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MULTIPEL CHOICE ITEM

1) Which is the material that present in DNA?


a) Chromosomes b) Gene c) Nucleus d) Asters
2) Who discovered the double helical model of DNA?
a) Crick and Aristotle b) Dalton and Aristotle
c) Watson and crick d) Crick and Dalton

3) To which part of the chromosome does the spindle fibres are attached
during the cell division
a) Genes b) Centromere c) Chromatids d) DNA
4) Why is meiosis is called as reduction cell division? Because daughter cell
receives
a) half the number of chromosomes b) no chromosomes
c) double number of chromosomes d) same number of chromosomes

5) Why nuclear membrane disappears during cell division in order to


a) Increases the speed of cell division
b) Reduce abstraction during cell division
c) To form chromosomes
d) Fasten the replication of DNA

6) What is formed during the division of plant cell


a) Cell plate b) Cell membrane c) Cell wall d) Cell furrow
7) In which stage of mitosis the asters are formed
a) Metaphase b) Telophase c) Prophase d) Anaphase

8) How many number of chromatids are present in the tetrad


chromosomes?
a)Five b)Three c) Two d)Four
9) What do you call the female reproductive cell?
a) Egg b) Ovum c) Sperm d) Zygote

10) Why are the bacteria called as natural scavengers?


Because they are
a)Parasitic b)Saprophytic c) Autotrophic d)Symbiotic
11) Which bacteria cause the disease typhoid?
a) Salmonella typhoid b) Vibrio cholera
c) Clostridium tetani d) Yersinia pestis

12) Why are the diatoms called as jewels of sea?


a) The source of petrol b) Abrasive
c) The population indicator d) The producers of aquatic ecosystem
13) To which kingdom do phytoplankton belongs?
a) Kingdom Monera b) Kingdom Protista
c) Kingdom Mycota d) Kingdom Animalia

14) Who discovered yeast?


a) Leeuwenhoek b) John ray c) Robert brown d)Aristotle
15) What is the another name of Kingdom Porifera?
a) Coelenterate b) Annelida c) Sponges d) Arthropoda
16) In which phylum do we observe the gastro vascular cavity?
a) Arthropoda b) Annelida c)Coelenterata d)Platyhelminthes
17) In which phylum do we observe the Gem muscles ?
a) Coelenterata b)Porifera c)Arthropoda d)Annelida
18) Why is earth worm called as farmers friend? because they
a) increase the fertility of soil
b) have regeneration capacity
c) are hermaphrodite
d) belong to phylum annelida

19) Which is the point present in nucleoplasm


a) Nucleolus b) Centriole c) Lysosome d) Mitochondria
20) Who discovered the double helical model of DNA?
a)Watson and Crick b) Watson and Jackson
c)crick and Jackson d)crick and Jackson

21) Which is the pyramidine present in DNA?


a) Adenine b) Guanine c) Thymine d)Uracil
22) How many chromatids are present in triploid number of chromosomes?
a)One b) Two c) Three d)Four
23) Why are chromosomes called hereditary vehicles?
because they carry
a) Whole cell from one generation to another
b) Genes from one generation to another
c) Nucleus from one generation to another
d) Nucleoplasm from one generation to another

24) How many daughter cells are formed by mitosis?


a) Four daughter cells b) Three daughter cells
c) Two daughter cells d)Only one daughter cells
25) Where does meiosis takes place in our body?
a) Regenerating cells b) Damage cells
c) Vegetative cells d) Reproductive cells

26) Why is mitosis called as equational cell division?


Because daughter cell receive
a) Half the number of chromosomes b) Same sized nucleus
c) Same member of chromosomes d) Equal quantity of cytoplasm

27) What is formed only during the cell division of animal cell?
a) Cell plate b) Nuclear membrane
c) Cell membrane d) Cleavage furrow

28) Which among the following is the internal factor that spoil the food?
a) Defective storage structure b) Enzymatic activity
c) Microorganisms d) Humidity
29) What is the name given to the method of destroying the microbes by
heat treatment?
a)Pasteurization b) Hydration c)Dehydration d)Freezing
30) What do we call the method of storing the food in range of 600C to 80
C?
a) Sun drying b) freezing c) Cold storage d) Hot air drying
31) Which is the instrument used to measure the density of milk?
a) Spectrometer b) Lactometer
c) Galvanometer d) Sphygmomanometer

32) Which is the common adulterant used in tea?


a)Sand b) Iron fillings c) Ragi d)Stone pieces
33) What is the reason for the growth of microorganisms in vegetables?
due to
a) Moisture content b) Chemicals c) their taste d) Availability
34) Which of the following is the external factor of the spoilage of food?
a) Enzymatic activity b) Temperature c) Moisture content d) Nutrients
35) Which of the following food is non-perishable food?
a) Meat b) Fruits c) Fish d) Cereals
36) Why should we observe the expiry date in the food item?
a) Each food item should have specific shelf life
b) After shelf life period the food item produce harmful chemicals
c) The colour of the food item will change
d) Water gets stored in the food
37) What do we call the circular shaped DNA molecule present in bacterial
cell
a)Plasmid b) Plastid c) Ribosome d)Mesosome
38) Which among the following is not an example for parasitic bacteria?

