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Transportation Law
Case Digest: Ganzon
V. CA (1988)

G.R. No. L-48757 May 30, 1988


Lessons Applicable: Actionable Document
Laws Cited: Art. 1736,Art. 1734

FACTS: Gelacio > Ganzon (via Capt. Niza)


> Lighter Batman (common carrier)
(loaded half)
November 28, 1956: Gelacio
Tumambing (Gelacio) contracted the
services of of Mauro B. Ganzon to haul
305 tons of scrap iron from Mariveles,
Bataan, to the port of Manila on board
the light LCT Batman
December 1, 1956: Gelacio delivered
the scrap iron to Filomeno Niza, captain
of the lighter, for loading which was
actually begun on the same date by the
crew of the lighter under the captains
supervisor.
When about half of the scrap iron was
already loaded, Mayor Jose Advincula of
Mariveles, Bataan arrived and
demanded P5000 from Gelacio
Upon resisting, the Mayor fired at
Gelacio so he had to be taken to the
hospital
Loading of the scrap iron was resumed
December 4, 1956: Acting Mayor
Basilio Rub (Rub), accompanied by 3
policemen, ordered captain Filomeno
Niza and his crew to dump the scrap
iron where the lighter was docked
Later on Rub had taken custody of the
scrap iron
RTC: in favor of Gelacio and against
Ganzon

ISSUE: W/N Ganzon should be held liable


under the contract of carriage

HELD: YES. Petition is DENIED.


Ganzon thru his employees, actually
received the scraps is freely admitted.
Pursuant to Art. 1736, such
extraordinary responsibility would
cease only upon the delivery, actual or
constructive, by the carrier to the
consignee, or to the person who has a
right to receive them.
The fact that part of the shipment had
not been loaded on board the lighter
did not impair the said contract of
transportation as the goods remained
in the custody and control of the
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carrier, albeit still unloaded.
failed to show that the loss of the
scraps was due to any of the following
causes enumerated in Article 1734 of
the Civil Code, namely:

(1) Flood, storm, earthquake, lightning, or


other natural disaster or calamity;
(2) Act of the public enemy in war, whether
international or civil;
(3) Act or omission of the shipper or owner
of the goods;
(4) The character of the goods or defects
in the packing or in the containers;
(5) Order or act of competent public
authority.
Hence, the petitioner is presumed to have
been at fault or to have acted negligently.
By reason of this presumption, the
court is not even required to make an
express finding of fault or negligence
before it could hold the petitioner
answerable for the breach of the
contract of carriage.
exempted from any liability had he
been able to prove that he observed
extraordinary diligence in the vigilance
over the goods in his custody,
according to all the circumstances of
the case, or that the loss was due to an
unforeseen event or to force majeure.
As it was, there was hardly any attempt
on the part of the petitioner to prove
that he exercised such extraordinary
diligence.
We cannot sustain the theory of caso
fortuito - "order or act of competent
public authority"(Art. 1174 of the Civil
Code)
no authority or power of the acting Blog Archive
mayor to issue such an order was given 2017 (33)
in evidence. Neither has it been shown 2016 (13)
that the cargo of scrap iron belonged to 2015 (25)
the Municipality of Mariveles. 2014 (15)
Ganzon was not duty bound to obey the 2013 (226)
illegal order to dump into the sea the 2012 (76)
scrap iron. 2011 (526)
Moreover, there is absence of sufficient December (106)
proof that the issuance of the same November (126)
order was attended with such force or
October (108)
intimidation as to completely overpower
September (52)
the will of the petitioner's employees.
Torts and Damages Case Digest:
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Digest, G.R. No. L-48757, Ganzon v. CA, Juris (part 1 Torts)
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121998 (2) G.R. No. 122099 (2) G.R. No. 122191 (2) G.R. No. 122494
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No. 123486 (1) G.R. No. 124050 (2) G.R. No. 124062 (2) G.R. No.

124099 (1) G.R. No. 124354 (2) G.R. No. 124371 (2) G.R. No. 124520

(2) G.R. No. 125508 (2) G.R. No. 125678 (2) G.R. No. 125835 (1) G.R.

No. 125851 (2) G.R. No. 125865 (2) G.R. No. 126204 (2) G.R. No.

126297 (3) G.R. No. 126405 (1) G.R. No. 126518 (2) G.R. No.
126670 December 2 (2) G.R. No. 127326 (2) G.R. No. 127823 (2) G.R.

No. 128286 (2) G.R. No. 128604 (1) G.R. No. 128690 (2) G.R. No.

128721 (2) G.R. No. 129433 (2) G.R. No. 129459 (2) G.R. No. 129584

(2) G.R. No. 129792 (2) G.R. No. 129910 (2) G.R. No. 130030 (2) G.R.

No. 130421 (2) G.R. No. 131166 (1) G.R. No. 131621 (1) G.R. No.
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(2) G.R. No. 134784 (2) G.R. No. 136448 (1) G.R. No. 136448

November 3 (1) G.R. No. 136729 (2) G.R. No. 137775 (1) G.R. No.

