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Steel Bars

Special Quality

Introduction

In the continuing development of the automobile, electrical and industrial machinery, and related parts manufacturing industries, products of high- er quality and higher performance are more than ever being pursued. Special steel bars produced by Nippon Steel have been extensive- ly applied in such operations as hot forging, cold heading, machining and cold-finishing, and have won a high reputation among users. Nippon Steel is making efforts to improve still further the quality of its special bars by means of advanced production technology, up-to- date facilities and the company’s many years of production experience.

and the company’s many years of production experience. NOTICE: WHILE EVERY EFFORT HAS BEEN MADE TO

NOTICE: WHILE EVERY EFFORT HAS BEEN MADE TO ENSURE THE ACCURACY OF THE INFORMATION CONTAINED WITHIN THIS PUBLICATION, THE USE OF THE INFORMATION IS AT THE READER’S RISK AND NO WARRANTY IS IMPLIED OR EXPRESSED BY NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION WITH RESPECT TO THE USE OF INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN. THE INFORMATION IN THIS PUBLICATION IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE OR MODIFICATION WITHOUT NOTICE. PLEASE CONTACT THE NIPPON STEEL OFFICE FOR THE LATEST INFORMATION.

CONTENTS

Features …………………………………………………………… 1

Major Production Processes ………………………………… 2

Main Equipment ………………………………………………… 4

Bundling and Marking ………………………………………… 5

Applications ……………………………………………………… 6 Available Sizes …………………………………………………… 8

Available Steel Grades ……………………………………… 10

References ……………………………………………………… 22

Research & Development …………………………………… 23 Inquiries and Orders ………………………………………… 23

Features

Features 1 Sound, Uniform Internal Quality and Excellent Heat Treatability ● High-purity steel is made in

1 Sound, Uniform Internal Quality and Excellent Heat Treatability

High-purity steel is made in an integrated blast furnace / basic oxy- gen furnace process, using selected raw materials. Nonmetallic inclusions are nearly eliminated by degassing and ladle-refining processes and ultrasonic flaw detection. Segregation is reduced by use of a continuous casting facility incorporating electromagnetic stirring.

2 Excellent Surface Quality

Excellent surface quality, exactly suited to each application, is achieved through quality control and use of the latest inspection sys- tems, such as magnaflux flaw detection and eddy-current inspection.

3 Superior Shape and Dimensional Accuracy

Use of the V-H rolling process and a modified cooling bed that caus- es less bending yields products of superior cross-sectional shape, dimensional accuracy and straightness.

4 Wide Variety of Product Sizes and Steel Grades

Size range: 19 120 mm in diameter for round bars 42 162 mm in section dimensions for square bars Steel grades: carbon steel, boron steel, alloy steel, free-cutting steel

Major Production Processes

Major Production Processes Reheating Furnace Compact High Reduction Billet Mill UST Basic Oxygen Furnace Ladle Furnace
Reheating Furnace Compact High Reduction Billet Mill UST Basic Oxygen Furnace Ladle Furnace Degassing Reheating
Reheating Furnace
Compact High Reduction Billet Mill
UST
Basic Oxygen Furnace
Ladle Furnace
Degassing
Reheating Furnace
Electric Furnace
Continuous Casting
Blooming Mill
Billet Mill
Blast Furnace
19~120φ
Automatic Magnaflux
Automatic Milling
Flaw Detector
Cutter
Reheating Furnace
Bar Mill
Inspection of Flaws, Size and Shapes
Bundling, Tagging
Shipment
Blast Furnace
Blast Furnace

Basic Oxygen Furnace

Tagging Shipment Blast Furnace Basic Oxygen Furnace Billet Grinder Bar Rolling Degassing Continuous Casting

Billet Grinder

Shipment Blast Furnace Basic Oxygen Furnace Billet Grinder Bar Rolling Degassing Continuous Casting Cooling Bed

Bar Rolling

Blast Furnace Basic Oxygen Furnace Billet Grinder Bar Rolling Degassing Continuous Casting Cooling Bed Finishing 2
Blast Furnace Basic Oxygen Furnace Billet Grinder Bar Rolling Degassing Continuous Casting Cooling Bed Finishing 2

Degassing

Blast Furnace Basic Oxygen Furnace Billet Grinder Bar Rolling Degassing Continuous Casting Cooling Bed Finishing 2

Continuous Casting

Blast Furnace Basic Oxygen Furnace Billet Grinder Bar Rolling Degassing Continuous Casting Cooling Bed Finishing 2

Cooling Bed

Blast Furnace Basic Oxygen Furnace Billet Grinder Bar Rolling Degassing Continuous Casting Cooling Bed Finishing 2

Finishing

Main Equipment

Main Equipment Iron and Steel Making Equipment Muroran Works Blast Furnace 5,600 tons / day 1
Iron and Steel Making Equipment Muroran Works Blast Furnace 5,600 tons / day 1 Basic
Iron and Steel Making
Equipment
Muroran Works
Blast Furnace
5,600 tons / day
1
Basic Oxygen Furnace
270 tons / heat
2
Continuous Caster
LF, RH
Degassing Equipment
350×560 mm (4 strands)
220×220 mm (6 strands)
1
1
Billet Mill and Conditioning Equipment Muroran Works Reversing Mill Continuous Mill (6 stands) Continuous Mill
Billet Mill and Conditioning
Equipment
Muroran Works
Reversing Mill
Continuous Mill (6 stands)
Continuous Mill (4 stands)
Hot Scarfer
1
1
Billet Mill
1
2
Shot Blasting Machine
Ultrasonic Flaw Detector
Magnaflux Flaw Detector
Conditioning Grinder
1
1
Billet Conditioning
(Automatic 1, Manual 1)
(Automatic 1, Manual 2)
Rolling Equipment Muroran Works Rolling Mill Full Continuous H-V Type (20 stands) Reducing & Sizing
Rolling
Equipment
Muroran Works
Rolling Mill
Full Continuous H-V Type (20 stands)
Reducing & Sizing Block
1
1
Cooling Bed
Rake (Rechen) Type with Slow Cooling Cover
1
Steel Bar
2
Shear
Cold Shear, 500 tons
Cold Shear, 900 tons
1
1
In-line Detector
Hot Eddy Current Tester
Profilemeter
3
Finishing Equipment Muroran Works Ultrasonic Flaw Detector Automatic Flaw Detector Magnaflux Flaw Detector Automatic
Finishing
Equipment
Muroran Works
Ultrasonic Flaw Detector
Automatic Flaw Detector
Magnaflux Flaw Detector
Automatic Binder
3
3
Finishing
1
3

Bundling and Marking

Bundling

Bundling and Marking Bundling Bundling Weight: Approx. 2 tons Bundling Method: Bundle points (3 or 4
Bundling Weight: Approx. 2 tons Bundling Method: Bundle points (3 or 4 points)
Bundling Weight: Approx. 2 tons
Bundling Method: Bundle points (3 or 4 points)

Marking

Bar Size: 19100 mm

1. Label is attached at one end of each bar.

NIPPON STEEL CORP. MADE IN JAPAN NIPPON STEEL CORP. MADE IN JAPAN
NIPPON STEEL CORP.
MADE IN JAPAN
NIPPON STEEL CORP.
MADE IN JAPAN

Bar Size: exceeding 101 mm

Size: 2135 mm

Size: 36100 mm

1. Label is attached at one end of each bar. B. NO. CAST. NO. G
1. Label is attached at one end of each bar.
B. NO.
CAST. NO.
G R D
SIZE
LENG.
NO. OF PCS.
LOT NO.
NIPPON STEEL CORP.
MADE IN JAPAN
2. Tag: One tag per bundle (GRD) DIN20MNCR5 (SIZE×LENG.) 56.00X5500 MM (HT) CAST NO. NO.
2. Tag: One tag per bundle
(GRD) DIN20MNCR5
(SIZE×LENG.) 56.00X5500
MM (HT)
CAST NO.
NO. OF PCS.
CK 2284
15
WEIGHT
LOT NO.
K31868X TB02 03
CONTRACT NO.
BUNDLE NO.
INS. NO.
NIPPON STEEL CORP., MURORAN WORKS
MADE IN JAPAN

