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TIMPURILE VERBELOR LIMBII ENGLEZE

PRESENT TENSE
Timpul Forma Cum se formeaza Utilizare Mentiuni Exemplu
The present Aff. S + vb(prima form)+ (s, es pers.III, sg) -actiuni obisnuite, care se ntmpl All the time, always, every day Ex: I always go to school every
tense simple Neg. S + dont/doesn t + vb(prima form). n mod frecvent repetat regulat (week,month, year, etc), most day
Int. Do/Does + s + vb (prima form) (hobby, obisnuita, etc.), dar nu of the time, often, usually, He doesn't work every day.
neaprat n momentul vorbirii; sometimes, rarely; Do you like pizza?
-adevruri sau realitti general n actiuni viitoare, cnd este In autumn, it rains verymuch.
acceptate; precedat de if, when, until as She likes ice cream better than
-exprim opinii,preferinte soon as, before, after. cakes.
If it rains, we will stay athome.
We will finish the work beforehe
come
The present Aff. S + to be + vb-ing -are loc in prezent,in momentul now, in this moment; Ex: I am going to school now.
tense Neg. S + to be (negativ) + vb-ing vorbirii (acum) - numai verbele dinamice au He is not working now.
continous Int. To be + S + vb-ing -actiune care se afl n plin form continuu; Are you loving pizza?
!Timpurile continuue sunt forme care apartin registrului oral, desfsurare n momentul vorbirii; - vb statice (de He is writing a new book.
limbii vorbite si sunt rar folosite n registrul scris!
-actiune care este n desfsurare n perceptie,senzatie, activit. More and more perople from Mexic
prezent, dar nu se ntmpl exact mental, relatie, posesie: are learning English.
n momentul vorbirii----tendint believe, realise, think, suppose, Are you doing anything interesting
sau actiune care a debutat recent. understand, see, know, hate, these days?
-actiuni dintr-un prezent mai lung, love, understand, own, mean, My sister is always wearingmy
dar temporar. need, hear) clothes!
-actiuni de lung durat sau ! vb to like fr form Your English is improving!
obiceiuri-pentru situatii care se continuu Why are you eating my ice cream?
schimb;
-pentru a te plnge de o situatie
temporar
The present Aff. S + have/has + vb(a-3-a form) - aciune cea avut loc i s-a ncheiat Se folosete cu adverbele de Ex: 1) People have polueted the
perfect tense Neg. S + havent/hasnt +vb(a-3-a form)/ed ntr-un moment trecut care nu este frecven : always, sometime, planet.
simple Int. Have/Has + S + vb(a-3-aform)/ed precizat; rezultatele acestei aciuni offen. 2) I have just done my homework.
se pot vedea n prezent. Exprim o aciune care tocmai 3) My parents have alwais enjoi to
- aciune care s-a ncheiat recent. s-a ncheiat : ,just country.
- aciune trecut care a avut loc n propoziiile interogative se 4)My parents have just arrived.
intr-un moment trecut ce face folosete adverbul ,,already
parte dintr-o perioada de timp care pentru a arta uimirea
nu s-a ncheiat nc. vorbitorului.
The present Aff. S + have/has + been + vb-ing -aciune carea nceput n trecut i -cu prepozitii temporale: since, Ex: The boys have been plaing
perfect tense Neg. S + havent/hasnt + been +vb-ing continu n prezent. for, until football for ten minute
continous Int. Have/Has + S + been + vb-ing The boys have been playingfootball
since noon.
I haven't been gone for long.
Have you been working untilnow?
PAST TENSE
The past Aff. S + vb(a-3-a forma)/ed -fapte si realitti din trecut; actiuni (adv.timp): the day before Ex: I played football last year.
tense simple Neg. S + didnt +vb(sh. Int) repetate yesterday, last year, in the She didn't wash the dishes.
Int. Did + S + vb(sh.int) - aciune care s-a desfurat i s- morning, last night (month,etc); Did you finish the homework?
a ncheiat ntr-un moment trecut
determinat, precizat
The past Aff. S + was/were + vb-ing -aciune trecut n desfurare ntr- this time yesterday, while, Ex: While my brother was plaing
tense Neg. S + wasnt/werent + vb-ing un moment din trecut Monday at this hour, etc football , I was listening the radio.
continous Int. Was/Were + vb-ing -aciune care se desfoar While my brother was listeningthe
concomitent cu o alt aciune radio, I was reading a book.
(doua aciuni n desfurare When the teacher explained, he
simultan) wasn't paying attention.
-pt a descrie o scen din trecut. Were you sleeping at this time,
yesterday?
They were playing, talking and
laughing during the class.
The past Aff. S + had + vb(a-3-a forma)/ed - aciune carea avut loc i s-a before Ex: I had come home before my
perfect tense Neg. S + hadnt + vb(a-3-aform)/ed petrecut naintea unui alt timp mother arrived from office.
simple Int. Had + S + vb(a-3-aform) trecut. She hadn't finished her work before
midnight.
Had you gone to the airport?
The past Aff. S + had + been + vb-ing - aciune care s-a desfsurat since, for; Ex: I had been writing a letter for
perfect tense Neg. S + hadnt + been + vb-ing continuu pe o perioada de timp i all day (night, year, etc) 20 minutes.
continous Int. Had + S + been + vb-ing s-a ncheiat naintea unui alt timp. She hadn't been gone more than
half an hour.
Had you been learning all night?
FUTURE TENSE
The future Aff. S + shall/will + vb(short inf) -aciuni care vor avea loc ntr-un Tomorrow, the day Ex: I will go to my parents next
tense simple Neg. S + shant/wont + vb(sh.inf) moment din viitor; predicii, after tomorrow, next year , month
Int. Shall/Will + S + vb(sh.inf.) promisiuni, invitaii, oferte, cereri next month. I shall visit Paris next week.
TO BE GOING TO...(pt planuri, intenii) -interogaii despre viitor, planuri ale She will not (won't) go to her cousin
aciunilor viitoare next Friday.
Will you come tomorrow?
The future Aff. S + shall/will + be + vb-ing - aciune viitoare n desfaurare ntr-un Ex: They will be watching T.V. this
tense Neg. S + shant/willnt + be + vb-ing viitor. time in week-end.
continous Int. Shall/will + S + be + vb-ing I shall be flying at this hour
tomorrow.
He will not be living here next year.
Will they be reading books this time
in the week-end?
The future Aff. S + shall/will + have + vb (ed. forma a III-a) -pt. a sublinia o aciune care care va fi -by Ex: I shall have finished the exam by
perfect tense Neg. S + shall not/will not + have + vb (ed, terminat ntr-un moment al viitorului; - dup think, hope, expect, this time next Wednesday.
simple Int. forma a III-a) pt. a exprima ntmplri din He will not have gone to work by the
Shall/will + S + have + vb (ed, forma a III-a) viitor care nu sunt prea time you arrive home.
sigure Will you have gained the money by
February?
-I think I will have finished my
homework by 7 o'clock.
The future Aff. S + shall/will + have + been + vb-ing !! n engleza modern forma shall este - already Ex: I shall already have been turning
perfect tense Neg. S + shall not/will not + have + been + vb- f. puin utilizat! old when you will be 20.
continous Int. ing ! Cea mai des folosit n engleza Will you have been starting the
Shall/will + S + have + been + vb-ing vorbit i scris este forma prescurtat course when I will finish my classes?
'll !