138033 (2) G.R. No. 138074 (2) G.R. No. 138322 (1) G.R. No. 138510

(2) G.R. No. 138569 (2) G.R. No. 138739 (2) G.R. No. 139325 (2) G.R.

No. 139465 (1) G.R. NO. 139802 (2) G.R. No. 140006-10 (2) G.R. No.

140047 (2) G.R. No. 140698 (3) G.R. No. 140707 (2) G.R. No.

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145804 (3) G.R. No. 146511 (2) G.R. NO. 146779 (2) G.R. No.
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(2) G.R. No. 148132 (1) G.R. No. 148211 (2) G.R. No. 148444 (1) G.R.

No. 148496 (1) G.R. No. 148560 (2) G.R. No. 148571 (1) G.R. No.

149038 (2) G.R. No. 151079 (1) G.R. No. 151445 April 11 (1) G.R. No.

151445 April 11 (1) G.R. No. 151969 (2) G.R. No. 152133 (2) G.R. No.

153675 (1) G.R. No. 153898 October 18 (2) G.R. No. 154068 (2) G.R.

No. 154127 (2) G.R. No. 154469 (2) G.R. No. 154514 (1) G.R. No.

154740 (2) G.R. No. 15566 (1) G.R. No. 155791 (2) G.R. No. 156167

(2) G.R. No. 156207 (2) G.R. No. 156294 (2) G.R. No. 157216 (2) G.R.

No. 157309 (2) G.R. No. 157451 (1) G.R. No. 157547 (2) G.R. No.

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158262 (2) G.R. No. 158312 (2) G.R. No. 159747 (1) G.R. No. 161886

(1) G.R. No. 162230 (2) G.R. No. 163583 (1) G.R. No. 163583 August

20 (1) G.R. No. 1641 (1) G.R. No. 165109 (2) G.R. No. 165300 (1) G.R.

No. 165483 (2) G.R. No. 165546 (2) G.R. No. 165842 (2) G.R. No.

165993 (2) G.R. No. 166006 March 14 (2) G.R. No. 166006 March 14

(1) G.R. No. 166245 (2) G.R. No. 166326 (2) G.R. No. 166405 (2) G.R.

No. 166479 (2) G.R. No. 167330 (2) g.r. no. 167571 (1) G.R. No.

168100 November 20 (1) G.R. No. 168115 (2) G.R. No. 168118 (2)

G.R. No. 168274 (2) G.R. No. 168402 (2) G.R. No. 170257 (2) G.R. No.

170325 (2) G.R. No. 170984 (2) G.R. No. 171052 (2) G.R. No. 172231

(2) G.R. No. 172896 (2) G.R. No. 172966 (2) G.R. No. 173594 (1) G.R.

No. 173915 (1) G.R. No. 174489 (1) G.R. No. 176165 (2) G.R. No.

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No. 181132 (2) G.R. No. 182963 (1) G.R. No. 183526 (1) G.R. No.

183905 (2) G.R. No. 184823 (2) G.R. No. 194515 (2) G.R. No. 20341

(2) G.R. No. 23703 (2) G.R. No. 34774 (2) G.R. No. 44119 (2) G.R. No.

48541 (2) G.R. No. 6659 (2) G.R. No. 71871 (1) G.R. No. 72110 (2)

G.R. No. 72593 (2) G.R. No. 73886 (2) G.R. No. 74695 (1) G.R. No.

74761 (2) G.R. No. 74886 (2) G.R. No. 75605 (2) G.R. No. 76452 (2)

G.R. No. 76788 (2) G.R. No. 80294-95 (1) G.R. No. 80447 (2) G.R. No.

81322 (2) G.R. No. 83122 (2) G.R. No. 84197 (1) G.R. No. 84197 July

28 (2) G.R. No. 85141 (3) G.R. No. 88724 (2) G.R. No. 88866 (2)

G.R. No. 89802 (2) G.R. No. 89880 (2) G.R. No. 92087 (1) G.R. No.

92244 (2) G.R. No. 92288 (3) G.R. No. 93048 (2) G.R. No. 93073

(2) G.R. No. 93397 (2) G.R. No. 93695 (2) G.R. No. 94071 (2) G.R. No.

95322 (2) G.R. No. 95529 (2) G.R. No. 95546 (1) G.R. No. 95582

(3) G.R. No. 95641 (2) G.R. No. 95696 (2) G.R. No. 95696. March 3
(2) G.R. No. 97336 (2) G.R. No. 97626 (2) G.R. No. 97753 (2) G.R. No.

99301 (2) G.R. No. L-12189 (2) G.R. No. L-12190 (1) G.R. No. L-12191

(2) G.R. No. L-12219 (2) G.R. No. L-12736 (2) G.R. No. L-12858 (2)

G.R. No. L-12907 (2) G.R. No. L-13005 (1) G.R. No. L-14003 (1) G.R.

