders intent is to; main effort..,
le couvre-feu curfew
le dplacement par chelons echeloned displacement
Le dploiement des forces Deployment of forces
le dploiement chelonn des forces Time-Phased Force Deployment (TPFD)
le dploiement, la mise en place deployment
le dispositif de dploiement en profondeur deployment in depth
le dispositif des troupes layout of troops (UK), disposition of troops
le faisceau darmes pile of arms
le flanc flank
le gros the main body, the bulk
le gros d'avant garde (marche l'ennemi) the Advance Guard Main Body
le gros de 1'arme main body of the army
le point didentification et daccueil (PIA) recognition and recce point
le point de recueil hand-over point
le point de regroupement rally point
le rassemblement la disposition en ordre, le
marshalling
regroupement
le repli withdrawal
le rideau de troupes screen of troops
le RTR moins un escadron, plus une compagnie de the RTR less one squadron, together with one
gnie, plus une compagnie mcanise forme le engineers squadron and one armoured infantry
groupement tactique RTR company forms up the RTR BG
Lgion Etrangre French Foreign Legion
l'ennemi de la brigade est the enemy of the Brigade consists of
l'ennemi pourrait the enemy could, the enemy is likely to .
les bas low grounds
les lments de tte the lead elements

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les hauteurs the high grounds
les latrines latrine
les malades et blesss the sick and wounded
Les oprations aroportes Airborne operations
Les oprations amphibies Amphibious operations
Les oprations en montagne Mountainous operations
Les positions Positions
les positions avances, les avant-postes forward defence location, forward defence post
les procdures dEM staff procedures
les troupes de couverture covering troops
les units encadrantes sont sur la gauche the neighbouring units are on the left side
leurre dummy, decoy
lever le camp to strike the camp, to break up the camp
lever les tirs to lift fires
libert de circulation Freedom Of Movement (FOM)
ligne de cessez-le-feu Cease-Fire Line (CFL)
ligne de coordination Phase Line (PL)
ligne de coordination des feux dappui Fire Support Coordination Line (FSCL)
ligne de crte crest-line, ridge
ligne de dbouch line of departure
ligne de front front line
ligne de mines mine row
ligne des contacts line of contact
ligne double double line
ligne lectrique power line
ligne en traits discontinus broken line
ligne en traits pleins solid line
ligne pointille dotted line
limite boundary
limite avant des troupes amies Forward Line of Own Troops (FLOT)
limite de lavance limit of advance
limite de la zone avant Forward Edge of the Battle Area (FEBA)
livraison par air air delivery
Logistique G4 Logistics
logistique (niveau Bde et Bon) S4
logistique (niveau div et +) G4
l'orientation gnrale de notre zone d'action est SO- our zone of action runs generally SW to NE
NE
lunette de vise grossissante telescopic sight
lunette de vise nocturne night sight
lunettes de vision nocturne (sans grossissement) night vision goggles (NVG)
maintenance maintenance
maintien de lordre (rpression dmeute) riot control
maintien en condition equipment support
maintien en tat dun itinraire maintenance of routes
matrise des armements arms control

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mandat mandate
manuvrabilit maneuverability, manoeuvrability,
manuvre bateaux-objectifs Ship to Objective Maneuver (STOM)
manuvre de dception amphibious demonstration
Manuvre future (MANFUT) G5 Plan cell
marche lennemi advance to contact, movement to contact
masque, protection (US) cover
masquer / aveugler lobservation ennemie to mask enemy observation
mauvais temps poor weather
mdecin-chef de la division divisional surgeon
menace guerre lectronique (GE) avre electronic warfare (EW) threat identified
mener une attaque to conduct an attack
mener une reconnaissance offensive to recce in force (RIF)
message dallocation de moyens ariens air alloc
message format formatted message
message structur structured message
mthode dlaboration dune dcision oprationnelle Military Decision Making Process (US), estimate
(MEDO) process (UK)
mettre en uvre to implement
mines dispersables scatterable mines
missile guid antichar anti-tank guided missile
mission - but Mission
missions tasks
missions aux subordonns tasks, sub-units missions (UK)
missions dappui la contre mobilit countermobility tasks
missions dappui la mobilit mobility tasks
missions dappui la survivabilit survivability tasks
mitrailleuse machine-gun
mitrailleuse approvisionnement par bande
convoyeuse chain gun
mobilit mobility
mode daction COA, Course Of Action (COA)
mode daction ennemi Enemy Course Of Action (ECOA)
modle, gabarit template
monter, dresser une tente to pitch a tent, to put up a tent
mortier (lger, moyen, lourd) mortar (light, medium, heavy)
mouvement movement
moyens rservs alternate command post
moyens rservs bascule (UK) step-up CP (UK)
munition non explose Unexploded Ordnance (UXO)
munitions ammunition, Class V supplies, munitions
nacelle, point demport pod
nation ayant un rle spcifique Role Specialist Nation (RSN)
nation cadre framework nation
nation contributrice en troupes Troop Contributing Nation (TCN)
nation hte host nation

