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CPC 100

Reference Manual

PRIMARY TEST SYSTEM

FOR SUBSTATION EQUIPMENT

COMMISSIONING AND MAINTENANCE

Accessories included
CPC 100 V1.4

Article Number VESD0600 - Manual Version: CPC100.AE.5


With regard to the functionality of the CPC 100 software,
the CPC Explorer and the CPC Editor, this manual refers to the version V 1.4.
OMICRON electronics 2005
This Reference Manual is a publication of OMICRON electronics GmbH.
All rights including translation reserved. Reproduction of any kind, e.g., photocopying, microfilming or
storage in electronic data processing systems, requires the explicit consent of OMICRON electronics.
Reprinting, wholly or in part, is not permitted.
This Reference Manual represents the technical status at the time of printing. The product information,
specifications, and all technical data contained within this Reference Manual are not contractually
binding. OMICRON electronics reserves the right to make changes at any time to the technology and/or
configuration without announcement. OMICRON electronics is not to be held liable for statements and
declarations given in this Reference Manual. The user is responsible for every application described in
this Reference Manual and its results. OMICRON electronics explicitly exonerates itself from all liability
for mistakes in this manual.
OMICRON electronics translates this manual from its source language English into a number of other
languages. Any translation of this manual is done for local requirements, and in the event of a dispute
between the English and any non-English versions, the English version of this manual shall govern.
Contents

Contents
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
About this Reference Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
Glossary of Symbols and Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Used Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Used Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Safety Instructions for CPC 100 and its Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
Principle Use According to Regulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
Orderly Measures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
Operator Qualifications and Primary Responsibilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
Safe Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
DC output to test objects with a high inductance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
High voltage and current outputs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
Changing Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11
CPC 100 in combination with CP TD1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
Designated Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
Functionality of CPC 100 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Functional Components of CPC 100 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Front Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
High Voltage and Current Outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
ePC Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Functional Components in Detail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
AC OUTPUT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
DC OUTPUT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
INPUT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
BIN IN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Safety Key Lock. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Warning lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10

i
CPC 100 V1.4

Emergency Stop Button. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10


Ext. Booster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
CPC 100 Block Diagram (Simplified). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Built-in ePC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
How to Use the CPC 100 Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
The principles of test cards and test procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
Starting the Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19
View Selector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
Accelerator Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
Test Card View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
Inserting Test Cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22
Setting Up a Test Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24
Settings Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-27
Starting a Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-28
Temperature Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-29
Test Procedure Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-30
File Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-31
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32
Device Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32
Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-36
Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-37
Date / Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-37
Regional Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-38
System Info . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-40
Creating Defaults and Templates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-41
Test Card Default . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-41
Test Procedure Default . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-42
Test Procedure Templates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-44
Putting CPC 100 into Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-45
Safety Aspects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-45
Preparations in Substation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-45
Principle Steps to Carry Out a Test with CPC 100 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-46

Getting Started with Quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3

ii
Contents

About Quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1


Measurement Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
The Frequency-Selective Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
Power Output Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Trigger Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-11

Current Transformer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Scope of Current Transformer Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
CT Ratio (and Burden). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
Testing Ratio, Polarity (and Burden) with Injection to Current Input. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
Test settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
Three methods to determine I sec. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Measurements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
The option "Measure burden" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Automatic Test vs. Manual Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Testing Ratio, Polarity (and Burden) with a Current Clamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
CT Burden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11
Test settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Automatic Test vs. Manual Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-13
CT Excitation (Kneepoint) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
Test Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-16
Automatic Test vs. Manual Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17
Demagnetization. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-19
Winding Resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20
Test settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-22
Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-23
The Option "Temperature Compensation for Cu" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
Voltage Withstand Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-25
Test Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-26
Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-27
Polarity Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-28
Test Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-30

iii
CPC 100 V1.4

Carrying Out the Polarity Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-31


Customizing Test Point Names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-32
CT RatioV (with Voltage) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
Test settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-34
Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
Automatic Test vs. Manual Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-36
CT Rogowski (Ratio) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-38
Test Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-39
Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-40
Automatic Test vs. Manual Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-41
CT Low Power (Ratio) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-43
Test Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-44
Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-45
Automatic Test vs. Manual Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-46
TanDelta . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-48

Voltage Transformer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Scope of Voltage Transformer Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
VT Ratio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Test Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Automatic Test vs. Manual Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
VT Burden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Test Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
Automatic Test vs. Manual Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
Voltage Withstand Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-13
Test Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-14
Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-15
Polarity Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-16
Test Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-18
Carrying Out the Polarity Check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-19

iv
Contents

Customizing Test Point Names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-20


VT Electronics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-21
Test Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-22
Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-23
Automatic Test vs. Manual Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-24
TanDelta . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-26

Transformer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Scope of Transformer Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
TRRatio (per Tap) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
Test Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7
Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-10
Carrying Out a TR Ratio Test (per Tap) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
Winding Resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-13
Test settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-15
Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-16
The Option "Temperature Compensation for Cu" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-17
TRTapCheck (for OLTC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-18
Test settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-20
Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-21
Examples using the TRTapCheck test card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-22
Measuring the winding resistance of the taps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-22
Tap changer test and measuring the winding resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-23
Voltage Withstand Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-25
Test Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-26
Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-27
TanDelta . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-28

Resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
Scope of Resistance Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
Resistance - Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Test Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5
Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-6

v
CPC 100 V1.4

Automatic Test vs. Manual Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-6


Winding Resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-9
Test settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-11
Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-12
The Option "Temperature Compensation for Cu" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-13
RGround . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-14
Test settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-20
Measurements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-20
Voltage Withstand Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-21
Test Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-22
Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-23

Others . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Scope of Others. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2
Sequencer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-3
Defining a Sequence of States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
Testing an Overcurrent Relay with ARC Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-11
Measuring a CT Ratio at Different Current Magnitudes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-14
Generating an Intermittent High Current Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-16
Ramping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-18
Defining a Ramp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-19
Example of a series of ramps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-23
Testing PickUp/DropOff Value of an Overcurrent Relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-27
Amplifier. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-29
Starting a high current output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-30
Amplifier Use Case: GPS-Synchronized 3-Phase System for End-To-End Testing . . . . 8-31
Comment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-33
Form Editor - Text Editor: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-34
TanDelta . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-36

File Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
The CPC 100 File System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1
Navigating Through the File System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-2

vi
Contents

The Menus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-2


Main File Operations menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-2
Submenu File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-3
Submenu Edit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-3

Common Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10


Test Assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-2
The String Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-3
The Template Strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-4

CPC 100 in a Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11


General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-2
Setting the Communication Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-3
CPC 100 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-3
DHCP/Auto-IP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-3
Static IP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-3
IP address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-4
Subnet mask . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-4
Default gateway. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-4
DNS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-4
PC or Notebook . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-5
Troubleshooting in case of communication problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-5
Firewall and anti-virus software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-7
DHCP allocator service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-7
Setup for Windows 95 & NT 4.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-8

CPC Explorer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12


General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-2
Installation of the CPC Explorer Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-2
Computer Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-2
Minimum Computer Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-2
Recommended Computer Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-2
Installing CPC Explorer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-3
Using CPC Explorer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-4
Starting CPC Explorer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-5

vii
CPC 100 V1.4

Finding Connected CPC 100 Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-6


Viewing Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-6
Viewing test reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-6
Viewing the log file. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-11
Viewing the license file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-11
Transferring Files and Folders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-12
Downloading files from CPC 100 to your PC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-12
Uploading files from your PC to CPC 100 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-12
Upgrading the CPC 100 Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-13
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-15
Saving a Test to PDF Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-16
PDF Generators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-16

CPC Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13


General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-1
Installation of the CPC Editor Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-2
Computer Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-2
Minimum Computer Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-2
Recommended Computer Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-2
Installing CPC Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-3
Working with CPC Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-4
Appending a Test Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-5
Inserting a Test Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-6
Inserting from File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-6
Copying a Test Card. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-7
Renaming a Test Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-8
Saving a Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-8
Saving a Test as Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-8
Deleting a Test Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-9
Preparing a Test Offline with a PC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-10

Excel CPC 100 File Loader . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14


General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14-1
Installation of the Excel CPC 100 File Loader Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14-1

viii
Contents

Computer Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14-1


Installing Excel CPC 100 File Loader . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14-1
Working with Excel CPC 100 File Loader . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14-2
Template Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14-3

Technical Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15


General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-2
Power Supply. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-4
CPC 100 Outputs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-5
High Current and Voltage Outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-5
800A AC output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-5
400A DC output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-7
2kV AC output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-8
Outputs on CPC 100 Front Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-14
6A / 130V AC output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-14
6A DC current output. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-17
Output "Ext. Booster" (option). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-18
Output to Input Synchronization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-19
CPC 100 Inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-20
Binary Input BIN IN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-20
10A IAC/DC input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-21
300V V1 AC input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-22
3V V2 AC input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-24
10V V DC input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-26
CPC 100 Combined Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-27
Resistance measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-27
ePC Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-28
RJ 45 Ethernet Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-28
RS 232 Serial Interface Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-29
Connector for External Safety Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-30
Environmental Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-31
Climate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-31
Shock and vibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-31

ix
CPC 100 V1.4

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-32


Safety Standards, CE Conformity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-33
Weight and Dimension. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-33

Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Test Cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-2
Earth Resistance Accessory Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-3
Current Booster CP CB2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-4
Technical Data of CP CB2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-5
Operation Modes of CP CB2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-6
Ordering Information for CP CB2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-8
Polarity Checker CPOL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-9
Technical Data of CPOL. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-10
Ordering Information for CPOL. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-10
Changing the Batteries in CPOL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-11
Current Clamp C-Probe 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-13
Ordering Information for C-Probe 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-13
CP SA1 Discharge Box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-14
Ordering Information for CP SA1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-14
Reference Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-15
Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-15
Clamps. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-16
Plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-16
Assembly Instructions for Odu MINI-SNAP Plug . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-17

Contact Information / Technical Support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17

Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18

x
Preface

Preface
Contents of this section
About this Reference Manual.......................................................... page 1-1
Glossary of Symbols and Terms ..................................................... page 1-2
Safety Instructions for CPC 100 and its Accessories...................... page 1-5
Principle Use According to Regulations ..................................... page 1-5
Orderly Measures ...................................................................... page 1-5
Operator Qualifications and Primary Responsibilities ................ page 1-6
Safe Operation ........................................................................... page 1-6
Power Supply........................................................................ page 1-6
General ................................................................................. page 1-7
DC output to test objects with a high inductance .................. page 1-9
High voltage and current outputs .......................................... page 1-9
Changing Fuses....................................................................... page 1-11
Designated Use............................................................................. page 1-13
Functionality of CPC 100 .............................................................. page 1-13

About this Reference Manual


The purpose of this Reference Manual is to familiarize users with CPC 100 and
its various application fields. It contains helpful instructions on how to use
CPC 100 safely, properly, and efficiently.
Following these instructions will help you to prevent danger, repair costs and
possible down time due to incorrect operation. Furthermore it ensures the
reliability and life-cycle of CPC 100.

 CPC 100 must be used in observance of all existing safety requirements from
national standards for accident prevention and environmental protection.
Reading the CPC 100 manual alone does not release the user from the duty of
complying with all national and international safety regulations relevant for
working with CPC 100, e.g., the regulation EN50191 "Erection and Operation of
Electrical Test Equipment.

1-1
CPC 100 V1.4

The Reference Manual always has to be available at the site where CPC 100 is
used.
It should be read and used by all people working with CPC 100.
In addition to the Reference Manual and the applicable regulations for accident
prevention in the country and at the site of operation, the accepted technical
procedures for safe and competent work should be heeded.

Glossary of Symbols and Terms


This manual uses different symbols to highlight text passages of special safety
and/or operational relevance. These symbols are listed in the following section.
In addition, the glossary lists a number of terms that are frequently used
throughout this manual.

Used Symbols

 Note
Indicates notes with special meaning, i.e., additional important
information.

Caution
Indicates sections with special safety-relevant meaning.

Electrical Danger - Caution


Emphasizes actions or instructions that hold potential risk to
health and life. To be carried out by authorized personnel with
extreme caution and full awareness of the safety regulations
only.

Reference Information
Indicates an important cross-reference.

Glossary The arrow symbol followed by "Glossary" means that the


preceding term is explained in the manuals glossary.

1-2
Preface

Used Terms
Booster Amplifier; for example the CPCB2 current booster option for
output currents of up to 2000 A.
Combo Component of the software UI ( Glossary). Technical term for
box the dialog box option that is a text box with an attached list box,
e.g., a measurement table.
DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol; used to connect CPC 100
to a PC network (refer to CPC 100 in a Network in chapter 11).
ePC embedded Personal Computer, i.e., fully-functional PC with
processor, RAM, interfaces, operating system etc. that is
embedded into CPC 100. An ePC, however, does not contain
certain features that characterize a PC, such as floppy disk or
CD-ROM drive, a hard disk drive or a sound card.
Ethernet One of the most popular network connection standards
(IEEE 802.3), based on the CSMA/CD (Carrier Sense Multiple
Access with Collision Detection) model. See also NIC...
fs fs = full scale; used for determining the error value of a
measurement range (for an example refer to General on page
15-2).
Focus The term "focus" designates the currently selected (active) part of
the software user interface: "the focus is on...", i.e., the selected
UI part is highlighted or inverted.
IP address IP = Internet Protocol address; used to connect CPC 100 to a PC
network (refer to CPC 100 in a Network in chapter 11).
LCD LCD = Liquid Cristal Display. CPC 100s built-in PC monitor is a
LCD monitor.
NIC Network Interface Card; built-in board that serves as the interface
between a device (PC, notebook, CPC 100) and the "outside
world" (PC, network hub, Internet).
The NICs used to interface with
CPC 100 are Ethernet
boards with RJ45 connectors.

1-3
CPC 100 V1.4

Typical Ethernet network


interface card with BNC and
RJ45 connectors.

Typical PCMCIA Ethernet


network interface card for
notebooks with BNC and RJ45
connectors.

Offline not connected to CPC 100, e.g., "offline test preparation" means:
preparing a test with a PC using CPC Explorer and CPC Editor.
PC Card PCMCIA network interface card. See also NIC...
Press The term "press" in the context of working with the CPC 100
software (e.g., press the I N S E R T C A R D key) means:
a) pressing a menu or an accelerator key
b) or setting the focus ( Glossary) onto a UI ( Glossary)
element by navigating to it with the handwheel, and
pressing the handwheel to execute the E N T E R function.
Quantity The term "quantity" designates a physical unit, such as Volt (V) or
Ampere (A).
rd rd = reading; used for determining the error value of a
measurement range (for an example refer to General on page
15-2).
sel Abbreviation for "frequency-selective measurement".
Refer to page 3-6.
Test object The object to be tested by CPC 100, e.g., a current or voltage
transformer.
Trigger A trigger is an "initiator". In this case it is an electrical signal, e.g.,
at CPC 100s binary input, whose occurrence causes direct
follow-up actions, such as switching off the output signals.
User Operational surface of a software. A user interface contains all
interface control elements necessary to work with the software, such as
(UI) data entry fields for the direct input of numerical values, combo
boxes to select from predefined entities, radio or check boxes to
enable/disable certain options, display elements of various kinds,
icons and buttons to start certain commands, etc.

1-4
Preface

Safety Instructions for CPC 100 and its


Accessories
Before operating CPC 100, please carefully read the following safety
instructions. It is not recommended that CPC 100 be used (or even turned on)
without understanding the information in this manual. If some points of the safety
instructions are unclear, please contact OMICRON electronics.

Principle Use According to Regulations


CPC 100 should only be used in a safe manner, mindful of the dangers while
paying attention to the Reference Manual, and when it is in a technically
sound condition and when its use is in accordance with the regulations. In
particular, avoid disruptions that could in turn affect safety.

DANGER! If you have a cardiac pacemaker, do not use CPC 100! Before operating
CPC 100, make sure there is no person with a cardiac pacemaker in the
immediate vicinity.
CPC 100 is exclusively intended for the application fields specified in detail
in Designated Use on page 1-13.
Any other use is deemed not to be according to the regulations. The
manufacturer/distributor is not liable for damage resulting from improper
usage. The user alone assumes all responsibility and risk.
Following the instructions provided in this Reference Manual is also
considered part of being in accordance with the regulations.
Do not open the CPC 100 housing.

Orderly Measures
The Reference Manual, or alternatively the e-book in PDF format, should
always be available on the site where CPC 100 is being used.
Personnel assigned to use CPC 100 should carefully read the Reference
Manual - in particular this section on safety instructions - before beginning to
work with it. On principle this also applies to personnel who only occasionally
work with CPC 100.
Do not undertake any modifications, extensions, or adaptations to CPC 100.
Use CPC 100 in conjunction with original accessories only.

1-5
CPC 100 V1.4

Operator Qualifications and Primary Responsibilities


Testing with CPC 100 should only be carried out by authorized and qualified
personnel. Clearly establish the responsibilities!
Personnel receiving training, instruction, direction, or education on CPC 100
should remain under the constant supervision of an experienced operator
while working with the equipment.

Safe Operation
When setting CPC 100 into operation, follow the instructions in Putting CPC
100 into Operation on page 2-45.

DANGER! If you have a cardiac pacemaker, do not use CPC 100! Before operating
CPC 100, make sure there is no person with a cardiac pacemaker in the
immediate vicinity.

 Never use CPC 100 without a solid connection to ground with at least 6mm.
Use a ground point as close as possible to the test object.

Power Supply
Supply CPC 100 only from a power outlet that has protective earth (PE).
An error message (313) appears if either the PE connection is defective or
the power supply has no galvanic connection to ground. In this case, make
sure that the PE connection is intact. If the PE connection is intact and the
error message still appears, select the "Disable ground check" check box at
the Device Setup tab in the Options view (see Device Setup on page 2-
32).
Ground the isolating transformer outputs on the N (neutral) output or select
the "Disable ground check" check box as described above.
Instead of supplying CPC 100 from phase - neutral (L1-N, A-N), it may also
be supplied from phase - phase (e.g., L1-L2; A-B). However, the voltage
must not exceed 240V AC.
Fuse-protect the power supply (16A slow-acting fuse).
Do not use an extension cable on a cable reel to prevent an overheating of
the cord; run out the extension cord.
Keep extension cables as short as possible to prevent power loss.

1-6
Preface

If the power supply is 190V AC, CPC 100 cannot provide the full output
power at the 800A AC output.
The same applies when an external current booster is used. Therefore, in
order to gain the full output power, provide a sufficient power supply
(190V ... 240V AC).
Caution: The connector "Ext. Booster" is always galvanically connected to
mains, regardless whether or not an external booster is selected on
the software tab Options | Device Setup, the green warning
warning light (0) is on, the outputs are turned off or the Emergency
Stop button is pressed.
Handle with extreme caution. Do not use any other booster cables
than the ones supplied by OMICRON.

General
Before connecting or disconnecting test objects and/or cables, turn off
CPC 100 by either the POWER ON/OFF switch or the Emergency Stop
button. Never connect or disconnect a test object while the outputs are
active.
Note: Even if you switched off CPC 100, wait until the red I/O warning
light is fully extinguished.
As long as this warning light is lit, there is still voltage and/or current
potential on one or more of the outputs.
Make sure that a test objects terminals that are to be connected to CPC 100
do not carry any voltage potential. During a test, the only power source for a
test object may be CPC 100.
At their output sockets and especially in the cables connected to them, in
operation the high current outputs 400A DC and 800A AC generate a
significant amount of heat (approx. 300W/m at 800A). To prevent burns, use
gloves when touching the cables while in operation or a short while after.
Do not insert objects (e.g., screwdrivers, etc.) into any input/output socket.
Never use the test cards Quick and Resistance to measure the resistance
of windings with a high inductance because turning off the DC source results
in life-threatening voltage levels.
For this kind of measurement only use the special winding resistance test
card RWinding!

1-7
CPC 100 V1.4

When measuring the ratio of voltage and power transformers make sure that
the test voltage is connected to the corresponding primary winding, and the
voltage of the secondary winding is the one that is measured. Accidentally
mixing up the windings can generate life-threatening voltages within the
transformer.
For example: feeding a voltage of 100V/ 3 to the secondary winding of a
voltage transformer that has a ratio of 400000V/ 3 : 100V/ 3, induces a
voltage of 400000V/ 3 in the transformers primary winding.
Make sure that when testing a current transformer by feeding a test current
into its primary winding, all secondary windings are shorted. On open
secondary windings, life-threatening voltages can be induced!

1-8
Preface

DC output to test objects with a high inductance


Use the RWinding (winding resistance) and TRTapCheck (tap changer
winding resistance and on-load tap changer interruption check) test cards only.
As long as the CPC 100 software shows the on-screen message "Switch off in
progress", NEVER connect or disconnect test objects and/or cables.
The message "Switch off in progress" notifies you
that, after CPC 100 was switched off, the
connected external inductance (i.e., the test
object) still "feeds" voltage potential back into the
6A DC or 400A DC output.
The existence of this voltage potential at the
6A DC output is also indicated by a lit LED - even
if CPC 100 is switched off.
The CP SA1 discharge box (see CP SA1 Discharge Box on page 16-14)
must be connected to the CPC 100s V DC input sockets when using the
400A DC output to protect yourself and CPC 100 from high-voltage
hazards.
If a test object with a big inductance was connected to CPC 100, short-out the
test object additionally before disconnecting it from CPC 100.

High voltage and current outputs


Use only one CPC 100 output at a time.
All AC and DC output sockets of CPC 100 can carry life-hazardous voltage
potential and provide life-hazardous currents. Therefore:
While connecting cables to the CPC 100 high voltage or current outputs,
or other conducting parts that are not protected against accidental
contact, press the Emergency Stop button, and keep it pressed as long
as an output signal is not absolutely necessary for the test.
When connecting to the front panel input/output sockets, use wires with
either 4 mm safety "banana" connectors and plastic housing or, where
applicable, with the especially manufactured counterpart supplied by
OMICRON electronics (e.g., for the V2 AC measuring input).
For the high voltage and current output connectors on the left-hand side
of the test set (2kV AC, 400A DC and 800A AC, ext. Booster), only use
the specially manufactured cables supplied by OMICRON electronics
(refer to Cables on page 16-15).

1-9
CPC 100 V1.4

One end of the high voltage cable has a coaxial safety plug that is certified
for a voltage level of 2kV AC. The other end is equipped with a safety
banana plug that is insulated with a shrink tube.
When CPC 100 is switched on consider this part of the cable a
hazard of electric shock!
If you do not use the high current outputs 400A DC or 800A AC, or the
high voltage output 2kV AC, disconnect any cable that may be plugged in
to these sockets.
The 400A DC or 800A AC outputs are not switched off by internal
relays. Therefore, if a test mode is selected that does not use either
one of these two outputs, they still generate current.
Do not stand right next to or directly underneath a connection point
because the clamps may fall off and touch you.
This is a physical and an electrical hazard.
The red warning light on the CPC 100 front panel indicates hazardous
voltage and/or current levels at the CPC 100 outputs (red light "I" on or
flashing). The green warning light indicates that the CPC 100 outputs are
not activated.
Note: If none or both warning lights are on, the unit is defective and
must not be used anymore.

Both of the high current output sockets on the left-hand side of the test set
(400A DC and 800A AC) usually carry a relatively low voltage potential.
However, in case of an internal insulation fault these outputs may
carry up to 300V. Consider these outputs life-hazardous!
Always insert connectors completely.

 The counterpart of the high current sockets are


locking connectors.
To lock these connectors safely, insert them carefully
until you feel a "click" position. Now they are locked.
Confirm this by trying to pull them out. This should not
be possible now.
To remove the locking connectors again, unlock them
by pushing them in first, and then pull them out.
The high current cables for both the 800A AC and 400A DC outputs are
equipped with connection clamps at one end. If these connection clamps
are attached to a test objects terminal that is situated above your head,
make sure the clamp is securely attached. Due to the weight of the cables
the clamp may become loose and fall down.

1 - 10
Preface

Do not operate CPC 100 under ambient conditions that exceed the
temperature and humidity limits listed at Technical Data on page 15-1.
Do not operate CPC 100 in the presence of explosives, gas or vapors.
Opening CPC 100 invalidates all warranty claims.
If CPC 100 or any add-on device or accessory does not seem to function
properly, do not use it anymore. Please call the OMICRON hotline.

FOR YOUR OWN SAFETY


Always follow the 5 safety rules:
1. Insulate
2. Secure to prevent reconnecting
3. Check isolation
4. Earth and short-circuit
5. Cover or shield neighboring live parts

Changing Fuses
Turn off CPC 100, unplug the power cord and/or press the Emergency Stop
button.
We recommend to wait for about 30 seconds. This time is necessary for the
internal electrolytic capacitors to fully discharge.
Ground the test object, and disconnect it from CPC 100. By disconnecting it
you prevent a possibly faulty test object feeding power back into CPC 100.
Locate the blown fuse on the front panel of CPC 100, and replace it:
6.3A T (6.3 Amps slow-acting wire fuse 5x20mm) for AC OUTPUT in 6A
operation mode1 or for DC OUTPUT.
3.15A T (3.15 Amps slow-acting wire fuse 5x20mm) for AC OUTPUT in
130V operation mode.
10A FF (10 Amps very-quick-acting wire fuse 5x20mm) for measuring
inputs.

Note: Replace with identical fuse type only.

1. For detailed information about the difference between the 6A and the 130V operation mode refer
to Functional Components of CPC 100 on page 2-2.

1 - 11
CPC 100 V1.4

CPC 100 in combination with CP TD1


CP TD1 is an optionally available high precision test system for on-site insulation
tests of high voltage systems like power and measuring transformers, circuit
breakers, capacitors and isolators. CP TD1 works as an add-on device to
CPC 100 and is described at CP TD1 in chapter 9 of this manual.
On principle, the safety instructions that apply to CPC 100 and its accessories
also apply to CP TD1. However, CP TD1 requires some additional precautions
and measures. They are listed in the CP TD1 chapter on page CP TD1-1.

Different Symbols for PE


CPC 100 and CP TD1 use different symbols for protective earth (PE):

This is due to a new standard and does not symbolize any functional difference.
Note: Both symbols mean exactly the same, i.e., protective earth (PE) or
equipotential ground.

1 - 12
Preface

Designated Use
CPC 100, in conjunction with its accessories or as a stand-alone unit, is a multi-
purpose primary test set for commissioning and maintaining substation
equipment. It performs current transformer (CT), voltage transformer (VT) and
power transformer (TR) tests. Furthermore it is used for contact and winding
resistance testing, polarity checks as well as primary and secondary protection
relay testing.
The various, partly automated tests are defined and parameterized via the front
panel control of a built-in ePC ( Glossary).

Functionality of CPC 100


Current transformer (CT)
testing ratio, polarity (and burden) with injection to current input
testing ratio, polarity (and burden) with a current clamp
testing secondary burden
measuring the excitation curve
measuring winding resistance
dielectric withstand voltage test (2kV AC)
polarity check
testing ratio and polarity by measuring the voltage ratio
testing ratio and polarity of a Rogowski coil
testing ratio and polarity of low power current transformer
Voltage transformer (VT)
testing ratio and polarity
testing secondary burden
dielectric withstand voltage test (2kV AC)
polarity check
testing ratio & polarity of non-conventional electronic voltage transformers

1 - 13
CPC 100 V1.4

Power transformer testing (TR)


ratio and polarity / tap changer test
measuring winding resistance
testing tap changer contacts
dielectric withstand voltage test (2kV AC)
Resistance testing
measuring contact resistance ()
measuring winding resistance ( - k)
measuring earth resistance ( - k)
dielectric withstand voltage test (2kV AC)
Other applications
Ramping, a pogrammable ramping generator and determination of
thresholds
Sequencer for automatic testing with different states in real time
Comment card to hold a user-defined comment and/or note regarding the
actual test procedure.
When using the Amplifier test card, an input signal fed into a
synchronization input drives the high current outputs magnitude,
frequency and phase angle.
Insulation tests (TanDelta)
CP TD1 for on-site insulation tests of high voltage systems like power and
measuring transformers, circuit breakers, capacitors and isolators.
Automated testing of each application via front panel control
Automatic report generation: test results are automatically recorded and
saved together with the test card
CPC 100 can be connected to an external PC via an Ethernet connection.
This way, test reports, for example, can be loaded onto this PC and
customized in standard applications.
CPC 100 provides a "dead man" function, i.e., the possibility to install an
additional push-button that stops remote operation if released (refer to ePC
Interfaces on page 2-4).

 Any other use of CPC 100 but the one mentioned above is considered improper
use, and will not only invalidate all customer warranty claims but also exempt the
manufacturer from its liability to recourse.

1 - 14
Introduction

Introduction
Contents of this section
Functional Components of CPC 100............................................... page 2-2
Front Panel ................................................................................ page 2-2
High Voltage and Current Outputs............................................. page 2-3
ePC Interfaces ........................................................................... page 2-4
Functional Components in Detail ............................................... page 2-5
CPC 100 Block Diagram (Simplified) ............................................ page 2-12
Built-in ePC ................................................................................... page 2-13
How to Use the CPC 100 Software............................................... page 2-16
The principles of test cards and test procedures ..................... page 2-16
Starting the Software ............................................................... page 2-19
View Selector ........................................................................... page 2-20
Accelerator Keys ...................................................................... page 2-21
Test Card View ........................................................................ page 2-21
Inserting Test Cards............................................................ page 2-22
Setting Up a Test Card ....................................................... page 2-24
Settings Page...................................................................... page 2-27
Starting a Test..................................................................... page 2-28
Temperature Monitoring...................................................... page 2-29
Test Procedure Overview ........................................................ page 2-30
File Operations......................................................................... page 2-31
Options..................................................................................... page 2-32
Creating Defaults and Templates ............................................ page 2-41
Putting CPC 100 into Operation.................................................... page 2-45
Principle Steps to Carry Out a Test with CPC 100 .................. page 2-46

2-1
CPC 100 V1.4

Functional Components of CPC 100


Figure 1: Front Panel
CPC 100 front view
AC OUTPUT I/0
Fuse-protected 6A or 130V output Warning lights that indicate either a safe operation,
i.e., no voltage at the CPC 100 outputs (green light
Fuses for 6A AC and 6A DC "0" on), or an operation with possibly hazardous
outputs voltage and/or current levels at the CPC 100
outputs (red light "I" flashing).

BIN IN
Binary trigger input
Built-in ePC
Built-in ePC with front-panel control
INPUT Safety We recommend not to use more than 15 test cards
Measuring inputs key lock or 50 test results in one test procedure.

DC OUTPUT Emergency Soft-touch Navigation Test


6A DC output stop button keyboard elements Start /Stop

2-2
Introduction

High Voltage and Current Outputs


When CPC 100 outputs high current, please observe the allowed duty cycles
that may apply to the selected AC output range. For more information please
refer to CPC 100 Outputs on page 15-5.
Figure 2:
High voltage and
current outputs on left- Grounding 400A DC
hand side of CPC 100 terminal (4-4.5V DC)
High DC current output

800A AC
2kV AC
(6.1-6.5V AC)
High voltage
output High AC current
output

Ext. Booster
e.g., for the
connection of the
CP CB2 current
booster option for
output currents of
up to 2000A

Mains power supply, Automatic circuit POWER ON /OFF


1 phase, 85V-264V AC breaker I > 16A switch

Caution: The connector "Ext. Booster" is always galvanically connected to


mains, regardless whether or not an external booster is selected on
the software tab Options | Device Setup, the green warning
warning light (0) is on, the outputs are turned off or the Emergency
Stop button is pressed.
Handle with extreme caution!

2-3
CPC 100 V1.4

ePC Interfaces
Figure 3:
ePC interfaces on right-
hand side of CPC 100
RJ45 socket, connects CPC 100 to either a
PCs Ethernet network card or a notebooks PC
NIC ( Glossary)

RJ45 socket, connects CPC 100 to a PC


network hub

Serial interface connector to connect optional


test set CP TD1.

Connector for external safety functions (see item


3 below)

1. More about the RJ45 connectors in CPC 100 in a Network on page 11-1.
2. For the Pin assignment of the RS232 serial interface plug, please refer to
ePC Interfaces on page 15-28.
3. The connector for external safety functions provides the possibility to connect
an external Emergency Stop or "Dead Man" button
an external "test start/stop" push-button
external I/O warning lights.
The attached plug contains a jumper for the emergency stop or "dead man"
function, and as long as the plug is placed on the connector, these functions
are bridged. If the plug is removed, emergency stop is active.
For the plugs pin assignment and a wiring scheme, refer to Connector for
External Safety Functions on page 15-30.

2-4
Introduction

Functional Components in Detail

AC OUTPUT
Programmable AC current and voltage outputs.
Figure 4:
Functional group
AC OUTPUT

Lit LED indicates that


output is selected.

1. The front panel output 6A /130V operates as either a 0...6A AC or a


0...130V AC output. The output range and the actual values are set by the
software.
In current mode 0...6A, the maximum output voltage is 65V (390VA).
In voltage mode 0...130V, the maximum output current is 3A (390VA).
The 6.3A T (6.3 Amps slow-acting wire fuse 5x20mm) protects both the
AC OUTPUT in 6A current mode and the DC OUTPUT.
The 3.15A T (3.15 Amps slow-acting wire fuse 5x20mm) protects the
AC OUTPUT in 130V voltage mode and in the 3A AC current mode.
2. The 800A output sockets are situated at the left-hand side of CPC 100 as
shown on page 2-3.
They provide an AC current of 0...800A at a voltage of 6.1...6.5V. The actual
output power (4880VA max.) is range-dependent. For details refer to High
Current and Voltage Outputs on page 15-5.
The current that flows from this output is measured internally by CPC 100,
and displayed on the respective test card.
3. The 2kV output sockets are situated at the left-hand side of CPC 100 as
shown on page 2-3.

2-5
CPC 100 V1.4

They provide an output voltage of either


0 ... 0.5kV with a maximum current of 5A, or
0 ... 1kV with a maximum current of 2.5A, or
0 ... 2kV with a maximum current of 1.25A.
For details refer to High Current and Voltage Outputs on page 15-5.
Both the voltage of this output and the current that flows from this output are
measured internally by CPC 100, and displayed on the respective test card.
All outputs are overload and short-circuit proof and protected against external
high voltage signals as well as over-temperature.
Note: The length of time a high current or a voltage can be applied may be
limited due to a high temperature occurrence of the internal
transformer windings and/or heat dissipaters. This high temperature
occurrence may even be increased if CPC 100 is operated in a hot
environment or is exposed to direct sunlight.
It is highly recommended not to exceed the typical duration time tmax
specified for each current and voltage output (refer to CPC 100
Outputs on page 15-5). If you do, and CPC 100 develops too high of
an internal temperature, the outputs are shut off automatically.

2-6
Introduction

DC OUTPUT
Programmable DC current output.
Figure 5:
Functional group
DC OUTPUT

LED indicates that


output is selected.

1. The 6A output provides a DC current of 0...6A with a maximum output


voltage of 60V (360W). The output value is set by the software.
The 6.3A T (6.3 Amps slow-acting wire fuse 5x20mm, situated at the front
panels AC OUTPUT group) protects both the AC OUTPUT in 6A current
mode and the DC OUTPUT.
2. The 400A output is situated at the left-hand side of CPC 100 as shown at
High Voltage and Current Outputs on page 2-3.
They provide an output current of 0...400A at a voltage of 4...4.5V. The
actual output power (1600W max.) depends on the current magnitude. For
details refer to High Current and Voltage Outputs on page 15-5.
The current that flows from this output is measured internally by CPC 100,
and displayed on the respective test card.
All outputs are overload and short-circuit proof and protected against external
high voltage signals as well as over-temperature.
Note: The length of time a high current or a voltage can be applied may be
limited due to a high temperature occurrence of the internal
transformer windings and/or heat dissipaters. This high temperature
occurrence may even be increased if CPC 100 is operated in a hot
environment or is exposed to direct sunlight.
It is highly recommended not to exceed the max. duration time tmax
specified for each current and voltage output (refer to CPC 100
Outputs on page 15-5). If you do, and CPC 100 develops too high
internal temperature, the outputs are shut off automatically.

2-7
CPC 100 V1.4

INPUT
Analog precision measuring inputs
Figure 6:
Functional group INPUT 1. IAC/DC current measuring input 10A AC and DC
Measuring input for AC and DC current of 0...10A,
depending on the selected test card. AC current is
measured in a frequency range of 15...400Hz.
For both AC and DC current measurement, the
software changes automatically between the two
measuring ranges 1A and 10A. In both ranges the
measuring error is <0.2%.
A 10A FF (10 Amps very quick-acting wire fuse
6.3x32mm) protects the 0...10A AC/DC current
measuring input.
2. V1AC voltage measuring input 300V AC
Measuring input for AC voltage of 0...300V. AC voltage
is measured in a frequency range of 15...400Hz.
During measurement, the software changes
automatically between the measuring ranges 0.3V, 3V,
30V and 300V.
For details about the accuracy of the individual ranges,
please refer to 300V V1 AC input on page 15-22.

3. V2AC low level AC voltage measuring input


Measuring input for low-level AC voltage of 0...3V in a frequency range of
15...400Hz (e.g., for low-power measuring transformers, or to connect a
current clamp).
The software changes automatically between the measuring ranges 0.03V,
0.3V and 3V. For details about the accuracy of the individual ranges, please
refer to 3V V2 AC input on page 15-24.
Note: The V1 AC and V2 AC inputs are galvanically connected. All other
inputs and outputs are separated.
4. VDC voltage measuring input 10V DC
Measuring input for DC voltage of 0...10V. The software changes
automatically between the measuring ranges 0.01V / 0.1V / 1V / 10V.

2-8
Introduction

For details about the accuracy of the individual ranges, please refer to 10V
V DC input on page 15-26.
Note: This measuring input is also used for resistance measuring
(-meter) in a range of 0.2 ...20k .
For more details about -measuring refer to Resistance in
chapter 7.

BIN IN
Binary input for trigger signal
Figure 7:
Functional group BIN IN Binary trigger signal input to be used with a toggling potential-free
contact or with voltages up to 300V DC.
The response time of this input is 1ms, and it is galvanically
separated from all other circuits.

Safety Key Lock


To enable CPC 100s entire functionality, put the key into the safety key lock and
turn it horizontally to the right (as shown in figure 8).
In the "enable" position two effects are differentiated:
Figure 8:
Safety key lock, shown 1. Test not yet started, turn the key and remove it from key lock:
in position "enable"
the software does not accept any more entries and/or
commands via the soft-touch keys and/or the handwheel. The
test cannot be started by pushing the I/O (test start/stop) push-
button.
2. Test running, turn the key and remove it from key lock:
the current or voltage quantities presently applied are "frozen",
i.e., can neither be changed by commands via the soft-touch
key keys and/or the handwheel, nor turned off by pushing the
I /O (test start/stop) push-button.

 Exception: the Emergency Stop button. An emergency stop is


possible at any time.

2-9
CPC 100 V1.4

Warning lights
The warning lights indicate an either safe or dangerous operating condition.
Figure 9:
Warning lights

Dangerous
operating condition!

safe operating condition

1. Outputs are Green warning light Safe operating


switched OFF (0) on condition
2. Output was selected Red signal lamp (I) Dangerous voltage
by the software, flashes and/or current at
values are set and output.
output is ready to be
switched ON
3. Output is switched Red signal lamp (I) Dangerous voltage
ON flashes and/or current at
output.

Emergency Stop Button


Figure 10:
Emergency Stop button Pressing the Emergency Stop button immediately
shuts off all current and voltage outputs.
A running test is terminated, the software does not
accept any more entries and/or commands.
Once the reason for the Emergency Stop is cleared
and the Emergency Stop button released, the test
needs to be re-started by pressing the I/O
(test start/stop) push-button while in Test Card
View.

2 - 10
Introduction

Ext. Booster
Socket to connect an external booster, for example, the CP CB2 current booster
for output currents of up to 2000A.
Enable any external booster in the CPC 100 software on the tab
Options | Device Setup (refer to Device Setup on page 32 of this chapter).
Note: The connector "Ext. Booster" is always galvanically connected to
mains, regardless whether or not an external booster is selected on
the software tab Options | Device Setup, the green warning light (0)
is on, the outputs are turned off or the Emergency Stop button is
pressed.
Handle with extreme caution!

2 - 11
CPC 100 V1.4

CPC 100 Block Diagram (Simplified)


Figure 11:
Simplified block Ext.
diagram of CPC 100 Booster

Rectifier
& power
factor +
500V
corrector R
500V
2kV
500V 500V 4A
1kV 2A
Switched 2kV 1A
R
mode 500V
amplifier
L
Mains
100-240V Filter
50/60Hz I 65V 130V / 6A AC
N 2kV
U O
65V
PE I 800A u
3.15A t
ADC U
6.3A p
U 65V / 6A DC
u
DSP
(Digital
I t
Signal
U
s
Processor)

6V / 800A AC

+
5V / 400A DC
Ethernet
-
to 300V AC
Built-in
ext.
RS 232
ePC 3V AC I
PC optional 10A AC/DC
10V DC
n
BIN IN p.
optional analog or digital interfaces
(plug-in boards)

2 - 12
Introduction

Built-in ePC
CPC 100s built-in ePC ( Glossary) runs with a Microsoft Windows CE
operating system and provides front panel control.
This section provides a brief overview of the front panel control components.
Section How to Use the CPC 100 Software on page 16 of this chapter
describes in detail how to work with the front panel control components, how to
set up a test, execute it and save it for later use.
Via the built-in ePC, CPC 100 can be accessed from a stand-alone PC, e.g., a
notebook, via a PC network and via the Internet (refer to CPC 100 in a Network
in chapter 11).
Figure 12:
CPC 100s built-in ePC, Accelerator keys
components overview
View selector
LCD monitor
Context-dependent menu keys

Tab selector
Test start/stop
U P / D O W N keys
Jog-dial handwheel
Soft-touch keyboard

2 - 13
CPC 100 V1.4

LCD monitor
The monitor is a high-contrast gray-scale graphical LCD display with a resolution
of 320x240 pixels.
Accelerator keys
Let you add the test card of your choice, e.g., Quick, CT, VT... etc. (refer to
Accelerator Keys on page 21 of this chapter).
View Selector
Lets you select the view of your choice, e.g., Test Card View, Test Procedure
Overview, File Operations or Options (refer to View Selector on page 20 of this
chapter).
Jog-dial handwheel
Advanced jog-dial handwheel with "click" (E N T E R ) function.
In "navigation" mode, turning the handwheel navigates you through the UI
( Glossary) elements within one test card. Pressing the U P / D O W N keys
has the same effect.
In "data entry" mode, i.e., if the focus ( Glossary) is set onto a data entry field
or a combo box, and the handwheel was pressed to "enter" the field and to
enable data entry, turning the handwheel increases/decreases the entry fields
value or browses through the preset values of the combo box, respectively.
Pressing the handwheel corresponds to the E N T E R function of the soft-touch
keyboard.
Furthermore, the wheel comprises an adaptive acceleration function, i.e., if the
focus is, for example, set onto a data entry field, fast turning increments/
decrements a value in increasingly bigger steps, slow turning in decreasingly
smaller steps.
U P / D O W N keys
Soft-touch keys supplementing the handwheel. Depending on the current focus
in the software user interface, pressing these keys either navigates through the
UI elements within one test card, or - if in a data entry field, for example -
increments/decrements a value.
Contrary to the handwheel, the U P / D O W N keys change a value in fixed
coarse increments /decrements in order to ease a quick approximation to the
end value. The fine adjustment is then done with the handwheel.

2 - 14
Introduction

Context-dependent menu keys


Soft-touch keys that directly invoke specific commands associated with the
currently selected control of the test card and view.
Since their actual functions depend on the selected view, test mode, test card
and selected UI element, the menu keys do not hold any specific text. The
individual key function is displayed on the monitor with a labelled button symbol
right next to the menu key.
I/O (test start/stop)
If the test parameters are set in the softwares Test Card View, the Emergency
Stop button is released and the safety key lock is set to the "enable" position,
pressing this push-button enables CPC 100s outputs and starts a test.
Pressing this push-button a second time stops the test.
Note: Stopping a test does not shut off the CPC 100 outputs
instantaneously. First, the currently running test sequence finishes,
then the test execution is stopped.
Most test cards finish the running test sequence with a predefined
ramp function.
Therefore, in a hazardous situation never press "Stop Test". Instead,
use Emergency Stop.
Tab selector
If a test procedure comprises more than one test card, use these keys to change
between the single test cards.

