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Workshop Speech Sharing of ENSE

e-Science in Nuclear Science & Engineering

Presented by Yican Wu
Contributed by FDS Team

Institute of Nuclear Energy Safety Technology (INEST)

Chinese Academy of Sciences

e-Science 2013 Beijing23-10-2013

1. Workshop Speech Sharing

2. Comprehensive Simulation & Nuclear Informatics (in FDS)

3. Summary
Workshop on e-Science in Nuclear Science and
Engineering (ENSE)
22 Oct. 2013, Beijing, China


 Chair: Professor Yican Wu

Leader of FDS team
Director of Institute of Nuclear Energy Safety Technology, CAS
Vice Dean of School of Nuclear Sciences and Technology, University
of Sciences and Technology of China (USTC)
ENSE Aims & Contents
Aims: To provide platform for scientists & engineers to share their
experiences in researching & applying e-Science technologies to nuclear
energy, and discuss the challenges and future outlook.

 Collaborative & sharing platform
(ITER ICP/IDM, ITER 3D platform, nuclear regulatory system, etc.)
 Integrated & comprehensive simulation
(Virtual4DS, SALOME, reactor software packages, etc.)
 New IT technologies application in nuclear energy
(Cloud computing, big data, visual analysis, etc.)
 Nuclear informatics
(Discipline system, key focuses, etc.)
ENSE Participants
~50 delegates from 15 institutions
ITER organization
EDF (Electricite de France)
Nuclear & radiation safety center, ministry of
environmental protection of P.R.C.
Citrix Systems, Inc.
Institute of Nuclear Energy Safety Technology,
Chinese Academy of Sciences (INEST)
China Nuclear Power Technology Research
Peking University
China Nuclear Power Engineering Co., Ltd.
China Nuclear Power Simulation Technology Co.,
State Nuclear Power Technology Corporation
Computer Network Information Center, CAS
University of Sciences and Technology of China
Shenzhen University (SZU)
North China Electric Power University (NCEPU)
Workshop Speeches
 ITER Collaborative Infrastructure ( ITER IT)
 Value of 3D Experience Platform at ITER (ITER
 The Practice and Challenges of Informatics in
Nuclear Safety (Ministry of Environmental
 SALOME, an Open Source Integration Platform
for Numerical Simulation (EDF)
 Computing and Data Analysis in High Energy
Physics (CERN)
 R&D Project for Nuclear Design Software at China
General Nuclear Power Corporation (CNPRI)
 Big Scientific Data Visualization and Visual
Analysis (Peking University)
 Cloud Computing to Enable Mobile Workstyles
 Development of Advanced Nuclear Software and
Nuclear Informatics (INEST-FDS Team)
 From Database to Big Data in Nuclear Science and
Engineering (INEST-FDS Team)
Collaborative & Sharing Platform
 ITER collaborative needs
 Unified ITER Team consists of ITER organization with 7 domestic
agencies in China, Europe, India, Japan, Korea, Russia, and the USA.
 Built all over the world and assembled in France
 Historical growth of objects were at Exponential Grow ratio
 All phases: design, engineering, construction, assembly,
commissioning, operation, decommissioning, etc.
Unique data source  Federated data sources
 ICP: the integrated platform
 IDM: documentation management
 SmartPlant: Plant design & management
 Enovia: CAD data management

The design of ITER has been done by 250+ designers all over the world

TF Coil TF coil cases Conductor

Jap Jap Chi
an an South Korea
pe Jap
 ITER 3D CAD Center (collaborative design & data sharing)
 Nuclear regulatory system (Ministry of Environmental Protection)
 For license application, authorized & radiation source management
Integrated & Comprehensive Simulation
 An open source integration platform for numerical simulation
 Generic code environment: CAD module + meshing + definition
of calculation inputs + code coupling + visualization.
 More realistic (2D->3D), more complex (multi-physics), more
meaningful (with propagation of uncertainties)
 Common data exchange model, CORBA based architecture
 Virtual4DS (INEST-FDS Team): full-scope multi-physics simulation
 Software package for nuclear reactor design and licensing (CGN)
Code 2 Code 3
(format I/O 2) (format I/O 3)

Common exchange

Code 1 Code 4
(format I/O 1) (format I/O 4)
New IT Technologies Application in Nuclear Energy
 Cloud for mobile workstyle (Citrix)
 Virtualization + 3D powered technology (vGPUs), to achieve mobile
work with 3D experiences
 Supercomputing & data analysis (CERN)
 Integrates computer centers worldwide that provide computing
and storage resource into a single infrastructure accessible by all
LHC physicists.
 Big data visual analysis (PKU): interactive high dynamic range viz.
 Big data management & usage (INEST-FDS Team)
 Fusion Database
 Unified fundamental DB for nuclear energy
Workshop Photos
Summary of ENSE
 The first dedicated workshop on e-Science in nuclear energy.
 With 10 keynote speeches and ~50 delegates from 15 institutions.

 Promoting more applications of new information technologies in nuclear

 Establishment of Nuclear informatics needs more widely joint efforts.
 Expect more communications and regular opportunities on e-Science in
nuclear energy.

