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HSDPA Call Setup

1 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


HSDPA Call Setup
Review of HSDPA

HSDPA Call Setup

Radio Resource Control Messages

2 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


Review of HSDPA

3 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


Physical Channels for One HSDPA UE
Associated DPCH, Dedicated Physical Channel
DPCH needed for each HSDPA UE.
BTS Signalling, uplink data.
HS-PDSCH: High-Speed Physical Downlink
Shared Channel
Actual HSDPA data of HS-DSCH transport
Associated DPCH
Associated DPCH
1-15 x HS-PDSCH

1-4 x HS-SCCH

HS-DPCCH channel.
1-15 code channels.
QPSK or 16QAM modulation.
HS-SCCH: High-Speed Shared Control Channel
Informs UE how to receive HS-PDSCH in the
same TTI.
HS-DPCCH: High-Speed Dedicated Physical
UE Control Channel
MAC-hs Ack/Nack information.
Channel Quality Information.

4 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


HSDPA Layer 1 channels

5 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


Uplink Physical Channel

Dedicated uplink physical channels

There are three types of uplink dedicated physical channels, the uplink Dedicated Physical Data Channel (uplink
DPDCH), the uplink Dedicated Physical Control Channel (uplink DPCCH ), and the uplink Dedicated Control Channel
associated with HS-DSCH transmission (uplink HS-DPCCH ).

The DPDCH, the DPCCH and the HS-DPCCH are I/Q code multiplexed.

The uplink DPDCH is used to carry the DCH transport channel.

The uplink DPCCH is used to carry control information generated at Layer 1. The Layer 1 control information
consists of known pilot bits, transmit power-control (TPC) commands, feedback information (FBI), and transport-
format combination indicator (TFCI).

6 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


Downlink Physical Channel (1/2)

Dedicated downlink physical channels

There is only one type of downlink dedicated physical channel, the Downlink Dedicated Physical Channel (downlink
DPCH).

Within one downlink DPCH, dedicated data generated at Layer 2 and above, i.e. the dedicated transport channel
(DCH), is transmitted in time-multiplex with control information generated at Layer 1 (known pilot bits, TPC
commands, and an optional TFCI). The downlink DPCH can thus be seen as a time multiplex of a downlink DPDCH
and a downlink DPCCH.

9 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


Downlink Physical Channel (2/2)

Common downlink physical channels

The High Speed Physical Downlink Shared Channel (HS- PDSCH) is used to carry the High Speed Downlink Shared
Channel (HS-DSCH). A HS-PDSCH corresponds to one channelization code of fixed spreading factor SF=16 from
the set of channelization codes reserved for HS-DSCH transmission. Multi-code transmission is allowed, which
translates to UE being assigned multiple channelisation codes in the same HS-PDSCH subframe, depending on its
UE capability.

The HS-SCCH is a fixed rate (60 kbps, SF=128) downlink physical channel used to carry downlink signalling related
to HS-DSCH transmission. Figure 26A illustrates the sub-frame structure of the HS-SCCH.

10 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


HSDPA Protocol Architecture

New MAC entity, MAC-hs (high-speed) added to the Node B


Layers above, such as RLC, unchanged.

RLC RLC
MAC-d MAC-d

HS-DSCH MAC-d flow


MAC-hs MAC-hs HS-DSCH FP HS-DSCH FP

HS-PDSCH
PHY PHY TNL TNL

UE Uu BTS Iub RNC

12 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


Node B enhancements for HSDPA
RNC Node B Terminals

Packets
Scheduler HARQ &
& Buffer Coding
Flow Control
ACK/NACK &
Feedback
Decoding

R99 responsibilities: New Node B functions for HSDPA:


Physical layer operations Sophisticated Scheduler:
No dymanic decision making In order Delivery within priority queue
Data Buffer management
OVSF (orthogonal Variable Spread. Fact.) code management
Packet scheduling
Data Transfer on HS-DSCH
Physical layer operations
HARQ Retransmissions Handling
Modulation selection
Link adaptation
15 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup
Flow Control towards SRNC
HS-DSCH code management

PHYSICAL SHARED CHANNEL RECONFIGURATION REQUEST [FDD]


NBAP-PDU
- messageDiscriminator: common
PhysicalSharedChannelReconfigurationRequestFDD
RNC BS
C-ID: 3
MaximumTransmissionPower: 378
HS-PDSCH-FDD-Code-Information
at restart
- extension flag: 0 phase
- preamble: 10
- number-of-HS-PDSCH-codes: 5
- hS-PDSCH-Start-code-number: 11

PHYSICAL SHARED CHANNEL RECONFIGURATION REQUEST is sent by the RNC during the restart of the BS. It
defines the Max power and Max number of codes SF 16 available for the HS-DSCH channel.
MAC hs is responsible for HS-PDSCH management. Codes selection is a dynamic procedure based on Ue BS
link quality.

16 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


Retransmissions in HSDPA

Server RNC Node-B


MAC-hs retransmissions

UE
TCP retransmissions
RLC retransmissions

17 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


Iub Flow Control messages (1/2)
HS-DSCH Capacity Request

Node B CRNC

CAPACITY REQUEST

HS-DSCH Capacity Request procedure

The HS-DSCH Capacity Request procedure provides means for the RNC to request HS-DSCH
capacity to the BS , by indicating the user buffer size in the RNC for a given priority level
(CmCH-PI).
The RNC is allowed to reissue the HS-DSCH Capacity Request if from the BS no CAPACITY
ALLOCATION has been received within an appropriate time threshold.

