Sunteți pe pagina 1din 147
Part No: 015051 OKA NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Manual Transmission Automatic Transmission IMPORTANT! READ PRIOR

Part No: 015051

OKA NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual

Manual Transmission Automatic Transmission

IMPORTANT! READ PRIOR TO OPERATION
IMPORTANT!
READ PRIOR TO
OPERATION
Automatic Transmission IMPORTANT! READ PRIOR TO OPERATION Proudly manufactured in Australia by Reymer Pty Ltd Issue

Proudly manufactured in Australia by Reymer Pty Ltd

Issue 3.02 June 2011

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual

Congratulations on taking delivery of your new Australian built multi-purpose OKA vehicle built by Reymer Pty Ltd.

The OKA range was originally conceived as a range of versatile, rough terrain, 4WD vehicles with heavy duty construction and with the ability to carry different truck and bus body types in harsh Australian conditions.

Variants of the OKA NT24 are based on a common drive-train and chassis module using high quality components sourced from Australian and leading global suppliers

This publication is one of the many aids which Reymer Pty Ltd provides to ensure customer satisfaction and to instruct on the safe and economical operation of your OKA vehicle.

on the safe and economical operation of your OKA vehicle. You are instructed to read this

You

are

instructed

to

read

this

handbook before operating the vehicle

The Operator’s Manual should be read in conjunction with the Service Booklet and has been prepared to ensure ease of use and to give a general understanding of the operating functions of the OKA NT24 model (EURO 4/5) and its standard and optional equipment. Not all features referred to in the Operator’s Manual are standard and may not be fitted to your particular vehicle.

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual

The OKA range is designed to cater for the specialist requirements of a variety of user groups and can be tailored to meet those requirements through the inclusion of a wide range of factory fit options.

The OKA NT24 is fitted with the latest Cummins ISBe turbocharged and intercooled diesel engine providing high performance with frugal fuel economy.

OKA is supported by an extensive network of dealers and workshops throughout Australia and overseas.

OKA is Australia’s only indigenous brand of 4WD vehicles, employing skilled designers and craftsmen in its modern factory and administration centre at Bibra Lake, 10 kilometres south of the port of Fremantle in Western Australia.

OKA is also responsible for the employment of other Australian workers all of whom work with other organisations supplying components or sub-assemblies for use in the production of OKA vehicles.

We at OKA would like to thank you for purchasing an Australian made vehicle and we are sure your 4WD will serve you well – both now and in the years to come.

For further information and the location of your nearest authorised OKA dealer or service centre, call us on (08) 9434 1300. Alternatively visit our web page at www.oka.com.au

Reymer Pty Ltd T/A OKA Motor Company 45 Miguel Road Bibra Lake Western Australia 6163 ABN 91 009 250 784

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual

The specifications and details set out in the service booklet apply to the entire range of OKA NT24 vehicles and are not specific to one particular vehicle.

Whilst every effort has been made to ensure that the information contained within this booklet is correct, Reymer Pty Ltd does not accept liability for any inaccuracies that may appear.

Reymer Pty Ltd pursues a policy of continuous improvement and specifications may vary from those listed.

Reymer Pty Ltd Reserves the right to introduce any such improvements without prior notice and without liability to upgrade products built earlier.

The information contained in this publication is copyright and may not be reproduced in any format without prior written permission of Reymer Pty Ltd.

Factory / Sales/ Service / Parts Reymer Pty Ltd T/A OKA Motor Company

45 Miguel Road Bibra Lake Western Australia 6163 Tel:

Fax:

Tel (International):

(08) 9434 1300 +61 8 9434 1300

Fax:

(08) 9434 1659 +61 8 9434 1659

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Index
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Index
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Index
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Index

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Index

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Index

Index

Introduction

2

General

2

VIN Number

2

Safety

4

General

4

Safety Precautions

4

Operation

6

Keys

6

Door Locks

6

Door Windows

7

Seat Adjustment

7

Safety Belts

8

RHD Instruments & Controls

10

LHD Instruments & Controls

11

Instruments & Gauges

12

Warning Lights

15

Main Switch Bank

19

Column Lock & Starter Switch

20

Horn

23

Tilt & Slide Steering Wheel

23

RH Combination Column Stalk Switch

23

LH Combination Column Stalk Switch

25

Transmission Controls

26

Handbrake

28

Manual Gearbox Pedals

29

Automatic Gearbox Pedals

29

Main Cab HVAC

30

Rear module A/C

31

Accessory sockets

32

Circuit breaker

33

Free Wheeling Hubs

34

Dual Vehicle Battery System

35

Dual Battery Wiring Diagram

36a

Fuel System

37

Ad Blue System

38

Steering Damper

39

Driving Techniques

40

Safety First

40

Driving Off-Road General

40

Manual G/Box Vehicles 4WD Selection

40

Operating the Clutch

41

Automatic G/Box Vehicles 4WD Selection 42

Diff-lock Operation

43

Braking

43

Accelerating

43

Survey on Foot Before Driving

44

Vehicle Recovery

44

Driving Through Water

45

Emergency Procedures

46

Jacking the Vehicle

46

Changing a Wheel

48

Jump Starting

49

Towing

52

Page 1a

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Index
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Index
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Index
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Index

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Index

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Index

Maintenance Procedures

54

Specifications

90

Maintenance Schedule

55

Vehicle Specifications

90

Recommended Lubricants, Fluids &

Weights

94

Capacities

63

Dimensions

95

Service Recommendations

64

Tyre Pressures - 6500kg GVM

100

Chassis Lubrication Points

66

Tyre Pressures - 7100kg GVM

102

Lubrication notes

67

Suspension settings

104

 

Electrical System

105

Owner Maintenance

68

Survey of Globes

106

General

68

Safety Precautions

68

Troubleshooting

108

Checking the Oil Level

69

SAE J1939 SPN Fault Codes

108

Radiator Coolant

69

Cummins Engine Fault Code Information

123

Windscreen Washer

71

Air Filter

72

Annexe 1 - Fuse layout

Engine compartment access

74

EURO 4 only - Rear Control Box Fuses

134

Power Steering Oil & Filter

75

EURO 4 only - Dash Fuses

135

Brake Fluid Reservoir

79

EURO 5 only - Rear Control Box Fuses

136

Drive Belt Service

80

EURO 5 only - Dash Fuses

137

Fuel Filters

83

EURO 4 and EURO 5 - Binnacle Fuses

138

Batteries

86

Driving lights - Bulb Replacement

88

Annexe 2 - Swing-out Spare Wheel Carrier

139

Air conditioning

89

Page 1b

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Introduction
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Introduction
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Introduction
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Introduction

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Introduction

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Introduction

General

The information in this Operator’s Manual covers all versions of the OKA NT24 (EURO4/5) diesel multi-purpose, all-terrain vehicle. The manual covers the safe operation of your vehicle and the procedures necessary to keep it in top condition.

The manual is divided into sections comprising:

Introduction, Safety, Operation, Driving Techniques, Emergency Procedures, Maintenance Procedures, Specifications and Troubleshooting.

We advise you read the manual carefully and follow the recommendations it contains to ensure that you obtain trouble free operation.

Throughout this manual, references are made to “right hand” (RH) and “left hand” (LH) sides of the vehicle. These are determined by facing in the direction of the vehicle during forward travel.

VIN Number (Vehicle Identification Number)

The internationally recognised ISO system of VIN numbers ensures a unique identification number is allocated to each

vehicle. On the OKA range, this is displayed on the chassis under the front LH wheel arch (Fig. 1a) and on a VIN plate located inside the vehicle cab above the RH door (Fig. 1b).

located inside the vehicle cab above the RH door (Fig. 1b). Fig. 1a – VIN chassis

Fig. 1a – VIN chassis location

Always quote the VIN number when contacting Reymer Pty Ltd or your distributor or dealer on any matter concerning your vehicle.

Reymer Pty Ltd or your distributor or dealer on any matter concerning your vehicle. Page 2

Page 2

Fig. 1b – VIN cab location

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Introduction

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Introduction

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Introduction Fig. 2 – VIN Plate Key: A) = Approval number B)

Fig. 2 – VIN Plate

Key:

A) = Approval number

B) = Vehicle Identification number

C) = Category number

D) = Number of seats in vehicle having seat belts (Note – if camper van it may also include sleeping positions)

E) = Date of manufacture

F) = Gross vehicle mass

G) = OKA Cab Chassis model (e.g. Multi-body truck)

Typical VIN number: 6T9P05WAXXXXXXXXX

Page 3

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Safety
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Safety
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Safety
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Safety

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Safety

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Safety

General

The following safety precautions are important for the protection of yourself and others and a long service life of your vehicle

The Safety Alert Symbol Fig. S when seen on the vehicle or in this manual, means be alert for the potential for personal injury.

means be alert for the potential for personal injury. Fig S – Safety Alert Symbol The

Fig S – Safety Alert Symbol

The signal words DANGER, WARNING or CAUTION are used with the Safety Alert Symbol and have the following meanings

DANGER: The signal word DANGER indicates an imminently hazardous situation and the procedures detailed under this signal word must be followed precisely, to avoid the possibility of serious injury or even death.

WARNING: The signal word WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous situation and the procedures detailed under this signal word must be followed precisely, to avoid the possibility of death or serious injury. Hazards identified by the signal word WARNING present a lesser degree of risk of injury or death than those identified by the signal word DANGER.

CAUTION: The signal word CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous situation and the procedures detailed under this signal word must be followed precisely, to avoid the possibility of minor or moderate injury or damage to components

Safety Procedures

In the interest of safety always carry out the following safety precautions.

1. Regularly service as detailed in the Maintenance Section of this manual. This is essential to provide safe, dependable and economical motoring and ensure the vehicle conforms to the various safety regulations in force.

