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Elia Hunggurami 1)

1) Lecturer, Civil Engineering Department, University of Nusa Cendana

e-mail: eliahungurami@yahoo.com

Yosafat Sepriyanto Touselak 2)

2) Graduated student, Civil Engineering Department, University of Nusa Cendana

e-mail: chuayank.46@gmail.com

Hj. A. Kumalawati 3)

3) Lecturer, Civil Engineering Department, University of Nusa Cendana

ABSTRACT

The district is an area with the greatest potential pumice in East Nusa Tenggara. Pumice limited

usage and the potential availability of the shows that pumice has not been used optimally. Seeing

its potential, then another attempt to capitalize on this pumice is used as an alternative to coarse

aggregate in normal concrete mix. This will affect the quality of the concrete, so this study aims

to determine the compressive strength and split tensile strength of concrete when coarse

aggregate in concrete partially substituted by using a pumice stone. Specimens used were as

many as 60 concrete cylindrical specimens with 30 MPa compressive strength plan. Pumice

stone is used on concrete with substitution of the broken stone. Substitution percentage was 15%,

25%, and 50%. Concrete testing is given 3 different treatment that uses natural pumice stone,

pumice stone after the coating as well as the addition of chemicals given in the form of sikafume

and sikament Ln. Based on test results, the concrete with substitution levels of 15%, 25%, and

50% lower compressive strength, whereas when given some treatment

increases the compressive strength.

PRELIMINARY

In the development of concrete technology, many found new concrete results

modification. One is a lightweight concrete that is concrete with Using a mild

aggregate or combined with a normal aggregate such So as to produce

concrete with a smaller content weight (lighter) than Normal concrete that

aims to reduce its own weight from the structure against Component

supporting structure The pumice stone is one of the mild aggregates that are

widely found in East Nusa Tenggara Province. However, with the use of

Floating Stone by Local communities are still limited, while its availability is

so great Shows that pumice stone has not been optimally utilized. Look Its

potential, then another attempt to exploit this pumice stone is with Using it

as an alternative to rough aggregates on concrete mixtures normal. The

purpose of this study is to find out how much compressive strength and pull.

When a concrete aggregate is reached in the concrete mixture Substituted

with pumice stone.

THEORETICAL BASIS

et.al., "The Use of Pumice from Lembata Regency as Light Aggregate Partial

Substitute of Crude Aggregates on Normal Concrete Mixes 107Concrete is

obtained from mixing of fine and coarse aggregate materials ie sand And

pebbles or other similar materials, by adding sufficient materials Cement

adhesives, and water as auxiliary materials for the purposes of chemical

reactions during Process of hardening and maintenance of concrete takes

place. Aggregate smooth and roughIs the main component of concrete. Value

of strength and durability of concrete Is a function of many factors, such as

the value of the mixed appeal and Quality of stacking materials, casting

method of execution, finishing, temperature, And hardening treatment

conditions. (Dipohusodo, I. 1994) The concrete base material consists of

Portland cement, aggregate (fine aggregate And rough) and water. Portland

cement is the resulting hydraulic cement by the way Grinding Portland

cement slag mainly consisting of calcium silicate Which is hydraulic and

milled together with an additive of one Or more of a crystalline form of a

calcium sulfate compound and may be added to the material Other additions

(SNI 15 - 2049 - 2004). The fine aggregate is a filler material. Used together

with binders and water to form a dense mixture and hard. The fine aggregate

in question is the hard mineral granules with Large grains ranging from 0.15

mm to 5 mm (Tjokrodimuldjo, 2007). Aggregate is rough Is an aggregate

larger than 6 mm. The nature of aggregate is rough Affecting the hard end

strength of the concrete and its resistance to disintegration Concrete,

weather, and other destructive effects. Rough aggregates should be clean of

materials - Organic materials, and must have a good bond with the cement.

Water inside Concrete mixture serves to hydrate the cement and greatly

determines workability Of cement work. Water used on concrete mixtures

should be clean and free Of ingredients containing oil, acids, alkalis, salts,

organic matter or Other materials adverse to concrete or reinforcement (SNI

03 -2847 - 2002).