18 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


Iub Flow Control messages (2/2)
HS-DSCH Capacity Allocation

Node B CRNC

CAPACITY ALLOCATION

HS-DSCH Capacity Allocation is generated either in response to a HS-DSCH Capacity Request or


at any other time.
The flow control is mainly controlled by the Node-B sending capacity allocation messages.
The Node-B does know the status of the buffers in the RNC by the capacity request and by every
further data frame . So the Node B may use this message to modify the traffic flow at any time
by indicating its capacity to deliver PDU.

19 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


These are the possible status for a UE in a UMTS
UE RRC status network
IDLE MODE: Stand by mode. The UE is able to listen to
BCH channel through the PCCPCH in order to receive
the System Information. No RRC is available for the UE.

CELL DCH: one of the Connected Mode. The UE is able


to send and receive RRC messages DPDCH.

Connected Mode From Cell DCH for inactivity timer the UE can move to
Cell FACH . Here it is able to use the DCCH and DTCH
Cell DCH through the SCCPCH. This status allow the UE to save
Idle Cell PCH
battery and resources. The UE can maintain low bit
mode Cell FACH rate connection with the HTTP server.

URA PCH
From Cell FACH for inactivity timer the UE can move to
Cell PCH. This status allow the UE to save battery. In fact
here the UE listen to the PCH only.

URA PCH status is optional. It can be adopted in case is


necessary to decrease the number of cell update
performed by the UE when it move from one to
another cell.

20 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


HSDPA Call set up

26 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


IDLE Mode Cell DCH transaction
UE Node-B RNC SGSN

IDLE MODE

RRC
RRC Connection Request ( RACH )
RRC

Radio Link Setup Request (C-NBAP )


NBAP NBAP

Radio Link Setup Response (C-NBAP )


NBAP NBAP

Establish Request (ALCAP)


ALCAP ALCAP

Establish Confirm (ALCAP)


ALCAP ALCAP

RRC Connection Set Up ( FACH )


RRC RRC

RRC Connection Set Up Complete ( DCH )


RRC RRC

Cell DCH status

27 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


Cell DCH HS-DSCH transaction (1/2)
UE Node-B RNC SGSN
Attach request
RRC
RRC Direct Transfer: Attach request RANAP
RRC RANAP
Authentic. &
Attach accept
RRC
RRC Direct Transfer: Attach accept Ciphering
RRC RANAP RANAP
PDP context request
RRC
RRC Direct Transfer: PDP context request
RRC RANAP RANAP
RAB assign. request
RANAP RANAP
Radio Bearer Set Up
RRC RRC

Radio Bearer Set Up Complete


RRC RRC
RAB assign. response
RANAP RANAP
PDP context accept
RRC
RRC Direct Transfer: PDP context accept
RRC RANAP RANAP

Measurement Control
RRC RRC
Measurement Report
RRC RRC

28 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


Cell DCH HS-DSCH transaction (2/2)
UE Node-B RNC SGSN
Radio Link Reconfiguration Prepare
NBAP NBAP

Radio Link Reconfiguration Ready


NBAP NBAP

Establish Request
ALCAP ALCAP

Establish Confirm
ALCAP ALCAP

Establish Request
ALCAP ALCAP

Establish Confirm
ALCAP ALCAP

NBAP
Radio Reconfiguration Commit NBAP

RRC
Radio Bearer Reconfiguration
RRC

Radio Bearer Reconfiguration Complete


RRC RRC

HSDPA Traffic

29 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


HS-DSCH Cell PCH transaction (1/2)
UE Node-B RNC SGSN

Status change for inactivity timer

RRC
Radio Bearer Reconfiguration
RRC

Radio Bearer Reconfiguration Complete


RRC RRC

Cell FACH status

Radio Link Deletion Request


NBAP NBAP

Radio Link Deletion Response


NBAP NBAP

Release Request
ALCAP ALCAP

Release Confirm
ALCAP ALCAP

30 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


HS-DSCH Cell PCH transaction (2/2)
UE Node-B RNC SGSN

Release Request
ALCAP ALCAP

Release Confirm
ALCAP ALCAP

Release Request
ALCAP ALCAP

Release Confirm
ALCAP ALCAP

RRC
Physical Channel Reconfiguration ( FACH )
RRC

Physical Channel Reconfiguration Complete ( RACH )


RRC RRC

Cell PCH status

31 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


Cell PCH HS-DSCH transaction (1/3)
UE Node-B RNC SGSN

Cell PCH status

RRC
Cell Update
RRC

Cell Update confirm


RRC RRC

Cell FACH status

RRC
UTRAN mobility information confirm
RRC

RRC
Measurement Report
RRC

Radio Link Setup Request


NBAP NBAP

Radio Link Setup Response


NBAP NBAP

32 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


Cell PCH HS-DSCH transaction (2/3)
UE Node-B RNC SGSN

Establish Request
ALCAP ALCAP RRC Transport
Channel
Establish Confirm establishment
ALCAP ALCAP

Establish Request
ALCAP ALCAP DPCH Transport
Channel
Establish Confirm establishment
ALCAP ALCAP

Establish Request
ALCAP ALCAP
HS-DSCH
Transport
Establish Confirm Channel
ALCAP ALCAP
establishment