1. Workshop Speech Sharing

2. Comprehensive Simulation & Nuclear Informatics (in FDS)

3. Summary
Current Status of Nuclear Energy
434 Nuclear Power Reactors in operation, 69 Nuclear
Power Reactors under construction
370, 543 MWe Total Net Installed Capacity, account for
~16% of the Electricity Generation

China ~2%
Chinas Plan on Fission Energy & Nuclear Safety
( Plan up to 2020 )

 National plan of developing nuclear energy before 2020

 Issued by Government in October 2012.
 58 GWe in operation, 30 GWe under construction

 National plan for nuclear and radiation safety before 2020

 Issued by Government in June 2012
 More R&D are required on five fields to enhance nuclear safety,
especially in the basic research of nuclear safety
 ~79.8 billion RMB investment demand
(~13.3 billion US dollars)
Chinas Fission Energy Development and Issues
( Prediction up to 2050 )

Scenario Ratio A Ratio B Nucl. Power Capacity (Approximate Scale)

Low Level 10% 6% 120GW Double in France

Mid. Level 20% 12% 240GW Sum in US, France and RF

High Level 30% 18% 360GW Sum all over the world

A: fraction of nucl. power in total electricity capacity

B: fraction of nucl. power in total primary energy capacity

Radioactive waste disposal ?

Nuclear fuel supply ? Sustainable energy ?
 China LEAd-based Reactor (CLEAR) is selected as the reference reactor for CAS-ADS
project and for Lead cooled Fast Reactor (LFR) technology development.
 ADS-CLEAR series reactors can share technology and provide test platform for
fusion/hybrid reactors

~2020s ADS Experimental Facility

China Lead-based Experimental
Reactor CLEAR-II (~100MW)

~2010s ADS Research Facility

50~250MeV ~2030s ADS Demonstration Facility
China Lead-based 1.5~2GeV/>10mA
Research Reactor CLEAR-I(~10MW)
China Lead-based Demonstration
Reactor CLEAR-III (~1000MW)

Accelerate element

High current ion source

Superconducting cavity
ITER: International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor
A important step to fusion energy

China EU India Japan Korea Russia USA

The 7 ITER members represent more than 50% of the
worlds population and about 80% of the global GDP
~100 euros will be invested, 10% is supported by CN
First component in 2015, first plasma in ~2024
Features of Advanced Nuclear Energy System
With various new scientific problems

 Complicated Neutron physics

 Large energy span, complex energy spectrum structure, strong
 Coupled with external and internal sources, etc.
 Complex thermal-hydraulics
 Multiple coolants with different characteristics
 structure of reactor core and blanket is multiform, etc.
 Higher requirements on material performance
 Radiation by High energy neutron
 Corrosion caused by coolants, etc.
 New types of fuel cycle, etc.
Demands on Advanced Nuclear Software: Three Levels

I. Simulation of fundamental physical problems

 large neutron energy range, complex spectrum, strong anisotropy
 Multi-physical coupling

II. Interactive design and optimization

 Complex fuel rods and material distribution
 Huge demand on computing simulation resource
Fusion reactors
 Fast 4D visual analysis of calculation data

III. Comprehensive and integrated simulation

 Neutronics, thermal hydraulics, fuel, material behavior
 Integrated design environment and operation simulation
 Safety and environmental influence
 AA Accelerator driven
subcritical reactors
(FDS) International Center for Advanced Nuclear Software
Professional advanced nuclear software research and development, testing and technical support center

Objectives Features

1. International leading research and development base of Widely adaptive & with
advanced nuclear software advanced technologies
2. Advanced nuclear software technology output and Deep integration &
support center multidisciplinary crossing
3. Independent evaluation and accreditation organization of International & open
nuclear software
4. Professional training center of nuclear informatics

Comprehensive experiment platform: 3D visualization,
nuclear energy cloud and high performance computing, 150+ members (~80% PhD )
full scope simulator
Systematic software: modeling, calculation, analysis and

Three disciplinary directions

Nuclear software and safety simulation

Nuclear informatics
Nuclear technology application
4D interactive simulation system
Independent intellectual property rights
 600+ person-year
 Certificated by international QA
FDS Software  Applied in 40+ nations

I. Simulation of Fundamental Physical Problems

SuperMC Super Monte Carlo Calculation Program for Nuclear and Radiation Process
NTC Neutronics-Thermohydraulics Coupled Simulation Program
MTC Magnetic-Thermohydraulics Coupled Simulation Program
TAS Tritium Analysis Program for Fusion System
RiskA Reliability and Probabilistic Safety Assessment Program
HENDL Hybrid Evaluated Nuclear Data Library
RiskBase Database Management System for Reliability Analysis

II. Interactive Design and Optimization

Virtual Reality-Based Simulation System for Nuclear and Radiation Safety
Multi-Physics Coupling Analysis Modeling Program
CAD-Based Multi-Functional 4D Neutronics Simulation System
Risk Monitor for Nuclear Power Plant
Accurate/Advanced Radiotherapy System
System Analysis Program for Parameter Optimization & Economical Assessment of Fusion Reactor
Database Management System for Fusion