RESEARCH METHODS

Material Pumice stone comes from Ile Kimok Village, Atadei District, Regency

Lembata. Some of the physical properties obtained from the testing of

pumice stone are heavy Type of 0.77 gr / cm3 and fine modulus of granules

of 7.05. To reduce Pores of pumice stone that affect the nature of water

absorption and weak bonds Journal of Civil Engineering Vol. II. No. 2,

September 2013 Hunggurami, E, et.al., "The Use of Pumice from Lembata

Regency as Light Aggregate Partial Substitute of Crude Aggregates on

Normal Concrete Mixes 108 Between the aggregate and the mortar at the

interface zone, then an improvement is made Surface of pumice (coating) by

using cement paste. Coating materials Using water and cement at a ratio of

1: 1 of the weight of cement. Coating materials Then mixed with pumice for

about 3 minutes. Mixed results Is dried at room temperature for

approximately 3 weeks for the cement Hardened so as not to affect the

cement water factor. The absorption test is performed To know the change of

surface of pumice stone before and after Coating (Figure 1). The results of

the pre-coating absorption test were 36.07% and After coating of 11.85%.

The fine aggregate used is natural sand derived from the canary. Aggregate

The normal rough used is a crushed stone that comes from the notes by size

Maximum 30 mm. The cement used is Portland Type I cement. Aggregate

testing Alus and coarse according to SNI standard. Figure 1. Floating Stone

After Coating & Coating Before Test objects The quality of the concrete mix is

planned at 30 MPa. At 28 days Tested all the test items

concrete compressive strength is done at 28 days concrete age. Test resul

Compressive strength can be seen in Table 1. Journal of Civil Engineering Vol.

II. No. 2, September 2013 Hunggurami, E, et.al., "The Use of Pumice from

Lembata Regency as Light Aggregate Partial Substitute of Crude Aggregates

on Normal Concrete Concrete 111 Table 1. Strong Test Results Press and

Strength Drag the Concrete With% Substitution of Floating Stone

then Used materials added Sikament Ln. Meanwhile, to overcome the weak

bond Between the aggregate and the mixture is done by adding the mineral

material Sikafume. Then to fix the pores in the pumice stone is done By

coating the pumice stone with cement paste. Test result To the specimen

shows an increase in compressive strength and tensile strength As shown in

Tables 2 and 3, as well as Figures 4 and 5

From Table 2 and Figure 4, it can be seen that the test results of compressive

strength and Drag the 25% substitution concrete test pieces with the coating

of the stone pores Buoyancy with cement paste produces a compressive

strength increase and tensile strength Amounted to 3.92% and 1.80%

compared with 25% substitution test piece without Coating the pores

(coating) on pumice stone, but when compared with Normal concrete test

object is decrease of compressive strength and tensile strength equal to 19%

And 9.87%. And test results of compressive strength and tensile substitution

of concrete test pieces 25% with the use of added materials in the form of

Sikafume and Sikament Ln Resulting in a rise in compressive strength and

tensile strength of 5.25% and 12.95% Compared with 25% substitution

concrete test pieces without the use of added materials Sikafume and

Sikament Ln, but when compared with normal concrete test specimens A

decrease in compressive strength of 17.96% and in the tensile strength did

not occur Decrease or increase in strength. When the 25% substitution

concrete test object with Coating the pores (coating) in add with added

materials will occur Increase in compressive strength and tensile strength of

23.04% and 14.39% respectively With a 25% substitution concrete test piece

without the use of pore pore coating (Coating) and added materials, but

when compared with normal concrete test specimens A decrease in

compressive strength by 4.09% and in tensile strength experienced An

increase of 1.27%.