Page 4

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Safety
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Safety
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Safety
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Safety

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Safety

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Safety

2. Fasten seat belts, even for the shortest journeys.

3. Learn the layout and the use of all controls, gears and switches, before driving the vehicle.

4. Whilst stationary, adjust the seat as necessary to achieve a comfortable driving position with full control over the vehicle.

5. Always start the vehicle and operate the controls from the driving position.

6. Keep the vehicle's speed so that an emergency stop can be made safely under all road and vehicle loading conditions.

7. Keep the windscreen, rear and side windows clean to give clear vision.

8. Maintain all external lights in good working order and correct setting of headlamp beams.

9. Maintain correct tyre pressures. Check once a month, or more often when high speed touring or cross country runs are envisaged.

10. Keep a first aid kit handy in the cab.

Page 5

11. WARNING: Do not turn the steering lock key to the locked position or try to remove the key whilst the vehicle is in motion.envisaged. 10. Keep a first aid kit handy in the cab. Page 5 WARNING: Do not

WARNING: Do not mix cross-ply

and radial ply tyres on the vehicle. Refer to the 'Specification' Section for the recommended tyre replacements.the vehicle is in motion. WARNING: Do not mix cross-ply 12. WARNING: Do not remove the

12.

WARNING: Do not remove the

recovery bottle coolant filler cap when the engine is hot, because of the danger of being scalded by very hot pressurized radiator coolanttyre replacements. 12. WARNING: Do not remove the 13. 14. WARNING: Liquids and other substances used

13.

14. WARNING: Liquids and other substances used on the vehicle, i.e. inhibitor, brake fluid, fuel, windscreen washer additives, lubricants, battery acid etc., must not be consumed and must be kept out of the reach of small children when in storage.filler cap when the engine is hot, because of the danger of being scalded by very

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

Keys

Two sets of keys are provided with the vehicle, comprising of start and steering column lock keys and door lock keys.

Additional key sets are also provided for optional locking caps for the fuel tank(s), AdBlue (Urea) tank and the full body tailgates (if fitted).

On receipt of your vehicle, record all the key numbers so that in the event of a loss, new keys can be obtained.

Keep a spare set of keys separate from the vehicle in case you accidentally lock your keys inside the vehicle.

Door Locks

Doors are externally unlocked by inserting the door key into the key barrel and turning the key half a turn. Open the door by removing the key and pressing the key button / barrel in with your thumb - refer to Fig. 3a.

Doors can be externally locked by ensuring the door is closed and then inserting the door key into the key barrel and turning the key half a turn in the opposite direction

Each door can be internally locked by pushing the internal

door handle downwards. Open the door by pulling the internal door handle upwards. Open the door by pulling fully upwards- refer to Fig. 3b.

Note: if the doors are locked with the key from the outside, they can still be opened from the inside by using the internal door handle.

be opened from the inside by using the internal door handle. Fig. 3a - External doorlock

Fig. 3a - External doorlock

using the internal door handle. Fig. 3a - External doorlock Fig. 3b - Internal door handle

Fig. 3b - Internal door handle for locking and opening door

Page 6

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

Door Windows

Cab door windows are operated using the window handle (Fig. 4), as follows:

RH Door: ACW = Down; CW = Up

LH

CW = Down

Door: ACW = Up;

Seat Adjustments

Down; CW = Up LH CW = Down Door: ACW = Up; Seat Adjustments Fig. 4

Fig. 4 – Window handle

The following seat adjustments apply to both the driver and passenger seats.

1. Fore and Aft Adjustment

Pull up the bar located under the front centre of the seat, (shown in Fig. 5 on page 8), and slide the seat fore or aft to the required position using slight body pressure. Release the bar and ensure the seat guide catches have located and locked the seat into position.

2. Seatback Angle Adjustment

For the RH seat: Gently release your back weight from the seat squab by leaning forward slightly and turn the knob on the outer (right) side of the seat. Rotating it clockwise will tilt the seat squab towards the front and anticlockwise will move the squab further away from the front of the vehicle.

For the LH seat: Gently release your back weight from the seat squab by leaning forward slightly and turn the knob on the outer (left) side of the seat. Rotating it anti- clockwise will tilt the seat squab towards the front and clockwise will move the squab back further away from the front of the vehicle.

Page 7

back further away from the front of the vehicle. Page 7 WARNING: The above adjustments must

WARNING: The above adjustments must not be made whilst the vehicle is in motion.

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

Fig. 5 – Seat adjustment
Fig. 5 – Seat adjustment

Safety belts

1. General – for all lap / sash belts

To fasten a seat belt (Fig. 6) pull from the retractor over your shoulder and across the chest, insert the tab into the buckle. A positive click indicates that the belt is safely locked.

chest, insert the tab into the buckle. A positive click indicates that the belt is safely

Page 8

Fig.6 Seat Belt

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

CAUTION: Do not alter or modify these seat belt harnesses : Do not alter or modify these seat belt harnesses

The seat belt length automatically adjusts to the person's size and seat position.

Position the lap section of the belt as low as possible on your hips - not on your waist. Adjust the seat belt as firmly as possible consistent with comfort, so that the protection which the belt has been designed to give is provided.

which the belt has been designed to give is provided. WARNING: a) For the shoulder section

WARNING:

a) For

the

shoulder section of the belt under your arm.

your

safety

do

not

place

b) Ensure that the belt is lying flat and is not twisted.

c) Do not use the belt for more than one person, even for small children.

To release the belt, press the buckle release button and allow the belt to retract.

Note: If the belt does not fully retract, check the safety belt for kinks and twists

2. Care of Seat Belts

Frequently inspect the belts for signs of abrasion and wear.

If the belts need cleaning, sponge down with warm water and non-detergent soap and allow to dry naturally. Do not use caustic soap, chemical cleaners or detergents for cleaning and do not dry with artificial heat of by direct exposure to the sun.

Do not attempt to bleach or re-dye the belt webbing.

Renew seat belt assemblies if:

1. The vehicle has been involved in an accident.

2. Damage to the webbing is evident

3. The buckle or tongue locking action is incorrect.

Page 9

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

Fig. 7 - General view of instruments and controls (RHD) automatic

* denotes optional equipment

and controls (RHD) automatic * denotes optional equipment 1. Tachograph* 5. Tachometer 9. Voltmeter 13.

1. Tachograph*

5.

Tachometer

9. Voltmeter

13. Spare

2. Radio

6.

Speedometer

10. Warning lights

14. Dual battery activation

3. Clock

7.

AdBlue

11. Front brake air pressure

switch*

4. Fuel Gauge

8.

Temperature gauge

12. Rear brake air pressure

15. Main switch bank

Page 10

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

Fig. 8 - General view of instruments and controls (LHD) automatic

* denotes optional equipment

and controls (LHD) automatic * denotes optional equipment 1. Tachograph* 5. Tachometer 9. Voltmeter 13.

1. Tachograph*

5.

Tachometer

9. Voltmeter

13. Spare

2. Radio

6.

Speedometer

10. Warning lights

14. Dual battery activation

3. Clock

7.

AdBlue

11. Front brake air pressure

switch*

4. Fuel Gauge

8.

Temperature gauge

12. Rear brake air pressure

15. Main switch bank

Page 11

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

Instruments and Gauges (G = gauge ref, B= bulb

ref))

Refer to Fig.7 and Fig.8 on preceding pages

1. Tachograph* (option only)

The tachograph records the speed and distance travelled by the vehicle, together with a record of driver hours and work modes.

2. Radio / CD Player (B50)

The radio can be operated with or without the key in the ignition barrel. Turn the radio on using the ‘on’ control. When operated without the key in the ignition, it will automatically turn itself off after 60 minutes to save battery life; in these circumstances, just press the “on” button again to reactivate. If the radio is turned on when the key is in the “ON” position, it will continue to play for up to 60 minutes as required after they key has been removed.

3. Clock (G9, B35)

The display shows the time with the ignition switch in all positions.

Note - Resetting the clock – adjust the time by depressing the adjustment stalk and turning it until the desired time is displayed.

4. Fuel Gauge (G6, B66)

Indicates the quantity of fuel in the right hand tank and, if fitted, the quantity of fuel in the optional auxiliary tank (left hand side) when the supply is switched over to that tank. An LED warning lamp illuminates to warn of low fuel level in the tank supplying the engine.

5. Tachometer and Bord Computer Display 1 (G2)

The tachometer indicates the engine speed in revs/min x 100. By repeatedly pushing on the button in the face it is also possible to scroll through the following digital bord- computer information:

a. Engine revs

b. Trip meter

c. Automatic transmission gear indicator* ( if optional automatic transmission fitted)

d. Hour meter

Page 12

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

6. Speedometer and Bord Computer Display 2 (G1)

The speedometer is graduated in km/h. By repeatedly pushing the button in the face it is also possible to scroll through the following digital bord-computer information:

a. Odometer

b. Trip meter

c. Clock

d. Fault codes (see page 108)

e. Battery voltage

f. Air pressure front

g. Air pressure rear

h. Fuel

i. Engine load %

j. Road speed km/h

k. Engine speed rev/min

l. AdBlue

7. AdBlue Gauge (G10, B62)

This gauge indicates the quantity of AdBlue (Urea) in the AdBlue tank.

indicates the quantity of AdBlue (Urea) in the AdBlue tank. CAUTION: Refill the AdBlue tank before

CAUTION: Refill the AdBlue tank before it is empty to avoid the engine de-powering.

