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Christine Voong

Angela Mamun (partner)


Period 2
March 13, 2017

Titration Lab
Purpose: To find the average molarity of NaOH.
Pre-Lab:
1. Standardization is the process of determining the exact concentration of a solution.
2. A primary standard is a reagent that is extremely pure, stable, has no water of hydration,
and has high molecular weight.
3. C8H5KO4 ; 204.22 g/mol
4. By the term accurately weight approximately 4 grams g of NaOH it means measure to
two decimal spaces.
5. HC8H4O4- + OH- = C8H4O42- + H2O
6. H+ + OH- = H2O
7. A NaOH solution is used to titrate a KHP solution and acetic acid solution.
Procedures:
Refer to handout Titration Lab distributed by Mr. Morgan on March 8, 2017. No changes were
made.
Sample 1 Sample2 Sample 3
Mass of KHP used 0.775 g 0.653 g 0.705 g
Initial buret reading 0.02 mL 0.07 mL 0.01 mL
Final buret reading 36.42 mL 33.91 mL 33.68 mL
Volume of NaOH 36.40 mL 33.84 mL 33.67 mL
used
Moles KHP present 0.0038 mol 0.0032 mol 0.0035 mol
Molarity of NaOH 0.104 M .094 M 0.104 M
Average molarity of 0.101 M 0.101 M 0.101 M
NaOH

Sample 1 Sample2 Sample 3


Mass of vinegar used 5.04 g 5.01 g 5.02 g
Initial buret reading 0.03 mL 0.01 mL 0.04 mL
Final buret reading 42.10 mL 43.88 mL 42.89 mL
Volume of NaOH 42.07 mL 43.87 mL 42.85 mL
used
Moles vinegar present 0.084 mol 0.083 mol 0.084 mol
Molarity of NaOH 1.995 M 1.891 M 1.958 M
Average molarity of 1.948 M 1.948 M 1.948 M
NaOH

1. The average concentration of NaOH is 1.02.


2. The percent of acetic acid is 5%.
3. If the buret was filled with standard NaOh then the concentration of the NaOH solution
will decrease. As a result more solution is needed to titrate KHP to equivalence point.
4. If extra water was added to the 0.6 sample of KPH it would have no effect to the outcome
of the lab. In the experiment, the NaOH solution was used to titrate the KHP solution. As
the solution reached the equivalence point the sided of the flask was rinsed with distilled
water to get rid of any solids that was stuck to it. Even if extra water was added it would
not affect the outcome because there is still the same number of moles of KHP.
5. The indicator will show that the solution is still acidic because it would require less
NaOH solution to reach the equivalence point. It would also require less solution.
6. If there was a bubble that passed through the buret it would affect the outcome of the
volume and thus changing the data.
7.
correct Incorrect
Mass of KHP used 0.775 g 0.775 g
Initial buret reading 0.02 mL 0.02 mL
Final buret reading 36.42 mL 36.42 mL
Volume of NaOH used 36.40 mL 36.40 mL
Moles KHP present 0.0038 mol 0.0109 mol
Molarity of NaOH 0.104 M 0.299 M

8.
correct Incorrect
Mass of KHP used 0.6100 g 0.6001 g
Initial buret reading 0.02 mL 0.02 mL
Final buret reading 36.42 mL 36.42 mL
Volume of NaOH used 36.40 mL 36.40 mL
Moles KHP present 0.0030 mol 0.0029 mol
Molarity of NaOH 0.082 M 0.080 M

Conclusion: The average molarity of NaOH is 0.101 M and 1.948 M.