2. Tag: None

Applications

Applications Non QT Steel Case Hardened Steel Cold Heading Steel Spring Steel Bearing Steel Steering Gear
Non QT Steel Case Hardened Steel Cold Heading Steel Spring Steel Bearing Steel Steering Gear
Non QT Steel
Case Hardened Steel
Cold Heading Steel
Spring Steel
Bearing Steel
Steering Gear
Drive Shaft (Rear)
Constant Velocity
Universal Joint (Rear)
Cam Shaft
Value Spring
Differential Gear (Rear)
Crank Shaft
Connecting Rod
Lower Arm
Suspension
Springs (Rear)
Drive Shaft (Front)
Constant Velocity Universal Joint (Front)
Transmission Gear
Hub (Rear)
Stabilizer (Front)
Stabilizer (Rear)
Joint Yoke
Propeller Shaft
Differential Gear (Front)
Knuckle Spindle (Rear)
Suspension Springs (Front)
Knuckle Spindle (Front)
Hub (Front)
Transmission
Engine
Suspension

Automobiles

Engine Parts

Transmission Engine Suspension Automobiles Engine Parts Cam Shaft Crank Shaft Connecting Rod Connecting Rod Common

Cam Shaft

Engine Suspension Automobiles Engine Parts Cam Shaft Crank Shaft Connecting Rod Connecting Rod Common Rail T

Crank Shaft

Suspension Automobiles Engine Parts Cam Shaft Crank Shaft Connecting Rod Connecting Rod Common Rail T ransmission
Suspension Automobiles Engine Parts Cam Shaft Crank Shaft Connecting Rod Connecting Rod Common Rail T ransmission

Connecting Rod

Engine Parts Cam Shaft Crank Shaft Connecting Rod Connecting Rod Common Rail T ransmission Parts Steering

Connecting Rod

Common Rail

Transmission Parts

Steering
Steering
Worm Shaft
Worm Shaft
Knuckle Spindle
Knuckle Spindle

Hub

Constant Velocity Joints

Steering Worm Shaft Knuckle Spindle Hub Constant Velocity Joints T ransmission Gear Spindle Propeller Shaft, Yoke

Transmission Gear

Steering Worm Shaft Knuckle Spindle Hub Constant Velocity Joints T ransmission Gear Spindle Propeller Shaft, Yoke

Spindle

Steering Worm Shaft Knuckle Spindle Hub Constant Velocity Joints T ransmission Gear Spindle Propeller Shaft, Yoke

Propeller Shaft, Yoke

Available Sizes

Av ailable Sizes

Round Bars

 

Size

mm

 

inch

19

 

20

 

21

 

22

 

22.22

7/8

23

 

24

 

25

 

25.40

1

26

 

28

 

28.58

1 1/8

30

 

31.75

 

1 1/4

32

 

34

 

34.92

 

1 3/8

35

 

36

 

37

 

38

 

38.10

 

1 1/2

39

 

40

 

41.28

1 5/8

42

 

43

 

44

 

44.45

1 3/4

45

 

46

 
 

Size

 

mm

   

inch

47.62

1

7/8

48

 

48.5

   

50

 

50.80

2

52

 

53.98

2

1/8

54

 

55

 

56

 

57.15

2

1/4

58

 

60

 

62

 

63.50

2

1/2

64

 

65

 

66

 

66.68

2

5/8

68

 

69.85

 

2

3/4

70

 

72

 

73

 

73.02

2

7/8

75

 

76.20

3

78

 

79.38

 

3

1/8

80

 

82

 

Notes: 1. Sizes not listed above can be manufactured subject to negotiation. 2. For sizes marked with , prior consultations are necessary.

 

Size

 

mm

 

inch

82.55

3

1/4

83

 

84

 

85

 

86

 

87

 

90

 

92.08

3

5/8

95

 

95.25

3

3/4

100

 

105

 

110

 

115

 

120

 

125

 

130

 

135

 

140

 

145

 

150

 

155

 

160

 

170

 

180

 

190

 

200

 

210

 

220

 

230

 

240

 

Square Bars (R. C. S.)

 

Size

 

mm

   

inch

55

 

57.15

2

1/4

58.7

2

5/16

60

 

63.50

2

1/2

65

 
 

Size

Size

mm

inch

mm

inch

70

 

100

 

75

 

120

 

80

 

150

 

83

 

162

 

85

 

90

 

Notes: 1. Sizes not listed above can be manufactured subject to negotiation.

2. For sizes marked with , prior consultations are necessary.

Length 3.5~8 m (12~26 ft) Diameter: 19~120 mm Round Bar 5.0~7.2 m (17~23 ft) Diameter:
Length
3.5~8 m
(12~26 ft)
Diameter:
19~120 mm
Round Bar
5.0~7.2 m
(17~23 ft)
Diameter: over 120~240 mm
3.5~8 m
(12~26 ft)
Side length:
40~90 mm
Square Bar
5.0~10.2 m (16~33 ft)
Side length: over 90~162 mm

Tolerance

According to JIS G 4051-2005 Item To lerance Tolerances on diameter or width across flats
According to JIS G 4051-2005
Item
To lerance
Tolerances on diameter or
width across flats
±1.5% with the minimum value of 0.4 mm
Ovality or out-of-square
Not exceeding 70% of range of tolerance on diameter or width across flats
+40 mm
For length not exceeding 7 m
  0 mm
To lerances on length
For length exceeding 7 m
Add 5 mm to the above plus-side tolerance for every increase
of 1 m or its fraction
Radius of corners
10~20% of width across flats, as a rule
Tw ist
To be practically straight
Deviation in straightness
Not exceeding 3 mm for every 1 m and not exceeding 3 mm×length (m) / 1 m for total length

Notes: 1. For products regarding special control for size tolerances, please consult us.

2. AISI bar tolerance is available.

3. Ovality is measured as the difference between the maximum and minimum diameters of the same cross section. Out-of-square is measured as the difference between parallel faces of the same cross section.

Available Steel Grades

Av ailable Steel Grades SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) and AISI (American lron and Steel Institute)

SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) and AISI (American lron and Steel Institute)

(1) Carbon Steels (SAE J403)

Table 1 Nonresulfurized Carbon Steels

Chemical composition limits, % * UNS No. SAE/AISI No. C Mn P, max. S, max.
Chemical composition limits, % *
UNS No.
SAE/AISI No.
C
Mn
P, max.
S, max.
G10050
1005
0.06
max.
0.35
max.
0.030
0.050
G10060
1006
0.08
max.
0.25
– 0.40
0.030
0.050
G10080
1008
0.10
max.
0.30
– 0.50
0.030
0.050
G10100
1010
0.08
– 0.13
0.30
– 0.60
0.030
0.050
G10120
1012
0.10
– 0.15
0.30
– 0.60
0.030
0.050
G10130
1013
0.11
– 0.16
0.30
– 0.60
0.030
0.050
G10150
1015
0.13
– 0.18
0.30
– 0.60
0.030
0.050
G10160
1016
0.13
– 0.18
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
0.050
G10170
1017
0.15
– 0.20
0.30
– 0.60
0.030
0.050
G10180
1018
0.15
– 0.20
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
0.050
G10190
1019
0.15
– 0.20
0.70
– 1.00
0.030
0.050
G10200
1020
0.18
– 0.23
0.30
– 0.60
0.030
0.050
G10210
1021
0.18
– 0.23
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
0.050
G10220
1022
0.18
– 0.23
0.70
– 1.00
0.030
0.050
G10230
1023
0.20
– 0.25
0.30
– 0.60
0.030
0.050
G10250
1025
0.22
– 0.28
0.30
– 0.60
0.030
0.050
G10260
1026
0.22
– 0.28
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
0.050
G10290
1029
0.25
– 0.31
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
0.050
G10300
1030
0.28
– 0.34
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
0.050
G10350
1035
0.32
– 0.38
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
0.050
G10370
1037
0.32
– 0.38
0.70
– 1.00
0.030
0.050
G10380
1038
0.35
– 0.42
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
0.050
G10390
1039
0.37
– 0.44
0.70
– 1.00
0.030
0.050
G10400
1040
0.37
– 0.44
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
0.050
G10420
1042
0.40
– 0.47
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
0.050
G10430
1043
0.40
– 0.47
0.70
– 1.00
0.030
0.050
G10440
1044
0.43
– 0.50
0.30
– 0.60
0.030
0.050
G10450
1045
0.43
– 0.50
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
0.050
G10460
1046
0.43
– 0.50
0.70
– 1.00
0.030
0.050
G10490
1049
0.46
– 0.53
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
0.050
G10500
1050
0.48
– 0.55
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
0.050
G10530
1053
0.48
– 0.55
0.70
– 1.00
0.030
0.050
G10550
1055
0.50
– 0.60
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
0.050
G10600
1060
0.55
– 0.65
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
0.050
G10650
1065
0.60
– 0.70
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
0.050
G10700
1070
0.65
– 0.75
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
0.050
G10740
1074
0.70
– 0.80
0.50
– 0.80
0.030
0.050
G10750
1075
0.70
– 0.80
0.40
– 0.70
0.030
0.050
G10780
1078
0.72
– 0.85
0.30
– 0.60
0.030
0.050
G10800
1080
0.75
– 0.88
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
0.050
G10840
1084
0.80
– 0.93
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
0.050
G10850
1085
0.80
– 0.93
0.70
– 1.00
0.030
0.050
G10860
1086
0.80
– 0.93
0.30
– 0.50
0.030
0.050
G10900
1090
0.85
– 0.98
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
0.050
G10950
1095
0.90
– 1.03
0.30
– 0.50
0.030
0.050