No. L-14074 (1) G.R. No. L-14300 (2) G.R. No. L-14441 (1) G.R. No. L-
14441 December 17 (1) G.R. No. L-14986 (2) G.R. No. L-15126 (2)

G.R. No. L-15184 (2) G.R. No. L-15894 (2) G.R. No. L-15895 (2) G.R.

No. L-16138 (2) G.R. No. L-16215 (2) G.R. No. L-16567 (2) G.R. No. L-

1669 (2) G.R. No. L-16749 (1) G.R. No. L-17312 (1) G.R. No. L-17474

(2) G.R. No. L-17845 (2) G.R. No. L-18216 (2) G.R. No. L-18287 (2)

G.R. No. L-18657 (2) G.R. No. L-18924 (2) G.R. No. L-18965 (3)

G.R. No. L-18979 (1) G.R. No. L-19189 (2) G.R. No. L-19550 (2) G.R.

No. L-20081 (2) G.R. No. L-20357 (1) G.R. No. L-20434 (2) G.R. No. L-

20850 (2) G.R. No. L-20853 (2) G.R. No. L-21278 (2) G.R. No. L-21291

(2) G.R. No. L-21380 (2) G.R. No. L-21462 (2) G.R. No. L-21500 (2)

G.R. No. L-21574 (2) G.R. No. L-21642 (2) G.R. No. L-22042 (2) G.R.

No. L-2227 (2) G.R. No. L-22375 (1) G.R. No. L-22554 (2) G.R. No. L-

22595 (1) G.R. No. L-22796 (2) G.R. No. L-2294 (2) G.R. No. L-23145

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L-23276 (2) G.R. No. L-23678 (2) G.R. No. L-24803 (2) G.R. No. L-

24978 (2) G.R. No. L-25317 (2) G.R. No. L-25845 (2) G.R. No. L-25920

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G.R. No. L-27155 (2) G.R. No. L-28093 (2) G.R. No. L-28120 (2) G.R.

No. L-2855 (2) G.R. No. L-2861 (2) G.R. No. L-28673 (2) G.R. No. L-

28946 (1) G.R. No. L-29276 (2) G.R. No. L-29432 (2) G.R. No. L-30389

(2) G.R. No. L-30896 (1) G.R. No. L-31195 (2) G.R. No. L-32213 (1)

G.R. No. L-32611 (2) G.R. No. L-33171 (2) G.R. No. L-3362 (1) G.R.

No. L-33722 (2) G.R. No. L-34539 (2) G.R. No. L-34539 July 14 (1)

G.R. No. L-3497 (1) G.R. No. L-35095 (2) G.R. No. L-35262 (2) G.R.

No. L-35283 (2) G.R. No. L-36481-2 (2) G.R. No. L-37750 (2) G.R. No.

L-38037 (2) G.R. No. L-38338 (1) G.R. No. L-38613 (2) G.R. No. L-

38684 (2) G.R. No. L-38816 (2) G.R. No. L-39050 (2) G.R. No. L-39247

(2) G.R. No. L-39419 (2) G.R. No. L-40207 (1) G.R. No. L-4067 (1)

G.R. No. L-40796 (2) G.R. No. L-4170 (1) G.R. No. L-4197 (2) G.R. No.

L-42462 (2) G.R. No. L-4254 (2) G.R. No. L-43191 (2) G.R. No. L-

43596 (1) G.R. No. L-44059 (2) G.R. No. L-44837 (1) G.R. No. L-45637

(2) G.R. No. L-46061 (2) G.R. No. L-4611 (1) G.R. No. L-46558 (2) G.R.

No. L-4722 (2) G.R. No. L-47722 (2) G.R. No. L-47739 (2) G.R. No.

L-48006 (3) G.R. No. L-4818 (2) G.R. No. L-48195 (2) G.R. No. L-
48250 (2) G.R. No. L-48321 (1) G.R. No. L-48757 (3) G.R. No. L-

48796 (2) G.R. No. L-49101 (2) G.R. No. L-49188 (2) G.R. No. L-49390

(2) G.R. No. L-4963 (1) G.R. No. L-4977 (2) G.R. No. L-50373 (2) G.R.

No. L-50959 (2) G.R. No. L-51806 (2) G.R. No. L-51832 (2) G.R. No. L-

5270 (2) G.R. No. L-5272 (4) G.R. No. L-5377 (1) G.R. No. L-54216

(2) G.R. No. L-55079 (2) G.R. No. L-55397 (2) G.R. No. L-56169 June

26 (1) G.R. No. L-56487 (2) G.R. No. L-56655 (2) G.R. No. L-5715 (2)

G.R. No. L-58509 (1) G.R. No. L-58867 (2) G.R. No. L-5887 (2) G.R.

No. L-59825 (2) G.R. No. L-59919 (2) G.R. No. L-60502 (2) G.R. No. L-

6055 (2) G.R. No. L-6114 (2) G.R. No. L-62943 (2) G.R. No. L-6442 (1)

G.R. No. L-67626 (2) G.R. No. L-67835 (2) G.R. No. L-6801 (1) G.R.

