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CONCRETE SPECIFICATION

NOTE - Formwork: Refer to Statement of architectural finishes


- Refer to Civil & Structural Engineering Requirements -
Included items cover main finishes and fixtures only
and should not be considered to provide complete 132 PROPPING
specification information - General: Prevent deflection and damage to the structure. Carry down
- Refer to Statement of architectural finishes relating to the props to bearings strong enough to provide adequate support throughout
aesthetic appearence of concrete concreting operations. All propping to be made out of timber to prevent
noise on site.
E10 MIXING/ CASTING/ CURING IN SITU CONCRETE - Method statement: Submit proposals for prop bearings and sequenceof
propping/repropping and backpropping.
101 SPECIFICATION - Timing of submission: To be agreed between the permanent works
- Concrete generally: To BS 8500-2 and BS EN 206 . designer and the temporary works coordinator .
- Exchange of information: Provide concrete producer with
information required by BS 8500-1, clauses 4 and 5. CONSTRUCTION

132 DESIGNED CONCRETE 310 ACCURACY


- Portland Limestone, CEM II/A-LL - General requirement for formwork: Accurately and robustly constructed
- Compressive strength class (cylinder/ cube minimum): Refer to produce finished concrete in the required positions and to the
to structural engineer specification . required dimensions.
- Aggregates: to comply with BS EN 12620 - Intersections, lines and angles: Gaps between boards can deviate up to
- Size (maximum): Graded aggregartes up to 20mm 5mm.
- Type/ Density: Coarse
- Water:cement ratio (maximum): 0.55 320 JOINTS IN FORMS
- Air content in situ (minimum): 4% . - Requirements including joints in form linings and between forms and
- Consistence class: S2 recommended unless otherwise agreed completed work:
- Permitted cement/ combinations: IIA-LL - Refer to Statement of architectural finishes relating to the aesthetic
- Chloride class: CL 0.40 . appearence of Concrete.
- Admixtures: All admixures to conform to BS EN 934-2 - Prevent loss of grout, using seals where necessary.
To avoid construction joints and increase both workability - Prevent formation of steps. Secure formwork tight against adjacent
and durability, a retarding superplasticiser is to be used. See concrete.
clause E10/418
- Untreated 38 sm larch wood boards to be cast onto the surface of floors. 330 INSERTS, HOLES AND CHASES
TBC - Positions and details:
Where possible, use holes made for niches. See formwork diagram A in Statement of
MATERIALS, BATCHING AND MIXING Architectural finishes.
- Undimensioned or from other sources: Submit proposals.
215 READY-MIXED CONCRETE - Positioning relative to reinforcement: Give notice of any conflicts well in
- Production plant: Currently certified by a body accredited by advance of placing concrete.
UKAS to BS EN 45011 for product conformity certification of - Method of forming: Fix inserts or box out as required. Do not cut hardened
ready-mixed concrete. concrete without approval.
- Source of ready-mixed concrete: Obtain from one source if
possible. Otherwise, submit proposals. 380 VOID FORMERS
- Name and address of depot: Submit before any concrete is - Manufacturer: Cordec
delivered. - Product reference: Fillcore EPS
- Delivery notes: Retain for inspection.
- Declarations of nonconformity from concrete producer: Notify 470 RELEASE AGENTS
immediately. - Use: All formwork.
- Product types: Compatible with formwork materials, specified formed finishes and
E20 Formwork for in situ concrete subsequent applied finishes. Use the same product throughout the entire area of any one finish.
- Protection: Prevent contact with reinforcement, hardened concrete, other materials not part
of the form face, and permanent forms.
121 FORMWORK DETAILS
- Provide full proposed formwork drawings for approval by the Project 510 STRIKING FORMWORK
Manager - Timing: Prevent any disturbance, damage or overloading of the permanent structure.