From Table 3 and Figure 5, it can be seen that the test results of compressive

strength and Drag the 50% substitution concrete test pieces by coating the

stone pores Buoyancy with cement paste produces a compressive strength

increase and tensile strength By 4.34% and 3.73% compared with 50%

substitution test piece without Coating the pores (coating) on pumice stone,

but when compared with Normal concrete test object is decreasing of

compressive strength and tensile strength equal to 35.27% and 20.38%

respectively. And test results of compressive strength and tensile of concrete

test objects 50% substitution with the use of added materials in the form of

Sikafume and Sikament Ln Resulting in a rise in compressive strength and

tensile strength of 9.84% and 4.56% Compared with 50% substitution

concrete test pieces without using added materials Sikafume and Sikament

Ln, but when compared with normal concrete test specimens A decrease in

compressive strength and tensile strength of 31.86% and 19.75%. If

50% substitution concrete test material with pore coating is added With the

added ingredients Sikafume and Sikament Ln will be increment of

compressive strength and Tensile strength of 12.57% and 4.56% compared

with concrete test objects 50% substitution without the use of coating of

pores (coatings) and added materials Sikafume and Sikament Ln, but when

compared with normal concrete test specimens A decrease in compressive

strength and tensile strength by 30.17% and 19.75%.

CONCLUSION

et.al., "The Use of Pumice from Lembata Regency as Light Aggregate Partial

Substitute of Crude Aggregates on Normal Concrete Mixture 118 Based on

the results of research and discussion can be concluded as follows:

tensile strength of concrete Is the substitution of pumice against crushed

stone with content of 0%, 15%, 25%, and 50%, respectively yielding a

compressive strength of 27.84 MPa, 21.89 MPa, 21.70 MPa, and 17.27 MPa.

There is a decrease of compressive strength against concrete Normal at

21.37%, 22.06%, and 37.96%. The same thing happened to Testing of tensile

strengths that successively produce strength Of 3.14 MPa, 2.93 MPa, 2.78

MPa, and 2.41 MPa. There was a decrease in strength Against the normal

concrete by 6.69%, 11.47%, and 23.25%.

the compressive strength and tensile strength of concrete are as follows: A.

Substitution of pumice against crushed stone with 25% content with coating

Pore pits (coatings) using paste cement to produce Compressive strength

and tensile strength of 22.55 MPa and 2.83 MPa. Happen

when Compared with 25% substitution concrete without pore-hole coating on

Pumice (coating). But when compared with normal concrete occurs Decrease

of compressive strength and tensile strength by 19% and 9.87%. B.

Substitution of pumice against crushed stone with 50% content with coating

Pore pits (coatings) using paste cement to produce Compressive strength

and tensile strength of 18.02 MPa and 2.50 MPa. Happen Increase in

compressive strength and tensile strength of 4.34% and 3.73% if Compared

with 50% substitution concrete without pore-hole coating on Pumice

(coating). But when compared with normal concrete occurs Decrease of

compressive strength and tensile strength equal to 35,27% and 20,38%. 3.

Effect of pumice with the addition of added materials to the compressive

strength and The tensile strength of concrete is as follows:

The use of added materials in the form of Sikafume and Sikament Ln produce

Compressive strength and tensile strength of 22.84 MPa and 3.14 MPa.

Happen Increase in compressive strength and tensile strength of 5.25% and

12.95% Compared with 25% substitution concrete without the use of added

materials. However, when compared with the normal concrete there is a

decrease in compressive strength

The use of added materials in the form of Sikafume and Sikament Ln produce

Compressive strength and tensile strength of 18.97 MPa and 2.52 MPa.

Happen Increase in compressive strength and tensile strength of 9.84% and

4.56% Compared with 50% substitution concrete without using added

ingredients. However, when compared with the normal concrete there is a

decrease in compressive strength And tensile strength of 31.86% and

19.75%.

addition of added materials to compressive strength and tensile strength of

concrete

are as follows:

coating Pores (coating) and added with added materials in the form Sikafume

and Sikament Ln produce a power of 26.70 MPa and 3.18 MPa. There was a

rise in compressive strength and tensile strength of 23.04% And 14.39%

compared to 25% substitution concrete without using Coating pores

(coatings) and added materials. But when compared With normal concrete a

decrease in compressive strength of 4.09% and at Tensile strength

experienced an increase of 1.27%.

coating Pores (coatings) added with added materials in the form of Sikafume

and Sikament Ln produces a power of 19.44 MPa and 2.52 MPa. Happen

Increase in compressive strength and tensile strength of 12.57% and 4.56%

Compared with 50% substitution concrete without using coating Pore

(coating) and added materials. But when compared with The normal concrete

decline in compressive strength and tensile strength of 30.17% And 19.75%.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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Aggregate

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