2 - 15
CPC 100 V1.4

How to Use the CPC 100 Software


Note: This manual refers to the CPC 100 software version V 1.4. Information
about the software version of your CPC 100 can be found at the
Options tab System Info (refer to System Info on page 40 of this
chapter).
This section provides an overview of the front panel control components,
explains in detail how to navigate with them through the software, how to set up
a test, execute it, save it for later use, etc.

 The subsequent chapters (Quick, CT, VT, Resistance, Transformer...),


explaining the various test procedures from a more practice-orientated point of
view, are confined to test-relevant issues, and assume that you have read and
understood this section.

The principles of test cards and test procedures


Test cards
The CPC 100 software comprises a number of test cards. A test card carries
out one specific test, e.g., measuring a CT excitation curve, or testing the
ratio of a voltage transformer.
A test card holds a number of user-definable test settings and - after the test
was run - test results.
Test card default
Rather than repeatedly filling out blank test cards with frequently used
settings, any test card with its actual settings can be made a test card
default for that particular type of card, e.g., filling out a CTRatioV test card
with certain values and pressing S A V E A S D E F A U L T makes this card the
new CTRatioV test card default.
Each card of this type that will later be inserted to a test procedure will
already hold these new settings.
Note: A test card default contains user-defined settings, not test results.

2 - 16
Introduction

Test procedure
A test procedure contains multiple test cards.
The composition of such a test procedure and the settings of all single test
cards can be freely defined by the user. Within a test procedure, each test
card and its associated test is executed individually in a user-defined order.
Note: It is recommended not having more than 15 test cards in one test
procedure.
Test procedure default
A test procedure with all of its test cards and specific settings - but without
test results - can be made the test procedure default.

 When the CPC 100 software starts, it automatically loads the test procedure
default.
Initially, i.e., as long as no user-defined test procedure default is created, the
the CPC 100 software loads one empty Quick test card.
Report
For archiving or reporting purposes, or later processing, a test procedure with
all of its test cards, specific settings and - after the test was run - test results
and assessments can be saved. It is then considered a report.
Such a report can later be opened any time in CPC 100s File Operations
menu.
Test procedure template
A report can be copied/pasted to be a test procedure template.
In this process, the settings are preserved, however, the test results are
deleted.

2 - 17
CPC 100 V1.4

Figure 13:
The principles of test Test Card in Test Card View: Test Card Default (1)
cards, defaults and test
procedures
settings settings

+
Test Card Test Card

settings
+ Test
+
results
+
Test Card

+
...

= Test Test Procedure


in Test Procedure Overview: Default
Procedure

settings settings

Test Procedure Test Procedure


name.xml in Test Procedure Overview: Template
(in file system) name.xmt

settings settings

(1) One Test Card Default for each type of test card

The following sections emphasize on test cards, defaults and templates in more
detail. Also refer to Creating Defaults and Templates on page 41 of this
chapter.

2 - 18
Introduction

Starting the Software


When CPC 100 is switched on, the operating system boots up, and the CPC 100
software starts automatically.
During the hardware and software initialization phase, the software displays a
splash screen.
The CPC 100 software starts in the Test Card View loading the test procedure
default (refer to The principles of test cards and test procedures on page 16
of this chapter).
Initially, the test procedure default contains one empty Quick test card1.
However, this default can be customized according to your specific
requirements with as many test cards as needed and of all types of your choice.
By creating a user-defined test procedure default, CPC 100 starts up loading
your most frequently used test cards already containing specific values.
To learn more about defining such a default, refer to Creating Defaults and
Templates on page 41 of this chapter.

1. More about Quick at Getting Started with Quick in chapter 3.

2 - 19
CPC 100 V1.4

View Selector
Figure 14:
View selector Test Card View (default view upon start-up)
View to set up test cards, compose test procedures, enter test
settings, define test cards or the test procedure default, start
tests etc.
Test Procedure Overview
Provides an enhanced overview of all test cards of the currently
active test procedure. Defines the test procedure default.

File Operations
Lets you save, load, delete, copy and rename test procedures.
Some of these features call up the String Editor (described at
The String Editor in chapter 10).

Options
Specify general parameters, such as display and regional
settings, date and time, decimal symbol, network settings,
system information and the device setup.
Note:
If you are using a current clamp or an external current or
voltage booster, specify these devices at the Options tab
Device Setup before you start using them.

2 - 20
Introduction

Accelerator Keys
With the exception of Quick, pressing an accelerator key opens the according
Insert a new test card dialog box and lets you select the test card of your
choice. Pressing Quick opens the Quick test card directly.

Quick test card


select from current transformer (CT) test cards
select from voltage transformer (VT) test cards
select from power transformer test cards
select from resistance test cards
select from other test applications...
Ramping (primary / secondary protection relay testing)
Sequencer (primary / secondary protection relay testing)

Amplifier card (refer to page 8-29).


Comment card (refer to page 8-33).
TanDelta (refer to the CP TD1 Reference Manual available on
the CPC Explorer CD-ROM).

Test Card View


The Test Card View displays the test procedures. The CPC 100 software starts
in the Test Card View loading the test procedure default.
A test card inserted to the Test Card View loads the values from the respective
test card default. If no test card default has been defined yet by the user, the test
card opens with preset default values.
Any test card with its actual settings can be made a test card default for that
particular type of card, e.g., filling out a CTRatioV test card with certain values
and pressing S A V E A S D E F A U L T makes this card the new CTRatioV test
card default.
Each card of this type that will later be inserted to a test procedure will already
hold these new settings.
Note: A test card default contains user-defined settings, not test results.

2 - 21
CPC 100 V1.4

The Test Card View comprises a number of context-dependent menu keys.


Some examples are given below:
Inserts a test card of your choice and places it after the
selected test card of the current test procedure.

Deletes the current test card from the test procedure.

Opens the String Editor. You can rename the current test card
to any new name of your choice (max. 15 characters).
Clears the results of the current test card, and thus enables the
start of a new test.
Makes the current test card with all of its settings the new
default for that particular type of card.
Context-dependent menu item
(shown here: "Demag.", CTExcitation).

Note: The actual function of the context-dependent menu keys depends on


the selected view, test mode, test card and selected UI element.
To make the above listed functions visible, the focus
( Glossary) must be set onto the test card tab
designation, e.g. CTRatioV.

Inserting Test Cards


The Insert a new test card dialog box displays the available tests and their
associated test cards in a tree-like structure.
Figure 15:
Insert a test card

2 - 22
Introduction

Use the context-dependent U P /D O W N menu keys to the right, or the


handwheel, to browse through the structure.
Due to usability reasons, some test cards, such as Winding Resistance, Voltage
Withstand Test or Polarity Check, appear in more than one test mode, e.g.,
Winding Resistance appears in Current Transformer, Power Transformer
and Resistance.
With regard to their functionality, these test cards are identical.
To expand a collapsed group of tests , e.g., CT, set the focus onto this
group, and press E N T E R or the handwheel.
The group of tests expands and displays all of its associated test
cards.
Browse to the test card of your choice, and when its highlighted press
ENTER.
This will switch from the Insert a new test card dialog to the Test Card View,
inserting the test card of your choice after the last selected test card in the Test
Card View.
Note: Only test cards that are licensed can be inserted.
When you purchased CPC 100, you purchased a license for a number
of test cards of your choice. Not licensed test cards are displayed in
the Insert a new test card dialog, but the attempt to insert one of them
to the test procedure results in an according on-screen message.
If you wish further information about licensing, please contact
OMICRON electronics.
You can insert as many test cards as needed and of all types of your choice by
repeating this process.
Note: Despite the fact that a far bigger number is possible, we recommend
not to exceed a number of 10-15 test cards or 50 test results because
the test will lose its clearness that way, the navigation becomes more
complicated and slower and you might run out of memory.
If you need a bigger number of test cards, we suggest not to save all
cards in one default, e.g., the test procedure default, but to combine a
smaller number of cards to logical groups, and to save these logical
groups as test procedure templates with individual names (refer to
Test Procedure Templates on page 44 of this chapter).
Pressing E S C closes Insert a new test card, and brings you back to the
previous view without inserting a new test card.

2 - 23
CPC 100 V1.4

Setting Up a Test Card

 Each parameter whose numerical value can be changed in a data entry field has
an associated minimum and maximum value as well as a preset number of
decimal characters. The parameter value can be changed freely within this
min. ... max. range.
Furthermore, each numerical value has a
fixed precision value that is used as a step size when increased/decreased
by means of the handwheel
a coarse step value that is used as a step size when increased/decreased
by pressing the U P / D O W N keys.

Within one test card, to navigate to the UI element


of your choice either turn the handwheel or use the
U P / D O W N keys at the right-hand side of the
handwheel.
A selected UI element is entirely highlighted; it has
the focus ( Glossary).

If a data entry field, e.g.,


"Imax:", has the focus, press
the handwheel to "enter" the
field and to enable data entry.

As shown above, the value itself is highlighted, the unit is not, and at the values
end a blinking caret (cursor) indicates "ready for data entry".
Now either
use the U P / D O W N keys to approximate the value of your choice quickly in
coarse predefined steps
rotate the handwheel to fine-adjust the value in precision steps
type in the value of your choice using the numeric soft-touch keys to the left
of the handwheel (refer to figure16).

2 - 24
Introduction

Figure 16:
Soft-touch keys to enter
numerical values : backspace
Esc: cancels the current
Soft-touch keys to action without saving
enter numerical
values. : prefix for negative
values, e.g., angles
: ENTER

Decimal point

Pressing E S C on the soft-touch keyboard while entering a value, discards the


entry and restores the previous value.
When ready, press either the handwheel again or the E N T E R key to confirm
your entry, and move forward to the next UI element of your choice by turning
the handwheel or the U P / D O W N keys.
Note: If a number key is pressed with the focus set onto a data entry field,
this number is automatically written to the data entry field, and the field
is enabled for data entry.
Pressing the context-dependent menu key B A C K T O T O P terminates the data
entry mode, accepts all current values and sets the focus onto the test card tab
designation.
Combo Box
The same principle applies at a combo box, e.g., :
press the handwheel (to "enter" the combo box for selection)
and either navigate through the list of available parameters by rotating the
handwheel, or by using the U P / D O W N keys.
Pressing E S C while scrolling through the list of values closes the combo box
and returns to the previous value.
Check Box
Set the focus onto the check box, e.g., and press either the
E N T E R key or the handwheel to select /clear a check box.

2 - 25
CPC 100 V1.4

List Box
Figure 17:
Example of a list box

List boxes are differentiated between read-only and editable list boxes:
In a read-only list box (figure 17), turning the handwheel scrolls from line to
line.
When using the U P / D O W N keys, a read-only list box is treated as one UI
element, i.e., pressing one of the keys exits the list box, and sets the focus
onto the next /previous UI element.
In an editable list box, turning the handwheel scrolls from table cell to table
cell. Press either the handwheel or E N T E R to "enter" a cell and to edit the
value.
When using the U P / D O W N keys, the focus proceeds to the same table cell
one line above or below.

2 - 26
Introduction

Settings Page
Some test cards include the S E T T I N G S menu key. Pressing the S E T T I N G S
menu key opens the Settings page.
Figure 18:
Main page with
SETTINGS menu key

The Settings page with the exception of the TRRatio test card looks as shown
below.
Figure 19:
Settings page

The Settings page allows setting the test cards individually. At the
Device Setup tab in the Options view (see Options on page 32 of this
chapter), the same properties can be set for all test cards of a test procedure.
As a rule, do not use the Settings page described here but the Device Setup
tab in the Options view to set the test cards. Making different settings for the
test cards is rarely a good idea. Set the test cards individually using the Settings
page only in well-founded cases.
If a test card contains results, the settings cannot be changed. When a file
containing results is loaded, the Settings page can be used to view the settings
of the test procedure.

2 - 27
CPC 100 V1.4

Starting a Test
Note: Tests can only be started and stopped with the I/O (test start/stop)
push-button while in the Test Card View.
Each test card represents a separate test, and is started individually.
Preconditions to start a test
1. The required test card is defined, the test parameters are set.
2. The software is in the Test Card View.
3. The Emergency Stop button is released.
4. The safety key lock is set to the "enable" position.
Pressing the I/O (test start/stop) push-button starts the test. Pressing this
push-button a second time stops the test.
Note: Stopping a test does not shut off the CPC 100 outputs
instantaneously. First, the currently running test sequence finishes,
then the test execution is stopped.
Most test cards finish the running test sequence with a predefined
ramp function.
Therefore, in an emergency situation never press "Stop Test".
Instead, use Emergency Stop.
While a test is running, several functions such as changing the test card,
changing the view etc., are disabled.
To repeat the test, the test results need to be cleared beforehand. Otherwise the
start is blocked.

2 - 28
Introduction

Temperature Monitoring

Each test card contains a progress bar-like temperature gauge that displays
CPC 100s actual temperature condition. When the temperature limit is reached,
i.e., before an overheating condition occurs, the output is switched off
automatically.
In addition, if an output is activated both CPC 100s current consumption from
the power supply and the current emitted at the high current outputs is monitored
and, together with the temperature, displayed by this temperature gauge. The
temperature gauges bar therewith represents an indicator for the remaining
time CPC 100 can output power.
Just as with over-temperature, if these limit values are exceeded the output is
switched off automatically.
With deactivated outputs, the temperature gauges bar represents an indicator
how much the device has already cooled off.
Note: To reach a maximum output time, we suggest to let CPC 100 cool off
completely before switching it on again.

Note: For each line of measurement results there is a separate overload


indication top right on the CPC 100s screen (or in the report)
explained below.
No overload indication means no overload during that step of the measurement
sequence. In the test report, "No" appears in the overload field or column.
Dotted overload indication means that there was an overload during that step of
the measurement sequence but not all the time. In the test report, "Yes" appears
in the overload field or column.
Solid overload indication means a permanent overload during that step of the
measurement sequence. In the test report, "Yes" appears in the overload field
or column.

2 - 29
CPC 100 V1.4

Test Procedure Overview


Figure 20:
Test Procedure
Overview

The Test Procedure Overview lists all test cards of the currently active test
procedure in a list box showing the cards name, its creation date and time,
whether test results are available and the test cards assessment status.
Pressing I N S E R T C A R D switches to the Insert a new test card dialog. After
inserting a new test card, the software automatically switches to the Test Card
View, inserting the test card of your choice after the last selected test card in the
Test Card View.
Pressing E S C at Insert a new test card brings you back to the previous view
without inserting a new test card.
D E L E T E C A R D deletes the currently highlighted test card from the test
procedure.
With S A V E A S D E F A U L T , Test Procedure Overview provides a function to
save the current test procedure as the test procedure default, i.e., that default
the CPC 100 software will start with in future.
To learn more about defaults, refer to section Creating Defaults and Templates
on page 41 of this chapter.
Unlike in Test Card View, where all context-dependent menu keys apply for that
particular card only, the Test Procedure Overview has an additional menu item
that applies for all test cards: whereas C L E A R R E S U L T S clears the test results
of the currently highlighted test card only (in figure 20 thats "Comment"),
C L E A R A L L R E S U L T S applies to all test cards, i.e., clears the results of all
cards listed in the Test Procedure Overview.
After both C L E A R R E S U L T S and C L E A R A L L R E S U L T S , re-start the test in
the Test Card View by pressing the I/O (test start/stop) push-button.

2 - 30
Introduction

Automatically switches back to the Test Card View, and opens the test
procedure default. If the current test procedure contains unsaved data, you will
be asked whether or not you want to save them before you proceed.

File Operations
The CPC 100 File Operations resemble the functionality known from the
Windows Explorer. File Operations comprises a F I L E and an E D I T submenu
with additional menu items as well as an O P E N and various S A V E . . . functions.

The highest hierarchical level of the CPC 100 file system, the "root", is named
CPC100. Below this, you can create additional folders in a tree-structure of your
choice, save tests in these folders, and carry out file operations, such as open,
save, rename, copy, paste etc.
The CPC 100 file system differentiates two file types:

name.xml A test procedure with all of its test cards and specific settings.
An .xml file may also contain test results and assessments that
were stored together with the settings as report in the CPC 100
file system for archiving purposes.
name.xmt Test procedure template, i.e., a user-defined template
containing one or more test cards with all of their specific test
settings but without test results.

For a detailed description of the CPC 100 File Operations refer to File
Operations in chapter 9.

2 - 31
CPC 100 V1.4

Options
Note: Changes made in the Options view are automatically saved when the
view is changed (e.g., when Options is left to change to Test Card
View).
Alternatively changes can be saved instantly by pressing S A V E
OPTIONS.
At a power supply loss or an accidental switching off of CPC 100,
unsaved changes are lost, and the old values are restored.

Device Setup
The Device Setup tab in the Options view allows you to change the settings of
all test cards of the test procedure running on CPC 100 and all test cards
inserted afterwards. The test cards can be instantiated in different ways and for
different purposes. Table 1: Instantiation procedures below displays the
instantiation procedures and the associated default values.
Table 1:
Instantiation procedures
Procedure Default values
New test card Booster, clamp and default frequency
set in the Options view
New test card saved as default Booster and clamp set in the Options
view
New test procedure from template Booster, clamp and frequency remain
(*.xmt) as defined in the template
New procedure from report (*.xml) Booster, clamp and frequency remain
as defined in the report

Because the settings of a test card containing results cannot be changed, the
settings made at the Device Setup tab in the Options view apply only to new
test cards if the currently loaded procedure contains results. To change the
settings of a test procedure containing results (e.g. after pressing the K E E P
R E S U L T S menu key or after loading a file), clear the results by pressing the
C L E A R R E S U L T S menu key in all test cards before setting the test procedure
in the Options view.
It is strongly recommended to set the test cards using the Options view. In well-
founded cases, you can set alternatively a test card individually using the
S E T T I N G S menu key (see Settings Page on page 27 of this chapter).

2 - 32
Introduction

Figure 21:
Options tab Device
Setup

External booster
The "External booster" combo box allows to set the external booster:
CB2 for CP CB2 current booster
CU20 for CP CU20 coupling unit
CU1 for CP CU1 coupling unit
For the default value associated with different instantiation procedures, see
Table 1: Instantiation procedures on page 32.
Clamp & input transformer settings
When an input is not connected to the device under test directly but using a
current clamp, a CT or a VT, the ratio of these devices can be set here.
The "Clamp & input transformer settings" group box displays and, if required,
allows you to change settings for external devices:
IClamp for the current clamp parameters
CT for the transformation ratio of the current transformer
VT for the transformation ratio of the voltage transformer
Per default, the transformation ratios of the current and voltage transformers for
the selected external device are preset. For the default value associated with
different instantiation procedures, see Table 1: Instantiation procedures on
page 32.

2 - 33
CPC 100 V1.4

Disable ground check


Operating CPC 100 with the "Disable ground check" check box selected can
cause injury or possibly death of the operating staff if the power supply is not
metallically separated and the PE (protective connection) is defective.
An error message (313) appears if either the PE connection is defective or the
power supply has no galvanic connection to ground. In this case, make sure that
the PE connection is intact. If the PE connection is intact and the error message
still appears, select the "Disable ground check" check box.
Note: After CPC 100 has been rebooted, the "Disable ground check" check
is cleared for safety reasons.
Default freq.
The "Default freq." data entry field allows you to enter the default frequency. For
the default value associated with different instantiation procedures, see
Instantiation procedures on page 32 of this chapter.
Auto Save
As the name implies, the "Auto Save" feature automatically saves the current
test settings in fixed intervals. These intervals can be set in the Auto Save box.
There are three time intervals available (10, 30 or 60 minutes), and the option
OFF that disables Auto Save.
Auto Save saves all actual data to a file named lastmeas.xml. So depending
on the set time interval, in case of a system crash, lastmeas.xml may contain
more actual data than you last manually saved test. The file is created during the
next booting process.
When Auto Save saves test settings, it pops up a dialog notifying you about it.
Auto Save works in Test Procedure Overview, File Operations or Options
without any restrictions. In Test Card View, Auto Save does not work as long as
a test is running, or as long as inputs are measured (e.g., in Quick).
In a case like this, Auto Save repeats the attempt to save the test settings in
intervals of minute until it succeeds, i.e., until the test is finished and it can save
the data. After this, Auto Save returns to the set time interval.

2 - 34
Introduction

Restore Defaults

 Pressing the R E S T O R E D E F A U L T S menu key resets all user-specific settings


made in the CPC 100 software to factory-defined defaults including:
the test card defaults
the test procedure default
all settings made at the Device Setup tab (sets external booster to CB2, sets
CT and VT to "OFF", and sets the value in the "Default freq." data entry field
to 50 Hz)
the String Editors template strings
(refer to The Template Strings on page 10-4).

2 - 35
CPC 100 V1.4

Network
Figure 22:
Options tab Network

Via the built-in ePC, CPC 100 can be accessed from a stand-alone PC, e.g., a
notebook and via a PC network. At the Network tab the communication settings
are specified.
In the combo box select between
DHCP/Auto IP Configures all communication parameters automatically;
the DHCP server will do it for you or it will be done via the
Auto IP mechanism.
The data entry fields for IP address, Subnet Mask, Default
Gateway and DNS are read-only, no data can be entered.
This is the recommended setting.

Static IP Configure the communication parameters manually by


entering the values into the data entry fields using the soft-
touch keys.
Section CPC 100 in a Network in chapter 11 explains in detail how to connect
CPC 100 to either a stand-alone PC or a PC network, and how to configure such
a connection.
Once the communication parameters are configured, press S A V E O P T I O N S
to save them to the Windows Registry.
For a change to come into effect, the operating system needs to be re-booted,
i.e., CPC 100 restarted.

2 - 36
Introduction

Display
Figure 23:
Options tab Display

The "sliding" regulator brightens or darkens the monitor display and the contrast
within it. Adding contrast increases the difference in shading between areas.

Date / Time
Figure 24:
Options tab Date/Time

Specify the systems date and time here.


To set the time
put the focus onto the Time: field using the handwheel
use the U P / D O W N keys to select between hours, minutes and seconds
turn the handwheel to increase or decrease the value
press the handwheel to acknowledge your entry
Changing the current date and time does not require pressing S A V E
OPTIONS.

2 - 37
CPC 100 V1.4

Regional Settings
Figure 25:
Options tab Regional
Settings

Choose a regional setting for language, temperature unit, date and time style.
These settings affect the way the CPC 100 software displays and sort dates,
times, numbers and decimal points.
Service
Figure 26:
Options tab Service

During operation, CPC 100 creates a log file with a user-definable logging level
(see below).
Every time CPC 100 is switched on, it generates a new log file, and saves the
existing one as the "previous" log file. This way, the occurrences of the previous
and the current session can be viewed (refer to Viewing the log file on page 12-
11).

2 - 38
Introduction

The logging level specifies the occurrences to be recorded in the log file:

Logging level: records


None nothing
Error internal errors, hardware errors, operational errors,
overload conditions etc.
Warning uncritical errors such as over-temperature, malfunction
etc.
Info additional operational information about CPC 100.
This setting is suggested is the operator suspects, e.g.,
an incorrect functioning or an operational malfunction of
CPC 100. This setting records every relevant
operational activity of CPC 100.
The log file can then be sent to OMICRON for a
diagnosis.

The default setting is "Warning".


Note: The logging levels are hierarchical, i.e., if logging level "Warning" is
set, "Errors" are also recorded, or if "Info" is set, the logging levels
"Warning" and "Error" also apply.
If the log file gets quite long, use either the scroll bar or the buttons P A G E U P /
P A G E D O W N to navigate up and down in the list of logged occurrences.
C L E A R L O G deletes all log file entries and starts recording occurrences anew.

2 - 39
CPC 100 V1.4

System Info
Figure 27:
Options tab System
Info

Displays the following system information:

Serial Number: CPC 100 serial number


OS Version: operating system with version
Software Version: CPC 100 software version
Hardware: CPC 100 hardware
The last two positions indicate the CPC 100 hardware
version.
Free memory: currently available free memory (RAM)
Free disk space: free disk space

2 - 40
Introduction

Creating Defaults and Templates


The CPC 100 software differentiates three types of templates:
1. test card default
2. test procedure default (default upon start-up)
3. test procedure templates.

Note: Pressing the R E S T O R E D E F A U L T S menu key at the Options tab


Device Setup resets all user-specific settings made in the CPC 100
software to factory-defined defaults.
This includes the test card defaults and the test procedure default.

Test Card Default


Rather than repeatedly filling out blank test cards with frequently used settings,
any test card with its actual settings can be made a test card default for that
particular type of card, e.g., filling out a Quick test card with values and pressing
S A V E A S D E F A U L T makes this card the new Quick test card default.
Note: The actual function of the context-dependent menu keys depends on
the selected view, test mode, test card and selected UI element.
To make the function S A V E A S D E F A U L T visible, the
focus ( Glossary) must be set onto the test card tab
designation, e.g. Quick.
Each card of this type, here Quick, that will later be inserted to a test procedure
will already hold these new settings.
Note: A test card default contains user-defined settings, not test results.
In the CPC 100 file system, a test card default is not visible as a "file" (refer to
The CPC 100 File System in chapter 9).

2 - 41
CPC 100 V1.4

Test Procedure Default


The CPC 100 software always starts with the test procedure default. Initially, i.e.,
as long as no user-defined test procedure default is created, this default
contains one empty Quick test card. However, this default can be customized
according to your specific requirements with as many test cards as needed and
of all types of your choice.
Note: Despite the fact that a far bigger number is possible, we recommend
not to exceed a number of 10-15 test cards or 50 test results because
the test will lose its clearness that way, the navigation becomes more
complicated and slower and you might run out of memory.
If you need a bigger number of test cards, we suggest not to save all
cards in one default, e.g., the test procedure default, but to combine a
smaller number of cards to logical groups, and to save these logical
groups as test procedure templates with individual names (refer to
Test Procedure Templates on page 44 of this chapter).
In the CPC 100 file system, the test procedure default is not visible as a "file"
(refer to The CPC 100 File System in chapter 9).

2 - 42
Introduction

Figure 28:
Creating a user-defined Step 3
default by customizing
the test procedure Switch to the Test ... and press
default
Procedure
Overview...
to make this test
procedure the new
test procedure
default.
Step 2

A number of test
cards are inserted
to the currently
open test
procedure.

Step 1

test card 1 test card 2 test card 3

Step 1 In the test card view, insert as many test cards as needed to the
currently open test procedure default.
Step 2 At the CPC 100s front panel view selector, switch to the Test
Procedure Overview.
Step 3 Press S A V E A S D E F A U L T to make this test procedure the new test
procedure default.

2 - 43
CPC 100 V1.4

Test Procedure Templates


A test procedure template is a user-defined test procedure, and can be created
from any test procedure that was saved to the CPC 100 file system beforehand
(a name.xml file; refer to The CPC 100 File System in chapter 9).
To create a test procedure template from an .xml file
go to "File Operations"
highlight the name.xml file of your choice
select E D I T | C O P Y to copy the test procedure
select P A S T E A S T E M P L .
a file name.xmt is generated.
If this file name.xmt already exists, you will be asked whether or not to
overwrite the existing file.
If you answer this question with N O , the String Editor opens (refer to The
String Editor in chapter 10).
Give the test procedure template a name of your choice (max. 15
characters), and select O K . The file name extension .xmt is appended
automatically.
In this process, the settings of the original name.xml file are taken over to the
newly created test procedure template name.xmt. The test results, however, are
not taken over.
The original file name.xml remains unchanged.

2 - 44
Introduction

Putting CPC 100 into Operation

 Note: Before setting CPC 100 into operation and carrying out a test, it is
essential that you have read and understood the section Safety
Instructions for CPC 100 and its Accessories on page 1-5.
Always be aware that all AC and DC output sockets of CPC 100 can
carry life-hazardous voltage potential and provide life-hazardous
currents.

Safety Aspects
We strongly advise you to obey the following legal safety aspects:
Tests with such high voltages and currents must only be carried out by
authorized and qualified personnel.
Personnel receiving training, instructions, directions, or education on high
voltage/current tests should remain under the constant supervision of an
experienced operator while working with the equipment. The instructions
have to be renewed at least once per year.
The instructions must be available in written form and signed by each person
assigned to do high voltage/current tests.

Preparations in Substation
Prior to connecting a test object to CPC 100, the following steps need to be
carried out by an authorized employee of the utility.
Turn off and disconnect the high voltage from the test object.
Protect yourself and your working environment against an accidental re-
connection of high voltage by other persons and circumstances.
Verify a safe isolation of the test object.
Earth-connect and shorten out the test objects terminals using a grounding
set.
Protect yourself and your working environment with a suitable protection
against other (possibly live) circuits.
Protect others from accessing the dangerous area and accidentally touching
live parts by setting up a suitable barrier and, if applicable, warning lights.
If there is a longer distance between the location of CPC 100 and the area of
danger (i.e., the test object), a second person with an additional "Emergency
Stop" button is required.

2 - 45
CPC 100 V1.4

Principle Steps to Carry Out a Test with CPC 100


1. Verify that the substation is prepared accordingly and you comply with all
safety regulations.
2. Connect the CPC 100s grounding terminal to the substation ground.
Use a wire with a cross-section of 6mm, otherwise the housing may
feed high voltage.

Connect CPC 100s


grounding terminal to
substation ground.

3. Connect CPC 100 to the mains power supply using the provided cable.
4. With the test object grounded and shorted out, connect CPC 100 to the
test object according to your requirements.
5. Remove the grounding set from the test object.
6. Turn on CPC 100 at its POWER switch at the left-hand side.
The green warning light "O" lights up, showing that none of CPC 100s
outputs carries a dangerous voltage or current yet.
7. Set up your test in the CPC 100 software, and, where applicable, determine
whether you want to perform an automatic or a manual test.
The following chapters of this manual comprise an example for each
available test.
For a detailed description of how to use the software refer to section How to
Use the CPC 100 Software on page 16 of this chapter.
8. Once all test cards are prepared and the parameters set, make sure the
safety key lock is in position "release" (horizontal).

2 - 46
Introduction

9. Start the test by pressing the green I/O (test start/stop) push-button on
CPC 100s front panel.
Notes: A test can only be started in the Test Card View and with all
preconditions met (refer to Starting a Test on page 28 of this
chapter).
If voltages 1kV are to be applied, after pressing the I/O
(test start/stop) push-button for the first time a warning
message appears on the screen.
Only after the I/O push-button is pressed a second time, the
voltage is applied to the CPC 100 output.
An error message (313) appears if either the PE connection is
defective or the power supply has no galvanic connection to
ground. In this case, make sure that the PE connection is intact.
If the PE connection is intact and the error message still
appears, select the "Disable ground check" check box at the
Device Setup tab in the Options view (see Device Setup on
page 2-32).
Rather than starting a test and activating the outputs, pressing
the I/O (test start/stop) push-button will then pop up a message
box notifying you about this problem.
10.If a potentially hazardous voltage and/or current level is applied to the
CPC 100 outputs, the red signal red light "I" starts flashing.
11.After testing, switch off the high voltage or current immediately with the I/O
(test start/stop) push-button.
12.If you do not use CPC 100 anymore, turn the safety key to "lock" (vertical)
and remove the key to avoid anybody accidentally turning on the high voltage
or current.

 After turning off the high voltage or current observe the warning lights: only
when CPC 100s green warning light is on and the red one off, switch off the
safety key lock and take off its key.
13.After turning off CPC 100s outputs, earth-connect and short-circuit the test
objects terminals again using a grounding set.
14.Remove the connection between CPC 100 and the test object.
Never touch any metallic terminals and/housing components without a visible
ground connection!

2 - 47
CPC 100 V1.4

2 - 48
Getting Started with Quick

Getting Started with Quick


Contents of this section
About Quick..................................................................................... page 3-1
Measurement Settings .................................................................... page 3-3
The Frequency-Selective Measurement .................................... page 3-6
Power Output Settings .................................................................... page 3-7
Trigger Settings............................................................................. page 3-11

About Quick
Quick is the most basic mode to operate all of the CPC 100 outputs in a manual-
like mode with front panel control.
Figure 1:
Quick test card

CPC 100 starts in the Test Card View (refer to Test Card View on page 2-21)
with the test procedure default. Initially, the test procedure default contains
one empty Quick test card. However, this template can be customized according
to your specific requirements with as many test cards as needed and of all types
of your choice.
By creating a user-defined test procedure default, CPC 100 starts up loading
your most frequently used test cards already containing specific values.
To learn more about defining such a template, refer to Creating Defaults and
Templates on page 2-41.

3-1
CPC 100 V1.4

Quick starts in "measuring" state with de-activated outputs, displaying the


measured values in the measurement table of the Quick test card.
The measurements as well as the indication of the binary inputs signal status
(refer to Bin.In: on page 12 of this chapter) are updated with an interval of
approx. 0.5s.
After having set all necessary parameters (more about this in the following
sections), press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button. The Quick test card enters
the "on" state, the set power output value is switched to CPC 100s outputs, the
measuring continues.
Pressing the Quick test card menu key K E E P R E S U L T S saves the currently
measured values and "freezes" their display in the measurement table. Both the
"measuring" and the "on" state remain active, the measurement continues in a
new line of the measurement table.
While in "on" state, pressing the I/O (test start/stop) push-button terminates the
test. CPC 100s outputs are turned off, and Quick returns to the "measuring"
mode.
Note 1: When testing capacitive test objects using voltages 500V, make
sure that the test objects capacity does not exceed 25nF.
Together with the test objects capacity, the leakage inductance of
CPC 100s internal output transformer forms a series resonant circuit.
Especially at frequencies > 50/60Hz this may result in voltage
superelevation.
Note 2: Never use Quick to measure the resistance of windings with a high
inductance because turning off the DC source results in life-
threatening voltage levels.
For this kind of measurement only use the special winding resistance
test card RWinding!
Pressing the S E T T I N G S menu key opens the Settings page. The Settings
page allows setting the test cards individually. As a rule, do not use the Settings
page but the Device Setup tab in the Options view (see Device Setup on
page 2-32) to set the test cards. For more information, see Settings Page on
page 2-27.

3-2
Getting Started with Quick

Measurement Settings
Measured quantities ( Glossary)
Combo boxes to select the first and second quantity to
measure. Possible choices at each combo box:
V1 AC I Out
1
V1 AC sel I Out sel
V2 AC I Clamp
V2 AC sel I Clamp sel
V Out CT
V Out sel CT sel
VT V DC
VT sel I DC
I AC f V1 AC
I AC sel f Out
V Out and I Out represent the measured values of the
actual output range.
Each combo box has two corresponding cells in the
measurement table below that display the measured
values, where possible; else "n/a" is displayed.

1. sel = frequency-selective. To learn more about frequency-selective measurements, refer to The


Frequency-Selective Measurement on page 6 of this chapter.

 Note: Not all measured quantities are available in all output ranges.

After having pressed K E E P R E S U L T S , the combo boxes of the measured


quantities are disabled, i.e., the quantities cannot be changed.

Calculated value
Both the items to select from in this combo box and the
corresponding display at the measurement table below
depend on the selected measured quantities.
In this combo box you determine what the measurement
table displays (see Table Display of calculated value in
measurement table on page 4 of this chapter).

3-3
CPC 100 V1.4

Table 1:
Display of calculated
value in measurement
table
Measured Display of calculated value in
quantities measurement table
(m1) (m2)
V V Ratio:1, Ratio:5, Diff:
Ratio m1/m2 and phase angle m1 - m2
(if phase angles are available; else "n/a"),
and differences U and U.
I I Ratio:1, Ratio:5, Diff:
Ratio m1/m2 and phase angle m1 - m2
(if phase angles are available; else "n/a"),
and differences I and I.
V I For AC: Z or R, X
Impedance Z (magnitude in and phase
angle in ) or R and X in .
For DC: R
Resistance R (in )
else "n/a"
V I For AC: P, Q, S
Real power P (in W) and cos , apparent
power S (in VA) and cos , reactive power
Q (in var) and cos .
For DC: P
Real power P (in W)
else "n/a"

3-4
Getting Started with Quick

Measured Display of calculated value in


quantities measurement table
(m1) (m2)
V I Rs, Ls or Rp, Cp:
Resistance R and either inductance Ls in H
(series equivalent circuit) or capacity Cp
in F (parallel equivalent circuit).
This is just another representation of the
impedance Z measurement; Z is displayed
in its components.
Using Rs, Ls, the impedance is given by:
Z = Rs + j Ls, where = 2 f and the set
frequency is used for the calculation.
Using Rp, Cp, the admittance is given by:
1/Z = 1 / Rp + j Cp, where = 2 f and
the set frequency is used for the
calculation.

After having pressed K E E P R E S U L T S , the combo box for the calculated


quantity is disabled, i.e., the calculated quantities cannot be changed.

3-5
CPC 100 V1.4

The Frequency-Selective Measurement


The frequency-selective measurement is used to filter out interferences as they
usually occur in substations. To do so, the frequency of the CPC 100 output
quantity is set to a value different from the substations frequency, e.g., the
substation operates with a frequency of 50Hz, the CPC 100 output frequency is
set to 55Hz.
The quantity measured back at the CPC 100 input is measured selectively, i.e.,
only a quantity with the specified frequency is fully taken into consideration for
the measurement. Quantities with different frequencies are filtered out
according to the characteristics shown in figure 2.
Figure 2:
Characteristics of the
frequency-selective
measurement
Amplitude in dB

Offset from output frequency f in Hz

Apart from Quick, the frequency-selective measurement is also available for


other test cards:
CT VT Transformer Others
CTRatio VTRatio TRRatio Sequencer
CTBurden VTBurden Ramping
CTRatioV VTElectronics
CTLowPower

In Quick, Sequencer and Ramping the frequency-selective measurement is


selectable, whereas at the other test cards it is preset and cannot be cleared.

3-6
Getting Started with Quick

Power Output Settings


The main settings are the range definition and the value for the power output (the
data entry field in figure 3 that has the focus ( Glossary)).
The power output value can be changed instantaneously with the handwheel,
even in the "on" state and while connected to a test object.
Figure 3:
Quick test card

Note: The designation of the menu keys changes depending on the focus.

3-7
CPC 100 V1.4

Range
Combo box to select between the output ranges
AC 800A, AC 6A, AC 3A, DC 400A, DC 6A,
AC 2kV, AC 1kV, AC 500V, AC 130V and
CB2:1000A, CB2:2000A or
CU20:10A, CU20:20A or
CU1:10A, CU1:20A, CU1:50A, CU1:100A
Either CB2:, CU20: or CU1: output ranges are available
if the respective external booster was selected at the
Options tab Device Setup (see Options on page 2-32)
or on the Settings page of the Quick test card.
Each range has an associated minimum and maximum
value, a fixed precision value as well as a preset number
of decimal characters (refer also to Setting Up a Test
Card on page 2-24).
If Quick operates in the "on" state, the output range
setting is locked and cannot be changed.
While in the "measuring" state with de-activated outputs,
when a range is changed, the output changes
accordingly to a new value within the allowed range
between minimum and maximum.
After having pressed K E E P R E S U L T S , the output
range setting and the measurements settings are locked
and cannot be changed.

3-8
Getting Started with Quick

Power output value


Current (I) or voltage (V) value, depending on the
specified range (see above).
Any value between minimum and maximum as well as
the explicit value 0.0 is possible, even while in the "on"
state.
The respective minimum and maximum values depend
on the range and, for voltage ranges, also on the
frequency. For frequencies smaller than 50Hz, and down
to the minimum frequency of 15Hz, the possible
maximum voltage value decreases linear proportional to
the frequency value (refer to figure 3, Typical maximum
output voltage of 2kV AC output depending on frequency
and power on page 15-13).
Current ranges do not have such a dependency.

Frequency / Phase angle


Frequency value in Hz or - if "Sync w/ V1AC" is selected
(see below) - phase angle in degrees. For DC ranges this
data entry field is disabled.
The frequency can be set within a range of
15.00 ... 400.00Hz, even while in the "on" state.
The phase angle is displayed in a range of
-180.0 ... +180.0, and can also be changed at any time.
If this range is exceeded, the phase angle will adapt itself
automatically, i.e., change from -180.0 to +180.0.

3-9
CPC 100 V1.4

Sync w/ V1AC
Set S Y N C W / V 1 A C by pressing the menu key that
appears when the focus is on the frequency /phase angle
data entry field.
This synchronizes the CPC 100 output frequency with
the V1AC input frequency. In this case the phase angle
of the output is displayed rather than the frequency. Set
the phase angle value relative to the phase angle of the
V1 AC input signal (we recommend a minimum input
voltage of 10V on V1 AC, possible range 48 - 62Hz).
The icon next to the frequency /phase angle data entry
field reflects the actual setting.
If "Sync w/ V1AC" is disabled, the frequency returns to
the previously set frequency value and the icon changes.
If Quick operates in the "on" state, the status of "Sync w/
V1AC" cannot be changed.

 Due to the PLL (phase-locked loop) technology, the


synchronization with V1AC needs about 100ms.
If for the particular test object the synchronism within the
first 100ms is relevant, start with a reduced magnitude of
the output signal. Then enter the full magnitude of your
choice, and press E N T E R .
This procedure assures that the high-level output signal
is synchronized with V1AC right from the beginning.

3 - 10
Getting Started with Quick

Trigger Settings
A trigger is the occurrence of a selected event, for example, a binary trigger is
the first change of the state at the binary input.

1 2

3 4
5

1 Trigger on:
Selection of trigger event
no trigger (default)
binary trigger = CPC 100 input BIN IN is monitored for a trigger event
trigger = first measurement value (m1) > set threshold value
trigger = first measurement value (m1) < set threshold value
trigger = second measurement value (m2) > set threshold value
trigger = second measurement value (m2) < set threshold value
overload = the trigger event is an overload condition that occurs at
the selected output.
What is an "Overload" trigger?
At a current output, an overload trigger is a condition in which the
set current cannot be reached any longer, for example, because
of an opening contact or circuit breaker.
At a voltage output, an overload trigger is a condition in which, for
example, a connected load saturates and results in a too high
current, or the output is short-circuiting.
Quick differentiates two "Overload" trigger conditions:
1. the occurrence of an overload (as described above)
2. the clearing of an overload condition (clearing is delayed by 100
ms to debounce).

3 - 11
CPC 100 V1.4

Note: Trigger conditions with "<" are meaningful in combination with


external signals only, i.e., with signals that are not coming from
CPC 100.
Reason: if the trigger signal comes from CPC 100, the trigger
condition will always be "true" at the moment the I/O (test start/
stop) push-button is pressed.
After having pressed K E E P R E S U L T S , the trigger event is locked and
cannot be changed.

2 Data entry field for the threshold value.


Setting a threshold value is not possible ("n/a", as shown above), if
either
a binary trigger condition
no trigger
overload
was selected.
After having pressed K E E P R E S U L T S , data entry for the threshold
value is disabled, i.e., the value cannot be changed.

3 Bin.In:
Indicates the signal condition at the binary input Bin In. 4 different
characteristics are possible:
Closed: potential-free contact between BinIn+ and BinIn
closed.
Open: potential-free contact between BinIn+ and BinIn
open.
Come:
trigger signal with rising edge occurred at BinIn.
Go:
trigger signal with falling edge occurred at BinIn

4 Delay time display


The delay time is the time between the last change of the CPC 100
output value and the occurrence of the trigger event.