33 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


Cell PCH HS-DSCH transaction (3/3)
UE Node-B RNC SGSN

Radio Bearer Reconfiguration


RRC RRC

Radio Bearer Reconfiguration complete


RRC RRC

Cell DCH status

Measurement Control
RRC RRC

Capacity Request
HS-DSCH HS-DSCH

Capacity Allocation
HS-DSCH HS-DSCH

34 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


Radio Resource Control Messages

35 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


CELL Update
UE Node-B RNC CN

RRC
Cell Update (RACH)
RRC

RNTI RNTI
SRNC
Measurement IEs Cell Update cause
Admission Control
Measurement Quantity Select Transport Channel
causes options:
cell reselection,
In dB CPICH_Ec/No
periodical cell update,
uplink data transmission,
paging response,
re-entered service area,
radio link failure, RRC state indicator
RLC unrecoverable error)
options:
RLC re-establish indicator
RLC re-establish indicator CELL_DCH, CELL_FACH,
CELL_PCH, URA_PCH)

RRC Cell Update confirm (FACH) RRC


UE
RLC buffer Checking

36 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


Cell Update Message
CELL UPDATE
UL-CCCH-Message
integrityCheckInfo
messageAuthenticationCode: '01011101001110001111100011101001'B
rrc-MessageSequenceNumber: 2
message
am-RLC-ErrorIndicationRb2-3or4: FALSE
cellUpdate
am-RLC-ErrorIndicationRb5orAbove: FALSE
u-RNTI
cellUpdateCause: uplinkDataTransmission
srnc-Identity: '000100110010'B
rb-timer-indicator
s-RNTI: '00000000010011010100'B
t314-expired: TRUE
startList
t315-expired: FALSE
STARTSingle
measuredResultsOnRACH
cn-DomainIdentity: cs-domain
currentCell
start-Value: '00000000000000000010'B
modeSpecificInfo
STARTSingle
fdd
cn-DomainIdentity: ps-domain
measurementQuantity
start-Value: '00000000000000001000'B
cpich-Ec-N0: 45

37 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


Cell Update Confirm Message
CELL UPDATE CONFIRM [DCCH]
DL-DCCH-Message
integrityCheckInfo
messageAuthenticationCode: '11110111010101011110100011101101'B
rrc-MessageSequenceNumber: 2
message
cellUpdateConfirm
later-than-r3
rrc-TransactionIdentifier: 2
criticalExtensions
criticalExtensions
r5
cellUpdateConfirm-r5
new-C-RNTI: '0000000000000001'B
rrc-StateIndicator: cell-FACH
rlc-Re-establishIndicatorRb2-3or4: FALSE
rlc-Re-establishIndicatorRb5orAbove: FALSE
modeSpecificTransChInfo
fdd
modeSpecificPhysChInfo

38 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


fdd
DCH Allocation
UE Node-B RNC CN

RRC
Measurement Report (RACH)
RRC
Traffic Volume
Radio Bearer Identity num.
Measured Result Measured Result List
RLC Buffer Payload
Measured Result on RACH Measurement Quantity SRNC
Event Result Admission Control
Traffic Volume
Event Identity Collects Radio Ch Parameters
event: e4a In dB CPICH_Ec/No
Select Transport Ch IDs
DPCH UL Scram. & Chan. code Radio Link Set up Request
C-NBAP C-NBAP
Transport Ch DCH IDs
Radio link ID & Cell ID
DPCH Power ctrl info Transport Ch DCH IDs SRNC
HS-DSCH MAC flow ctrl info Binding ID Dig Analysis Route finding
Transport Layer Address ATM CAC
Node-B
Path id & CID selection
Radio Ch set up Radio Link Set up Response
C-NBAP C-NBAP
AAL2 TP Selection

39 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


Measurement Report Message
MEASUREMENT REPORT TrafficVolumeMeasuredResults
UL-DCCH-Message rb-Identity: 3
integrityCheckInfo rlc-BuffersPayload: pl0
messageAuthenticationCode: '11001011100111101... TrafficVolumeMeasuredResults
rrc-MessageSequenceNumber: 6 rb-Identity: 4
message rlc-BuffersPayload: pl0
measurementReport TrafficVolumeMeasuredResults
measurementIdentity: 4 rb-Identity: 5
measuredResults rlc-BuffersPayload: pl512
trafficVolumeMeasuredResultsList measuredResultsOnRACH
TrafficVolumeMeasuredResults currentCell
rb-Identity: 1 modeSpecificInfo
rlc-BuffersPayload: pl0 fdd
TrafficVolumeMeasuredResults measurementQuantity
rb-Identity: 2 cpich-Ec-N0: 44
rlc-BuffersPayload: pl0 eventResults
trafficVolumeEventResults
ul-transportChannelCausingEvent
rachorcpch: NULL
40 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup trafficVolumeEventIdentity: e4a
- nrOfTransportBlocks: 3

