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REME RUBIALES HERRERA

COMPARATIVO Y SUPERLATIVO

Los adjetivos en grado comparativo

El comparativo se usa en inglés para comparar diferencias entre los dos objetos a los que modifica (larger, smaller, faster, higher). Se emplea en oraciones donde comparamos dos nombres, de la manera siguiente:

Nombre (sujeto) + verbo + adjetivo en grado comparativo + than + nombre (objeto).

El segundo término de la comparación puede omitirse si se entiende a partir del contexto. (ver el último ejemplo).

se entiende a partir del contexto. (ver el último ejemplo). Ejemplos  My house is larger

Ejemplos

My house is larger than hers.

This box is smaller than the one I lost.

Your dog runs faster than Jim's dog.

The rock flew higher than the roof.

Jim and Jack are both my friends, but I like Jack better. ("than Jim" se sobreentiende)

Los adjetivos en grado superlativo

El superlativo se emplea para describir un objeto que se encuentra en el extremo superior o inferior de una cualidad (the tallest, the smallest, the fastest, the highest). Se utiliza en oraciones en las que comparamos un sujeto con un grupo de objetos, como aquí:

Nombre (sujeto) + verbo + the + adjetivo en grado superlativo + nombre (objeto).

El grupo con el que se efectúa la comparación puede omitirse si se entiende a partir del contexto (ver el último ejemplo).

Ejemplos

My house is the largest one in our neighborhood.

This is the smallest box I've ever seen.

Your dog ran the fastest of any dog in the race.

We all threw our rocks at the same time. My rock flew the highest. ("of all the rocks" está sobreentendido)

Formación de comparativos y superlativos regulares

En inglés, es simple formar el comparativo y el superlativo de la mayoría de los adjetivos. La forma dependerá del número de sílabas del adjetivo.

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Adjetivos de una sílaba

Añadir -er para el comparativo y -est para el superlativo. Si el adjetivo termina en consonante + vocal + consonante, la última consonante debe repetirse antes de añadir la terminación.

Adjetivo Comparativo Superlativo

tall

taller

tallest

fat

fatter

fattest

big

bigger

biggest

sad

sadder

saddest

Adjetivos de dos sílabas

Los adjetivos de dos sílabas pueden formar el comparativo añadiendo -er, como los adjetivos de una sílaba, o bien colocando more delante del adjetivo, como ocurre con los de tres sílabas. Igualmente, estos adjetivos pueden formar el superlativo añadiendo la terminación -est o bien poniendo most delante el adjetivo. En muchos casos se utilizan las dos formas, aunque uno de los usos será más habitual que el otro. Si no estamos seguros de que un adjetivo pueda tomar las terminaciones de comparativo o superlativo, es mejor utilizar more y most . Cuando un adjetivo de dos sílabas termina en y, hay que cambiarla por i antes de añadir la terminación.

Adjetivo Comparativo Superlativo

happy

happier

happiest

simple

simpler

simplest

busy

busier

busiest

tilted

more tilted

most tilted

tangled

more tangled most tangled

Adjetivos de tres sílabas o más

Los adjetivos de tres sílabas o más forman el comparativo colocando more antes del adjetivo y el superlativo colocando most.

Adjetivo

Comparativo

Superlativo

important

more important

most important

expensive more expensive most expensive

Comparativos y superlativos irregulares

Algunos adjetivos muy corrientes tienen formas irregulares en los grados comparativo y superlativo.

Adjetivos Comparativos

Superlativos

good

better

best

bad

worse

worst

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Adjetivos Comparativos

Superlativos

little

less

least

much

more

most

far

further / farther

furthest / farthest

Ejemplos:

Today is the worst day I've had in a long time.

You play tennis better than I do.

This

This sweater is less expensive than that one.

I ran pretty far yesterday, but I ran even farther today.

is the least expensive sweater in the store.

EJERCICIOS

Laura is

taller

the tallest

in our class.

Reading a book is

more interesting

the most interesting

than playing computer games.

Jerry is

fitter

more fit

than Tom.

This is

better

the best

film I have ever seen.