Note: Lead Standard carbon steels can be produced with a lead range of 0.15 0.35% to improve machinability. Such steels are identified by inserting the letter “L” between the second and third numerals of the grade number, for example, 10L45. The UNS designation is also modified by changing the last digit to “4” to indicate lead, for example, G10454. When ordering steel with lead, please contact us. Boron Standard killed carbon steels, which are fine grain, may be produced with a boron addition to improve hardenability. Such steels are produced to a

range of 0.00050.003% boron. These steels are identified by inserting the letter “B” between the second and third numerals of the grade number, for example, 10B46. The UNS designation is also modified by changing the last digit to “1” to indicate bor- on, for exarnple, G10461. SiliconWhen silicon is required, the following ranges and limits are commonly used for nonresulfurized steels: 0.10% max.; 0.07 0.15%; 0.10 0.20%; 0.15 0.35%; 0.20 0.40%; 0.30 0.60% Certain qualities and commodities are customarily pro- duced to lower limits of phosphorus and sulfur. (See SAE J411, Table 1.)

Table 2 High Manganese Carbon Steels

Chemical composition limits, % UNS No. SAE/AISI No. C Mn P, max. S, max. G15220
Chemical composition limits, %
UNS No.
SAE/AISI No.
C
Mn
P, max.
S, max.
G15220
1522
0.18
– 0.24
1.10
– 1.40
0.030
0.050
G15240
1524
0.19
– 0.25
1.35
– 1.65
0.030
0.050
G15260
1526
0.22
– 0.29
1.10
– 1.40
0.030
0.050
G15270
1527
0.22
– 0.29
1.20
– 1.50
0.030
0.050
G15360
1536
0.30
– 0.37
1.20
– 1.50
0.030
0.050
G15410
1541
0.36
– 0.44
1.35
– 1.65
0.030
0.050
G15480
1548
0.44
– 0.52
1.10
– 1.40
0.030
0.050
G15520
1552
0.47
– 0.55
1.20
– 1.50
0.030
0.050
G15660
1566
0.60
– 0.71
0.85
– 1.15
0.030
0.050

Notes: Lead See footnote under Table 1. Boron See footnote under Table 1. Phosphorus and Sulfur See footnote under Table 1. Silicon See footnote under Table 1.

(2) Free Cutting Carbon Steels

Table 3A Resulfurized Carbon Steels

Chemical composition limits, % UNS No. SAE/AISI No. C Mn P, max. S G11170 1117
Chemical composition limits, %
UNS No.
SAE/AISI No.
C
Mn
P, max.
S
G11170
1117
0.14
– 0.20
1.00
– 1.30
0.030
0.08
– 0.13
G11180
1118
0.14
– 0.20
1.30
– 1.60
0.030
0.08
– 0.13
G11370
1137
0.32
– 0.39
1.35
– 1.65
0.030
0.08
– 0.13
G11400
1140
0.37
– 0.44
0.70
– 1.00
0.030
0.08
– 0.13
G11410
1141
0.37
– 0.45
1.35
– 1.65
0.030
0.08
– 0.13
G11440
1144
0.40
– 0.48
1.35
– 1.65
0.030
0.24
– 0.33
G11460
1146
0.42
– 0.49
0.70
– 1.00
0.030
0.08
– 0.13
G11510
1151
0.48
– 0.55
0.70
– 0.90
0.030
0.08
– 0.13
Notes: Lead – See footnote under Table 1.
Silicon – When silicon is required, the following ranges and limits are
commonly used.
Standard Steel Designations
Silicon Ranges or Limits
Up to 1110 incl.
1117 and over
0.10 max.
0.10 max., 0.10 – 0.20 or 0.15 – 0.35
Table 3B Rephosphorized and Resulfurized Carbon Steels Chemical composition limits, % UNS No. SAE/AISI No.
Table 3B Rephosphorized and Resulfurized Carbon Steels
Chemical composition limits, %
UNS No.
SAE/AISI No.
C, max.
Mn
P
S
G12120
1212
0.13
0.70
– 1.00
0.07
– 0.12
0.16
– 0.23
G12130
1213
0.13
0.70
– 1.00
0.07
– 0.12
0.24
– 0.33
G12150
1215
0.09
0.75
– 1.05
0.04
– 0.09
0.26
– 0.35

Note: Silicon It is not common practice to produce the 12xx series of steels to specified limits for silicon because of its adverse effect on machinability.

Available Steel Grades

(3) Alloy Steels (SAE J404)

Table 1A Nonresulfurized Alloy Steels

SAE and AISI

DIN (Deutsche Industrie Norm)

For details, please contact us.

