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Calcul grinda precomprimata (R.

Agent)

Stabilirea dimensiunilor geometrice ale profilului longitudinal si ale sectiunii transversale pe baza criteriilor
I
constructive si a indicatiilor de predimensionare
I.1 Dimensiuni geometrice, profil longitudinal
L (m)= 21.00 t (m)= 12.00 Lc (m)= 20.50
Hmax (m)= 1.80 Hmax=(1/9:1/15)L inaltimea grinzii in mijlocul deschiderii
1/9L (m)= 2.33
1/15L (m)= 1.40
Hr (m)= 1.30 Hr= (0.5:0.75)Hmax inaltimea grinzii la reazem
0.5Hmax (m)= 0.90
0.75Hmax (m)= 1.35
fc (m)= 0.10 fc= (1/100:1/200)L contrasageata- constructiva
1/100L (m)= 0.21
1/200L (m)= 0.11

II Dimensiuni geometrice, sectiune transversala


bp=

hp=
hf=

b=
Hmax=
Hr=

br=
hti=

bti=

bp (m)= 0.70 bp =(1/25:1/35)L a


1/25 L (m)= 0.84 lm,t=
1/35 L (m)= 0.60 b
hp (m)= 0.15 hp =(1/4:1/5)bp lt,d=
1/4 bp (m)= 0.18
1/5 bp (m)= 0.14
b(m)= 0.12 Hmax/15
a b
Hmax/15 (m)= 0.12 Lm,t (m)= 17.75 Lt,d (m)= 20.75 lr (m)= 0.25
min
hf (m)= 0.05 hf =(1/5:1/15)(bp-b)/2
1/5(bp-b)/2 (m)= 0.06
1/15(bp-b)/2 (m)= 0.02
bti (m)= 0.40 bti = (0.5:0.7)bp
0.5bp (m)= 0.35
0.7bp (m)= 0.49
hti (m)= 0.15
hfi (m)= 0.20
br (m)= 0.25 br =(1.5:2.5)b
1.5b (m)= 0.18
2.5b (m)= 0.30
Lr (m)= 3.00 Lr =(1.5:2.5)Hr
1.5Hr (m)= 1.95
2.5Hr (m)= 3.25
h0m (m)= 1.04
hm (m)= 1.20
ap (m)= 0.26 distanta de la centrul de greutate al armaturii pretensionate la fibra inferioara (se propune/ aproximeaza)
b
tg = 0.06 tg = 2(Hmax-Hr)/L
x (m)= 8.41
xc (m)= 8.28
hA-A (m)= 1.69
Ac (cm2)= 3738.56 Ac1 (cm2)= 1000.00 A2 (cm2)= 1513.56 Ac3 (cm2)= 1225
yigc (cm)= 91.38 y1 (cm)= 12.5 y2 (cm)= 88.0651 y3 (cm)= 159.88
ysgc (cm)= 77.25
Icci (cm4)= 14076671.2
Wb (cm3)= 154038.40 Wb - modulul de rezistenta al sectiunii de beton
Wb' (cm3)= 182231.47

p (kN/m2)= 4.80
pld (kN/m2)= 4.20
q (kN/m)= 57.60
qld (kN/m)= 50.40
E E
M (kNm)= 3025.80 M - momentul incovoietor total dat de incarcarile de exploatare
E E
Mld (kNm)= 2647.58 Mld - momentul incovoietor de exploatare dat de incarcarile de lunga durata
E0 E0
M (kNm)= 352.40 M - momentul din incarcarile de exploatare care actioneaza in faza initiala, pentru schema statica a
2
Rc (kgf/cm )= 220.00 Rc - rezistenta de calcul la compresiune in beton corespunzatoare clasei
tr 2 tr
b adm (kgf/cm )= 210.00 b adm - efortul unitar de compresiune in beton maxim, admis la transfer
n
Rpn (kgf/cm2)= 17000.00 R p - rezistenta normata a armaturii pretensionate
n 2 n
R tb(kgf/cm )= 17.50 R tb - rezistenta normata la intindere, corespunzatoare rezistentei de control a betonului la transfer
Wi (cm3)= 139822.78 Wi - modulul de rezistenta al sectiunii ideale de beton
Wi (cm3)= 161577.97
Wi' (cm3)= 115212.52
0.680.71= 0.70
Ap (cm2)= 25.75
e0p (cm)= 75.85

Evaluarea necesarului de armatura (alternativ)


nec nec max
Ap (cm2)= 17.68 Ap M / (0.85pdz)
max
M (kNm)= 2052.00
2
pd (N/mm )= 11900.00 pd =(0.650.7) fpk
c
z (cm)= 114.75 z= 0.85 h0 p
c c
h0 p (cm)= 135.00 h0 p =hc- ap
hc (cm)= 145.00
ap (cm)= 10.00
nec 1,toron
nt= 18.00 nt=Ap / Ap
1,toron
Ap (cm2)= 0.99
Ap (cm2)= 17.77
Calcul grinda precomprimata
Materiale
Beton Armatura activa Armatura pasiva
fck (N/mm2)= Clasa relaxare fyk (N/mm2)=
fcd (N/mm2)= fpk (N/mm2)= =
fctm (N/mm2)= fp0.1k (N/mm2)= fyd (N/mm2)=
fctk (N/mm2)= = Es (N/mm2)= 200000
fctd (N/mm2)= fpd (N/mm2)=
e (mm/(mC))= Ep (N/mm2)= 195000
Ecm (N/mm2)= 37000.00 uk ()=
Ec (N/mm2)= 37000.00
Ciment
s=
170
Determinarea centrului de greutate al armaturilor 160
150
bts (cm)= 70 140
hts (cm)= 15 130
hfs (cm)= 5
120
hc (cm)= 130
bti (cm)= 35
110
hti (cm)= 25 100
hfi (cm)= 5 90
bw (cm)= 15 80
1,toron
Ap (cm2)= 0.95 70
nt= 24 60
Ap (cm2)= 22.8 50
ap (cm)= 14.13 40
Aa1,bara (cm2)= 1.13
30
na= 6
Aa (cm2)= 6.78
20
a (cm)= 3.50 10
A'a1,bara (cm2)= 3.14 0
na= 4 -40-35-30-25-20-15-10-5 0 5 10152025303540
A'a (cm2)= 12.56
a' (cm)= 3.50 toroane Grinda ar pasiva

Stabilirea caracteristicilor geometrice ideale ale sectiunii centrale


np= 5.27 np=Ep/Ec
np1= 5.41 na=Ea/Ec
c
A ci (cm2)= 3645.06
c
A c (cm2)= 3462.50
1
A c (cm2)= 962.50
2
A c (cm2)= 1275.00
3
A c (cm2)= 1225.00
y1(cm)= 13.75
y2(cm)= 70.00
y3(cm)= 121.25
ycigc (cm)= 72.50
ycsgc (cm)= 57.50
Icc (cm4)= 7100963.47
yigc (cm)= 71.19
ysgc (cm)= 58.81
Icci (cm4)= 7716257.96