FORMED FINISHES
621 SMOOTH FINISH - Timing: Carry out at optimum times in relation to setting and hardening of
- Forms or form linings: Phenolic glue black faced film plywood. BS EN 635/636 concrete.
- Location: Within grave niches. Surfaces to be polished and waxed. - Prohibited treatments to concrete surfaces:
- Finish: Even and dense. - Wetting to assist surface working.
- Permissible deviation of surfaces: - Sprinkling cement.
- Sudden irregularities (maximum): none
- Gradual irregularities (maximum): 3 mm, when measured from the
underside of a 1 m straightedge, placed anywhere on surface. 230 BRUSHED FINISH
- Variations in colour: - Surface on completion: Light even texture. Brush in a radial manner.
- Permitted: Those caused by impermeable formwork linings. Refer o diagram 3 in Statement of Architectural finishes.
- Not permitted: Those caused by contamination or grout leakage.
- Surface blemishes:- Not permitted
- Cover spacers: Do not use. 530 SLIP RESISTANCE TESTING OF WEARING SURFACES
- Test: To BS 7976-2 using a Transport Research Laboratory (TRL)
Pendulum.
640 ROUGH BOARD FINISH - Timing: Give adequate notice.
Forms or form linings: Roughly sawn 38 cm thick larch wood boards - Test results: Submit, inclusive of slip resistance values (pendulum test
- Width of boards: Between 150-185mm value [PTV]), in the wet and dry states.
- Moisture content at time of casting: 18-25%.
Arrangement of boards: Vary textures to give uniform overall effect.
- Orientation of boards: Vertical
- End joints: Lined up horizontally
- Nail heads: Flush with surface.
Surface blemishes: Penetration of grout between boards is permitted. Wet pre-
assembled
forms with clean water before erecting and keep damp until concrete is placed.
Formwork tie holes: where possible they should go through the holes of the niches.
Above and below niches they should be lined up horizontally.
Subsequent finish: once struck and moisture content is suitable to manufacturers
recommendations applied with Anti graffiti protection as M60/192&193

E41 WORKED FINISHES TO IN SITU CONCRETE

To be read with Preliminaries/ General conditions.

110 MONOLITHIC CONCRETE WEARING SCREED:


- Thickness:
- Minimum: 10 mm.
- Maximum: 20 mm.

- Mix:
- Cements/ Combinations: To BS EN 197-1 and BS 8500-2.
- Fine aggregate: To BS EN 12620.
Grading limit: To BS EN 12620.
- Coarse aggregate: To BS EN 12620.
Grading limit: 98-100

- Construction:
- Lay and compact within three hours of laying base (less in hot
weather).
- Bleed water on base surface: None.
- Tolerances:
- Surface regularity: BS 8204 .
- Level: Permissible deviation of wearing surface from datum
(maximum): +-7mm.
- Finish: Brushed

- Curing: As section E10.

150 FINISHING
Soho_Cemetery

Statement of Architectural Finishes


2017_05_13
Introduction
This document has been prepared as an
addendum to the architectural specification, it is
intended to provide additional information on the
architectural finishes.
This document does not provide complete
specification information and should be read in
conjunction with the following documents:
Concrete Specification and drwaings

The overall intentions of the concrete specified for


the works at Soho Cemetery is to create a
concrete finish for the walls, floors and soffits for the
cemetery towers.The concrete mix should have a light
textured finish, developed through casting Portland
Limestone Cement using a formwork of larchwood
boards, intended to be reused as a latticework in the
facade.

Concrete mix overall:


To comply with BS 8500-2 and BS EN 206 .

Cement:
Portland Limestone Cement (PLC)
T0 comply with BS EN 197-1
Proportion of limestone 10-20%

Aggregates:

Size: mix of larger (20/14mm) and finer


(4/10mm) aggregates conforming to the grading
requirements of BS EN 12620
Shape: Angular/squared grains
Free of pyrites and sulphide contents within
appropriate limits.
Obtain from one source, and ensure that adequate
supplies can be maintained throughout the
contract.

Samples 1 Concrete water tower. Image for illustrative purposes only.


Small sample panels, 0.5x0.5m should be
developed first to explore an appropriate concrete
mix for both the exposed aggregate and acid
etched finishes.
Following the development of an appropriate mix
samples should be constructed which demonstrate
the required construction joints, arrises, fairfaced
surfaces, and trowelled surfaces
Vertical faces
(walls)
Finish:
Vertical formwork pattern from formwork boards.

Horizontal (top) faces


Finish:Trowelled/floated smooth to provide adequate fall
to top face to prevent water ponding, as E41/320.
Surface on completion: Uniform, smooth but not
polished, free from trowel marks and
blemishes. 4 Rondane lookout centre, Norway. Image is for
illustrative purposes only.
Construction joints:
Joints between formwork boards are expressed in a
uniform and distinct manner. Gaps is leaved between
boards (due to slanting wall) and a secondary layer seals
the formwork. (See diagram 1A)

1,3 Rondane lookout point, Norway.