8. Coolant Temperature Gauge (G7, B67)

This gauge indicates the engine coolant temperature. An LED warning lamp illuminates to warn of coolant temperature in excess of 100ºC.

to warn of coolant temperature in excess of 100ºC. CAUTION: If the engine coolant temperature needle

CAUTION: If the engine coolant temperature needle moves over the 100 0 band, stop the vehicle and allow the engine to cool before it becomes seriously damaged

9. Volt Meter (G5, B65)

The volt meter displays the vehicle’s system voltage as follows:

a. When the engine is not running and the key is in the run position, the display shows the battery supply volts i.e. approximately 24 to 26 volts.

b. When the engine is running the display shows the charging voltage and should be between 28 to 29 volts. If the voltmeter reading is above or below this range the charging system may be malfunctioning and require attention.

Note: It is normal for the displayed voltage to drop below this range on start up

Page 13

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

An LED warning lamp illuminates to warn of insufficient charge rate.

When the optional SMART START dual battery system is fitted, the voltmeter shows the ECM voltage:

illuminates to warn of insufficient air pressure in the front brake circuit.

12. Rear Brake Air Pressure Gauge (G4, B64)

a.

When the engine is not running and the key is in the run position, the display shows the auxiliary battery supply volts, unless the SMART START activation button is depressed in which case it reads the combined system voltage.

This gauge displays the rear brake circuit air pressure in bar. Once the air system is fully charged, the usual operating range is 7.5 to 8.1 bar. If the pressure reading is above or below this range the air system may be malfunctioning and require attention. An LED warning lamp illuminates to warn of insufficient air pressure in the rear

b.

When the engine is running, the display shows the charging voltage.

brake circuit.

10. Various Warning Lights

Refer to pages 10 and 11 for the location of the warning lights and pages 15 and 17 for the layout.

11. Front Brake Air Pressure Gauge (G3, B63)

This gauge displays the front brake circuit air pressure in bar. Once the air system is fully charged, the usual operating range is 7.5 to 8.1 bar. If the pressure reading is above or below this range the air system may be malfunctioning and require attention. An LED warning lamp

Note: It is usual for there to be slight pressure variations between front and rear brake circuits.

13. Spare Gauge Location

14. *Dual Battery “SMART START” Activation Switch (S36) (option)

If dual battery is fitted – please see page 35.

* Denotes optional equipment

Page 14

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

Warning Lights (B = bulb ref)

Set A Warning Lights (in front of driver)

(B = bulb ref) Set A Warning Lights (in front of driver) Note - when the

Note - when the ignition key is turned to the “ON” position (see page 22) all warning lamps illuminate as a bulb and circuit check. If any bulb does not illuminate during this check, arrange to have the bulb and circuit checked by the nearest authorised OKA Dealer or Service Agent.

Fig.9 - Set A Warning Lights

Page 15

1. LH Traffic Indicator Light (B24)

Shows correct function of LH traffic indicator – it also illuminates together with the RH traffic indicator light when the hazard warning lights are switched on.

2. RH Traffic Indicator Light (B23)

Shows correct function of RH traffic indicator– it also illuminates together with the LH traffic indicator light when the hazard warning lights are switched on.

3. High Beam Light (B5)

Shows that the headlamps are set on high beam or that the high beam flash function is being used.

4. Park Brake Warning Light (B37)

This red light illuminates when the park brake is applied. If the light continues to glow after the park brake is released, check the park brake adjustment or for a faulty pressure sender switch.

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

5. Brake Failure Warning Light (B46)

This red light illuminates in the following circumstances:

a. Over-stroke switch is activated in either of the brake circuits due to:

o

Air in brake circuit or

o

Hydraulic leak

b. Brake fluid level switch is activated due to low

leak b. Brake fluid level switch is activated due to low brake fluid level. WARNING: If

brake fluid level.

WARNING: If the warning light illuminates whilst driving. The vehicle must be brought to a halt as safely, carefully and quickly as possible, in order to determine the reason for the fault

If there is a fault, arrange to have the vehicle towed to the nearest brake repair specialist (see towing section on page 51) .

Note - the brake warning light will remain on until the problem has been corrected.

6. 4WD Engaged Warning Light (B34)

This light will illuminate when four wheel drive is engaged when four high range or four low range is selected

7. Low Hydraulic Oil (B47)

This warning lamp illuminates when the hydraulic steering oil is below the minium level.

WARNING: If the warning light illuminates whilst driving. The vehicle must be brought to a halt as safely, carefully and quickly as possible, in order to determine the reason for the faultwhen the hydraulic steering oil is below the minium level. 8. Differential Lock Engaged (B16) This

8. Differential Lock Engaged (B16)

This warning lamp illuminates when the differential lock is engaged. The differential lock must be disengaged if the truck is on tarmac or other hardened surface or if attempting to turn.

CAUTION: If the lamp stays illuminated after switching the differential lock switch to “OFF”, then it indicates that the differential lock has stuck in the “ON” position. Do not proceed until the differential lock is fully disengagedlock must be disengaged if the truck is on tarmac or other hardened surface or if

.

Page 16

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

Set B Warning Lights (centre of dashboard)

Manual Operation Set B Warning Lights (centre of dashboard) Fig.10- Set B Warning Lights Note -

Fig.10- Set B Warning Lights

Note - when the ignition key is turned to the “ON” position (see page 22) all warning lamps illuminate as a bulb and circuit check. If any bulb does not illuminate during this check, arrange to have the bulb and circuit checked by the nearest authorised OKA Dealer or Service Agent.

9. Automatic Transmission Fault (“Check Trans”)

(B60)

This red light shows a serious transmission fault.

(B60) This red light shows a serious transmission fault. WARNING: If the warning light illuminates whilst

WARNING: If the warning light illuminates whilst driving. The vehicle must be brought to a halt as safely, carefully and quickly as possible, in order to determine the reason for the fault

Page 17

10. Engine Diagnostic (B70)

This lamp illuminates when the ignition switch is turned to the “ON” position (see page 22) and will go out after a few seconds.

CAUTION: If it remains illuminated or comes on when the engine is running, it shows an engine or emission control fault. See the Troubleshooting Guide on page 105.position (see page 22) and will go out after a few seconds. 11. Stop engine (B69)

11. Stop engine (B69)

This light illuminates when the ignition is in the “ON” position (see page 22) to check functionality, but will go out after a few seconds.

WARNING: If the light does not go out after a few seconds on starting or comes on when the engine is running, it shows a serious engine fault. Move the vehicle immediately to a safe stopping place and stop the engine.when the ignition is in the “ON” position (see page 22) to check functionality, but will

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

12. Automatic Transmission Range Inhibit (B61)

This yellow warning lamp signifies that the gearbox ECM has inhibited the range of gears to exclude overdrive in order to protect the gearbox in extreme conditions.

in order to protect the gearbox in extreme conditions. 13. Engine Maintenance (EURO4) (B71) Regular servicing

13. Engine Maintenance (EURO4) (B71)

Regular servicing of your vehicle will prolong vehicle life and reduce operating costs. When this light is illuminated, contact your nearest authorised OKA Dealer or Service Agent.

Some maintenance items can be carried out by the owner, whilst others should be done only by an authorized Dealer or Service Agent. Refer to the Service Booklet for the nearest location.

Refer to the Service Booklet for the nearest location. 13. M.I.L. Malfunction (EURO5) (B71) Indicator Lamp

13. M.I.L.

Malfunction

(EURO5) (B71)

Indicator

Lamp

This red warning lamp illuminates to show any malfunctions in the AdBlue and SCR systems.

14. Wait to start (B72)

After turning the ignition key to “ON” position (see page 19), the warning light will remain illuminated a few seconds until the engine completes its ECM check and the engine manifold is pre-warmed. Wait until this light is extinguished before starting the engine.

If this lamp does not extinguish, the engine is too cold to start.

Page 18

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

Main Switch Bank (S= switch ref, B= bulb ref)

Refer to Fig. 7 and Fig. 8 for location on dashboard, Fig.11 for detailed layout (RHD).

From right to left

1. *Dual Fuel Changeover Switch (S12, B38) (optional)

Where dual fuel tanks are fitted as an option, a changeover switch is fitted. The normal position of this two way switch is with the right hand side depressed. In this position the

120 litre right hand tank is connected through the changeover valve to the engine. (see also Fig. 29 – Fuel System).

Pushing down in the left hand side of this switch activates the changeover valve and both the fuel feed and return lines are routed to the optional 190 litre left hand tank. The switch has a green tell-tale lamp incorporated to indicate when the left hand tank is connected.

*denotes optional equipment

to indicate when the left hand tank is connected. *denotes optional equipment Fig 11 – Main

Fig 11 – Main Switch Bank (RHD)

Page 19

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

2. Driving Lights and *Spot Lamps (optional) Switch (S5, B39)

This switch controls the driving lights and optional spot lamps (see Fig. 15). The switch has three positions vis:

TOP

Driving lights and spot lamps are switched off. Headlamps function on dipped and high beam -controlled by right hand stalk (Fig. 14)

CENTRE

Driving lights are switched on, spot lamps are switched off. Headlamps function on dipped and high beam -controlled by right hand stalk (Fig. 14)

BOTTOM

Driving lights are switched off, spot lamps are switched on. Headlamps function on dipped and high beam -controlled by right hand stalk (Fig. 14)

The switch has a green tell-tale lamp incorporated to indicate when the driving lights or spot lamps are switched on.

3. *Rear Module Interior Lighting Switch (S21, B40)

This three position switch controls the vehicle’s rear module interior lighting (dependent upon model).

TOP

Rear module Interior lighting off

CENTRE

Rear module lighting on-off controlled by module side door switch.

BOTTOM

Rear module lights on – independent of whether module side door is open or closed.

The switch has a green tell-tale lamp incorporated to indicate when the interior lights are switched on.

4.

*Automatic Transmission Gear Lock-out Switch (“O/DRIVE OFF”) Switch (S33, B41)

With this three position switch It is possible to switch out gears 6 and 5, in order to limit the gearbox shifting to lower gears and hence maintain better control of the vehicle in difficult terrain.