Corresponding Ladle chemical composition limits, % UNS No. SAE No. AISI No. C Mn P,
Corresponding
Ladle chemical composition limits, %
UNS No.
SAE No.
AISI No.
C
Mn
P, max.
S, max.
Si
Ni
Cr
Mo
V
G13300
1330
1330
0.28
– 0.33
1.60
– 1.80
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
G13350
1335
1335
0.33
– 0.38
1.60
– 1.90
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
G13400
1340
1340
0.38
– 0.43
1.60
– 1.90
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
G13450
1345
1345
0.43
– 0.48
1.60
– 1.90
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
G40230
4023
4023
0.20
– 0.25
0.70
– 0.90
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
0.20
– 0.30
G40270
4027
4027
0.25
– 0.30
0.70
– 0.90
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
0.20
– 0.30
G40370
4037
4037
0.35
– 0.40
0.70
– 0.90
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
0.20
– 0.30
G40470
4047
4047
0.45
– 0.50
0.70
– 0.90
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
0.20
– 0.30
G41180
4118
4118
0.18
– 0.23
0.70
– 0.90
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
0.40
– 0.60
0.08
– 0.15
G41300
4130
4130
0.28
– 0.33
0.40
– 0.60
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
0.80
– 1.10
0.15
– 0.25
G41350
4135
0.33
– 0.38
0.70
– 0.90
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
0.80
– 1.10
0.15
– 0.25
G41370
4137
4137
0.35
– 0.40
0.70
– 0.90
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
0.80
– 1.10
0.15
– 0.25
G41400
4140
4140
0.38
– 0.43
0.75
– 1.00
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
0.80
– 1.10
0.15
– 0.25
G41420
4142
4142
0.40
– 0.45
0.75
– 1.00
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
0.80
– 1.10
0.15
– 0.25
G41450
4145
4145
0.43
– 0.48
0.75
– 1.00
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
0.80
– 1.10
0.15
– 0.25
G41500
4150
4150
0.48
– 0.53
0.75
– 1.00
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
0.80
– 1.10
0.15
– 0.25
G43200
4320
4320
0.17
– 0.22
0.45
– 0.65
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
1.65
– 2.00
0.40
– 0.60
0.20
– 0.30
G43400
4340
4340
0.38
– 0.43
0.60
– 0.80
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
1.65
– 2.00
0.70
– 0.90
0.20
– 0.30
G46150
4615
4615
0.13
– 0.18
0.45
– 0.65
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
1.65
– 2.00
— —
0.20
– 0.30
G46170
4617
0.16
– 0.21
0.40
– 0.65
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
1.65
– 2.00
— —
0.20
– 0.30
G46200
4620
4620
0.17
– 0.22
0.45
– 0.65
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
1.65
– 2.00
— —
0.20
– 0.30
G48170
4817
4817
0.15
– 0.20
0.40
– 0.60
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
3.25
– 3.75
— —
0.20
– 0.30
G48200
4820
4820
0.18
– 0.23
0.50
– 0.70
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
3.25
– 3.75
— —
0.20
– 0.30
G50461
50B46 *
50B46
0.44
– 0.49
0.75
– 1.00
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
— 0.20
– 0.35
— —
G51150
5115
0.13
– 0.18
0.70
– 0.90
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
— 0.70
– 0.90
— —
G51200
5120
5120
0.17
– 0.22
0.70
– 0.90
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
— 0.70
– 0.90
— —
G51300
5130
5130
0.28
– 0.33
0.70
– 0.90
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
— 0.80
– 1.10
— —
G51320
5132
5132
0.30
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.80
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
— 0.75
– 1.00
— —
G51400
5140
5140
0.38
– 0.43
0.70
– 0.90
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
— 0.70
– 0.90
— —
G51500
5150
5150
0.48
– 0.53
0.70
– 0.90
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
— 0.70
– 0.90
— —
G51600
5160
5160
0.56
– 0.64
0.75
– 1.00
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
— 0.70
– 0.90
— —
G51601
51B60 *
51B60
0.56
– 0.64
0.75
– 1.00
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
— 0.70
– 0.90
— —
G52986
52100
E52100
0.98
– 1.10
0.25
– 0.45
0.025
0.025
0.15
– 0.35
— 1.30
– 1.60
— —
G61500
6150
6150
0.48
– 0.53
0.70
– 0.90
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
— 0.80
– 1.10
— 0.15 min.
G86150
8615
8615
0.16
– 0.18
0.70
– 0.90
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
0.40
– 0.70
0.40
– 0.60
0.15
– 0.25
G86170
8617
8617
0.15
– 0.20
0.70
– 0.90
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
0.40
– 0.70
0.40
– 0.60
0.15
– 0.25
G86200
8620
8620
0.18
– 0.23
0.70
– 0.90
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
0.40
– 0.70
0.40
– 0.60
0.15
– 0.25
G86220
8622
8622
0.20
– 0.25
0.70
– 0.90
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
0.40
– 0.70
0.40
– 0.60
0.15
– 0.25
G86250
8625
8625
0.23
– 0.28
0.70
– 0.90
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
0.40
– 0.70
0.40
– 0.60
0.15
– 0.25
G86270
8627
8627
0.25
– 0.30
0.70
– 0.90
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
0.40
– 0.70
0.40
– 0.60
0.15
– 0.25
G86300
8630
8630
0.28
– 0.33
0.70
– 0.90
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
0.40
– 0.70
0.40
– 0.60
0.15
– 0.25
G86370
8637
8637
0.38
– 0.43
0.75
– 1.00
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
0.40
– 0.70
0.40
– 0.60
0.15
– 0.25
G86400
8640
8640
0.38
– 0.43
0.75
– 1.00
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
0.40
– 0.70
0.40
– 0.60
0.15
– 0.25
G86450
8645
8645
0.43
– 0.48
0.75
– 1.00
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
0.40
– 0.70
0.40
– 0.60
0.15
– 0.25
G86550
8655
8655
0.51
– 0.59
0.75
– 1.00
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
0.40
– 0.70
0.40
– 0.60
0.15
– 0.25
G87200
8720
8720
0.18
– 0.23
0.70
– 0.90
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
0.40
– 0.70
0.40
– 0.60
0.20
– 0.30
G87420
8740
8740
0.40
– 0.45
0.75
– 1.00
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
0.40
– 0.70
0.40
– 0.60
0.15
– 0.25
G88220
8822
8822
0.20
– 0.25
0.75
– 1.00
0.030
0.040
0.15
– 0.35
0.40
– 0.70
0.40
– 0.60
0.30
– 0.40
G92540
9254
0.51
– 0.59
0.60
– 0.80
0.030
0.040
1.20
– 1.60
0.60
– 0.80
— —
G92600
9260
9260
0.56
– 0.64
0.75
– 1.00
0.030
0.040
1.80
– 2.20
— —

Note: For standard variations in composition, limits, see Table 4 of SAE J409. Small quantities of certain elements which are not specified or required may be found in alloy steels. These elements are to be considered as incidental and are acceptable to the following maximum amount: copper to 0.35%, nickel to 0.25%, chromium to 0.20%, and molybdenum to 0.06%. Boron content is 0.0005 0.0030%

JIS (Japanese Industrial Standards)

(1) Carbon Steels for Machine Structural Use (JIS G 4051)

Chemical composition, % Steel grade C Si Mn P S S10C 0.08 – 0.13 0.15
Chemical composition, %
Steel grade
C
Si
Mn
P
S
S10C
0.08
– 0.13
0.15
– 0.35
0.30
– 0.60
0.030
max.
0.035
max.
S12C
0.10
– 0.15
0.15
– 0.35
0.30
– 0.60
0.030
max.
0.035
max.
S15C
0.13
– 0.18
0.15
– 0.35
0.30
– 0.60
0.030
max.
0.035
max.
S17C
0.15
– 0.20
0.15
– 0.35
0.30
– 0.60
0.030
max.
0.035
max.
S20C
0.18
– 0.23
0.15
– 0.35
0.30
– 0.60
0.030
max.
0.035
max.
S22C
0.20
– 0.25
0.15
– 0.35
0.30
– 0.60
0.030
max.
0.035
max.
S25C
0.22
– 0.28
0.15
– 0.35
0.30
– 0.60
0.030
max.
0.035
max.
S28C
0.25
– 0.31
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.035
max.
S30C
0.27
– 0.33
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.035
max.
S33C
0.30
– 0.36
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.035
max.
S35C
0.32
– 0.38
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.035
max.
S38C
0.35
– 0.41
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.035
max.
S40C
0.37
– 0.43
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.035
max.
S43C
0.40
– 0.46
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.035
max.
S45C
0.42
– 0.48
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.035
max.
S48C
0.45
– 0.51
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.035
max.
S50C
0.47
– 0.53
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.035
max.
S53C
0.50
– 0.56
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.035
max.
S55C
0.52
– 0.58
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.035
max.
S58C
0.55
– 0.61
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.035
max.
S09CK
0.07
– 0.12
0.10
– 0.35
0.30
– 0.60
0.025
max.
0.025
max.
S15CK
0.13
– 0.18
0.15
– 0.35
0.30
– 0.60
0.025
max.
0.025
max.
S20CK
0.18
– 0.23
0.15
– 0.35
0.30
– 0.60
0.025
max.
0.025
max.

Remarks:

1. Cr shall not exceed 0.20%.
2. As impurities, Cu, Ni and Ni + Cr for grades S09CK, S15CK, S20CK shall not exceed respectively 0.25%, 0.20% and 0.30% and Cu, Ni and Ni + Cr for other grades shall not exceed respectively 0.30% and 0.35%.

(2) Low-AIloyed Steels for Machine Structural Use (JIS G 4053)

1 Manganese Steels and Manganese Chromium Steels for Machine Structural Use

Chemical composition, % Steel grade C Si Mn P S Ni Cr SMn420 0.17 –
Chemical composition, %
Steel grade
C
Si
Mn
P
S
Ni
Cr
SMn420
0.17
– 0.23
0.15
– 0.35
1.20
– 1.50
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.35
max.
SMn433
0.30
– 0.36
0.15
– 0.35
1.20
– 1.50
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.35
max.
SMn438
0.35
– 0.41
0.15
– 0.35
1.35
– 1.65
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.35
max.
SMn443
0.40
– 0.46
0.15
– 0.35
1.35
– 1.65
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.35
max.
SMnC420
0.17
– 0.23
0.15
– 0.35
1.20
– 1.50
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.35
– 0.70
SMnC443
0.40
– 0.46
0.15
– 0.35
1.35
– 1.65
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.35
– 0.70

Remark: As impurities, Cu shall not exceed 0.30% for all grades.

Available Steel Grades

JIS

2 Chromiun Steels

Chemical composition, % Steel grade C Si Mn P S Ni Cr SCr415 0.13 –
Chemical composition, %
Steel grade
C
Si
Mn
P
S
Ni
Cr
SCr415
0.13
– 0.18
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.90
– 1.20
SCr420
0.18
– 0.23
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.90
– 1.20
SCr430
0.28
– 0.33
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.90
– 1.20
SCr435
0.33
– 0.38
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.90
– 1.20
SCr440
0.38
– 0.43
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.90
– 1.20
SCr445
0.43
– 0.48
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.90
– 1.20

Remark: As impurities, Cu shall not exceed 0.30% for all grades.