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nation pilote lead nation

navire hpital de rception des vacuations primaires PCRS (Primary Casualty Receiving Ship)
ngociation negotiation
nettoyer to clear
neutraliser (+ de 2/3), dtruire. to destroy
neutraliser (de 1/3 2/3) un systme darme to suppress
neutraliser (jusqu 1/3) to neutralize
neutraliser lartillerie sol-air ennemie to suppress enemy air defence
neutraliser lennemi dans la zone de perce to neutralize the enemy at the point of breaking-in
neutraliser les menaces de flanc to neutralize the threats from flanks
neutraliser les moyens feux ennemis to neutralize enemy artillery
niveau de protection NBC (Nuclaire Bactriologique
Chimique) Mission Oriented Protective Posture (MOPP)
nivellement levelling
nord de la carte grid north
nord de la carte / de la grille grid North
nord gographique geographic north, true north
nord magntique magnetic north
nous sommes actuellement we are currently located at
objectif objective
objectif feu target
objectif manuvre objective
Observateur Militaire des Nations Unis United Nation Military Observer (UNMO)
obstacle de manuvre prepared obstacle
obstacle mis en uvre executed obstacle
obstacle prpar completed obstacle
obstacles artificiels man-made obstacles
obstacles naturels natural obstacles
obus charge creuse (OCC) High Explosive Anti Tank (HEAT)
obus propulsion additionnelle rocket assisted projectile (RAP)
obus sous-munition canister shell, submunition
obus tte dcrasement High Explosive Squash Head (HESH)
obus de mortier mortar bomb, mortar round
obus explosif shrapnel shell, bursting or HE (High Explosive) round
obus flche, obus sous-calibr anti char stabilis par Armor Piercing Fin Stabilized Discarding Sabot
ailettes
obus fumigne smoke shell
obus incendiaire au phosphore White Phosphorus (WP) shell
obusier howitzer
occuper un poste de combat to occupy a battle post
officier de liaison Liaison Officer (LO)
Air Force Liaison Officer (AFLO)
officier de liaison de forces ariennes (OLFA) Air Liaison Officer (ALO)
officier de site headquarters commandant
officier suprieur adjoint (OSA) deputy CO, Adjutant (UK)

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on sattend ce que lennemi.... the enemy is expected to ....
on s'attend ce que l'ennemi the enemy is expected to .
ONG Non-Governmental Organization (NGO)
opration arienne de soutien logistique air logistic operation
Oprations G3 Operation
oprations (niveau Bde et Bon) S3
oprations (niveau div et +) G3
oprations au contact (rapproches) close operations
oprations autres que la guerre Operations Other Than War (OOTW)
oprations civilo-militaires Civil-military operations
oprations dans la dure lasting operations
oprations dans la profondeur deep operations
oprations de contre minage countermine operations
oprations de gestion de crises crisis management operations
oprations de maintien de la paix Peace Keeping Operations (PKO)
oprations de soutien la diplomatie support to diplomacy
oprations de soutien de la paix Peace Support Operations (PSO)
oprations de sret security operations
oprations de surveillance de la trve truce supervisory operations
oprations dfensives Defensive operations
oprations offensives Offensive operations
oprations place sous le chapitre VI de la charte des
Nations Unis chapter VI operations
oprations rtrogrades retrograde operations
oprations spciales special operations
oprations sur les arrires rear operations
ordonne ordinate
ordonne, un parallle northing
ordre administratif et logistique (OAL) Administrative order (UK), admin O
ordre dopration operation order (OPORD [US] Opo [UK])
ordre de conduite, ordre simplifi Fragmentary Order (FRAGO)
ordre de pose de mines minefield laying orders
Ordre Graphique Overlay Order
ordre logistique Logistic order (LOGO )
ordre prparatoire Warning Order (WARNO [US], WingO [UK])
Organisation pour la Scurit et la Coopration en Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe
Europe (OSCE) (OSCE)
orienteur marqueur baliseur pathfinder
ouverture dun itinraire route opening
pale blade
palette daronef aircraft flat pallet
panier de roquettes rocket pod container
par les hauts through high grounds
par la force forcibly
parachute extracteur extraction chute
Partenariat Pour la Paix (PPP) Partnership for Peace (PfP)