3 - 12
Getting Started with Quick

Switch off on trigger


5
This option is available if the trigger condition is either binary or
overload. Else, "switch off on trigger" is preset and cannot be disabled.
"Switch off on trigger" is also locked and cannot be changed after
having pressed K E E P R E S U L T S .
1. Enabled
When the trigger event occurs, the CPC 100 outputs are
switched off immediately (i.e., in real-time).
The measurements are updated to show the values at
the time the trigger event occurred, and are then
"frozen", i.e., not updated anymore from that moment
on. Quick turns to the "off" state.
At the field for the power output value setting the data
entry mode is automatically disabled to prevent this
value from being changed. The focus, however,
remains on that field, enabling instant navigation with
the handwheel.
Pressing the menu key K E E P R E S U L T S saves the
measured values in the measurement table. Quick
returns to the "measuring" state, the measurement
continues in a new line of the measurement table.
2. Disabled
The CPC 100 outputs remain active, i.e., in "on" state,
after the trigger event occurred. If the trigger is binary,
the "BinIn" indicator reflects the occurrence of the
trigger event accordingly.
The focus remains in data entry mode on the field for the
power output value setting, allowing an immediate
change of the output value.
The measurements continue after the trigger event.
As soon as the output value is changed, the display of
the most recent delay time is removed.

3 - 13
CPC 100 V1.4

3 - 14
Current Transformer

Current Transformer
Contents of this section
Scope of Current Transformer Tests............................................... page 4-2
CT Ratio (and Burden) .................................................................... page 4-3
Testing Ratio, Polarity (and Burden)
with Injection to Current Input ..................................................... page 4-3
Testing Ratio, Polarity (and Burden) with a Current Clamp ..... page 4-10
CT Burden..................................................................................... page 4-11
CT Excitation (Kneepoint) ............................................................. page 4-15
Winding Resistance ...................................................................... page 4-20
Voltage Withstand Test ................................................................. page 4-25
Polarity Check ............................................................................... page 4-28
CT RatioV (with Voltage)............................................................... page 4-33
CT Rogowski (Ratio) ..................................................................... page 4-38
CT Low Power (Ratio)................................................................... page 4-43
TanDelta........................................................................................ page 4-48

 Note: With regard to software handling, this section confines to test-relevant


issues, and does not go into detailed procedural descriptions.
It is assumed that you have read and understood the section How to
Use the CPC 100 Software on page 2-16.

4-1
CPC 100 V1.4

Scope of Current Transformer Tests


Go to the Test Card View and press I N S E R T C A R D .
Use the context-dependent U P /D O W N menu keys to the right, or the
handwheel, to browse through the structure. On CT, press E N T E R .
Alternatively, press the accelerator key to open Insert a new test card.
CT comprises the following test cards:
Figure 1:
Inserting CT test cards

Highlight the test card of your choice either by navigating with the handwheel or
by using the context-dependent U P /D O W N menu keys, and press E N T E R .

 Note: The test cards


CTRatio (and Burden)
CTBurden
CTRatioV (with Voltage)
CTLowPower (Ratio)
employ the method of frequency-selective measurement, which is
used to filter out interferences as they usually occur in substations.
To learn more about frequency-selective measurement, please refer
to The Frequency-Selective Measurement on page 3-6.

4-2
Current Transformer

CT Ratio (and Burden)


Testing Ratio, Polarity (and Burden) with Injection to
Current Input
Use the CTRatio test card to measure a current transformers ratio and burden
with injection on the CTs primary side with up to 800 A from 800A ACoutput or
up to 2000 A using the CP CB2 current booster connected to the "EXT.
BOOSTER" output.
It measures amplitude and phase angle of the current (at IAC) and voltage
(at V1AC) on the transformers secondary side, and calculates the actual ratio
and the deviation from the nominal ratio.
Figure 2:
Setup of testing ratio,
polarity (and burden)
with injection to current
input

4-3
CPC 100 V1.4

Test settings
Figure 3:
CTRatio test card with
test results

Navigate to the parameter fields, and enter the values according to your test
requirements:

Range: output range


Iprim: nominal primary current
Isec: nominal secondary current
Itest: primary injection current.
f: output frequency
Auto select check box for automatic test (default), clear for manual
test (refer to page 4-7).

Note: If the test involves either an external booster to gain a higher


output current or a current clamp to measure Isec, set these
devices at the Options tab Device Setup before starting the test.

Measure The option "Measure Burden" lets you measure the burden, the
Burden secondary voltage and the cos (cosinus of angle between
secondary current and secondary voltage).

Pressing the S E T T I N G S menu key opens the Settings page. The Settings
page allows setting the test cards individually. As a rule, do not use the Settings
page but the Device Setup tab in the Options view (see Device Setup on
page 2-32) to set the test cards. For more information, see Settings Page on
page 2-27.

4-4
Current Transformer

Three methods to determine I sec


The secondary current Isec can be determined either
1. by leading it directly via the 10A current input IAC (refer to figure 2 at page
4-3), and let CPC 100 measure it
2. by means of a current clamp that is connected, for example, to the V2AC low
level AC voltage measuring input (refer to Testing Ratio, Polarity (and
Burden) with a Current Clamp on page 10 of this chapter).
3. by selecting the check box "Manual input". This option lets you enter the
value for Isec manually, e.g., when Isec was measured with an external
current clamp that is not connected to CPC 100.
Note: Select "Manual input" prior to starting the test. If the test card still
contains results, clear them by pressing C L E A R R E S U L T S .
When "Manual input" is selected, there is no phase available.
Consequently, the polarity and cos cannot be calculated.

Measurements

Iprim: actual current output at 800A AC output that is injected into the
CTs primary side
Isec: measured secondary current and phase angle relative to
Iprim
Ratio: ratio Iprim /Isec., here 200:5.01331
and deviation of current ratio in %.
((Kn x Isec - Iprim) / Iprim) x 100%2
((200A / 5A * 5.013A - 199.99A) / 199.99A) x 100% = +0.265%
Polarity: displays the status of the polarity
OK = phaseIsec - phaseIprim = -45< 0 < +45
NOT OK = all other cases
1. The value 5.0133 is calculated as follows:
I sec act x (Iprim nom / I prim act); here: 5.013 A x (200A / 199.99A) = 5.0133
2. Kn = rated transformation value, here: 200A / 5A

4-5
CPC 100 V1.4

The option "Measure burden"


Select the check box "Measure Burden" to measure the burden in VA.
Note: This option is only useful as long as the injected current Itest is about
of the magnitude of the nominal current Iprim.
Figure 4:
Setup for testing ratio,
polarity and burden with
injection to current input

Note: For CTs that have a hole rather than a primary busbar just loop the
high-current cable through the hole and connect the high-current
clamps together.

4-6
Current Transformer

Figure 5:
CTRatio test card with
selected "Measure
burden" option and test
results

Additional measurements when "Measure burden" is selected

Vsec: measured secondary voltage and phase angle relative to Iprim


Burden: burden in VA
cos cosine of angle between Isec and Vsec

Automatic Test vs. Manual Test


1. Option "Manual input" clear1
Automatic test
Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test.
The test current increases from 0A to Itest in a ramp characteristic within
1 second. Then Itest is kept for a period of 2.4 seconds, and the
measurements are taken. Next, the ramp decreases again within 0.3 second.
The automatic test stops by itself, it can now be assessed.
To repeat the test, first press B A C K TO T O P , if applicable, and then
CLEAR RESULTS.

1. Refer to Three methods to determine I sec on page 5 of this chapter.

4-7
CPC 100 V1.4

Manual test
Clearing "Auto" lets you set the test current Itest manually with the handwheel.
Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test. The focus is set
onto the "I test:" entry field.
Set the value of your choice either by turning the handwheel and/or by
entering it with the numerical keys.
Note: A value set with the numerical keys needs to be fully entered and
acknowledged by pressing either E N T E R or the handwheel before
it is applied to the output. If needed, it can then be adjusted using
the handwheel.
Values set by turning the handwheel are applied instantaneously.
Now the measurements are taken and displayed.
To save the measurement press K E E P R E S U L T S (pressing the I/O push-
button has the same effect). The last measured values are "frozen", the test
can now be assessed.
Stop the manual test by pressing the I/O (test start/stop) push-button.
To repeat the test, first press B A C K TO T O P , if applicable, and then
CLEAR RESULTS.

4-8
Current Transformer

2. Option "Manual input" selected


Note: Select "Manual input" prior to starting the test. If the test card still
contains results, clear them by pressing C L E A R R E S U L T S .
When "Manual input" is selected, there is no phase available.
Consequently, neither the polarity nor the phase angle nor cos can
be calculated.
Since an automatic test only lasts a very short period of time, and a
manual measurement is rather difficult, an automatic test with a
manual measurement is not useful. Therefore, this Reference Manual
will not cover this subject.
Manual test
Clearing "Auto" lets you set the test current Itest manually with the handwheel.
Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test. The focus is set
onto the "I test:" entry field.
Set the value of your choice either by turning the handwheel and/or by
entering it with the numerical keys.
Note: A value set with the numerical keys needs to be fully entered and
acknowledged by pressing either E N T E R or the handwheel before
it is applied to the output. If needed, it can then be adjusted using
the handwheel.
Values set by turning the handwheel are applied instantaneously.
Iprim is measured and displayed.
To save the measurement press K E E P R E S U L T S .
Navigate to the Isec entry field.
Enter the measured Isec value either by turning the handwheel or by entering
this value with the numerical keys, and press E N T E R or the handwheel to
acknowledge your setting.
The ratio is calculated and displayed.
To stop the manual test, press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button. The test
can now be assessed.
Note: Alternatively it is possible to enter the manually measured value
into the test card after the test was stopped (e.g., if the
measurement was carried out at a remote location).
To repeat the test, first press B A C K TO T O P , if applicable, and then
CLEAR RESULTS.
To learn more about test assessment, refer to Test Assessment on page 10-2.

4-9
CPC 100 V1.4

Testing Ratio, Polarity (and Burden) with a Current


Clamp
To measure Isec, a current clamp can be connected to, e.g., the IAC/DC current
measuring input (as shown in figure 6).
Note 1: If a current clamp is used to measure Isec, select the corresponding
check box on the test card, and specify the current clamp at the
Options tab Device Setup (recommended) or on the Settings page.
Note 2: Due to cross-talk between the measuring inputs V1AC and V2AC, we
suggest not to connect a current clamp to the input V2AC.
Therefore, use a current clamp with current output.
Figure 6:
Setup for testing ratio,
polarity (and burden)
with a current clamp

The test itself is carried out in the same way as the test described at Testing
Ratio, Polarity (and Burden) with Injection to Current Input on page 3 of this
chapter. Please refer to this section.

4 - 10
Current Transformer

CT Burden
Use the CTBurden test card to measure a current transformers secondary
burden with AC current injection into the load (up to 6A).
To do so, open the circuit as shown in figure 7, and inject the AC current from
CPC 100s 6A ACoutput into the burden.
The IAC input measures the current that flows into the burden, and the V1AC
input measures the voltage at the burden.
From these measurements, the burden (in VA) and the power factor cos are
calculated.
This is the preferred method in cases, when the current of max. 800A that
CPC 100 can feed into the CTs primary side is not sufficient.
Figure 7:
Setup for a CT burden
measurement

4 - 11
CPC 100 V1.4

Test settings
Figure 8:
CTBurden test card
with test results

Navigate to the parameter fields, and enter the values according to your test
requirements:

Isec: nominal secondary current


Itest: secondary injection current from 6A AC output
f: output frequency
Auto select check box for automatic test (default), clear for manual
test (refer to page 4-13).

Selecting the check box "Manual input" lets you enter the value for Vsec
manually, e.g., when Vsec was measured with an external volt meter rather than
at input V1AC.

Measurements
Isec: actual secondary current, measured via input IAC
Vsec: secondary voltage at the burden, measured at input V1AC,
and phase angle relative to Isec
Burden: burden in VA, calculated from the measured values Isec and
Vsec (calculated to nominal current)
cos cosinus of phase angle

4 - 12
Current Transformer

Automatic Test vs. Manual Test


1. Option "Manual input" clear
Automatic test
Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test.
The test current increases in a ramp characteristic from 0A to Itest within
1 second. Then Itest is kept and injected for a period of 2.4 seconds, the
measurements are taken. Next, the ramp decreases again within 0.3 second.
The automatic test stops by itself, it can now be assessed.
To repeat the test, first press B A C K TO T O P , if applicable, and then
CLEAR RESULTS.
Manual test
Clearing "Auto" lets you set the test current Itest manually with the handwheel.
Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test. The focus is set
onto the "I test:" entry field.
Set the value of your choice either by turning the handwheel and/or by
entering it with the numerical keys.
Note: A value set with the numerical keys needs to be fully entered and
acknowledged by pressing either E N T E R or the handwheel before
it is applied to the output. If needed, it can then be adjusted using
the handwheel.
Values set by turning the handwheel are applied instantaneously.
Now the measurements are taken and displayed.
To save the measurement press K E E P R E S U L T S (pressing the I/O push-
button has the same effect). The last measured values are "frozen", and can
now be assessed.
Stop the manual test by pressing the I/O (test start/stop) push-button. The
test can now be assessed.
To repeat the test, first press B A C K TO T O P , if applicable, and then
CLEAR RESULTS.

4 - 13
CPC 100 V1.4

2. Option "Manual input" selected


Note: Select "Manual input" prior to starting the test. If the test card still
contains results, clear them by pressing C L E A R R E S U L T S .
When "Manual input" is selected, there is no phase available.
Consequently, neither the phase angle nor cos can be calculated.
Since an automatic test only lasts a very short period of time, and a
manual measurement is rather difficult, an automatic test with a
manual measurement is not useful. Therefore, this Reference Manual
will not cover this subject.
Manual test
Clearing "Auto" lets you set the test current Itest manually with the handwheel.
Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test. The focus is set
onto the "I test:" entry field.
Set the value of your choice either by turning the handwheel and/or by
entering it with the numerical keys.
Note: A value set with the numerical keys needs to be fully entered and
acknowledged by pressing either E N T E R or the handwheel before
it is applied to the output. If needed, it can then be adjusted using
the handwheel.
Values set by turning the handwheel are applied instantaneously.
Isec is measured and displayed.
To save the measurement press K E E P R E S U L T S .
Navigate to the "Vsec:" entry field
Enter the measured Vsec value either by turning the handwheel or by
entering this value with the numerical keys, and press E N T E R or the
handwheel to acknowledge your setting.
Now the burden is calculated and displayed.
To stop the manual test, press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button. The test
can now be assessed.
Note: Alternatively it is possible to enter the manually measured value
into the test card after the test was stopped (e.g., if the
measurement was carried out at a remote location).
To repeat the test, first press B A C K TO T O P , if applicable, and then
CLEAR RESULTS.
To learn more about test assessment, refer to Test Assessment on page 10-2.

4 - 14
Current Transformer

CT Excitation (Kneepoint)
Use the CTExcitation test card to record the excitation curve of a current
transformer. This test performs an automatic injection of a test voltage of up to
2kV to the current transformers secondary side.
Figure 9:
Setup for recording a
CT excitation curve

4 - 15
CPC 100 V1.4

Test Settings
Figure 10:
Blank CT Excitation
test card

Navigate to the parameter fields for "Imax:", "Vmax:" and "f:", and enter the
values according to your test requirements.
Select check box "Auto" for automatic test (default), clear it for manual test
(refer to page 4-17).
Set the focus onto the combo box underneath "I:".
The options of this combo box let you determine the method for the knee
point calculation:

IEC/BS According to IEC 60044-1, the knee point is defined as the


point on the curve where a voltage increment of 10%
increases the current by 50%.
ANSI 45 According to IEEE C57.13, the knee point is the point
where, with a double logarithmic representation, the tangent
line to the curve forms a 45 angle.
Applies to current transformer cores without an air gap.
ANSI 30 Like ANSI 45 but forming a 30 angle.
Applies to current transformer cores with an air gap.

Once the test is finished and the knee point calculated according to the selected
method, it is possible to switch between IEC/BS, ANSI 45 and ANSI 30. The
knee point is recalculated accordingly.
According to the standards, the measured voltages are mean-rectified values,
however, during the measurement the rms voltages are set. These values can
differ considerably when the CT is in saturation.

4 - 16
Current Transformer

Automatic Test vs. Manual Test

Automatic test
Selecting "Auto" increases and decreases the test voltage in a ramp
characteristic, and places test points in an adaptive way to determine the knee
point.
Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test.
The range from Vmin to Vmax is swept through, which is indicated by the
crosshair cursor in the graphics.
The software places test points between Vmax and Vmin in a heuristic
manner, to calculate the knee point with an adequate accuracy.
The graph1 displays these test points as markers. A test point is a voltage-
current value pair.
The automatic test stops by itself, it can now be assessed.

Manual test
Clearing "Auto" lets you set the test voltage Vtest manually with the handwheel.
Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test. The focus is set
onto the "V:" entry field.
Set the first value of your choice (rms value) either by turning the handwheel
or by entering this value with the numerical keys.
Note: When using the handwheel, make sure not to increase the
amplitude too fast since this may shortly exceed the set value
Imax. Turn the handwheel slowly.
"I:" shows the corresponding current value and indicates it with the crosshair
cursor in the graphics.
Press A D D P O I N T to add the test point to the graph.
Repeat this procedure for all additional test points.
The points you set are automatically connected (interpolated) with linear line
segments.
Press R E M O V E L A S T P . to undo the adding of the last test point. Press
the key repeatedly to remove more than one point.

1. V over I graph, X and Y axes with a double logarithmic scale

4 - 17
CPC 100 V1.4

Press R E M O V E A L L to clear all points at once. This does not terminate the
test but lets you set new test points.
Once all test points are set, press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to stop
the manual test. The knee point is calculated, and its values are displayed at
"Iknee:" and "Vknee:".
The test can now be assessed
Both cases, an automatic stop after the test and stopping the test manually
during the sweep, reduce the test voltage to the minimum (Vmin) within approx.
1s of time, and demagnetize the transformer core.
Figure 11:
CT Excitation test card
- test points set in
automatic test mode

The graph displays the test results in form of an interpolated curve with test point
markers.
Turn the handwheel to set the focus onto the graph, and press it. This will bring
up a crosshair cursor that lets you navigate through the list of test points by using
the keys P R E V I O U S P O I N T and N E X T P O I N T . Turning the handwheel has
the same effect. The fields "V:" and "I:" display the value pair of each test point.

4 - 18
Current Transformer

Figure 12:
CT Excitation test card
- using the crosshair
cursor

The final step of the test is the test assessment.


To learn more about test assessment, refer to Test Assessment on page 10-2.

Demagnetization
Both direct currents (DC) or unsymmetrical AC currents (e.g., asymmetries
when the CT is switched off) can cause a residual induction in CT cores.
Residual induction can result in an high increase of the ratio error.
To reduce the residual induction to zero, the CT cores should be demagnetized
after all CT tests with DC, e.g., after a measurement of the CT winding
resistance, or the measurement of the contact resistances of the primary circuit.
Also demagnetize the core before carrying out ratio measurements.
If the limit values for current and voltage (Imax and Vmax) at the CTExcitation
test card are high enough to bring the core into saturation during the recording
of an excitation curve, slowly decreasing the testing voltage demagnetizes the
CT automatically.
Demagnetization can also be done without recording an excitation curve by
pressing the D E M A G . button.

4 - 19
CPC 100 V1.4

Winding Resistance
Note: Some test cards are available in more than one test mode. For
example, the test card RWinding can be selected in CT, Resistance
and Transformer.
This is solely related to usability. With regard to functionality, the test
card RWinding is identical in all test modes.

Never open the measuring circuit while current flows. Dangerous voltage may
occur! Check whether the red warning light I and the discharge LED are off
before disconnecting the device under test. Before disconnecting from CPC 100,
connect the device under test to protective earth.
Figure 13:
Setup for a winding
resistance test

Off before disconnecting device


under test

Off before disconnecting device under test

4 - 20
Current Transformer

Use the test card RWinding to measure the resistance of a current


transformers secondary winding. To do so, open the circuit as shown in figure
13, and inject DC current from the CPC 100s 6A DCoutput into the
transformers secondary winding. Currents higher than 6 A are not needed for
measuring CTs.
It is recommended to perform all winding resistance measurements with the
CP SA1 discharge box connected to the CPC 100s V DC input sockets to
protect yourself and CPC 100 from high-voltage hazards. The CP SA1
discharge box must be used for measurements using 400A DC output. Before
using CP SA1, you can check its functionality by following the test procedure in
CP SA1 Discharge Box on page 16-14. If the discharge box is defective,
contact OMICRON electronics sales office (for ordering information, see
Ordering Information for CP SA1 on page 16-14). Before disconnecting the
test leads, short-circuit the transformers terminals first and then remove the
wirings to CPC 100.
V DC input measures the voltage generated at the transformers secondary
winding. From that value the winding resistance is calculated.
Due to the significant time span needed for the transformers inductance to
reach its saturation, this test evaluates the deviation of measured values within
a time interval of 10 seconds. The winding resistance is continually measured
and stored in CPC 100s internal memory. The calculated difference between
the maximum and minimum measured values in % within the last 10 seconds is
displayed.
Furthermore this test comprises the option to take a temperature compensation
for copper (Cu) into consideration (refer to page 4-24).

4 - 21
CPC 100 V1.4

Test settings
Figure 14:
RWinding test card
with test results

Navigate to the parameter fields, and enter the values according to your test
requirements:

Range: output range (Use the 6A DCoutput for measuring CTs.)


Itest: nominal test current
R min: calculated minimum winding resistance value (display only).
Depends on the value of the nominal test current and the
measuring range:
400A DC: Rmin = 0.2mV / Itest
6A DC: Rmin = 0.2mV / Itest
VDC (2-wire): Rmin = 0.2
R max: calculated maximum winding resistance value (display only).
Depends on the value of the nominal test current and the
measuring range:
400A DC: Rmax = 5V / Itest.
6A DC: Rmax = 10V / Itest.
VDC (2-wire): Rmax = 20k

Note: The transformers core is magnetized after the measurement.


Demagnetization can be done using the CT Excitation test card (see CT
Excitation (Kneepoint) on page 15 of this chapter.

4 - 22
Current Transformer

Measurements
IDC: actual test current from 6A DC output or 400A DC output.
VDC: voltage that IDC generates at the transformers secondary
winding, measured at V DC input
R meas: transformers winding resistance, calculated from VDC / IDC
Time: total elapsed test time
Dev: deviation in % between the maximum and the minimum
measured values evaluated within the last 10 seconds of the
measurement. The results are considered stable if Dev < 0.1%.

4 - 23
CPC 100 V1.4

The Option "Temperature Compensation for Cu"

Option selected

Provides two more parameters to enter:

Tmeas: ambient temperature


Tref: operating temperature of test object, i.e., the current
transformers secondary winding

Depending on these two parameters, the reference resistance (Rref,


temperature-compensated winding resistance) is calculated:

Rref: In Centigrade:
Rref = (VDC / IDC) x (235C + Tref) / (235C + Tmeas)
In Fahrenheit:
Rref = (VDC / IDC) x (391F + Tref F) / (391F + Tmeas F)
Note: Formula according to IEC 60076-1.

Option cleared

For the winding resistance measurement there is no temperature compensation


taken into consideration.
Once all settings are defined, press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start
the test.
When the measurements are taken, finish the test by assessing it.
To learn more about test assessment, refer to Test Assessment on page 10-2.

4 - 24
Current Transformer

Voltage Withstand Test


Note: Some test cards are available in more than one test mode. For
example, the test card VWithstand can be selected in CT, VT,
Resistance and Transformer.
This is solely related to usability. With regard to functionality, the test
card VWithstand is identical in all test modes.

Use the test card VWithstand to measure the voltage withstand capability of the
secondary winding and secondary wiring.
To do so, disconnect the burden. As shown in figure 15, connect one cable of
the 2kV output to the transformers secondary (1S1) winding connection and the
other cable to earth and the transformers primary connection (P1). Open the
secondary ground connection and ground the burden for safety reasons.
Warning: be aware that the terminal that is connected to the transformers
secondary connection "1S1" leads life-hazardous voltage!
Figure 15:
Setup for a voltage
withstand test

4 - 25
CPC 100 V1.4

Test Settings
Figure 16:
VWithstand test card
with test results

Navigate to the parameter fields, and enter the values according to your test
requirements:

Vtest: nominal test voltage (2kV max.)


f: output frequency
Time: time span Vtest is applied to the output

Option "Switch off on IAC>"


Select this combo box and specify a current threshold to turn off the voltage
withstand test automatically if this value is exceeded.
If the combo box is clear (default), I AC is measured, however, there is no current
threshold to turn off the voltage withstand test automatically if this value is
exceeded. The data entry field cannot be accessed.

Option "Auto"
Select this combo box and specify a duration time for the voltage withstand test
to run (default = 60 seconds). After this time, the test is turned off automatically.
Clear this combo box if you prefer to either turn off the test manually, or have it
turned off by the option "Switch off on I AC>" without a duration time involved.
Note: If both options "Switch off on I AC>" and "Auto" are selected, they act
as an OR operation, i.e., whatever occurs first will turn off the voltage
withstand test.

4 - 26
Current Transformer

Measurements
VAC: injected voltage from 2kV AC output at the time the test turned
off
IAC: measured current between the transformers primary and
secondary windings at the time the test turned off
Imax: maximum measured current between primary and secondary
winding during the entire test cycle

Once all settings are defined, press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start
the test.
The test voltage increases in a ramp characteristic from 0V to Vtest. Vtest is
then applied to the output for the specified time span. The measurements are
continuously taken. Afterwards Vtest decreases in a ramp characteristic.
When the measurements are taken, finish the test by assessing it.
To learn more about test assessment, refer to Test Assessment on page 10-2.

4 - 27
CPC 100 V1.4

Polarity Check
Note: Some test cards are available in more than one test mode. For
example, the PolCheck test card can be selected in CT and VT.
This is solely related to usability. With regard to functionality, the
Polarity Check test card is identical in all test modes.

Use the PolCheck test card to check a series of test points for correct polarity.
To do so, CPC 100 injects a special polarity test signal at a certain location. This
signal can either be a voltage or a current signal from CPC 100, and has a signal
characteristic similar to a saw-tooth signal with a different steepness for the
rising and the falling slope.
The polarity check itself is then done with the accessory CPOL, a portable easy-
to-use polarity checker.
Figure 17:
Illustrated setup for a
polarity check S1 S1

S2 S2

CPC 100 injects a special


polarity check signal


polarity checker polarity checker


CPOL CPOL

If CPOL detects the same signal characteristic at a test point, it considers the
polarity as OK, and lights up the green LED.

 If the signal characteristic is inverted or distorted, CPOL considers the polarity


not OK, and lights up the red LED.

+ If CPOL detects a signal that is too low, both LEDs light up at the same time.
Remedy: increase the signal magnitude.

Note: If you detect a wrong polarity in the current path, turn off CPC 100 first,
and only then disconnect the terminals.

4 - 28
Current Transformer

If you are not quite certain whether your measurement is correct, you can
confirm it by reversing the probes of CPOL. In that case, the other LED should
light up.

The battery of CPOL


+ If the capacity of CPOLs battery gets low, the LEDs start flashing. As long as
flashing
the LEDs are flashing, CPOLs battery provides sufficient power to continue
working. However, the battery should be changed as soon as possible.
Never operate CPOL with an open battery compartment. A life-hazardous
voltage level may occur in the battery compartment if CPOLs probe touches a
test point with high voltage potential!

4 - 29
CPC 100 V1.4

Test Settings
Figure 18:
PolCheck test card with
test points

Navigate to the parameter fields, and enter the values according to your test
requirements:

Range: output range


Ampl.: amplitude of polarity check output signal. Any value between
the minimum and maximum of the selected range is possible.

Select the option "Intermittent" to define a pulse duty cycle for the output signal:

T on: time span the signal is applied to the output


T off: time span the signal output is paused
A Ton/Toff ratio of 2.000s/9.000s means the signal is applied
for 2 seconds, then paused for 9 seconds. After that the cycle
repeats.

Clear the option "Intermittent" to apply the polarity check output signal
continuously.
Note: Please observe the allowed duty cycles that may apply to the selected
AC output range. The allowed pulse duty cycle, i.e., the typical time
tmax, depends on the selected range, the ambient temperature, the
operating conditions of CPC 100 etc.
For more information please refer to CPC 100 Outputs on page 15-5.

4 - 30
Current Transformer

Pressing the S E T T I N G S menu key opens the Settings page. The Settings
page allows setting the test cards individually. As a rule, do not use the Settings
page but the Device Setup tab in the Options view (see Device Setup on
page 2-32) to set the test cards. For more information, see Settings Page on
page 2-27.

Carrying Out the Polarity Check


1. Define the first set of parameters, and press the I/O (test start/stop) push-
button to start the test
2. CPC 100 now applies the polarity check signal with the specified parameters
to the output.
3. Now carry out the polarity check at the test point of your choice using CPOL.
4. Add the first test point to the test point table by pressing "New Result".
The column "Location" displays a default name "Point 1", and a "n/a" in the
column "Assessment" shows that no assessment was done yet.
5. If you need multiple test points, repeat items 3 - 4 as often as needed.
6. For the assessment there are two alternatives:
a) assess each test point right away as it is entered
b) or add all test points needed, stop the test, and then do the assessment
test point for test point.
To learn more about test assessment, refer to Test Assessment on page
10-2.
7. Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to stop the test.
Note: Alternatively it is possible to enter test points after the test was
stopped (e.g., if the measurement was carried out at a remote
location).

4 - 31
CPC 100 V1.4

Customizing Test Point Names


Figure 19:
Highlighting a test point
changes the context-
dependent menu keys

Highlight the test point of your choice by turning the handwheel.


Press E D I T L O C A T I O N to open the String Editor
Use the String Editor functionality (refer to The String Editor in chapter 10)
to specify a name of your choice for the selected test point.

4 - 32
Current Transformer

CT RatioV (with Voltage)


Use the CTRatioV test card to measure a current transformers ratio. To do so,
from the 2kV AC output feed a voltage of up to 500V to the transformers
secondary side.
The preferred method for CT ratio measurement is current injection using the
CTRatio test card. However, on CTs such as some GIS CTs or bushing CTs on
power transformers where the primary current path is not accessible, the
method described in this section is the only solution.
Both the amplitude of the injected test voltage as well as amplitude and phase
angle of the voltage on the transformers primary side are measured. The
measurements taken are the basis for the calculation of the actual ratio and the
deviation from the nominal ratio.
To measure the CT ratio using the CTRatioV test card, connect the 2kV AC
output to the CTs secondary winding and the V2 AC input to the main
conductors, e.g. on a power transformer to the transformers bushings of
different phases.
Figure 20:
Setup for testing the
ratio and polarity by
measuring the voltage
ratio

4 - 33
CPC 100 V1.4

Test settings
Figure 21:
CTRatioV test card with
test results

Navigate to the parameter fields, and enter the values according to your test
requirements:

Iprim: nominal primary current


Isec: nominal secondary current
Vtest: secondary inception voltage.
f: output frequency
Auto select check box for automatic test (default), clear for manual
test (refer to page 4-36).

Note: If the transformers knee point voltage is approximated or


exceeded, due to the transformers saturation the measurement
results are not correct anymore. If the knee point is extensively
exceeded, the transformer can even be damaged.
Therefore, the knee point voltage should be known or measured
beforehand.
Generally, to set the test voltage to 75% of the knee-point voltage
is a good choice.
The frequency should be set 15 to 20 Hz off the mains frequency
to avoid interferences by life systems in the neighborhood.

4 - 34
Current Transformer

Measurements
Vsec: actual output at the 2kV AC output that is injected to the CTs
secondary side
Vprim: measured voltage on CTs primary side and phase angle
relative to Vsec
Iout measured current from Vsec output
Ratio: ratio Iprim /Isec, here 200:5.01341
and deviation of current ratio in %. Formula:
((Kn x Vprim - Vsec) / Vsec) x 100%2
((200A / 5A * 1.2536V - 50.010V) / 50.010V) x 100% =
+0.268%
Polarity: displays the status of the polarity
OK = phaseVprim - phaseVsec = -45 < 0 < 45
NOT OK = all other cases
1. The ratio value 5.0134A is calculated as follows:
Vprim act x (Iprim nom / Vsec act); here: 1.2536V x (200A / 50.010V) = 5.0134A
2. Kn = rated transformation value, here: 200A / 5A

Selecting the check box "Manual input" lets you enter the value for Vprim
manually, e.g., when Vprim was measured with an external volt meter.

4 - 35
CPC 100 V1.4

Automatic Test vs. Manual Test


1. Option "Manual input" clear
Automatic test
Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test.
Within 1 second the test voltage increases in a ramp characteristic from 0V
to Vtest. Then Vtest is kept for a period of 2.4 seconds, and the
measurements are taken. Next, the ramp decreases again within 0.3 second.
The automatic test stops by itself, it can now be assessed.
To repeat the test, first press B A C K TO T O P , if applicable, and then
CLEAR RESULTS.
Manual test
Clearing "Auto" lets you set the test voltage Vtest manually with the handwheel.
Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test. The focus is set
onto the "V test:" entry field.
Set the value of your choice either by turning the handwheel and/or by
entering it with the numerical keys.
Note: A value set with the numerical keys needs to be fully entered and
acknowledged by pressing either E N T E R or the handwheel before
it is applied to the output. If needed, it can then be adjusted using
the handwheel.
Values set by turning the handwheel are applied instantaneously.
Now the measurements are taken and displayed.
To save the measurement press K E E P R E S U L T S (pressing the I/O push-
button has the same effect). The last measured values are "frozen", and can
now be assessed.
Stop the manual test by pressing the I/O (test start/stop) push-button. The
test can now be assessed.
To repeat the test, first press B A C K TO T O P , if applicable, and then
CLEAR RESULTS.

4 - 36
Current Transformer

2. Option "Manual input" selected


Note: Select "Manual input" prior to starting the test. If the test card still
contains results, clear them by pressing C L E A R R E S U L T S .
When "Manual input" is selected, there is no phase available.
Consequently, neither the polarity nor the phase angle nor cos can
be calculated.
Since an automatic test only lasts a very short period of time, and a
manual measurement is rather difficult, an automatic test with a
manual measurement is not useful. Therefore, this Reference Manual
will not cover this subject.
Manual test
Clearing "Auto" lets you set the test voltage Vtest manually with the handwheel.
Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test. The focus is set
onto the "V test:" entry field.
Set the value of your choice either by turning the handwheel and/or by
entering it with the numerical keys.
Note: A value set with the numerical keys needs to be fully entered and
acknowledged by pressing either E N T E R or the handwheel before
it is applied to the output. If needed, it can then be adjusted using
the handwheel.
Values set by turning the handwheel are applied instantaneously.
Vsec is measured and displayed.
To save the measurement press K E E P R E S U L T S .
Navigate to the "Vprim:" entry field
Enter the measured Vprim value either by turning the handwheel or by
entering this value with the numerical keys, and press E N T E R or the
handwheel to acknowledge your setting.
The ratio is calculated and displayed.
To stop the manual test, press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button. The test
can now be assessed.
Note: Alternatively it is possible to enter the manually measured value
into the test card after the test was stopped (e.g., if the
measurement was carried out at a remote location).
To repeat the test, first press B A C K TO T O P , if applicable, and then
CLEAR RESULTS.
To learn more about test assessment, refer to Test Assessment on page 10-2.

4 - 37
CPC 100 V1.4

CT Rogowski (Ratio)
Use the CTRogowski test card to measure a Rogowski coils ratio by injecting
current up to 800 A from CPC 100s 800A AC output or up to 2000 A using the
CP CB2 current booster connected to the "EXT. BOOSTER" output into the
current-carrying conductor, and by measuring the induced voltage at the end of
the Rogowski coil windings.
A Rogowski coils induced voltage is proportional to the conductor current
differentiated with respect to time. Therefore, in order to acquire a direct
equivalent of the conductors current, the induced voltage needs to be
integrated. In general, a Rogowski coils output signal is either lead via an
integrating amplifier or fed into an electronic protection relay with integrator. The
CTRogowski test card integrates the Rogowski coils output signal at the
CPC 100 input V2AC.
Disconnect the Rogowski coils output signal from the electronic protection relay,
and plug it into CPC 100s V2AC input.
The CTRogowski test card measures the amplitude of the injected current
Iprim and the Rogowski coils output voltage Vsec, integrates this signal, and
calculates the secondary current Isec, its phase angle as well as the actual ratio
and the deviation.
Figure 22:
Setup for a CT ratio test
of a Rogowski coil P2 Shielded cable with
twisted wires. electronic
P1 Shield connected protection
to Rogowski coil. relay with
integrator
(e.g.,
150mV at
Inominal)

Please refer to note below.

4 - 38
Current Transformer

Test Settings
Figure 23:
CT Rogowski test card
with test results

Navigate to the parameter fields, and enter the values according to your test
requirements:

Range: output range


Iprim: nominal primary current of Rogowski coil
(upper field)
Vsec: nominal secondary voltage of Rogowski coil
fnom: nominal frequency of the Rogowski coils secondary voltage
Itest: primary injection current
f: frequency of injected current Itest
Auto select check box for automatic test (default), clear for manual
test (refer to page 4-41).

 Note: When using the CTRogowski test card, the 3V V2AC input
uses an additional software based integration method.
In the range of 50Hz < f < 60Hz, this results in a phase shift of
90 as well as an additional phase error of +/- 0.1 and an
additional amplitude error of +/- 0.01%. For frequencies in the
range of 15Hz < f < 400Hz, the phase error is not specified, and
the amplitude error can be up to +/- 0,50% higher.
Therefore, for phase measurements, use a frequency range of
50Hz < f < 60Hz only.

4 - 39
CPC 100 V1.4

Pressing the S E T T I N G S menu key opens the Settings page. The Settings
page allows setting the test cards individually. As a rule, do not use the Settings
page but the Device Setup tab in the Options view (see Device Setup on
page 2-32) to set the test cards. For more information, see Settings Page on
page 2-27.

Measurements
Iprim: actual output current at the output that is injected into the
(lower field) Rogowski coils current-carrying conductor
Vsec: secondary voltage measured at V2AC

Isec: calculated secondary current. Isec = k V sec dt

with k = Iprim nom / (Vsec nom x 1s).


Note that the current Isec does not really exist in the system. It
is a calculated current only.
phase angle of calculated secondary current with reference to
the primary current
Ratio: Iprim / Isec, here 240.0:239.971
% and deviation of current ratio in %. Formula:
((Isec - Iprim) / Iprim) x 100%
((239.84A - 239.87A) / 239.87A) x 100% = -0.012%
Polarity: displays the status of the polarity
OK = phaseIsec - phaseIprim = -45 < 0 < 45
NOT OK = all other cases
1. The value 239.97 is calculated as follows:
(Isec / Iprim) x Iprim nom; here: (239.84A / 239.87A) x 240 A = 239.97A

Selecting the check box "Manual input" lets you enter the value for Vsec
manually, e.g., when Vsec was measured with an external volt meter rather than
at input V2AC.

4 - 40
Current Transformer

Automatic Test vs. Manual Test


1. Option "Manual input" clear
Automatic test
Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test.
The test current increases from 0A to Itest in a ramp characteristic within
1 second. Then Itest is kept for a period of 2.4 seconds, and the
measurements are taken. Next, the ramp decreases again within 0.3 second.
The automatic test stops by itself, it can now be assessed.
To repeat the test, first press B A C K TO T O P , if applicable, and then
CLEAR RESULTS.
Manual test
Clearing "Auto" lets you set the test current Itest manually with the handwheel.
Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test. The focus is set
onto the "I test:" entry field.
Set the value of your choice either by turning the handwheel and/or by
entering it with the numerical keys.
Note: A value set with the numerical keys needs to be fully entered and
acknowledged by pressing either E N T E R or the handwheel before
it is applied to the output. If needed, it can then be adjusted using
the handwheel.
Values set by turning the handwheel are applied instantaneously.
Now the measurements are taken and displayed.
To save the measurement press K E E P R E S U L T S (pressing the I/O push-
button has the same effect). The last measured values are "frozen", the test
can now be assessed.
Stop the manual test by pressing the I/O (test start/stop) push-button.
To repeat the test, first press B A C K TO T O P , if applicable, and then
CLEAR RESULTS.

4 - 41
CPC 100 V1.4

2. Option "Manual input" selected


Note: Select "Manual input" prior to starting the test. If the test card still
contains results, clear them by pressing C L E A R R E S U L T S . When
"Manual input" is selected, there is no phase available. Consequently,
neither the polarity nor the phase angle can be calculated.
Since an automatic test only lasts a very short period of time, and a
manual measurement is rather difficult, an automatic test with a
manual measurement is not useful. Therefore, this Reference Manual
will not cover this subject.
Manual test
Clearing "Auto" lets you set the test current Itest manually with the handwheel.
Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test. The focus is set
onto the "I test:" entry field.
Set the value of your choice either by turning the handwheel and/or by
entering it with the numerical keys.
Note: A value set with the numerical keys needs to be fully entered and
acknowledged by pressing either E N T E R or the handwheel before
it is applied to the output. If needed, it can then be adjusted using
the handwheel.
Values set by turning the handwheel are applied instantaneously.
Iprim is measured and displayed.
To save the measurement press K E E P R E S U L T S .
Navigate to the Vsec entry field.
Enter the measured Vsec value either by turning the handwheel or by
entering this value with the numerical keys, and press E N T E R or the
handwheel to acknowledge your setting.
The ratio is calculated and displayed.
To stop the manual test, press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button. The test
can now be assessed.
Note: Alternatively it is possible to enter the manually measured value
into the test card after the test was stopped (e.g., if the
measurement was carried out at a remote location).
To repeat the test, first press B A C K TO T O P , if applicable, and then
CLEAR RESULTS.
To learn more about test assessment, refer to Test Assessment on page 10-2.

4 - 42
Current Transformer

CT Low Power (Ratio)


Use the CTLowPower test card to measure the ratio of a low power current
transformer.
A low power current transformer contains a built-in burden, and provides an
output voltage that is directly proportional to the primary current. For both
protection and measurement only one transformer is required. A low power
current transformer provides a wide nominal current range, and operates linear
and without saturation through the entire range up to the short-circuit current.
To carry out this test, disconnect the ODU plug of the current transformers
secondary side from the protection relay, plug it into CPC 100s V2AC input, and
inject current up to 800 A from CPC 100s 800A AC output or up to 2000 A using
the CP CB2 current booster connected to the "EXT. BOOSTER" output to the
current transformers primary side.
Figure 24:
Setup for a CT ratio low electronic
power test built-in burden
protection
relay with
low
voltage
input (e.g.,
shielded cable with 22.5mV at
twisted wires Inom)

Please refer to note below.

4 - 43
CPC 100 V1.4

Test Settings
Figure 25:
CT LowPower test card
with test results

Navigate to the parameter fields, and enter the values according to your test
requirements:

Range: output range


Iprim: nominal primary current
Vsec: nominal secondary voltage
Itest: primary injection current.
f: output frequency
Auto select check box for automatic test (default), clear for manual
test (refer to page 4-46).

Note: If the test involves an external booster to gain a higher output


current, set this booster at the Options tab Device Setup before
starting the test.
Pressing the S E T T I N G S menu key opens the Settings page. The Settings
page allows setting the test cards individually. As a rule, do not use the Settings
page but the Device Setup tab in the Options view (see Device Setup on
page 2-32) to set the test cards. For more information, see Settings Page on
page 2-27.

4 - 44
Current Transformer

Measurements
Iprim: actual output current at the output that is injected into the low
power current transformers primary side
Vsec: secondary voltage measured at V2AC, and its phase angle
relative to Iprim
Ratio: ratio Iprim/Vsec., here 200.0:22.53 A/mV1
and deviation of current ratio in %. Formula:
((Kn x Vsec - Iprim) / Iprim) x 100%2
((200A / 22.5mV * 22.53mV - 199.99A) / 199.99A) x 100% =
+0.138%
Polarity: displays the status of the polarity
OK = phaseVsec - phaseIprim = -45 < 0 < 45
NOT OK = all other cases
1. The value 22.53mV is calculated as follows:
Vsec act x (Iprim nom / Iprim act); here: 22.53mV x (199.99A / 200A) = 22.53 mV (rounded)
2. Kn = rated transformation value, here: 200A / 22.5mV

Selecting the check box "Manual input" lets you enter the value for Vsec
manually, e.g., when Vsec was measured with an external volt meter rather than
at input V2AC.