Polished conrete, see spec. E20 621

Void formers, see spec E20 380

3 Benchmark image: Portland Limestone cement concrete


with clear formwork marks, showing grain and texture of
the timber. Image is for illustrative purposes only.

Reappropriated formwork. See spec E20 640

R70.00

Glassfiber reinforced concrete TBC

10-20 cm wearing screed with


inlaid timber boards. See spec. E41

R24.00

Cast in situ concrete see spec. E10 132

R24.00 Copper (TBC)

Cast in situ concrete beam, see spec. E10 132

R70.00

2 Image for illustrative purposes obly. See


tender drawings.
Formwork, walls

Timber propping, see specification

Formwork ties, see specification

Phenolic glue black film faced plywood,


see specification

Sawed larch wood boards,


see specification

Secondary form work in 19mm Plywood.


Direction of bend perpendicular to face
grain. Please provide alternative options
if applicable.

5 Diagram 1. Illustrating principle of formwork construction.


This is an illustrative example only, the intention is to create
a formwork entirely in timber that allows vertical boards to
be expressed in the concrete.
Formwork board layout wall

Larch wood timber boards. All boards to be parallell


to walls of niches.

Holes for niches (plywood formwork)

Gaps between bords. Expands towrds top. Leaking is


stopped by additional layer behind. (see diagram 1).

6 Diagram 2. Example of board formwork, unrolled and pro-


jected onto flat surface. Scale 1:20
Niches
General:
These surfaces are perhaps the most important in the
entire project. A plain polished had been chosen for its
neutral, dignified qualities which can then be added on
by the users. Preparations must therefore be made in
the concrete for attachement of additional fixtures.

Vertical faces
Finish:
Polished. Smooth and dense.
Surface on completion: Uniform and polished,
without blemishes.
Formwork: Phenolic glue black faced film plywood. (See
spec.)

Base horizontal faces 7 Benchmark image: Polished matte port-


Finish: land Limestone cement concrete.
Polished. Smooth and dense.
Surface on completion: Uniform and polished,
without blemishes. Sloped o provide adequate fall
to prevent water ponding. Polished conrete, see spec. E20 621

Soffit faces Void formers, see spec E20 380

Finish:
Polished. Smooth and dense.
Surface on completion: Uniform and polished,
without blemishes.

Reappropriated formwork. See spec E20 640

R70.00

Glassfiber reinforced concrete TBC

10-20 cm wearing screed with


inlaid timber boards. See spec. E41

R24.00

Cast in situ concrete see spec. E10 132

R24.00 Copper (TBC)

Cast in situ concrete beam, see spec. E10 132

R70.00

8 Image for illustrative purposes only. See


tender drawings.
Floor finishes
General: Floor finishes Brushing of concrete (plan diagram)
Due to the delicate nature of the construction process
(building on a functioning cemetery) Construction meth-
ods must be chosen that minimises the disturbance
on site. A rustic finish is desired that does not disrupt Wall
Floor
the monolitic appearance of the architecture. For these
purposes, a textured, directional brush finish has been
chosen.

Finish:
Brushed finished conrete wearing screed with cast in Floor
timber boards. See spec. E41 110

Slip resistance:
To provide a Pendulum test value (wet) of min. 60
to BS 7976.

Polished conrete, see spec. E20 621

Void formers, see spec E20 380

Reappropriated formwork. See spec E20 640

R70.00

Glassfiber reinforced concrete TBC

10-20 cm wearing screed with


inlaid timber boards. See spec. E41

R24.00

Cast in situ concrete see spec. E10 132


10 Brushed directional 11 Cast in timber boards, 12 Diagram 3. Principle of brushing directions.
R24.00 Copper (TBC)
concrete finish, see dia- Igualada cemetery. Diagramatic plan for illustrative puropses only. Not to
Cast in situ concrete beam, see spec. E10 132
gram 3. Image for illustrative scale.
purposes only. See
R70.00

specification.

9 Image for illustrative purposes only. See


tender drawings.
EMBALMING AND PREPARATION

CATAPHALQUE LIFT

PLANT ROOM

RAIN WATER TANK

FREEZER

RAIN WATER TANK


URN STORAGE

MORTUARY

SOIL UNDER MOUND


CATAPHALQUE LIFT

RAIN WATER TANK


RAIN WATER TANK

URN STORAGE

URN STORAGE

RAIN WATER TANK

Notes:

Do not scale from drawings.


