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Pompe i Ventilatoare 1. Introducere D. M. Bucur, G.

Dunca

1. Introducere
I E
EM P/V EH

Energia la intrare: Energia la ieire:

2 vE2 pE
eI =
vI p
+ I + gz I eE = + + gz E
2 2

Sarcina la intrare: Sarcina la ieire:


vE2 pE
HE = + + zE
2
v p
HI = I
+ I + zI 2 g g
2 g g

Sarcina pompei
ve2 vi2 pe pi
H p = He Hi = + + z e zi
2g g
Pompe i Ventilatoare 1. Introducere D. M. Bucur, G. Dunca

Elevatoare i pompe
din vechime

Sakia

http://www.fao.org/docrep/010/ah810e/AH810E142.gif
https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/236x/48/e4/84/48e48483a557728ca2fc9e94d8529df5.jpg
http://static.panoramio.com/photos/large/19782942.jpg
Pompe i Ventilatoare 1. Introducere D. M. Bucur, G. Dunca

urubul lui Arhimede

http://www.school-for-champions.com/biographies/images/archimedes_screw.gif
http://cf.ydcdn.net/1.0.1.35/images/main/Archimedean%20screw.jpg
https://explorable.com/images/archimedes-screw-3d.gif
https://protonsforbreakfast.files.wordpress.com/2011/06/osbastonscrewturbine.jpg
Pompe i Ventilatoare 1. Introducere D. M. Bucur, G. Dunca
Pompe i Ventilatoare 1. Introducere D. M. Bucur, G. Dunca

Pompe volumice

Pompe cu piston

http://i.stack.imgur.com/c6X9H.gif
http://tb.ziareromania.ro/Romania--pe-locul-10-in-topul-producatorilor-de-petrol-din-Europa-si-
Eurasia/224c315a1a5b80a477/240/0/1/70/Romania--pe-locul-10-in-topul-producatorilor-de-petrol-din-
Europa-si-Eurasia.jpg
Pompe i Ventilatoare 1. Introducere D. M. Bucur, G. Dunca

Uniformizarea debitului
Pompa cu dublu efect Hidrofoare

Piston plonjor

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/94/Piston_VS_Plunger_Pump.png
Pompe i Ventilatoare 1. Introducere D. M. Bucur, G. Dunca

Pompe cu pistoane axiale

http://image.slidesharecdn.com/pistonpumps-140331100044-phpapp01/95/piston-pumps-11-638.jpg?cb=1396260192
http://i0.wp.com/techtrixinfo.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/animation-how-an-axial-flow-variable-displacement-piston-pump-works-working-principle-swash-plate.jpg
http://www.hammer-alleviators.com/images/axial-piston-pump.gif
Pompe i Ventilatoare 1. Introducere D. M. Bucur, G. Dunca

Alte pompe volumice

http://www.sonnek-pompe.ro/upload/medialibrary/Prinzip-4fl-web.jpeg
Pompe i Ventilatoare 1. Introducere D. M. Bucur, G. Dunca

Alte pompe volumice

http://www.pumpschool.com/images/LobePumpLarge.gif
http://www.crosspump.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/ExternalGear.gif
http://oiltradessupplycorp.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/IntPumpLarge.gif
http://oiltradessupplycorp.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/vanePumpLarge4.gif
Pompe i Ventilatoare 1. Introducere D. M. Bucur, G. Dunca

Alte pompe volumice

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/1/19/Eccentric_pump.gif
http://www.colfaxfluidhandling.com/admin/modules/page_editor/uploads/image/three-screw_main.jpg
http://cdn.blue-white.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/SqueezeDiagram.jpg
Pompe i Ventilatoare 1. Introducere D. M. Bucur, G. Dunca

Pompe centrifuge

http://www.sealand.co.za/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/centrifugal-pump.gif
Pompe i Ventilatoare 1. Introducere D. M. Bucur, G. Dunca

Pompe centrifuge

http://img.directindustry.com/pdf/repository_di/33034/single-stage-centrifugal-pump-21480_4b.jpg
Pompe i Ventilatoare 1. Introducere D. M. Bucur, G. Dunca

Pompa axial

http://www.cpem.com.tw/s/2/product-469569/Axial-Flow-Pumps.html
http://www.cpem.com.tw/style/frame/templates17/product_detail.asp?lang=2&customer_id=2912&content_set=color_3&name_id=142795&Directory_ID=106925&id=469589
Pompe i Ventilatoare 1. Introducere D. M. Bucur, G. Dunca

Pompa diagonal

http://www.cpem.com.tw/style/frame/templates17/product_detail.asp?lang=2&customer_id=2912&content_set=color_3&name_id=142795&Directory_ID=106925&id=469589
Pompe i Ventilatoare 1. Introducere D. M. Bucur, G. Dunca

Pompa multietajat

http://www.glotech-corp.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/multistage_centrifugal.png
Pompe i Ventilatoare 1. Introducere D. M. Bucur, G. Dunca

Pompa dubluflux
Pompe i Ventilatoare 1. Introducere D. M. Bucur, G. Dunca

Pomp dubluflux i multietajat


Pompe i Ventilatoare 1. Introducere D. M. Bucur, G. Dunca

PS GALCEAG
2 double entry two stages
centrifugal pumps
Power, 2 x 10 MW
Discharge, Q = 2 x 3 m3/s;
Head, H = 260 m

HPP GALCEAG
2 Francis turbines
Power output, 2 x 75 MW;
Discharge, Q = 2 x 22,8
m3/s; Head, H = 470 m
http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1755-1315/22/4/042015/meta
Pompe i Ventilatoare 1. Introducere D. M. Bucur, G. Dunca

Domenii de utilizare a pompelor


10 4

H
[m] P=10 kW P=100 kW P =1000 kW P=10000 kW

3
10

Po mpe centrifuge
multietajate

10 2
Po mpe centrifuge Pompe centrifuge monoetajate
monoetajate cu dublu flux
Pompe
volumice Pompe diagonale
mono i multietajate

1
10
Pompe axiale

P =1 kW P=5 kW P=50 kW P=500 kW

0
10
100 10 1 10 2 10 3 10 4 10 5
3
Q [ m /h]
Pompe i Ventilatoare 1. Introducere D. M. Bucur, G. Dunca