Radio Link Set up Request Message ------


- transportBlockSize: 336

RADIO LINK SETUP REQUEST [FDD] - nrOfTransportBlocks: 1 - nrOfTransportBlocks: 4


NBAP-PDU - transportBlockSize: 148 - transportBlockSize: 336
------ ------ ------
-messageDiscriminator: common - transmissionTimeInterval: msec-40 - transmissionTimeInterval: msec-20
------ ------ ------
RadioLinkSetupRequestFDD dl-TransportFormatSet dl-TransportFormatSet
------ ------ dynamicParts
CRNC-CommunicationContextID: 1236 - nrOfTransportBlocks: 1 - nrOfTransportBlocks: 0
------ - transportBlockSize: 148 ------
UL-DPCH-Information-RL-SetupRqstFDD mode - transmissionTimeInterval: msec-10
ul-ScramblingCode ------ ------
- uL-ScramblingCodeNumber: 1000212 - transmissionTimeInterval: msec-40 RL-InformationList-RL-SetupRqstFDD
------ ------ ------
- minUL-ChannelisationCodeLength: v16 DCH-FDD-InformationItem - rL-ID: 1
------ ------ - c-ID: 3
DL-DPCH-Information-RL-SetupRqstFDD - dCH-ID: 1 ------
DCH-FDD-Information ul-TransportFormatSet - dl-ScramblingCode: 0
DCH-FDD-InformationItem ------ - fdd-DL-ChannelisationCodeNumber: 10
- dCH-ID: 24 - nrOfTransportBlocks: 1 - initialDL-transmissionPower: -180
ul-TransportFormatSet - transportBlockSize: 336 - maximumDL-power: -71
- nrOfTransportBlocks: 0 ------ - minimumDL-power: -180
------ - nrOfTransportBlocks: 2 ------
- transportBlockSize: 336 hSDSCH-MACdFlows-Information
------ ------
41 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup
dCH-InformationResponse
------
Radio Link Set up Response - dCH-ID: 24
------
- bindingID: '00000009'H
RADIO LINK SETUP RESPONSE [FDD] ------
NBAP-PDU 49 00 00 10 20 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF
------ ------
- messageDiscriminator: common - dCH-ID: 1
------
RadioLinkSetupResponseFDD - bindingID: '00000004'H
------ ------
CRNC-CommunicationContextID: 1236 49 00 00 10 20 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF
------ ------
NodeB-CommunicationContextID: 160001 hsDSCH-MACdFlow-Specific-InformationResp
------ ------
RL-InformationResponseItem-RL-SetupRspFDD - hsDSCHMacdFlow-Id: 0
------ -------
- rL-ID: 1
- contents (in bits): 00001 - bindingID: '00000006'H
- rL-Set-ID: 1 ------
- contents (in bits): 00001 49 00 00 10 20 FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF FF
- received-total-wide-band-power: 69 ------
------ hsSCCH-Specific-Information-ResponseFDD
------
HSSCCH-Codes
------
42 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup - codeNumber: 4
------
Establish Request Message
ERQ - ESTABLISH REQUEST
- Discard parameter OSAID-Orig. sign. assoc. ident.
DAID-Dest. sign. assoc. ident.: 00000000
General action: - Parameter's Compatibility: 00h
- Message's Compatibility: 00h
- Do not send notification Pass-on not possible:
Pass-on not possible:
- Pass on message or parameter - Do not send notification
- Do not send notification
Parameter length: 20 (14h) - Pass on message or parameter
- Pass on message or parameter
- Address: 4900001020....FFF General action:
General action:
LC-Link Charactreristics - Do not send notification
- Do not send notification
- Parameter's Compatibility: 00h - Pass on message or parameter
- Pass on message or parameter
Pass-on not possible: Parameter length: 4 (04h)
CEID-Connection element ident.
- Do not send notification - Signalling association identifier: 44F29000
- Parameter's Compatibility: 00h
- Pass on message or parameter SUGR-Served user gen. reference
Pass-on not possible:
General action: - Parameter's Compatibility: 00h
- Do not send notification
- Do not send notification Pass-on not possible:
- Pass on message or parameter
- Pass on message or parameter - Do not send notification
General action:
Parameter length: 12 (0Ch) - Pass on message or parameter
- Do not send notification
- Maximum forward CPS-SDU bit rate: 82 (52h) General action:
- Pass on message or parameter
- Maximum backwards CPS-SDU bit rate: 84 (54h) - Do not send notification
Parameter length: 5 (05h)
- Average forward CPS-SDU bit rate: 23 (17h) - Pass on message or parameter
- Path identifier: 1021 (3FDh)
- Average backwards CPS-SDU bit rate: 25 (19h) Parameter length: 4 (04h)
- Channel identifier: 20 (14h)
- Maximum forward CPS-SDU size: 24 (18h) - Field: 00000009
NSEA-Dest. NSAP serv. endpoint addr.
- Maximum backwards CPS-SDU size: 26 (1Ah)
-Parameter's Compatibility: 10h
- Average forward CPS-SDU size: 24 (18h)
Pass-on not possible:
- Average backwards CPS-SDU size: 26 (1Ah)
- Do not send notification
43 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup
Establish Confirm Message

ECF - ESTABLISH CONFIRM


DAID-Dest. sign. assoc. ident.: 44F29000
- Message's Compatibility: 00h
Pass-on not possible:
- Do not send notification
- Pass on message or parameter
General action:
- Do not send notification
- Pass on message or parameter
OSAID-Orig. sign. assoc. ident.
- Parameter's Compatibility: 00h
Pass-on not possible:
- Do not send notification
- Pass on message or parameter
General action:
- Do not send notification
- Pass on message or parameter
Parameter length: 4 (04h)
- Signalling association identifier: 0000000E