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participer la surveillance du champ de bataille et to assist in battlefield surveillance and target
lacquisition dobjectifs acquisition
pas avant 0900 not before 0900
patins skids
patrouille de reconnaissance (HLR) Aviation Recce Patrol (ARP) [UK]
patrouille de reconnaissance profonde Long Range Recce Patrol (LRRP)
PC & transmissions Command & Signals
PC arrire rear CP
PC avant forward CP
PC de la force amphibie ATF / CP
PC de rechange / moyens rservs alternate CP
PC principal main CP
PC tactique tactical CP
pc volant airborne command post
pntrante main supply road (US), axial road (UK)
pente slope
percer to break through
percer et exploiter to break out
percer un dispositif ennemi to breach a defensive position
percer, ouvrir une brche to breach
Personnel G1 Personnel
personnel (niveau Bde et Bon) S1
personnel (niveau division et +) G1
personnes dplaces displaced persons (DPs)
perte casualty
pices de rechange spare parts
pige booby-trap
placer avec prcision to pinpoint
plafond maximum service ceiling
plainte complaint
plan dobstacles obstacle barrier, obstacle plan
plan de feux fire plan
plan de manuvre scheme of manoeuvre
planeur glider
planimtrie planimetry
plaque de base base-plate
plateforme de dbarquement Landing Platform Dock (LPD)
plate-forme de largage airdrop platform
plateforme hlicoptres Landing Platform Helicopters (LPH)
plot de ravitaillement Forward Arming and Refueling Point (FARP)

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point dappui (Compagnie), secteur de rsistance
(Rgiment) strong point
point de coordination coordination point
point de dislocation release point
point de distribution supply point
point de liaison liaison point
point de rcupration recovering point
point de regroupement, de rassemblement rendezvous, rally point (US)
point haut high point
point initial start point
points de rfrence reference points
portage dos dhomme man carrier
porte maximum maximum range
porte pratique combat range, effective range
position dfilement dobservation defilade observation position
position dfilement de tir, defilade fire position (ABC),
position darrt blocking position
position dattente waiting position
position de combat battle position
position de dfilement pop-up position (ALAT)
position de rechange alternate position
position de tir fire position
position dfensive defensive position
position simule dummy position
poste dobservation et dcoute Observation Point Listening Post (OPLP)
poste de commandement (PC) Command Post (CP)
poste de commandement volant Airborne Command Post
poste de contrle check point
poste de secours dressing station (UK), aid station (US)
poste de tir firing post
poste de tri triage station (US), sorting station (UK)
poster des troupes to station troops
potentiel de combat Combat Effectiveness (CE)
potentiel, aptitude efficacit au combat combat effectiveness
praticable trafficable
pravis, prt partir en Notice To Move (NTM)
prcis ultrieurement To Be Notified (TBN)
premiers secours first aid
prenant effet , compter de With Effect From (WEF)
prendre parti to engage
prendre partie les forces ennemies de contre attaque to engage enemy counter attack forces
prendre contact to gain contact
prendre ses quartiers dhiver to take up winter quarters
prescriptions provisions