III. Multi-process Integrated Comprehensive Simulation

Virtual4DS Virtual Nuclear Power Plant in Digital Society
NBigData Nuclear Big Data Platform
NCoud Nuclear Cloud Platform
CROSS Collaborative Research and Science Resource Management Platform
Super Monte Carlo Calculation Program for
Nuclear and Radiation Process
(Transport, Depletion, Multi-physics Coupling)
SuperMC: Super Monte Carlo Calculation Program for
Nuclear and Radiation Process

Transport Calculation
Automatic Modeling Results and Process
Depletion & Activation Calculation
Isotope Burnup
Material Activation
Shutdown Dose

Multi-physics Coupling Calculation

Fuel Performance
Structural Mechanics
SuperMC User Distribution
Automatic Modeling Module MCAM

Russian Research Center "Kurchatov Institute"

Culham Centre for Fusion Energy

UKAEA Fusion KIT China Institute of Atomic Energy

China Nuclear Power Engineering Co., LTD. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
CEA Tsinghua University Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Japan Atomic Energy Agency UCLA Sandia National Laboratory
Nuclear Power Institute of China
China Nuclear Power Design Co., Ltd(Shenzhen)
China Academy of Engineering Physics
Southwestern Institute of Physics
China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation

Has been used by 200+ institutions in 40+ nations

Virtual Reality-based Simulation System
for Nuclear and Radiation Safety
RVIS: Virtual Reality-based Simulation System for
Nuclear and Radiation Safety
Main Functions:
1. Mixed Visualization of 4D Data Field & Model of
Nuclear System
2. Modeling and Virtual Assembly of Complex
3. Virtual Roaming and Organ Dose Evaluation in
Radiation Environment Mixed Visualization for ITER

Digital Reactor Virtual Assembly for
3D whole-body Phantom with
Subcritical Reactor CLEAR
46 organs
Main Applications

Design Optimization Maintenance Planning

Emergency Evaluation VR-based Training

Virtual Nuclear Power Plant in Digital Society
(Digital Nuclear Reactor  Virtual Nuclear Power Plant)

Integration Project
Virtual4DS: Virtual Nuclear Power Plant in Digital Society
(Digital Nuclear Reactors  Virtual Nuclear Power Plant)

Goal: to achieve a comprehensive and high-fidelity simulation of

reactors with the features of openness, sharing, intelligence and
intuition, based on modern information technologies.

1. Comprehensive Simulation

Basic Research
Reactor Design
Reactor Regulation
Nuclear power plant Operation

2. Open Platform
Ecology +Nuclear Science
Social Science + Nuclear Science
Main Capabilities & Target Users of Virtual4DS
 Main Capabilities :  Target Users:
 Simulation of basic physical  Researchers of fundamental
problem physics
 Full cycle whole-core integrated  Designers of reactors
simulation  Regulators of reactors
 3D virtual environment simulation  Personnel of operation and
 Optimization & control of nuclear maintenance
power plant operation  Multidisciplinary researchers
 Integrated informatized (ecology, meteorology, etc.)
management of nuclear power
Objectives of Virtual4DS

 Near-term Objective: Digital Nuclear Reactors

 Full Cycle Multi-Physics Integrated Simulation
 3D Virtual Environment based on Advanced
Virtual Reality Devices
 Open Architecture for Easy Integration of
Multiple Codes

 Long-term Objective: Virtual Nuclear

Power Plants
 Full scope simulation
 Integrated informatized management of
nuclear power plants
Preliminary Application

China Lead based Reactor

Virtual4DS - CLEAR

Preliminary Application

International Thermonuclear Fusion Reactor

Virtual4DS - ITER

Nuclear Informatics

Development of advanced nuclear software needs the deep

combination between information science and nuclear science.

Mission: R&D of the methodologies

and technologies on applying
information technology to promote
nuclear physics, nuclear engineering
and nuclear safety.
Establishment Strategy of Nuclear Informatics
1. Construction of discipline system
 Discipline system and structure
 Research content and methods
2. Key research directions
Advanced Algorithm & Software
 Algorithm: Organic Combination of Intelligent Information Processing
Method and Nuclear Energy Demand
Significant Carrier of Nuclear Informatics
 Nuclear Software
Big Data & Sharing
One of the basic support of Nuclear Research
 Nuclear Energy Database
Future of Nuclear Information Processing
 Nuclear Bigdata

 e-Science Platform in Nuclear Based on Cloud Computing
 Collaborative Research Platform Based on Social Relations Network SNS
 e-Science in nuclear energy attracts more attentions
 Collaborative & sharing platform (ITER ICP/IDM, ITER 3D platform,
nuclear regulatory system, etc.)
 Integrated & comprehensive simulation (Virtual4DS, SALOME, etc.)
 New IT technologies applications in nuclear energy (cloud, big data,
visual analysis, etc.)
 Nuclear informatics (Discipline system, key focuses, etc.)

 FDS software: widely adaptive & with advanced technologies

 20+ nuclear software in 3 categories
 Applied to 200+ institutions in 40+ countries

 Establishment of nuclear informatics needs widely joint efforts

Thanks for Your Attention