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PUBLICATIONS

OF THE

SCOTTISH HISTORY SOCIETY

VOLUME XVIII

SCOTLAND AND THE COMMONWEALTH

OCTOBER 1895

LETTERS AND PAPERS RELATING TO THE

MILITARY GOVERNMENT OF SCOTLAND, FROM AUGUST 1651 TO DECEMBER 165S

Edited, with Introduction and Notes, by

C. H. FIRTH, M. A.

EDINBURGH

Printed at the University Press by T. and A. CONSTABLE

for the Scottish History Society

1895

CO

CO

o

^> INTRODUCTION,

7DA

,

\

CONTENTS

PAGB

xvii-lv

i. Narrative or Diary of the Proceedings of the Forces

under Lieutenant-General Monke, after their

^ parting from the Array. August 4, 1651,

n. Mr. William Clarke to Speaker Lenthall,

.

.

.

in. Mr. William Clarke to

iv.

Speaker Lenthall,

.

.

^ A Brief Relation of the Proceidings of the Com-

< mittee of Estates and Affairs of Scotland, since

the

King's Majestic went from thence

to

.(

j

H

Q

^

England, v. A News-Letter from Dundee,

vi. A News-Letter from Dundee,

.

.

vn. A Letter from the Commissioners of the Parlia- ment in Scotland to the Speaker,

.

.

.

viii. A News-Letter from Scotland,

.

.

.

.

ix. Mr. William Clarke to Speaker Lenthall,

 

.

.

x.

A News-Letter from Leith,

xi. Henry Whalley to Scoutmaster General Downing,

 

xii.

Colonel Overton to General Cromwell, .

 

.

.

1-18

18-20

20-21

21-28

28-30

30-31

31-32

32-33

33

34-35

35-36

36-37

xiii. The Marquess of Argyll to the Commissioners of

the Parliament,

xiv. A News-Letter from Scotland,

xv. An Order by the Commissioners of the Parliament

of England, xvi. A Letter from the Commissioners of the Parlia-

ment of England to the Marquess of Argyll, .

!45264

37-38

38-39

39-40

40

vi

SCOTLAND AND THE COMMONWEALTH

PAGE

xvii. The Marquess of Argyll to the Commissioners of

the Parliament of England,

xviii. A News-Letter from Leith,

40-41

41-42

xix. A Letter from the Commissioners of the Par-

liament

Argyll,

of England

to

the Marquess of

xx. A News-Letter from Leith,

43

42

xxi. A Declaration of the Commissioners for regu-

lating the Universities,

xxn. A Declaration by Major-General Deane, .

.

44-45

45-46

xxni. A Circular Letter from Charles n. to the Nobles

and Gentlemen of Scotland,

.

.

.

46-47

xxiv. A Letter from Charles n. to the Moderator of

the General Assembly,

xxv. Articles of Agreement between Archibald, Lord

Marquess of Argisle, on the behalf of himself

and freinds on the one parte, And Major-

Generall Richard Deane on the behalf of the Parliament of the Commonwealth of England on the other side,

xxvi. Charles the Second's Instructions to General

Middleton, .

.

.

xxvn. A News-Letter from Leith,

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

47-48

48-50

50-53

53-54

XXVIH. Lieutenant-General Middleton to the Count of

Oldenburg,

xxix. An Agreement made between Major-General Richard Deane, in the name of the Parlia-

ment of the Commonwealth of England on

the one part, And Archibald, Lord Mar- quesse of Argile, in the behalf of the Gentle-

men and Inhabitants of the Shire of Argile

This 27th Day of

on

the other parte.

October 1652,

54-55

55-57

xxx. Agreement between Major-General Deane and

the Marquess

Guns, .

; v

of Argyll

concerning his

,

.

.

.

57-58

CONTENTS

vii

PAGE

xxxis Major-General Deane to Captain Mutlow, . 58-59

xxxii. Major-General Deane to the Marquess of Argyll, 59

xxxin. Major-General Deane to the Marquess of Argyll, 59-60

xxxiv.

xxxv.