TOP

6

Full range of gears 1-6 available

CENTRE

5

Gears 1-5 available

BOTTOM

4

Gears 1-4 available

The switch has a yellow tell-tale lamp incorporated to indicate when the gear lock-out is activated.

*denotes optional equipment

Page 20

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

5. Power and Economy Mode Switch (S34, B42)

With this two position switch, it is possible to select the gear change protocol most suited to either give high performance acceleration (“power”) or more economic operation (“economy”).

TOP

Power mode

BOTTOM

Economy mode

The switch has a green tell-tale lamp incorporated to indicate when the economy mode is selected.

6. Economy (B44) / Overdrive (B45) Tell-tale Lamps

TOP

Diff lock switched off

BOTTOM

Rear diff lock switched on

In the case where both rear and front diff locks are fitted, a three position switch is fitted.

TOP

Diff lock switched off

CENTRE

Rear diff lock switched on

BOTTOM

Rear and front diff locks switched on

The switch has a yellow tell-tale lamp incorporated to indicate when the diff lock(s) are activated.

8. Diff Lock Engaged Tell-tale Lamps (B58, B59)

This separate tell-tale light indicates if either the Economy mode (“ECON. SHIFT”) or *Automatic Transmission Gear Lock-out Switch (“O/DRIVE OFF”) are selected.

7. *Differential Lock Switch (S27, B43)

OKA vehicles can be specified with optional rear and front diff locks. In the case where a rear diff lock only is fitted, a two position switch is fitted.

Page 21

This warning lamp illuminates when the differential locks are physically engaged. The top green light shows front diff lock (B58), the bottom green light shows rear diff lock (B59). The differential lock(s) must be disengaged if the truck is on tarmac or other hardened surface or if attempting to turn.

tarmac or other hardened surface or if attempting to turn. CAUTION: If the lamp stays illuminated

CAUTION: If the lamp stays illuminated after switching the differential lock switch to “OFF”, then it indicates that the differential lock(s) have physically stuck in the “ON” position. Do not proceed until the differential lock(s) are fully disengaged

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

Column Lock and Starter Switch (S1)

The key operated column lock and starter (ignition) switch (Fig. 12 ) has four positions:

starter (ignition) switch (Fig. 12 ) has four positions : Fig. 12 – Ignition switch barrel

Fig. 12 – Ignition switch barrel

1)

“ LOCK” Position

In this position the switch is 'off’ and the steering wheel is locked. The key can only be removed from this position.

is locked. The key can only be removed from this position. WARNING: Never turn the key

WARNING: Never turn the key switch to the locked position when the vehicle is moving, as this will lock the steering wheel resulting in the loss of steering control

2)

“ACC” Position

Turning the key switch clockwise to this position the accessories can be used

3)

“ON” Position

Continued turning clockwise to this position the oil pres- sure, charge warning lights, yellow and red light and ECM check will illuminate.

4)

“START” Position

Turning the key switch to this position is for starting the engine. This position has spring resistance, which when the key is released will automatically return the key to the “ON” position. The “START” position energizes the starter motor and at the same time the brake fail warning light is illuminated. After releasing the key from this position, the switch will automatically return to the third position. If there is no malfunction of the oil pressure, charge and brake fail lights, the yellow ECM check light and the red light will extinguish.

Page 22

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

Horn (S23)

Press the centre pad on steering wheel to operate the horn

Tilt and Slide Steering Wheel

Set the steering wheel to the desired position by releasing the locking arm (Fig. 13) by pushing it down and tilting, lifting or dropping the steering column into the desired position. Hold the steering wheel in the desired position and re-secure the locking arm by pulling it up.

position and re-secure the locking arm by pulling it up. WARNING: Always adjust prior to driving.

WARNING: Always adjust prior to driving. Never adjust whilst driving

Always adjust prior to driving. Never adjust whilst driving Fig. 13 – Tilt and slide control

Fig. 13 – Tilt and slide control lever

RH Combination Column Stalk Switch

The right hand stalk operates: 1) the sidelights and headlamps; 2) main beam and headlamp flash; 3) direction indicators. See Fig.14.

and headlamp flash; 3) direction indicators. See Fig.14. Fig. 14 – RH Column Stalk 1. Light

Fig. 14 – RH Column Stalk

1. Light Switch (S3)

The three position rotary switch at the end of the stalk controls the lights.

OFF

Lights off (Full beam flash will operate only)

Sidelights on (operates with ignition switch in all positions)

Sidelights on (operates with ignition switch in all positions)

Headlamps & sidelights on

Headlamps & sidelights on

Page 23

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

2. High Beam / Dip Control (S3)

a. Stalk in central position – dipped headlamps.

b. Stalk pushed away from driver – high beam headlamps. If fitted, optional driving lights will also be switched on. Note – If spot lamps are switched on, driving lights will not come on at the same time.

c. Stalk pulled towards driver – high beam flash

time. c. Stalk pulled towards driver – high beam flash CAUTION: The high beam flash facility

CAUTION: The high beam flash facility is only intended for momentary use

3. Direction Indicators (S2)

a. Move stalk to upper position – LH turn indicators flash

b. Move stalk to upper position – RH turn indicators flash

indicators flash b. Move stalk to upper position – RH turn indicators flash Page 24 Fig.

Page 24

Fig. 15 - Layout of front lighting

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

LH Combination Column Stalk Switch

The left hand stalk operates: 1) the windscreen wipers; 2) the windscreen washers; 3) the exhaust brake (when fitted); 4) the hazard warning flashers. See Fig.16.

1. Windscreen Wipe and Wash (S22)

Note: The windscreen wash / wipe control is only operative when the ignition switch is in the “ACC” position.

The four position rotary switch at the end of the stalk controls with wipers:

OFF

Wipers off

INT

Wipers in intermittent sweep mode. The interval between sweeps can be varied by moving the collar marked “INT TIME” . Rotation of the collar upwards results in a lesser interval between sweeps and a “faster” wipe. Rotation of the collar downwards results in a greater interval between sweeps and a “slower” wipe

LO

Normal continuous wiper speed

HI

Fastest continuous wiper speed

Page 25

wiper speed HI Fastest continuous wiper speed Page 25 Fig 16 – LH Control stalk 2.

Fig 16 – LH Control stalk

2. Windscreen Washers (S22)

The push button switch on the LH end of the stalk controls the windscreen washer. Press the switch in to operate the windscreen washer. Hold the switch in until sufficient water is sprayed onto the windscreen, then release. This operation can be carried out with the rotary wiper switch in any of its four positions.

3. * Exhaust Brake (S26) (option)

See supplementary guide

4. Hazard Warning (S41)

Move the stalk towards driver to activate the hazard warning lights and away from driver to cancel the action.

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

Transmission controls

1. Manual gear lever

The gearbox pattern is a classic double H pattern as shown in Fig. 17 and Fig. 18.

In neutral the gear lever is sprung to self centre between third and fourth gear positions.

When changing between first and second gears, move the lever through the neutral position directly rearward into second gear position.

position directly rearward into second gear position. CAUTION: Always pull away in first gear to protect

CAUTION: Always pull away in first gear to protect the clutch. Always disengage the clutch before selecting a gear and whilst changing gear.

When changing from second to third gear, let the gearlever centralise to its self centre position between third and fourth gears before moving the gear lever forward into third gear.

When changing between the third and fourth gears, move the lever through the neutral position directly rearward into fourth gear position.

To engage fifth gear move the gear lever forward out of fourth gear and all the way over to the right against spring pressure and move forward into fifth gear.

To engage reverse from the neutral position, move the lever as far as possible to the right, against spring pressure and then rearward into the reverse gear position.

Tip – Release the clutch whilst in neutral for a moment prior to disengaging it and selecting reverse gear.

a moment prior to disengaging it and selecting reverse gear. Fig 17 – RHD Manual gear

Fig 17 – RHD Manual gear selector

Page 26

to disengaging it and selecting reverse gear. Fig 17 – RHD Manual gear selector Page 26

Fig 18 – Manual gear gate

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

2. Automatic Gear Change Lever

The following gear selections are possible by pressing the detent button on the side of the gear knob and moving the lever to the required position.

P

Park – this gear to be selected always for parking purposes as it locks the transmission and wheels to the chassis.

CAUTION: Do not select P unless the vehicle is stationary .

CAUTION: Do not select P unless the vehicle is stationary.

R

Reverse

N

Neutral

OD

Overdrive – the gearbox TCM make the changes automatically between 1 st and 6 th gears, unless the gear lock-out switch (see page 20 ) is set to position 4 or 5.

D

Vehicle will automatically select gears 1 through 3

2

Vehicle will automatically select gears 1 through 2

1

Vehicle will start in 1 st gear and will change up to

2 nd only at 3000 rev/min on overrun to protect the drivetrain

Note - It is only possible to start the engine in “P” (Park) or “N” (Neutral). If attempted in another gear, the starter

motor will not turn.

attempted in another gear, the starter motor will not turn. Fig. 19 – Automatic selector 3.

Fig. 19 – Automatic selector

3. Gear Lock-Out Switch (see also page 20 )

The gearbox can be set to inhibit changing up into higher gears thus giving better control on difficult terrain.

6

Full range of gears 1-6 available

5

Gears 1-5 available

4

Gears 1-4 available

Page 27

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

4. 4WD / Range Selection Lever

Selection of a gear with the 4WD/range selector lever (Fig. 20) must be made with the vehicle at rest or travelling at no more than a fast walking pace. Positions are:

Range

Description

Transfer

box ratio

4H

4WD high speed

1:1

2H

2WD low speed

1:1

N

Neutral

N/A

4L

4WD low speed

2:1

1:1 N Neutral N/A 4L 4WD low speed 2:1 Fig. 20 – 4WD / Range selector

Fig. 20 – 4WD / Range selector

4L 4WD low speed 2:1 Fig. 20 – 4WD / Range selector Fig. 21 - Park

Fig. 21 - Park brake lever

Park brake

A spring type drum park brake with air release is mounted on an offset shaft at the rear of the transfer case.