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Sergeant Major (SGM) [US]
prsident des sous-officier (PSO) Regimental Sergeant Major (RSM) [UK]
prt faire mouvement en.... Notice To Move (NTM)
priorit priority
priorit with priority to .
prisonniers de guerre prisoners of war
probabilit de destruction au premier coup Single Shot to Kill (SSK) probability
procdures de sommation challenge procedures
processus EMPRA (Embarquement, Mouvement, EMPRA Process (Embarkation, Movement, Planning,
Planification, Rptition, Action) Rehearsal, Action)
processus PERMA (Planification, Embarquement, FERMA Process (Planning, Embarkation, Rehearsal,
Rptition, Mouvement, Action) Movement, Action)
produits Service des Essences des Armes Petrol, Oil and Lubricants (POL), Class III supplies
progresser en perroquet leapfrogging, travelling overwatch
protection de lassistance humanitaire protection of humanitarian assistance
protg nuclaire bactriologique et chimique (NBC) NBC proof
protocole daccord Memorandum Of Understanding (MOU)
radar mont sur le mt mast mounted radar
raid attack in depth, raid
raid amphibie (va-et-vient) amphibious raid
ralentir le mouvement des forces ennemies to impede the movement of enemy forces
rampe de chargement loading ramp
ranger des troupes to marshal troops
rapport de force strength ratio
rapporteur protractor
raquettes snowplows
(se) rassembler to assemble
Meals Ready to Eat (MREs) [US], combat meals
rations (US), rations (UK)
ravitaillement resupply
rayon daction combat radius
ranimer to resuscitate
recensement census
recevoir la mission de to be tasked to
recompltement replenishment
reconnaissance arienne tactique Tactical Air Reconnaissance (TAR)
reconnaissance ditinraire route reconnaissance
reconnaissance de zone area reconnaissance
reconnaissance et sret reconnaissance and security operations
reconnatre to recon (US), to recce (UK)
recouvrement overlapping
recueil (par autre unit) rearward passage of lines
recueillir to assist a rearward passage of lines
rcupration et sauvetage au combat (RESCO) Combat Search And Rescue (CSAR)
rdacteurs spcialiss special staff group (US)
rdiger to write

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to clear a resistance, to force a resistance, to reduce a
rduire une rsistance resistance
rfrences de la carte map references
rgiment de soutien avanc Forward Support Battalion (FSB) [US]
rgle ruler
rglement (dun conflit) settlement
rgler un tir to adjust fire
rgles dengagement Rules Of Engagement (ROEs)
rinstallation resettlement
relancer lattaque to resume an attack
relve par dpassement forward passage of lines
relve, quipe (de relve) borde shift
relever sur place to relieve in place
rembarquement dune force dploye sur une cte
hostile amphibious withdrawal
renforcement attachment
renforcer, rorganiser une position to consolidate a position
Renseignement et scurit G2 Intelligence
renseignement et scurit (niveau Bde et Bon) S2
renseigner to collect information
rparer to repair
rpartition des missions task allocation
reprer to spot out
reprer, identifier to identify
reporter les tirs to shift fires
rseau intgr des transmissions automatis (RITA) Mobile Subscriber Equipment (MSE) [US]
rseau maill area trunk system (UK)
Rsolution du Conseil de Scurit Security Council Resolution (SCR)
rsolution, volont, dtermination resolve, resolution
restauration de la paix peacemaking
restaurer to restore
rideau de fume smoke screen
rocade lateral road
rompre le contact to break contact
rompre les faisceaux to unpile arms
rompre un encerclement to break out
roquette rocket
rotation turn-round
rotor de queue tail rotor
rupture du contact, repli disengagement
rythme de la manuvre maneuver tempo (US), manoeuvre momentum (UK)
saccrocher au terrain to cling to the ground
semparer de to seize
sesquiver to take evasive action
sexfiltrer to exfiltrate
sinfiltrer to infiltrate into

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sinstaller to settle down
sinterposer to interpose
se conformer (accords, rgles) to comply with / to abide by (plus fort)
se ranger en ligne, s'aligner to form up
se replier to withdraw
se replier sans contact avec lennemi to retire
scuriser, sassurer de, semparer de et tenir to secure = to seize + to hold
sentier path, track, trail
sparation separation
SIC Maneuver Control System (MCS) [US]
Linked Operational Intelligence for Centre Europe
SIC renseignement OTAN (LOCE)
situation ennemie enemy forces
situation souhaite en fin dopration end state
soins mdicaux medical care
soit ....soit.... either .... or....
sonnette look out
Sous chef tat-major Assistant Chief Of Staff (ACOS)
sous-munition submunition
sous-officier dactive (SOA) platoon sergeant
soutien Combat Service Support (CSS)
soutien sant medical support, treatment and evacuation
stabilis stabilized
stationnement stationing
supriorit arienne air supremacy
sur ordre on order, o/o
surpasser en nombre to outnumber
surveiller (mission ONU) to monitor
surveiller, chapeauter to oversee
surveiller, jalonner, clairer to screen
system de navigation automatis automated navigation system
systme antichar guid anti-tank guided weapon system
systme automatis de pointage de pice automatic gun laying system
Systme dinformation et de communication (SIC) G6 Communication and Information systems
systme de missile antichar Anti Tank Guided Weapon (ATGW)
systme de positionnement terrestre Global Positioning System (GPS)
systme de transmission rseau maill trunk communications system
systme sol-air portable Man Portable Air Defence system (MANPAD)
tlmtre laser laser range finder
temps (de la manuvre) phase
tenir to hold
Termes de missions Mission terms
terrain de soutien avanc Forward Operating Base (FOB)
terrain dcouvert, difficile, escarp open terrain, restricted, steep
terrain ouvert open terrain (US), open ground (UK)
Terrain : carte & gnie Ground: map & engineers