Charles n. to Lieutenant-General Middleton, . Charles n. to Lieutenant-General Douglas, .

60-6l

6l

xxxvi. Circular Letter from Major-General Deane to

the Commanders of the English Forces

in Scotland,

62

xxxvu. Commission from Major-General Deane to

 

Colonel Overton,

62-63

xxxvni. Instructions for Colonel Overton, .

 

.

.

63-64

xxxix. Instructions for Colonel Morgan,

.

.

.

64-65

XL.

A Commission from Charles 11.,

.

.

.

65-67

XLI. Instructions to the Commissioners,

XLII.

 

.

.

67-70

A Letter from Colonel Lilburne, .

.

.

71-72

XLIII.

Colonel Lilburne to the Lord General Cromwell,

72-73

XLIV.

Colonel Lilburne to the Council of State, .

73-74

XLV.

The Commissioners at Leith to the Speaker, .

74

XLVI. Circular Letter from Colonel Lilburne to the

Commanders of the Army in Scotland,

.

74-75

XLVII. Petition of Major Fisher to Maj.-Gen. Deane,

75-77

XLVIII. Col. Lilburne to the English Judges in Scotland,

XLIX. Charles n. to the Duke of Courland,

L.

Colonel Lilburne to Lord General Cromwell, .

LI. Col. Lilburne to the Lord General Cromwell,

77

78

79

80

LII. Colonel Lilburne to Colonel Okey,

 

.

.

81

LIH. Colonel Lilburne to

Mr. Rowe,

.

.

.

81-82

LIV. Sir James M'Donell to Colonel Fitch,

.

.

82-83

LV. Colonel Lilburne to Colonel Cooper, LVI. Col. Lilburne to the Lord General Cromwell,

.

LVII.

.

 

83

84

Colonel Lilburne to the Marquess of Argyll, .

85

         

.

86

.

 

LVIII. Colonel Lilburne to Colonel Alured, LIX. Col. Lilburne to the Lord General Cromwell,

86-87

LX, Colonel Lilburne to Lord General Cromwell, .

 

87-88

LXI. Letter to Sir James M'Donell,

.

.

.

88-89

viii

SCOTLAND AND THE COMMONWEALTH

LXIII. Charles ir. to Captain Smith, .

.

.

.

LXIV. Warrant for Apprehending Colonel Bampfield,

LXV. Colonel Lilburne to Lord General Cromwell, .

LXVI. Colonel Lilburne to Mr. William Rowe, .

.

LXVII. Charles 11. to Lord Balcarres,

LXVIII. Sir Edward Hyde to Lieut.-Gen. Middleton, .

LXIX. Instructions to Lord Glencairne,

.

.

.

PAGB

9*

94-95

95-96

96-97

97-98

98-99

99-101

LXX. Charles H. to the Highland Chieftains, .

LXXI. Charles n. to the Earl of Glencairne,

.

. 101-102

. 102-103

103-105

106-107

107

108-109

.

LXXII. Sir Edward Hyde to Lieut.-Gen. Middleton, . LXXIII. Sir Edward Hyde to Lieut.-Gen. Middleton, .

LXXIV. Charles n. to Lord Balcarres, .

.

.

LXXV. Address to Colonel Lilburne,

LXXVI. Charles n. to Lieutenant-General Middleton, . 109-110

LXXVII. The Earl of Loudoun to Charles n.,

.

. 110-111

LXXVIII. Expenses of the English Army in Scotland, . 111-114

LXXIX. Expenses of the English Army in Scotland, . 114-119

LXXX.

Colonel Lilburne to the Speaker, .

LXXXI. Lord Lome to Lord Wilmot, .

.

LXXXII. Lord Lome to Charles n.,

.

.

120

.

.

120

 

120-121

LXXXIII. The Earl of Loudoun to the Earl of Rochester, 121-122

LXXXIV. Colonel Lilburne to

.