The brake is applied by pulling the collar back on the park brake lever (Fig.21) and pulling the lever up in an arc to its upper most position. To release pull the collar back on the park brake lever and pulling lever down in arc to its lowest position.

The vehicle’s brake air circuit needs to be charged with air before it is possible to release the park brake.

with air before it is possible to release the park brake. WARNING: Do not apply the

WARNING: Do not apply the handbrake whilst the vehicle is in motion, except in an extreme emergency.

Note – The park brake can be used to slow the vehicle in case of emergency. Gradually moving the lever up allows the park brake to be applied slowly as would a standard car cable park brake. It is advised to practice this at very low speeds 4km/h or less.

Page 28

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

Manual Gearbox Pedals

Brake clutch and electronic accelerator pedals (Fig. 22) are the pendant type and function in the normal way.

22) are the pendant type and function in the normal way. Fig. 22 – Manual pedals

Fig. 22 – Manual pedals

Automatic Gearbox Pedals

Brake and electronic accelerator pedals (Fig. 23) are the pendant type and function in the normal way.

accelerator pedals (Fig. 23) are the pendant type and function in the normal way. Page 29

Page 29

Fig. 23 – Automatic pedals

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning

System (S= switch ref, B = bulb ref, EM = electronic module ref)

1. Cab HVAC Controls (B48) (see Fig. 24)

a. Air Flow Control Lever

The 5 position air flow control lever is used to select the air flow outlet position through the vents , i.e. to the face, face and feet, feet, windscreen and feet, or demist (windscreen).

b. Temperature Control Lever

The temperature control lever is used to adjust the temperature.

c. Air Intake Control Lever

The air intake control lever is used to select either fresh air from outside or re-circulated cab air .

d. Air Conditioning Control (A/C ON-OFF) (S15)

To switch the air conditioning on in either the main cab or module, rotate the cab fan speed knob (see Fig 25) to the required fan speed and press the AlC ON/OFF button. The AlC ON/OFF button will illuminate when on.

Note: The cab fan speed knob needs to be “ON” before the AlC will function

The cab fan speed knob needs to be “ON” before the AlC will function Fig. 24

Fig. 24 – Main Cab HVAC Control Panel Page 30

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

Cab Fan Speed Knob (S14) (see Fig. 25)

The three speed cab fan control knob switches the fan on and off and can be rotated to give the required fan speed.

Note: The cab fan speed knob needs to be “ON” at low, medium or high position before the AlC will function

at low, medium or high position before the AlC will function Fig.25 –Cab Fab Speed Knob

Fig.25 –Cab Fab Speed Knob

3. *Rear Module A/C Controls (EM4, S13) (see Fig.

26)

a.

Operating Instructions

Where applicable, (e.g. buses, multicabs & dual cabs) the air conditioning for the rear module is turned on by:

I. Rotating the cab fan speed knob to give required cab air flow.

II. Pressing the AlC ON/OFF button.

III. Switching on the rear module fan control knob (S13) and adjusting the fan speed by rotating the knob.

IV. Rear module A/C temperature can be adjusted using the rear module temperature control knob (EM4). Turn fully clockwise for coolest position and anti-clockwise for warmest air output from the rear module A/C unit.

Note – Rear module temperature control is an option only on vehicles fitted with rear module quad fan a/c

option only on vehicles fitted with rear module quad fan a/c Fig.26 – Rear Module A/C

Fig.26 – Rear Module A/C Controls

* denotes optional equipment

Page 31

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

b. Demist Control

For best results, position the air intake control lever to recirculate and manually switch-on the air conditioning. This will have the effect of dehumidifying the air and should demist all the windows.

Accessory Sockets (X = socket ref, F = fuse ref, S = switch ref)

A row of accessory sockets is located behind the right hand seat.

a.

The 24 V DC accessory socket (X8) is directly fed from the auxiliary batteries. It is protected by the 10 A fuse (F42) next to it.

b. The two 12V sockets (X9 and X10) are fed from the auxiliary batteries through a 24V / 12V inverter.

c. To protect the batteries from the small current drain of the inverter, an isolator switch (S6) is provided to isolate all 12V connections on the truck. This includes the two 12V sockets, clock, radio and cigar lighter. It is advised to isolate the 12V circuits if the truck is to be parked up for any length of time exceeding 24 hours.

to be parked up for any length of time exceeding 24 hours. WARNING – Do not

WARNING – Do not plug cigar lighters into any of these accessory sockets

Circuit Breaker (C/B1)
Circuit Breaker (C/B1)

Fig. 27 – Accessory sockets

Page 32

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

Circuit Breaker C/B 1

The main 50A circuit breaker is located in the controller box behind the left hand cab seat. (see Fig. 28). It acts as fuse between the battery positive and auxiliary wiring and it protects all dashboard mounted instruments and controls.

In the normal operating position “armed” (Fig 28 – left hand drawing) the trigger is closed.

Should there be any overload or short circuit through the circuits protected by C/B1, then the rearm lever trips (see Fig 28 right side drawing). It can be rearmed by pushing the lever back into position (see green arrow).

The dashboard instruments and controls can be isolated voluntarily by pressing the trip button, which trips the rearm lever.

by pressing the trip button, which trips the rearm lever. Fig.28 – Contact breaker C/B 1

Fig.28 – Contact breaker C/B 1

Note – if the circuit breaker continuously trips seek immediate advice from a qualified auto electrician.

Page 33

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

* Free-wheeling front wheel hubs

Four wheel drive (4WD) vehicles can be fitted with optional free-wheeling front wheel hubs, which can be locked by turning the hub centres in a clockwise direction to the LOCK position, refer to Fig. 29 Unlock the hubs by turning the hub centres anticlockwise to the FREE position, refer to Fig. 29.

During two wheel drive (2WD) operation the hubs are unlocked to free the wheels from the drag of turning the main front-drive shaft, front differential axle inner half shafts and crown wheel and pinion and thus improve the fuel economy of the vehicle. This also reduces unnecessary component wear. The left and right free wheeling hubs must both be locked / engaged together for 4WD operation.

* denotes optional equipment

together for 4WD operation. * denotes optional equipment Fig. 29 – Free wheel hub in 2WD

Fig. 29 – Free wheel hub in 2WD (unlocked) position

Page 34

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

* Dual Vehicle Battery System

1. Dual Batteries of Same Type (Smart Start)

The system utilises two pairs of normal 12v starting batteries and a Redarc “SMART START” system. This system uses the left hand pair of batteries purely to crank the engine. All other vehicle and auxiliary loads are connected to the pair of auxiliary batteries on the right hand side. In normal operation when the engine is not running, all load is drawn from the auxiliary batteries. No other connections to the left hand (starter) batteries are permitted. See fig.30 for an overview of the circuit.

The system utilizes an automatic relay, which connects both pairs of batteries in parallel for charging purposes and automatically isolates them when the ignition is turned off. After starting the engine, the system initially prioritises the charging of the starter batteries. Once the starter batteries are fully charged and the available

charging voltage exceeds 28.6 Volts, the relay will engage and both pairs of batteries will be connected to the alternator for charging. When the ignition is turned off, the relay will initially remain engaged until the voltage drops below 28.6 V when the relay will de- energise separating the two pairs of batteries.

When restarting the vehicle, use the ignition key switch as normal - this engages the start relay which then cranks the engine. Should the auxiliary batteries have insufficient voltage to reliably engage the relay, there is a Smart Start “push and hold” button located between the speedometer and tachometer which will provide starter battery power to engage the Smart Start relay; this enables the system to engage the start relay and starter motor. If it is necessary to use the Smart Start button, press it whilst you crank the engine and continue to press it after the engine starts for 5 seconds until the system voltage rises to keep the smart start relay engaged.

system voltage rises to keep the smart start relay engaged. * denotes optional equipment NOTE: If

* denotes optional equipment

NOTE: If after releasing the Smart Start button, the engine cuts out, it signifies that the auxiliary batteries are so discharged as to provide insufficient power to the engine ECM. Under such circumstances continue to hold the smart start button down as long as necessary to keep the engine running and check the condition of the auxiliary batteries as soon as practicable.

Page 35

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

With the dual battery system the auxiliary batteries work much harder than the starter batteries. To ensure optimum battery condition and life, it is necessary to swap the batteries at three monthly intervals. Prior to any trip into remote areas, it would be prudent to have the batteries “load tested” to ensure their integrity.

In the event of the starting batteries being partially discharged, it is possible to connect both pairs of batteries in parallel by depressing the “Smart Start” button and holding it whilst cranking.

Should the starter batteries fail completely, or be fully discharged, this system will be inoperative and the auxiliary batteries will need to be moved and re-fitted to the starter battery position. In this eventuality, the starter batteries should be transferred to the auxiliary position and the vehicle started with the Smart Start button depressed. It will be necessary to keep the Smart Start button depressed until the auxiliary batteries are sufficiently charged to power the engine ECM.

NOTE: When the dual battery system is fitted, the voltmeter reads the voltage across the auxiliary batteries.batteries are sufficiently charged to power the engine ECM. CAUTION: All battery positive connections will be

CAUTION: All battery positive connections will be live when the vehicle is started and as such MUST always be connected to a battery or be securely insulated.ECM. NOTE: When the dual battery system is fitted, the voltmeter reads the voltage across the

Page 36

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

Fuel system

Fuel quality should be a minimum of 50ppm low sulphur fuel (EURO4) or 10ppm low sulphur fuel (EURO5).