4 - 45
CPC 100 V1.4

Automatic Test vs. Manual Test


1. Option "Manual input" clear
Automatic test
Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test.
The test current increases from 0A to Itest in a ramp characteristic within
1 second. Then Itest is kept for a period of 2.4 seconds, and the
measurements are taken. Next, the ramp decreases again within 0.3 second.
The automatic test stops by itself, it can now be assessed.
To repeat the test, first press B A C K TO T O P , if applicable, and then
CLEAR RESULTS.
Manual test
Clearing "Auto" lets you set the test current Itest manually with the handwheel.
Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test. The focus is set
onto the "I test:" entry field.
Set the value of your choice either by turning the handwheel and/or by
entering it with the numerical keys.
Note: A value set with the numerical keys needs to be fully entered and
acknowledged by pressing either E N T E R or the handwheel before
it is applied to the output. If needed, it can then be adjusted using
the handwheel.
Values set by turning the handwheel are applied instantaneously.
Now the measurements are taken and displayed.
To save the measurement press K E E P R E S U L T S (pressing the I/O push-
button has the same effect). The last measured values are "frozen", the test
can now be assessed.
Stop the manual test by pressing the I/O (test start/stop) push-button.
To repeat the test, first press B A C K TO T O P , if applicable, and then
CLEAR RESULTS.

4 - 46
Current Transformer

2. Option "Manual input" selected


Note: Select "Manual input" prior to starting the test. If the test card still
contains results, clear them by pressing C L E A R R E S U L T S . When
"Manual input" is selected, there is no phase available. Consequently,
neither the polarity nor the phase angle can be calculated.
Since an automatic test only lasts a very short period of time, and a
manual measurement is rather difficult, an automatic test with a
manual measurement is not useful. Therefore, this Reference Manual
will not cover this subject.
Manual test
Clearing "Auto" lets you set the test current Itest manually with the handwheel.
Press the I/O push-button (test start/stop) to start the test. The focus is set
to the "I test:" entry field.
Set the value of your choice either by turning the handwheel and/or by
entering it with the numerical keys.
Note: A value set with the numerical keys needs to be fully entered and
acknowledged by pressing either E N T E R or the handwheel before
it is applied to the output. If needed, it can then be adjusted using
the handwheel.
Values set by turning the handwheel are applied instantaneously.
Iprim is measured and displayed.
To save the measurement press K E E P R E S U L T S .
Navigate to the Vsec entry field.
Enter the measured Vsec value either by turning the handwheel or by
entering this value with the numerical keys, and press E N T E R or the
handwheel to acknowledge your setting.
The ratio is calculated and displayed.
To stop the manual test, press the I/O push-button (test start/stop). The test
can now be assessed.
Note: Alternatively it is possible to enter the manually measured value
into the test card after the test was stopped (e.g., if the
measurement was carried out at a remote location).
To repeat the test, first press B A C K TO T O P , if applicable, and then
CLEAR RESULTS.
To learn more about test assessment, refer to Test Assessment on page 10-2.

4 - 47
CPC 100 V1.4

TanDelta
The test card TanDelta was especially developed for CP TD1.
CP TD1 is an optionally available high precision test system for on-site
insulation tests of high voltage systems like power and measuring transformers,
circuit breakers, capacitors and isolators. CP TD1 works as an add-on device to
CPC 100 and is described in the CP TD1 Reference Manual available on the
CPC Explorer CD-ROM.
The TanDelta test card can be accessed from CT, VT, Transformer and Others.

4 - 48
Voltage Transformer

Voltage Transformer
Contents of this section
Scope of Voltage Transformer Tests .............................................. page 5-2
VT Ratio .......................................................................................... page 5-3
VT Burden ....................................................................................... page 5-8
Voltage Withstand Test ................................................................. page 5-13
Polarity Check ............................................................................... page 5-16
VT Electronics ............................................................................... page 5-21
TanDelta........................................................................................ page 5-26

 Note: With regard to software handling, this section confines to test-relevant


issues, and does not go into detailed procedural descriptions.
It is assumed that you have read and understood the section How to
Use the CPC 100 Software on page 2-16.

5-1
CPC 100 V1.4

Scope of Voltage Transformer Tests


Go to the Test Card View and press I N S E R T C A R D .
Use the context-dependent U P /D O W N menu keys to the right, or the
handwheel, to browse through the structure. On VT, press E N T E R .
Alternatively, press the accelerator key to open Insert a new test card.
VT comprises the following test cards:
Figure 1:
Inserting VT test cards

Highlight the test card of your choice either by navigating with the handwheel or
by using the context-dependent U P /D O W N menu keys, and press E N T E R .

 Note: The test cards


VTRatio
VTBurden
VTElectronics
employ the method of frequency-selective measurement, which is
used to filter out interferences as they usually occur in substations.
To learn more about frequency-selective measurement, please refer
to The Frequency-Selective Measurement on page 3-6.

5-2
Voltage Transformer

VT Ratio
Use the VTRatio test card to measure a voltage transformers ratio with injection
on the VTs primary side with up to 2kV from AC OUTPUT.
It measures amplitude and phase angle of the voltage (at V1AC) and the current
on the transformers secondary side, and calculates the actual ratio and the
deviation from the nominal ratio.
Figure 2:
Setup for testing ratio

5-3
CPC 100 V1.4

Test Settings
Figure 3:
VTRatio test card with
test results

Navigate to the parameter fields, and enter the values according to your test
requirements:

Vprim: nominal primary voltage with the option "value x 1/ 3"


Vsec: nominal secondary voltage with the options
value x 1/ 3
value x 1/3
Vtest: primary injection voltage.
By default, Vtest = Vprim (with option x 1/ 3) if Vprim 2kV.
If Vprim > 2kV, Vtest = 2kV.
f: output frequency
Auto select check box for automatic test (default), clear for manual
test (refer to page 5-5).

5-4
Voltage Transformer

Measurements
Vprim: actual output voltage at 2kV AC output that is injected into the
voltage transformers primary side
Vsec: secondary voltage measured at V1AC, and its phase angle
relative to Vprim nominal
Ratio: ratio Vprim /Vsec., here 10000.0/ 3:100.43/ 31
and deviation of voltage ratio in %. Formula:
((Kn x Vsec - Vprim) / Vprim) x 100%2
((10000V / 100V - 20.087V - 2000V) / 2000V) x 100% =
0.431%
Polarity: displays the status of the polarity
OK = phaseVsec - phaseVprim = -45 < 0 < 45
NOT OK = all other cases
1. The value 100.43/3 is calculated as follows:
Vsec act * (Vprim nom / Vprim act) = 20,087V * (10000V / 2kV) = 100.43/3
2. Kn = rated transformation value, here: 10000V / 100V

Selecting the check box "Manual input" lets you enter the value for Vsec
manually, e.g., when Vsec was measured with an external volt meter rather than
at input V1AC.

Automatic Test vs. Manual Test


1. Option "Manual input" clear
Automatic test
Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test.
The test voltage increases from 0V to Vtest in a ramp characteristic within
1 second. Then Vtest is kept for a period of 2.4 seconds, and the
measurements are taken. Next, the ramp decreases again within 0.3 second.
The automatic test stops by itself, it can now be assessed.
To repeat the test, first press B A C K TO T O P , if applicable, and then
CLEAR RESULTS.
Manual test
Clearing "Auto" lets you set the test voltage Vtest manually with the handwheel.
Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test. The focus is set
onto the "V test:" entry field.

5-5
CPC 100 V1.4

Set the value of your choice either by turning the handwheel and/or by
entering it with the numerical keys.
Note: A value set with the numerical keys needs to be fully entered and
acknowledged by pressing either E N T E R or the handwheel before
it is applied to the output. If needed, it can then be adjusted using
the handwheel.
Values set by turning the handwheel are applied instantaneously.
Now the measurements are taken and displayed.
To save the measurement press K E E P R E S U L T S (pressing the I/O push-
button has the same effect). The last measured values are "frozen", the test
can now be assessed.
Stop the manual test by pressing the I/O (test start/stop).
To repeat the test, first press B A C K TO T O P , if applicable, and then
CLEAR RESULTS.
2. Option "Manual input" selected
Note: Select "Manual input" prior to starting the test. If the test card still
contains results, clear them by pressing C L E A R R E S U L T S .
When "Manual input" is selected, there is no phase available.
Consequently, neither the polarity nor the phase angle can be
calculated.
Since an automatic test only lasts a very short period of time, and a
manual measurement is rather difficult, an automatic test with a
manual measurement is not useful. Therefore, this Reference Manual
will not cover this subject.
Manual test
Clearing "Auto" lets you set the test voltage Vtest manually with the handwheel.
Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test. The focus is set
onto the "V test:" entry field.
Set the value of your choice either by turning the handwheel and/or by
entering it with the numerical keys.
Note: A value set with the numerical keys needs to be fully entered and
acknowledged by pressing either E N T E R or the handwheel before
it is applied to the output. If needed, it can then be adjusted using
the handwheel.
Values set by turning the handwheel are applied instantaneously.
Vprim is measured and displayed.
To save the measurement press K E E P R E S U L T S .

5-6
Voltage Transformer

Navigate to the "V sec" entry field.


Enter the measured Vsec value either by turning the handwheel or by
entering this value with the numerical keys, and press E N T E R or the
handwheel to acknowledge your setting.
The ratio is calculated and displayed.
To stop the manual test, press the I/O (test start/stop). The test can now be
assessed.
Note: Alternatively it is possible to enter the manually measured value
into the test card after the test was stopped (e.g., if the
measurement was carried out at a remote location).
To repeat the test, first press B A C K TO T O P , if applicable, and then
CLEAR RESULTS.
To learn more about test assessment, refer to Test Assessment on page 10-2.

5-7
CPC 100 V1.4

VT Burden
Use the VTBurden test card to measure a voltage transformers secondary
burden with voltage injection on the VTs secondary side with up to 130V from
AC OUTPUT.
To do so, open the circuit as shown in figure 4, and inject the AC voltage from
CPC 100s 130V ACoutput into the burden.
Input IAC measures the current that flows into the burden, and input V1AC the
voltage at the burden.
From these measurements, the burden (in VA) and the power factor cos are
calculated.
Figure 4:
Setup for a VT burden
measurement

5-8
Voltage Transformer

Test Settings
Figure 5:
VTBurden test card
with test results

Navigate to the parameter fields, and enter the values according to your test
requirements:

Vsec: nominal secondary voltage with the option "value x 1/ 3"


f: output frequency
Auto select check box for automatic test (default), clear for manual
test (refer to page 5-10).
Vtest: secondary injection voltage from 130V AC output

Note 1: If a current clamp is used to measure Isec, select the


corresponding check box on the test card, and specify the current
clamp device at the Options tab Device Setup.
Note 2: Due to cross-talk between the measuring inputs V1AC and
V2AC, we suggest not to connect a current clamp to the input
V2AC.
Therefore, use a current clamp with current output.
Pressing the S E T T I N G S menu key opens the Settings page. The Settings
page allows setting the test cards individually. As a rule, do not use the Settings
page but the Device Setup tab in the Options view (see Device Setup on
page 2-32) to set the test cards. For more information, see Settings Page on
page 2-27.

5-9
CPC 100 V1.4

Measurements
Vsec: actual voltage at the burden, measured at input V1AC
Isec: actual current through burden, measured via input IAC
Burden: burden in VA, calculated from the measured values Isec and
Vsec
cos cosinus of phase angle

Selecting the check box "Manual input" lets you enter the value for Isec
manually, e.g., when Isec was measured with a current clamp rather than at
input IAC.

Automatic Test vs. Manual Test


1. Option "Manual input" clear
Automatic test
Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test.
The test voltage increases in a ramp characteristic from 0V to Vtest within
1 second. Then Vtest is kept and injected for a period of 2.4 seconds, the
measurements are taken. Next, the ramp decreases again within 0.3 second.
The automatic test stops by itself, it can now be assessed.
To repeat the test, first press B A C K TO T O P , if applicable, and then
CLEAR RESULTS.
Manual test
Clearing "Auto" lets you set the test voltage Vtest manually with the handwheel.
Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test. The focus is set
onto the "V test:" entry field.
Set the value of your choice either by turning the handwheel and/or by
entering it with the numerical keys.
Note: A value set with the numerical keys needs to be fully entered and
acknowledged by pressing either E N T E R or the handwheel before
it is applied to the output. If needed, it can then be adjusted using
the handwheel.
Values set by turning the handwheel are applied instantaneously.
Now the measurements are taken and displayed.

5 - 10
Voltage Transformer

To save the measurement press K E E P R E S U L T S (pressing the I/O push-


button has the same effect). The last measured values are "frozen", and can
now be assessed.
Stop the manual test by pressing the I/O (test start/stop). The test can now
be assessed.
To repeat the test, first press B A C K TO T O P , if applicable, and then
CLEAR RESULTS.

2. Option "Manual input" selected


Note: Select "Manual input" prior to starting the test. If the test card still
contains results, clear them by pressing C L E A R R E S U L T S .
When "Manual input" is selected, there is no phase available.
Consequently, neither the phase angle nor cos can be calculated.
Since an automatic test only lasts a very short period of time, and a
manual measurement is rather difficult, an automatic test with a
manual measurement is not useful. Therefore, this Reference Manual
will not cover this subject.
Manual test
Clearing "Auto" lets you set the test voltage Vtest manually with the handwheel.
Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test. The focus is set
onto the "V test:" entry field.
Set the value of your choice either by turning the handwheel and/or by
entering it with the numerical keys.
Note: A value set with the numerical keys needs to be fully entered and
acknowledged by pressing either E N T E R or the handwheel before
it is applied to the output. If needed, it can then be adjusted using
the handwheel.
Values set by turning the handwheel are applied instantaneously.
Vsec is measured and displayed.
To save the measurement press K E E P R E S U L T S .
Navigate to the "I sec:" entry field
Enter the measured Isec value either by turning the handwheel or by entering
this value with the numerical keys, and press E N T E R or the handwheel to
acknowledge your setting.
Now the burden is calculated and displayed.

5 - 11
CPC 100 V1.4

To stop the manual test, press the I/O (test start/stop). The test can now be
assessed.
Note: Alternatively it is possible to enter the manually measured value
into the test card after the test was stopped (e.g., if the
measurement was carried out at a remote location).
To repeat the test, first press B A C K TO T O P , if applicable, and then
CLEAR RESULTS.
To learn more about test assessment, refer to Test Assessment on page 10-2.

5 - 12
Voltage Transformer

Voltage Withstand Test


Note: Some test cards are available in more than one test mode. For
example, the test card VWithstand can be selected in CT, VT,
Resistance and Transformer.
This is solely related to usability. With regard to functionality, the test
card VWithstand is identical in all test modes.

Use the test card VWithstand to measure the voltage withstand capability of the
secondary winding and secondary wiring.
To do so, disconnect the burden. As shown in figure 6, connect the 2kV output
socket without point to the transformers secondary (a) winding connection, and
the output socket marked with a point to earth and the transformers primary
connection (N).
Warning: Be aware that the terminals connected to the transformers secondary
connection "a"and "n" lead life-hazardous voltage!
Figure 6:
Setup for a voltage
withstand test

5 - 13
CPC 100 V1.4

Test Settings
Figure 7:
VWithstand test card
with test results

Navigate to the parameter fields, and enter the values according to your test
requirements:

Vtest: nominal test voltage (2kV max.)


f: output frequency
Time: time span Vtest is applied to the output

Option "Switch off on IAC>"


Select this combo box and specify a current threshold to turn off the voltage
withstand test automatically if this value is exceeded.
If the combo box is clear (default), I AC is measured, however, there is no current
threshold to turn off the voltage withstand test automatically if this value is
exceeded. The data entry field cannot be accessed.

Option "Auto"
Select this combo box and specify a duration time for the voltage withstand test
to run (default = 60 seconds). After this time, the test is turned off automatically.
Clear this combo box if you prefer to either turn off the test manually, or have it
turned off by the option "Switch off on I AC>" without a duration time involved.
Note: If both options "Switch off on I AC>" and "Auto" are selected, they act
as an OR operation, i.e., whatever occurs first will turn off the voltage
withstand test.

5 - 14
Voltage Transformer

Measurements
VAC: injected voltage from 2kV AC output at the time the test turned
off
IAC: measured current between the transformers primary and
secondary windings at the time the test turned off
Imax: maximum measured current between primary and secondary
winding during the entire test cycle

Once all settings are defined, press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start
the test.
The test voltage increases in a ramp characteristic from 0V to Vtest. Then Vtest
is kept and injected for the time period set in the "Time" data entry field and the
measurements are taken. Next, the ramp decreases again.
When the measurements are taken, finish the test by assessing it.
To learn more about test assessment, refer to Test Assessment on page 10-2.

5 - 15
CPC 100 V1.4

Polarity Check
Note: Some test cards are available in more than one test mode. For
example, the test card PolCheck can be selected in CT and VT.
This is solely related to usability. With regard to functionality, the test
card PolCheck is identical in all test modes.

Use the PolCheck test card to check a series of test points for correct polarity.
To do so, CPC 100 injects a special polarity test signal at a certain location. This
signal can either be a voltage or a a current signal from CPC 100, and has a
signal characteristic similar to a saw-tooth signal with a different steepness for
the rising and the falling slope.
The polarity check itself is then done with the accessory CPOL, a portable easy-
to-use polarity checker.
Figure 8:
Illustrated setup for a
polarity check S1 S1

S2 S2

CPC 100 injects a special


polarity check signal


polarity checker polarity checker


CPOL CPOL

If CPOL detects the same signal characteristic at a test point, it considers the
polarity as OK, and lights up the green LED.

 If the signal characteristic is inverted or distorted, CPOL considers the polarity


not OK, and lights up the red LED.

+ If CPOL detects a signal that is too low, both LEDs light up at the same time.
Remedy: increase the signal magnitude.

Note: If you detect a wrong polarity in the current path, turn off CPC 100 first,
and only then disconnect the terminals.

5 - 16
Voltage Transformer

If you are not quite certain whether your measurement is correct, you can
confirm it by reversing the probes of CPOL. In that case, the other LED should
light up.

The battery of CPOL


+ If the capacity of CPOLs battery gets low, both LEDs start flashing
on/off simultaneously. As long as the LEDs are flashing, CPOLs battery provides
sufficient power to continue working. However, the battery should be changed
as soon as possible.
Never operate CPOL with an open battery compartment. A life-hazardous
voltage level may occur in the battery compartment if CPOLs probe touches a
test point with high voltage potential!

5 - 17
CPC 100 V1.4

Test Settings
Figure 9:
PolCheck test card with
test points

Navigate to the parameter fields, and enter the values according to your test
requirements:

Range: output range


Ampl.: maximum amplitude of polarity check output signal. Any value
between the minimum and maximum of the selected range is
possible.

Clear the option "Intermittent" when working with voltage outputs.

5 - 18
Voltage Transformer

Carrying Out the Polarity Check


1. Define the first set of parameters, and press the I/O (test start/stop) push-
button to start the test
2. CPC 100 now applies the polarity check signal with the specified parameters
to the output.
3. Now carry out the polarity check at the test point of your choice using CPOL.
4. Add the first test point to the test point table by pressing N E W R E S U L T .
The column "Location" displays a default name "Point 0", and a "n/a" in the
column "Assessment" shows that no assessment was done yet.
5. If you need multiple test points, repeat items 3 - 4 as often as needed.
6. For the assessment there are two alternatives:
a) assess each test point right away as it is entered
b) or add all test points needed, stop the test, and then do the assessment
test point for test point.
To learn more about test assessment, refer to Test Assessment on page
10-2.
7. Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to stop the test.
Note: Alternatively it is possible to enter test points after the test was
stopped (e.g., if the measurement was carried out at a remote
location).

5 - 19
CPC 100 V1.4

Customizing Test Point Names


Figure 10:
Highlighting a test point
changes the context-
dependent menu keys

Highlight the test point of your choice by turning the handwheel.


Press E D I T L O C A T I O N to open the String Editor
Use the String Editor functionality (refer to The String Editor in chapter 10)
to specify a name of your choice for the selected test point.

5 - 20
Voltage Transformer

VT Electronics
Use the VTElectronics test card to test the ratio of non-conventional electronic
voltage transformers with a very low level secondary voltage.
To carry out this test, disconnect the plug of the electronic transformers
secondary side from the protection relay, plug it into CPC 100s V2AC input, and
inject voltage from the 2kV AC output to the electronic transformers primary
side.
Figure 11:
Setup for an electronic
voltage transformer
Shielded cable with electronic
ratio test
twisted wires protection
relay with
low
voltage
input

electronic voltage transformer

Please refer to note below.

5 - 21
CPC 100 V1.4

Test Settings
Figure 12:
VTElectronics test
card with test results

Navigate to the parameter fields, and enter the values according to your test
requirements:

Vprim: nominal primary voltage with the option "value x 1/ 3"


Vsec: nominal secondary voltage with the options
value x 1/ 3
value x 1/3
Vtest: primary injection voltage.
By default, Vtest = Vprim (with option x 1/ 3) if Vprim 2kV.
If Vprim > 2kV, Vtest = 2kV.
f: output frequency
Auto select check box for automatic test (default), clear for manual
test (refer to page 5-24).

5 - 22
Voltage Transformer

Measurements
Vprim: actual output voltage at 2kV AC output that is injected into the
electronic voltage transformers primary side
Vsec: secondary voltage measured at V2AC, and its phase angle
relative to Vprim nominal
Ratio: ratio Vprim /Vsec., here 10000.0/ 3:1.002/ 3 1
and deviation of voltage ratio in %.
((Kn x Vsec - Vprim) / Vprim) x 100%2
((10000V / 1V x 0.2004V - 2000V) / 2000V) x 100% = 0.205%
Polarity: displays the status of the polarity
OK = phaseVsec - phaseVprim = -45 < 0 < 45
NOT OK = all other cases
1. The value 1.002/ 3 is calculated as follows:
Vsec act x (Vprim nom / Vprim act) = 200.4mV x (10000V/ 3 / 2kV) = 1.002 V/ 3
2. Kn = rated transformation value, here: 10000V / 1V

Selecting the check box "Manual input" lets you enter the value for Vsec
manually, e.g., when Vsec was measured with an external volt meter rather than
at input V1AC.

5 - 23
CPC 100 V1.4

Automatic Test vs. Manual Test


1. Option "Manual input" clear
Automatic test
Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test.
The test voltage increases from 0V to Vtest in a ramp characteristic within
1 second. Then Vtest is kept for a period of 2.4 seconds, and the
measurements are taken. Next, the ramp decreases again within 0.3 second.
The automatic test stops by itself, it can now be assessed.
To repeat the test, first press B A C K TO T O P , if applicable, and then
CLEAR RESULTS.
Manual test
Clearing "Auto" lets you set the test voltage Vtest manually with the handwheel.
Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test. The focus is set
onto the "V test:" entry field.
Set the value of your choice either by turning the handwheel and/or by
entering it with the numerical keys.
Note: A value set with the numerical keys needs to be fully entered and
acknowledged by pressing either E N T E R or the handwheel before
it is applied to the output. If needed, it can then be adjusted using
the handwheel.
Values set by turning the handwheel are applied instantaneously.
Now the measurements are taken and displayed.
To save the measurement press K E E P R E S U L T S (pressing the I/O push-
button has the same effect). The last measured values are "frozen", the test
can now be assessed.
Stop the manual test by pressing the I/O (test start/stop).
To repeat the test, first press B A C K TO T O P , if applicable, and then
CLEAR RESULTS.

5 - 24
Voltage Transformer

2. Option "Manual input" selected


Note: Select "Manual input" prior to starting the test. If the test card still
contains results, clear them by pressing C L E A R R E S U L T S .
When "Manual input" is selected, there is no phase available.
Consequently, neither the polarity nor the phase angle can be
calculated.
Since an automatic test only lasts a very short period of time, and a
manual measurement is rather difficult, an automatic test with a
manual measurement is not useful. Therefore, this Reference Manual
will not cover this subject.
Manual test
Clearing "Auto" lets you set the test voltage Vsec manually with the handwheel.
Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test. The focus is set
onto the "V test:" entry field.
Set the value of your choice either by turning the handwheel and/or by
entering it with the numerical keys.
Note: A value set with the numerical keys needs to be fully entered and
acknowledged by pressing either E N T E R or the handwheel before
it is applied to the output. If needed, it can then be adjusted using
the handwheel.
Values set by turning the handwheel are applied instantaneously.
Vprim is measured and displayed.
To save the measurement press K E E P R E S U L T S .
Navigate to the "V sec" entry field.
Enter the measured Vsec value either by turning the handwheel or by
entering this value with the numerical keys, and press E N T E R or the
handwheel to acknowledge your setting.
The ratio is calculated and displayed.
To stop the manual test, press the I/O (test start/stop). The test can now be
assessed.
Note: Alternatively it is possible to enter the manually measured value
into the test card after the test was stopped (e.g., if the
measurement was carried out at a remote location).
To repeat the test, first press B A C K TO T O P , if applicable, and then
CLEAR RESULTS.
To learn more about test assessment, refer to Test Assessment on page 10-2.

5 - 25
CPC 100 V1.4

TanDelta
The test card TanDelta was especially developed for CP TD1.
CP TD1 is an optionally available high precision test system for on-site
insulation tests of high voltage systems like power and measuring transformers,
circuit breakers, capacitors and isolators. CP TD1 works as an add-on device to
CPC 100 and is described in the CP TD1 Reference Manual available on the
CPC Explorer CD-ROM.
The TanDelta test card can be accessed from CT, VT, Transformer and Others.

5 - 26
Transformer

Transformer
Contents of this section
Scope of Transformer Tests............................................................ page 6-2
TRRatio (per Tap) ........................................................................... page 6-3
Winding Resistance ...................................................................... page 6-13
TRTapCheck (for OLTC)............................................................... page 6-18
Voltage Withstand Test ................................................................. page 6-25
TanDelta........................................................................................ page 6-28

 Note 1: With regard to software handling, this section confines to test-relevant


issues, and does not go into detailed procedural descriptions.
It is assumed that you have read and understood the section How to
Use the CPC 100 Software on page 2-16.

Note 2: We strongly advise you to carefully read the transformer-specific


safety instructions at General on page 1-7 before carrying out
transformer tests.

6-1
CPC 100 V1.4

Scope of Transformer Tests


Go to the Test Card View and press I N S E R T C A R D .
Use the context-dependent U P /D O W N menu keys to the right, or the
handwheel, to browse through the structure. On Transformer, press E N T E R .
Alternatively, press the accelerator key to open Insert a new test card.
Transformer comprises the following test cards:
Figure 1:
Inserting Transformer
test cards

Highlight the test card of your choice either by navigating with the handwheel or
by using the context-dependent U P /D O W N menu keys, and press E N T E R .

 Note: The test card TRRatio (per Tap) employs the method of frequency-
selective measurement, which is used to filter out interferences as
they usually occur in substations.
To learn more about frequency-selective measurement, please refer
to The Frequency-Selective Measurement on page 3-6.

6-2
Transformer

TRRatio (per Tap)


Use the TRRatio test card to measure a power transformers ratio by injecting
AC voltage with up to 2kV from AC OUTPUT into the transformers primary side
(refer to figures 2 and 3).
CPC 100 measures both the voltage it applies to AC OUTPUT and the
transformers secondary voltage at V1 AC. From these values it calculates the
ratio and its deviation from the nominal ratio in percent.
In addition, the exciting current is measured as well as the phase angles of both
the secondary voltage and the exciting current.
Furthermore, the TRRatio test card is used to measure a power transformers
ratio for each single tap changer position (refer to figure 4).
Figure 2:
Setup for testing a
power transformer ratio:
Yy0 transformer,
primary and secondary
side star connection

6-3
CPC 100 V1.4

Figure 3:
Setup for testing a
power transformer ratio:
Yd5 transformer,
primary side star
connection, secondary
side delta connection
with a 5x 30=150
phase shift.

6-4
Transformer

Figure 4:
Setup for a power
transformer ratio tap
changer test

Table 1 below shows the Vprim and Vsec settings on the TRRatio test card for
different connections of the transformer under test.
Table 1:
TRRatio test card
settings for different
transformers windings
IEC 60076 Winding Connection to CPC 100 TRRatio
connections vector settings
group HV/H LV/X 2 kV output V1 AC input
red black red black Vprim Vsec
Dd0 U/H1 V/H2 u/X1 v/X2
V v
V/H2 W/H3 v/X2 w/X3
U W u w W/H3 U/H1 w/X3 u/X1
Yy0 U/H1 V/H2 u/X1 v/X2
V v
V/H2 W/H3 v/X2 w/X3
U W u w W/H3 U/H1 w/X3 u/X1
Dz0 U/H1 V/H2 u/X1 v/X2
V v
V/H2 W/H3 v/X2 w/X3
U W u w W/H3 U/H1 w/X3 u/X1

6-5
CPC 100 V1.4

IEC 60076 Winding Connection to CPC 100 TRRatio


vector settings
group HV/H LV/X 2 kV output V1 AC input
red black red black Vprim Vsec
Dy5 U/H1 V/H2 mp/X0 u/X1
V u
V/H2 W/H3 mp/X0 v/X2
w
U W v W/H3 U/H1 mp/X0 w/X3
Yd5 U/H1 Mp/H0 w/X3 u/X1
V u
w V/H2 Mp/H0 u/X1 v/X2
U W v W/H3 Mp/H0 v/X2 w/X3
Yz5 U/H1 V/H2 mp/X0 u/X1
V u
w V/H2 W/H3 mp/X0 v/X2
U W v W/H3 U/H1 mp/X0 w/X3
Dd6 U/H1 V/H2 v/X2 u/X1
V w u
V/H2 W/H3 w/X3 v/X2
U W v W/H3 U/H1 u/X1 w/X3
Yy6 U/H1 V/H2 v/X2 u/X1
V w u
V/H2 W/H3 w/X3 v/X2
U W v W/H3 U/H1 u/X1 w/X3
Dz6 U/H1 V/H2 v/X2 u/X1
V w u
V/H2 W/H3 w/X3 v/X2
U W v W/H3 U/H1 u/X1 w/X3
Dy11 U/H1 V/H2 u/X1 mp/X0
V v
w V/H2 W/H3 v/X2 mp/X0
U W u W/H3 U/H1 w/X3 mp/X0
Yd11 U/H1 Mp/H0 u/X1 w/X3
V v
V/H2 Mp/H0 v/X2 u/X1
w
U W u W/H3 Mp/H0 w/X3 v/X2
Yz11 U/H1 V/H2 u/X1 mp/X0
V v
V/H2 W/H3 v/X2 mp/X0
w
U W u W/H3 U/H1 w/X3 mp/X0

6-6
Transformer

Test Settings
Figure 5:
TR Ratio test card with
test results

Navigate to the parameter fields, and enter the values according to your test
requirements:

Vprim: nominal primary voltage with the option "value x 1/ 3"


(can be set individually for each measurement)
Vsec: nominal secondary voltage with the option "value x 1/ 3"
(can be set individually for each measurement)
Ratio: nominal ratio, calculated from Vprim nom / Vsec nom
here: (110000.0V / 3) / 10000V = 6.3509
Note that this value is automatically calculated. It does not
need to be entered. If Vprim is set individually for each
measurement, the ratio value differs for each tap.
Vtest: nominal primary injection voltage.
f: output frequency

6-7
CPC 100 V1.4

Tap: Data entry field to enter the transformers tap number for each
measurement. If the transformers ratio was specified on the
Settings page (see page 6-8), the Vprim and Vsec values for
the tap are taken from there. The possible entry range from
-999999 allows the first digit to be used as a phase identifier.
Example for 3 phases:
phase L1 (A): -101, 100, 101, 102, 103...
phase L2 (B): -201, 200, 201, 202, 203...
phase L3 (C): -301, 300, 301, 302, 303...
Example for 1 phase:
phase: -001, 000, 001, 002, 003...
Tap combo The selection made at this combo box specifies the counting
box: order of the taps in the measurement tables column "Tap".
Possible selections are "Count up", "Count down" and "OFF".
The number specified at the data entry field "Tap" (see above)
represents the starting number.
"OFF" means, all lines in the measurement table show the
same tap number.

Pressing the S E T T I N G S menu key opens the Settings page. The Settings
page of the TRRatio test card has another functionality as on other test cards.
Figure 6:
Settings page of the
TTRatio test card

The Settings page allows adding the transformers ratio per tap as follows. After
pressing the A D D T A P menu key first, the Vprim and Vsec values for the first
tap are taken from the main page. Change the tap number to the lowest tap of
the transformer under test (e.g. 16 or 0). Add the next tap by pressing the
A D D T A P menu key and enter the corresponding Vprim and Vsec values. After

6-8
Transformer

then, pressing the A D D T A P menu key repeatedly adds more taps with a step
calculated from the values for the first two taps. After adding all taps, press the
M A I N P A G E menu key to transfer the data to the main page.
Note: After the transformers ratio was specified on the Settings page for one
phase, by pressing the S A V E A S D E F A U L T menu key you can save the data.
Then a new test card for the next phase will be inserted with the transformers
ratio preset.

6-9
CPC 100 V1.4

Measurements
The TRRatio test card displays the measurement results in two display fields
and a table:
Figure 7:
Multiple measurement
results, e.g., from a
power transformer ratio
tap changer test

Iprim A primary current from 2kV AC output, measured by CPC 100


internally.
If the focus is on the table, scrolling through the lines will
change this display accordingly, depending on the selected
line.
phase angle of primary current relative to Vprim nominal
Tap: (in table) displays the transformer tap number for the measurements in
the respective line of the table. This tap number in specified in
the data entry field "Tap:" above the table.
Vprim actual voltage injected from AC OUTPUT into the
transformers primary side
Vsec V secondary voltage of power transformer measured at V1 AC
phase angle of secondary voltage relative to Vprim nominal
Note: Even on transformers such as Yd5, only phase angles like 0
or 180 can be found using a single phase test set because a
transformer can change the phase angle only by "mixing"
different phases.
Ratio :1 calculated ratio value from Vprim act / Vsec act
% deviation of actual ratio from nominal ratio in %. Formula:
((Kn1 x Vsec - Vprim) / Vprim2) x 100%
here (first line of table):
((110000V / ( 3 x 10000) x 314.96V -2000V) / 2000V) x 100%
=+0.013%
1. Kn = rated transformation value, here: 110000V / (3 x 10000)
2. Vprim and Vsec can be set individually for each measurement.

6 - 10
Transformer

Carrying Out a TR Ratio Test (per Tap)


1. Define the parameters first on the Settings page, then on the main page and
press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test.
2. The test voltage increases in a ramp characteristic from 0V to Vtest within
1 second. Then the first set of measurements is taken.
3. Save the test results of the first set by pressing K E E P R E S U L T S .
This adds the measured values to the first line of the table.
4. While passing through the power transformers tap changer positions, press
K E E P R E S U L T S for each single position.
This adds new lines to the table holding the measured values.

Entering the tap number and an individual Vprim or Vsec


per tap during a test
Vprim and Vsec can be set individually for each measurement before K E E P
R E S U L T is pressed. However, when defined on the Settings page before
the test start, no changes should be needed here.
The tap number can also
be set during test
execution, i.e., during a
measurement.
Press the I/O (test start/
stop) push-button to put the
focus onto the "Tap:" field.
Now enter a tap number.
The tap number is then
displayed at the respective
table column below.

5. When all test points are measured, press the I/O (test start/stop) push-
button to stop the test. Vtest decreases in a ramp characteristic within
1 second, and the last unsaved line, i.e., the line that was not saved by
pressing K E E P R E S U L T , will be discarded.

6 - 11
CPC 100 V1.4

Entering the tap number and an individual Vprim or Vsec


per tap after a test
Even at this time point, the Vprim, Vsec and tap number can still be entered.
To do so, select the line of your choice in the measurement table and press
the context-dependent E D I T T A P menu key.
The test can now be assessed.
To learn more about test assessment, refer to Test Assessment on page
10-2.

6 - 12
Transformer

Winding Resistance
Note: Some test cards are available in more than one test mode. For
example, the test card RWinding can be selected in CT, Resistance
and Transformer.
This is solely related to usability. With regard to functionality, the test
card RWinding is identical in all test modes.

Never open the measuring circuit while current flows. Dangerous voltage may
occur!
Figure 8:
Setup of a winding
resistance test

Use the RWinding test card to measure the resistance of a power transformers
winding. To do so, loop the I DC current signal from CPC 100s 6A DCoutput via
IAC/DC as shown in figure 8 and inject it into the transformers winding.
IAC/DC measures the injected current, and V DC input measures the voltage
generated at the transformers winding. From these values the winding
resistance is calculated.
Alternatively, inject the current directly from 400A DC output (see figure 9).

6 - 13
CPC 100 V1.4

It is recommended to perform all winding resistance measurements with the


CP SA1 discharge box connected to the CPC 100s V DC input sockets to
protect yourself and CPC 100 from high-voltage hazards. The CP SA1
discharge box must be used for measurements using 400A DC output. Before
using CP SA1, you can check its functionality by following the test procedure in
CP SA1 Discharge Box on page 16-14. If the discharge box is defective,
contact OMICRON electronics sales office (for ordering information, see
Ordering Information for CP SA1 on page 16-14). Before disconnecting the
test leads, short-circuit the transformers terminals and then remove the wirings
to CPC 100.
Figure 9:
Winding resistance test
using 400A DC output

CP SA1

Due to the significant time span needed for the transformers inductance to finish
its loading process, this test evaluates the deviation of measured values within
a time interval of 10 seconds. The winding resistance is continually measured
and stored in CPC 100s internal memory. The calculated difference between
the maximum and minimum measured values in % within the last 10 seconds is
displayed.
Furthermore, this test comprises the option to take a temperature compensation
for copper (Cu) into consideration (refer to page 6-17).

6 - 14
Transformer

Test settings
Figure 10:
RWinding test card
with test results

Navigate to the parameter fields, and enter the values according to your test
requirements:

Range: output range


Note: The DC 400A output range provides maximum current 100 A.
Itest: nominal test current
R min: calculated minimum winding resistance value (display only).
Depends on the value of the nominal test current and the
measuring range:
400A DC: Rmin = 0.2mV / Itest
6A DC: Rmin = 0.2mV / Itest
VDC (2 wire): Rmin = 0.2
R max: calculated maximum winding resistance value (display only).
Depends on the value of the nominal test current and the
measuring range:
400A DC: Rmax = 5V / Itest.
6A DC: Rmax = 10V / Itest.
VDC (2 wire): Rmax = 20k

6 - 15
CPC 100 V1.4

Measurements
IDC: actual test current from 6A DC output or 400A DC output
VDC: voltage that IDC generates at the transformers secondary
winding, measured at V DC input
R meas: transformers winding resistance, calculated from VDC / IDC
Time: total elapsed test time
Dev: deviation in % between the maximum and the minimum
measured values evaluated within the last 10 seconds of the
measurement. The results are considered stable if Dev < 0.1%.
Press the context-dependent K E E P R E S U L T menu key to
save the actual result in the measurement table. This adds a
new line to the measurement table and the next measurement
can be started.

6 - 16
Transformer

The Option "Temperature Compensation for Cu"

Option selected

Provides two more parameters to enter:

Tmeas: ambient temperature


Tref: operating temperature of test object, i.e., the power
transformers secondary winding

Depending on these two parameters, the reference resistance (Rref,


temperature-compensated winding resistance) is calculated:

Rref: In Centigrade:
Rref = (VDC / IDC) x (235C + Tref) / (235C + Tmeas)
In Fahrenheit:
Rref = (VDC / IDC) x (391F + Tref F) / (391F + Tmeas F)
Note: Formula according to IEC 60076-1.

Option cleared

For the winding resistance measurement there is no temperature compensation


taken into consideration.
Once all settings are defined, press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start
the test.
When the measurements are taken, finish the test by assessing it.
To learn more about test assessment, refer to Test Assessment on page 10-2.

6 - 17
CPC 100 V1.4

TRTapCheck (for OLTC)


Use the TRTapCheck test card to measure the winding resistance of the
individual taps of a power transformers tap changer, and to check whether the
on-load tap changer (OLTC) switches without interruption.
CPC 100 injects a constant current from the 6A DC output into the power
transformer and the current is led via the IAC/DC input for measurement.
Alternatively, the current injected from the 400A DC output is measured
internally. From this current value and the voltage measured by the V DC input
(see figure 12), the winding resistance is calculated.
In the moment the tap is changed, the IAC/DC measuring input detects the
sudden, very short drop of the current flow. A properly working tab change
differs from a malfunctioning one, e.g., an interruption during the change, by the
magnitude of the ripple and slope values. An interruption will result in much
higher ripple and slope values than a properly functioning tab change.
The ripple and slope values are indicated at the TRTapCheck test cards
measurement table (refer to figure 13).
Figure 11:
Simplified schematic of
a tap changer

taps

OLTC

6 - 18
Transformer

It is recommended to perform all winding resistance measurements with the


CP SA1 discharge box connected to the CPC 100s V DC input sockets to
protect yourself and CPC 100 from high-voltage hazards. The CP SA1
discharge box must be used for measurements using 400A DC output. Before
using CP SA1, you can check its functionality by following the test procedure in
CP SA1 Discharge Box on page 16-14. If the discharge box is defective,
contact OMICRON electronics sales office (for ordering information, see
Ordering Information for CP SA1 on page 16-14). Before disconnecting the
test leads, short-circuit the transformers terminals first and then remove the
wirings to CPC 100.
Figure 12:
Setup for a tap changer
test - winding resistance
and interruption

Never open the measuring circuit while current flows. Dangerous voltage may
occur!

6 - 19
CPC 100 V1.4

Test settings
Figure 13:
TRTapCheck test card
with test results

Navigate to the parameter fields, and enter the values according to your test
requirements:

Range: output range


Note: The DC 400A output range provides maximum current 100 A.
Itest: nominal test current
Tmeas: actual ambient temperature
Tref: this is the reference temperature at which the manufacturer
measured the taps winding resistance values. Generally, this
value is specified in the transformers data sheet.
The winding resistance value at this temperature always
represents the nominal resistance value.
Tap: Data entry field to enter the transformers tap number for each
measurement. The possible entry range of -999 ... 0 ... 999
allows for the first digit to be used as a phase identifier.
Example for 3 phases:
phase L1 (A): -101, 100, 101, 102, 103...
phase L2 (B): -201, 200, 201, 202, 203...
phase L3 (C): -301, 300, 301, 302, 303...
Example for 1 phase:
phase: -001, 000, 001, 002, 003...

6 - 20
Transformer

Tap combo The selection made at this combo box specifies the counting
box: order of the taps in the measurement tables column "Tap".
Possible selections are "Count up", "Count down" and "OFF".
The number specified at the data entry field "Tap" (see above)
represents the starting number.
"OFF" means, all lines in the measurement table show the
same tap number.

When results are measured, the A U T O K E E P R E S U L T menu key is available.


After pressing the A U T O K E E P R E S U L T menu key, CPC 100 waits until
stable results with a deviation less than 0.1% within the time period of
10 seconds are achieved. After then, a new result line is added and the next
measurement starts.

Measurements
IDC: actual test current from 6A DC output measured at IAC/DC
input or from 400A DC output measured internally
VDC: voltage measured at the 10V DC input

Columns of measurement table:


Tap: displays the transformer tap number for the measurements in
the respective line of the table. This tap number in specified in
the data entry field "Tap:" above the table.
Rmeas in : actual resistance, calculated from VDC / IDC
Dev. in %: deviation in % between the maximum and the minimum
measured values evaluated within the last 10 seconds of the
measurement. The results are considered stable if Dev < 0.1%
Press the context-dependent K E E P R E S U L T menu key to
save the actual result in the measurement table. This adds a
new line to the measurement table and the next measurement
can be started.
Rref in : Temperature-corrected resistance value, i.e., the resistance
value at an ambient temperature of Tref. Refer to formula on
page 6-17.
Ripple in %: Samples and holds the biggest measured current ripple that
occurred in the actual measuring cycle in negative direction. It
is indicated in % with reference to IDC.
Slope in A/s: Samples and holds the biggest measured steepness of the
falling edge of the actual test current.