. 122-123

LXXXV. The Count of Waldeck to Lieut-Gen. Midleton, 123-124

LXXXVI.

Memorial from the Count of Waldeck, .

. 124-126

LXXXVII. A Letter from Colonel Lilburne, .

.

. 126-127

LXXXVIII. The Earl of Seaforth and the Heads of the Clans to Charles n.,

127-128

LXXXIX.

A Letter to the Council of the Army at White-

hall,

129-130

xo Sir Robert Moray to Charles n.,

.

.

.130-134

xci. Colonel Lilburne to Major-General Lambert, . 134-135

. 135-136

XCH. Colonel Lilburne to General Cromwell, .

xciir. Colonel Lilburne to the Officer in Command at

Dunotter?,

.

.

.

;

xciv. Memorandum on the Rising in Scotland,

xcv. Proclamation by Colonel Lilburne, .

.

. 136-137

 

.

137-139

.

.

139

CONTENTS

ix

PACK

xcvi. Summons to the Captain of the ' Fortune/ and

Answer,

140

XCVH. Glengarry to the Earl of Athol,

.

.

.

141

XCVIH.

Proclamation by Colonel Lilburne, .

.

. 141-142

xcix. Col. Lilburne to the Lord-General Cromwell, . 142-143

. 143-144

144-145

145

146

147

.

.

c.

ci.

en.

A Letter to the Earl of Glencairne, To Sir Arthur Forbes,

.

An Engagement of the Gentlemen of Blair, etc.,

.

cm. Lord Balcarres to Colonel Lilburne,

civ. Sir Arthur Forbes to Colonel Lilburne, .

cv. Col. Lilburne to the Lord-General Cromwell, 147-148

cvi. Col. Lilburne to the Lord-General Cromwell, . 148-150

cvn. A Letter of Intelligence,

CVIH. Colonel Lilburne to Mr. John Rushworth,

cix. The Earl of Seaforth to Lieut.-Col. Blount,

.

150-151

151

. 151-152

ex. Colonel Lilburne to Mr. Thurloe,

.

.

152

cxi.

Colonel Lilburne to the Laird of Pluscarty,

.

153

cxn. Col. Lilburne to the Lord-General Cromwell, 153-154

cxin. A Proclamation by Colonel Lilburne,

cxiv. A Proclamation against Beggars, .

.

. 154-155

 

.

. 155-156

cxv. Col. Lilburne to the Lord-General Cromwell, . 156-157

cxvi. The Earl of Glencairn to Lieutenant-General

Middleton,

157-159

cxvii. Warrant from Colonel Lilburne,

.

.

.

159-160

cxvin. Col. Lilburne to the Lord-General Cromwell, 160-161

. 161-162

162

.

cxix. Col. Lilburne to the Marquess of Argyll, Order by Colonel Lilburne,

cxx.

.

.

.

cxxi. Col. Lilburne to the Lord-General Cromwell, . 162-164

cxxii. Proclamation

by Colonel Lilburne,

.

.

164-1 65

cxxni. The Marquess of Argyll to Colonel Lilburne, . 165-1 66

166-1 67

167-1 68

cxxiv. The Marquess of Argyll to Lord Lome, .

cxxv. Letter to Lord Lome,

.

cxxvi. The Marquess of Argyll to Colonel Lilburne, . 168-169

cxxvii. The Valuation of Scotland,

.

.

.

.170-171

CXXVHI. Order Concerning the Valuation of Scotland, . 172-173

L

SCOTLAND AND THE COMMONWEALTH

FACE

cxxx. The Assesse laid uppon Scotland for the 4

monthes of July, August, September,

October, 1653,

174-179

180

cxxxi. Warrant for Levying the Assessment,

cxxxn. Warrant for Levying the Assessment,

.

.

.