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tte de pont bridgehead
tte militaire charge en tandem tandem warhead
thalweg valley
tir dappui support fire
tir darrt Final Protective Fire (FPF)
tir demble predicted fire, fire for effect (US)
tir de contre-batterie counter-battery fire
tir de couverture covering fire
tir de neutralisation neutralization fire
tir de neutralisation (armes) suppressive fire
tir de neutralisation (manuvre dinterdiction) interdiction fire
tir de prparation preparation fire, preparatory fire
tir dfensif defence fire
tir clairant illuminating fire
tir interdit (artillerie sol-air) weapons hold
tir libre (artillerie sol-air) weapons free
tir restreint (artillerie sol-air) weapons tight
tire et oublie fire and forget
tirs croiss overlapping fires
tirs dencadrement boxing barrage fires
tirs de sommation warning shots
tracer un itinraire, placer un point to plot a route, a point
tract towed
train datterrissage landing gear
tranche de communication connecting trench
transmissions protges secure communications
transport arien tactique tactical air transport
transport de chalands de dbarquement (TCD) Landing Ship Logistics (LSL)
trappes, sabords de tir firing ports
treuil hoist, winch
trve truce
un axe nord-sud a north-south axis
un cartouche a box
un feutre permanent pointe fine a permanent small tipped marker
un projet, un brouillon a draft
un transparent a viewfoil, a slide
une carte grande chelle large scale map
une rafale de trois coups a 3-round burst
une zone de responsabilit de 10 km de large sur 20
km de profondeur a ten km-wide and 20 km-deep AOR
Union Europenne (UE) European Union (EU)
units de tte, de deuxime chelon forward units, rear units
user, diminuer to wear down
valoris upgraded
vhicule articul chenill (VAC) Articulated and tracked vehicle
vhicule blind de combat de linfanterie (VBCI) Armored Infantry Fighting Vehicle (AIFV)

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vhicule blind de montagne (VBM) Armored Mountain Vehicle
vhicule dvacuation recovery vehicle
Fire Support Team Vehicle (FIST-V) [US]
vhicule dobservation de lartillerie (VOA) Artillery Observation Vehicle (AOV) [UK]
vhicule de Combat dInfanterie (VCI) Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV)
vhicule de reconnaissance scout car (US), reconnaissance vehicle (UK)
vhicule de Transport de Troupe (VTT) Armoured Personnel Carrier (APC)
vhicule dtruit au combat battle damaged vehicle
vhicule porte conteneurs maritime (VPCM) Container maritime transport vehicle
vers louest (ide de mouvement) westwards
vitesse de croisire cruising speed
vitesse maximum top speed
voie ferre railroad (US), railway (UK)
voilure canopy
vol tactique terrain flight
vol tactique, de combat nap-of-the-earth flight (NOE)
vrac bulk
zone arrire Rear Area (RA), Rear Combat Zone (RCZ)
zone avant Main Battle Area (MBA)
zone contamine contaminated area
zone daction zone of action
zone dtape staging area
zone dintrt Area Of Interest (AOI)
zone dobjectif amphibie Amphibious Objective Area (AOA)
zone doprations Area of Operations (AO or AOO)
zone doprations de larrire Rear Combat Zone (RCZ)
zone de dfense battle position
zone de defense arienne air defence area
zone de dploiement et dattente (ZDA) Waiting Area, staging area
zone de dploiement et dattente extension (ZDAE) Extended Waiting Area
zone de dploiement initial (ZDI) Initial Dispersal Area, marshalling area
zone de dploiement oprationnel (ZDO) Tactical Assembly Area
zone de franchissement crossing area
zone de largage Dropping Zone (DZ)
zone de poser landing zone
zone de regroupement, prparatifs.. assembly area
zone de responsabilit Area Of Responsibility (AOR)
zone de saut Dropping Zone (DZ)
zone dmilitarise Demilitarised Zone (DMZ)
zone tampon buffer zone
zone urbanise urban terrain (US), built-up area (UK)
zones accs limit restricted areas
zones protges protected areas

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