Errors to be reported immediately to the Architect.
All dimensions to be checked on site.

Project Soho Cemetery


Client Westminster Council

Date May 2017


Scale / Format 1:500@A3
Drawing Name Basement plan

Drawing Number GA-100


Notes: Tower A

Tower B

Tower C

Tower D

Tower E

Tower F
Do not scale from drawings.
Errors to be reported immediately to the Architect.
All dimensions to be checked on site.

Project Soho Cemetery


Client Westminster Council

Date May 2017


Scale / Format 1:500@A3
Drawing Name Ground Floor Plan:
Location of Cemetery Towers

Drawing Number GA-101


Notes:

Do not scale from drawings.


Errors to be reported immediately to the Architect.
All dimensions to be checked on site.

Project Soho Cemetery


Client Westminster Council

Date May 2017


Scale / Format 1:500@A3
Drawing Name First floor plan

Drawing Number GA-102


Notes:

Do not scale from drawings.


Errors to be reported immediately to the Architect.
All dimensions to be checked on site.

Project Soho Cemetery


Client Westminster Council

Date May 2017


Scale / Format 1:500@A3
Drawing Name Sixth Floor Plan:

Drawing Number GA-107


DETAIL2

DETAIL1

DETAIL4

DETAIL3

Notes:

Do not scale from drawings.


Errors to be reported immediately to the Architect.
All dimensions to be checked on site.

Project Soho Cemetery


Client Westminster Council

Date May 2017


Scale / Format 1:500@A3
Drawing Name First floor plan

Drawing Number GA-xx


Polished conrete, see spec. E20 621

Void formers, see spec E20 380

Reappropriated formwork. See spec E20 640

R70.00

Glassfiber reinforced concrete TBC


Notes:

Do not scale from drawings.


Errors to be reported immediately to the Architect.
10-20 cm wearing screed with
All dimensions to be checked on site. inlaid timber boards. See spec. E41

Project Soho Cemetery


Client Westminster Council R24.00

Cast in situ concrete see spec. E10 132

Date May 2017


ScaleR24.00
/ Format 1:20@A3 Copper (TBC)
Drawing Name First floor plan
Cast in situ concrete beam, see spec. E10 132

Drawing Number XXXX


Notes:

Do not scale from drawings.


Errors to be reported immediately to the Architect.
All dimensions to be checked on site.

Project Soho Cemetery


Client Westminster Council

Date May 2017


Scale / Format 1:100@A3
Drawing Name Detail 2

Drawing Number GA-102


GROUNDFLOOR

Notes:
BASEMENT

Do not scale from drawings.


Errors to be reported immediately to the Architect.
All dimensions to be checked on site.

Project Soho Cemetery


Client Westminster Council

Date May 2017


Scale / Format 1:100@A3
Drawing Name Detail 3

Drawing Number GA-102


SKYLIGHT, TBC

CLT BEAM FOR OCCULUS ACCORDING TO ENGINEER

PLYWOOD 25MM TBC


VAPOUR BARRIER TBC
AIR GAP 42 MM

TIMBER 45X200 TBC

INSULATION 150MM TBC

VAPOUR BARRIER TBC

FRENCH
SCREW WITH
PLYWOOD 25MM TBC RUBBER HOSE

Notes: SEPARATE PACKAGE TBC

CEILING TIMBER BOARDS 25X140 TBC TRIPLE


GLAZED WIN-
Timber 45x275 TBC DOW
Do not scale from drawings.
Errors to be reported immediately to the Architect.
All dimensions to be checked on site.

Project Soho Cemetery


CONCRETE
Client Westminster Council BEARING PAD

Date May 2017


Scale / Format 1:10
Drawing Name Detail 4: Chapel Roof

Drawing Number GA-102


Cast in situ concrete beam,
see spec. E10 E20

Board marks from formwork


see spec. E10, E20 640

6215

Notes:

Do not scale from drawings.


Errors to be reported immediately to the Architect.
All dimensions to be checked on site.

Project Soho Cemetery


Client Westminster Council

Date May 2017


Scale / Format 1:100@A3
Drawing Name Reflected ceiling plan, Tower B 8th floor

Drawing Number GA-102