a) Xanthomonos Citri b) Sarchomycin


c) Clostridium tetani d) Streptomycin
39) Why is capsule present only in pathogenic bacteria? In order to provide
a) Protection b) Shape c) Nutrition d) Flexibility
40) Which is the the spore formed during sexual reproduction of yeast?
a) Basidiospores b) Ascospores c)Zygospores d)Zoospores
41) Why is yeast used in bakery items?
Because to
a) make the bakery item soft
b) remove water content
c) give colour
d) increases the sweetness

42) Which among the following phylum are exclusively marine in habitat?
a)Arthropoda b)Coelenterate c)Echinodermata d)Porifera
43) Which among the following part is present in yeast
a)Vacuole b) Flagella c)Capsule d)Mesosome
44) Which of the following phylum possess diploblastic organism?
a) Coelenterate b) Arthropoda c) Platyhelminthes d) Annelida
45) Which of the following phylum is an example for Echinodermata?
a) Garden snail b) jelly fish c)sycon d)tape worm
46) Which is the food conducting tissue in plants?
a)Xylem b)parenchyma c)phloem d)collenchyma
47) Which is the component of blood that provides immunity to our body?
a)RBC b)Platelets c)WBC d)plasma
48) How many chambers are present in the heart of cockroach?
a) 40 b) 13 c) 12 d)14
49) What is the type of circulation takes place in cockroach?
a) closed b) open c) open and closed d) closed and open
50) Why is balsam plant taken as experimental plant to show conduction of
water in plant?
Because
a) it is small size b) it has semi-transparent stem
c) easy availability d) fast movement of water
51) What do you can the transpiration that takes place through the bark of
the plant body?
a) Stomatal transpiration b) Lenticular transpiration
c) Cuticular transpiration d) Epidermal transpiration
52) What do you call the process of loss of water or vapour from the aerial
part of plants?
a) Transpiration b) Translocation c) Guttation d)Transport
system
53) To which phylum does cockroach belongs?
a) Arthropoda b)Annelida c) Porifera d)Coelenterate
54) What is the name of WBC having kidney shaped nucleus
a) Eosinophils b) Lymphatic c) Basophils d) Monocytes
55) Which is the disorder caused due to deficiency of vitamin- A?
a) Night blindness b) Kwashiorkor c) Phrynodermata d)Anaemia
56)What is the chemical present in vitamin- C ?
a) Retinol b)Ascorbic acid c) thiamine d)cyanocobal armie
57) Which of the following is non- perishable food?
a) Cooked food b) egg c)vegetable d)food grains
58) What do we call the method of storing the food below 0 degree?
a)freezing b)pasteurization c)cold storage d)canning
59)Which is the adulterant present in cooking oil?
a) Argimone oil b) mustard oil c) castor oil d)coconut oil
60) Why do we expose children's to sunlight in the early morning?
To get
a) energy b) vitamin D c)immunity d)for colour
61) What do we call the method of storing the food in steamed container?
a) canning b)Radiation c)dehydration d)freezing
62) Why we should not store the lemon pickle in Metallic containers?
Because it
a) produces harmful chemicals b)increases the sourness
c) encourages the growth of microorganisms d)it changes the taste
63) Which is the internal factor for the food storage?
a) enzymatic activity b)Temperature c)Humidity d)Rodents
64) Which part of the nucleus contains sub units of Ribosomes?
a) Nucleus b) Nuclear membrane
c) Nucleoplasm d) Chromatin material

65) What is DNA strand made up of?


a) Purine b) Pyrimidines c) Nucleotides d) Nucleosides
66) Why does nuclear membrane disappears during cell division?
a) To allow the spindle fibres to form
b) To allow the asters to form easily
c) To allow the chromosomes divide easily
d) To allow the nucleoplasm divide easily