3 Chromium Molybdenum Steels

Chemical composition, % Steel grade C Si Mn P S Ni Cr Mo SCM415 0.13
Chemical composition, %
Steel grade
C
Si
Mn
P
S
Ni
Cr
Mo
SCM415
0.13
– 0.18
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.90
– 1.20
0.15
– 0.25
SCM418
0.16
– 0.21
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.90
– 1.20
0.15
– 0.25
SCM420
0.18
– 0.23
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.90
– 1.20
0.15
– 0.25
SCM421
0.17
– 0.23
0.15
– 0.35
0.70
– 1.00
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.90
– 1.20
0.15
– 0.25
SCM425
0.23
– 0.28
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.90
– 1.20
0.15
– 0.30
SCM430
0.28
– 0.33
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.90
– 1.20
0.15
– 0.30
SCM432
0.27
– 0.37
0.15
– 0.35
0.30
– 0.60
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
1.00
– 1.50
0.15
– 0.30
SCM435
0.33
– 0.38
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.90
– 1.20
0.15
– 0.30
SCM440
0.38
– 0.43
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.90
– 1.20
0.15
– 0.30
SCM445
0.43
– 0.48
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.90
– 1.20
0.15
– 0.30
SCM822
0.20
– 0.25
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.90
– 1.20
0.35
– 0.45

Remark: As impurities, Cu shall not exceed 0.30% for all grades.

4 Nickel Chromium Molybdenum Steels

Chemical composition, % Steel grade C Si Mn P S Ni Cr Mo SNCM220 0.17
Chemical composition, %
Steel grade
C
Si
Mn
P
S
Ni
Cr
Mo
SNCM220
0.17
– 0.23
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.40
– 0.70
0.40
– 0.60
0.15
– 0.25
SNCM240
0.38
– 0.43
0.15
– 0.35
0.70
– 1.00
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.40
– 0.70
0.40
– 0.60
0.15
– 0.30
SNCM415
0.12
– 0.18
0.15
– 0.35
0.40
– 0.70
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
1.60
– 2.00
0.40
– 0.60
0.15
– 0.30
SNCM420
0.17
– 0.23
0.15
– 0.35
0.40
– 0.70
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
1.60
– 2.00
0.40
– 0.60
0.15
– 0.30
SNCM431
0.27
– 0.35
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
1.60
– 2.00
0.60
– 1.00
0.15
– 0.30
SNCM439
0.36
– 0.43
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
1.60
– 2.00
0.60
– 1.00
0.15
– 0.30
SNCM447
0.44
– 0.50
0.15
– 0.35
0.60
– 0.90
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
1.60
– 2.00
0.60
– 1.00
0.15
– 0.30
SNCM616
0.13
– 0.20
0.15
– 0.35
0.80
– 1.20
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
2.80
– 3.20
1.40
– 1.80
0.40
– 0.60
SNCM625
0.20
– 0.30
0.15
– 0.35
0.35
– 0.60
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
3.00
– 3.50
1.00
– 1.50
0.15
– 0.30
SNCM630
0.25
– 0.35
0.15
– 0.35
0.35
– 0.60
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
2.50
– 3.50
2.50
– 3.50
0.50
– 0.70
SNCM815
0.12
– 0.18
0.15
– 0.35
0.30
– 0.60
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
4.00
– 4.50
0.70
– 1.00
0.15
– 0.30

Remark: As impurities, Cu shall not exceed 0.30% for all grades.

(3) Structural Steels with Specified Hardenability Bands (JIS G 4052) Chemical composition, % Steel grade
(3) Structural Steels with Specified Hardenability Bands (JIS G 4052)
Chemical composition, %
Steel grade
C
Si
Mn
P
S
Ni
Cr
Mo
SMn420H
0.16–0.23
0.15–0.35
1.15–1.55
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.35
max.
SMn433H
0.29–0.36
0.15–0.35
1.15–1.55
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.35
max.
SMn438H
0.34–0.41
0.15–0.35
1.30–1.70
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.35
max.
SMn443H
0.39–0.46
0.15–0.35
1.30–1.70
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.35
max.
SMnC420H
0.16–0.23
0.15–0.35
1.15–1.55
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.35–0.70
SMnC443H
0.39–0.46
0.15–0.35
1.30–1.70
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.35–0.70
SCr415H
0.12–0.18
0.15–0.35
0.55–0.95
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.85–1.25
SCr420H
0.17–0.23
0.15–0.35
0.55–0.95
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.85–1.25
SCr430H
0.27–0.34
0.15–0.35
0.55–0.95
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.85–1.25
SCr435H
0.32–0.39
0.15–0.35
0.55–0.95
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.85–1.25
SCr440H
0.37–0.44
0.15–0.35
0.55–0.95
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.85–1.25
SCM415H
0.12–0.18
0.15–0.35
0.55–0.95
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.85–1.25
0.15–0.30
SCM418H
0.15–0.21
0.15–0.35
0.55–0.95
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.85–1.25
0.15–0.30
SCM420H
0.17–0.23
0.15–0.35
0.55–0.95
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.85–1.25
0.15–0.30
SCM425H
0.23–0.28
0.15–0.35
0.55–0.95
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.85–1.25
0.15–0.30
SCM435H
0.32–0.39
0.15–0.35
0.55–0.95
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.85–1.25
0.15–0.35
SCM440H
0.37–0.44
0.15–0.35
0.55–0.95
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.85–1.25
0.15–0.35
SCM445H
0.42–0.49
0.15–0.35
0.55–0.95
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.85–1.25
0.15–0.35
SCM822H
0.19–0.25
0.15–0.35
0.55–0.95
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.25
max.
0.85–1.25
0.35–0.45
SNC415H
0.11–0.18
0.15–0.35
0.30–0.70
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
1.95–2.50
0.20–0.55
SNC631H
0.26–0.35
0.15–0.35
0.30–0.70
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
2.45–3.00
0.55–1.05
SNC815H
0.11–0.18
0.15–0.35
0.30–0.70
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
2.95–3.50
0.65–1.05
SNCM220H
0.17–0.23
0.15–0.35
0.60–0.95
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.35–0.75
0.35–0.65
0.15–0.30
SNCM420H
0.17–0.23
0.15–0.35
0.40–0.70
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
1.55–2.00
0.35–0.65
0.15–0.30

Remark: As impurities, Cu shall not exceed 0.30% for all grades.

(4) Spring Steels (JIS G 4801)

Chemical composition, % Steel grade C Si Mn P * S * Cr Mo V
Chemical composition, %
Steel grade
C
Si
Mn
P
S
Cr
Mo
V B
SUP6
0.56–0.64
1.50–1.80
0.70–1.00
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
— —
SUP7
0.56–0.64
1.80–2.20
0.70–1.00
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
— —
SUP9
0.52–0.60
0.15–0.35
0.65–0.95
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.65–0.95
— —
SUP9A
0.56–0.64
0.15–0.35
0.70–1.00
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.70–1.00
— —
SUP10
0.47–0.55
0.15–0.35
0.65–0.95
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.80–1.10
0.15–0.25
SUP11A
0.56–0.64
0.15–0.35
0.70–1.00
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.70–1.00
0.0005 min.
SUP12
0.51–0.59
1.20–1.60
0.60–0.90
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.60–0.90
SUP13
0.56–0.64
0.15–0.35
0.70–1.00
0.030
max.
0.030
max.
0.70–0.90
0.25–0.35

Note: By agreement between the purchaser and the manufacturer, 0.035% or less is accepted.

Remark: As impurities, Cu content for each grade shall not exceed 0.30%.

Available Steel Grades

JIS

(5) High Carbon Chromium Bearing Steel (JIS G 4805) Chemical composition, % Steel grade C
(5) High Carbon Chromium Bearing Steel (JIS G 4805)
Chemical composition, %
Steel grade
C
Si
Mn
P
S
Cr
Mo
SUJ2
0.95–1.10
0.15–0.35
0.50 max.
0.025 max.
0.025 max.
1.30–1.60

Remarks:

1. The steels shall not contain more than 0.25% of Ni and Cu respectively as impurities. For wire rods, however, the Cu content shall not be more than 0.20%.