. 180-181

181

CXXXIH. Warrant for Levying Confiscated Revenues, .

cxxxiv. Sir Edward Hyde to Lieut.-Gen. Middleton, . 182-183

. 183-184

184-186

. 186-188

. 188-189

. 189-190

CXL. Col. Lilburne to the Lord-General Cromwell, 190-192

CXLI. Col. Lilburne to the Lord-General Cromwell, 192-193

cxxxv. The Earl of Athole to Charles n., .

cxxxvi.

cxxxvu.

A Letter of Intelligence,

Colonel Lilburne to Colonel Cobbett,

cxxxvui. Colonel Lilburne to Captain Drew,

cxxxix.

The Earl of Roxburgh to Charles n.,

.

.

.

.

CXLII. Colonel Lilburne to Colonel Reade,

194

CXLIII. Col. Lilburne to the Lord-General Cromwell,

195

CXLIV. Col. Lilburne to the Lord-General Cromwell, 195-1 96

CXLV. Engagement of the Gentlemen of Renfrew, . 196-197

CXLVI. Colonel Lilburne to Campbell of Glenorchy, . 197-198

CXLVII. Col. Lilburne to the Lord-General Cromwell, 198-199

. 199-200

. 200-201

. 201-202

CLI. Col. Lilburne to the Lord-General Cromwell, 202-203

204

CXLVIII. Colonel Lilburne to Sir James MacDonald,

CXLIX. Lord Newburgh to Charles n.,

.

CL. Charles n. to the Earl of Seaforth,

.

.

CLII. Colonel Lilburne to the Marquess of Argyll, .

CLIII. Col. Lilburne to the Lord-Generall Cromwell, 204-205

CLIV.

Charles n.

to C. M.,

CLV. Charles n. to the Earl of Southesk, The Earl of Loudoun to Charles ir.,

CLVI.

.

.

.

.

205

206

. 206-208

CLVII. The Earl of Loudoun's Narrative of the Union

of England and Scotland, . CLVIII. A Proposed Declaration of Charles n. drawn

.

.

. 208-213

up by the Earl of Loudon,

CLIX. Colonel Bampfield's Advice,

CLX. Colonel Bampfield's Advice,

.

.

.

.

.

'

.

.

.

CLXI. Order concerning the Shire of Dunbarton,

,213-216

. 217-218

. 218-219

. 219-220

CONTENTS

xi

CLXII. A Letter of Intelligence,

PAGE

220

CLXIII. Col. Lilburne to the Lord-General Cromwell, 221-222

CLXIV. Warrant from Colonel Lilburne,

 

.

.

. 222-223

CLXV.

General Douglas to Charles n.,

.

.

. 223-224

CLXVI. Col. Lilburne to the Lord-General Cromwell, 224-225 CLXVII. Colonel Lilburne to the Council of State, . 225-226

CLXVIII. Col. Lilburne to the Lord-General Cromwell, 226-227

CLXIX.

A Warrant from Lord Kenmore, .

CLXX. Proclamation by Colonel Lilburne,

.

.

228

.

. 229-230

CLXXI. Col. Lilburne to the Lord-General Cromwell, 230-232

232

CLXXII. Col. Lilburne to the Lord-Generall Cromwell,

CLXXIII. Memorial from Lieutenant-General Middleton

to the States-General,

233-235

CLXXIV. A Second Memorial from Lieutenant-General

Middleton,

235-237

CLXXV. Colonel Lilburne to Lord-General Cromwell, . 238-239

239

. 239-240

CLXXVIH. Col. Lilburne to the Lord-General Cromwell, 240-241

CLXXIX. Col. Lilburne to the Lord-General Cromwell, 241-242 CLXXX. Col. Lilburne to the Lord-General Cromwell, 242-243

244

CLXXVI. Colonel Lilburne to the Scottish Judges,

CLXXVII. Pass for the Marquess of Argyll,

.

.

.