6 - 21
CPC 100 V1.4

Examples using the TRTapCheck test card


Never open the measuring circuit while current flows. Dangerous voltage may
occur!

Measuring the winding resistance of the taps


We recommend to inject the same current value for each phase.
To perform a test:
1. Enter the test settings as described on page 20 of this chapter.
2. Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test.
3. Press K E E P R E S U L T to save the resistance value of this tap or press
AUTO KEEP RESULT.
CPC 100 waits until stable results with a deviation less than 0.1% within the
time period of 10 seconds are achieved. After then, a new result line is added
showing the number of the next measured tap.

Entering the tap number during a test


The tap number can also
be set during test
execution, i.e., during a
measurement.
Press the I/O (test start/
stop) push-button to put the
focus onto the "Tap:" field.
Now enter a tap number.
The number is then
displayed at the respective
table column below.

4. At the transformer, set the tap displayed in the last result line.
5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 for all taps you want to measure.
6. Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to stop the test and wait until the
transformer windings are discharged.

Caution: Before disconnecting the transformer under test, ground all


transformers connections.

6 - 22
Transformer

Figure 14:
Measurement table - For the winding resistance, the first 4 columns (Tap, Rmeas in , Dev. in % and
relevant columns for Rref in ) of the measurement table are relevant.
winding resistance
measurement

Entering the tap number after a test


Even at this point of time the tap number can still be entered. To do so, select
the line of your choice in the measurement table, and press the context-
dependent menu key E D I T T A P .
You can publish the results in a report. To do so, change to File Operations.
Note: After the test has been finished, you can delete a result line by
selecting the result line you want to delete and pressing the
D E L E T E R E S U L T menu key.

Tap changer test and measuring the winding resistance


When testing a tap changer, we recommend:
To inject the same current value for each phase.
To move the tap changer in the same direction for all measurements since,
in general, properly functioning tap changers can show quite different results
depending on the direction of movement.
On the contrary, an interruption caused by a defective tap changer results in
comparatively high measured values for ripple and slope; in this case the
direction does not matter.
The perform the tap changer test, follow the instructions on page 22 of this
chapter.

6 - 23
CPC 100 V1.4

Figure 15:
Measurement table with For the tap changer test, the last 2 columns of the table are relevant.
results of tap changer
and winding resistance
test

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Note: The measurement results shown in figure 15 were taken from a


220/110kV 220MVA transformer by injecting a test current of 5A DC.
In figure 15, you notice significantly higher values for ripple and slope in line 7.
Compared to the properly functioning tap changer of line 5, at this transformer
the ripple is about 30 times and the slope about 15 times higher.

Note: The steps of this procedure are explained without explicitly outlining
how to change/edit the tap number.
However, you can to do so each time K E E P R E S U L T was pressed
to save the current test results and a new line was added to the
measurement table. It is done in the same way as explained in
Measuring the winding resistance of the taps on page 22 of this
chapter.

6 - 24
Transformer

Voltage Withstand Test


Note: Some test cards are available in more than one test mode. For
example, the test card VWithstand can be selected in CT, VT,
Resistance and Transformer.
This is solely related to usability. With regard to functionality, the test
card VWithstand is identical in all test modes.

Use the test card VWithstand to measure the voltage withstand capability of the
secondary winding and secondary wiring.
As shown in figure 16, connect the 2kV output socket without point to the
transformers secondary (a) winding connection, and the output socket marked
with a point to earth and the transformers primary connection (A).
Warning: Be aware that all the terminals of the transformers secondary side
carry life-hazardous voltage!
Figure 16:
Setup for a power
transformer voltage
withstand test

6 - 25
CPC 100 V1.4

Test Settings
Figure 17:
VWithstand test card
with test results

Navigate to the parameter fields, and enter the values according to your test
requirements:

Vtest: nominal test voltage (2kV max.)


f: output frequency
Time: time span Vtest is applied to the output

Option "Switch off on IAC>"


Select this combo box and specify a current threshold to turn off the voltage
withstand test automatically if this value is exceeded.
If the combo box is clear (default), I AC is measured, however, there is no current
threshold to turn off the voltage withstand test automatically if this value is
exceeded. The data entry field cannot be accessed.

Option "Auto"
Select this combo box and specify a duration time for the voltage withstand test
to run (default = 60 seconds). After this time, the test is turned off automatically.
Clear this combo box if you prefer to either turn off the test manually, or have it
turned off by the option "Switch off on I AC>" without a duration time involved.
Note: If both options "Switch off on I AC>" and "Auto" are selected, they act
as an OR operation, i.e., whatever occurs first will turn off the voltage
withstand test.

6 - 26
Transformer

Measurements
VAC: injected voltage from 2kV ACoutput at the time the test turned
off
IAC: measured current between the transformers primary and
secondary windings at the time the test turned off
Imax: maximum measured current between primary and secondary
winding during the entire test cycle

Once all settings are defined, press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start
the test.
The test voltage increases in a ramp characteristic from 0V to Vtest. Vtest is
then applied to the output for the specified time span. The measurements are
continuously taken. Afterwards Vtest decreases in a ramp characteristic.
When the measurements are taken, finish the test by assessing it.
To learn more about test assessment, refer to Test Assessment on page 10-2.

6 - 27
CPC 100 V1.4

TanDelta
The test card TanDelta was especially developed for CP TD1.
CP TD1 is an optionally available high precision test system for on-site
insulation tests of high voltage systems like power and measuring transformers,
circuit breakers, capacitors and isolators. CP TD1 works as an add-on device to
CPC 100 and is described in the CP TD1 Reference Manual available on the
CPC Explorer CD-ROM.
The TanDelta test card can be accessed from CT, VT, Transformer and Others.

6 - 28
Resistance

Resistance
Contents of this section
Scope of Resistance Tests ............................................................. page 7-2
Resistance - Measurement ....................................................... page 7-3
Winding Resistance ........................................................................ page 7-9
RGround........................................................................................ page 7-14
Voltage Withstand Test ................................................................. page 7-21

 Note: With regard to software handling, this section confines to test-relevant


issues, and does not go into detailed procedural descriptions.
It is assumed that you have read and understood the section How to
Use the CPC 100 Software on page 2-16.

7-1
CPC 100 V1.4

Scope of Resistance Tests


Go to the Test Card View and press I N S E R T C A R D .
Use the context-dependent U P /D O W N menu keys to the right, or the
handwheel, to browse through the structure. On Resistance, press E N T E R .
Alternatively, press the accelerator key to open Insert a new test card.
Resistance comprises the following test cards:
Figure 1:
Inserting Resistance
test cards

Highlight the test card of your choice either by navigating with the handwheel or
by using the context-dependent U P /D O W N menu keys, and press E N T E R .

7-2
Resistance

Resistance - Measurement
Use the Resistance test card to measure test objects with very low resistance,
such as a contacts, windings etc.
To do so, CPC 100 injects DC current into the test object, measures the current
that flows through the test object, and calculates the test objects resistance.
The Resistance test card provides a total of three output ranges:
400A DC

6A DC

VDC (2 wire)

The test setup depends on the selected range:


Figure 2:
Setup for a
measurement in the
400A DC range

Inject current from 400A DCoutput to both sides of the test object. Input VDC
measures the voltage drop at the test object, the current is measured internally
by CPC 100, and from these values the software calculates the test objects
resistance.

7-3
CPC 100 V1.4

Figure 3:
Setup for a m
measurement in the
6A DC range

Inject current from 6A DCoutput to both sides of the test object. To measure this
current, route it via the IAC/DC input as shown in figure 3. Input VDC measures
the voltage drop at the test object, and from these values the software calculates
the test objects resistance.
Figure 4:
Setup for a ...k
measurement in the R
VDC (2 wire) range

At this range, the DC input VDC works as a combination of DC output and DC


measuring input, i.e., it injects current to both sides of the test object, measures
this current internally, and also measures the voltage drop at the test object at
the same time. The software calculates the test objects resistance.

7-4
Resistance

Test Settings
Figure 5:
Resistance test card in
400A DC range with
test results.

Navigate to the parameter fields, and enter the values according to your test
requirements:

Range: output range


Itest: nominal test current ("n/a" if VDC 2-wire)
Rmin: calculated minimum winding resistance value (display only).
Depends on the value of the nominal test current and the
measuring range:
400A DC: Rmin = 0.2mV / Itest
6A DC: Rmin = 0.2mV / Itest
VDC (2 wire): Rmin = 0.2
Rmax: calculated maximum winding resistance value (display only).
Depends on the value of the nominal test current and the
measuring range:
400A DC: Rmax = 5V / Itest.
6A DC: Rmax = 10V / Itest.
VDC (2 wire): Rmax = 20k
Auto select check box for automatic test (default), clear for manual
test (refer to page 7-6).

7-5
CPC 100 V1.4

Measurements
IDC: actual test current that is injected into the test object
VDC: measured voltage drop at the test object
R: calculated resistance of test object, R = VDC / IDC

Selecting the check box "Manual input" lets you enter the value for VDC
manually, e.g., when VDC was measured with an external volt meter rather than
at input VDC.
Note: "Manual Input" cannot be selected at the range VDC (2 wire).

Automatic Test vs. Manual Test


1. Option "Manual input" clear
Automatic test
Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test.
The test current increases from 0A to Itest in a ramp characteristic within
1 second. Then Itest is kept for a period of 1 second, and the measurements
are taken. Next, the ramp decreases again within 1 second.
The automatic test stops by itself, it can now be assessed.
To repeat the test, first press B A C K TO T O P , if applicable, and then
CLEAR RESULTS.
Manual test
Clearing "Auto" lets you set the test current Itest manually with the handwheel.
Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test. The focus is set
onto the "I test:" entry field.
Set the value of your choice either by turning the handwheel and/or by
entering it with the numerical keys.
Note: A value set with the numerical keys needs to be fully entered and
acknowledged by pressing either E N T E R or the handwheel before
it is applied to the output. If needed, it can then be adjusted using
the handwheel.
Values set by turning the handwheel are applied instantaneously.
Now the measurements are taken and displayed.
To save the measurement press K E E P R E S U L T S (pressing the I/O push-
button has the same effect). The last measured values are "frozen", the test
can now be assessed.

7-6
Resistance

Stop the manual test by pressing the I/O (test start/stop).


To repeat the test, first press B A C K TO T O P , if applicable, and then
CLEAR RESULTS.
2. Option "Manual input" selected
Note: Select "Manual input" prior to starting the test. If the test card still
contains results, clear them by pressing C L E A R R E S U L T S .
When "Manual input" is selected, there is no phase available.
Consequently, neither the polarity nor the phase angle nor cos can
be calculated.
Since an automatic test only lasts a very short period of time, and a
manual measurement is rather difficult, an automatic test with a
manual measurement is not useful. Therefore, this Reference Manual
will not cover this subject.
Manual test
Clearing "Auto" lets you set the test current Itest manually with the handwheel.
Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the test. The focus is set
onto the "I test:" entry field.
Set the value of your choice either by turning the handwheel and/or by
entering it with the numerical keys.
Note: A value set with the numerical keys needs to be fully entered and
acknowledged by pressing either E N T E R or the handwheel before
it is applied to the output. If needed, it can then be adjusted using
the handwheel.
Values set by turning the handwheel are applied instantaneously.
IDC is measured and displayed.
To save the measurement press K E E P R E S U L T S .
Navigate to the "V DC" entry field.
Enter the measured VDC value either by turning the handwheel or by
entering this value with the numerical keys, and press E N T E R or the
handwheel to acknowledge your setting.
The ratio is calculated and displayed.
To stop the manual test, press the I/O (test start/stop). The test can now be
assessed.
Note: Alternatively it is possible to enter the manually measured value
into the test card after the test was stopped (e.g., if the
measurement was carried out at a remote location).

7-7
CPC 100 V1.4

To repeat the test, first press B A C K TO T O P , if applicable, and then


CLEAR RESULTS.
To learn more about test assessment, refer to Test Assessment on page 10-2.

7-8
Resistance

Winding Resistance
Note: Some test cards are available in more than one test mode. For
example, the test card RWinding can be selected in CT, Resistance
and Transformer.
This is solely related to usability. With regard to functionality, the test
card RWinding is identical in all test modes.

Never open the measuring circuit while current flows. Dangerous voltage may
occur!
Figure 6:
Setup for a winding
resistance test

Use the RWinding test card to measure the resistance of a current


transformers secondary winding.
To do so, open the circuit as shown in figure 6, loop the I DC current signal from
CPC 100s 6A DC output via IAC/DC or directly from 400A DC output, and
inject it into the transformers secondary winding.

7-9
CPC 100 V1.4

It is recommended to perform all winding resistance measurements with the


CP SA1 discharge box connected to the CPC 100s V DC input sockets to
protect yourself and CPC 100 from high-voltage hazards. The CP SA1
discharge box must be used for measurements using 400A DC output. Before
using CP SA1, you can check its functionality by following the test procedure in
CP SA1 Discharge Box on page 16-14. If the discharge box is defective,
contact OMICRON electronics sales office (for ordering information, see
Ordering Information for CP SA1 on page 16-14). Before disconnecting the
test leads, short-circuit the transformers terminals first and then remove the
wirings to CPC 100s.
IAC/DC measures the injected current, and V DC input measures the voltage
that IDC generates at the transformers secondary winding. From these values
the winding resistance is calculated.
Due to the significant time span needed for the transformers inductance to finish
its loading process, this test evaluates the deviation of measured values within
a time interval of 10 seconds. The winding resistance is continually measured
and stored in CPC 100s internal memory. The calculated difference between
the maximum and minimum measured values in % within the last 10 seconds is
displayed.
Furthermore this test comprises the option to take a temperature compensation
for copper (Cu) into consideration (refer to page 7-13).

7 - 10
Resistance

Test settings
Figure 7:
RWinding test card
with test results

Navigate to the parameter fields, and enter the values according to your test
requirements:

Range: output range


Note: The DC 400A output range provides maximum current 100 A.
Itest: nominal test current
R min: calculated minimum winding resistance value (display only).
Depends on the value of the nominal test current and the
measuring range:
400A DC: Rmin = 0.2mV / Itest
6A DC: Rmin = 0.2mV / Itest
VDC (2 wire): Rmin = 0.2
R max: calculated maximum winding resistance value (display only).
Depends on the value of the nominal test current and the
measuring range:
400A DC: Rmax = 5V / Itest.
6A DC: Rmax = 10V / Itest.
VDC (2 wire): Rmax = 20k

7 - 11
CPC 100 V1.4

Measurements
IDC: actual test current from 6A DCoutput
VDC: voltage that IDC generates at the transformers secondary
winding, measured at V DC input
R meas: transformers winding resistance, calculated from VDC / IDC
Time: total elapsed test time
Dev: deviation in % between the maximum and the minimum
measured values evaluated within the last 10 seconds of the
measurement. The results are considered stable if Dev < 0.1%
Press the context-dependent K E E P R E S U L T menu key to
save the actual result in the measurement table. This adds a
new line to the measurement table and the next measurement
can be started.

7 - 12
Resistance

The Option "Temperature Compensation for Cu"

Option selected

Provides two more parameters to enter:

Tmeas: ambient temperature


Tref: operating temperature of test object, i.e., the current
transformers secondary winding

Depending on these two parameters, the reference resistance (Rref,


temperature-compensated winding resistance) is calculated:

Rref: In Centigrade:
Rref = (VDC / IDC) x (235C + Tref) / (235C + Tmeas)
In Fahrenheit:
Rref = (VDC / IDC) x (391F + Tref F) / (391F + Tmeas F)
Note: Formula according to IEC 60076-1.

Option cleared

For the winding resistance measurement there is no temperature compensation


taken into consideration.
Once all settings are defined, press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start
the test.
When the measurements are taken, finish the test by assessing it.
To learn more about test assessment, refer to Test Assessment on page 10-2.

7 - 13
CPC 100 V1.4

RGround
A good substation grounding system is crucial to prevent people injury and
damage of equipment. International standards such as DIN VDE 0101/
CENELEC HD637S1, IEEE Std 80-2000 or IEEE Std 81-1983 give guidelines
how to measure such impedances.
Smaller grounding systems with a diameter of 100 m (300 ft) or smaller can be
tested with the RGround test card and CPC 100 alone, for large systems the
CP CU1 coupling unit and the Sequencer test card is a better choice. Note that
no other grounding system must be close by.
The current-voltage method as called in CENELEC HD637S1 or fall of potential
method as called in IEEE standards is a good solution to measure the ground
impedance of a substation. The current is fed via a long cable into a remote
ground. This ground can be any ground from a simple test probe to another large
grounding system. The distance between this probe and the grounding system
under test shall be at least 10 times the diameter of the grounding system, 15 to
20 times is better. Then measure the voltages with a second test probe at
various distances around the substation. If possible, choose the measurement
points in a 90 angle (birds-eye view) relative to the current path. In any case,
avoid measuring close (< 60) to the current path.
Measurement data at a large distance (typically three times the length of the
substation) from the substation allow the calculation of the overall substation
ground impedance Zground as defined in VDE 0101. Measurements at different
distances are recommended. The measurement points should all show similar
results. If the points are set too close to the substation or close to other
grounding systems or over buried pipes, the results obtained are not stable.
Figure 8:
Theoretical resistance Earth resistance m
characteristic of an
earth electrode 600

500

400 linear range of earth resistance

300

200

100

Distance

7 - 14
Resistance

Note: Do not touch the test probe without insulating gloves outside of the
substation area. In case of a high-current ground fault within the
substation during the test, considerably high voltages could arise in
any wire connected to the substation and leading away from it.
Figure 9:
Measuring the ground
resistance of small
ground systems

Auxiliary
electrode
U

U
3 ... 5 x a
Auxiliary
90
electrode
(Birds-eye view)
I

10 x a

Substation ground
a a = size of the earthing system

7 - 15
CPC 100 V1.4

Note 1: The "Auxiliary electrode I" carries life threatening voltages during the
test. Also the step voltage around the electrode can be quite high.
Therefore it is recommended to mark an area of 10 m (30 ft) around
the electrode as dangerous zone and to position a guard outside this
area to keep people from entering the dangerous zone.

Note 2: If the desired current cannot be reached or an overload occurs, the


contact resistance to the soil of the "Auxiliary electrode I" might be too
high. Then it is a good idea to place several electrodes in a distance of
few meters and connect them all together to keep the resistance to the
soil low. This also reduces the hazard due to high voltages around the
electrode.

7 - 16
Resistance

Figure 10:
Measuring the ground
resistance of large
ground systems

> 1km

Auxiliary
electrode
U

U
3 ... 5 x a

90
(Birds-eye view

a I
a = size of the earthing system
a
Substation A ground Substation B ground

You can use existing power cables. However, special precautions such as the
use of the CP GB1 grounding box are required. For more information on
CP GB1, contact OMICRON electronics sales office.

7 - 17
CPC 100 V1.4

Figure 11:
Measuring the soil
resistivity

Auxiliary Auxiliary Auxiliary Auxiliary


electrode electrode electrode
electrode
I U U U I

d d d

1 20 d
d = distance

=2dR
Legend:
= soil resistivity
d = distance between auxiliary electrodes (identical between all electrodes)
R = calculated resistance as indicated at the RGround test card (R(f))
With the spacing of "d", the test measures the average soil resistivity between
the U auxiliary electrodes down to a depth of "d". Therefore, varying "d" also
varies the depth of the volume for which the soil resistivity is to be measured.

7 - 18
Resistance

Figure 12:
Measuring the
resistance of a single
ground rod

Substation
ground

ground ground ground ground


rod 1 rod 2 rod 3 rod n

In an earthing system with several grounding rods it may be of interest to


measure the resistance of a single rod. To do so, disconnect the rod to be
measured from the earthing system, and feed current through the rod into the
grounding system (as shown in figure 12 for rod 2). The voltage is measured
directly at the current supply points.

Note: The resistance measured is only an approximation of the actual


grounding resistance because the parallel resistance of all other
ground rods is measured, too. If one electrode is too close by the
measured electrode, values by far too small could be measured.
In order to obtain a more accurate result, the method shown in figure
9 on page 7-15 can be used.

7 - 19
CPC 100 V1.4

Test settings
Figure 13:
RGround test card with
test results

Navigate to the parameter fields, and enter the values according to your test
requirements:

Itest: nominal test current


f: frequency of test current.
Select a frequency other than the 50 or 60Hz mains frequency
to prevent interferences by stray earth currents (caused by the
mains frequency and their harmonics). The value can be varied
between 15 ... 400Hz. Default is 128Hz.

Measurements

IRMS: actual test current (rms value)


VRMS: measured voltage between substation ground and the auxiliary
electrode U (rms value).
This measurement represents a broad band measurement, i.e.,
it detects all frequencies, e.g., the 50 or 60Hz mains frequency.
That way, possible dangerous voltage levels between the U
auxiliary electrode and the substation ground are indicated.
Phase shift between VRMS and IRMS.
R(f): calculated ohmic part of earth impedance (narrow-band
measurement)
X(f): calculated inductive part of earth impedance (narrow-band
measurement)

7 - 20
Resistance

Voltage Withstand Test


Note: Some test cards are available in more than one test mode. For
example, the test card VWithstand can be selected in CT, VT,
Resistance and Transformer.
This is solely related to usability. With regard to functionality, the test
card VWithstand is identical in all test modes.

Use the test card VWithstand to measure the voltage withstand capability of the
secondary winding and secondary wiring. To do so, disconnect the burden.
As shown in figure 14, connect the 2kV output socket without point to the
transformers secondary (1S1) winding connection, and the output socket
marked with a point to earth and the transformers primary connection (P1).
Warning: be aware that the terminal that is connected to the transformers
secondary connection "1S1" leads life-hazardous voltage!
Figure 14:
Setup for a voltage
withstand test with a
current transformer

7 - 21
CPC 100 V1.4

Test Settings
Figure 15:
VWithstand test card
with test results

Navigate to the parameter fields, and enter the values according to your test
requirements:

Vtest: nominal test voltage (2kV max.)


f: output frequency
Time: time span Vtest is applied to the output

Option "Switch off on IAC>"


Select this combo box and specify a current threshold to turn off the voltage
withstand test automatically if this value is exceeded.
If the combo box is clear (default), I AC is measured, however, there is no current
threshold to turn off the voltage withstand test automatically if this value is
exceeded. The data entry field cannot be accessed.

Option "Auto"
Select this combo box and specify a duration time for the voltage withstand test
to run (default = 60 seconds). After this time, the test is turned off automatically.
Clear this combo box if you prefer to either turn off the test manually, or have it
turned off by the option "Switch off on I AC>" without a duration time involved.
Note: If both options "Switch off on I AC>" and "Auto" are selected, they act
as an OR operation, i.e., whatever occurs first will turn off the voltage
withstand test.

7 - 22
Resistance

Measurements
VAC: injected voltage from 2kV ACoutput at the time the test turned
off
IAC: measured current between the transformers primary and
secondary windings at the time the test turned off
Imax: maximum measured current between primary and secondary
winding during the entire test cycle

Once all settings are defined, press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start
the test.
The test voltage increases in a ramp characteristic from 0V to Vtest. Vtest is
then applied to the output for the specified time span. The measurements are
continuously taken. Afterwards Vtest decreases in a ramp characteristic.
When the measurements are taken, finish the test by assessing it.
To learn more about test assessment, refer to Test Assessment on page 10-2.

7 - 23
CPC 100 V1.4

7 - 24
Others

Others
Contents of this section
Scope of Others .............................................................................. page 8-2
Sequencer....................................................................................... page 8-3
Testing an Overcurrent Relay with ARC Function ................... page 8-11
Measuring a CT Ratio at Different Current Magnitudes........... page 8-14
Generating an Intermittent High Current Output ...................... page 8-16
Ramping........................................................................................ page 8-18
Testing PickUp/DropOff Value of an Overcurrent Relay......... page 8-27
Amplifier ........................................................................................ page 8-29
Comment....................................................................................... page 8-33
TanDelta........................................................................................ page 8-36

 Note: With regard to software handling, this section confines to test-relevant


issues, and does not go into detailed procedural descriptions.
It is assumed that you have read and understood the section How to
Use the CPC 100 Software on page 2-16.

8-1
CPC 100 V1.4

Scope of Others
Go to the Test Card View and press I N S E R T C A R D .
Use the context-dependent U P /D O W N menu keys to the right, or the
handwheel, to browse through the structure. On Others, press E N T E R .
Alternatively, press the accelerator key to open Insert a new test card.
Others comprises the following test cards:
Figure 1:
Inserting test cards from
Others

Highlight the test card of your choice either by navigating with the handwheel or
by using the context-dependent U P /D O W N menu keys, and press E N T E R .

 Note: The test cards


Sequencer
Ramping
employ the method of frequency-selective measurement, which is
used to filter out interferences as they usually occur in substations.
To learn more about frequency-selective measurement, please refer
to The Frequency-Selective Measurement on page 3-6.

8-2
Others - Sequencer

Sequencer
Use the Sequencer test card to define a sequence of states to be applied to a
connected test object.
A state represents an output quantity with defined settings, e.g., a certain
magnitude and frequency, for a preset period of time.
A sequence of up to 7 states can be defined. The states within that sequence
execute sequentially. For each state, a trigger signal can be specified to
prematurely terminate this state and execute the next one.
A sequence of states can either be executed once from state 1 to state x, or
repeated continuously. Furthermore, the complete sequence can prematurely
be terminated if during the execution of one of its states this states specified
trigger condition occurs.
The test objects characteristic is measured, and the values are displayed in the
measurement table.
The Sequencer test card can be subdivided into three sections:
Figure 2:
Sequencer test card Sequence settings (apply to all states)
Range selection
Synchronize with V1AC
SOOT (switch off on trigger)
Repeat sequence

States table (state-specific settings)


output quantity settings
trigger specification
duration of state

Measurement table
definition of displayed quantities
display of the measured values

To learn more about test assessment, refer to


Test Assessment on page 10-2.

8-3
CPC 100 V1.4

Pressing the S E T T I N G S menu key opens the Settings page. The Settings
page allows setting the test cards individually. As a rule, do not use the Settings
page but the Device Setup tab in the Options view (see Device Setup on
page 2-32) to set the test cards. For more information, see Settings Page on
page 2-27.

Defining a Sequence of States


First set the sequence parameters, i.e., the parameters that apply to all states.
Figure 3:
Step 1 - Set the
sequence parameters
1 4
2 3

1 From the range combo box select the CPC 100 output range of your
choice.
2 Click the "Sync w/ V1AC" icon to enable or disable this feature.
Enabling "Sync w/ V1AC" synchronizes the CPC 100 output frequency
with the V1AC input frequency (we recommend a minimum input voltage
of 10V on V1 AC, possible range 48 - 62Hz). In that case, the phase
angle of the output is displayed in the states table rather than the
frequency. Set the phase angle value relative to the phase angle of the
V1 AC input signal (also refer to Sync w/ V1AC on page 3-10).

 After the start of a sequence the output needs up to 200ms to


synchronize with V1AC. Therefore, define a first state with an amplitude
other than zero.
If disabled, the states table displays the actual frequency value in Hz to
be edited.
3 "SOOT" (switch off on trigger) check box selected:
The complete sequence is prematurely terminated if during the
execution of one of its states this states specified trigger condition (to
be set at "Trigger") occurs.
"SOOT" check box cleared:
The sequence is not terminated by an occurring state trigger. Such a
trigger signal will only terminate this particular state, and continue
executing the next state.

8-4
Others - Sequencer

4 "Repeat" check box selected:


A sequence of states is executed from state 1 to state x, and then
restarts with executing state 1 again. If "SOOT" is additionally
selected, the complete sequence is prematurely terminated if during
the execution of one of its states this states specified trigger condition
occurs.
"Repeat" check box cleared:
A sequence of states is executed from state 1 to state x, and then
stops. If "SOOT" is additionally selected, the complete sequence is
prematurely terminated if during the execution of one of its states this
states specified trigger condition occurs.

Next set the state(s) parameters, i.e., the parameters that apply to this particular
state only. Each line of the states table represents one state.
Figure 4:
Step 2 - Set the state
parameters

5 6 7 8 9

5 Turn the handwheel to set the focus onto the states tables first cell; in
figure 4 above thats the output current. Then press the handwheel. The
cell turns into an entry field. Now set the output current value of your
choice by turning the handwheel, or use the number keys of CPC 100s
soft-touch keyboard. Press E N T E R or the handwheel to acknowledge
your setting and move to the next table cell by turning the handwheel.
Note that the units of the states table (the tables columns) depend on
the selected output range.

 6
On applications with overload it is recommended not to use currents
above 600A without a current booster.
Frequency of the output signal.
If "Sync w/ V1AC" was selected (also refer to 2 ), the table column
displays the phase angle of the output rather than the frequency. Set the
phase angle value relative to the phase angle of the V1 AC input signal.

8-5
CPC 100 V1.4

7 For each state, a trigger signal can be specified to prematurely terminate


this state and execute the next one. If you move to the "Trigger" cell and
press the handwheel, the cell turns into a combo box.
The following trigger conditions are available for each state:
No Trigger: the state runs for the pre-defined period of time, no trigger
signal will terminate this state.
Binary: a trigger signal is fed into the Binary trigger input Bin In. The
state is terminated as soon as this signal occurs.
IOut>: as soon as the output current exceeds a certain threshold value
(to define in column "Thresh"), the state is terminated.
IOut<: as soon as the output current falls below a certain threshold
value (to define in column "Thresh"), the state is terminated.
V2 AC >: as soon as the signal connected to the low level voltage
measuring input V2AC (0...3V AC) exceeds a certain threshold value
(to define in column "Thresh"), the state is terminated.
V2 AC <: as soon as the signal connected to the low level voltage
measuring input V2AC (0...3V AC) falls below a certain threshold
value (to define in column "Thresh"), the state is terminated.
The availability of the trigger signals depends on the selected values
set at 10 and 11 of the measurement table (refer to figure 5).

 Note: Since the determination of the r.m.s. value requires some


hundred milliseconds ( 150ms), do not use this trigger condition for
measurements in millisecond ranges.
Overload: the state terminates as soon as an Overload condition
occurs at the selected output.
What is an "Overload" trigger?
At a current output, an overload trigger is a condition in which the
set current cannot be reached any longer, for example, because of
an opening contact or circuit breaker.

 Note: current values < 50A do not initiate an "Overload" when the
current circuit opens. Therefore, if you use the trigger condition
"Overload", chose a nominal current value of 50A.
At a voltage output, an overload trigger is a condition in which, for
example, a connected load saturates and results in a too high
current, or the output is short-circuiting.

8-6
Others - Sequencer

Sequencer differentiates two "Overload" trigger conditions:


the occurrence of an overload (as described above)
the clearing of an overload condition.

 Note: Clearing of an overload condition means: the CB closes


again. For debouncing purposes, at CB closing time
measurements, CPC 100 adds a fixed time of 100ms to the
measured value. In order to determine the true CB closing time
value, these 100ms need to be deducted from the value displayed
in the measurement table (refer to the following examples).
The feature M A N U A L T R I G G E R provides a possibility to manually
initiate a trigger signal (i.e., a premature termination) of the current state
at any time. This manual trigger has the same function as an automatic
trigger signal.
8 Trigger threshold.

Only available if a trigger ">" or "<" was selected (refer to 7 ).

9 State duration. After this period of time the state terminates and the
sequence continues with the next state (if any). If a trigger signal occurs
before this time has elapsed, the currently running state terminates and
the sequence continues with the next state. If "SOOT" is selected, the
trigger signal terminates the complete sequence.
The default state duration time is 2s.
A current state has a minimal time of 250ms if the "Repeat" check box is
cleared.

 Note: Do not set the state duration shorter than 500 ms if the "Repeat"
check box is selected.
A voltage state has a minimal time of 2s.
Setting a time of 0.000s makes the state infinite. Only a trigger signal will
terminate it.

Press the A D D S T A T E button, and repeat steps 5 to 9 to define additional


states. Note that the maximum possible number of states is 7.

8-7
CPC 100 V1.4

Specify the values that the measurement table will eventually show.
Figure 5:
Step 3 - Specify the
values that the
measurement table will 10 11 12
eventually show

10 Turn the handwheel to set the focus onto the measurement tables first
combo box. Press the handwheel to display the available quantities to
measure, and select the one of your choice.
11 Repeat this step at the combo box for the second quantity to measure.
Possible choices of each combo box:
V1 AC I Clamp
1
V1 AC sel I Clamp sel
V2 AC CT
V2 AC sel CT sel
VT V DC
VT sel I DC
I AC f V1 AC
I AC sel f Out
1. sel = frequency-selective. To learn more about frequency-selective measurements, refer to The
Frequency-Selective Measurement on page 3-6.

Each combo box has two corresponding cells in the


measurement table below that display the measured
quantities, where possible; else "n/a" is displayed.

8-8
Others - Sequencer

12 Calculated value
Both the items to select from in this combo box and the corresponding
display at the measurement table below depend on the selected
measured quantities.
In this combo box you determine whether the measurement table
displays trigger signal characteristic / elapsed state time until trigger
signal occurrence, ratio and phase angle difference, impedance Z or
resistance R, real power P, apparent power S or the power factor cos .

Table 1:
Display of calculated
value in measurement
table
Measured Display of calculated value in measurement table
quantities
(m1) (m2)
Bin/Time If selected, the column "BinIn" displays the characteristic of
the trigger signal at the binary input BinIn, and the column
"s" the elapsed state time until the occurrence of the trigger
signal in seconds.
4 different characteristics are possible at BinIn:
Closed: potential-free contact between BinIn+ and BinIn
closed.
Open: potential-free contact between BinIn+ and BinIn
open.
Come:
trigger signal with rising edge occurred at BinIn.
Go:
trigger signal with falling edge occurred at BinIn
V V Ratio:1, Ratio:5, Diff:
Ratio m1/m2 and phase angle m1 - m2 (if phase angles
are available; else "n/a"), and differences U and U.
I I Ratio:1, Ratio:5, Diff:
Ratio m1/m2 and phase angle m1 - m2 (if phase angles
are available; else "n/a"), and differences I and I.
V I For AC: Z or R, X
Impedance Z (magnitude in and phase angle in ) or R
and X in .

8-9
CPC 100 V1.4

Measured Display of calculated value in measurement table


quantities
(m1) (m2)
For DC: R
Resistance R (in )
else "n/a"
V I For AC: P, Q, S
Real power P (in W) and cos , apparent power S (in VA)
and cos , reactive power Q (in var) and cos .
For DC: P
Real power P (in W)
else "n/a"
V I Rs, Ls or Rp, Cp:
Resistance R and either inductance Ls in H (series
equivalent circuit) or capacity Cp in F (parallel equivalent
circuit).
This is just another representation of the impedance Z
measurement; Z is displayed in its components.
Using Rs, Ls, the impedance is given by:
Z = Rs + j Ls, where = 2 f and the set frequency is
used for the calculation.
Using Rp, Cp, the admittance is given by:
1/Z = 1 / Rp + j Cp, where = 2 f and the set
frequency is used for the calculation.

Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the output of the sequence of
states (or the single state, if only one was defined).
In the states table, the first state is highlighted and its values are output. The
measurement table displays the measured values, and updates them as well as
the indication of the binary inputs signal status with an interval of approx. 0.5s.
At the end of each state - either after the state time has elapsed at the transition
to the next state, or at the occurrence of the states trigger signal - the values in
the measurement table are once more updated.

8 - 10
Others - Sequencer

Testing an Overcurrent Relay with ARC Function


This sequence of four states tests a complete autoreclosure cycle with both a
short dead time (rapid autoreclosure) and a long dead time (slow autoreclosure).
Figure 6:
Setup for testing an
overcurrent relay with
autoreclosure function I>

OFF ON

ON

OFF

8 - 11
CPC 100 V1.4

Figure 7:
Sequencer test card State 1: "wait for the CB to open"
with parameters and
measurements of the Set to output 400A until the trigger
four states condition "Overload" occurs.
Here, trigger condition "Overload"
means: CPC 100 cannot provide the
400A any longer because of the
opening CB contact. Therefore, the
opening CB contact terminates
state 1.
The measurement table shows for
state 1 that the relay time + the CB
opening time lasted 290ms.

State 2: "wait for the CB to close"


Not relevant for this test.
Short dead time. Set to output 50A
until the "Overload" trigger condition
that started state 2 clears.
The measurement table shows for
state 2 that the short dead time + the
CB closing time lasted 477ms. This
time also includes the additional
time to compensate for the
debounce (see note below). State 4: "wait for the CB to close"
The actual value for CB close equals Long dead time. Set to output 50A1 until the "Overload"
477ms - 100ms = 377ms. trigger condition that started state 4 clears.
Note that the r.m.s. measurement of The measurement table shows for state 4 that the long
IOut reacts slow and therefore the dead time + the CB closing time lasted 3.1910s. This
measurement table does not show time also includes the additional time to compensate
the full current. for the debounce (see note below).

State 3: "wait for the CB to open" The actual value for CB close equals
3.1910s - 100ms = 3.0910s.
Like state 1.

1 Current values < 50A do not initiate an "Overload" when the current circuit opens. For this
reason, a nominal current value of 50A was chosen here, even though the CB is open.

 Note: For debouncing purposes, at CB closing time measurements,


CPC 100 adds a fixed time of 100ms to the measured value. In order
to determine the true CB closing time value, these 100ms need to be
deducted from the value displayed in the measurement table.

8 - 12
Others - Sequencer

Time sequence of the four states


Figure 8:
Time sequence of the fault inception: overcurrent condition occurs
I
four states to test the CB opens CB autoreclosure
autoreclosure cycle
CB opens again

100ms 100ms

t
state 1 state 2 *) state 3 state 4 *)
short long dead time
dead time

*) State 2 and 4 incl. the additional 100ms CPC 100 adds to compensate for the debounce
(see note above).

8 - 13
CPC 100 V1.4

Measuring a CT Ratio at Different Current


Magnitudes
Example of a sequence of five states to measure the ratio of a current
transformer. To do so, different current amplitudes (5%, 20%, 50%, 100% and
120% of nominal value) are injected into the CT, and the CTs secondary current
is measured at CPC 100s current input IAC/DC.
Figure 9:
Setup to measure the
ratio of a current
transformer at different
current magnitudes

Parameters of the states 1 ... 5

A Hz Trigger Thresh s
20 (= 5%) 50.00 No Trigger n/a 2.000
80 (= 20%) 50.00 No Trigger n/a 2.000
200 (= 50%) 50.00 No Trigger n/a 2.000
400 (= 100%) 50.00 No Trigger n/a 2.000
480 (= 120%) 50.00 No Trigger n/a 2.000

Each of the five states injects a current with a different magnitude into the CTs
primary winding. There is no trigger specified, so each state runs exactly 2s.

8 - 14
Others - Sequencer

Since the "Repeat" check box is cleared, the sequence of five states executes
exactly one time and then terminates.
Figure 10:
Sequencer test card
with parameters and
measurements of the
five states (states 2...5
shown)

Measured values of the states 1 ... 5

I Out IAC Ratio:1


A A :1
20 0 0.051 0.11 392.2 -0.11
80 0 0.201 0.12 398.0 -0.12
200 0 0.502 0.11 398.4 -0.11
400 0 1.004 0.13 398.4 -0.13
480 0 1.205 0.15 398.3 -0.15

8 - 15
CPC 100 V1.4

Generating an Intermittent High Current Output


In a substation, certain control measurements and/or performance checks
require the injection of high current at one location, and the respective
measurement at another, sometimes remote location.
When CPC 100 outputs high current, duty cycles may apply to the selected AC
output range. The allowed pulse duty cycle ("on/off" operation) depends on the
selected range, the ambient temperature, the operating conditions of CPC 100
etc. For more information about duty cycles refer to CPC 100 Outputs on page
15-5.
If you want to output high current for a longer period of time, perform such a test
by creating two states in Sequencer:
one state that outputs high current
and another state with a sufficient pause.
The duration of both states need to comply with the permitted duty cycle. This
will prevent an automatic shutdown of CPC 100 due to an overload.
Figure 11:
Sequencer test card Set the states in such a way that they constantly repeat: select "Repeat".
with two states for an
intermittent high current
output

Measurement table not relevant for this test.

8 - 16
Others - Sequencer

Time sequence of the repeating two states:


Figure 12:
Time sequence of the I I/O (test start/stop) push-button is pressed
repeating two states to sequence of state 1 and state 2 repeats
output an intermittent
high current

state 1 state 2 state 1 state 2 t


"on" cycle "off" cycle "on" cycle "off" cycle

The lower the averaged value of the output current I rms over the time the longer
CPC 100 can be operated in that mode. This value is calculated with the
following formula:
t on 3s
I rms = I test x = 600A x = 268.3A
(t on + t off) (3s + 12s)

t on
I test

t off

For more application examples, see the AN 0502 Application Note "Basic Circuit
Breaker Tests Using CPC 100".

8 - 17
CPC 100 V1.4

Ramping
Use the Ramping test card to define a series of ramps to be applied to a
connected test object.
Figure 13:
A typical ramp A ramp represents a
characteristic: q / t, linear change of either
a linear change of either
amplitude or frequency
amplitude or frequency
of one specified output q (output quantity)
of one specified output
signal within a defined signal whereas the
period of time. other quantity remains
fixed.

A series of up to 5 ramps can be defined. The ramps within that series execute
sequentially, and run from a start to an end value within a set period of time.
It is possible to specify a trigger signal that prematurely terminates either
the entire series of ramps
or the actual ramp only, and then continues with the next one (if any).
The test objects characteristic is measured, and the values are displayed in the
measurement table.
The Ramping test card can be subdivided into three sections:
Figure 14:
Ramping test card Series settings (apply to all ramps)
Range selection & display
Ramp & fixed quantity
SOOT (switch off on trigger)
Start value (of first ramp)

Ramps table (ramp-specific settings)


output quantity settings
duration of ramp
trigger specification

Measurement table
definition of displayed quantities
display of the measured values To learn more about test assessment, refer to
Test Assessment on page 10-2.

8 - 18
Others - Ramping

Pressing the S E T T I N G S menu key opens the Settings page. The Settings
page allows setting the test cards individually. As a rule, do not use the Settings
page but the Device Setup tab in the Options view (see Device Setup on
page 2-32) to set the test cards. For more information, see Settings Page on
page 2-27.

Defining a Ramp
First set the series parameters, i.e., the parameters that apply to the entire
series of ramps.
Figure 15:
Step 1 - Set the series
parameters
1 2 5
3 4 6

1 From the range combo box select the CPC 100 output range of your
choice.
2 During the output of a ramp, this field displays the currently output value
of the signals quantity selected at 3 .

3 From the combo box, select the output signals quantity to be ramped:
"Amplitude" or "Frequency".
4 Enter the value of the output signals fixed quantity.

If at 3 "Amplitude" was selected as quantity to be ramped, enter the


output signals fixed frequency value here. Else, if "Frequency" was
selected, enter the output signals fixed amplitude value.
5 "SOOT" (switch off on trigger) check box selected:
The entire series of ramps is prematurely terminated if during the
execution of one of its ramps this ramps specified trigger condition (to
be set at "Trigger") occurs.
"SOOT" check box cleared:
The series of ramps is not terminated by an occurring ramp trigger.
Such a trigger signal will only terminate this particular ramp, and
continue executing the next ramp.
6 Enter the ramps start value here. If a series contains more than one
ramp, this is the start value of the first ramp of that series. The second
ramp starts with the end value of the first one, and so on (refer to
Example of a series of ramps on page 23 of this chapter).