No. L-69044 (1) G.R. No. L-7188 (1) G.R. No. L-7664 (2) G.R. No. L-

7667 (2) G.R. No. L-7760 (2) G.R. No. L-7991 (2) G.R. No. L-8110 (2)

G.R. No. L-81827 (3) G.R. No. L-8385 (2) G.R. No. L-8451 (2) G.R.
No. L-8527 (1) G.R. No. L-8844 (2) G.R. No. L-9356 (2) G.R. No. L-

9374 (2) G.R. No. L-9401 (2) G.R. No. L-9671 (1) G.R. No.113558 (1)

G.R. No.148496 (1) G.R. No.L-17312 (1) G.R. No.L-4611 (1) G.R. Nos.

105965-70 (1) G.R. Nos. 113255-56 (2) G.R. Nos. 118498 & 124377 (2)

G.R. Nos. 128833 (1) G.R. Nos. L-21353 and L-21354 (2) G.R. Nos. L-
25836-37 (2) G.R. Nos. L-28324-5 (2) G.R.No. 113899 (1) G.R.No.

115024 (2) G.R.No. 118367 (1) G.R.No. 131166 (1) G.R.No. 137775 (1)

G.R.No. 154514 (1) G.R.No. 159747 (1) G.R.No. L-22375 (1) G.R.No.

L-9671 (1) G.R.No.113558 (1) G.R.Nos. 128833 (1) gaap (2) Gaisano

Cagayan v Insurance Company of North America (1) gallardo v morales

(1) gan v yap (1) Ganzon v. CA (2) Garcia Recio v Recio (1) Garcia

Recio vs Recio (1) garcia v gatchalian (1) Garcia v Hongkong Fire

Marine Insurance Co (1) garcia v lacuesta (1) Garcia v. Llamas (2)

Gashem Shookat Baksh v CA (1) Gatbonton v. NLRC and Mapua (2)

Gatchalian v Delim (1) Gelano v. CA (2) Gempesaw v. CA (2) General

Indorser (3) general power of appointment (2) General Principles


on Insurance (4) General Provisions (2) generally accepted
international law (2) Gercio v. Sun Life Assurance Co. of Canada (1)

German Garcia v The Hon Mariano M Florido et al (1) gil v murciano (1)

gilchrist v cuddy (1) golden notes (1) Gonzales v. RCBC (2) Good

Father of a Family (3) GR 138322 (1) GR No. 139465 (1) GR No. L-


26001 (2) Gr. No. 113213 (1) GR. NO. 148571 (1) GR. NO. 153675 (1)

GR. NO. 157977 (1) grammar (2) grammar rules (2) grammatical error

(2) grand union supermarket v jose espino (1) grandfather rule (2)

Great Asian Sales Center Corp. v. CA (2) Great Eastern Life Ins. Co. v.

Hongkong Shanghai Bank (2) Great Pacific Life Assurance Corp v CA

(1) GSIS v. CA (1) guide (1) guingon v Del Monte (1) Gulf Resorts Inc v

Philippine Charter Insurance Corp (1) Gullas v. PNB (2) he or she (1)

Heirs of Borlado v Vda De Bulan (1) Heirs of Loreto C. Maramag v

Maramag (1) heirs of pdro tayag v hon fernando alcantara (1) Hi

Cement Corp. v. Insular Bank (1) Hi-Cement Corp. v. Insular Bank (1)

him or her (1) Holder in Due Course (2) honasan case (1) Honasan v

The Panel of Investigating Prosecutor (1) hong kong v. hon olalia jr (1)

Hong Kong v. Hon. Olalia Jr. (1) human rights (11) human rights
law (13) human rights law case digest (7) icasiano v icasiano

(1) Ilano v. CA (2) illegal provision in a will (1) illegitimate children (1)

imelda marcos (1) immediate cause of which was the peril insured

against (1) importance of accounting (1) in contemplation of death (2) In

Re Mario v Chanliongco (1) in re will of riosa (1) Inc (4) Inc v Home

Insurance (2) Inc v. CA (2) Inc v. Register of Deeds of Manila (2) Inc. v.

CA (2) incapable of pecuniary estimation (1) income tax (2) Incomplete

instruments (2) indeterminate sentence law (4) insanity (1)

installment sales law (1) Insular Drugs v. PNB (2) insular life assurance

co v ebrado (1) insurance (134) insurance act (1) insurance


agent (1) Insurance Broker (1) insurance case digest (72)

insurance code (5) insurance law reviewer (2) insurance notes


(3) insurance notes outline (3) Insurance reviewer (1) Insured
Outlives Policy (1) Integrated Packing v CA (1) intent (2) interest (1)

interest of 20% (1) Interference with Contractual Relations (2)

International Corp. Bank v. CA (2) international law (1) international law

vs municipal law (1) International taxation (2) interpretation of treaties

(1) intod v. ca (2) intoxication (1) Introduction to Negotiable

Instruments (6) Invalid Designation (4) inventory (2) invoice


requirements (2) IPL (2) IPL case digest (2) Irrevocable Designation (2)

