0 Voturi pozitive0 Voturi negative

43 (de) vizualizări7 paginiexp 2

Apr 29, 2017

© © All Rights Reserved

DOCX, PDF, TXT sau citiți online pe Scribd

exp 2

© All Rights Reserved

43 (de) vizualizări

exp 2

© All Rights Reserved

- Neuromancer
- The E-Myth Revisited: Why Most Small Businesses Don't Work and
- How Not to Be Wrong: The Power of Mathematical Thinking
- Drive: The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us
- Chaos: Making a New Science
- The Joy of x: A Guided Tour of Math, from One to Infinity
- How to Read a Person Like a Book
- Moonwalking with Einstein: The Art and Science of Remembering Everything
- The Wright Brothers
- The Other Einstein: A Novel
- The 6th Extinction
- The Housekeeper and the Professor: A Novel
- The Power of Discipline: 7 Ways it Can Change Your Life
- The 10X Rule: The Only Difference Between Success and Failure
- A Short History of Nearly Everything
- The Kiss Quotient: A Novel
- The End of Average: How We Succeed in a World That Values Sameness
- Made to Stick: Why Some Ideas Survive and Others Die
- Algorithms to Live By: The Computer Science of Human Decisions
- The Universe in a Nutshell

Sunteți pe pagina 1din 7

Omeir, Amna Ali M.; Orfanel, Jessel Ann R.; Paelmo, Vicente B.; Pitong, Carmirose R.; Punzalan,

Cristina A.

Group No. 6: 2F-MT

8 September 2016

Mesias, Justin; Nieto, Xandro

Introduction

The sum of two or more vectors is called the

resultant force. The resultant force can be calculated

using the method of vector addition. To achieve manipulation of forces in a controlled and measurable

equilibrium, the equilibrant force should be added in way. The Force Table can be used to establish

the resultant force. Equilibrant force points exactly in

the opposite direction of the resultant force.

equilibrium for a given object and then the addition of

and balanced in a force table using the pulleys and

vectors can be observed and measured.

strings. The pulleys were being adjusted in such a way

that the washer was in the center of the force table at

the point where all forces reached equilibrium. The

resultant and equilibrant forces is to be determined

using the component method. Moreover, one gains

experience using the force table and applies the

knowledge and concepts about vector addition,

resultant and equilibrant forces.

Theory

describe the motion of objects can be divided into two

categories. These are Scalar quantities and Vector Figure 1. The Force Table

quantities. Scalar quantities can be fully described by

magnitude (or a numerical value) alone, setting aside

direction. On the other hand, Vector quantities require

both magnitude and direction for it to be fully

The tool uses strings which are tied to a ring

described. In this experiment, we focus more on Vector

quantities because we are working with forces. that serves as the object that the forces act on. The

strings are then hung over the circular table via pulleys.

The performed experiment uses a physics lab Attached on these strings are the weights situated in

apparatus called a Force Table (Figure 1) to different directions, which are the ones that produce the

demonstrate and allow the students to grasp a thorough

forces. In a usual scenario, two or more forces are

understanding of the concept of resultant and

equilibrant forces, as well as the vector addition of specified, and then one other force is added so that it

forces. This tool is based on the principle of balances out the effect of the other forces. The force

equilibrium. It allows the application and that balances or cancels out the effect of other forces,

and brings the object to equilibrium is called the

equilibrant, . When this force is added to the force

system, and the objects reach the state of equilibrium, as the equilibrant, because it is the force that

the sum of all the vector forces is equal to zero. Thus,

the equilibrant is equal to the negative of the

resultant, , which is the vector sum of two or more

allowed the object to reach equilibrium. This thereby

vectors.

allows us to obtain a specific magnitude and direction

for each of the three concurrent forces.

The formula for two given forces and their equilibrant

is

The equilibrant, has the same magnitude resultant: the Parallelogram method and the

Component method, but in this experiment, we focused

on the use of the Component method in adding vectors.

