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Variables

Conductivity of air (Btu/hr/ft/F) 1.7 From table 'k-values"


Conductivity of pipe material (Btu/hr/ft/F) 0.106 From table 'k-values"
Length of pipe (ft.) 1 Enter '1' for Length of pipe variable.
Internal temperature of pipe (F) 105 Enter the internal fluid temp.
Ambient tempurature (F) 50 Enter the ambient air temp.
Internal diameter in inches: 1.592 From table
External diameter in inches: 1.9 From table
Inner radius of pipe (ft) 0.07
Outer radius of pipe (ft) 0.08
Inner surface area (ft) 0.42
Outer surface area (ft) 0.50

Total Pipe Length (ft): 40 Enter total length of pipe

Energy Cost

Cost per therm (USD): $1.00 Assume NW Natural Gas Sch. 31

Pipe Heat Loss Insulation Calculator

Heat loss per foot of pipe (BTUH): 30.2 Pipe o.d.: 1.9
Insulation thickness: 0.5
Total heat loss for pipe (BTUH): 1207.9 Insulation k-value: 0.0133
Inner surface area (ft) 0.50
Energy cost per day: $0.29 Outer surface area (ft) 0.63

Simple Payback Calculator Heat loss per foot of pipe (BTUH):

Savings per day: $0.22 Total heat loss for pipe (BTUH):

Cost of materials $20.00 Energy cost per day:


Cost of labor $15.00

Simple payback time (days) 158


f pipe variable.

From table 'k-values"

pipe (BTUH): 7.2

286.1

$0.07
PVC
Schedule 40 Schedule 80
Nominal Nominal
Pipe O.D. Average Min. Nominal Max. Pipe O.D. Average Min. No
Size I.D. Wall Wt./Ft. W.P. Size I.D. Wall Wt
(in) PSI (in)
1/8 .405 .261 .068 .045 810 1/8 .405 .203 .095 .
1/4 .540 .354 .088 .081 780 1/4 .540 .288 .119 .
3/8 .675 .483 .091 .109 620 3/8 .675 .407 .126 .
1/2 .840 .608 .109 .161 600 1/2 .840 .528 .147 .
3/4 1.050 .810 .113 .214 480 3/4 1.050 .724 .154 .
1 1.315 1.033 .133 .315 450 1 1.315 .935 .179 .
1-1/4 1.660 1.364 .140 .426 370 1-1/4 1.660 1.256 .191 .
1-1/2 1.900 1.592 .145 .509 330 1-1/2 1.900 1.476 .200 .
2 2.375 2.049 .154 .682 280 2 2.375 1.913 .218 .
2-1/2 2.875 2.445 .203 1.076 300 2-1/2 2.875 2.289 .276 1.
3 3.500 3.042 .216 1.409 260 3 3.500 2.864 .300 1.
3-1/2 4.000 3.520 .226 1.697 240 3-1/2 4.000 3.326 .318 2.
4 4.500 3.998 .237 2.006 220 4 4.500 3.786 .337 2.
5 5.563 5.017 .258 2.726 190 5 5.563 4.767 .375 3.
6 6.625 6.031 .280 3.535 180 6 6.625 5.709 .432 5.
8 8.625 7.943 .322 5.305 160 8 8.625 7.565 .500 8.
10 10.750 9.976 .365 7.532 140 10 10.750 9.492 .593 11.
12 12.750 11.890 .406 9.949 130 12 12.750 11.294 .687 16.
14 14.000 13.072 .437 11.810 130 14 14.000 12.410 .750 19.
16 16.000 14.940 .500 15.416 130 16 16.000 14.214 .843 25.
18 18.000 16.809 .562 20.112 130 18 18.000 16.014 .937 31.
20 20.000 18.743 .593 23.624 120 20 20.000 17.814 1.031 40.
24 24.000 22.544 .687 32.873 120 24 24.000 21.418 1.218 56.

Copper Pipe
Nominal I.D. Wall Thickness
O.D.
Pipe Size K L M DWV K L M
1/4" 0.375 0.305 0.315 - - 0.035 0.03 -
3/8" 0.5 0.402 0.43 0.45 - 0.049 0.035 0.025
1/2" 0.625 0.527 0.545 0.569 - 0.049 0.04 0.028
5/8" 0.75 0.652 0.666 - - 0.049 0.042 -
3/4" 0.875 0.745 0.785 0.811 - 0.065 0.045 0.032
1" 1.125 0.995 1.025 1.055 - 0.065 0.05 0.035
1-1/4" 1.375 1.245 1.265 1.291 1.295 0.065 0.055 0.042
1-1/2" 1.625 1.481 1.505 1.527 1.541 0.072 0.06 0.049
2" 2.125 1.959 1.985 2.009 2.041 0.083 0.07 0.058
2-1/2" 2.625 2.435 2.465 2.495 - 0.095 0.08 0.065
3" 3.125 2.907 2.945 2.981 3.03 0.109 0.09 0.072

Enter the o.d. and i.d in the calculator. The wall thickness is calculated automatically.
For most commercial and residential applications type 'L' copper tubing is used.
Use these values if the tubing type is unknown.

For underground applications type 'K' is used.

Type 'M' tubing is used in residential and some light commercial applications.
O.D. Average Min. Nominal Max.
I.D. Wall Wt./Ft. W.P.
PSI
405 .203 .095 .058 1230
540 .288 .119 .100 1130
675 .407 .126 .138 920
840 .528 .147 .202 850
.050 .724 .154 .273 690
.315 .935 .179 .402 630
.660 1.256 .191 .554 520
.900 1.476 .200 .673 470
.375 1.913 .218 .932 400
.875 2.289 .276 1.419 420
.500 2.864 .300 1.903 370
.000 3.326 .318 2.322 350
.500 3.786 .337 2.782 320
.563 4.767 .375 3.867 290
.625 5.709 .432 5.313 280
.625 7.565 .500 8.058 250
.750 9.492 .593 11.956 230
.750 11.294 .687 16.437 230
.000 12.410 .750 19.790 220
.000 14.214 .843 25.430 220
.000 16.014 .937 31.830 220
.000 17.814 1.031 40.091 220
.000 21.418 1.218 56.882 210

hickness
DWV
-
-
-
-
-
-
0.04
0.042
0.042
-
0
BTU/hr-ft-F
Air Film
Still air 1.65
7.5 mph wind 4
15 mph wind 6

Pipe material k-value


Copper 232
PVC 0.106

Insulation k-value

Expanded polyurethane: 0.0133


Fiberglass 0.02