Isaac v AL Ammen Trans Co (1) j marketing v Sia (1) jaboneta v gustilo

(1) Jai-Alai Corp. of the Phil. v. BPI (2) Jan 18 (1) Jan. 18 (1) January

11 (2) January 15 (3) January 16 (1) January 18 (2) January 19

(5) January 21 (4) January 22 (5) January 23 (2) January 25 (2)


January 28 (9) January 29 (9) January 30 (10) January 31
(13) January 5 (2) jarco marketing v ca (1) Joaquinita P Capili v Sps

Dominador and Rosalita Cardana (1) judge fernando vil pamintuan (1)

judicial claim (1) Judicial Construction Cannot Alter Terms (1) judicial

declaration of presumptive death (1) July 11 (2) July 13 (1) July 14 (7)

July 16 (1) July 17 (2) July 18 (2) July 19 (8) July 20 (2) July 21 (4)

July 23 (4) July 24 (2) July 26 (2) July 27 (2) July 28 (3) July 29 (2)
july 3 (2) July 30 (9) July 31 (10) July 5 (2) July 6 (2) July 8 (3)

June 11 (2) June 12 (2) June 15 (2) June 16 (2) June 19 (4) June 2

(2) june 20 (3) June 21 (2) June 22 (4) June 25 (2) June 26 (2)

June 27 (4) June 28 (2) June 29 (3) June 30 (5) June 5 (4)

June 6 (2) June 8 (5) Juris Doctor (660)


jurisdiction (7) jurisprudence (425)
Jurisprudence: G.R. No. 153468 (2) Jurisprudence: G.R. No. 173594

(1) kalaw v relova (1) kapunan (1) Kierulf v CA (1) Kinds (1) kinds of

damage (1) Korean Airlines Co. LTd v. CA (2) kuroda v jalandoni (2)

labor (4) labor law (4) labor relations (2) Lambert v. Fox (2)
Lampano v. Jose (1) Land Titles and Deeds (14) Land Titles
and Deeds Case Digest (7) Land Titles and Deeds Notes (5)
Land Titles and Deeds Notes Outline (1) lanters products inc v ca (1)

last clear chance (6) law (4) law reviewer (1) law reviewer political
law (2) laws (2) lawyer (2) lawyer laughs (1) lawyers code (1) lawyers

code of professional responsibility (1) lawyers oath (1) lawyers pledge

(1) Lazatin v Twano (1) Lee v. CA (2) legal effect (3) legal ethics (1)

legal jokes (2) legal period (2) legal updates (1) legitimation (2) lethal

ethics (1) Lex Posterioni Derogati Priori (2) Liabilities (1) Liabilities did

not sign (1) Liabilities of Parties (2) Liabilities of person who did not sign

(1) liabilities of the parties (17) Liability for Torts (4) liability of
an agent (2) liability of insurer for suicide and accidental death (1) Liang

v. People (2) lifeblood theory (2) Lim v. Executive Secretary (2) litonjua

v montilla (1) llorente v ca (1) Llorente vs CA (1) locus standi (2) Lopez

v Del Rosario and Quiogue (1) Lopez v Pan American (1) loss (1) loss

caused by negligence of the insurance (1) LRTA v. Navidad (2)

Magellan Mfg Marketing Corp v CA (1) Makati Sports Club Inc v. Cecile

Cheng (2) mala in se (2) Malayan Insurance v CA (1) Malayan

Insurance Co v Arnaldo (1) malice (3) malum prohibitum (2) mamba v.

lara (2) Manila Bank v. CIR (2006) (2) Manila Lighter Transportation Inc.

v. CA (2) Manila Metal Container Corp. v. PNB (1) Manuel v. People (2)

Marcelo Macalinao v Eddie Medecielo Ong (1) March 1 (3) March 13

(2) March 14 (5) March 15 (4) March 16 (3) March 18 (2) March

19 (8) March 2 (2) March 20 (3) March 22 (2) March 24 (2) March
26 (4) March 27 (6) March 28 (7) March 3 (4) March 30 (9)
March 31 (7) March 7 (2) March 9 (4) marcos (1) Marcos v. Judge
Fernando Vil. Pamintuan (1) Maria Benita A. Dulay v The Court of

Appeals (1) marinduque v workmens (1) marriage (2) marriage

certificate (1) martial law (1) master of business and administration (1)

Maulini v. Serrano (2) May 1 (2) May 16 (2) May 18 (5) May 19 (4)

may 20 (4) May 23 (2) May 25 (2) May 26 (2) May 28 (1) May 29
(3) may 30 (3) May 31 (6) May 6 (2) May 8 (4) May 9 (2) MBA
(5) MBA Notes (4) mcit (2) me or I (1) measure of indemnity (1)
measure of insurable interest (1) mejoff v. director of prisons (4)

Memorize (1) memory aid (4) mercantile law (8) mercantile law

review (3) Merida Waterworks District v. Bacarro (2) Metrobank v. CA


(2) Metrobank v. FNCB (2) Metropolitan Bank and Trust Co. v. Cablizo

(2) miciano v brimo (1) Mijares v CA (1) Mijares v. Ranada (2005) (1)

Miranda Ribaya v Carbonell (1) Misamis Lumber Corp. v. Capital Ins

and Surety Co (1) mistake of fact (4) mistake of fact is not a defense

(2) mitigating circumstances (2) Mitigation of Liability (1) Montinola v.