Fuel is raised from the fuel tank by the lift pump to the engine’s high pressure common rail injection system. A tank mounted inline filter with water separator, and a main engine mounted filter between the lift pump and the high pressure common rail fuel pump (EURO4 1600 bar, EURO5 1800 bar) keep the fuel free of contaminants.

It

contamination.

is

important to always use clean fuel with no water

If an optional dual fuel tank is fitted, an electric changeover valve is provided in the circuit, as detailed in Fig. 31. When the fuel level in the standard 120 litre tank becomes low, manual activation of a changeover switch on the dashboard energises the changeover valve. Operation of the changeover valve switches the fuel supply to the auxiliary 190 litre fuel tank. An indicator light on the dashboard indicates that fuel is being drawn from the auxiliary fuel tank.

light on the dashboard indicates that fuel is being drawn from the auxiliary fuel tank. Fig.

Fig. 31 –Fuel System

Page 13

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

Ad Blue System

The Cummins ISBe EURO4 and EURO 5 engines use SCR (selective catalytic reduction) to reduce engine emission levels of harmful gases and particulates. The SCR system depends upon a finely metered dose of AdBlue (Aqueous Urea Solution) being sprayed into the

catalytic converter which forms part of the silencer assembly (see fig. 32).

It is important to make sure that the AdBlue tank - located ahead of the main right hand fuel tank and identified by its blue filler cap (see fig 33), is kept topped up. If the vehicle is run with an empty AdBlue tank, or if any liquid other

kept topped up. If the vehicle is run with an empty AdBlue tank, or if any

Fig.32 – AdBlue system

Page 14

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Operation

than AdBlue is added to the tank, the on-board diagnostic “OBD”) system will de-power the engine until such time that new clean AdBlue is added to the tank. An engine fault signal will also appear on the M.I.L. warning light on the dashboard (see page 18).

on the M.I.L. warning light on the dashboard (see page 18). Fig. 33 – AdBlue tank

Fig. 33 – AdBlue tank

Keep an eye on the AdBlue gauge (see page 13) to ensure timely refilling. AdBlue consumption depends upon

a

number of factors including engine load and speed – but

is

normally in the range of 3 - 6% of diesel consumption.

Steering Damper

To provide better directional stability over rough terrain and to isolate the steering wheel from road shocks, the steering system is designed with an adjustable Tough Dog SV5001 steering damper mounted between the front axle differential housing and the tie rod.

Page 15

The adjustment knob can be turned clockwise for stiffer damping and anti-clockwise as far as position 1 for softer damping. It is recommended to use position 4 on the OKA; the use of settings above 4 is not recommended as this can prevent the steering from self-centring (see fig. 34).

Fig 34 – Tough Dog damper
Fig 34 – Tough Dog damper
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Driving Techniques

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Driving Techniques

Safety First

1. Ensure that the driver and passengers have their seat belts fastened at all times when occupying the vehicle, on or off the road

WARNING: do not hold the steering wheel by the spokes or with the fingers and thumbs inside the rim. A sudden movement of the vehicle could jolt the steering wheel causing injury to the fingers.at all times when occupying the vehicle, on or off the road 2. Do not take

2. Do not take risks when driving, especially when driving off-road. Avoid dangerous situations.

Driving Off-Road General

Avoid dangerous situations. Driving Off-Road General be hazardous. Do not take unnecessary risks. for

be

hazardous. Do not take unnecessary risks.

for

emergencies.

Drive

WARNING:

Driving

and

off-road

be

can

carefully

prepared

1. Four wheel drive should not be used on hard surfaces.

2. When driving through rugged terrain do not drive at an excessive speed

through rugged terrain do not drive at an excessive speed WARNING: Do not drive diagonally across

WARNING: Do not drive diagonally across a slope, as this will increase the risk of a vehicle roll-over.

3. Ensure that there is ample clearance under the vehicle at all times. Avoid deep ruts, sudden changes in slopes and obstacles which could become lodged under the chassis.

4. After driving through tall grass, bush etc., check that there is no grass, paper or branches lodged under the vehicle. Check the radiator screen, remove and clean if necessary.

5. Inspect the vehicle after each day of off-road driving.

Manual Gearbox Vehicle – 4WD selection

1. Before 4WD selection, prepare for off-road driving by locking the free-wheel hubs (if fitted), on the vehicle's front axle, as detailed on page 34 in the 'Operation' section.

Page 40

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Driving Techniques
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Driving Techniques
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Driving Techniques
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Driving Techniques

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Driving Techniques

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Driving Techniques

2. With the vehicle stopped or travelling at no more than

a fast walking pace, depress the clutch and select the correct gear range (4H or 4L), together with the correct main gear.

Note: It is extremely important that the correct main gear is selected and only experience will tell which is the correct gear for the given terrain to be negotiated. The general rule is that the lower the gear, and lower the engine rev/min, the better.

3.

Try not to change gear or declutch whilst operating in rough terrain, as the drag on the wheels may cause the vehicle to stop when the clutch is depressed and difficulty in restarting may be experienced.

4.

To disengage from the 4WD (4H or 4L) gear range to the 2WD (2H) range, depress the clutch with the vehicle stopped or travelling at no more than a fast walking pace and select 2WD.

5.

If

no further off-road driving is required the free-wheel

hub (if fitted) may be disengaged, i.e. the hub centres moved to the 'FREE' position as detailed on page 34

in the 'Operation' section.

Operating the Clutch

1. Do not attempt slipping the clutch. The OKA vehicle is fitted with an organic clutch centre plate which will 'slip', but continuous slipping will wear the clutch prematurely. Slipping the clutch continuously results in scouring metal from the engine flywheel and/or organic clutch face plate, radically shortening the service life of the components.

2. Do not drive with your foot on the clutch pedal, as this could result in loss of vehicle control by inadvertently depressing the clutch pedal, as the vehicle travels over a sudden bump.

IMPORTANT NOTE: Correct take-off procedure is to select first gear (at all times) and fully engage the clutch before increasing the engine rpm.

In extreme circumstances only sufficient engine rpm required to prevent engine stall should be applied.

See page 43 concerning the use of diff-locks

Page 41

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Driving Techniques
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Driving Techniques
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Driving Techniques
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Driving Techniques

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Driving Techniques

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Driving Techniques

Automatic Gearbox Vehicle – 4WD selection

1. Before 4WD selection, prepare for off-road driving by locking the free-wheel hubs (if fitted), on the vehicle's front axle, as detailed on page 34 in the 'Operation' section

2. When an automatic gearbox is fitted, a pre-selection mechanism is also incorporated in the transfer case shifter. This enables the clean selection of transfer case gears on a one-by-one basis. Moving the lever in any direction enables the change to be completed once the residual torque applied by the automatic transmission in neutral (N) is removed.

To shift transfer case gears - put the automatic in neutral, move the transfer shifter ONE NOTCH in any direction and put the auto back into drive. Now ensure that there is no spring pressure on the lever. If the driver needs to move more than one notch on the shifter then the entire process must be repeated.

For example, shifting from 4H to 4L (entire range):

1. Place automatic in N

2. Move transfer case shifter from 4H to 2H

3. Place automatic in D

Page 42

4. Ensure that the spring buffer is unloaded

5. Place automatic in N

6. Move transfer case shifter to neutral

7. Place automatic in D

8. Move automatic to N

9. Move transfer case shifter to 4L (there may be some grinding of teeth as the transfer case is stalled. This is normal. When both boxes are in neutral they are spinning freely and this rotation must be stalled before moving the auto to drive.)

10. Place auto in D

If the transfer case is properly engaged in a mode then there should be NO SPRING TENSION AT THE LEVER. If the lever wants to spring forwards or backwards when it is removed from the gate then the transfer box is not properly engaged. If this is happens then the auto should be shifted to neutral and back to drive until the tension is removed.

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Driving Techniques

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Driving Techniques

*Diff lock operation

WARNING – Use diff lock(s) only in extreme 4X4 driving conditions, when the vehicle will otherwise no longer move without engaging the diff lock(s).Operator’s Manual Driving Techniques *Diff lock operation 1. Reduce vehicle speed to 5km/h or slower. 2.

1. Reduce vehicle speed to 5km/h or slower.

2. Depress the diff lock switch to engage rear diff lock (see page 21- central position where both rear and front diff locks are fitted, or bottom position where rear diff lock only is fitted). Both rear wheels will rotate at the same speed, regardless of traction and surface - even if one of the vehicle’s wheels is off the ground.

3. If the engagement of the rear diff lock is insufficient to gain traction, the front diff lock may also be engaged by depressing the three position diff lock switch (see page 21) to the bottom position.

DANGER – disengage diff locks before turning the steering wheel to avoid lack of control and severe mechanical damage.diff lock switch (see page 21) to the bottom position. Note – When a vehicle turns,

Note – When a vehicle turns, the outer wheels need to rotate faster than the inner wheels – both on the front and rear axles. Locking the differentials forces both the inner and outer wheels to turn at the same speed. Trying to turn with the diff locks(s) engaged will result in severe damage to the diff locks, differentials and half shafts and give unpredictable handling characteristics.

Braking

Keep the application of the brake pedal to an absolute minimum. Abrupt or heavy braking on wet, muddy or loose surfaces will almost certainly cause one or more wheels to lock and the resulting slide could prove dangerous.

Accelerating

Use the accelerator with care as sudden power surges may induce wheel spin and result in the loss of control of the vehicle.

Page 43

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Driving Techniques
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Driving Techniques
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Driving Techniques
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Driving Techniques

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Driving Techniques

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Driving Techniques

Survey on Foot Before Driving

Before driving through a difficult section of terrain, carry out a preliminary survey of the ground on foot, in order to minimize the risk of becoming caught.