44 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


------
Establish Request Message Parameter length: 4 (04h)
- Signalling association identifier: 44F29100
General action:
ERQ - ESTABLISH REQUEST
- Do not send notification SUGR-Served user gen. reference
DAID-Dest. sign. assoc. ident.: 00000000
- Pass on message or parameter - Parameter's Compatibility: 00h
- Message's Compatibility: 00h
Parameter length: 20 (14h) Pass-on not possible:
Pass-on not possible:
- Address: - Do not send notification
- Do not send notification
4900001020FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF - Pass on message or parameter
- Pass on message or parameter
LC-Link Charactreristics General action:
General action:
- Parameter's Compatibility: 00h - Do not send notification
- Do not send notification
Pass-on not possible: - Pass on message or parameter
- Pass on message or parameter
- Do not send notification Parameter length: 4 (04h)
CEID-Connection element ident.
- Pass on message or parameter - Field: 00000004
- Parameter's Compatibility: 00h
General action: SSISU-Ser. spec. info (SAR-unassured)
Pass-on not possible:
- Do not send notification - Parameter's Compatibility: 00h
- Do not send notification
- Pass on message or parameter Pass-on not possible:
- Pass on message or parameter
Parameter length: 12 (0Ch) - Do not send notification
General action:
- Maximum forward CPS-SDU bit rate: 10 (Ah) - Pass on message or parameter
- Do not send notification
- Maximum backwards CPS-SDU bit rate: 1102 (44Eh) General action:
- Pass on message or parameter
- Average forward CPS-SDU bit rate: 2 (2h) - Do not send notification
Parameter length: 5 (05h)
- Average backwards CPS-SDU bit rate: 1094 (446h) - Pass on message or parameter
- Path identifier: 1021 (3FDh)
- Maximum forward CPS-SDU size: 3 (3h) Parameter length: 7 (07h)
- Channel identifier: 21 (15h)
- Maximum backwards CPS-SDU size: 45 (2Dh) - Max length of SSAR-SDU forwards: 0 (0h)
NSEA-Dest. NSAP serv. endpoint addr.
- Average forward CPS-SDU size: 1 (1h) - Max length of SSAR-SDU backwards: 175
-Parameter's Compatibility: 10h
-Average backwards CPS-SDU size: 43 (2Bh) (AFh)
Pass-on not possible:
OSAID-Orig. sign. assoc. ident. - Transmission error detection disabled
- Do not send notification
---------
- Discard
45 parameter
2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup
Establish Confirm

ECF - ESTABLISH CONFIRM


DAID-Dest. sign. assoc. ident.: 44F29100
- Message's Compatibility: 00h
Pass-on not possible:
- Do not send notification
- Pass on message or parameter
General action:
- Do not send notification
- Pass on message or parameter
OSAID-Orig. sign. assoc. ident.
- Parameter's Compatibility: 00h
Pass-on not possible:
- Do not send notification
- Pass on message or parameter
General action:
- Do not send notification
- Pass on message or parameter
Parameter length: 4 (04h)
- Signalling association identifier: 00000011

46 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


Establish Request Message
ERQ - ESTABLISH REQUEST - Discard parameter OSAID-Orig. sign. assoc. ident.
DAID-Dest. sign. assoc. ident.: 00000000 General action: - Parameter's Compatibility: 00h
- Message's Compatibility: 00h - Do not send notification Pass-on not possible:
Pass-on not possible: - Pass on message or parameter - Do not send notification
- Do not send notification Parameter length: 20 (14h) - Pass on message or parameter
- Pass on message or parameter - Address: 4900001020....FFFFFFFF General action:
General action: LC-Link Charactreristics - Do not send notification
- Do not send notification - Parameter's Compatibility: 00h - Pass on message or parameter
- Pass on message or parameter Pass-on not possible: Parameter length: 4 (04h)
CEID-Connection element ident. - Do not send notification - Signalling association identifier: 44F29200
- Parameter's Compatibility: 00h - Pass on message or parameter SUGR-Served user gen. reference
Pass-on not possible: General action: - Parameter's Compatibility: 00h
- Do not send notification - Do not send notification Pass-on not possible:
- Pass on message or parameter - Pass on message or parameter - Do not send notification
General action: Parameter length: 12 (0Ch) - Pass on message or parameter
- Do not send notification - Maximum forward CPS-SDU bit rate: 0 (0h) General action:
- Pass on message or parameter - Maximum backwards CPS-SDU bit rate: 24 (18h) - Do not send notification
Parameter length: 5 (05h) - Average forward CPS-SDU bit rate: 0 (0h) - Pass on message or parameter
- Path identifier: 1021 (3FDh) - Average backwards CPS-SDU bit rate: 2 (2h) Parameter length: 4 (04h)
- Channel identifier: 22 (16h) - Maximum forward CPS-SDU size: 1 (1h) - Field: 00000006
NSEA-Dest. NSAP serv. endpoint addr. - Maximum backwards CPS-SDU size: 6 (6h)
-Parameter's Compatibility: 10h - Average forward CPS-SDU size: 1 (1h)
Pass-on not possible: - Average backwards CPS-SDU size: 6 (6h)
- Do not send notification
47 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup
Establish Confirm

ECF - ESTABLISH CONFIRM


DAID-Dest. sign. assoc. ident.: 44F29200
- Message's Compatibility: 00h
Pass-on not possible:
- Do not send notification
- Pass on message or parameter
General action:
- Do not send notification
- Pass on message or parameter
OSAID-Orig. sign. assoc. ident.
- Parameter's Compatibility: 00h
Pass-on not possible:
- Do not send notification
- Pass on message or parameter
General action:
- Do not send notification
- Pass on message or parameter
Parameter length: 4 (04h)
- Signalling association identifier: 0000000D

48 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


UE Node-B RNC CN

Measurement Control (DPCH)


RRC RRC

It defines the target DCH where to Traffic Vol. Meas. Object List
measure the traffic volume
Traffic Volume Report Quantity
It defines the type of quantity. In
that case RLC buffer. UE state
e.g.