2. The steel shall not contain more than 0.08% of Mo.

(6) Free-Cutting Steels (JIS G 4804)

Chemical composition, % Steel grade C Mn P S SUM21 0.13 max. 0.70 – 1.00
Chemical composition, %
Steel grade
C
Mn
P
S
SUM21
0.13
max.
0.70
– 1.00
0.07
– 0.12
0.16
– 0.23
SUM22
0.13
max.
0.70
– 1.00
0.07
– 0.12
0.24
– 0.33
SUM23
0.09
max.
0.75
– 1.05
0.04
– 0.09
0.26
– 0.35
SUM25
0.15
max.
0.90
– 1.40
0.07
– 0.12
0.30
– 0.40
SUM31
0.14
– 0.20
1.00
– 1.30
0.040
max.
0.08
– 0.13
SUM32
0.12
– 0.20
0.60
– 1.10
0.040
max.
0.10
– 0.20
SUM41
0.32
– 0.39
1.35
– 1.65
0.040
max.
0.08
– 0.13
SUM42
0.37
– 0.45
1.35
– 1.65
0.040
max.
0.08
– 0.13
SUM43
0.40
– 0.48
1.35
– 1.65
0.040
max.
0.24
– 0.33

Remark: Pertaining to Si content, as a rule, it should not be specified. By agreement between the purchaser and the manufacturer, such range or limiting value as 0.10% or less, 0.100.20%, or 0.150.35% may be selected to apply, as necessary.

(7) Rolled Carbon Steels for Cold Finished Steel Bars (JIS G 3108) Chemical composition, %
(7) Rolled Carbon Steels for Cold Finished Steel Bars (JIS G 3108)
Chemical composition, %
Tensile test
Yield point, N/mm 2
Elongation
Steel
Diameter, Side length &
Dia.,Side length,
Tensile
Type
grade
Side-to-side distance, mm
C Mn
P
S
strength
Side-to-side dist.
Test
%
N/mm 2
of steel
piece
16 max.
Over 16
to 40 incl.
Over 40
Thickness, mm
25
max.
No.2
26
min.
A SGDA
— 0.045
max.
0.045
max.
290
– 390
Over 25
No.14A
29
min.
25
max.
No.2
20
min.
B SGDB
— 0.045
max.
0.045
max.
245 min.
235 min.
215 min.
400
– 510
Over 25
No.14A
22
min.
1 SGD1
0.10
max.
0.30
– 0.60
0.045
max.
0.045
max.
2 SGD2
0.10
– 0.15
0.30
– 0.60
0.045
max.
0.045
max.
3 SGD3
0.15
– 0.20
0.30
– 0.60
0.045
max.
0.045
max.
4 SGD4
0.20
– 0.25
0.30
– 0.60
0.045
max.
0.045
max.

Remarks:

1. The values of chemical composition in the table shall be ladle values.

2. Mn for grade SGD1 SGD4 may be 0.60 0.90% if agreed upon by the manufacturer and the purchaser. In this case, Ietter M shall be added to the end of the grade designations. Examples: For Mn 0.60 0.90% in grade SGD3SGD3M For Mn 0.60 0.90% in grade SGD3 specified with killed steel

SGD3KM

3. For grade SGDB exceeding 30 mm in diameter, the tensile strength may be 370 N/mm 2 and over according to agreement between the manufac- turer and the purchaser. 4. For grade SGDB exceeding 100 mm in diameter, the minimum yield point shall be 205 N/mm 2 .

JASO (Japanese Automobile Standards) M 106

(1) Carbon Steels and Boron Steels

Chemical composition, % No. Steel grade C Si Mn P S B Other 1 S10C
Chemical composition, %
No.
Steel grade
C
Si
Mn
P
S
B
Other
1
S10C
0.08–0.13
2
S12C
0.10–0.15
3
S15C
0.13–0.18
4
S17C
0.15–0.20
0.30–0.60
5
S20C
0.18–0.23
6
S22C
0.20–0.25
7
S25C
0.22–0.28
8
S28C
0.25–0.31
9
S30C
0.27–0.33
Cu: 0.30 max.
10
S33C
0.30–0.36
Ni:
0.20 max.
0.15–0.35
0.030
max.
0.035
max.
11
S35C
0.32–0.38
Cr: 0.20 max.
12
S38C
0.35–0.41
Ni+Cr: 0.35 max.
13
S40C
0.37–0.43
14
S43C
0.40–0.46
0.60–0.90
15
S45C
0.42–0.48
16
S48C
0.45–0.51
17
S50C
0.47–0.53
18
S53C
0.50–0.56
19
S55C
0.52–0.58
20
S58C
0.55–0.61
21
ASBo20
0.18–0.23
0.30–0.60
22
ASBo25
0.22–0.28
23
ASBo28
0.25–0.31
24
ASBo30
0.27–0.33
25
ASBo33
0.30–0.36
Cu: 0.30 max.
26
ASBo35
0.32–0.38
Ni:
0.20 max.
27
ASBo38
0.35–0.41
0.15–0.35
0.030
max.
0.035
max.
0.0005 min.
Cr: 0.20 max.
28
ASBo40
0.37–0.43
0.60–0.90
Ni+Cr: 0.35 max.
29
ASBo43
0.40–0.46
30
ASBo45
0.42–0.48
31
ASBo48
0.45–0.51
32
ASBo50
0.47–0.53
33
ASBo53
0.50–0.56

18

Available Steel Grades

JASO M 106 -92

(2) H Steels Chemical composition, % No. Steel grade C Si Mn P S Ni
(2) H Steels
Chemical composition, %
No.
Steel grade
C
Si
Mn
P S
Ni
Cr
Mo
B Other
34
ASMn420H
0.17
– 0.23
35
ASMn425H
0.22
– 0.28
36
ASMn430H
0.27
– 0.34
1.15
– 1.55
37
SMn433H
0.29
– 0.36
Cu: 0.30 max.
38
ASMn435H
0.32
– 0.39
0.030 0.030
0.15
– 0.35
— Ni:
0.25 max.
max.
max.
39
SMn438H
0.34
– 0.41
Cr: 0.35 max.
40
ASMn440H
0.37
– 0.44
41
ASMn443H
0.40
– 0.47
1.30
– 1.70
42
ASMn448H
0.45
– 0.52
43
ASMn453H
0.50
– 0.57
44
ASMnB220H
0.17
– 0.23
1.10
– 1.40
45
ASMnB233H
0.29
– 0.36
Cu: 0.30 max.
46
ASMnB422H
0.19
– 0.25
0.030 0.030
0.0005 Ni:
0.15
– 0.35
0.25 max.
max.
max.
min.
47
ASMnB425H
0.22
– 0.28
1.20
– 1.50
Cr: 0.35 max.
48
ASMnB433H
0.29
– 0.36
49
ASMnB443H
0.40
– 0.47
50
ASMnC420H
0.17
– 0.23
1.15
– 1.55
0.35
– 0.70
51
SMnC443H
0.39
– 0.46
1.30
– 1.70
0.030 0.030
Cu: 0.30 max.
0.15
– 0.35
max.
max.
52
ASMnC520H
0.17
– 0.23
1.15
– 1.55
Ni: 0.25 max.
0.85
– 1.25
53
ASMnC543H
0.39
– 0.46
1.30
– 1.70
0.030 0.030
0.0005 Cu: 0.30 max.
54
ASMnCB440H
0.37
– 0.44
0.15
– 0.35
0.80
– 1.20
0.30
– 0.70
max.
max.
min.
Ni: 0.25 max.
55
SCr415H
0.12
– 0.18
56
ASCr418H
0.15
– 0.21
57
SCr420H
0.17
– 0.23
58
ASCr423H
0.20
– 0.26
0.030 0.030
Cu: 0.30 max.
59
ASCr425H
0.22
– 0.28
0.15
– 0.35
0.55
– 0.90
0.85
– 1.25
max.
max.
Ni: 0.25 max.
60
SCr430H
0.27
– 0.34
61
SCr435H
0.32
– 0.39
62
SCr440H
0.37
– 0.44
63
ASCr445H
0.42
– 0.49
64
ASCB435H
0.32
– 0.39
0.030 0.030
0.0005 Cu: 0.30 max.
0.15
– 0.35
0.55
– 0.90
0.85
– 1.25
max.
max.
min.
65
ASCB440H
0.37
– 0.44
Ni: 0.25 max.