With all three individual forces determined, we derived

as the resultant, but they are opposite in direction. the experimental resultant forces by computing for the

negative vector any one of the three forces given the

two other forces.

summation of the x (horizontal) and y (vertical)

components to solve for the magnitude and direction of

the resultant force. The formula for the summation of

the x (horizontal) and y (vertical) components are as

follows:

and is the vertical component of , and

equilibrium, two of the three force table clamps are is the horizontal component of and

kept in place to remain in their initial position. Only the

third force table clamp was adjusted in such a way that

the ring remains stable in the center. This indicates that

is the vertical component of .

the third force has successfully balanced out the effect

of the two other forces. It also means that the forces

exactly cancel out each other, leaving the object in the

state of equilibrium. In this case, the third force serves When using the component method, firstly, it

is very important to know the magnitude and direction

of your two individual forces. For the direction, we

checked the values of the angles where the strings were

lying. On the other hand, for solving the magnitude, the wherein r is the magnitude of the force and

following formula is used:

or

is the direction.

After getting the values of each forces x and

y components, we then add the x components of

to get the summation of their x

to get the summation of their y components. Here, we

use the formula previously mentioned above.

for gravity, which has a constant value of

To solve for the

resultant magnitude,

we use the Pythagorean

Theorem wherein

is the resultant, is

direction of the resultant can now be computed. To

After solving for the magnitude and direction

solve for the direction, (Figure 3), we use the

of the individual forces, these are then broken down

into their x (horizontal) and y (vertical) components arctangent or inverse tangent function:

using the following trigonometric functions: cosine for

x (horizontal component) and sine for y (vertical

component). (Figure 3)

left the pin on the middle to hold the masses. Then, the

and components. If your and are group loaded the force table with weights which values

were converted to Newtons with the use of the formula

both positive, it means that your is in Quadrant I. If or

this is so, then we do not do anything. The direction we

have solved for will remain the same. It will be equal to

its reference angle, . (1) On the other hand, if your

The values are as

means that your is in Quadrant II. If this is so, then

follows: . Also, the angles are measured. The group got

(2) If your is positive and your is

the x and y components using the formulas

this is so, then you must first add 180 to your reference Then the group computed for the summation of x by

angle. (3) Last but not the least, if your and adding each of the pairs horizontal components and of

y by adding each of the pairs vertical components.

are both negative, it means that your is in And then the resultant comes next and was computed

by the group using the formula

Quadrant IV. If this is so, then you must first subtract

your reference angle from 360. (4)

(1) =

(2)

On the other hand, The group got the reference

(3) angle by using the formula

(4)

Q2, 180 + on Q3 and 360 R on Q4.Then the

Results and Discussion computation and results is as follows:

Using the target point values given for vectors

A,B and C,the group created three real vectors that will

be masses hanging from the force table at specified

angles. And then the group measure the real values by

measuring the masses for each of the vectors with its

disk weights. The mass should include the hanger.

ballpen so that weight hanging unbalanced does not

crash to the table. For that certain moment, the group

Horizont Vertical

Magnitu Direct

al Compone furthermore it is the angle we computed itself. But we

de ion

Compone nt

immediately recomputed the angles twice and we got it

nt

1.9914 57.0 1.0846 1.6701 correctly.

N

2.4569 179.0 -2.4565 0.0429

N

SUM: = =

-1.3719 1.7130 Direction Horizontal Vertical

Magnitude

Component Component

2.4569 N 179.0 -2.4565 0.04287

Magnitude Direction

2.1926 N 128.7 2.2089 N 307.0 1.3293 -1.7641

Resultant Force

Magnitude Direction

Resultant Force Horizontal Vertical

Magnitude Direction

Component Component 2.0575 N 236.8

1.9914N 57.0 1.0846 1.6701

2.2089 N 307.0 1.3293 -1.7641

Conclusions and Recommendations

SUM: = 2.4139 = -0.094 Resultant force is defined as the vector

Resultant Force sum of the forces while Equilibrium force is

defined as the force that equalizes another

Magnitude Direction

force or a resultant force. In this experiment,

2.4157 N 357.8 we were able to balance the object at the

center of the force table by determining the right mass

and position of the pulleys. With all three forces, we

derived the experimental resultant values by computing

for the negative vector of the three forces. The same

procedure goes with computing for the experimental

equilibrant values. Component method was used in

computing the resultant forces.

resultant values are close to each other. A very small

difference on their values was recorded. The

experimental equilibrant force on the other hand was

the negative vector of each of the three forces. They

have the same magnitude but are opposite in direction.