CLXXXI. Colonel Lilburne to the Marquess of Argyll, .

CLXXXII. Sir Edward Hyde to Lieut.-Gen. Middleton, . 244-246

CLXXXIII. Instructions for our Trusty and Wellbeloved

Collonell William Drummond : imployed

by us upon our especiall service into our

Kingdome of Scotlande,

246-249

CLXXXIV. Instructions to our Trusty and Wellbeloved

Coll. Norman Mackcloude : imployed by

us to our good subjects now in armes in

Scotland, CLXXXV. Instructions for Captain Shaw,

.

.

CLXXXVI. The King to the Laird of Macnaughton,

CLXXXVII. The King to the Tutor of Macleod,

CLXXXVIII.

Charles H. to the Tutor of Struan, .

.

.

250-253

. 253-254

. 254-255

255

256

.

.

xii

SCOTLAND AND THE COMMONWEALTH

PAGE

cxc.

Order concerning the Shire of Argyll, .

 

.

258

cxci.

Proclamation by Colonel Lilburne,

.

.

259

cxcir. Sir Edward Hyde to Lieutenant-General

 
 

Middleton,

259-261

CXCIH.

A Letter to Colonel Lilburne,

.

.

.

261-262

cxciv.

Col. Lilburne to the Lord General Cromwell,

262

cxcv.

Colonel Lilburne to the Judges,

262-263

cxcvi.

A Warrant by John Graham,

263

cxcvu. Letter from John Graham,

 

263-264

CXCVIH. Warrant from Sir Mungo Murray, .

.

.

264

cxcix. Col. Lilburne to the Lord General Cromwell, 264-266

cc. Colonel Lilburne to the Council of State,

. 266-267

cci. A Letter from Lord Lome to the Gentlemen

ofBadenoch,

ecu. The Governor of Ruthven Castle

Gentlemen of Badenoch,

.

to

.

267-268

the

. 268-270

ccin. Col. Lilburne to the Lord General Cromwell, 270-272

Lilburne to the Committee of the Army, 272

cciv. Col.

ccv. Col. Lilburne to the Lord General Cromwell, 272-274

ccvi. Col. Lilburne to the Lord General Cromwell, 274-275

ccvir. Colonel Lilburne to Major-General Lambert, . 275-276

CCVIH.

Orders issued by the Judges,

ccix. Colonel Lilbume to Andrew Hay,

ccx. A Letter of Intelligence,

.

.

. 276-281

.

.

281

 

281-282

ccxi. Col. Lilburne to the Lord General Cromwell, 282-283

ccxn. Order of the Judges on the Custody of Deeds, 283-285

ccxiii. Colonel Lilburne to Lord General Cromwell, . 285-287

ccxiv. Col. Lilburne to the Committee for the Army, 287-288

Col. Lilburne to the Lord General Cromwell, . 288-289

Col. Lilburne to the Admiralty Commissioners, 289-290

290-291

. 291-292

292

292-293

CCXXL Sir Edward Hyde to Lieut.-Gen. Middleton, . 293-294

ccxv.

ccxvi.

ccxvii. A Letter of Intelligence,

ccxvm. Charles u. to the Earl of Murray, .

.

ccxix. A Commission from the Earl of Glencairne, .

ccxx. An Intercepted Letter,

CONTENTS

xiii

PAGE

CCXXIH. Proposals from Colonel Lilburne, .

ccxxiv. Letter to Colonel Lilburne,

ccxxv. Colonel Lilburne to the Council of State,

ccxxvi. Proclamation by Colonel Lilburne,

.

. 295-296

 

296-297

 

.

298

 

.

.

298-299

ccxxvn. Instructions to Officers for the Seizure of Horses, 299-300

301

ccxxvni. Charles n. to the Marquess of Huntly,

.

.

ccxxix. Col. Lilburne to the Lord General Cromwell, . 301-303

ccxxx. Colonel Lilburne to the Lord Protector,

 

.

303-304

ccxxxi.

Colonel Lilburne to the Lord Protector, .

.

304-305

ccxxxn. Proclamation against Sir Arthur Forbes, .

. 305-306

ccxxxin. Form of Engagement for Prisoners,

 

.

.

306

ccxxxiv.