(Continued on next page)

(2) H Steel (Continued) Chemical composition, % No. Steel grade C Si Mn P S
(2) H Steel (Continued)
Chemical composition, %
No.
Steel grade
C
Si
Mn
P S
Ni
Cr
Mo
B
Other
66
ASCM115H
0.12
– 0.18
67
ASCM118H
0.15
– 0.21
0.60
– 0.90
0.35
– 0.65
68
ASCM120H
0.17
– 0.23
69
ASCM125H
0.22
– 0.28
0.08
– 0.15
70
ASCM315H
0.12
– 0.18
71
ASCM318H
0.15
– 0.21
0.65
– 1.00
0.85
– 1.25
72
ASCM320H
0.17
– 0.23
73
ASCM325H
0.22
– 0.28
0.030 0.030
Cu: 0.30 max.
0.15
– 0.35
max.
max.
74
SCM415H
0.12
– 0.18
Ni: 0.25 max.
75
SCM418H
0.15
– 0.21
76
SCM420H
0.17
– 0.23
77
ASCM430H
0.27
– 0.34
0.15
– 0.35
0.55
– 0.90
0.85
– 1.25
78
SCM435H
0.32
– 0.39
79
SCM440H
0.37
– 0.44
80
SCM445H
0.42
– 0.49
81
SCM822H
0.19
– 0.25
0.35
– 0.45
82
SNCM220H
0.17
– 0.23
0.60
– 0.95
0.030
0.030
0.35
– 0.75
0.15
– 0.35
0.35
– 0.65
0.15
– 0.30
Cu: 0.30 max.
max.
max.
83
SNCM420H
0.17
– 0.23
0.40
– 0.70
1.55
– 2.00
(3) Machining Steels (Addition or modification of component for machinability-improved steels) Chemical composition, %
(3) Machining Steels (Addition or modification of component for machinability-improved steels)
Chemical composition, %
Mn
Type
designation
Specified min. Mn content
of base steel below 0.40
Specified min. Mn content
of base steel 0.40 and over
P
S Pb
Lower limit
Upper limit
Lower limit
Upper limit
……L1 *
— —
— —
— – 0.09
0.04
……L2 *
— —
— —
— – 0.30
0.10
……S0
— —
— —
0.015 – 0.035
……S1
+0.20
+0.30
+0.10
+0.20
0.04
– 0.07
……S2
+0.30
+0.40
+0.20
+0.30
0.040 max.
0.08
– 0.12

Remarks:

1. This table shows the components to be newly added to, or changed from, the original chemical composition only, depending on the type of machinability-improved steel.

2. The blank () indicates no new addition or no modification of the corre- sponding component.

3. As for Mn, the figures listed are those to be added to the lower or upper limit of the specified Mn values of a base steel.

Ex. In case of S10CS1

S10C ·········· 0.300.60

0.20

↓+0.90

S10CS1 ······ 0.500.90

4. As for P and S, the figures listed are those to which the specified values of a base steel are changed.

5. The chemical composition of a compound-added steel shall be a combi- nation of the respective figures listed.

6. When the content of lead is to be reported, it may be indicated within the range of 0.040.09% for Type L1 and 0.100.30% for Type L2. When ordering steel with Iead, please contact us.

19

20

Available Steel Grades

20 Av ailable Steel Grades Nippon Steel Standards (1) Free-cutting Steels for Machine Structural Use Free-cutting

Nippon Steel Standards

(1) Free-cutting Steels for Machine Structural Use Free-cutting composition, % Steel type Base steel Example
(1) Free-cutting Steels for Machine Structural Use
Free-cutting composition, %
Steel type
Base steel
Example
Applications
S
Ca
Pb
0.040
– 0.070
S free-cutting
………S1
steel
Carbon steel for
machine
structural use
………S2
0.080
– 0.120
Automobile parts
………Z
0.035
max.
Proper quantity
Ca free-cutting
Construction
steel
machinery parts
………ZS
0.035
– 0.060
Proper quantity
Alloy steel for
machine
structural use
………L1
0.04
– 0.09
Others
Pb free-cutting
steel *1,2
………L2
0.10
– 0.30

Remarks: 1. In case of adding 0.040.09% of Pb to JIS S45C ······ S45C L1 In case of adding 0.0400.070% of S to the above ······ S45C L1 S1

2. When ordering steel with Iead, please contact us.

(2) Boron Steels Chemical composition, % Grade C Si Mn P S B NHB20 0.18
(2) Boron Steels
Chemical composition, %
Grade
C
Si
Mn
P
S
B
NHB20
0.18
– 0.23
0.90
– 1.30
0.15 – 0.35
0.030 max.
0.030 max.
0.0005 min.
NHB30
0.27
– 0.33
0.60
– 0.90

Remarks: 1. As impurities, Cu and NiCr shall not exceed 0.30% and 0.15% respectively.

2. Mechanical and other tests shall be in accordance with agreement.

3. Steel grades not listed above are also manufactured. (See JASO and SAE standards)

(3) Atmospheric Corrosion-resistant High-strength Steel Chemical composition, % Mechanical properties Yield point
(3) Atmospheric Corrosion-resistant High-strength Steel
Chemical composition, %
Mechanical properties
Yield point
Tensile strength
Grade
Diameter
C
Si
Mn
P
S
Cu
Other
(min.)
(min.)
mm
N/mm 2
N/mm 2
0.12
0.25
0.20
0.07
0.25
Cr:
0.30 – 1.25
Below 38
325
460
0.035
COR-TEN ® O
| |
|
|
max.
0.75
0.50
0.15 max.
0.55 Ni: 0.65 max.
38 min.
295
430
 

Remark: “COR-TEN ® ” is the trademark of United States Steel Corporation and licensed to Nippon Steel.

(4) Sulfuric-acid Resistant Steel

Chemical composition, % Grade C Si Mn P S Cu Cr Ti S-TEN ® 2
Chemical composition, %
Grade
C Si
Mn
P
S Cu
Cr
Ti
S-TEN ® 2
0.14 max.
0.15 – 0.55
1.60 max.
0.035 max.
0.035 max.
0.25– 0.50
0.50–1.00
0.15 max.
Tensile test
Bending test
Grade
Yield point
Tensile strength
Elongation
Test piece
Test piece
Angle
Inside radius
N/mm 2
N/mm 2
%
JIS
JIS
S-TEN ® 2
325 min.
440 min.
22 min.
No. 2
180°
1.5 d
No. 2

(5) Steels for Cold Heading Quality

Grade Chemical composition, % Si Type K Type A Type R C Mn P S
Grade
Chemical composition, %
Si
Type K
Type A
Type R
C
Mn
P
S
Type K
Type A
Type R
CH6K
CH6A
CH6R
0.08
max.
0.25
– 0.50
CH8K
CH8A
CH8R
0.10
max.
0.25
– 0.50
CH10K
CH10A
CH10R
0.08
– 0.13
0.30
– 0.60
CH12K
CH12A
CH12R
0.10
– 0.15
0.30
– 0.60
CH15K
CH15A
CH15R
0.13
– 0.18
0.30
– 0.60
CH16K
CH16A
0.13
– 0.18
0.60
– 0.90
CH17K
CH17A
CH17R
0.15
– 0.20
0.30
– 0.60
CH18K
CH18A
CH18R
0.15
– 0.20
0.60
– 0.90
CH19K
CH19A
0.15
– 0.20
0.70
– 1.00
CH20K
CH20A
CH20R
0.18
– 0.23
0.30
– 0.60
CH21K
— 0.18
– 0.23
0.60
– 0.90
CH22K
CH22A
— 0.18
– 0.23
0.70
– 1.00
CH23K
CH23A
CH23R
0.20
– 0.25
0.30
– 0.60
CH25K
CH25A
0.22
– 0.28
0.30
– 0.60
0.15 – 0.35
0.10 max.
0.030 max.
0.030 max.
CH28K
0.25
– 0.31
0.60
– 0.90
CH30K
CH30A
0.27
– 0.33
0.60
– 0.90
CH33K
0.30
– 0.36
0.60
– 0.90
CH35K
CH35A
0.32
– 0.38
0.60
– 0.90
CH38K
0.35
– 0.41
0.60
– 0.90
CH40K
0.37
– 0.43
0.60
– 0.90
CH41K
0.36
– 0.44
1.35
– 1.65
CH43K
CH43A
0.40
– 0.46
0.60
– 0.90
CH45K
0.42
– 0.48
0.60
– 0.90
CH48K
0.45
– 0.51
0.60
– 0.90
CH50K
0.47
– 0.53
0.60
– 0.90
CH53K
0.50
– 0.56
0.60
– 0.90
CH55K
0.52
– 0.58
0.60
– 0.90
CH58K
0.55
– 0.61
0.60
– 0.90

Remarks:

1. ARof Type A shall be 0.025% or more. 2. As for impurities of Types K and A, Cu and NiCr shall not exceed 0.30% and 0.15%, respectively. 3. The grade in JIS G 4051 (Carbon Steels for Machine Structural Use), corresponding to CH23K and CH23A, is S22C.