UE state: Cell DCH, Cell FACH.... Event ID & Reporting threshold

Event type: e4a, e4b....& threshold


for the RLC buffer in KB/s Capacity Allocation
HS-DSCH HS-DSCH

CmCH-PI
Maximum MAC PDU Length Maximum MAC-d PDU
The Common Transport
length
Channel Priority HS-DSCH credits
Indicator IE indicates It indicates the number
e.g.
CmCH-PI of MAC-d PDUs that the
the priority of the data
frame RNC is allowed to
User Buffer Size transmit for the MAC-d
Indicates the users buffer size flow
(i.e. the amount of data in the Capacity Request
buffer in the SRNC) HS-DSCH HS-DSCH

49 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


Measurement Control
trafficVolumeMeasQuantity
rlc-BufferPayload: NULL
MEASUREMENT CONTROL trafficVolumeReportingQuantity
DL-DCCH-Message rlc-RB-BufferPayload: TRUE
integrityCheckInfo rlc-RB-BufferPayloadAverage: FALSE
messageAuthenticationCode: rlc-RB-BufferPayloadVariance: FALSE
'01000100110001010011011101101100'B
measurementValidity
rrc-MessageSequenceNumber: 9
ue-State: cell-DCH
message
reportCriteria
measurementControl
trafficVolumeReportingCriteria
later-than-r3
transChCriteriaList
rrc-TransactionIdentifier: 0
TransChCriteria
criticalExtensions
ul-transportChannelID
r4
dch: 1
measurementControl-r4
eventSpecificParameters
measurementIdentity: 2
TrafficVolumeEventParam
measurementCommand
eventID: e4a
setup
reportingThreshold: th1024
trafficVolumeMeasurement
timeToTrigger: ttt0
trafficVolumeMeasurementObjectList
pendingTimeAfterTrigger: ptat2
UL-TrCH-Identity
measurementReportingMode
dch: 1
measurementReportTransferMode: acknowledgedModeRLC
periodicalOrEventTrigger: eventTrigger

50 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


Capacity Allocation / Request
e.g. credits =12

HS-DSCH CAPACITY ALLOCATION HS-DSCH CAPACITY REQUEST


Control Frame CRC : 75 (4Bh) Control Frame CRC : 50 (32h)
Control Frame Type : 11 (0Bh) Control Frame Type : 10 (0Ah)
CmCH-PI : 15 (Fh) CmCH-PI : 15 (Fh)
Maximum MAC-d PDU Length : 336 bit(s) User Buffer Size : 3108 (0C24h) octets
HS-DSCH Credits : 12 (00Ch)
HS-DSCH Interval : 10 ms
HS-DSCH Repetition Period : 0 (00h) (unlimited repetition period)

e.g. credits =0

HS-DSCH CAPACITY ALLOCATION


Control Frame CRC : 45 (2Dh)
Control Frame Type : 11 (0Bh)
CmCH-PI : 15 (Fh)
Maximum MAC-d PDU Length : 336 bit(s)
HS-DSCH Credits : 0 (000h) (stop transmission)
HS-DSCH Interval : 10 ms
HS-DSCH Repetition Period : 0 (00h) (unlimited repetition period)

51 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


UE Node-B RNC CN

RRC
Radio Bearer Reconfiguration (FACH)
RRC

Status for the UE. Options: RRC state indicator


Cell DCH, Cell FACH, Cell PCH, URA PCH
RBs and associated Log.& Trans. Ch ID
Radio Bearer to configure, with the
relative transport & logical Channel UL & DL DPCH scramb.
e.g. codes & SF

DPCH UL & DL spreading factor, CPICH scramb. code info


scramb. code & power information

Primary CPICH scramb. code info

UE
Open Radio CH
Configure RBs & Log. CH

Cell DCH status

RRC Radio Bearer Reconfiguration Complete (DPCH) RRC


RNC
RNC starts traffic conn.
52 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup
dl-TransportChannelType
Radio Bearer Reconfiguration dch: 24 (1/2)
RADIO BEARER RECONFIGURATION [DCCH] rb-Identity: 2 ------
DL-DCCH-Message ------ ul-TransportChannelType
------ ul-AM-RLC-Mode rach: NULL
rrc-StateIndicator: cell-DCH ------ ------
------ dl-AM-RLC-Mode-r5 dl-TransportChannelType
rrc-TransactionIdentifier: 3 ------ fach: NULL
ul-TransportChannelType ------
rb-Identity: 1 dch: 24 rb-Identity: 4
------ ------ ------
ul-UM-RLC-Mode dl-TransportChannelType ul-AM-RLC-Mode
------ dch: 24 ------
dl-UM-RLC-Mode-r5 ------ dl-AM-RLC-Mode-r5
------ ul-TransportChannelType ------
ul-TransportChannelType rach: NULL ul-TransportChannelType
dch: 24 ------ dch: 24
------ dl-TransportChannelType ------
dl-TransportChannelType fach: NULL dl-TransportChannelType
dch: 24 ------ dch: 24
------ rb-Identity: 3 ------
ul-TransportChannelType ------ ul-TransportChannelType
rach: NULL ul-AM-RLC-Mode rach: NULL
------ ------ ------
dl-TransportChannelType dl-AM-RLC-Mode-r5 dl-TransportChannelType
fach: NULL ------ fach: NULL
------- ul-TransportChannelType ------
53 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup
dch: 24
Radio Bearer Reconfiguration (2/2)
rb-Identity: 5
------ dl-AddReconfTransChInfoList
ul-AM-RLC-Mode DL-AddReconfTransChInformation-r5
------ dl-TransportChannelType dl-CommonInformation
dl-AM-RLC-Mode-r5 dch: 24 dl-DPCH-InfoCommon
------ ------ ------
ul-TransportChannelType dch-QualityTarget sfd256: pb4
dch: 1 bler-QualityValue: -20 ------
------ DL-AddReconfTransChInformation-r5 primaryCPICH-Info
dl-TransportChannelType dl-TransportChannelType primaryScramblingCode: 54
hsdsch: 0 hsdsch: NULL ------
ul-CommonTransChInfo ------ dl-DPCH-InfoPerRL
------ dch-QualityTarget fdd
ul-AddReconfTransChInfoList bler-QualityValue: -20 pCPICH-UsageForChannelEst: mayBeUsed
UL-AddReconfTransChInformation ul-ChannelRequirement ------
ul-TransportChannelType: dch ul-DPCH-Info sf-AndCodeNumber
transportChannelIdentity: 24 ------ sf256: 10
------ scramblingCode: 1000212 ------
UL-AddReconfTransChInformation spreadingFactor: sf16
ul-TransportChannelType: dch ------
transportChannelIdentity: 1 dl-HSPDSCH-Information
------ -------
dl-CommonTransChInfo HS-SCCH-Codes: 4
------ ------
54 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup
Radio Bearer Reconfiguration Complete