Vehicle Recovery

If the vehicle becomes immobilized due to the loss of wheel grip, the following hints could be of value:

1. Avoid prolonged wheel spin, this will only aggravate the situation.

2. If possible remove obstacles rather than forcing the vehicle over them.

3. If the ground is very soft, reduce tyre pressure, only if this has not already been done.

4. Clear clogged tyre treads

5. Reverse as far as possible. Then attempt a safe increased speed approach. The extra momentum gained with the increased speed may get the vehicle over the obstacle.

6. If cables or ropes are required for recovery assistance, be sure to use the front recovery points (Fig.30) or the tow bar or chassis at the rear. Follow all the manufacturer’s safety guidelines whilst using recovery equipment.

Follow all the manufacturer’s safety guidelines whilst using recovery equipment. Page 44 Fig.35 – Recovery points

Page 44

Fig.35 – Recovery points

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Driving Techniques

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Driving Techniques

Driving Through Water

1. Before driving through water

a. Check the depth and condition of the stream bed

b. Allow bearings and gear housings that are likely to be immersed, to cool down to a comfortable hand feel.

Note - Hot housings will cool too rapidly in cold streams and the air inside will condensate causing a sudden low pressure, resulting in air being sucked in. Failure to prevent water ingress will lead to internal component failure due to corrosion and degraded lubricant.

component failure due to corrosion and degraded lubricant. WARNING: The maximum fording depth for the vehicle

WARNING: The maximum fording depth for the vehicle in still water with the engine running is 800 mm. Any greater depth than this may cause damage to the batteries and the electrical system.

2. Drive slowly

3. After driving through water:

Page 45

a. Check the effectiveness of the brakes. If they are not 100%, drive the vehicle a short distance with the foot brake applied 'lightly'.

b. Check for water in the air cleaner. Dry out before proceeding.

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures

General

In the case of a breakdown or a flat tyre move the vehicle off the road, if possible.

Park on level solid ground and apply the park brake. If the vehicle is not completely off the road or is likely to cause a hazard, turn the hazard warning flashers on.

Jacking the Vehicle

1. Remove the bottle jack from its stowage location, (behind the right hand seat in the cab).

2. The jack should be used on level and firm ground. Do not attempt to jack the vehicle on unstable or soft ground without a jacking plate under the jack. The jacking plate should be solid timber at least 25mm thick x 350mm x 350mm or steel plate at least 10mm thick.

3. Do not allow any person to remain in the vehicle when it is being jacked.

4. Apply the handbrake.

5. Engage first gear (manual ) or P (automatic) .

handbrake. 5. Engage first gear (manual ) or P (automatic) . WARNING: The park brake may

WARNING: The park brake may not hold the vehicle when it is being jacked! The park brake acts on the transfer case and in turn on the rear wheels though the rear driveshaft. If both of the rear wheels are raised off the ground none of the wheels on the ground will be locked. The wheels must be chocked at all times during jacking procedures.

6. Engage low speed (4L) in the transfer box.

7. If free wheeling hubs are fitted, lock the front wheel hubs.

8. Position the jack at the correct jacking point as shown in Fig.34 below.

wheel hubs. 8. Position the jack at the correct jacking point as shown in Fig.34 below.

Page 46

Fig. 36 – Jacking Points

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures

9. After positioning the jack in the correct position to raise the required corner of the vehicle, insert the oval end of the jack handle tube over the hydraulic release screw of the jack (see Fig. 37) and turn clockwise to permit the jack to be pumped up. Remove the jack handle and assemble the two piece handle. Insert the round end in the pumping arm of the jack and gently pump the jack up, ensuring at all times that the head of the jack is always in the correct position under the axle Keep jacking until the wheel is off the ground.

10. Before lowering the vehicle, make sure that nobody is under the vehicle! To lower the vehicle insert the oval end of the jack handle over the hydraulic release screw and turn anti-clockwise very slowly to allow a controlled descent. The decent can be halted by turning the release screw clockwise at any time.

WARNING – If the release screw is turned too quickly in an anti-clockwise direction, the truck will decent in an uncontrolled way with possible risk of injury.halted by turning the release screw clockwise at any time. WARNING – Do not go under

WARNING – Do not go under the vehicle if it is partially supported by a jack. Always use axle stands or other suitable permanent supports to provide adequate safety.anti-clockwise direction, the truck will decent in an uncontrolled way with possible risk of injury. Page

Page 47

by a jack. Always use axle stands or other suitable permanent supports to provide adequate safety.

Fig.37 - Jack

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures

Changing a wheel

1. Ensure that the vehicle is on firm level ground.

2. Remove the jack and the wheel nut wrench from their stowage location, (behind the R.H. seat in the cab).

3. Remove the spare wheel from it's stowage location (at the rear of the vehicle under the chassis), as follows:

a. Using the wheel nut wrench, turn the lowering screw (Fig. 38) in a clockwise direction to lower the spare wheel (on its support chain), to the ground.

b. Remove the support bracket and chain from the centre hole of the spare wheel.

c. Remove the spare wheel from the underside of the vehicle

WARNING – The spare wheel is heavy (> 75 kg)

4. Using the wheel nut wrench, slacken the nuts on the wheel to be removed, never more than one turn (360 o ) before jacking up the vehicle.

than one turn (360 o ) before jacking up the vehicle. 5. Chock the wheels of

5. Chock the wheels of the vehicle.

jacking up the vehicle. 5. Chock the wheels of the vehicle. Fig. 38 – Spare wheel

Fig. 38 – Spare wheel carrier

6. Jack up the vehicle (as detailed in pages 46-47), until the wheel to be removed is clear of the ground.

7. Remove the wheel nuts and lift off the wheel.

8. To facilitate wheel nuts assembly, smear a little grease on the wheel studs.

Page 48

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures

Locate the spare wheel in position on the axle and tighten the wheel nuts (diametrically and progressively), as much as possible. Ensure that the tapered ends of the nuts are located in the recesses in the wheel, to ensure the wheel is centralized.

9. Lower the jack until the wheel is firmly on the ground.

10. Tighten the wheel nuts alternately and evenly to the specified torque 200 Nm (148lb.ft).

11. Remove the chocks from the wheels.

12. Position the removed wheel under the rear of the vehicle. Locate the bracket and lifting chain through the centre hole of wheel and using the wheel nut wrench hoist the wheel to the underside of the vehicles rear chassis.

13. Replace the jack and tools in their storage location.

Note – re-tension wheel nuts after travelling 30 minutes or 50km after initial fitment.

Page 49

Jump Starting

WARNING- If jump starting from another vehicle it must have a 24 V electrical system.minutes or 50km after initial fitment. Page 49 Jump Starting WARNING- Only approved jumper cables of

WARNING- Only approved jumper cables of sufficient 24V cross section should be used.from another vehicle it must have a 24 V electrical system. WARNING – Protect vehicle electronics

WARNING – Protect vehicle electronics (ECUs) by connecting an anti-surge device to the positive and negative terminals.cables of sufficient 24V cross section should be used. WARNING – Jumper cables must be fully

WARNING – Jumper cables must be fully insulated for their full length (except clamps).an anti-surge device to the positive and negative terminals. WARNING - When starting, the engine of

WARNING - When starting, the engine of the vehicle whose battery is used to start, must run. must run.

WARNING - When using jumper cables to start the vehicle, the auto radio must be turned off because this may be damaged.length (except clamps). WARNING - When starting, the engine of the vehicle whose battery is used

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures

WARNING - Non-insulated parts of cable clamps must not touch each other. The jumper cable connected to the positive terminal of the battery must not come in contact with the vehicle ground because this could lead to short circuit.NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures WARNING – Watch out for moving or rotating parts near

WARNING – Watch out for moving or rotating parts near any battery box or its terminals on any vehicle.the vehicle ground because this could lead to short circuit. WARNING - On a 24 V

WARNING - On a 24 V battery systems be careful to connect to the positive battery terminal feeding the starter motor and to the negative terminal grounded to earth. Do not connect to intermediate terminals linking the batteries. .

WARNING – Keep all sparks or flames away from the batteries as the gas from the electrolyte is highly inflammable. This is particularly important when working in confined areas.connect to intermediate terminals linking the batteries . WARNING – Do not allow electrolyte to come

WARNING – Do not allow electrolyte to come in contact with your skin. If this does happen wash the contacted area with copious amounts of water. Seek immediate medical attention if pain or burning is experiencedis particularly important when working in confined areas. WARNING – If electrolyte is swallowed or gets

WARNING – If electrolyte is swallowed or gets into eyes seek immediate medical attention.medical attention if pain or burning is experienced 1. Position the two vehicles so they are

1. Position the two vehicles so they are not touching, apply the park bark and make sure both are in neutral (manual transmission) or P (automatic). Turn the ignition in both vehicles to Lock and turn off all lights and accessories on both vehicles, except the hazard warning flashers and any lights needed for the work area.

2. Take off any battery covers.

3. Attach one end of the RED jumper lead to the positive terminal (A) (identified as red in colour or marked with +) of the booster battery and the other end to the positive terminal (B) of the flat battery on the recipient vehicle. (See Fig.39).

Page 50

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures

4. Attach one end of the BLACK jumper lead to the negative terminal (C) (identified as black in colour or marked with -) of the booster battery and the other end to the negative terminal (C) of the flat battery on the recipient vehicle. (See Fig.39).

5. Do not connect to the auxiliary batteries (see page 35)!

6. Start the engine of the booster vehicle with the good battery and let the engine run 3-5 minutes to give an initial charge to the recipient vehicle with the flat battery. Leave the engine of the booster battery vehicle running, before trying to start the engine of the recipient vehicle.