VERY SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS


1. Mention the types of Ecosystem?
2. Draw a neat labelled diagram of ecological pyramid of aquatic
ecosystem.
3. Which are the types of pyramid of number?
4. Draw a neat labelled diagram of Bacteria.
5. What is the purpose of classification of living organisms?
6. Why are the viruses called as connecting link between living and non-
living things?
7. Draw a neat labelled diagram of Lysosome.
8. Why is cell wall present only in Plant cell but not in Animal cell?
9. How does chromatin network converted into chromosomes?
10.What is Photosynthesis?
11.Draw the foregut region of digestive system of cockroach and label the
part.
12.What are Saprophytes?
13.What is Endoplasmic reticulum?
14.Why is cell membrane also called as Semi permeable membrane?
15.Draw a neat labelled diagram of Nucleus.
16.Draw a neat labelled diagram of Golgi complex.
17.What are Chromatin materials?
18.Why do the function of lysosome increases during injuries or infection in
our body?
19.What is the function of Chromosomes?
20.What is the function of Cell membrane?
21.Define Diffusion.
22.Draw a neat labelled diagram of Chloroplast.
23.Why lysosomes are called as "Suicide bags of the cell?
24.Draw a neat labelled diagram of Vacuole.
25.what are the external factors in food spoilage?
26.Why do perishable food spoil quickly?
27.Draw the diagram of person showing any two symptoms of kwashiorkor.
28.What is ascent of sap?
29.Why do a person suffering from hemophilia faints very soon?
30.Draw a neat labelled diagram of granulocytes.
31.What is cell division?
32.Why does DNA replicate during cell division?
33.Draw a neat labelled diagram of prophase of mitosis.
34.What are the uses of yeast?
35.What is fragmentation in Bacteria?
36.Draw a neat labelled diagram of Bacteria.
37.Draw a neat labelled diagram of structure of chromosome.
38.Mention any 2 changes takes place in Anaphase of mitosis.
39.Why is meiosis is called as reduction cell division?
40.Draw a neat labelled diagram of DNA.
41.Mention the changes that takes place in prophase 1 of meiosis.
42.Why is mitosis is called as equational cell division?
43.Why are diatoms called as jewels of sea?
44.Give any four example for phylum Arthropoda .
45.Draw a neat labelled diagram of Bacteria.
46.What are the steps of controlling the Adulteration?
47.Why we should consume the food rich in vitamin B12?
48.Draw a neat labelled diagram of the person showing any 2 symptoms of
Goiter.
49. What is closed circulatory system?
50. What is open circulatory system?

SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS


1. Why do dry grapes swell when soaked in water?
2. How do the chloroplast help in preparation of food in leaves?
3. Why is vacuole larger in plant cell?
4. Differentiate between Plant cell and Animal cell .
5. What are the functions of Nucleoplasm and Nuclear membrane?
6. Why do animal cell cannot prepare food?
7. Explain the level of organisation.
Explain the components of ecosystems.
8. Why is the scientific name given to all the living organisms?
9. Explain the 5 kingdom classification of living organisms.
10.What is Osmosis?
11.Why are centrioles present only in the Animal cell but not in Plant cell?
12.Why we should not talk while eating food?
13.Explain the nutrition in Amoeba.
14.Why is Mitochondria called as"Power house of the cell?
15.Why are fruit considered as perishable food?
16.Which are the adulterants added to the following food items?
a. Coffee powder b. Ghee c. pepper d. pulses e. salt f. soji
17.Explain sexual reproduction in diatom.
18.Why does multi cellular organism requires 2 type of cell division?
19.What are the main difference between the mitosis and meiosis?
20.Why is Telophase called a Reverse of prophase?
21.Differentiate between mitosis and meiosis
22.Why is mitosis called as Equational cell division?
23.Explain Girdling experiment
24.Why is circulation in human beings called as Double circulation?
25.Explain the enzymatic activity in the food spoilage.
26.Name the any two adulterants present in the following food items:
b. Tea b. Soji c. Honey d. Mustard
27.Explain the salient features of Arthropoda.
28.Reason out for the use for the use of yeast in the preparation of bakery
items.
29.Why is the use of DDT not advisable?
30. Describe the structure of Yeast.

ESSAY TYPE QUESTIONS


1. Explain the structure of Nucleus.
2. Differentiate between Photosynthetic nutrition and Chemosynthetic
nutrition.
3. Explain the function of different parts of Nucleus.
4. Explain the systematic position of human with their characteristic feature.
5. Explain the structure and function of Endoplasmic reticulum.
6. Explain the structure of Nucleus.
7. Explain the process of Osmosis by potato osmoscope experiment.
8. Why do we store the food for long time?
9. Explain circulatory system in cockroach.
10.Explain the double helical structure of DNA.
11.Explain the significance of meiosis.
12. Describe the structure of human heart.
13.Describe the structure of human excretory system
14.Explain the double circulation in human body
15.Explain the functioning of human heart
16. Explain the stages of formation of urine in human body
17. Describe the structure of skin
18. Explain the components of blood
19.Explain the formation of clot in human body
20. Explain the external factors responsible for food spoilage
21. Explain the different methods one should adopt to preserve the food
items
22. Explain the components of ecosystem
23.Explain the different types of pyramid of ecosystem
24. Explain the types of resources in our environment
25.Explain the different types of fossils
26. Explain the stages of mitosis
27.Explain the stages of meiosis
28.Explain the significance of mitosis
29.Explain the significance of meiosis
30. Explain the transportation of water and minerals in plants
31.Explain the different types of transpiration in plants