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# GCSE (9-1) Mathematics (Higher)

## 1. (a) Write 126 as a product of its prime factors.

(2)
(b) Find the Highest Common Factor (HCF) of 84 and 126
(2)
(Total 4 marks)
1
2. The straight line L has equation y x7
2
The straight line M is parallel to L and passes through the point (0, 3).
Write down an equation for the line M.
(Total 2 marks)
3.

## ABCDEF is a regular hexagon.

AB = a BC = b AD = 2b

(a) Find the vector AC in terms of a- and b.
(1)

AC CX

(b) Prove that AB is parallel to DX .
(3)
(Total 4 marks)
4. Solve the simultaneous equations
4x + 2y = 8
2x 5y = 10
(Total 3 marks)
5
5. Prove that the recurring decimal 0. 4 5
11
(Total 3 marks)
6. Make p the subject of the formula 4(p 2q) = 3p + 2
(Total 3 marks)
7. Using the information that
97123 = 11 931
Write down the value of
(a) 9.712.3
(b) 0.97123 000
(c) 11.9319.7
(Total 3 marks)
8. Lillian, Max and Nazia share a sum of money in the ratio 2 : 3 : 5
Work out how much money Lillian receives.
(Total 2 marks)
9. (a) Solve the inequality 3x x + 7

## (b) x is a whole number.

Write down the smallest value of x that satisfies 3x x + 7

(c) Show, by shading on the grid, the region which satisfies all three of these inequalities.

(Total 6 marks)

## 10. Work out the value of x.

x 1
(a) 3 81 (b) 2 8 2
30 9 x

(Total 4 marks)
11. Here is a graph of the curve y = cos x for 0 x 360

## Use the graph to solve cos x = 0.75 for 0 x 360

(Total 2 marks)
12. The graph of y = f(x) is shown on the grids.
(a) On this grid, sketch the graph of y = f(x) + 2

## (b) On this grid, sketch the graph of y = f(x)

(Total 4 marks)
13. A spaceship travelled for 6102hours at a speed of 8104km/h.
(a) Calculate the distance travelled by the spaceship.
(2)
5
One month an aircraft travelled 210 km.
The next month the aircraft travelled 3104km.
(b) Calculate the total distance travelled by the aircraft in the two months.
(2)
(Total 4 marks)
14. [ n ] is a positive integer. Prove that n 2 3n 2 must be a multiple of 2.
(Total 2 marks)
15. (a) Write 12 75 in the form a 3 where [ a ] is an integer.
(b) Work out ( 6 12 ) 2
Give your answer in the form c d 2 where c and d are integers.
(Total 2 marks)
16. The diagram shows a sector of a circle, centre O.

## The radius of the circle is 9 cm.

The angle at the centre of the circle is 40.
Find the perimeter of the sector. Leave your answer in terms of .
(Total 3 marks)
17.

## Work out the proportion of the area that is shaded.

(Total 5 marks)
18. The force, F, between two magnets is inversely proportional to the square of the distance, x,
between them.
When x = 3, F = 4.
(a) Find an expression for F in terms of x.
(b) Calculate F when x = 2.
(c) Calculate x when F = 64.
(Total 5 marks)
19. ABC is an isosceles triangle. AB = 2 x , AC = 2 x , BC = 10.
Find an expression, in terms of x , for the perimeter of the triangle.
(Total 2 marks)
20.

## ACQ and BCP are straight lines.

AB is parallel to PQ.
AB = 2 cm. AC = 3 cm. CQ = 12 cm. CP = 10 cm.
(a) Work out the length of PQ.
(b) Work out the length of BP.
(Total 4 marks)
21. The straight line y + 2x = 5 has been drawn on the grid.

## (c) Use your diagram to solve the simultaneous equations

y + 2x = 5
y = 2x 1
(Total 6 marks)
22. Here are Jons marks in two tests.
Test [A] -- 18 out of 25
Test [B] -- 30 out of 40
Which test gives the higher percentage mark? [You must show your working.]
(Total 2 marks)
23. The diagram shows a circle, centre O. Work out the value of- a .

(Total 3 marks)
24. The unfinished table and histogram show information about the weight, w grams, of fish
that Alan caught each day.

## (a) Use the information in the histogram to complete the table.

(b) Use the information in the table to complete the histogram.
(Total 3 marks)
25. y 1.8 -correct to 1 decimal place.
Calculate the lower bound for the value of 4y + 1
(2 marks)
26. This pentagon has a vertical line of symmetry.
The ratio of angles B: C: D = 6: 3: 4

## Work out the size of angle B.

(Total 3 marks)
27. Fiza has 10 coins in a bag. There are three 1coins and seven 50 pence coins.
Fiza takes at random, 3 coins from the bag.
Work out the probability that she takes exactly 2.50
(4 marks)
28.

## Shape P is reflected in the line x = 1 to give shape Q.

Shape Q is reflected in the line y = 0 to give shape R.
Describe fully the single transformation that maps shape P onto shape R.
(Total 3 marks)
29. Cucumbers are grown in a greenhouse or in a garden. The box plots show data about their
lengths, in centimetres.

(a) Write down the median length of the cucumbers grown in the garden.
(b) Give two comparisons between the lengths of cucumbers grown in the greenhouse
and cucumbers grown in the garden.
(Total 3 marks)
30. Solve
3 4
(a)
x x2
4x 1 x 4
(b) 3
5 2
(Total 4 marks)
31.

1
Enlarge the shaded shape by scale factor with centre (1, 2).
2
(Total 3 marks)
32. Ella invested \$8000 for 3 years at 5% per annum compound interest.
Calculate the value of her investment at the end of 3 years.
(Total 3 marks)
33. Evaluate
2 1

(a) 64 3
25 2
(b) 9
(Total 5 marks)
3x
34. Make x the subject of the formula y
x5
x 2 8 x 15
35. Simplify fully
2 x 2 7 x 15
36. A bag contains x counters.
7 of the counters are blue.
Sam takes at random a counter from the bag and does not replace it.
Jill then takes a counter from the bag.
The probability they both take a blue counter is 0.2
(a) Form an equation involving x.
Show that your equation can be expressed as x2 x 210 = 0

## (b) Solve x2 x 210 = 0

(Total 5 marks)
37. Solve the following equations
(c) 3 27 3 x
1

(a) (81) x 3

1 x 3 2x 1 1
(b) 25
x
(d)
5 4 3 4

38. By completing the square solve- x 2 8x 13 0 . Give your answers in surd form.

39. The expression x 2 8 x 21 can be written in the form ( x a ) 2 b for all values of x.
Find the value of a and the value of b.

## 41. PQR is a triangle.

E is the point on PR such that PR = 3PE.
F is the point on QR such that QR = 3QF.

(Total 5 marks)