7. Once the engine of the recipient vehicle is running, keep it running and switch on the headlamps prior to disconnecting the jumper leads. Disconnect the BLACK (negative) jumper lead first then the RED (positive) lead second. Whilst removing each clamp be careful that it does not touch any other metal whilst the other end remains attached.

Note – If the recipient vehicle has a dual battery system (see page 35) with main and auxiliary batteries, and the auxiliary batteries are also flat, it is important whilst starting the engine to hold in the dual battery start button for at

Page 51

least 30 seconds after the engine is running. If after releasing the dual battery start button, the engine of the recipient vehicle cuts out, then restart the vehicle as above but hold in the dual battery start button for 60 seconds.

the vehicle as above but hold in the dual battery start button for 60 seconds. Fig.

Fig. 39 – Jumper cable connections

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures

Towing

1. Short Distance Recovery

Emergency Procedures Towing 1. Short Distance Recovery WARNING – Vehicle may be towed a short distance

WARNING – Vehicle may be towed a short distance on its own four wheels (up to 10 km) by carefully following the instructions below.

a. Ensure the 4WD / Range Selection Lever (see page 28) is in “N” (Neutral position).

b. Ensure the gearbox is in “N”

or neutral gear.

c. Ensure a qualified driver is at the controls of the vehicle that is being towed.

d. Ensure that air brake pressure and power steering pressure are maintained by keeping the engine of the towed vehicle running.

e. The vehicle may be towed using the recovery points. (see Fig. 35 on page 44)

f. Use a rigid towing bar if at all possible.

g. Ensure that the hazard warning lights of both vehicles are switched on. At night make sure that

the

sidelights.

towed

vehicle

is

showing

illuminated

h. Ensure that the ignition key of the towed vehicle is in the column lock and starter switch and that the key is in the “ACC” position, to ensure that the steering wheel is unlocked.

i. Tow at a slow steady pace – no greater than

20km/h

j. If it is not possible to run the engine whilst towing or if there is a fault with the brake or steering systems then a suspended tow or full recovery on a transporter must be considered.

2. Long Distance Recovery

a transporter must be considered. 2. Long Distance Recovery WARNING - Do not tow a vehicle

WARNING - Do not tow a vehicle any long distance (over 10 km) without taking the precautions listed below.

a. If recovery or towing is required for any distance over 10 km, the tow must be a suspended tow or the vehicle transported on the rear of a platform vehicle.

Page 52

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Emergency Procedures

b. Recovery points (see Fig. 35 on page 44) are not suitable for a suspended tow – use recovery arms and blocks under the chassis rails and securely fasten the vehicle.

c. For a suspended tow, remove the half shafts of the axle which remains in contact with the road.

d. Be careful to chock the towed vehicle when stationary as by removing the half shafts you are also disconnecting the park brake from the wheels.

Page 53

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Maintenance Procedures
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Maintenance Procedures
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Maintenance Procedures
NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Maintenance Procedures

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Maintenance Procedures

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Maintenance Procedures

General

It is very important that the vehicle is regularly serviced, as detailed in the Maintenance Schedule given on the following pages. Regular maintenance will aid:

Good fuel economy

Long vehicle life

Reliability

Safety

Warranty coverage

Driving enjoyment

Your OKA vehicle should be serviced by an authorised OKA dealer or service agent.

Refer to the Service Booklet for a list of the nearest authorised dealer or service agent.

Many of the maintenance procedures can be carried out by a person with some mechanical ability. These owner “do-it-yourself” maintenance procedures are detailed after the maintenance schedules.

Note – Items marked ** require more frequent servicing when operating in severe conditions.

Page 54

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Maintenance Procedures

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Maintenance Procedures

Maintenance Schedule

First

A

B

C

Type of service

Key to operations

 

every

every

every

Distance based

R

= Renew or replace

1000

20000

40000

80000

km

km

km

km

I

= Inspect, possibly change, adjust or top up

         
 

every

every

every

Operating time based

 

20

400

800

1600

L

= Lubricate

hours

hours

hours

hours

       

Cummins Engine

 

I

I

I

Drive belt condition / tension (should always be taught due to auto tensioner)

     

R

Drive belt - replace

 

R

R

R

Engine oil - replace

 

R

R

R

Engine oil filter - replace

   

I

I

Air compressor carbon build-up

 
   

I

I

Air compressor mounting - maintenance

 

I I

 

I

I

Check for leaks from engine

 
 

I

I

I

Engine mounts – check for security and damage

 

I

I

I

Accelerator – check operation

 
 

I

I

I

Engine bay insulation – check condition and security

 

I

I

I

Engine shut-off – check operation

 
       

Fuel System

I I

 

I

I

Fuel system – check for leak / condition

 

R

R

R

Fuel filter element - replace

 

I

I

I

Fuel water separator – inspect and drain water separator bowl. If an excessive amount of water is present, fuel tank may need draining. Clean bowl as required.

 

I

I

I

Breather hose – check condition and security

Page 55

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Maintenance Procedures

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Maintenance Procedures

First

A

B

C

Type of service

Key to operations

 

every

every

every

Distance based

R

= Renew or replace

1000

20000

40000

80000

km

km

km

km

I

= Inspect, possibly change, adjust or top up

         
 

every

every

every

Operating time based

 

20

400

800

1600

L

= Lubricate

hours

hours

hours

hours

       

Cooling System

   

I I

 

Fan - check viscous hub operation

 
   

I I

 

Fan - check clearance of fan blade tips to cowling

I I

 

I I

 

Radiator hoses – check for leaks and condition

I I

 

I I

 

Radiator – check for leaks

I I

 

I

I

Water pump – check for leaks

 
 

I

I

I

Radiator core – check if fins are clear and check for damage ++

   

I

I

Surge tank cap – check condition

 
 

I

I

I

Coolant – check level and top-up if required

   

R

R

Coolant – flush system and refill with recommended coolant

Or annually

       

Air Intake

 

I

I

I

Air filter element – check and clean ++

 
 

R

R

R

Air filter element – replace

 

I

I

I

Air intake tubing and intercooler – check for leaks

 

I

I

I

Air filter dump (dust) valve – check ++

 
 

I

I

I

Intercooler – check if fins are clear and check for damage ++

Page 56

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Maintenance Procedures

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Maintenance Procedures

First

A

B

C

Type of service

Key to operations

 

every

every

every

Distance based

R

= Renew or replace

1000

20000

40000

80000

km

km

km

km

I

= Inspect, possibly change, adjust or top up

         
 

every

every

every

Operating time based

 

20

400

800

1600

L

= Lubricate

hours

hours

hours

hours

       

SCR / AdBlue (Urea) System

 

I

I

I

I

Check for leaks

 

R

R

R

In-line air filter to dosing pump - replace

 
       

Drive shafts

 

L

L

L

Grease drive shaft slides ++

 
 

L

L

L

Grease drive shaft universal joints (grease nipples) ++

       

Brakes

 

I

I

I

Brake fluid- check level and top up if required

 

I

I

I

Brake pads front and rear – check for wear, replace if required ++

 

I

I

I

Brake callipers – check for leaks, condition of slides and any damage ++

 

I

I

I

Brake lines – check condition and damage ++

 

I

I

I

Brake rotors (discs) – check for undue wear, skim / replace if required

 

I

I

I

Parkbrake – check operation and adjust if required

 

L

L

L

Parkbrake - lubricate pivot on actuator arm

     

I

Parkbrake – check drum and shoes

 
 

I

I

I

Brake pedal – check rubber pad is in good condition and that pedal operates correctly

 

I

I

I

Air compressor – check operation

 
   

R

R

Air dryer cartridge - replace

Page 57

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Maintenance Procedures

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Maintenance Procedures

First

 

A

B

 

C

   
 

every

every

every

Distance based

R

= Renew or replace

1000

20000

40000

80000

km

 

km

km

 

km

I

= Inspect, possibly change, adjust or top up

         
 

every

every

every

Operating time based

 

20

400

800

1600

L

= Lubricate

hours

hours

hours

hours

       

Steering

   

I

I

 

I

Hydraulic oil level – check and top-up if required

R

 

R

 

R

Hydraulic oil and filter - replace

 
 

I

/ L

I / L

I

/ L

Grease tie-rod ball-joint ends (if greasable type) check for wear ++

   

I / L

I / L

 

I / L

Grease drag-link ball-joint ends (if greasable type) check for wear ++

   

I / L

I / L

 

I / L

King pins (upper and lower) grease and check for wear++

   

I

I

 

I

Steering wheel – check it is centralised and indicators cancel properly

   

I

I

 

I

Steering – check steering column universal joint clamps upper and lower++

   

I

I

 

I

Steering system – check operation and that the axle stops are tightened properly

   

I

I

 

I

Steering damper - check operation and condition (see note A)

       

Drive shafts

L

 

L

L

 

L

Grease drive shaft slides

L

 

L

L

 

L

Grease drive shaft universal joints (grease nipples)

       

Automatic Transmission

       

I

Check oil level, top-up if required, check for water ingress ++

I / R

   

I

/ R

Replace filter (top up oil) and check for water ingress ++ (for Note A severe conditions interval is

40000km)

       

R

Replace oil ++ (for Note A severe conditions interval is 40000km)

   

I

I

 

I

Breather hose – check condition and security

       

Transmission support mounts – check for security ++

Page 58

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Maintenance Procedures

NT24 (EURO4/5) Operator’s Manual Maintenance Procedures

First

A

B

C

Type of service

Key to operations

 

every

every

every

Distance based

R

= Renew or replace

1000

20000

40000

80000

km

km

km

km

I

= Inspect, possibly change, adjust or top up

         
 

every

every

every

Operating time based

 

20

400

800

1600

L

= Lubricate

hours

hours

hours

hours

       

Manual Transmission

 

I I

 

I

Check oil level, top-up if required, check for water ingress ++

R

 

R

R

Replace oil ++