Colonel

Lilburne to

306-308

 

,

ccxxxv. Colonel Lilburne to

 

.

.

.

.

308

,

ccxxxvi. The Earl of Glencairne's Instructions to Major

Strachan,

ccxxxvii. Charles n. to Lord Balcarres,

ccxxxvm. Charles u. to Glengarry,

308-310

310-311

312-313

APPENDIX

EXTRACTS AND LETTERS SELECTED FROM NEWS- PAPERS PUBLISHED DURING 1651 AND 1652.

i. Mercurius Scoticus :

Or the True Character of Affairs in

England, Scotland, Ireland, and other Forraign Parts,

315-316

u. A Letter from Colonel Okey to the Lord Presi-

dent of the Council of State, .

in. Extract from Mercurius Scoticus, .

.

.

iv. A Proclamation against Moss-troopers,

v.

A Letter from Colonel Alured,

.

.

.316-317

. 317-318

318-319

320

.

vi. Letters from Major Scot and his Party at Drum-

lanerick,

. 320-322

vii. Proclamation against Intercourse with the Garrison

of the Bass,

322-323

xiv SCOTLAND AND THE COMMONWEALTH

PACK

vni. Mr. William Clarke to the Speaker of the Parlia-

ment,

.

.

'

ix. A Proclamation by Major-General Monk,

.

.

323-324

324

x. A Proclamation against Plundering by Major-

General Monk,

xr. Mr. William Clarke to the Speaker, xn. Extract from Mercurius Scoticus, Tuesday (Sept.

.

.

30),

.

.

.

.

325

. 325-327

. 327-328

xin. A Proclamation against Enforced Oaths by Major-

General Monk,

xiv. The Submission of the Gentlemen of Fife, .

xv.

xvi.

A News-Letter from Leith,

The Marquess of Argyle to Major-General Monk,

.

xvn. Extracts from Mercurius Scoticus,

xvni. Mr. William Clarke to the Speaker,

.

.

xix.

xx.

A Proclamation by Lieutenant-General Monk,

A Letter from Lieutenant-General Monk, .

.

.

.

xxi. Extract from Mercurius Scoticus,

328

328-330

330-333

333

333-335

335-336

336

337

337-338

xxn. Some heads of what hath been concluded touch-

ing an Agreement of a Treaty to be between the

Marquesse of Arguile and the Commissioners from Lieutenant-General Monke, xxni. Extract from Mercurius Scoticus,

.

338-339

339-340

xxiv. Articles agreed on with the Marquess of Huntley, 340-341

341-344

344

xxvi. A Proclamation concerning the Price of Hay,

xxv. Extracts from Mercurius Scoticus,

.

xxvn. Extract from Newsletter of Dec. 2, 1651, from

Edinburgh,

xxvni. Extract from Mercurius Scolicus,

xxix. A Proclamation concerning Bread,

.

.

344-345

345-346

. 346-347

xxx. A Proclamation concerning Lighting and Cleaning

the Streets [of Edinburgh],

347-348

xxxi. A Summons given by the Presbytery of Aberdeen

to Sir Alexander Irving of Drum, xxxn. The Appeal of Sir Alexander Irvine of Drum

.

.

from the Presbytery of Aberdeen,

.

.

. 348-349

. 349-350

CONTENTS

xv

PAGE

xxxni. The Summons of Mr. Row, Moderator of Aber-

deen, to Sir Alexander Irvine,

351-352

xxxiv. A Letter of Sir Alexander Irving to Lieutenant-

General Monke,

xxxv. A Letter from Sir Alexander Irvine to Mr. Row, Moderator of the Assembly at Aberdeen, .

352-353

. 353-354

355-357

xxxvn. A Proclamation by the Deputy-Governor of

Leith, XXXVIH. A Letter from Inverness,

xxxix. A Letter from Glasgow,

XL. A Letter from Major-General Deane,

A Letter from the Highlands, . XLII. Mr. William Clarke to the Speaker, .

XLI.

XLIII. A