PNB (2) Moral Damage for Labor Cases (1) moral damages (1) Moral

Damages on Taking of Life (2) Moran v. CA and Citytrust Bank (2)

morgan v commissioner (2) mortgage (2) mortgagor (4) mortis causa

(2) motion jokes (1) motive (2) Motor Vehicle Liability Insurance (2) Mr.

and Mrs. Amador C Ong v Metropolitan Water District (1) Murder (2)

mutual insurance companies (1) MWSS v. CA (2) Nario v Philippine

American Life Insurance Co of Canada (1) National Power v Philipp

Brothers (1) national steel corp v ca (1) Natividad V. Andamo v IAC (1)

naturalization (1) Nature of Certificate of Stock (4) Nava v. Peers

Marketing Corp (2) Negotiable Instruments (4) Negotiable


Instruments Case Digest (76) Negotiable Instruments
Codals (2) Negotiable Instruments Law (143)

Negotiable Instruments Memorize (1) Negotiable Instruments

Notes (8) Negotiable Instruments Notes Outline (1) negotiation (1)


nepomuceno v ca (1) New Life Enterprises v Court of Appeals (1) No

conflicts rule on essential validity of contracts (1) no designation (1) No

frustrated rape (2) nocon (1) Northwest Orient Airlines Inc v CA (1)

notes (2) notice and hearing (1) Notice of Dishonor (4) November 1

(1) November 14 (6) November 16 (2) November 19 (4)

November 2 (3) November 20 (4) November 23 (5)


November 25 (3) November 26 (5) November 27 (2) November
28 (5) November 29 (16) November 3 (5) November 30 (2)
November 5 (2) November 6 (4) November 7 (1) November 8 (2)

nso (1) nso documents (1) nterpretation of treaties (1) October 1 (2)

October 10 (3) October 12 (6) October 13 (2) October 14 (2)


October 15 (1) October 17 (2) October 18 (2) October 19 (5) October

2 (2) October 21 (4) October 23 (4) October 24 (2) October 25

(6) October 28 (2) October 30 (6) October 31 (1) October 6 (2)


october 7 (2) October 8 (6) offset if intimately related (1) Oh Cho v.

Director of Lands (1) Ong Lim Sing v. FEB Leasing Finance Corp. (1)

Ong Yong v. Tiu (2) oposo v factoran (1) opposo v factoran (1)

opulencia v ca (1) ortega v valmonte (1) other (3) others (1) Outline

(7) Overbreadth doctrine (2) P.D. 1529 (1) Pacheco v. CA (2) Pacific
Timber v CA (1) Padgett v. Babcock (2) PAL v CA (2) Palileo v Cosio (1)

Palting v. San Jose Petroleum (2) panaguiton jr v doj (1) Panasonic v.

CIR (2010) (1) Paris-Manila Perfume Co v Phoenix Assurance (1) part

1 (2) part 2 (2) part 3 (2) part 4 (1) part four (1) Part One (2) part three

(3) part two (1) passers (2) payment for honor (2) pb com v. cir (2) pd
1069 (1) PDIC (1) pecuniary interest (1) pedro elcano v regina hill (1)

penalties of 25% surcharge (1) People v Bagayong (1) people v. ah

chong (2) people v. basao (2) People v. Campuhan (2) People v.

Daleba (2) People v. Dela Cruz (1) People v. Domasian (2) People v.

Fernando (2) people v. go shiu ling (2) people v. gonzales (1) People v.

Lol-lo & Saraw (2) people v. marco (2) People v. Oanis (2) People v.

Opero (2) people v. orita (2) People v. Ortega (2) People v. Pagador (2)

People v. Palaganas (2) People v. Piliin (2) People v. Pilola (2) People

v. Quasha (2) people v. sia (1) People v. Tan Boon Kong (2) people v.

wong cheng (2) perez v ca (2) perfection (2) Perla Compania De


Seguros v Sps Gaudencio (1) Personal Injury and Death (2) Personal

Notes (27) personally liable (1) persons (20) persons case


digest (3) persons cases (1) persons secondarily liable (1) Phil
American Life Insurance Company v Ansaldo (1) Phil Export v VP

Eusebio (1) phil refining company v. ca (1) phil. refining company v. ca

(1) Philamcare Health Systems (2) philippine (1) Philippine Airlines

v. CA (3) Philippine American Life Insurance Company v Pineda (1)


Philippine Bank of Commerce v. Jose M. Aruego (2) philippine blooming

mills employment organization v. philippine blooming mills (2) Philippine

Commercial International Bank v CA (1) Philippine Commercial v CA (1)

philippine health care providers v estrada (1) philippine lawyer (2)

philippine lawyers oath (1) Philippine National Bank v. Erlando

Rodriguez (1) Philippine Phoenix Surety Insurance Co v Woodworks

Inc (1) Philippine Pryce Assurance Corp v CA (1) Physical Injuries (2)

pil (5) pila (9) pineda v ca (1) pink notes (1) Pioneer Insurance v. CA
(2) Pirovano v. De la Rama Steamship Co. (2) planters product v.

fertiphil corp (1) Planters Product v. Fertiphil Corp. (1) PNB v (2) pnb v

ca (1) PNB v. CA (6) PNB v. National City Bank New York (2) PNB v.