RADIO BEARER RECONFIGURATION COMPLETE


UL-DCCH-Message
integrityCheckInfo
messageAuthenticationCode:
'10111011101100101110110100001011'B
rrc-MessageSequenceNumber: 7
message
radioBearerReconfigurationComplete
rrc-TransactionIdentifier: 3

55 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


Physical Shared Channel Reconfiguration
(1/3)

56 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


Physical Shared Channel Reconfiguration
(2/3)
PHYSICAL SHARED CHANNEL RECONFIGURATION REQUEST [FDD]
NBAP-PDU
...
PhysicalSharedChannelReconfigurationRequestFDD
- extension flag: 0
- preamble: 0
protocolIEs
- padding: 000000
- length: 00 05
- id: 25
- contents: 00 19
- criticality: reject
- contents (in bits): 00
- padding: 000000
- opentype length: 02
C-ID: 1
- contents: 00 01
- id: 43
- contents: 00 2B
- criticality: reject
- contents (in bits): 00
- padding: 000000
- opentype length: 01
ConfigurationGenerationID: 2
- contents: 02
- id: 522
- contents: 02 0A
- criticality: reject
- contents (in bits): 00
- padding: 000000
- opentype length: 02

57 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


Physical Shared Channel Reconfiguration Messages
(3/3)
MaximumTransmissionPower: 378
- contents: 01 7A
- id: 524
- contents: 02 0C
- criticality: reject
- contents (in bits): 00
- padding: 000000
- opentype length: 02
HS-PDSCH-FDD-Code-Information
- extension flag: 0
- preamble: 10
- number-of-HS-PDSCH-codes: 5
- contents (in bits): 0101
- hS-PDSCH-Start-code-number: 11
- contents (in bits): 1010
- trailing bits: 00000
- id: 525
- contents: 02 0D
- criticality: reject
- contents (in bits): 00
- padding: 000000
- opentype length: 02
HS-SCCH-FDD-Code-Information
- extension flag: 0
- choice index: 0
replace
- length (in bits): 00000
- HS-SCCH-FDD-Code-Information-Item: 4
- contents (in bits): 0000100
- trailing bits: 00

58 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


PS Call Setup

59 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


RRC Connection Setup Complete Message

RRC CONNECTION SETUP COMPLETE


UL-DCCH-Message
message
rrcConnectionSetupComplete
...
physicalChannelCapability
...
ue-RadioAccessCapability-v590ext
dl-CapabilityWithSimultaneousHS-DSCHConfig: kbps64
pdcp-Capability-r5-ext
supportForRfc3095ContextRelocation: FALSE
rlc-Capability-r5-ext
physicalChannelCapability
fdd-hspdsch
supported
hsdsch-physical-layer-category: 12
supportOfDedicatedPilotsForChannelEstimationOfHSDSCH: FALSE
simultaneousSCCPCH-DPCH-HSDSCH-Reception: FALSE
tdd384-hspdsch
unsupported: NULL
tdd128-hspdsch
unsupported: NULL
multiModeRAT-Capability-v590ext
supportOfUTRAN-ToGERAN-NACC: FALSE

60 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


Radio Bearer Setup

61 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


Radio Bearer Setup/Reconfiguration (1/2)
RADIO BEARER RECONFIGURATION [DCCH]
DL-DCCH-Message addOrReconfMAC-dFlow
... mac-hs-AddReconfQueue-List
radioBearerReconfiguration-r5 MAC-hs-AddReconfQueue
new-H-RNTI: '10011011 11001111'B mac-hsQueueId: 0
rrc-StateIndicator: cell-DCH
mac-dFlowId: 0
...
reorderingReleaseTimer: rt120
rb-MappingInfo
RB-MappingOption-r5 mac-hsWindowSize: mws16
ul-LogicalChannelMappings mac-d-PDU-SizeInfo-List
oneLogicalChannel MAC-d-PDUsizeInfo
ul-TransportChannelType mac-d-PDU-Size: 336
dch: 1
mac-d-PDU-Index: 0
rlc-SizeList
...
configured: NULL
dl-HSPDSCH-Information
mac-LogicalChannelPriority: 8
hs-scch-Info
dl-LogicalChannelMappingList
modeSpecificInfo
DL-LogicalChannelMapping-r5
fdd
dl-TransportChannelType
hS-SCCHChannelisationCodeInfo
hsdsch: 0
HS-SCCH-Codes: 4
measurement-feedback-Info
DL-AddReconfTransChInformation-r5
modeSpecificInfo
dl-TransportChannelType
fdd
hsdsch: NULL
measurementPowerOffset: 9
tfs-SignallingMode
feedback-cycle: fc4
hsdsch
cqi-RepetitionFactor: 1
harqInfo
deltaCQI: 4
numberOfProcesses: 6
modeSpecificInfo
memoryPartitioning
fdd: NULL
implicit: NULL