8 - 19
CPC 100 V1.4

Next set the ramp(s) parameters, i.e., the parameters that apply to this particular
ramp only. Each line of the ramps table represents one ramp.
Figure 16:
Step 2 - Set the ramp
parameters
7
8 9 10

7 Turn the handwheel to set the focus onto the ramps tables first cell; in
figure 16 above thats the output current. Then press the handwheel. The
cell turns into an entry field. Now set the output current value of your
choice by turning the handwheel, or use the number keys of CPC 100s
soft-touch keyboard. Press E N T E R or the handwheel to acknowledge
your setting and move to the next table cell by turning the handwheel.
Note that the units of the ramps table (the tables columns) depend on
the selected output range.
8 Duration of ramp, i.e., the time this particular ramp sweeps the selected
signal from the start to the end value.
After this period of time the ramp terminates and the series continues
with the next ramp (if any).
If a trigger signal occurs before this time has elapsed, the currently
running ramp terminates and the series continues with the next ramp. If
"SOOT" is selected, the trigger signal terminates the complete series of
ramps.

8 - 20
Others - Ramping

9 For each ramp, a trigger signal can be specified to prematurely terminate


this ramp and execute the next one. If you move to the "Trigger" cell and
press the handwheel, the cell turns into a combo box.
The following trigger conditions are available for each ramp:
No Trigger: the ramp sweeps the selected signal from the start to the
end value within the pre-defined period of time, no trigger signal will
terminate this ramp.
Binary: a trigger signal is fed into the Binary trigger input Bin In. The
ramp is terminated as soon as this signal occurs.
IOut>: as soon as the output current exceeds a certain threshold value
(to define in column "Thresh"), the ramp is terminated.
IOut<: as soon as the output current falls below a certain threshold
value (to define in column "Thresh"), the ramp is terminated.
V2 AC >: as soon as the signal connected to the low level voltage
measuring input V2AC (0...3V AC) exceeds a certain threshold value
(to define in column "Thresh"), the ramp is terminated.
V2 AC <: as soon as the signal connected to the low level voltage
measuring input V2AC (0...3V AC) falls below a certain threshold
value (to define in column "Thresh"), the ramp is terminated.
The availability of the trigger signals depends on the selected values
set at 11 and 12 of the measurement table (refer to figure 18).

 Note: Since the determination of the r.m.s. value requires some


hundred milliseconds ( 150ms), do not use this trigger condition for
measurements in millisecond ranges.
Overload: the ramp terminates as soon as an Overload condition
occurs at the selected output.
What is an "Overload" trigger?
At a current output, an overload trigger is a condition in which the
set current cannot be reached any longer, for example, because of
an opening contact or circuit breaker.

 Note: current values < 50A do not initiate an "Overload" when the
current circuit opens. Therefore, if you use the trigger condition
"Overload", chose a nominal current value of 50A.
At a voltage output, an overload trigger is a condition in which, for
example, a connected load saturates and results in a too high
current, or the output is short-circuiting.

8 - 21
CPC 100 V1.4

9 Ramping differentiates two "Overload" trigger conditions:


cont. the occurrence of an overload (as described above)
the clearing of an overload condition.

 Note: Clearing of an overload condition means: the CB closes


again. For debouncing purposes, at CB closing time
measurements, CPC 100 adds a fixed time of 100ms to the
measured value. In order to determine the true CB closing time
value, these 100ms need to be deducted from the value displayed
in the measurement table (refer to the following example).
The feature M A N U A L T R I G G E R provides a possibility to
manually initiate a trigger signal (i.e., a premature termination) of
the current ramp at any time. This manual trigger has the same
function as an automatic trigger signal.
10 Trigger threshold.
Only available if a trigger ">" or "<" was selected (refer to 9 ).

Press the A D D R A M P button, and repeat steps 7 to 10 to define additional


ramps. Note that the maximum possible number of ramps is 5.

8 - 22
Others - Ramping

Example of a series of ramps


Figure 17:
A series of three ramps
defined in the ramps
table Ramp 1
Ramp 2
Ramp 3

The three ramps defined in the ramps table shown above result in an output
signal like this:

I
Ramp 2
200A

Ra
1
mp

mp
Ra

3
1A t
0s 5s 15s 20s

Ramp 1 Ramp 2 Ramp 3


from 1A from 200A from 200A
(set at "Start val:") (end value of ramp 1) (end value of ramp 2)
to end value 200A to end value 200A to end value 0A
(set in line 1 at column "A") (set in line 2 at column "A") (set in line 3 at column "A")
in 5 s for 10 seconds in 5 seconds
(set in line 1 at column "s") (set in line 2 at column "s") (set in line 3 at column "s")

8 - 23
CPC 100 V1.4

Specify the values that the measurement table will eventually show.
Figure 18:
Step 3 - Specify the
values that the
measurement table will 11 12 13
eventually show

11 Turn the handwheel to set the focus onto the measurement tables first
combo box. Press the handwheel to display the available quantities to
measure, and select the one of your choice.
12 Repeat this step at the combo box for the second quantity to measure.
Possible choices of each combo box:
V1 AC I Clamp
1
V1 AC sel I Clamp sel
V2 AC CT
V2 AC sel CT sel
VT V DC
VT sel I DC
I AC f V1 AC
I AC sel f Out
1. sel = frequency-selective. To learn more about frequency-selective measurements, refer to The
Frequency-Selective Measurement on page 3-6.

Each combo box has two corresponding cells in the


measurement table below that display the measured
quantities, where possible; else "n/a" is displayed.

8 - 24
Others - Ramping

13 Calculated value
Both the items to select from in this combo box and the corresponding
display at the measurement table below depend on the selected
measured quantities.
In this combo box you determine whether the measurement table
displays trigger signal characteristic / elapsed ramp time until trigger
signal occurrence, ratio and phase angle difference, impedance Z or
resistance R, real power P, apparent power S or the power factor cos .

Table 2:
Display of calculated
value in measurement
table
Measured Display of calculated value in measurement table
quantities
(m1) (m2)
Bin/Time If selected, the column "BinIn" displays the characteristic of
the trigger signal at the binary input BinIn, and the column
"t(s)" the elapsed ramp time until the occurrence of the
trigger signal in seconds.
4 different characteristics are possible at BinIn:
Closed: potential-free contact between BinIn+ and BinIn
closed.
Open: potential-free contact between BinIn+ and BinIn
open.
Come:
trigger signal with rising edge occurred at BinIn.
Go:
trigger signal with falling edge occurred at BinIn
V V Ratio:1, Ratio:5, Diff:
Ratio m1/m2 and phase angle m1 - m2 (if phase angles
are available; else "n/a"), and differences U and U.
I I Ratio:1, Ratio:5, Diff:
Ratio m1/m2 and phase angle m1 - m2 (if phase angles
are available; else "n/a"), and differences I and I.
V I For AC: Z or R, X
Impedance Z (magnitude in and phase angle in ) or R
and X in .

8 - 25
CPC 100 V1.4

Measured Display of calculated value in measurement table


quantities
(m1) (m2)
For DC: R
Resistance R (in )
else "n/a"
V I For AC: P, Q, S
Real power P (in W) and cos , apparent power S (in VA)
and cos , reactive power Q (in var) and cos .
For DC: P
Real power P (in W)
else "n/a"
V I Rs, Ls or Rp, Cp:
Resistance R and either inductance Ls in H (series
equivalent circuit) or capacity Cp in F (parallel equivalent
circuit).
This is just another representation of the impedance Z
measurement; Z is displayed in its components.
Using Rs, Ls, the impedance is given by:
Z = Rs + j Ls, where = 2 f and the set frequency is
used for the calculation.
Using Rp, Cp, the admittance is given by:
1/Z = 1 / Rp + j Cp, where = 2 f and the set
frequency is used for the calculation.

Press the I/O (test start/stop) push-button to start the output of the series of
ramps (or the single ramp, if only one was defined).
In the ramps table, the first ramp is highlighted and its values are output. The
measurement table displays the measured values, and updates them as well as
the indication of the binary inputs signal status with an interval of approx. 0.5s.
At the end of each ramp - either after the ramp time has elapsed at the transition
to the next ramp state, or at the occurrence of the trigger signal - the values in
the measurement table are once more updated.

8 - 26
Others - Ramping

Testing PickUp/DropOff Value of an Overcurrent


Relay
To determine the pick up and the drop off value of a relay, a series of three
ramps is defined. The first ramp determines the pick up value, the second one
represents a 1s pause time, and the third ramp determines the drop off value.
Figure 19:
Setup for testing the
pick up and drop off
values of an I>
Overcurrent relay

CPC 100s AC OUTPUT feeds the ramped current signal into a CT, which is
connected to an overcurrent relay. The overcurrent relays trip contact is fed into
CPC 100s binary input BinIn, and acts there as a trigger signal (as described
on page 21 of this chapter).

8 - 27
CPC 100 V1.4

Figure 20:
Ramping test card with Ramp 1:
parameters and
measurement values of Set to output a ramped current
the three ramps signal from 100.0A to either 200.0A
in 10s, or until the trigger condition
"Binary" occurs.
Here, trigger condition "Binary"
means: the relay contact picks up. In
this moment, ramp 1 terminates and
the series continues with ramp 2.
The measurement table shows for
ramp 1 that the relay contact picked
up after 7.175s at a current value of
170.29A.
Ramp 3:
Because ramp 1 did not reach the 200A due to the
trigger signal, ramp 3 starts with 170.29A, and then
ramps down to zero with the set steepness (200.0A to
Ramp 2:
0.0A in 10s) until the trigger condition "Binary" occurs.
Pause time. Test current is output
Here, trigger condition "Binary" means: the relay
for 1s.
contact drops off. Since there are no further ramps
defined, in this moment the sequence terminates.
The measurement table shows for ramp 3 that the relay
contact dropped off 1.1s after ramp 3 started at a
current value of 152.35A.

Time sequence of the three ramps:


Figure 21:
Time sequence of the I ramp 2
three ramps to
determine the pick up 200A ramp 3
pick up
and drop off values of
an Overcurrent relay 170.29A initially defined ramp
152.35A

1 drop off
p
ram
100A

t
0A 1s

0s 7.175s 1.1s 10s 21s

8 - 28
Others - Amplifier

Amplifier
Use the Amplifier test card to set CPC 100 to an "amplifier-like" mode. In this
mode, an input signal fed into a synchronization input drives the high current
outputs magnitude, frequency and phase angle.
Select between IAC, V1AC and V2ACas synchronization inputs.
To prevent saturation, the output signal follows sudden magnitude changes at
the synchronization input slowly. This smoothening effect delays the follow-up
of the output current up to 250ms.
Both the "amplification" factor and the phase angle between input and output are
set by the user in the Amplifier test card.
Note 1: Changes in frequency and phase angle may result in unwanted
effects. Both frequency and phase must be held stable.
Note 2: The input frequency is limited to a range of 48 ... 62Hz.
Figure 22:
The Amplifier test card
Set range Display of the measured high
current output signal

Measured
phase angle
between input
Set phase and output
angle signal
between input
and output
signal Value
measured at
Select
synchroniza-
synchroniza-
tion input
tion input

Measured input frequency (48 ... 62Hz)

Set the amplification factor to determine the ratio between the input and the
output signal.
Note: The synchronization input is not automatically range-switching, it is
fixed to its maximum value.

8 - 29
CPC 100 V1.4

Pressing the S E T T I N G S menu key opens the Settings page. The Settings
page allows setting the test cards individually. As a rule, do not use the Settings
page but the Device Setup tab in the Options view (see Device Setup on
page 2-32) to set the test cards. For more information, see Settings Page on
page 2-27.

Starting a high current output


Depending on the measured input signal, setting the amplification factor
can result in unintentionally high currents. It is strongly recommended to
set the amplification factor to 0 before starting the test.

Set an amplification factor of 0.


Press I/O (test start/stop) to output the signal.
With the measured input value in mind, enter the amplification factor now or
increase the factor slowly using the handwheel.
Acknowledge this entry by pressing the handwheel or the E N T E R key to
start the output.

8 - 30
Others - Amplifier

Amplifier Use Case: GPS-Synchronized 3-Phase


System for End-To-End Testing
This example shows how the three current outputs of a CMC 256-3 test set are
led to the synchronization inputs IAC of three CPC 100 test sets to drive their
high current outputs. This way, the CPC 100 high current outputs represent the
"amplified" CMC 256-3 outputs and, in this example, are connected to three
CTs.
Figure 23:
Setup of a GPS-
synchronized 3-phase
system for end-to-end
testing using a GPS
synchronization unit GPS synchronization
CMGPS, a test set
unit CMGPS
CMC 256-3 and three
CPC 100

Test set
CMC 256-3

CPC 100 for CPC 100 for CPC 100 for


phase 1 phase 2 phase 3

CT 1 CT 2 CT 3
Protection
relay

8 - 31
CPC 100 V1.4

Figure 24:
Settings of Amplifier
test card for this
example use case

8 - 32
Others - Comment

Comment
The Comment card is inserted to a test procedure in the same manner like a
test card. Its purpose is to hold a user-defined comment and / or note regarding
the actual test procedure or other important information such as operational data
of a transformer, for example.
Figure 25:
The Comment card

This is a user-defined comment and/or note


regarding the actual test procedure.

Insert a Comment card to the actual test procedure by pressing


I N S E R T C A R D . If required, you can insert more than one Comment cards.
Press the context-dependent menu key E D I T to start the String Editor.
When used for the Comment card, the String Editor differentiates between the
input modes "Form Editor" and "Text Editor".
After pressing E D I T , "Text Editor" is active. With the exception of the context-
sensitive key to switch between these two modes, the user interface is identical.
To create "flowing" text with no tabs in it, either input mode can be used.
Compose a text of your choice by selecting the individual characters and
symbols needed one by one and confirm them by pressing the handwheel.
When finished, acknowledge with O K .

8 - 33
CPC 100 V1.4

Form Editor - Text Editor:


To o create such a "2 columns" layout, press E D I T F O R M .

Sub.: Buers
Trans.: TR24
Manuf.: Siemens
Type: KFRM 1863A / 22E
Year: 1955
Se. No.: T-54953
Power: 100 MVA
VecGr.: YN/yn0
Uprim: 220.000V
Iprim: 262.5A
Usec: 110.000V
Isec: 525.0A
Uk: 10.2%

Enter the first word "Substation" and then a tab. Proceed with "Buers" and a
carriage return. Proceed accordingly:

Sub. Buers
Trans. TR24
Manuf. Siemens
Type a.s.o.

The tab quasi denotes a column-break.


The difference between Form Editor and Text Editor is that text left of the tab (the
"first column", so to speak) cannot be accessed anymore in Text Editor, i.e., it is
protected. To add, edit or delete first column entries use the Form Editor.
More about function and handling of the String Editor at The String Editor in
chapter 10.

How to change a comment


IIf you need to change an existing comment, press E D I T . This starts the
String Editor.
Start the appropriate input mode, "Form Editor" or "Text Editor", change the
entries of your choice and press O K .

8 - 34
Others - Comment

How to clear a comment


Press C L E A R C O M M E N T .
The context-dependent menu keys change and provide two more keys:
C L E A R A L L and C L E A R T E X T .
Clear All: Deletes the entire comment at once, i.e., all text in all
columns.
Clear Text: Deletes all to the right of the tab, i.e., everything but the left-
hand side column.

8 - 35
CPC 100 V1.4

TanDelta
The test card TanDelta was especially developed for CP TD1.
CP TD1 is an optionally available high precision test system for on-site
insulation tests of high voltage systems like power and measuring transformers,
circuit breakers, capacitors and isolators. CP TD1 works as an add-on device to
CPC 100 and is described in the CP TD1 Reference Manual available on the
CPC Explorer CD-ROM.
The TanDelta test card can be accessed from CT, VT, Transformer and Others.

8 - 36
File Operations

File Operations
Contents of this section
The CPC 100 File System............................................................... page 9-1
Navigating Through the File System ............................................... page 9-2
The Menus ...................................................................................... page 9-2
Submenu File ............................................................................. page 9-3
Submenu Edit ............................................................................ page 9-3

The CPC 100 File System


The CPC 100 File Operations resemble the functionality known from, for
example, the Windows Explorer. File Operations comprises a F I L E and an
E D I T submenu with additional menu items as well as an O P E N and various
S A V E . . . functions.
The highest hierarchical level of the CPC 100 file system, the "root", is named
CPC100. Below this, you can create additional folders in a tree-structure of your
choice, save tests in these folders, and carry out file operations, such as open,
save, rename, copy, paste etc.
The CPC 100 file system differentiates two file types:

name.xml A test procedure with all of its test cards and specific settings.
An .xml file may also contain test results and assessments that
were stored together with the settings as report in the CPC 100
file system for archiving purposes.
name.xmt Test procedure template, i.e., a user-defined template
containing one or more test cards with all of their specific test
settings but without test results.

Note: The file containing the up-to-date measurements should be


saved regularly. If the test unit is switched off, or in case of a
power outage, all unsaved measurements will be lost.

9-1
CPC 100 V1.4

Navigating Through the File System


Select, i.e. highlight, a test or a folder using the handwheel or the U P / D O W N
keys.
To expand a collapsed folder tree , highlight it, and press either the
handwheel or E N T E R .
The folder expands and displays its subfolders (if any) and the tests
it contains.
Browse to the test card of your choice, and when its highlighted press
the handwheel or E N T E R .

The Menus
Main File Operations menu
Opens the submenu File (refer to page 9-3)

Opens the submenu Edit (refer to page 9-3)

Saves the currently open test, i.e., the test card(s) previously
opened in the Test Card View (refer to Note below).
Opens the String Editor. You can save the currently open test
under a new name of your choice (15 characters max.).
Use the handwheel or the U P / D O W N keys to select a test,
and press O P E N to open it. Changes to Test Card View.

Closes the current test card(s), changes to Test Card View and
opens the test procedure default.

Note: Unlike the other menu items, the two S A V E . . . functions of the main
File Operations menu directly effect the currently open test, i.e., the
test procedure that was composed in the Test Card View, or the test
that was loaded in the CPC 100 file system beforehand.
Therefore, pressing S A V E , for example, does not save the test that
you may have highlighted in the folder tree, but the one that is currently
open.

9-2
File Operations

Submenu File
Opens the String Editor. You can create a new folder with any
name of your choice.
Appends the contents of a test file (.xml) or template (.xmt) of
your choice to the currently open test.
Deletes the currently selected test or folder from CPC 100s
disk space.
Opens the String Editor that enables you to rename the current
test to any new name of your choice.

(for future use)

Closes the submenu and returns to the main File Operations


menu.

Submenu Edit
Select the test of your choice. Press C U T to put the selected
test or folder to the Clipboard. Proceed with P A S T E ...
Select the test of your choice. Press C O P Y to copy test or
folder to the CPC 100 Clipboard. Proceed with P A S T E ...
Move to the destination folder of your choice. Press P A S T E to
insert the contents of the CPC 100 Clipboard to this folder.
Press P A S T E A S T E M P L . to make the contents of the
CPC 100 Clipboard a test procedure template.

(for future use)

Closes the E D I T submenu and returns to the main File


Operations menu.

Note: If a folder is cut or copied to the Clipboard, the selection is recursive,


i.e., all of its subfolders will also be put to the Clipboard.
Cutting or copying a test or folder, and trying to paste it in the same
location, opens the String Editor.
Since a test or folder cannot exist twice under the same name at the
same location, determine a new name for it using the String Editor.
For more information about the String Editor, please refer to The String Editor
in chapter 10.

9-3
CPC 100 V1.4

9-4
Common Functions

Common Functions
This chapter describes functions and procedures that repeat in all or various test
cards. Since these functions are operated in the same fashion on all test cards,
they are explained only once in a central place.

Contents of this section


Test Assessment........................................................................... page 10-2
The String Editor ........................................................................... page 10-3

10 - 1
CPC 100 V1.4

Test Assessment
The test assessment is a manual procedure carried out by the user.
The example below shows an assessment made at a VTRatio test card.
However, the assessment procedure is carried out in the same fashion on all
test cards.
Figure 1:
Example:
VTRatio test card - test
assessment

After the test, set the focus on the assessment symbol by turning the handwheel.
If this symbol is selected, the test cards bottom line shortly shows "Change test
assessment [OK/ Failed]", and then returns to "Assessed: n/a".
The scale symbol designates that no manual assessment was done yet.
The context-dependent menu keys now provide the option to manually assess
the test as either O K or F A I L E D .
Assessing the test appends the actual date and time to the bottom line string
"Assessed:" and displays a corresponding icon on the screen:

Test OK
Test failed

Pressing C L E A R A S S E S S . clears both the assessment and the assessments


date/time stamp in the bottom line, and lets you renew your assessment.

10 - 2
Common Functions

The String Editor


The String Editor is used to name or rename test cards, tests and templates as
well as to fill out the Comment card.
Every time such an operation becomes necessary, the String Editor starts
automatically.
The number of available characters to choose from depends on the String
Editors use. If, for example, a user-defined comment is to be entered in the
Comment card, the number of available characters is bigger as if a test is to be
renamed. This difference are special characters such as !, ?, _, [ ], etc.

Important special characters:


carriage return (line feed)
tab (special function in Form Editor mode; refer to page 8-34).
When started from Test Card View, Test Procedure Overview or File
Operations, the String Editors respective entry field shows a default name.
To accept the default name, press the menu key O K or S A V E .
To change the default name, and to enter a name of your choice
delete the default name by repeatedly pressing the backspace key
enter the new test or folder name by consecutively selecting the characters
of your choice from the "on-screen keyboard" with the U P / D O W N keys or
by navigating to it with the handwheel
acknowledge every selected character by pressing the handwheel or
ENTER
Use the String Editors arrow buttons to move the cursor to the position of your
choice. These buttons are only available if the focus ( Glossary) is on the
character selection.
On the Comment Card, pressing C A R R I A G E R E T U R N starts a new line. Else,
C A R R I A G E R E T U R N is disabled.
Once the new name is entered, press the context-dependent menu key O K or
S A V E - depending on the mode - to exit the String Editor.
Pressing C A N C E L closes the String Editor discarding all changes.

10 - 3
CPC 100 V1.4

The Template Strings


The String Editor provides a feature, that allows you to save strings, i.e., names
of test cards, tests, templates, folders and files. Once these strings are saved,
they can then be selected as template strings from the combo box "Select a
string".
Figure 2:
CPC 100 String Editor
with focus on "Select a
String"

How to save a string:


enter a name of your choice in the way described above
put the focus ( Glossary) on the combo box "Select a string"
press A D D TO S T R I N G S to add this name to the list of template strings.

How to select a template string:


put the focus ( Glossary) onto the combo box
press the handwheel and turn it to browse through the list of available, i.e.,
previously saved, template strings
highlight the template string of your choice, and press the handwheel or the
context-dependent menu key O K . The template string is then automatically
added to the upper entry field.

How to insert a template string:


select a template string as described above
once the template string of your choice is highlighted, press I N S E R T I N T O
E D I T . The string is then automatically inserted into the upper entry field at
the cursor position (refer to figure 2).

10 - 4
Common Functions

How to delete a template string:


highlight a template string as described above
press D E L FROM S T R I N G S to delete the selected string template from the
list.

Note: The R E S T O R E D E F A U L T S menu key at the Options tab Device


Setup (refer to Device Setup on page 2-32) resets all user-specific
settings made in the CPC 100 software to factory-defined defaults.
This also includes the String Editors template strings.

10 - 5
CPC 100 V1.4

10 - 6
CPC 100 in a Network

CPC 100 in a Network


Contents of this section
General ......................................................................................... page 11-2
Setting the Communication Parameters ....................................... page 11-3
CPC 100 .................................................................................. page 11-3
DHCP/Auto-IP .................................................................... page 11-3
Static IP............................................................................... page 11-3
IP address........................................................................... page 11-4
Subnet mask ....................................................................... page 11-4
Default gateway .................................................................. page 11-4
DNS .................................................................................... page 11-4
PC or Notebook ....................................................................... page 11-5
Firewall and anti-virus software .......................................... page 11-7
DHCP allocator service....................................................... page 11-7
Setup for Windows 95 & NT 4.0.......................................... page 11-8

11 - 1
CPC 100 V1.4

General
The interface to access CPC 100s built-in ePC is an Ethernet ( Glossary)
board. CPC 100 can be connected with a 10BaseT ("twisted pair") connection
cable to either a stand-alone PC, or an existing PC network.
For this, the Ethernet board provides two RJ45 connectors:
the upper socket labelled "PC" connects CPC 100 to either a PCs Ethernet
network card or a notebooks PC Card ( Glossary)
Figure 1:
CPC 100 connected to
a stand-alone PC (here
a notebook)

"PC"

the lower socket labelled "to Network" connects CPC 100 to a PC network
hub.
Figure 2:
CPC 100 in a PC
network

"Network"

11 - 2
CPC 100 in a Network

These two connectors only differ in one cross-connection in the upper RJ45
connector "PC".

 Note: Connect only one RJ45 connector at a time.


For both RJ45 sockets the same 10BaseT connection cable type can be used.
Therefore make sure to insert your 10BaseT connection cable into the correct
CPC 100 socket.
The communication protocol is the TCP/IP protocol.

Setting the Communication Parameters


CPC 100
For two devices to communicate using TCP/IP (the most-commonly used
protocol for Ethernet), both devices need a unique network address, i.e., an
address that is different from all other addresses within this network.
In addition, these devices need an identical subnet mask.
The CPC 100 communication parameters are set on the Network tab of the
Options (refer to Network on page 2-36).

DHCP/Auto-IP
Most PC networks have a DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) server
that provides an address for every device connected to the network and defines
the subnet mask. When connected to such a network, setting CPC 100 to
DHCP/Auto-IP mode enables it to obtain an address from the DHCP server. If
there is no DHCP server (e.g., because CPC 100 is directly connected to a PC),
CPC 100 generates its address automatically (Auto-IP).
Older versions of Microsoft Windows, such as Windows 95 or NT 4.0, support
DHCP but not Auto-IP. For details about how to establish a communication via
a direct connection, refer to the section Setup for Windows 95 & NT 4.0 on
page 8 of this chapter.

Static IP
In smaller PC networks, all computers have individual static IP addresses. The
system administrator has to assure that no IP address is used twice. He
provides you with an unique address and all other settings for CPC 100.
If, by mistake, an IP address is used twice in the network, communication of
one or both of the devices will fail to work.
If you are in doubt, set PC and CPC 100 to DHCP/Auto-IP.

11 - 3
CPC 100 V1.4

IP address
This is the unique network address of CPC 100. You need this setting only if
static IP addresses are used. Your system administrator will provide you with a
valid static IP address.

Subnet mask
This is the filter for the IP address. It has to be identical for all devices within one
network. You need this setting only if static IP addresses are used. Your system
administrator will provide you with a valid subnet mask.

Default gateway
This is the address of a local IP router on the same network the CPC is in. It is
used to enable data traffic to destinations beyond the local network.
Commonly, the default gateway is not needed and can therefore be set to
0.0.0.0. This setting is only accessible if static IP addresses are used. Your
system administrator will provide you with details.

DNS
This is the address of the Domain Name System server.
Commonly, this address is not needed and can therefore be set to 0.0.0.0. This
setting is only accessible if static IP addresses are used. Your system
administrator will provide you with details.

11 - 4
CPC 100 in a Network

PC or Notebook
If your PC or notebook is capable of communicating in a PC network,
communication with your CPC 100 either within a network or via a direct
connection to CPC 100, should function without changing any of your PC
settings.

 To avoid possible communication problems, we recommend to first fully boot


CPC 100, then connect CPC to the PC and eventually start CPC Explorer.
Computers with a Windows 95 or a NT 4.0 operating system need a special
setup. These details are explained in chapter Setup for Windows 95 & NT 4.0
on page 8 of this chapter.
In a network with static IP addresses, your system administrator will provide you
with valid settings for CPC 100.
In a network with dynamic address configuration (DHCP or Auto-IP), set your
CPC 100 to "DHCP/Auto-IP". This way, both the addresses of your PC and
CPC 100 will be generated automatically.

Troubleshooting in case of communication problems


Should communication problems occur, the CPC Explorer software will assist
you in accessing CPC 100 through the network, and, if possible, make useful
suggestions about the settings to enter. Generally, all you need to do is to press
O K a few times to acknowledge suggested settings.
Since CPC 100 may re-boot, make sure to save your data beforehand.
If your CPC 100 is not listed in CPC Explorers top left-hand side pane1 although
correctly connected, you need to check the Ethernet connection cable:

1. refer to Starting CPC Explorer on page 12-5.

11 - 5
CPC 100 V1.4

1. Direct connection from CPC 100s "PC" port to the PC


Connect and disconnect the 10BaseT connection cable several times and
check whether the "link indicator" LED1 near the PCs port turns on and off.
Note: In general, a communication is established quicker, however,
under certain circumstances it may take up to 2 minutes until a
proper communication is set up. During this phase, we recommend
to click CPC Explorers F I N D button from time to time
If you still dont get a connection, try another 10BaseT connection cable.
If that still does not work, connect CPC 100s "Network" port and your PC to
a network hub (as shown in figure 2 on page 2 of this chapter).
If the link indicator LED works but you still cannot establish communication,
try to deactivate firewall and/or anti-virus software on your computer since
applications like these may interfere and prevent proper communication.
If it still does not work, call the OMICRON hotline (+43 5523 507-333).
2. Connection of CPC 100 and PC via a network hub
Connect and disconnect the 10BaseT connection cable several times and
check whether the "link indicator" LED near the PCs port turns on and off.
Note: In general, a communication is established quicker, however,
under certain circumstances it may take up to 2 minutes until a
proper communication is set up. During this phase, we recommend
to click CPC Explorers F I N D button from time to time
If you still dont get a connection, try another 10BaseT connection cable on a
different port of the hub.
If the link indicator LED works but you still cannot establish communication,
try to deactivate firewall and/or anti-virus software that is installed on your
computer since applications like these may interfere and prevent proper
communication.
If it still does not work, call the OMICRON hotline (+43 5523 507-333).

1. LED close to your PCs Ethernet connector that displays data traffic by going on and off.

11 - 6
CPC 100 in a Network

Firewall and anti-virus software


Firewall and anti-virus software often block data traffic on several ports of the
Ethernet interface. This may prevent proper communication between CPC and
PC. Whenever communication problems occur, try to temporarily deactivate
firewall and/or anti-virus software that are installed on your computer.
Note: By default, CPC Explorer uses port 4987 to find connected CPC sets,
and port 21 (FTP port) to download data from the CPC. It also needs
the possibility to send and receive ICMP data packages ("PING"
command has to work).
During installation of CPC Explorer you are asked to open some parts on
Windows firewalls. It is recommended to allow this, otherwise the "find"
algorithm will not work.

DHCP allocator service


In most PC networks there is a DHCP server that provides the connected
network nodes with valid addresses. That way, every PC in the network is
assigned an unique address.
Because there is no DHCP server present when a CPC is connected directly to
a PC (point to point), CPC 100 is capable of providing the PC with a valid
address as long as there is no server detected and CPC Explorer is running on
the PC. The address is chosen from the Auto-IP address range, so it does not
interfere with other addresses within the network. It is also assured that only
those PCs are provided with an IP address that run CPC Explorer.

11 - 7
CPC 100 V1.4

Setup for Windows 95 & NT 4.0


Note: Disconnecting your PC from the network and establishing a direct
connection to CPC 100, e.g., to test it in the office before you take it
out for testing, may work, but hours later establishing a communication
is no longer possible.
The reason for this is that the DHCP server provides the PC with both
a valid address and an expiration date. The expiration date can be in
hours or even weeks. After the address has expired, you need to
change your PC configuration in order to establish a new
communication (if your system administration did not restrict your
setup rights).
Windows 95 and NT 4.0 do not support Auto-IP.
There are two methods of using a Windows 95 or Windows NT 4.0 PC or
notebook alternatively in a network or connected directly to CPC 100 without the
necessity of having to re-configure its settings for each case:
Installation of a second Ethernet network interface card.
This network cards port is used exclusively for communication with
CPC 100. It should be configured static. It is recommended to set the network
card to the Auto-IP address range:
IP address: 169.254.77.33,
Subnet Mask: 255.255.0.0,
Default Gateway: 0.0.0.0
DNS: 0.0.0.0
This way it is possible to connect your PC to the network using the first
network cards port, and directly to CPC 100 using the second network cards
port.
Set CPC 100 to DHCP/Auto-IP to connect it to the network or directly to the
PC.
Setting PC and CPC 100 to a static IP address.
The DHCP server generates addresses within an address range defined by
the subnet mask. In general, it is also possible to set static addresses within
this range.


The addresses need to be provided by your system administrator.
Do not set addresses by your own. Always consult your system
administrator. If, by mistake, an IP address is used twice in the network,
communication of one or both of the devices will fail to work.

11 - 8
CPC Explorer

CPC Explorer
Contents of this section
General ......................................................................................... page 12-2
Installation of the CPC Explorer Software..................................... page 12-2
Computer Requirements .......................................................... page 12-2
Installing CPC Explorer ............................................................ page 12-3
Using CPC Explorer ...................................................................... page 12-4
Starting CPC Explorer.............................................................. page 12-5
Finding Connected CPC 100 Units .......................................... page 12-6
Viewing Files............................................................................ page 12-6
Viewing test reports ............................................................ page 12-6
Viewing test reports and editing them by
opening them with CPC Editor............................................ page 12-8
Viewing the log file ............................................................ page 12-11
Viewing the license file...................................................... page 12-11
Transferring Files and Folders ............................................... page 12-12
Downloading files from CPC 100 to your PC .................... page 12-12
Uploading files from your PC to CPC 100......................... page 12-12
Upgrading the CPC 100 Software.......................................... page 12-13
Options................................................................................... page 12-15
Language .......................................................................... page 12-15
Default Stylesheet............................................................. page 12-15
Saving a Test to PDF Format...................................................... page 12-16

12 - 1
CPC 100 V1.4

General
CPC Explorer is a PC-based software program that is shipped with CPC 100. It
is used to browse the tests stored in the CPC 100 file system, transfer tests
between the PC and CPC 100, and upgrade the software of CPC 100.
CPC Explorer can also be used for remote trouble-shooting of CPC 100.

Installation of the CPC Explorer Software


The CPC Explorer software and its installation program Setup Wizard are
included on the CPC Explorer CD-ROM shipped with your CPC 100.

Computer Requirements

Minimum Computer Requirements


Pentium 200MHz
64MB RAM
CD-ROM drive
Ethernet connection
Internet Explorer version 5.5 or higher
Windows 2000/XP

Note: The operating systems Windows 2000 and Windows XP require


administrative rights on your local machine for installation.

Recommended Computer Features


Pentium 233 MHz or higher
128 MB or more RAM

12 - 2
CPC Explorer

Installing CPC Explorer


To start the CPC Explorer installation:
1. Quit all other major programs running on your computer.
2. Insert the CPC Explorer CD-ROM into your computers CD-ROM drive. The
Setup Wizard starts automatically displaying the CPC Explorer start screen.
Note: Should the Setup Wizard not start automatically a few seconds
after the CD has been inserted into the CD-ROM drive, change to
the Windows Explorer and double-click setup.exe on the
CPC Explorer CD-ROM.
3. On the start screen, click the language of your choice and follow the on-
screen instructions.
Note: The selected language affects all subsequent dialog boxes and all
installed files.
Refer to Options on page 15 of this chapter to learn how to
change the language of the CPC Explorer user interface after the
installation.

12 - 3
CPC 100 V1.4

Using CPC Explorer


CPC Explorer is the link between CPC 100 and your PC.
With CPC Explorer, you can browse and view the tests on your CPC 100 or on
your PC.
Furthermore, you can transfer tests between CPC 100 and the PC for archiving
purposes, or to print them out. CPC 100 automatically saves all test data locally
in XML format. Using CPC Explorer, these data can be transferred from
CPC 100 to your PC (refer to Transferring Files and Folders on page 12 of this
chapter). The test report can be edited, for example, for the inclusion in other
reports or for further clarity by inserting comments (refer to page 12-9, E D I T
button).
In addition, CPC Explorer enables you to upgrade the software of CPC 100
(refer to Upgrading the CPC 100 Software on page 13 of this chapter).
During operation, CPC 100 creates a log file, recording a user-definable level of
occurrences. With CPC Explorer, this log file can be viewed (refer to Viewing
the log file on page 11 of this chapter).

12 - 4
CPC Explorer

Starting CPC Explorer


Double-click the CPC Explorer icon on your desktop, or click on
START | PROGRAMS | CPC EXPLORER.
Figure 1:
CPC Explorer user
interface

2 3

Apart from the pull-down menus and the toolbar, CPC Explorer interface
consists of three panes:
1 the top left-hand side pane displays the files of all connected CPC 100 units
2 the bottom left-hand side pane displays the files of the PC
3 the right-hand side pane displays the contents of any CPC 100 HTML or XML
document selected in either one of the left-hand side panes.
Navigate through the tree structure in the left-hand side panes as you would in
Windows Explorer. Double-clicking a closed folder or clicking on the plus sign
beside it opens it. Double-clicking an open folder or clicking on the minus sign
beside it closes it.

12 - 5
CPC 100 V1.4

Finding Connected CPC 100 Units


To refresh the display of the currently connected CPC 100 test units, click the
F I N D button or select N E T W O R K | F I N D C P C ( S ) .
Generally, the "Find" function will detect any CPC 100 unit as long as this unit is
situated within the same subnet as the PC.
If a CPC 100 is to be detected that is in a different subnet as the PC, the IP
address of this unit has to be entered manually.
To do so, select N E T W O R K | C O N N E C T C P C WIT H IP ADDRESS...
In the Connect CPC with IP Address dialog box enter the corresponding
address and click O K .
Figure 2:
Connect CPC with IP
Address dialog box -
connecting to a
CPC 100 of an different
subnet

Note: CPC 100 test sets operating with software version 1.12 or older have
to be connected by using the method of manually entering the
IP address, too. They are not found automatically.

Viewing Files

Viewing test reports


The tests generated by CPC 100 are saved in XML1 format for portability
reasons. In the right-hand side pane, CPC Explorer displays the test report in
HTML format2 (visual rendering).
This HTML representation is generated from the XML test data automatically by
means of a stylesheet (also refer to Default Stylesheet on page 15 of this
chapter).

1. XML = EXtensible Markup Language


2. HTML = HyperText Markup Language

12 - 6
CPC Explorer

The test to be displayed can be situated on either PC or CPC 100. To display a


test, either right-click on the file name and select V I E W from the context-menu,
or double-click the file name.
Figure 3:
Context-menu on right-
click

Figure 4:
File contents displayed The test report contents are then displayed in the right-hand side pane.
in right-hand side pane

 If you select a folder rather than a single test, right-click the folder name and
select V I E W from the context-menu, the contents of all tests of the entire folder
structure will be displayed in the right-hand side pane.

12 - 7
CPC 100 V1.4

This is indicated by the Multiple rendering confirmation dialog box.


Figure 5:
Multiple rendering
confirmation dialog box,
indicating that more
than one test is to be
displayed

If you click Y E S , a comprehensive test report is generated and displayed in the


right-hand side pane that, one after the other and separated by horizontal lines,
lists all single test reports from that selected folder structure.
Figure 6:
Context-menu on right- Note: if you have CPC Editor installed on your computer,
click when
the context menu holds one more entry: E D I T . . .
CPC Explorer is
installed CPC Editor is an optionally available PC-based
software program used for offline test preparation.
For more information about CPC Editor, please
refer to the according chapter of this Reference
Manual.
Right-clicking a CPC 100 XML file on your computers hard disk and
selecting the context-menus command E D I T . . . automatically starts
CPC Editor and loads the file.
Note that this does not work with files situated on CPC 100.

An example, how CPC Explorer and CPC Editor work together is outlined at
Preparing a Test Offline with a PC on page 13-10.
To learn how to save a test report to the "portable" PDF format, please refer to
Saving a Test to PDF Format on page 16 of this chapter.

12 - 8
CPC Explorer

The toolbar buttons


Clicking on the right-hand side pane activates the file-specific buttons in the
toolbar. Otherwise, these buttons are grayed-out.
The R E F R E S H button renews the display of the left-hand side pane.
Alternatively, the function key F 5 or menu item V I E W | R E F R E S H do the
same.
The P R I N T button brings up the Print dialog box. You can also use the
keyboard shortcut Ctrl + P or F I L E | P R I N T to bring up the Print dialog box
and print the current document.
The F O N T button changes the size of the font with which the file in the right-
hand side pane is displayed. Clicking the F O N T button changes the size of the
font to the largest available.
Figure 7:
Display font sizes Clicking on the "down"
symbol on the right-hand
side of the F O N T button
displays the list of
available font sizes.

Clicking on the "down" symbol on the right-hand side of the E D I T button


displays the available applications to edit the displayed HTML file.
Figure 8:
Available applications to
edit the report

1. Choose E D I T W I T H M I C R O S O F T W O R D F O R W I N D O W S to start the


application MS Word for Windows and load the HTML file of the displayed
report. In MS Word, the test report can then be edited.
Note: MS Word for Windows 97 and previous versions do not support
editing HTML files.
If MS Word for Windows is not installed on your computer, an error
message will occur. In this case, use the MSHTML Editor.

12 - 9
CPC 100 V1.4

2. Choose E D I T W I T H M S H T M L EDITOR to edit the displayed report in the


WYSIWYG1 HTML editor.

 Contrary to editing the report with MS Word for Windows, the MSHTML mode
does not start an application. Instead, the cursor moves directly to the
beginning of the first line of the report displayed in the right-hand side pane,
and enables direct editing of the test report.
About the MSHTML editor:
Select the menu item E D I T | I N S E R T P A G E B R E A K to enter a page
break at the cursors position. In the test report view, this page break is
represented by a horizontal line. However, when printed out the printer
starts a new page at every inserted page break. The horizontal line itself
is not printed.
A right mouse click into the test report view opens a context menu which
provides a cut/copy and paste functionality as known from other Windows
applications.
Note that the MSHTML editor does not support the short-key functions
Ctrl + X for cut, Ctrl + C for copy and Ctrl + V for paste.
Regardless whether MS Word for Windows or the MSHTML editor is used for
editing, to prevent changes to test results, CPC Explorer will not allow you to
directly modify the original test report. The only way to save your changes is
saving the file with a new name (F I L E | S A V E A S . . . ).

1. WYSIWYG = what you see is what you get

12 - 10
CPC Explorer

Viewing the log file


During operation, CPC 100 creates a log file with a user-definable logging level
(refer to Service on page 2-38).
Every time CPC 100 is switched on, it generates a new log file, and saves the
existing one as the "previous" log file. This way, the occurrences of the previous
and the current session can be viewed.
To view the CPC 100 log files, proceed as follows:
1. In the top left-hand side pane of CPC Explorer highlight the CPC 100 whose
log file you want to view.
2. Select the pull-down menu item T O O L S | L O G F I L E and select
C U R R E N T L O G F I L E to view the log file that is currently recorded since
the last time CPC 100 was switched on
P R E V I O U S L O G F I L E to view the log file that was recorded during
CPC 100s previous session.

Viewing the license file


To view a CPC 100 license file, proceed as follows:
1. In the top left-hand side pane of CPC Explorer highlight the CPC 100 whose
license file you want to view
2. Select the pull-down menu item T O O L S | L I C E N S E F I L E
3. The right-hand side pane of CPC Explorer displays the contents of the
license file.

12 - 11
CPC 100 V1.4

Transferring Files and Folders


With CPC Explorer, you can transfer single files, folders as well as entire folder
trees between CPC 100 and your PC.

Downloading files from CPC 100 to your PC


1. In the bottom left-hand side pane of CPC Explorer, highlight the target folder
for the download.
2. In the top left-hand side pane of CPC Explorer, highlight the file or folder of
your choice on CPC 100.
3. Click the D O W N L O A D button or select N E T W O R K | D O W N L O A D .
The file or folder will be downloaded from CPC 100 to your PC.
Note: If a folder is highlighted for transmission, the selection is recursive,
i.e., all of its subfolders will also be downloaded.

Uploading files from your PC to CPC 100


1. In the top left-hand side pane of CPC Explorer, highlight the target folder for
the upload.
2. In the bottom left-hand side pane of CPC Explorer, highlight the file or folder
of your choice on CPC 100.
3. Click the U P L O A D button or select N E T W O R K | U P L O A D .
The file or folder will be uploaded from your PC to CPC 100.
Note: If a folder is highlighted for transmission, the selection is recursive,
i.e., all of its subfolders will also be uploaded.