Ritratto Group (2) PNOC v CA (1) poeple v pirame (1) political law

review (2) Ponce v. Alsons Cement Corp. (2) Porfirio P. Cinco v Hon

Mateo Canonoy (1) possessory action (1) Potenciano v. Reynoso (1)

Powers of Corporate Officers (2) prayer (1) Pre-Corporation Code (2)

Pre-incorporation Subscription (2) Preemptive Rights (4)


prescription (1) Prescription Period (2) Presentment for acceptance (2)

Presentment for Payment (2) preterition of surviving spouse (1) primary

jurisdiction (2) private suit (2) pro reo doctrine (1) producers bank v ca

(1) Professional Services (2) Professional Services Inc v Natividad and

Enrique Agana (1) Promissory Notes (14) Proof and


Proximate Cause (5) proof beyond reasonable doubt (2) proof of
filiation (6) prosecution of offenses (4) Protest (2) proximate
cause (6) Prudencio v. CA (2) Prudential Bank v. IAC (2) PUBLIC
ACT NO. 521 (1) Public Enemy (1) Public humiliation (2) public
international law (12) public international law case (7)
public international law case digest (7) public suit (2) Public
Utilities (2) Purchase Agreement (2) Qua Chee Gan v Law Union and

Rock Insurance Co Ltd (1) qualified by (1) quasi delict (5) Quasi-

delict (7) Quasi-negotiable Character of Certificate of Stock (2) Quinto


v. Andres (2) Quirante v IAC (1) R.A. 8799 (1) Raagas v Traya (1)

rabadilla v ca (1) radiowealth finance v. del rosario (2) rafael partricio v

ca (1) Ramos v CA (1) Rationale for Centralized Management Doctrine

(2) rcbc v. cir (2) Real Estate Mortgage (1) real party in interest (2) red

notes (1) refund (1) Registered Lands (1) registration of property (1)

reinsurance (1) Release from Subscription Obligation (2) remedial

law (7) remedial law digest (2) remedy (2) Remo Jr. v. IAC (2) replevin
(1) Republic of the Phils. v. BPI (2) Republic Planters Bank v. CA (2)

republic v. bagtas (1) Republic v. Ebrada (2) Requisites of Double

insurance (1) Requisites of negotiability (8) Res Ipsa Loquitur

(4) res ipso loquitor (1) Restriction on Transfer (2) retroactivity of


procedural rules (2) review (1) reviewer (7) revised penal code (2)

revised rules of court (1) revocable Designation (1) reyes v ca (1) right

against warrantless searches and seizures (2) Right of First Refusal

(4) right of subrogation (1) Right of the holder (2) Rights (1) Rights of a
holder (2) Rights of Holder (1) Rights of Holder against general indorser
(1) Rights of the holder (6) Rights to Certificate of Stock for Fully

Paid Shares (1) Rivera v. People (2) Rizal Commercial Banking

Corporation v CA (1) rmc (1) rodelas v aranza (1) rodrigo concepcion v

ca (1) Rodriguez (2) Rodriguez v. Hon. Presiding Judge of RTC Manila

Branch 17 (2) Roman Catholic Apostolic Administrator of Davao v. LRC

(2) Roman Catholic Bishop of Malolos v. IAC (2) roxas v de jesus (1)

rpc (1) rtc (2) rul 39 (1) rule 110 (3) rule 111 (1) rule 60 (1) rule on

summary procedure (1) rules of court (2) Rules on cover notes (1)

Sadaya v. Sevilla (2) Salas v. CA (2) sales (1) Sales de Gonzaga v

Crown Life Insurance Co (1) samar mining v nordeutcher lloyd (1) san

beda (1) san beda law (3) San Carlos Milling v. CIR (2) San Juan

Structural v. CA (2) San Miguel Brewery v Law Union (1) sante v.

claravall (1) saudi arabian airlines v ca (2) Saura Import Export Co v

Philippine International Surety Co (1) sc (1) sc 173 (1) sec 12 (1) sec 13

(1) sec 1314 (1) Sec 17 (1) sec 177 of the insurance code (1) Sec 18

(1) Sec 189 (1) sec 28 (1) sec 77 (2) sec 84 (1) Sec. 1 - 8 (1) Sec. 17 -

23 (1) Sec. 21 (1) Sec. 24 - 29 (1) Sec. 3 (4) Sec. 30-50 (1) Sec. 39

(2) Sec. 51-59 (1) Sec. 9 - 16 (1) Sec. of Justice v. Hon. Lantion (2)