4. Type K: 28 grades of silicon-killed steel Type A: 16 grades of alumi-killed steel

Type R:

9 grades of rimmed steel

21

References

References Steel Bars That Eliminate Secondary Processing The following products have been developed with the aim

Steel Bars That Eliminate Secondary Processing

The following products have been developed with the aim of rationalizing secondary processing by elimination of quenching and tempering after hot forging, reduction of heat-treatment costs through reduction of carburizing time for gears, and elimination of peeling and drawing before hot or cold forging. These products help reduce energy and labor costs and contribute to other cost- cutting effects such as reduced inventory expenses due to elimination of secondary processing.

Products

Characteristics

Applications

Non-QT (quenched & tem- pered) steel for hot forging

Strength and toughness comparable to those of quenched-and-tempered steel, even in an as-hot-forged state, obtained by preventing the coarsening of crystal grains during hot forging through the action of minute precipitates.

Crankshafts, connecting rods, yokes and other hot- forged parts

Non-QT (quenched & tem- pered) steel for direct machining

Mechanical properties equivalent to those of quenched-and-tempered steel bacause of very fine grain sizes in microstructure achieved by the addition of trace elements and controlled rolling.

Pins, shafts and other machined parts

Fine-grained steel

Mechanical properties equal to those of normalized steel because of very fine grain sizes in microstructure attained by controlled rolling.

Shafts and other machined parts, cold-extruded parts

Precision-rolled bars

Dimensional accuracy achieved, by profile meter and advanced precision- rolling, to such a degree as makes it possible to eliminate the process of peeling or drawing prior to cold or hot forging or other working.

Pins, shafts, bolts & nuts and other cold- and hot- forged parts, machined parts

Pre-softened steel

The technology of softening steel in an as-rolled state (controlled rolling + controlled cooling) makes it possible to eliminate light anneal and regular anneal in subsequent processing.

Constant velocity joint (CVJ) inner race, differential pinion gears

MILD ALLOY

Pre-softened steel SUPER MILD ALLOY

By the addition of trace elements and the technology of softening steel in an as-rolled state, spheroidizing can be eliminated.

Carburized gears, carburized shafts, etc.

Anti coarsening extra-fine steel (High-temperature car- burizing steel) NSACE

The trace elements added and the coarsening of crystal grains restrained by process designs make it possible to carburize at high temperatures, thus greatly shortening the carburizing time, in subsequent processing.

Gears, shafts, pins, carbur- ized parts

High-strength steel for gears

Because of the trace elements added and the technology of controlling forms of inclusions, this steel can provide extended endurance limit of gears.

Carburized gears, shafts, CVJ inner rings

High-strength induction- hardening steel

By the trace elements added and the strength prediction technology, this steel is made to provide greater torsional strength.

Shafts, CVJ outer rings

Long-life bearing steel

By the technology of controlling forms of inclusions, this steel is made to provide longer rolling-fatigue life.

Bearings

Lead-free free-cutting steel EZ

By controlling forms of MnS, etc., this steel is made to possess machin- ability comparable to that of lead-added steel. (Low-carbon steel, steel for machine structural use)

Oil-hydraulic parts, other heavy-cutting parts

For practical applications, please consult us about product selection.

22

Research & Development

Technical Development Bureau

Research & Development Technical Development Bureau Steel R&D Lab. ● Steel Products Research Lab. –1 ●
Steel R&D Lab. ● Steel Products Research Lab. –1 ● Steel Products Research Lab. –2  ●
Steel R&D Lab.
● Steel Products Research Lab. –1 ● Steel Products Research Lab. –2 
● Surface Treatment Research Lab. ● Forming Technologies R&D Center
● Steel Structure R&D Center ● Welding & Joining Research Center
● Energy & Environment Process R&D Div. ● Ironmaking R&D Div. ● Steelmaking R&D Div. 
Environment & Pro-
cess Technology
Center
● Steel Rolling R&D Div. ● Refractory Ceramics R&D Div. ● lnstrument & Control R&D Div. 
● Plant Engineering Div. ● Mechanical Engineering Div. ● Systems & Control Engineering Div. 
● Civil Engineering Div.
Advanced
Technology Lab.
● Ceramics & Metals Research Lab. ● Materials Characterization Research Lab. 
● Surface & Interface Research Lab. ● Energy & Environment Research Lab.
Technology R&D
Lab.
● Yawata R&D Lab. ● Muroran R&D Lab. ● Hirohata R&D Lab.
● Kimitsu R&D Lab. ● Nagoya R&D Lab. ● Oita R&D Lab.

Inquiries and Orders

R&D Lab. ● Oita R&D Lab. Inquiries and Orders When inquiring about or ordering Nippon Steel bars,

When inquiring about or ordering Nippon Steel bars, please give the following informa- tion in as much detail as possible. Sufficient information will better enable Nippon Steel to meet your requirements to your complete satisfaction.

1. Specification number and steel grade

2. Dimensions

3. Tonnage required

4. Specific end use

5. Production process employed

6. Delivery requirements

7. Any other information that may be useful in supplying the most suitable product

23

Head Office Nippon Steel Corporation Marunouchi Park Building, 2-6-1, Marunouchi, Chiyoda Ward, Tokyo, 100-8071, Japan
Head Office Nippon Steel Corporation Marunouchi Park Building, 2-6-1, Marunouchi, Chiyoda Ward, Tokyo, 100-8071, Japan

Head Office

Nippon Steel Corporation

Marunouchi Park Building, 2-6-1, Marunouchi, Chiyoda Ward, Tokyo, 100-8071, Japan Phone: 81-3-6867-4111 Fax: 81-3-6867-5607

New York

Nippon Steel U.S.A., Inc., New York Office

Singapore

Nippon Steel Southeast Asia Pte. Ltd.

Shanghai

Nippon Steel Consulting (Beijing)

780

Third Avenue, 34th Floor, New York,

16 Raffles Quay #35-01

Company Ltd., Shanghai Office

N.Y. 10017, U.S.A. Phone: 1-212-486-7150

 

Hong Leong Building, Singapore 048581 Phone: 65-6223-6777

Room No.808, UNITED PLAZA 1468 Nanjing Road West, 200040 Shanghai, P.R. China

Chicago

Nippon Steel U.S.A., Inc., Chicago Office

Bangkok

Nippon Steel (Thailand) Co., Ltd. (Bangkok)

Phone: 86-21-6247-9900

900

North Michigan Avenue, Suite 1820

1MD Tower, 4th Fl., Room C3 E F,

Chicago, Illinois 60611, U.S.A.

 

Soi Bangna-Trad 25, Khwang Bangna,

Guangzhou

Nippon Steel Consulting (Beijing)

Phone: 1-312-751-0800

Knet Bangna Bangkok 10260, Thailand Phone: 66-2-744-1480

Company Ltd., Guangzhou Office G.T. Land Plaza 14F 02A/B No.8,

Duesseldorf Nippon Steel Corporation, European Office Am Seestern 8, 40547 Düesseldorf, Federal Republic of Germany Phone: 49-211-5306680

São Paulo

Nippon Steel Empreendimentos Siderúrgicos Ltda. Av. Paulista, 283-5˚ Andar-Conj. 51/52 Bela Vista, São Paulo-SP

Zhu Jiang West Road, Pearl River New Town, Tianhe, Guangzhou 510623, P.R. China Phone: 86-20-8386-8192

Sydney

Nippon Steel Australia Pty. Limited Level 24, No.1 York Street, Sydney

CEP 01311-000, Brasil Phone: 55-11-3736-4666

New Delhi

Nippon Steel Corporation New Delhi Liaison Office

N.S.W. 2000, Australia Phone: 61-2-9252-2077

Beijing

Nippon Steel Consulting (Beijing) Company Ltd., Beijing Office Room No.5002, Chang Fu Gong Center Jian Guo Men Wai Da Jie 100022 Beijing, P.R. China Phone: 86-10-6513-8593

12th Floor, ‘A’ Wing, IFCI Tower, 61-Nehru Place, New Delhi-110019 India Phone: 91-11-4610-6880, 6881

© NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION 2008, 2011 All Rights Reserved.

Cat. No. EXE205 2008.2

EXE205 2008.2

Steel Bars 2 2011.3 タ Printed in Japan
Steel Bars
2
2011.3
Printed in Japan