12 - 12
CPC Explorer

Upgrading the CPC 100 Software


Note: Before you upgrade the CPC 100 software, we recommend to
a) transfer all tests from CPC 100 to your PC (refer
to Downloading files from CPC 100 to your PC above)
b) and to delete all tests on CPC 100.
The reason for this is to provide sufficient disk space on CPC 100.
Only after the upgrade is finished and CPC 100 rebooted, the old
software version is replaced by the new one, i.e., temporarily there is
space required for two software versions.
If you are in doubt about the remaining available disk space, check
"Free disk space" at the Options tab System Info (refer to page 2-40).
The available space for a software upgrade should be at least 10MB.

Software upgrades for CPC 100 are distributed in the form of package files. A
package file is a compressed self-extracting archive with the file name extension
.upg, that contains one or more single files. Prior to a software upgrade,
CPC Explorer extracts this package file, and then transfers it to CPC 100.

 A possible license file upgrade is handled the same way as a CPC 100 software
upgrade.
To upgrade the CPC 100 software:
1. Select N E T W O R K | U P G R A D E C P C . . . to display the Upgrade CPC
dialog box.
Figure 9:
Upgrade CPC dialog
box

12 - 13
CPC 100 V1.4

The dialog box lists all available CPC 100 test sets with their individual
IP addresses 1 .
Note: For CPC 100 test sets operating with software version 1.12 or
older, contact OMICRON technical support.
2. From the list, select the CPC 100 test set to be upgraded.
3. Click the B R O W S E button to navigate to the CPC 100 software upgrade file.
4. Select the CPC 100 software upgrade file and click the O P E N button to
return to the Upgrade CPC dialog box. The selected file is displayed 2 .
5. Click on the U P G R A D E button to begin upgrading the software of the
selected CPC 100 unit(s).
When the CPC 100 software has been successfully upgraded, you will be
asked to reboot CPC 100.
Only after the upgrade is finished, and CPC 100 is rebooted, the new
software version is active.

 Note: The process of upgrading the CPC 100 software may take some time.
Do not interrupt the upgrade process.

12 - 14
CPC Explorer

Options
Figure 10: Select the pull-down menu item T O O L S | O P T I O N S .
Options dialog box

The O P T I O N S menu provides two features to customize the CPC Explorer user
interface:
1. Language
You can change the language of the CPC Explorer user interface "on the fly".
Click on the "down" symbol of the combo box to display the available
languages, select the language of your choice, and click O K .
CPC Explorer re-starts automatically showing the user interface in the
selected language.
2. Default Stylesheet
Stylesheets describe how test reports are represented on screens or in print.
A stylesheet contains formatting information, and offers the possibility to
influence the presentation of test reports.
Upon request, OMICRON can provide you with customized XSL
stylesheets1.
To apply a stylesheet, enter the path to this file into the entry field
"Stylesheet", or click B R O W S E to search for it.
To finish and to close the Options dialog box, click O K .

 You can specify your own stylesheet in order to customize the HTML
representation of the test reports in the right-hand side pane.
This documentation, however, will not describe how to create new
stylesheets. For more detailed information about XML, XSL and HTML
please refer to specialized literature and/or special websites, or contact the
OMICRON customer support.

1. EXtensible Stylesheet Language

12 - 15
CPC 100 V1.4

Saving a Test to PDF Format


The XML format is a proprietary format of CPC Explorer. To view such a file,
CPC Explorer is required on your computer.
To make CPC Explorer tests portable, i.e., to view on other computers without
an installation of CPC Explorer, we recommend to save them in PDF format.
PDF is the abbreviation for Portable Document Format, a document exchange
format created by Adobe (check http://www.Adobe.com) and has become the
"quasi standard" for electronic documents.
To read such a PDF document, Adobe Reader (Adobe freeware) needs to be
installed on your computer.

PDF Generators
There is a variety of PDF generating software available, some free of charge or
for a reasonable price, others, providing a larger number of options and features,
more expensive.
Heres a little selection of PDF generators:
PDFFactory http://www.fineprint.com/
PDF995 http://www.PDF995.com
Adobe Distiller http://www.Adobe.com
PDF generators are generally operated like printer drivers, i.e., to save a file to
PDF you need to select the menu item F I L E | P R I N T . . . and specify the
location for the PDF file. The available options and settings depend on the used
PDF generator.

12 - 16
CPC Editor

CPC Editor
Contents of this section
General ......................................................................................... page 13-1
Installation of the CPC Editor Software......................................... page 13-2
Computer Requirements .......................................................... page 13-2
Installing CPC Editor ................................................................ page 13-3
Working with CPC Editor............................................................... page 13-4
Preparing a Test Offline with a PC......................................... page 13-10

General
CPC Editor is an optionally available PC-based software program.
It is used for offline test preparation, i.e., to set up single test cards and/or entire
tests with all of their test-specific settings on a PC, independent from the
availability of a CPC 100.
The prepared test file (.xml file1) is then uploaded to CPC 100 using
CPC Explorer (refer to Uploading files from your PC to CPC 100 on page 12-
12). Therefore, CPC Editor requires an installation of CPC Explorer.
CPC Editor also opens executed and assessed test files that were downloaded
from CPC 100 to your computer to view them, edit them, and, if required, save
them on your computers hard disk.
Additionally, a test file can be saved as test procedure template, i.e., a user-
defined template containing one or more test cards with all of their specific test
settings. To learn more about templates in general, please refer to Creating
Defaults and Templates on page 2-41.

1. An .xml file is a test with all of its test cards and specific settings. It may also contain test results
and assessments that were stored together with the settings as report in the CPC 100 file
system for archiving purposes.

13 - 1
CPC 100 V1.4

Installation of the CPC Editor Software


The CPC Editor software and its installation program Setup Wizard are stored
on the CPC Editor CD-ROM. This CD-ROM is not part of all CPC 100 packages.
If not included, it needs to be purchased separately.

Computer Requirements

Minimum Computer Requirements


Pentium 200MHz
64MB RAM
CD-ROM drive
Ethernet connection
Internet Explorer version 5.5 or higher
Installed compatible CPC Explorer version
Windows 2000/XP
Please note that Windows 95 is not supported.

Note: The operating systems Windows 2000 and Windows XP require


administrative rights on your local machine for installation.

Recommended Computer Features


Pentium 233 MHz or higher
128 MB or more RAM

13 - 2
CPC Editor

Installing CPC Editor


Note: CPC Editor requires an installation of CPC Explorer beforehand.

To start the CPC Editor installation:


1. Quit all other major programs running on your computer.
2. Insert the CPC Editor CD-ROM into your computers CD-ROM drive. The
Setup Wizard starts automatically displaying the CPC Editor start screen.
Note: Should the Setup Wizard not start automatically a few seconds
after the CD has been inserted into the CD-ROM drive, change to
the Windows Explorer and double-click setup.exe on the
CPC Editor CD-ROM.
3. On the start screen, click the language of your choice and follow the on-
screen instructions.
Note: The selected language affects all subsequent dialog boxes and all
installed files.

13 - 3
CPC 100 V1.4

Working with CPC Editor


Note: This section describes CPC Editor-specific functionality only.
Since the user interfaces and the functionality of the CPC Editor test
cards largely resemble the actual test cards in CPC 100, all
information about the definition and meaning of the single test card
parameters can be found in the chapters of the respective test cards.

To start CPC Editor, double-click the CPC Editor icon on your desktop, or click
on S T A R T | P R O G R A M S | C P C E D I T O R .
Figure 1:
CPC Editor user
interface holding one
blank Quick test card

Apart from the pull-down menus and the toolbar, the CPC Editor interface
consists of two panes:
1 The left-hand side list view pane resembles the Test Procedure Overview of
the CPC 100 software (refer to Test Procedure Overview on page 2-30),
and lists test cards showing the cards name, its creation date and time,
whether test results are available and the test cards assessment status.
2 The right-hand side test card pane resembles the user interface of the
selected test card as it is laid out in the CPC 100 software. Here, the test
card-specific parameters are specified.

13 - 4
CPC Editor

Appending a Test Card


Appending a test card means:
appending it to an empty list, i.e., make it the first test card
appending it to the last position of an already existing list of test cards.
When CPC Explorer starts, the list view pane is empty. To insert a test card,
either
right-click the list view pane to open the context-menu and click I N S E R T
TEST CARD...
Figure 2:
Context menu of the list
view pane

or select the pull-down menu item I N S E R T | T E S T C A R D . . .


In the Insert Test Card dialog box, select the test card of your choice and click
APPEND.
Figure 3:
Insert Test Card dialog

I N S E R T only
becomes available
if there are already
test cards in the list
(refer to Inserting a
Test Card on page
6 of this chapter).

13 - 5
CPC 100 V1.4

Inserting a Test Card


Inserting a test card means: inserting it into an already defined list of test cards.
The procedure of inserting resembles the one of appending a test card
(described in Appending a Test Card on page 5 of this chapter). The difference
is that the inserted test card is positioned in the list right before the currently
selected test card rather than appended to the end.
Figure 4:
Example: inserting a
VTRatio test card to an Already defined list of test
existing list of test cards cards, TRRatio selected.

Select
INSERT | TEST CARD
VTRatio
INSERT

VTRatio is inserted
before the selected
TRRatio test card.

Inserting from File


Select I N S E R T | F R O M F I L E . . . to browse for a previously saved .xml file.
This .xml file is a test file that was either
previously created with CPC Editor, and saved to the computers hard disk
or previously created (and even executed and assessed) with CPC 100, and
then uploaded to the computers hard disk by means of CPC Explorer.
Just like inserting a single test card, inserting an .xml file means, positioning its
entire contents (one or more test cards) in the list right before the currently
selected test card.

13 - 6
CPC Editor

Copying a Test Card


In most cases, it is easier to copy /paste an existing and already parametrized
test card, and to rename it accordingly, than to start a new one from the
beginning.
To copy a test card either
right-click the list view pane to open the context-menu and click C O P Y
or select E D I T | C O P Y .
This copies the selected test card to the Clipboard.
You now have three choices.
1. Insert the test card from the Clipboard into your list view:
either right-click the list view pane to open the context-menu and click
INSERT COPIED TEST CARD...
or select I N S E R T | C O P I E D T E S T C A R D . . . .
Note that the inserted test card is positioned in the list right before the
currently selected test card.
2. Paste the test card from the Clipboard into the list view overwriting a
test card of your choice:
either right-click the list view pane to open the context-menu and click
PASTE
or select E D I T | P A S T E

 Note that the selected test card is overwritten by the one pasted from the
Clipboard.
3. Paste the test card from the Clipboard into the list view of another
running instance of CPC Editor:
change to the other running instance of CPC Editor, or start CPC Editor once
more and
insert the test card either via the context-menu item I N S E R T C O P I E D
T E S T C A R D . . . or the pull-down menu item I N S E R T C O P I E D T E S T
CARD...
or overwrite the selected test card with the test card from the Clipboard
either via the context-menu item P A S T E or the pull-down menu item
EDIT | PASTE.

13 - 7
CPC 100 V1.4

Renaming a Test Card


To rename the currently selected test card to any new name of your choice
either right-click the list view pane to open the context-menu and click
RENAME
or select T E S T C A R D | R E N A M E
Enter the name of our choice (256 characters max.) and press E N T E R .

Saving a Test
Click the S A V E icon or select F I L E | S A V E with the "Save as type:" option
"CPC files (*.xml)" to save the currently open test, i.e., the test card(s) listed in
the list view with all of their settings, under its actual name.
If this test does not have a name yet, the Save As dialog box opens. Browse to
the destination folder of your choice, and name your test accordingly.
Note: The file name extension .xml is appended automatically. Do not enter
any other file name extension as the F I L E O P E N command will then
not show this file anymore.

Saving a Test as Template


Using the F I L E | S A V E A S . . . command with the "Save as type:" option "CPC
templates (*.xmt)", any test file can be saved as a test procedure template, i.e.,
a user-defined template containing one or more test cards with all of their
specific test settings but without test results.
To learn more about templates in general, please refer to Creating Defaults and
Templates on page 2-41.
In this process, the settings of the original name.xml file are taken over to the
newly created test procedure template name.xmt. Possible test results in the
name.xml file, however, are not taken over. The original file name.xml remains
unchanged.
The template is then uploaded to CPC 100 using CPC Explorer.
Note: The file name extension .xmt is appended automatically. Do not enter
any other file name extension as CPC 100 will not recognize it as valid
template.

13 - 8
CPC Editor

Deleting a Test Card


To delete a test card from a test or a test procedure template
either right-click the list view pane to open the context-menu and click
DELETE
or select E D I T | D E L E T E
Note: To delete an entire test or template, i.e., an .xml or .xmt file, from your
computer, use Windows Explorer.

13 - 9
CPC 100 V1.4

Preparing a Test Offline with a PC


Outline of a typical proceeding for an offline test preparation with a PC using
CPC Explorer and CPC Editor.
Start CPC Explorer.
Use CPC Explorers context menu item N E W F O L D E R to create a folder for
the new test on your local hard disk. Name the folder accordingly, e.g.,
CPC Tests.
If this new folder is to be situated at the drives root, e.g., right underneath
C:\, use Windows Explorer to create it. CPC Explorer does not create
folders right underneath the root level.
Right-click on that newly created folder, here: C:\CPC Tests, and use the
context menu item N E W F O L D E R to create subfolders in a tree structure
that corresponds with the substation:
Figure 5:
Representation of the
substation "Sulz" with its
two 3-phase feeders
"Klaus" and "Roethis" in
a folder tree structure

Start CPC Editor


Set up the required test card(s) for this substation, compose your entire test,
and eventually save the test in the appropriate folder that you created with
CPC Explorer.

 If single test cards or entire tests are similar or even identical, use CPC
Explorers and/or CPC Editors copy /paste functionality, rather than creating
new tests from the beginning.

13 - 10
CPC Editor

For example:

In CPC Explorer, single test cards or


even the entire structure with all
subfolders and test files from
Feeder Klaus\L1 can be copied to
Feeder Klaus\L2 and L3. Use the
context-menus commands C O P Y and
PASTE.
Afterwards, the test files in
Feeder Klaus\L2 and L3. can be
renamed accordingly in CPC Explorer
(context-menu command R E N A M E ) .

Right-clicking a test file in CPC Explorer on your computers hard disk and
selecting the context-menus command E D I T . . . automatically starts CPC
Editor, loads the file and lets you edit it.
Once all tests are composed, use CPC Explorers upload function to transfer
the entire tree structure from your PC to CPC 100 at once.

13 - 11
CPC 100 V1.4

13 - 12
Excel CPC 100 File Loader

Excel CPC 100 File Loader


Contents of this section
General ......................................................................................... page 14-1
Installation of the Excel CPC 100 File Loader Software ............... page 14-1
Computer Requirements.......................................................... page 14-1
Installing Excel CPC 100 File Loader ...................................... page 14-1
Working with Excel CPC 100 File Loader ..................................... page 14-2
Template Usage............................................................................ page 14-3

General
Excel CPC 100 File Loader allows loading XML files into Microsoft Excel
templates for post processing. Excel CPC 100 File Loader is installed with
CPC Explorer. After the installation, a shortcut to start Excel CPC 100 File
Loader appears on your desktop.

Installation of the Excel CPC 100 File Loader


Software
The Excel CPC 100 File Loader software and its installation program Setup
Wizard are included on the CPC Explorer CD-ROM shipped with your CPC 100.

Computer Requirements
For the installation requirements, see Computer Requirements on page 12-2.

Installing Excel CPC 100 File Loader


For the installation procedure, see Installing CPC Explorer on page 12-3.

14 - 1
CPC 100 V1.4

Working with Excel CPC 100 File Loader


Excel CPC 100 File Loader allows loading XML files generated with CPC 100
into Microsoft Excel templates for post processing. Every test card within an
XML file is represented by a sheet of a Microsoft Excel workbook. You can load
new XML files into the Microsoft Excel template by generating all sheets or by
loading data into existing sheets of the workbook. The mapping between the
data in the file and in the sheets is done by using the same name for the
CPC 100 test card and the corresponding sheet.
Note: Due to the mapping of the data, use unique name for the test cards in the
XML files.
Because the results are converted into Microsoft Excel compatible numbers,
post processing of the data is straightforward. In a blank customer sheet, you
can reference to the data in the sheets designed by OMICRON electronics using
Microsoft Excel formulas. Then, if the data in the OMICRON sheets is updated,
the customer sheet is updated, too. By this means, special forms for post
processing of the data, the so-called templates, can be created easily.

14 - 2
Excel CPC 100 File Loader

Template Usage
Templates are pairs of XML documents and Microsoft Excel templates designed
by OMICRON electronics or end users for designated applications. The XML
templates are predefined test procedures, often with comments, that run on
CPC 100 and guide the user through the test. Once completed, the XML file is
saved, downloaded to the PC using CPC Explorer and then loaded with
CPC100 File Loader into the corresponding Microsoft Excel template. There the
results are post processed and a final test report is generated. The template
pairs facilitate and speed testing with CPC 100 and the evaluation of results.
Some template pairs allow version control. If an error message appears after
loading the XML template, use a template pair of the same version. The
template usage requires the CPC Explorer software to be installed on your PC.
CPC Explorer enables you to transfer files (templates and test results) between
the PC and CPC 100.
To run a test procedure according a template:
1. Using CPC Explorer, upload a single XML template or a whole folder of
templates for the intended application from the PC to CPC 100.
The XML templates (*.xmt files) are available on the CPC Explorer
CD-ROM in the Templates directory or in the customer area of
www.omicron.at.
2. Open the template on CPC 100.
3. Run the test procedure according to the template.
4. After completing the test procedure, save the test as a new file.
5. Using CPC Explorer, download the test results from CPC 100 to your
preferred working directory on the PC.
6. Open the corresponding Microsoft Excel template by double-clicking the
*.xlt file in the folder labeled with the test procedure name in the
Templates\CPC 100 directory.
A Microsoft Excel workbook appears.
7. Click the Load XML-File button and open the *.xml file saved in your
preferred working directory before to load the test results.
Excel CPC 100 File Loader loads the test results from the XML file to the
Microsoft Excel template.
8. After all worksheets are filled with data, the test results are calculated and
displayed.

14 - 3
CPC 100 V1.4

14 - 4
Technical Data

Technical Data
Contents of this section
General ......................................................................................... page 15-2
Power Supply ................................................................................ page 15-4
CPC 100 Outputs .......................................................................... page 15-5
High Current and Voltage Outputs........................................... page 15-5
800A AC output................................................................... page 15-5
400A DC output .................................................................. page 15-7
2kV AC output..................................................................... page 15-8
Outputs on CPC 100 Front Panel .......................................... page 15-14
6A / 130V AC output - all ranges...................................... page 15-14
6A DC current output ........................................................ page 15-17
Output "Ext. Booster" (option) ................................................ page 15-18
Output to Input Synchronization............................................. page 15-19
CPC 100 Inputs........................................................................... page 15-20
Binary Input BIN IN ................................................................ page 15-20
10A IAC/DC input .................................................................. page 15-21
300V V1 AC input .................................................................. page 15-22
3V V2 AC input ...................................................................... page 15-24
10V V DC input ...................................................................... page 15-26
CPC 100 Combined Specifications ............................................. page 15-27
ePC Interfaces ............................................................................ page 15-28
RJ 45 Ethernet Connectors.................................................... page 15-28
RS 232 Serial Interface Connector ........................................ page 15-29
Connector for External Safety Functions ............................... page 15-30
Environmental Conditions ........................................................... page 15-31
Safety Standards, CE Conformity ............................................... page 15-33
Weight and Dimension ................................................................ page 15-33

15 - 1
CPC 100 V1.4

General
In the following tables, all guaranteed input data are specified for an ambient
temperature of 23C 5, a power supply of 230V AC, and after a warm-up
time greater than 25min.
All guaranteed output data are valid for the period of one year after factory
adjustment.
The error values of each measurement range (listed under "Accuracy" in the
following tables) are specified in

% of the reading (rd) + % of full scale (fs)

To obtain the exact measurement error, multiply the displayed measured


value with the given reading error (rd), and add the full scale value multiplied
with the given full scale error (fs).
Example:
CPC 100 is set to the 800AAC range.
The display shows a measured value of 720A at the VAC input.
The guaranteed error is specified as 0,2% (rd) + 0,2% (fs).
Therefore, the error is 720A x 0,2% (rd) + 800A x 0,2% (fs)
= 1.44A + 1.6A = 2.04A.
Note: All guaranteed specifications refer to standard AC or DC
measurements. Other measurements, such as frequency-selective
measurements, or measurements after a numeric integrator (like
used with the CT-Rogowski test card), can have slightly higher
errors.
The listed value of the typical maximum output time "typical time tmax" applies
at the high current outputs 800A AC and 400A DC to a load consisting of
2x6m cables
at the other outputs to the respective typical output power.

Note: Never connect the 2kV output to any of the inputs! The 2kV output is
measured internally.

15 - 2
Technical Data

A higher ambient and/or operational temperature reduces both the typical


maximum output time "typical time tmax" and case by case the maximum
output current accordingly.
Also refer to Temperature Monitoring on page 2-29.
When burdened with too high of a load, the high current outputs 800A AC,
400A DC, 6A AC (also in 3A AC mode) and 6A DC can cause noises. These
noises, however, are normal and no reason to worry.
An error message (313) appears if either the PE connection is defective or
the power supply has no galvanic connection to ground. In this case, make
sure that the PE connection is intact. If the PE connection is intact and the
error message still appears, select the "Disable ground check" check box at
the Device Setup tab in the Options view (see Device Setup on page 2-
32).
Rather than starting a test and activating the outputs, pressing the I/O
(test start/stop) push-button will then pop up a message box notifying you
about this problem.

 Note: Only one output at a time can be used, i.e., either 800A AC or 400A
DC or 2kV AC or...
All guaranteed AC specifications refer to frequencies of 45Hz < f < 65Hz.
Frequencies above 400Hz are filtered out. Measurements below 15Hz are not
stable.
Figure 1:
Typical frequency
response of analog
inputs:
amplitude =
f (frequency)
amplitude [dB]

frequency [Hz]

15 - 3
CPC 100 V1.4

Power Supply
Important: for safety-relevant issues regarding CPC 100s power supply, also
refer to Power Supply on page 1-6.
Table 1:
Technical data main
power supply
Main Power Supply
Connection AC voltage, 1 phase, connector IEC320/C20
Voltage single phase
nominal voltage 100 ... 240V AC
permitted range 85 ... 264V AC
Power fuse Automatic circuit breaker with magnetic overcurrent
tripping at I > 16A
Power consumption < 3500VA
< 7000VA short-term (< 10s)
Frequency
nominal
frequency 50 / 60Hz
permitted range 45 ... 65Hz

Note: If the power supply is 190V AC, CPC 100 cannot provide the full
output power at the 800A AC output. The same applies when an
external booster is used. Therefore, in order to gain the full output
power, provide a sufficient power supply (190V ... 240V AC).

15 - 4
Technical Data

CPC 100 Outputs


Important: Due safety-relevant issues regarding CPC 100s high current and
voltage outputs, also read High voltage and current outputs on page 1-9.

High Current and Voltage Outputs


The high current and voltage outputs are all situated at the left-hand side of
CPC 100.

800A AC output

Table 2:
 While using the 800A AC output, disconnect any cables that may be plugged in
to the 400A DC output. These outputs are internally connected.

Technical data
800A AC output
800A AC output
Connection 10mm connectors
Insulation Internally connected to the 400A DC output, insulated
against all other inputs and outputs.
Voltage with reference to earth must not exceed
300Vrms and 420Vpeak on either socket.
Reinforced insulation against mains power supply, all
interfaces and other safety low-voltage circuits.
Output power at: typical app. typical time duty cycle frequency
power Smax tmax ton / toff
800A 4800VA 25s 5s / 55s 50 ... 60Hz
600A 3780VA 200s 5s / 25s
400A 2560VA 500s 5s / 5s
300A 1940VA 15min 10s / 5s
200A 1300VA > 2hrs cont. ON

15 - 5
CPC 100 V1.4

800A AC output
Measurement Internal precision current measurement from
0 ... 800A AC
Abs. max. limited through output
rating:
Accuracy: typ. error < 0.1% (rd) 0.1% (fs),
guaranteed < 0.2% (rd) 0.2% (fs)
Possible crest factor: < 1.5
Phase typ. error < 0.1,
tolerance at guaranteed < 0.2
full scale:
Resolution: Measurement Display
100 mA/bit 10 mA
Connection: internally connected

Figure 2:
Typical maximum
output voltage of
800A AC output
depending on frequency
and current
voltage in Vrms

frequency in Hz

Note: The signal for the 800A AC output is generated by an internal


transformer. To avoid saturation, sudden magnitude changes are
suppressed and the signal is output as a ramp. For several
applications the magnitude change is deferred even more, e.g., for CT
ratio measurements.
The ramp changes for a full magnitude are
one period of the signal, regardless of the size of the change for an
increase ramp
300ms for a decreasing ramp, or accordingly less if the magnitude
change is only a fraction of its full value.

15 - 6
Technical Data

400A DC output

Table 3:
 While using the 400A DC output, disconnect any cables that may be plugged in
to the 800A AC output. These outputs are internally connected.

Technical data
400A DC output
400A DC output
Connection 10mm connectors
Insulation Internally connected to the 800A AC output, insulated
against all other inputs and outputs.
Voltage with reference to earth must not exceed
300Vrms and 420Vpeak on either socket.
Reinforced insulation against mains power supply, all
interfaces and other safety low-voltage circuits.
Output power at: typ. power Pmax typical time tmax
400A 2600W 140s
300A 1950W 3min
200A 1300W > 2hrs
100A 630W >> 2hrs
Measurement Internal precision current measurement from
0 ... 400A DC
Abs. max. rating: limited through output
Accuracy: typ. error < 0.2% (rd) 0.05% (fs),
guaranteed < 0.4% (rd) 0.1%(fs)
Resolution: Measurement Display
100 mA/bit 10 mA
Connection: internally connected

15 - 7
CPC 100 V1.4

2kV AC output

Table 4:
 While using the 2kV AC output, disconnect any cables that may be plugged in
to any of the high current outputs (800A AC or 400A DC).

Technical data 2kV AC


output - all ranges
2kV AC output - all ranges
Connection High voltage sockets
Insulation Insulated against all other inputs and outputs.
Voltage with reference to earth must not exceed
2000Vrms and 2800Vpeak on either socket.
Reinforced insulation against mains power supply, all
interfaces and other safety low-voltage circuits.
Measurement Internal precision current and voltage measurement,
integrated in CPC 100 (for details, see tables below).
Abs. max. rating: limited through output
Connection: internally connected

Table 5:
Technical data 2kV AC
output at a voltage
range of 2000V
2kV AC output at a voltage range of 2000V
Maximum current Peak current Ipeak < 3.0A
Effective current Irms < 1.25A
Output power at: typical apparent typical time tmax frequency
power Smax
2000V / 1.25A 2500VA 60s 50200Hz
2000V / 1A 2000VA 130s 50...200Hz
2000V / 0.5A 1000VA > 2hrs 50...400Hz

15 - 8
Technical Data

2kV AC output at a voltage range of 2000V


Measurement Voltage and current
Voltage Range: 0 ... 2000V AC
Accuracy: typ. error < 0.05%(rd) 0.05%(fs),
guaranteed < 0.1% (rd) 0.1% (fs)
Possible crest factor: < 1.5
Phase tolerance typ. error < 0.1,
at full scale: guaranteed < 0.2
Resolution: Measurement Display
100 mV/bit 10 mV
Current Ranges 0 ... 5A AC
(automatic range 0 ... 500mA AC
selection): 0 ... 50mA AC1
Accuracy: 5A: typ. error
< 0.2% (rd) 0.05% (fs),
guaranteed
< 0.4% (rd) 0.1% (fs)
500mA:typ. error
< 0.05% (rd) 0.05% (fs),
guaranteed
< 0.1% (rd) 0.1% (fs)
50mA1: typ. error
< 0.1% (rd) 0.1% (fs),
guaranteed
< 0.2% (rd) 0.2% (fs)
Possible peak value: 20A
Resolution: Measurement Display
5A: 1 mA/bit 100 A
500mA: 100 A/bit 10 A
50mA1: 10 A/bit 1 A
Phase tolerance typ. error < 0.1,
at full scale: guaranteed < 0.2
1. Available for the CPC 100 serial number Dxxxxx and higher.

15 - 9
CPC 100 V1.4

Table 6:
Technical data 2kV AC
output at a voltage
range of 1000V
2kV AC output at a voltage range of 1000V
Maximum current Peak current Ipeak < 6.0A
Effective current Irms < 2.5A
Output power at: typical apparent typical time tmax frequency
power Smax
1000V / 2.5A 2500VA 60s 50200Hz
1000V / 2A 2000VA 130s 50...200Hz
1000V / 1A 1000VA > 2hrs 50...400Hz
Measurement Voltage and current
Voltage Range: 0 ... 1000V AC
Accuracy: typ. error < 0.05%(rd) 0.05%(fs),
guaranteed < 0.1% (rd) 0.1% (fs)
Possible crest factor: < 1.5
Phase tolerance typ. error < 0.15,
at full scale: guaranteed < 0.3

15 - 10
Technical Data

2kV AC output at a voltage range of 1000V


Current Ranges 0 ... 5A AC
(automatic range 0 ... 500mA AC
selection): 0 ... 50mA AC1
Accuracy: 5A: typ. error
< 0.2% (rd) 0.05% (fs),
guaranteed
< 0.4% (rd) 0.1% (fs)
500mA:typ. error
< 0.05% (rd) 0.05% (fs),
guaranteed
< 0.1% (rd) 0.1% (fs)
50mA1: typ. error
< 0.1% (rd) 0.1% (fs),
guaranteed
< 0.2% (rd) 0.2% (fs)
Possible peak value: 20A
Resolution: Measurement Display
5A: 1 mA/bit 100 A
500mA: 100 A/bit 10 A
50mA1: 10 A/bit 1 A
Phase tolerance typ. error < 0.1,
at full scale: guaranteed < 0.2
1. Available for the CPC 100 serial number Dxxxxx and higher.

Table 7:
Technical data 2kV AC
output at a voltage
2kV AC output at a voltage range of 500V
range of 500V
Maximum current Peak current Ipeak < 12.0A
Effective current Irms < 5.0A
Output power at: typical apparent typical time tmax frequency
power Smax
500V / 5A 2500VA 60s 50200Hz
500V / 4A 2000VA 130s 50...200Hz
500V / 2A 1000VA > 2hrs 50...400Hz

15 - 11
CPC 100 V1.4

2kV AC output at a voltage range of 500V


Measurement Voltage and current
Voltage Range: 0 ... 500V AC
Accuracy: typ. error < 0.05%(rd) 0.05%(fs),
guaranteed < 0.1% (rd) 0.1% (fs)
Possible crest factor: < 1.5
Phase tolerance typ. error < 0.2,
at full scale: guaranteed < 0.4
Current Ranges 0 ... 5A AC
(automatic range 0 ... 500mA AC
selection): 0 ... 50mA AC1
Accuracy: 5A: typ. error
< 0.2% (rd) 0.05% (fs),
guaranteed
< 0.4% (rd) 0.1% (fs)
500mA:typ. error
< 0.05% (rd) 0.05% (fs),
guaranteed
< 0.1% (rd) 0.1% (fs)
50mA1: typ. error
< 0.1% (rd) 0.1% (fs),
guaranteed
< 0.2% (rd) 0.2% (fs)
Possible peak value: 20A
Resolution: Measurement Display
5A: 1 mA/bit 100 A
500mA: 100 A/bit 10 A
50mA1: 10 A/bit 1 A
Phase tolerance typ. error < 0.1,
at full scale: guaranteed < 0.2
1. Available for the CPC 100 serial number Dxxxxx and higher.

15 - 12
Technical Data

Figure 3:
Typical maximum
output voltage of
2kV AC output
depending on frequency

voltage in % of full scale


and power

frequency in Hz
Note: The 2kV AC output signal is generated by an internal transformer. To
avoid saturation, sudden magnitude changes are suppressed. The
signal is output as a ramp. For several applications the magnitude
change is deferred even more, e.g., for Voltage Withstand to avoid
stress of the device under test.
The fastest possible ramp changes for a full magnitude are
1200ms for an increasing ramp
300ms for a decreasing ramp.
The ramps need accordingly less if the magnitude change is only a
fraction of its full value.
The 2kV AC output is electronically controlled to provide the nominal
voltage. Consequently, the output impedance is of no importance.

15 - 13
CPC 100 V1.4

Outputs on CPC 100 Front Panel


Note: The outputs of the CPC 100 front panel are not controlled.
Furthermore, there is no internal measurement provided. To measure
a front panel output signal, connect it to a measuring input:
current measurement: to IAC/DC input
voltage measurement: to V1AC or VDC input

6A / 130V AC output

 While using the 6A / 130V AC output, disconnect any cables that may be
plugged in to any of the high current outputs (800A AC or 400A DC), or to the
6A DC output.
Table 8:
Technical data of
6A / 130V AC output -
all ranges
6A / 130V AC output - all ranges
Connection 4mm banana sockets
Insulation The 6A/130V ACoutput is internally connected with the
6A DC output. Apart from this, the output is insulated
against all other inputs and outputs.
Voltage with reference to earth must not exceed
200Vrms and 280V peak on either socket.
Reinforced insulation against mains power supply, all
interfaces and other safety low-voltage circuits.
Measurement No internal measurement provided. To measure this
output signal, connect it to a measuring input:
current measurement: at IAC/DC input
voltage measurement: at V1AC input

15 - 14
Technical Data

Table 9:
Technical data of
6A / 130V AC output in
130V AC mode
6A / 130V AC output in 130V AC mode
Output power at: typical apparent typical time tmax frequency
power Smax
130V 390VA > 2hrs 50 ... 400Hz
Fuses Type: 3.15A T
The 3.15 Amps slow-acting wire fuse 5x20mm,
situated at the front panels AC OUTPUT group,
protects the AC OUTPUT in 130V voltage mode.
6.3A T
If the 6.3 Amps fuse is blown, the 130V AC output
mode does not work either.

Note: The 130V AC output has a setting range of 150V. The set voltage
represents the no-load voltage, i.e., when a load is connected the
voltage at the 130V output will reduce by approx. 5V / A.
Figure 4:
Typical maximum
voltage Vrms

output voltage of 6A /
130VAC output in
130V AC mode
depending on frequency

frequency in Hz

15 - 15
CPC 100 V1.4

Table 10:
Technical data of
6A / 130VAC output in
6A AC mode
6A / 130V AC output in 6A AC mode
Output power at: typical apparent typical time tmax frequency
power Smax
6.0A 330VA > 2hrs 50 ... 200Hz
Fuse Type: 6.3A T
The 6.3 Amps slow-acting wire fuse 5x20mm, situated
at the front panels AC OUTPUT group, protects the
AC OUTPUT in 6A AC and 3A current mode and the
DC OUTPUT

Table 11:
Technical data of
6A / 130VAC output in
3A AC mode
6A / 130V AC output in 3A AC mode
Output power at: typical apparent typical time tmax frequency
power Smax
3.0A 330VA > 2hrs 50 ... 200Hz
Fuse Type: 3.15A T
The 3.15 Amps slow-acting wire fuse 5x20mm,
situated at the front panels AC OUTPUT group,
protects the AC OUTPUT in 3A current mode.
6.3A T
If the 6.3 Amps fuse is blown, the 3A AC output mode
does not work either.

Figure 5:
Typical maximum
voltage Vrms

output voltage of
6A / 130VAC output in
3 and 6A AC mode
depending on frequency
and current

frequency in Hz

15 - 16
Technical Data

6A DC current output

 While using the 6A DC output, disconnect any cables that may be plugged in to
any of the high current outputs (800A AC or 400A DC), or to the 6A / 130V AC
output.
Table 12:
Technical data 6A DC
output
6A DC output
Connection 4mm banana sockets
Insulation The 6A DC output is internally connected with the
6A / 130V AC output. Apart from this, the output is
insulated against all other inputs and outputs.
Voltage with reference to earth must not exceed
200Vrms and 280V peak on either socket.
Reinforced insulation against mains power supply, all
interfaces and other safety low-voltage circuits.
Protection If a large inductance is connected, and the output is
switched off, an internal arc-suppression diode protects
the user from voltage spikes from the inductance.
Additionally, a surge arrester with a short circuit spring
that, in case of an overload, applies a short circuit to
the output and protects the user if the arc-suppression
should not be sufficient.
The existence of a discharge voltage potential is also
indicated by a lit LED - even if CPC 100 is switched off.
This LED is situated at the right-hand side of the
6A DC output sockets.
Current / voltage No internal measurement provided. To measure this
measurement output signal, connect it to a measuring input:
current measurement: at IAC/DC input
voltage measurement: at VDC input
Output power at: typical power typical time tmax
Pmax
6.0A 360W > 2hrs
3.0A 180W >> 2hrs

15 - 17
CPC 100 V1.4

6A DC output
Fuse Type: 6.3A T
The 6.3 Amps slow-acting wire fuse 5x20mm, situated
at the front panels AC OUTPUT group, protects both
the AC OUTPUT in 3A and 6A current mode and the
DC OUTPUT

Note 1: If a test object with a large inductance is connected to CPC 100, earth
both ends of the test object before you disconnect it from CPC 100.
Note 2: Do not connect a large inductance to this output in any other test card
but RWinding (winding resistance) and TRTapCheck (tap changer
winding resistance and on-load tap changer interruption check).
Unlike other test cards, RWinding and TRTapCheck provide special
additional safety functions.

Output "Ext. Booster" (option)


The output "Ext. Booster" does not have own specifications. They are
determined by the device connected to this output, e.g., by the current booster
CPCB2.
For more information about boosters, please refer to Accessories in
chapter 16.
Note: The connector "Ext. Booster" is always galvanically connected to
mains, regardless whether or not an external booster is selected on
the software tab Options | Device Setup, the green warning light (0)
is on, the outputs are turned off or the Emergency Stop button is
pressed.
Handle with extreme caution!

15 - 18
Technical Data

Output to Input Synchronization


The feature S Y N C H W / V 1 A C synchronizes the output frequency with the
V1AC input frequency (refer to Sync w/ V1AC on page 3-10).
The Amplifier test card provides the possibility to synchronize to various inputs.
CPC 100 filters the input signals, therefore, if mains is connected to, for
example, the V1 AC input, possible signal interferences and / or noise do not
affect the synchronization considerably. The ground wave of the input signal
serves as reference for the synchronization.
Table 13:
Output to input Test cards Quick, Test card Amplifier
synchronization Sequencer
Frequency Range 48 ... 62Hz
Synchronization inputs V1AC V1AC, V2AC, IAC
(automatic range switching) (fixed to maximum range)
Input magnitude 10% of input range full scale
Output magnitude 5% of output range full scale
Settling time 100ms after 5% of 1000ms after 5% of
output magnitude is output magnitude is
reached reached
Signal changes All quantities must be No changes of
ramped within 20 signal frequency and phase.
periods Magnitude changes
without limitation. Output
follows within 250ms.
Phase tolerance 0.5 within the limits as specified above

How long does the synchronization take?


Example for the 2kV AC output in Quick:

 As explained on page 13 of this chapter, the 2kV AC output needs 1200ms to


ramp up to its full magnitude, and accordingly less for a smaller magnitude.
Total synchronization time = time to reach 5% of full magnitude + settling time.
The output ramps linear, therefore reaches 5% of its full magnitude after 5%
of 1200ms = 60ms
Then the 100ms settling time elapse
Therefore, the entire synchronization lasts 60ms + 100ms = 160ms.

15 - 19
CPC 100 V1.4

CPC 100 Inputs


Binary Input BIN IN
Table 14:
Technical data binary
input BIN IN
Binary input BIN IN
Connection 4mm banana sockets
Insulation Insulated against all other inputs and outputs.
Voltage with reference to earth must not exceed
300Vrms and 420Vpeak on either input socket.
Reinforced insulation against mains power supply, all
interfaces and other safety low-voltage circuits.
Sampling frequency 1kHz
Max. voltage 330Vrms
Resolution 1ms
Operation potential-free or external DC voltage operation
ext. DC voltage nominal voltage active: 100V DC (min. > 0V)
inactive: input open or voltage < -20V
potential-free Ron < 10k
Roff > 1 M
Input resistance > 100k

15 - 20
Technical Data

10A IAC/DC input


Note: Do not connect the 2kV output to this input! The 2kV output is
measured internally.
Table 15:
Technical data
10A AC/DC input
10A IAC/DC input
Connection 4mm banana sockets
Measurement 0 ... 10A
ranges (autoranging)
0 ... 1A
Insulation Insulated against all other inputs and outputs.
Voltage with reference to earth must not exceed
270Vrms and 380Vpeak on either input socket.
Reinforced insulation against mains power supply, all
interfaces and other safety low-voltage circuits.
Protection The 10A IAC/DC current input is fuse-protected (see
below). For measuring currents on high inductances,
the input is protected before the fuse.
This is done by an internal surge arrester with a short
circuit spring that, in case of an overload, applies a
short circuit to the output, and protects the user in case
the fuse is blown, and a current is still forced through
the input with a high voltage.
Maximum current 11Arms
Accuracy
AC operation 10A: typ. error < 0.05% (rd) 0.05% (fs),
(autoranging) guaranteed < 0.1% (rd) 0.1% (fs)
1A: typ. error < 0.05% (rd) 0.05% (fs),
guaranteed < 0.1 % (rd) 0.1% (fs)
Possible crest factor: < 3.0
Phase tolerance at full scale:
10A: typ. error < 0.1
guaranteed < 0.2
1A: typ. error < 0.15
guaranteed < 0.3

15 - 21
CPC 100 V1.4

10A IAC/DC input


DC operation 10A: typ. error < 0.03% (rd) 0.08% (fs),
(autoranging) guaranteed < 0.05% (rd) 0.15% (fs)
1A: typ. error < 0.03% (rd) 0.08% (fs),
guaranteed < 0.05% (rd) 0.15% (fs)
Input resistance < 100m
Resolution Measurement Display
10A: 1 mA/bit 100 A
1A: 100 A/bit 10 A
Fuse Type: 10A FF
The 10 Amps very quick-acting wire fuse 5x20mm,
situated at the front panels INPUT group, protects the
10A IAC/DC current measuring input.
Make sure the fuse you use is a 10A FF fuse. Do not
use any other type of fuse!

300V V1 AC input
Note: Do not connect the 2kV output to this input! The 2kV output is
measured internally.
Table 16:
Technical data
300V V1AC input
300V V1AC input
Connection 4mm banana sockets
Measurement 0 ... 300V / 0 ... 30V / 0 ... 3V / 0 ... 300mV
ranges (autoranging)

15 - 22
Technical Data

300V V1AC input


Insulation N (black socket) is connected to N of the V2AC input

N
N

Apart from this, the input is insulated against all other


inputs and outputs. Voltage with reference to earth
must not exceed 300Vrms and 420Vpeak on either input
socket.
Reinforced insulation against mains power supply, all
interfaces and other safety low-voltage circuits.
Maximum voltage 330Vrms / 470Vpeak
Accuracy 300V: typ. error < 0.05% (rd) 0.05% (fs),
guaranteed < 0.1% (rd) 0.1% (fs)
30V: typ. error < 0.05% (rd) 0.05% (fs),
guaranteed < 0.1% (rd) 0.1% (fs)
3V: typ. error < 0.1% (rd) 0.05% (fs),
guaranteed < 0.2% (rd) 0.1% (fs)
300mV: typ. error < 0.15% (rd) 0.05% (fs),
guaranteed < 0.3% (rd) 0.1% (fs)
Possible crest factor: < 1.5
Phase tolerance at full scale of all ranges:
typ. error < 0.1
guaranteed < 0.2
Input resistance 500k
Resolution Measurement Display
300V: 15 mV/bit 5 mV
30V: 1.5 mV/bit 500 V
3V: 150 V/bit 50 V
0.3V: 15 V/bit 5 V

15 - 23
CPC 100 V1.4

3V V2 AC input
Table 17:
Technical data
3V V2AC input
3V V2AC input
Connection Odu connector GX1B0C-L020009-00A1
Measurement 0 ... 3V / 0 ... 300mV / 0 ... 30mV
ranges (autoranging)
Insulation N is connected to N of the V1AC input (black socket).

