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A: Answer all questions.

1. Table 1 shows the protons numbers of sodium, magnesium and oxygen.

Elements Proton number

Sodium 11
Magnesium 12
Oxygen 8

Write the electron configurations of:


(a) Magnesium:______________________________________________________

(b) The ion of oxygen:__________________________________________________

2. Sodium and magnesium react with oxygen to form compounds. Write the
formulae of the compounds formed.
(a) Sodium and oxygen:

(b) Magnesium and oxygen:

3. State two physical properties of the compounds that is formed between


sodium and oxygen.

(a)_________________________________________________________________

(b)_________________________________________________________________

4. Draw a diagram to shows the electronic structure of the compound formed


between magnesium and oxygen.
5. Magnesium and chlorine atoms reacts to form an ionic compounds. Diagram
1.1 shows magnesium chloride which is the compound that is formed form a
reaction between magnesium and chlorine.

Diagram 1.1

(a) How are the following ions formed?


(i) Magnesium ion:
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

(ii) Chloride ions:


_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

(iii) Explain the bond that is formed between these ions.


_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________
(iv) State why the electrical conductivity of this compound is different
in the solid state compared to the molten state.
(a) Solid state:
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
(b) Molten state:
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

6. Diagram 1.2 shows the electron configurations of element P and element Q.


The letters used are not actual symbols of the elements.

P = 2.4
Q = 2.8.7
Diagram 1.2

(a) State two physical properties of a compound that is formed from a


reaction between these two elements.
1._________________________________________________________________
2._________________________________________________________________

(b) Draw a diagram to show the electronic structure of the compound, PQ 4.

7. Table 2 shows the formulae of some compounds that are formed by the
combination of elements in different groups of the Periodic Table.

Positive ion Negative ion Formula of compound


Group 1 (M) Group 17 ( X ) MX
Group 2 (N) Group 17 ( X )
Group 1 (M) Group 16 ( Y )
Table 2
(a) Complete Table 2 by writing the formulae of the compounds.
(b) State type of bond that exists in the compound, MX.
_____________________________________________________________________
(c) Explain how the bond is formed between an elements in Group 1 and
an elements in Group 17.
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________

8. Table 3 shows some physical properties of three compounds, X, Y and Z.

Compoun Melting point Solubility in


Electrical conductivity
d / oC water
Does not conduct
X 80 Insoluble
electricity
Y 801 Conducts electricity Soluble
Does not conduct
Z -117 Soluble
electricity
Table 3
(i) What types of compounds are X and Y?

X:_________________________________________________________________

Y:_________________________________________________________________

(ii) Compare the force of attraction that exist in compound X and


compound Z.
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
(iii) Predict the electrical conductivity of compound Y at room
temperature.
__________________________________________________________________
(iv) Give the examples of compound X and compound Y.
X:________________________________________________________________

Y:________________________________________________________________