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Summary

The data set that our group got assigned was adult IQ scores. For the purpose of
the project we are assuming the data set is a random sample and mound-shaped-
symmetric. We took our data set and found a variety of different calculations. The first
thing that we needed to find was the sample size. In order to find the sample size you
count how many data points you have in your date set. To find the sample mean and
standard deviation we typed all of our data points into L1 on our calculator. In order to
do that you go to stat, edit, then enter the numbers into the L1 category. After you have
put all of your data points into L1 you go to stat calc 1-Var Stats and push enter. This will
give you the sample mean, sample standard deviation, and more. In our case the
sample mean was 114.98 which tells us the average IQ score. The sample standard
deviation was 14.80 IQ points. After that we found the degrees of freedom. In order to
find the degrees freedom we have to take the sample size and subtract it from 1. Which
in our case we had to take our sample size of 60 and subtract it from 1 which we got 59.
Because the t-distribution chart did not have 59 we had to round down to 50. Then we
had to find the the critical value for 90%, 95%, and 99%. To find the critical value we
went to table 4 critical values for students t distribution and we had to look under df 50,
then we went across to find the values for 90%, 95%, and 99%. These numbers in that
same order were: 1.676, 2.009, and 2.68. After finding the critical values we were able
to calculate maximal error. We used the formula:
E=tc(s/ n ), E stands for maximal error, tc stands for the critical values that we just
calculated, s stands for the sample standard deviation, and n is the sample size. So, for
a 90% confidence interval this formula is
E=1.676(14.8/ 60 . This means that E=3.2 IQ points. For the 95% confidence interval
we found that E=3.8 IQ points, and for 99% confidence interval E=5.12 IQ points. We
used these values to calculate our confidence intervals. A confidence interval is
calculated by subtracting the maximal error from the sample mean, then adding the
maximal error to the sample mean ( x -E < < x +E). Using this formula we are
able to say with 90% confidence that the mean IQ score is greater than 111.78, and less than
118.18. That tells us that the average IQ scores for 90%. We are able to say with 95%
confidence that the mean IQ score is greater than 111.18, and less than 118.78. Lastly we
can say with 99% confidence that the mean IQ score is greater than 109.86, and less
than 120.1.