62 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


Radio Bearer Setup/Reconfiguration (2/2)

dl-InformationPerRL-List
DL-InformationPerRL-r5
modeSpecificInfo
fdd
primaryCPICH-Info
primaryScramblingCode: 30
servingHSDSCH-RL-indicator: TRUE
dl-DPCH-InfoPerRL
fdd
pCPICH-UsageForChannelEst: mayBeUsed
dpch-FrameOffset: 80
dl-ChannelisationCodeList
DL-ChannelisationCode
sf-AndCodeNumber
sf256: 10
tpc-CombinationIndex: 0

63 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


Capacity Allocation

64 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


HS-DSCH Capacity Request

HS-DSCH CAPACITY REQUEST

Control Frame CRC : 63 (3Fh)


Control Frame Type : 10 (0Ah)
CmCH-PI : 15 (Fh)
User Buffer Size : 42 (002Ah) octets

The HS-DSCH Capacity Request procedure provides means for the CRNC to request HS-DSCH capacity by
indicating the user buffer size in the CRNC for a given priority level.
The CRNC is allowed to reissue the HS-DSCH Capacity Request if no CAPACITY ALLOCATION has been received
within an appropriate time threshold.
HS-DSCH Capacity Request is sent for each priority group to indicate the user buffer size. The control frame is sent
by the HS-DSCH CAPACITY REQUEST is sent for each priority group to indicate the user buffer size.

65 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


HS-DSCH Capacity Allocation & HS-DSCH Data Frame

HS-DSCH CAPACITY ALLOCATION


Control Frame CRC : 76 (4Ch)
Control Frame Type : 11 (0Bh)
CmCH-PI : 15 (Fh)
Maximum MAC-d PDU Length : 336 bit(s)
HS-DSCH Credits : 4 (004h)
HS-DSCH Interval : 10 ms
HS-DSCH Repetition Period : 0 (00h) (unlimited repetition period)

HS-DSCH DATA FRAME


Header CRC : 15 (0Fh)
CmCH-PI : 15 (Fh)
MAC-d PDU Length : 336 bit(s)
NumOfPDU : 3 (03h)
User Buffer Size : 36920 (9038h) octets
MAC-d PDU
1. MAC-d PDU
80 90 16 2E 27 1F 00 C8 E0 48 14 2D E0 A9 11 0F 61 49 F8 42 7B 1E 38 80
DF 4C 80 70 09 87 10 8A 4A B0 48 8C 05 81 29 04 ED 11
2. MAC-d PDU
80 98 26 C0 1C D8 30 13 E8 4A 7C 03 22 C1 23 02 13 26 C6 29 C3 01 1E 05
81 89 D9 18 19 08 44 3E 40 06 34 EB 12 84 44 E9 1B 8C
3. MAC-d PDU
80 A0 21 E0 05 F0 F4 4E 02 00 28 00 44 2A 98 70 38 84 85 52 44 BC 52 51
7C FC 14 95 F4 41 55 48 0A A1 58 F1 22 0B 7F 0B 38 25
Spare Extension
Payload CRC : 32680 (7FA8h)

66 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup


DCH to HS-DSCH switch
Resumption timer started when Application throughput

Active set size =1. 1500000

Resumption timer value in this 1000000

bps
DCH NRT HS-DSCH
case 4s. 500000

Switching to HS-DSCH tried after 0


the timer expires. 0 10 20 s 30 40 50

Active set size=1 after this Active Set EventId Time Subchannel Message
Update (no SHO anymore).
RRCD 08:24.8 DCCH "ACTIVE_SET_UPDATE"
Resumption timer started.
RRCU 08:24.8 DCCH "ACTIVE_SET_UPDATE_COMPLETE"
RRCD 08:25.1 DCCH "MEASUREMENT_CONTROL"
RB reconfiguration to DCH0/0.
RRCD 08:29.3 DCCH "RADIO_BEARER_RECONFIGURATION"
4s resumption timer applied before. RRCU 08:30.5 DCCH "RADIO_BEARER_RECONFIGURATION_COMPLETE"
RRCD 08:30.7 DCCH "MEASUREMENT_CONTROL"
~2.5 seconds gap according
RRCU 08:30.7 DCCH "MEASUREMENT_REPORT"
signaling. The data gap is about 6s
RRCD 08:31.7 DCCH "RADIO_BEARER_RECONFIGURATION"
when measured with Ethereal.
RRCU 08:32.8 DCCH "MEASUREMENT_REPORT"
RRCU 08:32.8 DCCH "RADIO_BEARER_RECONFIGURATION_COMPLETE"
RB reconfiguration to HS-DSCH
RRCD 08:33.1 DCCH "MEASUREMENT_CONTROL"

67 2007 Nokia HSDPA Call Setup