Your flat is

biger

bigger

than mine.

This is

worse

the worst

restaurant in the town.

The test was not as

easier

easy

as I expected.

Jane is less

richer

rich

than her parents.

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A pub is

noisier

more noisy

than a café.

This is

the most lovely

the loveliest

present I have ever received.

Elige la respuesta correcta:

My mother is

ever received. Elige la respuesta correcta: My mother is old older the oldest the old than

old

olderever received. Elige la respuesta correcta: My mother is old the oldest the old than my

the oldestElige la respuesta correcta: My mother is old older the old than my father. What is

the oldla respuesta correcta: My mother is old older the oldest than my father. What is funny

than my father.

What is

funnyis old older the oldest the old than my father. What is funnier the funniest the

funnierold older the oldest the old than my father. What is funny the funniest the funny

the funniestthe oldest the old than my father. What is funny funnier the funny movie you have

the funnythe old than my father. What is funny funnier the funniest movie you have ever seen?

movie you have ever seen?

That movie was bad, but it wasn't

baddestyou have ever seen? That movie was bad, but it wasn't worsest worse the worst I

worsestever seen? That movie was bad, but it wasn't baddest worse the worst I have ever

worseseen? That movie was bad, but it wasn't baddest worsest the worst I have ever seen.

the worstThat movie was bad, but it wasn't baddest worsest worse I have ever seen. Rachel's hair

I have ever seen.

Rachel's hair is not as

longthe worst I have ever seen. Rachel's hair is not as longer the longest more long

longerthe worst I have ever seen. Rachel's hair is not as long the longest more long

the longestI have ever seen. Rachel's hair is not as long longer more long Yesterday's exam was

more longseen. Rachel's hair is not as long longer the longest Yesterday's exam was difficult difficulter as

Yesterday's exam was

difficultnot as long longer the longest more long Yesterday's exam was difficulter as Sarah's. than the

difficulteris not as long longer the longest more long Yesterday's exam was difficult as Sarah's. than

as Sarah's.

than the one last month.

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the difficultestREME RUBIALES HERRERA more difficult Peter is as fast faster the fastest the faster as Alex.

more difficultREME RUBIALES HERRERA the difficultest Peter is as fast faster the fastest the faster as Alex.

Peter is as fast faster the fastest the faster

difficult Peter is as fast faster the fastest the faster as Alex. I think Mary is
difficult Peter is as fast faster the fastest the faster as Alex. I think Mary is
difficult Peter is as fast faster the fastest the faster as Alex. I think Mary is
difficult Peter is as fast faster the fastest the faster as Alex. I think Mary is

as Alex.

I think Mary is beautiful the most beautiful the beautifulest the beautifuler

the most beautiful the beautifulest the beautifuler woman I have ever seen. Her room is only
the most beautiful the beautifulest the beautifuler woman I have ever seen. Her room is only
the most beautiful the beautifulest the beautifuler woman I have ever seen. Her room is only
the most beautiful the beautifulest the beautifuler woman I have ever seen. Her room is only

woman I have ever seen.

Her room is only a little bit bigger the bigger big he biggest

room is only a little bit bigger the bigger big he biggest than mine. He is
room is only a little bit bigger the bigger big he biggest than mine. He is
room is only a little bit bigger the bigger big he biggest than mine. He is
room is only a little bit bigger the bigger big he biggest than mine. He is

than mine.

He is

when he is playing football. the happier happiest the happy happyest

is playing football. the happier happiest the happy happyest Michael's house is far the furthest the
is playing football. the happier happiest the happy happyest Michael's house is far the furthest the
is playing football. the happier happiest the happy happyest Michael's house is far the furthest the
is playing football. the happier happiest the happy happyest Michael's house is far the furthest the

Michael's house is far the furthest the farther further

happiest the happy happyest Michael's house is far the furthest the farther further from the train
happiest the happy happyest Michael's house is far the furthest the farther further from the train
happiest the happy happyest Michael's house is far the furthest the farther further from the train
happiest the happy happyest Michael's house is far the furthest the farther further from the train

from the train than Betty's.

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