N
N

Apart from this, the input is insulated against all other


inputs and outputs. Voltage with reference to earth
must not exceed 300Vrms and 420Vpeak on either input
socket.
Reinforced insulation against mains power supply, all
interfaces and other safety low-voltage circuits.
Maximum voltage 10Vrms / 15Vpeak
Accuracy 3V: typ. error < 0.03% (rd) 0.08% (fs),
guaranteed < 0.05% (rd) 0.15% (fs)
300mV: typ. error < 0.08% (rd) 0.08% (fs),
guaranteed < 0.15 % (rd) 0.15% (fs)
30mV: typ. error < 0.1% (rd) 0.25% (fs),
guaranteed < 0.2% (rd) 0.5% (fs)
Possible crest factor: < 1.5
Phase tolerance at full scale
3V typ. error < 0.1
guaranteed < 0.2
300mV typ. error < 0.1
guaranteed < 0.2
30mV typ. error < 0.15
guaranteed < 0.3
Input resistance 10M

15 - 24
Technical Data

3V V2AC input
Resolution Measurement Display
3V: 150 V/bit 100 V
300mV: 30 V/bit 10 V
30mV: 3 V/bit 1 V

 Note: When using the CTRogowski test card, the 3V V2AC input uses an
additional software based integration method.
In the range of 50Hz < f < 60Hz, this results in a phase shift of 90 as
well as an additional phase error of +/- 0.1 and an additional
amplitude error of +/- 0.01%.
For frequencies in the range of 15Hz < f < 400Hz, the phase error is
not specified, and the amplitude error can be up to +/- 0,50% higher.

15 - 25
CPC 100 V1.4

10V V DC input
Table 18:
Technical data
10V VDC input
10V VDC input
Connection 4mm banana sockets
Measurement 0 ... 10V
ranges (autoranging) 0 ... 1V

0 ... 100mV
0 ... 10mV
Insulation Insulated against all other inputs and outputs.
Voltage with reference to earth must not exceed
140Vrms and 200Vpeak on either input socket.
Reinforced insulation against mains power supply, all
interfaces and other safety low-voltage circuits.
Maximum voltage 50Vrms / 75Vpeak
Accuracy 10V: typ. error < 0.03% (rd) 0.08% (fs),
guaranteed < 0.05% (rd) 0.15% (fs)
1V: typ. error < 0.03% (rd) 0.08% (fs),
guaranteed < 0.05% (rd) 0.15% (fs)
100mV: typ. error < 0.05% (rd) 0.1% (fs),
guaranteed < 0.1% (rd) 0.2% (fs)
10mV: typ. error < 0.05% (rd) 0.15% (fs),
guaranteed < 0.1% (rd) 0.3% (fs)
Input resistance 500k
Resolution Measurement Display
10V: 400 V/bit 100 V
1V: 75 V/bit 10 V
100mV: 4 V/bit 1 V
10mV: 0.4 V/bit 0.1 V

15 - 26
Technical Data

CPC 100 Combined Specifications


Resistance measurement
The accuracy of the combined measurements can be calculated from the
respective input and output specifications.
The tables below gives some examples

4-wire measurement with 400A DC output and 10V VDC input


Current Resistance Voltage Typ. error Guaranteed
400A 10 4mV 0.70% 1.35%
400A 100 40mV 0.55% 1.10%
400A 1m 400mV 0.50% 0.95%
400A 10m 4V 0.50% 0.95%

4-wire measurement with 6A DC output and 10V VDC input


Current Resistance Voltage Typ. error Guaranteed
6A 100m 0.6V 0.35% 0.60%
6A 1 6V 0.35% 0.60%
1A 10 10V 0.25% 0.40%

2-wire measurement with 10V VDC input


Current Resistance Voltage Typ. error Guaranteed
< 5mA 100 0.60% 1.20%
< 5mA 1k 0.51% 1.02%
< 5mA 10k 0.50% 1.00%

15 - 27
CPC 100 V1.4

ePC Interfaces
Figure 6:
ePC interfaces on right-
hand side of CPC 100

RJ45 socket, connects CPC 100 to either a


PCs Ethernet network card or a notebooks PC
NIC ( Glossary)

RJ45 socket, connects CPC 100 to a PC


network hub

Serial interface connector to connect optional


test set CP TD1.

Connector for external safety functions

RJ 45 Ethernet Connectors
The interface to access CPC 100s built-in ePC is an Ethernet ( Glossary)
board. CPC 100 can be connected with a 10BaseT ("twisted pair") connection
cable to either a stand-alone PC, or an existing PC network.
For this, the Ethernet board provides two RJ45 connectors:
the upper socket labelled "to PC" connects CPC 100 to either a PCs
Ethernet network card or a notebooks PC Card ( Glossary)
the lower socket labelled "to Network" connects CPC 100 to a PC network
hub.
These two connectors only differ in one cross-connection in the upper RJ45
connector "to PC".

 Note: Connect only one RJ45 connector at a time.


For both RJ45 sockets the same 10BaseT connection cable type 1:1 can be
used. Therefore make sure to insert your 10BaseT connection cable into the
correct CPC 100 socket.

15 - 28
Technical Data

RS 232 Serial Interface Connector


Figure 7:
RS232 serial interface
connector

1 DCD (in)
6 DSR (in)
2 RXD (in)
7 RTS (out)
3 TXD (out)
8 CTS (in)
4 DTR (out)
9 RI (in)
5 GND

Legend:

DCD Data Carrier Detect


RXD Receive Data
TXD Transmit Data
DTR Data Terminal Ready
GND Ground
DSR Data Set Ready
RTS Request To Send
CTS Clear To Send
RI Ring Indicator

15 - 29
CPC 100 V1.4

Connector for External Safety Functions


Figure 8:
Connector for external
safety functions - pin
assignment

1 warning light green (TTL level)


ground 6
2 warning light red (TTL level)
ground 7
3 start button (n/o)
start button (n/c) 8
4 common start n/o & em. stop
ground 9
5 emergency stop

The pins 1 and 2 provide an output of 5V / 2.5mA.


Figure 9:
Connector for external
external Start button (n/c)
safety functions - wiring
scheme

warning warning
light light
green red
1 external Start
button (n/o)

external Emergency Stop button

15 - 30
Technical Data

Environmental Conditions
Climate
Table 19:
Environmental
conditions - climate
Climate
Operating temperature -10 ... +55C (+14 ... +131F)
Storage and transportation -20 ... +70C (-4 ... +158F)
Humidity 5 ... 95% relative humidity, no condensation
Drip-water protection IP22, tested according to EN 60529/A1:2000
(13.2, 13.3, 14.2.2), not operating, upright
position, i.e., front panel must be horizontal.
IP22 means drip-water protection. Never
operate CPC 100 with a wet front panel or
wet sockets.
Make sure no water can come in through the
ventilation slots.

Note: Since the AC and DC output sockets of CPC 100 can carry life-
hazardous voltage potential and provide life-hazardous currents, we
strongly advise you not to carry out tests with a wet CPC 100.
Before switching on CPC 100, make sure it is completely dry.

Shock and vibration


Table 20:
Environmental
conditions - shock and
vibration
Shock and vibration
Vibration Tested according to IEC68-2-6 (operating
mode)
Frequency range 10 ... 150Hz
Acceleration 2g continuous (20 m/s);
10 cycles per axis
Shock Tested according to IEC68-2-27 (operating
mode)
15g / 11ms, half-sinusoid, each axis

15 - 31
CPC 100 V1.4

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)


Table 21:
Environmental
conditions - EMC
electromagnetic
CE conformity, requirements The product adheres to the specifications
compatibility
from the guidelines of the council of the
European community for meeting the
requirements of the member states regarding
the electromagnetic compatibility (EMC
Standard 89/336/EEC).
Emission
Europe EN 50081-2, EN 55011, EN 61000-3-2
International FCC Subpart B of Port 15 Class A
Immunity
Europe EN 50082-2
International IEC 61000-4-2/3/4/8

15 - 32
Technical Data

Safety Standards, CE Conformity


Table 22:
Safety standards, CE
conformity Safety standards and certificates
European standards EN 61010-1
EN 60950
International standards IEC 61010-1
Conformity

Prepared for tests conform to IEEE 510, EN 50191, VDE 104


Manufactured under an ISO9001 registered system

Weight and Dimension


Table 23:
Weight and dimensions
Weight and dimensions
Weight 29kg (64lbs), robust case with cover
Dimensions (w x h x d): 468 x 394 x 233mm (18.6 x 15.5 x 9.2")
(with cover, without handles)

15 - 33
CPC 100 V1.4

15 - 34
Accessories

Accessories
This chapter lists test cards that are optionally available to extend the
functionality of the CPC 100 packages.
It furthermore describes hardware equipment that is optionally available for the
CPC 100 primary test system, and provides ordering information for spare parts.
For information on the CP CU1 coupling unit and the CP TD1 high-precision test
system, see the CP CU1 Reference Manual and the CP TD1 Reference Manual
respectively on the CPC Explorer CD-ROM.

Contents of this section


Test Cards..................................................................................... page 16-2
Earth Resistance Accessory Set................................................... page 16-3
Current Booster CP CB2............................................................... page 16-4
Technical Data of CP CB2 ....................................................... page 16-5
Operation Modes of CP CB2 ................................................... page 16-6
Ordering Information for CP CB2 ............................................. page 16-8
Polarity Checker CPOL ................................................................. page 16-9
Technical Data of CPOL ........................................................ page 16-10
Ordering Information for CPOL .............................................. page 16-10
Changing the Batteries in CPOL ............................................ page 16-11
Current Clamp C-Probe 1 ........................................................... page 16-13
Ordering Information for C-Probe 1 ....................................... page 16-13
CP SA1 Discharge Box ............................................................... page 16-14
Ordering Information for CP SA1 ........................................... page 16-14
Reference Manual....................................................................... page 16-15
Cables ......................................................................................... page 16-15
Clamps ........................................................................................ page 16-16
Plugs ........................................................................................... page 16-16
Assembly Instructions for Odu MINI-SNAP Plug ................... page 16-17

16 - 1
CPC 100 V1.4

Test Cards
Table 1:
Ordering information for
test cards
Ordering information for test cards Article number
CT test cards VESM0610
Scope:
CT Ratio (and Burden)
CT Burden
CT Excitation (Kneepoint)
CT RatioV
CT Rogowski (Ratio)
CT Low Power (Ratio)
Winding Resistance
Voltage Withstand (2kV)
VT test cards VESM0615
Scope:
VT Ratio
VT Burden
Voltage Withstand (2kV)
VT Electronics
Transformer test cards VESM0620
Scope:
TRRatio (per tap)
TRTabCheck (for OLTC)
Winding Resistance
Voltage Withstand (2kV)
Resistance test cards VESM0625
Scope:
Contact Resistance ( ... m )
Winding Resistance ( ... k )

16 - 2
Accessories

Ordering information for test cards Article number


Earth Resistance VESM0640
Scope:
software (test card RGround)
earth resistance accessory set (see below)
CPOL (Polarity Checker) VESM0645
Scope:
Polarity checker CPOL + bag + software
Hardware only1:
Polarity checker CPOL + bag VEHZ0650
Ramping VESM0630
Programmable ramping generator and
determination of thresholds
Sequencer VESM0635
For automatic testing with different states in
real time
1. Note: the CPOL hardware cannot be used without the software.

Earth Resistance Accessory Set


Table 2:
Ordering information for
the earth resistance
accessory set
Ordering information for the earth Article number
resistance accessory set
Earth Resistance accessory set VEHZ0660
Consists of:
4 electrodes
cable reel red, 50m
cable reel black, 100m

 Note: The earth resistance accessory set is included in "Earth Resistance"


VESM0640, and does not work without it.

16 - 3
CPC 100 V1.4

Current Booster CP CB2


Figure 1:
Current booster CPCB2

high current cable


with plug on one
end and clamp on
the other

Connection cable
CPCB2 CPC 100

current booster
CPCB2

CPCB2 is equipped with an over-temperature protection. In case CPCB2


develops an internal temperature that is too high, it shuts off automatically.
There is no according on-screen message shown on CPC 100s monitor.
If such an automatic shut-off occurred, let CPCB2 cool down for about hour.
Note 1: During operation, the current boosters housing as well as the high
current cables (95mm) and their clamps can develop a rather high
temperature. To prevent burns, while in operation or shortly after use
gloves when touching the housing or the cables.

Note 2: The connector "Ext. Booster" is always galvanically connected to


mains, regardless whether or not an external booster is selected on
the software tab Options | Device Setup, the green warning light (0)
is on, the outputs are turned off or the Emergency Stop button is
pressed.
Handle with extreme caution!

16 - 4
Accessories

Technical Data of CP CB2


Table 3:
Technical data of
CPCB2 - all operating
Technical Data CPCB2 - all operating modes
modes
Accuracy of current typ. error < 0.13% (rd) 0.13% (fs),
at 50/60Hz: guaranteed < 0.25% (rd) 0.25% (fs)
Phase tolerance at full scale: typ. error < 0.25%
guaranteed < 0.5%
Weight: 16kg (35.3lbs)
Dimensions (w x h x d): 18.6 x 16.6 x 22.0cm (7.3 x 6.5 x 8.7")

More technical data can be found at Operation Modes of CP CB2 on page 6 of


this chapter.

16 - 5
CPC 100 V1.4

Operation Modes of CP CB2


Figure 2:
Current booster CPCB2
in 2000A mode

Table 4:
Technical data of
current booster CPCB2
Technical data of CPCB2 in 2000A mode
in 2000A mode
Connection Input: booster connector to connect the current
booster CPCB2 with CPC 100.
Output: both CPCB2 outputs in parallel
Measurement Measurement in CPC 100
Output power typ. apparent typical time duty cycle frequency
at: power Smax tmax ton / toff
2000A 4900VA 25s 5sec / 55sec 50 ... 60Hz
1800A 4400VA 3min 5sec / 40sec
1600A 3950VA 5min 5sec / 30sec
1400A 3450VA 10min 5sec / 25sec
1200A 2950VA 18min 5sec / 15sec
1000A 2500VA 30min 5sec / 9sec
600A 1500VA > 2hrs cont. ON
1500A 3500VA 5min 5sec / 30sec 15 ... 150Hz

16 - 6
Accessories

Figure 3:
Current booster CPCB2
in 1000A mode

Table 5:
Technical data of
current booster CPCB2
in 1000A mode
Technical data of CPCB2 in 1000A mode
Connection Input: booster connector to connect the current
booster CPCB2 with CPC 100.
Output: both CPCB2 outputs in series
Measurement Measurement in CPC 100
Output power typ. apparent typical time duty cycle frequency
at: power Smax tmax ton / toff
1000A 4900VA 25s 5sec / 55sec 50 ... 60Hz
900A 4400VA 3min 5sec / 40sec
800A 3950VA 5min 5sec / 30sec
700A 3450VA 10min 5sec / 25sec
600A 2950VA 18min 5sec / 15sec
500A 2500VA 30min 5sec / 9sec
300A 1500VA > 2hrs cont. ON
750A 3500VA 5min 5sec / 30sec 15 ... 150Hz

16 - 7
CPC 100 V1.4

Ordering Information for CP CB2


Table 6:
Ordering information for
CPCB2
Ordering information for CPCB2 Article number
Current Booster CPCB2 VEHZ0630
includes the following items:
high current cable set: VEHK0610
4 x 95mm (2 x red, 2 x black), length 1.5m,
special plug on one end, clamp on the other
+
1 x 95mm, length 0.6m, special plugs on
both ends
Connection cable CPCB2 PC VEHK0611
3 x 2.5mm, length 20m
Grounding cable (GR/YE) VEHK0615
1 x 6mm, length 6m
Travel case with wheels (same as CPC 100 VEHP0071
travel case but with different inner shell).

16 - 8
Accessories

Polarity Checker CPOL


CPOL checks a series of test points for correct polarity.
More information about how to use CPOL can be found in Polarity Check on
page 4-28.
Figure 4:
Polarity checker CPOL

Notes: 1. If you detect a wrong polarity in the current path, turn off CPC 100
first, and only then disconnect the terminals.
2. Never operate CPOL with an open battery compartment. A life-
hazardous voltage level may occur in the battery compartment if
CPOLs probe touches a test point with high voltage potential!

16 - 9
CPC 100 V1.4

Technical Data of CPOL


Table 7:
Technical data CPOL
Technical Data CPOL
Measuring range typical: 5mV ... 300V
guaranteed: 50mV ... 300V
Nominal frequency typical: 52.6Hz
possible: 40 ... 60Hz
Minimum slope ratio: 25 ... 90% or via pulse width
Power consumption: key pressed: 25mA
key not pressed: 0mA
Input impedance: 400k
Operating temperature -10 ... +55C (+14 ... +131F)
Storage and transportation -20 ... +70C (-4 ... +158F)
Weight: 250g (0.11lbs) including batteries and bag
Dimensions (w x h x d): 200 x 45 x 35mm (78.7 x 17.7 x 13.8")
Batteries: 4 x 1.5V Micro LR03 AAA AM4 MN2400

Ordering Information for CPOL


Table 8:
Ordering information
CPOL
Ordering information for CPOL Article number
Scope:
Polarity checker CPOL + cover + software VESM0645
Hardware only1:
Polarity checker CPOL + cover VEHZ0650
1. Note: the CPOL hardware cannot be used without the software

16 - 10
Accessories

Changing the Batteries in CPOL


1. Open the cover of CPOLs battery compartment using a screwdriver.

2. Remove the old batteries and dispose of properly.

16 - 11
CPC 100 V1.4

3. Insert the two lower batteries first (next to the coverss "" symbol), and
push them all the way in. Make sure you insert them with the "plus pole" going
in first, the "minus" pole pointing towards the compartments open cover.

Then insert the two upper batteries (next to the coverss "+" symbol), and
push them all the way in. Make sure you insert them with the "minus" pole
going in first, the "plus" pole pointing towards the compartments open cover.
4. Close the battery compartments cover tightly until it snaps into position.
5. Press CPOLs ON push-button. Both polarity LEDs +  should light up
steadily, and the red LED above the product designation CPOL flashes
shortly.

16 - 12
Accessories

Current Clamp C-Probe 1


Figure 5:
Current clamp
C-Probe 1

Ordering Information for C-Probe 1


Table 9:
Ordering information for
current clamp
Ordering Information C-Probe 1 Article number
C-Probe 1
Current Clamp C-Probe1 VEHZ4000
10A / 80A with voltage output

For additional information about the current clamp C-Probe 1, please refer to its
user manual.

16 - 13
CPC 100 V1.4

CP SA1 Discharge Box


The CP SA1 discharge box is a surge arrester unit providing extra protection to
the operating staff and CPC 100 against high-voltage hazards while performing
transformers winding resistance measurements. In case of unwanted disruption
of the current path, on the transformers terminals appears high voltage due to
the inductance of the transformers winding and the current can flow through the
voltage path to the CPC 100s V DC input. If high voltage appears for a short
time on the transformers terminals, an arc discharges the voltage and
distinguishes without destroying the discharge box. If the arc persists for a
longer time period, the surge arrester insulator melts and thereby short-circuits
the terminals to ground. Figure 6 below shows the circuit diagram of CP SA1.
Figure 6:
CP SA1 circuit diagram Fuse 1 A
super flink, leaded

Surge Socket to
Plug to CPC 100 270 k
arrester power transformer

Fuse 1 A
super flink, leaded

Before using the CP SA1 discharge box, check whether it is intact as follows:
1. Select the Resistance test card.
2. Select the V DC (2-wire) output range.
3. Connect CP SA1 to the CPC 100s V DC input.
4. Short-circuit the CP SA1s output and measure the resistance.
If the measured resistance < 1 , the test is passed.
5. Remove the short circuit and measure the resistance again.
If the measured resistance > 20 k, the test is passed.

Ordering Information for CP SA1


Table 10:
CP SA1 ordering
information
Ordering Information CP SA1 Article number
CP SA1 discharge box VEHZ0665

16 - 14
Accessories

Reference Manual
Table 11:
Ordering information for
CPC 100 Reference
Ordering description Article number
Manual
CPC 100 Reference Manual VESD0600
Available in English only
When ordering a manual, please notify us
about the language of your choice, and about
the software version your manual belongs to
(refer to the copyright page of this manual).

Cables
Table 12:
Ordering information for
cables
Ordering description for cables Article number
High current cable set for 800A AC and
400A DC output
Standard: 2 x 6m, 70mm VEHK0612
Alternative: 2 x 9m, 70mm VEHK0617
High voltage cable set for 2kV output, shielded
Standard: 2 x 6m, 0.5mm VEHK0613
Alternative: 2 x 10m, 0.5mm VEHK0618
Measurement cable set,
Standard: 6 x 6m, 2.5mm VEHK0614
1 x 0.5m, 2.5mm
Alternative: 6 x 10m, 2.5mm VEHK0619
1 x 0.5m, 2.5mm
Grounding cable (GR/YE), 1 x 6m, 6mm with VEHK0615
connection clamps
Ethernet PC connection cable, 3m VEHK0622

16 - 15
CPC 100 V1.4

Ordering description for cables Article number


Power cord C19, 3 x 1.5mm, length 2.5m
standard with open ends1 VEHK0621
VII connector, for most of Europe and the VEHK0616
Middle East
ZA connector for South Africa, Namibia and VEHK0620
parts of India
British BS connector for UK, Hong Kong and VEHK0624
parts of India
Power cords for other countries on request.
Please contact OMICRON electronics.
1. If your CPC 100 has a power cord with open ends, connect the three cables as follows:
green/yellow PE (protective earth)
brown phase
blue N (neutral)

Clamps
Table 13:
Ordering information for
clamps
Ordering description for clamps Article number
High voltage connection clamp to connect to VEHZ0610
4mm banana plug, set of 2 black and 2 red
clamps
Crocodile clamp to connect to 4mm banana VEHZ0620
plug, set of 2 black and 2 red clamps

Plugs
Table 14:
Ordering information for
plugs
Ordering description for plugs Article number
Plug for AC low voltage level input V2AC VEHS0610
(0 ... 3V), "Odu MINI SNAP"
(refer to Assembly Instructions for Odu MINI-
SNAP Plug below).
Low voltage adapter, VEHK0623
4mm banana to Odu MINI SNAP plug

16 - 16
Accessories

Assembly Instructions for Odu MINI-SNAP Plug


Figure 7:
Assembly components Plug housing Half shells
for Odu MINI-SNAP
plug

EMI gasket collet backnut Soldering insert

16 - 17
CPC 100 V1.4

How to assemble the Odu MINI-SNAP plug


1. Slide cable into backnut, collet and gasket.

2. Strip cable and wire

We recommend tinning the strands with a soldering iron.


3. Solder each wire to its corresponding contact of the insert.

16 - 18
Accessories

4. Bend cable screen outwards, and place the two half shells on either side of
the insulation body.

half shell

5. Slide gasket and collet against the half shells, and clamp the screen between
gasket and half shells.

6. Trim protruding screen strands, and push the cable assembly into the
housing, orientating the guides to the slots.

Guides

16 - 19
CPC 100 V1.4

7. Finish the assembly by screwing the backnut to the housing, and by


tightening them with wrenches.

16 - 20
Contact Information / Technical Support

Contact Information / Technical


Support
Europe, Africa, Middle East
OMICRON electronics GmbH
Phone: +43 5523 507-333
E-Mail: support@omicron.at
Web: www.omicron.at

Asia, Pacific
OMICRON electronics Asia Ltd, Hong Kong
Phone: +852 2634 0377
E-Mail: support@asia.omicron.at
Web: www.omicron.at

North and South America


OMICRON electronics Corp. USA
Phone: +1 713 830-4660 or 1 800 OMICRON
E-Mail: techsupport@omicronusa.com
Web: www.omicronusa.com

For addresses of OMICRON offices with customer service centers, regional


sales offices or offices for training, consulting and commissioning please see our
website.

17 - 1
OMICRON Contact Addresses

17 - 2
Index

Index address
manufacturer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17-1
Adobe
Section-page number Distiller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-16
Reader . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-16
Amplifier
synchronization inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-29
Numerics Amplifier test card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-29
anti-virus software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-7
0...3V AC input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8 applications overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-24 ARC
100ms debounce compensation . . . . . . . . 8-12 testing an OVC relay w/ ARC function . 8-11
10A I AC/DC input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8 article number
synchronizing Amplifier test card . . . . . 8-29 cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-15
technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-21 clamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-16
10V DC input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8 current booster CP CB2 . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-8
technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-26 current clamp C-Probe1 . . . . . . . . . . . 16-13
2kV AC output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5 earth resistance accesory set . . . . . . . . 16-3
technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-8 plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-16
300V AC/DC input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8 polarity checker CPOL . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-9
synchronizing of Amplifier test card . . . 8-29 Reference Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-15
technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-22 assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-2
3V AC input Auto Save . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-34
synchronizing Amplifier test card . . . . . 8-29
400A DC output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
CAUTION, output is NOT switched off 1-10
technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-7
6A DC output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
B
technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-17 battery
6A/130V AC output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5 changing CPOL batteries . . . . . . . . . . 16-11
technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-14 BIN IN (binary input) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
800A AC output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5 for trigger signal in Quick . . . . . . . . . . . 3-11
technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-5 status display in Quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12
800A DC output technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-20
CAUTION, output is NOT switched off 1-10 binary trigger
in Quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-11
block diagram CPC 100 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
booster. Refer to ext. booster
A built-in PC. Refer to ePC

AC OUTPUT
description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
accelerator keys
selecting a test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14
C
add test card. Refer to Insert Card cable

18 - 1
CPC 100 V1.4

ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-15 Download . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-12


card. Refer to test card Find CPC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-6
cardiac pacemaker: DO NOT USE CPC100 1-5 License File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-11
cascading style sheet in CPC Explorer . . 12-15 Log File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-11
CEconformity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-33 Specify an IP address . . . . . . . . . . . 12-6
CENELEC HD637S1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-14 Upgrade CPC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-13
circuit breaker. Refer to fuse Upload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-12
clamp usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-4
ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-16 used communication ports . . . . . . . . . . 11-7
clear viewing
(all) results in Test Procedure Overview 2-30 license file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-11
column log file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-11
create 2 columns in Form Editor (Comment test reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-6
card) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-34 CPC Explorer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14-3
Comment card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-33 CPOL polarity checker
communication changing batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-11
establish comm. PC - CPC . . . . . . . . . 11-5 ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-9
ports used by CPC Explorer . . . . . . . . 11-7 C-Probe1. Refer to current clamp
compensation CSS in CPC Explorer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-15
debounce compensation . . . . . . . . . . . 8-12 CT
computer burden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11
preparing a test with a computer . . . . 13-10 excitation, demagnetization . . . . . . . . . . 4-19
computer requirements excitation, test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
for CPC Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-2 low power (ratio) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-43
for CPC Explorer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-2 polarity check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-28
connector ratio/burden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
for external safety functions . . . . . . . . 15-30 ratio/burden with current clamp . . . . . . . 4-10
RS232 ePC interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-29 ratio/burden with current injection . . . . . . 4-3
context menu Rogowski (ratio) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-38
in CPC Explorer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-7 voltage withstand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-25
in CPC Explorer with a CPC Editor installed CT ratio measurement with Sequencer . . . 8-14
12-8 current
context-dependent menu keys . . . . . . . . . 2-15 max. current at AC OUTPUT . . . . . . . . . 2-5
count max. current at DC OUTPUT . . . . . . . . . 2-7
counting order tap numbers . . . . . . 6-8, 6-21 output
CP CB2. Refer to current booster how much for how long? . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
CPC Editor current booster
requirements for installation . . . . . . . . . 13-2 operation modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-6
CPC Explorer ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-8
changing language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-15 specify in Device Setup dialog . . . . . . . 2-33
requirements for installation . . . . . . . . . 12-2 where to define in software . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
saving a test report to PDF format . . . 12-16 current clamp
stylesheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-15 CT ratio/burden test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
toolbar buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-9 ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-13
Tools settings in Device Setup dialog . . . . . . . 2-33

18 - 2
Index

where to define in software . . . . . . . . . 2-20


current output
how much for how long? . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
E
intermittent output of high current (Sequenc- earth resistance accesory set
er) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-16 ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-3
current transformer. Refer to CT earth resistance. Refer to RGround
Edit menu in File Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-3
editor
CPC Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-1, 14-1
D form editor (Comment card) . . . . . . . . . 8-33
String Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-3
DANGER text editor (Comment card) . . . . . . . . . . 8-33
cardiac pacemaker: DO NOT USE CPC100 electromagnetic compatibility . . . . . . . . . . 15-32
1-5 electronic manual (PDF) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
DC OUTPUT electronic voltage transformers . . . . . . . . . 5-21
description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7 embedded PC. Refer to ePC
dead man function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14 EMC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-32
debounce Emergency Stop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
compensation when measuring CB closing dead man function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-12 external e.s. button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-30
default front panel button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
creating defaults and templates . . . . . . 2-41 end-to-end test
Restore Factory Defaults . . . . . . . . . . . 2-35 using Amplifier test card . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-29
test card default . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16, 2-41 environmental conditions
test procedure default . . . . . . . . . . 2-17, 3-1 climate, tecnical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-31
on start-up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19, 2-42 electromagnetic compatibility, tecnical data
time of state duration in Sequencer . . . . 8-7 15-32
delay time shock and vibration,tecnical data . . . . 15-31
in Quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-12 technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-31
demagnetization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-19 ePC
DHCP / Auto-IP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-3 components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13
dimensions connecting CPC 100 to a PC (network) 11-1
CPC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-33 interfaces to ext. PC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
CPC CB2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-5 Ethernet connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-28
DIN VDE 0101 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-14 explorer. Refer to CPC Explorer
downloading files with CPCExplorer . . . . 12-12 ext. booster
duty cycle galvanic connection to mains! . . . . . . . . . 1-7
800A AC output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-5 techical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-5
ext. booster 1000A mode . . . . . . . . . . . 16-7 1000A mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-7
ext. booster 2000A mode . . . . . . . . . . . 16-6 2000A mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-6
intermittent output of high current (Sequenc- where to connect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
er) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-16 ext. transformer. Refer to ext. booster
external functions
connector for external safety functions 15-30

18 - 3
CPC 100 V1.4

F G
file glossary
File menu in File Operations . . . . . . . . . 9-3 symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
File Operations main menu . . . . . . . . . . 9-2 terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
name extension xml . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1
name extension xmt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1
renaming file using String Editor . . . . . 10-3
file name
xml . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1
H
xmt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1 handwheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14
find CPC 100 in CPC Explorer . . . . . . . . . 12-6 hide CPC on the network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-36
firewall software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-7 hotline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17-1
focus humidity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11
definition in glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
in software UI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24
folder
renaming folder using String Editor . . . 10-3
form editor (Comment card) . . . . . . . . . . . 8-33
I
frequency I AC input
frequency-selective measurement . . . . . 3-6 synchronizing Amplifier test card . . . . . 8-29
setting in Quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9 I out
specifying a default frequency . . . . . . . 2-34 setting in Quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
front panel IEEE Std 80-2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-14
ePC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13 IEEE Std 81-1983 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-14
functional components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2 impedance
input/output sockets ground . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-14
safety instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9 INPUT
what wires to connect . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9 functional group, description . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
fs (full scale) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3 input
functional components binary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
of front panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2 synchronization inputs for Amplifier . . . 8-29
of left-hand side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3 Insert Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22
of right-hand side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4 Inserting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-6
functionality of CPC 100 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13 installation
fuse CPC Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-3
10 A FF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8 CPC Explorer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-3
3.15 A T . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5 interface
6.3 A T . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5, 2-7 to ext. PC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
changing the power fuses . . . . . . . . . . 1-11 technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-28
IP
Auto-IP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-3
definition in glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
specify IP address in CPC Explorer . . . 12-6

18 - 4
Index

IP 22 drip-water protection . . . . . . . . . . . 15-31


IP address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-4 M
Main Power Supply
technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-4
J manufacturer address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17-1
max. values
jog dial handwheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14 at AC OUTPUT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
at DC OUTPUT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
measured quantity
setting in Quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
K measurement
frequency-selective measurement . . . . . 3-6
key lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9 measuring
keyboard. Refer to ePC components in Quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
measuring inputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
measuring state
in Quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
L menu
context-dependent menu keys . . . . . . . 2-15
language Edit menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-3
of CPC Explorer interface . . . . . . . . . 12-15 File menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-3
lastmeas.xml. Refer to Auto Save File Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-2
LCD minimum
definition in glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3 state duration in Sequencer . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14 minimum computer requirements
LED for CPC Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-2
AC output selected . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5 for CPC Explorer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-2
DC output selected . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7 monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14
license file
upgrading with CPC Explorer . . . . . . 12-13
viewing in CPC Explorer . . . . . . . . . . 12-11
licensed test cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-23
lights I/O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10 N
log file navigation
clearing the log file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-39 handwheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14
defining log file entries . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-39 navig. elements front panel control . . . . 2-13
viewing in CPC Explorer . . . . . . . . . . 12-11 network
whats a log file? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-38 10BaseT connecting cables . . . 11-3, 15-28
low level AC voltage input communication parameters . . . . . . . . . . 11-3
synchronizing Amplifier test card . . . . . 8-29 CPC 100 in a network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-1
low power current transformer . . . . . . . . . 4-43 hide CPC on the network . . . . . . . . . . . 2-36
tab Options | Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-36
new folder
create folder with CPC Explorer . . . . . . 12-7

18 - 5
CPC 100 V1.4

O P
Odu MINI-SNAP plug, assembly instructions . . pacemaker: DO NOT USE CPC100 . . . . . . . 1-5
16-17 package file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-13
off state parameter
in Quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2 how to enter in software . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24
offline PC
definition in glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4 connecting CPC 100 to a PC (network) 11-1
offline test preparation preparing a test with a PC . . . . . . . . . . 13-10
example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-10 PC. Refer to ePC
with CPC Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-1 PDF
OLTC (on load tap changer) . . . . . . . . . . . 6-18 how to generate a PDF . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-16
OMICRON address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17-1 saving a CPC Explorer test report to PDF for-
on state mat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-16
in Quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2 PDF manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
operation phase angle
setting CPC 100 into operation . . . . . . 2-45 setting in Quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
ordering information plug
cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-15 Odu MINI-SNAP, assembly instructions . 16-
clamps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-16 17
current booster CP CB2 . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-8 ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-16
current clamp C-Probe1 . . . . . . . . . . . 16-13 polarity check
earth resistance accesory set . . . . . . . 16-3 CT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-28
plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-16 VT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-16
polarity checker CPOL . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-9 polarity checker. Refer to CPOL
Reference Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-15 port
output communication ports used . . . . . . . . . . 11-7
of high current power cord
how much for how long? . . . . . . . . . . 2-3 how to connect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-16
settings in Quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7 types of power cords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-16
outputs power output
ambient temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-2 setting in Quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Overcurrent power supply
pick up/drop off values of OVC relay . . 8-27 technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-4
testing an OVC relay w/ ARC function . 8-11 press
overload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-11 definition in glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
as trigger condition in Quick . . . . . . . . 3-11 protective earth
as trigger condition in Ramping . . . . . . 8-21 standardized symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
as trigger condition in Sequencer . . . . . 8-6

Q
qualification of operating personnel . . . . . . . 1-6

18 - 6
Index

Quick signature of operating personnel . . . . . . 2-45


do not use for meas. winding resistance 1-7 training intervals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-45
introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1 warning lights I/O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
safety standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-33
selecting
test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
R view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
sequence
Ramping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-18 of ramps (Ramping) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-23
rd (reading) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4 of states (Sequencer) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
Reference Manual Sequencer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-3
ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-15 default time of state duration . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
Registry Service
saving settings to R. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32 OMICRON address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17-1
report setting CPC 100 into operation . . . . . . . . . 2-45
what is a report? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17 settings
reset Restore Factory Defaults . . . . . . . . . . . 2-35
Restore Factory Defaults . . . . . . . . . . . 2-35 side view
Resistance left
do not use for meas. winding resistance 1-7 functional components . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
resistance outputs, safety instructions . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9
earth resistance (RGround) . . . . . . . . . 7-14 right
uOhm measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3 functional components . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
voltage withstand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-21 soft-touch key. Refer to ePC components
winding resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-9 software
Restore Factory Defaults . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-35 after start-up of CPC 100 . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19
RGround default template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19
earth resistance test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-14 how to use CPC100 software . . . . . . . . 2-16
RJ45 Ethernet connector . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-28 Insert Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22
Rogowski coil Test Card View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
CTRogowski (ratio) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-38 test selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
RS232 ePC interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-29 use of
handwheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24
soft-touch keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24
Up/Down keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24
S version
CPC 100 software . . . . . . . . . . 1-2, 2-16
safety CPC Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-1
ambient conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11 view selector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
Emergency Stop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10 software user interface
front panel input/output sockets . . . . . . . 1-9 check box, how to select/clear . . . . . . . 2-25
instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5 combo box, selecting data . . . . . . . . . . 2-25
key lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9 list box, selecting data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-26
qualification of operating personnel . . . . 1-6 SOOT. Refer to switch off on trigger
side panel output sockets . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9 start

18 - 7
CPC 100 V1.4

external start button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-30 10A I AC/DC input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-21


preconditions for test start . . . . . . 2-15, 8-30 10V DC input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-26
start-up. Refer to operation 2kV AC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-8
state duration in Sequencer . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-7 300V AC/DC input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-22
Static IP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-3 400A DC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-7
String Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-3 6A DC output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-17
stylesheet 6A/130V AC output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-14
in CPC Explorer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-15 800A AC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-5
Subnet mask . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-4 BIN IN (binary input) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-20
substation booster CP CB2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-6
preparation prior to test . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-45 CE conformity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-33
support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17-1 electromagnetic compatibility . . . . . . . 15-32
switch off in progress environmental conditions . . . . . . . . . . 15-31
on-screen message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9 climate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-31
switch off on trigger shock and vibration . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-31
settings in Quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13 guaranteed values
settings in Ramping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-19 outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-2
settings in Sequencer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4 mains power supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-4
symbol outputs
glossary of symbol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2 ambient temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-2
Synchronization guaranteed values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-2
how long does it take? . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-19 power supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-4
output to inputs V1AC, V2AC, IAC, technical safety standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-33
data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-19 weight and dimensions (CP CB2) . . . . . 16-5
synchronization inputs for Amplifier . . . . . 8-29 weight and dimensions (CPC) . . . . . . . 15-33
Synchronize with V1 AC technical support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17-1
setting in Quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10 temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11
setting in Sequencer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4 temperature gauge on test cards . . . . . 2-29
template
creating defaults and templates . . . . . . 2-41
renaming using String Editor . . . . . . . . . 10-3
T template strings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-4
test procedure template . . . . . . . 2-17, 2-44
tap changer test procedure tpl. in CPC Editor . . . . . . 13-1
counting order tap numbers . . . . . . 6-8, 6-21 term
example w/ TRTapCheck . . . . . . . . . . 6-23 glossary of terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
setting tab no. test
after a TRRatio test . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12 Amplifier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-29
after a TRTapCheck test . . . . . . . . . 6-23 assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-2
during a TRRatio test . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11 Auto Save . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-34
during a TRTapCheck test . . . . . . . 6-22 automatic vs. manual
prior to a TRRatio test . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8 CT burden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-13
prior to a TRTapCheck test . . . . . . . 6-20 CT excitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17
technical data CT low power (ratio) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-46
0...3V AC input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-24 CT ratio /burden . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7, 4-36

18 - 8
Index

CT Rogowski (ratio) . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-41 CT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20


electronic voltage transformer . . . . 5-24 Resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-9
uOhm Resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-6 Transformer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-13
VT burden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10 test assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-2
VT ratio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5 test card
creating a test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22 how to set up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24
CT burden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11 inserting test cards to a test procedure . 2-22
CT excitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15 what is a test card? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
CT low power (ratio) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-43 test card default
CT ratio/burden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3 how to define . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-41
CTRogowski (ratio) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-38 what is a test card default? . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
earth resistance (RGround) . . . . . . . . . 7-14 Test Card View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
electronic voltage transformers . . . . . . 5-21 test object
end-to-end test using Amplifier . . . . . . 8-29 preparation prior to test . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-45
grounding set for test object . . . . . . . . 2-45 test procedure
offline test preparation with a PC . . . . 13-10 what is a test procedure? . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
OVC relay w/ ARC function . . . . . . . . . 8-11 test procedure default
overview of available tests . . . . . . . . . . 1-13 how to define . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-42
pick up/drop off values of OVC relay . . 8-27 on start-up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19, 2-42
polarity check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-28, 5-16 what is test proc. default? . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
preparation of substation . . . . . . . . . . . 2-45 test procedure template
preparing a test offline in Editor . . . . . . 13-1 how to define . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-44
resistance what is a test proc. template? . . . . . . . . 2-17
uOhm measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3 test report
saving to PDF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-16 saving to PDF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-16
scope test start / stop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15, 8-30
of CT tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2 text editor (Comment card) . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-33
of Others . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2 threshold value trigger (Quick) . . . . . . . . . . 3-12
of resistance tests . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2, 8-2 time
of transformer tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2 state duration in Sequencer . . . . . . . . . . 8-7
of VT tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2 transformer
selecting a test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14, 2-21 current.Refer to CT
setting up a test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-45 non-conventional
setting up a test card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24 el.voltage transformers . . . . . . . . . . 5-21
transformer low powerCT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-43
ratio & tap changer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3 Rogowski . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-38
tap changer & winding resistance . . 6-18 ratio & tap changer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
voltage withstand tap changer & winding resistance . . . . . 6-18
CT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-25 TRTapCheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-18
Resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-21 voltage withstand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-25
Transformer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-25 winding resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-13
VT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-13 trigger
VT burden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8 definition in glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
VT ratio and polarity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3 input BIN IN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
winding resistance settings in Quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-11

18 - 9
CPC 100 V1.4

settings in Ramping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-21 Transformer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-25


settings in Sequencer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-6 VT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-13
switch off on trigger (Quick) . . . . . . . . . 3-13 VT
switch off on trigger (Ramping) . . . . . . 8-19 burden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
switch off on trigger (Sequencer) . . . . . . 8-4 electronic voltage transformers . . . . . . . 5-21
polarity check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-16
ratio and polarity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
voltage withstand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-13
U
Up / Down keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14
upgrade CPC 100 software . . . . . . . . . . . 12-13
uploading files with CPCExplorer . . . . . . 12-12
W
user interface warning lights I/O . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
definition in glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4 weight
See also software user interface CP CB2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-5
User Manual. Refer to Reference Manual CPC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-33
winding resistance
CT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20
do not use Quick or Resistance . . . . . . . 1-7
V of tap changer, with TRTapCheck . . . . . 6-22
Resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-9
V out Transformer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-13
setting in Quick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3 Windows Registry
V1 AC saving settings to W. R. . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32
synchronizing outputs with V1 AC
Quick test card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
Sequencer test card . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
V1 AC input
synchronizing Amplifier test card . . . . . 8-29
X
V2 AC input xml
synchronizing Amplifier test card . . . . . 8-29 Auto Save . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-34
values xml, file name extension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1
how to enter in software . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24 xmt, file name extension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1
VDE 0101 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-14
version
CPC 100 software . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2, 2-16
CPC Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-1
view
view selector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14, 2-20
voltage
max. voltage at AC OUTPUT . . . . . . . . . 2-5
voltage withstand
CT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-25
Resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-21

18 - 10