Sec.39 (2) SECOND DIVISION (46) second part (1) secondarily

liable (1) secs 24 to 29 (1) Section 63 (2) securities and exchange

commission (2) securities regulation code (1) Security Bank v. Rizal

Commercial (2) Seguritan v. People (2) senator honasan (2) senior

citizen discount (2) sentence (1) Sep 21 (1) Separate Juridical

Personality (1) Sept. 24 2002 (1) september (1) September 1 (4)

September 11 (4) September 12 (2) September 14 (4)


September 15 (5) September 16 (2) September 17 (2) September
18 (2) September 21 (5) September 22 (2) September 23 (2)

September 24 (1) September 26 (4) September 27 (2) September

28 (6) September 29 (2) september 30 (4) September 4 (2)


September 5 (4) September 7 (2) Sharuff Co v Baloise Fire
Insurance Co (1) siliman (1) Silkair v. CIR (2) simple loan (2) Singapore

Airlines v Hon Ernani Cruz Pano (1) SMART Communications v.

Astrorga (1) So Ping Bun v ca (1) Social Security System v Davac (1)

South African Airways v. CIR (2010) (2) South Sea Surety and

Insurance Co v CA (1) Southern Luzon Employees and Ass v Golpeo

(1) Special Rules on Experts and Professionals (2) Spouses Gironella

v. PNB (2) src (1) SSS v Aguas (2) St Louis Realty Corporation v ca (1)

State Investment House Inc. v. CA (2) stipulation pour autrui (3)

Stipulations Cannot Be Segregated (2) Stock and Transfer Book (2)

Stockholders of F. Guanzon and Sons (2) Stonehill v. Diokno (2) Strebel

v Figueros (1) Strong Juridical Personality (2) study guide (1) sulpicio v

ca (2) Sumaplong v CA (1) supply (1) supreme court (3) surety bond

(1) sweet lines v teves (1) Tai Tong Chuache v Insurance Commission

(1) Tan v. SEC (2) Tan v. Sycip (2) Tanco Jr v Philippine Guaranty Co

(1) tax (1) tax 2 (10) tax 2 case digest (5) tax avoidance (2) tax
case digest (18) tax credit (3) tax evasion (2) tax exemption

(5) tax laws (1) tax refund (7) taxation (23) Tayag v. Benguet (2)
teleserv (1) Templation Inc (2) territoriality principle (1) The Universal

Declaration on Human Rights (1) Theory of Concession (2) THIRD


DIVISION (36) third part (1) tinga (1) Tiong v. Ting (2) To whom

torts and
insurance proceeds payable (1) top 10 (1) torts (4)

damages (172) torts and damages case


digest (79) torts and damages notes outline (5) Traders
Royal Bank v. CA (2) Traders Royal Bank v. Radio Philippines Network

Inc (2) transcendental importance (1) Transfers (2) transportation


(53) transportation case digest (27) Transportation notes (1)

transportation notes outline (1) Travel-On v. CA (2) Treachery (2) Triple

Eight v NLRC (1) Ty v First National Surety and Assurance Co Inc (1)

Types of Acquisitions (2) Types of Acquisitions/Transfers (2) U.S.

Jurisprudence (1) U.S. v. Bull (2) ultra vires (2) ultra vires act (1) unfair

labor practice (2) Unfounded Suits (4) United States v. Wells (2)

universal (1) universal declaration on human rights (1) university of the

philippines (1) unjust dismissal (2) up law (1) up law review (1) US (4)

US Jurisprudence (2) us v baggay (1) us v pineda (1) us v. ah sing (1)

us v. look chaw (2) USA v. Hon. Purganan (1) uson v del rosario (1) ust

(1) ust golden notes (1) ust notes (1) uy kaio eng v nixon lee (1) uy v

sandiganbayan (1) valenzuela v ca (2) Valenzuela v. People (2) Valle

Verde Country Club v. Africa (2) Vda Dde Consuegra v Governments

Service Insurance System (1) Velasco v. People (2) Velasquez v.

Solidbank Corp (2) Verendia v CA (1) Vicente R. de Ocampo v.

Gatchalian (2) Villanueva v Oro (1) Villanueva v. Nite (2) Vinuya v.

Malaya Lolas Organization (2) Violago v. BA Finance Corp (2) Violation

of Civil and Political Rights (1) Violation of Human Dignity and Privacy

(2) Voluntary Dealings (1) Voting Trust Agreements (2) waiver (2) Wee

Sion Ben v. Semexco/Zest Markering Corp (2) when corporate officers

(1) When Insurable Interest Must Exist (1) when negligent (2) White

Gold Marine Services Inc v Pioneer Insurance Surety Corp (1) Who are

liable after dissolution (2) Who Exercises Rights of Minor Insured or

Beneficiaries (1) Who may recover (3) who or whom (1) wills and
succession (38) withholding agent (2) Wright v Manila Electric (1)

Wright v. CA (1) writing (1) Yang v. CA (2) you and i (1) you and me (1)

zaldiva v reyes (1) zero rated (1)

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