Sources of error encountered may include (1)

The resultant forces or the experimental shouldve or the initial measurements of the pulleys were

atleast as same as the computed forces or the resultant. inaccurately obtained because it is not properly placed

On the other hand the equilibrant forces was in the on the triple beam balance. (2) The weights of the

other side of the force we are referring to,thus the pulleys were not properly distributed in the force table

magnitude will be retained and its angle will be on the due to incorrect angle position.

reference point. We encounter some difficulties on the

For those students wanting to repeat this

experiment when we are encoding the angles because

experiment, make sure to follow carefully the

some of the angles is not the reference angle

procedures given. The values should be recorded and

tabulated accurately. The students must also be careful

in computing for the values so that expected results Vector X Component Y Component

will be computed. A 2000 0

B 750 1299

Questions and Answers C -866 500

1. Differentiate between the resultant and the D -2687 -2687

equilibrant of two forces. -803 -888

two or more vector forces. It is usually computed using (803) 2 (888) 2

the component method. If a resultant force acts on an Magnitude =

object then that object can be brought into equilibrium = 1197.2 N

by applying an additional force that exactly balances

this resultant. Such a force is called the equilibrant and y

is equal in magnitude but opposite in direction to the x

original force acting on the object. Thus, equilibriant Direction = -tan

force is the negative vector of the resultant force. 888

2. If three concurrent forces are in equilibrium, 803

= -tan

what is the relation between any one of the

three forces and the resultant of the other two = 47.87 + 180 = 227.9

forces ?

= 1197.2 N , 227.9

Any one of the three forces in equilibrium is = 1997 N, 228

the negative vector of the resultant of the two other

forces. This means that they possess the same

References

magnitude but are opposite in direction and vice-versa. Henderson, T. (n.d.). Resultants. Retrieved September 7,

2016, from

3. If two forces with the same magnitude were http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/vectors/Lesson-

exactly in opposite direction, what is the 1/Resultants

magnitude and direction of their resultant ?

Henderson, T. (n.d.). Scalars and Vectors. Retrieved

What is the magnitude and direction of their September 7, 2016, from

equilibrium ? http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/1DKin/Lesson-

1/Scalars-and-Vectors

If two forces are equal but are in opposite

direction, then they will cancel each other out. The

resultant force would be 0. There will be no magnitude Henderson, T. (n.d.). Addition of Forces. Retrieved

and direction for the equilibrant because there is no September 7, 2016, from

value for the resultant force. http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/vectors/Lesson-

3/Addition-of-Forces

4. Use the component method to find the

magnitude and direction of the resultant of the

concurrent forces given below:

2016, from http://www2.volstate.edu/Phy/PHYS2110-

B = 1500 N at 60 2120/Lab%20Writeups/force_table.htm

Coplanar Force Resolution. Retrieved September 7, 2016,

D = 3800 N at 225 from

http://web.mit.edu/4.441/1_lectures/1_lecture7/1_lecture7.ht

ml

- Concept Recap Test Mains 5 SolÎncărcat deSiddharth Gangal
- Tutorial.math.Lamar.edu PDF Trig Cheat Sheet ReducedÎncărcat deAnonymous vyXcR9
- TrigÎncărcat deKartikay Mittal
- A102_Trigonometry.docÎncărcat deKrystel Monica Manalo
- Assignment 4Încărcat dearslan0989
- trig pfs spring 2015Încărcat deapi-283662984
- Scheme of Work Add Maths T5 2012Încărcat delisma
- 1 Introduction and MathÎncărcat deNeally Weally
- Diff RulesÎncărcat deDaris Ibnu Fajar
- P2Încărcat desushilkumar
- Problems for beginnersÎncărcat deUtkarsh Singh
- Tutorial101082019.pdfÎncărcat deUtkarsh Singh
- 2-Statics of ParticlesÎncărcat deIkmal Hakim
- Problem 2.38Încărcat deEric Castillo Martínez
- Xi Model Exam Xi 2016 Ch 1-8 Remesh HssliveÎncărcat deamy
- graphic Calc UserGuideÎncărcat deminak81
- 4.64 First Year Engineering Syllabus 2016-17Încărcat deHearts Stealer
- Handbook of Acoustics Ch14Încărcat dealejandro nova villalba
- phymechanics.pdfÎncărcat deKoKo
- Fórmulas MatemáticasÎncărcat degabrielle
- HW1 SolutionÎncărcat deAliBaranIşık
- CEK LIST MM F5 F4Încărcat deNurul Wahida
- BÎncărcat deShiela Belle Poppy
- Matsec MathsÎncărcat denneglirad
- 115917Încărcat deRaymond Li
- LTSpice HelpÎncărcat deSpiros Loutridis
- Arduino Sensor Code and ProcessingÎncărcat deGaVhaRi
- Python Reserved WordsÎncărcat detariq
- Module 1m.3 B1B2 Rev 00Încărcat deHumayun Yousaf
- Presentation1.pptxÎncărcat dezehra15

- Phenyl.docxÎncărcat deVince Paelmo
- HydrolysisÎncărcat deVince Paelmo
- StandardÎncărcat deVince Paelmo
- Results and Discussionexp1Încărcat deVince Paelmo
- Reflection.docxÎncărcat deVince Paelmo
- Cannabinoids Dynamics, Kinetics, effects.docxÎncărcat deVince Paelmo
- PharmacoÎncărcat deVince Paelmo
- InsulinÎncărcat deVince Paelmo

- Crystaliization FiltrationÎncărcat deAsh Yehia
- Bansal Classes Chemistry Material Iit JeeÎncărcat demedhanesrikurra
- Fossils (1)Încărcat depearl042008
- Pc e 277 r0 Dnm EquipÎncărcat deRyan Ruiz
- UPSS CAT Reviewer Answer Key.pdfÎncărcat deClarisse Biagtan Cerame
- SAT Practice KeyÎncărcat desamer199419124
- Deep beamÎncărcat deVincenzo Mondelli
- Synchronous Motor Drives _ Electrical4uÎncărcat deandy william
- Simpsons RuleÎncărcat detanshipland
- uppcl.021355.docxÎncărcat deabhishek chaurasiya
- Mecanica de Suelos (Problemas Resueltos (Edicions Upc)Încărcat deSaul Murillo Calsin
- 04 Musculoskeletal BiomechanicsÎncărcat deIonut Nenovici
- Marx GeneratorÎncărcat deBash Mat
- About Thermal SprayÎncărcat del_aguilar_m
- Chapter 30Încărcat dedresdelmine
- Equlibrium SQ AnsÎncărcat deNg Swee Loong Steven
- Introduction To Mechanics (B.Sc) Engineering Mechanics Ch06 Simple Harmonic MotionÎncărcat deSaher
- 14.1 Matter & Thermal Energy (Press Read Only to Open)Încărcat deAbdullah Alqahtani
- SizingÎncărcat deAnonymous NwnJNO
- Lecture 2 v2 [Compatibility Mode]Încărcat deSubbulakshmi Venkatachalam
- Technical Paper on DesignÎncărcat deTunnel Bhau
- EXP 1Încărcat deFarihah Norkavi
- Malachite greenÎncărcat deHuy Vương
- Exp 1 3304 Rice GrindingÎncărcat denasonex91
- Student the Probable Error of a MeanÎncărcat deMartin Mcflin
- Non Destructive TestingÎncărcat deaakashtrivedi
- 6430Încărcat detb77
- Nuclear Power Plant Seminar ReportÎncărcat deSyed Shahabedeen
- Vibrations Part OneÎncărcat deRicardo Colosimo
- Glossary of Nuclear TermsÎncărcat deWilliam Ivans

## Mult mai mult decât documente.

Descoperiți tot ce are Scribd de oferit, inclusiv cărți și cărți audio de la editori majori.

Anulați oricând.