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U14- INSTALLING AND MAINTAINING COMPUTER HARDWARE

L2-U14-MCH

U14- INSTALLING AND MAINTAINING COMPUTER HARDWARE L2-U14-MCH Salford City College

Salford City College

BTEC First Extended Certificate In Information & Creative Technology

 

U14-MCH

Table of Contents

System Audit

2

Why we maintain computer hardware

3

3

Why components fail Impact of maintaining computer hardware

4

Saul Wilkinson

P a g e

|

1

BTEC First Extended Certificate In Information & Creative Technology

System Audit

U14-MCH

Item

Manager’s Office

General Office

Total computer/s

1

computer

18

computers (all the same spec.)

Make and Model

Dell Optiplex 3010

Dell Optiplex 720

Printer

invalid

 

Invalid

Network type

Ethernet-Wired

Ethernet-Wired

Processor type

I5 Processor

I5 Processor

Processor speed

All can have 4/2

4

GB

RAM type

   

RAM size

   

Video card

Integrated Intel

Integrated

Connectivity - USB

8

Slots

10

Slots

Connectivity - Firewire

None

None

Connectivity - Analouge

 

Yes

Yes

Connectivity - HDMI

 

Yes

Yes

Connectivity - Digital

None

None

Monitor

 

Yes

Yes

Storage type

SATA

SATA

Storage capacity

160 GB

500GB-4TB

Optical drive

 

Yes

Yes

USB drives

8

10

Peripheral 1

Keyboard

Keyboard

Peripheral 2

Mouse

 

Mouse

Operating System

Windows 7

Windows 7

Application 1

Office

Office

Application 2

Photoshop

Photoshop

Application 3

7

ZIP

7

ZIP

BTEC First Extended Certificate In Information & Creative Technology

Why we maintain computer hardware

U14-MCH

Maintaining computer hardware is important. One of the reasons we keep computer hardware maintained is because the computer would run slower if the hardware is not properly looked after.

We can ensure that faults do not occur and fix any faults that are currently bothering us if we keep the hardware in check. The reason this is important is because a computer would not have any faults if the user were to look after it correctly.

Another reason it is important is because we can improve the performance of the whole computer. For example, if your CPU is maintained correctly, the whole computer is improved dramatically. This will ensure you have a fast running computer without any unwanted noise or faults.

External components need maintaining too; if you had a keyboard with dirt and bacteria on it, the keyboard would not work properly. Therefore, we need to keep the hardware clean to ensure that it works correctly and satisfactorily. This means you won’t have to replace the keyboard due to issues with the keys not being read or being sticky. This goes for every piece of external hardware.

Wires are an important part of the computer system. Therefore, wires should be regularly checked for any cuts or loose connections and fixed accordingly. This is useful to us because we can do whatever we want to do without losing connection to one of our pieces of hardware. It is also good to make sure the wires are connected properly because if not then it could end up breaking and costing you money to replace/fix it.

One of the most important parts of maintaining a computer system is having a routine for it. If you make sure to clean, update/change hardware you will have a perfectly running computer that will not develop any faults. It also ensures that your computer is sanitary and bacteria free, so there’s no reason for not doing it.

Why components fail

The most common reasons for components to fail is over-heating and dust.

Over-heating the components causes aging to increase. If the problem concurs for too long then you will have to replace them.

Dust causes issues with the fans of your computer. This makes heat build-up in your computer and stops dissipation. It also causes connection issues with your components where failures and crashes happen.

Having a problem with your power supply could break components within your computer, causing it to have issues powering up.

Having static electricity can destroy your components. If it manages to actually affect your components then you will have serious issues with your computer.

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U14-MCH

Impact of maintaining computer hardware

Training is an impact when maintaining hardware. Users will have to know how to use the newest hardware and software quickly and effectively. External components are also going to need to be used by trained people. The reasoning for this is because they will need to understand features and know how to use them. An example of this would be whilst using a printer; you would have to show users how to maintain a printer.

Compatibility is another impact when maintaining hardware; as some components do not work well together. When you test the computer, obvious issues will appear. However, the computer usually needs to use the components for a while before it can sense faults. When the computer finds an issue it will need to be resolved quickly. An example of fixing an issue would be to upgrade a component with a problem. This will give you a rough idea on how problems in your computer can occur.

Decommissioning is a crucial part of maintaining hardware, as certain pieces of hardware will need to be destroyed or wiped of all their data due to confidential information being stored on them. However, disposing e-waste in landfill is not legal because there are dangerous materials like arsenic contained within PC’s.

Down time can lead to data loss. When a computer is inactive or unavailable it is affected massively; it begins to stop working properly and can cause many issues for users. The cost to repair data loss can vary depending on how serious the issue is; it is very expensive none-the-less.